IMA 2016-056 = hydroxykenoelsmoreite (no replies)   
Reference:
▪ Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Kampf, A.R., Birch, W.D., Kasatkin, A. (2017): Hydroxykenoelsmoreite, the first new mineral from the Republic of Burundi. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 491-497.

Abstract:
We report the new mineral hydroxykenoelsmoreite, which has been approved by the IMA as IMA2016-056. The mineral occurs at the Masaka gold mine, Burundi, as rosettes up to 150μm across of platy crystals up to 20μm wide but < 2μm thick, associated with goethite and galena. Crystals are canary yellow, transparent with a vitreous lustre, and have a pale yellow streak. Hydroxykenoelsmoreite is uniaxial (-)and non-pleochroic. The refractive indices were too high to measure, but the Gladstone-Dale compatibility index predicts nave = 2.065. Crystals are brittle with an irregular fracture, but have perfect cleavage on {0 0 1}. The Mohs hardness is ∼ 3 by analogy with hydrokenoelsmoreite. The mineral is a member of the elsmoreite group of the pyrochlore supergroup, but deviates from the ideal cubic symmetry due mainly to ordering of Fe3+ onto one of twoWsites. Its structure is trigonal, space group R-3, with unit-cell parameters a = 7.313(2), c = 17.863(7) Å, V = 827(1)Å3 and Z = 6. The empirical formula (based on 7 (O + OH) per formula unit (pfu)) is: (□1.668Pb0.315Ca0.009Na0.005K0.003Ba0.001)Σ2(W6+>1.487Fe3+0.357Al0.156)Σ2(O4.119(OH)1.881)Σ6(OH); Raman spectroscopy and bond–valence sums showed that molecular H2O was absent or nearly so. The calculated density is 5.806 g cm-3.
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          Recommended Reading   
I compiled a list of books I've recently read and feel would appeal to middle and high school students. Each of the books includes themes conducive to classroom discussions.

Except when marked with an asterisk, all titles are available in audio format from the Las Vegas Clark County Public Library District (see LVCCLD link when applicable). To access these materials, you must have a current public library card and know your PIN. For more information about procuring a library card, click here. To use eAudio books from the public library, you will need to download OverDrive Media Console (a free software package) to your computer. Instructions and more information about accessing eMedia are available here.

Except for Candy Shop War and Leepike Ridge, all remaining books with asterisks are available at Audible. Note that there is a charge to purchase audiobooks from Audible. Different from the public library, however, the purchaser becomes the book's owner.


Recommended Book Options


Young Adult Science Fiction
  • Adoration of Jenna Fox (Pearson, Mary E.): Jenna Fox awakens after a coma having forgotten her life before her accident. She explores her past life through video, but is often met with reluctance to talk about her operation with others. This science fiction mystery explores issues related to bioethics. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Elsewhere (Zevin, Gabrielle): Elsewhere is the story of a girl who died. Upon doing so, she arrived at a place called “Elsewhere” where all the people had lived lives on Earth and were now dead. Most of the people were a lot older than her (she died in her teens). A unique feature of Elsewhere is that you grow older instead of younger while there. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Hunger Games (Collins, Suzanne): The Hunger Games is the first of a trilogy by Suzanne Collins. The premise underlying the plot is that a corrupt “Capitol” controls 12 districts. To keep the districts under control, the Capitol sponsors The Hunger Games each year. Two children from each district are selected to participate, and only one participant from the 24 survives the Games. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • Little Brother (Doctorow, Cory): Cory Doctorow truly practices what he preaches! In a book about high-tech, high-action stunts in the midst of terrorist activity in the U.S., Doctorow discusses the importance of freedom of information. Likewise, he made his book available for free online using a Creative Commons license. [Warning: This book includes mature themes likely to be inappropriate for use in school environments.] [LVCCLD eAudio]
  • Maximum Ride: The Angel Experiment (Patterson, James): This is the first book of a series by the acclaimed James Patterson. The main character is Maximum Ride, a headstrong teenage girl who grew up in a science lab. She and her “flock of bird kids” were all genetically manipulated pre-birth, resulting in the presence of wings. As such, all the children are able to fly. The book follows Maximum Ride and her flock as they escape from the lab and learn to live on their own. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • Maze Runner (Dashner, James): This is an action-packed thriller! Every month for several years, one boy has been delivered into the “Glade.” All the boys remember their names, but none remember anything else about their past. In a strange turn of events, the day after Thomas (the main character) arrives, a girl arrives. Thomas tries to learn about the society the boys created before his arrival and learns of the maze, their possible escape route, that encompasses their community. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Neptune's Children (Dobkin, Bonnie): Dobkin’s book, Neptune’s Children, begins with a bioterrorist attack on all adults around the world. All individuals over age 13 die instantly, leaving all children behind to fend for themselves. Those children left behind in a theme park (similar to Disneyland), create a working society while facing potential and real threats. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Twilight (Meyer, Stephenie): This epic series takes place in Washington state. The main character, Bella, meets a young man, Edward, who intrigues her and ultimately becomes the object of her affection. Bella learns that Edward is a vampire and struggles with love and longevity. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • *Uglies (Westerfield, Scott): This series (including Pretties, Specials, and Extras) by Scott Westerfield begins with Uglies, a book about a utopian society that spawned from modern America. All children are called “uglies” until their 16th birthdays on which they receive an operation that makes them pretty. Once pretty, they move to a location where they can play and party all the time. Some uglies, though, question if being pretty is all there is to life. [Audible]
  • *Unwind (Shusterman, Neal): Imagine if parents could choose to have their teenagers “unwound,” have their body parts separated and given to save the lives of others. It’s the perfect solution for harvesting human organs… isn’t it? [Audible]
Young Adult Fantasy
  • *The Candy Shop War (Mull, Brandon):Imagine a world where eating candy could give you special powers. Mull masterfully juxtaposes good and evil amidst a fantasy of vivid characters. The book may sound like Charlie and the Chocolate Factory or Harry Potter, but it truly is a story of its own.
  • Eragon (Paolini, Christopher):16-year-old Christopher Paolini wrote this epic tale (Eragon is the first book in a series) just after graduating from high school. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • Fablehaven (Mull, Brandon): When a boy and girl go to spend time with their grandfather, they learn there is more to his mysterious life than originally imagined. The area surrounding his home is a haven for fabulous creatures of all kinds—some good, and some bad. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Inkheart (Funke, Cornelia): In this three-book tale, Funke creates a world where books are reality become intertwined. Some of her characters have the unique ability to “read” characters and items “out” of books. In one unfortunate time, the father in the story accidentally read his wife into a book; he’s also read some antagonistic characters out of the book. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
Young Adult Non-Fiction
  • Fallen Angels (Meyers, Walter Dean): Fallen Angels is realistic historical fiction about serving in the Vietnam War. The main character is African-American, adding to the issues of race conflict occurring during the war. [Warning: Telling the story of men and women serving on the front lines, the book does not “candy-coat” the violence, language, and other everyday happenings of the U.S. soldiers.] [LVCCLD CD]
  • A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier (Beah, Ishmael): A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier is the true autobiographical of Ishmael Beah, a boy who served as a soldier in Sierra Leone. After his hometown was attacked by rebels, he spent months searching for his family before being recruited into guerrilla warfare. He is later reformed when living in a UNICEF refugee camp. [Warning: This book contains graphic violence.] [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • *Three Cups of Tea: Young Reader’s Edition (Mortensen, Greg): Mortensen is described as a man who is single-handedly creating peaceful relationships between those in the Middle East and in the United States. This book tells his story—from mountain climbing failure to sacrificial living. After returning from a failed attempt to ascend K2, he commits to build a school for the girls in one of Pakistan’s outermost regions. He kept his promise, and continues to change the world with his relentless efforts. [Audible]
Young Adult Historical Fiction
  • Elijah of Buxton (Curtis, Christopher Paul): This book tells the story of a small town in Canada. Buxton is where escaped slaves from the United States find refuge. They welcome those former slaves who have made the long, painful journey from the South. The story takes a turn when Elijah, just a boy, heads back to the United States to complete a chore. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
Young Adult Realistic Fiction
  • Hatchet (Paulsen, Gary): This Newberry-award winner tells of a boy who becomes an inhabitant of the wilderness when the plane in which he is flying goes down and the pilot dies in the crash. The main character must learn to survive in the Canadian wild. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • *Leepike Ridge (Wilson, N.D.): This action-filled story of realistic fiction is a fun read. When the main character finds himself in a hidden cave under Leepike Ridge, he learns about life outside the mainstream.
  • Smiles to Go (Spinelli, Jerry): This is a coming-of-age story for boys who question who they are, where they fit in the universe, and their relationships with girls. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • Theodore Boone: Kid Lawyer (Grisham, John): This is John Grisham’s first children’s book. Theodore Boone lives with his parents, both of whom are lawyers. He loves the law and spends all his free time in the courthouse. As such, he is the resident expert on the law at his school, and he regularly advises his classmates on legal matters. He eve becomes entwined in a case of his own! This is a great book to learn about the U.S. legal system. [LVCCLD CD]
Adult Historical Fiction
  • Sarah's Key (de Rosnay, Tatiana): de Rosnay juxtaposes the past and present when her protagonist, a journalist, accepts the opportunity to write a story about French involvement in the Nazi round-up of Jewish families in Paris in 1942. While the journalist’s story unfolds, Sarah’s story unfolds. Sarah’s story is about cruelty and loss at the hand of the French police as they did the bidding of the Nazi’s. It is also about human compassion and remembrance. [LVCCLD eAudio]
Adult Realistic Fiction
  • The Life of Pi (Martel, Yann): Martel tells the tale of a boy from India. His family owns a zoo, but is selling their animals to a U.S. zoo due to financial hardships. During their sea voyage, there is an accident and the boy, Pi, ends up aboard a small rescue boat along with a tiger and several other animals. He tells of their mutual survival tactics and leaves the reader questioning reality. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
Adult Non-Fiction
  • *The Horse Boy (Isaacson, Rupert): Isaacson wrote this biography about his son, a boy afflicted with autism. In an attempt to help their son, Isaacson and his wife trekked through Mongolia with the intent to meet shamans who could assist their child. Their journey took them to the outer-most parts of Mongolia, even to the “Reindeer People.” This is a heartwarming tale the of the efforts parents will make to assist their children and ways that seeing the world differently can help us all see better. [Audible]
  • Strength in What Remains (Kidder, Tracy): A medical student in Africa finds himself constantly trying to escape war and war-torn environments as he traverses through his home country of Burundi and into and out of Rwanda. He eventually makes his way to the United States where he faces trials of a homeless immigrant in a foreign land. [LVCCLD eAudio]
  • Where Men Win Glory: The Odyssey of Pat Tillman (Krakauer, Jon): Pat Tillman, former NFL player, lost his life during the U.S. Gulf War. Krakauer describes the events leading to his NFL and military careers and the circumstances surrounding his death in combat. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • *The Last American Man (Gilbert, Elizabeth): Gilbert, author of Eat, Pray, Love, writes the biography of Eustice Conway, a true man of the American Wilderness. Born in the 1960s, Eustice took his homemade teepee and left home as a teenager to live off the land. Gilbert tells of his trek along the Appalachian Trail, his record-setting horse-journey across America, and his lifelong passion to bring Americans to a greater appreciation and respect of nature. [Audible]

          ICC: Beyond the threats of withdrawal   
English

Sometime last year, three African countries—Burundi, the Gambia and South Africa—signalled their intention to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC). There was fear that more countries would follow.

After years of criticisms, it appeared as if aggrieved African countries would be making good on their repeated threats to leave the court.


          AIMS Rwanda Graduation 2017   
The African institute for mathematical Sciences Rwanda Centre graduated its first ever cohort of students at a graduation ceremony held at the AIMS center in Kigali, Rwanda on 22nd June  2017 Forty-four students from 10 African countries, namely; Cameroon, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Sudan, Burundi, Nigeria, Zambia, Kenya and Tanzania received their Master’s of Science in Mathematical Sciences ...
Read More

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Le Burundi a organisé vendredi la Journée Diplomatique (édition 2017) sur fond d'appel aux investisseurs internationaux pour "tirer les dividendes de la paix et de la sécurité entièrement recouvrées" deux ans après la crise électorale d'avril 2015.
          2017 Arkansas Times Academic All-Star Team   
Meet the best and brightest high school students in the state.

The class of 2017, our 23rd, is made up of athletes, coders, budding politicians and brain experts. There's rarely a B on the transcripts of these students — in not just this, their senior year, but in any year of their high school careers.

Back in 1995, we created the Academic All-Star Team to honor what we then called "the silent majority — the kids who go to school, do their homework (most of it, anyway), graduate and go on to be contributing members of society." Too often, we argued then, all Arkansans heard about young people was how poorly they were faring. Or, when students did get positive attention, it came for athletic achievement.

As you read profiles of this year's All-Stars, it should be abundantly clear that good things are happening in Arkansas schools and there are many academic achievers who deserve to be celebrated. You should get a good idea, as well, of how these stellar students are busy outside school, with extracurricular activities, volunteer work, mission activities and more.

They'll be honored this week at a ceremony at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock with plaques and $250 cash awards.

Many college plans listed here are not set in stone, as students await information on scholarships and acceptances.

CAROLINE COPLIN-CHUDY
Age: 17
Hometown: North Little Rock
High School: Mount St. Mary Academy
Parents: (guardian) Dennis Chudy
College plans: Duke University

Caroline Coplin-Chudy has a 4.4 grade point average — high enough to rank second in her class at Mount St. Mary Academy — and lost her mother to leukemia during her sophomore year, something she told us came to be a source of inspiration and drive during her academic development. "It was a big adjustment. After my mom passed away, it was just my stepdad. It's a weird realization coming to the idea that both of your parents are gone, and it's just you. ... I still think of her every single day. She motivates me to do well in everything, because my whole life I wanted to make her proud." Caroline is president of Mount St. Mary's Investment Club and of SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions). She's also been a regular volunteer for several years at the Little Rock Compassion Center, whose recovery branch provides meals and health resources to people suffering from addiction. Caroline said she found healing from her own grief in the friendships she forged there. As the recipient of a Questbridge scholarship, described by Caroline's guidance counselor and nominator Amy Perkins as a program where lower-income students qualify for tuition to schools with which they "match" via an early decision process, Caroline will attend Duke University on a full scholarship. "I'm going to study biology and psych, with a minor in Spanish. My plan is to work at the Duke Center for Addiction [Science and Technology] helping people with drug addictions overcome that sort of thing. It's something that I've had experience with, watching my family go through things like that."

AXEL NTAMATUNGIRO
Age: 17
Hometown: Pine Bluff
High School: Subiaco Academy
Parents: Sixte Ntamatungiro and Sylvana Niciteretse
College plans: Rice University, neuroscience

Axel Ntamatungiro grew up among books and maps dispersed throughout his home that "paint[ed] the walls with nuanced shades of knowledge." It shows. Not often can a high school senior explain, as Axel does, his love for studying the brain so easily. "Neuroscience is basically a neuron turning on and off," he said. "The fact that you have billions of these combinations that lead to consciousness, that's unbelievable." To continue learning about the mind, Axel is headed to Rice University on a full ride as a QuestBridge scholar. Maybe medical school or graduate school after that. Axel said his parents taught him a "humble intellectualism" that helped him understand "the irrationality of life." They always told him: "Work hard, but you need to realize you don't always get what you deserve." And life has been, at times, irrational and difficult for his family. Axel was the only member of his family born in the United States — in Little Rock in 1999. The rest migrated from Burundi in the early 1990s. They stayed here as the Rwandan genocide inflicted incredible damage in the area. That past was never hidden from Axel. "Instead of avoiding my questions, my parents level-headedly answered [them], telling me about Belgian colonialism, Hutu-Tutsi tension and the systematic poverty afflicting Burundi," he said. Maybe that is why Axel has never been afraid to ask big questions. He said it also helped to have a diverse group of friends who taught him new things. At his cafeteria table for lunch are kids from all over: Nigeria, Fort Smith, Japan, Bentonville and Russia. Everyone's small stories add to a global perspective, something bigger from something small, kind of like those neurons.

JADE DESPAIN
Age: 18
Hometown: Springdale
High School: Haas Hall Academy (Fayetteville)
Parents: Brenan and Tiffany DeSpain
College plans: U.S. Naval Academy, nuclear engineering

For Jade DeSpain, the question, "Where's your hometown?" isn't necessarily as straightforward as it seems. The National Merit semifinalist, swimming star and Quiz Bowler spent much of her childhood in Beijing, where her parents — both fluent in Mandarin — taught her Chinese concurrently with English (and where, she notes, she acquired an "incredible prowess with chopsticks.") "We've moved around so much that I don't really have a 'hometown,' but Springdale is the closest I've ever gotten," she said. She's made her impact there, too, tutoring students free of charge through her volunteer work with the M&N Augustine Foundation and putting in time at the Arkansas Council for the Blind and the Springdale Animal Shelter. Jade is ranked second in her class, and her high school transcript is full of aced courses in trigonometry, physics and calculus. She's also the co-founder of Haas Hall Academy's coding club, so a career in nuclear energy development — Jade's field of choice — isn't just an aspiration; it's the plan. "I have a deep appreciation for nature," she told us, citing Devil's Den State Park as a spot to which she feels closely connected, and stressing the importance of preserving natural spaces and developing more long-term options for sustainable energy. On Christmas Day 2016, Jade checked her email to find that she'd attained something she'd wanted as early as age 12: acceptance to the U.S. Naval Academy. There, she'll major in nuclear engineering and complete her five mandatory post-Academy years in the Navy, after which she hopes to acquire a Ph.D. in the field.

AVERY ELLIOTT
Age: 18
Hometown: Cabot
High school: Cabot High School
Parents: Dan and Melissa Elliott
College plans: University of Arkansas, medicine

Though many of our All-Stars seem destined from birth for academic greatness, there is the occasional inspiring All-Star who has had to overcome seemingly insurmountable odds. One of those is Cabot High School's Avery Elliott, who was born with nystagmus, a condition that causes involuntary eye movements that can make it hard for sufferers to concentrate and learn. Though it's hard to imagine it now, when she was in elementary school Avery found herself falling further and further behind her classmates in reading because of her condition. "That was difficult," she said. "I was behind schedule until about third or fourth grade. I would have to go home and really work with my parents to keep up with the rest of the class." Even though she struggled early on, Avery said that, in a way, the nystagmus contributed to her success and gave her a direction to follow. "I had to learn to really study even outside of school," she said. "I learned some very good study habits. But I think it also really affected where I wanted to go as far as my career. ... I really learned that a medical team can not only dispense medicine, but can really affect someone's life." A National Merit finalist who has volunteered extensively with Special Olympics and already completed 43 hours of college-level coursework, Avery has been awarded the University of Arkansas Fellowship. She plans to study medicine at UAMS after completing her undergrad degree, then practice in Arkansas. That goal has always pushed her to succeed academically. "I wanted to go into the medical field from an early age," she said, "so I knew starting out in high school that I needed to make very good grades in order to get where I needed to. I had to really learn the material, rather than just trying to ace a test."

JARED GILLIAM
Age: 17
Hometown: Cabot
High school: Cabot High School
Parents: Dan and LeAnne Gilliam
College plans: University of Arkansas, engineering

When most young people say they want to change the world, it's easy to believe that's just pie-in-the-sky thinking by someone who hasn't yet been through the Academy of Hard Knocks. When Jared Gilliam says he wants to change the world, however, there's a good chance he might actually pull it off. Jared even has a plan: He'll change the world through engineering. A National Merit finalist and AP scholar with a GPA of 4.18 and a perfect score of 36 on the ACT, Jared is well placed to do just that. A musician who plays percussion with the Cabot High Marching Band, Jared said his favorite subject in school is math. "I think I'm mostly interested in engineering because I've always been sort of a problem-solver," he said. "I've enjoyed math and science, working through things and finding solutions to everyday problems. This year, I've been in robotics, so we've spent time working on a robot to perform various tasks. I've enjoyed that a lot. I think engineering is where my ability would best be used." He'll attend the University of Arkansas, which has offered him the Honors College Fellowship. He said the drive to excel academically has always been a part of his life. "I've grown up being encouraged to do well, and I guess I have my parents to thank for that and all my teachers," he said. "I think knowing that I have the ability to do all of this, I feel compelled to do what I can to make a difference. I think life would be pretty boring if I didn't go out there and do all the things I do. I don't think I could settle for not being successful."

BENJAMIN KEATING
Age: 18
Hometown: Fort Smith
High School: Southside High School
Parents: Drs. Bill and Janice Keating
College plans: Undecided

If you were looking for a ringing endorsement of Ben Keating's character, you'd need to look no further than Amy Slater, the guidance counselor who nominated him for our Academic All-Stars roster and who said of Ben, "He is all the things I hope my son turns out to be. ... He really thinks about things, and he practices the trumpet and piano for hours a day. It's crazy, his dedication." Ben probably had something to prove here; he admits to some skepticism on the part of his mother when he announced he'd be pursuing a career in music. He's certainly proved his mettle; Ben is band president at Southside, was a principal trumpet for the 2017 National Youth Honor Orchestra, first chair for Southside's Wind Symphony and for the All-State Jazz Band and was ranked in the top-tier bands for All-State Band and All-State Orchestra each year from 2014-16. The accolades go on and on: Ben has received a Young Artist Award from the International Trumpet Guild, a Gold Medal from the National Piano Guild and superior ratings from the National Federation of Music Clubs competitions for over a decade. He plays for the Arkansas Symphony Youth Orchestra and as a volunteer musician for the Fort Smith Community Band. Ben is still deciding where to attend college, but wherever he goes, he hopes to continue playing with an orchestra. Eventually, he wants to teach at the university level. "Ultimately," he wrote, "I want to use my passion to unite people of all different races, backgrounds and cultures. In today's society that is politically and culturally divided, it is more important than ever to share the universal language of music."

KATHERINE HAHN
Age: 17
Hometown: Hindsville
High School: Huntsville High School
Parents: Shannon Hahn
College plans: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, biochemical engineering

Katherine Hahn is ranked first in her class at Huntsville High School, which she attends because her hometown of Hindsville is too small to support its own school system. The population of Hindsville is "about 75 people," she told us. At Huntsville High, Katherine plays bass drum in the marching band and marimba/xylophone in the concert band and runs with the Huntsville cross-country team. Her real passion, though, is science. "I think I've always wanted to go to a college that was science-based and research-based," she told us. Her high school principal, Roxanne Enix, noted her own surprise when Katherine announced that she'd take 10 credits her senior year, instead of the recommended eight. "I thought she had lost her mind," Enix stated. Those credits, over half of which are in AP classes, are what Katherine hopes have prepared her for the rigorous workload at MIT. Aiming for a career in pharmaceutical development, Katherine plans to study biochemical engineering, something she said resonated personally with her as a result of her mother's struggle with skin cancer. "Biology helps me understand why medicine does the things it does," Katherine told us. "Whenever I first started out, I wanted to do environmental stuff," she said, but turned her attention to drug delivery systems after observing so many friends and loved ones battling cancer. "I want to help stop people from being scared of losing people," she explained. Katherine, a native of Tahlequah, Okla., who moved to Arkansas around fifth grade, has served on the Madison County Health Coalition as Youth Leader and was named Student of the Year in 2017 by the Huntsville Chamber of Commerce and Huntsville High School.

GEORGIANA BURNSIDE
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High school: Little Rock Christian Academy
Parents: Bob and Ann Burnside
College plans: Stanford University, biology and public policy

When this reporter mentioned to friends at UAMS that she'd just spoken to an amazingly poised, optimistic and intelligent young woman with a spinal cord injury, they said in unison, "You mean Georgiana Burnside." Her reputation as a teenager who at 16 was paralyzed from the waist down in a snow skiing accident but who considers the event a "blessing" no doubt goes further than UAMS, all the way to Denver's Craig Hospital, where she spent "the most memorable two months in my life," she said, and where she returns to continue her rehabilitation. What is a spinal cord injury? She answers that it is a) a life changed in a split second, b) finding out that a bad attitude is the true disability, c) a time to show off wheelchair tricks, and d) spontaneous moments of unfortunate incontinence. In her essay for the Arkansas Times, Georgiana writes, "my physical brokenness has developed wholeness in my heart about the capacity life holds for individuals regardless of their disabilities." In a phone interview, Georgiana, once a figure skater, talked about her work with Easter Seals, fundraisers for Craig Hospital, and giving talks and testimony about her faith. Georgiana has regained the ability to walk with hiking sticks and leg braces, thanks to the strength in her quads. And, thanks to support from the High Fives Foundation in Truckee, Calif., which sponsors athletes with injuries and which has paid for some of her rehabilitation, Georgiana returned to the slopes over spring break, skiing upright with the aid of long forearm equipment. At Stanford, she'll study to be a doctor, with a goal to return to Craig Hospital as a physician who'll treat other injured youths who, though they may have, like Georgiana, at first believed their life was over, will learn they have "a unique role ... enabling the advancement of society."

MITCHELL HARVEY
Age: 17
Hometown: North Little Rock
High School: North Little Rock High School
Parents: David and Susan Harvey
College plans: Likely Mississippi State University, chemical engineering

Mitchell Harvey is a big fan of the periodic table. "The elements are amazing little things," he wrote in his Academic All-Star essay. "They make up everything, yet we hardly see them in their pure form in everyday life." Mitchell decided they needed more exposure, so he started collecting examples of the elements and taking them to school for his peers and teachers to see. He extracted helium from an abandoned tank on the side of the road. He found zinc in wheel weights, grew crystals of copper with electrolysis and made bromine, which he describes as "a blood-red liquid that fumes profusely," from a "crude" homemade distillation setup and pool chemicals. Though you can buy sodium readily, Mitchell made his by melting drain cleaner (sodium hydroxide) with a blowtorch and then passing a current through it, separating the mixture into sodium metal, oxygen and water. His parents were OK with the procedure, he says, because he wore a Tyvek suit, three pairs of gloves, safety goggles and a face shield. While on a college visit in California last summer, Mitchell toured Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles and was impressed by the large periodic table display exhibit there. So he decided to build one for North Little Rock High. He got money from the school's alumni group, the Wildcat Foundation, to pay for the supplies necessary to construct the 9-foot-by-6-foot display. He hopes to have it completed in the next two weeks and fill it with examples of elements he has collected, though he may need additional funding to pay for other elements. No. 1 in a class of 687, Mitchell scored a perfect 36 on the ACT. He's also an Eagle Scout, and led a project to plant 800 native hardwood seedlings at Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park. After college, Mitchell said, he might start his own waste remediation business. "The business model I would be going for would be taking some byproduct that's hazardous and turning it into something useful."

CARSON MOLDER
Age: 18
Hometown: Mabelvale
High school: Bryant High SCHOOL
Parents: Kevin and Ruby Molder
College plans: University of Arkansas

Not everybody plays the mellophone and likes to draw up better interstate exchanges, but Carson Molder does both. The University of Arkansas Honors College-bound student, No. 1 in his class, likes to create three-dimensional schemes in his head, and has been creating road designs since he was young. But as a musician who plays the French horn in his school's orchestra and the mellophone in the Legacy of Bryant marching band, and who has won a band scholarship in addition to his Honors College reward to the UA, he said that one day he may be an audio engineer. "I'm going to put things together and see what sticks," he said of his future. Meanwhile, Carson said the internet has been his Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria, taking him to new places that he otherwise could not get to. "I can count on my hands the number of times I have set foot outside Arkansas," Carson wrote in an essay for the Arkansas Times. But with the internet, "I can gaze into the redwood forests of California and the skyscrapers of New York City without leaving my desk." Without the internet, he said in a phone interview, "I would not be at the top of my class." Carson added, "It's not going to replace going out and visiting these things, but if you're a kid and don't have the money to go out, you can visit Yellowstone." Carson, who describes himself as "really ambitious," is looking forward to studying with Dr. Alan Mantooth, the director of the UA National Center for Reliable Electric Power Transmission. The UA, he said, "will provide me the tools" he'll need to succeed in graduate school, which he hopes will be Stanford University.

OLIVIA LANGER
Age: 18
Hometown: Jonesboro
High school: Brookland High School
Parents: Kelly Webb and Jonathan Langer
College plans: University of California, Santa Barbara, chemistry

You might think that a student who is No. 1 in her class and a National Merit finalist with nary a B on her high school transcript might not consider one of her greatest achievements her selection as her high school's drum major three years in a row. But here's the thing: Schoolwork comes easy to Olivia Langer. "I never had to work hard," she told us. In fact, her style of learning is "conversation-based," she said; she enjoys "debate without argument." But music was different: "I struggled at points, and had to put in extra work to be good." Her selection as drum major was "something I know I've worked for," she said, and she has enjoyed the responsibilities that come with it. "I like to take care of people. The band calls me band mom," she added. Beside numerous academic awards, Olivia also earned a 2017 state Horatio Alger scholarship for students who have overcome great obstacles. Hers, Olivia said, was financial: She's always had a place to stay and food to eat, but she hasn't been able to afford academic programs. "Honestly, I wasn't able to visit any of the colleges I applied to," she said. So she will see the UC Santa Barbara campus for the first time when she arrives this fall. She's considering a double major in chemistry and anthropology; she's interested in the evolutionary side of anthropology, and plans to seek graduate and post-graduate degrees.

REBECCA PARHAM
Age: 18
Hometown: Alma
High School: Arkansas School for Mathematics, Sciences and the Arts
Parents: Eileen and Rick Parham
College plans: University of Arkansas or Hendrix College

On a visit to Hanamaki, Japan, with her school, Rebecca Parham noticed that once a month all the citizens would clean the front of their homes and shops. Folks would give each other gifts, too. "It was clear people tended to think for the whole," she said. "I thought that was really nice." An avid chemist, Rebecca did not just improve her Japanese on the trip, she brought those lessons of helping the community back to Arkansas. Her work has been at the intersection of heady science and community impact. In her robotics club, she noticed that girls were less likely to participate. "I decided that was not OK," she said. So, she designed a day with LEGO kits to encourage women to pursue STEM education. That desire to make an impact goes beyond school, too. For her senior project, Rebecca designed a test for homebuyers to see if meth had been cooked on their property (yes, meth). Her parents, on hearing of this project choice, asked her to "please explain a little bit further ... ." Here's the gist: The method of meth production in rural areas has shifted to something called the Birch reduction; older testing kits would no longer work. But Rebecca thought she could produce one that could. She designed a flame test. It finds lithium compounds left behind. The process of invention was "definitely frustrating," Rebecca said, but you "learn things you never thought of before." Rebecca did not plan to spend senior year in her dorm late at night "searching online" how to identify meth production, but she has a driving curiosity toward science and how it "connects to the world." She hopes to work in renewable energy — to be part of the global community, from Japan to Arkansas — making the world a nice place in which to live.

GRANT ROBINSON
Age: 18
Hometown: Searcy
High school: Searcy High School
Parents: Eric and Lisa Robinson College plans: University of Arkansas

Grant Robinson's father is a cardiologist, and Grant long figured he would follow in his dad's footsteps. But now he's not so sure. Last summer, he was selected, among thousands of applicants from around the world, to participate in a Stanford University summer engineering program. He got to experience a taste of college life, to take advantage of Stanford's decked-out labs and to tour the area to see results of civil engineering. The most memorable part of the program? Grant's small group built a Rube Goldberg machine — a complicated gadget that performs a simple task in a convoluted way — that, by Grant's estimation, was "the most complex and aesthetically pleasing" in the program. It included an electromagnet the group handmade and chemical reactions triggered by the machine. Grant's academic achievements are the byproduct of a natural curiosity. He said he spends what little free time he has exploring YouTube, trying to figure out the way the world works. Another influence: His father, who pulled himself out of poverty to become a doctor, has always instilled in him the importance of hard work. The message clearly stuck. Grant is second in his class of 263, with a 4.27 GPA. He scored a 35 on the ACT. He's a Presidential Scholar. His classmates voted him most likely to receive the Nobel Prize. He also participated in Project Unify (now known as Unified Champion Schools), an effort by the Special Olympics to get young people with and without special needs to come together for activities. Grant helped plan a basketball tournament as part of the project. In the fall, he'll be rooting on the Razorbacks at the University of Arkansas.  

JOHN SNYDER
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High school: Little Rock Christian Academy
Parents: Jill and Steve Snyder
College plans: Cornell University, industrial and labor relations

Whatever you were doing by your senior year in high school, chances are you probably hadn't already authored a book, much less a book on the complicated intersection of taxation and politics. John Snyder has, though. His book, "The Politics of Fiscal Policy," explores the political aspects of economics, including the pros and cons of various governmental tax schemes and their effect on government spending. It's for sale on Amazon right now. "It's pretty concise," John said, "but I wanted a way to express all my ideas in economic terms. That was a great way to do that." A history buff who serves as vice president of his class, John has a stunning 4.49 GPA and is ranked first in his class of 129. Though he wanted to be a lawyer when he was younger, his plan now is to go into investment banking. "Ultimately I want to have my own hedge fund — this thing called an activist hedge fund — and eventually I want to be actively involved in politics, whether that's in the midst of my business career or after ... . I'd love to run for public office one day." At Cornell University, John will be studying industrial and labor relations, a field that marries his love of multiple subjects. "Basically it ties in business, law, economics and history all into sort of one degree," he said. "You can do limitless things [with the degree]. Some people go into law school, some go into banking, some go to politics. That's why I chose that degree." John said his philosophy is that we have only a limited amount of time on earth, and so we should try to make the most of our lives. "I think there are a lot of things I can do to change the way things currently are in society, whether it's related to business or in academia or public policy," he said. "If I don't play a role in that and I'm not striving to do my best, I would feel like I'm wasting my potential."

PRESTON STONE
Age: 18
Hometown: Benton
High school: Benton High School
Parents: Haley Hicks and Brec Stone
College plans: University of Arkansas, pre-med

Benton High School's Big Man on Campus — No. 1 in his class, captain of the football team, an AP Scholar, straight As — can add to his resume the fact that he helped build his home. Preston, his two brothers and his mother bounced around a bit after her divorce, from Texas to Arkansas, living with grandparents and friends, Preston said. Then the family was selected by Habitat for Humanity, and he and his brothers pitched in to build their house. "It was the first place I could truly call home and it allowed me the stability I needed to grow into the kind of student I am today," he wrote in his essay for the Arkansas Times. Preston, who also helped build a school outreach group called SERVE to help new or struggling students, also credits sports for giving him purpose. He recently volunteered to trade in the pigskin for a basketball, joining a team that played boys at the Alexander Juvenile Detention Center. "It was an awesome experience," Preston said in a phone interview. "We were a little bit nervous at first" at the detention center, he said, but the team enjoyed the game — even though they lost to the Alexander team, formed to reward inmates with good behavior. "They practice every day," Preston said. Preston has received a $70,000 Honors College scholarship at Fayetteville. He won't be playing football with the Razorbacks. Instead he is thinking of following a pre-med track that will lead him to sports medicine. He plans to go Greek, as well.

KARINA BAO
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High school: Central High School
Parents: Amy Yu and Shawn Bao
College plans: undecided

Karina Bao embraces complexity. The Central High School valedictorian (in a class of 636) is a member of the school's back-to-back state champion Ethics Bowl Team, for which she said she spent hours "researching, discussing and sometimes even arguing" case studies. Unlike debate, she said Ethics Bowl is "really about the back-and-forth and considering different caveats and nuances and considerations" in issues ranging from local food to gender identity. As president of the school's Brain Club, she leads discussions on brain diseases, disorders and anatomy. It's a role for which she's more than qualified: She placed first in the U.S. Brain Bee, a youth neuroscience competition in which contestants answer questions about anatomy and make diagnoses based on patient actors. Placing No. 1 in the U.S. competition landed Karina a trip to Copenhagen, Denmark, to the International Brain Bee, which happened to coincide with a Federation of International Neuroscientists conference, where Karina got to talk to scientists from all over the world about their groundbreaking research. She placed fifth in the international competition. A perennial outstanding delegate winner at Model United Nations competitions, Karina said Model U.N. has helped her to "not be scared of the complexity and interconnectedness of pressing issues we face today." In her spare time, Karina volunteers on the oncology wing of Baptist Hospital. "You don't get to do much," she said. "But at least we get to talk to people and help them with whatever they need and be there to listen." In her Academic All-Stars essay, Karina echoed the same drive for understanding: "The stories other people share with me become not my own when I retell them, but a part of humanity's collective spirit to understand each other. We grow from hours of listening and crying, to empathize, to have the strength and openness to pop each successive layer of the protective bubble that keeps us from seeing the very world in which we reside."

BRYCE COHEA
Age: 19
Hometown: Greenwood
High school: Greenwood High School
Parents: Mike and Robin Cohea
College plans: University of Tulsa or Vanderbilt university, biology

Though he grew up landlocked, far from the deep blue sea, Greenwood High School standout Bryce Cohea knew from an early age that he wanted to be a marine biologist. To reach that goal, Bryce had to start early. "In the ninth grade," he wrote in his Academic All-Stars essay, "I began planning out all my classes for the next four years. I wanted to graduate top of my class, and in order to do that I would need to take every advanced placement class and get an A in every class." That's exactly what he did, too, making nothing less than a perfect grade in every class for his entire high school career. With a 4.25 GPA and a rank of No. 1 in his class of 275, Bryce has volunteered extensively with the Salvation Army and collected shoes for the homeless; he helps unload trucks and stock shelves at the food bank at his church. A National Merit semifinalist, he also has the distinction of having scored the first perfect ACT score of 36 in Greenwood High School history. "I've honestly been a good test-taker," he said. "The first time I took it, I got a 34. After that, I got the test back and I worked on whatever I missed. After a few more tries, I got a 36." Bryce was still deciding on which university to attend when we spoke to him, but he definitely plans to study science. The subject has always interested him, he said. "I'm planning on majoring in biology and then specializing after that," he said.

IMANI GOSSERAND
Age: 16
Hometown: Rogers
HIGH SCHOOL: ROGERS HIGH SCHOOL
Parents: James and Hyesun Gosserand

College plans: University of Southern California, Harvey Mudd College or Columbia University, computer science or environmental science

Imani Gosserand has a journal in which she organizes the many moving parts of her life — competitive gymnastics, AP classes, computer science, Young Democrats, volunteering — into lists. Personal stuff is in there, too: bucket lists, remembrances. The journal combines the creative and the organized; it is problem-solving with an artful flare, which is how Imani operates. "I really like being able to create something of my own," she said of computer science. At a camp at Stanford University, in California, her team won the competition to program a car. Imani, not surprisingly, is good at math: She learned multiplication at age 4 and went on to skip two grades. Imani thinks schoolwork is fun. "We had a huge packet of homework problems we had to do over one of our breaks," she said. "And no one else was excited about it except for me. I was like 'Oh, I'm so excited to do all these problems!' " She brings that enthusiasm for problem-solving to bigger issues, as well. "I feel like there are so many opportunities for me because our world relies on technology, so I think I could go into any field," she said. She's excited to explore and see where she can help. "I want to meet people from around the world and hear different perspectives."

C.J. FOWLER
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High School: Central High School
Parents: Bobbi and Dustin McDaniel and Chris and Kim Fowler
College plans: Yale University

C.J. Fowler has long been around Democratic politics. His stepfather is former Arkansas Attorney General Dustin McDaniel. But C.J. said he decided to become more politically involved himself after he came out as gay. "The situation that I'm in is not great," he said. "People are not always accepting. But it's on me if I want to try to change that and make it better for the people who come after me. I have to make sure that my community and all marginalized communities have a seat at the table, because far too often a bunch of old gray white guys are making policies that hurt everyone else." The student body president of Central High, C.J. said he's tried to move the student council, a glorified dance committee, toward advocacy and activism for students throughout the district, whose future is being decided by those "people sitting in dark rooms." He said students too often get left out of the conversation about the district "because we're too young to have opinions. But we're not; we're living it every day." C.J. has been a fixture at Little Rock School District public comment periods. Though he can't point to any policy victories, he said at least LRSD Superintendent Mike Poore knows who he is and that he disagrees with him. C.J., who is also the executive director of Young Democrats of Arkansas, sees the backlash against President Trump as encouraging. "We're realizing that, if we're going to go all in for progressive values, we need to go all in." Rather than join the chorus of progressives in the Northeast after he finishes at Yale, C.J. says he wants to come back to Arkansas and possibly continue in politics. He admires state Sen. Joyce Elliott (D-Little Rock) and says he hopes if he ever holds office that he can follow her example.

SOPHIE PRICE
Age: 18
Hometown: Fort Smith
High School: Southside High
Parents: Claire Price and Scott Price
College plans: Vanderbilt University, political science

"Growing up, I would always argue with everybody," Sophie Price said. Sometimes it was just to play devil's advocate, but mostly, it was because Sophie wants to find the capital-t Truth. Some of this digging for truth is class: seven AP course just this year and 12 during her time in high school. But, some of it is also talking with people, discussing issues. "The best way to improve your argument is to hear the counters, to hear the other side," Sophie said, and often she is willing to be convinced. She wants to do the right thing; she believes in justice. Which is why after college at Vanderbilt on a full scholarship, she wants to field arguments as a judge. "My whole life I've followed this ideal that you have to do what's right," Sophie said. "I want to be a judge so I can kind of decide that." Vanderbilt was the only school to which Sophie applied. She knew it was the right one for her. She arrived in Nashville on a rainy day in January, but through the gloom, she knew. "Something about the beautiful campus and the intelligent people and these varying perspectives just sold me immediately," she said. In a few months she was back at Vanderbilt for a camp where she studied law, and it cemented the deal. "There was something so exhilarating about being able to have this case and have the facts and kind of create your own narrative and really advocate for someone that drew me in," she said. Watch out, because "everything I do, I want to give it a 120 percent," Sophie said.

MEAGAN OLSEN
Age: 17
Hometown: Fayetteville
High School: Fayetteville High School
Parents: Anjanette Olsen
College plans: University of Arkansas Honors College, chemical engineering

Fayetteville High School’s top student, with a perfect ACT score of 36, a 4.2 gradepoint average and the co-author of a paper on fractal self-assembly, is not just a bookworm. She’s a leader, her counselor Cindy Alley says, who shows “grit, motivation to succeed and a desire to help others.” She is also, Alley says, “a pure joy to be around.” In her essay for the Arkansas Times, Meagan talked about how she came to understand “ternary counters,” a base-3 method of counting in which only the digits 0, 1 and 2 are used. (Binary counters of 0 and 1 make up our computer’s “thinking,” as people with 10 fingers, we use base 10 to count.) Meagan, trying to make a “self-assembling ternary counter,” said she banged her head against “endless walls” for weeks. Then just after 1 a.m., she woke up with the answer. It’s a wise child who gives credit where credit is due: “I understood,” she wrote, “my mother’s advice about taking a break whenever I was upset.” Meagan’s paper on fractal self-assembly was published in the 22nd International Conference on DNBA Computing and Molecular Programing. She no longer lets frustration prevent her from solving a problem; sometimes, she’ll just sleep on it. Meagan told the Times she plans to attend a small conference this summer and then take some needed down time. She plans to use her degree from Fayetteville to pursue biomedical research.
          Un quasi-diplômé ravi : recruté pour un projet de USAID au Burundi après son stage international de fin de maîtrise   
Cheikh Gassama est très heureux de nous informer qu'à la suite de son stage chez L'AMIE à Québec, il a été recruté immédiatement par LMG/Burundi, une ONG qui met en place un projet de USAID.
          Beyoncé Partners With UNICEF to Bring Safe Water to Children in Remote Areas in Burundi, East Africa   

A family in Burundi, East Africa, after gathering water.  Burundi is in the midst of a water crisis.NEW ORLEANS, June 30, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Global entertainer and humanitarian, Beyoncé has teamed up with UNICEF through her BeyGOOD philanthropic arm to announce the launch of BEYGOOD4BURUNDI, a multi-year partnership to provide safe water to the most vulnerable children in Burundi,...



          Un ex-roi du Burundi réinhumé en Suisse après 5 ans de bataille juridique   

Des musisiciens qui avaient l'habitude de jouer pourl'ex-roi du Burundi, Mwambutsa IV (1912-1977), le 14 mars 2015 à Gishora AFP/Archives CARL DE SOUZA

Après cinq ans de bataille juridique au sujet du lieu de sépulture, la dépouille de l'ex-roi du Burundi, Mwambutsa IV (1912

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          BURUNDI Kettenanhänger aus massiv 585 Gelbgold   
218,90 EUR
Kettenanh?nger aus 585 Gelbgold BurundiEin eleganter ca. 22 mm gro?er Kettenanh?nger aus der Form der Burundi Landkarte aus massiv 585 Gelbgold!Der Kettenanh?nger ist mit einer gro?en ?se versehen, sodass dieser auch mit einer etwas dickeren Halskette getragen werden kann.Die Anh?nger werden in einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede aus massivem Material hergestellt und selbstverst?ndlich 585 gestempelt!Landkarte: BurundiMaterial: massiv 585 Gelb GoldGr??e: ca. 22 mm und 1 mm dickOberfl?che: Vorderseite handpoliert und R?ckseite matt geb?rstetGewicht: ca. 2,8 gSonderanfertigungen, wie z.B. ein anderes Land, gr??er oder aus einem anderen Material k?nnen auf Wunsch f?r Sie hergestellt werden. Fragen Sie uns einfach danach! Wir werden Ihnen sicherlich weiter helfen k?nnen!Alle Kettenanh?nger werden direkt nach Ihrer Bestellung von einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede extra f?r Sie angefertigt.Die Abbildungen sind nicht in Originalgr??e - Bitte entnehmen Sie die Gr??e der jeweiligen Produktbeschreibung!

          Beyoncé Partners With UNICEF to Bring Safe Water to Children in Remote Areas in Burundi, East Africa   
Global entertainer and humanitarian, Beyoncé has teamed up with UNICEF through her BeyGOOD philanthropic arm to announce the launch of BEYGOOD4BURUNDI, a multi-year partnership to provide safe water to the most vulnerable children in Burundi, known as the “Heart of Africa.” The partnership will support programs to improve water, sanitation and basic hygiene practices in […]
          Burundi: Country warns new UN envoy against opposition bias   
Appointed last month Kafando, a former president of Burkina Faso, is the fourth UN envoy to be named since June 2015.
          Sat Jul 1st Todays News   
Some things should not happen, but they do. 



In 69, Tiberius Julius Alexander ordered his Roman legions in Alexandria to swear allegiance to Vespasian as Emperor. 552, Battle of TaginaeByzantine forces under Narses defeated the Ostrogoths in Italy. During the fightings king Totila was mortally wounded. 1097, Battle of DorylaeumCrusaders led by prince Bohemond of Taranto defeated a Seljuk army led by sultan Kilij Arslan I. 1431, the Battle of La Higueruela took place in Granada, leading to a modest advance of the Kingdom of Castile during the Reconquista.

In 1523, Johann Esch and Heinrich Voes became the first Lutheran martyrs, burned at the stake by Roman Catholic authorities in Brussels. They were Augustinian monks. Others from their monastery had recanted. These refused.  1569, Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania confirmed a real union; the united country is called the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations. 1643, first meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians ("divines") and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbey in London. 1690, Glorious RevolutionBattle of the Boyne in Ireland (as reckoned under the Julian calendar). 1766, Jean-François de la Barre, a young French nobleman, was tortured and beheaded before his body was burnt on a pyre along with a copy of Voltaire's Dictionnaire philosophique nailed to his torso for the crime of not saluting a Roman Catholic religious procession in AbbevilleFrance. It sounds excessive, but he was a protestant. 1770, Lexell's Comet passed closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.0146 a.u. 1782, Raid on Lunenburg: American privateers attacked the British settlement of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

In 1837, a system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths was established in England and Wales. 1855, signing of the Quinault Treaty: The Quinault and the Quileute ceded their land to the United States. 1858, joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society in London. 1862, The Russian State Library was founded as The Library of the Moscow Public Museum. Also 1862, Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria, married Prince Louis of Hesse, the future Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse. Also 1862, American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill took place. It is the final battle in the Seven Days Campaign, part of George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign. 1863, Keti Koti (Emancipation Day) in Suriname, marked the abolition of slavery by the Netherlands. Also, American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg began. 1867, the British North America Act of 1867 took effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation and the federal dominion of Canada; Sir John A. Macdonald was sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Canada. This date was commemorated annually in Canada as Canada Day, a national holiday.

In 1870, the United States Department of Justice formally came into existence. 1873, Prince Edward Island joined the Canadian Confederation. 1874, the Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful typewriter, went on sale. 1878, Canada joined the Universal Postal Union. 1879, Charles Taze Russell published the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower. 1881, the world's first international telephone call was made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States. Also 1881, General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell and Childers reforms of the British Army, came into effect. 1885, the United States terminated reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada. 1890, Canada and Bermuda were linked by telegraph cable. 1898, Spanish–American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill was fought in Santiago de Cuba.

In 1903, start of first Tour de France bicycle race. 1908, SOS was adopted as the international distress signal. 1911, Germany despatched the gunship Panther to Morocco, sparking the Agadir Crisis. 1915, Leutnant Kurt Wintgens of the then-named German Fliegertruppe air service achieved the first known aerial victory with a synchronized machine-gun armed fighter plane, the Fokker M.5K/MG Eindecker. 1916, World War IFirst day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army were killed and 40,000 wounded. 1921, the Communist Party of China was founded. 1922, the Great Railroad Strike of 1922 began in the United States. 1923, the Canadian Parliament suspended all Chinese immigration. 1931, United Airlines began service (as Boeing Air Transport). 1932, Australia's national broadcaster, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, was formed. 1935, Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambushed strikers participating in the On-to-Ottawa Trek.

In 1942, World War IIFirst Battle of El Alamein. Also 1942, the Australian Federal Government became the sole collector of income tax in Australia as State Income Tax was abolished. 1943, Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture and was dissolved. Since this date, no city in Japan has the name "Tokyo" (present-day Tokyo is not officially a city). 1947, the Philippine Air Force was established. 1948, Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Quaid-i-Azam) inaugurated Pakistan's central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan. 1949, the merger of two princely states of India, Cochin and Travancore, into the state of Thiru-Kochi (later re-organized as Kerala) in the Indian Union ended more than 1,000 years of princely rule by the Cochin Royal Family. 1957, the International Geophysical Year began. 1958, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation linked television broadcasting across Canada via microwave. Also 1958, flooding of Canada's St. Lawrence Seaway began. 1959, the Party of the African Federation held its constitutive conference. Also 1959, specific values for the international yardavoirdupois pound and derived units (e.g. inch, mile and ounce) were adopted after agreement between the U.S.A., the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries.

In 1960, independence of Somalia. Also 1960, Ghana became a Republic and Kwame Nkrumah became its first President as Queen Elizabeth II ceased to be its Head of state. 1962, independence of Rwanda. Also 1962, independence of Burundi. 1963, ZIP codes were introduced for United States mail. Also 1963, the British Government admitted that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent. 1966, the first color television transmission in Canada took place from Toronto. 1967, the European Community was formally created out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission. Also 1967, Canada celebrated the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867, which officially made Canada its own federal dominion. 1968, the United States Central Intelligence Agency's Phoenix Program was officially established. Also 1968, the Nuclear non-proliferation treaty was signed in Washington, D.C., London and Moscow by sixty-two countries. Also 1968, formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL–CIO in the United States. 1970, President General Yahya Khan abolished One-Unit of West Pakistan restoring the provinces. 1972, the first Gay Pride march in England took place. 1976, Portugal granted autonomy to Madeira. 1978, the Northern Territory in Australia was granted Self-Government. 1979, Sony introduced the Walkman.

In 1980, "O Canada" officially became the national anthem of Canada. 1981, the Wonderland murders occurred in the early morning hours in Los Angeles, allegedly masterminded by businessman and drug dealer Eddie Nash. 1983, a North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashed into the Fouta Djallon mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board. 1984, the PG-13 rating was introduced by the MPAA. 1987, the American radio station WFAN in New York, New York was launched as the world's first all-sports radio station. 1990, German reunificationEast Germany accepted the Deutsche Mark as its currency, thus uniting the economies of East and West Germany. 1991, the Warsaw Pact was officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague. 1997, China resumed sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule. 1999, the Scottish Parliament was officially opened by Elizabeth II on the day that legislative powers were officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh.

In 2002, the International Criminal Court was established to prosecute individuals for genocidecrimes against humanitywar crimes, and the crime of aggression. Also 2002, Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collided in mid-air over Überlingen, southern Germany, killing all 71 on board. 2003, over 500,000 people protested against efforts to pass anti-sedition legislation in Hong Kong. 2004, Saturn orbit insertion of Cassini–Huygens began at 01:12 UTC and ends at 02:48 UTC. 2006, the first operation of Qinghai–Tibet Railway in China. 2007, the Concert for Diana was held at the new Wembley Stadium in London and broadcast in 140 countries. Also 2007, smoking in England was banned in all public indoor spaces. 2008, Rioting erupted in Mongolia in response to allegations of fraud surrounding the 2008 legislative elections. 2013, Croatia became the 28th member of the European Union. Also 2013, the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) began its operative peacekeeping mandate in Mali. Also 2013, Neptune's moon S/2004 N 1 was discovered.

I am very good and don't deserve the abuse given me. I created a video raising awareness of anti police feeling among western communities. I chose the senseless killing of Nicola Cotton, a Louisiana policewoman who joined post Katrina, to highlight the issue. I did this in order to get an income after having been illegally blacklisted from work in NSW for being a whistleblower. I have not done anything wrong. Local council appointees refused to endorse my work, so I did it for free. Youtube's Adsence refused to allow me to profit from their marketing it. Meanwhile, I am hostage to abysmal political leadership and hopeless journalists. My shopfront has opened on Facebook.


Here is a video I made Waltzing Matilda

I was asked to do a Banjo Patterson Poem. I thought I had done this, but I hadn't. This was made so as to tell the story, rather than sing the song.
===
"Waltzing Matilda" is Australia's most widely known bush ballad. A country folk song, the song has been referred to as "the unofficial national anthem of Australia"
http://conservativeweasel.blogspot.com/2011/12/waltzing-matilda.html

Oh there once was a swagman camped in the billabongs,
Under the shade of a Coolibah tree;
And he sang as he looked at the old billy boiling
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me."


Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, my darling.
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me.
Waltzing Matilda and leading a water-bag.
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me.


Up came the jumbuck to drink at the waterhole,
Up jumped the swagman and grabbed him with glee;
And he sang as he put him away in his tucker-bag,
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me."


Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, my darling.
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me.
Waltzing Matilda and leading a water-bag.
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me.


Up came the squatter a-riding his thoroughbred;
Up came the policeman - one, two, and three.
"Whose is the jumbuck you've got in the tucker-bag?
You'll come a-waltzing Matilda with we."


Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, my darling.
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me.
Waltzing Matilda and leading a water-bag.
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me.


Up sprang the swagman and jumped into the waterhole,
Drowning himself by the Coolibah tree;
And his voice can be heard as it sings in the billabongs,
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me."


Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, my darling.
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me.
Waltzing Matilda and leading a water-bag.
Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me.
Written 1895, first published as sheet music 1903.



=== from 2016 ===
 The political despatch of Boris Johnson, who had led the successful Brexit campaign, was as surprising as the success of the campaign. The Notting Hill set have eaten their own. David Cameron finally fell, having never managed to appear strongly conservative. But his stable mate of Gove had sided with Johnson as the face of Brexit, and then ripped support away from Johnson and denounced Johnson as being too identifiably the face of Brexit, and unable to unite the conservative party. In fairness, Gove could not unite the party either. Gove has ambition and ability, as does Theresa May. There are echoes of the Metherell affair in NSW when two friends, Terry Metherell and Nick Greiner ran afoul of political perfection and Greiner was subsequently unfairly forced to resign as Premier of NSW. One incompetent independent of the time who unfairly attacked Greiner was Tony Windsor. Windsor is still trying to hurt good conservative candidates. 

For some, at the moment, the Sex Party has more credibility.  
=== from 2015 ===
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation came into being on this day in 1932. It is a bureaucratic mess. But it isn't the worst mess on this day. In 1766, a young French nobleman, Jean-François de la Barre who was tortured and beheaded before his body was burned on a pyre. Also burned, pinned to his body, was a work of Voltaire. The crime the twenty year old man committed was said to be failing to bow to a religious procession, but the unpleasant truth is that he was a protestant in a catholic land. The ABC was created in the hope that the left leaning press in Australia would be balanced by state body which reported facts, not bias. The reality is that the ABC has never been balanced. 

Greece has defaulted on her IMF loan. Soon she will vote to approve or deny the imposition of austerity. But she has already done so, and her government ran on the lie that Greece didn't need austerity. Now the EU has a choice, but it isn't really a choice. Greece needs to be booted from the EU as a lesson in humility. It should never be the case that a nation employs people without paying them. The civilised world abhors slavery. 
From 2014
Today is an extraordinary day. The birthday of Semmelweis (1818) whose work as a physician gave rise to the legal term "Clean Hands". Or Dorothea Mackellar (1885) who beautifully described Australia in poetry. But for all the amazing wonderful things about today that I could point to, my mind is drawn to the infamous act of cowardice and butchery in which the three bodies of children of Israel were unearthed following their abduction. There is a cowardly dismissal of Middle East events involving Israel by those who do not know or care, that there is blood on both sides. But that is not the case. There is no analog for what Israel does that excuses this murder. It is inexcusable, and those who are responsible need to be brought to justice, and those who excuse should be discredited. 

Three boys went to a religious function and were on their way home when they were abducted. They were not warriors. Targeting them was an act of terror. One boy had been able to use his phone to let people know he had been abducted. That call was the last anyone heard him alive. It is not too hard to follow the mindset of the terrorists, but remarkably, one mother of one suspect has claimed she is proud of her son for doing it. I want religious authorities of the perpetrators to denounce the activity. If that mum has excused the activity, I want her discredited. Saddam Hussein had paid money to family of suicide bombers. If her people are serious about wanting peace, perhaps they will meet similar justice as was applied to Saddam. 

One imagines the terrorists alerted to the phone call told the boys that they would have to die and not merely be hostages because of it. They probably did their best to torture the boys, and blame them, before killing them. But the boys had done nothing wrong. Earlier this year, Obama had forced Israel to release terrorists who had killed, from jail for peace. No peace has been forthcoming from those terrorist supporters. One of the boys was a US citizen .. someone Obama has sworn an oath to protect and serve. But instead, the US President has paid US money to support a terrorist administration. Maybe Hamas will deny the activity, they have not yet, instead accusing Israel of overstating the crime. The UN cannot endorse this crime, and if they fail to act on it, they need to be dismantled. 

Three boys kidnapped, tortured and murdered by terrorists. Who dares support that? 

The incident is not isolated in Middle East terrorist history. The second intifada, which began after Bill Clinton embarrassed Arafat over a Monica Special cigar transformed a lynching of two Israeli security detail who had been illegally lured and detained by so called Palestinian authorities. This incident is on a par. A crime against humanity linked by successive Democrat party US Presidents. 
Historical perspective on this day
In 69, Tiberius Julius Alexander ordered his Roman legions in Alexandria to swear allegianceto Vespasian as Emperor. 552, Battle of TaginaeByzantine forces under Narses defeated the Ostrogoths in Italy. During the fightings king Totila was mortally wounded. 1097, Battle of DorylaeumCrusaders led by prince Bohemond of Taranto defeated a Seljuk army led by sultan Kilij Arslan I. 1431, the Battle of La Higueruela took place in Granada, leading to a modest advance of the Kingdom of Castile during the Reconquista.

In 1523, Johann Esch and Heinrich Voes became the first Lutheran martyrs, burned at the stake by Roman Catholic authorities in Brussels. 1569, Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania confirmed a real union; the united country is called the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations. 1643, first meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians ("divines") and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbeyin London. 1690, Glorious RevolutionBattle of the Boyne in Ireland (as reckoned under the Julian calendar). 1766, Jean-François de la Barre, a young French nobleman, was torturedand beheaded before his body was burnt on a pyre along with a copy of Voltaire's Dictionnaire philosophique nailed to his torso for the crime of not saluting a Roman Catholic religious procession in AbbevilleFrance. 1770, Lexell's Comet passed closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.0146 a.u. 1782, Raid on Lunenburg: American privateers attacked the British settlement of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

In 1837, a system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths was established in England and Wales. 1855, signing of the Quinault Treaty: The Quinault and the Quileute ceded their land to the United States. 1858, joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society in London. 1862, The Russian State Library was founded as The Library of the Moscow Public Museum. Also 1862, Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria, married Prince Louis of Hesse, the future Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse. Also 1862, American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill took place. It is the final battle in the Seven Days Campaign, part of George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign. 1863, Keti Koti (Emancipation Day) in Suriname, marked the abolition of slavery by the Netherlands. Also, American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburgbegan. 1867, the British North America Act of 1867 took effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation and the federal dominion of Canada; Sir John A. Macdonald was sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Canada. This date was commemorated annually in Canada as Canada Day, a national holiday.

In 1870, the United States Department of Justice formally came into existence. 1873, Prince Edward Island joined the Canadian Confederation. 1874, the Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful typewriter, went on sale. 1878, Canada joined the Universal Postal Union. 1879, Charles Taze Russell published the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower. 1881, the world's first international telephone call was made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States. Also 1881, General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell and Childers reforms of the British Army, came into effect. 1885, the United States terminated reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada. 1890, Canada and Bermuda were linked by telegraph cable. 1898, Spanish–American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill was fought in Santiago de Cuba.

In 1903, start of first Tour de France bicycle race. 1908, SOS was adopted as the international distress signal. 1911, Germany despatched the gunship Panther to Morocco, sparking the Agadir Crisis. 1915, Leutnant Kurt Wintgens of the then-named German Fliegertruppe air service achieved the first known aerial victory with a synchronized machine-gun armed fighter plane, the Fokker M.5K/MG Eindecker. 1916, World War IFirst day on the Somme: On the first day of the Ba
          The United Nations: Voice Of The Voiceless?   

Every day we hear about violence and human rights abuses around the world, often feeling angry and helpless about the situation – because it doesn’t appear to be getting any better. Many people are also disillusioned with the response – or lack of response – from the United Nations (UN) in such situations. This is exactly how I felt when attending the meeting of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva or the UN Forum on Minority Issues. Attending the sessions did not help with my disappointment in the UN, however, the experience helped me to better understand the massive challenges facing the UN. When sitting in the sessions in the main meeting room at the Palais des Nations, the ‘Human Rights and Alliance of Civilizations Room’, under the most extraordinary ceiling one could imagine, I was listening to oral submissions by NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations). One after another, with sometimes forty to fifty NGO submissions per session. Each submission detailed instances of human rights violations in different parts of the world. Mass murder, killings, persecution, sexual violence, abuse, slavery, discrimination – but these are just words. However, in that room, the words were given meaning, a story, often with graphic details, the words of each NGO telling the UN about the suffering and pain of the people they represent.

Palais des Nations, United Nations Office in Geneva. (Photo by FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/Getty Images)

Despite all the pain and suffering detailed in these reports, both to the UN Human Rights Council and the UN Forum on Minority Issues they are only the tip of the iceberg.

Most people who have experienced violations of their human rights are not represented at the UN – the bars to representation there are many and the cost is prohibitive. Stories are told at the UN primarily through representation by NGOs – NGOs, furthermore, who would have to be able to travel to Geneva to attend any of the aforementioned sessions. The expense of such travel is outside the budget constraints of a majority of NGOs. It would also be necessary for the representing NGO to gain a consultative status of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), which can be a difficult process, and stories of NGOs being denied accreditation continue to circulate. Without such accreditation, the ability of NGOs to fully communicate to the highest levels within the UN are limited; they may submit reports for UN Universal Periodic Review; they may attend the UN through invitation from other, larger NGOs, or member states; but there is no chance to speak, in their own capacity, to an assembled group of experts, United Nation staff and representatives of member states, as well as journalists and other invited parties. Despite the fact that a key purpose of the UN should be to give a voice to the voiceless, the bureaucracy and limits placed on civil society NGOs which prevent their involvement there limit the ability of the oppressed to communicate their suffering.

Most recently, at the beginning of February, an application for consultative status by Christian Solidarity Worldwide, an NGO working to promote the right to freedom of religion or belief and so raising awareness about the persecution of Christians around the world, was rejected after almost eight years of deferment.  The decision to reject their application is surprising, especially after recent reports naming Christianity as the world’s most persecuted religion, making CSW’s area of work more important than ever. As the situation of Christians around the world is deteriorating, the persecuted need more voice. Are there too many accredited NGOs representing persecuted Christians at the UN? Although the list of accredited NGOs includes many who may include working with persecuted Christian communities as part of a wider brief or mission, the number of specialist NGOs in this field who have gained accreditation is limited.

The broken cross of a Christian Church is seen in the town of Qaraqosh. (Photo by THOMAS COEX/AFP/Getty Images)

If the issues the NGO is working on require attention, require UN assistance, and there is not enough representation at the UN, why would the UN Committee on Non-Governmental Organisations reject the application? The answer may lie in the mechanism of approval by member states. Greece, Israel, United States, and Uruguay voted in favor of the accreditation. However, Burundi, China, Cuba, India, Iran, Nicaragua, Pakistan, South Africa, Sudan, Turkey, and Venezuela voted against. The list of countries rejecting the accreditation speaks a thousand words. Pakistan is ranked 4th on the recently released Open Doors World Watch List 2017, a ranking of 50 countries where Christians are most persecuted. Sudan was placed 5th, followed by Iran in 8th, India in 15th, Turkey in 37th, and China in 39th place. And so the UN allowed states that are notorious for allowing the persecution of Christians in their territories to silence a voice that persecuted Christians so desperately need. Permitting states to cover up their own shortcomings by filtering those who would report them, has created a lack of accountability in the UN system.

Bureaucratic flaws in the decision-making apparatus at the UN, such as that detailed above, are contributing factors to the disillusionment felt by many at the UN’s lack of response to human rights violations. Preventing NGOs from speaking out on the human rights issues that affect those they represent further stifles the ability to prevent those abuses and means the UN will continue to fail those suffering the most across the globe.


          Burundi Respublikasının Prezidenti Zati-aliləri cənab Pyer Nkurunzizaya   
Hörmətli cənab Prezident, Burundi Respublikasının milli bayramı – Müstəqillik Günü münasibətilə Sizə və xalqınıza öz adımdan və Azərbaycan xalqı adından ən səmimi təbriklərimi yetirirəm
          Musik: Beyoncé unterstützt Trinkwasserversorgung für Kinder in Burundi   
New York (dpa) - US-Popstar Beyoncé will Burundi bei der Versorgung von Kindern mit sauberem Trinkwasser helfen. Gemeinsam mit dem UN-Kinderhilfswerk Unicef habe die Sängerin die Initiative "Beygood4Burundi" gegründet, teilte Unicef mit. "Der Zugang zu Wasser ist ein Grundrecht", wurde Beyoncé zitiert. "Wenn man Kindern sauberes und sicheres Wasser gibt, gibt man ihnen nicht nur Leben, man gibt ihnen auch Gesundheit, Bildung und eine bessere Zukunft. In den ländlichen Regionen Burundis haben laut Unicef etwa 65 Prozent der Menschen keinen ausreichenden Zugang zu sauberem Trinkwasser.
          Países que já foram governados por ditadores   

® Alemanha (1933-1945)

® Argélia (1965-1994)

® Argentina (1976-1983)

® Áustria (1933-1938), (1938-1945)

® Bangladesh (1975-1979) , (1982-1990) e (1997)

® Bolívia (1971-1985)

® Brasil (1937-1945) e (1964-1985)

® Burkina Faso (1966-1991)

® Burundi (1966-1993)

® República Centro-Africana (1966-1993) e (2003-2005)

® Chile (1973-1989)

® China (1916-1927 ou 1920-1922)

® Colômbia (1953-1957)

® Cuba (1933-1959) e (1959-presente)

® República do Congo (1968-1992)

® República Democrática do Congo (1965-1997)

® República Dominicana (1889-1899) e (1930-1961)

® El Salvador (1931-1979)

® Equador (1972-1979)

® Espanha (1923-1930) e (1939-1975)

® Etiópia (1974-1991)

® Filipinas (1972-1981)

® França (1799-1814) e (1814-1815)

® Guatemala (1970-1985)

® Guiné (1984-1991)

® Guiné Equatorial (1968-1982)

® Haiti (1957-1990)

® Honduras (1963-1974)

® Indonésia (1967-1998)

® Iraque (1958-1968)

® Itália (1922-1943)

® Japão (1932-1945)

® Libéria (1980-1990)

® Madagáscar (1972-1975)

® Mauritânia (1978-1992) e (2005-2007)

® México (1853-1855) e (1876-1910)

® Nicarágua (1967-1979)

®

          12 Jobs at The East African Community, Apply Before 21 July 2017   
The East African Community is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising the
Republic of Burundi, the Republic of Kenya, the Republic of Rwanda, , Republic of South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania and the Republic of Uganda with its Headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.

The EAC mission is to widen and deepen economic, political, social and cultural integration to improve the quality of life of the people of East Africa through increased competitiveness, value added production, trade and investments.

This is an exciting opportunity for highly motivated and result-driven professionals who are citizens of East African Community Partner States (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) to apply for the following position tenable at East African Community-Secretariat.

Trade Officer – Internal Trade Information
(EAC/HR/2016-17/20)
Job Purpose:
To compile, analyse and disseminate EAC trade data through preparation of EAC Annual Trade reports plus uploading and managing trade data in the EAC Trade Help Desk.

Human Resources Officer
(EAC/HR/2016-17/19)
Job Purpose:
To implement EAC’s HR policies that select, develop and retain the right staff needed to meet EAC’s Objectives.

EAC Integrated Health Programme – Monitoring and Evaluation Officer
(EAC/HR/2016-17/24)
Job Purpose:
To oversee implementation of monitoring, evaluation and learning activities under the EIHP and build the capacity for health sector monitoring and evaluation at the EAC Secretariat.

EAC Integrated Health Programme – Linkages and Partnerships Officer
(EAC/HR/2016-17/24)
Job Purpose:
The Partnership Officer will help weave collaborative relations that enable EIHP to effectively fulfil its mission and specific objectives. He/she will identify and nurture such relations focusing primarily on funding, program development and communications.

Senior Standards Officer – Metrology
(EAC/HR/2016-17/18)
Job Purpose:
Ensure accuracy of measurements in the region to promote fair trade practices

Senior Customs Officer – Legal and Compliance
(EAC/HR/2016-17/17)
Job Purpose:
To support and assist the development and implementation of EAC Customs compliance programmes and review of customs laws to strengthen enforcement.

Senior Customs Officer – Information Management Officer
(EAC/HR/2016-17/16)
Job Purpose:
To support the development and implementation of customs IT systems and solutions to facilitate the EAC Single Customs Territory.

Principal Human Resource Officer
(EAC/HR/2016-17/15)
Job Purpose:
To initiate, formulate and manage Human Resource Management and Development policies and strategies that will enable the Community to attract, develop and retain high quality human resources.

Deputy Registrar Finance and Administration
(EAC/HR/2016-17/21)
Job Purpose:
To provide strategic leadership in the process of coordinating and facilitating utilization of the Court’s human and financial resources in accordance with the provisions in the Staff Rules and Regulations and the financial rules and regulations and other decisions and directives issued from time to time.

Deputy Clerk Finance and Administration
(EAC/HR/2016-17/22)
Job Purpose:
To be responsible for the coordination and facilitation of the processes that promote better utilization of the Assembly’s human and financial resources in accordance with the provisions of the relevant Staff and Financial Rules and Regulations and other decisions and directives issued from time to time by the Assembly, the EALA Commission, the Council and the Clerk.

Director Customs
(EAC/HR/2016-17/14)
Job Purpose:
To coordinate and manage the development, implementation and monitoring of regional customs programmes and projects in the EAC for the effective realization of a functioning Customs Union

Registrar – EAC Competition Authority
(EAC/HR/2016-17/23)
Job Purpose:
The Registrar, EAC Competition Authority shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the EAC Competition Authority and be responsible for the day to day management of the EAC Competition Authority subject to the directives of the Commissioners.

Eligibility:
EAC Staff Rules and Regulations preclude considerations of applicants above 55 years of age.

Terms and Conditions of Service:
The above position is tenable for a contract of five (5) years renewable once .

Fringe Benefits:
The established posts offer attractive fringe benefits including housing allowance, transport allowance, education allowance, a medical scheme, and insurance cover.
Equal Opportunity:
The EAC is an equal opportunity employer; therefore, female candidates are particularly encouraged to apply. EAC will only respond to those candidates who strictly meet the set requirements.

How to Apply:
Interested candidates who meet the qualification and experience requirements for the above mentioned positions are advised to send their applications, detailed curriculum vitae, photocopies of academic certificates, names and contact details of three referees, and copy of National Identity Card, or Birth Certificate or Passport showing date of birth. Please quote the respective reference number on both the application letter and envelope. For electronic submission, please quote the respective reference number on the subject of the email and send to the address given below.
Applications should be submitted to the address below not later than Friday, 21 July 2017.

Please note:
You may submit your application either electronically or in hard copy but not both.
Applications which do not: indicate nationality and age; the reference number; or have an application letter attached; have certified copies of their academic degrees and other professional Certificates; or fail to provide three referees will be disqualified.
Only qualified candidates will be contacted
EAC Staff Rules and Regulations preclude considerations of applicants above 55 years of age.
Please note that EAC does not require candidates to pay money for the recruitment process. All invitations for interviews will be done in writing

APPLY ONLINE THROUGH
E-mail: vacancies@eachq.org

OR
The Secretary General
East African Community
P. o Box 1096
Arusha – Tanzania.
Tel: +255 27 2162100
Fax: +255 27 2162190
Website : www.eac.int
Application Deadline:
Friday, 21 July 2017 – 5:00pm
          Burundi: Public Services for Ending Inequality and Poverty   
[Iwacu] ActionAid Burundi organized at Best Outlook Hotel (Bujumbura) a reflection workshop on the transformative vision of public services to reduce inequality and poverty in Burundi in the framework of the United Nations Public Service Day, celebrated on June 23th, 2017.
          ZILE NAȚIONALE: Republica Burundi   
Republica Burundi sărbătorește la 1 iulie ziua națională, care reprezintă obținerea independenței în 1962.
          Beyoncé se junta a Unicef em projeto para levar água a crianças   
O projeto tem como objetivo construir poços no Burundi, na África, além de aumentar a educação sobre higiene e melhorar instalações sanitárias em escolas
          Crise au Burundi: Kafando a rencontré Nkrunziza   
L'envoyé spécial du secrétaire général des Nations unies au Burundi, l'ancien président Burkinabè Michel Kafando dit être déterminé à œuvrer pour trouver une solution à la crise burundaise.
          Michel Kafando à Bujumbura   
L'envoyé spécial du secrétaire général des Nations unies au Burundi, l'ancien président Burkinabè Michel Kafando dit être déterminé à œuvrer pour trouver une solution à la crise burundaise.
          Barundi Reverend visits Sabie   
Michele du Plessis 21 June 2017 Reverend Ruben Safari from Burundi and Tineke Drijfhout from Holland visited Sabie and its St Peter’s Anglican Church while on tour through the Panorama […]
          Re: Rwanda / Burundi   
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Burundi gays grapple with HIV   
“I know so many married men in this town who sleep with gay men on the side...”

Local perceptions of homosexuality mean the distribution of lubricants and condoms has to be cloak-and-dagger, with many secretly homosexual men making calls and asking for the items to be despatched in plain envelopes to offices or residences, by people not associated with ARDHO.

"We never ask people for their ethnicity or religion before we give them medication or other HIV support, so why should we ask people about their sexuality?" ANSS founder Jeanne Gapiya, a prominent national HIV activist, told IRIN/PlusNews.

"The problem is that this is a hidden community, and the society is in denial about their existence."

In their latest national strategic plan, the National AIDS Control Council, CNLS, has included MSM in the list of people vulnerable to HIV.

"We realise that they are a marginalised group; we have started to invite them for meetings through their NGO, but the difficulty is we don't know who most of them are or how to reach them," Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

Kanuma commented: "It's not just a problem for gay men; it's a problem for the whole society. I know so many married ['straight'] men in this town [the Burundian capital, Bujumbura] who sleep with gay men on the side. People would be surprised," he said.

"Silence is also what is killing us," he added. "I had a friend who had an STI for about one year - he was self-medicating until he eventually went to ANSS and got a proper diagnosis, and then he got better much quicker."

Kanuma has been writing newspaper articles and making guest appearances on private radio stations to raise awareness about MSM and HIV. "During every radio show I allow people to call in with questions and give out ARDHO's email address," he said. "We have more than 150 emails and so many calls, which shows that more information is still needed."

ARDHO is creating brochures detailing all the means of transmitting HIV, including male-male sex, for distribution in mainstream health centres; ANSS plans to send a doctor outside of Burundi for special training in the health issues of MSM to provide them with better healthcare.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.

Although progress is slow, ARDHO and its partners are unwilling to push the government too hard, preferring to negotiate from a public health platform before demanding for equality under the law. "We need to tread carefully so we don't make the situation worse for gays in Burundi," Kanuma said.

From Mamba website
          Rencontres au Burundi   
Bonjour,

Nouveau à Bujumbura, je cherche des infos sur les rencontres possibles, bars, lieux de drague si ça existe et risques éventuels, attitude des gens, etc...
Je suis preneur de toute information sur le sujet .
Merci d'avance.
          Daftar Mata Uang Negara-negara Di Seluruh Dunia (A-Z)   

Daftar Mata Uang Negara-negara Di Seluruh Dunia (A-Z)

Country / Negara
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Afghanistan
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American Samoa
see United States
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see Spain and France
Angola
AOA
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Antigua and Barbuda
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Brazil
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see United Kingdom
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Burkina Faso
XOF
CFA
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see Myanmar
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BIF
FBu



Mata Uang DuniaColtan and Your Mobile:  Disturbing effect of a key electronic material on the ongoing disaster in the Congo.  "Columbite-tantalite (from here on referred to as Coltan). On its own it looks and feels like a very fertile soil, but when refined you get a highly heat-resistant metal powder called tantalum. Once refined, coltan has myriad uses, all of which pertain to its particular properties of being a dense mineral with the ability to withstand high temperatures and stress.To the high-tech industry this tantalum is a magic dust that is essential in making computer chips, stereo’s, VCR and DVD players and mobile phones. As such, coltan derivatives are used as capacitors in devices such as mobile phones and even complex missile guidance systems. ..

Coltan is mined by hand in the Congo by groups of men digging basins in streams by scrapping off the surface mud. They then “slosh” the water around the crater, which causes the Coltan ore to settle to the bottom of the crater where it is retrieved by the miners...

While a fair majority of the worlds tantalum supply comes from legitimate mining operations in Australia, Canada and Brazil the recent demand for tantalum has caused a more sinister market to begin flourishing in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) where 80% of the world’s known coltan supply is subject to “highly organized and systematic exploitation.” There, warring rebel groups - many funded and supplied by neighboring Rwanda and Uganda - are exploiting coltan mining in the Eastern DRC to help finance political and human oppression, child enslavement, torture and war. The mining area is also within one of the main ranges of the threatened Eastern Lowland Gorilla  .. In April of 2001 the United Nations issued a report on the rape of resources from the DRC. In their findings field investigators reported that Rwandan, Ugandan and Burundian rebels had looted and smuggled thousands of tons of coltan from the Congo into their countries to export to the global market, using the profits to finance their militias. ..Coltan smuggling has also been implicated as a major source of income for the military occupation of Congo which is also linked to forced child enlisting, rape and the rampant spread of HIV. ..

Manufacturers rely on their “suppliers” which are Tantalum capacitor makers like Kemet of Greenville, S.C., the world’s largest tantalum capacitor maker and on the companies trading the minerals. .. some 80 percent of the worlds Coltan comes from the DRC and most of that passes through several black market hands before its finally delivered to the refineries it what appears to be legitimate means."

          Beyoncé is trying to solve the water crisis in Burundi   

#BEYGOOD4BURUNDI

A fan slapped Beyonce on the bum during a concert in Copenhagen. Taking the playful move in jest, Beyonce joked "I'll have you escorted out for that." The man is not believed to have been asked to leave the show.

Beyoncé and her BeyGOOD Foundation have announced plans to tackle the water crisis in Burundi. Teaming up with UNICEF, Beyoncé …Continue reading »

The post Beyoncé is trying to solve the water crisis in Burundi appeared first on NME.


          Lettre de félicitations adressée à M. Pierre Nkurunziza, Président de la République du Burundi   
Monsieur le Président, A l’occasion de la fête nationale de la République du Burundi, je tiens à adresser en mon nom personnel et en celui du peuple azerbaïdjanais mes chaleureuses félicitations à vous-même et à votre peuple.
          Burundi: Baby Born Dead, Mother in Coma Due to Doctor's Absence, Nurses Claim   
[Iwacu] A mother who had gone into coma had a stillborn because the doctor who was expected to be on duty on Wednesday night was ABSENT, say the nurses unions at the unique University Hospital of Burundi.
          Burundi: Baby Born Dead, Mother in Coma Due to Doctor's Absence, Nurses Claim   
[Iwacu] A mother who had gone into coma had a stillborn because the doctor who was expected to be on duty on Wednesday night was, say the nurses unions at the unique University Hospital of Burundi.
          Beyoncé unterstützt Trinkwasserversorgung für Kinder in Burundi   
US-Popstar Beyoncé will Burundi bei der Versorgung von Kindern mit sauberem Trinkwasser helfen. Gemeinsam mit dem UN-Kinderhilfswerk Unicef habe die Sängerin die Initiative ...
          Beyoncé Partners With Unicef To Bring Water To Children In Remote Areas In Burundi, East Africa   
02-beyonce-ivy-park-2017-billboard-1548

Queen Beyoncé has yet another partnership on her belt. This time is with UNICEF through her BeyGOOD philanthropic arm to announce the launch of BEYGOOD4BURUNDI, a multi-year partnership to provide safe water to the most vulnerable children in Burundi, known as the “Heart of Africa.”  The partnership will support programs to improve water, sanitation and […]

The post Beyoncé Partners With Unicef To Bring Water To Children In Remote Areas In Burundi, East Africa appeared first on EBONY.


          Beyoncé’s BeyGOOD Foundation Announces Initiative To Solve Water Scarcity Problems In Burundi   
The #BEYGOOD4BURUNDI announcement was made at The Essence Festival in New Orleans.
          kakula: 1 июля. События...    
первенство СССР по футболу (550x700, 79Kb)
в 1959 году состоялись матчи на первенство СССР по футболу:
СКВО (Ростов-на-Дону) - "Спартак" (Москва) 1:3
"Динамо" (Москва) - "Молдова" (Кишинев) 2:1

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в 1959 году Генрих Любке избирается президентом Западной Германии и сменил на этом посту Хейса (позиция Аденауэра не позволила Эрхарду выдвинуть свою кандидатуру на этот пост от Христианско-демократического союза).

в 1960 году образовано Конструкторского бюро ПО «Полет». Конструкторское бюро ПО «Полет» создано как Сибирский филиал Днепропетровского КБ «Южное» для конструкторского обеспечения производства боевых баллистических ракет на Омском авиационном заводе. В 1960-1970 гг. КБ вело проектирование и экспериментальную отработку элементов перспективных ракетных комплексов, разрабатывало уникальный международный научно-исследовательский ракетный комплекс «Мир-2», осуществило запуск ряда космических зондов. С 1968 года КБ «Полет» принимает участие в разработках спутников «Циклон» и космических аппаратов «ГЛОНАСС», ракет-носителей серии «Космос». С 1990-х гг. занимается конверсионными проектами, разрабатывает малые космические аппараты, авиационную технику. Совместно с войсками Министерства обороны РФ осуществляет запуски коммерческих космических аппаратов.

в 1960 году Всесоюзное радио начало передавать «Радиоэнциклопедию здоровья» (с декабря 1963 г. ее заменил радиожурнал «Здоровье»).

1959Ilze (700x560, 250Kb)
в 1960 году в Москве состоялась премьера художественного фильма «Илзе» (оригинальное название: Ilze; премьера в Риге 9 сентября 1959). Производство: Рижская киностудия, 1959. Режиссер: Роланд Калныньш (Калнынь). Сценарист: Анна Броделе. Оператор: Марис Рудзитис. Композитор: Мендель Башс. Художник: Герберт (Херберт) Ликумс. Актеры: Маргарита Жигунова, Эдуард Павулс, Лидия Фреймане, Роберт Мустапс, Юлий Бебриш, Янис Лусенс, Вилма Лиепиня, Гунар Плаценс, Улдис Лиелдидж, Марис Рудольф Лиепа, Карп Клетниекс, Эмилия Берзиня. По роману латышской писательницы Анны Броделе «Кровью сердца». 1947 год. Одна из латвийских деревень. Илзе горячо любит Рудиса (Эдуард Павулс), хотя он и сын кулака и о нём ходят разные слухи. Илзе знает, что Рудис ушёл от отца и вступил в колхоз, работал хорошо, стал бригадиром и подал заявление в партию. Он настоял на том, чтобы жена вступила в комсомол, а теперь предлагает ей ехать в город учиться. Между тем в колхозе орудуют какие-то скрытые враги: убит парторг Рутиньш, оклеветан лучший бригадир, происходят всякие неполадки… Правда, новый парторг Марта энергично взялась за дело, начала налаживать хозяйство. Но враги только затаились. Случайно Илзе услышала разговор Рудиса со своим отцом. И только тут она поняла, кем на самом деле является её муж. Он участвовал в убийстве Рутиньша и теперь готовит покушение на Марту. В ужасе выбегает Иззе из дома и спешит предупредить Марту и колхозников. Заговорщиков арестовывают.

первенство СССР по футболу (550x700, 79Kb)
в 1960 году состоялись матчи на первенство СССР по футболу:
"Шахтер" (Сталино) - "Адмиралтеец" (Ленинград) 0:0
"Беларусь" (Минск) - "Локомотив" (Москва) 0:2
"Нефтяник" (Баку) - ЦСКА (Москва) 2:0
"Спартак" (Вильнюс) - "Крылья Советов" (Куйбышев) 1:2
"Динамо" (Киев) - "Кайрат" (Алма-Ата) 3:0

в 1960 году продовольственная и сельскохозяйственная организация ООН начинает кампанию по борьбе с голодом.

1960Василий Поляков _235 (700x409, 198Kb)
1960Василий Поляков 40---- (700x427, 454Kb)
в 1960 году пилот истребителя перехватчика «МиГ-19» гвардии капитан Василий Поляков сбил над Баренцевым морем американский самолет-разведчик «RB-47». Поляков В. сделал 2 залпа, после чего «ЕRB-47Н» загорелся и развалился на части. 3 члена экипажа во главе с командиром удачно катапультировались, 3 оператора выбраться из горящего самолёта не сумели. После приводнения командир воздушного судна запутался в стропах и захлебнулся, правый пилот капитан Фримэн В.Олмстед и штурман Джон Р.Маккоун через 6 часов были случайно подобраны советским траулером "Тобольск"и остались живы. Обломки самолёта-разведчика упали в Баренцево море близ мыса Святой Нос. Через три дня капитана-именинника вызвали в Москву. Летчик доложил о полете командующему истребительной авиацией ПВО страны генерал-полковнику Савицкому и главкому Войск ПВО СССР маршалу Бирюзову. Председатель Президиума Верховного совета СССР Брежнев вручил Полякову орден Боевого Красного знамени. На следующий день вышел "Огонек" с его фотографией на обложке. На этом командировка в Москву не закончилась. В течение нескольких дней майор Поляков участвовал в очных ставках с уцелевшими американцами. На первом же допросе второй пилот Олмстед сообщил: «Над СССР наш самолёт всё время уклонялся в глубину территории. Когда штурман докладывал командиру об этом, тот отвечал, что сам знает. Палм был весьма опытный пилот. С подобными заданиями он облетел едва ли не весь земной шар. Такой мог вполне обойтись и без штурмана». Американские летчики признались, что «RB-47» проводил разведку советской системы ПВО. Но командование ВВС США заявило, что самолет не вторгался в советское воздушное пространство.

1960Flag_of_Somalia (700x466, 23Kb)
в 1960 году провозглашается создание нового независимого африканского государства - Сомали, одна часть территории которого ранее принадлежала Италии, а другая - Великобритании. Незамедлительно правительство объединенного государства заявлянт претензии на обширные территории соседних Эфиопии и Кении, где проживает сомалийское население.
1960Coat_of_arms_of_Somalia (700x564, 323Kb)
Сомали́ (сомал. Soomaaliya, араб. الصومال‎ эс-Сумаль), официальное наименование — Федеративная Республика Сомали — восточноафриканское государство, фактически распавшееся в результате гражданской войны и деятельности сепаратистов на множество частей. В настоящее время небольшая часть провинций страны объединена общепризнанным федеральным правительством. Член ООН с 20 сентября 1960 года.

1960Flag_of_Ghana (700x466, 32Kb)
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в 1960 году независимое государство Гана провозглашается республикой. Президентом становится премьер-министр Кваме Нкрума.
Га́на (Ghana), Республика Гана (Republic of Ghana) — государство в Западной Африке. Входит в Содружество наций.
1960Coat_of_arms_of_Ghana (700x583, 433Kb)
Граничит на западе с Кот-д’Ивуаром, на северо-западе и севере — с Буркина-Фасо, на востоке — с Того. С юга омывается водами Гвинейского залива Атлантического океана.

в 1960 году на Кубе объявляется об экспроприации счетов и имущества американских нефтяных компаний "Шелл" и "Эссо". В ответ правительство США прекратит закупки кубинского сахара. Фидель Кастро обратится к СССР, и Москва даст обязательство закупать на Кубе сахар - основной экспортный товар страны. Этот сахар нам обойдется в 2 раза дороже мировых цен.

в 1960 году Великобритания и Кипр окончательно определяют порядок предоставления независимости Кипру, включая вопрос о британских военных базах на этом острове (10 июля объявлено о том, что провозглашение независимости переносится на 16 августа).

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в 1960 году состоялась первая запись песен Ареты Франклин (Aretha Franklin).

1960John Thomas (405x700, 160Kb)
в 1960 году в Пало-Альто (США) Джон Томас (John Thomas, США) установил мировой рекорд по прыжкам в высоту – 2.22 м.

в 1961 году председатель Президиума ВС СССР Л.И.Брежнев подписал Указ «Об усилении уголовной ответственности за нарушение правил о валютных операциях». Хотя считается, что закон обратной силы не имеет и «усиление ответственности» должно было коснуться только тех, кто совершил преступление после опубликования этого Указа, но оно коснулось уже осужденных валютчиков Рокотова и Файбишенко. Генпрокурор Руденко подал протест на «мягкость» приговора, вынесенного этим валютчикам Мосгорсудом. Дело принял к рассмотрению Верховный суд РСФСР, который приговорил Рокотова и Файбишенко к расстрелу.

1961TupolevTu-22K (700x425, 199Kb)
в 1961 году начались официальные испытания «Ту-22К». Первый полет с ракетой «Х-22» был запланирован на октябрь. В этом же месяце завод № 22 выпустил второй экземпляр ракетоносца. Обе машины испытывались параллельно. К 11 ноября они совершили 39 полетов и осуществили шесть пусков ракет. Серийное производство «Ту-22К» запланировали на 1964 год. В тот год удалось выпустить на заводские испытания три машины, строившиеся параллельно с бомбардировщиками-разведчиками. На четвертом серийном самолете уже установили новые двигатели «РД-7М2».

в 1961 году в Ижевске организована контора «Горгаз».

в 1961 году вступил в строй Ляскельский лесопильный завод.

первенство СССР по футболу (550x700, 79Kb)
в 1962 году состоялся матч на первенство СССР по футболу:
"Локомотив" (Москва) - "Спартак" (Ереван) 2:1

1962Flag_of_Rwanda (700x466, 48Kb)
в 1962 году провозглашение независимости Республики Руанда. Республика Руанда (до 1991 года — Руандийская Республика; французское название - République Rwandaise) — государство в Восточной Африке. Руанда граничит с Демократической Республикой Конго на западе, Угандой на севере, Танзанией на востоке и Бурунди на юге. Из-за холмистого ландшафта имеет прозвище Земля тысячи холмов (французское название - Pays des Mille Collines, руанда Igihugu cy’Imisozi Igihumbi). Руанда расположена в центре Африки, невдалеке к югу от экватора. На западной границе с ДРК находятся озеро Киву и река Рузизи, являющиеся частью Восточно-африканской рифтовой долины. В центре страны находится её столица — город Кигали.
1962Coat_of_arms_of_Rwanda (640x700, 314Kb)
Рельеф Руанды в основном образуется невысокими холмами, на западной границе высотность резко обрывается у берегов озера Киву и реки Русизи, на востоке постепенно сокращается в направлении Танзании, где расположены в основном долины и болота. В Руанде расположены некоторые истоки Нила. Реки бассейна Нила и Конго. Крупнейшее озеро — Киву, единственное в Африке озеро, не заселённое крокодилами. На юге и востоке страны — цепь мелких озёр (там крокодилы водятся). Климат — субэкваториальный, сезонно-влажный, мягкий из-за значительной высоты над уровнем моря. В Кигали (на высоте 1550 м) среднемесячные температуры круглый год 17-21 °C. Осадков около 1000—1500 мм в год. Сухой сезон — с июня по сентябрь. Растительность — в основном саванна, на склонах гор влажные тропические леса. Животный мир почти истреблён. Крупные животные (антилопы, буйволы, носороги, зебры, львы, слоны, бегемоты, крокодилы, гориллы) сохранились лишь в заповедниках.

1962Flag_of_Burundi (700x419, 106Kb)
— Бурунди получил Независимость от Бельгии (700x348, 284Kb)" />
в 1962 году провозглашение независимости Республики Руанда и Королевства Бурунди. Хуту появились в XIV столетии, ассимилировав большую часть тва. В XV столетии после прихода тутси было создано королевство, подобное королевству тутси в Руанде. Однако кастовая система в Бурунди не была такой строгой: часты были браки между тутси и хуту, хуту пользовались большой экономической свободой. XVIIIв. – сложилось самостоятельное феодальное государство Бурунди.
1962Coat_of_arms_of_Burundi (554x700, 174Kb)
1825 – 1852 гг. – расцвет страны во время правления короля Нтаре II, приобретение современных границ. 1899г. – в столице учрежден германский военный пост. В 80-е годы XIX столетия Бурунди (в то время Урунди) вместе с Руандой была оккупирована Германией и в 1903 включена в состав Германской Восточной Африки. 1919г. – после поражения Германии в I мировой войне управление над территорией Бурунди перешло к Бельгии (бельгийская подмандатная территория).
1 июля 1962 года 1 июля 1962 года Бурунди получила независимость как конституционная монархия. В 1966 году после военного переворота страна была провозглашена республикой. В 1990-е годы в стране начались межэтнические столкновения между хуту и тутси. Бурунди является членом ООН, ГАТТ, МВФ, ВОЗ, Организации африканского единства<br /> <br /> в 1962 году Соединенные Штаты перестали признавать катоба Северной Каролины как племя. Несмотря на прогнозы, катоба не потеряли племенную идентичность после терминации, сохранив свое единство. Терминация, посредством которой федеральное правительство пыталось прервать свои межправительственные отношения с индейскими народами, фактически упразднив племена, стала федеральной политикой. Ключевым элементом этой политики было переселение – программа, призванная выманить индейцев из резерваций в города, где был большой спрос на рабочую силу. Человеком, которого президент Гарри Трумэн (1945-1953) выбрал для руководства программами терминации и переселения в качестве комиссара по делам индейцев, был Диллон Майер. До этого Майер имел опыт работы с меньшинствами в годы Второй мировой войны, когда он возглавлял Военное управление по вопросам переселения – ведомство, в подчинении которого находились лагеря для интернированных американцев японского происхождения. Распределение земель привело к потере 65 процентов индейских земель - во многом вследствие терминации и переселения. Сегодня более 70 процентов коренных американцев живут за пределами резерваций.<br /> <br /> в 1962 году Роберт Соблен, приговоренный в США за шпионаж к пожизненному заключению, прибывает в Лондон после депортации из Джордана (британский министр внутренних дел отказывается предоставить ему убежище, после чего 11 сентября Соблен кончает жизнь самоубийством). <br /> <br /> в 1963 году <a href=/www.libussr.ru/doc_ussr/ussr_5965.htm" target="_blank"> Постановление Бюро ЦК КПСС по РСФСР, Совмина РСФСР от 01.07.1963 N 825 "О состоянии и мерах улучшения работы детских театров Российской Федерации"

в 1963 году в Ленинграде открыто движение поездов по второй ветке метро от "Технологического института" до станций "Площадь Мира", "Невский Проспект", "Горьковская", "Петроградской". Эта ветка во многом определила облик ленинградского метро на много лет вперед. Она появилась уже после начала борьбы с "архитектурными излишествами" и получилась предельно строгой, если не сказать скромной.

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в 1963 году станция Ленинградского метро «Невский Проспект» открыта в составе участка «Технологический институт» — «Петроградская». Название связано с расположением на одноимённой главной магистрали города. В проекте станция носила название «Площадь Плеханова» (прежнее название площади перед Казанским собором). Наземный павильон отсутствует, вход в вестибюль осуществляется через подземные переходы, имеющие выходы на Михайловскую улицу и Невский проспект. Вестибюль и подземный переход выполнен по проекту архитекторов А.К.Андреева, А.С.Гецкина, В.П.Шуваловой. Подземное размещение вестибюля было применено впервые в Санкт-Петербурге. При его сооружении Перинные ряды с «портиком Руска» были разрушены, в 1972 году — портик был восстановлен с несколько изменёнными пропорциями, в 2004 году был построен торговый центр, совершенно непохожий на предыдущие постройки. Выход на Михайловскую улицу после открытия станции осуществлялся посредством каскада из двух эскалаторов (как на «Пролетарской»), но во время ремонта наклонного хода (1998 года) малые эскалаторы были демонтированы и заменены на трёхпролётную лестницу. Летом 2007 года освещение вестибюля было заменено на стандартное. Другой выход со станции — общий со станцией «Гостиный двор» на канал Грибоедова (бывший Екатерининский). Иногда из-за этого станцию неофициально называют «Канал Грибоедова». Выход был открыт 30 апреля 1967 года и расположен в северном торце станции. Малые эскалаторы этого выхода в город находятся в том же эскалаторном зале, что и пересадочные эскалаторы. «Невский проспект» — пилонная станция глубокого заложения (глубина — 63 м). Подземный зал сооружен по проекту архитектора С.Г.Майофиса и инженера Б.Д.Максимова. Своды и пилоны оштукатурены, в нижней части украшены рёбрами из полированного алюминия. Форма пилонов в композиции с оформлением среднего зала напоминает форму тоннеля. Путевые стены были выложены стеклянной плиткой с красной подложкой, заменённой в 2006 году на искусственный камень того же цвета Пол центрального зала из габбро и лабродорита. Асфальтовый пол путевых тоннелей в 2007 году заменён на каменный. В середине зала на части свода между двумя пилонами (В этом месте свод сделан намного выше) помещён текст Указа Президиума ВС СССР «О награждении Ленинградского метрополитена имени В.И.Ленина орденом Ленина». До 2004 года станция освещалась ртутными лампами, затем освещение было заменено на натриевое.

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в 1963 году станция Ленинградского метро «Петроградская» открыта в составе участка «Технологический институт» — «Петроградская». Наименование получила из-за расположения на Петроградской стороне, одном из исторических районов города. Наземный вестибюль выполнен по проекту архитекторов А.К.Андреева, Я.Е.Москаленко и встроен в здание «Дома мод», расположенного на пересечении Каменноостровского проспекта и Большого проспекта Петроградской стороны, у площади Льва Толстого. Вестибюль имеет Г-образную форму в плане. Над эскалаторным ходом размещался витраж на тему комсомола, уничтоженный 31 декабря 1993 года в результате взрыва в доме № 37. «Петроградская» — станция закрытого типа («горизонтальный лифт») глубокого заложения (глубина ~ 53 м). Подземный зал сооружён по проекту архитекторов В.Ф.Белова, А.В.Говорковского, В.Л.Ривина, Н.Н.Трегубова и Л.И.Шимаковского. Гофрированная поверхность стен перронного зала выполнена облицовкой из керамики. Торцевая стена украшена золотистым декоративным панно на фоне синей решётки, с профилем молодых рабочего и крестьянки, отражающих тему революционного Петрограда (художник Г.Н.Васильев). Наклонный ход (выход со станции), содержащий 3 эскалатора, расположен в северном торце станции.

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в 1963 году станция Ленинградского метро «Горьковская» открыта в составе участка «Технологический институт» — «Петроградская». Данное название получила благодаря тому, что расположена в начале бывшего проспекта Максима Горького (ныне Кронверкский проспект), где в доме № 23 долгое время жил писатель. «Горьковская» — пилонная станция с укороченным центральным нефом (залом) глубокого заложения (глубина ~ 53 м). Станция начинает серию из семи пилонных станций, идущих подряд. Подземный зал сооружён по проекту архитекторов С.И.Евдокимова, Н.И.Башнина, А.П.Изоитко, С.Л.Михайлова и Е.И.Травникова. Художественное оформление станции посвящено пролетарскому писателю М.Горькому. Оформление станции простое и суровое, пилоны облицованы сааремским известняком с включением грубо обработанных блоков. Под карнизом пилонов установлены круглые лампы. Торцевую стену центрального подземного зала украшает портрет писателя, выполненный из камня той же породы (скульпторы М.Р.Габе, А.М.Торич, П.А.Якимович). На путевых стенах установлены декоративные решётки с узорами на тему произведений писателя. Кроме того, на дверях кабельных шкафов в путевых тоннелях находятся изображения буревестника, выполненные из тёмных металлических полос. Пол центрального нефа выстлан серым гранитом, полы перронных залов — асфальтом, который в процессе реконструкции был заменён гранитом. Кафель на путевых стенах был заменён белым мрамором. Наклонный ход (выход со станции), содержащий 3 эскалатора, расположен в северном торце центрального нефа (зала). Новый вестибюль станции метро «Горьковская», выход на Каменноостровский проспект. Новый вестибюль станции — одноэтажное здание в виде инопланетного корабля. Как и прежний вестибюль, который был построен в 1963 году по проекту архитекторов Арона Гецкина и Валентины Шуваловой, он располагается на Кронверке Петропавловской крепости у развилки Кронверкского и Каменноостровского проспектов. Проект нового здания был выполнен ООО «СУАР. Т-проект». 27 марта 2009 года его поддержал градостроительный совет. Площадь павильона увеличилась в три раза. Как и старая постройка, для предотвращения затопления в связи с близостью реки Невы, новый вестибюль поставлен на возвышении. Старый вестибюль являлся типовым для станций Ленинградского метрополитена, открытых в хрущевскую эпоху (аналогичен вестибюлям станций «Парк Победы», «Электросила», «Фрунзенская»). Он представлял собой приземистое цилиндрическое здание с куполом и застеклёнными входами. Козырек над входом после трагедии на «Сенной площади» был укреплён специальными подпорками.

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в 1963 году станция Ленинградского метро «Сенная площадь» открыта в составе участка «Технологический институт» — «Петроградская». Наименование получила из-за близости к одноимённой площади. До июля 1992 года носила название «Площадь Мира». Наземный павильон выполнен по проекту архитекторов А.С.Гецкина, В.П.Шуваловой и располагается у Сенной площади, в непосредственной близости от места снесённой в 1961 году Успенской церкви (Спаса-на-Сенной). Обращён к площади широким витражом входа. Изначально планировалось впоследствии встроить вестибюль в крупное здание общественного назначения: газета «Смена» писала: он (вестибюль) будет встроен в большое здание, которое поднимется на площади. Естественно, на месте взорванной церкви и разрушенного уже после постройки вестибюля метро жилого здания на углу площади Мира и улицы Ефимова. Возможно, в 1981 году этим зданием должен был стать Ленинградский Аэровокзал, в нём должен был находится вестибюль. В июле 2007 года начальником метрополитена была обнародована информация о том, что вестибюль станции метро «Сенная» будет «объединён с новым зданием, в котором разместится небольшой торговый центр». 10 июня 1999 года в 19 часов 40 минут произошла трагедия: обрушился пятиметровый бетонный козырёк наземного павильона, в результате погибли 7 человек. Судебная экспертиза сделала заключение о том, что при разработке проекта павильона метро были допущены грубые ошибки. Для недопущения повторения трагедии на всех станциях метро произвели укрепление козырьков, в случае невозможности укрепления — козырьки были сняты. «Сенная площадь» — станция пилонного типа глубокого заложения (глубина ~ 55 м). Подземный зал сооружен по проекту архитекторов А.И.Прибульского, А.Я.Мачерет, В.В.Ганкевич. При открытии пилоны были облицованы мелкой серо-кремовой кафельной плиткой (т. н. «ириской»), торец центрального зала украшала надпись: СССР оплот мира. Оформление станции простое, пилоны отделаны мрамором, путевые стены — голубой керамической плиткой (цвет мира). Лампы, освещающие центральный зал и платформы, скрыты за карнизами люверсных решёток, выполненных из аннодированного металла. Наклонный ход (выход со станции), содержащий 3 эскалатора, расположен в северном торце станции. В южном конце станции построен переход на станцию метро «Спасская». Торец у перехода украшает надпись: «1703 Санкт-Петербург 1914 Петроград 1924 Ленинград 1991 Санкт-Петербург», символизирующая переименования города. Под надписью расположено панно с тремя колоннами: ионической слева, дорической в центре и коринфской справа, символизирующие либо три названия города (исходя из расположенного вверху), то ли три века истории и зодчества Санкт-Петербурга.

в 1963 году в Ленинграде (ныне Санкт-Петербург) начал издаваться шрифтом Брайля литературно-художественный журнал «Литературные чтения». Задача журнала – перепечатывать из разных российских и зарубежных журналов, альманахов, сборников глубокие по содержанию, яркие высокохудожественные произведения. На страницах журнала читатели находят разнообразные по жанрам публикации: от лирических стихов и романов до литературоведческих статей. «Литературные чтения» пользуется популярностью, тираж журнала составляет 1000 экземпляров.

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в 1963 году введена в строй первая очередь Петрозаводского завода тяжелого бумагоделательного машиностроения. Ныне – АО «Петрозаводскмаш» – крупнейшее машиностроительное предприятие в Карелии и единственное в России, производящее бумагоделательные машины.

в 1963 году состоялась премьера художественного фильма «Завтрашние заботы». Производство: Ленфильм, 1962. Режиссеры: Григорий Аронов, Будимир Метальников. Сценарист: Будимир Метальников. Оператор: Константин Рыжов. Композитор: Люциан Пригожин. Художник: Михаил Иванов. Актеры: Анатолий Азо, Елена Добронравова, Юрий Дедович, Сергей Плотников, Вера Титова, Станислав Фесюнов, Гелий Сысоев, Виктор Терехов, Борис Павлов-Сильванский. По мотивам одноименной повести Виктора Конецкого. Трудным оказался этот рейс по Северному морскому пути для капитана Глеба Вольнова (Анатолий Азо). Его беспокоит команда - курсанты, впервые вышедшие в море. Беспокоит его и механик Битов, отец его погибшего друга. Он вышел в море после долгого перерыва: никто не хотел рисковать и брать на борт больного старика. Глеб также переживает личную драму. Его новый друг капитан Левин познакомил Глеба со своей давней приятельницей Агнией (Елена Добронравова). Но Глеб оскорбил Агнию своим равнодушием и слишком поздно понял, что она для него значит.

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в 1963 году в Великобритании окончательно выясняется, что Ким Филби был третьим лицом, причастным вместе с Гаем Берджессом и Дональдом Маклином к шпионажу в пользу СССР. Выступая в Палате общин британского парламента, лорд-хранитель печати Эдвард Хит впервые официально информирует английскую общественность о побеге Кима Филби в "одну из стран советского блока".

в 1963 году министерство почт США вводит почтовые индексы.

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в 1963 году Пассо Фундо, Бразилия. Разбивается самолет «DC-3» компании «Varig». 15 человек погибают.

в 1963 году «The Rolling Stones» дают концерт в клубе Кена Кольера “Studio 51” (Сохо, Лондон).

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в 1963 году «The Beatles» записывают свой новый сигл «She Loves You» / «I'll Get You», в лондонской «EMI Studios». Две песни для сингла были записаны за четыре с небольшим часа. Релиз сингла состоялся в августе 1963-го, «She Loves You» cтанет для группы первым синглом проданным в количестве более миллионов копий.

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в 1964 году в 11:16 UTC с космодрома «Байконур» осуществлен пуск ракеты-носителя "Восход 11А57", которая вывела на околоземную орбиту советский спутник оптической разведки "Космос-34" (00822 / 1964 034А). Космический аппарат фоторазведки типа "Зенит-4" выведен на орбиту с параметрами: наклонение орбиты - 64.97 град.; период обращения - 90 мин.; минимальное расстояние от поверхности Земли (в перигее) - 205 км; максимальное расстояние от поверхности Земли (в апогее) - 360 км.

в 1964 году на территории СССР совершил посадку спускаемый аппарат советского разведывательного спутника "Космос-33" ("Зенит-2").

первенство СССР по футболу (550x700, 79Kb)
в 1964 году состоялся матч на первенство СССР по футболу:
"Торпедо" (Москва) - "Динамо" (Тбилиси) 1:1

в 1964 году в Сиднее основан Азиатско-Тихоокеанский союз радиовещания – крупнейший международный союз радиовещания в АТР.

в 1964 году государство Ньясаленд переименовано в Малави.

в 1964 году замужние женщины в Квебеке получили равные права с мужчинами.

1964McDonnellDouglasPhantomFG1F-4K (700x424, 179Kb)
в 1964 году королевский флот дал официальное разрешение на создание варианта истребителя «F-4» «Phantom» в соответсвии с британскими требованиями. Для замены устаревавшего палубного истребителя «De Havilland» «Sea Vixen» командование Королевского флота Англии планировало перспективный двухмаховый истребитель с вертикальным взлетом и посадкой «Hawker Siddley» «P.1154». Но из-за неоправданной дороговизны и затянувшейся разработки правительство Британии закрыло этот проект. В то же время между правительством Англии и компанией «McDonnell» велся диалог по предложению о создании варианта истребителя «F-4» «Phantom» («McDonnell Douglas» «F-4K» «Phantom II»).

1964Henry Clay (700x540, 324Kb)
в 1964 году садится на мель американский подводный атомный ракетоносец «Генри Клей» (Henry Clay), который удаётся снять лишь с помощью спасательных буксиров.




в 1964 году «битловский» («The Beatles») сингл «Hard Day's Night» вышел на 1 место в списке синглов и продержался 2 недели.

в 1964 году группа Рода Стюарта (Rod Stewart) "Steam Packet" впервые играла на разогреве у «The Rolling Stones» на площадке «London Palladium».

1964terje-pedersen (667x700, 295Kb)
в 1964 году в Осло (Норвегия) Терье Педерсен (Terje Pedersen, Норвегия) установил мировой рекорд в метании копья на открытых стадионах - 87,12 м.

Рузаевская трикотажная фабрика.  (700x526, 356Kb)
в 1965 году введена в эксплуатацию Рузаевская трикотажная фабрика.

первенство СССР по футболу (550x700, 79Kb)
в 1965 году состоялся матч на первенство СССР по футболу:
ЦСКА (Москва) - "Торпедо" (Кутаиси) 3:0

 (699x477, 107Kb)
в 1965 году Канзас Сити (штат Миссури, США). Самолет «Боинг-707» компании «Continental Airlines» при посадке проскользывает за конец полосы и переломляется пополам. Погибших нет. Произошло глиссирование колес шасси на мокрой полосе, что сделало неэффективным торможение.

1964The-Great-Race-2539465 (449x700, 347Kb)
в 1965 году в Нью-Йорке состоялась премьера художественного фильма «Большие гонки» (оригинальное название: The Great Race; премьера в Нидерландах 27 января 1966; премьера в Франции 17 февраля 1966; премьера в Турции 2 марта 1967; премьера в Испании 10 апреля 1966; премьера в Дании 9 июня 1966; премьера на Каннском Международном кинофестивале в Москве 7 июля 1965; премьера в Финляндии 26 августа 1966; премьера в Бельгии 9 сентября 1966; премьера в Мексике 6 октября 1966; премьера в Великобритании 14 октября 1965; премьера в ГДР 11 ноября 1966; премьера в Португалии 7 декабря 1965; премьера в ФРГ 9 декабря 1965; премьера в Австралии 17 декабря 1965; премьера в Бразилии 25 декабря 1965; премьера в Японии 25 декабря 1965; премьера в Швеции 26 декабря 1965). Производство: Warner Bros., 1964. Режиссер: Блейк Эдвардс. Сценаристы: Блейк Эдвардс, Артур А.Росс. Оператор: Рассел Хэрлан. Композитор: Генри Манчини. Продюсеры: Дик Крокетт, Мартин Джуроу. Актеры: Тони Кёртис, Джек Леммон, Натали Вуд, Питер Фальк, Кинан Уинн, Артур О'Коннелл, Дороти Провайн, Ларри Сторч, Росс Мартин, Джордж МакРиди, Марвин Каплан, Вивиан Вэнс, Хэл Смит, Денвер Пайл, Кен Уэльс.



Широкоформатный фильм. Знаменитый испытатель Лесли (Тони Кертис) по прозвищу Великий инициирует беспрецедентную акцию - автомобильную гонку Нью-Йорк - Париж. Находясь за рулем уникальной по оснащению машины, он соперничает с самыми отчаянными авантюристами. Однако основным его противником становится завистливый неудачник профессор Фэйт (Джек Леммон) со своим помощником Максом, строящий козни и не гнушающийся самых коварных методов достижения заветной цели. К тому же в гонках участвует очаровательная и напористая журналистка Мэгги (Натали Вуд), намеревающаяся сделать сенсационный репортаж о соревнованиях и тем самым добиться признания. Премия "Оскар" (1965): Лучшие звуковые эффекты (Трег Браун). Номинация на "Оскар" (1965): Лучший оператор (Расселл Харлан); Лучший монтаж (Ральф И.Уинтерс); Лучший звук (Джордж Гроувс); Лучшая песня (Генри Манчини, Джонни Мерсер).

1960советские колхозники (700x433, 58Kb)
в 1966 году советские колхозники впервые стали получать ежемесячную зарплату. На смену печально известному трудодню пришла новая система оплаты труда: ежемесячные выплаты считались авансом, а в конце года производился окончательный расчет - в зависимости от личного вклада колхозника и денежных доходов колхоза.

1966DAqtUaiFUo0 (700x399, 246Kb)
в 1966 году в Челябинске открылся универмаг "Детский мир". Универмаг "Детский мир" в Челябинске мог открыться на тридцать лет раньше. Еще в 1936 году был утвержден проект возведения крупного магазина, который разработал архитектор Б.Н.Егоров. К 1939 году уже были завершены основные строительные работы, а открытие запланировали на 1941 год, но помешала начавшаяся Великая Отечественная война. На протяжении нескольких военных лет в здании только что построенного предприятия торговли разместился наркомат танковой промышленности, а также велась работа по подготовке профессиональных кадров, поскольку в Челябинске находились в эвакуации моторные и станкостроительные заводы из разных городов Советского Союза.
1966ddRV32cvdDE (700x523, 313Kb)
Подготовка специалистов осуществлялась по двум направлениям на факультетах колесно-гусеничных машин и механико-технологический. После окончания войны, вплоть до 1949 года в здании будущего универмага производились работ
          A Idade do Nacionalismo Étnico   

Carlos Kandanda
 
Este tema não só é bastante sugestivo, mas de certo modo, suscita uma reflexão profunda sobre as realidades concretas que têm sido vistas como sendo tabus na convivência humana e na coexistência pacífica entre as Nações modernas, desde o advento da civilização humana, até à época contemporânea – da Globalização. 

Bem entendida, de forma resumida, a Etnia é um conjunto de indivíduos que, podendo pertencer a raças e as Nações diferentes, estão unidos por uma cultura e, particularmente, por uma língua comuns – como seu património e sua herança cultural. Note-se que, o pertencer as Nações (Estados) diferentes, não invalida o elo de ligação existente entre os mesmos indivíduos, da mesma etnia, da mesma cultura, da mesma língua e do mesmo sangue – sob a mesma árvore genealógica. 

Esta realidade sociológica, da “coesão étnica” (ou de nacionalismo étnico), tem sido desvirtuada ou mal-entendida ao longo da civilização humana, no processo gradual da fundação das Nações e da construção de Estados modernos multiétnicos, multiculturais, multilinguísticos e multirraciais. A criação de sociedades cosmopolitas, compostas por diversos povos de diferentes espaços geográficos, veiculados por inúmeros factores da Globalização, tornando o Mundo numa pequena aldeia, fizera com que, o nacionalismo ou o patriotismo perdesse a sua base étnico-cultural. 

Pois, os elementos básicos da etnia, isto é, os valores culturais e linguísticos, como fontes da coesão nacional, entraram no processo gradual e sistemático da aculturação, da assimilação e da alienação cultural. Criando, deste modo, os ditos, «cidadãos do mundo», sujeitos aos factores da Globalização, dominados pelas multinacionais – detentores de grandes capitais financeiros. O poder financeiro das multinacionais sujeita e subordina os poderes políticos de todas Nações do Mundo, incluindo as Organizações multilaterais, como as Nações Unidas, dominadas pelas potências mundiais. 

Só assim que se torna entendível a renascença do nacionalismo étnico que se verifica nos dias de hoje, em todas partes do Mundo. A bordo do avião, de Luanda para Munique, via Lisboa, tive a oportunidade de fazer uma leitura de vários artigos, da Revista, The Economist, com uma caricatura de capa muito interessante, que desejo partilhar com os internautas, deste espaço social. Esta Revista fez o trabalho detalhado de fundo sobre o ressurgimento do «novo nacionalismo étnico», que se verifica em diversos países da Europa, da Asia, da América e da Africa, com destaque: Os Estados Unidos da América, Brasil, Rússia, China, India, Myanmar, Grã-Bretanha, França, Alemanha, Espanha, Turquia, Síria, Iraque, Irão, Egipto, Líbia, Africa do Sul, Cote d’Ivoire, Sudão do Norte, Sudão do Sul, Mali, Somália, Quénia, Republica Centro Africana, Burundi, Ruanda, RDC, Nigéria, Angola, etc.

O meu espanto reside no facto de que, embora os Estados Unidos da América seja um País (em geral) de imigrantes, em que a comunidade branca (de origem europeia) é composta por 69,1%, com maior poder financeiro e poder politico, a nível nacional e a escala mundial. Mas mesmo assim, esta comunidade, em referência, sente-se insegura no que diz respeito a afirmação dos seus valores étnico-culturais, como sustentáculo do poder politico, económico e financeiro. 

Buscando, desta maneira, o nacionalismo étnico, como forma de afirmar a sua hegemonia politica sobre outras comunidades, nomeadamente: a comunidade hispânica (12,5%), vinda da América Latina; a comunidade afro-americana (12,3%), descendente de escravos negros, trazidos da Africa Negra; a comunidade asiática (3.6%), vinda da Asia; e as comunidades indígenas (2,5%), que foram alvos de genocídio, perpetrado por invasores brancos europeus, durante as guerras de ocupação dos territórios americanos. 

Este fenómeno, do nacionalismo étnico, se regista igualmente na Rússia (etnia Eslavo-russo) e na China (etnia Han-chinesa), que buscam a afirmação da sua supremacia cultural, linguística, politica e económica sobre outros grupos étnicos, dentro e fora das suas esferas de influências. Acontece que, os factores da globalização do Mundo capitalista, já têm enormes impactos sociais, económicos e culturais nas duas potências asiáticas acima mencionadas. Desmoronando gradualmente os pilares básicos dos poderes políticos, com estruturas bem centralizadas – de cima para baixo.

 A Turquia, o antigo Império Otomano, da cultura muçulmana-árabe, que ocupava um território de 5.000.000km2, tem estado aproximar a União Europeia, dominada pela Alemanha, França e Grã-Bretanha, com fim de se integrar no sistema capitalista, assente nos valores Cristãos, como motor da civilização ocidental. Só que, o contraste entre a cultura muçulmana-árabe e o cristianismo-europeu é bastante enorme e quase irreconciliável. Tem havido reticências reciprocas entre os Europeus e os Turcos, com aspirações politicas, culturais e religiosas contraditórias. 

Internamente a Turquia enfrenta resistências fortes das minorias Curdos-Arménios, que foram alvos de genocídio na Primeira Guerra Mundial por Império Otomano. Além disso, o posicionamento da Turquia no Médio Oriente é visto com desconfiança por seus vizinhos que eram oprimidos durante o Expansionismo Turco-Otomano. Interessa notar que, os conflitos armados no Médio Oriente e no Norte da Africa desencadearam o êxodo migratório intenso, com destino à Europa Ocidental. Agravando, assim, as relações multilaterais entre os Europeus e os Árabes Muçulmanos. 

O Reino Unido foi a maior potencia colonial europeia, com territórios vastos em Africa, na Asia e na América do Norte. A sua influência politica, económica e cultural era enorme a nível mundial. Desempenhado o papel primordial nas duas guerras mundiais em que Alemanha foi decisivamente derrotada. Todavia, com o andar do tempo, pós-guerra mundial II, com a independência das colonias, o Reino Unido tem estado em declínio gradual. Ofuscando-se pela ascensão económica e tecnológica da Alemanha, que se afirma hoje, dentro da União Europeia, como Líder do Velho Continente. Alinhando-se com a França, criando um «Eixo-Central» de influência junto da União Europeia, manipulado pela Alemanha. 

A imigração árabe e africana à Europa tem estado agravar a situação, já bastante complexa, servindo-se de pretexto da retirada do Reino Unido da União Europeia (BREXIT), cujas repercussões são evidentes em toda Europa. Havendo o risco da Escócia desmembrar-se do Reino Unido, preferindo manter-se dentro da União Europeia. Na verdade, olhando bem para a paisagem sociocultural da Europa Central, torna-se evidente a expansão da cultura muçulmana, capaz de alterar o quadro étnico-cultural da Europa nos próximos três décadas. O processo da integração social (choque de culturas) na Europa Ocidental poderá resultar-se na «sujeição cultural» do Cristianismo ao Islamismo; ou na «ruptura social» entre o Islamismo-Árabe e o Cristianismo-Europeu.

Em síntese, o ímpeto da Globalização do Mundo está em abrandamento. A baixa do preço do petróleo enfraquecera de forma dramática o domínio dos detentores dos grandes capitais financeiros sobre os poderes políticos e as organizações multilaterais. O nacionalismo cosmopolita, assente na cidadania mundial enfrenta enormes desafios na arena internacional. Ao passo que, o nacionalismo étnico está em plena ascensão. Os valores do capitalismo ocidental, assente no sufrágio universal, na liberdade, na igualdade, na cidadania e na justiça social, têm estado a perder o terreno. 

As Nações Unidas, a Sede do Multilateralismo, tem sido difícil a manutenção do «equilíbrio geopolítico» entre as Nações, os Estados e os Continentes. Perdendo gradualmente a sua legitimidade e credibilidade diante os Povos do Mundo. Por outro lado, cresce vertiginosamente os conflitos políticos, culturais, religiosos e interétnicos. Estando o Mundo em via de transformações profundas, em busca da nova ordem mundial e de novos sistemas políticos. Contudo, a incerteza é maior, e não se sabe, com exactidão, as consequências do surgimento do novo nacionalismo étnico, que se alastra pelo Mundo inteiro. 

Não obstante, a verdade é esta, a revolução social contra os detentores de grandes capitais, já está em marcha. Sendo, as correntes politicas, da extrema-direita e da extrema-esquerda, a conquistar espaços significativos do centro-direita e do centro-esquerda, respectivamente. Nesta referência, da época contemporânea, das grandes transformações que ocorrem no Mundo, a «Etnia Bantu», que representa a maior parte dos Povos da Africa Subsaariana tem os grandes desafios de defender, salvaguardar, preservar, promover e projectar as suas línguas e os seus valores culturais, com vista a renascer o esplendor da NEGRITUDE, que defende a identidade cultural das comunidades negras, de origens negras, de sangue negro e de mistura com sangue negro – espalhadas pelo Mundo inteiro. 

Este Conceito, da NEGRITUDE, não constitui tabu nenhum, mas sim, se trata de uma realidade material – incontornável – capaz de buscar o poder politico, económico e financeiro; revestir-se da autoridade e da dignidade étnica; valorizar a raça negra; e conquistar a cidadania real e verdadeira – sustentável, respeitável e soberana.

Munique, 29 de Novembro de 2016    

          A Idade do Nacionalismo Étnico   

Carlos Kandanda
 
Este tema não só é bastante sugestivo, mas de certo modo, suscita uma reflexão profunda sobre as realidades concretas que têm sido vistas como sendo tabus na convivência humana e na coexistência pacífica entre as Nações modernas, desde o advento da civilização humana, até à época contemporânea – da Globalização. 

Bem entendida, de forma resumida, a Etnia é um conjunto de indivíduos que, podendo pertencer a raças e as Nações diferentes, estão unidos por uma cultura e, particularmente, por uma língua comuns – como seu património e sua herança cultural. Note-se que, o pertencer as Nações (Estados) diferentes, não invalida o elo de ligação existente entre os mesmos indivíduos, da mesma etnia, da mesma cultura, da mesma língua e do mesmo sangue – sob a mesma árvore genealógica. 

Esta realidade sociológica, da “coesão étnica” (ou de nacionalismo étnico), tem sido desvirtuada ou mal-entendida ao longo da civilização humana, no processo gradual da fundação das Nações e da construção de Estados modernos multiétnicos, multiculturais, multilinguísticos e multirraciais. A criação de sociedades cosmopolitas, compostas por diversos povos de diferentes espaços geográficos, veiculados por inúmeros factores da Globalização, tornando o Mundo numa pequena aldeia, fizera com que, o nacionalismo ou o patriotismo perdesse a sua base étnico-cultural. 

Pois, os elementos básicos da etnia, isto é, os valores culturais e linguísticos, como fontes da coesão nacional, entraram no processo gradual e sistemático da aculturação, da assimilação e da alienação cultural. Criando, deste modo, os ditos, «cidadãos do mundo», sujeitos aos factores da Globalização, dominados pelas multinacionais – detentores de grandes capitais financeiros. O poder financeiro das multinacionais sujeita e subordina os poderes políticos de todas Nações do Mundo, incluindo as Organizações multilaterais, como as Nações Unidas, dominadas pelas potências mundiais. 

Só assim que se torna entendível a renascença do nacionalismo étnico que se verifica nos dias de hoje, em todas partes do Mundo. A bordo do avião, de Luanda para Munique, via Lisboa, tive a oportunidade de fazer uma leitura de vários artigos, da Revista, The Economist, com uma caricatura de capa muito interessante, que desejo partilhar com os internautas, deste espaço social. Esta Revista fez o trabalho detalhado de fundo sobre o ressurgimento do «novo nacionalismo étnico», que se verifica em diversos países da Europa, da Asia, da América e da Africa, com destaque: Os Estados Unidos da América, Brasil, Rússia, China, India, Myanmar, Grã-Bretanha, França, Alemanha, Espanha, Turquia, Síria, Iraque, Irão, Egipto, Líbia, Africa do Sul, Cote d’Ivoire, Sudão do Norte, Sudão do Sul, Mali, Somália, Quénia, Republica Centro Africana, Burundi, Ruanda, RDC, Nigéria, Angola, etc.

O meu espanto reside no facto de que, embora os Estados Unidos da América seja um País (em geral) de imigrantes, em que a comunidade branca (de origem europeia) é composta por 69,1%, com maior poder financeiro e poder politico, a nível nacional e a escala mundial. Mas mesmo assim, esta comunidade, em referência, sente-se insegura no que diz respeito a afirmação dos seus valores étnico-culturais, como sustentáculo do poder politico, económico e financeiro. 

Buscando, desta maneira, o nacionalismo étnico, como forma de afirmar a sua hegemonia politica sobre outras comunidades, nomeadamente: a comunidade hispânica (12,5%), vinda da América Latina; a comunidade afro-americana (12,3%), descendente de escravos negros, trazidos da Africa Negra; a comunidade asiática (3.6%), vinda da Asia; e as comunidades indígenas (2,5%), que foram alvos de genocídio, perpetrado por invasores brancos europeus, durante as guerras de ocupação dos territórios americanos. 

Este fenómeno, do nacionalismo étnico, se regista igualmente na Rússia (etnia Eslavo-russo) e na China (etnia Han-chinesa), que buscam a afirmação da sua supremacia cultural, linguística, politica e económica sobre outros grupos étnicos, dentro e fora das suas esferas de influências. Acontece que, os factores da globalização do Mundo capitalista, já têm enormes impactos sociais, económicos e culturais nas duas potências asiáticas acima mencionadas. Desmoronando gradualmente os pilares básicos dos poderes políticos, com estruturas bem centralizadas – de cima para baixo.

 A Turquia, o antigo Império Otomano, da cultura muçulmana-árabe, que ocupava um território de 5.000.000km2, tem estado aproximar a União Europeia, dominada pela Alemanha, França e Grã-Bretanha, com fim de se integrar no sistema capitalista, assente nos valores Cristãos, como motor da civilização ocidental. Só que, o contraste entre a cultura muçulmana-árabe e o cristianismo-europeu é bastante enorme e quase irreconciliável. Tem havido reticências reciprocas entre os Europeus e os Turcos, com aspirações politicas, culturais e religiosas contraditórias. 

Internamente a Turquia enfrenta resistências fortes das minorias Curdos-Arménios, que foram alvos de genocídio na Primeira Guerra Mundial por Império Otomano. Além disso, o posicionamento da Turquia no Médio Oriente é visto com desconfiança por seus vizinhos que eram oprimidos durante o Expansionismo Turco-Otomano. Interessa notar que, os conflitos armados no Médio Oriente e no Norte da Africa desencadearam o êxodo migratório intenso, com destino à Europa Ocidental. Agravando, assim, as relações multilaterais entre os Europeus e os Árabes Muçulmanos. 

O Reino Unido foi a maior potencia colonial europeia, com territórios vastos em Africa, na Asia e na América do Norte. A sua influência politica, económica e cultural era enorme a nível mundial. Desempenhado o papel primordial nas duas guerras mundiais em que Alemanha foi decisivamente derrotada. Todavia, com o andar do tempo, pós-guerra mundial II, com a independência das colonias, o Reino Unido tem estado em declínio gradual. Ofuscando-se pela ascensão económica e tecnológica da Alemanha, que se afirma hoje, dentro da União Europeia, como Líder do Velho Continente. Alinhando-se com a França, criando um «Eixo-Central» de influência junto da União Europeia, manipulado pela Alemanha. 

A imigração árabe e africana à Europa tem estado agravar a situação, já bastante complexa, servindo-se de pretexto da retirada do Reino Unido da União Europeia (BREXIT), cujas repercussões são evidentes em toda Europa. Havendo o risco da Escócia desmembrar-se do Reino Unido, preferindo manter-se dentro da União Europeia. Na verdade, olhando bem para a paisagem sociocultural da Europa Central, torna-se evidente a expansão da cultura muçulmana, capaz de alterar o quadro étnico-cultural da Europa nos próximos três décadas. O processo da integração social (choque de culturas) na Europa Ocidental poderá resultar-se na «sujeição cultural» do Cristianismo ao Islamismo; ou na «ruptura social» entre o Islamismo-Árabe e o Cristianismo-Europeu.

Em síntese, o ímpeto da Globalização do Mundo está em abrandamento. A baixa do preço do petróleo enfraquecera de forma dramática o domínio dos detentores dos grandes capitais financeiros sobre os poderes políticos e as organizações multilaterais. O nacionalismo cosmopolita, assente na cidadania mundial enfrenta enormes desafios na arena internacional. Ao passo que, o nacionalismo étnico está em plena ascensão. Os valores do capitalismo ocidental, assente no sufrágio universal, na liberdade, na igualdade, na cidadania e na justiça social, têm estado a perder o terreno. 

As Nações Unidas, a Sede do Multilateralismo, tem sido difícil a manutenção do «equilíbrio geopolítico» entre as Nações, os Estados e os Continentes. Perdendo gradualmente a sua legitimidade e credibilidade diante os Povos do Mundo. Por outro lado, cresce vertiginosamente os conflitos políticos, culturais, religiosos e interétnicos. Estando o Mundo em via de transformações profundas, em busca da nova ordem mundial e de novos sistemas políticos. Contudo, a incerteza é maior, e não se sabe, com exactidão, as consequências do surgimento do novo nacionalismo étnico, que se alastra pelo Mundo inteiro. 

Não obstante, a verdade é esta, a revolução social contra os detentores de grandes capitais, já está em marcha. Sendo, as correntes politicas, da extrema-direita e da extrema-esquerda, a conquistar espaços significativos do centro-direita e do centro-esquerda, respectivamente. Nesta referência, da época contemporânea, das grandes transformações que ocorrem no Mundo, a «Etnia Bantu», que representa a maior parte dos Povos da Africa Subsaariana tem os grandes desafios de defender, salvaguardar, preservar, promover e projectar as suas línguas e os seus valores culturais, com vista a renascer o esplendor da NEGRITUDE, que defende a identidade cultural das comunidades negras, de origens negras, de sangue negro e de mistura com sangue negro – espalhadas pelo Mundo inteiro. 

Este Conceito, da NEGRITUDE, não constitui tabu nenhum, mas sim, se trata de uma realidade material – incontornável – capaz de buscar o poder politico, económico e financeiro; revestir-se da autoridade e da dignidade étnica; valorizar a raça negra; e conquistar a cidadania real e verdadeira – sustentável, respeitável e soberana.

Munique, 29 de Novembro de 2016    

          O Obscurantismo Politico e o Maquiavelismo    


Carlos Kandanda

O obscurantismo é o estado de quem vive na escuridão, na ignorância, no atraso e no subdesenvolvimento. Ou seja, na gíria, diz-se: tapar a vista de alguém de modo a enganá-lo. Na sociologia, o obscurantismo é uma doutrina dos que se opõem ao desenvolvimento da instrução e do progresso, pelo facto de os considerarem perigosos para a estabilidade social. 

Logo, a política, na sua caracterização social, é a habilidade para lidar com qualquer assunto de forma a se obter o que se deseja. A política, acima de tudo, é uma estratégia, uma táctica, astúcia, esperteza ou maquiavelismo. Qualquer uma dessas definições da política, pode encontrar seu enquadramento apropriado, dependendo das circunstâncias concretas ou do contexto específico, em abordagem. 

Portanto, a política situa-se num campo bastante vasto e altamente complexo, que requer uma visão ampla e muito tacto; muita prudência e coragem; muita flexibilidade e firmeza; e sobretudo, a percepção intelectual dos fenómenos sociais e a providência de acautelar situações difíceis e complexas. Pois, o mundo é evolutivo e o ser humano é dinâmico, que se adapta facilmente à realidade concreta e específica. Criando um ambiente propício de fazer as coisas transformarem-se. Buscar mudanças constantes que, de certa forma, são provocadas por factores internos e exteriores. 

A metafisica, que é a teoria do absoluto, leva-nos a acreditar na eternidade das situações, da permanência do status quo presente e do obscurantismo sociocultural. Porém, os anais da História da Humanidade, revelam que, o ser humano partiu do estado primitivo, como outras criaturas, para atingir os níveis mais avançados da época contemporânea. Tendo passado por várias etapas, enfrentando grandes desafios, por várias vias – tanto pacíficas, quanto violentas. 

Neste respeito, o estratega militar e pensador estratégico, General da Prússia, Carl von Clauswitz, afirmava, nesses termos: 

“ A guerra não é meramente um acto político, mas sim, um instrumento real da política, a continuação das relações politica, a realização do mesmo por outros meios.” 

Noutras palavras, as guerras sempre acontecem se os interesses sociais, económicos, culturais, políticos (em termos da cidadania) e territoriais estiverem em causa. Logo que os factores que estiveram na origem da guerra forem dissipados e acautelados, a guerra deixa de existir. Mas, a inexistência da guerra, e o surgimento da paz, não são definitivos se não acautelar e cuidar-se seriamente dos factores que causaram a guerra. 

É por isso que, a História da Humanidade tem sido caracterizada por períodos da paz e períodos de guerra, sucessivamente. Esta é uma análise científica que nos ajuda a perceber bem a dinâmica da paz e dos conflitos, e buscar as formas e as fórmulas de salvaguardar a paz. A paz social deve ser construída todos os dias, na consciência das pessoas e na realização das suas vidas e das suas aspirações profundas. Com efeito, a paz não é um elemento abstracto; mas sim, uma realidade material, social, económica, moral, espiritual e politica.

É por isso que, a demagogia e o populismo são elementos bastantes nocivos para a construção da paz duradoira, que todos almejamos, que de facto, pendure no tempo infinito. O ser humano é racional, sabe distinguir o bem e o mal. Nesta lógica, ele é essencialmente social, tem anseios, motivações, aspirações e desideratos reais e concretos. O bem-estar e a vontade de se realizar na vida, são desideratos primários da Humanidade, independentemente da sua condição social, racial, étnica, cultural ou geográfica. Pois, «viver bem», «estar bem» e «pensar livremente», são factores-básicos para a realização do Homem. 

Portanto, a liberdade não é um elemento subjectivo, como algumas pessoas acreditam. Se as faculdades humanas, as capacidades intelectuais e técnico-profissionais dos cidadãos forem condicionadas, para que eles não possam desenvolve-las livremente, de modo a capacitá-los para atingirem o bem-estar social, não pode dizer que, esteja diante a liberdade, a cidadania e a igualdade de oportunidades. 

Senão vejamos! Na sociedade angolana tudo é feito diante o cartão-de-membro do partido no poder, MPLA. Se um sujeito não tiver o cartão-de-membro do MPLA, por mais qualificado que seja, por mais apto que seja, e por mais talentoso que seja, não pode ocupar o seu lugar bem merecido na sociedade. Fica logo bloqueado, aliciado, perseguido e pressionado pelo sistema. Existe médicos, de renome, alguns foram Ministros de Saúde, no GURN; porém, hoje não têm lugares nos hospitais e nas clinicas públicas e privadas, somente por não ser militantes do MPLA. 

Muitos desses médicos andam ai sem emprego fixo, dando aulas nas universidades privadas de algumas Igrejas, sob condições restritivas, impostas pelo partido no poder. Enquanto, o Governo vai buscar médicos e técnicos estrangeiros, com salários astronómicos. Em função disso, em todas instituições públicas e privadas, os lugares de chefia e bem remunerados são reservados exclusivamente aos expatriados, ou aos militantes privilegiados do MPLA.

Esta condição abrange igualmente o mercado informal, em que os vendedores das Praças e nas ruas (tais como zungueiras, quitandeiras, vendedores ambulantes, roboteiros, lavadores de carros, engraxadores de sapatos, estivadores, quinguilas, trabalhadores de limpeza, taxistas etc.) requer possuírem um Cartão-de-membro do partido MPLA para que tenha o direito de exercer sua actividade. Sem o Cartão-de-membro, perde sua Bancada na Praça, fica blocado ou bloqueada para vender, de modo a ganhar o pão, sustentar a família e pagar as propinas dos filhos. Mergulhando-se, assim, na desgraça, no atraso, na dependência e no obscurantismo. Assim, interroga-se, onde estará o patriotismo, que tanto rogamos e propalamos? 

Neste contexto, será que alguém pode-me convencer de que, isso seja a liberdade ou a cidadania? Onde estará o subjectivismo da liberdade ou da cidadania? Estarão esses cidadãos, nessas condições de exclusão social e politica, a usufruírem os seus direitos fundamentais, consagrados teoricamente na Constituição do Estado Angolano? Nessas circunstâncias, qual é a diferença entre esta condição de segregação sociopolítica e o colonialismo português? Ora! Este é o carácter real da nossa independência nacional.

Quanto ao Maquiavelismo, inerente da política, é uma doutrina, de carácter fascista, segundo a qual ao Príncipe ou ao Estado é lícito recorrer a todos os meios para atingir os seus fins. Desde que os fins sejam realizáveis, o maquiavelismo não olha para os meios de alcança-los. Só assim que pode perceber bem os actos bárbaros dos regimes autoritários e tirânicos. Mergulham as sociedades em situações caóticas, sabendo bem que, são capazes de criarem instabilidades sociais na sociedade, com consequências desastrosas. A paz e a guerra são círculos viciosos que servem de instrumentos poderosos da autocracia, da ditadura e da tirania, a fim de consolidar e fortificar o poder político, ou de conduzir-se a uma derrocada. 

Por isso, quando se pratica, em grande escala, a injustiça social, visa essencialmente criar um ambiente turbulento de instabilidade social, que permita criar condições de repressão e de matanças dentro de uma sociedade. Os exemplos mais concretos e mais recentes, desta doutrina, foram os acontecimentos dramáticos no Burundi e na República Democrática do Congo. Ao impôr a alteração da Constituição, sabia-se bem que iria provocar um movimento de contestação cívica e politica. O que conduzira aos massacres verificados nos dois países. Que vinha culminar na consolidação dos poderes políticos do Presidente Pierre Nkuruziza e do Presidente Joseph Kabila, respectivamente.

Constata-se que, o Governo Angolano, nestes dois casos, foi instigador e mestre na preparação dessas situações conturbadas, acima referidas, para depois aparecer com um rosto bonito de «Mediador da Paz dos Grandes Lagos». Enquanto, na verdade, as tropas angolanas estiveram presentes no Burundi e na RDC, ter participado nas repressões, nas perseguições e nos massacres dos manifestantes e das populações indefesas. Enfim, este comportamento espelha o carácter real do maquiavelismo, que era característico do Império Romano, da Idade Média.

Nas minhas andanças, ainda este ano, em conversa com um Diplomata importante do Sudão do Sul, dizia-me o seguinte: Ele tivera sido aconselhado por um dirigente destacado do MPLA, para não optar-se por uma reconciliação nacional equilibrada, que passasse pela negociação efectiva, que resultasse na formação do governo, em paridade entre as partes. Pois, segundo o dirigente do MPLA, era fundamental que criasse um cenário que prolongasse a Guerra Civil no Sudão do Sul até comprometer outra parte, do grupo étnico Nuer, do Vice-Presidente Riek Machar, ao ponto de isolá-lo da comunidade internacional, conforme tivera acontecido em Angola, com a UNITA, do Dr. Jonas Malheiro Savimbi. 

Pois, afirmava o dirigente do MPLA, isso vai «criar uma supremacia do vosso grupo étnico Dinka»,do Presidente Salva Kiir, de modo a exercer a autoridade absoluta, forçando outras tribos submeter-se à vossa hegemonia politica e étnico-cultural. Este modelo de governação, dizia o dirigente do MPLA, é mais eficaz e realista para os Países Africanos. Fim de citação. 

De qualquer modo, esta «doutrina maquiavélica», em referência, explica tão bem os massacres perpetrados no Monte Sumi, na periferia da Cidade do Huambo, no Planalto Central, contra a Igreja do Sétimo Dia – Luz do Mundo, do Pastor Julino Kalupeteka. 

Em síntese, esta reflexão, feita no dia da independência nominal de Angola, visa realçar dois aspectos fundamentais, que inibe a qualidade da nossa independência: 

a) O carácter obscurantista da governação actual do país, que ultrapassa os níveis do sistema colonial português, assente na alienação cultural, na política de assimilação e na exclusão dos povos indígenas de Angola. 

b) O carácter maquiavelista do sistema político vigente, que se apoia na violência gratuita e na repressão sistemática do povo, como instrumento da sustentação da hegemonia politica e do monopólio económico.

Nesta senda, a corrupção representa o «factor-determinante» da manutenção do Partido-Estado – sem equilíbrio político; sem a separação efectiva dos poderes executivo, legislativo e judicial; e sem o exercício real da democracia, que tivesse a capacidade de alternância do poder público. Este é o tipo da independência que temos, que tanto almejávamos, pela qual derramou-se o sangue dos melhores filhos e filhas desta Pátria Mãe. 

Num País em que, os que eram libertadores nacionalistas, hoje tornaram-se opressores do seu próprio povo, roubando a riqueza do país e enriquecendo-se a si próprios. Mantendo o povo na opressão, na pobreza, na penúria e na desgraça. Esquecendo-se, deste modo, das causas que estiveram na origem do surgimento do nacionalismo angolano e da luta contra a escravatura e a colonização portuguesa. 

Algures neste texto, lê-se o seguinte: “A inexistência da guerra, e o surgimento da paz, não são definitivos se não acautelar e cuidar-se seriamente dos factores que causaram a guerra.”

Luanda, 11 de Novembro de 2016  

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          MRADI WA UMEME STIEGLER’S GORGE HAUTAATHIRI MAZINGIRA YA PORI LA SELOUS   
Na Mwandishi wetu, Katavi

Wizara ya Maliasili na utalii imewataka wadau wa uhifadhi kote nchini kuunga mkono mpango wa Serikali wa kujenga mradi mkubwa wa uzalishaji wa umeme katika mto Rufiji kwenye pori la akiba la Selous ambao ukikamilika unatarajiwa kuzalisha zaidi ya megawati 2,100.

Katibu Mkuu wizara ya Maliasili na utalii Meja Jenerali Gaudance Milanzi amesema utekelezaji wa mradi huo wa umeme ni wa muhimu kwa taifa kwani utasaidia kuharakisha maendeleo ya taifa kuelekea azima yake ya Tanzania ya viwanda na uchumi wa kati.

Akiongea wakati akifunga mafunzo ya askari wa wanyamapaori kutoka Mamlaka ya wanayamapori Tanzania -TAWA na Mamlaka ya Hifadhi ya Ngorongoro, Katibu mkuu Meja Jenerali Gudance Milanzi amesema mradi huo wa umeme pamoja na mradi wa bwawa la maji la Kidunda utachukua eneo dogo tu la pori la akiba la Selou lenye ukubwa wa zaidi ya kilomita za mraba elfu 50.

Amesema pori hilo ndilo kubwa miongoni mwa mapori ya aina hiyo ulimwenguni na ukubwa wake ni zaidi ya nchi za Rwanda na Burundi zikiunganishwa kwa pamoja.

Katibu Mkuu amesema ujenzi wa miradi hiyo hauna tafsiri kwamba Tanzania haithamini masuala ya uhifadhi bali unazingatia uhifadhi wenye manufaa kwa jamii na maendeleo ya taifa na hasa dhamira ya serikali ya rais Dk John Pombe Magufuli kuelekea Tanzania ya viwanda ambayo inahitaji nishati ya umeme itakayoyotosheleza mahitaji ya taifa.
Kaimu Mkurugenzi Mkuu –TAWA Bw. Martin Loibooki akisoma risala mbele ya mgeni Rasmi
katibu mkuu akiwa kwenye picha ya pamoja na wahitimu wa jinsia ya kike 10 kati ya 97 waliyohitimu, wa tatu kutoka kushoto waliyokaa ni kaimu mkurugenzi mkuu-tawa
wahitimu wakitoa heshima mbele ya mgeni rasmi.


          MRADI WA UMEME STIEGLER’S GORGE HAUTAATHIRI MAZINGIRA YA PORI LA SELOUS   
Kaimu Mkurugenzi Mkuu –TAWA Bw. Martin Loibooki akisoma risala mbele ya mgeni Rasmi
katibu mkuu akiwa kwenye picha ya pamoja na wahitimu wa jinsia ya kike 10 kati ya 97 waliyohitimu, wa tatu kutoka kushoto waliyokaa ni kaimu mkurugenzi mkuu-tawa
wahitimu wakitoa heshima mbele ya mgeni rasmi



KM akisoma kiapo cha wahitimu

…………………….

Na Mwandishi wetu, Katavi

Wizara ya Maliasili na utalii imewataka wadau wa uhifadhi kote nchini kuunga mkono mpango wa Serikali wa kujenga mradi mkubwa wa uzalishaji wa umeme katika mto Rufiji kwenye pori la akiba la Selous ambao ukikamilika unatarajiwa kuzalisha zaidi ya megawati 2,100.

Katibu Mkuu wizara ya Maliasili na utalii Meja Jenerali Gaudance Milanzi amesema utekelezaji wa mradi huo wa umeme ni wa muhimu kwa taifa kwani utasaidia kuharakisha maendeleo ya taifa kuelekea azima yake ya Tanzania ya viwanda na uchumi wa kati.

Akiongea wakati akifunga mafunzo ya askari wa wanyamapaori kutoka Mamlaka ya wanayamapori Tanzania -TAWA na Mamlaka ya Hifadhi ya Ngorongoro, Katibu mkuu Meja Jenerali Gudance Milanzi amesema mradi huo wa umeme pamoja na mradi wa bwawa la maji la Kidunda utachukua eneo dogo tu la pori la akiba la Selou lenye ukubwa wa zaidi ya kilomita za mraba elfu 50.

Amesema pori hilo ndilo kubwa miongoni mwa mapori ya aina hiyo ulimwenguni na ukubwa wake ni zaidi ya nchi za Rwanda na Burundi zikiunganishwa kwa pamoja.

Katibu Mkuu amesema ujenzi wa miradi hiyo hauna tafsiri kwamba Tanzania haithamini masuala ya uhifadhi bali unazingatia uhifadhi wenye manufaa kwa jamii na maendeleo ya taifa na hasa dhamira ya serikali ya rais Dk John Pombe Magufuli kuelekea Tanzania ya viwanda ambayo inahitaji nishati ya umeme itakayoyotosheleza mahitaji ya taifa.

Amesema Tanzania inatambua umuhimu wa uhifadhi ndiyo maana imetenga eneo la zaidi ya asilimia 28 ya eneo lote la nchi kavu Tanzania bara kwaajili ya uhifadhi wa aina mbalimbali ukiwemo wa wanayamapori na misitu ya vyanzo vya maji ambayo ni muhimu kwa shughuli za kijamii na kiuchumi, “ ni nchi chache sana duniani zenye eneo kubwa la uhifadhi kama Tanzania” alisisitiza katibu mkuu.

Katibu mkuu amewataka wafanyakazi wa wizara na watanzania kwa ujumla kutokuwa kikwazo kwa utekelezaji wa mradi huo na kwamba wadau wanaotaka kuisaidia Tanzania wasaidie kuhakikisha inatumia maliasili zake kupiga hatua ya kimaendeleo ikiwemo misaada ya teknolojia za kisasa na rafiki wa mazingira kusaidia kufikia malengo yake kimaendeleo.

“Mtakumbuka mh. Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania, Dk John Pombe Magufuli hivi karibuni alipokuwa kwenye ziara ya kikazi mkoani Pwani amezungumzia kwa kirefu sana umuhimu wa miradi hiyo ukiwemo wa bwawa la Kidunda na wa umeme wa Stieglars Gorge, sasa sisi kama wahifadhi na kama watumishi lazima tumuunge mkono na tusiwe kikwazo katika dhamira hii njema” alisema Jenerali Milanzi’’.

Ametoa mfano wa nchi ya Qatar ambayo amesema ilikuwa na eneo la uhifadhi lililokuwa kwenye orodha ya maeneo ya urithi wa dunia kutokana na uwepo wa baadhi ya viumbe adimu lakini walipogundua mafuta, waliamua kujitoa kwenye urithi wa dunia ili wachimbe mafuta na kuinufaisha nchi hiyo na maendeleo ya wananchi wake.

Akizungumzia kuhusu tatizo la mifugo kwenye maeneo yaliyohifadhiwa, Katibu mkuu amewataka wahifadhi kuhakikisha wanakabiliana na changamoto hiyo na kusimamia sheria zilizotungwa na Bunge la Jamahuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania ambazo zinakataza mifugo kuingia hifadhini kinyume cha sheria.

Amesema ndiyo maana serikali inatumia fedha nyingi kugharamia mafunzo ya askari wa wanyamapori na wahifadhi ili kuwaongezea ujuzi na weledi wa kulinda maliasili za taifa kwa kuzingatia sheria zilizopo.

Katibu Mkuu Meja Jenerali Gaudance Milanzi amezungumzia pia umuhimu wa kuhakikisha mapori ya uhifadhi yanatumiwa kwa uhifadhi badala ya kutumika kwa mambo mengine ikiwemo kilimo cha bangi na maficho ya majambazi na majangili na amewataka wahifadhi na askari kushirikiana na vyombo vingene vya ulinzi na usalama kuwafichua wahalifu wanaojificha kwenye mapori hayo na kufanya ujangili na uhalifu mwingine.

Mapema katika taarifa yake kwa katibu mkuu, Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa Mamlaka ya Wanyamapori Tanzania -TAWA Martin Loibooki alieleza kuwa mafunzo hayo yamesaidia kuimarisha uhifadhi kwenye mapori mbalimbali ya akiba nchini na maeneo ya uhifadhi wa wanyamapori.

Aliwashukuru wadau mbalimbali wa uhifadhi wa ndani na nje ya nchi wanaofadhili mafunzo hayo na vitendea kazi juhudi ambazo amesema zimeanza kuzaa matunda ikiwemo kuongezeka kwa idadi ya tembo na wanyamapori wengine kwenye mapori mengi nchini.

Mfunzo hayo yaliyowashirikisha askari wa wanyamapori wapatao 98 kutoka Mamlaka ya wanayamapori Tanzania TAWA na Mamlaka ya Hifadhi ya Ngorongoro ni mwendelezo wa mafunzo yanayotolewa na Wizara ya Maliasili na utalii kwa askari wa wanyamapori na watumishi wengine wa wizara hiyo katika hatua za kuelekea mfumo wa jeshi usu.

          EUROPA/ITALIA - Suore Bianche in capitolo: portatrici di speranza, ascoltando lo Spirito, verso le periferie   
Roma - Le Suore Missionarie di Nostra Signora d'Africa conosciute come “Suore Bianche” aprono il loro 25° Capitolo generale a Roma, sabato 1 luglio.
Per tre settimane le capitolari rifletteranno sulle sfide poste oggi dalla missione alla Congregazione sotto il tema "Portatrici di speranza, ascoltando la voce dello Spirito, avanzando insieme verso le periferie". Nel corso del Capitolo verrà eletto il nuovo Consiglio generale.
Secondo la nota inviata all’Agenzia Fides, la Congregazione è stata fondata nel 1869 dal Card. Charles Lavigerie, un anno dopo la Società Missionaria dei Missionari d'Africa . Le religiose sono attualmente 633, originarie di 32 nazioni, impegnate in 26 paesi, di cui 14 in Africa: Mauritania, Tunisia, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Ciad, Congo, Ruanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda e Malawi.
Il carisma della Congregazione è l'evangelizzazione dei popoli dell'Africa, espressa in vari settori: educazione, pastorale, salute, giustizia e pace, integrità del creato, dialogo interreligioso, specialmente con i credenti dell'Islam.

          DO WE BELIEVE IT?! The Names of Beyoncé & Jay-Z's Twins Are Reportedly...   

 photo BeyonceKnowlesCelebritiesAttend66thNBAID-fHvX0epfl_zps54mcj0b1.jpg

The names of Beyoncé & Jay-Z's twins just leaked, allegedly.  You'll never guess the concoctions they came up with this time for Blue Ivy's younger siblings.  Get into the supposed names of America's royal babies inside....

So, The Carters - via a company that owns the trademarks to their own names – just filed to trademark two names in tons of categories.  The categories – including strollers, baby teething rings, key chains,  sports bottles, hair ribbons, mugs, and plenty of novelty items – definitely sound like both a boy and a girl could create some merch accordingly.

The names?  According to TMZ who claims to have seen the paperwork, they're Rumi and Sir Carter:

It seems Rumi and Sir Carter are the new additions to the family. We know that because the company run by Bey and Jay that owns the trademarks to their names filed legal docs Monday, June 26 -- right around the time the twins went home -- to secure rights to the names Rumi Carter and Sir Carter.

Oh.

 photo Screen Shot 2017-07-01 at 2.39.58 AM_zpsina2ys7x.png

Apparently, Jay also rapped about a "Sir" in his just released 4:44 album saying:

“Bring the pure wine of love and freedom. But sir, a tornado is coming. More wine, we'll teach this storm A thing or two about whirling.”

Coincidence?  Maybe. 

Do you believe it?!

BONUS: Beyoncé's BEY GOOD foundation just announced the singer is launching Bey Good for Burundi to bring much needed water to one of the most populated countries in Africa.  She's calling for donations for the cause.

Her website reads:

Beyoncé's BEYGOOD4BURUNDI and UNICEF have joined forces to help bring safe water to the most vulnerable women and children in the "Heart of Africa." Burundi is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa with nearly half of the population lacking access to clean, safe drinking water.

 

EXTRAS:

1.  Joe Jackson was rushed to the hospital atfer he was involved in a car accident in Vegas today.  STORY

 

Photos: Beyonce.com/Getty


           Late Burundi king's remains re-interred in Switzerland    
GENEVA (AP) — After a long legal battle, the remains of a former Burundian king who died in 1977 have been re-buried near Geneva after a Swiss court ruled that he deserves to rest in peace in Switzerland as he had wished. A Swiss federal court decision in April rejected efforts, supported by the government of Burundian President Pierre Nkurunziza, to have the remains sent back.
          His Excellency Mr Pierre Nkurunziza, President of the Republic of Burundi   
On behalf of the people of Azerbaijan and on my own behalf, I extend my heartfelt congratulations to you and your people on the occasion of the national holiday of the Republic of Burundi - Independence Day.
          253383-2017: Burundi-Bujumbura: Services de reprographie   
Date de publication: 01/07/2017 | Date limite: 18-08-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          MRADI WA UMEME STIEGLER’S GORGE HAUTAATHIRI MAZINGIRA YA PORI LA SELOUS   
Katibu Mkuu Mej. Jen. Gaudence S.Milanzi akizungumza na wahitimu wa Mafunzo Maafisa Wanyamapori
Katibu Mkuuakimkabidhi zawadi Afisa wanyamapori wa Kike Bi; Salome G. baada ya kufanya vizuri mafunzo ya Nadharia na vitendo, wa pili kutoka kushoto ni Kaimu Mkurugenzi Mkuu-TAWA
Kaimu Mkurugenzi Mkuu –TAWA Bw. Martin Loibooki akisoma risala mbele ya mgeni Rasmi
katibu mkuu akiwa kwenye picha ya pamoja na wahitimu wa jinsia ya kike 10 kati ya 97 waliyohitimu, wa tatu kutoka kushoto waliyokaa ni kaimu mkurugenzi mkuu-tawa
wahitimu wakitoa heshima mbele ya mgeni rasmi




KM akisoma kiapo cha wahitimu

…………………….

Na Mwandishi wetu, Katavi

Wizara ya Maliasili na utalii imewataka wadau wa uhifadhi kote nchini kuunga mkono mpango wa Serikali wa kujenga mradi mkubwa wa uzalishaji wa umeme katika mto Rufiji kwenye pori la akiba la Selous ambao ukikamilika unatarajiwa kuzalisha zaidi ya megawati 2,100.

Katibu Mkuu wizara ya Maliasili na utalii Meja Jenerali Gaudance Milanzi amesema utekelezaji wa mradi huo wa umeme ni wa muhimu kwa taifa kwani utasaidia kuharakisha maendeleo ya taifa kuelekea azima yake ya Tanzania ya viwanda na uchumi wa kati.

Akiongea wakati akifunga mafunzo ya askari wa wanyamapaori kutoka Mamlaka ya wanayamapori Tanzania -TAWA na Mamlaka ya Hifadhi ya Ngorongoro, Katibu mkuu Meja Jenerali Gudance Milanzi amesema mradi huo wa umeme pamoja na mradi wa bwawa la maji la Kidunda utachukua eneo dogo tu la pori la akiba la Selou lenye ukubwa wa zaidi ya kilomita za mraba elfu 50.

Amesema pori hilo ndilo kubwa miongoni mwa mapori ya aina hiyo ulimwenguni na ukubwa wake ni zaidi ya nchi za Rwanda na Burundi zikiunganishwa kwa pamoja.

Katibu Mkuu amesema ujenzi wa miradi hiyo hauna tafsiri kwamba Tanzania haithamini masuala ya uhifadhi bali unazingatia uhifadhi wenye manufaa kwa jamii na maendeleo ya taifa na hasa dhamira ya serikali ya rais Dk John Pombe Magufuli kuelekea Tanzania ya viwanda ambayo inahitaji nishati ya umeme itakayoyotosheleza mahitaji ya taifa.

Amesema Tanzania inatambua umuhimu wa uhifadhi ndiyo maana imetenga eneo la zaidi ya asilimia 28 ya eneo lote la nchi kavu Tanzania bara kwaajili ya uhifadhi wa aina mbalimbali ukiwemo wa wanayamapori na misitu ya vyanzo vya maji ambayo ni muhimu kwa shughuli za kijamii na kiuchumi, “ ni nchi chache sana duniani zenye eneo kubwa la uhifadhi kama Tanzania” alisisitiza katibu mkuu.

Katibu mkuu amewataka wafanyakazi wa wizara na watanzania kwa ujumla kutokuwa kikwazo kwa utekelezaji wa mradi huo na kwamba wadau wanaotaka kuisaidia Tanzania wasaidie kuhakikisha inatumia maliasili zake kupiga hatua ya kimaendeleo ikiwemo misaada ya teknolojia za kisasa na rafiki wa mazingira kusaidia kufikia malengo yake kimaendeleo.

“Mtakumbuka mh. Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania, Dk John Pombe Magufuli hivi karibuni alipokuwa kwenye ziara ya kikazi mkoani Pwani amezungumzia kwa kirefu sana umuhimu wa miradi hiyo ukiwemo wa bwawa la Kidunda na wa umeme wa Stieglars Gorge, sasa sisi kama wahifadhi na kama watumishi lazima tumuunge mkono na tusiwe kikwazo katika dhamira hii njema” alisema Jenerali Milanzi’’.

Ametoa mfano wa nchi ya Qatar ambayo amesema ilikuwa na eneo la uhifadhi lililokuwa kwenye orodha ya maeneo ya urithi wa dunia kutokana na uwepo wa baadhi ya viumbe adimu lakini walipogundua mafuta, waliamua kujitoa kwenye urithi wa dunia ili wachimbe mafuta na kuinufaisha nchi hiyo na maendeleo ya wananchi wake.

Akizungumzia kuhusu tatizo la mifugo kwenye maeneo yaliyohifadhiwa, Katibu mkuu amewataka wahifadhi kuhakikisha wanakabiliana na changamoto hiyo na kusimamia sheria zilizotungwa na Bunge la Jamahuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania ambazo zinakataza mifugo kuingia hifadhini kinyume cha sheria.

Amesema ndiyo maana serikali inatumia fedha nyingi kugharamia mafunzo ya askari wa wanyamapori na wahifadhi ili kuwaongezea ujuzi na weledi wa kulinda maliasili za taifa kwa kuzingatia sheria zilizopo.

Katibu Mkuu Meja Jenerali Gaudance Milanzi amezungumzia pia umuhimu wa kuhakikisha mapori ya uhifadhi yanatumiwa kwa uhifadhi badala ya kutumika kwa mambo mengine ikiwemo kilimo cha bangi na maficho ya majambazi na majangili na amewataka wahifadhi na askari kushirikiana na vyombo vingene vya ulinzi na usalama kuwafichua wahalifu wanaojificha kwenye mapori hayo na kufanya ujangili na uhalifu mwingine.

Mapema katika taarifa yake kwa katibu mkuu, Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa Mamlaka ya Wanyamapori Tanzania -TAWA Martin Loibooki alieleza kuwa mafunzo hayo yamesaidia kuimarisha uhifadhi kwenye mapori mbalimbali ya akiba nchini na maeneo ya uhifadhi wa wanyamapori.

Aliwashukuru wadau mbalimbali wa uhifadhi wa ndani na nje ya nchi wanaofadhili mafunzo hayo na vitendea kazi juhudi ambazo amesema zimeanza kuzaa matunda ikiwemo kuongezeka kwa idadi ya tembo na wanyamapori wengine kwenye mapori mengi nchini.

Mfunzo hayo yaliyowashirikisha askari wa wanyamapori wapatao 98 kutoka Mamlaka ya wanayamapori Tanzania TAWA na Mamlaka ya Hifadhi ya Ngorongoro ni mwendelezo wa mafunzo yanayotolewa na Wizara ya Maliasili na utalii kwa askari wa wanyamapori na watumishi wengine wa wizara hiyo katika hatua za kuelekea mfumo wa jeshi usu.

          Africa: Beyoncé Partners With Unicef to Bring Safe Water to Burundi's Children   
[Unicef] New Orleans -Global entertainer and humanitarian Beyoncé has teamed up with UNICEF through her BeyGOOD philanthropic arm to announce the launch of BEYGOOD4BURUNDI, a multi-year partnership to provide safe water to the most vulnerable children in Burundi. The partnership will support programmes to improve water, sanitation and basic hygiene practices in the hardest-to-reach areas of the landlocked East African nation.
          Re: Rwanda / Burundi   
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Burundi gays grapple with HIV   
“I know so many married men in this town who sleep with gay men on the side...”

Local perceptions of homosexuality mean the distribution of lubricants and condoms has to be cloak-and-dagger, with many secretly homosexual men making calls and asking for the items to be despatched in plain envelopes to offices or residences, by people not associated with ARDHO.

"We never ask people for their ethnicity or religion before we give them medication or other HIV support, so why should we ask people about their sexuality?" ANSS founder Jeanne Gapiya, a prominent national HIV activist, told IRIN/PlusNews.

"The problem is that this is a hidden community, and the society is in denial about their existence."

In their latest national strategic plan, the National AIDS Control Council, CNLS, has included MSM in the list of people vulnerable to HIV.

"We realise that they are a marginalised group; we have started to invite them for meetings through their NGO, but the difficulty is we don't know who most of them are or how to reach them," Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

Kanuma commented: "It's not just a problem for gay men; it's a problem for the whole society. I know so many married ['straight'] men in this town [the Burundian capital, Bujumbura] who sleep with gay men on the side. People would be surprised," he said.

"Silence is also what is killing us," he added. "I had a friend who had an STI for about one year - he was self-medicating until he eventually went to ANSS and got a proper diagnosis, and then he got better much quicker."

Kanuma has been writing newspaper articles and making guest appearances on private radio stations to raise awareness about MSM and HIV. "During every radio show I allow people to call in with questions and give out ARDHO's email address," he said. "We have more than 150 emails and so many calls, which shows that more information is still needed."

ARDHO is creating brochures detailing all the means of transmitting HIV, including male-male sex, for distribution in mainstream health centres; ANSS plans to send a doctor outside of Burundi for special training in the health issues of MSM to provide them with better healthcare.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.

Although progress is slow, ARDHO and its partners are unwilling to push the government too hard, preferring to negotiate from a public health platform before demanding for equality under the law. "We need to tread carefully so we don't make the situation worse for gays in Burundi," Kanuma said.

From Mamba website
          Burundisk kung begravs igen efter 40 år   

          Rencontres au Burundi   
Bonjour,

Nouveau à Bujumbura, je cherche des infos sur les rencontres possibles, bars, lieux de drague si ça existe et risques éventuels, attitude des gens, etc...
Je suis preneur de toute information sur le sujet .
Merci d'avance.
          Mradi Wa Umeme Stiegler’s Gorge Hautaathiri Mazingira Ya Pori La Selous   
Na Mwandishi wetu, Katavi
Wizara ya Maliasili na utalii imewataka wadau wa uhifadhi kote nchini kuunga mkono mpango wa Serikali wa kujenga mradi mkubwa wa uzalishaji wa umeme katika mto Rufiji kwenye pori la akiba la Selous ambao ukikamilika unatarajiwa kuzalisha zaidi ya megawati 2,100.

Katibu Mkuu wizara ya Maliasili na utalii Meja Jenerali Gaudance Milanzi amesema utekelezaji wa mradi huo wa umeme ni wa muhimu kwa taifa kwani  utasaidia kuharakisha maendeleo ya taifa kuelekea azima yake ya Tanzania ya viwanda na uchumi wa kati.
 
Akiongea wakati akifunga mafunzo ya askari wa wanyamapaori kutoka Mamlaka ya wanayamapori Tanzania -TAWA na Mamlaka ya Hifadhi ya Ngorongoro, Katibu mkuu Meja Jenerali Gudance Milanzi amesema mradi huo wa umeme pamoja na mradi wa bwawa la maji la Kidunda utachukua eneo dogo tu la pori la akiba la Selou lenye ukubwa wa zaidi ya kilomita za mraba elfu 50.
 
Amesema pori hilo ndilo kubwa miongoni mwa mapori ya aina hiyo ulimwenguni na ukubwa wake ni zaidi ya nchi za Rwanda na Burundi zikiunganishwa kwa pamoja.
 
Katibu Mkuu amesema ujenzi wa miradi hiyo hauna tafsiri kwamba Tanzania haithamini masuala ya uhifadhi bali unazingatia uhifadhi wenye manufaa kwa jamii na maendeleo ya taifa na hasa dhamira ya serikali ya rais Dk John Pombe Magufuli kuelekea Tanzania ya viwanda ambayo inahitaji nishati ya umeme itakayoyotosheleza mahitaji ya taifa.
 
Amesema Tanzania inatambua umuhimu wa uhifadhi ndiyo maana imetenga eneo la zaidi ya asilimia 28 ya eneo lote la nchi kavu Tanzania bara kwaajili ya uhifadhi wa aina mbalimbali ukiwemo wa wanayamapori na misitu ya vyanzo vya maji ambayo ni muhimu kwa shughuli za kijamii na kiuchumi, “ ni nchi chache sana duniani zenye eneo kubwa la uhifadhi kama Tanzania” alisisitiza katibu mkuu.
 
Katibu mkuu amewataka wafanyakazi wa wizara na watanzania kwa ujumla kutokuwa kikwazo kwa utekelezaji wa mradi huo na kwamba wadau wanaotaka kuisaidia Tanzania wasaidie kuhakikisha inatumia maliasili zake kupiga hatua ya kimaendeleo ikiwemo misaada ya teknolojia za kisasa na rafiki wa mazingira kusaidia kufikia malengo yake kimaendeleo.
 
“Mtakumbuka mh. Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania, Dk John Pombe Magufuli hivi karibuni alipokuwa kwenye ziara ya kikazi mkoani Pwani amezungumzia kwa kirefu sana umuhimu wa miradi hiyo ukiwemo wa bwawa la Kidunda na wa umeme wa Stieglars Gorge, sasa sisi kama wahifadhi na kama watumishi lazima tumuunge mkono na tusiwe kikwazo katika dhamira hii njema” alisema Jenerali Milanzi’’.
 
Ametoa mfano wa nchi ya Qatar ambayo amesema ilikuwa na eneo la uhifadhi lililokuwa kwenye orodha ya maeneo ya urithi wa dunia kutokana na uwepo wa baadhi ya viumbe adimu lakini walipogundua mafuta, waliamua kujitoa kwenye urithi wa dunia ili wachimbe mafuta na kuinufaisha nchi hiyo na maendeleo ya wananchi wake.
 
Akizungumzia kuhusu tatizo la mifugo kwenye maeneo yaliyohifadhiwa, Katibu mkuu amewataka wahifadhi kuhakikisha wanakabiliana na changamoto hiyo na kusimamia sheria zilizotungwa na Bunge la Jamahuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania ambazo zinakataza mifugo kuingia hifadhini kinyume cha sheria.
 
Amesema ndiyo maana serikali inatumia fedha nyingi kugharamia mafunzo ya askari wa wanyamapori na wahifadhi ili kuwaongezea ujuzi na weledi wa kulinda maliasili za taifa kwa kuzingatia sheria zilizopo.
 
Katibu Mkuu Meja Jenerali Gaudance Milanzi amezungumzia pia umuhimu wa kuhakikisha mapori ya uhifadhi yanatumiwa kwa uhifadhi badala ya kutumika kwa mambo mengine ikiwemo kilimo cha bangi na maficho ya majambazi na majangili na amewataka wahifadhi na askari kushirikiana na vyombo vingene vya ulinzi na usalama kuwafichua wahalifu wanaojificha kwenye mapori hayo na kufanya ujangili na uhalifu mwingine.
 
Mapema katika taarifa yake kwa katibu mkuu, Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa Mamlaka ya Wanyamapori Tanzania -TAWA Martin Loibooki alieleza kuwa mafunzo hayo yamesaidia kuimarisha uhifadhi kwenye mapori mbalimbali ya akiba nchini na maeneo ya uhifadhi wa wanyamapori.
 
Aliwashukuru wadau mbalimbali wa uhifadhi wa ndani na nje ya nchi wanaofadhili mafunzo hayo na vitendea kazi juhudi ambazo amesema zimeanza kuzaa matunda ikiwemo kuongezeka kwa idadi ya tembo na wanyamapori wengine kwenye mapori mengi nchini.
 
Mfunzo hayo yaliyowashirikisha askari wa wanyamapori wapatao 98 kutoka Mamlaka ya wanayamapori Tanzania TAWA na Mamlaka ya Hifadhi ya Ngorongoro ni mwendelezo wa mafunzo yanayotolewa na Wizara ya Maliasili na utalii kwa askari wa wanyamapori na watumishi wengine wa wizara hiyo katika hatua za kuelekea mfumo wa jeshi usu.

          L’almanacco di oggi 1 Luglio   

Santo San Vittore I papa   sono nati in questo giorno 1804 George Sand 1961 Carl Lewis 1967 Pamela Anderson 1977 Liv Tyler   proverbio Quando bisogna mangiare con le lacrime, nulla ha buon sapore   accadde oggi 1929 il disegnatore di cartoni animati statunitense Elzie Segar crea “Popeye”, Braccio di ferro 1962 Burundi e […]

The post L’almanacco di oggi 1 Luglio appeared first on Corriere Salentino.


          Re: Rwanda / Burundi   
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Burundi gays grapple with HIV   
“I know so many married men in this town who sleep with gay men on the side...”

Local perceptions of homosexuality mean the distribution of lubricants and condoms has to be cloak-and-dagger, with many secretly homosexual men making calls and asking for the items to be despatched in plain envelopes to offices or residences, by people not associated with ARDHO.

"We never ask people for their ethnicity or religion before we give them medication or other HIV support, so why should we ask people about their sexuality?" ANSS founder Jeanne Gapiya, a prominent national HIV activist, told IRIN/PlusNews.

"The problem is that this is a hidden community, and the society is in denial about their existence."

In their latest national strategic plan, the National AIDS Control Council, CNLS, has included MSM in the list of people vulnerable to HIV.

"We realise that they are a marginalised group; we have started to invite them for meetings through their NGO, but the difficulty is we don't know who most of them are or how to reach them," Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

Kanuma commented: "It's not just a problem for gay men; it's a problem for the whole society. I know so many married ['straight'] men in this town [the Burundian capital, Bujumbura] who sleep with gay men on the side. People would be surprised," he said.

"Silence is also what is killing us," he added. "I had a friend who had an STI for about one year - he was self-medicating until he eventually went to ANSS and got a proper diagnosis, and then he got better much quicker."

Kanuma has been writing newspaper articles and making guest appearances on private radio stations to raise awareness about MSM and HIV. "During every radio show I allow people to call in with questions and give out ARDHO's email address," he said. "We have more than 150 emails and so many calls, which shows that more information is still needed."

ARDHO is creating brochures detailing all the means of transmitting HIV, including male-male sex, for distribution in mainstream health centres; ANSS plans to send a doctor outside of Burundi for special training in the health issues of MSM to provide them with better healthcare.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.

Although progress is slow, ARDHO and its partners are unwilling to push the government too hard, preferring to negotiate from a public health platform before demanding for equality under the law. "We need to tread carefully so we don't make the situation worse for gays in Burundi," Kanuma said.

From Mamba website
          Rencontres au Burundi   
Bonjour,

Nouveau à Bujumbura, je cherche des infos sur les rencontres possibles, bars, lieux de drague si ça existe et risques éventuels, attitude des gens, etc...
Je suis preneur de toute information sur le sujet .
Merci d'avance.
          Evénement: Burundi tombé, du jamais vue bayambi Koffi Olomide neti Roi na orchestre na ye mobimba Quartier Latin(vidéo)   
Evénement: Burundi tombé, du jamais vue bayambi Koffi Olomide neti Roi na orchestre na ye mobimba Quartier Latin(vidéo)
           Apen neue Heimat für Flüchtlinge    
Apen Sie kommen aus Syrien und aus dem Irak, aus Afghanistan, aus Albanien und dem afrikanischen Burundi: Derzeit leben 160 Flüchtlinge in der Gemeinde Apen. ...
          İlham Əliyev Burundi prezidentinə məktub ünvanladı   
İlham Əliyev Burundi prezidentinə məktub ünvanladı
Azərbaycan Prezidenti İlham Əliyev Burundi Respublikasının Prezidenti Pyer Nkurunzizaya məktub ünvanlayıb.

Xalqinfo” xəbər verir ki, məktubda deyilir:

“Hörmətli cənab Prezident,

Burundi Respublikasının milli bayramı – Müstəqillik Günü münasibətilə Sizə və xalqınıza öz adımdan və Azərbaycan xalqı adından ən səmimi təbriklərimi yetirirəm.

Belə bir xoş gündə Sizə möhkəm cansağlığı, işlərinizdə uğurlar, dost Burundi xalqına sülh və tərəqqi arzulayıram”.

          Burundi e Rwanda prossimi al conflitto?   

Le tensioni militari di frontiere e i combattimenti tra le due opposte forze militari potrebbero scatenare un conflitto aperto tra i due Paesi. Ma entrambi pongono estrema attenzione a non dichiarare gli avvenimenti bellici

L'articolo Burundi e Rwanda prossimi al conflitto? proviene da L'Indro.


          The United Nations: Voice Of The Voiceless?   

Every day we hear about violence and human rights abuses around the world, often feeling angry and helpless about the situation – because it doesn’t appear to be getting any better. Many people are also disillusioned with the response – or lack of response – from the United Nations (UN) in such situations. This is exactly how I felt when attending the meeting of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva or the UN Forum on Minority Issues. Attending the sessions did not help with my disappointment in the UN, however, the experience helped me to better understand the massive challenges facing the UN. When sitting in the sessions in the main meeting room at the Palais des Nations, the ‘Human Rights and Alliance of Civilizations Room’, under the most extraordinary ceiling one could imagine, I was listening to oral submissions by NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations). One after another, with sometimes forty to fifty NGO submissions per session. Each submission detailed instances of human rights violations in different parts of the world. Mass murder, killings, persecution, sexual violence, abuse, slavery, discrimination – but these are just words. However, in that room, the words were given meaning, a story, often with graphic details, the words of each NGO telling the UN about the suffering and pain of the people they represent.

Palais des Nations, United Nations Office in Geneva. (Photo by FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/Getty Images)

Despite all the pain and suffering detailed in these reports, both to the UN Human Rights Council and the UN Forum on Minority Issues they are only the tip of the iceberg.

Most people who have experienced violations of their human rights are not represented at the UN – the bars to representation there are many and the cost is prohibitive. Stories are told at the UN primarily through representation by NGOs – NGOs, furthermore, who would have to be able to travel to Geneva to attend any of the aforementioned sessions. The expense of such travel is outside the budget constraints of a majority of NGOs. It would also be necessary for the representing NGO to gain a consultative status of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), which can be a difficult process, and stories of NGOs being denied accreditation continue to circulate. Without such accreditation, the ability of NGOs to fully communicate to the highest levels within the UN are limited; they may submit reports for UN Universal Periodic Review; they may attend the UN through invitation from other, larger NGOs, or member states; but there is no chance to speak, in their own capacity, to an assembled group of experts, United Nation staff and representatives of member states, as well as journalists and other invited parties. Despite the fact that a key purpose of the UN should be to give a voice to the voiceless, the bureaucracy and limits placed on civil society NGOs which prevent their involvement there limit the ability of the oppressed to communicate their suffering.

Most recently, at the beginning of February, an application for consultative status by Christian Solidarity Worldwide, an NGO working to promote the right to freedom of religion or belief and so raising awareness about the persecution of Christians around the world, was rejected after almost eight years of deferment.  The decision to reject their application is surprising, especially after recent reports naming Christianity as the world’s most persecuted religion, making CSW’s area of work more important than ever. As the situation of Christians around the world is deteriorating, the persecuted need more voice. Are there too many accredited NGOs representing persecuted Christians at the UN? Although the list of accredited NGOs includes many who may include working with persecuted Christian communities as part of a wider brief or mission, the number of specialist NGOs in this field who have gained accreditation is limited.

The broken cross of a Christian Church is seen in the town of Qaraqosh. (Photo by THOMAS COEX/AFP/Getty Images)

If the issues the NGO is working on require attention, require UN assistance, and there is not enough representation at the UN, why would the UN Committee on Non-Governmental Organisations reject the application? The answer may lie in the mechanism of approval by member states. Greece, Israel, United States, and Uruguay voted in favor of the accreditation. However, Burundi, China, Cuba, India, Iran, Nicaragua, Pakistan, South Africa, Sudan, Turkey, and Venezuela voted against. The list of countries rejecting the accreditation speaks a thousand words. Pakistan is ranked 4th on the recently released Open Doors World Watch List 2017, a ranking of 50 countries where Christians are most persecuted. Sudan was placed 5th, followed by Iran in 8th, India in 15th, Turkey in 37th, and China in 39th place. And so the UN allowed states that are notorious for allowing the persecution of Christians in their territories to silence a voice that persecuted Christians so desperately need. Permitting states to cover up their own shortcomings by filtering those who would report them, has created a lack of accountability in the UN system.

Bureaucratic flaws in the decision-making apparatus at the UN, such as that detailed above, are contributing factors to the disillusionment felt by many at the UN’s lack of response to human rights violations. Preventing NGOs from speaking out on the human rights issues that affect those they represent further stifles the ability to prevent those abuses and means the UN will continue to fail those suffering the most across the globe.


          Africa: African Press Review 30 June 2017   
[RFI] Are they going to have a lot of fun at the South African ruling party's policy conference, which opens today? Is the African National Congress running scared? Why has the world forgotten Burundi? And why are clients and transporters coming to blows in Egypt?
          Η Μπιγιονσέ ενώνει τις δυνάμεις της με την UNICEF για τα παιδιά του Μπουρούντι   

Η Μπιγιονσέ ενώνει τις δυνάμεις της με την UNICEF για τα παιδιά του Μπουρούντι Η Αμερικανίδα σταρ της ποπ Μπιγιονσέ στηρίζει τη νέα προσπάθεια της Unicef για ασφαλές και καθαρό νερό στα παιδιά του Μπουρούντι, όπως ανακοίνωσε η υπηρεσία του ΟΗΕ για τα παιδιά.  Στόχος του προγράμματος BEYGOOD4BURUNDI είναι η συγκέντρωση χρημάτων για την κατασκευή πηγαδιών και τη βελτίωση της εκπαίδευσης σε ό,τι αφορά την υγιεινή, [...]

The post Η Μπιγιονσέ ενώνει τις δυνάμεις της με την UNICEF για τα παιδιά του Μπουρούντι appeared first on .


          Bujumbura en opération séduction auprès du corps diplomatique et consulaire   
@rib News 30/06/2017 Source Xinhua. Le Burundi organise une Journée diplomatique sur fond d'appel aux investissements internationaux. Le Burundi a organisé vendredi la Journée Diplomatique (édition 2017) sur fond d'appel aux investisseurs internationaux pour "tirer les dividendes de la paix et de la....
          Hommage au Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies dans les rues de Bujumbura   
PANA 25 juin 2017 Bujumbura, Burundi - Des manifestants (photo), se revendiquant de la société civile locale, ont rendu hommage samedi, dans les rues de Bujumbura, au Conseil de sécurité pour sa déclaration en milieu de cette semaine, reconnaissant, selon les organisateurs, le retour à la paix au....
          Burundi : Plusieurs questions brûlantes abordées par le Conseil national de sécurité   
PANA 22 juin 2017 Bujumbura, Burundi - Le Conseil national de sécurité, dirigé par le chef de l’Etat burundais, Pierre Nkurunziza (photo), a rendu public jeudi, un communiqué de sa réunion ordinaire de la veille centrée sur une série de questions en rapport avec la crise socio-politique persistante autour des élections générales de 2015.
          ZILE NAȚIONALE: Republica Democratică Congo   
Situată în partea centrală a Africii, în bazinul fluviului Congo, îi are ca vecini pe Republica Centrafricană și Sudan în nord, Uganda, Ruanda, Burundi și Tanzania în est, Zambia și Angola în sud, Republica Congo și Oceanul Atlantic în vest, notează volumul "Enciclopedia Statelor Lumii" (2005).
          Mjumbe mpya wa UM Burundi akutana na Rais Nkurunziza   
Mjumbe mpya maalumu wa katibu Mkuu wa Umoja wa mataifa nchini Burundi Michel Kafando amefanya ziara nchini humo kujitambulisha katika jukumu lake la kusaidia kumaliza mgogoro wa kisiasa nchini humo. Kuangazia ziara hiyo hii hapa ni ripoti ya mwandishi wetu wa Maziwa Makuu Ramadhani Kibuga akiripoti kutoka Bujumbura. (Taarifa ya Kibuga) Bwana Michel Kafando amekuwa [...]
          BURUNDI Kettenanhänger aus massiv 925 Silber   
21,90 EUR
Kettenanh?nger aus 925 Silber Burundisch?ner ca. 22 mm gro?er Kettenanh?nger aus der Form der Burundi Landkarte aus massiv 925 Sterling Silber!Der Anh?nger ist mit einer gro?en ?se versehen, sodass dieser auch mit einer etwas dickeren Halskettegetragen werden kann.Die Anh?nger werden in einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede aus massivem Material hergestelltund selbstverst?ndlich 925 gestempelt!Landkarte: BurundiMaterial: massiv 925 Sterling SilberGr??e: ca. 22 mm und 1 mm dickOberfl?che: Vorderseite handpoliert und R?ckseite matt geb?rstetGewicht: ca. 2,2 gSonderanfertigungen, wie z.B. ein anderes Land, gr??er oder aus einem anderen Material k?nnen auf Wunsch?f?r Sie hergestellt werden. Fragen Sie uns einfach danach! Wir werden Ihnen sicherlich weiter helfen k?nnen!Alle Kettenanh?nger werden direkt nach Ihrer Bestellung von einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede ?extra f?r Sie angefertigt.Die Abbildungen sind nicht in Originalgr??e - Bitte entnehmen Sie die Gr??e der jeweiligen Produktbeschreibung!

          Burundi: L'envoyé de l'ONU Michel Kafando rencontre le président Nkurunziza   
[RFI] Michel Kafando multiplie les contacts à Bujumbura. Le tout nouvel envoyé spécial de l'ONU au Burundi est arrivé mardi soir dernier pour une première visite dans le pays. Après le chef de la diplomatie, mercredi, il a eu un tête-à-tête d'une heure avec le président Pierre Nkurunziza ce jeudi matin.
          Beyoncé partners with UNICEF to bring safe water to children in remote areas of Burundi   
Global entertainer and humanitarian Beyoncé has teamed up with UNICEF through her BeyGOOD philanthropic arm to announce the launch of BEYGOOD4BURUNDI, a multi-year partnership to provide safe water to the...
          Late Burundi king's remains re-interred in Switzerland   

After a long legal battle, the remains of a former Burundian king who died in 1977 have been re-buried near Geneva after a Swiss court ruled that he deserves to rest in peace in Switzerland as he had wished. It comes more than five years after they were dug up and placed in an undertaker's custody as part of a legal case brought by proponents of a return of the remains to Burundi.


          Burundi News   
News and analysis in French, plus a forum, chat room, and archives.
          Studio Ett 29 juni   
Rapport om demens. IT-attacken. Läget i Burundi. Mosul. Bråvallafestivalen. Medelhavet. Granskningssamhället. Hot och våld mot polisen. Nordirland. Guns N´Roses i Stockholm.
          Le campane suonano troppo forte: multa da 2 mila euro   
"Mi chiedo se il problema sono le campane o è chi amministra, in questo momento, la parrocchia”. Parole amare quelle pronunciate da don Emmanuel, il quale, originario del Burundi, è in Friuli dal 2014, sopravvissuto alla guerra etnica scoppiata nel Paese africano nella seconda metà degli anni ’90
          Joint submission to the Universal Periodic Review of Burundi by ARTICLE 19, the Collaboration on ICT Policy in East and Southern Africa (CIPESA), the East Africa Law Society, the Pan African Lawyers Union (PALU), and the East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project (Defend Defenders)   
Publisher: Article 19 - Document type: Sessional Reports
          Beyonce Partners With UNICEF To Bring Safe Water To Children In Remote Areas Of Burundi   


          Survivors of War-Rape Break the Silence   
"I was 12 years old when I was raped. I did not understand what was happening." Nelle is now 36 years old. But in 1993 when war broke out in Burundi, armed men came to her village near the capital, Bujumbura. They killed her mother and father and six siblings. She was raped, but she survived. “I saw people were killing each other. They were running away and killing each other. I hid myself under dead bodies for five days,” she said. Nelle’s story of survival was long and difficult to tell.  After living through years of instability, she told VOA that she left for South Africa in 2004 when a new government came to power in Burundi. “I was scared,” she said. “I was afraid war was coming and I did not want to go through the same thing as in 1993. I did not want to be raped again. So, I quit the country and became a refugee in South Africa.” Nelle is one of 25 rape survivors from South Sudan, Mali, Colombia and 12 other conflict-affected countries around the world who attended a four-day retreat this week in Geneva. They came to share their experiences and to devise strategies for the creation of a global movement to end rape as a weapon on war. “These 25 women have suffered unthinkable things and developed remarkable powers,” said Esther Dingemans, director of the Mukwege Foundation. “They have experienced the cruelest violence. But the perpetrators did not succeed in breaking them,” she said. The foundation is headed by Denis Mukwege, a renowned surgeon from the Democratic Republic of Congo, who has treated thousands of survivors of sexual violence in Congo.   “We hope that this week will be the beginning of a large long-term movement that leads to a global platform of survivors,” said Dingemans, “and that their voices will finally be heard.” In 1992, after the atrocities committed in the Bosnian war, especially against Muslim women, rape, for the first time was recognized as a weapon of war by the United Nations Security Council. In 2000, the Security Council adopted resolution 1325, which was the first formal and legal document that required parties to a conflict to “protect women and girls from sexual and gender-based violence in armed conflict.” It also was the first U.N. resolution to specifically mention women. Ulrike Lunasek, vice president of the European Parliament, who spoke at the ceremony honoring the 25 women survivors, said it is "important to break the vicious circle of shame and silence" that women usually feel when they are raped. She said women raped in war must be supported, helped to heal and then “be encouraged to speak up, but also to tell the truth about what military conflict and war means for women.” Women did speak up at this conference. Several survivors presented searing testimony about their ordeals. Solange Bigiramana, who survived the horrors of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, now lives as a stateless person in South Africa. “My situation of being a survivor, that comes from a situation of war. It happened for me to face rape. I know what rape means." “And I am here with a story of hope,” she said. "I once was under a shadow. I want every survivor to be out of the shadow and to be into the light." Another survivor, Farida Abbas-Khalaf, a Yazidi girl from the Iraqi village of Kocho, described the torment to which she and other members of her community were subjected by the Islamic State, also known as ISIS, in her book The Girl Who Beat ISIS. She spoke movingly and in agonizing detail about being raped, beaten, insulted, and forced to pray and read the Koran. "Young boys were brainwashed and sent to ISIS training camps to become ISIS fighters while women and young girls were taken as sex slaves and sold at slave markets," said Abbas-Khalaf. She said that she was able to heal because of support from her family, her community and her spiritual leader who she said made a statement "that the surviving girls are an important part of the Yazidi community and that what happened to them was against their will." She added, “It is time that survivors break the silence. But mostly it is time for the world to hear their voices."    
          Beyonce Announces Clean Water Initiative to Benefit the Children of Burundi Through Her BeyGOOD Foundation and UNICEF   
Beyonce’s new partnership to benefit clean water in Burundi comes to life at ESSENCE Fest. The..
          Re: Rwanda / Burundi   
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Burundi gays grapple with HIV   
“I know so many married men in this town who sleep with gay men on the side...”

Local perceptions of homosexuality mean the distribution of lubricants and condoms has to be cloak-and-dagger, with many secretly homosexual men making calls and asking for the items to be despatched in plain envelopes to offices or residences, by people not associated with ARDHO.

"We never ask people for their ethnicity or religion before we give them medication or other HIV support, so why should we ask people about their sexuality?" ANSS founder Jeanne Gapiya, a prominent national HIV activist, told IRIN/PlusNews.

"The problem is that this is a hidden community, and the society is in denial about their existence."

In their latest national strategic plan, the National AIDS Control Council, CNLS, has included MSM in the list of people vulnerable to HIV.

"We realise that they are a marginalised group; we have started to invite them for meetings through their NGO, but the difficulty is we don't know who most of them are or how to reach them," Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

Kanuma commented: "It's not just a problem for gay men; it's a problem for the whole society. I know so many married ['straight'] men in this town [the Burundian capital, Bujumbura] who sleep with gay men on the side. People would be surprised," he said.

"Silence is also what is killing us," he added. "I had a friend who had an STI for about one year - he was self-medicating until he eventually went to ANSS and got a proper diagnosis, and then he got better much quicker."

Kanuma has been writing newspaper articles and making guest appearances on private radio stations to raise awareness about MSM and HIV. "During every radio show I allow people to call in with questions and give out ARDHO's email address," he said. "We have more than 150 emails and so many calls, which shows that more information is still needed."

ARDHO is creating brochures detailing all the means of transmitting HIV, including male-male sex, for distribution in mainstream health centres; ANSS plans to send a doctor outside of Burundi for special training in the health issues of MSM to provide them with better healthcare.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.

Although progress is slow, ARDHO and its partners are unwilling to push the government too hard, preferring to negotiate from a public health platform before demanding for equality under the law. "We need to tread carefully so we don't make the situation worse for gays in Burundi," Kanuma said.

From Mamba website
          Rencontres au Burundi   
Bonjour,

Nouveau à Bujumbura, je cherche des infos sur les rencontres possibles, bars, lieux de drague si ça existe et risques éventuels, attitude des gens, etc...
Je suis preneur de toute information sur le sujet .
Merci d'avance.
          MRADI WA UMEME STIEGLER’S GORGE HAUTAATHIRI MAZINGIRA YA PORI LA SELOUS   

Kaimu Mkurugenzi Mkuu –TAWA Bw. Martin Loibooki akisoma risala mbele ya mgeni Rasmi
katibu mkuu akiwa kwenye picha ya pamoja na wahitimu wa jinsia ya kike 10 kati ya 97 waliyohitimu, wa tatu kutoka kushoto waliyokaa ni kaimu mkurugenzi mkuu-tawa
wahitimu wakitoa heshima mbele ya mgeni rasmi



KM akisoma kiapo cha wahitimu
…………………….

Na Mwandishi wetu, Katavi

Wizara ya Maliasili na utalii imewataka wadau wa uhifadhi kote nchini kuunga mkono mpango wa Serikali wa kujenga mradi mkubwa wa uzalishaji wa umeme katika mto Rufiji kwenye pori la akiba la Selous ambao ukikamilika unatarajiwa kuzalisha zaidi ya megawati 2,100.

Katibu Mkuu wizara ya Maliasili na utalii Meja Jenerali Gaudance Milanzi amesema utekelezaji wa mradi huo wa umeme ni wa muhimu kwa taifa kwani utasaidia kuharakisha maendeleo ya taifa kuelekea azima yake ya Tanzania ya viwanda na uchumi wa kati.

Akiongea wakati akifunga mafunzo ya askari wa wanyamapaori kutoka Mamlaka ya wanayamapori Tanzania -TAWA na Mamlaka ya Hifadhi ya Ngorongoro, Katibu mkuu Meja Jenerali Gudance Milanzi amesema mradi huo wa umeme pamoja na mradi wa bwawa la maji la Kidunda utachukua eneo dogo tu la pori la akiba la Selou lenye ukubwa wa zaidi ya kilomita za mraba elfu 50.

Amesema pori hilo ndilo kubwa miongoni mwa mapori ya aina hiyo ulimwenguni na ukubwa wake ni zaidi ya nchi za Rwanda na Burundi zikiunganishwa kwa pamoja.

Katibu Mkuu amesema ujenzi wa miradi hiyo hauna tafsiri kwamba Tanzania haithamini masuala ya uhifadhi bali unazingatia uhifadhi wenye manufaa kwa jamii na maendeleo ya taifa na hasa dhamira ya serikali ya rais Dk John Pombe Magufuli kuelekea Tanzania ya viwanda ambayo inahitaji nishati ya umeme itakayoyotosheleza mahitaji ya taifa.

Amesema Tanzania inatambua umuhimu wa uhifadhi ndiyo maana imetenga eneo la zaidi ya asilimia 28 ya eneo lote la nchi kavu Tanzania bara kwaajili ya uhifadhi wa aina mbalimbali ukiwemo wa wanayamapori na misitu ya vyanzo vya maji ambayo ni muhimu kwa shughuli za kijamii na kiuchumi, “ ni nchi chache sana duniani zenye eneo kubwa la uhifadhi kama Tanzania” alisisitiza katibu mkuu.

Katibu mkuu amewataka wafanyakazi wa wizara na watanzania kwa ujumla kutokuwa kikwazo kwa utekelezaji wa mradi huo na kwamba wadau wanaotaka kuisaidia Tanzania wasaidie kuhakikisha inatumia maliasili zake kupiga hatua ya kimaendeleo ikiwemo misaada ya teknolojia za kisasa na rafiki wa mazingira kusaidia kufikia malengo yake kimaendeleo.

“Mtakumbuka mh. Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania, Dk John Pombe Magufuli hivi karibuni alipokuwa kwenye ziara ya kikazi mkoani Pwani amezungumzia kwa kirefu sana umuhimu wa miradi hiyo ukiwemo wa bwawa la Kidunda na wa umeme wa Stieglars Gorge, sasa sisi kama wahifadhi na kama watumishi lazima tumuunge mkono na tusiwe kikwazo katika dhamira hii njema” alisema Jenerali Milanzi’’.

Ametoa mfano wa nchi ya Qatar ambayo amesema ilikuwa na eneo la uhifadhi lililokuwa kwenye orodha ya maeneo ya urithi wa dunia kutokana na uwepo wa baadhi ya viumbe adimu lakini walipogundua mafuta, waliamua kujitoa kwenye urithi wa dunia ili wachimbe mafuta na kuinufaisha nchi hiyo na maendeleo ya wananchi wake.

Akizungumzia kuhusu tatizo la mifugo kwenye maeneo yaliyohifadhiwa, Katibu mkuu amewataka wahifadhi kuhakikisha wanakabiliana na changamoto hiyo na kusimamia sheria zilizotungwa na Bunge la Jamahuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania ambazo zinakataza mifugo kuingia hifadhini kinyume cha sheria.

Amesema ndiyo maana serikali inatumia fedha nyingi kugharamia mafunzo ya askari wa wanyamapori na wahifadhi ili kuwaongezea ujuzi na weledi wa kulinda maliasili za taifa kwa kuzingatia sheria zilizopo.

Katibu Mkuu Meja Jenerali Gaudance Milanzi amezungumzia pia umuhimu wa kuhakikisha mapori ya uhifadhi yanatumiwa kwa uhifadhi badala ya kutumika kwa mambo mengine ikiwemo kilimo cha bangi na maficho ya majambazi na majangili na amewataka wahifadhi na askari kushirikiana na vyombo vingene vya ulinzi na usalama kuwafichua wahalifu wanaojificha kwenye mapori hayo na kufanya ujangili na uhalifu mwingine.

Mapema katika taarifa yake kwa katibu mkuu, Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa Mamlaka ya Wanyamapori Tanzania -TAWA Martin Loibooki alieleza kuwa mafunzo hayo yamesaidia kuimarisha uhifadhi kwenye mapori mbalimbali ya akiba nchini na maeneo ya uhifadhi wa wanyamapori.

Aliwashukuru wadau mbalimbali wa uhifadhi wa ndani na nje ya nchi wanaofadhili mafunzo hayo na vitendea kazi juhudi ambazo amesema zimeanza kuzaa matunda ikiwemo kuongezeka kwa idadi ya tembo na wanyamapori wengine kwenye mapori mengi nchini.

Mfunzo hayo yaliyowashirikisha askari wa wanyamapori wapatao 98 kutoka Mamlaka ya wanayamapori Tanzania TAWA na Mamlaka ya Hifadhi ya Ngorongoro ni mwendelezo wa mafunzo yanayotolewa na Wizara ya Maliasili na utalii kwa askari wa wanyamapori na watumishi wengine wa wizara hiyo katika hatua za kuelekea mfumo wa jeshi usu

          Re: Rwanda / Burundi   
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Burundi gays grapple with HIV   
“I know so many married men in this town who sleep with gay men on the side...”

Local perceptions of homosexuality mean the distribution of lubricants and condoms has to be cloak-and-dagger, with many secretly homosexual men making calls and asking for the items to be despatched in plain envelopes to offices or residences, by people not associated with ARDHO.

"We never ask people for their ethnicity or religion before we give them medication or other HIV support, so why should we ask people about their sexuality?" ANSS founder Jeanne Gapiya, a prominent national HIV activist, told IRIN/PlusNews.

"The problem is that this is a hidden community, and the society is in denial about their existence."

In their latest national strategic plan, the National AIDS Control Council, CNLS, has included MSM in the list of people vulnerable to HIV.

"We realise that they are a marginalised group; we have started to invite them for meetings through their NGO, but the difficulty is we don't know who most of them are or how to reach them," Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

Kanuma commented: "It's not just a problem for gay men; it's a problem for the whole society. I know so many married ['straight'] men in this town [the Burundian capital, Bujumbura] who sleep with gay men on the side. People would be surprised," he said.

"Silence is also what is killing us," he added. "I had a friend who had an STI for about one year - he was self-medicating until he eventually went to ANSS and got a proper diagnosis, and then he got better much quicker."

Kanuma has been writing newspaper articles and making guest appearances on private radio stations to raise awareness about MSM and HIV. "During every radio show I allow people to call in with questions and give out ARDHO's email address," he said. "We have more than 150 emails and so many calls, which shows that more information is still needed."

ARDHO is creating brochures detailing all the means of transmitting HIV, including male-male sex, for distribution in mainstream health centres; ANSS plans to send a doctor outside of Burundi for special training in the health issues of MSM to provide them with better healthcare.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.

Although progress is slow, ARDHO and its partners are unwilling to push the government too hard, preferring to negotiate from a public health platform before demanding for equality under the law. "We need to tread carefully so we don't make the situation worse for gays in Burundi," Kanuma said.

From Mamba website
          Rencontres au Burundi   
Bonjour,

Nouveau à Bujumbura, je cherche des infos sur les rencontres possibles, bars, lieux de drague si ça existe et risques éventuels, attitude des gens, etc...
Je suis preneur de toute information sur le sujet .
Merci d'avance.
          Techniques for probability estimates   
Submitted by Yvain • 58 votes • 58 comments

Utility maximization often requires determining a probability of a particular statement being true. But humans are not utility maximizers and often refuse to give precise numerical probabilities. Nevertheless, their actions reflect a "hidden" probability. For example, even someone who refused to give a precise probability for Barack Obama's re-election would probably jump at the chance to take a bet in which ey lost $5 if Obama wasn't re-elected but won $5 million if he was; such decisions demand that the decider covertly be working off of at least a vague probability.

When untrained people try to translate vague feelings like "It seems Obama will probably be re-elected" into a precise numerical probability, they commonly fall into certain traps and pitfalls that make their probability estimates inaccurate. Calling a probability estimate "inaccurate" causes philosophical problems, but these problems can be resolved by remembering that probability is "subjectively objective" - that although a mind "hosts" a probability estimate, that mind does not arbitrarily determine the estimate, but rather calculates it according to mathematical laws from available evidence. These calculations require too much computational power to use outside the simplest hypothetical examples, but they provide a standard by which to judge real probability estimates. They also suggest tests by which one can judge probabilities as well-calibrated or poorly-calibrated: for example, a person who constantly assigns 90% confidence to eir guesses but only guesses the right answer half the time is poorly calibrated. So calling a probability estimate "accurate" or "inaccurate" has a real philosophical grounding.

There exist several techniques that help people translate vague feelings of probability into more accurate numerical estimates. Most of them translate probabilities from forms without immediate consequences (which the brain supposedly processes for signaling purposes) to forms with immediate consequences (which the brain supposedly processes while focusing on those consequences).



Prepare for Revelation

What would you expect if you believed the answer to your question were about to be revealed to you?

In Belief in Belief, a man acts as if there is a dragon in his garage, but every time his neighbor comes up with an idea to test it, he has a reason why the test wouldn't work. If he imagined Omega (the superintelligence who is always right) offered to reveal the answer to him, he might realize he was expecting Omega to reveal the answer "No, there's no dragon". At the very least, he might realize he was worried that Omega would reveal this, and so re-think exactly how certain he was about the dragon issue.

This is a simple technique and has relatively few pitfalls.


Bet on it

At what odds would you be willing to bet on a proposition?

Suppose someone offers you a bet at even odds that Obama will be re-elected. Would you take it? What about two-to-one odds? Ten-to-one? In theory, the knowledge that money is at stake should make you consider the problem in "near mode" and maximize your chances of winning.

The problem with this method is that it only works when utility is linear with respect to money and you're not risk-averse. In the simplest case I should be indifferent to a $100,000 bet at 50% odds that a fair coin would come up tails, but in fact I would refuse it; winning $100,000 would be moderately good, but losing $100,000 would put me deeply in debt and completely screw up my life. When these sorts of consideration become paramount, imagining wagers will tend to give inaccurate results.


Convert to a Frequency

How many situations would it take before you expected an event to occur?

Suppose you need to give a probability that the sun will rise tomorrow. "999,999 in a million" doesn't immediately sound wrong; the sun seems likely to rise, and a million is a very high number. But if tomorrow is an average day, then your probability will be linked to the number of days it will take before you expect that the sun will fail to rise on at least one. A million days is three thousand years; the Earth has existed for far more than three thousand years without the sun failing to rise. Therefore, 999,999 in a million is too low a probability for this occurrence. If you think the sort of astronomical event that might prevent the sun from rising happens only once every three billion years, then you might consider a probability more like 999,999,999,999 in a trillion.

In addition to converting to a frequency across time, you can also convert to a frequency across places or people. What's the probability that you will be murdered tomorrow? The best guess would be to check the murder rate for your area. What's the probability there will be a major fire in your city this year? Check how many cities per year have major fires.

This method fails if your case is not typical: for example, if your city is on the losing side of a war against an enemy known to use fire-bombing, the probability of a fire there has nothing to do with the average probability across cities. And if you think the reason the sun might not rise is a supervillain building a high-tech sun-destroying machine, then consistent sunrises over the past three thousand years of low technology will provide little consolation.

A special case of the above failure is converting to frequency across time when considering an event that is known to take place at a certain distance from the present. For example, if today is April 10th, then the probability that we hold a Christmas celebration tomorrow is much lower than the 1/365 you get by checking on what percentage of days we celebrate Christmas. In the same way, although we know that the sun will fail to rise in a few billion years when it burns out its nuclear fuel, this shouldn't affect its chance of rising tomorrow.


Find a Reference Class

How often have similar statements been true?

What is the probability that the latest crisis in Korea escalates to a full-blown war? If there have been twenty crisis-level standoffs in the Korean peninsula in the past 60 years, and only one of them has resulted in a major war, then (war|crisis) = .05, so long as this crisis is equivalent to the twenty crises you're using as your reference class.

But finding the reference class is itself a hard problem. What is the probability Bigfoot exists? If one makes a reference class by saying that the yeti doesn't exist, the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, and so on, then the Bigfoot partisan might accuse you of assuming the conclusion - after all, the likelihood of these creatures existing is probably similar to and correlated with Bigfoot. The partisan might suggest asking how many creatures previously believed not to exist later turned out to exist - a list which includes real animals like the orangutan and platypus - but then one will have to debate whether to include creatures like dragons, orcs, and Pokemon on the list.

This works best when the reference class is more obvious, as in the Korea example.


Make Multiple Statements

How many statements could you make of about the same uncertainty as a given statement without being wrong once?

Suppose you believe France is larger than Italy. With what confidence should you believe it? If you made ten similar statements (Germany is larger than Austria, Britain is larger than Ireland, Spain is larger than Portugal, et cetera) how many times do you think you would be wrong? A hundred similar statements? If you think you'd be wrong only one time out of a hundred, you can give the statement 99% confidence.

This is the most controversial probability assessment technique; it tends to give lower levels of confidence than the others; for example, Eliezer wants to say there's a less than one in a million chance the LHC would destroy the world, but doubts he could make a million similar statements and only be wrong once. Komponisto thinks this is a failure of imagination: we imagine ourselves gradually growing tired and making mistakes, whereas this method only works if the accuracy of the millionth statement is exactly the same as the first.

In any case, the technique is only as good as the ability to judge which statements are equally difficult to a given statement. If I start saying things like "Russia is larger than Vatican City! Canada is larger than a speck of dust!" then I may get all the statements right, but it won't mean much for my Italy-France example - and if I get bogged down in difficult questions like "Burundi is larger than Equatorial Guinea" then I might end up underconfident. In cases where there is an obvious comparison ("Bob didn't cheat on his test", "Sue didn't cheat on her test", "Alice didn't cheat on her test") this problem disappears somewhat.


Imagine Hypothetical Evidence

How would your probabilities adjust given new evidence?

Suppose one day all the religious people and all the atheists get tired of arguing and decide to settle the matter by experiment once and for all. The plan is to roll an n-sided numbered die and have the faithful of all religions pray for the die to land on "1". The experiment will be done once, with great pomp and ceremony, and never repeated, lest the losers try for a better result. All the resources of the world's skeptics and security forces will be deployed to prevent any tampering with the die, and we assume their success is guaranteed.

If the experimenters used a twenty-sided die, and the die comes up 1, would this convince you that God probably did it, or would you dismiss the result as a coincidence? What about a hundred-sided die? Million-sided? If a successful result on a hundred-sided die wouldn't convince you, your probability of God's existence must be less than one in a hundred; if a million-sided die would convince you, it must be more than one in a million.

This technique has also been denounced as inaccurate, on the grounds that our coincidence detectors are overactive and therefore in no state to be calibrating anything else. It would feel very hard to dismiss a successful result on a thousand-sided die, no matter how low the probability of God is. It might also be difficult to visualize a hypothetical where the experiment can't possibly be rigged, and it may be unfair to force subjects to imagine a hypothetical that would practically never happen (like the million-sided die landing on one in a world where God doesn't exist).



These techniques should be experimentally testable; any disagreement over which do or do not work (at least for a specific individual) can be resolved by going through a list of difficult questions, declaring confidence levels, and scoring the results with log odds. Steven's blog has some good sets of test questions (which I deliberately do not link here so as to not contaminate a possible pool of test subjects); if many people are interested in participating and there's a general consensus that an experiment would be useful, we can try to design one.

58 comments
          Beyoncé’s New Campaign Will Bring Clean, Safe Water to Burundi   
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          La dépouille de l'ex-roi de Burundi retrouve la paix à Meyrin (GE)   
Après cinq ans de bataille juridique, la dépouille de l'ex-roi du Burundi Mwambutsa IV a été réinhumée vendredi au cimetière de Meyrin (GE). La cérémonie s'est déroulée dans l'intimité et sous surveillance ...
          Η συνεργασία της Beyonce με την Unicef για τα παιδιά του Μπουρούντι   
Η συνεργασία της Beyonce με την Unicef για τα παιδιά του Μπουρούντι
Η Αμερικανίδα σταρ της ποπ Beyonce στηρίζει τη νέα προσπάθεια της Unicef για ασφαλές και καθαρό νερό στα παιδιά του Μπουρούντι, όπως ανακοίνωσε η υπηρεσία του ΟΗΕ για τα παιδιά.
Στόχος του προγράμματος BEYGOOD4BURUNDI είναι η συγκέντρωση χρημάτων για την κατασκευή πηγαδιών και τη βελτίωση της εκπαίδευσης σε ό,τι αφορά την υγιεινή, αλλά και την προσφορά υποδομών υγιεινής και νερού στα σχολεία του Μπουρούντι, ανακοίνωσαν η Unicef και η Beyonce.
Δύο στους πέντε ανθρώπους στο Μπουρούντι, στην ανατολική Αφρική, δεν έχουν πρόσβαση σε καθαρό νερό και οι ασθένειες που συνδέονται με το μολυσμένο νερό και την έλλειψη επαρκών συνθηκών υγιεινής είναι μια από τις βασικές αιτίες θανάτου για τα παιδιά στη χώρα αυτή των 12 εκατομμυρίων κατοίκων, αναφέρουν στις ανακοινώσεις τους.
Σύμφωνα με τη Unicef, ένα στα 12 παιδιά πεθαίνει στο Μπουρούντι προτού γίνει 5 ετών.
«Η πρόσβαση στο νερό είναι ένα θεμελιώδες δικαίωμα. Όταν προσφέρεις στα παιδιά ασφαλές και καθαρό νερό, δεν τους προσφέρεις μόνο ζωή, τους προσφέρεις υγεία, μόρφωση και ένα καλύτερο μέλλον», τόνισε η 35χρονη τραγουδίστρια στην ανακοίνωση.
Όπως επισημαίνει η Beyonce περισσότεροι από 2 εκατομμύρια άνθρωποι στο Μπουρούντι ξοδεύουν καθημερινά περισσότερα από 30 λεπτά για να βρούνε νερό, γεγονός που αναγκάζει τα παιδιά να χάσουν το σχολείο και θέτει κυρίως τα κορίτσια σε κίνδυνο, καθώς πρέπει να περπατούν χιλιόμετρα αναζητώντας πηγές.
Η πρώτη φάση του BEYGOOD4BURUNDI επικεντρώνεται σε τέσσερις επαρχίες της χώρας αυτής που σπαράσσεται εμφύλιες συγκρούσεις και βία, αλλά και από την ξηρασία και τον υποσιτισμό.
Πηγή: ΑΠΕ-ΜΠΕ
          Le président burundais appelle ses compatriotes à célébrer le 55ème anniversaire de l'indépendance dans l'unité (PAPIER GENERAL)   
Le président du Burundi, Pierre Nkurunziza, a appelé vendredi ses compatriotes à célébrer le 55ème anniversaire du recouvrement de l'indépendance politique burundaise nationale (1er juillet 1962 - 1er juillet 2017) "dans l'unité" tout en veillant sur la consolidation de la sécurité nationale.
          The BeyGOOD Foundation Plans To Help Burundi’s Residents Access Safe Drinking Water   
Beyonce's organization continues its mission to aid those who've endured environmental or economic strife.
          Beyoncé’s BeyGood4Burundi Will Bring Clean, Safe Water Systems and Wells to Burundi   
In Burundi, one of the smallest, poorest nations in Africa, more than 2 million people spend more than 30 minutes a day just trying to get clean water for drinking and bathing. Most of them are women. Beyoncé’s #BeyGood4Burundi and UNICEF have joined forces to help bring safe water to the most vulnerable women and children in [...]
          Beyonce bantu UNICEF kampanye air untuk anak Burundi   
Ikon pop Beyonce pada Jumat (30/6) menggunakan pengaruhnya sebagai megabintang dalam upaya baru untuk membawa air bersih dan aman bagi anak-anak di Burundi dalam sebuah kemitraan membantu Dana Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa untuk ...
          De refugiado a advogado   
Seth Médiateur Tuyisabe chegou na Suíça como refugiado aos nove anos de idade. Agora ele está fazendo exames para se tornar advogado. Esta é a história dele. A guerra civil começou no Burundi em 1993, e o pai de Seth, um funcionário de banco, sofreu um atentado e foi obrigado a fugir. Ele veio para a Suíça, onde amigos de uma comunidade católica forneceram abrigo. No Burundi, um amigo próximo morreu na explosão de uma mina em uma estrada enquanto usava o carro da família. Seth, sua mãe e seus irmãos conseguiram pegar o último voo do país. Eles fugiram para Camarões, onde ficaram por dois anos, antes de se juntarem ao pai de Seth na Suíça. Depois de chegarem aqui, eles viveram em vários centros de asilo antes de se estabelecerem em Lausanne. Vindo do Burundi, eles ficaram maravilhados com a neve, os ônibus em abundância, os parques públicos, as pessoas que correm para pegar o ônibus (no Burundi, as pessoas só correm quando há uma emergência) e as pessoas que beijam cachorros e os ...
          BENKI YA DUNIA YAIPATIA TANZANIA MKOPO WA DOLA MILIONI 80 KUBORESHA ELIMU BILA MALIPO   
Benny Mwaipaja, WFM-Dar es Salaam
BENKI ya Dunia imeipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye masharti nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kusaidia mpango wa Serikali wa miaka 11 wa Elimu bila malipo kuanzia elimu ya msingi hadi sekondari nchini.
Kiasi hicho cha fedha ni nyongeza ya Dola milioni 122 zilizotolewa na Benki hiyo katika awamu ya kwanza ya utekelezaji wa maboresho ya elimu kupitia Mpango wa Tekeleza kwa Matokeo Makubwa sasa-BRN, uliolenga kuondoa changamoto za elimu nchini.
Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bella Bird amesema wakati wa utiaji saini mkataba wa nyongeza ya fedha hizo kati yake na Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James, kuwa nyongeza ya Dola milioni 80 imetokana na Benki hiyo kuridhishwa na namna Serikali ya Awamu ya Tano inayoongozwa na Dokt. John Pombe Magufuli, ilivyosimamia kikamilifu mpango huo wa utoaji elimu bure na kuwanufaisha wanafunzi wengi wakiwemo wanaotoka katika familia masikini.
Amesema kuwa uamuzi huo umesababisha ongezeko kubwa la wanafunzi wanaojiunga na elimu ya msingi, kuongezeka kwa ufaulu, wanafunzi kujua maarifa ya hesabu, kusoma na kuandika, utoaji wa ruzuku  ya elimu kwa wakati, hatua ambayo pia imesababisha kuwepo kwa changamoto za ukosefu wa miundombinu ya shule, changamoto ambazo anaamini zinapungua kupitia mkopo huo wenye masharti nafuu.
Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James ameishukuru Benki ya Dunia kwa kutoa fedha hizo ambazo amesema zitasaidia kwa kiasi kikubwa mipango ya Serikali ya kuboresha elimu nchini na kuondoa changamoto zinazoukabili mpango huo likiwemo ongezeko hilo kubwa la wanafunzi.
Bw. James ameeleza kuwa fedha hizo zitasaidia ujenzi wa miundombinu ya madarasa, ubora wa eimu, ukaguzi wa shule, upelekaji wa walimu, na kuwasaidia wanafunzi wenye mahitaji maalumu ili waweze kupata haki hiyo ya msingi ya elimu.
Kwa upande wake Naibu Katibu Mkuu Wizara ya Elimu, Sayansi na Teknolojia Prof. Simon Msanjila, amesema kuwa katika awamu ya kwanza ya utekelezaji wa mradi wa elimu wa lipa kulingana na matokeo upitia mkopo wenye masharti nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 122 zimetumika kujenga madarasa 1,400, matundu 3,390 ya vyoo, mabweni 261, majengo ya utawala 9, mabwalo ya chakula 9 nyumba za walimu 11, uchimaji wa visima vya maji katika shule nne na kukarabati vyuo vya ualimu.
Amesema kuwa  mkopo mpya wa dola za Marekani milioni 80 uliotolewa na Benki ya Dunia hata kabla ya awamu ya kwanza ya mradi huo kumalizika hapo mwakani, umeonesha nia ya dhati ya Benki ya Dunia kusaidia maendeleo ya elimu nchini.
 Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James (Kushoto) na Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bella Bird, wakitia saini makubaliano ya Benki ya Dunia kuipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), Jijini Dar es Salaam.
 Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James (Kushoto) na Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bella Bird, wakitia saini makubaliano ya Benki ya Dunia kuipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), Jijini Dar es Salaam.
 Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James (Kushoto) na Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bella Bird, wakibadilishana hati (mkataba) ya mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), jijini Dar es Salaam.
 Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw, Doto James akizungumza na waandishi wa habari (hawapo pichani) baada ya kutia saini makubaliano na Benki ya Dunia ya kuipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), Jijini Dar es Salaam.
Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bi. Bella Bird, akisisitiza jambo mbele ya  waandishi wa habari (hawapo pichani) baada ya kusaini makubaliano ya Benki yake ya kuipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), Jijini Dar es Salaam. (Picha na Kitengo cha Mawasiliano Serikalini-WFM)

          Beyonce sur le point de lancer un projet salvateur au Burundi   

L’icône de la pop, Beyonce, en partenariat avec l’UNICEF déploient des efforts pour résoudre le problème d’eau qui mine le Burundi. À travers son projet BEYGOOD4BURUNDI, la star veut aider à construire des puits et à améliorer les installations d’eau et d’assainissement dans les écoles. Deux personnes sur cinq au Burundi, un pays d’Afrique de [...]

The post Beyonce sur le point de lancer un projet salvateur au Burundi appeared first on AfrikMag.


          BGMC Newsletter   
BGMC Newsletter
BGMC Summit—Pigeon Forge, Tennessee ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌ ‌  ‌ ‌ ‌ 
 
BGMC
 
 

BGMC Summit—Pigeon Forge, Tennessee
September 27-30, 2017

Join us in the beautiful Smoky Mountains at near-peak season for a time of fellowship and relaxation. Enjoy matchless vistas from Timber Tops Luxury Cabins. Once you arrive, all costs are covered except for lunch on your own.

To register, click here
—READ MORE
 

Summertime Pray, Give, Go

BGMC offers numerous resources for kids and leaders that challenge kids to pray, to give, and to go.  Use these summer months to spiritually gear up your church kids to reach their world (right where they live) and the world (around the globe) for Jesus.
—READ MORE
 


 

Before & After

Pastor Scott Herbolsheimer, Judy Herbolsheimer, Rob Jezewski, and Rick Caudill look a little different now. They challenged their church—In His Presence Hale Assembly of God, in Hale, Mich.—to raise $500 in March for BGMC. If they did, Pastor Scott and Rick would let the kids shave their heads, and Miss Judy would dye her naturally-blond hair black.
—READ MORE
 

Church-Planting School in Burundi, Africa

Nate Lashway, missionary to Africa: “Thank you so much for the help BGMC gave to help this first-ever church planting school get off the ground in Burundi, Africa.”
—READ MORE
 


 

BGMC Fund Blast

Let’s face it: Kids love to get wet. And they can get bored during the summer months if the y have little to do. So use your imagination and fill your summer months by doing a “BGMC FUNd Blast.”

  1. Put on your own splash harbor on the church grounds.
  2. Have the kids do their own home garage sales.
  3. Set up a food stand outside of church on a Sunday morning.
  4. $60 in 60 Days
  5. Reward Kids for Effort

—READ MORE
 

2017 BGMC Video Contest

Join the fun and possibly get national recognition by participating in the 2017 BGMC Video Contest!
—READ MORE
 
 
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          Burundi: Cinquante mille francs burundais pour améliorer le bien-être des plus pauvres des communautés   
Cette initiative de crédit développement, reçoit le soutien du PNUD à travers son Programme d’Appui à la mise en convergence territoriale et l’engagement (PACTE). Elle est facilitée par l’octroi de crédits financés par le Fonds de microcrédit rural (FMCR) du ministère du Développement local et par....
          Burundi urges its former colonizers to pay compensations   
BUJUMBURA, July 1 (Xinhua) -- Burundian President Pierre Nkurunziza Saturday urged its former colonizers Germany and Belgium to pay compensations to the country for damages caused during the colonial rule. The remarks were made at Prince Louis Rwagasore stadium in the capital Bujumbura during the....
          Le Burundi exige aux colons allemands et belges de reconnaître leurs tords   
PANA 30 juin 2017. Le Burundi célèbre samedi le 55ème anniversaire de l’indépendance sur un goût d’inachevé. Bujumbura, Burundi - Le 55ème anniversaire de l’indépendance nationale sera célébré, ce samedi, une occasion qu’a saisie le Parlement burundais pour exiger aux colons allemands et belges de....
          Beyonce Kampanye Air Untuk Anak-anak di Burundi   
Ikon pop Beyonce mengkampanyekan air bersih dan aman bagi anak-anak di Burundi dalam sebuah kemitraan membantu Dana Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa untuk Anak-anak (UNICEF).
          Re: Rwanda / Burundi   
slt t'es toujours au Rwanda?
          Re: Burundi gays grapple with HIV   
“I know so many married men in this town who sleep with gay men on the side...”

Local perceptions of homosexuality mean the distribution of lubricants and condoms has to be cloak-and-dagger, with many secretly homosexual men making calls and asking for the items to be despatched in plain envelopes to offices or residences, by people not associated with ARDHO.

"We never ask people for their ethnicity or religion before we give them medication or other HIV support, so why should we ask people about their sexuality?" ANSS founder Jeanne Gapiya, a prominent national HIV activist, told IRIN/PlusNews.

"The problem is that this is a hidden community, and the society is in denial about their existence."

In their latest national strategic plan, the National AIDS Control Council, CNLS, has included MSM in the list of people vulnerable to HIV.

"We realise that they are a marginalised group; we have started to invite them for meetings through their NGO, but the difficulty is we don't know who most of them are or how to reach them," Jean Rirangira, the interim executive secretary of CNLS, told IRIN/PlusNews.

Kanuma commented: "It's not just a problem for gay men; it's a problem for the whole society. I know so many married ['straight'] men in this town [the Burundian capital, Bujumbura] who sleep with gay men on the side. People would be surprised," he said.

"Silence is also what is killing us," he added. "I had a friend who had an STI for about one year - he was self-medicating until he eventually went to ANSS and got a proper diagnosis, and then he got better much quicker."

Kanuma has been writing newspaper articles and making guest appearances on private radio stations to raise awareness about MSM and HIV. "During every radio show I allow people to call in with questions and give out ARDHO's email address," he said. "We have more than 150 emails and so many calls, which shows that more information is still needed."

ARDHO is creating brochures detailing all the means of transmitting HIV, including male-male sex, for distribution in mainstream health centres; ANSS plans to send a doctor outside of Burundi for special training in the health issues of MSM to provide them with better healthcare.

HIV prevalence in Burundi has been declining since the late 1990s, but many surveillance sites have recently indicated an upward trend; in May, officials announced that HIV infection had risen from 3.5 percent in 2002 to 4.2 percent in 2008.

Although progress is slow, ARDHO and its partners are unwilling to push the government too hard, preferring to negotiate from a public health platform before demanding for equality under the law. "We need to tread carefully so we don't make the situation worse for gays in Burundi," Kanuma said.

From Mamba website
          Rencontres au Burundi   
Bonjour,

Nouveau à Bujumbura, je cherche des infos sur les rencontres possibles, bars, lieux de drague si ça existe et risques éventuels, attitude des gens, etc...
Je suis preneur de toute information sur le sujet .
Merci d'avance.
          Boko Boko    
Pourquoi pas un petit tour culinaire au Burundi pour sa fête nationale ? 
Merci encore Sophie pour me permettre toutes ces jolies découvertes....
Boko BokoIngrédients pour 2 vagabonds :
Pour le Boko Boko :
150 g de filet de poulet - 75 g de boulgour et millet mélangés - 1/2 oignon râpé - sel - 1,5 cuillère à soupe de beurre clarifié
Pour la sauce :
100 g de foie de volaille - 2,5 cuillères à soupe de sucre - 1 cuillère à soupe de pâte de curcuma - 5 cl d'eau - sel
Pour les ...
          Beyoncé’s BeyGood4Burundi Will Bring Clean, Safe Water Systems and Wells to Burundi   
In Burundi, one of the smallest, poorest nations in Africa, more than 2 million people spend more than 30 minutes a day just trying to get clean water for drinking and bathing. Most of them are women. Beyoncé’s #BeyGood4Burundi and UNICEF have joined forces to help bring safe water to the most vulnerable women and children in [...]

          B.C. Burundians to celebrate July 1 holiday — twice   

Vancouver group of newcomers and refugees from the Central African country invite locals to shared party to make both countries' national holidays.
          Funding Crisis Engulfs Refugee Services   
[Citizen] Under-funding for social-economic projects in refugee camps, through the Burundi Regional Refugee Response Plan (BRRRP), remains a challenge that UNHCR and other humanitarian agencies have to grapple with as they seek to raise living standards for refugees.
          Ilham Aliyev congratulates president of Burundi   
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          AFC Leopards new catch celebrate birthday with defeat   

The Burundian who arrived in the country on Friday after completing his move to the Den, turned 24 on Saturday


          Se vende - precioso Y valioso collar de 33 perlas grises de... - 1.395 €   
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          Beyoncé’s New Campaign Will Bring Clean, Safe Water to Burundi   
Thank you.
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          June transfer window attracts 15 foreigners   
The SportPesa Premier League continues to attract dozens of foreign players, with 15 more from the Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi joining Kenyan clubs during the mid-season transfer window that lapsed on Friday night. As per information released yesterday to the media by Football Kenya....
          Beyonce joins forces with Unicef for children's water project   
(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Pop icon Beyonce is throwing her superstar power behind a new effort to bring safe, clean water to children in Burundi in a partnership with Unicef, the Unite...
          Kenya: June Transfer Window Attracts 15 Foreigners   
[Nation] The SportPesa Premier League continues to attract dozens of foreign players, with 15 more from the Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi joining Kenyan clubs during the mid-season transfer window that lapsed on Friday night.
          Job at The East African Community (EAC)   



DEPUTY CLERK FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION (EAC/HR/2016-17/22)

The East African Community is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising the Republic of Burundi, the Republic of Kenya, the Republic of Rwanda, the Republic of South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda with its Headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.

The EAC mission is to widen and deepen economic, political, social and cultural integration to improve the quality of life of the people of East Africa through increased competitiveness, value added production, trade and investments.

This is an exciting opportunity for highly motivated and result-driven professionals who are citizens of East African Community Partner States of Burundi and South Sudan to apply for the following position tenable at the East African Legislative Assembly.

Organ / Institution: The East African Legislative Assembly

Duty Station: Arusha, Tanzania

Job Grade: P4

Job reports to: Clerk

Job Purpose:
To be responsible for the coordination and facilitation of the processes that promote better utilization of the Assembly’s human and financial resources in accordance with the provisions of the relevant Staff and Financial Rules and Regulations and other decisions and directives issued from time to time by the Assembly, the EALA Commission, the Council and the Clerk.

Duties and Responsibilities:
Coordinate implementation of policies and programmes related to finance, human resources, information management and administrative support;
Prepare draft budget estimates in respect of each Financial Year in accordance with budgetary guidelines and decisions of the Assembly for consideration of the Assembly’s top management;
Plan, organize, execute and control the day-to-day financial management function of the Assembly, overseeing the cash flow and cash position of the Assembly and making appropriate recommendations to the top management and advising on appropriate investments;
Enforce compliance to the relevant Staff and Financial Rules and Regulations and the established policies and procedures relating to staff and financial matters;
Provide managerial support and technical advice related to the sectors and staff under your supervision;
Liaise with Staff to develop specific, measureable, accurate, realistic and time bound (SMART) performance indicators, monitor and evaluate individual Staff performance and ensure that the Assembly’s performance evaluation/appraisal and feedback process is applied to all staff of the Assembly;
Identify policy gaps, initiate and facilitate research and studies in priority programme areas for the sectors under your supervision;
Coordinate Implementation of the relevant Assembly/Council decisions and consolidate progress and annual reports on status of implementation of the said Assembly/Council decisions/directives;
Coordinate preparation of monthly, quarterly, annual and other periodic reports such as budget performance status reports, advances and monthly accounts;
Participate in the meetings of the F&A and other relevant Committees of Council as well as the Assembly’s committees on General Purpose and Accounts;
Facilitate the meetings of the EALA Commission whenever required;
Monitor the Assembly’s budget performance and make appropriate recommendations to the top management;
Perform any other duties as may be assigned by the management from time to time.
Qualifications and Experience:
Master’s Degree in Finance, Business/Public Administration/Management or related discipline from a recognized University.

Minimum of ten (10) years working experience in Public Management particularly in Finance and Human Resource and administration sector of which 5 years’ must have been at a level not less than that of a Principal Officer . Knowledge and experience of the workings of Parliament will be an added advantage.

Skills and Competencies:
Excellent organizational skills, ability to work under pressure to meet tight deadlines, ability to multi-task and work in teams, excellent oral and written communication skills, confident and able to work with the highest level of decorum and own initiative, ability to anticipate needs of the Assembly with utmost priority in mind, and excellent computer and management skills.

Eligibility:
Considering the current status of quota points per Partner State under
East African Legislative Assembly, only Applicants from the Republic of Burundi, and Republic of South Sudan are eligible to apply for the Position of Deputy Registrar Finance & Administration under EALA .

Terms and Conditions of Service:
The position of Deputy Clerk Finance and Administration is tenable for a contract of five (5) years renewable once.

Fringe Benefits:
The established posts offer attractive fringe benefits including housing allowance, transport allowance, education allowance, a medical scheme, and insurance cover.

Equal Opportunity:
The EAC is an equal opportunity employer; therefore, female candidates are particularly encouraged to apply. EAC will only respond to those candidates who strictly meet the set requirements.

How to Apply:
Interested candidates who meet the qualification and experience requirements for the above mentioned positions are advised to send their applications, detailed curriculum vitae, photocopies of academic certificates, names and contact details of three referees, and copy of National Identity Card, or Birth Certificate or Passport showing date of birth. Please quote the respective reference number on both the application letter and envelope. For electronic submission, please quote the respective reference number on the subject of the email and send to the address given below.

Applications should be submitted to the address below not later than Friday, 21 July 2017.

Please note:

You may submit your application either electronically or in hard copy but not both.
Applications which do not: indicate nationality and age; the reference number; or have an application letter attached; have certified copies of their academic degrees and other professional Certificates; or fail to provide three referees will be disqualified.
Only qualified candidates will be contacted
EAC Staff Rules and Regulations preclude considerations of applicants above 55 years of age.
Please note that EAC does not require candidates to pay money for the recruitment process. All invitations for interviews will be done in writing

The Secretary General
East African Community
P. o Box 1096
Arusha – Tanzania.
Tel: +255 27 2162100
Fax: +255 27 2162190
Website : www.eac.int

Application Deadline:
Friday, 21 July 2017 – 5:00pm
          BENKI YA DUNIA YAIPATIA TANZANIA MKOPO WA DOLA MILIONI 80 KUBORESHA ELIMU BILA MALIPO   
Benny Mwaipaja, WFM-Dar es Salaam
BENKI ya Dunia imeipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye masharti nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kusaidia mpango wa Serikali wa miaka 11 wa Elimu bila malipo kuanzia elimu ya msingi hadi sekondari nchini.
Kiasi hicho cha fedha ni nyongeza ya Dola milioni 122 zilizotolewa na Benki hiyo katika awamu ya kwanza ya utekelezaji wa maboresho ya elimu kupitia Mpango wa Tekeleza kwa Matokeo Makubwa sasa-BRN, uliolenga kuondoa changamoto za elimu nchini.
Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bella Bird amesema wakati wa utiaji saini mkataba wa nyongeza ya fedha hizo kati yake na Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James, kuwa nyongeza ya Dola milioni 80 imetokana na Benki hiyo kuridhishwa na namna Serikali ya Awamu ya Tano inayoongozwa na Dokt. John Pombe Magufuli, ilivyosimamia kikamilifu mpango huo wa utoaji elimu bure na kuwanufaisha wanafunzi wengi wakiwemo wanaotoka katika familia masikini.
Amesema kuwa uamuzi huo umesababisha ongezeko kubwa la wanafunzi wanaojiunga na elimu ya msingi, kuongezeka kwa ufaulu, wanafunzi kujua maarifa ya hesabu, kusoma na kuandika, utoaji wa ruzuku  ya elimu kwa wakati, hatua ambayo pia imesababisha kuwepo kwa changamoto za ukosefu wa miundombinu ya shule, changamoto ambazo anaamini zinapungua kupitia mkopo huo wenye masharti nafuu.
Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James ameishukuru Benki ya Dunia kwa kutoa fedha hizo ambazo amesema zitasaidia kwa kiasi kikubwa mipango ya Serikali ya kuboresha elimu nchini na kuondoa changamoto zinazoukabili mpango huo likiwemo ongezeko hilo kubwa la wanafunzi.
Bw. James ameeleza kuwa fedha hizo zitasaidia ujenzi wa miundombinu ya madarasa, ubora wa eimu, ukaguzi wa shule, upelekaji wa walimu, na kuwasaidia wanafunzi wenye mahitaji maalumu ili waweze kupata haki hiyo ya msingi ya elimu.
Kwa upande wake Naibu Katibu Mkuu Wizara ya Elimu, Sayansi na Teknolojia Prof. Simon Msanjila, amesema kuwa katika awamu ya kwanza ya utekelezaji wa mradi wa elimu wa lipa kulingana na matokeo upitia mkopo wenye masharti nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 122 zimetumika kujenga madarasa 1,400, matundu 3,390 ya vyoo, mabweni 261, majengo ya utawala 9, mabwalo ya chakula 9 nyumba za walimu 11, uchimaji wa visima vya maji katika shule nne na kukarabati vyuo vya ualimu.
Amesema kuwa  mkopo mpya wa dola za Marekani milioni 80 uliotolewa na Benki ya Dunia hata kabla ya awamu ya kwanza ya mradi huo kumalizika hapo mwakani, umeonesha nia ya dhati ya Benki ya Dunia kusaidia maendeleo ya elimu nchini.
 Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James (Kushoto) na Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bella Bird, wakitia saini makubaliano ya Benki ya Dunia kuipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), Jijini Dar es Salaam.
 Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James (Kushoto) na Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bella Bird, wakitia saini makubaliano ya Benki ya Dunia kuipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), Jijini Dar es Salaam.
 Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw. Doto James (Kushoto) na Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bella Bird, wakibadilishana hati (mkataba) ya mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), jijini Dar es Salaam.
 Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Fedha na Mipango Bw, Doto James akizungumza na waandishi wa habari (hawapo pichani) baada ya kutia saini makubaliano na Benki ya Dunia ya kuipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), Jijini Dar es Salaam.
Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia anayehudumia nchi za Tanzania, Somalia, Malawi na Burundi, Bi. Bella Bird, akisisitiza jambo mbele ya  waandishi wa habari (hawapo pichani) baada ya kusaini makubaliano ya Benki yake ya kuipatia Tanzania mkopo wenye riba nafuu wa Dola za Marekani milioni 80 kwa ajili ya kutekeleza maboresho ya elimu ya msingi na sekondari kupitia mpango wa  lipa kwa matokeo (elimu bila malipo), Jijini Dar es Salaam. (Picha na Kitengo cha Mawasiliano Serikalini-WFM)

          Serikali Yawataka Wataalam wa Mikataba Kuwa Wazalendo   
Na Jonas Kamaleki- MAELEZO
Wataalamu wa majadiliano ya mikataba wametakiwa kuweka maslahi ya Taifa mbele wanapoandaa mikataba ya kimataifa ili kulinda na kusimamia raslimali za nchi.

Wito huo umetolewa jana na Naibu Mwanasheria Mkuu wa Serikali, Gerson Mdemu wakati akifunga mafunzo ya maafisa waandamizi wa serikali za nchi tisa za kiafrika kuhusu majadaliano ya mikataba ya kibiashara ya kimataifa yaliyofanyika jijini Dar es Salaam.

Mdemu aliwasititiza washiriki wa mafunzo hayo kutumia ujuzi walioupata kwenye mafunzo hayo yaliyofanyika kwa majuma mawili kwa ajili ya maslahi ya nchi zao ili kulinda raslimali  za nchi husika ili zitumike kwa manufaa ya umma.

“Tangulizeni maslahi ya nchi na si ya kwenu binafsi katika mikataba ya kimataifa na kuondokana na vitendo vya rushwa”, alisema Mdemu.

Kwa upande wake, Mkurugenzi wa Mafunzo wa Uongozi Institute, Kadari Singo amesema mafunzo hayo yameandaliwa kutokana na nchi za kiafrika kuwa nyuma katika majadaliano ya mikataba ya kimataifa.

“Tumeamua kufanya mafunzo haya kuwafundisha maafisa waandamizi toka nchi za kiafrika ili kuwapa ujuzi na utaalamu wa kufanya majadiliano ya mikataba ili iweze kuwa na manufaa kwa nchi husika”, alisema Singo.

Kwa mujibu wa Bwana Singo, mafunzo ya aina hiyo yatakuwa endelevu kwa watumishi wa Serikali ii kuiwajengea uwezo katika eneo hilo na yatakuwa yakifanyika kujumuisha wataalam wa sekta husika kama vile, sekta madini, misitu, wanyamapori na sheria.

Aidha, Singo alisema mafunzo haya yatahakikisha yanapinga vikali vitendo vya rushwa kwenye mikataba ili kuzinusuru nchi za kiafrika kutumbukia katika mikataba isiyowanufaisha wananchi.

Mafunzo haya yameandaliwa na Uongozi Institute na yamewajumuisha watumishi wa serikali waandamizi kutoka nchi za Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria, Uganda, Namibia na wenyeji Tanzania.

Hivi karibuni, Mheshimiwa Rais John Pombe Magufuli wakati akipokea ripoti ya pili ya uchunguzi wa mchanga wa madini alimtaka Spika wa Bunge kutumia Bunge lake kupitia sheria za madini ili kuhakikisha sheria hizo zinaleta manufaa kwa wananchi.

Mikataba ya madini na mali za asli nyingine imekuwa ikipigiwa kelele kuwa haina lengo la kuinufaisha nchi bali watu wa nchi nyingine. Hivyo Miswada ya Maliasili za nchi imepelekwa Bungeni kwa Hati ya Dharula ili kutoa nafasi ya kutunga sheria mapema iwezekanavyo za kuleta manufaa na tija kwa nchi hasa kupitia madini na maliasili nyingine zikiwemo mbuga za wanyama na hifadhi nyingine za Taifa.

Kwa kuzingatia unyeti na umuhimu wa suala hilo, muda wa kumaliza Bunge umeongezwa badala ya kumaliza Juni 30 sasa litaenda hadi Julai 5, 2017.

          Nigeria assumes chairmanship, AU Peace and Security Council   



Nigeria has officially assumed the one-month rotational chairmanship of the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC).


Nigeria’s Permanent Representative to the AU, Bankole Adeoye, took over from Susan Sikaneta, the Permanent Representative of Zambia, who held the Presidency for the month of June.

Adeyemo, in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Addis Asaba said under Nigeria’s leadership, the council would focus on the implementation of AU’s Master Road Map of Practical Steps to Silence the Guns in Africa by 2020.

“Equally, the Council will build on the substantial progress being recorded by the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) in the fight against terrorism and seek to gain better understanding of the root causes of the conflict.

“Also to be considered by the Council during this period are the political and security situations in Guinea Bissau, Somalia, South Sudan, Mali/Sahel and Libya.

“Essentially, Nigeria as chairperson of the Council will prioritise the open debate by the AU Member States on Child soldiers / out of school children in armed conflict situations.”

He said with the support of other members of the Council, Nigeria would use its month-long presidency to actively promote sub-regional and continental peace and security in line with the principles of the AU Peace and Security Council Protocol and the mandate of the Council.

NAN reports that in view of Nigeria’s leadership role at the sub-regional and continental levels, the country has sustained its membership of this most vital mechanism since its founding in 2002.


The Peace and Security Council is the primary organ of the African Union, which is patterned along the UN Security Council to enforce Union decisions, particularly in matters relating to maintenance of peace and security.

Members of the Council are elected by the Assembly of the AU so as to reflect regional balance within Africa, as well as a variety of other criteria, including capacity to contribute militarily and financially to the Union.

The Council is composed of 15 countries, of which five are elected to three-year term, and 10 to two-year term.

The current members of the PSC are Nigeria, Algeria, Botswana, Burundi, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Togo, Uganda and Zambia.