Celana Cross KINETIC Fly Racing Black Grey   

Price: Rp1.000.000 Special Price: Rp600.000
Special Expires On: 5 Jun 2022


          Celana Cross KINETIC Fly Racing White Gold   

Price: Rp1.000.000 Special Price: Rp600.000
Special Expires On: 5 Jun 2022


          1/48 Dassault-Dornier Alpha Jet A/E   
1/48 Dassault-Dornier Alpha Jet A/EThis is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

Markings:
- French Air Force
- UK defence technology organisation
- Discovery Air Defence Services, Canada

Buy Now
          1/48 Lockheed Martin F-16I Sufa   
1/48 Lockheed Martin F-16I SufaThis is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

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          大量高速なデータストリームをリアルタイムで分析/視覚化するGPU駆動インメモリデータベースKinetica   
 … Read More
          Global Advanced Wound Care and Closure Market   

Global Advanced Wound Care and Closure Market (Types, Applications, End User and Geography) - Size, Share, Global Trends, Company Profiles, Demand, Insights, Analysis, Research, Report, Opportunities, Segmentation and Forecast, 2013 - 2020

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/08/2014 -- Traditional wound care & closure and advanced wound care & closure products are used to treat acute and chronic wounds. Chronic wounds are hard to heal wounds, which take substantial time to heal and are expensive to treat. Advanced wound care & closure products are emerging as a standard solution for treating chronic wounds. Traditional wound care & closure products are being increasingly substituted with advanced wound care & closure products due to their efficacy and effectiveness in managing wounds by enabling faster healing.

Attempts to reduce the duration of hospital stays in order to limit surgical healthcare costs, and the rising inclination towards products that enhance therapeutic outcomes are driving the demand for advanced wound care & closure products. The risks associated with ineffective wound healing promote the demand for combination dressings, which is a modern trend in the market that is replacing traditional wound dressing methods.

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/wound-closure-wound-care-market

Smith and Nephew, Kinetic Concepts, 3M, BSN medical, Covidien, ConvaTech, Derma Sciences, Integra LifeSciences, Baxter International and Coloplast are some of the major players in the global advanced wound care and closure market.

The global advanced wound care and closure market has been segmented based on type, application, end users and geography. Based on type, the global market is segmented into advanced wound closure market and advanced wound care market. According to applications, the market is segmented into Burns, Ulcers and Surgical Wounds. Based on end users, the market is segmented into hospitals & community healthcare services and home healthcare. Geographically, the market is segmented into four regions, namely North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and LAMEA.

Key Benefits:

- An in-depth analysis of the current advanced wound care, and wound closure market scenario is strategically dealt to provide future market trends that would facilitate decision making

- Quantitative analysis of the current market trends and estimations through 2013-2020 would help strategists to design business strategies to capitalize on the prevailing opportunities in the market

- Analysis of the market factors in various regions would bestow a deeper understanding of demographical dynamics that would influence expansion decisions.

- Identification of key application segments based on their potential and growth prospects would throw light on the most profitable segments to capitalize on

- Analysis of key strategies adopted by market players will assist in understanding the inherent business rivalry and intensity of competition prevailing among the top brands

- Emphasis is laid on key factors affecting the growth of the global advanced wound closure and advanced wound care market. These factors are critically analyzed to gain a futuristic view of the market

- SWOT and competitive analysis of key players is conducted to help stakeholders to understand the inherent trends followed by their competitors and make the necessary amendments to the existing expansion plans

Similar report:
Global Medical Laser Systems Market: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/medical-laser-systems-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/global-advanced-wound-care-and-closure-market-543387.htm

Media Relations Contact

Deep Joshi
International Accounts Manager
Reports and Intelligence
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          MiR@W Day: Recent Developments in the Kinetic Theory of Gases   

Last updated: 14:02, Mon 26 Jun 2017 by Anirudh Rana

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          Take your pick: “Baby Driver”-“Despicable Me 3”-“The Beguiled”-and “The Hero” Popcorn Bag movie reviews!   
KANSAS CITY, Mo. — Is “Baby Driver” infantile? “Despicable Me 3” criminal? “The Beguiled” beguiling? “The Hero” heroic? Popcorn Bag movie reviews! 1) BABY DRIVER (R) Sony Decadent, violent, profane…and wildly entertaining, “Baby Driver” is a zippy heist film fueled by a kinetic soundtrack that should appeal to both Baby Boomers and Millennials. Ansel Elgort plays a skilled getaway driver who uses music to help him concentrate and overcome tinnitus. Things get sticky when he crosses his fellow thieves, played by […]
          Kinetic assembly of coordination networks   
Chem. Commun., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
DOI: 10.1039/C7CC04277A, Feature Article
Hiroyoshi Ohtsu, Masaki Kawano
Kinetic assembly is an important method for obtaining desired materials in chemical synthesis and material sciences. We highlight the kinetic assembly of porous coordination networks, which promote the production of...
The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry

          Cisco Kinetic Unlocks the Power of Your IoT Data   
On Tuesday we announced Cisco Kinetic, a first-of-its kind IoT operations platform designed to unlock the power of data from the billions of connected devices being added to the network. In recent years, companies across the globe have embraced the idea of a hyper-connected, digital world. Now I’m starting to see a level of maturity […]
           Kinetics of Chemical Vapor Deposition    
Subrahmanyam, J and Lahiri, AK and Abraham, KP (1980) Kinetics of Chemical Vapor Deposition. In: Journal of Electrochemical Society, 127 (6). pp. 1394-1399.
          Visits to Proxima Centauri’s planet are probably millennia away    

Even alpha particle propulsion is too slow for trip to new world

Context
illustration of the distance to Proxima Centauri

Proxima Centauri, the nearest member of the Alpha Centauri triple star system, is just a little more than 4 light-years away from the sun. With a proposed propulsion scheme using alpha particle decay, travel time to the star's newly discovered planet would be no shorter than 4,000 years.

If you’d like to vacation at the newly found planet orbiting Proxima Centauri, you might want to reconsider. It’s nearby astronomically — a mere 4.2 light-years away — but still too far away for any plausible transportation technology to reach within the current millennium.

In fact, it’s a pretty safe bet the Chicago Cubs will win the World Series before any human steps foot on Earth’s nearest exoplanetary neighbor (known as Proxima b). Unless P. Centaurian aliens arrive soon with a “To Serve Man” cookbook, your chances of visiting Proxima b before you die are about the same as sainthood for Ted Bundy. By the time anybody from here goes there, years will have five digits.   

It took NASA’s New Horizons probe — the fastest spacecraft humans have ever launched — over nine years just to get to Pluto. At its top speed of 16 kilometers per second, New Horizons would need almost 80,000 years to get to Proxima Centauri.

Solar sail propulsion — in which lightweight craft could be accelerated by pressure from sunlight — would be a little be faster, but not by much, taking (by one estimate) 66,000 years to make the Proxima Centauri run.

Novel propulsion schemes have been proposed that could reduce that time substantially. A sail driven by alpha particle recoil, for instance, provides some serious advantages over solar sails, as Wenwu Zhang and colleagues point out in the August issue of Applied Radiation and Isotopes.

Ordinary rocket speed is limited by how fast the combusted fuel can eject exhaust; NASA has investigated a plasma engine design that can attain exhaust speeds of 50 km/s. But that approach requires huge energy input and high voltage, Zhang and colleagues point out (and so would be prohibitively expensive). Alpha particles emitted by radioactive substances, on the other hand, can speed away about 300 times faster. Therefore, Zhang and coauthors assert, “alpha decay particles … may be a potential solution for long-time acceleration in space.”

Usually, of course, a chunk of radioactive matter would emit alpha particles in all directions. So your craft would need a shield on one side to absorb the particles before they got very far. The rest would stream away in the opposite direction, pushing the craft forward (by virtue of the law of conservation of momentum). True, alpha particles are tiny and the effect of their recoil would be small. But it would add up. Shot into space with standard technology (thereby achieving a 16 km/s start-up speed), an alpha recoil spacecraft could eventually reach a speed in the range of 200–300 km/s or so.

It helps to choose the right alpha-emitting material. Uranium-232 would be ideal. It has a long enough half-life (almost 70 years) to last for an extended voyage, but it also decays into daughter nuclei that emit alpha particles more frequently, boosting the recoil effect. (You won’t find any U-232 in uranium mines, though — it would need to be produced in nuclear transmutation factories.)

Assuming a suitably light and thin absorption material, Zhang and colleagues envision an alpha-powered interstellar sail about 24 meters across. They calculate a travel time to Proxima Centauri between about 4,000 and 9,000 years (depending on the ratio of fuel mass to total spacecraft mass). That would easily win the race against a solar sail, but would far exceed most people’s available vacation time. “Interstellar travel definitely asks for even better propulsion technologies,” Zhang and colleagues understate. And surely within 4,000 years somebody will invent a faster technology that could pass the alpha-decay craft and get to Proxima b first.  

Other people already have ideas, as Science News astronomy writer Christopher Crockett noted in his story on the discovery of Proxima b. Philanthropist Yuri Milner recently announced a research project to explore the prospects of sending numerous nanocraft to Proxima Centauri’s neighborhood — the Alpha Centauri triple star system. (Proxima is the third star, presumably in orbit around Alpha Centauri A and B.) That plan envisions wafers weighing about a gram or so carried along by similar-mass light sails propelled by a powerful laser beam. If current technological dreams come true, tiny cameras and lasers on the wafer could capture and transmit information about Proxima b back to Earth.

Supposedly such nanocraft could reach 20 percent of the speed of light, allowing them to reach Proxima Centauri by maybe 20 years after launch. So there’s an outside chance of getting a message back from Proxima b before the Cubs win a World Series. But there’s no hope of hitching a ride on such a wafer, unless, perhaps, you’re a tardigrade.

Even if some futuristic technology permitted building a real ship, say the size of the space shuttle, that could fly 20 percent of the speed of light, it might not be a good idea. Such a ship could, in the wrong hands, become the most devastating weapon ever imagined. Flying 20 percent of light speed, a space shuttle would possess a kinetic energy roughly the equivalent of 1,000 hydrogen bombs (or millions of Hiroshima-sized bombs). Of course, it would be an expensive ship and probably nobody would want to crash it. Unless the people who took it to Proxima Centauri got really mad at the people back on Earth.

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried


          Kinetic Vibe Bring K-pop New Year Celebrations To London With 24K   
24K's European Tour >>> Read more ›
          K-pop Boy Group MYNAME to meet European MYGIRL’s   
Kinetic Vibe have just announced that they are hosting two concerts for K-pop boy group MYNAME >>> Read more ›
          (USA-TN-Chattanooga) Metal Prep (Third Shift)   
SUMMARYUnder general supervision, performs a variety of tasks including but not limited to setting, adjusting and operating a burn table to precisely shape, punch and tap steel plate parts (burn table/Whitney operation); the operation of automatic, adjustable, circular, metal cutting saw to perform such operations as cutting and shaping metal parts from pipe, tube, bar stock and other structural shapes to specification and in accordance with the production schedule for heavy mobile equipment by performing the following duties. ESSENTIAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIESBurn Table/Whitney or Kinetic Operation Duties:Performs general operator maintenance checks on burn table. Resets and zeros machine daily to normal specifications. Clears the table of any parts. Checks nest to verify what plate to cut and loads the plates onto table. Reads nest diagram to determine required raw stock. Uses tape measure to affirm plate dimensions. Verifies material type by reconciling raw stock description with vendor identification on plate. Enters nest number into machine and enters load number into computer. Uses crane or jib hoist to place and position plate on table. Aligns plates with table and positions the machine to burn parts. Places plate in the clamps located on burn table. Operates machine for burning process. Uses crane or jib hoist to remove scrap material from plate and places it in scrap bin. Completes scrap ticket for scrap. Uses cutting torch to cut up scrap as needed. Cleans and writes the part number on finished parts and places them on pallet. Utilizes tools such as grinder and chipping hammer to remove slag from parts. Weekly cleans out scrap pieces from conveyor of burn table to insure that it does not clog up. Empties shavings drum Shovels scrap from doss bin. Maintains coolant Inspects tools. Checks torch/spindle spacing (run test parts) Saw/Shear Operation Duties:Uses crane or jib hoist to transport material to and from saw machine. Identifies what part to cut by checking cut list. Measures part length with measuring tape. Sets and adjusts saw. Loads material on machine. Monitors feed rate to insure proper cutting. Removes material from machine and maintains production count to insure that operator has all parts necessary to complete job. Turns in material shortage list to supervisor as needed. Cleans parts and marks identification number on part. Places waste material into scrap pile and places large parts on pallets. Follows scrapping procedure for steel waste on any wrongly cut parts. Performs general operator maintenance and operator maintenance checks on machine. General Duties:Operates forklift when necessary. Projects a positive company image by interacting with fellow employees, customers and management in a cooperative, supportive and courteous manner; displays a professional attitude; complies with company dress code. Communicates with individuals at all levels within the organization. Documents assigned tasks as required. Performs work according to production schedule and/or supervisorand#39;s directives. Follows all company policies and procedures at all times. Follows proper safety procedures at all times. Wears personal protective equipment as required. Cleans work area daily. Performs other duties as assigned. SUPERVISORY RESPONSIBILITIESThis job has no supervisory responsibilities. QUALIFICATIONSTo perform this job successfully, an individual must be able to perform each essential duty satisfactorily. The requirements listed below are representative of the knowledge, skill and/or ability required. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. EDUCATION and/or EXPERIENCEMust have knowledge of types of steel (i.e., must be able to differentiate between types of steel and read manufacturerand#39;s coding on stock). Burn table and/or saw operation experience preferred. Whitney operation experience preferred. Machining experience preferred. H
          Zebraman 2: Attack on Zebra City   
Japan, 2010
Original title: Zeburâman: Zebura Shiti no gyakushû

Director: Takashi Miike
Starring: Shô Aikawa, Riisa Naka, Tsuyoshi Abe
IMDB: 7/10

Long-time fans of director Takashi Miike may regard the first Zebraman film as marking the end of the Miike golden period. Coming shortly after a rapid-fire sequence of surreal genre pieces (Gozu, Visitor Q, Happiness of the Katakuris) and hyper kinetic Yakuza epics (Ichi the Killer, Dead or Alive, Deadly Outlaw Rekka) ... it was a time when Miike was arguably the most exciting director on the world stage, at least for those of us inhabiting the more twisted fringes of the world cinema spectrum.

Consequently expectations were high, and Zebraman (Part 1) while able to ride on the Miike buzz, ultimately disappointed. It's not that it was a bad film, just that the films which preceded it were so good, and the paradigm shift to a less adult, and more commercial reality was somewhat at odds with his previous work, even considering the eclectic range of his output.

So its interesting that Miike has chosen 6 years later to revisit the franchise, based on the manga from Yamada Renji. This time around, perhaps due to adjusted expectations, the result seems more impressive. It's still firmly entrenched within a commercial framework, and targeted towards a younger demographic - but just maybe I've come to terms with that. The fact it reunites him with veteran Sho Aikawa (Zebraman, Gozu, Dead or Alive trilogy) and comes stocked with an array of leather-clad vixens is more than enough reason to check it out.




Zebraman 2 is an alien invasion movie set in a dystopian Tokyo future, with its central theme being the time honoured struggle between good and evil, in this case symbolically depicted as a fight between 'black and white'.

Taking the idea one step further, the film cleverly plays with the inherent visual dichotomy of the Zebra, its black and white stripes signifying the good and evil within us all and, more specifically, within Zebraman himself. This plot point is an opportunity to ramp up the sexiness, exploiting the decadence of the black side of the stripe.




Ostensibly a superhero movie, the film plays like a combination of Cutie Honey, Tokyo Gore Police, and Godzilla-sized monster mayhem. All of which unfolds with Miike's typical irreverence and disregard for linear plot exposition. The abundance of crazy ideas thrown into the mix makes for a somewhat confusing first half-hour ... but hang in there, it all makes sense in the end (however absurd).

Tokyo 2025 has been renamed 'Zebra City', complete with a striped force-field defining its boundaries, and a tacit acknowledgment of the need for both good and evil within. Those in power are permitted to commit crimes for 10 minutes each day with impunity, a thinly-disguised attempt to thin the population via survival of the fittest.




Mayor Aihara Kozou, complete with bowler hat and mascara a la Clockwork Orange, enforces his dictates with the aid of stormtroopers and a select personal guard called the Zebra Police, or as he calls them 'The miniskirts'. As the name suggests, they are decked out in leather miniskirts, heels and fishnets (all black, of course), a darker version of Japan's legendary Miniskirt Police.



Which brings us to the Zebra Queen, Aihara Yui played by fashion model Riisa Naka - formed from pure evil by her creator Mayor Aihara who tweaked her appearance by specifying "larger breasts" and a "tighter ass" if you please!

A psychotic sadist, being pure evil after all, Riisa hams it up as a nasty little bitch. Her day job is as a J-pop artist, cavorting lasciviously in black leather and lingerie, spreading her own sexy brand of debauched propaganda and mind control. Obviously she looks the part, and with an eye-popping selection of clothes and wigs makes for a super-sexy villain.




Although the film comes across at times like a family-style blockbuster ... Miike never seems quite able to reign in his twisted ideas long-enough to call the film truly family-friendly - at least not what would be considered as such outside of Japan.

So while we have a cute young girl as the damsel in distress, we also have sly scenes of perverse sexuality ... a nurse tweaks the nipples of a male doctor as he pours hot wax on a patient, our titular hero gives the blowjob of the century to dispose of a menacing alien, and the Zebra Queen has quite the propensity to end up with her legs spread at any given opportunity. And that's not to mention the director's little joke as one scene threatens to enter tentacle-porn territory, only to smoothly segue into innocent playfulness.




While Miike has always operated within the limited budgets that most Japanese movies strain under compared to their Hollywood counterparts, this in no way reigns in his ambition ... which often seems many times the budget he has available. How good the film looks is testament to his skill at stretching his Yen - although whatever budget he has seems never quite enough to fully realise the richness of his vision.

Maybe lacking the budget for reshoots, tweaks or fine-tuning, he turns budget shortfalls into an opportunity for B-grade schlock. The occasional cheapo effects are played for laughs, and not incongruously with the tone. Miike films it and moves on - and this is much of the charm of his movies. They're dense bursts of creativity, generally uninhibited by restriction - be it money, good taste or common filmic convention.



Film connoisseurs might well describe the film as silly and inane, not without justification, but fans of this absurdist Japanese style will know that's exactly the point. I'd personally have preferred a more adult tone though. The sex is throttled back to multiplex-friendly allusions when my preference would've been more exploitative ... but that's just my admittedly twisted personal viewpoint.

In recommendation, I enjoyed it a lot and laughed often. It won't be showing up in many best-of lists ... but where else will you see a godzilla-sized cutesy green alien stomping through Tokyo and blowing enemies away with well-directed blasts of flatulence! Yes its that kind of movie, and it deserves to be seen, at least once.

Rating: 7/10
          Senior Lecturer : Faculty Of Health Sciences   
Pretoria, Gauteng - MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: • PhD in Human Movement Science in Biokinetics or Sport and Exercise Science or equivalent • Registration with the Health Professions... Council of South as biokineticist (if relevant) • At least 5 years' practice experience in Biokinetics and/or Sport and Exercise Science • Proof...
          Technical Assistant : Department Of Physiology, Division: Biokinetics And Sport Science   
Gauteng - with the project leader • Collect and process data • Operationally manage the clinical platform(s) of the Division of Biokinetics and Sport Science... • Management and maintenance of practical teaching equipment of the Division of Biokinetics and Sport Science • General administrative support in the...
          Izkustvena konferenca na krilih igrifikacije   
Ideja o izkustveni konferenci se je rodila iz frustracije in dolgočasja. Udeležba na konferencah je postajala zame vse bolj nezanimiva, zame kot udeleženko in zame kot predavateljico. Kot udeleženka sem bila sicer navdušena nad nekaterimi predavatelji, ki so delili zanimive zgodbe in izkušnje. Ubijala me je struktura dogodka samega, ki ni dovoljevala moje aktivne vloge, izmenjave mnenj, pridobivanja izkušenj iz prve roke.
IZZIV: dolgčas; pasivna vloga poslušalca ali predavatelja na srečanjih/izobraževanjih.
Ugotovila sem namreč, da se najhitreje učim, če nove vsebine osebno doživim. Če lahko začutim vznemirjenje novega, ki izziva moje udobje in meje poznanega na fizičnem nivoju, ki pa se pojavi le ob osebnih izkušnjah. Podobno sem se počutila tudi kot predavateljica, ko razen izmenjave poslovnih kontaktov nisem imela priložnosti za interakcijo z udeleženci in razumevanjem pomena podane vsebine zanje in njihova okolja.
PREPOZNANA POTREBA: nov tip strokovnih srečanj/konferenc/izobraževanj, kjer udeleženci doživljajsko sprejemajo novo in izmenjujejo izkušnje.
Kmalu sem ugotovila, da to ni le moja frustracija. Številne kolegice/gi so pri svojih doživljanjih konferenc, strokovnih posvetov in izobraževanj opažali podobne reakcije znotraj sebe. 

Tako se je rodila ideja po novem tipu konference. Preko vetrenja možganov smo hitro povezali temo izkustvene konference s pomanjkanjem poznavanja tehnik za dinamičen razvoj inovacijskega procesa (objava I2 – v Aktualno 2.0 in članek o tehnikah v MQ, št. 21) in s konceptom igrifikacije (objava – v Aktualno 2.0 in članek v MQ, št. 28), ki je pri naših bralkah in bralcih že januarja 2014 zbudila veliko zanimanja.
Organizatorji konference: InCo gibanje, Združenje Manager, Društvo moderatorjev Slovenije, Center Arhitekture, ekspertne skupine in posamezni nosilci strokovnih znanj (36 ljudi neposredno vključenih v izvajanje konference).
V nadaljevanju sledi vsebina poslovne inovacije “Izkustvene konference od inspiracije do inovacije na osnovi igrifikacije”. Zgodba, ki se bo na polno manifestirala 12. junija 2014. Bodite del njene vibracije.

Slika 1: Model izkustvene konference “Od inspiracije do inovacije”, Ljubljana 2014
ZAKAJ (kaj nas je vodilo pri oblikovanju izkustvene konference na osnovi igrifikacije):
• razviti ne-tehnološko inovacijo za potrebe konferenčne dejavnosti; narediti konferenco igrivo, izkustveno; vse udeležence konference aktivno vključiti v njeno dogajanje,
• omogočiti ljudem edinstveno izkušnjo sistemskega doživljanja (celostnega) inovacijskega procesa skozi 12 različnih tehnik,
• omogočiti predstavitev strokovnjakov v slovenskem prostoru, s katerimi organizacije, skupnosti ali posameznice/ki lahko sodelujejo pri razvoju inovacijskega procesa,
• razviti komercialni produkt za nov tip konferenc/delavnic po principu odprtega inoviranja in igrifikacije
.

Slika: testiranje koncepta konference (del ekipe), Ljubljana, maj 2014
Vir: Vibacom
Sama ideje izkustvene konference je priklicala k sodelovanju predstavnike vseh ključnih področij uspešnega inoviranja: oblikovalce vsebin (igre), nosilce tehnik, moderatorje, oblikovalce fizičnega in energijskega prostora, oblikovalce video- in fotografskih vsebin, prostovoljce, ki so začutili vznemirjenje. Povezuje nas radovednost, iskanje novega, prispevanje k razvoju in želja po kolektivnem ustvarjanju.

Slika 2: Kaj povezuje nas, organizatorje

KAKO (kateri so ključni elementi za izvedbo inovativne konference):
Tehnike: na konferenci bo predstavljenih 12 različnih tehnik za 4 ključne faze inovacijskega procesa.

Tehnike: beyond leadership, brainstorming, lateralno razmišljanje, LEGO simulacija, metoda U – Skulpture, zmajevo sanjanje, MABS metoda segmentacije strank, running Lean / delaj vitko intervjuje s kupci, poslovno modeliranje, Metoda 4D, postavitev in uglasitev namere, somatično prebujanje.
Vloge: na konferenci bomo organizatorji za uspešno izvedbo igrali 14 različnih vlog. 

Slika 3: Elementi, ki konferenci držijo strukturo
Vloge na konferenci: Gostiteljica projekta konference, dirigentka konference, koordinatorke konference, skrbnica virov, žetvenik, pripovedovalec zgodbe,  skrbniki energije prostora, skrbniki energijskega vzdušja, skrbnika igre, moderatorji, izvajalci tehnik, prostovoljci, udeleženci, Robin Hood
Model: za uspešno aktivno vlogo udeležencev na konferenci smo razvili poseben kanvas (šablono poslovnega modela strateškega načrta), ki ga bodo udeleženci dopolnjevali skozi celoten dogodek/igro.
Igra: Ozadje celotne konference predstavlja poslovna igra na osnovi zgodbe Robina Hooda, ki bo prenesena v žargon in izzive poslovnega sveta. Celotno dogajanje bo hkrati tudi prikaz metode “igrifikacije/poigravanja”, s številnimi zasuki v zgodbi, selektivnimi dodatnimi informacijami, zavajajočimi informacijami ipd., s čimer bodo simulirane vsakdanje tržne razmere, v katerih se razvijajo inovacije.
Timi: na konferenci bo vzporedno aktivnih 9 timov udeležencev (strategov, ki bodo reševali izziv Robin Hooda); vsak tim bo predstavljal skupino svetovalcev, ki bodo na osnovi Sherwoodskih novic oblikovali strateški načrt, ki bi Robinu pomagal izpeljati njegovo vizijo.
Proces: Inovacijski proces je eden od osnovnih elementov inovacijske infrastrukture (I2). Je branžno, strukturno neodvisen (ni večjih razlik v izvajanju procesa glede na industrijo, lokalno skupnost, malo podjetje, NVO, inštitut ali izobraževalno ustanovo). Nagovarja in podpira razvoj vsebinskih elementov, ki omogočajo, da se prepoznana potreba ter da se navdih (inspiracija) iz miselnega vzorca prelevi v tržno zanimiv produkt, storitev ali rešitev. Proces konference je razdeljen na 4 ključne sklope, ki predstavljajo faze inovacijskega procesa in dogajanja, ki faze povezujejo v celoto (design ideje, oblikovanje prototipa, tržna manifestacija/prepoznava potreb in dogajanja v središčni točki – na trgu).
Prostor: organizacija in fizična ter energijska oprema posameznih delov prostora podpirajo vsebino in proces dogodka, ki se v njem izvajajo.
Dodatki: celoten prostor in dogajanja bodo podprti z elementi igre, ki bodo pričarali doživljajsko vzdušje zgodbe igre.
Pravila: pravila dogodka, ki zagotavljajo primeren odnos med vsemi akterji.
Vzporedna dogajanja: poleg samega inovacijskega procesa se bo na konferenci odvijalo še nekaj dodatnih dogajanj, ki bodo omogočala udeležencem avtentičnost izkušnje in jim omogočila še boljše razumevanje izzivov, s katerimi se bodo spopadali.
Urnik: najbolj klasičen del konference, ki pa tudi sam v sebi skriva dinamične elemente in na robu povezuje konferenčno izkušnjo z realnim življenjem.


Slika 4: model igrifikacije
Elementi konference se hranijo iz filozofije participativnega vodenja, sodelovanja, soustvarjanja in aktivnega delovanja vseh članov skupnosti. Povsod se zagovarjajo načela vključenosti, spoštovanja raznolikosti, enakovrednega zastopanja mnenj, predlogov, pogledov vseh članov skupnosti/tima/dogajanja.
1. izkustvena konferenca pri nas: Od inspiracije do inovacije skozi 12 tehnik na osnovi igrifikacije celotnega dogodka
KDAJ: 12. junij 2014 ob 8.uri
KJE: Kulturni spomenik D125 (nekdanji Merkur)
VEČ o koneferenci
http://www.incogibanje.si/od-inspiracije-do-inovacije
 KAJ (katere vsebine bo konferenca nagovorila in kaj je njen ključni izplen):

Vsebina, ki bo nastajala v okviru projektnih skupin kot sestavni del igrifikacije, služi kot podlaga, da se lahko spoznajo različne tehnike za uspešno izvajanje inovacijskega procesa.
Primer igrifikacije v medijih:
  • Krajši film ČRkovNA LUKNJA, scenarij Tadeja Zupan Arsov, Ph RED, animacija in ilustracija Jure in Neja Engelsberger, režija Uroš Zavodnik in Aleksander Arsov, Tv SLO in Ph RED, 2012
  • Krajši film Atlas besed, scenarij Tadeja Zupan Arsov, režija A. Arsov, animacija mag. Anja Tolar, Slovenski filmski center in Ph RED, 2013
  • Krajši film Primer letečega kovčka, scenarij Danila Žorž, režija A. Arsov in Tadeja Zupan Arsov, animacija mag. Klemen Gorup, Ph RED, 2008
Za oblikovanje vsebine imamo naslednje ključne sklope:
- igrifikacija zgodbe Robin Hood: koncept in filozofija uporabe koncepta igre v poslovnem okolju za pridobitev sposobnosti (kompetenc) ob simulaciji realnega okolja, ki so potrebne za soočanje z izzivi v realnem življenju,
- kanvas model, ki ga uporablja skupina za oblikovanje zaključnega priporočila (strateški načrt): kanvas služi  za vizualizacijo rezultatov in razumevanje ključnih elementov, ki jih je potrebno izluščiti iz zgodbe v posameznih fazah razvoja inovacijskega procesa,
- strateški načrt: končni rezultat igrifikacije, ki se ob koncu konference predstavi Robinu Hoodu kot priporočilo sherwoodskih svetovalcev; Robin Hood se na osnovi priporočil odloči za svetovalce, ki ga bodo spremljali pri njegovih nadaljnjih odločitvah.


Slika 5: Kanvas za igrifikacijo
Verjamem, da bo dogodek, ki je pred nami, nekaj posebnega. Vse, kar se bo zgodilo, doživelo, ponotranjilo ali zacvetelo, je del zgodbe same. In prav je tako. Tako je tudi naše življenje: nepredvidljivo, vznemirljivo, vedno odprto za novo. Bodite z nami in doživite proces inoviranja v inovaciji sami. Opremite se z orodji nove dobe in suvereno odkrivajte priložnosti, ki vam jih ponuja vaš čas.

OJ, Violeta

Ps: izkustvena konferenca 2014 je plod odprtega inoviranja širokega kroga ljudi, ki smo začutili klic, potrebo po nečem novem, in se odzvali nanju po svojih najboljših močeh. Vse, kar smo ustvarili v zadnjih 9 mesecih, delimo z vami po principih odprte kode; vnašamo nazaj v prostor, ki nam je ustvarjanje omogočil. Hvala!

Kako lahko sodelujemo
Kje se lahko srečamo
Zanimive povezave

          Seiko Kinetic 5 Sports   
Vendo Usado

Relógio original, com 5 anos.
A funcionar na perfeição.

110,00 €
          Project Coordinator - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Knowledge of Microsoft Project and/or Sage Timberline an asset. Are you passionate about being in the Construction industry and part of a team that builds great...
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 25 Apr 2017 20:56:15 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Modeling of Polarization Transfer Kinetics in Protein Hydration Using Hyperpolarized Water   

TOC Graphic

The Journal of Physical Chemistry B
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b03052

          Cosolutes, Crowding, and Protein Folding Kinetics   

TOC Graphic

The Journal of Physical Chemistry B
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b03786

          #KC14 - Black Hooded Top Senior   
#KC14 - Black Hooded Top Senior

#KC14 - Black Hooded Top Senior

Please ensure you buy the correct size as this is a personalised item and is therefore non-returnable unless faulty.  Please check with your club administrator if you are unsure of the size to buy.  See our size guides for more size information.   Kinetic Academy Black Hoody Adult's   Price includes: 1x Black Hoody (£9.95/£10.95) 1x Kinetic Academy embroidered Club Badge (£3.50) 1x Printed Club name in Yellow on back (£3.00)


          Bangon - Claps Opener | After Effects Template   

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          Hydrocracking Kinetics of a Heavy Crude Oil on a Liquid Catalyst   
Energy & Fuels
DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b00639

          Celebrate Wimbledon with 25% off our tennis titles   

The British summer is here (as you can probably tell from all the rain outside) which means it’s time for Wimbledon! This year the tournament starts a week later on Monday 3rd July and it is one of the most …

The post Celebrate Wimbledon with 25% off our tennis titles appeared first on Human Kinetics Sport, Health & Fitness Blog.


          Watch 5 fun tennis footwork drills to improve your agility   

Watch five fun tennis footwork drills to improve your agility. Taken from Complete Conditioning for Tennis and suitable for all ages and abilities.

The post Watch 5 fun tennis footwork drills to improve your agility appeared first on Human Kinetics Sport, Health & Fitness Blog.


          2位:NIKE AIR JORDAN 5 RETRO (UNIVERSITY RED/BLACK) (ナイキ エア ジョーダン 5 レトロ) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【AJ5】【FLIGHT SUIT】【バスケット】【ストリート】【17FA-I】   
NIKE AIR JORDAN 5 RETRO (UNIVERSITY RED/BLACK) (ナイキ エア ジョーダン 5 レトロ) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【AJ5】【FLIGHT SUIT】【バスケット】【ストリート】【17FA-I】
Kinetics

22,680円

このランキングの最新情報は総合ランキングをご覧ください。
          22位:NIKE AIR MAX2 UPTEMPO '94 (WHITE/BLACK-ROYAL BLUE-LEMON TWIST) (ナイキ エア マックス 2 アップテンポ 94) 【Kinetics】【バスケット】【COLLEGIATE CLASSIC】【Scottie Pippen】【スコッティ・ピッペン】【NBA】【ストリート】【17FA-I】   
NIKE AIR MAX2 UPTEMPO '94 (WHITE/BLACK-ROYAL BLUE-LEMON TWIST) (ナイキ エア マックス 2 アップテンポ 94) 【Kinetics】【バスケット】【COLLEGIATE CLASSIC】【Scottie Pippen】【スコッティ・ピッペン】【NBA】【ストリート】【17FA-I】
Kinetics

17,280円

このランキングの最新情報は総合ランキングをご覧ください。
          41位:NIKE AS AJ5 VAULT JACKET (010 - BLACK/GYM RED/GYM RED) (ナイキ ジョーダン AJ 5 ヴォルト ジャケット) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【バスケット】【メンズ】【アジアンサイズ】【ストリート】【17FA-S】   
NIKE AS AJ5 VAULT JACKET (010 - BLACK/GYM RED/GYM RED) (ナイキ ジョーダン AJ 5 ヴォルト ジャケット) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【バスケット】【メンズ】【アジアンサイズ】【ストリート】【17FA-S】
Kinetics

16,200円

このランキングの最新情報は総合ランキングをご覧ください。
          67位:NIKE AIR JORDAN 5 RETRO BG (UNIVERSITY RED/BLACK-UNIVERSITY RED) (ナイキ エア ジョーダン 5 レトロ ボーイズグレード) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【AJ5】【FLIGHT SUIT】【ガールズ】【GS】【バスケット】【ストリート】【17FA-I】   
NIKE AIR JORDAN 5 RETRO BG (UNIVERSITY RED/BLACK-UNIVERSITY RED) (ナイキ エア ジョーダン 5 レトロ ボーイズグレード) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【AJ5】【FLIGHT SUIT】【ガールズ】【GS】【バスケット】【ストリート】【17FA-I】
Kinetics

16,740円

このランキングの最新情報は総合ランキングをご覧ください。
          96位:NIKE AS AJ5 VAULT JACKET (687 - GYM RED/BLACK/BLACK) (ナイキ ジョーダン AJ 5 ヴォルト ジャケット) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【バスケット】【メンズ】【アジアンサイズ】【ストリート】【17FA-S】   
NIKE AS AJ5 VAULT JACKET (687 - GYM RED/BLACK/BLACK) (ナイキ ジョーダン AJ 5 ヴォルト ジャケット) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【バスケット】【メンズ】【アジアンサイズ】【ストリート】【17FA-S】
Kinetics

16,200円

このランキングの最新情報は総合ランキングをご覧ください。
          202位:NIKE AS AJ5 VAULT PANT (010 - BLACK/GYM RED/GYM RED) (ナイキ ジョーダン AJ 5 ヴォルト パンツ) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【バスケット】【メンズ】【アジアンサイズ】【ストリート】【17FA-S】   
NIKE AS AJ5 VAULT PANT (010 - BLACK/GYM RED/GYM RED) (ナイキ ジョーダン AJ 5 ヴォルト パンツ) 【TOKYO 23】【Kinetics】【バスケット】【メンズ】【アジアンサイズ】【ストリート】【17FA-S】
Kinetics

13,500円

このランキングの最新情報は総合ランキングをご覧ください。
          Pharmacokinetics, Senior Principal Scientist Job ID 1045902 - Pfizer Inc. - La Jolla, CA   
Pfizer is an E-Verify employer. A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively...
From Indeed - Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:08:03 GMT - View all La Jolla, CA jobs
             
Police Blotter: Two Haiku Interpretations in Three Acts

Baltimore Co. – Cockeysville
Robbery A man, 26, was walking along Hogarth Circle about 9 p.m. Sunday when three teenagers, one of whom implied he had a gun, robbed him of a bag of cookies, a fruit drink and cat food. As the three youths were about to flee, the victim asked one of them to return the cat food. The youth did and all three escaped on foot.

1. Haiku Interpretation by guest Kinetic Prose

From the perspective of the teens:
We needed some "food"
So we got a "gun," for fun
Stole not all, but some

From the perspective of the robbee:
They took my cookies!
The took my drink! What am I
to eat: my cat's food?

From the perspective of the cat:
meow, crunch, crunch, crunch
I was hungry, now I'm not
crunch, crunch, crunch, meow

2. A Haiku Interpretation by Haiku Kitty

Robbee:
Take my cookies and
Take my drink - but have pity
leave me the cat's food

Robbers:
Listen to this fool!
Crazy old man! But why not?
Catch! Here's your cat food!

The Cat:
I see you've brought food
and none too soon - for tonight
I would have killed you




          Formwork Carpenters and Labourers - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Kinetic is expanding our team in Victoria and we have opportunities for experienced formwork Carpenters and Labourers....
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 27 Jun 2017 22:56:01 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Carpenter / Apprentice - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Working collaboratively with the Site team, our Carpenters are responsible for:. Kinetic Construction Ltd has an opportunity for Building Envelope work in Comox...
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 30 May 2017 01:41:42 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Registered Nurse - (Weslaco)   
PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMCNA Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP).Supports the FMCNAs mission, vision, values, and customer service philosophy. Adheres to all requirements of the FMCNA Compliance Program, and FMS patient care and administrative policies.DUTIES / ACTIVITIES:CUSTOMER SERVICE:Responsible for driving the FMS culture through values and customer service standards.Accountable for outstanding customer service to all external and internal customers.Develops and maintains effective relationships through effective and timely communication.Takes initiative and action to respond, resolve and follow up regarding customer service issues with all customers in a timely manner.PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIESSTAFF RELATED:Directs Patient Care Technicians provision of safe and effective delivery of chronic hemodialysis therapy to patients in compliance with standards outlined in the facility policy procedure manuals, as well as regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agenciesDelegates tasks to all direct patient care staff including but not limited to LVN/LPNs, Patient Care Technicians, and Dialysis Assistants Assesses daily patient care needs and develops appropriate patient care assignmentsMonitors patient care staff for appropriate techniques and adherence to facility policy and proceduresParticipates in staff training and orientation of new staff as assignedParticipates in all required staff meetings as scheduledPATIENT RELATED:Education:Ensures educational needs of patients and family are met regarding End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)Provides ongoing education to patients regarding their renal disease, vascular access and dialysis therapy, and other related health conditionsDiscusses with patient, and records education related to diet/fluid and medication complianceProvides patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where applicable - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM)Ensures transplant awareness, modality awareness, and drive catheter reduction Educates patients regarding laboratory values and the relationship to adequate dialysis therapy, compliance with treatment schedule, medications, and fluidDialysis Treatment: Provides safe and effective delivery of care to patients with ESRDImplements accurate treatment prescriptions including Sodium (Na) modeling prescription, and Ultrafiltration modeling (where appropriate) to ensure stable treatment therapy as indicatedAssesses patients response to hemodialysis treatment therapy, making appropriate adjustments and modifications to the treatment plan as indicated by the prescribing physician.
          Outpatient RN CAP 1 - (Weslaco)   
PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMCNA Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP).Supports the FMCNAs mission, vision, values, and customer service philosophy. Adheres to all requirements of the FMCNA Compliance Program, and FMS patient care and administrative policies.DUTIES / ACTIVITIES:CUSTOMER SERVICE:Responsible for driving the FMS culture through values and customer service standards.Accountable for outstanding customer service to all external and internal customers.Develops and maintains effective relationships through effective and timely communication.Takes initiative and action to respond, resolve and follow up regarding customer service issues with all customers in a timely manner.PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIESSTAFF RELATED:Directs Patient Care Technicians provision of safe and effective delivery of chronic hemodialysis therapy to patients in compliance with standards outlined in the facility policy procedure manuals, as well as regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agenciesDelegates tasks to all direct patient care staff including but not limited to LVN/LPNs, Patient Care Technicians, and Dialysis Assistants Assesses daily patient care needs and develops appropriate patient care assignmentsMonitors patient care staff for appropriate techniques and adherence to facility policy and proceduresParticipates in staff training and orientation of new staff as assignedParticipates in all required staff meetings as scheduledPATIENT RELATED:Education:Ensures educational needs of patients and family are met regarding End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)Provides ongoing education to patients regarding their renal disease, vascular access and dialysis therapy, and other related health conditionsDiscusses with patient, and records education related to diet/fluid and medication complianceProvides patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where applicable - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM)Ensures transplant awareness, modality awareness, and drive catheter reduction Educates patients regarding laboratory values and the relationship to adequate dialysis therapy, compliance with treatment schedule, medications, and fluidDialysis Treatment: Provides safe and effective delivery of care to patients with ESRDImplements accurate treatment prescriptions including Sodium (Na) modeling prescription, and Ultrafiltration modeling (where appropriate) to ensure stable treatment therapy as indicatedAssesses patients response to hemodialysis treatment therapy, making appropriate adjustments and modifications to the treatment plan as indicated by the prescribing physician.
          Outpatient RN CAP 1 - (Edinburg)   
PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMCNA Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP).Supports the FMCNAs mission, vision, values, and customer service philosophy. Adheres to all requirements of the FMCNA Compliance Program, and FMS patient care and administrative policies.DUTIES / ACTIVITIES:CUSTOMER SERVICE:Responsible for driving the FMS culture through values and customer service standards.Accountable for outstanding customer service to all external and internal customers.Develops and maintains effective relationships through effective and timely communication.Takes initiative and action to respond, resolve and follow up regarding customer service issues with all customers in a timely manner.PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIESSTAFF RELATED:Directs Patient Care Technicians provision of safe and effective delivery of chronic hemodialysis therapy to patients in compliance with standards outlined in the facility policy procedure manuals, as well as regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agenciesDelegates tasks to all direct patient care staff including but not limited to LVN/LPNs, Patient Care Technicians, and Dialysis Assistants Assesses daily patient care needs and develops appropriate patient care assignmentsMonitors patient care staff for appropriate techniques and adherence to facility policy and proceduresParticipates in staff training and orientation of new staff as assignedParticipates in all required staff meetings as scheduledPATIENT RELATED:Education:Ensures educational needs of patients and family are met regarding End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)Provides ongoing education to patients regarding their renal disease, vascular access and dialysis therapy, and other related health conditionsDiscusses with patient, and records education related to diet/fluid and medication complianceProvides patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where applicable - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM)Ensures transplant awareness, modality awareness, and drive catheter reduction Educates patients regarding laboratory values and the relationship to adequate dialysis therapy, compliance with treatment schedule, medications, and fluidDialysis Treatment: Provides safe and effective delivery of care to patients with ESRDImplements accurate treatment prescriptions including Sodium (Na) modeling prescription, and Ultrafiltration modeling (where appropriate) to ensure stable treatment therapy as indicatedAssesses patients response to hemodialysis treatment therapy, making appropriate adjustments and modifications to the treatment plan as indicated by the prescribing physician.
          Outpatient RN CAP 1 - (Pharr)   
PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMCNA Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP).Supports the FMCNAs mission, vision, values, and customer service philosophy. Adheres to all requirements of the FMCNA Compliance Program, and FMS patient care and administrative policies.DUTIES / ACTIVITIES:CUSTOMER SERVICE:Responsible for driving the FMS culture through values and customer service standards.Accountable for outstanding customer service to all external and internal customers.Develops and maintains effective relationships through effective and timely communication.Takes initiative and action to respond, resolve and follow up regarding customer service issues with all customers in a timely manner.PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIESSTAFF RELATED:Directs Patient Care Technicians provision of safe and effective delivery of chronic hemodialysis therapy to patients in compliance with standards outlined in the facility policy procedure manuals, as well as regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agenciesDelegates tasks to all direct patient care staff including but not limited to LVN/LPNs, Patient Care Technicians, and Dialysis Assistants Assesses daily patient care needs and develops appropriate patient care assignmentsMonitors patient care staff for appropriate techniques and adherence to facility policy and proceduresParticipates in staff training and orientation of new staff as assignedParticipates in all required staff meetings as scheduledPATIENT RELATED:Education:Ensures educational needs of patients and family are met regarding End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)Provides ongoing education to patients regarding their renal disease, vascular access and dialysis therapy, and other related health conditionsDiscusses with patient, and records education related to diet/fluid and medication complianceProvides patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where applicable - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM)Ensures transplant awareness, modality awareness, and drive catheter reduction Educates patients regarding laboratory values and the relationship to adequate dialysis therapy, compliance with treatment schedule, medications, and fluidDialysis Treatment: Provides safe and effective delivery of care to patients with ESRDImplements accurate treatment prescriptions including Sodium (Na) modeling prescription, and Ultrafiltration modeling (where appropriate) to ensure stable treatment therapy as indicatedAssesses patients response to hemodialysis treatment therapy, making appropriate adjustments and modifications to the treatment plan as indicated by the prescribing physician.
          Decor camera congelate Elsa speciale   
Pentru o lungă perioadă de timp Elsa nu curata camera ei superba. Ea nu vrea cineva să pas în cameră. Pentru, dacă provin ei vor afla puterile ei de cryokinetic. Ea este de curăţare camera acum. După ce că ea a planificat pentru a decora camera. De obicei, ea nu ar lasa servitorii din interiorul camerei. Ajutor fata săraci. Ea are nevoie al tău ajutor şi asistenţă. Înfrumuseţa camera intr-o maniera eleganta. Trageţi mobila şi puneţi-le în mod corespunzător. Alege culoarea care ea este pasionat de. Lasa sala arata grozav cu indrumare. Odată ce se face decorul, Elsa va fi în lumea de fericire. Acest lucru va deveni mai aproape de familia de congelate.
          LCMS / HPLC Chemist   
, Description Hello, We are currently seeking a Chemist for a prominent client of ours in the BioPharma Sector. These positions are located in Lake Forest / North Chicago, IL. Details for the position are as follows: Job Description/Qualifications: • The Drug Metabolism & Pharmacokinetics Department at opening for a Chemist for a Start ASAP. • The successful candidate will be responsible for quantit
          Computational Toxicologist - UES - Dayton, OH   
In biology, environmental toxicology, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, pharmacology, biomedical engineering, chemical engineering, or other related disciplines...
From UES - Thu, 25 May 2017 22:30:29 GMT - View all Dayton, OH jobs
          Kinesiologist - Swift Health Services - Surrey, BC   
Valid driver’s license. Current First Aid and CPR certifications. Completed Bachelor’s degree in Human Kinetics or Kinesiology or equivalent.... $35 - $40 an hour
From Indeed - Fri, 26 May 2017 04:51:52 GMT - View all Surrey, BC jobs
          Thorough Indexing Performance - The Debate Continues...   
Someone over at Kinetic Knowledge (who apparently doesn't want to be identified) published this justification for not having a thorough and dominant index of content in search engines. If you base your service on technology that is unable to create and sustain a deep and thorough of everything published, this is an expected justification. While quality typically trumps quantity (no disagreement there), it's important that we recognize the debate was never [solely] about quantity; at its root, it is about thoroughness, and at a higher level, it's about size because without size, you can't achieve a sustainable marketing model for leveraging the long tail. Having a thorough and complete representation of all your content in Google is far better than having only a fraction of your content in Google, regardless of whether the pages are focused on whatever axis your subject expertise happens to align with. "While having a large Google index might feel like something to brag about - take a step back and ask yourself if those pages are bringing you a return of value." - Kinetic Knowledge Author There's one thing that's certain about this statement - if content cannot be found, it certainly won't provide any value to you or your prospects. ;-) But I have to ask - if you have pages that you've published, and they aren't in the search indices, why did you publish them? Furthermore, you don't get to decide with ones get indexed and which ones get passed over - what if many of the pages that aren't indexed are key value pages that you want prospects and future customer to find? Unfortunately, the writer of this article bypasses any discussion of (or requirement for) creating a sustainable marketing model that depends on the shear number of posts that [each day] capture a few long-tail hits on every post, thus creating a continuous flow of new people to your brand. If you're blogging to reach the long tail, by definition, you must have lots of ways to reach the many markets of few in a way that will sustain the effort for doing it in the first place. A small index footprint is unable to achieve this - a large footprint makes it possible, but not a certainty. Suggesting that it's okay to not achieve a thorough and sizeable index footprint dismisses the guidance (outlined here) from an array of SEO experts that have studied this exact requirement. The writer also fails to embrace a growing and serious implication of poor indexing performance - custom search. Google's CSE (custom search engine) solution depends on your pages being in the Google index, otherwise, like Google [worldwide], your own search engine will always be an incomplete version of reality. When visitors use your CSE, they expect that it contains 100% of everything you've published. If Google (itself) is unable (or unwilling) to index 30% or 40% of your content, your search engine will provide a fraction of the benefit. Perhaps one of the pages that aren't indexed is the difference between getting a new customer and not. In my view, I don't think it's wise to advise anyone that anything but comprehensive and thorough indexing is a key business objective. Indeed, as the author concludes, nothing is perfect, but tolerating anything less than what's possible and reasonably feasible, is simply an excuse for not improving the SEO craft.
          Effect of chronic γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) administration on GHB toxicokinetics and GHB-induced respiratory depression.   

Effect of chronic γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) administration on GHB toxicokinetics and GHB-induced respiratory depression.

Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2017 Jun 29;:1-8

Authors: Morse BL, Chadha GS, Felmlee MA, Follman KE, Morris ME

Abstract
BACKGROUND: γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has a high potential for illicit use; overdose of this compound results in sedation, respiratory depression and death. Tolerance to the hypnotic/sedative and electroencephalogram effects of GHB occurs with chronic GHB administration; however, tolerance to respiratory depression has not been evaluated. GHB toxicodynamic effects are mediated predominantly by GABAB receptors. Chronic treatment may affect monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) and alter the absorption, renal clearance and brain uptake of GHB.
OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of chronic GHB dosing on GHB toxicokinetics, GHB-induced respiratory depression, and MCT expression.
METHODS: Rats were administered GHB 600 mg/kg intravenously daily for 5 days. Plasma, urine and tissue samples and respiratory measurements were obtained on days 1 and 5. Plasma and urine were analyzed for GHB by LC/MS/MS and tissue samples for expression of MCT1, 2 and 4 and their accessory proteins by QRT-PCR.
RESULTS: No differences in GHB pharmacokinetics or respiratory depression were observed between days 1 and 5. Opposing changes in MCT1 and MCT4 mRNA expression were observed in kidney samples on day 5 compared to GHB-naïve animals, and MCT4 expression was increased in the intestine.
CONCLUSIONS: The lack of tolerance observed with GHB-induced respiratory depression, in contrast to the tolerance reported for the sedative/hypnotic and electroencephalogram effects, suggests that different GABAB receptor subtypes may be involved in different GABAB-mediated toxicodynamic effects of GHB. Chronic or binge users of GHB may be at no less risk for fatality from respiratory arrest with a GHB overdose than with a single dose of GHB.

PMID: 28662343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


          House Bill 589 Printer's Number 637   
An Act authorizing the Department of General Services to lease submerged lands in excess of 25 acres within Erie County for the assessment, development, construction and operation of utility scale offshore wind, solar or kinetic energy generation facilities; providing for collection of certain lease and royalty payments; establishing the Lake Erie Large-Scale Energy System Development Fund; and providing for distributions and transfers from the fund....
          Computational Toxicologist - UES - Dayton, OH   
In biology, environmental toxicology, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, pharmacology, biomedical engineering, chemical engineering, or other related disciplines...
From UES - Thu, 25 May 2017 22:30:29 GMT - View all Dayton, OH jobs
          ON SALE: 3.1 Phillip Lim - Dolly Black Leather Small Tote w/Studs   

Dolly Small Tote crafted in smooth supple leather with stud detail, has a modern kinetic design bringing together vintage sensibility with industrial accents coming straight from the runway to your street chic style. Featuring swivel hardware handles, polished snap closure, detachable crossbody strap with cabochon stud detail and silver tone hardware detail. Signature dust bag included.
          Modeling PK/PD Systems with Distributed Delays   
Many biological systems exhibit time delays. For instance, there is a delay between the time that a virus infects a cell and the onset of viral production. Mathematical models that incorporate these temporal delays are often used to characterize the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) of drugs. In this blog post, I’ll discuss some examples of biological systems […]
          Scientist - Pharmacokinetics & Drug Metabolism - Amgen - South San Francisco, CA   
Hands on experience with lab LIMS systems, e.g. WATSON is a plus. The department of PKDM within Amgen is dedicated to the discovery and development of novel...
From Amgen - Wed, 24 May 2017 06:28:43 GMT - View all South San Francisco, CA jobs
          LAW AND CYBERCRIME   
Cyber Defamation is a crime conducted in cyberspace, usually through the Internet, with the intention of defaming others. The cyber defamation law that the Korean government tries to make is intended to capture such criminal activities by allowing police to crack down on hateful comments without any reports from the victims. The only country where such cyber defamation law is being implemented is China, and South Korea is the first democratic country in the process of introducing the law.

There have been talks about introducing the stricter laws in cyberplace. A famous celebrity's suicide in South Korea, triggered the controversies once again as to whether such law is necessary. The law supported by the governing Grand National Party (GNP), if implemented, will allow police to investigate the cyber defamation cases without any complaints of the victims. The opposition Democratic Party (DP) has been against the introduction of such law.

The Convention on Cybercrime is the first international treaty seeking to address Computer crime and Internet crimes by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques and increasing cooperation among nations. It was drawn up by the Council of Europe in Strasbourg with the active participation of the Council of Europe's observer states Canada, Japan and USA.

The Convention and its Explanatory Report was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe at its 109th Session on 8 November 2001. It was opened for signature in Budapest, on 23 November 2001 and it entered into force on 1 July 2004. As of 2 September 2006, 15 states had signed, ratified and acceded to the convention, while a further 28 states had signed the convention but not ratified it.

On 1 March 2006 the Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime came into force. Those States that have ratified the additional protocol are requited to criminalize the dissemination of racist and xenophobic material through computer systems, as well as of racist and xenophobic-motivated threats and insults.

The Convention is the first international treaty on crimes committed via the Internet and other computer networks, dealing particularly with infringements of copyright, computer-related fraud, child pornography and violations of network security. It also contains a series of powers and procedures such as the search of computer networks and Lawful interception.
Its main objective, set out in the preamble, is to pursue a common criminal policy aimed at the protection of society against cybercrime, especially by adopting appropriate legislation and fostering international co-operation.

The Convention aims principally at:

harmonising the domestic criminal substantive law elements of offences and connected provisions in the area of cyber-crime

providing for domestic criminal procedural law powers necessary for the investigation and prosecution of such offences as well as other offences committed by means of a computer system or evidence in relation to which is in electronic form

setting up a fast and effective regime of international co-operation.

The following offences are defined by the Convention: illegal access, illegal interception, data interference, system interference, misuse of devices, computer-related forgery, computer-related fraud, offences related to child pornography and offences related to copyright and neighbouring rights.

It also sets out such procedural law issues as expedited preservation of stored data, expedited preservation and partial disclosure of traffic data, production order, search and seizure of computer data, real-time collection of traffic data, and interception of content data. In addition, the Convention contains a provision on a specific type of transborder access to stored computer data which does not require mutual assistance (with consent or where publicly available) and provides for the setting up of a 24/7 network for ensuring speedy assistance among the Signatory Parties.

The Convention is the product of four years of work by European and international experts. It has been supplemented by an Additional Protocol making any publication of racist and xenophobic propaganda via computer networks a criminal offence. Currently, cyber terrorism is also studied in the framework of the Convention.

Its ratification by the United States Senate in August 2006 was both praised and condemned. The U.S. became the 16th nation to ratify the convention. Forty-three nations have signed the treaty. The Convention entered into force in the USA on January 1, 2007.

"While balancing civil liberty and privacy concerns, this treaty encourages the sharing of critical electronic evidence among foreign countries so that law enforcement can more effectively investigate and combat these crimes," said Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist.

"The Convention includes a list of crimes that each signatory state must transpose into their own law. It requires the criminalization of such activities as hacking (including the production, sale, or distribution of hacking tools) and offenses relating to child pornography, and expands criminal liability for intellectual property violations. It also requires each signatory state to implement certain procedural mechanisms within their laws. For example, law enforcement authorities must be granted the power to compel an Internet Service Provider to monitor a person's activities online in real time. Finally, the Convention requires signatory states to provide international cooperation to the widest extent possible for investigations and proceedings concerning criminal offenses related to computer systems and data, or for the collection of evidence in electronic form of a criminal offense. Law enforcement agencies will have to assist police from other participating countries to cooperate with their mutual assistance requests.

Although a common legal framework would eliminate jurisdictional hurdles to facilitate the law enforcement of borderless cyber crimes, a complete realization of a common legal framework may not be possible. Transposing Convention provisions into domestic law is difficult especially if it requires the incorporation of substantive expansions that run counter to constitutional principles. For instance, the U.S. may not be able to criminalize all the offenses relating to child pornography that are stated in the Convention, specifically the ban on virtual child pornography, because of its First Amendment free speech principles. Under Article 9(2)(c) of the Convention, a ban on child pornography includes any “realistic images representing a minor engaged in sexually explicit conduct.” According to the Convention, the U.S. would have to adopt this ban on virtual child pornography as well, however, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, struck down as unconstitutional a provision of the CPPA that prohibited "any visual depiction” that "is, or appears to be, of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct." In response to the rejection, the U.S. Congress enacted the PROTECT Act to amend the provision, limiting the ban to any visual depiction “that is, or is indistinguishable from, that of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct.” 18 U.S.C

The United States will not become a Party to the Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime.

Computer crime, or cybercrime, refers to any crime that involves a computer and a network, where the computers may or may not have played an instrumental part in the commission of a crime. Netcrime refers, more precisely, to criminal exploitation of the Internet. Issues surrounding this type of crime have become high-profile, particularly those surrounding hacking, copyright infringement, child pornography, and child grooming. There are also problems of privacy when confidential information is lost or intercepted, lawfully or otherwise.

On the global level, both governments and non-state actors continue to grow in importance, with the ability to engage in such activities as espionage, financial theft, and other cross-border crimes sometimes referred to as cyber warfare. The international legal system is attempting to hold actors accountable for their actions, with the International Criminal Court among the few addressing this threat

Computer crime encompasses a broad range of potentially illegal activities. Generally, however, it may be divided into one of two types of categories: (1) crimes that target computer networks or devices directly; (2) crimes facilitated by computer networks or devices, the primary target of which is independent of the computer network or device.

Examples of crimes that primarily target computer networks or devices would include:

• Computer viruses
• Denial-of-service attacks
• Malware (malicious code)

Examples of crimes that merely use computer networks or devices would include:

• Cyber stalking
• Fraud and identity theft
• Information warfare
• Phishing scams

A computer can be a source of evidence. Even though the computer is not directly used for criminal purposes, it is an excellent device for record keeping, particularly given the power to encrypt the data. If this evidence can be obtained and decrypted, it can be of great value to criminal investigators.

Spam, or the unsolicited sending of bulk email for commercial purposes, is unlawful to varying degrees. As applied to email, specific anti-spam laws are relatively new, however limits on unsolicited electronic communications have existed in some forms for some time

Computer fraud is any dishonest misrepresentation of fact intended to let another to do or refrain from doing something which causes loss. In this context, the fraud will result in obtaining a benefit by:

Altering computer input in an unauthorized way. This requires little technical expertise and is not an uncommon form of theft by employees altering the data before entry or entering false data, or by entering unauthorized instructions or using unauthorized processes.

Altering, destroying, suppressing, or stealing output, usually to conceal unauthorized transactions: this is difficult to detect.

Altering or deleting stored data.

Altering or misusing existing system tools or software packages, or altering or writing code for fraudulent purposes.

Other forms of fraud may be facilitated using computer systems, including bank fraud, identity theft, extortion, and theft of classified information.
A variety of Internet scams target consumers direct.

The content of websites and other electronic communications may be distasteful, obscene or offensive for a variety of reasons. In some instances these communications may be illegal.
Many jurisdictions place limits on certain speech and ban racist, blasphemous, politically subversive, libelous or slanderous, seditious, or inflammatory material that tends to incite hate crimes.
The extent to which these communications are unlawful varies greatly between countries, and even within nations. It is a sensitive area in which the courts can become involved in arbitrating between groups with entrenched beliefs.
One area of Internet pornography that has been the target of the strongest efforts at curtailment is child pornography.

Whereas content may be offensive in a non-specific way, harassment directs obscenities and derogatory comments at specific individuals focusing for example on gender, race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation. This often occurs in chat rooms, through newsgroups, and by sending hate e-mail to interested parties (see cyber bullying, cyber stalking, harassment by computer, hate crime, Online predator, and stalking). Any comment that may be found derogatory or offensive is considered harassment.

Drug traffickers are increasingly taking advantage of the Internet to sell their illegal substances through encrypted e-mail and other Internet Technology. Some drug traffickers arrange deals at internet cafes, use courier Web sites to track illegal packages of pills, and swap recipes for amphetamines in restricted-access chat rooms.

The rise in Internet drug trades could also be attributed to the lack of face-to-face communication. These virtual exchanges allow more intimidated individuals to more comfortably purchase illegal drugs. The sketchy effects that are often associated with drug trades are severely minimized and the filtering process that comes with physical interaction fades away. Furthermore, traditional drug recipes were carefully kept secrets. But with modern computer technology, this information is now being made available to anyone with computer access.

Government officials and Information Technology security specialists have documented a significant increase in Internet problems and server scans since early 2001. But there is a growing concern among federal officials that such intrusions are part of an organized effort by cyberterrorists, foreign intelligence services, or other groups to map potential security holes in critical systems. A cyberterrorist is someone who intimidates or coerces a government or organization to advance his or her political or social objectives by launching computer-based attack against computers, network, and the information stored on them.

Cyberterrorism in general, can be defined as an act of terrorism committed through the use of cyberspace or computer resources (Parker 1983). As such, a simple propaganda in the Internet, that there will be bomb attacks during the holidays can be considered cyberterrorism. As well there are also hacking activities directed towards individuals, families, organised by groups within networks, tending to cause fear among people, demonstrate power, collecting information relevant for ruining peoples' lives, robberies, blackmailing etc.

The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) notes that cyberspace has emerged as a national-level concern through several recent events of geo-strategic significance. Among those are included the attack on Estonia's infrastructure in 2007, allegedly by Russian hackers. "In August 2008, Russia again allegedly conducted cyber attacks, this time in a coordinated and synchronized kinetic and non-kinetic campaign against the country of Georgia. Fearing that such attacks may become the norm in future warfare among nation-states, the concept of cyberspace operations impacts and will be adapted by warfighting military commanders in the future.
          Alpha decay half-lives for heavy and super-heavy isotopes   
Int.J.Mod.Phys. E26 (2017) 1750024

by: Hosseini, S.S.
Abstract:
We considered the systematics of Alpha-decay (AD) half-life (HL) of super-heavy nuclei (SHN) versus the decay energy and the total α-kinetic energy. We have considered a potential model with Yukawa proximity potential and thereby calculated the HLs. Our results compared with experimental data and the empirical estimates. Also, we obtained α-preformation factors from the ratio between theoretical and experimental results for a few super heavy nuclei. The results indicate the acceptability of the approach.
           Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp    
Meitl, Matthew A. and Zhu, Zheng-Tao and Kumar, Vipan and Lee, Keon Jae and Feng, Xue and Huang, Yonggang Y. and Adesida, Ilesanmi and Nuzzo, Ralph G. and Rogers, John A.. (2006) Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp. Nature Materials, 5 (1). p. 33. ISSN 1476-1122
           Hierarchical Multiscale Simulation of Electrokinetic Transport in Silica Nanochannels at the Point of Zero Charge    
Joseph, Sony and Aluru, N. R.. (2006) Hierarchical Multiscale Simulation of Electrokinetic Transport in Silica Nanochannels at the Point of Zero Charge. Langmuir, 22 (21). p. 9041. ISSN 0743-7463
           Nanofluidic Injection and Heterogeneous Kinetics of Organomercaptan Surface Displacement Reactions on Colloidal Gold in a Microfluidic Stream    
Kirk, John S. and Sweedler, Jonathan V. and Bohn, Paul W.. (2006) Nanofluidic Injection and Heterogeneous Kinetics of Organomercaptan Surface Displacement Reactions on Colloidal Gold in a Microfluidic Stream. Analytical Chemistry, 78 (7). p. 2335. ISSN 0003-2700
          Video Premiere: "Butterfly Sweater" by Twinfolds   

Australian indie rock band Twinfolds (once known as Vertigo) kicks it up with a kinetic rock groove from its upcoming debut EP.


          Amgen looking for Senior Scientist in Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism   
Amgen is committed to unlocking the potential of biology for patients suffering from serious illnesses by discovering, developing, manufacturing and delivering innovative human therapeutics. This...

If above link is not accessible, find more info at: http://jobs.pharmatutor.org
          Kinesiologist - Swift Health Services - Surrey, BC   
Valid driver’s license. Current First Aid and CPR certifications. Completed Bachelor’s degree in Human Kinetics or Kinesiology or equivalent.... $35 - $40 an hour
From Indeed - Fri, 26 May 2017 04:51:52 GMT - View all Surrey, BC jobs
           Plastic Push In 30mm Gas Cap *no logo*   
  Plastic Push In 30mm Gas Cap *no logo*

Push in vented gas cap with no logo.  Works on Puch Maxi, Newport  Ktm/Foxi and similar step thru models who have a 30mm tank opening including the peugeot 102,103, motobecane mobylette, vespa ciao, bravo, Kinetic TFR, Derbi Variant. Sachs Hercules /Balboa, Honda Hobbit / Camino.

..

Price: $7.95


          Hexane Isomers in Faujasite: Anomalous Diffusion and Kinetic Separation   

TOC Graphic

The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04795

          Effect of Surface Diffusion on Adsorption–Desorption and Catalytic Kinetics in Irregular Pores. I. Local Kinetics   

TOC Graphic

The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03652

          Effect of Surface Diffusion on Adsorption–Desorption and Catalytic Kinetics in Irregular Pores. II. Macro-Kinetics   

TOC Graphic

The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03653

          Oscillatory Kinetics in the Process of Reduction of Nanocrystalline Iron Nitride γ′-Fe4N   

TOC Graphic

The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04418

          Clausewitz in Wonderland   

Last but not least, the third major flaw is "strategism." At its "best," strategism is synonymous with "strategy for strategy's sake," i.e., a self-referential discourse more interested in theory-building (or is it hair-splitting?) than policy-making. Strategism would be innocuous enough were it not for the fact that, in the media and academia, "realism" today is fast becoming synonymous with "absence of memory, will, and imagination": in that context, the self-referentiality of the strategic discourse does not exactly improve the quality of the public debate. At its worst, strategism confuses education with indoctrination, and scholarship with scholasticism; in its most extreme form, it comes close to being an "intellectual terrorism" in the name of Clausewitz.

Clausewitz in Londonistan

That infatuation with Clausewitz can lead to hair-raising absurdities about the GWOT is never better illustrated than by the recent remark of Anglo-American Clausewitzian veteran Colin Gray on the global jihad: "It is but axiomatic to maintain that an irregular belligerent wins by not losing. Somewhat in defiance of that axiom, I will argue that time is not on the side of the catastrophic, post-modern terrorist. The war-hardened multinational cadre of veterans of the Afghan struggle is diminishing rapidly. It has suffered the natural attrition of age and infirmity, as well as the combat attrition inflicted by an aroused bevy of state enemies.... Those warriors for Islam cannot be replaced by new cohorts with comparable training and group bonding.... Al-Qaeda has now aroused a formidable array of enemies, within and beyond the Islamic realm."3

Besides the fallacy of equating jihadists with Al Qaeda alone, this static conception of the global jihad in terms of finite "stock" ignores the dynamic created by media, i.e., the cyber-mobilization as the new Levee en Masse. On what planet does the good professor live? From the Balkans to Londonistan, Europe has been, for at least a decade now, the closest thing to a "frontline" in the global jihad. In Colin Gray's Britain today, 6 percent of the Muslim population (i.e., 100,000 individuals) think that the 7/7 London bombings were "fully justified;" 32 percent of British Muslims (half a million people) believe that "Western society is decadent and immoral and that Muslims should seek to bring it to an end;" and 40 percent want to see sharia law adopted in the UK.4

In Colin Gray's Britain, Muslims are barely 2 million, but politicians are already pandering to the Muslim vote and willing to make all sorts of concessions, including on immigration. Caught in a time warp, Gray looks jihad (al Qaeda) and dawa (Hizb-ut-Tahrir) in the eye, and see nothing more than -- a bearded version of the IRA. Rather than bury their heads in the Clausewitzian sand, strategists would be better inspired to meditate the truly "remarkable trinity" engineered by Arab governments for more than thirty years: natalist policies, anti-Western mass indoctrination, and mass emigration to the West. Isn't time at least to add a chapter to On War on "demographic warfare?"5

If a Colin Gray -- arguably the smartest living Clausewitzian today -- can be so blind as to the nature of the challenges facing the West, one can easily guess the damage done by Clausewitzology on less talented minds.

Clausewitz in America: Prussian fantasies, French realities?

Since the end of the Cold War, the Chinese People's Liberation Army (which can apparently walk and chew gum at the same time) has been rethinking both conventional and irregular warfare. For the former, the pla turned to the American Mahan, not the Prussian Clausewitz; for the latter, the pla went back not only to Sun-Tzu, but also to Lawrence, Beaufre, Arquilla, Lind, etc. -- anything that can be of use in the conceptual toolbox of "unrestricted warfare" (URW). In America, meanwhile, -- and despite a guerilla war engineered by "Netwar" and "Fourth Generation Warfare" insurgents -- the military educational establishment has continued to peddle Clausewitz or, to be more precise, an increasingly Jominized version of Clausewitz.

Like the aging Marxists with a Karl of their own, the Clausewitzians today are more interested in exonerating their idol from the evil perpetrated in his name than in demonstrating what good he could bring to the current challenges facing the military. It may well be that Marx and Clausewitz were indeed mostly "misread" by most people most of the time, but if the risks of "misreading" are statistically greater than the chances of getting it right, what's the point of making it required reading in the first place? With its unresolved tensions between its theologia speculativa and theologia positiva parts, On War, to be sure, is ideally suited for endless, medieval-like scholastic disputatio. But while Clausewitz-Centered Chatter (CCC) can be entertaining (how many ayatollahs can dance on a Schwerpunkt?), there are undeniable opportunity costs for an officer corps already "too busy to learn."6

A decade ago already, U.S. Army War College professor Steven Metz remarked: "Like adoration for some family elder, the veneration heaped on Clausewitz seems to grow even as his power to explain the world declines. He remains an icon at all U.S. war colleges (figuratively and literally) while his writings are bent, twisted, and stretched to explain everything from guerilla insurgency (Summers) through nuclear strategy (Cimbala) to counternarcotrafficking (Sharpe). On War is treated like holy script from which quotations are plucked to legitimize all sorts of policies and programs. But enough! It is time to hold a wake so that strategists can pay their respects to Clausewitz and move on, leaving him to rest among the historians."7

In the past two years, to be sure, the steepest learning curve within the U.S. government has been in DOD, not the State Department or the CIA. But this "transformation" in military education has taken place largely outside formal channels. Today still, such is the institutional weight of the Clausewitzian petits maitres that the former commander of the U.S. Army War College -- one of the smartest proponents of Culture-Centric Warfare -- feels compelled to perform the ritual bow to the master in order to get the institution to accept the principle of a radical revamping of professional military education (PME).8

Does the obsession with Clausewitz really matter that much? You bet it does. As the military-educational complex (150 institutions, of which the Naval War College is the crown jewel) takes in interagency education, the danger is that "strategism" and "Clausewitzology" will spread to other agencies and may aggravate already dysfunctional civil-military relations at the working level. The Iraqi precedent, in that respect, does not bode well.

For those who naively thought that the current Iraqi predicament could safely be blamed on three dozen "neocon chickenhawks," Thomas Ricks's recent book will be a revelation: Failure was not the least preordained, and the military, as much as the civilians, has its share of responsibility. Talking about a military fiasco would be excessive, because it is not the U.S. military that made the two most fateful decisions (disbanding the Iraqi army in 2003; taking four months to form a government in 2006). But the fact remains, "well into 2005, the American military ... didn't imagine or prepare for the possibility that former regime members had their own 'day-after' plans to fight on even if they lost the conventional battle. It didn't imagine that Iraq would become a magnet for international jihadists, so it failed to seal the borders. It didn't imagine the Sunni tribal militias would react with such violence to the American presence, so it failed to take the pre-emptive economic and political steps to address their grievances. And it failed to understand that there were elements within the Shiite community that would use force to try to establish a theocratic system."9

Like McMaster's Dereliction of Duty on Vietnam (a book hugely popular with mid-level officers), Ricks's Fiasco on Iraq is at times too harsh on the military brass, and tends to misdiagnose a problem which, more than ever, is not so much moral as intellectual.10

The generation of Maxwell Taylor graduated from West Point at a time, the early 1920s, when the "lessons learned" could not but focus on a conventional war (World War 1), and their first-hand experience of war was shaped by another conventional war (World War 11). Thus, the Taylor generation never had existential nor intellectual exposure to irregular warfare (there was little theoretical work on the subject), and by the 1960s, neither did they have much incentive to learn from the experience of foreign powers (UK and France) which, unlike America, were after all colonial powers. But the successor generations should have logically benefited from the "lessons learned" in Vietnam as well as the growing literature on counterinsurgency. Yet instead of being exposed to the policy-relevant Clausewitzian realism of Osgood's Limited War Revisited (1979), the new generation of officers was force-fed with the Clausewitzian "surrealism" of Summers's On Strategy (1981) -- the true beginning of strategy for strategy's sake in America.

By 1999, the reasons for not using Clausewitz as a textbook had become apparent even to the Clausewitzian die-hards -- who nevertheless concluded, in surrealistic fashion: "Because much of the existing literature on Clausewitz explains his significance within an obsolete context, few educators are able to forcefully demonstrate his relevance in the post-Cold War world.... It is difficult to pin any blame on educators, however, when the existing version of On War is so difficult to reach and to teach from."11

Difficult to pin any blame? Not so fast. Chronologically and logically, the first blame would appear to fall on the educators' shoulders: isn't it a failure to learn on the part of military educators which later led to a failure to anticipate on the part of military planners and to a failure to adapt (quickly enough) on the part of military commanders on the ground?12 Isn't it the educators who drew the wrong lessons from Vietnam and came up with the surrealistic Weinberger Doctrine; who dubbed "Operations Other than War" (OOTW) anything that did not resemble a Clausewitzian "decisive battle;" who, having reduced "war" to "battle," "battle" to "combat," and "combat" to "targeting and shooting," dismissed post-combat planning as postwar planning best left to civilians.

Since the proverbial military-industrial complex can always be counted on to push for a technocentric approach to war, isn't it the duty of the military-educational complex to make sure soldiers never lose sight of the anthropocentric approach? And once it becomes clear, as in the early 1990s, that U.S. is peerless in conventional warfare, isn't the duty of educators to anticipate that the enemy will have no choice but to choose an asymmetrical approach -- as in "irregular warfare?" Yet, while the Osamas of this world were issuing fatwas against "Jews and Crusaders" and defining their own struggle in terms of "Fourth-Generation Warfare," our Clausewitzian Ayatollahs were too busy turning Vom Kriege in a military Quran and issuing fatwas against the theoreticians of 4GW, Netwar, and other postmodern "heresies." If that attitude does not qualify as "dereliction of duty," what does?

For the neutral observer, then, the problem with the "neocon chickenhawks" is not so much that they lacked an understanding of irregular warfare13 as that they seriously underestimated the sterilizing effect, on the American military mind and over a generation, of three dozen Clausewitzian cicadas for whom counterinsurgency was synonymous with "derisive battle." A contrario, the intellectual agility since the end of the Cold War of a Marine Corps largely exempt from the Clausewitz regimen (from General Krulak to General Mattis) would tend to prove that the problem is not with the officer corps itself, but with the (largely civilian) Clausewitzian educators. If the Clausewitzian text is indeed so filled with fog and friction, if On War is so hard to teach from that even most educators can't teach it properly, then surely thought should be given to retiring Clausewitz, or the educators -- or both.

The "cognitive dissonance" among Clausewitizians consists in maintaining the most dogmatic approach concerning Clausewitz as the True North, while deploring -- like Gray -- that "American military power has been as awesome tactically as it has rarely been impressive operationally or strategically.... the German armed forces in both world wars suffered from the same malady" (as if the two were somehow unrelated). If, as Gray rightly points out, "strategy is -- or should be, the bridge that connects military power with policy," what kind of a bridge is On War, which devotes 600 pages to military power and next to nothing to policy? Between the "strategy for strategy's sake" of the Clausewitzians, and the "tacticisation of strategy" of Network-Centric Warriors, genuine strategic thinking seems to be forever elusive -- missing in action as much as in reflection.

Why such an irrational "resistance" (in the Freudian sense) on the part of military educators? After all, it does not take an Einstein to realize that, from Alexander the Great to Napoleon, the greatest generals for 20 centuries had one thing in common: They have never read Clausewitz. And conversely, in the bloodiest century known to man, the greatest admirers of Clausewitz also have had one thing in common: They may have won a battle here and there, but they have all invariably lost all their wars. One suspects that the Prussian Party is in fact not so much interested in meditating Clausewitz (their endless exegeses of Clausewitz in the past 30 years has yielded no new insight beyond the interpretations of a Raymond Aron and a Carl Schmitt) as such, as in maintaining a "Prussian folklore" in the U.S. military. One can understand their hostilite de principe to the idea of teaching irregular warfare: from Marshall Bugeaud to General Beaufre, from Marshall Gallieni to Marshall Lyautey, from Colonel Trinquier to Lieutenant Galula, the majority of the leading theoreticians on the subject happen to be, not Prussian but -- horresco referens -- French. And as is well-known by anyone who gets his military history from Hollywood rather than Harvard, the French, since 1918 at least, have proven utterly incapable of fighting.14

Ironically, and Prussian fantasies notwithstanding, what the post-Gulf War American Army has come to resemble is the post-World War i French Army: In both cases, victory breeds complacency, and this in turn can lead to a solid but unimaginative army capable of holding its own against an equally solid but unimaginative opponent -- but is not necessarily a match for an innovative military, be it in the form of the German "blitzkrieg" yesterday or Chinese "unrestricted warfare" tomorrow. No wonder that a particularly bold USMC colonel felt compelled recently to argue that the "Shock and Awe" doctrine could prove to be America's twenty-first-century Maginot Line.15

As of this writing (August 2006), it is too early to tell whether Baghdad will be America's Battle of Algiers -- or Battle of Jena. But it is not too early to call for a Renaissance in Strategic Education -- for military and civilians alike. In diplomacy as in academe and in the media, there is unquestionably a need for greater strategic literacy, and the military can play a constructive role; but by the same token, the military will have to free itself from the Clausewitzian straitjacket if it ever wants to make a significant contribution to grand strategy.

The Revolution in Guerrilla Affairs

Unlike his disciples today, Clausewitz was an attentive observer of the revolution in military affairs of his day. It so happens that this RMA was in conventional warfare (the Carnot-Bonaparte revolution), whereas that of today is in irregular warfare (Netwar, 4GW). Clausewitz, to be sure, was no stranger to irregular warfare; in fact, On War was initially meant as the first part of a triptych on conventional warfare, irregular warfare and tactics. But the fact remains that in the 10 volumes of his complete works, the least developed (quantitatively and qualitatively) topic remains irregular warfare. Every thinker, to be sure, is a product of his time and, as Raymond Aron observed long ago, it should not come as a surprise that Clausewitz could only conceive of guerrilla warfare in the form of the traditional (defensive) "guerre populaire" and not the twenty-century (offensive) "guerre revolutionnaire." Be that as it may, it is not until the turn of the twentieth century that the conceptualization of irregular warfare will take a new turn, through the combined effects of the anthropologization of military theory (Calwell, Lawrence) and the militarization of revolutionary ideology (Lenin, Trotsky).16 Meanwhile, in the field of the conventional warfare, the traditional Clausewitzian emphasis on "annihilation" and "decisive battle" will find itself challenged by Delbruck and Corbett, while Liddell Hart will bring the debate on an altogether different plane: that of Grand Strategy.

If Mao Zedong marks a major turning point in the history of irregular warfare, it is because he blends the Western and Eastern traditions and offers the most comprehensive theory and practice of Guerrilla -- leading General Beaufre to refer to Mao's Long March in terms of "Grande Guerrilla." Yet, in one fundamental aspect, Mao continues to view irregular warfare the same way as Clausewitz: Irregular warfare is merely a "support activity" for conventional warfare; there is no substitute for a conventional, "decisive battle" in the third phase of Mao's people's war.

If there is a real "Revolution in Guerrilla Affairs," then, it is not to be found in Mao's Long March, but in the French-Algerian War (1954-1962). By 1962, the Algerian FLN forces are reduced to 10,000 men, while the French regular forces include more than 100,000 Algerian volunteers. But through the clever use of media (in particular Nasser's "Voice of the Arabs," the al-Jazeera of the time) and high-visibility fora provided by nascent international organizations (the UN, the Arab League, etc.), the Algerian FLN, while thoroughly defeated militarily, will be able to level the playing field and -- the asymmetry of political wills being what it is [17] -- to prevail politically, in a way totally unanticipated by Mao.

Fast forward to 1989. The year of the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, William Lind and his iconoclastic "band of brothers" come up with a new theory: Fourth-Generation Warfare. Initially eclipsed by other postmodern discourses (Toffler, Keegan, and especially Van Creveld), "Fourth-Generation Warfare" will enter the lexicon of the mainstream media only after the 9/11 events.

And the first criticism that 4GW will have to confront is that it is based on shaky history. While the point is well-taken, it is worth noting that this is not the first time in military circles that good theory rests on lousy history. In his time, 1957, Samuel Huntington's historical account of the relation between the Soldier and the State was at best fuzzy history; yet Huntington admirably succeeded in devising a much-needed normative theory of civil-military relations in democratic countries valid for the whole Cold War (whether the U.S. military should continue today to treat it as gospel is another question). Similarly, the historical foundations of 4GW theory are awkward at best: The "generational" periodization cannot fail to make any serious historian cringe, and a more rigorous genealogy should probably have followed the rough "revolution in guerrilla affairs" model outlined above. At the very least, the proponents of 4GW would have been better inspired to argue that, in the second half of the twentieth century, a new form of warfare became dominant due to a host of endogenous and exogenous factors: the increasing militarization of ideologies (Marxism yesterday and Islamism today), the constraints brought by weapons of mass destruction, the opportunities offered by the new weapons of mass communication, etc.

Be it as it may: As Lawrence Freedman, the dean of British strategic studies, pointed out recently, "the fact that 4GW is based on poor history, and does scant justice to the forms both regular and irregular warfare can take, is not in itself a reason for neglecting its prescriptive aspects."18 4GW theory, which presents itself as a work in progress rather than a closed system, remains one of the most useful approaches to understand the grammar and logic of the current global jihad. And the Clausewitzian drill sergeants are all the less justified in dismissing 4GW in that, unlike other postmodern theoreticians, the 4GW warriors do not exhibit an a priori hostility toward Clausewitz.

"Virtual States" and "Nonlinear Wars"

There is, to be sure, room for improvement. Thus, due to the Clausewitzian, state-on-state, force-on-force, dogmatism prevailing in military circles in the 1980s, the theoreticians of 4GW were initially inclined to put the emphasis on the opposite: the importance of transnational, nonstate actors at the strategic level, of dispersion rather than concentration of forces at the operational level, etc. Today, by contrast, it would be more useful to focus on the concept of "Deep Coalition" between state and nonstate actors put forward by other postmodern defense intellectuals (Alvin Toffler).

One clear shortcoming of 4GW theory is the axiom of a "crisis of legitimacy" of the state. For one thing, the "post-Westphalian" rhetoric so common since the end of the Cold War rests on an idealized vision of the Westphalian order, during which sovereignty was in fact never as total as some would assume; conversely, of the 150 states that have emerged since 1945, the majority have never been real states but "quasi-states." Too much emphasis on "terrorism" as a product of the "crisis of legitimacy" of the state is wrong not just factually but heuristically as well, in that it leads analysts to overlook the importance of terrorism as a "force multiplier" for the (actual or potential rogue) state. Simply put, the axiom of a "legitimacy crisis" is an impediment to an analysis of the various modalities of "war by proxy".19 Similarly, too much emphasis on "dispersion" can lead one to overlook the fact that "swarming" campaigns -- like the recent "cartoon jihad" -- are driven by "deep coalitions" of states, IOs, and NGOs.

Last but not least, one could certainly take the 4GW warriors to task regarding their editorial strategies: Having denounced the Western lumpen-intelligentsia for what it is (a Fifth Column), some 4GW theoreticians, blinded by anti-Bush passions, end up publishing their diatribes in the columns of the same lumpen-intelligentsia. True, William Lind on Antiwar.com is not nearly as bad as Jane Fonda on Hanoi TV, but given the IQ differential, this "objective complicity" (as Marxists used to say) still is "worse than a crime -- a mistake." Just like it is time for Clausewitzians to realize that ours is the age of the "Three-Block War" (Krulak), and that Santa Clausewitz won't be coming to town, it is time for 4GW warriors to grow up and accept the fact that -- to update Donald Rumsfeld -- "you go to war with the SecDef you have."

It is time to "bring the state back in," lest the 4GW and Netwar discourses end up being afflicted with the same disease as Network-Centric Warfare: namely, the "tacticisation of strategy." But the return of the state will not be synonymous with a return to Clausewitz. For one thing, the "state" is not the transparent, self-evident, ahistorical concept that some strategists all too often assume. In the days of Clausewitz, at any rate, the State was close to Fichte's "Geschlossene Handelstaat;" today, it is closer to Rosecrance's "Virtual State." For another, as the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review puts it, the Long War will have to be waged across the proverbial DIME spectrum, now renamed DIMEFIL (diplomacy, information, military, economic, financial, intelligence, law enforcement). Old Carl may have had a few interesting things to say about counterinsurgency (COIN), but he never ventured beyond the military dimension (in short, and to put it in modern parlance: it's COIN and DIME, stupid).

The bottom line: because wars are now waged along the DIMEFIL spectrum, the nonlinearity of war has increased exponentially. In his time, to be sure, Clausewitz had the intuition that -- to put it simplistically - "fog and friction" combined to produce nonlinearity, but this idea was never fully developed (the "chameleon" imagery in On War does not quite make a chaos theory). Today, the main driver of nonlinearity is not military friction, but media contagion. The overarching metaphor is not so much mechanics as epidemiology. The new buzzword is not kinetics, but "memetics." The main problem in the field out there is "mass disruption and mass contagion," while the relevance of the Clausewitzian "fog and friction" is confined primarily to, well -- the Beltway's interagency "turf wars."20

Clausewitz will never deliver the grammar and logic of Global Jihad. Can the Prussian's masterpiece at least increase the "situational awareness" regarding the current challenges? Let's do a quick tour d'horizon to see a contrario why, in and of itself, "Knowing Thy Clausewitz" will never provide the Big Picture necessary to devise a Grand Strategy.

"Deep Coalitions" and "Soft Balancing": The Shiite crescent and the SCO

In 12 month's time since the June 2005 presidential elections, Iran has managed to eclipse Iraq and Afghanistan as problem No. 1, thanks to the combination of nuclear ambition and genocidal proclamations. In what way can Clausewitz bring any light to the question "Iran: to bomb or not to bomb?" The Prussian, to be sure, can help us remember that Iran is not a unitary actor but -- so to speak -- a trinitarian one (government, military, people). Beyond that, nothing; yet, it may well be that, in order to avoid the alternative between appeasement and atomization, the U.S. will have to devise a policy whose success will rest, not just on a good grasp of Iranian civil-military relations, but of the correlation of forces within the Iranian military itself, between the regular army and the Revolutionary Guards, i.e., between those for whom "war is but the continuation of politics by other means" (in the conventional sense) and those for whom "war is the continuation of martyrdom by other means." But what do we know about the "tribal politics" of the Iranian military, and the possible incentives for defection, rebellion, subversion? Over the years, an unbalanced curriculum in terms of education (fixation on "decisive battle" and "swift victory") has had long-term implications in terms of organization (marginalization of the Foreign Area Officer program in terms of funding and promotion).

Because it deals essentially with tactical and operational, not strategic matters, neither does On War have anything to tell us on the increasingly salient subject of interstate rivalries in the Muslim world. To the extent that both Saudi Arabia and Iran can be described as "virtual caliphates" (in the sense of "virtual state" mentioned above), the post-1979 cold war of sorts between these two caliphates (reminiscent of the Soviet-Chinese rivalry) has a logic, and an autonomy, of its own (which, incidentally, would exist in the absence of an Israeli-Palestinian conflict) -- as did, a generation ago, the older cold war between pan-Arabist Egypt and pan-Islamist Saudi Arabia (which would have existed as well in the absence of a Cold War between the U.S. and the USSR).21

Just as On War has little policy relevance for Muslim civil-military relations and interstate competition, so it sheds no light on another increasingly salient question: the "deep coalition" between Muslim state and nonstate actors. Though the Shiites represent only 15 percent of the Muslim world, the emerging Shiite Crescent has a formidable potential for nuisance in the region (due to both the sheer number of countries with Shiite minorities, from Saudi Arabia to Pakistan, and the fact that Shiite territories tend to be where the oilfields are). What is the nature of the relation between the Shiite center (Iran) and the periphery (from Iraq to Pakistan)? What is the relative weight of religious (Shiite) vs. ethnic (Persian) factors in the "deep coalition" between the Iranian State and nonstate actors (Hamas, Hezbollah)? Under what conditions could Shiites and Sunnis overcome their differences and come up with a joint grand strategy against the West? These are difficult questions, but one thing is sure: not only On War won't give you the right answers, it won't even lead you to ask the right questions.

A small consolation: when it comes to identifying the "operational code" of deep coalitions, neither "game theory" nor "structural realism" is likely to shed any light either. Forget about "rational choice" theories: In the non-Western world in general, and in the Middle East in particular, state actors have a long record of self-delusion, miscalculation and defection.22 Rather than "structural realism," it is a "cultural realism" approach which will make intelligible the constantly shifting evolution between cooperation and confrontation, whether among nonstate actors (Hezbollah and al Qaeda, e.g.) or state actors (Saudi Arabia and Iran).

"Soft Balancing" is another missing chapter in Clausewitz's On War. International relations scholars have spent the better part of the 1990s wondering why the lone remaining superpower was not being "balanced" -- as required by realist theory -- by would-be regional hegemons. Look no further now: Since the summer of 2005, "balancing" is happening big time, led by China and Russia. What could still be loosely described in the 1990s as an amorphous "Sino-Islamic Axis" (Huntington) has taken, a decade later, a more institutionalized form to the point where some Western observers describe the China/Russia-led Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) over Central Asia as an emerging "NATO of the East."

From a traditional realist point of view, there was in fact nothing preordained in Russia's "bandwagoning" behavior vis-à-vis the Sino-Islamic Axis (the laws of geopolitical physics being what they are, a seemingly never-ending enlargement of NATO to the East simply led Russia to toy with the idea of turning the SCO into an Eastern NATO). Yet, Russia is not yet "lost": It belongs to the West, and traditional realists can plausibly argue that a little self-restraint on the part of the U.S. should be enough to get Russia back into the Western fold. While Russia's dangerous liaison with the SCO can be interpreted as tactical "soft balancing,"23 the same can no longer be said of China. China's growing global activism, from Latin America to Sub-Saharan Africa, from the Middle East to Central Asia, is bringing anything but stability in its wake, and China's recent development of second-strike capabilities, along with the construction of giant bunkers accommodating 200,000 people, cast doubt on the "softness" of its balancing act.

As a result of the emergence of the SCO, the focus of nato activities is likely to be less on a further enlargement to the East than, on one hand, "engaging" counter-balancing global partners (Australia, Japan, etc.) and on the other, "deepening" the political dialogue within the North Atlantic Council (to include now energy security issues). In the long term, and given the gradual subversion of the UN by the Organization of the Islamic Conference (see below), it is not impossible to imagine NATO transforming itself into a UN of Democracies. NATO, SCO, OIC: This triangle is likely to define the new geopolitical environment at the highest level for the near future. But where is the chapter in Clausewitz on "Alliance Politics?"24

The "Permanent Campaign" and the "Long War"

Since the Algerian War, the role of media in conflicts has increased exponentially. The 1960s was the Age of the Image, of "pseudo-events," of celebrities known for their "well-knownness," and both Castro and Arafat (two media inventions) quickly discovered how to exploit these new opportunities. In the 1970s, Khomeini used small media as force multipliers for a big revolution, while in the 1980s (intifada) and the 1990s (Balkans), the mediasphere became for the first time the main "battlespace." With the advent of 100 Muslim satellite televisions channels since the mid-1990s, some analysts have wondered about the relevance of Clausewitz in the Age of al-Jazeera, while others have discerned the emergence of a new, non-Clausewitzian strategic trinity.25

Within the various USG foreign affairs agencies, though, there is still great reluctance to view strategic communication as something that should be "present at the takeoff, not just the crash-landing," of foreign policy. In the counter-terrorism community, similarly, there is a tendency to treat terrorism as a suspension of communication (when it is in fact the continuation of communication by other means), and thus to fail to realize that counter-communication should be at the core, not the periphery, of counter-terrorism. The 2006 QDR asserts that the Long War will ultimately be won through "strategic communication." The problem? When it comes to strategic communications, amateurs talk about "messages," professionals talk about "narratives" -- and there are way too many amateurs in strategic communication today.

In domestic politics, since the advent of the so-called "Permanent Campaign" in the late 1970s, political communication has become a job where there is "no place for amateurs." The "ballot-box warriors" are by now fully aware of the importance of narratives. But there is today, in terms of sheer sophistication, a 30-year time lag between political communication at home and strategic communication abroad.

It is time to realize that, while foreign policy is not a popularity contest, "world leadership" is not a divine right either. Since the withering away of the Soviet threat, the U.S. has been de facto engaged on the world stage in a "permanent campaign" of sorts where there is -- or should be -- no place for amateurs either (in the Clinton era, the White House understood the importance of stagecraft, though more often than not as a substitute for, rather than a complement to, statecraft). This "permanent campaign" imperative was true during the peaceful 1990s; it is all the more true now in the context of a Long War in which, over time, memories of 9/11 abroad will inevitably begin to fade and the U.S. will inevitably begin to appear ("politics is perception" abroad too) as the "greatest threat to world peace." It is not too late to develop the same sophisticated understanding of strategic communication as that of General Marshall (as secretary of state) and General Eisenhower (as president) in the early days of the Cold War.26

In the ongoing battle for hearts and minds, public diplomacy and information operations will continue to go nowhere fast so long as they stay on "message" instead of moving on to "narrative." From John Arquilla to Lawrence Freedman, the best strategists have -- unsuccessfully so far -- tried to draw attention to this fundamental rule of strategic communication: "Opinions are shaped not so much by the information received but the constructs through which that information is interpreted and understood" (Freedman). Yet, the State Department and DOD remain stuck in the tactical level of messages ("early alert and rapid response") and have yet to tackle the strategic question of narratives. In the context of the GWOT, it is hard to overstate the importance of narratives, be they personal or collectives, prospective or retrospective, at the micro-, meso-, or macro-levels.

At the micro-level. As two defense intellectuals recently pointed out, "a grand counterterrorism strategy would benefit from a comprehensive consideration of the stories terrorists tell: understanding the narratives which influence the genesis, growth, maturation and transformation of terrorist organizations will enable us to better fashion a strategy for undermining the efficacy of those narratives so as to deter, disrupt and defeat terrorist groups."27

At the meso-level. It is time to bring genuine scholarship back in the meta-narrative of twentieth-century Middle East history. Since the Arab Revolt of 1916, the history of the region has been first and foremost the history of three successive rivalries. A first rivalry between the reactionary Saudis and the progressive Hashemites (1916-1925) for the control of the Holy Sites (and of the Oily Land, as it turned out later). A second rivalry between pan-Arabist Egypt and pan-Islamist Saudi Arabia (1945-1979) for leadership in the Arab world. A third rivalry between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shiite Iran (1979-today) for the leadership of the re-Islamization of the global umma.

In short, from the point of view of Muslim history, the twentieth century has been as much a "Saudi Century" as Western history has been an "American Century." Will the twenty-first century be an "Iranian Century"? If it gave up its nuclear fantasies, it certainly could. At any rate, analysts would do well to focus on the impact of the renewed Saudi-Iranian rivalry on the region, and once and for all see the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for what it once was (a sideshow but a useful alibi to maintain a "state of emergency") and what it is fast becoming today (a probing ground to test the determination of the West).

At the macro level. The most effective retrospective meta-narratives rise to the national (or even global) level and acquire the status of "collective memories" -- which, more often than not, have little to do with scholarly history. If there is one grand narrative that needs to be thoroughly deconstructed, it is that of "Western imperialism vs. Muslim victimization." For nearly a thousand years, 711 until 1683, it was Islam which was on the offensive, and the West on the defensive, with a few sporadic counteroffensives (aka the Crusades). And it is thanks to the continuous pressure of Russia on the Ottoman empire from 1699 on that Western Europe became free to safely turn its back on the Muslim question and develop an Atlantic Civilization (Russia is the unacknowledged enabler in the Plato-to-NATO narrative).28 So much for Western Imperialism, then.

Beside the message vs. narrative issue at the level of information operations, the main challenge of strategic communication in the context of the Long War is to bring a proper balance between short-term information operations and long-term education operations. Despite its pitiful budget, the State Department has traditionally been good at "Edu Ops," and the Pentagon could learn a thing or two from State (just like State could learn from DOD about Info Ops). Every year, 2,000 foreign officers graduate from the various U.S. military institutions. At very little cost, there could be ten times more, while the International Military Education and Training (IMET) program could achieve a better balance between sheer training and genuine education.29 Then again: where is the chapter in Clausewitz on the strategic importance of "Defense Diplomacy?"

"Petrodollar Warfare": EU-SCO-OPEC

Need, Greed, and Creed: this "remarkable trinity" owes nothing to Clausewitz, yet has always governed the political economy of warfare in most of the world most of the time. War seems to have been the continuation of economics (as much as of politics) by other means for the better part of the past 2,000 years. At the other end of the spectrum, a traditional neglect of the economic dimension also leads Clausewitzians to forget that U.S. hegemony today rests as much on its monetary "command of the common currency" as on its military "command of the commons."30

When discussed at all, the economic dimension of the GWOT is usually confined to: a) the role of hawala, the complex informal financial networks, in terrorism financing; b) the costs of the Iraq campaign and/or the rising costs of oil for U.S. taxpayers/consumers.31 In short, the discussion of the economic dimension remains at best at the operational level and rarely reaches the strategic level. Yet, if the GWOT promises to be a Long War, it's not just simply because it will take 30 years to educate (as in: de-Salafization) a new generation of Muslims; it's also because, with a quadrupling of oil prices in four years, oil-producing countries have little incentive to see an end to the GWOT -- provided that they can redirect the jihad from the "near" to the "far" enemy. In the Saudi-Iranian rivalry, theo-political competition is balanced by geo-economic cooperation. Here again, the grammar and logic of the Long War, and the strategies and tactics of the Oily Alliance, won't be found in Clausewitz.

Last but not least, beyond -- and analytically distinct from -- the oil weapon proper, is the euro weapon. America's greatest vulnerability would be exposed were the SCO and/or OPEC countries, gradually and in a coordinated fashion, shift their reserve currencies from dollar to euros. A mere theoretical possibility? Not exactly. At a very slow pace, the train has in fact already left the station. Since the introduction of the euro in 1999, various countries have quietly begun to shift their reserve currencies and, at regular intervals, Russia, China, and various OPEC countries (the latter, for instance, in retaliation for the cancelled Dubai Ports deal) have threatened to continue to do so.

But while this monetary soft balancing does constitute a "threat" for the U.S., it sounds more like a "promise" for the EU. Back in the 1990s, EU elites "sold" to EU public opinion the idea of a European Monetary Union with the argument that the euro would quickly become the rival of the dollar as reserve currency, and that, in turn, would level the transatlantic playing field in such a way as to make unpopular structural reforms in Europe unnecessary. Today, in the wake of the failed EU constitutional deal in 2005, the domestic legitimacy of EU elites is at an all time low, and these same elites are anxious to see foreign countries -- any country -- transfer their reserve currencies in euro. The 64-million dollar question becomes: what political price would EU elites be willing to pay to have, say, Russia -- the world's second largest oil exporter -- shift a significant part of its reserve currency: a greater institutionalization of the EU-Russia security dialogue, as the Russians have hinted in the past; a quiet acquiescence to an energetic Finlandization which, all things considered, would still be a lesser evil compared to the current energetic dhimmitude of Europe vis-à-vis the Middle East? It's too early to tell, but one thing should already be clear: There is no chapter on the grammar and logic of petrodollar warfare in Clausewitz, either.

"Lawfare": Clausewitz or Carl Schmitt?

Is war really the continuation of Politik (policy and/or politics) by other means? Maybe -- maybe not. Whether the statement is meant to be descriptive, prescriptive or predictive, its validity, ultimately, rests on the definition of both War and Politik. After 600 pages of On War, you do get a sense of Clausewitz's definition of War -- but you still know next to nothing about the "concept of the political" from which he operates. The Prussian spends the whole first chapter trying to capture the philosophical "essence" of war, but takes Politik as if it was a self-evident notion. Whose Politik are we taking about? Aristotle? Machiavelli? Hobbes? Montesquieu? Fichte? Hegel? And if the latter, what are the relations between the Hegelian political struggle for recognition and the Clausewitzian military struggle for annihilation? These questions are not as academic as they first seem.

For the past two years, the Pentagon has been grappling with the concept of Lawfare -- the strategic use of law to overcome the enemy -- at the national and international level. Conceptualizing "Lawfare" is possibly the most difficult challenge confronting not just the military today (LOAC), but the whole foreign policy establishment (why, even the very diplomatic Council on Foreign Relations saw fit to brainstorm on this "latest of asymmetries"). Ironically, even though DOD is at the forefront of the conceptual struggle, the 2006 National Military Strategic Plan-War on Terror (NMSP-WOT)'s very definition of Islamist "extremists" and "moderates" (and its call to empower the latter), may in fact aggravate lawfare. The bottom line: If we ever want to develop a workable conception of Lawfare, we will have to trade one Carl (Clausewitz) for another (Schmitt).32

Like Clausewitz, Carl Schmitt is a dangerous mind -- only more so. Paradoxical as it may sound, the one-time jurist of the Third Reich is today an icon among the Western leftover left and its jihadist allies, who know that they will find in Schmitt, rather than Marx, the precision-guided weapons they need against liberalism. At his best, Schmitt remains to this day the most cogent critique of liberalism as a "political theology." And while the leftover left may hold it against him that he provided the best philosophical basis for a distinction between authoritarianism and totalitarianism, they are forever grateful to Schmitt for having put forward a proto-theory of Lawfare.

To put it simply (simplistically even): First, against Kelsen's legalistic fairly tales, Schmitt argues that law is nothing but the continuation of politics by other means. Second, with his "Dictatorship," "Concept of the Political," and "Theory of the Partisan," Schmitt turns Clausewitz on his head to remind us that there are times when politics reaches such a degree of intensity that the only realistic definition is that "politics is the continuation of war by other means."33

At his worst, Schmitt is not just an anti-Semitic Nazi fellow-traveler (obviously a plus from the jihadist standpoint); he is also the founding father of a Geojuriprudens based on race/faith, which served Nazism well yesterday and would need only minor adjustments to serve jihadism equally well tomorrow. Be it as it may, in times of "epochal war" -- and the Long War certainly fits the description - Carl Schmitt may well be what the Greeks called a pharmakon: i.e., both a poison and its remedy. Nothing is more urgent today than a confrontation between Schmitt and Clausewitz, if only because Schmitt's two "remarkable trinities" (Law/Politics/War and State/Movement/People) are more policy relevant than Clausewitz's. It is Schmitt, rather than Clausewitz, who will help you understand the current subversion, through international lawfare, of the un system by the Organization of the Islamic Conference (oic) under the guise of "dialogue of civilization," "tolerance," "global governance," and other niceties. For military lawyers who want to become genuine "warrior-lawyers"34, Schmitt remains the best point of departure for the elaboration of counter-Lawfare.

Last but not least: in an age when there is much psychobabble in the West about "identity politics," Schmitt also offers the most coherent articulation between identity and enmity. In that respect, it is to be hoped that, in the spirit of "jointness," the National War College and the Middle East Studies Association will sponsor a comprehensive, multi-volume study on: "The Social Construction of Enmity/Identity: The Representation of 'Jews and Crusaders' in the State-sponsored Schools, Mosques and Media of the 57 Countries of the Organization of the Islamic Conference." That way, we will know once and for all if the global jihad is primarily the unfortunate symptom of a Sartrian, existential mal de vivre in the face of globalization, or if it is primarily a concerted, state-sponsored first phase for an assault on Western Civilization.

Soldier, Statesman, Scholar: The lost battles of Clausewitz

Clausewitz may not be the "Madhi of the masses" derided by Liddell Hart, but he has certainly become the Madhi of a military lumpen intelligentsia for whom the fine art of asking the right questions has been made irrelevant since the master has already provided all the right answers. Once and for all, then: On War is a mere draft, which Clausewitz never intended to publish, and which he himself characterized as a work "that only deserves to be called a shapeless mass of ideas ... being liable to endless misinterpretations."35 No need to be more Catholic than the pope, then. But as military historians know, counterfactual history can at times shed light on some seemingly intractable problems, so let's walk briefly in Clausewitz's footsteps and review his existential battles.

Clausewitz the philosopher initially wants to be the Montesquieu of war. But Clausewitz the patriot, who like all Prussians of his generation is under the spell of Fichte (Schmitt got that right), would no doubt prefer to write a military treatise that would nicely complement Fichte's work on politics (Machiavelli), economics (The Closed Commercial State), and sociocultural history (Addresses to the German Nation). Hence the tension in Clausewitz's writings between the descriptive and the prescriptive. Did I mention there is also an "epochal war" going on, and that an ambivalent fascination for Napoleon, the "God of War," does not facilitate scholarly serenity?

With the restoration of the peace after 1815, with the withering away of both Fichte and Napoleon from the scene, with also a certain disenchantment with Restoration domestic politics, Clausewitz the patriot gradually gives way to Clausewitz the philosopher. His goal now? To be the Machiavelli of his time, i.e., a thinker as expert on war as on diplomacy, on statecraft as on strategy. He can't go on accumulating notes on war and having next to nothing to say about foreign policy, all the while professing that "war is but the continuation of Politik by other means." Time to walk the walk, not just talk the talk: He will apply for an ambassadorship at the Court of Saint-James.

One can only marvel at the political naiveté of Clausewitz here: The man has no experience in diplomacy whatsoever, has no "decisive battle" attached to his name, is not from high birth, has betrayed his king once by defecting to Russia -- yet asked for the most important, the most coveted, ambassadorship of his time. A real intellectual, then. Needless to say, his candidacy will be torpedoed after a protracted battle. Had he read attentively his beloved Machiavelli (or Gracian, or Saint-Simon, for that matter), Clausewitz would have understood that Politik in general, and "court politics" in particular, is but the continuation of war by other means (of the "indirect approach" variety); and that in order to get to see Politik-as-policy from up close, you need already have a good understanding of Politik-as-politics. This is the dialectical question that Clausewitz -- who has no political savvy -- will never fully grasp, existentially or intellectually.

Yet, one cannot but wonder what a British and a diplomatic experience of this kind would have done for Clausewitz. His stay in England would have been as much an eye-opener for him as the discovery of America was to his contemporary Tocqueville. And instead of retaining his youthful (by then: immature) fascination for Napoleonic battles, he would have been reminded by Nelson's heirs of the strategic importance of "seapower" (yet another missing chapter) and, above all, he would have learned first-hand from Wellington himself -- a soldier-statesman if ever there was one -- the meaning of "war is the continuation of politics by other means." In short, an experience at the Court of Saint James would have made Clausewitz more Tocquevillian and less Fichtean, more Corbettian and less Ludendorfian -- and that in turn could have made a world of difference in the history of Europe in the twentieth century.

Clausewitz is so acutely aware of the need to remedy his deficiencies in the diplomatic department that, for five years, he keeps hoping for an ambassadorship (London first, then any ambassadorship) -- and will suffer a stroke when he finally realizes it ain't gonna happen. He will remain in Berlin, where his stay will not be totally fruitless: Over the years, as his philosophical acumen develops, Clausewitz the philosopher will gradually realize that Hegel (not Fichte) is as much the "god of philosophy" as Napoleon is the "god of war." But here is his second tragedy: Clausewitz has a first-rate intellectual mind -- and a third rate philosophical education. Had he lived 50 years earlier, his meager philosophical baggage would have been enough for him to be celebrated by his contemporaries as a philosophe -- a Prussian Guibert. But by the 1820s, the Kant-Fichte-Hegel Revolution in Philosophical Affairs has turned philosophy into a professional activity in which there is no longer room for talented amateurs a la Montesquieu-Voltaire-Rousseau (if you have any doubt, just read Hegel's Logik). And a "shapeless mass of ideas" is the last thing you want to publish when you aspire to public recognition as a philosopher, especially at a time when one of the central philosophical questions of the day is that of Darstellung (which the words "presentation" or "composition" do not begin to translate).

The melancholy of Clausewitz's last years is that of man who never had the opportunity to fight the military battle he longed for, who has lost his various political battles, and who suspects he is unlikely to win his philosophical battle. By 1827 he has fully realized the need for a major rewrite of On War, but he will only have time to review the first chapter before dying of cholera in 1831 (the same year as Hegel). And so it is that, to this day, Clausewitz's On War looks at times like Machiavelli, at times like Montesquieu, at times like Fichte, at times like Hegel -- "liable to endless misinterpretations" indeed.

End of story. Rather than pontificate about an "unchanging nature" of war, our Clausewitzian drill sergeants would be well-inspired to meditate the rapidly changing philosophical terrain on which Clausewitz was venturing.

Beyond Clausewitz and 4GW

If ours is the age of the "strategic corporal" (Krulak), NCOs and junior officers will need a different kind of "situational awareness" than in the past -- and that, in itself, will call for a radical transformation of professional military education (PME). Of all the social sciences, anthropology is the one that can offer the most useful insights (psychology, by contrast, can only lead to a "babble for hearts and minds.") That said, the "strategic corporal" will have to keep in mind that, just as a military officer can be brilliant at the tactical or operational level and less than stellar at the strategic level (or vice versa), area studies specialists can offer invaluable expertise at the tribal and regional levels, yet display a total lack of judgment at the global level.36 At the interagency working level, and for the foreseeable future, "know thyself, know thy enemy" will continue to be more important than "know thy Clausewitz." So will "know thy Trotsky" (institutional infiltration), "know thy Gramsci" (cultural hegemony), and "know thy Schmitt" (intra and international lawfare) -- for this is the remarkable trinity on which the "operational code" of the Fifth Column is based today.

At the level of the new "viceroys" (combatant commanders), it will take more than Clausewitz to develop "situational awareness" across the DIME-FIL spectrum. If anything, Clausewitz is more a hindrance than help when it comes to realizing the magnitude of the challenge presented by the global jihad as epochal war: demographic warfare, petrodollar warfare, multilevel lawfare.37

Clausewitz will always remain stimulating reading, but less than ever can he deliver actionable insight. Clausewitz should be not so much retired as kicked upstairs, and made the topic of a yearlong seminar at the doctoral level -- once, that is, the future (interagency) National Security University establishes a much-needed doctoral program. At the end of the day, though, military educators will have to remember that the name of the interagency game is not strategy but statecraft.

As for Fourth-Generation Warfare, chances are it will continue to offer precious insights. If it wants to avoid a "tacticisation of strategy," though, it will have to bring the state back in and distinguish between premodern, modern, and postmodern states while looking at sovereignty for what it is: an "organized hypocrisy."38 Rather than retire the concept of 4GW altogether, though, it should be given a fuller meaning, one that goes beyond the operational conduct of war and identify the epochal causes of the conflict in the perspective of the historical longue duree. To put it simply: 4GW theoreticians will have take into account that, if the global jihad can be called Fourth-Generation Warfare, it is first and foremost because it is the fourth wave of an age-old human comedy known as the "Revolution of the Saints": Puritans, Jacobins, Bolsheviks, jihadists.39

A theo-political Revolution of the Saints, against the backdrop of an energetic Great Game, in the context of an informational Global Village. It is going to be a "long, hard slog" indeed ...

Notes

1 On the importance of an anthropological approach to strategy, see Ken Booth, Strategy and Ethnocentrism (Holmes and Meier, 1979); Robert E. Harkavy and Stephanie G. Neuman, Warfare in the Third World (Palgrave, 2001); more recently, Mary Habeck, Knowing the Enemy: Jihadist Ideology and the War on Terror (Yale University Press, 2006); Richard L. Taylor, Tribal Alliances: Ways, Means, and Ends to Successful Strategy (Carlisle Papers, 2005); and Richard H. Schultz and Andrea Dew, Insurgents, Terrorists, and Militias: The Warriors of Contemporary Combat (Columbia University, 2006). At the regional level, the best introduction to Middle East exceptionalism remains Barry Rubin, The Tragedy of the Middle East (Cambridge University Press, 2002). On the ethnography of U.S. military culture, see Carl Builder, The Masks of War: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (rand, 1989); Brigadier Nigel N.F. Aylwin-Foster, "Changing the Army for Counterinsurgency Operations," Military Review (November-December 2005); Robert M. Cassidy, Counterinsurgency and the Global War on Terror: Military Cultures and Irregular Warfare (Praeger, 2006); and Colin S. Gray, Irregular Enemies and the Essence of Strategy: Can the American Way of War Adapt? (Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2006).

2 Vice Admiral Arthur K. Cebrowski, "Network-Centric Warfare: Its Origin and Future," Proceedings (January 1998); Milan Vego, "Network-Centric is Not Decisive," Proceedings (June 2003); Gen. Robert H. Scales Jr., "Culture-Centric Warfare," Proceedings (October 2004). On technologism, see Williamson Murray, "Clausewitz Out, Computer In: Military Culture and Technological Hubris," National Interest (Summer 1997). On professionalism, see Don Snyder, ed., The Future of the Army Profession (McGraw-Hill, 2005); Suzanne C. Nielsen "Civil-Military Relations and Military Effectiveness," Public Administration and Management 10:2 (2005); and Gray, Irregular Enemies.

3 Colin S. Gray, Another Bloody Century: Future Warfare (Cassell, 2005), 241.

4 Audrey Kurth Cronin, "Cyber-Mobilization: The New Levée en Masse," Parameters (Summer 2006). As Cassidy points out: "The longevity and resilience of Al Qaeda are not predicated on the total quantity of terrorists that it may have trained in the past but more simply on its capacity to continue to recruit, mobilize and inspire both actual and potential fighters, supporters, and sympathizers." Counterinsurgency, 5. The use of the internet goes of course beyond mere mobilization: see Gabriel Weimann, Terror on the Internet: The New Arena, the New Challenges (United States Institute of Peace, 2006). On the European front of the jihad, see Evan F. Kohlman, Al Qaeda's Jihad in Europe: The Afghan-Bosnian Network (Berg, 2004); Melanie Philips, Londonistan (Encounter Books, 2006); Anthony King, "One in four Muslims sympathizes with motives of terrorists," Daily Telegraph (July 23, 2005). Patrick Hennessy and Melissa Kite, "Poll Reveals 40 percent Muslims want sharia law in uk," Daily Telegraph (February 19, 2006).

5 On the relations between dawa and jihad, see Zeyno Baran, Hizb ut-Tahrir: Islam's Political Insurgency (Nixon Center, December 2004). On demographic engineering in general, see Onn Winckler, Arab Political Demography: Population Growth and Natalist Policies (Sussex Academic Press, 2005); Milica Bookman, The Demographic Struggle for Power (Frank Cass, 1997); David Kyle and Rey Koslowski, eds., Global Human Smuggling: Comparative Perspectives (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001); Mark Krikorian, "Keeping Terror Out: Immigration Policy and Asymmetric Warfare," National Interest (Spring 2004); Myron Weiner and Michael Teitelbaum, Political Demography, Demographic Engineering (Berghahn Books, 2001); Bat Ye'or, Eurabia: The Euro-Arab Axis (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2005); Lawrence Freedman, Population Change and European Security (Brassey's, 1992); On anti-Western indoctrination in schools, mosques, and media, see the various reports by Freedom House and Memri (www.memri.org.)

6 Gen. Robert H. Scales, "Too Busy to Learn," military.com (January 23, 2006). In what other profession does one find people so obsessed with the "nature" or the "essence" of their craft? Diplomats or dentists never talk about the "nature" of diplomacy, the "essence" of dentistry, etc. Philosophically speaking, the Clausewitzians manage to combine the worst features of neo-Platonism with the worst of Aristotleian Scholasticism.

7 Steven Metz, "A Wake for Clausewitz: Toward a Philosophy of 21st-Century Warfare," Parameters (Winter 1994-95).

8 Gen. Robert H. Scales, "Clausewitz and World War iv," Armed Forces Journal (July 2006).

9 Richard H. Schultz Jr. and Andrea J. Drew, "Counterinsurgency, By the Book," New York Times (August 7, 2006).

10 H.R. McMaster, Dereliction of Duty: Johnson, McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies that Led to Vietnam (HarperCollins, 1998); Thomas E. Ricks, Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq (Penguin Press, 2006).

11 Christopher Bassford, "On War 2000: A Research Proposal" (August 1999), www.clausewitz.com/cwzhome/Complex/Proposax.htm. While Michael Handel's idea of emphasizing the complementarity between the Prussian Clausewitz and the Chinese Sun-Tzu is an elegant cop-out (Masters of War: Classical Strategic Thought, [Frank Cass, 1992, 1996, 2001], Christopher Bassford's project of rewriting On War for the twenty-first century reminds one of Jorge Luis Borges's famous short story about Pierre Menard, this fictitious character who boldly set out to rewrite -- coincidence? -- Don Quixote.

12 To use Eliot Cohen and John Gooch's useful distinction, Military Misfortunes: The Anatomy of Failure in War (Free Press, 1990).

13 Max Boot's The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power (Basic Books) was published in 2002.

14 Raymond Aron, Penser la Guerre -- Clausewitz, two volumes (Gallimard, 1976), part

          Conan O’Brien Kinetic Typography   

Simply brilliant…
          Nurse Practitioner - Vancouver Coastal Health - British Columbia   
Ability to apply knowledge of pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics to prescribing and evaluating treatment responses....
From Vancouver Coastal Health - Wed, 22 Mar 2017 19:48:29 GMT - View all British Columbia jobs
          Kinetics of amoxicillin degradation in aqueous solutions   
none
          DragonflyTV . Podcast - Kinetic Sculpture Challenge | PBS KIDS GO!   
We're John, Elly, Nick and Linnea--and we're the F.A.T. 4! What's that? We're an engineering squad that's participating in the MIT Museum's annual Friday after Thanksgiving Chain Reaction event. It's a crazy science fun-for-all where teams of inventors create kinetic sculptures of everyday items.
          Project Nightmare   
Project Nightmare
author: Robert A. Heinlein
name: Jeff
average rating: 3.36
book published: 1953
rating: 3
read at: 2017/03/31
date added: 2017/03/31
shelves: audio-collection, read-in-2009, read-in-2004, read-in-2011, read-in-2014, read-in-2017
review:
This is a charming little story wherein immediately after discovering telekinetics in the world, they're used to avoid nuclear bombs being exploded in the United States. It's a typical Heinlein short story, but with surprisingly little re-readability.

          Amgen looking for Senior Scientist in Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism   

Amgen is committed to unlocking the potential of biology for patients suffering from serious illnesses by discovering, developing, manufacturing and delivering innovative human therapeutics. This approach begins by using tools like advanced human genetics to unravel the complexities of disease and understand the fundamentals of human biology.

Post: Senior Scientist – Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism



          Cobalt Kinetics launches new AR-15 accessory lineup   

Rifle maker Cobalt Kinetics splashed into the accessory world Tuesday, unveiling a broad lineup of new gear designed for the AR-15 platform.

The post Cobalt Kinetics launches new AR-15 accessory lineup appeared first on Guns.com.


          Comment on Cory Doctorow: The Jubilee: Fill Your Boots by David Kaufman   
The way you beat the fossil fuel industry is y simply waiting them out. As the technology behind solar, wind, geothermal, kinetic ocean waves, etc. and other clean, renewable energy sources inevitably improves, yielding more and more power for less and less money, fossil fuels inevitably become more scarce and more expensive to extract. The oil may never actually "run out" but solar has already reached price parity with coal, and once it becomes less expensive than natural gas (either because the cost of fracking gets higher, the price per watt of renreables gets ower, or both) then the burning of hydrocarbons will be suddenly made *economically* obsolete as a source for the power grid, and the free market will take them out of the equation. Hopefully, that will happen *before* the melting polar ice caps, rising sea levels and crazy powerful storms drive the human race back into the stone age ...or extinction :-)
          Comment on Blackhawk! SERPA Holsters Banned By LAPD by Kinetics   
He's not saying that Glock is collecting data on Glock + Serpa ND's, but rather the rate of ND's with Glocks alone (with the aggravating factor being Glock's lack of an external safety).
          Comment on Blackhawk! SERPA Holsters Banned By LAPD by Kinetics   
True, I wasn't trying to imply that there is no risk of an ND with any other holster. Rather, i was pointing out that there is an outsized risk of an ND with Serpas due to their release mechanism design.
          Comment on Blackhawk! SERPA Holsters Banned By LAPD by Kinetics   
Indexing your finger does not change the fact that Serpas require the use of the trigger finger to release the firearm in the first place, nor that they put the trigger finger, indexed or not, right in line of the trigger guard.
          Solid/gas phase equilibrium reactions with gas transport   
Hi all,

I have been trying to figure out the best way to setup solid/gas reactions using the Reaction engineering lab and the chemical engineering module.

The overall problem is to address the effusion of gas out of a material, where the multiple gases can be in contact with multiple solid condensed species (activity=1 and ideal mixing w/ gases), where there is one dominate solid species and the other deplete to zero as they react to form a gas. The gas concentrations can be assumed to be in equilibrium reaction with the solid because the reaction kinetics are much faster than the gas effusion rate.

I have seen how to treat gas reactions that involve only one solid phase, but am unsure how to address multiple condensed species. Additionally, I need to treat the gas flow for the species indivdually (based on a dusty gas flow) so I dont want to artificial denote a solvent gas that would dominate the flow properties unless necessary.

Thanks

          An asymptotic preserving scheme for kinetic models with singular limit. (arXiv:1706.09568v1 [math.NA])   

Authors: Alina Chertock, Changhui Tan, Bokai Yan

We propose a new class of asymptotic preserving schemes to solve kinetic equations with mono-kinetic singular limit. The main idea to deal with the singularity is to transform the equations by appropriate scalings in velocity. In particular, we study two biologically related kinetic systems. We derive the scaling factors and prove that the rescaled solution does not have a singular limit, under appropriate spatial non-oscillatory assumptions, which can be verified numerically by a newly developed asymptotic preserving scheme. We set up a few numerical experiments to demonstrate the accuracy, stability, efficiency and asymptotic preserving property of the schemes.


          Divergence-free positive symmetric tensors and fluid dynamics. (arXiv:1705.00331v3 [math.AP] UPDATED)   

Authors: Denis Serre (UMPA-ENSL)

We consider $d\times d$ tensors $A(x)$ that are symmetric, positive semi-definite, and whose row-divergence vanishes identically. We establish sharp inequalities for the integral of $(\det A)^{\frac1{d-1}}$. We apply them to models of compressible inviscid fluids: Euler equations, Euler--Fourier, relativistic Euler, Boltzman, BGK, etc... We deduce an {\em a priori} estimate for a new quantity, namely the space-time integral of $\rho^{\frac1n}p$, where $\rho$ is the mass density, $p$ the pressure and $n$ the space dimension. For kinetic models, the corresponding quantity generalizes Bony's functional.


             
Vocabulary List
Basic Design 2
Introduction to three-dimensional design
Professor Stephen Robison

Abstract: Referring to art that simplifies, emphasizes, or distorts qualities of a real life image, often in order to present the essence of that image.

Abstract Expressionism: American art movement of the 1960s which synthesized European Modernism with America’s post-WWII social and cultural emergence. Characterized by bold expressionistic abstraction always communicating the actions of the artist in addition to any other narrative. Jackson Pollack, Lee Krasner, Willem de Kooning, Arshile Gorky, Franz Kline.

Academic Art: Term applied to any kind of art that uses established rules for technique and form organization.

Achromatic: Without color; characterized by black, white, and/or gray.

Activated Space: The space controlled or energized by a 3-D piece.

Additive Color Mixing: color mixing in light, where each additional color increases light energy, and all the combined colors give white light. See subtractive color mixing.

Additive Sculpture: Sculpture made by putting pieces together.

Allegorical: Using figure or emblem to stand for theme or idea.

Alignment: Arrangement along an axis.

Alternative Space: Non-traditional space used for exhibition of artwork.

Amorphous: Without definite form; lacking in structure.

Analogous Colors: Hues lying adjacent on the color wheel, often used together in color schemes.

Anthropomorphism: Giving human- or animal-like qualities to inanimate objects.

Applied Arts: The disciplines in which functional objects are created.

Applied Color: Color added to the surface, rather than the local color of the material itself.

Appropriation: the use of existing imagery not created by the artist in order to communicate a new idea.

Armature: A simple wood or wire inner skeleton providing support for modeling in a plastic material such as clay or wax.

Art Deco: Art movement in the early 20th century featuring machine-like forms and surfaces.

Art for Art's Sake: The essential credo of Modernism, implying that art need not serve to communicate a recognizable narrative, but can be made purely to enliven or activate a plane or space.

Art Nouveau: 19th century art movement featuring curvilinear design often featuring plant motifs.

Articulate: To connect or juxtapose shapes or forms logically.

Assemblage: A 3-D artwork made from found objects.

Asymmetrical Balance: Balance achieved by different visual elements which command similar visual emphasis.

Automatism: Closely associated with Surrealism, art which is created subjectively and/or randomly without imposition of the artist’s rational thought process.

Axis: A conceptual straight line indicated by the dominant linear concentration of shapes or forms in a group, or by implied direction of movement.

Avant Garde: French term meaning "out front," used in art in reference to conceptually innovative work.

Balance: Quality of stability and equilibrium controlled by location and emphasis of major parts of a design.

Bauhaus: Design school founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar, Germany in 1919, emphasizing clean, minimal design. Drew its inspiration from the philosophy of William Morris and the Arts and Crafts Movement that there should be no distinction between fine arts and applied arts. Bauhaus was forced to close by Hitler and many of those involved emigrated to the U.S.

Biomorphic: Shapes and forms associated with those found in nature, non-linear. See organic.

Buoyancy: Impression of physical lightness or upward movement in a work.

Cantilever: An object which projects horizontally into space, supported at only one end.

Classical: Referring to the art and culture of ancient Greece or Rome; referring to any style of art in its period of maximum perfection; referring to art based on order and proportion rather than on expressiveness and emotion.

Closed Form: A relatively solid form with little negative space.

Color-Field Painting: 1950s movement emphasizing broad fields of color. See Post-Painterly Abstraction. Mark Rothko, Barnett Newman, Helen Frankenthaler, Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland.

Color Vibration: Perceptual phenomenon of vibration or movement along the contact line between two highly-contrasting colors.

Color Wheel: In color theory, circular chart showing primary, secondary, complimentary colors.

Complimentary Colors: Colors opposite one another on the color wheel - red/green, orange/blue, yellow/purple.

Composition: The arrangement or structuring of various elements.

Conceptual Art: Works or events where idea is more important than visual form.

Confined Space: A spatial field with clearly defined enclosing boundaries.

Constructivism: The reduction of two or three-dimensional art to abstract geometrical essentials. An international style which gained its greatest momentum in 1920s Russia. Archipenko, Rodchenko, Tatlin, Gabo, Moholy-Nagy.

Content: The subject matter of a work, plus its intellectual, symbolic, spiritual, and/or narrative implications, as opposed to physical form.

Contour: The outline of an object.

Contrast: The interaction of areas dissimilar in color, value, shape, texture, size, etc.

Cool Colors: Hues in the green and blue range.

Cubism: An early 20th century art movement originating in France in 1907, characterized by reduction of realistic form to abstract planes, often portraying several views of an object at once. Divided into analytical cubism, abstracted om response to the actual form and surface of an object or scene, and synthetic cubism, invented from the imagination in order to create a composition (may still be objective). Picasso, Braque, Leger, Duchamp.

Curvilinear: Stressing use of curved lines, as opposed to rectilinear which stresses straight lines.

Dada; Dadaism: An international style of anti-rational, anti-aesthetic art which was very active from about 1915 to 1923, playing upon the absurd and inhumane environment of the post-WWI machine age. Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, Frances Picabia, Beatrice Wood.

Deconstruction; Deconstructionism: The practice of interpreting meaning in a art by intellectually and philosophically dismantling image and meaning into component parts, systematically revealing hidden message or meaning.

Decorative: Art characterized primarily by pleasing appearance rather than strength of narrative; visual treatment that embellishes a surface.

Delineated Space: In 3-D works, negative space or unfilled areas described or delineated by positive shapes or filled areas.

Direction: The line (actual or implied) along which an object or element seems to be pointing or moving.

Directional Line or Shape: Line or shape with a clearly perceived sense of direction, guiding the viewer’s eye along a visual path.

Discordant Colors: Outmoded term referring to use of a color with those adjacent to its compliment (see complimentary colors). Once considered inappropriate, now often used for emphasis or attention.

Documentation: In contemporary art, the surviving documented record of a remote, inaccessible, or transitory art installation or a performance art event.

Dynamic Form: Form that conveys a sense of movement or change.
Earth Art or Environmental Art: Art movement beginning in the 1960s which rejected the commercialization of art while embracing ecological concerns, primarily in installation art involving the outdoor environment. Christo, Alice Aycock, Robert Smithson, Michael Heizer, Nancy Holt, Alan Sonfist.

Economy: Deletion of nonessential details to reveal the essence of a form.

Emphasis: Use of design elements to concentrate visual attention on particular areas or elements.

Environmental Art: see Earth Art.

Ergonomics: The study of how people relate physically to their living environment; the study of how to make manufactured products physically user-friendly.

Expressionism: Art that puts primary emphasis on the expression of emotional and psychological content. First emerged in late 19th and early 20th century with European artists like Edvard Munch, Emil Nolde, James Ensor, Oskar Kokoshka, Kathe Kollwitz, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Vassily Kandinsky, George Roualt.
Fabrication: Assembling and attaching of rigid materials in creation of sculptural form.

Figurative: Art that is representational rather than abstract; art representing human or animal forms.

Figure/Ground: Terms generally used in 2-D art, parallel to positive/negative space, referring to the relationship between foreground object(s) or element(s) as figure, and the background field or surrounding space or ground.

Fluxus: A 1960s art movement growing out of the Dada movement, emphasizing reexamination of the parameters of art, often with unconventional or absurd installation or performance art activities.

Focal Point: The primary area or point in a work to which the eye is drawn.

Folk Art: Art arising from rural folk traditions. Traditionally considered low art, but now a major component of mainstream art and outsider art.

Form: The volume and shape of a three-dimensional object, or the illusion of volume in a two-dimensional work; the overall physical aspects of a work, as opposed to its content.

Formal: Having to do with the design structure of a work without consideration of the content or recognizable subject matter.

Formalism: Theory or art that deals only with formal elements.

Found Objects: Objects or materials not created as art materials but used in a work of art.

Frontal: 3-D works which invite observation and appreciation primarily from one vantage point, as compared to half-round or full-round.

Full-Round - 3-D works which invite observation and appreciation from all directions.

Gestalt: The sum total effect of a work of art, combining the visual appearance, physical presence, objective narrative, and subjective psychological and emotional impact.

Gesture: Arrangements of design elements creating expressive or evocative association with movements and poses of the human figure.

Graffiti Art: Art movement beginning in 1970s inspired by New York City subway graffiti. In Italian, graffiti literally means scratches on the wall. Keith Haring, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Lee Quinones.

Graphic Impact: Attention-getting quality of a work, often dependent on high-contrast color or value.

Ground: Background or surface upon which marks or shapes are created.

Grouping: In perception, the tendency to search for connections and similarities between objects in proximity. In design, the attempt to establish those connections and similarities which add to a coherent whole.

Half-Round: 3-D works which invite observation and attention within a 180-degree field of view.

Happening: Subcategory of Pop Art - early 1960s performance art events, primarily in New York City, involving interaction of artist and audience, addressing everyday life activities, and often incorporating multi-media effects.

Hard-Edge: Art characterized by clearly-defined sharp-edged lines and shapes.

High Art: Traditionally refers to "fine art" such as painting, sculpture, classical music, classical theater, etc.

High Relief: 3-D form rising considerably off a flat background.

Highlight: A point or area characterized by brightness of color, value, or direct reflected light.

Hue: The actual name of a color, such as red, orange, blue, etc.

Icon: Greek for "image." In historic art, sacred paintings of the Greek Orthodox Church. In contemporary terms, any art image or object expressing basic values of the culture; any art image or object that creates the impression of being expressive of basic values of a non-specific culture.

Iconic: Art having the quality of an icon.

Idealized: In art, attempting some imagined rather than actual level of perfection.

Illusion: Appearance that is contrary to fact.

Implied Line, Plane, Shape, or Form: Suggested to the eye but not actually present.

Installation: Artform arising in its modern form in the 1970s, featuring site-specific work that creates a complete ensemble or environment to be experienced by the viewer. Judy Pfaff, Terry Allen, Joseph Beuys, Christian Boltanski, Jonathan Borofsky, Hans Haacke, Nam June Paik, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Bill Viola, Lucas Samaras, Edward Kienholz.

Intent: The central idea or problem that an artist or designer is trying to deal with.

Interior Form: The internal shape described by a hollow work of art.

Junk Sculpture: Assemblage fashioned from castoff products of our society, often mechanical or industrial debris. Appeared first in 1920s and 30s in Picasso, Braque, Julio Gonzales, Marcel Duchamp, and Kurt Schwitters. Gained momentum in 50s in Europe and America. Lee Bonticou, John Chamberlain, Eduardo Paolozzi, Robert Rauschenberg, Richard Stankiewicz, Jean Tinguely.

Juxtaposition: Adjacent placement of visual elements.

Kinetic Art: Two and three-dimensional artworks incorporating virtual or real movement. Pol Bury, Jean Tinguely, Alexander Calder, Yaacov Agam, George Rickey.

Kitsch: The tacky, low-art artifacts of everyday life, such as Eiffel Tower lamps, black velvet paintings of Elvis, lurid images on romance novels, hallmark iconography… The list is to long.

Line: That element of form that is primarily understood in terms of length and direction.

Linear: Consisting of or based upon lines or line-like divisions in space.
Local Color: The natural color of an object or material.

Low Art: Traditionally refers to common arts, popular arts, applied arts, folk art.

Low Relief: 3-D form that is only slightly raised from a flat background.

Luminosity: the actual or illusory effect of giving off light.

Machine Art: Aesthetic based on machine forms and imagery.

Maquette: A small-scale model of a large sculptural work.

Mass: Perceived weight or density of an object or area.

Media Art: American 1970s art movement emphasizing use of popular mass media in art expression. Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Chris Burden, Joseph Beuys, Guerilla Girls.

Minimalism, Minimal Art: Nonrepresentational art simplified to the maximum, using very few forms and colors. Carl Andre, Donald Judd, Sol Lewitt, Agnes Martin, Robert Morris, Richard Serra, Tony Smith, Robert Mangold.

Mixed Media: Combining several different media in one work.

Mobile: A word originally referring to the early work of Alexander Calder, now refers to any suspended kinetic artwork whose movement is powered by a natural force, usually wind.

Modernism: The widely diversified late 19th and early 20th century movement towards less objective or totally subjective art, characterized by the notion of art for art's sake.

Modeling: Shaping work from a pliable material such as clay.

Modifier: Something that changes the perceptual effect of form in space.

Modulation: Smooth transition or change.

Moire Effect: An illusionistic effect caused by close juxtaposition of high contrast lines or waves, overloading the optic nerve. See Op Art.

Monochromatic: Color scheme developed from tints and shades of a single hue; any color scheme emphasizing a very few closely related colors.

Monolithic: Characterized by a primary connected volume.

Motif: An element, frequently the theme of a work, which may be repeated or elaborated on.

Movement, Actual: real physical movement.

Movement, Implied: Abstraction of static realism to create the visual effect of movement in progress, as in Giacomo Balla's study of a walking dog, or Marcel Duchamp's "Nude Descending a Staircase."

Movement, Optical: Effect of movement created in 2-D work by the graphic juxtaposition of abstract patterns of contrasting color or value. See Op Art, moire effect.

Movement, Pictorial: Movement depicted realistically in a completely static way - movement frozen in time, as in Degas' horse racing scenes or Gericault's paintings of mounted horsemen.

Movement, Virtual: Effect of movement created by three-dimensional raised layers of patterns or shapes which seem to move as the viewer moves by the work.

Multi-Media: Combination of visual art with popular arts media, such as television or recorded sound.

Multiculturalism: In art, the purposeful incorporation of influences or imagery from multiple cultures.

Multiples: 3-D artwork produced in multiples, either for greater visual/narrative impact, or for broader distribution. Jonathan Borofsky, Alexander Calder, John Chamberlain, Mark di Suvero, Marcel Duchamp, Ellsworth Kelly, Edward Kienholz, Isamu Noguchi, Claes Oldenburg, Man Ray, Victor Vasarely.

Naive Art: Art created by individuals lacking in formal training, but often obsessed or driven in the creation of their artwork. Grandma Moses, Simon Rodia, Howard Finster.

Narrative Art: Art in which the primary function is the narration of a specific message or story.

Negative Space: Open space penetrating openings and surrounding the outer contour of a shape or form; the ground in a figure-ground relationship. That space which is controlled or affected by a shape or form.

Neo-Dada: Revival of Dada, primarily in New York City beginning in 1950s, generally incorporating sense of paradox and ambiguity, challenging traditional expectations of art. Jasper Johns, Cy Twombly, Robert Rauschenberg, Allan Kaprow, Edward Kienholz, Bruce Conner.

Neo-Expressionism: Art emerging in the 1980s closely allied to early 20th century expressionism. Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz, Jonathan Borofsky, Sandro Chia, Francesco Clemente, Sue Coe, Eric Fischl, Nancy Graves, David Salle, Julian Schnabel.

Neo-Geo: The ultimate obscure 1980s art movement. No single defining characteristic. Ashley Bickerton, Jeff Koons.

Nonlinear: Art that emphasizes organic and/or painterly form and surface, minimizing hard-edged rectilinear form. .

Nonobjective Art: Having no readily identifiable resemblance to recognizable forms or objects.

Nonrepresentational: Art that features no overall recognizable object or scene.

Neutral: Color of very low saturation, approaching gray.

Objective: Referring to objects as they actually are.

Op Art: Style of nonobjective abstraction based on visual sensation known as optical movement, created by graphic juxtaposition of high-contrast abstract patterns, resulting in sensory overload to the optic nerve. See moire effect. Bridget Riley, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Larry Poons, Victor Vasarely, Yaacov Agam.

Opaque: Having the property of blocking all light.

Optical Color Mixing: Colors that occur as a result of visual perception, as along the contact line where two contrasting hues are juxtaposed.

Organic: Having a shape or form referential to biological structures; form emphasizing curved shapes and volumes with minimal angularity.

Outsider Art: Contemporary rt created outside the established traditions of art. Includes folk art and a variety of syntheses of non-mainstream art. The irony is that outsider art has become mainstream. Faith Ringold, Keith Haring, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Lee Quinones.

Painterly: Surfaces characterized by aggressive, nonlinear application of paint.

Patina: Surface finish composed of a thin transparent film, usually conveys a sense of age or use.

Pattern: A regularly repeating decorative design.

Performance Art: Vague category of art beginning in 1960s encompassing work where the primary feature is enactment before an audience, either directly or documented on video or movie film. Vito Acconci, Scott Burton, Laurie Anderson, Chris Burden, Gilbert & George.

Picture Plane: In 2-D art, the flat plane upon which the image actually exists. Any illusion of depth is said to exist beyond the picture plane.

Pigment: A powdered colorant that is the coloring ingredient for paint and other color media.

Planar: Characterized by juxtaposition of planes.

Plane: That element of form that can be described in two dimensions, predominantly characterized by surface.

Plastic: Any material that may be molded or shaped without adding or subtracting mass.

Pluralism: Art that combines different styles and/or movements.

Point: A real or conceptual mark indicating location but no specific direction or dimension.

Point of View: The distance or angle from which something is seen.

Polychrome; Polychromatic: Multicolor.

Pop Art: 1950s and 60s art movement drawing primary inspiration and imagery from the popular arts. Andy Warhol, Robert Arneson, Jim Dine, Richard Hamilton, Robert Indiana, Roy Lichtenstein, Claes Oldenburg, James Rosenquist, Ed Ruscha.

Popular Arts: Radio, television, cinema, advertising, etc.

Positive Space, Area or Form: The parts of a design that are perceived as being shape or object; the figure in a figure-ground relationship. In 3-D work, that which occupies actual physical space.

Postmodernism: Direction in modern art beginning in the late 1960s involving a shift away from the formalism, optimism, and idealism of Modernism. Modernism specifically sought styles distant from traditional art, also often distant from the imagery and realities of everyday life. Postmodernism reinterprets the past in contemporary terms, reconnecting art and everyday reality, dissolving traditional categorical distinctions such as popular arts, low art, high art, naive art, and folk art.

Post-Painterly Abstraction: After the flurry of Abstract Expressionism in the 1950s and 60s, a 1960s movement turning to clearly defined often geometric color-field painting. Gene Davis, Ellsworth Kelly, Kenneth Noland, Frank Stella.

Potential Energy: The stored energy implied by mass elevated into space, often involving the impression of impending falling or other movement.

Primary Axis: The major axis of a form or object, such as the spine in a human skeleton.

Primary Colors: In color theory, red, yellow, and blue - those colors from which all other colors can theoretically be mixed.

Primary Contour: the shape of the outermost extremity of a form.

Primitivism: The purposeful creation of art that displays primitive and/or tribal qualities. Early examples are Gauguin’s incorporation of Tahitian tribal imagery, and Picasso’s use of imagery from African tribal sculpture. The term is obsolete, because it generally involved tragic misinterpretation of tribal imagery, due largely to the post-colonial idealistic notion of the "noble savage."

Principles of Design: The unifying principles governing composition - variety, contrast, rhythm, repetition, balance, emphasis, economy, and proportion.

Process Art: Art emphasizing the means rather than the results. A process set in motion by the artist determines the end product. Joseph Beuys, Hans Haacke, Eva Hesse, Richard Serra.

Proportion: Comparative relationship of parts in terms of size, value, color, etc., independent of any specific measurement.

Proximity: Relative nearness of shapes and forms to each other.

Public Art: Art produced for and owned by the community. Often site-specific installation. Alice Aycock, Mary Miss, Joyce Kozloff, Isamu Noguchi, Claus Oldenburg, Albert Paley, Tony Smith, Richard Serra, Alan Sonfist, Mark di Suvero, Jackie Ferrara, Luis Jiminez.

Radial Balance: Balance in all directions around a central point.

Radiation: The quality of form which visually activates an area of space around it.

Readymades: A manufactured functional object from everyday life presented as a work of art for its unintended aesthetic qualities, as in the work of Dadaists Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray.

Realism: Visually accurate representation in art of known objects.

Rectilinear: Composed of straight lines, as opposed to curvilinear.

Regionalism: Art that emphasizes positive narrative content specific to a particular geographic region.

Referential: Having the property of resemblance to an identifiable object, idea, or emotion.

Relief: 3-D form rising from a 2-D surface.

Relief Sculpture: A sculptural work where the image is carved inward or built outward from a two-dimensional surface.

Repetition: Occurrence more than once. One of the basic unifying principles in design - can be repetition of shape, color, position, direction, etc.

Representational: Art that objectively represents things.

Rhythm: An arrangement of visual features in a measured sequence.

Saturation: The measure of brightness or intensity in a color.

Scale: Size of an object or the elements that compose it, in relation to the surroundings or the external world.

Secondary Colors: Colors achieved by mixing adjacent primary colors; orange, green, and purple.

Secondary Contours: Forms developed within the outer boundaries of a work.

Semiotics: The science which studies signs and symbols used in communication. Since the 1960s, an important way of interpreting visual art.

Shaped Canvas: In painting, an unconventionally-shaped 2-D canvas, or a 3-D object or surface which is used as a substrate for conventional painting media.

Signifier: A mark or symbol that communicates a concept or idea.

Simulation, Simulationism, Simulacrum: Beginning in 1980s, art which emphasizes appropriation of multiple objects or images form contemporary culture as a comment on the whole notion of originality. Barbara Kruger, Sherrie Levine, Allan McCollum.

Simultaneous Contrast: Exaggerated visual contrast resulting when two highly-contrasting colors are juxtaposed. See optical color mixing and color vibration.

Site-specific: referring to works designed for and installed in a specific location.

Social Realism: Beginning in 1920s, narrative art which addresses contemporary issues of social injustice or decay. Edward Hopper, Charles Burchfield, Reginald Marsh.

Space: Total area of design consideration; total area affected by a design.

Spatial Orientation: The physical relationship of an object to its surroundings.

Spatial Presence: Total field of space defined by a work, including activated space.

Stabile: Alexander Calder’s term for a free standing mobile.

Static Form: Without movement, implied or actual.

Subjectivity: Concern with the ideas, thoughts, or feelings of the artist rather than the external verifiable qualities of objectivity.

Subtractive Color Mixing: creating color with pigments, where added pigment results in a darker value, subtracting from reflected light. All colors combined give black.

Subtractive Sculpture: Creation of a sculpture by carving away from a large piece of material.

Surface: The planar areas of an objects which are exposed to the viewer.

Surrealism: Art based on dreamlike images from the subconscious.

Symbol: A figure or character signifying some concept, idea, or emotion beyond its visual appearance. See semiotics.

Symmetrical Balance: 2-D or 3-D form that is a mirror image on either side of a central axis.

Symmetry: Degree to which form and/or elements are arranged in mirror image on either side of a central axis. See symmetrical balance and asymmetrically balance.

Superrealism: Extremely accurate representation of actual 3-D objects.

Tactile: Appealing to the sense of touch, either actually or visually.

Temporal: Relating to change occurring over time.

Textural Field: A broad area with a unified texture.

Texture: The tactile aspect of surface, actual or implied.

Thermoplastic: material which becomes plastic with the application of heat.

Totem; Totemic: form composed of stacked parts that show visual or narrative distinction between the parts.

Topographic: Area of surface referencing a rise or fall in elevation. Relating to cartography. Representation of the surface features of a place or region on a map, indicating their relative positions and elevations. Can be used especially in relief work but also to study in the round objects and the figure.

Trompe L’Oeil: Literally, "fool the eye" in French - optical illusion which convinces us we are seeing actual form or space when it does not exist. Or in 3-d work the work is so real that it visually becomes the object it is intending to represent.

Transition: Area featuring contrast or change from one quality or appearance to another.

Unifier: A formal or narrative element which allows a viewer to visually or conceptually connect or group various components of an image or object.

Unity: Organization of parts, visual and conceptual, so that all contribute to a coherent whole.

Utilitarianist: An artist who creates objects that encompass conceptual concerns but who’s primary focus is on objects that also have a function related to a specific use.

Value: Relative degree of lightness or darkness.

Value Contrast: Juxtaposition of light and dark areas.

Value Pattern: The total overall pattern of lights and darks in an image or object.

Vertical Balance: Distribution of visual emphasis determining impression of lightness or heaviness in a work.

Visual Density: Concentration of visual elements activating a localized area.

Visual Texture: The illusion of texture on a 2-D or 3-D form.

Void: see negative space.

Volume: A containment of space enclosed or implied by points, lines, or planes.

Warm Colors: Those in the red, orange, and yellow range.

Zeitgeist: In German, "spirit of the time" or "what’s in the air." In art, the essential character, atmosphere, and expression of a particular situation or period. Also can be thought about as the bandwagon or what is in style.


Zzzzzzzzzzzz: What happens to the viewer if your work is boring.

             

Formal Concerns and Content Issues


Professor Stephen Robison

There are many issues to take into consideration when you are analyzing, planning out and creating a piece or a body of work. These are not rules that are followed, but these elements may be thought about as guidelines. The idea is the starting point. Not all formal concerns are reflective in a piece of art, nor are they all always a concern of the artist as he or she plans out and/or produces their work. However, both formal concerns and reflection on content are important in critically analyzing the work. Generally, most artists that are formally trained go through 2 and 3 dimensional design courses that introduce these formal concept and then sometimes become ingrained in their process of creating their work. But even untrained artists have many of these elements in their work. Sometimes the artist may not be purposely including formal concerns as they conceive their work, but as we critically analyze a piece of art, we can use these formal elements to dissect and explain the work on a formal level. Subjectively and objectively breaking down the content that the work holds, is also the substance in the analysis of the work.

First I want put out a few ideas relative to formal issues and then I will write briefly on content, concept development and the evolution of ones content.

The formal concerns or elements I want to analyze are color, craft, form, shape, space, volume, line, materialality, movement, proportion, scale, balance, weight, tactility, texture, surface and unity.

Within content issues I will include discourse revolving around art theory and craft theory.


1.

Color


Color is the property of objects or pigment to reflect light that is perceived as red, blue, green, or other shades.

Color is much more than what Sir Isaac Newton discovered. Within art, it is also the psychological response to color and what color can signify to people. Color is an expressive tool the artist uses to show the world how he or she sees the subject matter they represent or the feeling they are trying to express.

The psychological response to color can control, pacify, give discomfort or pleasure, make us feel warm or cold, can arouse us, scare us and effect our actions in a variety of other ways. This happens from day one, when someone may choose to paint their girl’s room pink or their boy’s room blue. This is in some way a form of brain washing or encoding and is a cultural use of color. The issues revolving around these colors in our culture relative to being a signifier for the sex of your child is not the same throughout the world. It actually seems to be a 20th century idea and was opposite before. Some say that pink used to be the signifier for a baby boy and blue was for girls. There is not a lot of evidence on this, but color in general was not used much as a signifier for gender before WWII, when people would generally dress infants in white. The point is that our perception is based on some sort of fashion choice and nothing reflective that is inherent in the chosen colors. However, color affects us on a day-to-day basis. In many schools and prisons a mint green is used on walls because some studies say it has a calming effects. Its analogous color, pink, is often used in holding cells for the very same reason. The studies say that the length of time an individual is exposed to pink is important to its control over the individual’s behavior. Over long periods of time pink can create agitation instead of a calming effect, this is why it is found in holding cells and not long-term prison cells. Pink has also been used in prisons for uniforms. The idea behind this is also one of a psychological use of color in that it causes an emasculating affect on the inmates. Psychological effects of color can fill several books and be the topic of thousands of studies and it has. But as culture changes with the rapidly shrinking world, so too can perceptions of what colors mean and how they affect us.



Here is a list of colors and some ideas on how they may affect us. Some of these word associations with color I am sure you will connect with and some you won’t. I would bet you could think of some word associations that that are not listed under a specific color. Color associations are sometimes internalized culturally and sometimes some studies say are physiological responses that are pretty much the same with humans in all cultures. However, I would argue that most are nurtured through cultural signifiers.


Red is a primary color that has green as its compliment and is at the extreme end of the visible spectrum.

The color has been said to increase pulse rate and breathing and causes blood pressure to rise. Infants respond to red well, if they are given a choice between a red toy and a blue toy they usually play with the red toy.

Some words that come to mind related to the color are stop, hot, passionate, urgent, danger, blood, devil, angry, enraged, amorous, sexy, communism, outspoken and optimistic.

Yellow is a primary color that has purple as its compliment and is between green and orange on the color wheel.

The color of yellow reflects a sunny disposition and the idealist. It takes more chemicals in the eye to see the color yellow. Yellow enhances concentration and speeds up metabolism. Yellow can have some negative effects -- babies cry more often and longer in yellow rooms; in convalescent homes it makes older people shake as it affects their minor motor movement.

Some words that come to mind related to the color are, yield, caution, coward, bright, bees and sun.

Blue is a primary color that has orange as its compliment and is between green and violet on the color wheel.

Blue is the number one color choice of the introspective and educated. Blue causes the brain to send off 11 chemical tranquilizers and is a wonderful calming color. But at the same time, it is also said to pump people up and is proven to increase energy. Weight lifters should lift in a blue room.

Some words that come to mind related to the color are responsibility, trustworthiness, compassion, honesty, integrity, righteous, puritanical, moral, severe, prudish, cool, melancholy, sad, glum, downcast, gloomy, unhappy, quality and first place.

Orange is a secondary color between yellow and red with its compliment being blue.

Orange is a color not many people like. Not often do you see people wearing orange, driving an orange car or painting their house orange. Those who do like orange are generally thought of as social.
Some words that come to mind related to the color are confident, creative, adventurous, social, Halloween.

Green is a secondary color and is between yellow and blue and has a compliment of red.

Light green for long term is said to have a calming effect and help with concentration. Green represents the god of fertility in Celtic religion, Mother Nature, money and means go.

Some words that come to mind related to the color are nature, health, generation, contentment, harmony, fresh, sick, unripe, immature, simple, jealousy, new, go and the movement that can fix the world’s problems.

Purple is a color having components of both red and blue and is the compliment of yellow.

Purple is the color inducing the impression of richness and reverence. The other side is instability and uneasiness, as some countries relate this color to death. If you use it as a pastel tint, it is said that purple can trigger soft, romantic feelings, soothing and sedative. Most men don’t like purple.

Some words that come to mind related to the color are royalty, intelligence, wealth, beauty, inspiration, sophistication, high rank, exalted, imperial, princely, excessively ornate, rhetoric, profane, death, shocking.

Pink is a color from light crimson to pale red and is a combination of red mixed with white; pink has a compliment of green.

Pink gives a feeling of being pampered and is used in jail holding cells to create a short term calming effect. It is hypothesized that Baker-Miller Pink, has a measurable and predictable effect on reducing physiological variables associated with aggression in subjects of normal intelligence. Pink is also a color used to treat patients suffering from headache disorders.

Some words that come to mind related to the color are femininity, sweetness, and communist.

Brown is a dark tertiary color with a yellowish or reddish hue. Mix a compliment with its primary and you will obtain a type of brown.

Solid, reliable brown is the color of earth and is abundant in nature. Light brown implies genuineness while dark brown is similar to wood or leather. Brown can also be sad and wistful. Men are more apt to say brown is one of their favorite colors.

Some words that come to mind related to the color are earth, natural, drab, tan, leather, coffee, chocolate, solid, sad, and genuine.

White- is a color without hue and is at the extreme end of the scale of grays and opposite to black.

White has strong meanings and many cultural. For instance white would be inappropriate to wear at a wedding in China for it is the color of mourning, which is of course the opposite in European cultures and in America.

Some words that come to mind related to the color are innocence, purity, virginal, sterility, fairness, snow, frost, milk, ghostly, blank, empty, transparent, honorable, dependable, auspicious, fortunate, harmless, light, reverence, purity, truth, peace, innocence, cleanliness, simplicity, security, humility, sterility, winter, coldness, surrender, fearfulness, unimaginative, fire, death in Eastern cultures, life, marriage in Western cultures, hope, bland, empty and celebration.

Gray – is a color between black and white.

Some studies say it is a good color for an office as it promotes productivity and stimulates creativity.

Some words that come to mind related to the color are neutral, ambiguous, intermediate, apathetic, dull, drab, monotonous, mature, sober, industry,somber, mousy, mediocrity and smoke.


Black- is a color lacking in hue or brightness and absorbs light without reflecting any hues composed in it.
Black can produce a feeling of solidarity and formality. It can be a color of authority and power but at the same time can imply submission.
Some words that come to mind related to the color are aloof, evil, death, unknown, fear, mystery, dark, night, sad, murky, sinful, inhuman, fiendish, devilish, infernal, monstrous, horrible, nefarious, treacherous, traitorous, villainous, depressing, somber, doleful, mournful, funereal, disastrous, calamitous, harmful, deliberate, pessimistic, dismal, hostile, threatening, wicked, disgrace, morbid, grotesque, undesirable, dangerous, and of course, Johnny Cash.


Studies on the physiological effects of color have never been all inclusive or conclusive. They are studies and not necessarily fact, but we all have to admit that certain colors affect us and certainly affect the way we see art. We could for example be hard pressed to see a dismal scene created with bright tones in yellow, or a joyous scene created in blacks and browns.
Other uses of color as a signifier are in front of us every day, such as red for stop, green for go and yellow for caution. Another use of color as a signifier is within tribal association and has a long time use as a communicator in this respect. From the Norse tribes to African and indigenous peoples of the Americas, color has a significant meaning within ritual and tradition. Present day tribal associations with color can also be found in gang representation such as the Crypts and the Bloods. Just as the psychological effects of color can fill several books, so have studies on color as a signifier.

Color Terminology
As in many others areas of knowledge, Color has its own set of terms which convey specific meaning and which may not always coincide with common usage of a term.

Hue is the traditional color “name”, such as red, which represents a specific wavelength of visible light. In most instances color and hue are used interchangeably even though they do not exactly mean the same thing or refer to the same phenomenon. The hues in the spectrum are traditionally listed as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. ROYGBIV is a common mnemonic for remembering the order of colored light in the spectrum. Black, white and the grays produced from them are not usually considered to be hues. The average eye can differentiate approximately 150 different hues.

Value is the gradations of light and dark on the surface of objects or the relative degree of lightness or darkness. Most colors are recognizable in a full range of values; e.g. we identify as a form of “red” everything from the palest pink to the darkest maroon. Even though we assign different names to the different values of red, we still know that they are derived from red. All hues have a normal value, the lightness or darkness of that hue as it appears in the spectrum. Yellow, for example, is a light-valued color while violet is a dark-valued color. As a result, there will be an uneven range of light or dark values for each hue.


Tint is the term used to describe a hue that has been lighted in value from its normal value. Pink is a tint of red. Tints are achieved by mixing white with a pigment or by using a pigment in a dilute form to allow for the white of the ground to show through.

Shade is the term used to describe a hue that has been darkened in value from its normal value. Maroon is a shade of red. Shades are achieved by mixing black with a pigment.
Intensity refers to the purity of a hue. Intensity is also known as Chroma or Saturation. The highest intensity or purity of a hue is the hue as it appears in the spectrum or on the color wheel. A hue reduced in intensity is called a Tone. A tone is a hue with reduced or dulled strength.


A tone of a hue is created in two ways:
1. By adding a neutral gray, equal in value to the hue. For example, a light gray added to yellow or a medium gray added to red or a dark gray added to violet.

2. By adding its complement. Tones that have their intensity reduced almost to the point of appearing gray are referred to as a Chromatic Gray.
Local Color refers to the natural hue/color of something independent of any lighting conditions. For example, the local color of a STOP sign is red, grass is green and the sky is blue.

Complementary Hue: In most color systems the complement of a hue is the hue directly opposite it on the color wheel. For example, in the Prang system green is the complement of red, yellow the complement of violet and orange the complement of blue. The dictionary defines “complement” as something that fills in or makes up what is lacking.

Primary Hues: These are red, blue and yellow in the Prang color system. They are referred to as primary because (theoretically) they cannot be made by mixing other hues and because other hues can (again in theory) be made by mixing two of the primaries together.

Secondary Hues: These are orange, green and violet in the Prang system. Each can be produced by mixing two primary hues together.

Tertiary Hues: These are hues intermediary between primary and secondary hues. These are usually named and mixed by combining adjacent primary and secondary hues; e.g. red-orange is the tertiary between red and orange.

2.

Craft


Craft can be thought of as the skillful outcome of a technique or use of material and tools with a sense of professionalism and refinement. Not all art has a high quality of craft and it is not a necessity for the art to be critically analyzed in a positive light. The same can be said if the work is nothing more then being skillfully crafted, it will also not perform well when being critically analyzed for its merits conceptually.

The craft media much like fine art media can be broken down into specific materials used within the piece. The main craft media are ceramics, fibers, glass, metals and wood. The lines between the two disciplines (art and craft) have somewhat been obscured in the last few decades and I hasten to say have always been obscured before the very recent advent of the term “artist” as compared to the later adjective that referred to the maker as “craftsman”. Some of the best craft artists and movements throughout history and into the contemporary scene take into account the same formal concerns and address all content issues as fine art media artists do.

“Utilitarianists” are artists using craft media for work that also has a function of use. This work has one more added element or possible layer to the work, for instance a cup is also handled intimately and put to the lips during its alternate function of utility. For each purpose of utility within each individual media in craft, there are some parallel concerns such as ergonomics and the tactile qualities of the piece.

Non “utilitarianist” craft media artists who choose to focus on issues of addressing something with the figure or any other subject matter, do so just as a painter who uses oil, acrylic, encaustic, or any painting media or matrix or a sculptor who uses bronze, steel, stone, fiberglass or any other material that doesn’t fall into the craft media category. Within the contemporary art world, installation, site specific and performance pieces can also be found using a variety of media and often we find craft media imbedded in their work.

Although in the 1960’s there was some debate over “art verses craft”, in contemporary art today the dividing lines are not considered much. When analyzing both utilitarian and non-utilitarian craft pieces, we still rely on formal elements to dissect the work. But there is more and more of a movement to create an individual discourse that revolves around craft theory. Even though much of it is based on theory and conceptual issues related to art in general and may be somewhat redundant in purpose, there is one issue that comes up in this piece of writing and that is “anything can be art but not everything can be craft”. In craft theory this is accepted as true among most practitioners of the media. If there is new discourse and new theory it may revolve around “utilitarianist” concerns in relationship to mass produced products and individuals’ missions to give the public more of a grass roots connection to art and objects that are on a more accessible monetary level. John Ruskin talked about this issue with printmaking back in 1870. Crafts as a media have the ability to connect with more people of different economic backgrounds, just as Ruskin discussed the accessibility to art through printmaking in his “Lectures on Art”.

Some words and ideas to think about that may reference craft as the skill in making are smooth, polished, sanded, buffed, clean welds, solid stretchers, strong joints, clean joints, smoothed joints, hidden joints, embellished joints, dovetail or complicated joints, findings, sharp edges, rounded or smooth edges, precision, measure twice and cut once, process or the voice of the making is not evident or it is evident, voice of the material is used or materialality is not apparent.


3.

Form, Shape, Space and Volume

These four elements often relate and reinforce each other.

Form - A three-dimensional volume or the illusion of a three-dimension volume. An edge can define the inside or outside of a perceived form.

Shape - A two-dimensional area or plane that may be organic or inorganic, geocentric, open or closed, natural or of human origin. A line can define the inside or outside edge of a shape.

Space - The emptiness or area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them, just as space is defined or inhabited by the shapes and forms within it.

Volume- The quantity of space a shape inhabits and/or contains or the size of the three-dimensional space enclosed within or occupied by an object.

Words and concepts that can relate to form, shape, space and volume are plane, placement, horizontal, vertical, rectangular, spherical, cubic, architectonic, figurative, abstract, representational, organic, natural, wabi sabi, solid, negative space, positive space, implied shape and implied form.


4.

Line

Line can be thought of as an identifiable path of a point moving in space. It can vary in width, direction, length and texture.

Line is used to define shape and allude to space and volume. Line can create perspective and control the composition within the framework of the piece. This is an element that is used in both 2 and 3 dimensional work.

The variety of line can be firm, solid, sketchy, variant, heavy, light, translucent, hesitant, zigzag, straight, hard, soft, directional, contouring, delineating, bisecting, segmenting, bordering, an edge, leading, broken line, gesture, calligraphic, fast line, slow line, wobbly line, ordered line, chaotic line, and it can be relative to brush or stylus, quality or load, like a dry brush, crayons or pastel.

5.

Materialality


Materialality is about the substance used to make things and its perceived and innate qualities. Issues related to it can be of formal and/or conceptual decisions. Many craft artists are dedicated to their media and materialality may play an important role in their goal for highly crafted work. Many artists who don’t work with craft media also find an affinity towards one media, for instance an oil painter may paint with acrylic sometimes but would choose to stick with oil for most of their work. The intrinsic value of a material along with the visual voice and the way an audience may view something are some issues revolving around materialality. An object made out of wood as compared to one made out of a precious metal is one way to look at what the material brings to the piece. So what are the materials an artist can work with? I would say anything. Here is a list of what I have seen art made from: human hair, human skin, animal skin, animal hair, toe nails and finger nails, fecal matter, urine, blood, semen, milk, wax, wood, gold, lead, silver, brass, bronze, steel, iron, chrome, clay, oil, gum, leaves, rocks, sand, water, ice, vegetables, meat, glass, styrofoam, plastic, fiberglass, reeds, mud, dirt, bubble wrap, card board, canvas, silk, linen, polyester, nylon, cotton, cement, plaster, gas, fire, air, paper, grass, rubber, gem stones, coal, earth minerals and synthetic pigments mixed with a catalyst such as oil, ceramic or glass, wheat and commercially made objects. I am sure I have missed a few here and you may think of other materials. The point is every material an artist uses has its own esthetic quality and also can have a conceptual relationship with the content of the work.

Certain properties or workability characteristics and inherent qualities of materials can be thought of as plastic or moldable, easily altered, hard, dense, opaque, transparent, translucent, ridged, brittle, fragile, castable, smelly, drippy, fabricated, found, altered, connection to natural world or man made, monetary value like silver gold, silk, and bronze.

Perceived qualities of a material can be both subjective and objective and also can parallel some of the inherent qualities. The audience of a piece of work may have opposite reactions and perceptions of the materialality that a piece of art uses. Some materials an artist may choose to work with such as semen, hair, blood or materials that may bring a level of disgust may not bring the same feelings to others viewing the work. Sometimes because they can look past what the material is and see the visual value and or conceptual value of the piece, and sometimes they may not view the material with the same stigma as another viewer may. When it comes to the monetary value of specific materials we can see judgments differ also. The value of little glass beads from France may be more valued than gold to some people in the past as we can see from indigenous peoples of this continent.

6.

Movement

In art we have both literal movement as in kinetic, installation, performance and video work, but we also have the illusion of movement in static work. Color, texture, line and other formal elements can create a sense of movement. When the values in a work jump quickly from very high-key to very low-key, a feeling of movement can be created. When you want to create movement with color you can also use values of pure hues as well as those of tints and shades. Movement creates the illusion of action or physical change in position. Texture can reference a repetitive quality to something like snow, rain, waves or other movements in nature. The texture in Van Gogh’s wheat field talks of the movement of wind. Line can be used to create movement through undulation, direction, tension and weight of the line.

Rhythm can be used to create movement also. Rhythm is the use of repeated elements to create the illusion of movement. Visual rhythm is perceived through the eyes, and is created by repeated positive spaces separated by negative spaces. There are five basic types of rhythm: random, regular, alternating, flowing, and progressive.

7.

Proportion, Scale, Balance and Weight


These four elements can also enforce or work off of each other.
Proportion - is the size relationship of one part to the whole and one part to another. Work that is concerned with exacting proportion or proportion askew or juxtaposed to other form in the piece or the space the piece inhabits are two basic ways proportion is used in a piece. Proportion relative to scale in reality or relative to other forms within the piece are also directions where proportion is used as a visual device. Tip Toland’s piece called “Inheritance” is a great example of this juxtaposition; in it you see the body of a young boy with the arms of a grown man. The piece may say many things to it’s audience, one meaning may be related to how a boy’s father dies and he has to then become the man of the house, much like filling your father’s shoes.

Scale – is the ratio representing the size of an object in relation to the object it represents or the extent or relative size of something related to its surroundings or another form or image within the composition. Size of the art object can change the piece and it’s meaning. Claus Oldenburg’s work plays one such concept related to scale, as he enlarges everyday objects to monumental scale. A large piece may command the space around it while a small piece may require a more intimate presentation. There once was an adage on “If you can’t make it good make it big”. The ideas of making maquets and doing preliminary drawings or thumbnails are relative to working out the piece before you make it in the scale you perceive the final piece to be.


Balance – can fall into two categories one being symmetrical and the other being asymmetrical. Symmetrical balance is a composition where the main elements in the work are equal in volume and visual weight on all sides of the piece, which creates a sense of stability and solid nature in the piece. Asymmetry is a composition that has off balanced forms and lines that create a sense of tentativeness, instability and at times a precarious nature to the piece.

Weight – can refer to both the actual or physical weight and the visual weight of the piece or elements within the piece.
Physical weight can say something of why a chosen material is used and can be a part of the formal and conceptual framework of the piece. If it is heavy it can be so heavy as to be immoveable and it speaks of permanence; if it is heavy like a thick tea bowl it can be about the utility of a winter tea bowl and its ability to keep the liquid hot for a longer period of time; and if it is physically light it can speak of air, fragility, translucency, or the utility of a summer tea bowl allowing the tea to cool more quickly.
Visual weight can also be of a light or heavy quality. Visual weight that is of a light quality can be simple, quiet, delicate, refined, or translucent and are areas that can draw attention by their understated qualities. A heavy visual weight can be thought about as thick line, saturated color, high quantities of detail compacted in one area or dark forms or dark volumes. Generally speaking heavy forms, highly saturated color areas or busily detailed areas will also draw attention and at times seem to carry more visual weight than less saturated or visually simpler areas. The weight of a line through its thickness or variation in the line in 2 dimensional work and the use of undercuts that create shadow in three dimensional work are both ways to create visual weight within the use of line.

8.

Tactile
Tactile concerns generally fall under utilitarian considerations and relate to their audiences tactile experience and the intimate relationship their audience has with their work. This is a major focus for many potters, textile, wood, metal and other craft media “utilitarianists”. Tactile considerations are also addressed by installation and performance artists, who may invite the audience to interact with their work. Although the “utilitarianist” may be concerned with a tactile experience that is about comfort, other artists may be interested in discomfort or other possible feelings the piece generates when the audience comes in physical contact with the work and can be taken into account as a tactile experience. Again, generally this tactile element to the work would not be found in artists who deem themselves to be strictly “utilitarianists”. There is a dedication to this formal element among strict “utilitarianists”; their work must function in a pleasing way in reference to tactile concerns. However, their work may be discomforting through its imagery or the works conceptual concerns.

9.

Texture and Surface

These two components of a piece can sometimes be related to tactile concerns also. They are elements that are relative to the quality of material, either actual (tactile) or visual. The qualities we could talk about with the actual or implied surface or texture could reference something we would interpret as soft, scratchy, representational or tromp l’oeil, repetitive, wabi sabi, machined, slimy, sticky, metallic, furry, electric, shiny, matt, transparent, layered and stratification. The surface and texture of an art object are the first things a person sees and therefore this façade is an important area to consider in a piece.

10.

Unity

This allows the viewer to see a combination of elements, principles, and media as a whole. Unity is created by harmony, simplicity, repetition, proximity and continuation. For example, you could use the repetition of a color scheme to unify a composition. Another way to unify a composition is to simplify the color scheme by allowing one color to dominate the work. This is called tonality. Tonality does not have to be monochromatic, however, the overall effect appears to be of one color.



Content

The various issues and meanings or messages contained in a creative work as distinct from its appearance, form, or style, is one way to describe what we mean by content. Content is what the work is about, not how is it made or the breakdown of formal issues. What do you think about when you visually read the content of your work? Personal issues relative to sexual identity, sexual preference, racial identity, physical or verbal abuse, disease, addictions, political convictions and concerns, societal observation, referencing scientific observations, reiteration, interpretations and influences from the natural world, (from the obvious to the researched, within a more in depth investigation relative to scientific theory and or observations under the microscope, with the eye, or other sensory observation such as through the telescope or other tools that may expand our physical sensory capabilities or be developed in us physically), observation, interpretation or ideas derived from the machine, industrial, architectural, urban, suburban, or rural settings or situations, influence within allegory or metaphor, telling a full story, a short story or using linguistic or poetic devises such as simile or haiku, (only a few examples relative to allegory or metaphor), are all only a small possible list of examples where one finds content in art.

The vast variety of media in art also has a large and diverse array of content and conceptual concerns. Considering I am a Professor in Ceramics I would like to start out by addressing one aspect of within craft theory. Again remembering that craft as a media is as diverse in its ability to perform in any direction related to whatever content or conceptual idea that an artist wishes to focus on. I will first discuss some issues relevant to the “utilitarianist” agenda.

Content within utilitarian work can be found in all of the above along with a possible contemporary, historical, traditional or mission like philosophy rooted in the maker’s intention. Just like an artist in any media, intentions of the maker are sometimes tied to a movement or an individual concept on why they make their work. Even within their individual intentions they still may parallel to others within the media and are at times connected to the objects they choose to make. One concept may be to give to his or her audience an object that may or may not reference any other conceptual concerns, but primarily is focused on concepts that are rooted in day to day rituals of life and adding to those rituals by giving their audience an object that has been internalized with the touch of the hand and the thoughts of the maker on how to add to those every day rituals, (again possibly though formal concerns and conceptual ideologies). What are every day rituals that the “utilitarianist” can be addressing? I would say clothing, adorning or embellishing oneself, eating, drinking or cooking are some areas of reference for the “utilitarianists” work. These are every day rituals almost all humans have in common. The Bauhaus philosophy that said form follows function is a rooted concept in some “utilitarianists”. Other famous philosophies from Yanagi and Leach are also rooted in many ceramic “utilitarianists”. Yanagi’s book, “The Unknown Craftsman” is an excellent source of conceptual development within the concepts of today’s “utilitarianist”. It is also possible that a “utilitarianist” wants to give their audience an experience that is of an intimate quality and draws from the historical and contemporary sense of humanity encapsulated within the object. This may be a vague and far reaching possibility, but there are craft artists who feel strongly about this connection. The “utilitarianist” also may want his or her audience to gain from the experience something that they might not be able to obtain from a commercially produced product. One mission-like attitude that could be an agenda of a “utilitarianist” is one that goes against everything that a chain store stands for when they sell mass produced imported cheap products of utility that may only reflect a pop culture related trend or reference an esthetic of the mundane. Some examples of this are The Martha Stewart Collection or a drinking glass with a decal of the teenage musician of the day on it. Some “utilitarianists” also have a moral agenda to introduce a product that is not made in sweatshop by a 6-year-old girl; this kind of agenda certainly can be part of conceptual concerns any artist can have in their work. Primarily, quality of the tactile and ergonomics in the work are formal concerns, but there also can be a conceptual element to the work. One form that is used frequently in many of the craft media is that of the container. The idea of containment has been talked about past the pure sense of the word in reference to the utility of the piece. What the vessel contains in many other respects is reference in a variety of concepts such as containing a message visually about politics or other issues. This is a duality of function because the work is also physically able to contain either space or other material and still commands the space that envelops it. In history we see Moche and Greek pots that certainly reflect this issue. Many other cultures in history also have used the vehicle of the vessel as a platform for many conceptual or content issues, long before the canvas was used for the same issues. In the contemporary craft world we find this tradition continued and at times a platform for investigation. The “utilitarianists” in other craft media have similar tradition comparisons and more importantly similar contemporary directions that are utilized in their work.

Other issues where content in the work may lie are the concept of art for arts sake, pure formalist or modernist and post and post-post and post post-post-post philosophies. In further discussions we will briefly review content issues in minimalism, abstract expressionism, impressionism, realism and super realism, constructivist, site-specific work, performance, and installation work. Again, as a Ceramics professor I will use ceramic artists as examples in this discourse.
          Around Orlando's Lake Eola   

[Group post by Urban Sketchers Orlando]

  Lake Eola is like a jewel in the heart of Downtown Orlando. It's surrounded by cypress trees and Florida palms. Orlando locals and visitors come for a stroll and leisure time around the lake. Urban Sketchers Orlando’s May Sketchcrawl was at Lake Eola. Noga Grossman’s sketch is above.

The Walt Disney Amphitheater / aka The Rainbow was donated to the City of Orlando by the Walt Disney Company in 1989. An outdoor venue and stage, it’s an excellent site for public events, community plays, dance performances, outdoor movie showings, and free concerts. The look of the theater reflects the beach scene of 1950s Florida. The bandshell was built in a retro design with a scallop-shaped facade, and from above, the amphitheater seating also fans out from the bandshell in a scallop shape.

Greg Bryla

There are sculptures and art displays, swans, birds and other wildlife. Take Flight is a sculpture by Douwe Blumberg. On the water’s edge of Lake Eola, Take Flight depicts a flock of birds ascending into the sky. The birds are made from cast alloy and welded together to create the sculpture which complement the Lake Eola walkways and shoreline. The birds capture a fleeting moment of beauty and seem to defy gravity. Take Flight embodies a spirit of freedom and transcendent joy.
Viviana Castro
Kevin Duarte
Gates McClain

Duck boat rides are popular among families in the Orlando community.
Mary Hense

The vibrant green Centennial Fountain was built in 1957 to mark the 100th anniversary of the naming of Orlando. In 1965, it was renamed the Linton E. Allen Memorial Fountain in honor of the local banker who pushed for its construction after being inspired by fountains he'd seen in Europe. When the fountain was first switched on the crowd gasped as the main spout shot water 75 feet in the air, the multi-hued lights came on, and smaller spouts came from the fountain’s rim. From the beginning, the fountain has had its detractors. It may have been inspired by the great fountains of Europe, but none of those had a 1950s-chic sea foam-green plastic skin that glowed from within. Some joked that a flying saucer had splashed down in Lake Eola. 

Noga Grossman

Centered is a bold monumental sculpture by C.J Rench. It is made of eight individual forms arching in perfect balance with a kinetic yellow center able to spin in the wind. Because each piece of this sculpture is fabricated in various widths and colors, Centered seems to change its shape from every angle it is viewed. Centered makes reference to how Orlando is the center of family fun, experiences and memories. The yellow form in the center also pays tribute to Orlando’s clear and sunny weather.  Also see it in Noga Grossman's drawing at the beginning.

Cat Gondek
Orlando is known worldwide for Disney World and its ambassador Mickey Mouse. For us residents of Central Florida, Mickey Mouse ears are not the most foremost element of Orlando. The specialness of our city is the Florida sun, the white sand beaches, the forever green, the palm trees, the year-round beautiful weather, and a loving Floridian community that unites in good or bad time.  Through these sketches of Lake Eola, we hope to have shown you why Orlando is often referred to as "The City Beautiful".

Follow Urban Sketchers Orlando on their blog. Note their new logo by Viviana Castro, a local landscape architecture designer, who found inspiration from Lake Eola.
 


          "Deadpool 2"- Leaked Images   


Take a look @ leaked images of Ryan Reynolds as 'the Merc with a Mouth' from the set of director David Leitch's "Deadpool 2", also starring Morena Baccarin, T.J. Miller, Brianna Hildebrand, Leslie Uggams, Karan Soni, Stefan Kapičić, Josh Brolin, Zazie Beetz, Jack Kesy, and Shioli Kutsuna:


April 6, 2016 actor Ryan Reynolds officially signed on for the sequel. 



Josh Brolin plays 'Cable' in the new film, along with Marvel Comics characters 'Neena Thurman'/Domino', 'Colossus', 'Dopiner' and 'Negasonic Teenage Warhead'.


The first "Deadpool" feature follows former 'Special Forces' operative turned mercenary, cheap prankster... 


'Wade Wilson', who after being subjected to a rogue experiment acquires accelerated healing powers, then adopts the alter ego 'Deadpool'.


Armed with his new abilities and a dark, twisted sense of humor, Deadpool hunts down the man who nearly destroyed his life.



Actress Zazie Beetz ("Atlanta") plays the "X-Force" mutant 'Domino' in the new film.


'Domino' aka 'Neena Thurman', created by writer Fabian Nicieza and co-writer/illustrator Rob Liefeld, debuted in Marvel Comics' "X-Force" (Vol. 1) #11 (June 1992).


In addition to her marksmanship and hand-to-hand skills, Domino possesses mutant powers and has been the lover of 'Cable', the mutant son of former 'X-Men' leader 'Cyclops'.


"Domino has the ability to subconsciously and psionically initiate random telekinetic acts that affect probability in her favor by making improbable (but not impossible) things occur within her line of sight...


"...thus causing her to have 'good luck' and her opponents to have 'bad luck'. 


"This 'probability field' phenomenon can be anything from an enemy's equipment failure to hitting just the right switch with a stray shot to shut down an overloading nuclear reactor. 


"But the full extent of her powers is still unknown..."


Click the images to enlarge and Sneak Peek "Deadpool 2"...



          "Deadpool 2" Starts Shooting   


Take a look @ actor Ryan Reynolds lounging in front of the 'X-Mansion', on the Vancouver set of director David Leitch's "Deadpool 2", based on the Marvel Comics superhero, now shooting principal photography, co-starring Morena Baccarin, T.J. Miller, Brianna Hildebrand, Leslie Uggams, Karan Soni and Stefan Kapičić, Josh Brolin, Zazie Beetz, Jack Kesy, and Shioli Kutsuna:


April 6, 2016 actor Ryan Reynolds officially signed on for the sequel. During the post-credit scene in the first "Deadpool" movie, Deadpool tells the audience that 'Cable' will be in the sequel. Other characters confirmed to appear include 'Neena Thurman'/Domino', 'Colossus', 'Dopiner' and 'Negasonic Teenage Warhead'.


The first "Deadpool" feature follows former 'Special Forces' operative turned mercenary, cheap prankster... 


'Wade Wilson', who after being subjected to a rogue experiment acquires accelerated healing powers, then adopts the alter ego 'Deadpool'.


Armed with his new abilities and a dark, twisted sense of humor, Deadpool hunts down the man who nearly destroyed his life.



Actress Zazie Beetz ("Atlanta") plays the "X-Force" mutant 'Domino' in the new film.


'Domino' aka 'Neena Thurman', created by writer Fabian Nicieza and co-writer/illustrator Rob Liefeld, debuted in Marvel Comics' "X-Force" (Vol. 1) #11 (June 1992).


In addition to her marksmanship and hand-to-hand skills, Domino possesses mutant powers and has been the lover of 'Cable', the mutant son of former 'X-Men' leader 'Cyclops'.


"Domino has the ability to subconsciously and psionically initiate random telekinetic acts that affect probability in her favor by making improbable (but not impossible) things occur within her line of sight...


"...thus causing her to have 'good luck' and her opponents to have 'bad luck'. 


"This 'probability field' phenomenon can be anything from an enemy's equipment failure to hitting just the right switch with a stray shot to shut down an overloading nuclear reactor. 


"But the full extent of her powers is still unknown..."


Click the images to enlarge and Sneak Peek "Deadpool 2"...



          "Supergirl: City Of Lost Children"   


Take a look @ footage, images and brief synopsis from the "Supergirl" episode "City of Lost Children", written by Robert Rovner, Gabriel Llanas, Anna Musky-Goldwyn and directed by Ben Bray, airing May 8, 2017 on The CW:


"...when an alien attacks 'National City', 'Supergirl' (Melissa Benoist) and the 'DEO' learn the alien is a 'Phorian', an otherwise peaceful race with telekinetic powers. 



"'Guardian' (Mehcad Brooks) gets a lead on the Phorian's address but instead of finding the culprit, he finds a very scared boy named 'Marcus' (Lonnie Chavis). Marcus will only trust James so it is up to Guardian to stop the attacks on the city.Then a plan from 'Rhea' (Teri Hatcher) escalates..."



Click the images to enlarge and Sneak Peek "Supergirl: City Of Lost Children"...


           Uptake kinetics of paralytic shellfish toxins from the dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense in the mussel Mytilus edulis    
Article Bricelj, V. M. , Lee, J. H. , Cembella, A. and Anderson, D. M. (1990) Uptake kinetics of paralytic shellfish toxins from the dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense in the mussel Mytilus edulis , Marine ecology-progress series, 63 , pp. 177-188 . hdl:10013/epic.21685
          Geometry Typography Opener 19701539   
Geometry Typography Opener 19701539After Effects Version CC 2015, CC 2014, CC, CS6, CS5.5 | 1920x1080 | No PluginPerfect for: short dynamic slide, short slideshow, short intro, short powerful slides, reel, production demoreel, fast slide, dynamic typography, fast slideshow, kinetic typography, simple slideshow, modern fashion promo, modern opener, intro, stylish minimal slideshow, photo slide, production reel, dynamic slides, dynamic slideshow, special events, travel slideshow, movie / tv show opener, corporate intro, dynamic opener, promo, simple slides, inspire reel, travel slideshow, motiovational, emotional, holiday, sport opener, sport intro, sport promo.
          Adsorption and desorption of lead by low-crystallinity colloids of Antarctic soils   
Publication date: 15 September 2017
Source:Applied Clay Science, Volume 146

Author(s): Giovana Clarice Poggere, Vander de Freitas Melo, Nilton Curi, Carlos Ernesto G.R. Schaefer, Marcio Rocha Francelino

Studies on the adsorption-desorption of pollutants by soil colloids in the Antarctic are extremely important because they are related to the vulnerability of this environment. The objective of this work was to study the Pb adsorption/desorption behavior in the clay fraction without removal of organic matter of soils developed in different environments in the Keller and Barton Peninsulas, Maritime Antarctica. The quantification of short-range order phases (SROP) in the clay+organic matter (C+OM) fraction was carried out by sequential extractions with sodium pyrophosphate (PYR), ammonium oxalate (AO) and NaOH. The maximum adsorption capacity of Pb (PbMAC) in colloidal fraction was determined. Samples saturated with Pb were submitted to eight successive extractions with 0.1molL1 citric acid. Kinetics desorption data were adjusted to diffusion parabolic equations (Mt/Mo=a+kt1/2). Values of PbMAC were positively related to SROP, mainly those extracted by PYR. Pb desorption by the C+OM fraction occurred in two stages. The first was related to Pb adsorbed to silanol-group (outer-sphere) and the second one to Pb specific adsorption in ferrol- and aluminol-groups (inner-sphere). The low recovery of adsorbed Pb indicates the predominance of inner-sphere adsorption. Soils of Antarctica are rich in SROP and have high filtering capacity for cationic pollutants, such as Pb, which is fundamental to define preservation strategies of this fragile environment.






          Development and application of a population physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for penicillin G in swine and cattle for food safety assessment.   
Related Articles

Development and application of a population physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for penicillin G in swine and cattle for food safety assessment.

Food Chem Toxicol. 2017 Jun 13;107(Pt A):74-87

Authors: Li M, Gehring R, Riviere JE, Lin Z

Abstract
Penicillin G is a widely used antimicrobial in food-producing animals, and one of the most predominant drug residues in animal-derived food products. Due to reduced sensitivity of bacteria to penicillin, extralabel use of penicillin G is common, which may lead to violative residues in edible tissues and cause adverse reactions in consumers. This study aimed to develop a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to predict drug residues in edible tissues and estimate extended withdrawal intervals for penicillin G in swine and cattle. A flow-limited PBPK model was developed with data from Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank using Berkeley Madonna. The model predicted observed drug concentrations in edible tissues, including liver, muscle, and kidney for penicillin G both in swine and cattle well, including data not used in model calibration. For extralabel use (5× and 10× label dose) of penicillin G, Monte Carlo sampling technique was applied to predict times needed for tissue concentrations to fall below established tolerances for the 99th percentile of the population. This model provides a useful tool to predict tissue residues of penicillin G in swine and cattle to aid food safety assessment, and also provide a framework for extrapolation to other food animal species.

PMID: 28627373 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


           Animation shows how NASA’s DART would target and strike asteroids    
Animation shows how NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) would target and strike the smaller (left) element of the binary asteroid Didymos to demonstrate how a kinetic impact could potentially redirect an asteroid.
          مشخصات گوشیNokia C5-03   

نوکیا C5-03

 

بررسی نوکیا C5-03 :

با پایین تر آمدن قیمت گوشی های صفحه لمسی این گوشی ها از محبوبیت بیشتری برخوردار شدند و نوکیا C5-03 حاصل این روند است. گوشی C5-03 نوکیا از نظر طراحی ویژگی های مشترک بسیاری با نوکیا C6-01 دارد. C5-03 طوری طراحی شده است که قیمت آن از همتای گوشی که به نسخه 3 سیمبین مجهز است پایین تر می باشد و در مقایسه با آن از امکانات کمتری برخوردار است. این گوشی شاید آخرین مدل با نسخه یک سیمبین باشد اگرچه تلاش می کند برای کاربران خود رضایت کافی ایجاد نماید. لازم به ذکر است که 80% از ساختار گوشی قابل بازیافت است و نیمی از مواد جعبه گوشی نیز از این ویژگی برخوردار می باشد. C5-03 به سریعترین پردازنده موجود روی یک گوشی سری 60 نوکیا مجهز است. مسیریابی رایگان با راهنمای صوتی امتیازی است که گوشی های سیمبین نوکیا به همراه دارند و تاکنون برند یا پلت فرم دیگری آن را ارائه نداده است. C5-03 یک دستگاه مسیریابی مطمئن است که بصورت رایگان در سراسر دنیا قابل استفاده است و کاربر می تواند تمامی نقشه های مورد نیاز را دانلود کند. OVi Maps نیز نیازی به ارتباط داده ندارد.

مزایا :

• پشتیبانی از چهار باند GSM/GPRS/EDGE و سه باند 3G با پشتیبانی 2Mbps HSUPA و 10.2Mbps HSDPA
• صفحه نمایش لمسی مقاومتی 3.2 اینچ TFT با وضوح 640 x 360 پیکسل و 16 میلیون رنگ
• دوربین 5 مگاپیکسل با کانون ثابت و قابلیت فیلمبرداری در وضوح VGA در 15fps ، برچسب گذاری بر حسب محل جغرافیایی
• سیستم عامل سری 60 سیمبین
• پردازنده 600MHZ ARM 11 و 128MB RAM
• Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g upnp
• گیرنده GPS با پشتیبانی A-GPS و مسیریابی با راهنمای صوتی رایگان ، راهنمای رایگان شهر و اطلاعات ترافیک
• قطب نمای دیجیتال
• 40MB حافظه داخلی و محل کارت حافظه MicroSD تا 16GB(کارت 2GB در جعبه گوشی)
• شتاب سنج داخلی
• سوکت صوتی استاندارد 3.5 میلی متری
• رادیو FM استریو با RDS
• پورت microUSB (شارژ)
• پشتیبانی جاوا و Flash در مرورگر وب
• نسخه 2.0 بلوتوث استریو
• کیفیت صوتی بسیار خوب
• فرمان های صوتی

معایب :

• سیمبین سری 60 پیشرفت کافی نداشته است
• موجودی نسبتا محدود نرم افزار
• خوانایی ضعیف زیر نور خورشید و زوایای دید نامناسب در صفحه نمایش
• کانون ثابت دوربین و نبود فلش ، کلید دیافراگم یا محافظ لنز
• ویرایش مستندات Office و مرورگر PDF ندارد
• حسگر نور محیط و Proximity ندارد
• پشتیبانی ویدئوی Divx/xviD خارج از باکس ندارد
• دوربین مکالمه تصویری ندارد
• شماره گیری هوشمند ندارد

طراحی :

در جعبه گوشی نوکیا C5-03 یک سری لوازم جانبی استاندارد وجود دارد که با توجه به قیمت پایین گوشی کاملا مناسب می باشند. از اقلام موجود در جعبه این گوشی می توان به یک شارژر کوچک با سوکت 2 میلی متری ، کابل کوتاه microUSB و دفترچه راهنمای کاربر اشاره کرد. علاوه بر این هدست یک تکه ای نوکیا نیز داخل جعبه مشاهده می شود. نوکیا یک کارت حافظه 2GB را در جعبه گوشی C5-03 قرار داده است که برای ذخیره کردن یک سری عکس و چند آلبوم موسیقی ، کافی می باشد. این گوشی از کارت حافظه تا 16GB پشتیبانی می کند.

ابعاد گوشی 105.8 x 51 x 13.8 میلی متر و وزن آن 93 گرم است. اندازه این گوشی تقریبا مانند نوکیا C6-01 است اگرچه وزن کمی دارد. C5-03 یکی از سبک ترین گوشی های صفحه لمسی است که اندازه جمع و جوری دارد. قاب گوشی در ترکیب رنگ های متنوع سفید ، طوسی ، مشکی و سبز وجود دارد. اثر انگشت روی قاب پلاستیکی براق پشت گوشی باقی می ماند که این مورد بخصوص در رنگ مشکی آن کاملا مشخص است. در نوکیا C5-03 قاب پشت و اطراف صفحه نمایش در یک رنگ و بخش پایین گوشی به رنگ دیگر است. از دو رنگ اصلی مشکی و سفید برای قاب پشت و اطراف صفحه نمایش و پنج رنگ مشکی ، سبز ، آبی ، طوسی و یاسی برای بخش پایین استفاده می شود. C5-03 یکی از جذاب ترین و رنگی ترین گوشی های موجود است.

یک نوار پلاستیکی زیر صفحه نمایش وجود دارد که سه کنترل سخت افزاری روی آن مشاهده می شود. این کنترل ها شامل کلیدهای سبز و قرمز تماس می باشند که کلید منو بین آنها قرار گرفته است. کلیدها به اندازه کافی بزرگ هستند اگرچه کار کردن با آنها خیلی آسان نیست زیرا فاصله کمی از پایین گوشی دارند. خروجی صدای گوشی بالای صفحه نمایش وجود دارد و حسگر Proximity در این قسمت مشاهده نمی شود. نوکیا C5-03 در طول تماس ، صفحه نمایش را قفل می کند و باید بطور دستی قفل آن را باز کنید.

کلید ولوم و کلید قفل در طرف راست گوشی قرار دارند. کلید ولوم نسبت به سطح گوشی ، پایین تر قرار گرفته است و بخوبی واکنش نمی دهد. کلید ولوم نیز ساختار همانندی دارد اگرچه بطور تصادفی فشار داده نمی شوند. در طرف چپ گوشی هیچ کلیدی مشاهده نمی شود.

قسمت بالا و پایین نوکیا C5-03 دارای یک سری پورت است. سوکت صوتی 3.5 میلی متری و پورت microUSB که فاقد پوشش محافظ می باشند در پایین گوشی قرار گرفته اند. سوکت شارژ 2 میلی متری نیز در این قسمت وجود دارد. از پورت microUSB نیز می توان برای شارژ کردن گوشی استفاده کرد. ورودی صدای گوشی در پایین C5-03 نزدیک به سوکت شارژ مشاهده می شود.

دوربین و بلندگو در قاب پشت گوشی قرار دارند. لنز دوربین پوشش محافظ ندارد و فرورفتگی کم آن در سطح گوشی تا حدودی از خراشیده شدن لنز جلوگیری می کند. دوربین فاقد فلاش است. بلندگو در پایین قاب پشت وجود دارد و انحناء در پایین قاب پشت موجب می شود که با قرار دادن گوشی روی یک سطح هموار ، صدای بلندگو خفه نشود و از وضوح کافی برخوردار باشد.

با باز کردن قاب پشت گوشی می توان به باتری BL-4U با توان 1000mAh دسترسی پیدا کرد. باتری در یک شبکه 3G در حالت آماده بکار تا 576 ساعت و در مکالمه مداوم تا 4 ساعت و سی دقیقه دوام می آورد. محفظه سیم کارت زیر باتری است در حالی که محل کارت حافظه microSD در طراف راست آن وجود دارد. امکان جابجایی کارت حافظه در زمان روشن بودن گوشی وجود دارد اگرچه برای دسترسی به آن هر بار باید درب باتری را بردارید. اثر انگشت روی سطح پلاستیکی براق قاب پشت باقی می ماند و به سرعت خراشیده می شود.

نوکیا C5-03 عمدتا برای کاربران جوان طراحی شده است. این گوشی بسیار جمع و جور و سبک است و کار کردن با آن آسان می باشد. C5-03 را به راحتی می توان در جیب جا داد. صفحه نمایش گوشی در حد عالی نیست اما با توجه به قیمت گوشی ، مناسب می باشد.

صفحه نمایش :

این گوشی دارای صفحه نمایش 3.2 اینچ TFT است که روشنایی کافی ندارد و زوایای دید آن کافی نیستند. خوانایی صفحه نمایش زیر نور خورشید رضایت بخش نیست و تا حد زیادی نور را منعکس می کند.

ساختار منو :

نوکیا C5-03 دارای پنجمین نسخه سری 60 است. بعد از 5800 XpressMusic گوشی های صفحه لمسی بسیاری با سیستم عامل سیمبین معرفی شده اند و تعدادی نیز بطور نرم افزاری ارتقاء یافتند. مرور kinetic مدتی است که در گوشی های لمسی نوکیا فراهم شده است. این ویژگی در نوکیا C5-03 در سراسر منو از مرورگر فایل و مرورگر وب تا گالری ، مخاطبین و حتی منوی اصلی وجود دارد. قابلیت مرور با انگشت نیز تا حد زیادی ارتقاء یافته است. تجربه کاربر با پنجمین نسخه سری 60 به اینکه قبلا با چه گوشی هایی کار کرده است ، بستگی دارد. اگر قبلا با گوشی های سری 60 کار کرده باشید با نوکیا C5-03 نیز مشکل نخواهید داشت. اما اگر از پلت فرم صفحه لمسی دیگری به این گوشی آمده باشید کمی زمان می برد تا به آن عادت کنید. خوشبختانه در نوکیا C5-03 مانند گوشی های اولیه تمام لمسی نوکیا نباید در بعضی منوها یک ضربه و در بعضی دیگر دو ضربه بزنید.

تاکنون باز کردن یک آیتم در بسیاری از زیر منوهایی که بصورت لیست می باشند نیازمند دو کلیک بود که یکی برای انتخاب و دیگری برای تایید آن است. در حال حاضر دوبار کلیک فقط در File manager وجود دارد و مرور kinetic موجب می شود که کار کردن با این گوشی آسان تر از 5800 XpressMusic شود. ساختار منوی اصلی مانند سایر گوشی های سیمبین است. آیکن ها بصورت یک ماتریس 3 x 4 یا بصورت لیست مرتب می شوند که براحتی می توانید آنها را دوباره مرتب کنید. به موجب شتاب سنج ، جهت صفحه را می توان بطور اتوماتیک تغییر داد. آیکن های وضعیت در این گوشی در بالای صفحه اصلی همراه با تقویم و ساعت قرار دارند. با یک کلیک روی ساعت ، نرم افزار آن اجرا می شود در حالی که با ضربه زدن روی تاریخ یک منوی کشویی باز می شود که در آن می توانید نرم افزار تقویم را اجرا کنید یا پروفایل فعال فعلی را تغییر دهید.

نوار مخاطبین درست زیر آیکن های وضعیت قرار دارد. هر مخاطب با عکس و اسم کوچک نشان داده می شود. امکان مشاهده همزمان سه مخاطب وجود دارد و کاربر می تواند در جهت چپ و راست در لیست مرور کند. با انتخاب یک مخاطب از نوار مخاطبین یک صفحه باز می شود که اطلاعات مخاطب در آن وجود دارد و شامل عکس مخاطب ، نام و شماره تلفن است. تاریخچه ارتباط برای مخاطب پس از آن قرار می گیرد که شاما تماس و پیام است. در پایین صفحه دو ردیف اول از RSS Feed مخاطب نشان داده می شود. صفحه استاندارد Stand by فعال زیر نوار مخاطبین وجود دارد. مدیر Wi-Fi نیز در این قسمت مشاهده می شود ، نوکیا C5-03 دارای قابلیت WLAN است.

تنظیم ایمیل و جستجو فراهم شده است و هشدار ایمیل نیز تعداد پیام های خوانده نشده را با فرستنده و موضوع نشان می دهد. قسمت خالی زیر آن برای نرم افزارهای پخش موسیقی و رادیو mini است که در حالت اجرا در زمینه نیز نشان داده می شوند. نوار اختصاصی میانبرها در پایین ترین قسمت صفحه اصلی وجود دارد. کاربر می تواند نوارهای مخاطبین و میانبرها را پنهان کند.

با فشار دادن و نگه داشتن کلید منو در این گوشی Task manager اجرا می شود. Task manager مانند سایر گوشی های 3.2 سری 60 است و مانند نسخه قبلی منو در بالای هر منوی pop-up ظاهر می شود. برای بستن نرم افزارهای در حال اجرا می توان از کلید سخت افزاری backspace استفاده کرد یا آیکن نرم افزار را فشار داده و نگه داشت تا دو دکمه مجازی open و Exit نشان داده شود. سوئیچ سخت افزاری اختصاصی در طرف راست گوشی قفل آن را باز / بسته می کند.

تماس و دفترچه تلفن :

دفترچه تلفن نوکیا C5-03 دارای حافظه مجازی نامحدود است و از نظر کارایی در میان بهترین ها قرار دارد. لیست مخاطبین نوکیا C5-03 دارای قابلیت مرور kinetic است. مخاطبین را می توان براساس اسم کوچک یا اسم فامیل مرتب کرد و می توان تعیین نمود که مخاطبین ذخیره شده در سیم کارت ، حافظه گوشی و یا شماره های سرویس نشان داده شوند.

در زمان جستجوی یک مخاطب می توانید از صفحه کلید هوشمند استفاده کنید که فقط حروف مربوط به مخاطبین واقعی را نشان می دهد. با تایپ کردن نخستین حرف ، تعداد آنها کاهش می یابد و فقط حروفی که اسامی واقعی را تشکیل می دهد باقی می ماند. این صفحه کلید بسیار سودمند است.

زمینه های از پیش تنظیم شده بسیاری برای ویرایش یک مخاطب وجود دارد که هر یک از آنها را می توان به تعداد دفعات مورد نیاز تکرار کرد. امکان ایجاد زمینه های جدید نیز وجود دارد. برای هر مخاطب می توان زنگ و ویدئوی شخصی تعیین کرد. در صورت تمایل می توانید مخاطبین را گروهبندی کنید و برای هر گروه یک زنگ خاص قرار دهید.

Log تماس ارتباطات اخیر کاربر را ثبت می کند. با فشار دادن کلید Call روی صفحه نمایش Stand by یا از منوی اصلی می توان به نرم افزار Log دسترسی پیدا کرد. Log تماس در هر یک از نوارهای ارسالی ، دریافتی و نامؤفق حداکثر 20 تماس را نشان می دهد. اگر از منوی اصلی به نرم افزار Log بروید لیست دقیقی از تمامی ارتباطات شبکه طی 30 روز گذشته قابل مشاهده می باشد که شامل پیام ، تماس و انتقال داده است.

کیفیت صوتی رضایت بخش است و مشکل آنتن دهی ندارد. C5-03 شماره گیری هوشمند ندارد. گوشی های ویندوز موبایل دارای یک سیستم بسیار پیشرفته شماره گیری هوشمند می باشند که برای شماره هایی که در لیست مخاطبین وجود ندارند نیز Log تماس را جستجو می کنند. شماره گیری صوتی نیز فراهم شده است که در این حالت با فشار دادن و نگه داشتن کلید Call فعال می شود. این ویژگی کاملا مستقل از بلندگو است و نیازی به از قبل ضبط کردن اسامی مخاطبین نمی باشد.

در صورت تعیین چندین شماره برای یک مخاطب ، نخستین شماره یا شماره پیش فرض شماره گیری می شود. به موجب شتاب سنج داخلی با برگرداندن گوشی می توان صدای تماس دریافتی (یا آلارم) را قطع کرد. با استفاده از سوئیچ سخت افزاری قفل صفحه نمایش علاوه بر باز کردن قفل گوشی می توانید آن را در حالت بی صدا قرار دهید.

پیام :

نوکیا C5-03 از انواع پیام های SMS ، MMS و ایمیل پشتیبانی می کند. تمامی این پیام ها دارای یک ویرایشگر مشترک می باشند که ساختار آن برای اکثر کاربران کاملا آشنا است.

Email client تقریبا تمامی نیازهای کاربران را در رابطه با ایمیل برطرف می کند. تنظیمات آن مانند جدیدترین گوشی های نوکیا بسیار آسان است. در صورت استفاده از یک سرویس عمومی ایمیل فقط کافی است نام کاربری و رمز را وارد کنید. این گوشی به سرعت تمامی تنظیمات مورد نیاز را دانلود می کند. از چندین حساب ایمیل و پروتکل های امنیتی مختلف پشتیبانی می شود بنابراین تمامی سرویس های ایمیل را به آسانی می توان در نوکیا C5-03 اجرا کرد.

این گوشی دارای یک صفحه کلید کاراکتری استاندارد روی صفحه نمایش است که به موجب شتاب سنج با تکان دادن گوشی بطور اتوماتیک به یک صفحه کلید کامل QWERTY تبدیل می شود. نوکیا C5-03 به ویژگی تشخیص دستخط مجهز است که بخوبی کار می کند و تمامی حروف نوشته شده توسط کاربر را بخوبی تشخیص می دهد. با استفاده از آموزش دستخط می توان کارایی این نرم افزار را ارتقاء داد. کاربر طی آموزش به گوشی می آموزد که هر یک از حروف مختلف را چگونه می نوسید.





موسیقی و رادیو :

نرم افزار پخش موسیقی در نوکیا C5-03 از کارایی لازم برخوردار است اگرچه طراحی آن از نوکیا 5800 XpressMusic تاکنون تغییر نکرده است. نوکیا با توجه به سهولت استفاده که ویژگی کلیدی گوشی های تمام لمسی است می توانست طراحی بهتری برای آن قرار دهد. فهرست موسیقی بطور اتوماتیک براساس خواننده ، آلبوم ، نوع یا آهنگساز تفکیک می شود و جستجوی تراک ها با تایپ کردن تدریجی امکانپذیر است. کاربر طی چند ثانیه می تواند لیست شخصی از آهنگ ها ایجاد کند. روند اضافه کردن تراک ها به فهرست بسیار ساده است و با انتخاب گزینه refresh صورت می گیرد. در صورت آپلود موسیقی از طریق نرم افزار اختصاصی Pc Suite نیازی به استفاده از این گزینه نیست. نرم افزار پخش موسیقی از فرمت های بسیاری پشتیبانی می کند.

از جلد هنری آلبوم نیز پشتیبانی می شود و اگر صدای پیش فرض گوشی را دوست ندارید با استفاده از یکی از پنج گزینه پیش تنظیمات اکولایزر می توانید آن را تغییر دهید. علاوه براین طی چند ثانیه می توانید گزینه های جدیدی برای اکولایزر ایجاد نمایید. نرم افزار پخش موسیقی بصورت minimize در زمینه نیز اجرا می شود. اگر این نرم افزار را برای اجرا روی صفحه نمایش آماده بکار (Stand by) تنظیم نکنید نمی توانید آن را کنترل کنید. تنها گزینه برای کنترل آن برگشت به نرم افزار کامل پخش موسیقی با استفاده از Task manager است.

صفحه نمایش 3.2 اینچ برای مشاهده ویدئو خیلی مناسب نیست از طرفی دیگر این گوشی از Divx/xviD پشتیبانی نمی کند اگرچه می توان از نرم افزار داخلی OVi Pc Suite استفاده کرد که بطور اتوماتیک تمامی فایل های ویدئویی را به فرمت و وضوح تحت پشتیبانی گوشی تبدیل می کند. مبدل اتوماتیک نیز تا حد زیادی ویدئوها را فشرده می کند و حتی در بالاترین تنظیمات کیفیت نیز تصاویر مطلوب بنظر نمی رسند. این ساده ترین راه برای دسترسی به محتوای ویدئویی سازگار با گوشی است.
نرم افزار پخش ویدئو فقط در حالت تمام صفحه افقی کار می کند زیرا در غیر اینصورت از عرض صفحه بخوبی استفاده نمی شود. در حالت تمام صفحه با یک ضربه روی صفحه نمایش ، کنترل ها که در حالت نرمال پنهان می باشند نشان داده می شوند. با استفاده از Readplayer علاوه بر مشاهده ویدئوهای ذخیره شده در حافظه گوشی یا کارت حافظه ، می توانید محتوای ویدئوی اینترنتی را نیز پخش کنید.

رادیو FM در نوکیا C5-03 دارای یک منوی ساده و مناسب است و بطور اتوماتیک ایستگاههای موجود در محدوده کاربر را جستجو و ذخیره می کند. رادیو همچنین دارای پشتیبانی RDS و جستجوی اتوماتیک برای فرکانس های دیگر است. یعنی نوکیا C5-03 در طول حرکت می تواند ارتباط کاربر با استگاه رادیویی انتخابی را برقرار نماید.

دوربین :

نوکیا C5-03 به یک دوربین 5 مگاپیکسل با ماکسیمم وضوح 2592 x 1944 پیکسل مجهز است. دوربین کانون اتوماتیک یا فلاش LED ندارد و فاقد پوشش محافظ برای لنز است یعنی اثر انگشت روی شیشه ای که لنز را می پوشاند باقی می ماند و همچنین در معرض خراش قرار دارد. C5-03 را نمی توان یک گوشی دوربین دار عالی در نظر گرفت. دوربین دارای چندین گزینه برای پیش تنظیمات صحنه است که یکی از آنها توسط کاربر قابل تنظیم می باشد.

حساسیت نور دارای تنظیماتی مانند کم ، متوسط ، زیاد و اتوماتیک است. میزان شفافیت و کنتراست نیز قابل کنترل می باشد. سایر تنظیمات شامل زمان دادن به دوربین برای گرفتن عکس (2 ، 10 و 20 ثانیه) ، میزان نوردهی ، کنتراست ، سایه رنگ و تعادل نور سفید است. کیفیت عکس های گوشی از حد بهترین دوربین های 5 مگاپیکسل پایین تر است.

نبود کانون اتوماتیک در زمان ایجاد تصاویر ماکرو بخوبی احساس می شود و امکان گرفتن عکس از فاصله کمتر از 50CM وجود ندارد. دوربین در وضوح VGA در 13fps فیلمبرداری می کند که ویژگی های حاصل فقط برای MMS مناسب می باشند. ویدئوها در فرمت MPEG-4 ذخیره می شوند و تعادل رنگ سفید در آنها بصورت اتوماتیک یا دستی تنظیم می شود. سایر تنظیمات موجود شامل صحنه و تن رنگ است.

سایر امکانات :

گالری نوکیا C5-03 دارای قابلیت های لمسی است و با کشیدن انگشت روی صفحه می توان در عکس هایی که بصورت تمام صفحه نشان داده می شوند مرور کرد. کاربر می تواند تصاویر را براساس تاریخ ، عنوان یا اندازه تفکیک کند و همچنین آنها را کپی نماید ، انتقال دهد یا حذف کند. امکان ارسال تصاویر از طریق بلوتوث ، ایمیل و MMS یا به اشتراک گذاشتن آن-لاین آنها مستقیما از گالری فراهم شده است.





حالت مشاهده پیش فرض بصورت عمودی است اگرچه با استفاده از شتاب سنج داخلی می توان تصاویر را بصورت افقی نیز مشاهده کرد. حالت مشاهده اسلاید نیز وجود دارد اگرچه مانند گوشی های سری N نوکیا گزینه های قابل تنظیم بسیاری ندارد. برای مشاهده جزئیات بیشتر می توانید در عکس ها زوم کنید.

زوم از طریق کلید ولوم یا نوار کشویی لمسی روی صفحه نمایش کنترل می شود. در سایر موارد تصاویر بصورت تمام صفحه نشان داده می شوند. گالری سرعت پایینی دارد و بارگذاری تصاویر کوچک نیز چند ثانیه زمان می برد. در صورت داشتن تعداد زیادی عکس خیلی طول می کشد تا نمونه های کوچک آنها ایجاد شود. زوم و مرور سرعت بالایی ندارند. از طرفی دیگر مرور Kinetic تا حد زیادی ارتقاء یافته است. برای مشاهده عکس های داخل یک پوشه به دو کلیک نیاز است که یکی برای انتخاب و دیگری برای باز کردن آن می باشد.

نوکیا C5-03 برخلاف سایر گوشی های ارزان نوکیا از گزینه های ارتباطی کاملی برخوردار است که شامل GPRS ، EDGE و نسل سوم با (10.2Mbps) HSDPA می باشد. این گوشی از چهار باند شبکه GSM/EDGE و سه باند (900/1900/2100MHZ) 3G پشتیبانی می کند. از گزینه های ارتباط محلی آن می توان به Wi-Fi b/g ، بلوتوث 2.0 با A2DP و پورت microUSB اشاره کرد.
نوکیا C5-03 را در چندین حالت (Mass Storage ، PC Suite ، انتقال تصویر و انتقال Media) می توان به یک کامپیوتر وصل کرد. امکان شارژ کردن گوشی از طریق پورت USB فراهم شده است. به موجب سوکت صوتی 3.5 میلی متری به آسانی می توان هدفون های دلخواه را به گوشی وصل کرد. این گوشی 80MB حافظه داخلی دارد که از طریق کارت حافظه microSD می توان آن را افزایش داد. یک کارت 2GB نیز در جعبه گوشی وجود دارد.
مرورگر وب سری 60 از کارایی لازم برخوردار است و اکنون به مرور Kinetic نیز مجهز شده است. اگرچه مرورگر آندروید و iphone از نظر سهولت استفاده بسیار جلوتر از مرورگر سری 60 قرار دارند. مرورگر این گوشی صفحات را بخوبی پردازش می کند و ویژگی های مناسبی دار که از آنها می توان به 5 سایز مختلف فونت ، پر کردن اتوماتیک فرم های وب و یک مدیر رمز اشاره کرد (رمز مادر که تمامی اطلاعات فرم های ذخیره شده بصورت خودکار توسط آن پر می شود).

نرم افزار خبر خوان داخلی بخوبی با فیدها (feeds) کار می کند و مدیر دانلود آنها را مرتب می نماید. مسدودکننده pop-up نیز وجود دارد اگرچه گزینه ای برای "باز شدن در یک پنجره جدید" فراهم نشده است. یک نقشه کوچک برای جستجو و مرور در صفحات پیچیده وجود دارد و ویژگی "پیدا کردن روی صفحه" نیز مشاهده می شود. تاریخچه به کاربر کمک می کند تا صفحه ای را که قبلا بازدید کرده بود به آسانی پیدا کند.





مرورگر دارای پشتیبانی Flash است. وضوح پایین و اندازه کوچک صفحه نمایش امکان جا دادن کل صفحه YouTube را فراهم نمی کند و نسخه موبایل YouTube گزینه بهتری برای آن است. در مقایسه با مرورگر وب X6 ، این مرورگر به مرور Kinetic بهتری مجهز شده است که اکنون بخوبی کار می کند. با دوبار کلیک روی بخشی از متن می توان آن را روی صفحه زوم کرد. با اینحال مرورگر در کل صفحه بصورت یک عکس زوم می کند و متن را متناسب با عرض صفحه تنظیم نمی نماید. در نتیجه وقتی زوم می کنید نیاز است که برای خواندن متن در کنار صفحه نیز مرور کنید.

سازمانگر پنجمین نسخه سری 60 دارای نرم افزارهای سودمندی است اگرچه برنامه های آن بخصوص برای کار روی یک صفحه نمایش لمسی نیازمند به روز رسانی می باشند. تعدادی از نرم افزارها قدیمی بنظر می رسند و به مدت بیش از سه سال است که منوی آنها تغییر نکرده است. تقویم دارای چهار حالت مشاهده متفاوت براساس ماه ، هفته ، روز و لیست To-do است که امکان چک کردن تمامی ورودی های To-do را صرفنظر از تاریخ آنها فراهم می کند. چهار نوع رویداد را می توان در تقویم تنظیم کرد که شامل جلسه ، یادداشت ، سالروز و To-do است. هر رویداد دارای زمینه های خاص خود می باشد و برای بعضی از آنها می توان یک آلارم قرار داد تا در زمان تعیین شده بعنون یادآوری کار کند.

QuickOffice نیز وجود دارد و امکان مشاهده فایل های Word ، Excel و PowerPoint را فراهم می کند اگرچه نمی توان آنها را ویرایش کرد. از فایل های PDF پشتیبانی نمی شود.

بسته سازمانگر همچنین دارای دو فرهنگ لغت سودمند است که یکی از آنها سخنگو می باشد. علاوه براین مبدل واحد ، ماشین حساب ، ضبط صوت و نرم افزار یادداشت نیز وجود دارد.

نرم افزار آلارم امکان تنظیم تعداد زیادی آلارم را فراهم می کند که هر یک دارای نام ، روز اجرا و برنامه تکرار خاص خود است. علاوه براین ، تنظیم سریع آلارم نیز فراهم شده است که در آن فقط کافی است زمان را تنظیم کنید. این روش برای تنظیم آلارم صبحگاهی بسیار مناسب است. محدودیتی در تعداد آلارم ها وجود ندارد. به موجب شتاب سنج داخلی با برگرداندن گوشی می توان صدای آلارم را قطع کرد.

Clients برای فیس بوک ، تویتر ، MySpace ، Friendster و hi5 وجود دارد. در نوکیا C5-03 بازی از پیش نصب شده وجود ندارد. با مرور در OVi Store می توان از بین بخش های نرم افزار ، بازی ، محتوای صوتی و تصویری ، شخصی سازی ، موارد پیشنهادی و My Stuff بخش موردنظر را انتخاب کرد. My Stuff نرم افزارهای نصب شده توسط کاربر را دنبال می کند. ساختار OVi Store Client ساده است و بصورت یک لیست با نام و لوگوی هر نرم افزار (یا Podcast) ، گروه نرم افزاری (سرگرمی و...) ، قیمت و یک رتبه بندی سه ستاره ای می باشد.

با انتخاب یک نرم افزار اطلاعات بیشتری نشان داده می شود که شامل توضیح ، اندازه فایل ، نظرات کاربر ، گزینه ای برای نوشتن نظرات شخصی ، ارسال صفحه توضیح به یک دوست ، لیست نرم افزارهای مربوطه و دکمه ارسال گزارش است که به گزارش موارد سوء استفاده ، Spam و ... کمک می کند ، اگرچه مواردی که نرم افزار بخوبی کار نمی کند یا ویژگی های درخواستی کاربر را گزارش نمی دهد.

جستجو در OVi Store بسیار آسان است با اینحال بخش موارد پیشنهادی و نرم افزارهای مربوطه ، لیست های خود را ارائه می دهند. کاربر می تواند نرم افزارها را مستقیما روی گوشی دانلود کند یا پس از دانلود روی desktop کامپیوتر آنها را به گوشی انتقال دهد. نرم افزارهایی برای خواندن اخبار ، کار با شبکه های اجتماعی ، پیش بینی وضعیت هوا و ... وجود دارد.

نوکیا C5-03 به گیرنده داخلی GPS مجهز است که مانند نوکیا 5800 XpressMusic حساسیت بالایی دارد. از این گوشی می توان مانند یک دستگاه مسیریابی اختصاصی استفاده کرد. در این گوشی OVi Maps 3.0 بصورت از پیش نصب شده وجود دارد که دارای پوشش گسترده نقشه و ویژگی هایی مانند اطلاعات ترافیک یا راهنمای شهر است که بصورت رایگان می باشند.

نرم افزار OVi Maps دارای سه حالت مشاهده متفاوت شامل حالت استاندارد ، نقشه های زمینی و ماهواره ای است. حالت مشاهده دو بعدی و سه بعدی نیز وجود دارد. OVi Maps برای تعیین مسیر در طول پیاده روی نیز مناسب است. همچنین می توان گیرنده GPS را غیر فعال کرد و از گوشی بعنوان یک نقشه الکترونیک استفاده نمود.

 

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مشخصات عمومی
وضعیت : بزودی
تاریخ ارائه : ماه اکتبر سال 2010
باند : GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900 /HSDPA 900 / 1900 / 2100
ابعاد : 13.8×51×115.8 میلیمتر
وزن : 93 گرم
رنگ بندی : سبز - آبی - طوسی - مشکی
فرم : ساده
مشخصات صفحه نمایش
نوع صفحه نمایش : TFT
تعداد رنگ قابل نمایش : 16 میلیون رنگ
رزولوشن : 640×360 پیکسل
سایز : 3.2 اینچ
صفحه لمسی : دارد nokia X6 16GBدر دنیای نوکیا تکامل بیش از تحول وجود دارد و بنابراین نباید انتظار داشت که گوشی نوکیا X6 ویژگی های شگفت آوری به همراه داشته باشد . این گوشی گام بعدی نوکیا در گوشی های صفحه لمسی است . سیستم عامل سیمبین در گوشی های صفحه لمسی در تلاش برای رسیدن به معیار های استاندارد در رابطه با تجربه کاربر است و انتظار می رود نوکیا X6 با صفحه نمایش لمسی خازنی خود این امکان را فراهم می کند. نوکیا X6 نخستین گوشی XpressMusic است که در میان گوشی های رده بالا قرار دارد ، اکثر گوشی های XpressMusic در رده متوسط می باشند . بدیهی است که راضی نگه داشتن عده محدودی از کاربران که به یک رده خاص تعلق دارند برای نوکیا دشوارتر است .

مزایا :

• پشتیبانی از چهار باند GSM و سه باند نسل سوم با HSDPA
• صفحه نمایش 3.2 اینچ TFT لمسی خازنی با وضوح 360 × 640 پیکسل ، 16 میلیون رنگ و نسبت صفحه 16:9
• پنجمین نسخه از منوی سری 60 سیمبین
• پردازشگر ARM 11 434 MHZ با 128 MB RAM
• دوربین 5 مگاپیکسل با کانون اتوماتیک ، دو فلش LED و قابلیت فیلمبرداری در وضوح VGA در 30fps
• Wi-Fi 802.11b/g و تکنولوژی upnp
• گیرنده داخلی GPS
• 32GB حافظه داخلی
• رادیو FM با RDS
• بلوتوث و USB 2.0
• سوکت صوتی استاندارد 3.5 میلی متری
• کیفیت صوتی عالی
• حسگر Proximity برای خاموش شدن اتوماتیک صفحه نمایش
• حسگر شتاب سنج برای بازی های حرکتی و چرخش اتوماتیک منو
• بلندگوی استریو
• خروجی تلویزیون
• صفحه کلید مجازی افقی QWERTY روی صفحه نمایش
• OViMaps 3.0 Touch
• پشتیبانی از سرویس Myspace و Further Ovi
• هدفون WH-500 نوکیا در جعبه گوشی

معایب :

• قیمت نسبتا بالای گوشی
• ساختار نامناسب منو
• مرورگر لمسی وب بخوبی از Flash پشتیبانی نمی کند
• مجوز مسیر یابی با راهنمای صوتی ندارد
• مرورگر مستندات Office بصورت از پیش نصب شده وجود ندارد
• از طریق microUSB شارژ نمی شود
• خوانایی بسیار ضعیف صفحه نمایش زیر نور خورشید
• سرعت پایین در گالری عکس
• پخش ویدئو از XViD / DiVX پشتیبانی نمی کند
• محل کارت حافظه microSD ندارد

طراحی :

جعبه گوشی X6 نوکیا جذابیت خاص خود را دارد. در داخل جعبه اقلام زیادی وجود ندارد اگرچه هدست WH-500 نوکیا از مزایای آن محسوب می شود . تمامی طرفداران موسیقی بدنبال هدفون استریو هستند و این یکی از لوازم جانبی مورد نیاز آنهاست . کیفیت صوتی هدست WH-500 نوکیا بسیار بالاتر از هدفون های معمولی است که در جعبه بعضی از گوشی های نوکیا وجود دارد . کنترل از راه دور روی کابل آن نیز طراحی مناسبی دارد . ظاهرا نوکیا این نوع طراحی در هدفون را به هدفون هایی که کنترل از آنها جدا می شود ، ترجیح می دهد .

در بعضی از کشورها ممکن هدست 500-WH در جعبه گوشی وجود نداشته باشد که در اینصورت X6 با قیمت پایین تری به فروش می رسد . از سایر موارد موجود در جعبه می توان به شارژر و یک کابل داده microUSB اشاره کرد . خوشبختانه این بار نوکیا یک کابل معمولی قرار داده است و مانند سایر گوشی های رده متوسط یک کابل کوتاه در جعبه وجود ندارد . یک دفترچه کوچک با کلیدی برای فعال کردن سرویس Comes With Music نیز وجود دارد . یک CD نرم افزاری و دفترچه راهنمای کاربر نیز مشاهده می شود .

گوشی X6 نوکیا دارای ابعاد 111 ×51 ×13.8 میلی متر است و وزن آن 122 گرم می باشد . این گوشی بخوبی در دست جا می گیرد . این گوشی در داخل جیب نیز فضای زیادی اشغال نمی کند اگرچه گوشی های صفحه لمسی باریک تر نیز وجود دارند . در واقع نوکیا X6 در این رابطه از گوشی های 5800 ، 5230 و 5530 ضعیف تر عمل می کند. نوکیا X6 دارای ساختار پلاستیکی مات می باشد و وجود صفحه نمایش لمسی بزرگ در قاب جلوی آن تاثیر مثبتی بر طراحی کلی گوشی می گذارد . با اینحال وجود فلز در ساختار گوشی می توانست علاوه بر طراحی در استحکام گوشی نیز موثر باشد .

در زیر صفحه نمایش سه کلید وجود دارد که در سایر گوشی های لمسی سری 60 نیز مشاهده می شود . این کلید ها شامل دکمه های Call و End و دکمه منو می باشند و لمسی نیستند ، بنابراین ارتباط بین آنها و صفحه نمایش کمی دشوار است . از طرفی دیگر این کلیدها اندازه مناسبی دارند و بخوبی واکنش می دهند . خروجی صدای گوشی ، دوربین مکالمه تصویری ، کلید Media و دو حسگر در بالای صفحه نمایش وجود دارد . حسگرها در حفره خروجی صدای گوشی قرار دارند . کلید Media لمسی است و در مقایسه با گوشی های قبلی نوکیا حساسیت بیشتری دارد .

کلید Power در بالای گوشی قرار دارد که از آن برای سوئیچ بین پروفایل های فعال و قفل کردن گوشی استفاده می شود . سوکت صوتی استاندارد 3.5 میلی متری ، سوکت شارژر و سوکت microUSB نیز در بالای گوشی مشاهده می شود . سوکت microUSB دارای یک پوشش محافظ است که مانع از ورود گرد و غبار به آن می شود .

کلید ولوم ، کلید دوربین و کلید کشویی قفل صفحه نمایش در طرف راست گوشی وجود دارند . این کلید ها بزرگ هستند و به راحتی مورد استفاده قرار می گیرند .

بلندگوی استریو و محل سیم کارت در طرف چپ گوشی وجود دارد اگرچه برای خارج کردن سیم کارت باید باتری را بردارید اما برای قراردادن آن نیازی به این کار نیست . برای استفاده از سیم کارت جدید باید گوشی را restart کنید .

میکروفن در پایین گوشی قرار دارد و یک شکاف کوچک نیز در این قسمت مشاهده می شود که از آن برای باز کردن درب باتری استفاده می شود.

لنز دوربین 5 مگاپیکسل بهمراه دو فلش LED در قاب پشت گوشی وجود دارد . آرم Carl-Zeiss نزدیک به لنز مشاهده می شود که نشان دهنده کیفیت بالای آن است . لنز فاقد پوشش است و فقط فریم اطراف آن برآمدگی کمی دارد .

باتری BL-5J Li-Ion دارای توان 1320mAh است که در مکالمه مداوم 8 ساعت و سی دقیقه و در حالت Stand by حداکثر 420 ساعت دوام می آورد . در واقع باتری گوشی با یک بار شارژ تا دو روز و نیم دوام می آورد . نوکیا X6 قادر است تا 35 ساعت بطور مداوم موسیقی پخش کند که در حالت Offline و با خاموش بودن نور زمینه صفحه نمایش صورت می گیرد .

ساختار کلی گوشی از کیفیت لازم برخوردار است و پلاستیک مات بکار گرفته شده در آن نیز اثر انگشت را نشان نمی دهد .

صفحه نمایش :

بخش عمده ای از قاب جلوی گوشی به یک صفحه نمایش 3.2 اینچ لمسی تعلق دارد که وضوح آن 360×640 پیکسل است و 16 میلیون رنگ را نشان می دهد . اندازه و وضوح صفحه نمایش در حد متوسط است . نوکیا X6 در صفحه نمایش از تکنولوژی خازنی استفاده می کند که در کار با آن نیازی به نیروی زیاد برای ثبت کلیک نیست . از طرفی دیگر با استفاده از دستکش ، قلم یا ناخن های بلند نمی توان با این صفحه نمایش کار کرد . با اینحال اکثر کاربران استفاده از قلم و ویژگی تشخیص دستخط را بر افزایش واکنش پذیری صفحه نمایش ترجیح می دهد . خوانایی صفحه نمایش زیر نورمستقیم خورشید بسیار ضعیف است . 

ساختار منو :

گوشی X6 نوکیا نخستین گوشی صفحه لمسی خازنی در این کمپانی می باشد که با پنجمین نسخه از سیمبین سری 60 همراه است اگرچه این نسخه از سیمبین در مقایسه با گوشی های قبلی تغییری ندارد . نخستین مورد مرور kinetic است که بخوبی کار می کند و تقریبا در تمام منوها از مرورگر فایل تا گالری و مخاطبین وجود دارد . این ویژگی در منوهای آیکن مانند منوی اصلی کار نمی کند . در این منوها باید انتخاب را به حاشیه صفحه ببرید که در جهت عکس در آنها مرور می کند . این مورد کمی سردرگم کننده است . برای منوهای آیکن می توانید از نوار مرور استفاده کنید اگرچه نوارهای مرور کمی قدیمی هستند . امکان مرور با انگشت در لیست های آیتم ها فراهم شده است و مانند گوشی Apple iphone با بردن آن به یک طرف ، آن در جهت عکس حرکت می کند . نوار مخاطبین روی صفحه اصلی در کنار صفحه قابل مرور است و میانبرهای بیشتری از دفترچه تلفن را در بر می گیرد .

با چرخاندن گوشی در جهت افقی در حالت وارد کردن متن ، بطور اتوماتیک یک صفحه کلید مجازی QWERTY روی صفحه نمایش ظاهر می شود . Widget خاص گوشی های سری N است و در این گوشی وجود ندارد ، امکان مرور با انگشت در چندین بخش صفحه اصلی نیز فراهم نشده است . پنجمین نسخه سری 60 در واقع کار کلید حرکتی و SoftKey را بصورت لمسی انجام می دهد و مزایای خود را دارد . مرور و دسترسی به آیتم ها در منو مانند سایر پلتفورم های لمسی نیست . از طرفی دیگر Softkeys بخوبی کار می کنند و در مقایسه با سایر گوشی های لمسی کارایی بالاتری دارند . اگر بیش از این با گوشی های سری 60 کار کرده باشید با منوی X6 نیز مشکل نخواهید داشت . باز کردن یک آیتم در هریک از زیر منوها که بصورت لیست هستند نیازمند دو کلیک است یکی برای انتخاب و دیگری برای تایید اجرای آن. پس از کمی کار با گوشی به این ویژگی عادت می کنید . اگرچه روش گوشی در کار با آیکن ها متفاوت است و زمانی که منو در عوض آیتم از آیکن استفاده می کند فقط به یک کلیک نیاز می باشد .

به موجب این دو روش متفاوت ، مرور کمی مبهم است اگرچه مرور kinetic موجب سهولت استفاده از منو می شود . آیکن ها در منوی اصلی به صورت یک ماتریس 3×4 یا لیست مرتب می شوند که به راحتی می توان ترتیب آنها را تغییر داد. به موجب شتاب سنج ، چرخش اتوماتیک صفحه نمایش فراهم می شود اگرچه این امکان در صفحه اصلی وجود ندارد و از فضای اضافی روی صفحه برای مواردی مانند نوار مخاطبین استفاده می شود که میانبرهای زیادی روی آن قرار دارند . طرح صفحه اصلی در نوکیا X6 مانند سایر گوشی های سیمبین است و شباهت بسیاری به 5530 نوکیا دارد. با یک فشار روی ساعت ، نرم افزار آن اجرا می شود در حالی که با ضربه زدن روی تاریخ یک منوی کشویی باز می شود که در آن می توان نرم افزار تقویم را اجرا کرد یا پروفایل فعال فعلی را تغیییر داد . به این منظور می توانید از کلید Power نیز استفاده کنید . با ضربه زدن در اطراف شاخص باتری نیز می توان به منوی ارتباطات دسترسی پیدا کرد که سریعترین راه برای اجرای جستجوی WLAN است . اگرچه سرعت آن مانند Plug-in در سومین نسخه سری 60 نیست که فقط به یک کلیک نیاز است .

نوار مخاطبین درست زیر آن قرار دارد که در این نوار هر مخاطب توسط عکس و نام کوچک نشان داده می شود و امکان مشاهده همزمان سه مخاطب وجود دارد اگرچه لیست در جهت راست و چپ قابل مرور است . برای هر مخاطب می توان یک Rss Feed اضافه کرد که با این روش می توان مخاطبینی را که در واقع شخص نیستند اضافه نمود و به feed های دلخواه روی صفحه اصلی دسترسی سریع پیدا کرد . برای انتخاب یک مخاطب از نوار مخاطبین ، صفحه ای با اطلاعات مخاطب ایجاد می شود که اگر آن را از لیست مخاطبین انتخاب کنید ، متفاوت خواهد بود . این صفحه دارای عکس ، نام و شماره تلفن مخاطب است . زیر آن چهار دکمه تماس ، ارسال پیام ، feed به روز رسانی و تنظیمات وجود دارد . در پایین آن نیز بخشی وجود دارد که تاریخچه ارتباطات مخاطب شامل تماس و پیام را نشان می دهد و در انتها نیز دو ردیف فوقانی از یک RSS Feed قابل مشاهده است .

زیر لیست مخاطبین ، صفحه استاندارد Stand by فعال وجود دارد که دارای آیتم های کمتری است . کاربر فقط به هشدار ایمیل دسترسی دارد که تعداد پیام های خوانده نشده را به همراه فرستنده و موضوع پیام جدید نشان می دهد . بخش خالی زیر آن برای نرم افزار های پخش موسیقی و رادیو mini است . هر یک از این نرم افزارها در زمان اجرا در زمینه نشان داده می شوند . نوار میانبرها در پایین صفحه اصلی وجود دارد که tab مخاطبین و میانبرها را می توان پنهان کرد .

کلید Media در طرف راست بالای صفحه نمایش وجود دارد و یک میانبر به Media Player ، گالری ، OVi Share ، ویدئو و مرورگر وب است . این کلید یک کنترل عالی است و دسترسی سریع به ویژگی های چند رسانه ای گوشی را فراهم می کند . این کلید دارای قابلیت لمسی است و با یک ویبره خفیف هر لمس روی صفحه نمایش را تایید می کند . نوکیا X6 دارای یک task manager است که با فشار دادن و نگه داشتن کلید منو اجرا می شود . task manager شبیه نرم افزار موجود در گوشی های 3.2 سیمبین سری 60 است و مانند نسخه قبلی منو در بالای هر منوی pop-up ظاهر می شود. کلید C برای بستن نرم افزار های در حال اجرا وجود ندارد و در عوض با فشار دادن و نگه داشتن آیکن نرم افزار ، دو دکمه مجازی open و Exit نشان داده می شود.

تماس و دفترچه تلفن :

دفترچه تلفن نوکیا X6 بطور مجازی ظرفیت نامحدودی دارد و از نظر کارایی در میان بهترین دفترچه تلفن ها قرار می گیرد . لیست مخاطبین در نوکیا X6 به قابلیت مرور kinetic مجهز است که این روزها اکثر گوشی های لمسی نوکیا دارای این ویژگی می باشند . مخاطبین را می توان به راحتی براساس اسم کوچک یا اسم فامیل مرتب کرد و می توان گوشی را تنظیم نمود تا مخاطبین ذخیره شده در سیم کارت ، حافظه گوشی و یا شماره های سرویس را نشان می دهد . در زمان جستجوی یک مخاطب می توان از صفحه کلید هوشمند دینامیک استفاده کرد که فقط حروف مربوط به مخاطبین واقعی را نشان می دهد .


پس از تایپ کردن نخستین حرف ، تعداد آنها کاهش می یابد و فقط حروفی باقی می مانند که اسامی مخاطبین واقعی را تشکیل می دهند . این روش بسیار ساده است . زمینه های از پیش تنظیم شده بسیاری برای ویرایش یک مخاطب وجود دارد که هر یک از آنها را می توان به تعداد دفعات مورد نیاز تکرار کرد . امکان ایجاد زمینه های جدید نیز فراهم شده است . کاربر می تواند برای هر مخاطب زنگ و ویدئوی شخصی تعیین کند . همچنین می توان مخاطبین را گروهبندی کرد و برای هر گروه یک زنگ خاص قرار داد .


Log تماس ارتباطات اخیر کاربر را ثبت می کند . به دو طریق می توان به این نرم افزار دسترسی پیدا کرد . یکی با فشار دادن کلید Call روی صفحه نمایش Standby و دیگری از منوی اصلی . در صورت استفاده از روش نخست ، 20 تماس در هریک از نوارهای ارسالی ، دریافتی و ناموفق ثبت شده و نشان داده می شود . اگر از منوی اصلی به نرم افزار Log بروید لیست کاملی از تمامی ارتباطات شبکه طی 30 روز گذشته قابل مشاهده می باشد که شامل پیام ، تماس و انتقال داده است . کیفیت صوتی گوشی در طول مکالمه رضایت بخش است . این گوشی شماره گیری هوشمند ندارد اگرچه بعضی کاربران وجود این ویژگی را در یک گوشی صفحه لمسی چندان لازم نمی دانند . گوشی های ویندوز موبایل سیستم شماره گیری هوشمند بسیار پیچیده ای دارند که حتی شماره هایی را که در لیست مخاطبین وجود ندارند در Log تماس جستجو می کند .

نوکیا X6 دارای شماره گیری صوتی است که این حالت با فشار دادن و نگه داشتن کلید Call فعال می شود . این ویژگی کاملا مستقل از بلندگو است و نیازی به از پیش ضبط کردن اسامی مخاطبین ندارد . در صورت تعیین چند شماره برای یک مخاطب ، شماره پیش فرض شماره گیری می شود. به موجب شتاب سنج داخلی با برگرداندن گوشی می توان صدای تماس دریافتی یا آلارم را قطع کرد . حسگر Proximity نیز در طول مکالمه با نزدیک کردن گوشی به گوش بطور اتوماتیک صفحه نمایش را خاموش می کند . با استفاده از سوئیچ سخت افزاری قفل صفحه نمایش علاوه بر باز کردن قفل گوشی می توانید آن را در حالت Silence (بی صدا) نیز قرار دهید .


پیام :

نوکیا X6 از انواع پیام های SMS ، MMS و ایمیل پشتیبانی می کند . تمامی این پیام ها دارای یک ویرایشگر مشترک هستند که برای اکثر کاربران آشنا است . گزارش های تحویل پیام را می توان فعال کرد که آنها پس از رسیدن پیام به گیرنده آن بصورت POP-UP روی صفحه ظاهر شده و پس در پوشه جداگانه ای در زیر منو پیام ذخیره می شوند . اگر بدون ارسال پیام از ویرایشگر خارج شوید از شما می خواهد که آن را در Drafts دخیره کنید یا آن را حذف نمایید .

email client بخوبی کار می کند و نیاز های کاربر را در این رابطه برطرف می نماید . نوکیا X6 نیز مانند سایر گوشی های جدید نوکیا setup ساده ای دارد . در صورت استفاده از یک سرویس عمومی ایمیل فقط کافی است تا نام کاربری و رمز را وارد کنید ، گوشی در کوتاهترین زمان تمامی تنظیمات مورد نیاز را دانلود می کند . از چند حساب ایمیل و پروتکل ایمنی مختلف پشتیبانی می شود . Client می تواند فقط تیتر ها یا کل پیام ها را دانلود کند و می توان آن را تنظیم کرد تا بطور اتوماتیک ایمیل ها را در وقفه های زمانی معین چک کند . ویژگی جالبی وجود دارد که امکان ارسال ایمیل را به محض برقراری ارتباط اینترنتی فراهم می کند . بنابراین علاوه بر صرفجویی در هزینه داده می توان از ارتباط WLAN موجود استفاده کرد .

نوکیا X6 دارای یک صفحه کلید کاراکتری استاندارد روی صفحه نمایش است که با استفاده از شتاب سنج و با برگرداندن گوشی بطور اتوماتیک به یک صفحه کلید کامل QWERTY تبدیل می شود .







موسیقی و رادیو :

نرم افزار پخش موسیقی از کارایی لازم برخوردار است و از گوشی نوکیا 5800 XpressMusic تاکنون تغییر زیادی نداشته است . فهرست موسیقی بطور اتوماتیک براساس خواننده ، آلبوم ، نوع و آهنگساز تفکییک می شود و جستجوی تراک ها با تایپ کردن تدریجی امکانپذیر است . در کمترین زمان می توانید PlayList شخصی ایجاد کنید . با انتخاب گزینه refresh به سادگی می توان تراک های جدید را به فهرست اضافه کرد . در صورت آپلود موسیقی از طریق نرم افزار تخصصی PC Suite نیازی به استفاده از این گزینه نیست . نرم افزار پخش موسیقی از فرمت های بسیاری پشتیبانی می کند .


از جلد هنری آلبوم نیز پشتیبانی می شود و اگر تمایلی به صدای پیش فرض گوشی ندارید با استفاده از یکی از پنج گزینه از پیش تنظیمات اکولایزر می توانید آن را ارتقاء دهید . امکان ایجاد گزینه های جدید ظرف چند ثانیه وجود دارد . نرم افزار پخش موسیقی بصورت minimize در زمینه نیز اجرا می شود که در اینصورت یک tab روی صفحه نمایش Stand by ظاهر می شود و تراک در حال پخش را نشان می دهد . می توان آهنگ را متوقف کرد یا به تراک قبلی / بعدی رفت . با استفاده از کلید اختصاصی Media بالای صفحه نمایش می توانید به نرم افزار کامل پخش موسیقی بروید .

یکی از موارد جدیدی که به بخش چند رسانه ای نوکیا X6 اضافه شده است PlayList DJ می باشد که شبیه SensMe در سونی اریکسون است اگرچه کمی متفاوت کنترل می شود . در این برنامه نوار کشویی JOY ، Passion ، Anger و Tempo وجود دارد . این نوارهای کشویی را باید مطابق با نوع موسیقی دلخواه و براساس روحیه خود مانند شادی یا خشم و ... تنظیم کنید . پس از این تنظیمات ، PlayList DJ به فهرست موسیقی می رود و یک PlayList براساس آن ایجاد می کند . لیست آهنگ های همانند نیز وجود دارد که آهنگ های مطابق با آهنگ فعلی را پیدا می کند . برای کار با PlayList DJ هر آهنگ باید بررسی شود و پروفایل های مربوطه نیز از اینترنت دانلود می شوند . فروشگاه موسیقی در تعداد زیادی از گوشی های نوکیا وجود دارد .


نوکیا X6 با اشتراک یک ساله رایگان از فروشگاه موسیقی نوکیا همراه است و این به معنی دانلود رایگان نامحدود است اگرچه تمامی آهنگ ها دارای حق کپی رایت می باشند . با توجه به 32GB حافظه داخلی گوشی می توان مجموعه بزرگی از موسیقی را دانلود کرد . در فروشگاه موسیقی یک بنر برای یک خواننده معروف از کشور کاربر ، یک نوار جستجو و گزینه ای مرور در آهنگ ها و آلبوم ها براساس نوع یا نمودارهایی از کشور انتخابی وجود دارد . جستجو براساس خواننده یا عنوان آهنگ صورت می گیرد . در پایین آن بخشی برای موارد جدید ، آهنگ های برتر ، آلبوم های مطرح و ... مشاهده می شود . با انتخاب یک آلبوم یا آهنگ مواردی مانند جلد آلبوم ، سال عرضه ، نوع و برچسب آن نشان داده می شود .


با دانلود کردن یک آهنگ یا آلبوم ، اطلاعات کاملی در اختیار شما قرار می گیرد . پیش از دانلود آهنگ به مدت 30 ثانیه می توان به آن گوش کرد . بخش Inspire me در پایین صفحه اطلاعات برای خواننده ، آلبوم یا ‌آهنگ وجود دارد که موسیقی های همانند را پیشنهاد می کند . کل منو از قابلیت مرور برخوردار است و علیرغم سرعت نسبتا پایین منوی برنامه کار با آن آسان می باشد . اندازه بزرگ صفحه نمایش مشاهده ویدئو روی گوشی X6 را لذت بخش می کند . اگرچه نرم افزار پخش ویدئو از XViD /DiVX پشتیبانی نمی کند . کاربر می تواند از نرم افزار داخلی PC Suite استفاده کند که بطور اتوماتیک انواع فایل های ویدئویی را به فرمت و وضوح تحت پشتیبانی گوشی تبدیل می کند . با اینحال مبدل اتوماتیک در بالاترین تنظیمات کیفیت ، ویدئو ها را بیش از حد فشرده می کند . این ساده ترین روش برای داشتن ویدئو های سازگار در گوشی است .

نرم افزار پخش ویدئو فقط در حالت تمام صفحه افقی کار می کند زیرا در غیر اینصورت از پهنای صفحه بخوبی استفاده نمی شود . در حالت تمام صفحه با یک ضربه روی صفحه نمایش کنترل ها که در حالت معمولی پنهان هستند نشان داده می شوند . با استفاده از Real Player یا Video Center علاوه بر مشاهده ویدئو های ذخیره در حافظه گوشی یا کارت حافظه می توانید محتوای ویدئوی در حال پخش از اینترنت را نیز دریافت کنید .

رادیو FM در نوکیا دارای یک منوی ساده و مناسب است و می تواند بطور اتوماتیک ایستگاههای موجود در محدوده را اسکن و ذخیره کند . رادیو دارای پشتیبانی RDS و اسکن اتوماتیک برای فرکانس های دیگر است ، یعنی در طول حرکت بطور اتوماتیک به فرکانس های ایستگاه رادیویی انتخابی سوئیچ می کند . نام ایستگاه رادیویی با جلوه های ویژه روی کل صفحه نشان داده می شود در حالی که سایر اطلاعات RDS با متن خوانا در یک ردیف در پایین صفحه قابل مشاهده است .


دوربین :

نوکیا X6 به یک دوربین 5 مگاپیکسل مجهز است که ماکسیمم وضوح آن 2592 ×1944 پیکسل می باشد . لنز Carl Zeiss بیانگر کیفیت بالای عکس های دوربین است . منوی دوربین مانند گوشی 5800 XpressMusic است و می توان آن را یک کپی از منوی دوربین در گوشی های N97 و N97 mini در نظر گرفت . تمامی تنظیمات در یک منو قرار دارند و فقط فلش دارای میانبر اختصاصی است .

اگر ویژگی های مهم نیز دارای میانبرهای خاص خود بودند استفاده از منوی دوربین آسان تر میشد . نوکیا X6 تنظیمات متعددی در دوربین دارد که شامل تعادل دستی رنگ سفید ، Iso ، میزان نوردهی ، کنتراست و ... است . جلوه های ویژه مختلف و سایه رنگ نیز فراهم شده است . گزینه geotagging در خارج از باکس وجود دارد .

نوکیا X6 ویژگی های پیشرفته مانند تشخیص چهره ، تشخیص لبخند و حتی مانع چشمک ندارد . نمایاب کل صفحه نمایش را در بر نمی گیرد و یک نوار در طرف راست صفحه برای کنترل های لمسی وجود دارد . دکمه تنظیمات نیز فراهم شده است که یک منوی نیمه شفاف از تمامی گزینه های موجود عکسبرداری ، دکمه اختصاصی فلش ، کلید دیافراگم روی صفحه نمایش و کلید منوی گزینه ها را باز می کند .

کلید دیافراگم روی صفحه نمایش دارای ویژگی فشار کامل / نیمه برای کنترل کانون اتوماتیک نیست . کیفیت تصاویر دوربین رضایت بخش است . منوی دوربین فیلمبرداری متفاوت از دوربین عکاسی نیست . نوکیا X6 در وضوح VGA یا در 640 ×352 پیکسل در سرعت 30 فریم در هر ثانیه فیلمبرداری می کند . کیفیت ویدئو ها در حد مطلوب است اگرچه در اکثر کلیپ ها میزان فشردگی بیش از حد به نظر می رسد .

سایر امکانات :

گالری نوکیا X6 دارای قابلیت لمسی است و برای مرور در عکس ها در حالت تمام صفحه می توان از کشیدن انگشت روی صفحه استفاده کرد . کاربر می تواند تصاویر را براساس ارسال تاریخ ، عنوان و اندازه تفکیک کند و همچنین امکان کپی ، انتقال و حذف آنها نیز وجود دارد . می توان عکس ها را از طریق بلوتوث ، ایمیل و SMS ارسال کرد یا آنها را بصورت آن-لاین مستقیما از گالری به اشتراک گذاشت . حالت مشاهده پیش فرض بصورت عمودی است . اگرچه با استفاده از شتاب سنج داخلی می توان بطور اتوماتیک به حالت افقی سوئیچ کرد . حالت مشاهده اسلاید نیز وجود دارد اگرچه مانند گوشی های سری N نوکیا تنظیمات بسیاری ندارد .







امکان زوم در عکس ها فراهم شده است و زوم از طریق کلید ولوم یا نوار کشویی لمسی روی صفحه نمایش کنترل می شود . در سایر موارد تصاویر بصورت تمام صفحه نشان داده می شوند . مهمترین مشکل گالری ، سرعت آن است زیرا بارگذاری تصاویر کوچک نیز چند ثانیه طول میکشد . اگر عکس زیادی داشته باشید باید زمان زیادی منتظر بمانید تا نمونه های کوچک آنها نشان داده شود . زوم و مرور در گالری خیلی سریع نیست . مرور Kinetic نیز ازشتاب کافی برخوردار نمی باشد . برای رفتن از یک عکس به عکس بعدی در حالت زوم باید سریع انگشت خود را روی عکس بکشید .

تلفن های هوشمند از نظر قابلیت های ارتباطی کامل می باشند و نوکیا X6 نیز از این قانون مستثنی نیست . این گوشی دارای انواع ارتباطات شبکه مانند GPRS ، EDGE و نسل سوم با HSDPA می باشد . این گوشی از چهار باند GSM /EDGE و سه باند 2100 /1900 /900 نسل سوم پشتیبانی می کند . USB و بلوتوث 2.0 با A2DP نیز وجود دارد . نوکیا X6 از Wi-Fi با upnp پشتیبانی می کند . کلید میانبر برای Wi-Fi manager وجود ندارد اگرچه در منوی ارتباطات می توان به آن دسترسی پیدا کرد و ارتباط با یک شبکه WLAN نیز با دو کلیک انجام می گیرد . این گوشی محل کارت حافظه microSD ندارد زیرا حافظه داخلی آن 32GB است .
مرورگر وب سری 60 از کارایی کافی برخوردار است بخصوص اکنون که با مرور Kinetic همراه می باشد . با اینحال مرورگرهای آندروید و Apple از نظر کارایی و سهولت استفاده درصدر قرار دارند . مرورگر نوکیا X6 دارای یک الگوریتم پردازش مناسب است و ویژگی هایی مانند اندازه های متفاوت فونت ( 5 گزینه ) ، پر کردن اتوماتیک فرم های وب و یک مدیر رمز دارد . RSS Readar داخلی با feed ها بخوبی کار می کند در حالی که مدیر دانلود امکان دانلود انواع فایل ها در حین مرور را فراهم می کند . مسدود کننده pop-up نیز وجود دارد اگرچه برای باز کردن یک پنجره جدید باید روی لینک pop-up کلیک کنید .

یک نقشه کوچک نیز وجود دارد که در صفحات بزرگ به مرور کمک می کند و ویژگی Find on Page نیز امکان جستجوی کلمات کلیدی را فراهم می کند . تاریخچه مشاهده وب نیز در پیدا کردن وب سایت بازدید شده بسیار موثر است . مرور دارای پشتیبانی Flash است اگرچه از کارایی کافی برخوردار نیست . مرور kinetic در مرورگر وب با شتاب سنج لازم همراه نیست که این مورد در زمان مرور در آیتم های لیست شده در منو بخوبی قابل مشاهده است و در صفحات متوسط نیز باید چندین بار انگشت خود را روی صفحه بکشید . با دوبار ضربه زدن روی متن می توان زوم کرد اگرچه متن در قسمت زوم جا نمی گیرد و باز به مرور نیاز دارید .

Organizer در پنجمین نسخه از سری 60 دارای نرم افزارهای سودمندی است اگرچه برنامه های آن بخصوص در یک گوشی لمسی نیازمند به روز رسانی می باشند زیرا اکثر نرم افزارها محیطی قدیمی و یکنواخت دارند . تقویم دارای چهار حالت مشاهده متفاوت است که براساس ماه ، هفته ، روز و to-do می باشد. حالت مشاهده to-do امکان چک کردن تمامی ورودی های to-do را صرفنظر از تاریخ آنها فراهم می کند . چهار نوع رویداد را می توان در تقویم تنظیم کرد که عبارتند از قرار ملاقات ، یادداشت ، سالروز و To-do . هر رویداد دارای زمینه های خاص خود است و برای بعضی از آنها می توان یک آلارم قرار داد تا در زمان از پیش تنظیم شده بعنوان یادآوری عمل کند . نرم افزار Quickoffice در نوکیا X6 بصورت از پیش نصب شده وجود ندارد.

ماشین حساب محیط آشنایی دارد . این نرم افزار قابلیت های پیشرفته ندارد و پیچیده ترین ویژگی آن ریشه دوم اعداد است. از سایر نرم افزار های Organizer می توان به مبدل واحد ، ضبط صوت و یادداشت اشاره کرد.


نرم افزار آلارم امکان تنظیم تعداد آلارم های مورد نظر را فراهم می کند که هر یک دارای نام ، روز فعالیت و برنامه تکرار خاص خود است . آلارم دارای تنظیمات سریع است که فقط کافی است زمان را تنظیم کنید . با استفاده از شتاب سنج داخلی با برگرداندن گوشی می توان صدای آلارم را قطع کرد .


نوکیا X6 به گیرنده داخلی GPS مجهز است و حدود یک دقیقه طول میکشد تا به قفل ماهواره برسد ( A-GPS در این زمان غیر فعال است. ) وضوح بالای صفحه نمایش امکان استفاده از گوشی را بعنوان یک دستگاه اختصاصی مسیریابی فراهم می کند . این گوشی با مجوز دائمی City Explorer همراه است . در نوکیا X6 نرم افزار OVi Maps 3.0 Touch بصورت از پیش نصب شده وجود دارد که در واقع یک نسخه لمسی از نرم افزار استاندارد Nokia Maps 3.0 است و پوشش گسترده نقشه را بطور رایگان ارائه می دهد . اگرچه برای استفاده از سایر ویژگی های آن مانند اطلاعات ترافیک یا راهنمای سهر ها باید هزینه پرداخت کنید . نرم افزار لمسی OVi Maps نیز دارای ویژگی های مناسبی است و چهار حالت مشاهده متفاوت را ارائه می دهد که شامل نقشه های ماهواره و نقشه های مختلط است . برای استفاده از این ویژگی ها به ارتباط اینترنتی نیاز است .

حالت مشاهده دو بعدی و سه بعدی نیز وجود دارد . کاربر می تواند الگوریتم برنامه ریزی مسیر را به راحتی مطابق با نیاز خود تنظیم نماید . می توان از تونل ها و جاده های دارای عوارضی صرفنظر کرد و سریعترین یا کوتاهترین مسیر را انتخاب نمود . این نرم افزار برای تعیین مسیر در پیاده روی نیز مناسب است. می توان گیرنده GPS را غیر فعال کرد و از گوشی بعنوان یک نقشه دستی استفاده نمود .
نرم افزار Maps ویژگی Goto my Location ندارد ، از طرفی دیگر مرور و زوم در آن بسیار سریع است و صفحه نمایش با وضوح بالای خود داده بسیاری را نشان می دهد . با اینحال اگر بخواهید از X6 بعنوان جایگزینی برای دستگاههای اختصاصی SatNav استفاده کنید صفحه نمایش زیر نور خورشید از خوانایی کافی برخوردار نیست.

بررسی سونی اریکسون X8 :

گوشی Xperia X8 سونی اریکسون شاید در مقایسه با سایر گوشی های Xperia droid فروش بهتری داشته باشد. X8 بهترین گوشی در این رده از مدل ها نیست و همچنین یک گوشی با قابلیت های خاص و القایی نیز محسوب نمی شود بلکه می توان آن را مخرج مشترک در نظر گرفت. این گوشی درست در میانه این مجموعه از گوشی ها قرار دارد و یک Xperia برای همه است (از نظر اندازه و قیمت).

مزایا :

• پشتیبانی از چهار باند GSM/EDGE با HSDPA 900/2100 و HSDPA 850/1900/2100
• صفحه نمایش لمسی 3 اینچ خازنی TFT با وضوح HVGA و 16 میلیون رنگ و پوشش ضد خش
• نسخه 1.6 Donut آندروید با منوی شخصی سونی اریکسون و قابلیت Timescape
• پردازشگر Qualcomm MSM7227 600MHZ
• 128MB حافظه داخلی و محل کارت حافظه microSD تا 16GB(کارت 2GB در جعبه گوشی)
• دوربین 3 مگاپیکسل با کانون ثابت ، geotagging و قابلیت فیلمبرداری در وضوح VGA در 30fps
• Wi-Fi
• بلوتوث 2.1 با A2DP
• گیرنده داخلی GPS با قطب نمای دیجیتال
• پورت microUSB با قابلیت شارژ
• سوکت صوتی استاندارد 3.5 میلی متری
• کیفیت صوتی عالی
• رادیو FM با RDS
• شتاب سنج برای چرخش اتوماتیک منو
پشتیبانی از شبکه های اجتماعی

معایب :

• حافظه محدود برای نصب نرم افزارهای Third-party
• نسخه قدیمی آندروید
• پشتیبانی multi-touch ندارد
• دوربین کانون اتوماتیک ندارد
• پشتیبانی ویدئوی Divx خارج از باکس ندارد
• محل کارت حافظه microSD زیر درب باتری است
دوربین ثانویه برای مکالمه تصویری ندارد

طراحی : sony ericsson Xperia X8

گوشی Xperia X8 سونی اریکسون داخل یک جعبه جمع و جور قرار دارد که علاوه بر گوشی یک سری لوازم جانبی استاندارد شامل شارژر USB ، کابل microUSB به USB (برای شارژ کردن گوشی و ارتباطات کامپیوتر استفاده می شود) و یک جفت هدفون در آن مشاهده می شود. دفترچه راهنمای کاربر در چندین زبان و کارت حافظه 2GB MicroSD نیز داخل جعبه گوشی وجود دارد. ممکن است کارت در محل کارت حافظه گوشی قرار گرفته باشد.

گوشی Xperia X8 سونی اریکسون مانند X10 mini یا X10 mini Pro کوچک نیست با اینحال یک گوشی جمع و جور آندروید محسوب می شود. ابعاد گوشی 99 x 54 x 15 میلی متر است و وزن آن 104 گرم می باشد. قطر 15 میلی متری گوشی کمی زیاد است با اینحال کار کردن با Xperia X8 و در دست گرفتن آن راحت می باشد. این گوشی از نظر طراحی شبیه مدل های X10 mini و X10 اورجینال است. پلاستیک بکار گرفته شده در این گوشی جلوه خاصی به آن نمی دهد در هر حال اثر انگشت روی آن باقی نمی ماند و به سبک بودن گوشی کمک می کند. از طرفی دیگر صفحه نمایش مانند اکثر صفحه نمایش های لمسی دیگر اثر انگشت را نشان می دهد. سونی اریکسون Xperia X8 در رنگ های مختلفی وارد بازار می شود. قاب جلوی گوشی به رنگ سفید است در حالی که قاب پشت آن به رنگ های آبی نفتی ، آبی ، صورتی و نقره ای موجود می شود.

سه کلید سخت افزاری زیر صفحه نمایش وجود دارد که شامل کلید منوی Context ، دکمه Home و Back است. این کلیدها اندازه کوچکی دارند اما بخوبی واکنش می دهند. در ترتیب کلیدهای استاندارد آندروید کلید Search وجود ندارد و در عوض یک Search Widget روی صفحه اصلی قرار گرفته است. LED وضعیت ، خروجی صدای گوشی ، حسگر نور محیط و حسگر Proximity بالای صفحه نمایش قرار دارند. گزینه ای برای غیر فعال کردن روشنایی اتوماتیک وجود ندارد. حسگر Proximity در طول مکالمه با نزدیک کردن گوشی به صورت بطور اتوماتیک صفحه نمایش را قفل می کند.

کناره های Xperia X8 مانند X10 و X10 mini است. کلید ولوم و کلید دیافراگم در طرف راست گوشی وجود دارد. کلید ولوم بسیار کوچک است و حتی کوچکتر از کنترل های اصلی روی قاب جلو می باشد. استفاده از کلید دیافراگم نیز خیلی راحت نیست اگرچه دوربین دارای کانون ثابت است. در طرف چپ گوشی کلیدی وجود ندارد.

کلید قفل صفحه نمایش در بالای گوشی مشاهده می شود که بعنوان دکمه Power نیز کار می کند. این دکمه اندازه کوچکی دارد و کمی برآمده است که مانع از فشار دادن تصادفی آن می شود. سوکت صوتی و پورت MicroUSB در بالای گوشی وجود دارد. سوکت صوتی با دو شاخه های استاندارد 3.5 میلی متری سازگار است و طوری طراحی شده است که با هدست MH-810 سونی اریکسون Hi-Fi با کنترل های موسیقی نیز سازگاری دارد. پورت microUSB دارای یک پوشش محافظ است که باز کردن آن بسیار سخت می باشد در حالی که سوکت صوتی فاقد پوشش است. ورودی صدای گوشی و محل بند آن در پایین X8 مشاهده می شود.

لنز دوربین 3 مگاپیکسل با کانون ثابت و همچنین بلندگو در قاب پشت گوشی وجود دارد. لنز دوربین پوشش محافظ ندارد اما کاملا گود است که بدین ترتیب در برابر خراش محافظت می شود.

با برداشتن درب باتری می توان به محفظه سیم کارت و محل کارت حافظه microSD دسترسی پیدا کرد. کارت حافظه microSD با اینکه زیر درب باتری قرار می گیرد اما در زمان روشن بودن گوشی می توان آن را جابجا کرد. باتری X8 نیز برخلاف X10 mini قابل جابجایی است. باتری گوشی از نوع Li-polymer با توان 1200mAh می باشد که در حالت Stand by حداکثر 446 ساعت و در مکالمه مداوم تا 4 ساعت و 45 دقیقه دوام می آورد. قاب پشت گوشی براحتی جدا می شود و می توان آن را تعویض کرد.

Xperia X8 اندازه مناسبی دارد و بدلیل انحنای قاب پشت به راحتی در دست جا می گیرد. با X8 به آسانی می توان با یک دست کار کرد و لبه های گرد آن موجب می شود تا قطر گوشی خیلی زیاد به نظر نرسد. با اینکه این گوشی تماما پلاستیکی است به اندازه کافی مقاوم می باشد. شارژ از طریق USB و سوکت استاندارد 3.5 میلی متری از مزایای X8 محسوب می شود.

صفحه نمایش : sony ericsson Xperia X8

صفحه نمایش لمسی در این گوشی نیم اینچ از صفحه نمایش X10 mini بزرگتر است و دو برابر وضوح بیشتری دارد (HVGA). کیفیت تصویر آن بالاتر است و به راحتی می توان با منو کار کرد. میزان حساسیت صفحه نمایش همانطور که از یک صفحه نمایش لمسی خازنی انتظار می رود بسیار عالی است و کوچکترین لمس برای ثبت یک کلیک کافی می باشد.

محدودیت 65K رنگ که مختص آندروید تا قبل از نسخه 2.0 است با ارتقاء X8 به آندروید 2.1 برطرف می شود. صفحه نمایش TFT دارای روشنایی و کنتراست کافی است و زاویه های دید آن مطلوب می باشد با اینحال میزان خوانایی صفحه نمایش زیر نور خورشید ضعیف است زیرا صفحه نمایش نور زیادی را منعکس می کند که استفاده از گوشی را در یک روز آفتابی تقریبا غیر ممکن می نماید.

ساختار منو : sony ericsson Xperia X8

سونی اریکسون Xperia X8 نیز مانند سایر گوشی های آندروید خانواده Xperia دارای نسخه 1.6 پلتفورم آندروید است و تاکنون مشخص نشده است که Froyo جایگزین Eclair در گوشی های موجود Xperia می شود یا نه. Xperia X8 دارای صفحه اصلی همانندی با گوشی های X10 mini و X10 mini Pro است اگرچه در این گوشی صفحه نمایش با وضوح HVGA وجود دارد که معروف ترین صفحه نمایش در یک گوشی آندروید است و اندازه آن نیر 3 اینچ می باشد. در هر صفحه یک Widget وجود دارد و هیچ میانبر یا پوشه ای مشاهده نمی شود. Widgets فضای زیادی را بلا استفاده باقی می گذارند.

سونی اریکسون می توانست به راحتی برای هر صفحه دو Widget قرار دهد. کاربر می تواند به تعداد دلخواه صفحه اصلی داشته باشد و براحتی آنها را مرتب کند. چهار میانبر از X10 mini در این گوشی نیز وجود دارند که طبق پیش فرض کاربر را به صفحه ایجاد پیام ، پخش موسیقی ، دفترچه تلفن و Log تماس / صفحه شماره گیری می برند. کاربر می تواند آنها را با چهار میانبر دلخواه سوئیچ کند. بخش هشدار آندروید طبق معمول در بالای صفحه وجود دارد که بصورت یک نوار باریک است و اطلاعات وضعیت در مورد باتری ، شدت سیگنال ، بلوتوث و رویدادهای نامؤفق روی آن مشاهده می شود. با باز کردن این نوار بصورت کشویی یک لیست از کل هشدارهای اخیر در اختیار شما قرار می گیرد.

این گوشی دارای plug-in منوی timescape است اگرچه فاقد منوی MediaScape می باشد. درواقع timescape بصورت یک نرم افزار جداگانه وجود دارد که تمامی ارتباطات کاربر را با هم نشان می دهد و در صفحه آن می توان SMS ، MMS ، ایمیل ، تماس های نامؤفق و به روز رسانی Facebook و twitter را مشاهده کرد. همچنین دارای تعداد زیادی tab است که محتوا را براساس نوع تفکیک می کند.

مانند سایر گوشی های آندروید با فشار دادن و نگه داشتن کلید home می توان به Task Switcher دسترسی پیدا کرد که با استفاده از آن به شش نرم افزاری که اخیرا بکار گرفته اید دسترسی پیدا می کنید. به موجب این سیستم عامل بعضی از نرم افزارها ممکن است در عوض اجرا در زمینه بصورت موقت غیر فعال شوند. پردازشگر این گوشی ماند گوشی X10 mini و X10 mini pro است و با وجود تعداد دو برابر پیکسل ها روی صفحه نمایش ، کل منو سرعت بالایی دارد.

تماس و دفترچه تلفن : sony ericsson Xperia X8

دفترچه تلفن Xperia X8 می تواند اطلاعات بسیاری را ذخیره کند و امکان وارد کردن شماره تلفن برای محل کار و منزل را فراهم می کند اگرچه این بار برچسب های شخصی وجود ندارد. یک زمینه برای ایمیل نیز فراهم شده است که برای آن می توان یک زنگ شخصی تعیین کرد. کاربر می تواند نام مستعار ، آدرس پستی ، عنوان شغل و کمپانی ، چندین یادداشت و ... را به یک مخاطب اضافه کند. تماس ها را می توان مستقیما به پست صوتی ارسال کرد. در زمان مشاهده یک مخاطب ، اطلاعات مختلف بصورت بخش نشان داده می شوند. با ضربه زدن روی یک شماره مشخص می توان با مخاطب مربوطه تماس گرفت در حالی که با انتخاب آیکن پاکت نامه که نزدیک آن قرار دارد ویرایشگر پیام اجرا می شود. این دو دکمه کل یک ردیف افقی را پر می کنند و بنابراین با استفاده از انگشت به راحتی می توان در آنها مرور کرد.

Xperia X8 مشکل آنتن دهی ندارد و کیفیت صوتی آن در طول مکالمه به اندازه کافی بلند و واضح است. X8 مانند سایر گوشی های Droid سونی اریکسون ویژگی شماره گیری هوشمند ندارد. Log تماس X8 بخشی از نرم افزار شماره گیری است و با مرور به راحتی می توان در کل این برنامه جستجو کرد. به موجب حسگر Proximity در طول تماس با نزدیک کردن گوشی به صورت ، صفحه نمایش بطور اتوماتیک خاموش می شود و دیگر روی صفحه نمایش بطور تصادفی فشار داده نمی شود.

پیام : sony ericsson Xperia X8

بخش پیام های SMS و MMS ساختار ساده ای دارد. دکمه پیام جدید در بالای صفحه مشاهده می شود و لیستی از تمامی پیام هایی که بصورت زنجیره مرتب شده اند زیر آن قرار می گیرد. با اضافه کردن محتوای چند رسانه ای به پیام ، بطور اتوماتیک به یک MMS تبدیل می شود.

نرم افزار Gmail از ویژگی های گروهی پشتیبانی می کند و امکان آرشیو ، برچسب گذاری یا حذف چندین ایمیل را فراهم می کند. نرم افزار عمومی ایمیل نیز وجود دارد که برای سایر حساب های ایمیل بکار می رود و با چندین صندوق پستی pop یا IMAP کار می کند. نرم افزار استاندارد ایمیل با ایمیل زنجیره ای سازگار نیست و این ویژگی فقط در Gmail وجود دارد. نرم افزار پیش فرض چت که با آندروید ارائه می شود ، Google Talk است. شبکه G-Talk با Clients معروف مانند pidgin ، Kapeto ، ichat و OVi Contacts سازگار است.

صفحه نمایش X8 به اندازه کافی بزرگ نیست تا یک صفحه کلید عمودی افقی به راحتی روی آن جا بگیرد اما از صفحه کلید افقی می توان استفاده کرد. صفحه کلید مجازی چندان خوشایند کاربرانی که طرفدار پیام های متنی می باشند ، نیست با اینحال برای استفاده گهگاه مناسب است.

موسیقی و رادیو : sony ericsson Xperia X8

نرم افزار پخش موسیقی در نوکیا X8 ویژگی های جدید بسیاری ندارد اگرچه بخوبی با فایل های صوتی کار می کند اما کارایی اندکی ورای آن دارد. کلید Infinite امکان جستجوی سریع یک آهنگ یا آلبوم را روی YouTube یا بخش play Now سونی اریکسون فراهم می کند با استفاده از صفحه کلید مجازی QWERTY و تایپ کردن تدریجی نمی توان یک آهنگ خاص را جستجو کرد بنابراین باید از مرور Kinetic یا تفکیک براساس خواننده استفاده کنید.

حداقل سه playlist هوشمند وجود دارد که بطور اتوماتیک تراک هایی را که جدیدا اضافه شده اند ، تراک هایی را که اکثرا پخش می شوند و تراک هایی را که هرگز پخش نشده اند جمع آوری می کند. نرم افزار پخش موسیقی امکاناتی مانند پیش تنظیمات اکولایزر یا پوسته های متعدد ندارد.

نرم افزار پخش ویدئو طراحی و کارایی ساده ای دارد. لیستی از تمامی ویدئوهای موجود در گوشی ، کنترل های play/pause ، Skip و نوار پیشروی فایل که قابل Drag است در اختیار کاربر قرار می گیرد.

نرم افزار پخش ویدئو از فایل های MP4 پشتیبانی می کند اما دارای پشتیبانی از ویدئوهای Divx و XviD نیست. کاربر می تواند نرم افزار کاملتری را برای پخش ویدئو از بازار آندروید تهیه نماید.

Xperia X8 سونی اریکسون به یک رادیو FM مجهز است که منوی ساده ای دارد و بطور اتوماتیک ایستگاههای موجود در محدوده کاربر را اسکن می کند و به منظور جستجوی آسان تر برای ایستگاه بعدی روی Dial فرکانس علامتگذاری می نماید. کاربر می تواند تعدادی از آنها را بعنوان Favorite علامتگذاری کند.

دوربین : sony ericsson Xperia X8

Xperia X8 سونی اریکسون دارای یک دوربین 3 مگاپیکسل است که ماکسیمم وضوح آن 2048 x 1536 پیکسل می باشد. دوربین به کانون اتوماتیک و فلش مجهز نیست. منوی دوربین ساده است و در کل سه دکمه دارد .سوئیچ عکاسی/فیلمبرداری ، دکمه گالری و حالت صفحه در اختیار کاربر قرار می گیرد. چهار گزینه از پیش تنظیمات صحنه شامل ابری ، اسپرت ، ساحل/برف و اتوماتیک است. می توان geotagging را فعال کرد که پیشرفته ترین ویژگی دوربین است و به این منظور باید به تنظیمات/سونی اریکسون/دوربین بروید و گزینه مربوطه را پیدا کنید. این ویژگی در نرم افزار دوربین وجود ندارد. کیفیت تصاویر دوربین چندان رضایت بخش نیست.

دوربین در وضوح VGA در 30fps فیلمبرداری می کند. منوی دوربین فیلمبرداری نیز مانند دوربین عکاسی است با این تفاوت که تنظیمات کمتری دارد. کاربر می تواند کیفیت ویدئو را تنظیم کند و نور ویدئو را فعال/غیر فعال نماید. ویدئوها در فرمت 3GP پردازش می شوند که موجب فشرده سازی زیاد آنها می شود. کنتراست ویدئوها نیز بسیار پایین است و به این دلیل برای مشاهده روی کامپیوتر مناسب نیستند.

سایر امکانات : sony ericsson Xperia X8

گالری در سونی اریکسون Xperia X8 صرفنظر از محل ذخیره تصاویر بطور اتوماتیک آنها را مرتب می کند. طراحی جدید آندروید 2.1Eclair وجود ندارد و فقط یک ماتریس ساده که در آن تصاویر براساس تاریخ تفکیک شده اند در اختیار کاربر قرار می گیرد. گالری از مرور با انگشت یا panning پشتیبانی می کند و بنابراین برای جهش در تصاویر نیازی نیست به تصویر پیش فرض بروید. زمانی که عکس در حالت تمام صفحه قرار دارد با کشیدن انگشت به طرف راست یا چپ ، تصویر قبلی/بعدی ظاهر می شود.




امکان زوم با نیشگون گرفتن صفحه وجود ندارد اگرچه سونی اریکسون نسخه خود از زوم با یک انگشت را در گالری ارائه می دهد که این ویژگی بخوبی کار می کند. فقط کافی است انگشت خود را روی صفحه نگه دارید و برای بزرگنمایی آن بطرف بالا و برای کوچک نمایی بطرف پایین روی صفحه بکشید. امکان زوم با دوبار ضربه زدن روی صفحه نیز فراهم شده است. در گالری امکان انتقال فایل با بلوتوث وجود ندارد. X8 یک ابزار ساده برای پیش نمایش تصاویر است و ویژگی های پیشرفته ای به همراه ندارد.

Xperia X8 از تمامی گزینه های ارتباطی برخوردار است. این گوشی از چهار باند GSM/GPRS/EDGE برای رومینگ جهانی پشتیبانی می کند و همچنین برای پشتیبانی از دو باند 900 و 2100 مگاهرتز یا سه باند 3G (850/1900/2100MHZ) با HSPA است. از گزینه های ارتباط محلی آن می توان به USB 2.0 ، بلوتوث 2.1 با A2DP (بدون انتقال فایل) و Wi-Fi اشاره کرد. منوی USB استاندارد microUSB است و از طریق ارتباط USB با یک کامپیوتر می تواند گوشی را شارژ کند. کارت حافظه microSD در حالت Mass Storage قابل دسترسی است ، همچنین می توانید آن را به یک کارت خوان وصل کنید که سریعترین راه برای انتقال حجم زیادی از داده می باشد.
مرورگر آندروید در X8 بخوبی کار می کند اگرچه فاقد پشتیبانی Flash است. با ارتقاء به آندروید 2.2 این مشکل برطرف می شود. منوی مرورگر ساده است و فقط کنترل های زوم روی صفحه قابل مشاهده می باشند.

نوار آدرس طبق پیش فرض مخفی است و بدین ترتیب در فضا صرفه جویی می شود. وضوح پایین صفحه امکان جا گرفتن محتوای زیاد را فراهم نمی کند. مرورگر آندروید در این گوشی فقط از یک روش زوم پشتیبانی می کند که آن هم دکمه های اختصاصی زوم روی صفحه است. مانند گالری نمی توان از دوبار ضربه زدن روی صفحه یا زوم با یک انگشت استفاده کرد.

مرورگر از تنظیم مجدد متن پشتیبانی می کند و به محض زوم ، ستون های متن متناسب با عرض صفحه تنظیم می شوند. حالت مرور با ذره بین نیز وجود دارد که امکان جستجوی سریع در صفحه و رسیدن به بخش مورد نظر را فراهم می کند. پس می توانید روی آن قسمت از صفحه زوم کنید و آن را بخوانید. با ضربه زدن روی کلید منو چهار کلید بصورت pop-up ظاهر می شود که با استفاده از آنها می توان Tabs را باز/سوئیچ کرد ، صفحه را پردازش نمود ، به صفحه بعدی رفت و bookmark را باز کرد. با اینکه نرم افزار YouTube وجود دارد اما محتوای Flash با آن اجرا نمی شود.

در این گوشی مرورگر مستندات بصورت از پیش نصب شده وجود ندارد و می توان آن را از بازار آندروید تهیه کرد. زمانی که آن را دانلود می کنید بطور اتوماتیک با نرم افزار Gmail ادغام می شود و می توانید پیوستها را مشاهده کنید. امکان ذخیره کردن پیوست ها در حافظه گوشی وجود ندارد (این ویژگی فقط برای تصاویر امکان پذیر است) ، اگرچه می توان فایل های ذخیره شده را پیوست کرد. گزینه دیگر استفاده از پیش نمایش در Gmail است که فایل Office یا PDF را در HTML پردازش می کند و سپس روی صفحه قابل مشاهده می شود.
تقویم دارای دو حالت مشاهده براساس روز و ماه است. اضافه کردن یک رویداد جدید بسیار آسان و سریع است و می توان یک آلارم را بعنوان یادآوری تنظیم کرد.

ماشین حساب ، تایمر و کرنومتر نیز وجود دارد که تمامی این برنامه ها دارای قابلیت لمسی می باشند و دکمه های بزرگی دارند که براحتی می توان با آنها کار کرد.

نرم افزار آلارم در Xperia X8 امکان تنظیم تعداد زیادی آلارم را فراهم می کند که هر یک دارای زمان آغاز و برنامه تکرار خاص خود است.

نرم افزاری تحت عنوان کنترل کننده داده نیز فراهم شده است که با رسیدن مصرف به مقدار مشخص از داده در محدوده زمانی معین ، کاربر را آگاه می کند. نرم افزارهای Roadsync که بصورت از پیش نصب شده وجود دارند از پروتکل MicroSoft Exchange Activesync برای فراهم نمودن همگام سازی push ایمیل ها ، مخاطبین و تقویم استفاده می کنند. نرم افزار Creatouch امکان ایجاد پیش زمینه شخصی را فراهم می کند و منوی ساده ای دارد.

این گوشی دارای بازی های Crazy penguin ، Tower Bloxx و CA Gold است که دو بازی آخر آن به صورت نسخه آزمایشی می باشند.




نرم افزار YouTube تا حدودی عدم پشتیبانی مرورگر از Flash را جبران می کند. منوی آن ساده است و امکان سریع پیدا کردن موارد مورد نظر را فراهم می کند.




Xperia X8 خارج از باکس از Google Maps پشتیبانی می کند. ویژگی Multi-touch وجود ندارد و بنابراین باید از کلیدهای زوم یا دوبار ضربه زدن روی صفحه استفاده کنید. با ضربه زدن روی صفحه و نگه داشتن انگشت روی آن یک منوی pop-up فعال می شود که حالت مشاهده خیابان را اجرا می کند. کاربر می تواند از تصویر سه بعدی لذت ببرد که این ویژگی با کشیدن انگشت روی صفحه فعال می شود.

از قطب نمای داخلی نیز می توان استفاده کرد ، فقط کافی است گوشی را در دست بگیرید و به اطراف بچرخانید. اگر در یکی از کشورها تحت پشتیبانی این برنامه زندگی می کنید ، می توانید از Google Maps Navigation استفاده کنید که روی نسخه 1.6 Donut آندروید نیز کار می کند با اینکه بعضی از ویژگی های نسخه Eclair در آن وجود ندارد (برای مثال فرمان صوتی). Google Maps Navigation نسخه ای از Google Maps با قابلیت صوتی است.

نرم افزار دیگر نقشه که بصورت از پیش نصب شده در این گوشی وجود دارد Wisepilot است که در سایر پلتفورم ها نیز وجود دارد. Wisepilot برای مسیریابی با راهنمای صوتی نیازمند مجوز است و داده را روی اینترنت دانلود می کند که استفاده از آن پر هزینه است.

در بازار آندروید نرم افزارهای بسیاری بصورت رایگان و با هزینه وجود دارد که می توان نرم افزارهای مورد نظر را از میان آنها انتخاب کرد. مشکل اینجاست که صفحه نمایش و گوشی برای استفاده از نرم افزارهای مسیریابی بسیار کوچک می باشند. در بازار آندروید بیش از صد هزار نرم افزار وجود دارد که اکثر آنها رایگان هستند. این بازار نرم افزارها و بازی ها را در دو tab جداگانه مرتب می کند و هر tab بهترین موارد در گروه مربوطه را نشان می دهد.

سومین tab موارد دانلود شده توسط کاربر را در بر می گیرد. جستجو بسیار آسان است ، فقط کافی است روی دکمه Search ضربه بزنید و عبارت مورد نظر را تایپ کنید. هر نرم افزار دارای رده بندی ، توضیح کوتاه نویسنده ، نظرات کاربر و عکس هایی از برنامه است. در بازار آندروید نرم افزارهای سودمند مانند File manager و مسیریابی و همچنین نرم افزارهایی که جنبه سرگرمی دارند مشاهده می شوند مانند نرم افزاری که صفحه نمایش را به چراغ قوه تبدیل می کند.

Sony Ericsson Xperia X8
گوشی موبایل سونی اریکسون ایکس پریا ایکس 8
سونی اریکسون Xperia X8 یک گوشی Smartphone می‌باشد که به سری پر افتخاری تعلق دارد که گوشی‌های Sony Ericsson XPERIA X2, Sony Ericsson XPERIA X10, Sony Ericsson XPERIA X10 Mini و Sony Ericsson XPERIA X10 Mini Pro نیز به آن سری تعلق دارند. این گوشی 3G طراحی بسیار استایلیش و زیبایی دارد و از سیستم عامل Android 1.6V و واسط کاربری لمسی بهره می‌برد. این واسط کاربری را می‌توان به ویجت‌هایی تجهیز کرد که برای مثال بتوان به سرعت به YouTube, Twitter و Facebookدسترسی پیدا کرد. انتخاب‌های زیادی برای استفاده از ویژگی‌های ارتباطی و سرگرمی در این گوشی وجود دارد. یک دوربین 3.2 مگاپیکسلی بر روی این گوشی وجود دارد که توانایی ضبط ویدیویی نیز دارد. فن‌آوری‌های Bluetooth, WiFi, 3G نیز بر روی این گوشی وجود دارد. در ضمن این گوشی با نام Shakira نیز شناخته می‌شود و مجهز به پردازنده‌ی 600MHZ نیز می‌باشد که انجام هر عملی را به سرعت ممکن می‌سازد.
مشخصات کلی :
مشخصات کلی: فرم گوشی : ساده - وزن : 104 گرم
پردازنده: ARM 11 processor, Adreno 200 GPU, Qualcomm MSM7227 chipset 600MHz
حافظه: حافظه داخلی 128 مگابایت - RAM 168 MB - قابلیت استفاده از کارت حافظه Micro SD
شبکه های ارتباطی: 3G - GPRS - WLAN - GPS - Bluetooth
صفحه نمایش: صفحه نمایش لمسی - رنگی TFT Capacitive Touchscreen - اندازه 3.0 اینچ - 320 × 480
دوربین: 3.2 مگاپیکسل
امکانات نرم افزاری: سیستم عامل Android نسخه v1.6, upgradable to v2.1 - جاوا
سایر مشخصات: رادیو - هنذزفری - قطب نما - حسگر شتاب سنج - باتری 1200 میلی آمپر ساعت - زمان انتظار 446 ساعت - زمان مکالمه 4:45 ساعت
نام ها دیگر : Sony Ericsson Shakira

 


 

:: نقد و بررسی Sony Ericsson Xperia X8
طراحی و ابعاد
گوشی Xperia X8 طراحی استایلیش و زیبایی دارد. این گوشی به رنگ‌های آبی تیره که به سفید می‌گراید، صورتی که به سفید می‌گراید و نقره‌ای که به سفید می‌گراید موجود می‌باشد. به دلیل نمایشگر لمسی این گوشی از ابعاد مناسبی برخوردار است و طول آن 9.9 سانتی‌متر عرض آن 5.4 سانتی‌متر و قطر آن 1.5 سانتی‌متر می‌باشد. بنابراین با وزن تنها 104 گرم به راحتی در جیب جای می‌گیرد و احساس خوشایندی را به شما می‌دهد. نمایشگر لمسی آن کیفیت بسیار بالای 16میلیون رنگ را ارایه می‌کند، چنین تراکمی از پیکسل‌ها، آن را برای مرورگری اینترنت ایده‌آل ساخته است. قطر بدنه‌ی این گوشی 3 اینچ و از نوع ضد خش می‌باشد. نمایشگر از نوع خازنی (Capacitive) می‌باشد و رزولوشن 320 × 480 پیکسلی دارد و در ضمن مجهز به سنسور شتاب سنج برای چرخش خودکار تصویر می‌باشد. در قسمت زیرین این نمایشگر سه دکمه وجود دارد که امکان دسترسی سریع به منوها را فراهم می‌آورد. این گوشی مجهز به پردازنده‌ی 600MHZ می‌باشد.

سرگرمی
گوشی Xperia X8 تجربه‌ی بسیار خوبی را در انجام بازی‌ها برای شما رقم می‌زند و در ضمن از گرافیک‌های با کیفیت 3D بر روی واسط کاربری خود بهره می‌برد. پخش کننده‌ی داخلی موسیقی کیفیت بسیار بالایی دارد و از ویژگی‌های PlayNow, MegaBass, TrackID نیز پشتیبانی می‌کند. این گوشی مجهز به یک دوربین 3.2 مگاپیکسلی می‌باشد که می‌تواند عکس‌هایی در ابعاد 1536 × 2048 پیکسل بگیرد. این دوربین از ویژگی Geo-Tagging نیز بهره می‌برد. این فن‌آوری موقعیت زمانی و مکانی دقیق را همراه با عکس ثبت می‌نماید.

ویژگی‌های ارتباطی
این گوشی مجهز به ویژگی Timescape می‌باشد که همه‌ی ارتباطات شما با دوستانتان را بدون توجه به اینکه در Twitter™ یا Facebook™ یا جای دیگر باشند بر اساس زمان دسته‌بندی می‌کند. این گوشی از هر دو شبکه ی 2G و 3G پشتیبانی می‌نماید. فن‌آوری‌های GPRS و Class 10, 236.8 Kbps EDGE نیز بر روی آن یافت می‌شوند. فن‌آوری Bluetooth نسخه‌ی 2.1 به همراه A2DP نیز بر روی آن وجود دارد. از دیگر ویژگی اتصالی نیز می‌توان به Micro USB نسخه‌ی 2 اشاره کرد.

یک حافظه‌ی 128 مگابایتی درون X8 وجود دارد و قابلیت پشتیبانی تا سقف 16 گیگابایت از کارت حافظه‌ی خارجی (MicroSD) را داراست. البته یک کارت حافظه‌ی 2 گیگابایتی نیز به همراه این گوشی می‌باشد. با استفاده از A-GPS می‌توانید مسیر خود را در هر جایی که باشید به کمک Google Maps و Wisepilotپیدا کنید. در حالت شارژ کامل باتری می‌تواند تا 4 ساعت و 45 دقیقه در مود GSM و 5 ساعت و 30 دقیقه در مود 3G را پشتیبانی کند. سونی اریکسون Xperia X8 پتانسیل این را دارد که پرفروش‌ترین گوشی سال 2010 شود.

طراحی زیبا و جمع و جور و استایلیش
سیستم عامل Android 1.6V
فن‌آوری 3G HSDPA
نمایشگر 3 Inch TFT 16 Million Colour TFT Capacitive Touch Screen
پخش کننده‌ی داخلی موسیقی با پشتیبانی از PlayNow, MegaBass و TrackID

شارژدهی باتری می‌توانست بیشتر از این باشد
نظرات کاربران در مورد گوشی Sony Ericsson XPERIA X8
فخرالدین خرمالی : نقد وبررسی
این گوشی اندازه جمع و جوری دارد اگرچه مانند X10 mini ، کوچک نیست.دوربین این گوشی در مقایسه با X10 mini تنزل یافته است و از طرفی دیگر دارای یک صفحه نمایش 3 اینچ لمسی خازنی TFT با وضوح HVGA و سطح ضد خش است.دوربین 3 مگاپیکسل Xperia X8 دارای کانون ثابت ، geotagging و قابلیت فیلمبرداری در وضوح VGA در 30fps است.قاب جلو و پشت گوشی به راحتی تعویض می شود و قاب های متنوعی برای Xperia X8 وجود دارد.با برداشتن درب باتری می توان به محل کارت حافظه MicroSD و محفظه سیم کارت دسترسی پیدا کرد. امکان جابجایی کارت حافظه در زمان روشن بودن گوشی وجود دارد اگرچه باید درب باتری را باز کنید. و در آخر این گوشی دارای نسخه 1.6 از پلتفورم آندروید است و احتمال دارد در آینده به آندروید 2.1 ارتقاء یابد. Xperia X8 از یک صفحه لمسی مشابه مدل های قبلی خود (X10 mini) استفاده می کند. و در کل گوشیه خوبیه
علی شادمان : بررسی این گوشی
سری گوشی های Xperia سونی اریکسون از XS به XL گسترده شده است. گوشی Xperia X8 سونی اریکسون در میان این رده جا می گیرد. این گوشی توجه کاربرانی را جلب می کند که بدنبال اندازه کوچک و ویژگی های مناسب هستند. دوربین این گوشی در مقایسه با X10 mini تنزل یافته است و از طرفی دارای یک صفحه نمایش 3 اینچ لمسی خازنی TFT با وضوح HVGA و سطح ضد خش است. این گوشی سونی اریکسون از چهار باند 850/900/1800/1900 MHZ و UMTS 1900/2100 MHZ با HSDPA پشتیبانی می کند. ابعاد گوشی 99 x 54 x 15 میلی متر و وزن آن 104 گرم است. Xperia X8 به نسخه 1.6 از سیستم عامل آندروید و منوی شخصی سونی اریکسون مجهز است و با یک پردازشگر 600 مگاهرتز همراه می باشد. حافظه داخلی آن 128MB است و از کارت حافظه microSD پشتیبانی می کند. در جعبه گوشی نیز یک کارت 2GB وجود دارد. دوربین 3 مگاپیکسل Xperia X8 دارای کانون ثابت ، geotagging و قابلیت فیلمبرداری در وضوح VGA در 30fps است. از گزینه های ارتباطی این گوشی می توان به Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g ، بلوتوث 2.1 با A2DP ، پورت استاندارد microUSB ، گیرنده GPS با A-GPS ، قطب نمای دیجیتال و سوکت صوتی 3.5 میلی متری اشاره کرد. شتاب سنج برای چرخش اتوماتیک صفحه نمایش ، رادیو FM با RDS و تشخ
          Formwork Carpenters and Labourers - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Kinetic is expanding our team in Victoria and we have opportunities for experienced formwork Carpenters and Labourers....
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 27 Jun 2017 22:56:01 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Carpenter / Apprentice - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Working collaboratively with the Site team, our Carpenters are responsible for:. Kinetic Construction Ltd has an opportunity for Building Envelope work in Comox...
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 30 May 2017 01:41:42 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          El techno inmersivo de Porter Ricks está de vuelta   

Hacia fines de los 90's e inicios del año 2000 llegó a mis oídos, cortesía de uno de mis trades de cd-r/tapes, la sugerente música techno dub de los alemanes PORTER RICKS. Conocíamos ya algo de esas florituras gracias al impecable trabajo de Köner y Mellwig en las remezclas hechas a E.A.R., "The Köner Experiment" (1997). Empero el Biokinetics -el documento que llegó a mis orejas- contenía las profundidades de aquel experimento pero era notorio que estaba mucho más orientado a la pista de baile, algo así como el soundtrack para discotecas submarinas. Nada que ver con lo que se escuchaba acá en Lima en discos y raves tipo Blue Budha. Luego escuché el "Consumed" de Plastikman y el círculo se cerró rápidamente cuando pude audicionar el disco de Cocó Revilla como DJ Galax amén de la hermosa colaboración Radio donde militaban Silvania y Prozack de España.

Porter Ricks entraría inmediatamente en un hiato y solo llegaría a escuchar algunas obras del genial Köner -vaya que Teimo/Permafrost fue como estar en un Paraíso ubicado en Groenlandia, súper tripero y fríiiiioo, si no lo has probado ¡házlo ahora!- aunque Andy Mellwig ha estado publicando por separado también. 

Esta dupla germana pionera del techno inmersivo ha vuelto con un nuevo álbum luego de 18 años, "Anguilla Electrica". Un trabajo de escultura sónica pensado, como es su afán, en las pistas de baile más inquietas del planeta, esas que están destinadas a ser un fiasco económico y de marketing y por lo mismo una experiencia sin par. Algo que todo el oro no podrá comprar. La exploración en los ritmos y filigranas sónicas del nuevo álbum es tremenda. Andy y Thomas se alzan como luengos alquimistas sónicos cuya experiencia transforma todo lo que tocan en cuásares sinusoidales, estalactitas de luz y arquitecturas neuronales. Anguilla Electrica un retorno a la par de su genio. (WGA)


Cheka la entrevista completa en Pitchfork



THOMAS KÖNER: Al principio, fue como un big bang, una aparición muy intensa en la escena. Nuestro interés no estaba determinado por nuestro talento, que obviamente tenemos en algunos grados. Lo que suele suceder si las personas están determinadas por su talento, es que terminan en una especie de posición de nueve a cinco, casi como si tuvieran un trabajo en la oficina, sacando tracks y remixes y sets de DJ o lo que sea. Esto no era de lo que se trataba Porter Ricks. Realmente comenzó como una conversación sobre sonido y música y cómo se percibe...

TK: Creemos en la alegría y el poder de la música, y también vemos que para hacer este tipo de declaración hoy en día, necesitas ser un héroe, porque hay creencias más dominantes -como la creencia en el poder mismo o en la fama o en el dinero. Nuestra creencia en el poder de la música es algo que realmente necesita una posición fuerte con el fin de mantenerlo para toda la vida y esperamos que incluso más allá. No queremos perdernos la oportunidad de darle algo de reflexión/alimento para el pensamiento a otras generaciones que puedan relacionarse con él de una manera que aún no es previsible.

          Advanced prosthetic arms developed by Pentagon set for sale   

US Army veteran Fred Downs smiles as US Army Veteran Artie McAuley(R) is shown with his LUKE prosthetic arm, during a live demonstration of the first veteran being fitted with LUKE (Life Under Kinetic Evolution) prosthetic arm, at the Veterans New York Harbor Health Care System’s Gait and Motion Lab in New York June 30, [&hellip

The post Advanced prosthetic arms developed by Pentagon set for sale appeared first on NixusBlog.com.


          키네틱플로우-몽환의숲(가사/반복재생/무한재생/듣기)   
몽환의 숲 (Feat. 이루마) 아티스트 - 키네틱 플로우(Kinetic Flow) 관련앨범 - 1집 Challenge 4 da Change 몽환의 숲 (Feat. 이루.. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ULT> 이 새벽을 비추는 초생달 오감보다 생생한 육감의 세계로 보내주는 프루고 투명한 파랑새 술취한 몸이 잠든 이거릴 취젓고 다니다 만나는 마지막 신호등이 뿜는 붉은 신호를 따라 회색거리를 거리를 걸어서 가다보니 좀 낯설어 보이는 그녀가 보인적 없던 눈물로 날 반겨 태양보다 뜨거워진 나 그녀의 가슴에 안겨 비도승우> 창가로 비친 초승달 침대가로 날아온 파랑새가 전해준 그녀의 머리핀을 보고 눈물이 핑.......
           Rapid adsorption of copper(ii) and lead(ii) by rice straw/fe3o4 nanocomposite: optimization, equilibrium isotherms, and adsorption kinetics study    
Khandanlou, Roshanak and Ahmad, Mansor and Masoumi, Hamid Reza Fard and Shameli, Kamyar and Basri, Mahiran and Kalantari, Katayoon (2015) Rapid adsorption of copper(ii) and lead(ii) by rice straw/fe3o4 nanocomposite: optimization, equilibrium isotherms, and adsorption kinetics study. Plos One, 10 (3). ISSN 1932-6203
          ReTrOS: a MATLAB toolbox for reconstructing transcriptional activity from gene and protein expression data.   
Related Articles

ReTrOS: a MATLAB toolbox for reconstructing transcriptional activity from gene and protein expression data.

BMC Bioinformatics. 2017 Jun 26;18(1):316

Authors: Minas G, Momiji H, Jenkins DJ, Costa MJ, Rand DA, Finkenstädt B

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Given the development of high-throughput experimental techniques, an increasing number of whole genome transcription profiling time series data sets, with good temporal resolution, are becoming available to researchers. The ReTrOS toolbox (Reconstructing Transcription Open Software) provides MATLAB-based implementations of two related methods, namely ReTrOS-Smooth and ReTrOS-Switch, for reconstructing the temporal transcriptional activity profile of a gene from given mRNA expression time series or protein reporter time series. The methods are based on fitting a differential equation model incorporating the processes of transcription, translation and degradation.
RESULTS: The toolbox provides a framework for model fitting along with statistical analyses of the model with a graphical interface and model visualisation. We highlight several applications of the toolbox, including the reconstruction of the temporal cascade of transcriptional activity inferred from mRNA expression data and protein reporter data in the core circadian clock in Arabidopsis thaliana, and how such reconstructed transcription profiles can be used to study the effects of different cell lines and conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: The ReTrOS toolbox allows users to analyse gene and/or protein expression time series where, with appropriate formulation of prior information about a minimum of kinetic parameters, in particular rates of degradation, users are able to infer timings of changes in transcriptional activity. Data from any organism and obtained from a range of technologies can be used as input due to the flexible and generic nature of the model and implementation. The output from this software provides a useful analysis of time series data and can be incorporated into further modelling approaches or in hypothesis generation.

PMID: 28651569 [PubMed - in process]


           Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of the adsorption of stevioside on amberlite XAD-7 beads    
W. Yussof, W. M. Hafizuddin and Sarmidi, Mohamad Roji (2003) Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of the adsorption of stevioside on amberlite XAD-7 beads. Proceedings of International Conference on Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering . pp. 103-110.
           Study of N2 adsorption on metal oxides modified Na-Y zeolite: equilibrium and kinetic    
Chieng, Y. Y. and Kamarudin, K. S. N. and Mat, Hanapi and Hamdan, Halimaton (2005) Study of N2 adsorption on metal oxides modified Na-Y zeolite: equilibrium and kinetic. In: MSA Golden Jubilee International Science Congress (ISC) 2005, August 3-6, 2005, Putra World Trade Centre, Kuala Lumpur.
          Comment on This week’s poll: HMS Queen Elizabeth maiden voyage by Douglas Vears   
The Russians have developed a mach 6 anti ship missile. What defence is there against this, kinetic/electronic? Does it mean these carriers have to sit out of range somewhere?
           Kinetic study of silver leaching from semiconductor waste    
Wardani, Kusumo and Tang, Boon Seng and Mat, Hanapi and Othman, Norasikin (2001) Kinetic study of silver leaching from semiconductor waste. Proceedings of The 15th Symposium of Malaysian Chemical Engineers SOMChE 2001 . pp. 389-395.
          Dynamic coupling of a finite element solver to large-scale atomistic simulations. (arXiv:1706.09661v1 [physics.comp-ph])   

Authors: Mihkel Veske, Andreas Kyritsakis, Kristjan Eimre, Vahur Zadin, Alvo Aabloo, Flyura Djurabekova

We propose a method for efficiently coupling the finite element method with atomistic simulations, while using molecular dynamics or kinetic Monte Carlo techniques. Our method can dynamically build an optimized unstructured mesh that follows the geometry defined by atomistic data. On this mesh, different multiphysics problems can be solved to obtain distributions of physical quantities of interest, which can be fed back to the atomistic system. The simulation flow is optimized to maximize computational efficiency while maintaining good accuracy. This is achieved by providing the modules for a) optimization of the density of the generated mesh according to requirements of a specific geometry and b) efficient extension of the finite element domain without a need to extend the atomistic one. Our method is organized as an open-source C++ code. In the current implementation, an efficient Laplace equation solver for calculation of electric field distribution near rough atomistic surface demonstrates the capability of the suggested approach.


          Inpatient Pharmacist Specialist (CP - 10208) - (Los Angeles, California, United States)   
Under indirect or direct supervision and based on the understanding of patient variables such as age, sex, and other physical characteristics, monitor the medication therapy of hospitalized or ambulatory patients as assigned; confer with and assists medical personnel in the care and treatment of these patients; provide medication information and pharmacokinetic dosing advice; adjust doses, orders laboratory tests, and administer medications according to established policies & procedures; monitor medication distribution; dispense, compound, and distribute pharmacy products. Perform other duties as required. Essential Functions: - Uphold KP's policies and procedures, principles of responsibilities and applicable state, federal and local laws. - Monitor the medication therapy of specific hospitalized or ambulatory patients as assigned to assure optimum therapeutic results and cost-effective prescribing. Review laboratory test results and the patient's progress to detect adverse drug reactions, and confer with and assist medical personnel in laboratory test interpretation and treatment of patients. - Interview patients to obtain information regarding medication use, medication allergies and sensitivities. Document the information in patient's medical record or pharmacy information management system (PIMS) when appropriate. - Advise patients of directions for use, medication storage requirements, importance of compliance, precautions and warnings for medication therapy. Advise patient on the use of related devices and the coordination of drug therapy with diet, according to established polices and procedures. - Provide medical personnel with medication information and pharmacokinetic dosing advice. Order and adjust dosages, order laboratory tests, and administer medication under protocol according to established policies and procedures. - Monitor the effectiveness and accuracy of institutional medication distribution. Review physician orders and verify accuracy of transcription data entry into medication administration record or pharmacy information system (PIMS). - Verify accuracy of medication preparation and dispensing by pharmaceutical personnel. Review patient's medical record to verify proper delivery and correct administration of medication. Report discrepancies to appropriate medical and/or administrative personnel. - Develop and tests requirements and specifications for protocols, computer programs, pharmacokinetic dosing and other pharmaceutical care applications. - Participate in assigned education and training programs. Develop and maintain teaching curriculum and conducts educational programs for pharmacy, other medical personnel, and patients. Participate in rounds, hospital committees, utilization review and quality management programs. - Respond to medical emergencies according to established procedures. - Assume other activities and responsibilities from time to time as directed.
          (USA-FL-Tampa) RN dialysis- North Tampa   
**PURPOSE AND SCOPE:** Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMCNA Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP). Supports the FMCNA’s mission, vision, values, and customer service philosophy. Adheres to all requirements of the FMCNA Compliance Program, and FMS patient care and administrative policies. **DUTIES / ACTIVITIES:** **CUSTOMER SERVICE:** + Responsible for driving the FMS culture through values and customer service standards. + Accountable for outstanding customer service to all external and internal customers. + Develops and maintains effective relationships through effective and timely communication. + Takes initiative and action to respond, resolve and follow up regarding customer service issues with all customers in a timely manner. **PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES** **STAFF RELATED:** + Directs Patient Care Technician’s provision of safe and effective delivery of chronic hemodialysis therapy to patients in compliance with standards outlined in the facility policy procedure manuals, as well as regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agencies + Delegates tasks to all direct patient care staff including but not limited to LVN/LPNs, Patient Care Technicians, and Dialysis Assistants + Assesses daily patient care needs and develops appropriate patient care assignments + Monitors patient care staff for appropriate techniques and adherence to facility policy and procedures + Participates in staff training and orientation of new staff as assigned + Participates in all required staff meetings as scheduled **PATIENT RELATED:** **Education:** + Ensures educational needs of patients and family are met regarding End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) + Provides ongoing education to patients regarding their renal disease, vascular access and dialysis therapy, and other related health conditions + Discusses with patient, and records education related to diet/fluid and medication compliance + Provides patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where applicable - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM) + Ensures transplant awareness, modality awareness, and drive catheter reduction + Educates patients regarding laboratory values and the relationship to adequate dialysis therapy, compliance with treatment schedule, medications, and fluid + Dialysis Treatment: + Provides safe and effective delivery of care to patients with ESRD + Implements accurate treatment prescriptions including Sodium (Na) modeling prescription, and Ultrafiltration modeling (where appropriate) to ensure stable treatment therapy as indicated + Assesses patients’ response to hemodialysis treatment therapy, making appropriate adjustments and modifications to the treatment plan as indicated by the prescribing physician. Communicates problems or concerns to the Team Leader or physician. + Identifies and communicates patient related issues to Team Leader or physician + Initiates Initial and Annual Nursing Assessment, and ongoing evaluation and documentation of patient care needs according to FMC Policies and Procedures + Participates in the pre evaluation, initiation, monitoring, termination, access homeostasis, and post evaluation of patients receiving hemodialysis treatment therapy according to established FMC procedures + Identifies and implements appropriate intervention for changes in patient adequacy status and troubleshooting access flow issues as identified by OLC/AMP yellow lights + Provides, supervises (if applicable), and monitors hemodialysis access care according to established procedures. + Implements, administers, monitors, and documents patient's response to prescribed intradialytic transfusions, including appropriate notification of adverse reactions to physician and appropriate blood supplier + Ensures accurate and complete documentation by Patient Care Technician on the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet + Laboratory-related: + Reviews, transcribes, and enters physician lab orders accurately into the Medical Information System + Ensures appropriate preparation of lab requisitions for Spectra or alternate lab + Ensures correct labs tubes are utilized for prescribed lab specimens and that lab draw and processing procedures are performed appropriately for all lab samples + Identifies and ensures appropriate follow-through regarding missed labs and specimens reported to be insufficient according to company policies and procedures + Ensures all specimens are appropriately packaged according to Department of Transportation (DOT) policies and procedures relating to shipment of blood or body fluid specimens and potentially hazardous material + Ensures that all labs are directed and delivered to appropriate labs + Reports alert/panic and abnormal labs results to appropriate physician + Ensures lab results are forwarded to physicians as requested **General duties:** + Enforces all company approved polices and procedures, as well as regulations set forth by state and federal agencies and departments + Maintains overall shift operation in a safe, efficient, and effective manner + Act as a resource for other staff members + Routinely meets with the Clinical Manager to discuss personnel and patient care status, issues, and information + Collaborate and communicate with physicians and other members of the healthcare team to interpret, adjust, and coordinate care provided to the patient + Provides assistance as needed to patients regarding prescription refills according to FMCNA Policies + Ensures all physician orders are transcribed and entered into the Medical Information system in a timely manner. + Oversees all documentation of patient information + Maintains facility drug list for all required stock medications + Maintains competency with all emergency operational procedures, and initiates CPR and emergency measures in the event of a cardiac and/or respiratory arrest + Ensures verification and availability of adequate emergency equipment + Ensures provision of appropriate vaccinations, immunizations, and annual Tuberculosis (TB) testing + Administers medications as prescribed or in accordance with approved algorithm(s), and documents appropriate medical justification if indicated + Administers PRN medications as prescribed and completes appropriate documentation of assessment of effectiveness. + Maintains appropriate recording of controlled substances as required by law + Assists with the coordination of patient transportation if necessary **MAINTENANCE/TECHNICAL:** + Ensures a clean, safe, and sanitary environment in the dialysis facility treatment area + Ensures competency in the operation of all dialysis-related equipment safely and effectively + Ensures all patient stations, including machines and chairs, are clean and free of blood and placed appropriately + Ensures that all blood spills are immediately addressed according to FMCNA Blood-borne Pathogen Control Policies **MEDICAL RECORDS & DOCUMENTATION:** **General** + Ensures all relevant data including physician orders, lab results, vital signs and treatment parameters, and patient status are documented appropriately and entered into Medical Information System + Ensures all appropriate patient related treatment data is entered into the Medical Information System + Ensures all FMCNA policies regarding patient admission, transfer, and discharge are appropriately implemented + Ensures and verify accuracy of Patient Care Technician documentation **Daily** + Reviews and ensures appropriate daily completion of Hemodialysis Treatment Sheets by all patient care staff + Ensures that all appropriate procedures are followed regarding opening and closing procedures, inclusive of monitoring that all staff and patients have safely left the premises **Monthly** + Initiates, documents, and completes ongoing Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities including monthly reports + Completes monthly nurses' progress note + Ensures patient medical records are complete with appropriate information, documentation, and identification on each page (Addressograph label is on all chart forms) + Reviews transplant status and follows established procedure regarding appropriate action to be taken + Completes patient care plans for new patients within the initial 30 days or any patients deemed unstable requiring monthly patient care plans + Completes any long-term programs that are due **Annually** + Completes initial and annual Nursing History and Assessment physical + Ensures completion of Annual Standing Order Review with each physician as required **OTHER:** + Performs additional duties as assigned. **PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS:** The physical demands and work environment characteristics described here are representative of those an employee encounters while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. The position provides direct patient care that regularly involves heavy lifting and moving of patients, and assisting with ambulation. Equipment aids and/or coworkers may provide assistance. This position requires frequent, prolonged periods of standing and the employee must be able to bend over. The employee may occasionally be required to move, with assistance, machines and equipment of up to 200 lbs., and may lift chemical and water solutions of up to 30 lbs. up as high as 5 feet. The work environment is characteristic of a health care facility with air temperature control and moderate noise levels. May be exposed to infectious and contagious diseases/materials. **EDUCATION** + Graduate of an accredited School of Nursing. + Current appropriate state licensure + Must meet the practice requirements in the state in which he or she is employed + Education and Training qualifications per UltraCare CAP program requirements. **EXPERIENCE AND REQUIRED SKILLS** + Minimum of one-year medical-surgical nursing experience preferred + Hemodialysis experience preferred + ICU experience preferred + Experience and skill requirements as delineated for the appropriate level in the UltraCare CAP program. + Successfully complete a training course in the theory and practice of hemodialysis + Successfully complete CPR Certification + Employees have to meet the necessary requirements of Ishihara's Color Blindness test as a condition of employment. + Provide coverage at any or all area facilities as required by management + ICD - 9 coding Training + Nurses Technical Training + Must meet appropriate state requirements (if any) **_EO/AA Employer: Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity_**
          (USA-FL-Tampa) PCT III Preceptor-Ybor City   
**PURPOSE AND SCOPE:** Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team in providing safe and effective dialysis therapy for patients under the direct supervision of a licensed nurse in accordance with FMCNA policies, procedures, and training and in compliance with regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agencies. Responsible for the setup and operation of hemodialysis machines. Assist in the maintenance of a safe and clean working environment. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMC Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP). **PRINCIPAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:** **STAFF RELATED:** + Participates in the recruitment process for new clinical staff. + Assists with clinical orientation and on-going training of all appropriate direct patient care personnel as well as the orientation of all facility staff to FMS. + Functions as preceptor in direct patient care training programs to support the delivery of quality patient care as per the standards set forth in the FMS Clinical Services Clinical Training Manual(s), FMS policies and procedures, and FMS training standards. + Delivers and maintains on-going competency evaluations/audits to ensure ongoing performance of other PCT’s. + Collaborates with the Clinical Manager and Education Coordinator in driving FMS quality standards through education regarding all ESRD regulatory and legal requirements and the practice of Continuous Quality Improvement. + Assists in training of applicable direct patient care staff on appropriate programs. + Provides coaching and developmental support to applicable clinical and facility staff. Education/Communication: + Partners with RN and IDT staff to educate the appropriate personnel regarding the integrity and safety of the facility water systems, as allowed by local regulations. + Partners with RN and IDT staff to educate the appropriate personnel regarding the maintenance of environmental integrity, including patient and staff safety, of the facility. + Ensures a strong communication process between the Clinical Managers, Education Coordinators, direct patient care staff, and all support staff at the facility regarding appropriate training and organizational development programs and initiatives. + Participates in implementing and potentially designs creative educational programs for PCT staff including contests and other team-based programs. + Collaborates with Clinical Managers and Education Coordinators in the scheduling and implementation of training programs and processes as directed. + Monitors processes in the delivery of patient care through regular Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities. + Ensures all FMS business policies, procedures and systems are incorporated into training, including compliance with ethical business practices. **PATIENT RELATED:** Education:Assist other health care members in providing patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where appropriate - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM), and regarding disease process/access. Treatment: + Welcome assigned patients and inquire as to their wellbeing since their last treatment. + Evaluate vascular access for patency. + Obtain necessary pre and post treatment vital signs and weight. + Perform vascular access evaluation pre-treatment. + Perform vascular access cannulation. + Perform administration of Heparin as delegated or as allowed by state law. + Initiate dialysis treatment according to prescribed orders including blood flow (QB) and dialysate flow (QD). + Evaluate intradialytic problems and provide intervention as prescribed by physician order or as directed. + Monitor patients’ response to dialysis therapy. + Obtain vital signs prior to reinfusion; perform all relevant functions necessary for the discontinuation of treatment - document. + Discontinue dialysis treatment according to established procedures. + Evaluate patient prior to termination of venous access - standing & sitting blood pressure. + Obtain Hemostasis and apply appropriate dressings. + Evaluate the patient prior to discharge. + Perform and record Pre and Post dialysis evaluation, weight and vital signs with initial identification. + Responsible for calculating and entry of individual patients’ dialysis machine programming for Ultrafiltration (UF) goal; treatment time; Sodium (Na) modeling; and UF modeling as prescribed. + Responsible for ensuring appropriate safety alarms are enabled, including Narrow Venous Limits, (NVL) 160. + Record accurate and timely information regarding vital signs and treatment parameters onto the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet with initial identification. + Responsible for accurate documentation of information related to patient treatment including completion of Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet and, if applicable, progress notes. + Report any significant information and/or change in patient condition directly to the nurse supervisor. + Observe patient, and conduct machine safety checks according to facility policy. Report any change or unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Perform and document any intervention for unusual patient status and document patients' response to intervention. + Evaluate patients’ vascular access during treatment including arterial and venous monitoring pressures, provide appropriate intervention as needed, document and report any unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Obtain all prescribed laboratory testing and prepare specimens for collection. **INFECTION CONTROL SPECIALIZATION:** + Assists with facility QAI infection control audits. + Acts as a change agent for infection control practices within clinic. Under the direction of the CM or designee monitors staff and patient adherence to infection control practices. + Reinforces new hire employee adherence to infection control Policies and Procedures. + Supports ongoing staff and patient engagement on infection control practices under the direction of CM or designee for example participation in patient lobby days and staff meetings to reinforce infection control practice. + Quarterly and under the direction of the CM reinforces patient and staff adherence to infection control Policies and Procedures through visual media such as posters, flyers or bulletin boards. + Under the direction of the Education Dept. participates in education response to internal and external facility surveys. + Participates in and reinforces infection control education of new patients and families under the direction of the CM or designee. **MAINTENANCE/TECHNICAL:** + Maintain environmental integrity and aesthetics - ensure all areas are safe and clean. + Clean and disinfect dialysis machine surface, chair, equipment, and surrounding area between treatments according to facility policy. + Conduct all tasks necessary for preparation for dialysis treatment and document where appropriate. + Perform all required pretreatment dialysis machine alarm testing including Pressure Holding (PHT). + Initiate Solution Delivery System (SDS) system. + Ensure that all blood spills are immediately cleaned with appropriate disinfectant according to facility policy. + Prepare, organize, and efficiently utilize supplies and equipment to prevent wastage. **RECORD KEEPING:** + Complete and document ongoing participation in Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities. + Enters all treatment data into the designated clinical application in an accurate and timely manner. + Review treatment sheets for completeness, ensure nursing signatures are documented, and ensure omitted entries are completed or corrected where appropriate. + Prepare initial patient chart for admission and compile paperwork for appropriate placement in chart. + Prepare lab requisitions for prescribed or stat Lab specimens according to laboratory destination. + Collect, label, appropriately prepare and store lab samples according required laboratory specifications. + Ensure collection of lab specimens by appropriate lab courier. **PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS:** + The physical demands and work environment characteristics described here are representative of those an employee encounters while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. + Day to day work includes desk and personal computer work and interaction with patients, facility staff and physicians. The position requires travel between assigned facilities and various locations within the community. Travel to regional, Business Unit and Corporate meetings may be required. + The work environment is characteristic of a health care facility with air temperature control and moderate noise levels. May be exposed to infectious and contagious diseases/materials. + The position provides direct patient care that regularly involves heavy lifting and moving of patients, and assisting with ambulation. Equipment aids and/or coworkers may provide assistance. This position requires frequent, prolonged periods of standing and the employee must be able to bend over. The employee may occasionally be required to move, with assistance, machines and equipment of up to 200 lbs., and may lift chemical and water solutions of up to 30 lbs. up as high as 5 feet. There is a two-person assist program and "material assist" devices for the heavier items. **EDUCATION AND LICENSES** **:** + High School diploma or G.E.D. Bachelor’s degree preferred. + Center for Medicaid/Medicare Services (CMS)-approved state and/or national certification or must meet certification requirements within the required state or CMS timeline. + All appropriate state licensure, education and training (if any) required. + Demonstrated commitment to FMS culture, values, and customer service standards. + Attendance and active participation in all applicable preceptor training programs as established by the Regional Directors of Education. + Attends Fresenius and publicly offered skill-based training as assigned by Clinical Manager. + History of high performance as measured by no lower than a commendable rating on reviews with no recent corrective actions. **EXPERIENCE AND REQUIRED SKILLS** **:** + At least five years patient care experience in a hospital setting or a related facility preferred. + Employees must meet the necessary requirements of Ishihara's Color Blindness test as a condition of employment. + Continued employment is dependent on successful completion of the FMCNA dialysis training program and successful completion of CPR certification. **EO/AA Employer: Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity**
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          Pyrolysis of Kerogen of Bazhenov Shale: Kinetics and Influence of Inherent Pyrite   
Energy & Fuels
DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b00610

              
Another Friday! Have a fun weekend and play safe! On feet: Air Jordan 8 - Bunny | True Red Photo: @nufrend Thank you for using 🌊 #KineticCollections 🌊 on your photos! #Blogger #WDYWT #SoleNation #AX #AnimeExpo #WalkLikeUs #TheSoleFirm #Fashion #FashionBlogger #FeaturedFootwear #LacedHeaters #VSCO #KicksAddict #JordansDaily #BuckeyeCitySole #RPhKicks #WearTesters #Fitness #CertifiedShot #ButterMovement #JordanDepot #Kicklahoma #SoleSociety #MaallyMall #Jordan8 #VSCOCam
          Seiko Premier Kinetic Perpetual Novak Djokovic Special Edition   
Seiko has been creating special edition watches to celebrates its association with Novak Djokovic. In 2017, the Japanese watch manufacture is id enriching this collection with a special edition watch that is designed to accompany Novak on formal evening occasions. This watch joins the Premier collection and incorporates Seiko’s unique Kinetic Perpetual caliber. The watch is available in two versions and will be launched in September 2017 at leading Seiko retail outlets worldwide.
Like any model from Premier line, this special edition watch has the classicism and modernity that have always characterized this distinctive dress watch collection. In addition, the elements of sports design give the timepiece a unique character. The combination of a case in a rose gold tone with a black dial adds a dynamic look to the classic design. The strap, too, combines tradition and sport with its hybrid silicone and leather construction and makes the watch both supremely elegant and very comfortable to wear. The dial has a striped pattern, like a perfectly mown grass court and the red tip on the second hand adds a lively but discreet touch. Novak’s ‘D’ emblem graces the crown and the case back carries his signature.

Technical details
Model: Premier Kinetic Perpetual Novak Djokovic Special Edition: SNP145, 146

Movement
Caliber 7D56
Powered by the movement of your body
Perpetual calendar correct to the year 2100
Time relay system preserves accurate time up to 4 years
24-hour indicator, Month indicator, Leap year indicator
Power save function
Accuracy: +/-15 seconds per month (at temperatures between 5℃ and 35℃)

Case
Stainless steel with black hard coating (SNP145)
Stainless steel with rose gold color coating (SNP146)
Sapphire crystal, Screw case back
Diameter: 42.9 mm, Thickness: 12.3 mm
Water resistance: 10 bar

Strap
Silicone and calf strap

Retail price
Approximate recommended retail price in Europe: 870 Euro (SNP145), 960 Euro (SNP146)
          Still Bringing The Thrills: Behind The Scenes Of Raytheon’s Epcot Ride   
Photo by Matt Stroshane/Getty ImagesRaytheon, a longtime supporter of education in science, technology, engineering and math, created Sum of All Thrills to show the real-life application of concepts such as angles, velocity and kinetic energy.
          These are a few of my favourite things.....Take TWO   
It's been a long while since I've done one of these posts!   5 years to be exact.  Holy moly how things have changed, especially technology (look at my iPod shuffle, ha ha ha).   I'm still out pounding the pavement but I'm not listening to music when I run anymore (CRAZY!) and I'm spending a lot more time on my bike so there's some bike gear love in here too.  As a coach, I am always on the lookout for informative articles and videos so I'm sharing one of my favourite resources so without further ado, these are a few things that I either love (hello stroopwafel) or find incredibly useful, or both!

GU Stroopwafel in Salty's Caramel.

OMG.  What is a stroopwafel you ask?  It's a European thing, specifically from the Netherlands.   Honey Stinger was the first company to do these waffles and while I do like a few of their flavours, I am VERY partial to salted caramel anything.  At $2.59 a piece, they're a little more expensive than gels but they are a great option if you want something a little more substantial to eat without having to eat a bar.   I've also found the REAL stroopwafels in the odd European deli (once at a No Frills!) and they are way cheaper and just as tasty, however I strongly suspect that they don't offer the same performance benefits as one of these....


Kinetic Revolution.

I discovered this website when I was rehabbing my knee problems a couple of years ago.  This site is FULL of free exercise resources for runners and triathletes.  James Dunne is the face of Kinetic Revolution.  He's the guy you see in all the videos.  He's a total "form nerd" and he will often analyze the running form of various pros in a step by step post, which is incredible to watch when it's broken down the way he does it.  The site also offers fixes to various running gait issues.  There is also an entire section on mobility and stretching.  I've found some great stretches on this site as well as some excellent exercises.  

My wobble board.

I just re-discovered this when we got back last week.  As of late I've found that my transverse abdominus (lower abs) aren't that functionally strong.  Meaning when I run, I don't feel they are engaging.   I think my core in general could use some waking up so I've taken to the balance board for a couple of minutes a day to work on engaging those muscles.  Not only does it work my core but it also works my legs and ankles as well as my sense of balance (which is horrible).    I figure I should start incorporating this sort of thing into my training given that I'm going be helping someone run 8km up a mountain in the dark in July.  My goal right now is to balance on it for 30 seconds unsupported.  I'm currently at 7 seconds.  Clearly I've got some work to do!



Cat 5 Cycling Gear case.

This was an afterthought purchase last year at Watts Up and it is THE BEST THING EVER for keeping all my cycling bits and pieces in ONE spot.  I used to have my arm and leg warmers in a bin with my running gloves and hats and other stuff or, in another bin somewhere else and inevitably I wouldn't be able to find them when I needed them without having to rip the house apart.  Now, I keep pretty much everything in this handy compartmentalized bag.  It even has room for bottles on either side.  AWE-SOME.




Night Runner 270 Shoe lights.

I wrote a post about these babies when they first came out.  Now that I'm back to running at dark o'thirty from time to time, these are back on my shoes.  I had forgotten how awesome they are.  What's even MORE awesome is that the folks at Night Runner have designed a new pair called the Night Runner Pro.  This is from the press release:

"Built for adventure, the Night Runner PRO is equipped with two ultra-light, rechargeable, 300 lumen LED shoe lights that easily attach to shoelaces. The patent pending, bi-lateral winged design features 270 degrees of visibility with two rear-facing red tail lights so the user is visible from all sides. The removable lithium-ion rechargeable battery pack allow for up to 10 hours per charge. Night Runner Pro will be the first in the industry to provide visual performance feedback through flash alerts by way of bluetooth/smartphone integration".

From the sounds of it, these are going to be great. The one thing that bothered me a bit on the originals was the battery life. I found that after a couple of morning runs I had to charge them again. These ones come with a removable battery pack vs. having to plug in the actual light. You can also purchase additional packs if you need longer battery life. I'm also very curious to see what this visual performance feedback is like. They've got a kickstarter campaign happening right now that gets you a pair for $55 USD vs. the $89.99 USD that they will sell for. Plus you also get a playlist from Doug and Renata, the company founders. There's an even better deal if you have a partner that's a runner or if you want to get a second pair for a friend - you can get two pairs for $105.

The original Night Runner 270

So there you have it! I promise I won't wait another 5 years before I do another one of these, ha ha.

What are some of your favourite things?









          Nex Machina Review   

With Nex Machina, Housemarque (the developer behind Resogun) brings forth their signature kinetic arcade shooting to the top-down arena realm, teaming up with Eugene Jarvis of Robotron and Smash TV fame for an addictive and challenging time. 

The post Nex Machina Review appeared first on Glitch Cat.


          Scientist - Pharmacokinetics & Drug Metabolism - Amgen - South San Francisco, CA   
Hands on experience with lab LIMS systems, e.g. WATSON is a plus. The department of PKDM within Amgen is dedicated to the discovery and development of novel...
From Amgen - Wed, 24 May 2017 06:28:43 GMT - View all South San Francisco, CA jobs
          JDAT Support to the Black Dart C-UAS Demonstration   
Current U.S. integrated air and missile defense capabilities are not keeping pace with the rapidly evolving unmanned aerial systems threat and require both materiel and non-materiel solutions to mitigate warfighter capability gaps. BLACK DART is an annual field demonstration of current and emergent Counter-UAS technologies sponsored by the Joint Staff J8 Joint Integrated Air and Missile Defense Organization also known as JIAMDO. As the Black Dart 2016 lead assessment organization, the Joint Staff J6 Joint Deployable Analysis Team, also known as JDAT, collected data to answer two main questions: 1- Can current fielded systems counter UAS threats? 2- And, what is the capability or potential of non-Program of Record systems to enhance counter UAS operations? The live-fly, live-fire demonstration took place in late 2016 at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida and the surrounding land and sea ranges with over 900 personnel in attendance including participants from Australia, Canada, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. BLACK DART demonstrations began in 2010 and are the only Joint and partner nation Department of Defense counter UAS events. The JDAT Black Dart Report will include detailed findings on systems’ abilities to detect, track, identify, and negate unmanned aircraft systems to support Joint and Combined warfighter capabilities and make our forces more connected, survivable, and lethal on the battlefield. a. Execute live-fly, live-fire C-UAS technology demonstrations to assess and validate existing and emerging IAMD capabilities. b. Present emerging solutions to inform requirements decision making. c. Identify and develop IAMD operational concepts, system interoperability, and operational architectures for the C-UAS mission set. d. Advocate for warfighters’ desired C-UAS capabilities and affordable, integrated solutions. e. Identify C-UAS capability gaps for IAMD. f. Identify promising materiel and non-materiel solutions for C-UAS operations. g. Investigate new methods for UAS Combat Identification (CID). h. Improve completeness of the shared air picture with respect to Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs). i. Develop C-UAS non-kinetic negation methods and techniques. j. Promote and integrate interagency participation and capabilities. k. Promote foreign/partner nation observer participation and coordination. The demonstration will include Program of Record (POR) as well as non-POR C-UASs demonstrating capabilities and/or collecting data in support of proprietary C-UAS development. Onsite data collection supports real-time feedback, opportunities for participant feedback, and becomes the basis for formal analysis at the conclusion of the demonstration. In order to align with warfighter needs, JIAMDO coordinated with the Combatant Commands and Services to prioritize capability gaps related to C-UAS.
          Science Signaling Podcast, 03 March 2009   
Autophosphorylation events that control the activity of the FGF receptor are kinetically controlled and disrupted by a mutation associated with glioblastoma.
          Kinetics of the Autoreduction of Hexavalent Americium in Aqueous Nitric Acid   

TOC Graphic

Inorganic Chemistry
DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b00990

          Scientist - Pharmacokinetics & Drug Metabolism - Amgen - South San Francisco, CA   
Hands on experience with lab LIMS systems, e.g. WATSON is a plus. The department of PKDM within Amgen is dedicated to the discovery and development of novel...
From Amgen - Wed, 24 May 2017 06:28:43 GMT - View all South San Francisco, CA jobs
          VA - Pacific Trance Vol. 06   
Трек-лист:
001. Marcus Santoro - Fortitudo (Extended Mix)
002. Michael Mashkov - Elephants (Original Mix)
003. Gerome - Exalted (Extended Mix)
004. Miroslav Vrlik - Rise & Shine (Extended Mix)
005. Arctic Moon - Cyberpunk (Original Mix)
006. Craig Connelly feat. Emma Connelly - We Are
007. Miss Cortex & DJ T.H. - Meeting In The Orchestra
008. Genix - Maheno
009. Temple One - Maverick (Extended Mix)
010. Simon O'Shine ft Eskova - You May Love )
011. Nord Horizon - Lift Me Up (Original Mix)
012. Tempo Giusto, Jace Headland - Super Cool (Original Mix)
013. Karim Raji - El Medina (Original Mix)
014. Roman Messer - Lost (Extended Mix)
015. Roman Hope - Kaiosama (Original Mix)
016. Thomas Kelle & Martin Juha - Luna Bicornis
017. Aleksey Gunichev - The Perfect Love (Original Mix)
018. Amen B & Ross Rayer - Paradise (Bardalimov Remix)
019. SinSonic - Struck (Original Mix)
020. Cerz - Lucid (Original Mix)
021. Highforcer - Ultimate (Original Mix)
022. Denis Kenzo & Hanna Finsen - Dancing In The Dark
023. Kinetica - All The Time (Original Mix)
024. Sean Tyas & Darren Porter - The Potion (Extended Mix)
025. Rafael Osmo - Flow (Original Mix)
026. Sergey Shabanov & Hanna Finsen - Should Have Told You
027. Frainbreeze & Vadim Bonkrashkov - Walhall (Original Mix)
028. Ana Criado - Vulnerable (Seven24 & S.A.T Remix)
029. Paw Luk & Abrupt Gear - Messantia (Elite Electronic Remix)
030. Ryoji Takahashi - Initialize
031. Solarstone & Meredith Call - I Found You (Giuseppe Ottaviani Remix)
032. Frainbreeze - When You Find Me (Bryan Milton Chillout Remix)
033. Alex Leavon & Neev Kennedy - Love Without You (Original Mix)
034. Dyukanya - We Shall Be Together (Original Mix)
035. C-Systems & Hanna Finsen - Reaching For My Dreams (Seven24 & S.A.T Remix)
036. NoMosk - Black Cloud (Extended Mix)
037. Soyana ProjectWemms ProjectSoyana Project - Hot Summer Night
038. Chris Bekker - Miles Away (Extended)
039. J.A.Y.H. - Morning Star
040. Vyacheslav Sketch - Addiction To Hope (Original Mix)
041. Andy Tau/Sean Mathews/Max Millian - Shadows & Light
042. PureNRG - Cala Blanca
043. SkyZoo United - Don't Forget The Sky
044. AirLab7 - Daleko (Original Mix)
045. Diversion - Momentum (Extended Mix)
046. Sheridan Grout - Holding On
047. Craig Connelly ft. Renny Carroll - Elevate (Driftmoon Extended Remix)
048. Denis Kenzo feat. Sveta B - Just To Hear (Extended Mix)
049. Mark Sherry - Gravitational Waves (Second Sine Remix)
050. Hamza Khammessi - La Dicha (Original Mix)
051. Linkorma - F1 (Original Mix)
052. Solarstone & Meredith Call - I Found You (Giuseppe Ottaviani Remix)
053. Digital Department - Hermes
054. Live Erikson - Set Me Free (Extended Version)
055. Purple Haze - Neiloj (Extended Mix)
056. Mohammed Khalila - Stardust (Extended Mix)
057. Mr. Pit - Destination Kepler (Holbrook & Skykeeper Remix)
058. The Thrillseekers with Shannon Hurley - Stay (Here With Me) (Club Mix)
059. Ferry Corsten, Cosmic Gate - Dynamic
060. Ferry Tayle & Dan Stone - Vona (Extended Mix)
061. SoundMission - Under The Open Sky (Original Mix)
062. First Sight - Meet You There (Extended Mix)
063. Gai Barone - Lost In Music
064. Tim Verkruissen - Revival (Extended Mix)
065. A & Z - Faith (Extended Mix)
066. Peter Steele - Gull (Extended Mix)
067. Rich Curtis - Slices of Dust
068. Christian Monique, Rudy Crystal - Fifth Element (dEki Remix)
069. Marcell Stone & Mohamed Hamdy - Marbella (Extended Mix)
070. Mark Sherry - The Only One (Original Mix)
071. Abide - Rev Up
072. Midway - Cobra (Niko Zografos Remix)
073. Rolfiek & Myk Bee feat. R3dub - The Last Sun Rays (Extended Mix)
074. Scott Bond & Charlie Walker vs Trouser Enthusiasts - Sweet Release
075. Eric Prydz - Sunset At Mambo
076. Mhammed El Alami Ben Sam - Ocean Dream (Extended Mix)
077. Ratty - Sunrise (Ciaran McAuley Rework)
078. Sean Tyas - Lift (Kinetica Remix)
079. Automa - Fantashi (Original Mix)
080. Bobina - El Bimbo (Extended Mix)
081. Ciro Visone - Road Mission
082. DT8 Project - Destination
083. Iversoon vs. Alex Daf vs. Glus - Journey (Extended Mix)
084. Kiyoi & Eky - Totoroland (Original Mix)
085. Emanuele Braveri - Only A Dream (Extended)
086. Miguel Angel Castellini - Plateada (Original Mix)
087. Seven - Southern Belle(Original Mix)
088. Cold Blue, Johnny Yono - Fall Into Dusk (Original Mix)
089. Sebastian Brushwood And Cosmic Heaven - Ermeland (Original Mix)
090. Robert Miles - Children (Jacob Bootleg)
091. Highforcer - Awake (Original Mix)
092. Hoyaa - Reaching Supernova
093. Alessandra Roncone - Under The Stars (Original Mix
094. Max Revenge - Catalyst (Extended Mix)
095. Mark Sherry - Gravitational Waves
096. Anton Greco - All I Need (Original Mix)
097. Kyau & Albert - Trace (Driftmoon Remix)
098. ReDrive & Patrick Blanes - End Transmission (Original Mix)
099. Akku - Meteoro (Aldo Henrycho Remix)
100. Alex MORPH & Eric Lumiere - Heart of Life (Skylex DUB Remix)
          Aerial Bombing, No Longer an Act of War   
NoisyRoom Welcome to a whole string of kinetic military actions employed through the Responsibility to Protect Doctrine of the Obama Administration. You know, where aerial bombing of a country is no longer considered an act of war. It’s humanitarian don’tcha know… And Congress is now totally useless in fact and deed. The official deadline for […]
          World’s First Energy-Harvesting Smart Street Unveiled In London   
Humans already walk, jog and cycle places for health and environmental reasons — why not harness some of that kinetic energy for beneficial purposes? Such is a question many have been asking for decades. Now, technology capable of generating electricity from human movement has been created, and it’s been installed on a lesser-used path in […]
          How to handle the epic fail   
We have all been there. Our curriculum looks beautiful, we have all the supplies, the kids (and we, the teachers) are jonesing to jump in and go full steam ahead. So we start...within an hour the kids are antsy, not following directions, not completing work we know they are capable us. Argh! Is there anything more frustrating? Inevitable we keep trudging along, even though we begin to dread the start of school each day. We might even toy with the idea of putting the kinds in PS just to get a break! so, I thought I would write a little on using those epic fails to your advantage. Don't lose hope. Ever hear the saying, " you must kiss a hundred frogs before you find a prince"? This is how I tell newbies to approach HS. This is also one of the main reasons I'm against spending a load of $$ right away. Because you know what? Everyone learns differently. Not only that, but a child's learning style might evolve over time. So even if you get a curriculum that is similar to their style from the previous year, it may no longer work. There are a few things to keep in mind to stave off frustration: 1) Don't beat a dead horse. (I'm working metaphors for all they are worth in this article! Lol) If something isn't working for 1 week then STOP. It may just mean you all need a little break. So you can try again in a couple of weeks. If it is again an epic fail after another week, then let it go. Find another approach, or it may just mean they are not ready for the information (see point 3 for developmental milestones). 2) What looks good to you may be an epic fail for them. I remember when I first began to HS, I planned how I wished I had been taught - I learn by writing things down. Doing a lot of copy work, worksheets, etc. Epic fail. My oldest is a visual learner. It was pointless to have him do a ton of writing assignments. Sure I might be able to browbeat him into eventually completing the work, but he wouldn't retain any of the information. This was probably more frustrating than him just not completing the work to begin with. We'd spend literally hours on one assignment, with a lot of yelling to keep things on track, and finally (FINALLY) the work is finished and I ask, so what is blah? And he would stare at me uncomprehendingly. Even if I promoted to get the right answer, I'd still get nowhere. Finally a lightbulb went off above my blonde head - maybe he doesn't learn from writing things out? Duh. Lol. I had a whole school room devoted to notebooking that I had to donate. But even this fail is a step in the right direction. I can now eliminate any curriculum tool that is based on writing. So instead of notebooking, we changed to Lapbooking - which still has some writing involved, but is much more visually stimulating. My point here is to be aware of your students learning styles, even if it is completely counter to your own. Then try to find tools based in that style. 3) Get ready for a change! Yup. You did your year of struggle, finally found a curriculum that works, you go with it. It might even work for a few years, then it all starts to fall apart. Why? Well children are growing and changing. So too do their learning styles. Here is my own break down of typical styles-to-ages. Bear in mind every child is different, so your child might be different, this is just a guide. Pre-k - 2nd grade = Kinetic: it's all about the hands on learning, manipulatives, getting their senses involved. This is because they are just coming out of the toddler years, so their mind is still in tune with using eir senses to acquire information. If a toddler sees something new, they generally touch it, put it in their mouth, etc. well these early grades are not quite that bad, but their attention spans are still pretty short and they a not yet trained to acquire information through reading. Even with an early reader/writer, you'll want to have curriculum that is heavy on the kinetic learning. 2nd-4th = Visual: it's all about creating that picture in their mind. If you want to learn ancient history, they will remember more if you make it like a story where they can see the visual image, like a movie, in their head. They can learn a lot through short films and discussions. They are just beginning to become aware of themselves as individual entities. They still might enjoy manipulatives, but you can begin trickling in more complex content as long as you do it in a way that creates the visual in the mind. 4th-7th = Combo: these learners need a variety of tools - they can acquire information from reading and writing, they can learn through the visual, etc. they need a little of everything. Here it's time to begin cutting the apron strings. These students do much better with a bit of independance. They can make better choices. So I advise getting an outline together of what you want covered then pulling together resources that meet a variety of requirements and letting the student choose which sparks their interest. 8th-Graduation = Independant Study/Audio: here learning is really all up to them. Whether it be digesting the information delivered from a lecture, A documentary or through literature, they take whatever techniquest they have developed ov time, to process and retain information. They should also be capable of not just regurgitating information (memorization) but changing information into their own words. No matter your students personality or age, there will come a time when choices must be made. An unfortunate result could be the epic fail. But don't let it get you down. Being a HS educator is as much a learning experience as being an HS student is. We are all on a path of self discovery, growth and learning. Happy learning!
          Inverse electron demand Diels-Alder reactions in chemical biology   

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7CS00184C, Review Article
B. L. Oliveira, Z. Guo, G. J. L. Bernardes
The emerging inverse electron demand Diels-Alder (IEDDA) reaction stands out from other bioorthogonal reactions by virtue of its unmatchable kinetics, excellent orthogonality and biocompatibility.
To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above.
The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry

          April 25 2017 Issue   
Show description/summary:

1) Practice guideline summary: Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy

2) What's Trending: 21st Century Cures Act

This podcast begins and closes with Dr. Robert Gross, Editor-in-Chief, briefly discussing highlighted articles from the April 25, 2017 issue of Neurology. In the first segment, Dr. Andrew Schomer interviews Dr. Cynthia Harden about the AAN practice summary guideline on sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Then, for our “What's Trending” feature of the week, Dr. Jason Crowell talks with Dr. Nicholas Johnson about the 21st Century Cures Act. Disclosures can be found at Neurology.org.

DISCLOSURES:

Dr. Johnson serves as Associate Editor for Neurology: Genetics; receives research support from Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Biogen Idec, Balerion Therapeutics, Cytokinetics, Acceleron, NINDS (grant 1K23NS091511-01), Muscular Dystrophy Association, and Myotonic Dystrophy Foundation; and consults for AMO Pharma and AveXis.

Dr. Schomer, Harden, and Crowell report no disclosures.


          JDAT Support to the Black Dart C-UAS Demonstration   
Current U.S. integrated air and missile defense capabilities are not keeping pace with the rapidly evolving unmanned aerial systems threat and require both materiel and non-materiel solutions to mitigate warfighter capability gaps. BLACK DART is an annual field demonstration of current and emergent Counter-UAS technologies sponsored by the Joint Staff J8 Joint Integrated Air and Missile Defense Organization also known as JIAMDO. As the Black Dart 2016 lead assessment organization, the Joint Staff J6 Joint Deployable Analysis Team, also known as JDAT, collected data to answer two main questions: 1- Can current fielded systems counter UAS threats? 2- And, what is the capability or potential of non-Program of Record systems to enhance counter UAS operations? The live-fly, live-fire demonstration took place in late 2016 at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida and the surrounding land and sea ranges with over 900 personnel in attendance including participants from Australia, Canada, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. BLACK DART demonstrations began in 2010 and are the only Joint and partner nation Department of Defense counter UAS events. The JDAT Black Dart Report will include detailed findings on systems’ abilities to detect, track, identify, and negate unmanned aircraft systems to support Joint and Combined warfighter capabilities and make our forces more connected, survivable, and lethal on the battlefield. a. Execute live-fly, live-fire C-UAS technology demonstrations to assess and validate existing and emerging IAMD capabilities. b. Present emerging solutions to inform requirements decision making. c. Identify and develop IAMD operational concepts, system interoperability, and operational architectures for the C-UAS mission set. d. Advocate for warfighters’ desired C-UAS capabilities and affordable, integrated solutions. e. Identify C-UAS capability gaps for IAMD f. Identify promising materiel and non-materiel solutions for C-UAS operations: g. Investigate new methods for UAS Combat Identification (CID) h. Improve completeness of the shared air picture with respect to Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) i. Develop C-UAS non-kinetic negation methods and techniques j. Promote and integrate interagency participation and capabilities k. Promote foreign/partner nation observer participation and coordination. The demonstration will include Program of Record (POR) as well as non-POR C-UASs demonstrating capabilities and/or collecting data in support of proprietary C-UAS development. Onsite data collection supports real-time feedback, opportunities for participant feedback, and becomes the basis for formal analysis at the conclusion of the demonstration. In order to align with warfighter needs, JIAMDO coordinated with the combatant commands and Services to prioritize capability gaps related to C-UAS.
          Kinetica Connects With $50M For GPU Database Software   
San Francisco-based Kinetica, a developer of GPU-accelerated, relational database software, has raised $50M in a Series F funding round, the company said yesterday.... (more)
          Susan Sontag and the stresses of reading   

Books, the great American essayist and cultural critic Susan Sontag writes, “are a way of being fully human”. This is a point of view that this site is of course very sympathetic to. Without books, we are more likely to be without history, without memory, without imagination, without good language, without that kind of skepticism or doubt that stimulates reflection and an appreciation of complexity. Books expand inwardness: the experience of them, in a hyperkinetic age full of carefully plotted and speeded-up stimuli, is tantamount to a kind of meditation. Before there is a book, there must be a reader – a mind that has the space in it for the experience of extended connection with a book. 

“By books, I mean the conditions of reading that made possible literature and its soul effects,” Sontag writes in an essay, wondering if books will survive the assault of our “advertising-driven televisual reality”. Here, undoubtedly, is a combative and adversarial thinker with a very high-minded view of reading. But as the pieces in Sontag’s final collection of essays, WhereThe Stress Falls, demonstrate, the truly remarkable thing about Sontag (1933-2004) was not so much the gravity of her pronouncements as the range and catholicity of her interests. 

Where The Stress Falls contains essays on books, films, music, dance, art, photography, each one of them a felicitous combination of close interpretation of particular works and larger arguments about the history of the medium itself. This high view of multiple art-forms informs all of Sontag’s work, generating rapid cross-connections (“As the statue is entombed in he block of marble, the novel is inside your head. You try to liberate it.”) Like all the great critics, Sontag brought to her work a combination of perspicacity and personality: the erudition of a trained and subtle mind applying itself to a careful observation of its own highly individual reactions to art, and able to reproduce its journeys in lithe, allusive prose.

Among the forty or so essays collected here, surely the most widely circulated and discussed was Sontag’s essay from 1996, “A Century of Cinema”. For Sontag cinema was the greatest contribution of the twentieth century to the corpus of human art-forms, a form rooted first and foremost in a wonder “that reality can be transcribed with such magical immediacy”. There was something total about the cinematic experience. “Lovers of poetry or opera or dance  don’t think there is only poetry or opera or dance,” she writes. “But lovers of cinema could think there was only cinema.”

But much as Sontag’s essay was a reprisal and a stock-taking of where the movies had gone over a hundred years, there was also something deeply elegiac and pessimistic about it. For Sontag, the nineteen-sixties and seventies represented the peak of what she termed “cinephilia” – a highly informed, highly personal love of the movies held by a substantial number of aficionados committed not just to films but to film-watching in a darkened theatre, so that they might be overwhelmed “by the physical presence of the image”.

But over time this cine-system had been broken down, on the supply side, by the cynical formulae and simplifications of capitalist production, which had eliminated the tension between cinema as industry and cinema as art, and on the reception side, by the sheer proliferation of images in the modern world and the expansion of private home viewing. “The reduction of cinema to assaultive images,” Sontag writes, “and the unprincipled manipulation of images (faster and faster cutting) to be more attention-grabbing, have produced a disincarnated, lightweight cinema that doesn’t demand anyone’s full attention.”  These observations could profitably be applied to the story of Indian own popular cinema.

Perhaps the first skill of the good literary critic is knowing how to quote – that is, knowing how to supply the part that will rouse in the reader a need for the whole. Attention, in words, to a work of verbal art involves stepping back at times and letting the work speak for itself. This becomes especially important if the essay is an argument for the beauty of a novel or poem or play few have ever heard of, for then it is the excerpt that persuades as much as the analysis. Sontag was an especially adept practitioner of quoting, and there are wonderful passages here from the work of such masters as WG Sebald, Witold Gombrowicz, and Adam Zagajewski. Where The Stress Falls is not just eloquent invitation to the pleasures of reading, of watching, of inwardness, but itself an incarnation of some of these pleasures.

And here is a wonderful essay on Sontag – both admiring and mocking – by the writer Terry Castle: "Desperately Seeking Susan."

          The True Story of the Fall of Troy   


According to my personal fantasy universe, Cassandra was not born in Troy. She was a Babylonian priestess who ended up in Troy after a series of weird circumstances related to the battle of Kadesh and she was adopted by King Priam and became known as his daughter. If you want to read the details, they are here, but the story that follows doesn't mention Cassandra's birthplace  and so it is compatible with the standard version.  (image from Marvel Comics)


Over time, I had learned the science of how to summon ghosts from Hell. That required some weird spells and rare materials, but it seemed to work and one of my first attempts resulted in the summoning of Cassandra, the Trojan prophetess, who told me the story of her life. Some time later, I was surprised to see her appearing all of a sudden in front of me without having done anything. 


Oh...Lady Cassandra, it is you! You scared me. 

I am sorry, you see, ghosts normally come unannounced; really, there is no way...

Well, yes, I understand. See, you are all bluish and transparent...

That's the way ghosts are.

Yes, I suppose that's true. But don't worry, it is a pleasure to see you again. 

Oh, well, it is nice to be here again. See, the Goddess seems to like you enough that she sent me here one more time. And she makes me speak this funny language.... you call it Ingliss, right?

Something like that, lady. It is a language I can understand.

But why don't you call me just Cassandra? Do you have to be so formal?

Well, after all you are the daughter of King Priam. You are a princess. 

Hmmm..... there are many stories about me. But when we move to the other side, I mean, to Hades, there are no more princes or princesses.

I think I understand. 

Hades is not a nice place. It is boring, too. So, I am happy to be here. And if you like to call me Lady Cassandra, it is fine with me. But how have you been doing?

Not so well, Lady. 

Still the same problem you were telling me last time, right?

Yes, you remember what we said last time. We call it climate change.

You told me about that. It is really a big problem. And you say it is getting worse?

Much worse.

And your kings are doing nothing, right?

I would say so, Lady. Our, well, let's call them 'kings', are doing nothing. They don't even recognize that the problem exists. 

But you told me that already. Did something change?

Yes, two years ago, something happened. The envoys of many of these, as you said, 'kings', got together in a city called Paris.....

Paris? Like one of King Priam's sons?

No, Lady Cassandra, not that Paris. It is the name of a city North of here. And these envoys agreed on doing something against this curse that befell us. To change things; to stop the curse of climate change. And the kings who had sent them agreed on that and they signed a pact that bound together almost all the people in the world.  

That seems to have been something very good.

Yes, it was good. And also, one of our religious leaders, we call him the Pope, he wrote something about this big problem of climate change we have. 

Your great priest. Maybe the Goddess spoke to him?

I am not sure about that, Lady.

Well, the Goddess speaks to everybody, even to a male priest, although she prefers female ones.

Again, Lady, I am not sure about that. But what the Pope said was very wise. And he also said that people should get together and do something about climate change. That was before the pact of Paris, and some said that it was one of the reasons why the kings agreed on the pact. 

That was good, too. But you said that something bad happened afterward?

Yes, one of our leaders.... let me call him a king. The most powerful king of all. He has carrot-colored hair, and he is burly, arrogant, and obnoxious.

That's the way kings are.

Yes, maybe you know kings better than me. Anyway, this king went to see the Pope and the Pope told him about what  - well - about what maybe the Goddess had told him. But this king said he didn't care about the Pope, he said he didn't care about the pact of Paris. He said that climate change is not a problem and that he will do as he pleases. And that he will make the country he rules great.

This is the way kings behave.

Shouldn't a good king care for his people?

Should all kings be good?

I guess you are right, Lady Cassandra. Still, I am disappointed. Many people are disappointed. Can it be that this man doesn't understand the danger of climate change? Can he really be so stupid?

I understand you, don't think I don't. See, I have had my share of meeting kings. And they are as you say. Burly, obnoxious, and arrogant. They are stupid, in a certain way, but not so stupid in another.

Lady Cassandra, you are a prophetess. Can you tell me more about this? Why do kings do these things?

Well, yes, but I have to tell you a little story.

I would love to hear it.  

So, let me see.... I already told you something of the story of Troy when the city was besieged by the Achaeans. And I told you of how the Acheans had built that big wooden thing that they had placed in front of the walls. And that the Trojans didn't know what it was and they thought it was a statue of a horse.

This is the story that everyone knows. It says that the Trojans demolished parts of the walls of the city to let the horse inside. 

Well, this is what the story says. Do you believe it?

It is a nice story, of course, but I figure there was more to it than what it tells. 

A lot more. Let me ask you a question: do you think the Trojans were stupid?

I wouldn't say that. But I guess you know this better than me. 

Yep. And I can tell you that they were not stupid. Oh, well, depends on what you mean. For people who would spend their time all clad in armor, exchanging blows with battle axes; well, you don't expect them to be very smart. But not stupid; I mean, how could it be that they demolished the walls to let this thing get in without worrying about what there was inside?

I had always wondered about that.

Well, the answer to the question has to do with what you were telling me.

About climate change?

Yes, about climate change. You were telling me about this stupid king of yours, the one with carrot-colored hair. You said he doesn't understand what the problem is. But I think it is not true. He does - at least his advisers know.

You think so? Why?

I am a prophetess, you know? Seriously, people do a lot of things that look stupid, but if you look carefully they are not so stupid. Let me go back to Troy. So, they say that the Trojans did something that doomed them - letting inside the Achaean horse. Stupid, right? Of course, if you think of "the Trojans" it is stupid. But if you think "some Trojans" then it may not be. But I have to explain this to you.

So, it all started when Hector was killed. He was Troy's best warrior and he was supposed to become the new king, to succeed his father, king Priam. Hector was a good man, overall, but not so smart, either. He was all up to fighting and upholding the honor of the Trojans. So, he went up to fight and he got killed by that big man of the Achaeans, Achilles.

That was bad for the Trojans; very bad, but the war went on. Achilles was killed by another son of Priam, that Paris I was telling you about, the one who had been so idiot to steal the wife of one of the Achaean Kings, this Helen, and so starting the whole circus. And then someone killed Paris, too. So, at this point, the oldest son of Priam took over; I mean the oldest still alive: Deiphobus, another idiot. He had this idea of marrying Helen after that Paris had died. Great idea, sure; and it did him quite some good! But let me go on.

So, after the death of Hector, the Trojans were still fighting; but some of them understood that the war wasn't going so well. But Deiphobus and the other big bosses said that those who were thinking that were defeatists and that Troy was winning. You know, it was not so easy for ordinary Trojans to understand what was going on outside the walls of the city. They only knew what the bosses were telling them. And they kept telling them, 'we are winning, there is nothing to be worried about, just keep on'.

It was the same for me. I was staying in the temple of the Goddess and I was supposed to spend my time making sacrifices and praying for the city of Troy. Boring, indeed. But I was a prophetess, you know, and I suspected that the war was not going so well.

At that time, I had befriended a priest of the temple of Apollo, his name was Laocoon. Nice man and if you ask me if I had been playing a little with him - you known what I mean - I would ask you what can a girl do when she is supposed to be a virgin priestess and there is nothing for her to do the whole day? So, we became good friends, indeed. One day, Laocoon came and he told me that Aeneas wanted to see me. This Aeneas was one of the big men of Troy. He was a warrior, but also a rich man with plenty of gold and slaves. So, I went to see him and we talked a lot. He was smart, I can tell you that.

Aeneas told me about how the war was going and I understood right away that the game was over for Troy. So, he asked me, 'Cassandra, you are a prophetess, can you tell me what we should do?' I told him, 'You don't need to ask a prophetess. We need to parley with the Achaeans before it is too late.' And he said, 'You are right, Cassandra. You will be the one doing that.' I looked at him, bewildered, and he laughed and he told me, 'aren't you a prophetess, Cassandra? You should have known what I was going to tell you.' These big men really have a twisted sense of humor. Anyway, he asked me to contact Odysseus, one of the Achaean kings, said to be the smartest of the lot.

Aeneas was no fool: I was a good envoy for Troy; a woman, a priestess, I could be seen as sort of neutral. And parleying was not going to be an easy task. The Achaeans were winning, they knew that and they wouldn't be appeased by just giving back to them that silly woman, Helen, that Paris had stolen from her husband. No, that wasn't going to work, no matter how beautiful Helen was said to be (and she was much overrated, this I can tell you). And the Achaeans knew that if they kept fighting, they could have had everything: not just Helen, but the gold of the city and its inhabitants as slaves. Still there was some space for a negotiation and that was my task. What would the Achaeans want to leave Troy standing and the Trojans alive? If we were willing to pay them a lot, maybe they would have accepted.

So, we freed an Achaean prisoner, officially he escaped, to tell Odysseus that a priestess of the Moon Goddess wanted to speak to him. And there came back a Trojan prisoner - again, officially he had escaped - and he said that Odysseus was waiting for the priestess in a certain place at night, at the rise of the moon. Which I took as a honor, because I was a moon priestess, as you know.

That was how I met Odysseus. I was accompanied by a bunch of Trojan warriors from Aeneas' retinue. It had been a mistake, as I understood later on, but Aeneas had insisted on that. Odysseus was there with some of his warriors, too. On both sides, we had these burly fellows armed to the teeth, looking at each other askance. But never mind that, as I said, Odysseus was a smart person and he wasn't there to fight and we had a nice chat. He understood what I wanted and he said that it was still possible to find an agreement if the Trojans were willing to pay. And that he wanted to discuss the price with Aeneas in person. So, I went back to Troy and I told the story to Aeneas. And he said that he would see Odysseus and that I should keep my mouth shut about this story.

This is what I did. I told nothing to anybody about having met Odysseus, nor that Aeneas was seeing him at night. Days went by and I expected something to happen. I would have imagined to see Aeneas coming up in the central square of the city, standing on a pedestal, and telling people something like, 'Fellow Trojan citizens, we found an agreement with the Achaeans. If every Trojan is willing to sacrifice some of his wealth, then the city can be saved.'

But nothing like that happened. Quite the opposite: Prince Deiphobus came up in the central square of Troy and gave a speech to the Trojans saying that the honor of the city of Troy was not negotiable, that the Gods were with Troy, that the walls were solid, and that those stupid Achaeans were all but demoralized. Victory was all but certain for Troy, it was just a question of not listening to the defeatists among us. And he said that he was going to make Troy great again. I remember that Aeneas was with him, nodding and smiling as if he agreed on every word that Deiphobus was saying.  It was weird, but what could I say?

It was at about this time that the big wooden thing appeared in the field in front of the city, the 'horse'. So, there was a lot of head scratching with the Trojans and what the hell was that? But I knew what it was: not for nothing I was a prophetess and I had studied the ways of the world. So, I went up to the walls, I looked at the supposed 'horse', and I said, 'look, that thing is a siege engine! We have to burn it down before it is too late." And there came up my friend, Laocoon, and he also said, 'look, you have to listen to Cassandra. She knows a lot of things, and she is wise. We must destroy that thing.' And some people understood what we were saying, because they knew that I was a priestess and I knew many things. And also Laocoon was known to be a smart person and people respected him a lot.

Then, disaster struck. I should have known what was going to happen, am I not a prophetess? But even prophetesses sometimes ignore things they wouldn't like to happen. So, we were in the middle of a public debate on how best to burn the wooden horse when, suddenly, some people came up and accused me of betraying the Trojans: they said that I had secretly met the Achaean king Odysseus at night. Then, they called up some of Aeneas' bodyguards and they testified that, yes, it was true. They had accompanied me to meet Odysseus at night. Laocoon tried to defend me, but people started saying that he was my lover and that we had defiled the temple of the Goddess. We had committed sacrilege and we couldn't be trusted in anything we said.

At this point, Hell broke loose, as you may imagine. I tried to say that it had been Aeneas who had sent me to meet Odysseus, but they took that as a confession of guilt. Things went kinetic, as you say in Ingliss, Laocoon was killed and I was lucky to be able to escape with my life. I took refuge in the temple of the Goddess and  King Priam protected me; he was a good man, even though he was too old to understand what was really going on.

So, I stayed put inside the temple and I can't tell you exactly what happened afterward. Maybe the Achaeans used the siege engine to smash open the walls of the city, or maybe it is true that the Trojans were so stupid to demolish the walls and let the 'horse' in. Whatever the case, when the Trojans understood the danger, it was too late. Troy went up in flames, lots of people were killed, those who survived were taken as slaves, including me; I became the slave of the big boss of the Achaeans, King Agamemnon. Deiphobus, too was killed. In a sense, he got what he deserved: killed by King Menelaus, Helen first husband. You know the story? Helen told Menelaus where Deiphobus was hiding and Menelaus went in and hacked Deiphobus to pieces. And then, Helen undressed in front of Menelaus and she gave herself to him in that same room, with the floor still wet of Deiphobus' blood. At least this is what they told me - but I think it is true. I knew that woman. She was, well, in Ingliss you use this term, 'female dog', right?

It is right, we use a term with that meaning, Lady Cassandra. 

But those are details. The point of the story is about Aeneas. You know the story, don't you?

They say that Aeneas escaped from Troy when the city fell, yes. 

Not just him. Several Trojan notables; with their families, their gold, their slaves, their weapons. And not a single Achaean would raise a finger against them. Come on, they even had boats waiting for them to take them away from the mess; all the way to Italy. You see? It had been all prepared. It was all planned from the first time when Aeneas met Odysseus, and I came to think that it had been even before I had spoken with Odysseus. It was a trap, a perfect trap. And the people of Troy fell in it so perfectly. They were completely fooled!

You say that Aeneas betrayed the Trojans? How could that be? He was said to be so pious.

Pious, yeah, sure. And even the son of the Goddess herself; that was what was said of him. I think there is a world in your language, in Ingliss... you say 'propaganda', right?

Well, yes. we use that term, propaganda. I didn't know that it could be such an old idea.
  
Yes, people are always the same, they are easy to sway. I suppose they haven't changed much in your times.

No, Lady, propaganda is still very much used with us. 

Yes, the poor people of Troy were fooled. It was all propaganda, it was all agreed. Even that I was to become the mistress of King Agamemnon. I had been agreed before everything happened. You see? Most of the people who kept saying that Troy was going to win the war understood perfectly well that it wasn't true. But they had to keep saying that Troy was going to be great again if they wanted to fool the Trojans. And they succeeded beautifully. They saved themselves and the other Trojans died or were enslaved.

Well, it is a way of seeing the story that I had never imagined. But it sounds true. And you think it is related to our times?

Yes, you were telling me about this king of yours, the one who has carrot-colored hair. You say that he denies that you have a problem?

That's what he does. People say he is not very smart. 

Maybe he is not so smart, yes. He may be like Deiphobus, I mean, he may really believe that there is no such a thing as a climate change problem. But I bet he is not the only one. Am I right?

You are right. After all, you are a prophetess!

That was an easy prophecy! But I think that the people around him, around that silly king, I am sure they are lying. They know very well what's happening. And they are fooling him and many others. They have to if they want to save themselves.

You think so?

Yes, of course. You have been telling me that because of this 'climate change' a lot of people will die, right?

Well, I hope they won't....

You know better than that. You told me about seas rising, droughts, heat waves, storms and more. Do you think people won't die because of all that?

Yes, it is a possibility.

And those who will die will be the poor, right. Do you think your kings care about the poor?

Well, I guess, really, you are right, but.....

Your carrot-haired king may be part of the plot or not. It doesn't matter. But those behind him are surely planning to move to safer and cooler places. And leave the poor to drown or to starve - or to die of overheating.

I am not sure I believe you, Lady Cassandra.

As if it were something new......

Oh, I am sorry, Lady. I didn't mean to offend you. 

You are not offending me. After all, I am Cassandra, the prophetess nobody believes.

Really, I am sorry. I shouldn't have said that. 

No, no.... don't worry. I understand you. Some things that I say are really difficult to believe.

But are you really supposed to be always right?

It is part of the curse of being a prophetess. You should know that; you told me that you are a kind of - say - prophet, with those 'models' you make. You told me that people don't believe in what you say.

It is part of the job, indeed. So, what should I do?

The Goddess may help you, but in the end it is for the Moirai to decide.

You mean the fate?

Yes, in Ingliss you use that word. There is not much you can do. The Moirai, the Fate, will decide.

I see.....

You look sad. I am sorry.

You don't have to be sorry, it is not your fault. 

Let's see.... actually, there is something you could do. Why don't you offer me a beer?

A beer? But you are a ghost, Lady Cassandra! 

But I always loved beer. And there is no beer in Hades. I was thinking, well, the Goddess is very powerful and I could pray her a little....

That's strange, Lady Cassandra, you are not bluish and transparent anymore. 

See? I told you that the Goddess is powerful.

Well, you look real now. That much I can say. 

And I think I could drink a beer. Do you have beer, here?

Yes, we do. It would be a pleasure. 

But, now that I think about it, don't you think I am dressed a little strange? Wouldn't people be surprised at seeing me?

Let me see... Linen tunic, woolen cape, golden arm rings, golden bracelets, and leather sandals. No, I don't think people will be surprised. You may be more surprised at seeing how some of my students are dressed! 

So, let's go for that beer! Hades can wait.



          Fagyasztott Elsa speciális szoba dekoráció   
Hosszú ideig Elsa nem tiszta gyönyörű szobájába. Nem akar valaki belép a szobába. Ha jönnek majd megtudja, ő cryokinetic hatásköre. Ő az, takarítás a szobában most. Után, hogy ő birtokol tervezett-hoz díszíti a szobát. Általában ő nem engedte a szolgák, bent a szobában. Segítség a szegény lány. Szüksége van a segítséget és támogatást. Díszít a szobák elegáns módon. A bútorok húzza, és tegyük őket a megfelelő módon. Válassza ki a színt, hogy ő szereti. Hagyja, hogy a szoba néz ki az Ön útmutatást. Ha kész a díszítés, Elsa lesz a világ a boldogság. Ennek lesz közelebb a családi fagyasztott.
          THE PALOOKA 5 EP!   
It's been a great end of year for releases by independent artists, already we have had Brooke Sharkey's superb second album, then there's Vidar Norheim's ep to come next week and hot off the press is the wondrous debut ep by Somerset's premier surf band Palooka 5!
The 4 tracks on this beautifully packed ep are fabulous. Palooka 5 leap from the speakers, firing on all six and you have to dance. They take no prisoners. 
The ep kicks off with La Mancha a superb piece of surf music. The pace does not let up and we are straight into Little Frathouse, a great dance tune, that is followed by Dropzone, which could be the theme tune to a 60's crime show. Then we are presented with the kinetic beauty of Cindy joined a Surf Gang
Lyrically Cindy sees the band narrating the rock and roll epiphany of said Cindy. This is prime stuff in deed, every home should have a copy.
Musically Palooka 5 don't put a foot wrong. The guitar magic of T. G. Baigent channels the spirit of Dwayne Eddy and Dick Dale and quite frankly guitar licks doesn't get any better than this guy. The organ of A.J. McCallum is quite simply stunning, harking back to the glory days of garage rock but still managing to sound like no one else. All this is held together by the rock solid, on the beat drumming of the great S. P. Bide. The ghost of Ed Cassidy is sitting on his shoulder- yes, he's that good. Also rock solid is the dynamic bass guitar of H. P. Banes. The drums and bass are so tightly meshed you'll believe in telepathic communication. Rounding off this triumvirate is the soulful vocals of B. E. Baigent. 
Music doesn't get much better than this. These are the best live band in Somerset.
What are you waiting for?
Go get that ep!

          Scientist - Pharmacokinetics & Drug Metabolism - Amgen - South San Francisco, CA   
Hands on experience with lab LIMS systems, e.g. WATSON is a plus. The department of PKDM within Amgen is dedicated to the discovery and development of novel...
From Amgen - Wed, 24 May 2017 06:28:43 GMT - View all South San Francisco, CA jobs
          The Black Seeds Announce New Album 'Fabric' Due Out on Easy Star Records September 8th, 2017 || North American Tour Kicks Off Today!   




‘The best reggae band in the world right now’
– Rolling Stone Germany

‘Almost like the changing of the seasons, you can count on The Seeds to rock into your town and deliver an uplifting concoction of reggae, dub and funk with their own ingenious twist’
– Otago Daily Times

‘One of the best live reggae acts on the planet’
– Clash Music 

‘The forefront of reggae today and tomorrow’
– JamBase

On the eve of their 10-date US / Canadian tour, The Black Seeds announce their long-awaited sixth studio album to the world: Fabric, which will be their first album in over five years, is set to be released in North America via Easy Star Records on September 8th, 2017. The album features their brand new single “Better Days” which marked a triumphant return in May. The new record is available for pre-order via digital platforms as well as physical CD and double LP via the Easy Star web store.

To celebrate, the band has shared a lyric video for the new single, created by Mark Russell (renegadepeach.com) & Owen Watts (themakersinitiative.com). Watch the time-lapsed footage here or below, featuring stunning scenes from their homeland Aotearoa.

After a couple of years touring the world and juggling festival slots, The Black Seeds focused their efforts throughout 2016 and 2017 on the recording of their new studio album. The sessions for Fabric took place at acclaimed engineer/producer and long-time Black Seeds collaborator, Lee Prebble's Wellington studio The Surgery. The result is a twelve-track album of bold, groove-heavy tunes that demonstrate the multiple facets of what makes The Black Seeds who they are, set over a classic dub/reggae foundation.

It wouldn’t be a Black Seeds record without the warm affirmations of Weir and Weetman’s words, which we hear right from top to tail. The uplifting album opener “Better Days” ensures us that ‘better days are coming, lonely nights are leaving,’ while tracks like “The Weaver” remind us that love will conquer all pain.

The kinetic energy within the album is physically infectious, and makes you want to move with them. There are times where we dip into a gorgeous nostalgic homage to the late 70s/early 80s r&b-funk era with songs like “Freakin” or the bass-heavy groove of “Everybody Knows.” Overall, there is a grand expansiveness that sets over the track list, allowing for each song to breathe and exist on its own, but also comfortably within the context of the wider picture. This shows The Black Seeds’ limitless creative energy for what it is - always moving forward and progressing without compromising the soul of who they are, while always remaining conscious of the current world around them.


Tracklist:

    Better Days
    Everybody Knows
    Freakin'
    Lightning Strikes
    Moving On
    Ride On
    Back To You
    Fabric
    Beleza
    Wake Up
    The Weaver
    Lost In The Bush
 
Pre-order Fabric here:


Listen to the new single 'Better Days' here:

Tour Dates:

6.16.17  Victoria, CN - Sugar Nightclub
6.17.17  Vancouver, BC - Rickshaw Theater
6.18.17  Boonville, CA -  Sierra Nevada World Music Festival
6.20.17  Santa Cruz, CA - The Catalyst
6.21.17  Ventura, CA - Discovery Ventura
6.23.17  Santa Ana, CA - Observatory
6.24.17  Las Vegas, NV - Brooklyn Bowl

          Cisco Kinetic Unlocks the Power of Your IoT Data   
Announcing Cisco Kinetic, a first-of-its kind IoT operations platform designed to unlock the power of data from the billions of connected devices being added to the network.
          Formwork Carpenters and Labourers - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Previous experience with formwork on construction sites. Kinetic is expanding our team in Victoria and we have opportunities for experienced formwork Carpenters...
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 27 Jun 2017 22:56:01 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Financial Planner or Financial Advisor (Enterprise Development Program) - Kinetic Solutions recruiting on behalf of top broker FSP - Bryanston, Gauteng   
Wealth planning, short term, employee benefits, mass market and healthcare consulting). _A mid level Financial advising role within an established Financial... R20 000 - R30 000 a month
From Indeed - Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:48:34 GMT - View all Bryanston, Gauteng jobs
          Kinesiologist - Swift Health Services - Surrey, BC   
Valid driver’s license. Current First Aid and CPR certifications. Completed Bachelor’s degree in Human Kinetics or Kinesiology or equivalent.... $35 - $40 an hour
From Indeed - Fri, 26 May 2017 04:51:52 GMT - View all Surrey, BC jobs
          AUNT CAMP 9: Sand!   
By: Emily Shwake

The summer is really heating up! Spend the last few summer weekends on the beach with your nieces and nephews. Play in the sand, building huge sand castles or digging enormous holes, and head into the water to wash it off. If the beach is not an option, don’t be deterred. These five activities will help you bring the beach to them!

1. Fine Motor Skill Development: If your niece or nephew is in preschool, you know that this is a crucial time to develop their fine motor skills. Using sand can help them practice these skills in a fun, sensory way. They can knead it like dough, pick small items out of the sand, or use measuring cups to pick it up and dump it out. Have the little ones draw pictures in the sand using their fingers or Q-tips. If they are learning their letters, they can draw out their ABC’s.

2. Archaeology Dig: This is a cool and exciting way to teach kids about science. Fill a large box with sand or even just use the loose dirt outside. Bury fake dinosaur bones or “artifacts.” After explaining to them what an archaeologist does, set them up with the proper tools such as trowels, sifters, paintbrushes, and a notebook to keep records. They will love the feeling of making discoveries and being trusted with such careful work. Watch Jurassic Park to inspire them even further!

3. Kinetic Sand: Savvy Auntie gave this the Coolest Toy Award and for good reason! Kinetic sand is a sculpting material that functions like wet sand. Unlike clay, kinetic sand never dries out so your nieces and nephews can leave out their creations for days. The kids can use cookie cutters, rolling pins, and stamps (to make imprints) to spice up this activity that will keep them having fun for hours. Craft stores and most toy stores sell the sand, but here is a DIY recipe for a cheaper alternative.

4. Sand Art: This activity is timeless and easy to execute. Grab old water bottles or jars and have your niece or nephew pour layers of colored sand into them. They can keep it leveled, shake it around, or poke toothpicks in to pull the sand in different directions. You can purchase colored sand at craft stores or make it yourself.

5. Sand Paper: Get crafty with sand paper! This scratchy stuff has more uses than you might think. Give your nieces and nephews some chalk to draw on it. The grubby material will hold the chalk in place. They can mix materials by incorporating crayons and watercolors into their masterpieces. They can even make their own shirts using sand paper. Tell them to color on a page using crayons. Place the page sandy side down on a blank T-shirt, lay a sheet of wax paper on top of that, and run an iron along the back for about thirty seconds and Voila!

Photo: Emily Shwake
Updated and republished: July 20, 2016

          (USA-WA-Lacey) TRAVEL DIALYSIS PCT -LACEY, WA   
**Fresenius Travel Nurse Program:** As part of the Fresenius Travel Nurse program, you’ll have a unique opportunity to build your career in a flexible, autonomous environment. Working with new and different people and personalities, and with physicians and nurses from various facilities, will make each day an exciting challenge. Through it all, you’ll make a profound difference in the lives of patients affected by kidney disease. Come join a leader in Dialysis, where assignments are ongoing, as we have over 2,200 clinics and numerous acute facility programs, so travel with us can be continuous. **Benefits:** + 13 week assignment + Variety of settings + Acute or Chronic care positions + Top salaries + Paid time off + Free private housing + Growth Opportunity **Position Specific Details:** + Anticipated Start Date: ASAP + Expected call time: 7AM-7PM + Hours/Shifts: MWF 3 shifts TTS 2 shifts, 36 hour week + Machine type:T Machines + Proton/AMI/eCube: eCube + Patient Ratio: RN 1:6 PCT 1:6 ratios + Number of Chairs/Stations: 6 station clinic **Purpose and Scope:** Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team in providing safe and effective dialysis therapy for patients under the direct supervision of a licensed nurse in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, training, and in compliance with regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agencies. Responsible for the setup and operation of hemodialysis machines. Assist in the maintenance of a safe and clean working environment. Supports the FMS mission, vision, values, and customer service philosophy. **Duties / Activities:** **Patient Care:** Assist other health care members in providing patient specific education regarding adequacy measures where appropriate – Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Access Flow Testing, Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM), and regarding disease process, dialysis treatment and vascular access. **Dialysis Treatment:** + Review dialysis patient specific treatment orders on the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet. + Set up the dialysis machine using the prescribed acid and bicarbonate solutions. + Welcome assigned patients and inquire as to their wellbeing since their last treatment. Report any complaints or observations to the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Obtain necessary pre and post treatment vital signs and weight. Report unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Assist with transfer or lifting patient into and out of the dialysis char if necessary. + Perform vascular access evaluation pre-treatment, evaluate for patency, signs of infection, or other changes and report unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. + Perform vascular access cannulation and report any difficulties in cannulation or unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. + For patients with central venous catheters, prepare the catheter for treatment initiation and termination if allowed by state law. + Perform administration of Heparin as delegated or allowed by state law. + Initiate dialysis treatment according to prescribed orders including blood flow (QB) and dialysate flow (QD). + Responsible for ensuring appropriates safety alarms are enabled, including Narrow Venous Limits (NVL) 160. + Evaluate intradialytic problems and provide intervention as prescribed by physician order or as directed by the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Take vital signs during the treatment according to facility policy and as indicated by changes in patient’s condition. + Monitor patients’ response to dialysis therapy and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. + Obtain vital signs prior to reinfusion; perform all relevant functions necessary for the discontinuation of treatment – document. + Evaluate patient prior to termination of treatment – including performing standing & sitting blood pressure. + Obtain hemostasis of vascular access following removal of needles and apply appropriate dressings. + Evaluate the patient prior to discharge and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. **Documentation of information:** + Document all testing performed as part of maintenance or technical duties. + Document safety checks on the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet. + Perform and record Pre and Post dialysis evaluation, weight and vital signs with initial identification. + Responsible for calculating and entry of individual patients’ dialysis machine programming for Ultrafiltration (UF) goal; treatment time; Sodium (Na) modeling; and UF modeling as prescribed. + Record accurate and timely information regarding vital signs and treatment parameters onto the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet with initial identification. + Responsible for documenting On-line Clearance (OLC) and Access Flow. + Responsible for accurate documentation of information related to patient treatment including completion of Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet and, if applicable, progress notes. + Enter treatment information from Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet into the information System. **Monitoring duties and testing:** + Report any significant information and / or change in patient condition directly to the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Observe patient and conduct machine safety checks according to facility policy. Report any change or unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Perform and document any intervention for unusual patient status and document patients’ response to intervention. + Evaluate patient’s vascular access during treatment including arterial and venous monitoring pressures, provide appropriate intervention as needed, document and report any unusual findings to the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Obtain all prescribed laboratory testing and prepare specimens for collection. **Maintenance / Technical:** + Maintain environmental integrity and aesthetics – ensure all areas are safe and clean. + Assist with disposal of hazardous waste. + Calibrate water treatment meters and Glucometer devices. + Mix bicarbonate solution or Granuflo in preparation for dialysis treatments. + Monitor reverse osmosis system. + Fill dialysate solution containers. + Conduct all tasks necessary for preparation for dialysis treatment and document where appropriate. + Perform Diasafe filter testing on machines every other week. + Perform all required pretreatment dialysis machine alarm testing including Pressure Holding (PHT). + Initiate Solution Delivery System (SDS) and rinse at the end of the treatment day. + Clean and disinfect dialysis machine surface, chair, equipment and surrounding area between treatments according to facility policy. + Ensure that all blood spills are immediately cleaned with appropriate disinfectant according to facility policy. + Prepare, organize and efficiently utilize supplies and equipment to prevent wastage. **Clerical & Administrative:** + Participate in and document activities related to Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities. + Enter all treatment data into Proton accurately and in a timely manner. + Review treatment sheets for completeness, ensure nursing signatures are documented for medications administered, other nursing notes, and ensure omitted entries are completed or corrected where appropriate. + Prepare initial patient chart for admission and compile paperwork for appropriate placement in chart. + Prepare lab requisitions for prescribed or stat Lab specimens according to laboratory destination. + Collect, label, appropriately prepare and store lab samples according to required laboratory specifications. + Ensure collection of lab specimens by appropriate lab courier. **Other** + Perform additional duties as assigned. **PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS:** The physical demands and work environment characteristics described here are representative of those an employee encounters while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. Day to day work includes desk and personal computer work and interaction with patients, facility staff and physicians. The position requires travel between assigned facilities and various locations within the community. Travel to regional, Business Unit and Corporate meetings may be required. The work environment is characteristic of a health care facility with air temperature control and moderate noise levels. May be exposed to infectious and contagious diseases/materials The position provides direct patient care that regularly involves heavy lifting and moving of patients, and assisting with ambulation. Equipment aids and/or coworkers may provide assistance. This position requires frequent, prolonged periods of standing and the employee must be able to bend over. The employee may occasionally be required to push and/or pull equipment, exerting up to 15 pounds of force. The employee may be required to lift and to lower solutions on a frequent basis of up to 30 lbs., and on an occasional lift basis up to 40 lbs., as high as 5 feet. There is a two-person assist program and "material assist” devices for the heavier items. **EDUCATION** + Center for Medicaid/Medicare Services (CMS)-approved state and/or national certification or High School diploma or G.E.D. and must meet certification requirements within the required state or CMS timeline. + All appropriate state licensure, education and training (if any) required. **EXPERIENCE AND REQUIRED SKILLS** + Previous patient care experience in a hospital setting or related facility preferred. + Employees have to meet the necessary requirements of Ishihara's Color Blindness test as a condition of employment. + Continued employment is dependent on successful completion of the FMCNA dialysis training program and successful completion of CPR certification. **_EO/AA Employer: Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity_**
          (USA-WA-Kennewick) TRAVEL DIALYSIS PCT - KENNEWICK, WA   
**Fresenius Travel Nurse Program:** As part of the Fresenius Travel Nurse program, you’ll have a unique opportunity to build your career in a flexible, autonomous environment. Working with new and different people and personalities, and with physicians and nurses from various facilities, will make each day an exciting challenge. Through it all, you’ll make a profound difference in the lives of patients affected by kidney disease. Come join a leader in Dialysis, where assignments are ongoing, as we have over 2,200 clinics and numerous acute facility programs, so travel with us can be continuous. **Benefits:** + 13 week assignment + Variety of settings + Acute or Chronic care positions + Top salaries + Paid time off + Free private housing + Growth Opportunity **Position Specific Details:** + Anticipated Start Date: ASAP + Expected call time: 7AM-7PM + Hours/Shifts: MWF 3 shifts TTS 2 shifts, 40 hour week + Machine type: T Machines + Proton/AMI/eCube: eCube + Patient Ratio: RN 1:13 PCT 1:4 ratios + Number of Chairs/Stations: 13 Stations **Purpose and Scope:** Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team in providing safe and effective dialysis therapy for patients under the direct supervision of a licensed nurse in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, training, and in compliance with regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agencies. Responsible for the setup and operation of hemodialysis machines. Assist in the maintenance of a safe and clean working environment. Supports the FMS mission, vision, values, and customer service philosophy. **Duties / Activities:** **Patient Care:** Assist other health care members in providing patient specific education regarding adequacy measures where appropriate – Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Access Flow Testing, Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM), and regarding disease process, dialysis treatment and vascular access. **Dialysis Treatment:** + Review dialysis patient specific treatment orders on the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet. + Set up the dialysis machine using the prescribed acid and bicarbonate solutions. + Welcome assigned patients and inquire as to their wellbeing since their last treatment. Report any complaints or observations to the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Obtain necessary pre and post treatment vital signs and weight. Report unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Assist with transfer or lifting patient into and out of the dialysis char if necessary. + Perform vascular access evaluation pre-treatment, evaluate for patency, signs of infection, or other changes and report unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. + Perform vascular access cannulation and report any difficulties in cannulation or unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. + For patients with central venous catheters, prepare the catheter for treatment initiation and termination if allowed by state law. + Perform administration of Heparin as delegated or allowed by state law. + Initiate dialysis treatment according to prescribed orders including blood flow (QB) and dialysate flow (QD). + Responsible for ensuring appropriates safety alarms are enabled, including Narrow Venous Limits (NVL) 160. + Evaluate intradialytic problems and provide intervention as prescribed by physician order or as directed by the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Take vital signs during the treatment according to facility policy and as indicated by changes in patient’s condition. + Monitor patients’ response to dialysis therapy and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. + Obtain vital signs prior to reinfusion; perform all relevant functions necessary for the discontinuation of treatment – document. + Evaluate patient prior to termination of treatment – including performing standing & sitting blood pressure. + Obtain hemostasis of vascular access following removal of needles and apply appropriate dressings. + Evaluate the patient prior to discharge and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. **Documentation of information:** + Document all testing performed as part of maintenance or technical duties. + Document safety checks on the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet. + Perform and record Pre and Post dialysis evaluation, weight and vital signs with initial identification. + Responsible for calculating and entry of individual patients’ dialysis machine programming for Ultrafiltration (UF) goal; treatment time; Sodium (Na) modeling; and UF modeling as prescribed. + Record accurate and timely information regarding vital signs and treatment parameters onto the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet with initial identification. + Responsible for documenting On-line Clearance (OLC) and Access Flow. + Responsible for accurate documentation of information related to patient treatment including completion of Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet and, if applicable, progress notes. + Enter treatment information from Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet into the information System. **Monitoring duties and testing:** + Report any significant information and / or change in patient condition directly to the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Observe patient and conduct machine safety checks according to facility policy. Report any change or unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Perform and document any intervention for unusual patient status and document patients’ response to intervention. + Evaluate patient’s vascular access during treatment including arterial and venous monitoring pressures, provide appropriate intervention as needed, document and report any unusual findings to the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Obtain all prescribed laboratory testing and prepare specimens for collection. **Maintenance / Technical:** + Maintain environmental integrity and aesthetics – ensure all areas are safe and clean. + Assist with disposal of hazardous waste. + Calibrate water treatment meters and Glucometer devices. + Mix bicarbonate solution or Granuflo in preparation for dialysis treatments. + Monitor reverse osmosis system. + Fill dialysate solution containers. + Conduct all tasks necessary for preparation for dialysis treatment and document where appropriate. + Perform Diasafe filter testing on machines every other week. + Perform all required pretreatment dialysis machine alarm testing including Pressure Holding (PHT). + Initiate Solution Delivery System (SDS) and rinse at the end of the treatment day. + Clean and disinfect dialysis machine surface, chair, equipment and surrounding area between treatments according to facility policy. + Ensure that all blood spills are immediately cleaned with appropriate disinfectant according to facility policy. + Prepare, organize and efficiently utilize supplies and equipment to prevent wastage. **Clerical & Administrative:** + Participate in and document activities related to Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities. + Enter all treatment data into Proton accurately and in a timely manner. + Review treatment sheets for completeness, ensure nursing signatures are documented for medications administered, other nursing notes, and ensure omitted entries are completed or corrected where appropriate. + Prepare initial patient chart for admission and compile paperwork for appropriate placement in chart. + Prepare lab requisitions for prescribed or stat Lab specimens according to laboratory destination. + Collect, label, appropriately prepare and store lab samples according to required laboratory specifications. + Ensure collection of lab specimens by appropriate lab courier. **Other** + Perform additional duties as assigned. **PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS:** The physical demands and work environment characteristics described here are representative of those an employee encounters while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. Day to day work includes desk and personal computer work and interaction with patients, facility staff and physicians. The position requires travel between assigned facilities and various locations within the community. Travel to regional, Business Unit and Corporate meetings may be required. The work environment is characteristic of a health care facility with air temperature control and moderate noise levels. May be exposed to infectious and contagious diseases/materials The position provides direct patient care that regularly involves heavy lifting and moving of patients, and assisting with ambulation. Equipment aids and/or coworkers may provide assistance. This position requires frequent, prolonged periods of standing and the employee must be able to bend over. The employee may occasionally be required to push and/or pull equipment, exerting up to 15 pounds of force. The employee may be required to lift and to lower solutions on a frequent basis of up to 30 lbs., and on an occasional lift basis up to 40 lbs., as high as 5 feet. There is a two-person assist program and "material assist” devices for the heavier items. **EDUCATION** + Center for Medicaid/Medicare Services (CMS)-approved state and/or national certification or High School diploma or G.E.D. and must meet certification requirements within the required state or CMS timeline. + All appropriate state licensure, education and training (if any) required. **EXPERIENCE AND REQUIRED SKILLS** + Previous patient care experience in a hospital setting or related facility preferred. + Employees have to meet the necessary requirements of Ishihara's Color Blindness test as a condition of employment. + Continued employment is dependent on successful completion of the FMCNA dialysis training program and successful completion of CPR certification. **_EO/AA Employer: Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity_**
          (USA-WA-Chehalis) TRAVEL DIALYSIS PCT- CHEHALIS, WA   
**Fresenius Travel Nurse Program:** As part of the Fresenius Travel Nurse program, you’ll have a unique opportunity to build your career in a flexible, autonomous environment. Working with new and different people and personalities, and with physicians and nurses from various facilities, will make each day an exciting challenge. Through it all, you’ll make a profound difference in the lives of patients affected by kidney disease. Come join a leader in Dialysis, where assignments are ongoing, as we have over 2,200 clinics and numerous acute facility programs, so travel with us can be continuous. **Benefits:** + 13 week assignment + Variety of settings + Acute or Chronic care positions + Top salaries + Paid time off + Free private housing + Growth Opportunity **Position Specific Details:** + Anticipated Start Date: ASAP + Expected call time: 7AM-7PM + Hours/Shifts: Mon-Sat 5 AM to 10:30 PM, 4 day shifts/week + Machine type: T Machines + Proton/AMI/eCube: eCube + Patient Ratio: 1PCT:4Pts + Number of Chairs/Stations:12 Stations **Purpose and Scope:** Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team in providing safe and effective dialysis therapy for patients under the direct supervision of a licensed nurse in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, training, and in compliance with regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agencies. Responsible for the setup and operation of hemodialysis machines. Assist in the maintenance of a safe and clean working environment. Supports the FMS mission, vision, values, and customer service philosophy. **Duties / Activities:** **Patient Care:** Assist other health care members in providing patient specific education regarding adequacy measures where appropriate – Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Access Flow Testing, Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM), and regarding disease process, dialysis treatment and vascular access. **Dialysis Treatment:** + Review dialysis patient specific treatment orders on the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet. + Set up the dialysis machine using the prescribed acid and bicarbonate solutions. + Welcome assigned patients and inquire as to their wellbeing since their last treatment. Report any complaints or observations to the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Obtain necessary pre and post treatment vital signs and weight. Report unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Assist with transfer or lifting patient into and out of the dialysis char if necessary. + Perform vascular access evaluation pre-treatment, evaluate for patency, signs of infection, or other changes and report unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. + Perform vascular access cannulation and report any difficulties in cannulation or unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. + For patients with central venous catheters, prepare the catheter for treatment initiation and termination if allowed by state law. + Perform administration of Heparin as delegated or allowed by state law. + Initiate dialysis treatment according to prescribed orders including blood flow (QB) and dialysate flow (QD). + Responsible for ensuring appropriates safety alarms are enabled, including Narrow Venous Limits (NVL) 160. + Evaluate intradialytic problems and provide intervention as prescribed by physician order or as directed by the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Take vital signs during the treatment according to facility policy and as indicated by changes in patient’s condition. + Monitor patients’ response to dialysis therapy and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. + Obtain vital signs prior to reinfusion; perform all relevant functions necessary for the discontinuation of treatment – document. + Evaluate patient prior to termination of treatment – including performing standing & sitting blood pressure. + Obtain hemostasis of vascular access following removal of needles and apply appropriate dressings. + Evaluate the patient prior to discharge and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor / team leader. **Documentation of information:** + Document all testing performed as part of maintenance or technical duties. + Document safety checks on the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet. + Perform and record Pre and Post dialysis evaluation, weight and vital signs with initial identification. + Responsible for calculating and entry of individual patients’ dialysis machine programming for Ultrafiltration (UF) goal; treatment time; Sodium (Na) modeling; and UF modeling as prescribed. + Record accurate and timely information regarding vital signs and treatment parameters onto the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet with initial identification. + Responsible for documenting On-line Clearance (OLC) and Access Flow. + Responsible for accurate documentation of information related to patient treatment including completion of Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet and, if applicable, progress notes. + Enter treatment information from Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet into the information System. **Monitoring duties and testing:** + Report any significant information and / or change in patient condition directly to the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Observe patient and conduct machine safety checks according to facility policy. Report any change or unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Perform and document any intervention for unusual patient status and document patients’ response to intervention. + Evaluate patient’s vascular access during treatment including arterial and venous monitoring pressures, provide appropriate intervention as needed, document and report any unusual findings to the nurse supervisor / team leader. + Obtain all prescribed laboratory testing and prepare specimens for collection. **Maintenance / Technical:** + Maintain environmental integrity and aesthetics – ensure all areas are safe and clean. + Assist with disposal of hazardous waste. + Calibrate water treatment meters and Glucometer devices. + Mix bicarbonate solution or Granuflo in preparation for dialysis treatments. + Monitor reverse osmosis system. + Fill dialysate solution containers. + Conduct all tasks necessary for preparation for dialysis treatment and document where appropriate. + Perform Diasafe filter testing on machines every other week. + Perform all required pretreatment dialysis machine alarm testing including Pressure Holding (PHT). + Initiate Solution Delivery System (SDS) and rinse at the end of the treatment day. + Clean and disinfect dialysis machine surface, chair, equipment and surrounding area between treatments according to facility policy. + Ensure that all blood spills are immediately cleaned with appropriate disinfectant according to facility policy. + Prepare, organize and efficiently utilize supplies and equipment to prevent wastage. **Clerical & Administrative:** + Participate in and document activities related to Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities. + Enter all treatment data into Proton accurately and in a timely manner. + Review treatment sheets for completeness, ensure nursing signatures are documented for medications administered, other nursing notes, and ensure omitted entries are completed or corrected where appropriate. + Prepare initial patient chart for admission and compile paperwork for appropriate placement in chart. + Prepare lab requisitions for prescribed or stat Lab specimens according to laboratory destination. + Collect, label, appropriately prepare and store lab samples according to required laboratory specifications. + Ensure collection of lab specimens by appropriate lab courier. **Other** + Perform additional duties as assigned. **PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS:** The physical demands and work environment characteristics described here are representative of those an employee encounters while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. Day to day work includes desk and personal computer work and interaction with patients, facility staff and physicians. The position requires travel between assigned facilities and various locations within the community. Travel to regional, Business Unit and Corporate meetings may be required. The work environment is characteristic of a health care facility with air temperature control and moderate noise levels. May be exposed to infectious and contagious diseases/materials The position provides direct patient care that regularly involves heavy lifting and moving of patients, and assisting with ambulation. Equipment aids and/or coworkers may provide assistance. This position requires frequent, prolonged periods of standing and the employee must be able to bend over. The employee may occasionally be required to push and/or pull equipment, exerting up to 15 pounds of force. The employee may be required to lift and to lower solutions on a frequent basis of up to 30 lbs., and on an occasional lift basis up to 40 lbs., as high as 5 feet. There is a two-person assist program and "material assist” devices for the heavier items. **EDUCATION** + Center for Medicaid/Medicare Services (CMS)-approved state and/or national certification or High School diploma or G.E.D. and must meet certification requirements within the required state or CMS timeline. + All appropriate state licensure, education and training (if any) required. **EXPERIENCE AND REQUIRED SKILLS** + Previous patient care experience in a hospital setting or related facility preferred. + Employees have to meet the necessary requirements of Ishihara's Color Blindness test as a condition of employment. + Continued employment is dependent on successful completion of the FMCNA dialysis training program and successful completion of CPR certification. **_EO/AA Employer: Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity_**
          Autokinetic Effect   
Eye movements can cause you to mistakenly perceive isolated objects as moving.
          Unsupervised Deconvolution of Dynamic Imaging Reveals Intratumor Vascular Heterogeneity and Repopulation Dynamics   
With the existence of biologically distinctive malignant cells originated within the same tumor, intratumor functional heterogeneity is present in many cancers and is often manifested by the intermingled vascular compartments with distinct pharmacokinetics. However, intratumor vascular heterogeneity cannot be resolved directly by most in vivo dynamic imaging. We developed multi-tissue compartment modeling (MTCM), a completely unsupervised method of deconvoluting dynamic imaging series from heterogeneous tumors that can improve vascular characterization in many biological contexts. Applying MTCM to dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of breast cancers revealed characteristic intratumor vascular heterogeneity and therapeutic responses that were otherwise undetectable. MTCM is readily applicable to other dynamic imaging modalities for studying intratumor functional and phenotypic heterogeneity, together with a variety of foreseeable applications in the clinic.
          cAMP Control of HCN2 Channel Mg2+ Block Reveals Loose Coupling between the Cyclic Nucleotide-Gating Ring and the Pore   
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-regulated HCN channels underlie the Na+-K+ permeable IH pacemaker current. As with other voltage-gated members of the 6-transmembrane KV channel superfamily, opening of HCN channels involves dilation of a helical bundle formed by the intracellular ends of S6 albeit this is promoted by inward, not outward, displacement of S4. Direct agonist binding to a ring of cyclic nucleotide-binding sites, one of which lies immediately distal to each S6 helix, imparts cAMP sensitivity to HCN channel opening. At depolarized potentials, HCN channels are further modulated by intracellular Mg2+ which blocks the open channel pore and blunts the inhibitory effect of outward K+ flux. Here, we show that cAMP binding to the gating ring enhances not only channel opening but also the kinetics of Mg2+ block. A combination of experimental and simulation studies demonstrates that agonist acceleration of block is mediated via acceleration of the blocking reaction itself rather than as a secondary consequence of the cAMP enhancement of channel opening. These results suggest that the activation status of the gating ring and the open state of the pore are not coupled in an obligate manner (as required by the often invoked Monod-Wyman-Changeux allosteric model) but couple more loosely (as envisioned in a modular model of protein activation). Importantly, the emergence of second messenger sensitivity of open channel rectification suggests that loose coupling may have an unexpected consequence: it may endow these erstwhile “slow” channels with an ability to exert voltage and ligand-modulated control over cellular excitability on the fastest of physiologically relevant time scales.
          Dynamic Conduction and Repolarisation Changes in Early Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy versus Benign Outflow Tract Ectopy Demonstrated by High Density Mapping and Paced Surface ECG Analysis   
Aims: The concealed phase of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) may initially manifest electrophysiologically. No studies have examined dynamic conduction/repolarization kinetics to distinguish benign right ventricular outflow tract ectopy (RVOT ectopy) from ARVC's early phase. We investigated dynamic endocardial electrophysiological changes that differentiate early ARVC disease expression from RVOT ectopy. Methods: 22 ARVC (12 definite based upon family history and mutation carrier status, 10 probable) patients without right ventricular structural anomalies underwent high-density non-contact mapping of the right ventricle. These were compared to data from 14 RVOT ectopy and 12 patients with supraventricular tachycardias and normal hearts. Endocardial & surface ECG conduction and repolarization parameters were assessed during a standard S1-S2 restitution protocol. Results: Definite ARVC without RV structural disease could not be clearly distinguished from RVOT ectopy during sinus rhythm or during steady state pacing. Delay in Activation Times at coupling intervals just above the ventricular effective refractory period (VERP) increased in definite ARVC (43±20 ms) more than RVOT ectopy patients (36±14 ms, p = 0.03) or Normals (25±16 ms, p = 0.008) and a progressive separation of the repolarisation time curves between groups existed. Repolarization time increases in the RVOT were also greatest in ARVC (definite ARVC: 18±20 ms; RVOT ectopy: 5±14, Normal: 1±18, p<0.05). Surface ECG correlates of these intracardiac measurements demonstrated an increase of greater than 48 ms in stimulus to surface ECG J-point pre-ERP versus steady state, with an 88% specificity and 68% sensitivity in distinguishing definite ARVC from the other groups. This technique could not distinguish patients with genetic predisposition to ARVC only (probable ARVC) from controls. Conclusions: Significant changes in dynamic conduction and repolarization are apparent in early ARVC before detectable RV structural abnormalities, and were present to a lesser degree in probable ARVC patients. Investigation of dynamic electrophysiological parameters may be useful to identify concealed ARVC in patients without disease pedigrees by using endocardial electrogram or paced ECG parameters.
          Modeling Within-Host Effects of Drugs on Plasmodium falciparum Transmission and Prospects for Malaria Elimination   
Achieving a theoretical foundation for malaria elimination will require a detailed understanding of the quantitative relationships between patient treatment-seeking behavior, treatment coverage, and the effects of curative therapies that also block Plasmodium parasite transmission to mosquito vectors. Here, we report a mechanistic, within-host mathematical model that uses pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) data to simulate the effects of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) on Plasmodium falciparum transmission. To contextualize this model, we created a set of global maps of the fold reductions that would be necessary to reduce the malaria RC (i.e. its basic reproductive number under control) to below 1 and thus interrupt transmission. This modeling was applied to low-transmission settings, defined as having a R0<10 based on 2010 data. Our modeling predicts that treating 93–98% of symptomatic infections with an ACT within five days of fever onset would interrupt malaria transmission for ∼91% of the at-risk population of Southeast Asia and ∼74% of the global at-risk population, and lead these populations towards malaria elimination. This level of treatment coverage corresponds to an estimated 81–85% of all infected individuals in these settings. At this coverage level with ACTs, the addition of the gametocytocidal agent primaquine affords no major gains in transmission reduction. Indeed, we estimate that it would require switching ∼180 people from ACTs to ACTs plus primaquine to achieve the same transmission reduction as switching a single individual from untreated to treated with ACTs. Our model thus predicts that the addition of gametocytocidal drugs to treatment regimens provides very small population-wide benefits and that the focus of control efforts in Southeast Asia should be on increasing prompt ACT coverage. Prospects for elimination in much of Sub-Saharan Africa appear far less favorable currently, due to high rates of infection and less frequent and less rapid treatment.
          Transcriptome Analysis Identifies the Dysregulation of Ultraviolet Target Genes in Human Skin Cancers   
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is a major risk factor for both melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers. In addition to its mutagenic effect, UVR can also induce substantial transcriptional instability in skin cells affecting thousands of genes, including many cancer genes, suggesting that transcriptional instability may be another important etiological factor in skin photocarcinogenesis. In this study, we performed detailed transcriptomic profiling studies to characterize the kinetic changes in global gene expression in human keratinocytes exposed to different UVR conditions. We identified a subset of UV-responsive genes as UV signature genes (UVSGs) based on 1) conserved UV-responsiveness of this subset of genes among different keratinocyte lines; and 2) UV-induced persistent changes in their mRNA levels long after exposure. Interestingly, 11 of the UVSGs were shown to be critical to skin cancer cell proliferation and survival. Through computational Gene Set Enrichment Analysis, we demonstrated that a significant portion of the UVSGs were dysregulated in human skin squamous cell carcinomas, but not in other human malignancies. This highlights the potential and specificity of the UVSGs in clinical diagnosis of UV damage and stratification of skin cancer risk.
          Severe NDE1-mediated microcephaly results from neural progenitor cell cycle arrests at multiple specific stages   
Microcephaly is a cortical malformation disorder characterized by an abnormally small brain. Recent studies have revealed severe cases of microcephaly resulting from human mutations in the NDE1 gene, which is involved in the regulation of cytoplasmic dynein. Here using in utero electroporation of NDE1 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in embryonic rat brains, we observe cell cycle arrest of proliferating neural progenitors at three distinct stages: during apical interkinetic nuclear migration, at the G2-to-M transition and in regulation of primary cilia at the G1-to-S transition. RNAi against the NDE1 paralogue NDEL1 has no such effects. However, NDEL1 overexpression can functionally compensate for NDE1, except at the G2-to-M transition, revealing a unique NDE1 role. In contrast, NDE1 and NDEL1 RNAi have comparable effects on postmitotic neuronal migration. These results reveal that the severity of NDE1-associated microcephaly results not from defects in mitosis, but rather the inability of neural progenitors to ever reach this stage.
          Antifibrotic Effects of the Dual CCR2/CCR5 Antagonist Cenicriviroc in Animal Models of Liver and Kidney Fibrosis   
Background & Aims Interactions between C-C chemokine receptor types 2 (CCR2) and 5 (CCR5) and their ligands, including CCL2 and CCL5, mediate fibrogenesis by promoting monocyte/macrophage recruitment and tissue infiltration, as well as hepatic stellate cell activation. Cenicriviroc (CVC) is an oral, dual CCR2/CCR5 antagonist with nanomolar potency against both receptors. CVC’s anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects were evaluated in a range of preclinical models of inflammation and fibrosis. Methods Monocyte/macrophage recruitment was assessed in vivo in a mouse model of thioglycollate-induced peritonitis. CCL2-induced chemotaxis was evaluated ex vivo on mouse monocytes. CVC’s antifibrotic effects were evaluated in a thioacetamide-induced rat model of liver fibrosis and mouse models of diet-induced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and renal fibrosis. Study assessments included body and liver/kidney weight, liver function test, liver/kidney morphology and collagen deposition, fibrogenic gene and protein expression, and pharmacokinetic analyses. Results CVC significantly reduced monocyte/macrophage recruitment in vivo at doses ≥20 mg/kg/day (p < 0.05). At these doses, CVC showed antifibrotic effects, with significant reductions in collagen deposition (p < 0.05), and collagen type 1 protein and mRNA expression across the three animal models of fibrosis. In the NASH model, CVC significantly reduced the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score (p < 0.05 vs. controls). CVC treatment had no notable effect on body or liver/kidney weight. Conclusions CVC displayed potent anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic activity in a range of animal fibrosis models, supporting human testing for fibrotic diseases. Further experimental studies are needed to clarify the underlying mechanisms of CVC’s antifibrotic effects. A Phase 2b study in adults with NASH and liver fibrosis is fully enrolled (CENTAUR Study 652-2-203; NCT02217475).
          Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension Associated with Kinetic Tremor and Ataxia   
Background: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a clinically variable syndrome caused by low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure due to a non-traumatic CSF leak. Phenomenology Shown: This case describes a 68-year-old gentleman who presents with chronic and slightly progressive kinetic tremor of bilateral hands associated with gait ataxia and gait start hesitation. Educational Value: This case underscores the importance of having a high index of suspicion for the diagnosis of SIH when encountering a patient presenting with late-onset progressive kinetic tremor and gait ataxia syndrome.
          Irreversible Hemichorea–Hemiballism in a Case of Nonketotic Hyperglycemia Presenting as the Initial Manifestation of Diabetes Mellitus   
Background: Hemichorea–hemiballism (HCHB) is a hyperkinetic movement disorder with features of both chorea and ballism occurring on the same side. Case report: We present a case of HCHB due to nonketotic hyperglycemia (NKH) that was the initial presentation of diabetes and was irreversible clinically even after 6 months of optimal blood sugar control. Discussion: Although HCHB due to hyperglycemia is a potentially reversible condition in the majority of patients, prolonged uncontrolled hyperglycemia may cause ischemic insult and persistent symptoms. Hyperglycemia should always be kept in the list of differentials while dealing with patients who are newly diagnosed with HCHB.
          More Than Ataxia: Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders in Childhood Autosomal Recessive Ataxia Syndromes   
Background: The autosomal recessive ataxias are a heterogeneous group of disorders that are characterized by complex neurological features in addition to progressive ataxia. Hyperkinetic movement disorders occur in a significant proportion of patients, and may sometimes be the presenting motor symptom. Presentations with involuntary movements rather than ataxia are diagnostically challenging, and are likely under-recognized. Methods: A PubMed literature search was performed in October 2015 utilizing pairwise combinations of disease-related terms (autosomal recessive ataxia, ataxia–telangiectasia, ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1), ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2), Friedreich ataxia, ataxia with vitamin E deficiency), and symptom-related terms (movement disorder, dystonia, chorea, choreoathetosis, myoclonus). Results: Involuntary movements occur in the majority of patients with ataxia–telangiectasia and AOA1, and less frequently in patients with AOA2, Friedreich ataxia, and ataxia with vitamin E deficiency. Clinical presentations with an isolated hyperkinetic movement disorder in the absence of ataxia include dystonia or dystonia with myoclonus with predominant upper limb and cervical involvement (ataxia–telangiectasia, ataxia with vitamin E deficiency), and generalized chorea (ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1, ataxia-telangiectasia). Discussion: An awareness of atypical presentations facilitates early and accurate diagnosis in these challenging cases. Recognition of involuntary movements is important not only for diagnosis, but also because of the potential for effective targeted symptomatic treatment.
          Анонс Zotz Decals 1/24 Republic P-47D Thunderbolt Razorback   
Zotz Decals анонсировали декаль для модели истребителя Republic P-47D Thunderbolt Razorback от Kinetic в масштабе 1/24.
          Pharmacokinetics, Senior Principal Scientist Job ID 1045902 - Pfizer Inc. - La Jolla, CA   
Pfizer is an E-Verify employer. A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively...
From Indeed - Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:08:03 GMT - View all La Jolla, CA jobs
          Time to get back into a training routine   

As a road rider and racer, my cycling season tends to wind down about this time. If I were to start racing cyclocross, I’d extend it out, but for now, I’m staying out of that. The past two years, I’ve marked the end of my season with racing at the Jamestown Classic down in Rhode Island. This year, a combination of the fact that I really kind of needed to work the day and also that my fitness wasn’t really where it should have been for a race led to me skipping it. Now I’m a little bummed that I did, but c’est la vie. I’ve spent most of the past six weeks generally riding just for fun and without any real training goals in mind, although I have been watching the power numbers on my shiny new powertap out of curiosity.

Looking back on the season, it was one that was both successful on some fronts and utterly not on others. I did a good job of keeping up a good base training routine through the winter but then ended up doing little in the way of racing over the course of the spring and summer. First it was waiting for the new bike, then it was being busy, then the weather sucked, then I got hit by a car, then travel, and then the season was over. Even though I didn’t race much, I felt like I was a lot better prepared for the races I did do and that my fitness was higher as a result of the base training through last winter.

So I think it’s now time to start easing myself back into a bit more of a routine in preparation for the winter of base training. I picked up a new trainer to replace the freebie I had been using that’s significantly quieter. Last winter, I was able to do trainer time in the evenings, but with my current schedule that seems unlikely so I’m going to start getting up a little earlier to get time in before the ride into work.

Set it up last night and had the first ride on it was this morning and it’s pretty nice — quieter than the old one and seems a bit smoother as well. I’ve got a pretty good set up to start with to be able to watch DVDs or online video. I’m then streaming the audio to my iPhone with AirPhones so that I don’t have to have a long headphone cable or worry about turning up the speakers really loud. Today was watching some TV via Hulu and then a Spinervals DVD. For the latter, though, I need some better music. What do other people listen to as a good upbeat playlist for time on the trainer or even general race warmup, etc?

Comments
          Gravity and Kinetic Energy (recommended for grade 8), Jul 13-14   
Registration is now open for our FOSS Next Generation Middle School Summer Institutes! Join the development team at the Lawrence Hall of Science in Berkeley, CA for 2-day sessions, each introducing a brand new Next Generation edition 6-week course featuring three-dimensional interaction.

• Experience the FOSS Gravity and Kinetic Energy Next Generation Course, including three-dimensional learning (core ideas, science and engineering practices, and crosscutting concepts), embedded notebooking, ELA support, and assessment.
• Learn about the anchor and investigative phenomena that drive the development of student understanding of Newton's Laws.

The institutes are ideal for teacher leaders, science coordinators, and professional development providers. Engage in hands-on investigations to learn about the underlying research and pedagogy of the FOSS Middle School program and alignment to the Framework and the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).

Flier: http://tiny.cc/e3o6jy
          Kinesiologist - Swift Health Services - Surrey, BC   
Valid driver’s license. Current First Aid and CPR certifications. Completed Bachelor’s degree in Human Kinetics or Kinesiology or equivalent.... $35 - $40 an hour
From Indeed - Fri, 26 May 2017 04:51:52 GMT - View all Surrey, BC jobs
          Computational Toxicologist - UES - Dayton, OH   
In biology, environmental toxicology, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, pharmacology, biomedical engineering, chemical engineering, or other related disciplines...
From UES - Thu, 25 May 2017 22:30:29 GMT - View all Dayton, OH jobs
          Hussar Tani by KineticPlasma Fonts   

          Computational Toxicologist - UES - Dayton, OH   
In biology, environmental toxicology, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, pharmacology, biomedical engineering, chemical engineering, or other related disciplines...
From UES - Thu, 25 May 2017 22:30:29 GMT - View all Dayton, OH jobs
          Cobra Programmable Timer Module - $125.00   
There is currently a 3 day lead time on this item. Expect shipment 3 days from the time you place your order. Automate your Cobra with the Programmable Timer Module! About the size of a deck of playing cards, the timer can be set to activate the reel when you want, run the motor for as long as you need and then turn the reel off... automatically! But that's not all. This secret assistant can be programmed to wait until the time is right and then do it all over again, as many times as you wish, allowing for performance possibilities limited only by your imagination. EASY On-Board Programming (No PC or technical knowledge required) Lighted LCD Screen Optional Audio Countown Expansion Port (Allows you to control the unit with other Cobra switches or modules) The module can be hidden away in a remote location with the Cobra or worn on your person. You can activate it secretly and then focus all your attention on your performance as the module does it's magic. The program can be as simple as waiting until your performance is complete and then retracting your thread or something more complex like animating multiple objects in a sequence, as shown in this diabolical performance video. The video is an excerpt from a youtube video aimed at the layman, who readily accept the inexplicable performance as a genuine telekinetic demonstration. That's how powerful this device and is. The module features an expansion port which allows you to connect any of the Cobra switches, extension cables and even other modules, like the soon to be released remote control module. This opens the door to virtually unlimited possibilities! The on-board programming makes setting up easy, and you can change the program on the fly since you don't have to connect to a pc. There's also no need to learn any type of programming language. Just a few clicks on the keypad is all it takes and thanks to the lighted LCD screen you can do it in the dark! Check out this product preview video, it shows you everything you need to know about this marvelous device. Your package includes the Programmable Timer Module and access to an online tutorial video with routine ideas from Steve Fearson. Requires a Vectra Cobra Reel, sold separately. The Cobra Timer Module requires two AAA batteries, included in your package.
          Pharmacokinetics, Senior Principal Scientist Job ID 1045902 - Pfizer Inc. - La Jolla, CA   
Pfizer is an E-Verify employer. A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively...
From Indeed - Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:08:03 GMT - View all La Jolla, CA jobs
          (USA-ME-Augusta) Patient Care Technician (PCT) - Augusta, ME   
**PURPOSE AND SCOPE:** Supports FMCNA’s mission, vision, core values and customer service philosophy. Adheres to the FMCNA Compliance Program, including following all regulatory and FMS policy requirements. Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team in providing safe and effective dialysis therapy for patients under the direct supervision of a licensed nurse in accordance with FMCNA policies, procedures, and training and in compliance with regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agencies. Responsible for the setup and operation of hemodialysis machines. Assist in the maintenance of a safe and clean working environment. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMC Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP). **DUTIES / ACTIVITIES:** **CUSTOMER SERVICE:** + Responsible for driving the FMS culture through values and customer service standards. + Accountable for outstanding customer service to all external and internal customers. + Develops and maintains effective relationships through effective and timely communication. + Takes initiative and action to respond, resolve and follow up regarding customer service issues with all customers in a timely manner. **PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES** **PATIENT CARE:** + Assist other health care members in providing patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where appropriate - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM), and regarding disease process/access. + Welcome assigned patients and inquire as to their wellbeing since their last treatment. Report any complaints or observations to the nurse supervisor. + Evaluate vascular access for patency and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Obtain necessary pre and post treatment vital signs and weight. Report unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform vascular access evaluation pre-treatment and report unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform vascular access cannulation and report any difficulties in cannulation or unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform administration of Heparin as delegated or as allowed by state law. + Initiate dialysis treatment according to prescribed orders including blood flow (QB) and dialysate flow (QD). + Evaluate intradialytic problems and provide intervention as prescribed by physician order or as directed. + Monitor patients’ response to dialysis therapy and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Obtain vital signs prior to reinfusion; perform all relevant functions necessary for the discontinuation of treatment - document. + Discontinue dialysis treatment according to established procedures, + Evaluate patient prior to termination of venous access - standing & sitting blood pressure. + Obtain Hemostasis and apply appropriate dressings. + Evaluate the patient for prior to discharge and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform and record Pre and Post dialysis evaluation, weight and vital signs with initial identification. + Responsible for calculating and entry of individual patients’ dialysis machine programming for Ultrafiltration (UF) goal; treatment time; Sodium (Na) modeling; and UF modeling as prescribed. + Responsible for ensuring appropriate safety alarms are enabled, including Narrow Venous Limits (NVL) 160. + Record accurate and timely information regarding vital signs and treatment parameters onto the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet with initial identification. + Responsible for accurate documentation of information related to patient treatment including completion of Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet and, if applicable, progress notes. + Report any significant information and/or change in patient condition directly to the nurse supervisor. + Observe patient, and conduct machine safety checks according to facility policy. Report any change or unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Perform and document any intervention for unusual patient status and document patients' response to intervention. + Evaluate patients’ vascular access during treatment including arterial and venous monitoring pressures, provide appropriate intervention as needed, document and report any unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Obtain all prescribed laboratory testing and prepare specimens for collection. **MAINTENANCE/TECHNICAL:** + Maintain environmental integrity and aesthetics - ensure all areas are safe and clean. + Clean and disinfect dialysis machine surface, chair, equipment, and surrounding area between treatments according to facility policy. + Conduct all tasks necessary for preparation for dialysis treatment and document where appropriate. + Perform all required pretreatment dialysis machine alarm testing including Pressure Holding (PHT). + Initiate Solution Delivery System (SDS) system. + Ensure that all blood spills are immediately cleaned with appropriate disinfectant according to facility policy. + Prepare, organize, and efficiently utilize supplies and equipment to prevent wastage. **CLERICAL & ADMINISTRATIVE:** + Complete and document ongoing participation in Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities. + Enters all treatment data into the designated clinical application accurately and in a timely manner. + Review treatment sheets for completeness, ensure nursing signatures are documented, and ensure omitted entries are completed or corrected where appropriate. + Prepare initial patient chart for admission and compile paperwork for appropriate placement in chart. + Prepare lab requisitions for prescribed or stat Lab specimens according to laboratory destination. + Collect, label, appropriately prepare and store lab samples according required laboratory specifications. + Ensure collection of lab specimens by appropriate lab courier. **OTHER:** + Perform additional duties as assigned. **ADDENDUM FOR PATIENT CARE TECHNICIANS WORKING IN THE HOME PROGRAMS (NOT HOME ASSIST):** **Assisting the HT RN:** + May assist HT RN on Home Visit as directed + Reinforces PD / HHD education under supervision of qualified HT RN + Schedules and contacts patients regarding appointments + Weigh patient and obtain vital signs + Collect treatment records and review for completion. Notify RN of incomplete / missing records. + Cleaning and prepping treatment room; prep charts + Preparing lab tubes and requisitions & assisting with lab draw days both pre and post draw (PCT certified phlebotomy or per state regulations) + Clerical duties as assigned (faxing, mailing to physician offices etc.) + Obtain home hemo water sampling as directed by the HT RN + Set-up of the home hemo machine and PD Cycler. + Assist with exit site care when directed by HT RN. + Warm dialysate solution when directed by the HT RN + Draw dialysate solution for testing as directed by the HT RN + Creates and sends patient reminders (supply inventory for order, Kt/V collection, bringing meds to clinic visit for review) + Assembles/breaks down charts / thins charts + Maintains logs as directed and applicable + Inventory of Home Program + Maintains par levels of home department supplies + Files home patient packing slips/invoices + Inventory for Patients + Assists patient with supply management and contacting customer service **PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS:** The physical demands and work environment characteristics described here are representative of those an employee encounters while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. Day to day work includes desk and personal computer work and interaction with patients, facility staff and physicians. The position requires travel between assigned facilities and various locations within the community. Travel to regional, Business Unit and Corporate meetings may be required. The work environment is characteristic of a health care facility with air temperature control and moderate noise levels. May be exposed to infectious and contagious diseases/materials The position provides direct patient care that regularly involves heavy lifting and moving of patients, and assisting with ambulation. Equipment aids and/or coworkers may provide assistance. This position requires frequent, prolonged periods of standing and the employee must be able to bend over. The employee may occasionally be required to push and/or pull equipment, exerting up to 15 pounds of force. The employee may be required to lift and to lower solutions on a frequent basis of up to 30 lbs., and on an occasional lift basis up to 40 lbs., as high as 5 feet. There is a two-person assist program and "material assist” devices for the heavier items. **EDUCATION** + Center for Medicaid/Medicare Services (CMS)-approved state and/or national certification or High School diploma or G.E.D. and must meet certification requirements within the required state or CMS timeline. + All appropriate state licensure, education and training (if any) required. **EXPERIENCE AND REQUIRED SKILLS** + Previous patient care experience in a hospital setting or related facility preferred. + Employees have to meet the necessary requirements of Ishihara's Color Blindness test as a condition of employment. + Continued employment is dependent on successful completion of the FMCNA dialysis training program and successful completion of CPR certification. **_EO/AA Employer: Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity_**
          Birth asphyxia measured by the pH value of the umbilical cord blood may predict an increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.   
Related Articles

Birth asphyxia measured by the pH value of the umbilical cord blood may predict an increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Acta Paediatr. 2017 Jun;106(6):944-952

Authors: Mikkelsen SH, Olsen J, Bech BH, Wu C, Liew Z, Gissler M, Obel C, Arah O

Abstract
AIM: Although birth asphyxia is a major risk factor for neonatal and childhood morbidity and mortality, it has not been investigated much in relation to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We examined whether birth asphyxia measured by the pH of the blood in the umbilical artery cord was associated with childhood ADHD.
METHOD: A population-based cohort of 295 687 children born in Finland between 1991 and 2002 was followed until December 31, 2007. ADHD was identified by the International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition, as a diagnosis of hyperkinetic disorder. We examined the risk of ADHD with varying pH values using Cox regression, taking time trends into consideration.
RESULTS: When compared to the reference group, a pH value below 7.10 was significantly associated with an increased risk of ADHD. The strongest risks were observed among children with a pH value <7.15 and a gestational age of <32 weeks. The pH value did not contribute much to the risk among children with an Apgar score of 0-3.
CONCLUSION: Birth asphyxia, defined by low pH value, may predict an increased risk of ADHD in childhood. The association between the pH value and ADHD was homogenous when stratified by gestational age and the Apgar score.

PMID: 28247426 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


          Acceleration of Crystal Growth of Amorphous Griseofulvin by Low-Concentration Poly(ethylene oxide): Aspects of Crystallization Kinetics and Molecular Mobility   

TOC Graphic

Molecular Pharmaceutics
DOI: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00097

          Tom Daley - Swimming   
SWIMMING

In order to combine aerobic with resistance exercise it's a good idea to choose a leisure centre (GLL/Better in London are NOT recommended) which has a good pool.

Choosing a Good Swimming Pool



The Eltham Centre - South London
Not Recomended
A swimming pool can be a dangerous place.
When choosing a good swimming pool various factors should be considered,
Is the pool and the surrounding areas, showers, toilets and changing areas clean ?
Is the pool-side free of obstructions ?
Is the pool well designed and well lit ?
Are the non-swimming areas properly supervised ?

SAFETY

Eltham Swimming Pool
Not Recommended
Eltham Swimming Pool, (see right).
It is situated in the Eltham Centre (see right above) which also houses a Library, council offices etc.
It is an attractive building externally, but the pool and gym are very poorly designed to an obviously limited budget.
The pool, a typical example of a GLL Better Pool, is shown on the right above - note the blue rope thrown carelessly on the floor where children and older people may not see it, and trip.
The Eltham staff also have a nasty habit of leaving the large steel bolts, that secure the lane dividers to the pool wall, on the pool-side.
Standing on one of these steel bolts could lead to a fatal fall, particularly for an older person.
They also leave the same bolts attached under water to the pool-wall, where they could inflict horrendous injuries.


A good pool will ensure that all areas open to the public, other than the actual poolside, will be covered in rubber matting so that people using the pool will not accidentally slip over. - GLL Better do not do this.

CLEANLINESS

Many GLL Better Pools are definitely not clean - (in fact the changing areas usually stink !) , with poorly designed flooring which lacks proper drainage and therefore collects pools of standing, stagnant water..
If you wouldn't accept the standard of cleanliness you see at the pool, changing areas, toilets and showers in your own bathroom - the do not use the pool.

Are the non-swimming areas (changing areas, toilets and showers) properly supervised - or is it possible for undesirable elements to loiter and harass bona-fide swimmers - particularly older people (see right).
Toilets must be clean, wash basins should have reliable hot water, showers should be powerful and hot.

There should be no areas of standing water in the non-swimming areas.


GLL Better pools in London, such as Woolwich, Greenwich and particularly Eltham do not meet these minimum standards. - (showers that just dribble barely warm water, sink taps that do not work, or if they work, run cold, empty soap dispensers, broken hairdriers etc,etc).


In addition there have been incidences of dangerously high bacterial levels, and dangerously high chlorine (?) levels, which resulted in temporary pool closure !



And if you are wondering why there is a problem at Eltham then you are advised to consider the photo (right) of the Centre Manager - Ms.Ella Gosden - and this is not a photo taken when Ms. Gosden was young and foolish, many years ago, before she took on the responsibility of a large facility - this is a recent photo of a young graduate manage who is obviously not sufficiently experienced to provide a satisfactory service for those using the centre.


And one wonders what the Royal Borough of Greenwich might say about this catalogue of disasters, 
particularly their health and safety department ?



The manageress of the Eltham Centre, while publicly publishing her image on Facebook, does not want to be seen as the manageress of the Eltham centre - which, considering her record in this position, is not surprising.
The centre manager's name is freely available on the web, however.
If you want to know the name of the Eltham Centre manageress go to:
http://www.gll.org/leisure/eltham-centre/news/151/
http://www.facebook.com/mcsaware/posts/337532232975488?comment_id=3271001





GLL BETTER POOLS ARE
NOT RECOMENDED

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A Good Swimming Pool

Tom Daley in the Pool
Having found a good swimming pool, one should consider one's current state of health.
Anyone with a history of cardio-vascular disease should be very careful about swimming.
If you haven't swum for some time, take it very easy to begin with.
Any style is satisfactory, although the Butterfly (Fly) or Dolphin Crawl are not recommended except for the experienced.
Speed is not essential. The object of the exercise is to raise the rate of respiration, and the heart rate, for an extended period - but begin very slowly for short periods, taking regular rests.
When you can swim for 30 minutes without too much trouble consider using 'swimming gloves' (available from http://myworld.ebay.co.uk/mcasmith2002).

Swimmers wear gloves during training to increase water resistance, with the webbed fingers spreading wide to create more drag.
The added resistance provides more work for the upper body, giving the shoulders, arms, chest and back an intense workout and toning muscles well beyond normal swimming.
Even the legs are forced to kick harder to propel the body, toning the thighs, hamstrings and calves.
Training with swim gloves builds strength and, in turn, improves a person's swimming stroke, creating smoother movement and enhanced technique for better in-pool performance.

Aside from strengthening muscles, swimming gloves force the entire body to work harder to fight through the added water resistance, intensifying an already effective aerobic workout.
Sustained training with swim gloves will result in increased endurance, since the body's cardiovascular system adapts to the stress placed on it due to the fierce resistance.
Once it is possible to swim comfortably with swimming gloves, the next step is to use wrist weights (available from http://myworld.ebay.co.uk/mcasmith2002).

These can, at a later date, be combined with swimming gloves to increase the workload while swimming.
One of the main advantages of using these aids is that they can dramatically reduce the time spent in the pool - after all you have better things to do that swim up and down your local leisure centre pool for hours on end.
This high intensity aerobic pool work out will do wonders for your cardio-vascular efficiency, and will ensure good 'definition' and excellent shape for the muscles that you will be building in the gym.

What to Wear in the Pool

What you wear when you exercise is extremely important.
It is part of your mental preparation for your workout.
You can feel good by looking good and feeling good will undoubtedly improve your overall performance while you train.


What to wear in the pool - for the ladies - DO NOT wear a bikini.
Bikinis are for sunbathing - not exercising.
Real athletes (and you will be a real athlete) wear professional gear.
For ladies the premier label is, of course, Speedo, who produce well designed professional swimsuits
For that really professional look there is a 'body skin' which is a cover-all ladies swimsuit which manages to be devastatingly attractive, while also being practical and extremely efficient in the pool.
This style of ladies swimwear is also highly suitable for ladies who have to consider religious sensibilities when undertaking pool-based exercise.

What to wear in the pool for guys - DO NOT Wear floppy so-called 'board shorts' (you are not surfing), which are probably more suitable for gardening 
'Jammers' are acceptable (A jammer is a style of swimsuit used mainly in competition to obtain speed advantages.
They are made of nylon and lycra/spandex material and have a form fitting design to reduce water resistance.
They provide moderate coverage from the mid-waist to the area above the knee, somewhat resembling cycling shorts or compression shorts worn by many athletes.

It is wise to wear a swimmer's 'jock-strap' or thong (see right) underneath Jammers.
Thongs or 'jock-straps' are recommended as they make allowance for the centre rear seam which are used in good quality Jammers.
They provide greater leg coverage than swim briefs and square leg suits, although they also have slightly more water resistance.) (available from http://myworld.ebay.co.uk/directsnowequipment)

More professional swimwear for men and boys are 'leg-skins'.
A Leg-skin is a type of competitive swimwear worn by male swimmers.
Most leg-skins (available from http://stores.ebay.co.uk/zetessports) are made of technologically advanced lycra-based fabrics designed to hug the body tightly and provide increased speed and decreased drag resistance in the water.
The leg-skin covers from the swimmer's mid-waist to his ankle and resembles leggings.

The disadvantages of leg-skins is that they are difficult to put on, and are also very, very expensive.

Leg-skins also benefit from the wearing of a swimmers 'jock-strap' or thong underneath (see right above)(available from http://stores.ebay.co.uk/2011dress).

For the daring (a good physique is essential, so perhaps these can be invested in when your training begins to show results), the most comfortable and efficient swimwear are 'Japan-cut' bikini briefs as produced by Toot (available from http://myworld.ebay.co.uk/youcaiyun2010/), Speedo (see Tom Daley) and Arena (available from http://stores.ebay.co.uk/briefstory).
These are lightweight, absorb very little water (and so dry easily), and give good support (no 'jock-strap' or thong is needed as additional support)



A new Range of men's racing and competition swimwear by Seobean, (Speedo style but better designs), has been introduced from China in a range of attractive colors.
(see below)



highly reccomended
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SWIM GOGGLES

Swim goggles are absolutely essential for long periods in the pool, especially if you swim front crawl.
DO NOT use Speedo as they are expensive considering they often leak and 'mist up'.
The best, and most comfortable swim goggles are made by the Chinese company Yingfa.
Their best, and most expensive goggles have mirror lens coatings which make them look very stylish (available from http://myworld.ebay.co.uk/shuke708).


Of course swimming up and down the pool can get a little boring.
Technology, however, can come to your aid.
To alleviate your boredom Speedo have designed their revolutionary underwater MP3 player, which will keep you happily entertained with your favourite music for nine hours - not that we suggest that you spend that long in the pool.
(available from http://stores.ebay.co.uk/Underwater-Electronics-Shop)





SWIMMING


In order to combine aerobic with resistance exercise it's a good idea to choose a leisure centre (GLL/Better in London are NOT recommended) which has a good pool.
Anyone with a history of cardio-vascular disease should be very careful about swimming.
If you haven't swum for some time, take it very easy to begin with.
Any style is satisfactory, although the Butterfly (Fly) or Dolphin Crawl are not recommended except for the experienced.
Speed is not essential. The object of the exercise is to raise the rate of respiration, and the heart rate, for an extended period - but begin very slowly for short periods, taking regular rests.

Principles of Swimming

The basic principle of swimming is buoyancy.
The human body has a high water content and its density is close to the density of water.
Due to its cavities (most prominently the lungs), the average density of the human body is lower than that of water, so it naturally floats.
There are two ways to swim faster:
increase power
reduce water resistance
Because the power needed to overcome resistance increases with the third power of the velocity, the first option is not really effective.
To increase velocity by 10%, one would need to increase the power by more than 30%.

Balance: how to have a horizontal water position

Due to the lungs, the center of buoyancy and the center of gravity of the human body are not the same. Therefore the lower body has a tendency to sink. If the body is not horizontal but even slightly inclined, the area it offers to drag is much higher, leading to higher resistance. An easy way to stay horizontal is to lean forward and position the head straight in the extension of the spine. In this position the eyes are directed straight downward and the head is more immersed (therefore total immersion).
At the water surface, resistance is proportional to the breadth of a boat. Lying flat on the chest in freestyle or on the back in backstroke exposes the breadth of the body to the water. Rolling on the side reduces the breadth and the resistance. In freestyle and backstroke, one should roll from one side to the other in the stroke and glide on the side as much as possible. When taking breaths, one should take them as little as possible; for beginners it is good to breathe every three strokes and the more trained you are the more strokes in between each breath.

Extended Arm

Sailboats are categorized according to boat length.
This is due to the wave resistance at the surface.
According to Froude, a naval architect in the 19th century, a body moving at the surface of the water creates a wave.
The length of the wave depends on the speed. 
The faster the boat, the longer the wave.
Froude found that resistance goes up dramatically when the wave length reaches the length of the boat.
There is a simple formula connecting wave velocity to wave length (dispersion equation, metric):
Here c is the velocity of the wave in m/s, g is the gravitational acceleration (9.81 m/s2), and l is the wave length in m.
If the maximum swimming speed of c=2.1 m/s is entered, one gets a length of l=2.82 m.
This is about the length of a 2 m swimmer with extended arms.
So the longer you can glide with the extended arm the less wave resistance.


Swim styles

In competitive swimming, four major styles have been established.
The four main strokes in swimming are:

Front Crawl
Breaststroke
Backstroke
Butterfly

The Front Crawl

The front crawl is a swimming stroke usually regarded as the fastest of the four front primary strokes.
It is one of two long axis strokes, the other one being the backstroke.
This style is sometimes referred to as the Australian crawl.
For details of the stroke see images below

Arm Movement

The arm movement alternates from side to side. In other words, while one arm is pulling/pushing, the other arm is recovering. The arm strokes also provide most of the forward movement. The move can be separated into three parts: the downsweep, the insweep and the upsweep.
From the initial position, the arm sinks slightly lower and the palm of the hand turns 45 degrees with the thumb side of the palm towards the bottom. This is called catching the water and prepares for the pull. The pull movement follows a semicircle, with the elbow higher than the hand, and the hand pointing towards the body center and downward. The semicircle ends in front of the chest at the beginning of the ribcage.
The push pushes the palm backward through the water underneath the body at the beginning and at the side of the body at the end of the push.
This pull and push is also known as the S-curve.
Sometime after the beginning of the pull, the other arm begins its recovery. The recovery moves the elbow in a semicircle in a vertical plane in the swimming direction. The lower arm and the hand are completely relaxed and hang down from the elbow close to the water surface and close to the swimmer's body. The beginning of the recovery looks similar to pulling the hand out of the back pocket of a pair of pants, with the small finger upwards. Further into the recovery phase, the hand movement has been compared to pulling up a center zip on a wetsuit. The recovering hand moves forward, with the fingers trailing downward, just above the surface of the water. In the middle of the recovery one shoulder is rotated forward into the air while the other is pointing backwards to avoid drag due to the large frontal area which at this specific time is not covered by the arm. To rotate the shoulder, some twist their torso while others also rotate everything down to their feet.
Beginners often make the mistake of not relaxing the arm during the recovery and of moving the hand too high and too far away from the body, in some cases even higher than the elbow. In these cases, drag and incidental muscle effort is increased at the expense of speed. Beginners often forget to use their shoulders to let the hand enter as far forward as possible. Some say the hand should enter the water thumb first, reducing drag through possible turbulence, others say the middle finger is first with the hand precisely bent down, giving thrust right from the start. At the beginning of the pull, the hand acts like a wing and is moved slower than the swimmer while at the end it acts like an oar and is moved faster than the swimmer.
A recreational variation of front crawl involves only one arm moving at any one time, while the other arm rests and is stretched out at the front. This style is called a "catch up" stroke and requires more strength for swimming. This is because the hand is beginning the pull from a stationary position rather than a dynamic one. This style is slower than the regular front crawl and is rarely used competitively: however, it is often used for training purposes by swimmers, as it increases the body's awareness of being streamlined in the water. Total Immersion is a similar technique.


Leg Movement

The leg movement in freestyle is called the flutter kick.
The legs move alternately, with one leg kicking downward while the other leg moves upward. While the legs provide only a small part of the overall speed, they are important to stabilize the body position. This lack of balance is apparent when using a pull buoy to neutralize the leg action.
The leg in the initial position bends very slightly at the knees, and then kicks the lower leg and the foot downwards similar to kicking a football. The legs may be bent inward (or occasionally outward) slightly. After the kick, the straight leg moves back up. A frequent mistake of beginners is to bend the legs too much or to kick too much out of the water.
Ideally, there are 6 kicks per cycle, although it is also possible to use 8, 4, or even 2 kicks.
When one arm is pushed down, the opposite leg needs to do a downward kick also, to fix the body orientation, because this happens shortly after the body rotation.
Alternatively, (but not recomended for aerobic exercise) front crawl can also be swum with a butterfly (dolphin) kick, although this reduces the stability of the swimming position.

Breathing

Normally, the face is in the water during front crawl with eyes looking at the lower part of the wall in front of the pool, with the waterline between the brow line and the hairline. Breaths are taken through the mouth by turning the head to the side of a recovering arm at the beginning of the recovery, and breathing in the triangle between the upper arm, lower arm, and the waterline. The swimmer's forward movement will cause a bow wave with a trough in the water surface near the ears. After turning the head, a breath can be taken in this trough without the need to move the mouth above the average water surface. A thin film of water running down the head can be blown away just before the intake. The head is rotated back at the end of the recovery and points down and forward again when the recovered hand enters the water. The swimmer breathes out through mouth and nose until the next breath. Breathing out through the nose may help to prevent water from entering the nose. Swimmers with allergies exacerbated by time in the pool should not expect exhaling through the nose to completely prevent intranasal irritation.
Standard swimming calls for one breath every third arm recovery or every 1.5 cycles, alternating the sides for breathing. Some swimmers instead take a breath every cycle, i.e., every second arm recovery, breathing always to the same side. Most competition swimmers will breathe every other stroke, or once a cycle, to a preferred side. However some swimmers can breathe comfortably to both sides. Sprinters will often breathe a predetermined number of times in an entire race. Elite sprinters will breathe once or even no times during a fifty metre race. For a one hundred metre race sprinters will often breathe every four strokes, once every two cycles, or will start with every four strokes and finish with every two strokes.

Body Movement

The body rotates about its long axis with every arm stroke so that the shoulder of the recovering arm is higher than the shoulder of the pushing/pulling arm. This makes the recovery much easier and reduces the need to turn the head to breathe. As one shoulder is out of the water, it reduces drag, and as it falls it aids the arm catching the water; as the other shoulder rises it aids the arm at end of the push to leave the water.
Side-to-side movement is kept to a minimum: one of the main functions of the leg kick is to maintain the line of the body.


The Breast Stroke

The breaststroke is a swimming style in which the swimmer is on his or her chest and the torso does not rotate. It is the most popular recreational style due to its stability and the ability to keep the head out of the water a large portion of the time. In most swimming classes, beginners learn either the breaststroke or the front crawl first. Since the breaststroke can be swum with the eyes almost always above water, it is important in lifesaving, as it allows the rescuer to approach the victim without losing sight of them. However, in competitive swimming, the breaststroke is regarded as one of the most difficult strokes, requiring comparable endurance and leg strength to other strokes. The stroke itself is the slowest of any competitive strokes and thought to be the oldest of all swimming strokes.

Speed and ergonomics

Breaststroke is the slowest of the four official styles in competitive swimming. The fastest breaststrokers can swim about 1.57 metres per second. Although it is the slowest of the four competitive strokes, it is commonly agreed that it is by far the most difficult to do correctly[citation needed]. It is also often the hardest to teach to rising swimmers after butterfly due to the importance of timing and the coordination required to move the legs properly.
In the breaststroke, the swimmer leans on the chest, arms breaking the surface of the water slightly, legs always underwater and the head underwater for the second half of the stroke. The kick is sometimes referred to as a "frog kick" because of the resemblance to the movement of a frog's hind legs; however, when done correctly it is more of a "whip kick" due to the whip-like motion that moves starting at the core down through the legs.
The body is often at a steep angle to the forward movement, which slows down the swimmer more than any other style. Professional breaststrokers use abdominal muscles and hips to add extra power to the kick, although most do not perfect this technique until the collegiate level. This much faster form of breaststroke is referred to as "wave-action" breaststroke and fully incorporates the whip-kick.




Arm Movement

There are three steps to the arm movement: outsweep, insweep, and recovery. The movement starts with the outsweep. From the initial position, the hands sink a little bit down and the palms face inward, and the hands rotate outward and move apart. During the outsweep the arms stay almost straight and parallel to the surface. The outsweep is followed by the insweep, where the hands point down and push the water backwards. The elbows stay in the horizontal plane through the shoulders. The hands push back until approximately the vertical plane through the shoulders. At the end of the insweep the hands come together with facing palms in front of the chest and the elbows are at the side at the body. In the recovery phase the hands are moved forward again into the initial position under water. The entire arm stroke starts slowly, increases speed to the peak arm movement speed in the insweep phase, and slows down again during recovery. The goal is to produce maximum thrust during the insweep phase, and minimum drag during the recovery phase.

Leg Movement

The leg movement, colloquially known as the "frog kick" or "whip kick", consists of two phases: bringing the feet into position for the thrust phase and the insweep phase. From the initial position with the legs stretched out backward, the feet are moved together towards the posterior, while the knees stay together. The knees should not sink too low, as this increases the drag. Then the feet point outward in preparation for the thrust phase. In the thrust phase, the legs are moved elliptically back to the initial position. During this movement, the knees are kept together. The legs move slower while bringing the legs into position for the thrust phase, and move very fast during the thrust phase. Again, the goal is produce maximum thrust during the in sweep phase, and minimum drag during the recovery phase. In the recovery phase the lower leg and the feet are in the wake of the upper leg, and the feet are pointed to the rear. In the thrust phase all three parts create their own wake, and the flat end of the feet acts like a hydrofoil aligned to give maximum forward thrust. The resulting drag coefficient (or more precisely the frontal area) is thus doubled in the thrust phase.
A fit adult creates a wake. Drag due to a wake is Newtonian drag, increasing with the square of the velocity. For example if the relative speed between the water and the leg is twice as high on the thrust phase than on the recovery phase, the thrust is four times as high as the drag. Assuming the legs are recovered with a relative speed between leg and body which amounts to the same as the relative speed between water and body, the legs must be kicked back with five times the mean velocity of the swimmer. This limits the top speed. Both effects together, velocity and frontal area, yield a thrust-to-drag ratio of 8 for the legs.
Breaststroke can also be swum with the dolphin kick in butterfly.
Humans have strong muscles in the legs and would need swim fins (like a frog) to bring all their power into the water and stand with the sole of the feet on the water. Rather the leg grabs almost as much water as the foot and a small amount of water is accelerated to high kinetic energy, but not much impulse is transferred. The toes are bent, the feet point 45° outwards, the sole points backwards, to mimic a hydrofoil. While closing in a V shape to the rear a small “lifting” force can be felt. Unlike in the other kicks, the joints are moved into extrema. Before the kick the knee is maximally bent and the upper leg is rotating along its axis to its extreme outer position and the lower leg is twisted to extreme, at the end of the kick the ankles are maximally turned to the inside so that the soles clap together to achieve a nozzle effect like in a jelly fish. Therefore training involves getting flexible in addition to fitness and precision.

Breathing

The easiest way to breathe during breaststroke is to let the head follow the spine. When your elbows have reached the line of your eye and have begun to rise, your head starts to lift. If you use your high elbows as a hinge for the inward sweep of your hands and forearms, you'll create the leverage you need to use your abdominal muscles to bring your hips forward. When your hips move forward, your chest, shoulders and upper back will automatically lift up. Breathing is usually done during the beginning of the insweep phase of the arms, and the swimmer breathes in ideally through the mouth. The swimmer breathes out through mouth and nose during the recovery and gliding phase.
Recreational swimmers often keep their head above water at all times when they swim breaststroke, but this is not recommended for aerobic exercise.

Body Movement

The movement starts in the initial position with the body completely straight, body movement is coordinated such that the legs are ready for the thrust phase while the arms are halfway through the insweep, and the head is out of the water for breathing. In this position the body has also the largest angle to the horizontal. The arms are recovered during the thrust phase of the legs. After the stroke the body is kept in the initial position for some time to utilize the gliding phase. Depending on the distance and fitness the duration of this gliding phase varies. Usually the gliding phase is shorter during sprints than during long distance swimming. The gliding phase is also longer during the underwater stroke after the start and each turn. However, the gliding phase is usually the longest phase in one entire cycle of breaststroke.

Backstroke and Butterfly are not recommended for your aerobic training


OLYMPIC PHYSIQUES


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          The Real Pornography   

Atul,

Yes, of course we have to protect our children in every way possible, and I have been quite vigorous in warning my daughter, who has yet to become appropriately paranoid on her own, against being free and easy and friendly with every adult she meets or flashing her underwear in public because she thinks it's cute. I hate to admit it, but suddenly a lot of adult men I see look like potential perverts. And my brother, a TV producer, responded to my post yesterday by reminding me that he once worked on a show about kiddie porn and had to look at the stuff and found it so revolting that his stance on the real (if not the virtual) thing is, he said, "not much different than Gary Bauer's or John Ashcroft's."

Nevertheless, public hysteria and extremism are almost always bad responses to any problem. The "war on drugs" has resulted in children being taken away from their parents because their parents used marijuana for medical purposes, and it has led to parents being indicted for taking photographs of their own children nude in the bathtub. I might also add that I'm no fan of the anti-bullying fervor now sweeping our schools. I don't think that mean behavior among kids can be officially mandated out of existence. But I am suspicious of bullies like John Ashcroft taking to the bully pulpit to protect our children. And our efforts to do that can be so perversely skewed. For example, even the "arty" TV channels like Bravo now censor out the curse words in movies. So I had the disturbing experience a few months ago of watching a movie late at night during a terrible bout of insomnia. The movie was a brutal "noirish" piece of garbage, with a bespectacled guy called "The Professor" who loved murdering people and would stick pillowcases over their heads and then stab them with almost intimate slowness. And as he was doing so, any swear words he might be saying were bleeped off the soundtrack!

Anyway, I agree with you that the Supreme Court got the ruling right this time.

And now, bugs and Botox. I LOVED the report about the new insect order. I also loved the fact that the order is related to the "phasmids" (sounds very '60s, doesn't it?), which include the walking sticks, leaf insects, and praying mantises. These were my favorite childhood insects. The leaf and stick insects have an amazing repertory of mimicry tricks, resembling knobby twigs, crinkly leaf litter, a patch of lichen. And I adore praying mantises, not for the reasons that some might suspect (husband-ophagy) but because they can turn their heads and look you straight in the eye, which is not the sort of personal contact you expect from a bug.

Now if you'll excuse a moment of piety on my part, this discovery offers yet another reason (as though we needed any) why we must do something to keep nature from vanishing. Hell, if we're still discovering entire new orders of things, we obviously have a long, long way to go before we know all the things we share this world with. Which is why I found one quote in today's New York Times especially repulsive. In arguing for the exploitation of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, the president of the "Club for Growth" said: "I'm adamantly opposed to energy conservation. We're not running out [of oil]. All we have to do is go out and find it and produce it."  "Adamantly opposed" to conservation?? Talk about pornography!

On Botox, I think it's hilarious that your hospital restricts it as zealously as it does Oxycontin (and Viagra). But people's mounting obsession with youth and appearance doesn't surprise me. Consider how much of the brain is taken up by the visual cortex—maybe three-quarters? We are visual primates, primed to absorb huge amounts of visual information and to rely on it for just about everything we do and think. Moreover, we are surrounded by hyperbright and hyperkinetic visual imagery as never before. So, in order to attract attention and stand out from the background noise, signals just have to keep getting "louder," which is why, I suspect, breast implants keep getting bigger and the demand for smoothness, muscularity, and flawlessness ever greater.

What's going to stop the trend? Maybe nothing—except something like a tainting of the Botox supply with full-strength, fast-killing botulin.

Natalie


          Gravity and Kinetic Energy (recommended for grade 8), Jul 13-14   
Registration is now open for our FOSS Next Generation Middle School Summer Institutes! Join the development team at the Lawrence Hall of Science in Berkeley, CA for 2-day sessions, each introducing a brand new Next Generation edition 6-week course featuring three-dimensional interaction.

• Experience the FOSS Gravity and Kinetic Energy Next Generation Course, including three-dimensional learning (core ideas, science and engineering practices, and crosscutting concepts), embedded notebooking, ELA support, and assessment.
• Learn about the anchor and investigative phenomena that drive the development of student understanding of Newton's Laws.

The institutes are ideal for teacher leaders, science coordinators, and professional development providers. Engage in hands-on investigations to learn about the underlying research and pedagogy of the FOSS Middle School program and alignment to the Framework and the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).

Flier: http://tiny.cc/e3o6jy
          Protective roles of bioactive peptides during ischemia-reperfusion injury: From bench to bedside.   
Related Articles

Protective roles of bioactive peptides during ischemia-reperfusion injury: From bench to bedside.

Life Sci. 2017 Jul 01;180:83-92

Authors: Wu D, Wang J, Wang H, Ji A, Li Y

Abstract
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a well-known pathological condition which may lead to disability and mortality. I/R injury remains an unresolved and complicated situation in a number of clinical conditions, such as cardiac arrest with successful reanimation, as well as ischemic events in brain and heart. Peptides have many attractive advantages which make them suitable candidate drugs in treating I/R injury, such as low toxicity and immunogenicity, good solubility property, distinct tissue distribution pattern, and favorable pharmacokinetic profile. An increasing number of studies indicate that peptides could protect against I/R injury in many different organs and tissues. Peptides also face several therapeutic challenges that limit their clinical application. In this review, we present the mechanisms of action of peptides in reducing I/R injury, as well as further discuss modification strategies to improve the functional properties of bioactive peptides.

PMID: 28527782 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


          Race, gender, and genetic polymorphism contribute to variability in acetaminophen pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and protein-adduct concentrations in healthy African-American and European-American volunteers.   

Race, gender, and genetic polymorphism contribute to variability in acetaminophen pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and protein-adduct concentrations in healthy African-American and European-American volunteers.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2017 Jun 29;:

Authors: Court MH, Zhu Z, Masse G, Duan SX, James LP, Harmatz JS, Greenblatt DJ

Abstract
Over 30 years ago, black Africans from Kenya and Ghana were shown to metabolize acetaminophen faster by glucuronidation and slower by oxidation compared with white Scottish Europeans. The objectives of this study were to determine whether similar differences exist between African-Americans and European-Americans, and to identify genetic polymorphisms that could explain these potential differences. Acetaminophen plasma pharmacokinetics and partial urinary metabolite clearances via glucuronidation, sulfation, and oxidation were determined in healthy African-Americans (18 men, 23 women) and European-Americans (34 men, 20 women) following a one-gram oral dose. There were no differences in acetaminophen total plasma, glucuronidation, or sulfation clearance values between African-Americans and European-Americans. However, median oxidation clearance was 37% lower in African-Americans versus European-Americans (0.57 versus 0.90 mL/min/kg; P=0.0001). Although acetaminophen total or metabolite clearance values were not different between genders, shorter plasma half-life values (by 11 to 14%; P<0.01) were observed for acetaminophen, acetaminophen glucuronide, and acetaminophen sulfate in women versus men. The UGT2B15*2 polymorphism was associated with variant allele number proportional reductions in acetaminophen total clearance (by 15 to 27%; P<0.001) and glucuronidation partial clearance (by 23 to 48%; P<0.001). UGT2B15 *2/*2 genotype subjects also showed higher acetaminophen protein-adduct concentrations than *1/*2 (by 42%; P=0.003) and *1/*1 (by 41%; P=0.003) individuals. Finally, CYP2E1 *1D/*1D genotype African-Americans had lower oxidation clearance than *1C/*1D (by 42%; P=0.041) and *1C/*1C (by 44%; P=0.048) African-Americans. Consequently, African-Americans oxidize acetaminophen more slowly than European-Americans, which may be partially explained by the CYP2E1*1D polymorphism. UGT2B15*2 influences acetaminophen pharmacokinetics in both African-Americans and European-Americans.

PMID: 28663312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


          Making It "Disney"   
Recently, I had a reaction to a new restaurant at Walt Disney World that I can not remember having had before. As this blog has (voluminously) shown, I feel no particular need to like everything Disney does. I think most of the changes they make to their properties fall somewhere in the middle of my range of expectations, and only ever so often does something truly bad - or truly good - get put out.

Last year, I wrote a lot about Disney Springs, and I still stand by that piece - I like it plenty. I've been there more often that I ever visited Downtown Disney near the end of its run, and as a local I'm not bothered much by the fact that its buildings aren't slapped head to toe with Donald Duck.

But I was pretty deflated when Fulton's Crab House returned from its huge remake as Paddlefish. Over the summer I had already prepared myself for the worst - crossing the bridge across Village Lagoon, I could see that the interior had been gutted down to a steel skeleton. That had really taken the wind out of me - it was hard to see what I still thought of as the Empress Lilly more or less demolished. Yet as it was slowly rebuilt with a recognizable shape, colors, and even a brand new (immobile) paddle, my hopes rebounded. Yet when it finally opened and I saw the first interior images, I could not escape my gut reaction: "That's not very Disney."


Easy WDW

Like a lot of gut reactions, this struck me as immediately absurd but difficult to escape. A tour of the facility later reassured me that there was still some charm left in it, but my mind kept nagging away at the conversion: given one of the most impressive things at Walt Disney World, they did this to it?

But was the Empress Lilly ever "Disney" not begin with? Why would I argue that the bizarre modernist / Southwest pastiche Contemporary Resort is classically Disney, despite hardly having anything "Disney" in it for much of its history?

What makes something "Disney", anyway?

Let's be clear, the question was raised by Walt Disney to begin with. He's sort of both the rule and the exception, because pretty much anything he did was by default "A Walt Disney Production". But besides things like Orphan's Benefit and The Wise Little Hen, Walt produced an eclectic batch of films. There's the difficult to categorize wartime films like Education for Death and Victory Thru Airpower, and the manifestly adult, sensual pleasures of Three Caballeros. Many of the Silly Symphonies seem fairly infantile, but The Old Mill and the first segment of Fantasia are practically experimental films. 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is a sci-fi potboiler that ends with a nuclear explosion. Even Disneyland is wildly eclectic - if there weren't a huge Mickey Mouse face at the front gate, how many in 1955 would have doubted there would be anything especially Disney inside that landscaped berm?

By the 1960s, Walt was on a totally different wavelength, fixated on New Orleans and cities of the future. The question of "Disneyness" is one that Walt's artistic staff struggled with themselves:

"WED had designed some imaginative shows for the parks, but we seemed to be getting away from our heritage. Pirates of the Caribbean was a big hit, but what did it have to do with Disney? What we needed was a reminder of what Walt had accomplished." - Bill Justice, on creating The Mickey Mouse Revue 
"My primary concern is that none of this material was 'Disney.'" - Marc Davis on Pirates of the Caribbean

Walt Disney's lieutenants continued their leader's eclecticism, building a golf retreat, a campground, a few dinner theater shows, and finally a shopping complex. From our modern vantage point - looking back from a time when we're drowning in cheap 2017 t-shirts crowded with the same five Disney characters - this seems to be a golden era when Disney built really risky, unique things.

Throughout the development of Lake Buena Vista, Walt Disney Productions was adamant that it be a totally unique entity from Walt Disney World - so much so that they did not even build a road that connected Magic Kingdom to it. You had to drive back down World Drive to I-4, then drive up 4 to 535 and enter Lake Buena Vista that way. Disney billed it as "Host Community to Walt Disney World", which probably didn't mean much more to random visitors than it would today.



What media coverage Lake Buena Vista got in 1975 was overwhelmingly local and fairly positive, especially following the energy crisis and national recession. In the 1975 Annual Report, Disney trumpeted attendance gains at the Magic Kingdom, while more modestly reporting the opening of the Shopping Village has "helped grow attendance". If actions speak louder than words, then here's one that shouts: within a year, a program to refurbish the Village had begun. In 1977, the Empress Lilly debuted, and with it came a name change for the whole complex: the Walt Disney World Village.

It isn't hard to guess at the reasons. The Village was built in a totally contemporary style, but 1977 renovations added fantasy elements - not just the Lilly with her endlessly churning paddle wheel, but Mediterranean statuary and shops with more whimsical names and decor, like "It's A Small World After All". The name itself points to a direction the Village was pushing towards throughout the 80s: more Disney, more fantasy. While the 1977 Annual Report stayed mum on the changes, in 1978 Disney noted: "The record year in Florida was reflected in substantially improved operations for Walt Disney World Village at Lake Buena Vista. The improved picture is also being impacted by our continued efforts to expand the entertainment opportunities available to our Lake Buena Vista guests and visitors."




In other words, it didn't work, and needed improvement. The Walt Disney World name - a brand WDP was so eager to divorce from their shopping village in 1975 - was needed to convince visitors that this new attraction had something to offer. Arguably, it's kept working ever since then - the Village grew into Downtown Disney, a concept which has opened in every Disney resort complex in the world.

But if everything that has happened before will happen again, then all of this is familiar. And while I've written a lot about the aesthetics, convoluted backstory, and infrastructure upgrades of Disney Springs - the aspects this blog finds most compelling - as another prong in Disney's absurd steeplechase of the affluent, Disney Springs is yet another front. And while I've been the subject of angry rebuttals for my doubting the profitability of certain stores, the fact remains that, as a shopper myself, there's precious little there than I find compelling.

I'm not alone. It isn't hard to find similar notes in the less regulated courts of public opinion on the internet - forums, Trip Advisor, Yelp - even in largely positive appraisals. For me personally, it's enough to enjoy the architecture and urban planning, duck my head into a few shops, get a sushi roll and a cocktail, and leave. Those with who have traveled great distances and expect something more, those with small children, or those looking for bargains, seem especially flustered and intimidated by the size and grown up ambience of Disney Springs.



And so Disney Springs, like Lake Buena Vista and Downtown Disney before it, joins the roll call of history's questionably 'Disney' things - a list that includes, to be abundantly clear, some of Disney's best, most interesting moments. Fantasia, Pirates of the Caribbean, the Contemporary Resort, TRON....

But it's a delicate balance - one informed by decades of perception, expectation, and precedent. Before the opening of Disneyland, there was practically no association between Disney and fairy tale castles - There's one seen in the final shot of Snow White, and one that is a major setting of Cinderella. The logo of the entire company is today a fairy tale castle. There's even new product that seems to exist entirely to try and deliver more of the kind of imagery they are renowned for in the public consciousness - various live action remakes of fairy tales, the whole of The Princess and the Frog, multiple kingdoms in Frozen, etc.

This same fairy tale overkill has been injecting the theme parks as of late too - a period in time I hope we will look back on "the castle wars". It began with Magic Kingdom's New Fantasyland, which added an entire addition to Cinderella Castle out back and two extra castles behind it, belonging to the Beast and Prince Eric. Then along came Shanghai Disneyland with their colossally proportioned castle with a boat ride underneath it. Magic Kingdom expanded their castle again in 2014 by adding new turrets on the hub, and now Hong Kong Disneyland is threatening to put a castle-hat on top of their existing castle because the Hong Kong government isn't about to let their Disney castle be so tiny compared to Shanghai's.

"Now with 40% more castle!"
The fact that castle iconography is sprouting up everywhere like mushrooms is not accidental, and will no doubt be welcomed by the types for whom Disney is nothing but animated fairy tales for children. Disney is bending over backwards to "make it Disney" for their paying customers.

But a castle is just a castle - it only became a culturally loaded symbol once Walt Disney made one the icon of his hugely influential amusement park. Today it's impossible to separate the two - when Shrek wanted to make fun of Disney, it did it by introducing a fairy tale castle and a robotic doll show inside. It's nothing but a symbol - a flexible one, and one that can cut both ways.

Disney may own the imagery, but ownership does not always guarantee mastery. Just as Fantasyland has become an overkill of castles, Disney has a bad habit of slapping Mickey Mouse on everything as a first attempt to repair problematic design. Like the phalanx of cutout Mickey heads added to the Transportation and Ticket Center attempting to disguise a building that's just begging for demolition:


To the Grand Canyon Concourse in the Contemporary, an expensive resort Disney has trouble selling rooms in. If people don't like it, it must not be Disney enough, and what's more Disney than a colossal Mickey head?


I can't think of a single situation where the "slap a Mickey on it" approach actually works, and so much of Walt Disney World has been allowed to fall behind the curve of fashion , that there's a lot of it now. But between the extremes of "not Disney enough" and "giant sheet metal ears", there has to be a middle ground, and it's a middle ground that Imagineering has been groping towards for the past 30 years.

--

We live in a world of multinational corporations, and I write about one of them that is the economic steward of a number of works I admire. But I write this acknowledging that even defining what "Disney" is, is increasingly impossible. I'm an old school Disney fan, and so I believe that Disney is absolutely not Pixar, nor is it The Muppets. Or Star Wars and Indiana Jones, or Marvel, or Club Penguin, or any of the other hundreds of things that float around inside the Disney IP biosphere. But when I look at Liberty Square, or Frontierland, or even Disney Springs, I do see Disney. Why is that?

Well for one thing, these are public places which are ostentatiously designed and which create insular universes. And while I may get my kicks at Disney, I'm promiscuous - I was a teenage mall rat, and I still enjoy going to a good mall because it scratches that same itch for some sort of engineered, controlled public universe. Neither am I a Disney snob - I also go to and enjoy other theme parks like Universal, and even regional amusement parks. I will go to and enjoy any place that gives me that same sense of harmony, of energy, of place.

I drool over stuff like this about as often as Disney stuff.

So we could say, on a basic level, that to make something "Disney", it needs urban planning, attention to detail, and a sense of harmony. That sense of harmony is crucial, and it's the reason why a normal mini golf course doesn't come off as Disney but a high-end mall does.

It's the reason why, prior to the Disney Springs conversion, thousands of guests daily milled around thru the Downtown Disney Marketplace, trying to avoid the rest of the complex - whether subconsciously or not. It's the toughest thing to get right, and it's the toughest thing to maintain - Universal Studios Hollywood and Florida has practically no harmonized public spaces at all, just a series of facilities in different aesthetic silos. Harmony is that X factor, the thing that the rest of life is missing, the thing that art tries to correct.

It's the reason why Tomorrowland strikes everyone as a hodgepodge of random stuff - the various reboots of the area always come down to some new stuff placed on top of the existing original structures, so that there is a contrast between clean lines and futuristic bric-a-brac. Those clean lines underneath the new theming always speak louder than what's in front of it - there's a disconnect in meaning and form and that sense of harmony is disrupted.

Consider Liberty Square - the diminishing perspective and solid symmetry of the Hall of Presidents creates the impression of stability and stateliness which reflects the theme of the show inside. At the Haunted Mansion, a similarly opulent and stately structure has gone crazily wrong, with weird spikes everywhere, an asymmetrical conservatory, and with both wings jutting towards the viewer menacingly - a totally different thematic statement than the Hall of Presidents. Then consider the Liberty Tree Tavern, with its three doors, wide veranda, white turned columns, and approachable scale - what a sense of hospitality it creates from the road. All of these structures have harmonized their theme and purpose into their designs, and harmonize with each other, to create that pleasant vibe.

All Ears Net
It's also the reason why "throw a Mickey on it" never, ever works. The mere appearance of Mickey does not guarantee charm, despite what Disney seems to think - the cutout Mickey heads all over the Transportation and Ticket Center aren't theming so much as the design equivalent of branding on cattle. They assert ownership in a way which is intended to be reassuring and welcoming, but comes off as a hollow.

It's because the "Disney" accents on the TTC, or in the Grand Canyon Concourse, or even in many areas of Downtown Disney, are - like castles - just symbols. They speak a different design language than the rest of the area. Whereas the area around it may be visually saying "This area is really impressive, and unified, with beautiful colors", the giant Mickey head always shouts: "Property of Disney!".

Making It Disney - also known just as proper theming - has multiple approaches, ranging from the hard sell to the soft touch. The hard sell is what you see on 192 in Orlando - giant oranges, wizards, and mermaids perched on nondescript buildings. They're "themed" in the loosest sense of the term - they've got a big fantastical doodad glued onto the front.

Or there's the soft touch - the warm colors, white pillars, and shaded porch of the Emporium on Main Street invites you in even before you know it's a gigantic shop. The colors, kinetic activity, forced perspective illusion, and kinetic harmony of Hollywood Boulevard invites you down it, drawing you into the heart of the park, The palm trees are like landing beacons, inviting you to keep walking to find out what's at the end of the street.


Or you could put a huge Mickey hat there. But as John Hench liked to say, good taste costs no more.

Wikipedia

          The Ideology of Future World, Part 1   
Oh, EPCOT Center, where are you?!

It's not the first time this opinion has been voiced, and it surely won't be the last. It's been said so much by now that it's become a cliche... the 30-something EPCOT fan, pining away for the lost attractions of yesteryear. The Sci-Fi kid who grew up with NASA pennants and Star Trek episodes on tape may be one of the few types unaccomodated by theme parks, an area so often dominated by nostalgia and fantasy.

That may be part of the mystique,  but more than anything, EPCOT Center was the right product at the right time, the theme park about science and technology that opened during a pivotal era for science and technology. Home computers, video game systems, cable TV and VCRs became creature comforts used the world over, and special effects began their slow encroachment on the rest of movies. EPCOT Center was there, reflecting ourselves back at us, perhaps not flatteringly but basically correctly.

Recently I was reading through Fjellman's Vinyl Leaves and was struck by his coverage of Future World. Fjellman seemed rather enchanted by much of WDW, but in Future World, he came down hard on the corporate sponsors and their (rather naive) messages inside the attractions. And while it's true that a cultural critic, as Fjellman is, is always going to gravitate towards areas of greater thematic gravity simply because those areas actually have something to discuss, it's sort of remarkable from the 21st century to re-read his late 20th century concerns.

For example, in General Motors Transcenter, he sees the Bird and Robot Show as an effort to portray the computerized factory "workers" - then already replacing flesh and blood workers - as positive, helpful, unthreatening servants. Fjellman makes the connection to Michael Moore's then-recent documentary Roger & Me, depicting the economic devastation in and around Flint, Michigan, by GM's abandonment of the area. Well, Flint MI isn't any better off today than it was in 1990, and for basically the same reasons.

But in other cases he seems to be wide of the mark. In EPCOT Computer Central, people play computer games to humanize and put a friendly face on new, threatening technology, and Fjellman sees this as another effort to indoctrinate the public to their new mechanical masters. It's not Fjellman's fault that he didn't see the internet age and dot com bubble coming, but it's interesting in hindsight to see an area of human activity that de-corporatized as it developed, to the point that fighting for digital freedoms is a very real issue in Washington today, an issue that CommuniCore never hinted at.

Yet more than anything, it's truly strange today to read Fjellman going apoplectic over these attractions which today, if not universally beloved, are considered to be classics of the first degree, standard bearers to beat. Most of them were with us for less than the life span of many house pets, yet their legend was grown outsize, torpid. There are fans of Horizons who never saw it in person. And if these classics really weren't so idiotically vapid as they seemed in the 80s, perhaps they weren't all they're cooked up to be today, either. Ideologically, if not technologically, a lot of Future World was very often suspect.

So let's take a leisurely tour of Future World, taking a look at the message of those original shows, their new message (if relevant), original sponsor, and assessing whether these subjects are still relevant, and how the message of Future World could change. After all, a lot can change in thirty years!



Spaceship Earth, 1982
Original Sponsor: Bell Systems
Original Message: The evolution of communication technology will lead mankind into the future.
Current Sponsor: Siemens
Current Message: The evolution of communication technology has led mankind into the future, where you are also a cartoon.

Comments: Of all of the major corporate pavilions at Future World, this one has aged the most gracefully, which is good, because it's inside a structure so complex it can't really be easily removed. Of all of the visions of the future presented at EPCOT Center, Spaceship Earth's came the nearest to actually coming true - even the families of Horizons were doing things like playing dorky transparent organs instead of staring at glowing screens the way everybody actually is today. This also means it's the easiest to update, which means it's gotten the most updates. But that itself is the problem.

The original version of the show, scripted with an assist from Ray Bradbury, had a tone that was dry and vaguely spooky, like many of the original Future World shows. The Walter Cronkite narration and insertion of "Tomorrow's Child" into the finale had the effect of softening the attraction somewhat, and to me the Cronkite version is still the champion for "best overall" version - it had show scenes almost all the way through, with animatronics and compelling visuals from bottom to top to bottom. The 1994 Irons version was simultaneously an improvement and a downgrade - it had an even better script, a stronger message, and an excellent soundtrack. The trouble came shortly before the "180 top" segment, where the sections dealing with an actual communications technology future, still relevant in the 90s, became an extended advertisement for AT&T's new videophone technology, which looked then like the sort of tech gadget that Screech would mock on Saved By The Bell. Worse still, the entire segment was accomplished with static figures in cheap sets which had no resemblance to the rest of the attraction, and were rendered in UV-sensitive paint which didn't always do a good job hiding the fact that most of what you were looking at was just black curtains.

True to tradition, the 2007 reboot both improved things and made them worse. Screens were added to each car and an Innoventions-style quiz game with animated cartoon became the new finale. A new score by Bruce Broughton doesn't have remotely the same impact as the 1994 score, and Judy Dench's narration is the first truly eye-rolling one for this attraction, although the contrast was heightened by coming immediately after Irons' excellent script and delivery. However, the refresh did manage to extend the good segment of the ride - complete with scenery and animatronics - a good 30 feet nearer to the 180 top, resulting in the strongest version of the front half of the ride since before the 1994 edition.

What Needs to Change: The focus of the next refurbishment needs to be extending the quality scenery at least part of the way down the descent portion of the ride. The original version included astronauts floating in space on the 180 top repairing satellites, then as the cars descended they coasted through the center of a space station where a woman directed the operation from a control tower. It was one of the most impressive things in EPCOT. The same effect can be achieved today, even with limited function figures, and Spaceship Earth really deserves that ending, more than it deserves a grid of dots or watching the news on TV. Once through that section, the original Spaceship Earth show converted to the "Tomorrow's Child" segment, right about where the 1994 show was giving you the famous "lightning in space". The final diorama and tunnel has never been attractive, and WDI really needs to commit to putting something cool here.

I suggest bringing back the 1994 score and dialing back on the patronizing quality of the narration for the next version. The in-car screens were prescient for 2007, and debuted mere months after the first iPhones went on sale, but are embarrassingly behind the curve now, and really need to show something worthwhile or be removed.

Status: Still truckin'
New Sponsor Suggestion: As the iconic visual of EPCOT Center, I think it's time for Disney to commit to this one themselves. The trouble with the sponsorship game is that sponsors are always going to want to tell a specific narrative, and inside an already constructed attraction like Spaceship Earth, it isn't an easy thing to do. As the last remaining Future World Classic, this one should be owned and funded entirely by Disney, and it needs to speak for the rest of Future World in a way that the other pavilions no longer do.

Earth Station, 1982
Original Sponsor: --
Original Message: --
Current Sponsor: Siemens, "Project Tomorrow"
Current Message: Thanks for riding!
Comments: I still think this is the most logical spot in Future World for Guest Relations. The original Earth Station included a detail everybody remembers: the computerized reservation central, where you could talk to another person through a video screen! Literally everything about Earth Station, and the WorldKey system, has been replaced by an average smartphone device, and that's fine. But I still think Guest Relations should be moved back to here. It doesn't need to be anything flashy, but this spot was designed for it.

Status: A less technologically advanced Face Time



CommuniCore Futurecom, 1982
Original Sponsor: AT&T
Original Message: A hands-on look at the complexities of relaying information across the country, including the Age of Information diorama, the Information Fountain, Network Control game, Packet Phraser, and Microchip Maze.
Current Sponsor: --
Current Message: --
Comments: the true "post show" of Spaceship Earth was one of Communicore's nicest areas, using human-scaled activities and warm, inviting earth tones. On a basic level, kinetic pieces of art like the Information Fountain and Age of Information were fun to look at even if you didn't bother to stick around to figure out what it was all about. Exhibits like this were Future World's equivalent of Magic Kingdom's charming architectural facades, and the lack of them is one reason why Future World currently feels so sterile. If Future World is going to draw people back in to its monumental architecture, it needs socialization hubs like this - with appealing colors, natural light, and actual fun things to look at that don't mean much.

Status: Not quite as relevant, but still cool.

Universe of Energy, 1982
Original Sponsor: Exxon
Original Message: Fossil fuels, despite the extraordinary difficulty of obtaining them, are still the best energy source available, although if something better comes along, Exxon intends to own that, too.
Current Sponsor: --
Current Message: We're running out of fossil fuels, but don't worry, we'll think of something.
Comments: The most ideologically weighted of the original Future World shows, let's be honest - Universe of Energy was never especially progressive or prescient. Much of the original show was devoted to explaining, at excruciating length, where fossil fuels come from and how they are harvested. Don't worry, there's also dinosaurs! The 1996 reboot of the show, Ellen's Energy Crisis, put a warm face on the proceedings but pretty much wrote off alternate energy sources as impractical. In some ways, the 1982 show was more honest - we are running out of options with fossil fuels, and the search for fossil fuels has led us, politically, to some pretty ugly places.

What Needs To Change: Universe of Energy is a problem. The basic design of the pavilion is based on a pitch created by production designer John DeCuir and bought by Disney in the 1970s. Technologically, the "moving theater" is probably the most outdated thing at Walt Disney World, running on an absurd jury rigged system that is as crude as it feels. But the pavilion is also an opportunity to create a real classic; after all, those dinosaurs are still pretty awesome.

If the moving theater concept is going to be retained, then at the bare minimum Disney needs to invest in new theater cars and a trackless ride system. With the ability to quickly and precisely move into place instead of waiting for the equivalent of two Commodore 2s to move you into place, it should be possible to present a dramatically reduced version of the original Universe of Energy show - complete with dorky theme songs - in about 15 minutes. The question is, should we really be doing that, even if the film in Theater 2 is entirely new? Because it's still then a show ideologically dominated by a fossil fuels company.

I think running an omnimover through the building is a better choice. This would allow you to retain the dinos and build new scenes around the experience, as well as present a different point of view, perhaps showing how far we've come since 1982 - and how much farther we have to go. Omnimovers are popular and efficient, and a family-friendly, not too long experience could do well today sitting next to two major thrill rides. To do that we need a sponsor with a real vision for a world without fossil fuels.

Status: Still Relevant
New Sponsor Suggestion: Tesla

CommuniCore Energy Exchange, 1982
Original Sponsor: Exxon
Original Message: Fossil Fuels are still the best!
Current Sponsor: --
Current Message: --
Comments: This was the place where, freed from the confines of a moving theater, Exxon really hit home their point, offering guests opportunities to turn bicycles and wheels to light up lightbulbs, before offering the news that we would have to keep turning that crank for hours to generate one dollar of electricity! It wasn't terribly exciting and was usually empty, but it was memorable and did a lot better job doing the ideological heavy lifting than Universe of Energy ever has. If you've got to make a point, that's how to do it.

Status: Effective but Questionable



CommuniCore Epcot Computer Central, 1982
Original Sponsor: Sperry Univac
Original Message: Computers are not scary at all, and in fact even you can use them.
Current Sponsor: --
Current Message: --
Comments: A wide-ranging overview of the various ways computers can improve and automate our lives, Sperry-Univac's keystone exhibit - The Astuter Computer Revue - closed shortly and reopened as the blandly cute Backstage Magic within just two years, but that was not the only problem. The exhibit overall focused heavily on the institutional and business aspects of computers - after all, this was years before even simple graphical interfaces became common, and nearly a decade and a half before Windows 95. As a result, a lot of Computer Central felt impersonal and utilitarian, where we could see computers doing things like calculating census data. Other computer abilities highlighted by Sperry included things that almost nobody does on a computer these days, like assembling an American flag. The most memorable thing in Computer Central, SMRT-1, was less of a demonstration of computer technology as a traditional theme park interaction exhibit dressed up as a robot.

One component amidst this sea of number crunching and automation did ring true as to where we were going with computers: the Rollercoaster game. Anybody who played this goofy thing in the 80s may not immediately think it as their introduction to CAD, but that is what it was. Computer Central wasn't much interested in the home and entertainment sectors of computing - the sectors which would explode in about a decade - and there wasn't even a single mention of "e-mail" anywhere in it, but I'd wager that between WorldKey, Rollercoaster, and the other games here, more Americans touched a computer inside EPCOT Center than anywhere else in the country during the 80s.

Status: Fossilized

Wonders of Life, 1989
Original Sponsor: MetLife
Original Message: It's a real battle to stay healthy (???)
Current Sponsor: --
Current Message: --
Comments: Instead of breaking up each attraction here, I'm going to treat the entire pavilion as a piece, which is frankly really difficult. Of all of the Future World pavilions, Wonders of Life presented the most diffuse message, and had the shortest life span. Most guests simply treated the individual attractions as Magic Kingdom-style experiences, void of ideological ramifications, which was good, because they largely were.

Throughout, the visual theme of an indoor fun fair gave way to militaristic themes in the major attractions. A rather naked imitation of the 1987 film Innerspace, Body Wars was a ride-thru B movie complete with bad acting and sickening special effects. The charming Cranium Command was, in its day, one of the funniest, smartest things at WDW, but it had no more of a message than the Tiki Room - not freaking out seemed to be its main suggestion for dealing with daily life. Elsewhere, Wonders of Life offered a film about human conception and birth, and sold late 80s idea of healthy foods, like frozen yogurt and waffles.

It's probably better to think of Wonders of Life as a reflection of Michael Eisner's ideas about theme parks than any kind of coherent addition to the Future World lexicon. Here garish, Michael Graves-ian colors combine in a circus atmosphere complete with a spinning overhead mobile. Faceless, industrial institutions like the Miniaturized Exploration Technologies and the eponymous Cranium Command invite tourists to do highly unlikely things. Celebrities appear for no apparent reason - hey kids, is that Charles Grodin? What whimsy!

More than anything, Wonders of Life can be paired with The Living Seas as pavilion ideas that Disney created back in the 70s that never really found a great reason to exist. As an outgrowth of some truly strange ideas created for a Life & Health pavilion by Rolly Crump, Wonders of Life was more of its time and less interesting. It was also never quite able to justify how a discourse on healthy eating and exercise wasn't folded into the message of The Land, across the park.

Status: Goofy Gestalt
New Sponsor Suggestion: It's probably better to allow Wonders of Life to exist in its native habitat - the 1990s. This spot should be used as an expansion pad.


CommuniCore American Express TravelPort, 1982
Original Sponsor: American Express
Original Message: --
Current Sponsor: --
Current Message: --
Comments: Basically a laserdisc assisted version of a travel agent, minus the ability the actually book a flight, TravelPort is hardly remembered aspect of Communicore, and for mostly good reasons, because it neither predicted nor rode any particular futuristic wave. It did, however, have a big red sphere, and those will always be cool.

Status: Replaced by Airfare Watchdog, Expedia, UrbanSpoon...



Horizons, 1983
Original Sponsor: General Electric
Original Message: If We Can Dream It, We Can Do It
Current Sponsor: --
Current Message: --
Comments: This is the big one, and it's the big one for good reason. While the other Future World pavilions were marked by corporate elisions or made ideological hash of their messages, Horizons made the case that the rest of Future World couldn't - that the future was going to be really goddamned awesome, and you were going to float upside down. That message doesn't date, even if all of the other trappings of the show did. And as an index of the rest of Future World, showing us undersea colonies (The Living Seas), cool space stations (Spaceship Earth), and desert cultivation (The Land), Horizons was enormously effective and Future World will never be complete without it.

Here's why Horizons is still relevant today, and it's the reason why every kid who ever rode it, and most adults, have never forgotten it, regardless of how simplified and schematic is was. Kids deserve to be shown a version of the future that isn't a totalitarian society, or an ecological disaster, or a zombie apocalypse, and our society is not and never has been forthcoming with these options. Horizons delivered and made dimensional, tactile, a version of the future which was friendly and reassuring, and people, especially at a young age, deserve to know that positive change is possible too, even if it's wrapped up in a package which is somewhat of a fantasy. Because if you can't be cheerfully optimistic at Disney World, then what the hell is left?

Now, let's be clear: there will never again be an attraction as elaborate as Horizons. Disney was really the only place that ever built things like this, and they're not in that business anymore. Split into four segments - Looking Back at Tomorrow, the two omnisphere theaters, Tomorrow's Windows and Choose Your Own Future - Horizons was a staggering multi sensory epic. But when you get down to it, the key sections were Looking Back at Tomorrow and Tomorrow's Windows, and both of them were built on the fountain of stuff that Disney still does well - dimensional figures and scenery. These segments also have basically solid designs. What wasn't crucial in Horizons was not the specific designs of the clothes, accessories, even music or narration, all of which were pedestrian. What made Horizons work was the astonishing way the omnimovers creeps through and around those pod-like sets, sliding past space stations, and down below undersea cities. This can still be replicated, and given a new look with modern modern conceptions of shapes, colors, clothes, music, and dialogue - basically the same things which keep Spaceship Earth plugging along.

Therefore, even if the full version in all its glory can never be replicated, there is simply no excuse for Disney not to rebuild at least part of Horizons as their prestige family friendly omnimover attraction at Epcot. It's Epcot's Pirates of the Caribbean, and it really needs to be there, if only in part. I suggest putting up a new, condensed version where Wonders of Life is now.

Status: Integral, badly needed.
New Sponsor Suggestion: Horizons was the most Disney thing in Future World, so this is another one that Disney needs to really build and market as their own. Amongst the Disney faithful, a new version of Horizons would be one of the marketing and public relations success stories of the decade, and truly send the message that Disney was committing to Epcot again.

CommuniCore Electronic Forum, 1982
Original Sponsor: --
Original Message: The upcoming computer age will open new doors of communication, maybe
Current Sponsor: --
Current Message: --
Comments: Of anything in EPCOT, Electronic Forum probably got nearest to where we would be in three decades. Televisions in the lobby, ostensibly intended to be used to access news casts from around the world, were most often used by EPCOT visitors to dial up college football games. As Richard Beard memorably puts it in his iconic Walt Disney's EPCOT Center, the Future choice Theater "offer(s) a rare opportunity to get a number of things off your chest and into a computer". The resulting demographic breakdowns displayed onscreen, and indeed the entire concept of electronically voicing opinions, was probably not what visitors carried away from this experience. Since the demographic breakdowns of 170 people were self-reported, Future Choice Theater was likely the first experience many people had with that most modern of internet activities, misrepresenting yourself.

In later years, the emphasis on current social issues gave way to the more benign "Person of the Century Poll", of which the winner was usually Michael Jackson. Because the attractions in Electronic Forum required the cheerful compliance of audiences to remain on message, here already was evidence of the true directions technology would take - subverted for amusement, redirected to watch college football on Sundays, turned into popular culture popularity contests. Anybody who thinks human mischief in the age of the internet is anything but an inevitabile could take a long look at Electronic Forum for a more persuasive alternate view.

Status: Replaced by Social Media



World of Motion, 1982
Original Sponsor: General Motors
Original Message: Private automobiles are more efficient, more useful, and less dangerous than any form of transportation yet invented.
Current Sponsor: General Motors, Test Track
Current Message: Thanks to rigorous testing, private automobiles are safer than ever before.
Comments: Designed at a time when the American automobile industry was imploding due to overseas competition and embroiled in expensive and publicity damaging scandals concerning chemical dumping and labor, World of Motion had next to nothing to say about the future, and spent most of its time concentrating on the past. That past, as designed by Marc Davis, was supremely goofy and fantastical, as various hazards and inconveniences - irate mules, sea serpents, flying carpets, airborne pigs, and traffic cops - impede the frivoulsly liberated human population's desire to go for a drive in the country. This wasn't so much a history of the automobile as a history of getting from place to place, ending in a vision of the future where paved multi-lane highways run every which way into the horizon - a future where no invention will ever replace the family sedan. Exxon, over at the Universe of Energy, would likely have approved.

What Needs to Change: The current version of Test Track, although less of my kind of ride than World of Motion was, is one of the few Future World pavilions to really feel like it has a place in Epcot. It has a corporate sponsor, a unified aesthetic, and is pushing an agenda, and doing a pretty good job doing it. Although I really miss all those those Marc Davis animatronics and huge sets - remember how massive the oak tree in the bicycling scene was? - Test Track is still on message. In a world where EPCOT Center is re-concieved from the ground up for 2016 audiences, an entire pavilion touting the personal car would not, I feel, make the cut, but for the popular and effective ride, this one should stay for now.

Status: Unkillable

TransCenter, 1982
Original Sponsor: General Motors
Original Message: Cars and combustion engines are great!
Current Sponsor: General Motors
Current Message: Buy some stuff, even a car!
Comments: Much like Energy Exchange over at CommuniCore, TransCenter does the ideological heavy lifting for General Motors. While Exxon let you turn a crank and see how insignificant your personal body power was compared to the merest blip of electricity, GM took a comic approach. The Water Engine took place in a darkened room where screens appeared behind the lowering cylinders of a combustion engine. While a laconic cowboy - the absolute embodiment of 80s American patriarchy - insists that he'll stick with the combustion engine till something better comes along, various crazy cartoon characters demonstrate their engines until a Mad Scientist-type turns on a "Water Engine" that explodes and wrecks comic havoc. Funny, charmingly animated, Water Engine still played directly into the prejudices of Americans and General Motors.

Steven Fjellman saw much that was ominous in The Bird and Robot Show, and given that his book was written in the immediate aftermath of Roger and Me, it's not too surprising. It's perhaps better, and more accurate, to see Bird and Robot as an outgrowth of traditional Disney theater shows like Country Bear Jamboree and Tiki Room, similar to the way that Kitchen Kabaret sought to add some old school Disney charm to to sleek, corporate EPCOT programme. WED basically treated the robotic assembly arm as the most advanced audio-animatronic possible, and paired it with a model of one of their earliest animated figures - a Tiki Room bird - to show off how fluidly it could move, lift objects, perform tricks, etc. Three decades on, the automation of labor has only increased, and is rapidly cresting the horizon where social change is going to need to happen to keep pace with the displaced population of laborers. Much like over at Expo Robotics, the robots are now the whole show.


The cleverest idea in TransCenter, and the one that really stuck, was the notion to require riders to exit through an automobile show room. Everyone remembers the Aero 2000, a machine designed to reduce wind resistance, but the Aero was a fantasy car and acted as the lure to keep people walking through the exhibit. Further along came more practical, potentially salable items such as the GM Lean Machine and, most importantly, next year's GM models.

What Needs to Change: The 1998 reboot into Test Track retained a few of the post-show elements. There was a simulator type attraction called Time Chasers, and a new gift shop which absorbed the back part of the automobile show room. The cars were instead moved forward into the exhibit area; guests still walk past the areas where Bird and Robot and Water Engine played. Given the fact that Test Track has a height restriction where World of Motion had none, I find it impossible to believe that films and exhibits in this are wouldn't be more popular with waiting families than the original menu of attractions were. In this case it's a matter of relocating or condensing the shop to make room for some informational activities that supplement the on-ride messages of safety and reliability.

Status: More memorable than you'd expect from a car company.

--

Do you enjoy long, carefully written essays on the ideas behind theme parks, like this one? Hop on over to the Passport to Dreams Theme Park Theory Hub Page for even more!
          Formwork Carpenters and Labourers - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Kinetic is expanding our team in Victoria and we have opportunities for experienced formwork Carpenters and Labourers....
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 27 Jun 2017 22:56:01 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Carpenter / Apprentice - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Working collaboratively with the Site team, our Carpenters are responsible for:. Kinetic Construction Ltd has an opportunity for Building Envelope work in Comox...
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 30 May 2017 01:41:42 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Formwork Carpenters and Labourers - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Kinetic is expanding our team in Victoria and we have opportunities for experienced formwork Carpenters and Labourers....
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 27 Jun 2017 22:56:01 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Carpenter / Apprentice - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Working collaboratively with the Site team, our Carpenters are responsible for:. Kinetic Construction Ltd has an opportunity for Building Envelope work in Comox...
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 30 May 2017 01:41:42 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          KineticaDB Raises $50M in Series A financing   
Kinetica, a San Francisco, CA-based provider of GPU-accelerated relational database, closed $50m Series A financing. The round was co-led by Canvas Ventures and Meritech Capital Partners, with participation from new investor Citi Ventures and existing investor Ray Lane of GreatPoint Ventures. In conjunction with the financing, Gary Little and Paul Madera will join Ray Lane, Amit […]
          A systematic study of the influence of mesoscale structuring on the kinetics of a chemical reaction   

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP02134H, Paper
Sebastian Krickl, Thomas Buchecker, Andreas Uwe Meyer, Isabelle Grillo, Didier Touraud, Pierre Bauduin, Burkhard Konig, Arno Pfitzner, Werner Kunz
In this contribution, we link the mesoscopic structuring of the binary structured solvent mixture H2O/tert-butanol (TBA) to the kinetics and efficacy of the oxidation of benzyl alcohol (BA) to the corresponding aldehyde catalyzed by H5PMo10V2O40.
To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above.
The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry

          Intricate kinetics: in situ FTIR-spectroscopy discloses a phase change during ionic liquid synthesis   

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03257A, Paper
A. Ohligschlager, M. A. Liauw
Autocatalytic behaviour is found in a Menshutkin-like IL synthesis using in situ-ATR-IR-spectroscopy. A sudden change in the reaction rate progress indicates a microscopic phase separation.
To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above.
The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry

          In situ analysis of reaction kinetics of reduction promotion of NiMn2O4 under microwave H-field irradiation   

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP02728A, Paper
Jun Fukushima, Sadatsugu Takayama, Hiroshi Goto, Motoyasu Sato, Hirotsugu Takizawa
Reaction kinetics during microwave H-field heating and electric furnace heating were investigated to verify the effect of rapid heating and the non-thermal microwave effect.
To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above.
The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry

          Computational and Experimental Evaluation of Designed β-Cap Hairpins Using Molecular Simulations and Kinetic Network Models   

TOC Graphic

Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jcim.7b00132

          (USA-VA-Chesapeake) Patient Care Technician-Chesapeake, VA (Churchland)   
**PURPOSE AND SCOPE:** Supports FMCNA’s mission, vision, core values and customer service philosophy. Adheres to the FMCNA Compliance Program, including following all regulatory and FMS policy requirements. Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team in providing safe and effective dialysis therapy for patients under the direct supervision of a licensed nurse in accordance with FMCNA policies, procedures, and training and in compliance with regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agencies. Responsible for the setup and operation of hemodialysis machines. Assist in the maintenance of a safe and clean working environment. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMC Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP). **DUTIES / ACTIVITIES:** **CUSTOMER SERVICE:** + Responsible for driving the FMS culture through values and customer service standards. + Accountable for outstanding customer service to all external and internal customers. + Develops and maintains effective relationships through effective and timely communication. + Takes initiative and action to respond, resolve and follow up regarding customer service issues with all customers in a timely manner. **PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES** **PATIENT CARE:** + Assist other health care members in providing patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where appropriate - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM), and regarding disease process/access. + Welcome assigned patients and inquire as to their wellbeing since their last treatment. Report any complaints or observations to the nurse supervisor. + Evaluate vascular access for patency and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Obtain necessary pre and post treatment vital signs and weight. Report unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform vascular access evaluation pre-treatment and report unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform vascular access cannulation and report any difficulties in cannulation or unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform administration of Heparin as delegated or as allowed by state law. + Initiate dialysis treatment according to prescribed orders including blood flow (QB) and dialysate flow (QD). + Evaluate intradialytic problems and provide intervention as prescribed by physician order or as directed. + Monitor patients’ response to dialysis therapy and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Obtain vital signs prior to reinfusion; perform all relevant functions necessary for the discontinuation of treatment - document. + Discontinue dialysis treatment according to established procedures, + Evaluate patient prior to termination of venous access - standing & sitting blood pressure. + Obtain Hemostasis and apply appropriate dressings. + Evaluate the patient for prior to discharge and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform and record Pre and Post dialysis evaluation, weight and vital signs with initial identification. + Responsible for calculating and entry of individual patients’ dialysis machine programming for Ultrafiltration (UF) goal; treatment time; Sodium (Na) modeling; and UF modeling as prescribed. + Responsible for ensuring appropriate safety alarms are enabled, including Narrow Venous Limits (NVL) 160. + Record accurate and timely information regarding vital signs and treatment parameters onto the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet with initial identification. + Responsible for accurate documentation of information related to patient treatment including completion of Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet and, if applicable, progress notes. + Report any significant information and/or change in patient condition directly to the nurse supervisor. + Observe patient, and conduct machine safety checks according to facility policy. Report any change or unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Perform and document any intervention for unusual patient status and document patients' response to intervention. + Evaluate patients’ vascular access during treatment including arterial and venous monitoring pressures, provide appropriate intervention as needed, document and report any unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Obtain all prescribed laboratory testing and prepare specimens for collection. **MAINTENANCE/TECHNICAL:** + Maintain environmental integrity and aesthetics - ensure all areas are safe and clean. + Clean and disinfect dialysis machine surface, chair, equipment, and surrounding area between treatments according to facility policy. + Conduct all tasks necessary for preparation for dialysis treatment and document where appropriate. + Perform all required pretreatment dialysis machine alarm testing including Pressure Holding (PHT). + Initiate Solution Delivery System (SDS) system. + Ensure that all blood spills are immediately cleaned with appropriate disinfectant according to facility policy. + Prepare, organize, and efficiently utilize supplies and equipment to prevent wastage. **CLERICAL & ADMINISTRATIVE:** + Complete and document ongoing participation in Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities. + Enters all treatment data into the designated clinical application accurately and in a timely manner. + Review treatment sheets for completeness, ensure nursing signatures are documented, and ensure omitted entries are completed or corrected where appropriate. + Prepare initial patient chart for admission and compile paperwork for appropriate placement in chart. + Prepare lab requisitions for prescribed or stat Lab specimens according to laboratory destination. + Collect, label, appropriately prepare and store lab samples according required laboratory specifications. + Ensure collection of lab specimens by appropriate lab courier. **OTHER:** + Perform additional duties as assigned. **ADDENDUM FOR PATIENT CARE TECHNICIANS WORKING IN THE HOME PROGRAMS (NOT HOME ASSIST):** **Assisting the HT RN:** + May assist HT RN on Home Visit as directed + Reinforces PD / HHD education under supervision of qualified HT RN + Schedules and contacts patients regarding appointments + Weigh patient and obtain vital signs + Collect treatment records and review for completion. Notify RN of incomplete / missing records. + Cleaning and prepping treatment room; prep charts + Preparing lab tubes and requisitions & assisting with lab draw days both pre and post draw (PCT certified phlebotomy or per state regulations) + Clerical duties as assigned (faxing, mailing to physician offices etc.) + Obtain home hemo water sampling as directed by the HT RN + Set-up of the home hemo machine and PD Cycler. + Assist with exit site care when directed by HT RN. + Warm dialysate solution when directed by the HT RN + Draw dialysate solution for testing as directed by the HT RN + Creates and sends patient reminders (supply inventory for order, Kt/V collection, bringing meds to clinic visit for review) + Assembles/breaks down charts / thins charts + Maintains logs as directed and applicable + Inventory of Home Program + Maintains par levels of home department supplies + Files home patient packing slips/invoices + Inventory for Patients + Assists patient with supply management and contacting customer service **PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS:** The physical demands and work environment characteristics described here are representative of those an employee encounters while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. Day to day work includes desk and personal computer work and interaction with patients, facility staff and physicians. The position requires travel between assigned facilities and various locations within the community. Travel to regional, Business Unit and Corporate meetings may be required. The work environment is characteristic of a health care facility with air temperature control and moderate noise levels. May be exposed to infectious and contagious diseases/materials The position provides direct patient care that regularly involves heavy lifting and moving of patients, and assisting with ambulation. Equipment aids and/or coworkers may provide assistance. This position requires frequent, prolonged periods of standing and the employee must be able to bend over. The employee may occasionally be required to push and/or pull equipment, exerting up to 15 pounds of force. The employee may be required to lift and to lower solutions on a frequent basis of up to 30 lbs., and on an occasional lift basis up to 40 lbs., as high as 5 feet. There is a two-person assist program and "material assist” devices for the heavier items. **EDUCATION** + Center for Medicaid/Medicare Services (CMS)-approved state and/or national certification or High School diploma or G.E.D. and must meet certification requirements within the required state or CMS timeline. + All appropriate state licensure, education and training (if any) required. **EXPERIENCE AND REQUIRED SKILLS** + Previous patient care experience in a hospital setting or related facility preferred. + Employees have to meet the necessary requirements of Ishihara's Color Blindness test as a condition of employment. + Continued employment is dependent on successful completion of the FMCNA dialysis training program and successful completion of CPR certification. **_EO/AA Employer: Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity_**
          (USA-VA-Norfolk) Patient Care Technician-Norfolk, VA   
**PURPOSE AND SCOPE:** Supports FMCNA’s mission, vision, core values and customer service philosophy. Adheres to the FMCNA Compliance Program, including following all regulatory and FMS policy requirements. Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team in providing safe and effective dialysis therapy for patients under the direct supervision of a licensed nurse in accordance with FMCNA policies, procedures, and training and in compliance with regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agencies. Responsible for the setup and operation of hemodialysis machines. Assist in the maintenance of a safe and clean working environment. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMC Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP). **DUTIES / ACTIVITIES:** **CUSTOMER SERVICE:** + Responsible for driving the FMS culture through values and customer service standards. + Accountable for outstanding customer service to all external and internal customers. + Develops and maintains effective relationships through effective and timely communication. + Takes initiative and action to respond, resolve and follow up regarding customer service issues with all customers in a timely manner. **PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES** **PATIENT CARE:** + Assist other health care members in providing patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where appropriate - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM), and regarding disease process/access. + Welcome assigned patients and inquire as to their wellbeing since their last treatment. Report any complaints or observations to the nurse supervisor. + Evaluate vascular access for patency and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Obtain necessary pre and post treatment vital signs and weight. Report unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform vascular access evaluation pre-treatment and report unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform vascular access cannulation and report any difficulties in cannulation or unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform administration of Heparin as delegated or as allowed by state law. + Initiate dialysis treatment according to prescribed orders including blood flow (QB) and dialysate flow (QD). + Evaluate intradialytic problems and provide intervention as prescribed by physician order or as directed. + Monitor patients’ response to dialysis therapy and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Obtain vital signs prior to reinfusion; perform all relevant functions necessary for the discontinuation of treatment - document. + Discontinue dialysis treatment according to established procedures, + Evaluate patient prior to termination of venous access - standing & sitting blood pressure. + Obtain Hemostasis and apply appropriate dressings. + Evaluate the patient for prior to discharge and report any unusual findings to nurse supervisor. + Perform and record Pre and Post dialysis evaluation, weight and vital signs with initial identification. + Responsible for calculating and entry of individual patients’ dialysis machine programming for Ultrafiltration (UF) goal; treatment time; Sodium (Na) modeling; and UF modeling as prescribed. + Responsible for ensuring appropriate safety alarms are enabled, including Narrow Venous Limits (NVL) 160. + Record accurate and timely information regarding vital signs and treatment parameters onto the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet with initial identification. + Responsible for accurate documentation of information related to patient treatment including completion of Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet and, if applicable, progress notes. + Report any significant information and/or change in patient condition directly to the nurse supervisor. + Observe patient, and conduct machine safety checks according to facility policy. Report any change or unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Perform and document any intervention for unusual patient status and document patients' response to intervention. + Evaluate patients’ vascular access during treatment including arterial and venous monitoring pressures, provide appropriate intervention as needed, document and report any unusual findings to the nurse supervisor. + Obtain all prescribed laboratory testing and prepare specimens for collection. **MAINTENANCE/TECHNICAL:** + Maintain environmental integrity and aesthetics - ensure all areas are safe and clean. + Clean and disinfect dialysis machine surface, chair, equipment, and surrounding area between treatments according to facility policy. + Conduct all tasks necessary for preparation for dialysis treatment and document where appropriate. + Perform all required pretreatment dialysis machine alarm testing including Pressure Holding (PHT). + Initiate Solution Delivery System (SDS) system. + Ensure that all blood spills are immediately cleaned with appropriate disinfectant according to facility policy. + Prepare, organize, and efficiently utilize supplies and equipment to prevent wastage. **CLERICAL & ADMINISTRATIVE:** + Complete and document ongoing participation in Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities. + Enters all treatment data into the designated clinical application accurately and in a timely manner. + Review treatment sheets for completeness, ensure nursing signatures are documented, and ensure omitted entries are completed or corrected where appropriate. + Prepare initial patient chart for admission and compile paperwork for appropriate placement in chart. + Prepare lab requisitions for prescribed or stat Lab specimens according to laboratory destination. + Collect, label, appropriately prepare and store lab samples according required laboratory specifications. + Ensure collection of lab specimens by appropriate lab courier. **OTHER:** + Perform additional duties as assigned. **ADDENDUM FOR PATIENT CARE TECHNICIANS WORKING IN THE HOME PROGRAMS (NOT HOME ASSIST):** **Assisting the HT RN:** + May assist HT RN on Home Visit as directed + Reinforces PD / HHD education under supervision of qualified HT RN + Schedules and contacts patients regarding appointments + Weigh patient and obtain vital signs + Collect treatment records and review for completion. Notify RN of incomplete / missing records. + Cleaning and prepping treatment room; prep charts + Preparing lab tubes and requisitions & assisting with lab draw days both pre and post draw (PCT certified phlebotomy or per state regulations) + Clerical duties as assigned (faxing, mailing to physician offices etc.) + Obtain home hemo water sampling as directed by the HT RN + Set-up of the home hemo machine and PD Cycler. + Assist with exit site care when directed by HT RN. + Warm dialysate solution when directed by the HT RN + Draw dialysate solution for testing as directed by the HT RN + Creates and sends patient reminders (supply inventory for order, Kt/V collection, bringing meds to clinic visit for review) + Assembles/breaks down charts / thins charts + Maintains logs as directed and applicable + Inventory of Home Program + Maintains par levels of home department supplies + Files home patient packing slips/invoices + Inventory for Patients + Assists patient with supply management and contacting customer service **PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS:** The physical demands and work environment characteristics described here are representative of those an employee encounters while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. Day to day work includes desk and personal computer work and interaction with patients, facility staff and physicians. The position requires travel between assigned facilities and various locations within the community. Travel to regional, Business Unit and Corporate meetings may be required. The work environment is characteristic of a health care facility with air temperature control and moderate noise levels. May be exposed to infectious and contagious diseases/materials The position provides direct patient care that regularly involves heavy lifting and moving of patients, and assisting with ambulation. Equipment aids and/or coworkers may provide assistance. This position requires frequent, prolonged periods of standing and the employee must be able to bend over. The employee may occasionally be required to push and/or pull equipment, exerting up to 15 pounds of force. The employee may be required to lift and to lower solutions on a frequent basis of up to 30 lbs., and on an occasional lift basis up to 40 lbs., as high as 5 feet. There is a two-person assist program and "material assist” devices for the heavier items. **EDUCATION** + Center for Medicaid/Medicare Services (CMS)-approved state and/or national certification or High School diploma or G.E.D. and must meet certification requirements within the required state or CMS timeline. + All appropriate state licensure, education and training (if any) required. **EXPERIENCE AND REQUIRED SKILLS** + Previous patient care experience in a hospital setting or related facility preferred. + Employees have to meet the necessary requirements of Ishihara's Color Blindness test as a condition of employment. + Continued employment is dependent on successful completion of the FMCNA dialysis training program and successful completion of CPR certification. **_EO/AA Employer: Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity_**
          Re: 7 Offbeat Off-the-Grid Green Gadgets, Inventions, and Innovations   

I think the refrigerator one is fake and I don't understand how the first lamp works (I realize that may be my fault)

The Kinetic Energy sound great and I really think we should start using that kind of thing.
http://goo.gl/UFkSZ


          Pulse on VR Exhibition Showcases Canada's Best in VR   

On Monday, June 26, CFC Media Lab, OMERS Ventures and Nordicity teamed up to publish the first wave of data for Pulse on VR: A Living Ecosystem, a study that provides an ongoing look at the Virtual Reality (VR) landscape in Canada and the industry’s capacity for growth and change.

As a part of this launch and in celebration of Canada Day, CFC Media Lab is also presenting the Pulse on VR Exhibition, a weeklong showcase from some of Canada’s most exciting homegrown VR companies. The exhibition allows visitors to sample premium VR content without any of the hassle or cost normally associated with its setup, which can help cultivate an audience and build a more stable VR market for the future.

The Pulse on VR Exhibition opened on Tuesday, June 27 and will run until Sunday, July 2 at the House of VR (639 Queen St. West) in downtown Toronto. The bright, spacious venue has multiple VR viewing stations on each floor, each equipped with its own headset dangling from the ceiling to allow for unencumbered movement. Part-art installation and part-arcade, the exhibition is free and open to the public – a don’t-miss opportunity if you’re curious about VR or have never experienced it for yourself.

All of the content at the exhibition was created by critically-acclaimed and award-winning Canadian companies and artists, and speaks to the international pedigree of our Canadian VR ecosystem. Here are just some of the innovative experiences you can have:

MasterpieceVR

MasterpieceVR represents the evolution of fine art. Developed by Ottawa’s Brinx Software, MasterpieceVR is an artistic suite that allows users to paint and sculpt in Virtual Reality. The high-tech palette gives anyone the ability to create stunning, three-dimensional works of art, while the impressive online capabilities make it possible for artists from around the world to exist in the same virtual space while collaborating on a single project. The collaborative nature of MasterpieceVR is unique in the world. Not even the much-touted Google Tiltbrush or Oculus Medium, both VR art-making tools, have this capability.

Fortunately, you don’t need to be a professional artist to enjoy MasterpieceVR. The software gives everyone the freedom to experiment, and it’s a lot of fun to make a mess when you don’t have to worry about getting paint all over the carpet.


Blasters of the Universe

Blasters of the Universe showcases VR’s potential as a gaming platform. Developed by Toronto’s Secret Location (the first company to win the first-ever Emmy award for a VR experience), the highly polished action game is a futuristic shooter in which you need to block and dodge incoming projectiles while taking out your enemies as quickly as possible.

While the gameplay utilizes many familiar tropes, the unique format allows for a far more immersive experience. The viewing booths at the House of VR are designed to give you a free range of motion, allowing you to play Blasters of the Universe without having to worry about tripping over wires or crashing into walls. It offers a glimpse of an arcade of the future, delivering a thrilling game in a comfortable setup that would be challenging to replicate at home.


The Gallery, Episode 2, “Heart of the Emberstone”

B.C.’s Cloudhead Games is the darling of the HTV Vive gaming community. The Gallery’s Episode 1, “Call of the Starseed,” is being touted as one of the best launch titles on the Vive. The Gallery is an episodic fantasy puzzle game that drops you into ruins that would flummox Indiana Jones. Pick up and examine various digital objects to crack locks and advance the story – which means that The Gallery is essentially an escape room without the worry of breaking props. With a deliberate pace that gives you time to think through every step, The Gallery is an effective counterpoint to a more kinetic game like Blasters of the Universe, proving that VR can support video games that cater to different tastes.

For the Pulse on VR Exhibition, Cloudhead Games gives audiences a sneak peek at the much-anticipated Episode 2, “Heart of the Emberstone,” slated for release this September. You don’t need to have played the first episode to appreciate the technology, for the demo has a wonderful sense of place that allows you to explore a fantasy world with a captivating level of fidelity.


Small Wonders: The VR Experience

Created by a collaboration between the Art Gallery of Ontario conservator Lisa Ellis and interactive artist/designer Priam Givord that was produced by the CFC Media Lab and Seneca College, the award-winning Small Wonders: The VR Experience is not to be missed. This VR experience is drawn from the international Small Wonders exhibition, which was created by and is being staged at the Art Gallery of Ontario, the MET Cloisters and the Rijksmuseum. That show features dozens of Gothic boxwood miniatures from the early sixteenth century, and Small Wonders: The VR Experience is making this short stop at the House of VR before it moves on to the National Museum of Contemporary Art in Seoul, Korea.

Small Wonders: The VR Experience takes one of these miniatures – a carved bead no bigger than a golf ball – and blows it up to massive proportions with the help of micro-commuted tomography (basically a 3D scan) and VR technologies, which allows you to enter and move through or around the entire bead. Even at scale, the VR experience manages to convey an astonishing amount of information. The bead opens like a locket to reveal an intricately layered religious scene with an entire wall of worshipers and a full representations of heaven, hell and purgatory. Thanks to VR, you’re able to peel apart those layers and examine the bead from angles that would be inaccessible in real life, allowing you to identify individual wood grains and the haunting expression on every pious or tortured face.

Small Wonders also highlights VR’s utility as a research tool, for its ability to amplify the natural world offers a powerful aesthetic lens of extensive detail on an extremely small surface. The enhanced perspective generates and deepens respect for the exquisite craftsmanship that went into the creation of such a tiny work of art by hand – centuries before anything like VR was on the scene.


Cut-Off

Nominated for a 2017 Canadian Screen Award, Cut-Off is a powerful 360-degree video documentary that tracks Justin Trudeau’s visit to Shoal Lake 40, an isolated First Nations reserve between Ontario and Manitoba. Produced by OccupiedVR, Vice Canada, the National Film Board of Canada and CFC Media Lab, the documentary digs into the social and infrastructural problems facing the residents of the area, including the high suicide rate and limited access to clean water, each of which is compounded by the region’s isolation.

Though Trudeau is the most recognizable figure in the film, Cut-Off is filmed from the perspectives of the residents of Shoal Lake 40, as the residents share their stories directly with the camera. Here, VR provides immediacy and context often missing in more traditional filmmaking. It makes Cut-Off a powerful reminder of the things that people take for granted, especially in contrast with the resources in a densely populated urban centre like Toronto.


The People’s House: Inside the White House with Barack and Michelle Obama

There are three Felix & Paul Studios' critically-acclaimed projects on show, including this one, The People’s House, a 360-degree video tour of the White House hosted by Barack and Michelle Obama that already feels like a relic from a forgotten era. The documentary takes you through nine of the most famous rooms in the White House, including the Oval Office, Situation Room and Lincoln Bedroom.

In many ways a by-the-numbers documentary, The People’s House achieves a solemn grace thanks to the presence of the Obamas. The former President and First Lady are, as always, poised, and their narration conveys a deep respect both for the history of the building and for the institution of the American Presidency. Informative yet personal and personable, they mix American trivia with anecdotes from their time in office that exemplify their own relationship to the building that was their home.

This unexpectedly candid piece of modern myth-making also restores some of the dignity that feels like it’s been in short supply in recent months. The People’s House makes the storied yet imposing residence feel surprisingly intimate, once again demonstrating VR’s ability to transport the viewer into a tangible environment.


The Pulse on VR Exhibition (free admission) is on until July 2 at House of VR, 639 Queen St. West, in Toronto.

Thursday, June 29: 12-10PM
Friday, June 30: 12-8PM
Saturday, July 1: 12-8PM
Sunday, July 2: 12-8PM 


          The Funded: 8 Bay Area startups raise $25M-plus at week's end   
The first half of 2017 ended with a flurry of pre-Fourth of July fundings in which eight Bay Area startups raised $25 million or more. Here are the details: • Kinetica, San Francisco, $50 million: Canvas Ventures and Meritech Capital Partners co-led the Series A round for this GPU-accelerated relational database provider. They were joined by Citi Ventures and GreatPoint Ventures. • LogicBio Therapeutics, Foster City, $45 million: Arix Bioscience led the Series B round for this developer of…

          заднее колесо для Downhill   
Назначение: фрирайд, даунхилл

Обод: двойные стенки обода, трехкамерный профиль, пистонированный 26"х36, Dartmoor Fortress
Втулка: втулка Sun Ringle Abbah Lawill 150x12, 4 пром подшипника.
Спицы: DT Swiss Champion 2.0 мм
Кассета: 9 скоростная
Покрышка: Kenda Kinetics 26"х2.35, почти новая
Камера: Kenda
Тормозной диск: 180 мм
 
Цена 28 000 тг.
 

Тел 8-747-188-8O-O6, Алматы

Прикреплённые изображения:

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          Color Me Shocked   


Entitled racist bitch Democratic Chairwench of the Nebraska Black Caucus (fatass above, right) thinks it's funny Republican congressmen were shot, and shot at:


How tolerant and diverse.

Not a peep from the party of Black Criminal's Lives Matter about firing her ass or toning down the rhetoric that fueled Wednesday's baseball field shooting gallery, and in fact she's doubled down (probably taking her cue from Nancy Botox trying to blame the shooting on Trump and Republicans, instead of one of her own monkeys) so let me just cut to the chase, and add that when I heard Trayvon and a few thousand other perps of color were shot, it gave me the giggles too.

Still does.

Back at ya, lardass. Gonna be even funnier when folks in your locale put your party-size carcass on the to-do list, esp. since Kevlar vests don't come in XXXXXXXL. 

And then I find this little bit of litterbox turd-nuggetry from the Lunatard Left, noted over on Solomon's SNAFU! site.

Either the Left reins this crap in, or it's time to declare the Democrat Party a terrorist organization, and set some people to work on solving that problem kinetically.




Libtard PSA: Your circus, your monkeys*. You might want to walk run this thing back, now that the experiment's gotten out of the lab, because if it turns into a two-way range, your side is long on targets and short on marksmanship, ammo, and weapons.
cf. "ethnic cleansing", and start to ponder what making America a Leftist-Free Zone is going to mean for your side.

Hint: It's not going to go like you think.


















*(Anyone even slightly racially offended by the use of the term "monkey" in describing both the geriatric white wingnut who did the shooting, and the 400 pound shitbag responsible for cheering the affair on after the fact as noted above, is gently enjoined to get a grappling hook, and yank their own head - and underpants - out of their own tailpipe. This is the part where I remind you I have zero fucks to give over your pseudo-sanctimonious virtue-signaling rage. If that wasn't clear enough, let me leave my card:
)
 



          Mechanistic differences in the uptake of salicylic acid glucose conjugates by vacuolar membrane-enriched vesicles isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana.   

Mechanistic differences in the uptake of salicylic acid glucose conjugates by vacuolar membrane-enriched vesicles isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana.

Physiol Plant. 2017 Jun 30;:

Authors: Vaca E, Behrens C, Theccanat T, Choe JY, Dean JV

Abstract
Salicylic acid (SA) is a plant hormone involved in a number of physiological responses including both local and systemic resistance of plants to pathogens. In Arabidopsis, SA is glucosylated to form either SA 2-O-β-D-glucose (SAG) or SA glucose ester (SGE). In the present study, we show that SAG accumulates in the vacuole of Arabidopsis, while the majority of SGE was located outside the vacuole. The uptake of SAG by vacuolar membrane-enriched vesicles isolated from Arabidopsis was stimulated by the addition of MgATP and was inhibited by both vanadate (ABC transporter inhibitor) and bafilomycin A1 (vacuolar H(+) -ATPase inhibitor), suggesting that SAG uptake involves both an ABC transporter and H(+) -antiporter. Despite its absence in the vacuole, we observed the MgATP-dependent uptake of SGE by Arabidopsis vacuolar membrane-enriched vesicles. SGE uptake was not inhibited by vanadate but was inhibited by bafilomycin A1 and gramicidin D providing evidence that uptake was dependent on an H(+) -antiporter. The uptake of both SAG and SGE was also inhibited by quercetin and verapamil (two known inhibitors of multidrug efflux pumps) and salicin and arbutin. MgATP-dependent SAG and SGE uptake exhibited Michaelis-Menten-type saturation kinetics. The vacuolar enriched-membrane vesicles had a 46-fold greater affinity and a 10-fold greater transport activity with SGE than with SAG. We propose that in Arabidopsis, SAG is transported into the vacuole to serve as a long-term storage form of SA while SGE, though also transported into the vacuole, is easily hydrolyzed to release the active hormone which can then be remobilized to other cellular locations.

PMID: 28665551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


          House of Steel   
On the sandy shores of Fauntleroy Cove in Seattle, renowned firm Olson Kundig Architects crafts a subtle home with striking steel accents. Architect Tom Kundig’s kinetic buildings commune with their surroundings through custom-made hardware and flexible design elements. For a 2011 Seattle residence he designed overlooking Puget Sound, his approach included a folded gate latch, gently curved banister, and a protective metal canopy. "We kept the house simple, but we did spring for the metalwork," says the resident. Steel is a natural choice for important elements in Kundig’s structures. "Its strength and durability give me freedom to see those parts sculpturally," he says.
          Bevroren Elsa speciale kamer Decor   
Voor een lange tijd niet Elsa haar prachtige kamer schoon. Ze wil niet iedereen om stap in de kamer. Voor, als ze komen zal ze vinden haar cryokinetic krachten. Ze is het reinigen van de kamer nu. Daarna heeft ze gepland om te versieren van de kamer. Meestal, zou ze niet laten de dienaren in de kamer. Help de arme meisje. Ze moet uw hulp en bijstand. De kamer op een elegante wijze verfraaien. Sleep het meubilair en plaats ze op een passende wijze. Kies de kleur die ze is dol op. Laat de kamer ziet er geweldig uit met uw begeleiding. Zodra de decoratie is gedaan, zal Elsa zijn in de wereld van geluk. Hierdoor Word je dichter bij de familie van bevroren.
          ‘Kinetic’ mid-century art at Yvette Torres   
Yvette Torres Fine Art, 464 Main St., has built a reputation for showing fine contemporary modern painters, as well as the work of the some of the giants of the mid-20th century who studied or taught at one of the era’s great centers of artistic innovation — Black Mountain College in North Carolina. The public is invited to stroll north down Main Street to see a July show of paintings of Zola Marcus, a student at ...
          Первый в мире кинетический стимпанк бар открылся в Румынии   

...

Запись Первый в мире кинетический стимпанк бар открылся в Румынии впервые появилась на Панда Знает.


          World’s First Energy-Harvesting Smart Street Unveiled In London   
By: Amanda Froelich/True Activist  Humans already walk, jog and cycle places for health and environmental reasons — why not harness some of that kinetic energy for beneficial purposes? Such is a question many have been asking for decades. Now, technology capable of generating electricity from human movement has been created, and it’s been installed on […]
           Computational method for enzyme kinetics and enzyme reactor modeling    
Cheng , Kian Kai (2004) Computational method for enzyme kinetics and enzyme reactor modeling. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Chemical Engineering.
          The Charm Of 'Spoonbenders' Is No Cheap Trick   
I wonder how many households of kids growing up in the late '80s and early '90s had their ideas of the supernatural formed by the tall, thin black hardcovers of a Time-Life series called Mysteries of the Unknown . My family had them, and I don't think my parents could have told you where they came from. They just seemed to be library staples, with individual volumes like Psychic Powers, Mystic Places and Alien Encounters . The Psychic Powers volume was far and away my favourite, and formed the core of my pleasure in reading Spoonbenders . It's 1995, and Teddy Telemachus is a septuagenarian con man and card shark living in Chicago and beset by his psychic children. Lie-detecting Irene can't keep a job, psychokinetic Frankie's in trouble with the mob, and precognitive Buddy won't explain why he's replacing Teddy's wooden doors with steel or digging an enormous hole in the yard. But for one shining year, while Teddy's wife Maureen was alive, they were the Amazing Telemachus Family — until
          Tesla Regenerative Braking Lawsuit Says Systems Are Dangerous   

A Tesla regenerative braking lawsuit alleges Tesla Model S cars and Model X SUVs have dangerous braking systems that cause the cars to crash in snowy or icy conditions.

The proposed regenerative braking class-action lawsuit includes all U.S. consumers who purchased 2012-2017 Tesla Model S cars and 2016-2017 Tesla Model X SUVs.

The plaintiffs say they purchased a new 2016 Tesla Model X in September 2016 and in April 2017, plaintiff Roy Wiseman was driving in California and started running into snow at higher elevations.

Wiseman says he slowed down due to the snow, and as he went around a curve he removed his foot slightly off the accelerator pedal to slow down even more. This caused the regenerative braking system to activate and apply negative torque to the wheels. The Model X allegedly slid off the road and went down a mountainside, crashing into trees and branches.

Wiseman and his passenger remained in the severely damaged Model X stranded in the snow for more than an hour waiting for help.

The lawsuit says the Tesla Model S and Tesla Model X are equipped with either one or two electric motors that use electricity from the vehicle’s lithium-ion battery packs to rotate either the rear wheels or all four wheels.

When the driver presses the accelerator pedal, the electric energy transfers from the lithium-ion battery packs to the electric motor(s) to propel the vehicle and when the driver releases the accelerator pedal while the vehicle is moving, the electric motor(s) begin to act as power generators. This turns the kinetic energy into electricity to recharge the lithium-ion batteries.

While a gasoline-powered car will generally coast when a driver releases the accelerator pedal, Tesla vehicles begin to rapidly decelerate as a result of power regeneration. Tesla calls this process “regenerative braking," but unlike almost every other vehicle with regenerative braking, the Tesla system activates when the driver lets off the accelerator pedal.

Other vehicles, like the Toyota Prius, only activate regenerative braking when the driver presses the brake pedal, retaining the ability to coast.

The lawsuit alleges the regenerative braking systems used in both the Model S and Model X create a risk for the vehicles to lose control in snowy conditions because the systems make the vehicles unable to coast. According to the plaintiffs, a driver is put in danger of losing control on icy roads due to the mandatory braking the vehicle imposes on the driver.

Drivers know that sharp, sudden and excessive braking or downshifting isn't a good idea on icy or snowy roads because braking can cause vehicles to shift their weight and become unbalanced. But according to the plaintiffs, Tesla has known since 2007 that the regenerative braking systems create that very danger.

In 2007, Tesla posted a message on its website that said, in part, the automaker had “developed and verified [a] safety feature” called “regen control” to limit the regenerative braking if the vehicle’s rear wheels start to slip. But according to the lawsuit, it's been 10 years and the Tesla vehicles still suffer from losing stability when the regenerative braking is engaged in snow or ice.

The Wiseman's also say the braking system has limitations, including not functioning when the vehicle’s battery is too full.

The plaintiffs say they wouldn't have bought the SUV if Tesla would have told them the regenerative braking system was allegedly defective and dangerous.

The Tesla regenerative braking system lawsuit was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California - Roy and Marites Wiseman, et al., v. Tesla, Inc., et al.

The plaintiffs are represented by The Margarian Law Firm.


          Project Coordinator - Kinetic Construction - Canada   
Knowledge of Microsoft Project and/or Sage Timberline an asset. Are you passionate about being in the Construction industry and part of a team that builds great...
From Kinetic Construction - Tue, 25 Apr 2017 20:56:15 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Formal Fountain Gardens Around The World   

Formal gardens are known for their symmetry and design, following a principle of imposing order on nature. The simplest of most formal gardens would have carefully laid out flower beds, while more elaborate ones involve elaborate landscaping and feature parterres, boxed hedges, terraces, topiaries, statues and of course our favorite piece of architecture – fountains. Here is a list of some of the best formal fountain gardens from all over the world that are definitely worth a visit: 1. Chateau de Versailles The gardens at the Chateau de Versailles covers around 800 hectares of land, most of which is landscaped […]

The post Formal Fountain Gardens Around The World appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Top 10 Most Beautiful Fountains to Visit in Spain   

With a colorful history which dates back thousands of years, an impressive number of native artists and breathtaking scenery which provides never-ending inspiration, it’s no wonder Spain is home to many magnificent water fountains. Whilst some of the fountains go back as far as the 11th century and depict important historic and mythological scenes, others are much more modern creations, portraying what you can achieve with today’s technology and know-how. If you’re planning a vacation to Spain and want to see some of the most impressive fountain architecture the country has to offer, check out our list of the most […]

The post Top 10 Most Beautiful Fountains to Visit in Spain appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Ways You Can Bring Nature Indoors   

There are many different styles you could choose for your home, and you may prefer something modern and minimalistic. Then again, you may truly enjoy the sounds and sights of nature. Since you cannot spend all of your time in the outdoors, you may wish to bring nature indoors. You can actually do this, but you need to make smart choices so that your home will be pleasing, not a jungle. Here are some things you can do to bring nature indoors. Start with an Indoor Waterfall These water features are made to recreate sounds of nature right in your […]

The post Ways You Can Bring Nature Indoors appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Turn Your Backyard into a Garden Paradise   

When you look at your backyard, do you wish you could have something much more than just grass? Unfortunately, we often do very little with a backyard when there is so much potential in the space. Think of your yard as a canvas waiting to be painted. With simple steps you can turn that canvas into a garden paradise. If you don’t know where to start, do not worry. What you need to know is listed below. Start with a Plan The best way to create the perfect garden paradise is to plan it out first. If you just try […]

The post Turn Your Backyard into a Garden Paradise appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Three Easy Ways to Create a Peaceful Waiting Room   

When people come into your waiting room, they are most likely not happy to be there. They could be in pain, rushed for time, tired, impatient, running late for an appointment, or simply frustrated with having to wait. The more you can create a peaceful environment in your waiting room, the better. While you obviously cannot take away all of their anxiety, frustration, anger, or impatience, you can create a waiting room that will ease their nerves. Here are three easy ways to create a more peaceful waiting room for your sake as well as the sake of the customers. […]

The post Three Easy Ways to Create a Peaceful Waiting Room appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Take the Cold Feel Out of Your Medical Waiting Room   

So often, medical waiting rooms feel cold, callous, and generic. Often, they include plain white walls, uncomfortable chairs, and just a few pieces of generic artwork. The problem is, patients waiting in a medical waiting room are usually sick, tired, frustrated, impatient, running late, or scared. When they have only a cold, uncaring waiting room to sit in, all of their feelings will be magnified. A patient that is already scared to come to the doctor will only become more afraid. A patient who is tired of waiting will only become more impatient. If you have a cold waiting room, […]

The post Take the Cold Feel Out of Your Medical Waiting Room appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Statement Making Décor Items   

Are you ready to make a statement in your home? If you are, then making that statement all comes down to the décor items you choose. Truly, you do not have to redecorate a whole space. Instead, all you need to do is choose one item that stands out, makes a statement, and works as a true conversation piece. How do you make a statement without going overboard? It all comes down to choosing the one right piece. Consider the Perfect Piece of Art You do not have to decorate every single wall when you are trying to make a […]

The post Statement Making Décor Items appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Show Customers You Care with Décor Choices   

It can be easy to think that décor is an unnecessary expense in a business setting. After all, you most likely want to spend money on marketing, inventory, and employees. However, if you do not invest in the décor used in public areas of your office, your customers will notice. The result will be that you appear cheap and that you appear unwilling to spend money for the comfort and care of your customers. It does not cost that much to make business décor choices and you can turn an uncaring environment into something that will make an impression on […]

The post Show Customers You Care with Décor Choices appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Make Your Office More Relaxing   

You spend at least eight hours a day at work. If you are like many people, that number is closer to nine or ten hours a day. Because you spend so much time in your office, you will want to ensure that it is a relaxing and comfortable environment. When your office is relaxing, it provides you with a much more feasible place to work. You will find it much easier to avoid stress, pressure and anxiety at work when you take the time to create a relaxing atmosphere in your office. There are several ways you can do this. […]

The post Make Your Office More Relaxing appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Make a Business Lobby Modern   

The first thing that people will see of your business is most likely the lobby. However, the lobby is often the last area to be updated. Keep in mind that first impressions matter, and if your customers get the wrong first impression of your company, this can be very hard to overcome. There are several things you can do to update your lobby, create a modern feel, and make the right first impressions. Choose Modern Décor If you have an outdated lobby, it may be time to replace the furnishings and décor. Start by looking at the furniture. To create […]

The post Make a Business Lobby Modern appeared first on Kinetic Fountains.


          Rising in-memory database tide floats Kinetica to $50 million funding round   

Kinetica Db Inc. today said it has closed a $50 million series A financing round, nearly quintupling its total venture capital investment in one fell swoop. The in-memory relational database maker, which is distinctive for its use of graphics processing units to accelerate performance, said it will use the funds to invest in engineering, sales, marketing […]

The post Rising in-memory database tide floats Kinetica to $50 million funding round appeared first on SiliconANGLE.


          ON SALE: 3.1 Phillip Lim - Dolly Black Leather Small Tote w/Studs   

Dolly Small Tote crafted in smooth supple leather with stud detail, has a modern kinetic design bringing together vintage sensibility with industrial accents coming straight from the runway to your street chic style. Featuring swivel hardware handles, polished snap closure, detachable crossbody strap with cabochon stud detail and silver tone hardware detail. Signature dust bag included.
          Financial Planner or Financial Advisor (Enterprise Development Program) - Kinetic Solutions recruiting on behalf of top broker FSP - Bryanston, Gauteng   
Wealth planning, short term, employee benefits, mass market and healthcare consulting). _A mid level Financial advising role within an established Financial... R20 000 - R30 000 a month
From Indeed - Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:48:34 GMT - View all Bryanston, Gauteng jobs
          Анонс Zotz Decals 1/24 Republic P-47D Thunderbolt Razorback   
Zotz Decals анонсировали декаль для модели истребителя Republic P-47D Thunderbolt Razorback от Kinetic в масштабе 1/24.
          The Charm Of 'Spoonbenders' Is No Cheap Trick   
I wonder how many households of kids growing up in the late '80s and early '90s had their ideas of the supernatural formed by the tall, thin black hardcovers of a Time-Life series called Mysteries of the Unknown . My family had them, and I don't think my parents could have told you where they came from. They just seemed to be library staples, with individual volumes like Psychic Powers, Mystic Places and Alien Encounters . The Psychic Powers volume was far and away my favourite, and formed the core of my pleasure in reading Spoonbenders . It's 1995, and Teddy Telemachus is a septuagenarian con man and card shark living in Chicago and beset by his psychic children. Lie-detecting Irene can't keep a job, psychokinetic Frankie's in trouble with the mob, and precognitive Buddy won't explain why he's replacing Teddy's wooden doors with steel or digging an enormous hole in the yard. But for one shining year, while Teddy's wife Maureen was alive, they were the Amazing Telemachus Family — until
          Mrożone Elsa specjalny pokój dekoracje   
Przez długi czas Elsa nie czyste jej wspaniały pokój. Nie chce nikomu krok do pokoju. Jeżeli pochodzą one będzie dowiedzieć się jej uprawnień cryokinetic. Jest ona teraz sprzątanie pokoju. Po za tym ona ma planuje zdobią pomieszczenia. Zwykle ona nie pozwolił pracowników wewnątrz pomieszczenia. Pomóc biednej dziewczyny. Ona potrzebuje Twojej pomocy i wsparcia. Ozdobić pokój w elegancki sposób. Przeciągnij meble i umieścić je w odpowiedni sposób. Wybierz kolor, który jest ona lubi. Niech pokój świetnie wyglądają z wskazówek. Po dekoracji, Elsa będzie na świecie szczęścia. Robi to stajesz się bliżej do rodziny mrożony.
          Computational Toxicologist - UES - Dayton, OH   
In biology, environmental toxicology, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, pharmacology, biomedical engineering, chemical engineering, or other related disciplines...
From UES - Thu, 25 May 2017 22:30:29 GMT - View all Dayton, OH jobs
          Cisco Kinetic Unlocks the Power of Your IoT Data   
On Tuesday we announced Cisco Kinetic, a first-of-its kind IoT operations platform designed to unlock the power of data from the billions of connected devices being added to the network. In recent years, companies across the globe have embraced the idea of a hyper-connected, digital world. Now I’m starting to see a level of maturity […]
          Financial Planner or Financial Advisor (Enterprise Development Program) - Kinetic Solutions recruiting on behalf of top broker FSP - Bryanston, Gauteng   
Wealth planning, short term, employee benefits, mass market and healthcare consulting). _A mid level Financial advising role within an established Financial... R20 000 - R30 000 a month
From Indeed - Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:48:34 GMT - View all Bryanston, Gauteng jobs
          4 bed semi-detached house for sale in east devon - 579500 gbp   
4 bed semi-detached house for sale in east devon - 579500 gbp A modern detached house with 4+ bedrooms set in good sized mature level gardens in a popular residential area.the wells is a substantial detached house built to a traditional standard comprising externally rendered cavity walls beneath a tiled roof. in recent years the property has been extended and comprehensively modernised which has resulted in the creation an impressive modern family home complete with secluded gardens to three sides of the property informally estimated at over 0.5 acres. the light and bright accommodation within is generously proportioned and the principle rooms flow well into each other. although currently used as a comfortable family home, there may be potential to create a self-contained annex which would suit a variety of uses including a bed breakfast or a holiday let. the house is situated in green lane, a quiet tree lined lane on the devon/dorset border. raymonds hill is a sought after residential area in delightful countryside about 3 miles to the west of axminster (with a main line railway station). lyme regis and the jurassic coast is a similar distance to the south. the wells is also within the catchment area for two highly regarded schools located in lyme regis and uplyme, the woodroffe secondary school and mrs ethelstons primary school. locally there is an excellent public house with restaurant and a post office/general store.the accommodation comprisesupvc double glazed entrance door and side screen with window to:ground floorentrance hall163 x 150 (4.95m x 4.57m) overall (l shaped) double height vaulted ceiling with galleried landing. under-stair store cupboard with shelving, radiator, velux skylight, stairs to first floorinner halldoors toreception room 1/living room24 x 145 (7.32m x 4.39m) dual aspect with full length glazed french doors to hall dining room. sliding patio doors leading to outdoor paved terrace. full height window to rear garden. decorative fireplace with stone surround (no chimney). telephone point. 2 radiators.kitchen/breakfast room227 x 20 (6.88m x 6.10m) (l shaped) comprehensively fitted with moben solid oak wall and base cupboards with downlights on wall cupboards to polished granite worktop. tiled splash-backs. inset neff induction hob and overhead extractor fan, built-in neff double oven/grill. 1 1/2 bowl stainless steel sink with waste disposal. central l-shaped granite island with drawers and cupboards underneath and breakfast bar to one end. under counter space and plumbing for washer, dryer and dishwasher. space for dining table. wall cupboard housing electricity metres. space for fridge/freezers. upvc double glazed french doors to second patio. tiled flooring, 2 velux skylights, 2 wall lights, telephone point. door to garage. wooden door todining room (3.10m x 3.56m (102 x 118))full length windows overlooking garden. side window overlooking second patio area. obscured full-height french doors to living room/reception 1. radiator.bedroom 4 (ensuite)159 x 119 (4.80m x 3.58m) overall glazed door to outdoor paved terrace. dual aspect windows to rear of property and side garden. built-in cupboard. radiator.ensuiteshower cubicle, vanity counter with inset basin, great mirror above and cupboard below. wc. heated ladder towel. obscured glass window to side garden. tiled from floor to ceiling height, tiled floor extractor fan.reception 2/bedroom 5130 x 119 (3.96m x 3.58m) radiator. window to front aspect.reception 3/bedroom 6119 x 123 (3.58m x 3.73m) radiator. window to front aspect.bathrooma contemporary suite comprising panelled bath, hand basin, wc, heated ladder towel rail, extractor. tiled walls and floor.first floorlandingl-shaped. great landing area at top of stairs. to the left, full length under-eaves storage cupboard with 2 access points and lighting. 2 velux skylights to front of property. wall lights. doors tomaster bedroom (ensuite)20 x 185 (6.10m x 5.61m) an unusually spacious room with full-height picture windows with countryside views, overlooking rear garden. 2 built-in mirror wardrobes with rails and shelving. 2 radiators, wall lights, telephone point, inspection hatch for solar panels.ensuitea contemporary suite comprising full-width shower cubicle with light-tunnel, hand basin, wc, heated ladder towel rail, extractor fan. limestone tiling from floor to ceiling.study/bedroom 7161 x 113 (4.90m x 3.43m) (l shaped) overall l-shaped double bedroom, sloping ceiling. window to side aspect overlooking garden and garage. radiator, wall lights, telephone point.bedroom 217 x 109 (5.18m x 3.28m) (into recess) overall double bedroom with window to rear garden with countryside views. sloped ceiling, radiator.bedroom 3171 x 105 (5.21m x 3.18m) double bedroom with window to rear garden with countryside views. sloped ceiling, walk-in wardrobe with radiator, cupboard, radiator.bathroom 2a contemporary suite comprising panelled bath with shower, tiled surround. hand basin with mirror and tiled splash-back, wc, ladder towel rail. obscured glass window to side, velux skylight to front of property, wall light. marble flooring.garage163 x 185 (4.95m x 5.61m) double garage with electric up and over door. dual aspect. windows to side garden and rear of property. access to loft storage which covers whole area of garage with separate lighting. power points, radiator, kinetico water-softener, solar panel water tank, central heating boiler, door to kitchen.outsidethe wells is set in a private location and is approached from green lane via a drive leading to a great tarmacadam area with parking for several vehicles (car, boat, caravan etc.). surrounding the property are extensive level gardens with lawn areas, herbaceous borders, shrubs, apple trees and flower beds. there is a useful timber-built storage shed as well as a greenhouse and the oil storage tank. to the rear are 2 paved north-facing patio areas with a pathway around the house. there is access to crewkerne road via a wooden pedestrian gate.
          The Rose Theater's Stephanie Jacobson Attends 2017 National Puppetry Conference at the O'Neill   

Stephanie Jacobson, a Teaching Artist and the Director of Youth Productions at The Rose Theater was one of six select participants invited to work with Ronnie Burkett in a 3-day preconference for the 2017 National Puppetry Conference hosted by the Eugene O'Neill TheaterCenter in Connecticut this past June.

The overall mission of the National Puppetry Conference is "to encourage puppet artists to create and communicate through the visual and kinetic form of the puppet, to push beyond their personal boundaries, and develop new works for puppet theater."

The conference brought renowned guests with directing, puppet artistry, and playwrighting backgrounds together to help puppet artists explore puppetry through writing, music, marionettes and other workshops.

At the preconference, Jacobson participated in the writing track with Ronnie Burkett as the group instructor. She learned four writing prompts that taught the artist how to use visual, scultpural and performance aspects to write theater that focuses on creating plays for puppets rather than actors.

Jacobson said, "To be a part of the invited participants was humbling and awe-inspiring. It was amazing talking with other artists and staff who's mission is to support new artists as they Risk, Fail and Risk again."

Possibly one of the more important aspects of the prompts is the ability to adapt them for different age groups and experience levels. When Jacobson is not on stage or directing, she is often teaching classes to students of all ages from all over the Omaha/Metro area.

This summer she is teaching a conservatory class that is working toward performing an adaptation of Orestes. After her experience with Ronnie Burkett's writing group, she has already been able to apply techniques that have helped her conservatory students in their rehearsal process.

"Since returning from the conference, I have used two of the four writing prompts that I learned at the conference with my conservatory students. 99% of the students said that they would use tools that we explored in the exercises again," said Jacobson."I was able to adapt the writing prompt for my students easily and cannot wait to adapt them further to other classes."

"I know I will use these exercises with younger students as well as older. It works for both experienced and inexperienced playwrights and visual artists," she stated. Jacobsons experience at the National Puppetry Conference was not only beneficial for her, but will prove to be beneficial to The Rose Theater students as well.

Jacobson has worked with The Rose for the past 10 years. Starting out as a freelance artist, she then signed on as full-time staff in 2011 and has since played a significant role in the mainstage, Pre-K and youth productions.

Some of Jacobsons past credits include directing George and Martha, Charlotte's Web, The Rose's world premiere of The Grocer's Goblin and The Little Mermaid, The Misfits and others. She has also appeared in several mainstage shows such as Frog & Toad, Ivy & Bean, Honk! and The Jungle Book.

Jacobson holds an MFA in Acting and is trained in puppet artistry, emphasizing shadow puppetry and Bunraku. As such, she often guides and helps directors at The Rose to better understand the use of puppetry in their own productions. She works with puppeteers one-on-one so that their artistry can be as effective as possible.

The Rose Theater is one of the largest and most accomplished children's theaters in the nation, with a reputation for enriching the lives of children and families through top-quality professional productions and arts education. In 2016, American Theatre magazine named The Rose one of the 20 top children's theaters in the United States. The Rose is committed to making the arts accessible to all children, providing opportunities for thousands of children throughout the community to attend shows and participate in classes each year. Over the course of a year, approximately 70,000 people attend the public performances held at the theater, and nearly 30,000 students attend field trip shows annually. The theater strives to introduce young people to a mix of both traditional favorites and ground-breaking original productions. A number of plays and musicals have made their world premiere on The Rose stage, including Pete the Cat: The Musical, Sherlock Holmes & the First Baker Street Irregular, Zen Ties, Buffalo Bill's Cowboy Band, and The Grocer's Goblin & The Little Mermaid. We take pride knowing that The Rose is the place where children of all ages experience theater for the first time, and we are dedicated to helping them appreciate theater for a lifetime.


          Gravity and Kinetic Energy (recommended for grade 8), Jul 13-14   
Registration is now open for our FOSS Next Generation Middle School Summer Institutes! Join the development team at the Lawrence Hall of Science in Berkeley, CA for 2-day sessions, each introducing a brand new Next Generation edition 6-week course featuring three-dimensional interaction.

• Experience the FOSS Gravity and Kinetic Energy Next Generation Course, including three-dimensional learning (core ideas, science and engineering practices, and crosscutting concepts), embedded notebooking, ELA support, and assessment.
• Learn about the anchor and investigative phenomena that drive the development of student understanding of Newton's Laws.

The institutes are ideal for teacher leaders, science coordinators, and professional development providers. Engage in hands-on investigations to learn about the underlying research and pedagogy of the FOSS Middle School program and alignment to the Framework and the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).

Flier: http://tiny.cc/e3o6jy
          ACT Center in Korea opens with RGB|CMYK Kinetic   
The Arts and Creative Technology Center (ACT) in Gwangju, South Korea starts its program on November 25 with the first edition of ACT Festival – Tektonics, a four-day event that combines a symposium, a performance, a workshop program and an extensive exhibition. The show presents the installation RGB|CMYK Kinetic which will be on display for six month[···]
          Striking resemblance: ESC’s Kinetische Skulpturen and our Kinetic Sculpture from 2008   
In response to the many requests that reached us: No, it wasn’t us. For those who did not see it: “Kinetische Skulpturen” were a central element of the 2015 Eurovision Song Contest’s stage design. The ‘creator’ of the so-called ‘Kugelballett’, Florian Wieder, is based in Munich, where our Kinetic Sculpture is part of the permanent[···]
          Pharmacokinetics, Senior Principal Scientist Job ID 1045902 - Pfizer Inc. - La Jolla, CA   
Pfizer is an E-Verify employer. A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively...
From Indeed - Thu, 08 Jun 2017 04:08:03 GMT - View all La Jolla, CA jobs
          Branfman and Strimpel of B.S. Movement duet at Tisch   
Shaina Branfman and Bryan Strimpel,
co-directors of B.S. Movement
(photo: epfalck|effyography)


Remember when you were young, you shone like the sun.
Shine on you crazy diamond.

--Pink Floyd, "Shine On You Crazy Diamond (Pts. 1-7)"


In 2013, I named dancer Bryan Strimpel--then performing with Nicholas Leichter Dance--as one of Dance Magazine's 25 to Watch for that year. I noted his "sizzling" duet with Leichter in Twenty Twenty and how he matched the two-decades-older choreographer, himself a sensation, in "the all-important slink and sass." Several years later, Strimpel is still one to watch, but now he's moving in concert with Shaina Branfman, his personal and artistic partner in B.S. Movement, and you need to keep both in sight.

I had my chance, on Thursday, at NYU Tisch School of the Arts, and almost missed it. One of those one-night only gigs.

The pair presented an intense duet called FLOYD (as in Pink Floyd, their musical touchstone, along with a little Radiohead), and they made Tisch's Jack Crystal Theater their own domestic space. They filled it with signs of mundane homelife (the morning ablutions, the cheerful sharing of a bath towel), the occasional blow-up and reconciliation and, for most of the time, a sense of venturing, together or separately, into the swift currents of life and self. Watching much of this felt voyeuristic, but the couple doesn't mind having a few witnesses to what clearly sparks their creativity.

FLOYD, indeed, serves as a way to keep an eye on these two. Not only does it look like the kinetic, theatrical version of a personal journal; it is a dual portrait. And these two might have their moments of conflict, but they're definitely attuned. They both move through air like oil droplets in shaken water and flow like summer sweat. Molten creatures. Slouchy. Sloshing. Undulating. Woozy. Adaptable, like cats, to any size or shape of space, any potential obstruction. Smacking together only to rotate and glide over each other, slithering skin to skin. Collapsing and tumbling. Driving and diving bluesily into the bluesiest bluesiness those Brits could play. I don't know the story of how Branfman and Strimpel found each other, but I'm glad they did.

Now, let's hope next time we'll have more to see from B.S. Movement and a longer window of opportunity.

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          Physics as Oscillating Systems   
To get an overview to prepare entering into realQM it may be illuminating to recall that the mathematical model of a physical system which has permanence over time in the form of oscillations between two different states, typically takes the form:
  • $i\dot\varphi + A\varphi = 0$      (1)
where $\varphi =\varphi_1 +i\varphi_2$ is a complex-valued function with $\varphi_1(x,t)$ and $\varphi_2(x,t)$ representing the different states being real-valued functions of a 3d space coordinate $x$ and a time coordinate $t$, with $i$ the imaginary unit and the dot signifying differentiation with respect to time, and $A\varphi \equiv A\varphi_1+iA\varphi_2$ with $A$ a symmetric operator acting on real-valued functions. We understand that (1) is a condensed complex-valued form of the following system on real-valued form:
  • $\dot\varphi_1 =-A\varphi_2$, $\dot\varphi_2 = A\varphi_1$   (2)
where the oscillatory nature is exhibited: $\varphi_1$ changes with input from $A\varphi_2$ and $\varphi_2$ changes with input from $A\varphi_1$. We understand that there is nothing magical in the complex-valued from (1) as it is only shorthand for the real-valued system (2) simply expressing oscillation between two states.

With different operators $A$ the equation (1) (or system (2)) covers:
  1. Physics (Harmonic oscillator): $A = identity$
  2. Electro-magnetics (Maxwell’s Equations): $A =\nabla\times$, 
  3. Mechanics (Vibrating Elastic Plate): $A =\Delta$
  4. Chemistry (Foxes and Rabbits): $A=identity$
  5. Quantum Mechanics (Schrödinger’s Equation): $A=H$ with $H$ Hamiltonian.
We see that (1) encompasses the basic models of physics with quantum mechanics on the same footing as classical mechanics and electro-magnetics. We see oscillations between kinetic and potential/elastic energy (and foxes and rabbits), and in particular oscillations between electric and magnetic fields giving perspective on the oscillation between the real and imaginary parts of the wave function of quantum mechanics.

Hopefully, this can help to reduce the mystery of the complex form of Schrödinger's equation and give incentive to check out realQM.


          A kinetic premiere of 'Jazz' at Baltimore Center Stage   

The best plays tell us something new, while reminding us of things we already know — or think we know.

By that reckoning, Nambi E. Kelley’s adaptation of Toni Morrison’s 1992 novel “Jazz,” which has received a kinetic world premiere at Baltimore Center Stage, is every bit a significant play.

Morrison...


           Kinetic study of antibiotic by reverse micelle extraction technique    
Mohd-Setapar, (2012) Kinetic study of antibiotic by reverse micelle extraction technique. Journal Of The Taiwan Institute Of Chemical Engineers, 43 (5). pp. 685-695. ISSN 1876-1070
           Optimization of hydrodesulfurization activity in the hydrotreating process: canonical analysis and the combined application of factorial design and response surface methodology    
Elfghi F.M., (2012) Optimization of hydrodesulfurization activity in the hydrotreating process: canonical analysis and the combined application of factorial design and response surface methodology. Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis . pp. 1-20. ISSN 1878-5190
           Enzyme catalyzed oxidative gelation of sugar beet pectin: kinetics and rheology    
Dayang Norulfairuz Abang Zaidel, (2012) Enzyme catalyzed oxidative gelation of sugar beet pectin: kinetics and rheology. Food Hydrocolloids, 28 (1). pp. 130-140. ISSN 0268-005X
           The scientific research of microbial composting: metabolite profiling and kinetics study    
Sarmidi, Mohamad Roji and Chua, Lee Suan (2012) The scientific research of microbial composting: metabolite profiling and kinetics study. In: Proceeding of 4th International Conference on Biotechnology for the Wellness Industry (ICBWI 2012), 20-21 May, 2012, Kuala lumpur, Malaysia.
           Effect of C:N Ratio on the kinetics of cell growth and pleuran production by pleurotus ostreatus    
Masri, M. H. J. and Maftoun, P. and Abdul Malek, Roslinda and Othman, Nor Zalina and Sarmidi, Mohamad Roji and Aziz, Ramlan and El Enshasy, Hesham Ali (2012) Effect of C:N Ratio on the kinetics of cell growth and pleuran production by pleurotus ostreatus. In: 4th International Conference On Biotechnology For The Wellness Industry : Wellness For Health And Productivity : New Trends, Challenges And Opportunity, 20-21 June 2012, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
           Release kinetics of urea fertilizer from oil palm empty fruit bunch grafted polyacrylic acid (OPEFB-g-PAA) hydrogels    
Hashim, Shahrir and Abdul Majid, Rohah (2012) Release kinetics of urea fertilizer from oil palm empty fruit bunch grafted polyacrylic acid (OPEFB-g-PAA) hydrogels. In: National Symposium On Polymeric Materials (NSPM 2012), 3-5 October, 2012, Penang, Malaysia.
           Optimization and kinetic model for transesterification of waste cooking oil using tungstophosphoric acid catalyst    
Kiakalaieh, Amin Talebian (2012) Optimization and kinetic model for transesterification of waste cooking oil using tungstophosphoric acid catalyst. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Chemical Engineering.
          Cooledge Lighting Names Sims CEO   
Former leader of Color Kinetics signs on to company's growth ambitions.
           Analysis of cell-cycle kinetics and sulfur amino acid metabolism in methionine-dependent tumor cell lines; the effect of homocysteine supplementation    
Pavillard, V., Drbal, A.A., Swaine, D.J., Phillips, Roger M., Double, J.A. and Nicolaou, A. (2004) Analysis of cell-cycle kinetics and sulfur amino acid metabolism in methionine-dependent tumor cell lines; the effect of homocysteine supplementation. Biochemical Pharmacology, 67 (8). pp. 1587-1599. ISSN 0006-2952
           Developing pressure-driven liquid flow in microchannels under the electrokinetic effect    
Chen, X.Y., Toh, K.C., Chai, John and Yang, C. (2004) Developing pressure-driven liquid flow in microchannels under the electrokinetic effect. International Journal of Engineering Science, 42 (5). pp. 609-622.
           Numerical Computation of Hydrodynamically and Thermally Developing Liquid Flow in Microchannels With Electrokinetics Effects    
Chen, X. Y., Toh, K. C., Yang, C. and Chai, J. C. (2004) Numerical Computation of Hydrodynamically and Thermally Developing Liquid Flow in Microchannels With Electrokinetics Effects. Journal of Heat Transfer, 126 (1). pp. 70-75. ISSN 00221481
           Predicting P-Glycoprotein Effects on Oral Absorption: Correlation of Transport in Caco-2 with Drug Pharmacokinetics in Wild-Type and mdr1a(-/-) Mice in Vivo    
Collett, Andrew, Tanianis-Hughes, Jola, Hallifax, David and Warhurst, Geoff (2004) Predicting P-Glycoprotein Effects on Oral Absorption: Correlation of Transport in Caco-2 with Drug Pharmacokinetics in Wild-Type and mdr1a(-/-) Mice in Vivo. Pharmaceutical Research, 21 (5). pp. 819-826. ISSN 0724-8741
           Kinetics and mechanisms of hydrolysis and aminolysis of thioxocephalosporins    
Tsang, Wing Y., Dhanda, Anupma, Schofield, Christopher J. and Page, Michael I. (2004) Kinetics and mechanisms of hydrolysis and aminolysis of thioxocephalosporins. The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 69 (2). pp. 339-344. ISSN 00223263
           Hydrolysis of 2-(p-Nitrophenoxy)tetrahydropyran: solvent and α-Deuterium secondary kinetic isotope effects, and relationships with the solvolysis of simple secondary alkyl arenesulfonates and the enzyme-catalysed hydrolysis of glycosides    
Ahmad, I.A., Birkby, S.L., Bullen, C.A., Groves, P.D., Lankau, T., Lee, W.H., Maskill, H., Miatt, P.C., Menneer, I.D. and Shaw, K. (2004) Hydrolysis of 2-(p-Nitrophenoxy)tetrahydropyran: solvent and α-Deuterium secondary kinetic isotope effects, and relationships with the solvolysis of simple secondary alkyl arenesulfonates and the enzyme-catalysed hydrolysis of glycosides. Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry, 17. pp. 560-566. ISSN 0894-3230
          Cisco's new IoT operations platform to support connected device initiatives at scale   
Cisco has unveiled its Internet of Things operations platform labelled Kinetic, which it said will enable enterprises to extract trillions of terabytes of data from devices.
          (USA-MI-Battle Creek) *$2,500 Sign on Bonus*-Full Time Registered Nurse,RN-Battle Creek, MI   
**PURPOSE AND SCOPE:** Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) and CQI Activities, including those related to patient satisfaction and actively participates in process improvement activities that enhance the likelihood that patients will achieve the FMCNA Quality Enhancement Goals (QEP). Supports the FMCNA’s mission, vision, values, and customer service philosophy. Adheres to all requirements of the FMCNA Compliance Program, and FMS patient care and administrative policies. **DUTIES / ACTIVITIES:** **CUSTOMER SERVICE:** + Responsible for driving the FMS culture through values and customer service standards. + Accountable for outstanding customer service to all external and internal customers. + Develops and maintains effective relationships through effective and timely communication. + Takes initiative and action to respond, resolve and follow up regarding customer service issues with all customers in a timely manner. **PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES** **STAFF RELATED:** + Directs Patient Care Technician’s provision of safe and effective delivery of chronic hemodialysis therapy to patients in compliance with standards outlined in the facility policy procedure manuals, as well as regulations set forth by the corporation, state, and federal agencies + Delegates tasks to all direct patient care staff including but not limited to LVN/LPNs, Patient Care Technicians, and Dialysis Assistants + Assesses daily patient care needs and develops appropriate patient care assignments + Monitors patient care staff for appropriate techniques and adherence to facility policy and procedures + Participates in staff training and orientation of new staff as assigned + Participates in all required staff meetings as scheduled **PATIENT RELATED:** **Education:** + Ensures educational needs of patients and family are met regarding End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) + Provides ongoing education to patients regarding their renal disease, vascular access and dialysis therapy, and other related health conditions + Discusses with patient, and records education related to diet/fluid and medication compliance + Provides patient specific detailed education regarding adequacy measures where applicable - Online Clearance Monitoring (OLC), Adequacy Monitoring Program (AMP), Urea Kinetic Modeling (UKM) + Ensures transplant awareness, modality awareness, and drive catheter reduction + Educates patients regarding laboratory values and the relationship to adequate dialysis therapy, compliance with treatment schedule, medications, and fluid + Dialysis Treatment: + Provides safe and effective delivery of care to patients with ESRD + Implements accurate treatment prescriptions including Sodium (Na) modeling prescription, and Ultrafiltration modeling (where appropriate) to ensure stable treatment therapy as indicated + Assesses patients’ response to hemodialysis treatment therapy, making appropriate adjustments and modifications to the treatment plan as indicated by the prescribing physician. Communicates problems or concerns to the Team Leader or physician. + Identifies and communicates patient related issues to Team Leader or physician + Initiates Initial and Annual Nursing Assessment, and ongoing evaluation and documentation of patient care needs according to FMC Policies and Procedures + Participates in the pre evaluation, initiation, monitoring, termination, access homeostasis, and post evaluation of patients receiving hemodialysis treatment therapy according to established FMC procedures + Identifies and implements appropriate intervention for changes in patient adequacy status and troubleshooting access flow issues as identified by OLC/AMP yellow lights + Provides, supervises (if applicable), and monitors hemodialysis access care according to established procedures. + Implements, administers, monitors, and documents patient's response to prescribed intradialytic transfusions, including appropriate notification of adverse reactions to physician and appropriate blood supplier + Ensures accurate and complete documentation by Patient Care Technician on the Hemodialysis Treatment Sheet + Laboratory-related: + Reviews, transcribes, and enters physician lab orders accurately into the Medical Information System + Ensures appropriate preparation of lab requisitions for Spectra or alternate lab + Ensures correct labs tubes are utilized for prescribed lab specimens and that lab draw and processing procedures are performed appropriately for all lab samples + Identifies and ensures appropriate follow-through regarding missed labs and specimens reported to be insufficient according to company policies and procedures + Ensures all specimens are appropriately packaged according to Department of Transportation (DOT) policies and procedures relating to shipment of blood or body fluid specimens and potentially hazardous material + Ensures that all labs are directed and delivered to appropriate labs + Reports alert/panic and abnormal labs results to appropriate physician + Ensures lab results are forwarded to physicians as requested **General duties:** + Enforces all company approved polices and procedures, as well as regulations set forth by state and federal agencies and departments + Maintains overall shift operation in a safe, efficient, and effective manner + Act as a resource for other staff members + Routinely meets with the Clinical Manager to discuss personnel and patient care status, issues, and information + Collaborate and communicate with physicians and other members of the healthcare team to interpret, adjust, and coordinate care provided to the patient + Provides assistance as needed to patients regarding prescription refills according to FMCNA Policies + Ensures all physician orders are transcribed and entered into the Medical Information system in a timely manner. + Oversees all documentation of patient information + Maintains facility drug list for all required stock medications + Maintains competency with all emergency operational procedures, and initiates CPR and emergency measures in the event of a cardiac and/or respiratory arrest + Ensures verification and availability of adequate emergency equipment + Ensures provision of appropriate vaccinations, immunizations, and annual Tuberculosis (TB) testing + Administers medications as prescribed or in accordance with approved algorithm(s), and documents appropriate medical justification if indicated + Administers PRN medications as prescribed and completes appropriate documentation of assessment of effectiveness. + Maintains appropriate recording of controlled substances as required by law + Assists with the coordination of patient transportation if necessary **MAINTENANCE/TECHNICAL:** + Ensures a clean, safe, and sanitary environment in the dialysis facility treatment area + Ensures competency in the operation of all dialysis-related equipment safely and effectively + Ensures all patient stations, including machines and chairs, are clean and free of blood and placed appropriately + Ensures that all blood spills are immediately addressed according to FMCNA Blood-borne Pathogen Control Policies **MEDICAL RECORDS & DOCUMENTATION:** **General** + Ensures all relevant data including physician orders, lab results, vital signs and treatment parameters, and patient status are documented appropriately and entered into Medical Information System + Ensures all appropriate patient related treatment data is entered into the Medical Information System + Ensures all FMCNA policies regarding patient admission, transfer, and discharge are appropriately implemented + Ensures and verify accuracy of Patient Care Technician documentation **Daily** + Reviews and ensures appropriate daily completion of Hemodialysis Treatment Sheets by all patient care staff + Ensures that all appropriate procedures are followed regarding opening and closing procedures, inclusive of monitoring that all staff and patients have safely left the premises **Monthly** + Initiates, documents, and completes ongoing Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) activities including monthly reports + Completes monthly nurses' progress note + Ensures patient medical records are complete with appropriate information, documentation, and identification on each page (Addressograph label is on all chart forms) + Reviews transplant status and follows established procedure regarding appropriate action to be taken + Completes patient care plans for new patients within the initial 30 days or any patients deemed unstable requiring monthly patient care plans + Completes any long-term programs that are due **Annually** + Completes initial and annual Nursing History and Assessment physical + Ensures completion of Annual Standing Order Review with each physician as required **OTHER:** + Performs additional duties as assigned. **PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS:** The physical demands and work environment characteristics described here are representative of those an employee encounters while performing the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. The position provides direct patient care that regularly involves heavy lifting and moving of patients, and assisting with ambulation. Equipment aids and/or coworkers may provide assistance. This position requires frequent, prolonged periods of standing and the employee must be able to bend over. The employee may occasionally be required to move, with assistance, machines and equipment of up to 200 lbs., and may lift chemical and water solutions of up to 30 lbs. up as high as 5 feet. The work environment is characteristic of a health care facility with air temperature control and moderate noise levels. May be exposed to infectious and contagious diseases/materials. **EDUCATION** + Graduate of an accredited School of Nursing. + Current appropriate state licensure + Must meet the practice requirements in the state in which he or she is employed + Education and Training qualifications per UltraCare CAP program requirements. **EXPERIENCE AND REQUIRED SKILLS** + Minimum of one-year medical-surgical nursing experience preferred + Hemodialysis experience preferred + ICU experience preferred + Experience and skill requirements as delineated for the appropriate level in the UltraCare CAP program. + Successfully complete a training course in the theory and practice of hemodialysis + Successfully complete CPR Certification + Employees have to meet the necessary requirements of Ishihara's Color Blindness test as a condition of employment. + Provide coverage at any or all area facilities as required by management + ICD - 9 coding Training + Nurses Technical Training + Must meet appropriate state requirements (if any) **_EO/AA Employer: Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability/Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity_**
          Baby Driver   
"Baby" is a young and talented driver. After inadvertently stealing a car belonging to master criminal "Doc", Baby finds himself employed as a getaway driver. His natural skill is enhanced by his listening to music (a way of dealing with tinnitus, a consequence of the childhood car accident that killed his parents). Having paid his debt to Doc, Baby is ready to start a life with his new girlfriend Debora...until Doc offers him one more job which will set him and Debora up for life.


Edgar Wright is one of the UK's most interesting directors, one of the (surprisingly) few modern directors who has a style and energy that is immediately recognisable. That style was immediately obvious in his first project with Simon Pegg, the superb TV show Spaced, and carried on through their three films together (the Three Colours Cornetto TrilogyShaun of the Dead, Hot Fuzz and The World's End). But it went to 11 in his first Pegg-less movie, Scott Pilgrim versus the World, a hyperkinetic comic book movie which had a colossal amount of style, wit, charm and heart. Hell, it even permeated through his script for Ant-Man (even thought Wright was - ill-advisedly - removed from the movie as director shortly before production began).

Baby Driver is Wright's first movie as sole writer and director, and isn't based on any pre-existing property. It does draw, however, on his music video for "Blue Song" by Mint Royale (which gets a cameo appearance in the movie as a nod of thanks). It's a movie which combines its story with its soundtrack, with Baby (Ansel Elgort) using multiple iPods and different playlists to soundtrack his motoring adventures. Wright balletically choreographs the car chases so they run in time to the music and it's all breathlessly exciting.


It's also a little bit misleading: the low budget means this movie can't be The Fast and the Furious But Directed By a Brit and Actually Funny, at least not for any sustained length of time. Instead the movie diverts a lot of its run-time to exploring Baby's relationship with his foster father Joe (CJ Jones) and his new girlfriend Debora (Brit Lily James nailing - to these limey ears - a terrific Southern accent), soundtracking both storylines as well. There's also a great deal of tension between Baby and one of his fellow criminals, "Bats"(a menacing Jamie Foxx) as well as a reluctant friendship with "Buddy" (Jon Hamm), formed over their mutual love of Queen. Spacey shows up and gives a typically intense Spacey-esque performance, but there's some interesting twists in his character and he ends up going in a different (and less Spacey-esque) direction than you're expecting, which is welcome.

The film has a few issues, however. It can't quite sustain the vibe and energy the movie opens with, unlike Scott Pilgrim, and starts flagging in its second half. In particular, the female characters have relatively little to do (Eiza Gonzalez's female gang member doesn't get much to do, but does nail one of the best scenes in the film when she shoots down Foxx's character's macho posturing). James risks feeling wasted, especially after she learns about Baby's double life and rather than freaking out as expected actually steps up and starts playing a more prominent role in the story, only to fall back into a supporting role. The film also feels unsure in where it's taking Baby, with it being never entirely clear if he really wants to go straight or if he needs the buzz and energy of his driving. The gunfights in the conclusion feel a bit rote and the movie doesn't even have a concluding car chase, which is surprising.

Still, Baby Driver's first half is a masterclass of direction, editing and music: look out for a lengthy opening one-shot, a tip of the hat to Shaun of the Dead, which is subtle but impressive. Music lovers will also get