Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          India warns China over border road ‘security’ threat   
The two sides are trading increasingly stern diplomatic warnings over the new hotspot, a remote scrap of territory where the frontiers of China, India and Bhutan meet.
          [wanabidii] Top Headlines: Indo-China border tension intensifies; both deploy 3,000 troops   
Times of India
Daily Newsletter | Friday, June 30, 2017
Indo-China border tension intensifies; both deploy 3,000 troops
The ongoing troop face-off between India and China on the Sikkim-Bhutan-Tibet tri-junction has emerged as the biggest such confrontation in the region in decades, with both sides continuing to pump in reinforcements. “Both sides are as yet not willing to budge from their positions," a source said.
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Super Smriti guides India to easy victory over West Indies
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          Indo-China border tension intensifies   
Both sides are not willing to budge from their positions. Flag meetings between the rival commanders have not worked. India has made it clear that it will not allow China to construct a motorable road till the tri-junction through the Bhutanese territory FACE-OFF Two rival armies deployed around 3,000 troops each in a virtually eyeball-toeyeball confrontation 􀂄 Bhutan, too, has issued a demarche to China […]
          BHUTAN Anhänger aus 925 Silber mit Brillant am Wunschort mit Halskette   
86,90 EUR
Halskette Panzer 1,2 mm - 50 cm lang - mit Kettenanh?nger aus der Form der Bhutan Landkarte aus massiv 925 Sterling Silber mit einem Brillant an Ihrem Wunschort! Noch pers?nlicher durch den Brillant an IHREM Wunschort!Die Anh?nger werden in einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede aus massivem Material hergestellt und selbstverst?ndlich 925 gestempelt!Landkarte: BhutanMaterial: massiv 925 Sterling SilberGr??e: ca. 21 mm und 1mm dickGewicht: ca. 3,6 gOberfl?che: Vorderseite handpoliert und R?ckseite matt geb?rstetBrillant: 0,015ct TW SIHalskette: 50 cm lang, Panzer 1,2 mm mit Federring-Verschlu?Bitte teilen Sie uns unbedingt nach Ihrer Bestellung den Wunschort f?r den Brillant aus der Kaufabwicklung unter Bemerkungen oder per Email mit!Sonderanfertigungen, wie z.B. ein anderes Land, gr??er oder aus einem anderen Material k?nnen auf Wunsch f?r Sie hergestellt werden. Fragen Sie uns einfach danach! Wir werden Ihnen sicherlich weiter helfen k?nnen!Alle Kettenanh?nger werden direkt nach Ihrer Bestellung von einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede extra f?r Sie angefertigt.Da es sich hierbei um eine Sonderanfertigung handelt, ist dieser Artikel ausdr?cklich vom R?ckgaberecht ausgeschlossen!Die Abbildungen sind nicht in Originalgr??e - Bitte entnehmen Sie die Gr??e der jeweiligen Produktbeschreibung!

          India Responding in Reserved Manner to China’s Provocations Along Border   


Despite Beijing’s provocative act of trying to build a motorable road in the Doklam area of Bhutan, close to the India-China-Bhutan tri-junction, New Delhi is handling the issue in a reserved manner so that the Himalayan kingdom does not come under any sort of pressure, it is reliably learnt.

Bhutan has officially protested to China following this act but Beijing has claimed that the Doklam region is Chinese territory and Indian soldiers entering there is a violation of China’s territorial integrity and called for their pullout.

On June 16, a fairly large People’s Liberation Army (PLA) construction party entered the Doklam area accompanied by earth movers and construction equipment and came all the way to a place called Turning Point. While Chinese incursions in the tri-junction area are not out of the ordinary, what was different this time was the rolling in of the earth movers and construction equipment.

Seeing this, personnel of a Bhutan Army camp posted on a ridge at a place called Zompelri rushed down and confronted the Chinese and told them that they cannot unilaterally change the existing status quo in the tri-junction.

Indian Army personnel, who were present in the general area Doka La in Sikkim on the other side, too rushed to the spot to help the Bhutanese soldiers. However, by that time the PLA had pushed back the Bhutanese and then came to a face-to-face situation with the Indian Army personnel.

The Indian soldiers too made it clear to the Chinese soldiers that they had no business changing the existing unilateral status quo in the tri-junction. There is no Chinese territory between India’s border in the Sikkim sector with Bhutan.

India and China had in 2012 reached an agreement that the tri-junction boundary points between India, China and third countries will be finalised in consultation with the concerned countries. Both the countries share three international tri-junctions – with Bhutan, Myanmar and Afghanistan.

Bhutan too has written agreements with China of 1988 and 1998 stating that the two sides agreed to maintain peace and tranquility in their border areas pending a final settlement on the boundary question, and to maintain status quo as before March 1959.

Following the June 16 incident, Bhutan officially lodged a protest at the Chinese Embassy in New Delhi on June 20. Beijing and Thimphu do not share diplomatic ties. The matter also came up for discussion at a border personnel meeting (BPM) between India and China at Nathu La in Sikkim on June 20.

On Thursday, the Bhutanese Foreign Ministry issued a press release which stated Bhutan has conveyed to the Chinese side, both on the ground and through the diplomatic channel, that the construction of the road inside Bhutanese territory was in direct violation of the agreements and affects the process of demarcating the boundary between the two countries.

“Bhutan hopes that the status quo in the Doklam area will be maintained as before June 16,” the statement said. Though the June 16 incident is being seen as forcing India’s hand to change the status quo in the tri-junction, it is understood that New Delhi has been approaching the matter in a reserved manner so that Bhutan does not come under pressure despite the fact that the road being constructed near Indian defence lines posed serious security implications.

The External Affairs Ministry in a statement on Friday said that India has taken up the matter with China at the diplomatic level both in New Delhi and Beijing. China too on Friday indicated that it was open for talks with India, saying a “meaningful dialogue” over the border stand-off is the “pressing issue”.

This is a climbdown for Beijing which earlier ruled out any talks until India withdrew its troops from “Chinese territory”. This should come as some relief for the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra pilgrims as China had stopped Indians from taking the Nathu La route of the annual pilgrimage following the June 16 incident.

What has come as a surprise is that the June 16 incident happened just over a week after a meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit in Astana, Kazakhstan.

It is understood to have been a warm meeting regarding the future of the bilateral relationship with Xi accepting that it was in the interest of both India and China to have stable ties. But whether the border standoff was Beijing’s attempt at regional muscle-flexing 10 days ahead of what turned out to be Modi’s extremely successful meeting with US President Donald Trump in Washington is anybody’s guess.


The post India Responding in Reserved Manner to China’s Provocations Along Border appeared first on Northeast Today.

          China Says It is Open for Talks with India   

Lu Kang

China on Friday indicated it was open for talks with India, saying a 'meaningful dialogue' over the border stand-off is the 'pressing issue'.

This is a climbdown for Beijing which earlier ruled out any talks until India withdrew its troops from 'Chinese territory'.

'Diplomatic channels are unimpeded between India and China for talks on the stand-off in Sikkim,' Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said.

'The pressing issue is to have a meaningful dialogue for the withdrawal of Indian troops from the Doklam area in Sikkim sector,' Lu added.

Lu again charged Indian troops with trespassing the Chinese border. India has denied the allegation. He also rejected Bhutan's claims over Donlong, calling it Chinese territory.


The post China Says It is Open for Talks with India appeared first on Northeast Today.

           Dragon Prince of Bhutan poses with a stethoscope    
Prince Jigme Namgyel Wangchuck, who turned one in February, graces Bhutan's July calendar. The royal office for media, who unveiled the snap, thanked health staffers for their dedication.
          India warns China over border road 'security' threat   

India warns China over border road 'security' threatIndia condemned a new road that China is building on the rivals' Himalayan border on Friday, saying it raises "serious security" concerns. The two sides are trading increasingly stern diplomatic warnings over the new hotspot, a remote scrap of territory where the frontiers of China, India and Bhutan meet. Beijing made a formal protest this week, accusing Indian border guards of crossing from the northeastern state of Sikkim into its Tibetan territory to stop the road building.

          Khalbali [2008] [320kbps VBR] [xDR] Mp3 Download   

Banner : One More Thought Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. 
Producer : Azam Khan 
Director : Ajay Chandok 
Written byAmit Aaryan
Star Cast : Nikhil Dwivedi, Chunky Pandey, Rajpal Yadav, Suresh Menon, Manoj Joshi, Mukesh Tiwari, Zakir Hussain, Asrani, Shruti Seth, Johny Lever, Tiku Talsania, Ketaki Dave, Delnaz Paul, Rakesh Bedi, Aasif Sheikh, Paresh Ganatra, Vrajesh Hirjee, Sanjay Mishra, Shakti Kapoor, Tareena Patel, Govind Namdeo, Rasika Joshi, Sada, Ajay Chandok, Pratima Kazmi, Preeti Bhutani 
Lyricist : Jalees Sherwani, Shabbir Ahmed 
Music Director : Sajid-Wajid


1. Khallballi - Wajid, Neeraj Shridhar 
2. Zhala Menu Zhala - Wajid 
3. Bhuri Bhuri - Neera Shridhar, Sunidhi Chauhan 
4. Yeh Ishq Ishq Hai - Sukhwinder Singh, Shadab Sabri, Ad Boyz 
5. Zari Di Kurtiyan - Udit Narayan, Khadija Haider 
6. Bhuri Bhuri [Remix] - Neera Shridhar, Sunidhi Chauhan 
7. Khallballi [Remix] - Wajid, Neeraj Shridhar 

All Credit goes xDR
Full Album [High Quality]:  Download

Single Songs Downloads

1. Khallballi 
2. Zhala Menu Zhala 
3. Bhuri Bhuri 
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5. Zari Di Kurtiyan 
6. Bhuri Bhuri [Remix]
7. Khallballi [Remix] 


          Silva and Sinha Publish Cultural Landscapes of South Asia   

Cultural Landscapes of South Asia: Studies in Heritage Conservation and Management, edited by Amita Sinha and Kapila D. Silva has been published by Routledge. It has chapters on six countries--Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka--of the region.

Dr. Sinha is a professor in Landscape Architecture at the University of Illinois and a CSAMES Affiliated Faculty member.

          Girl Scout Alums Shine During Asian Pacific American Heritage Month   

In addition to all the amazing women we’re celebrating throughout Asian Pacific American Heritage Month, we’re calling out some of the incredible Girl Scouts who are making a mark and effecting positive change in the world around them.

After the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, Sadhana Anantha realized that many kids aren’t able to see the connection between science and global issues. To help educate them, she worked with the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences to create a lab simulation that introduces kids to clinical science. Her simulation is now a recurring exhibit at the museum.

When Annie Cai learned about the gap between what students learn and what the career world requires, she developed Imaginarium, a career-development conference for teens. Through the program, students strengthen their public-speaking and entrepreneurial skills, helping knit their education and real-world expectations together.

Hanna Chuang credits her experience as a Girl Scout with introducing her to the importance of community service. In this spirit, she mobilized her classmates to help build a community center in rural Bhutan. Because of her work, residents are able to take English lessons, learn computer skills, and develop tactics for running independent businesses. Hanna’s work is influencing the lives of thousands of families. 

While spending a month in India, Pooja Nagpal took her passions for practicing martial arts and preventing violence against women from advocacy to action. After developing a two-part curriculum that combines physical self-defense methods with discussions and activities, she created For a Change, Defend, a nonprofit that teaches teenage girls how to stand up for themselves and work to eliminate gender violence. From rural villages in India to women’s shelters in Los Angeles, Pooja’s organization is saving lives and empowering girls and women across the globe.

Although Varsha Sathappan visited her grandparents in India every year as a child, it wasn’t until her teen years that she became aware of the disparity between her life as an American and the lives of her peers in India. After a friend died giving birth, Varsha dedicated herself to improving healthcare for the community of Kodikottai in Southern India. After years of work, she strengthened the local clinic so that more people can be examined, be treated, and live healthier lives.

Observations that Liza Villanueva made as a seven-year-old visiting the Philippines stayed with her throughout her Girl Scout career. Those memories inspired her Gold Award project, the iDREAM (imagination, discovery, research, education, art, and music) Express. Loaded with school supplies, instruments, books, tablets, and a team of volunteer teachers, the iDREAM Express van holds classes twice a week for homeless children in the Philippines and also provides free hygiene supplies, medical care, and hot meals.

There’s no question that these young women each lead like a G.I.R.L. (Go-getter, Innovator, Risk-taker, Leader)™, and we’re proud to salute them during Asian Pacific American Heritage Month!

          China removes Indian bunker in Sikkim   
According to officials, China has removed an old bunker of the Indian Army located at the tri-junction of India, China and Bhutan in Sikkim by using a bulldozer
          Road construction: Now, Bhutan takes on China   
Bhutan has issued a demarche to China over the construction of a road towards its Army camp in Zomplri area of Doklam.
          7/1/2017: | POLITICS POLICY: China trying to alter status quo: Jaitley ‘Doklam a pasture for Chinese cattle’   

TIMES New Delhi: India said on Friday that China’s attempt to build a road through the Bhutanese territory violated a written understanding worked out in 2012. According to the international pact, the “tri-junction boundary points between India, China...
          7/1/2017: | POLITICS POLICY: ENTER THE DRAGON   
sons to be concerned because road construction by Chinese troops in the area would give them an undue advantage against not only Bhutan but also India, sources said. India and China have a 2012 agreement that the boundary points of the trijunction —...
          Two countries Bhutan and Maldives become the first to eliminate measles   

Bhutan and the Maldives have eliminated measles, a highly infectious disease that is a major child killer worldwide. The two countries have become the first in the WHO South-East Asia region to be verified for having interrupted the endemic transmission of the measles virus, before the regional target of 2020.

          China Violates 2012 Agreement over Tri Junction Boundaries with Indian Army   

June 30, 2017: The conflict between People’s Liberation Army of China and Indian Army over China’s attempt of constructing roads in disputed Doklam region has led to differences between two countries. China claims its indisputable sovereignty over Doklam, but it is forgetting that it is a disputed area between China and Bhutan. Situated at a […]

The post China Violates 2012 Agreement over Tri Junction Boundaries with Indian Army appeared first on NewsGram.

          Global warming turns up the heat on glacial lake risk in the Himalayas   

The roof of the world is melting.

As the Earth’s temperature rises, many glaciers atop the Himalayas are in retreat. That can cause disaster for mountain communities, as melting ice feeds glacial lakes that overflow and wash out everything in their path – a phenomenon known as Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs for short).
As awareness has grown, so have local fears, and governments in the region have been taking increasing measures to prevent such disasters. But there are major challenges to working at such high altitudes.
Nepal recently managed to lower the level of the Imja glacial lake by 3.4 metres. The results of the project are shown in the photos below.
“It’s extremely cold there and it’s a high-altitude area,” said Rishi Ram Sharma, director general at Nepal’s Department of Hydrology and Meteorology. “Even for healthy people, just to reach Imja Lake is a great challenge.” 
The lake sits at 5,100 metres above sea level and there’s no road access, so materials had to be flown in by helicopter. Work on Imja Lake finally wrapped up at the end of November, but only after it had taken six months for the army and about 100 volunteers from nearby communities to dig a channel to divert some of the water in order avoid the risk of a GLOF.
It was Nepal’s second such project. In 2000, the government lowered the level of the Tsho Rolpa glacial lake. It had increased from 0.23 square kilometres to 1.53 square kilometres over the course of five decades. 
Sharma said Nepal plans to lower the water level of at least five more lakes, but stressed that his department is working with old data so researchers may find more areas at risk of GLOF.
“Now our next plan is to identify the risks posed by glacial lakes by investigating geophysical conditions of the lakes in Nepal,” he said. “If we find that the lake poses a threat to the people living downstream, then the lake-lowering will be done.”
Of course it’s not just Nepal at risk. Glaciers throughout the Himalayan region are melting. This means the volume of water in glacial lakes increases, but it also means that the natural barrier walls of the lake may crumble. Many barriers are formed from rocks and sediment fused to an internal core of ice, which is itself melting in some cases.
The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, based in the Nepali capital of Kathmandu, has documented 35 GLOF events in Nepal, Bhutan, and the Chinese autonomous region of Tibet over the past few decades. In Pakistan’s Hunza Valley, there were five GLOF events in the first half of 2008 alone, according to ICIMOD.
In one of the most deadly GLOF events in the Himalayan region, Bhutan’s Lugge Tsho Lake burst in 1994. At least 20 people were killed, along with livestock critical to the economic survival of the people who live in the mountainous region. The flood also damaged more than a dozen houses and other infrastructure. 
Most GLOF events in the Himalayas take place in remote areas where there are few if any people, and they may even go unnoticed. But with global warming, the threat has increased greatly. Imja Lake did not even exist a few decades ago, but it started to grow rapidly in recent years and was deemed a serious threat by Nepali authorities.
Part of that risk was its location. Imja Lake is in the Everest region, an area popular with trekkers, as well as a home to villagers who survive partly on the tourism dollars they bring. 
The government has installed an early warning system in six highly vulnerable settlements on the Everest trekking trails. An automated sensor has been installed in the lake itself, which can transmit any mass water movement to the warning system. 
Karma Sherpa, who lives below Imja Lake in the village of Dangboche, said he and his family fled their homes twice last summer when small floods occurred, because they were afraid a GLOF might follow. He said the government’s initiative to drain the lake and set up a warning system has brought peace of mind.
“Now I am assured to some level that I do not have to run in emergency, leaving my home,” he said. “It has also secured my investments in a hotel, for the timebeing."

Nabin Baral/IRIN
A young woman looks down to the town of Namche Bazaar, which is a gateway to the Everest region


The controlled exit channel built to lower the level of Imja Lake
Nabin Baral/IRIN
The controlled exit channel built to lower the level of Imja Lake


The controlled exit channel built in 2000 to lower the level of the Tsho Rolpa Glacial Lake
Nabin Baral/IRIN
The controlled exit channel built in 2000 to lower the level of the Tsho Rolpa Glacial Lake


Sherpa women in traditional attire take part in a ceremony to celebrate the completion of a project to lower the water level in Imja Lake
Nabin Baral/IRIN
Sherpa women in traditional attire take part in a ceremony to celebrate the completion of a project to lower the water level in Imja Lake


Imja Lake has become one of the biggest glacial lakes due to glacial melt over the past few decades. It's now 1.28  square kilometres with a depth of 150 metres.
Nabin Baral/IRIN
Imja Lake has become one of the biggest glacial lakes due to glacial melt over the past few decades. It's now 1.28 square kilometres with a depth of 150 metres.


An early warning system installed in Phungithanka Village, which will receive an automated warning if there is a risk that the Imja Lake will overflow
Nabin Baral/IRIN
An early warning system installed in Phungithanka Village, which will receive an automated warning if there is a risk that the Imja Lake will overflow


Tourists trek through Solukhumbu District in the Everest region
Nabin Baral/IRIN
Tourists trek through Solukhumbu District in the Everest region



(TOP PHOTO: Buddhist monks perform a ceremony after a successful project to lower the level of the Imja Glacier Lake. CREDIT: Nabin Baral/IRIN)

Nepal recently lowered the level of a lake that was in danger of bursting its banks Global warming turns up the heat on glacial lake risk in the Himalayas glof_1.jpg Nabin Baral Photo feature Environment and Disasters Climate change Imja Lake nepal IRIN Asia Nepal
          No way home: time runs out for Bhutanese refugees in Nepal   
The monsoon is in its last throes here on Nepal’s eastern frontier. As another deluge begins, Karna Rai takes shelter in a makeshift teashop in the Beldangi refugee camp where he has lived for the past 24 years after being driven out of Bhutan.
“I live here and have raised my children here, but I have no options, no rights,” Rai said. “I am a person with no home.”
He is one of more than 100,000 people who fled Bhutan in the early 1990s when the government cracked down violently on the ethnic Nepali minority. Members of the community had demonstrated against discriminatory policies, which were part of a “Bhutanisation” campaign to enforce a narrowly conceived national identity that did not include them. About a sixth of the ethnic Nepali minority were stripped of their citizenship, and the army rounded up many and forced them over the border in what Human Rights Watch has called "ethnic cleansing".
After failed attempts to convince Bhutan to let the refugees return, the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, started helping them resettle in third countries. 
Begun in 2007, it has been one of the agency’s most successful resettlement programmes, and UNHCR said recently that it had found a home for its 100,000th refugee. But that still leaves about 12,000 people in three remaining camps – and their options are running out as the programme winds down by the end of this year.
Manny Maung/IRIN
Refugees have lived in Beldangi camp for decades and it now resembles a small village
Kevin Allen, UNHCR’s representative in Nepal, said refugees interested in pursuing resettlement were given numerous opportunities to declare their interest, and the large-scale resettlement programme was initially supposed to conclude in December 2015.
“The programme was exceptionally extended into 2016 to ensure the maximum possible use of resettlement for qualifying cases,” he said in an interview in the capital, Kathmandu. 
Rai, 61, said his five children – two of whom were born in the camp – all now live in the United States. He survives his wife, who died in Beldangi in 2008. Despite his children being successfully resettled into a third country, Rai insists he wants to go back to Bhutan.
“There is nothing like the motherland,” he said. “I dream about going home.”

What next?

The fate of the remaining refugees is unclear.
“Of course, UNHCR is willing to work closely with both governments, but it is really for the governments of Nepal and Bhutan to come to alternative solutions,” said Allen.
Alternative solutions seem unlikely, given that the stances of both governments have not changed over the past two decades.
“The Nepal government does not have any intention to issue citizenship to the Bhutanese refugees,” home ministry spokesman Balkrishana Panthi told IRIN over the phone. “The Nepal government is focused on repatriation."
Manny Maung/IRIN
Sukraz Rai was a butcher in Bhutan, and he is now able to sell meat for a couple days each month
For its part, Bhutan has repeatedly said it won’t consider letting the refugees return. Recent remarks to that effect were reported by the Kathmandu Post, which quoted a letter from Bhutanese Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay to a US senator who had written to him about the plight of the refugees. Tobgay reportedly said they were “non-nationals and illegal immigrants”, and that the camps had been infiltrated by Maoist militants intent on overthrowing Bhutan’s monarchy. 

Social problems

Years of living in limbo have taken a heavy toll on those in the camps, according to the Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal, a local NGO.
TPO counsellor Govinda Raj Kattel said rates of drug and alcohol abuse are alarmingly high in the camps, especially among young people.
“There is a lack of security for their future, a lack of identity, a lack of opportunity for younger people,” he said. “They cannot reach their full capacity here.”
Kattel added that while the remaining refugees live relatively well, as money is sent from family members abroad, they still experience mental health issues such as anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder.
“Remittances are sent back and you see a spike in sales in alcohol around the shops outside the camp, or a spike in patients who need more psychosocial services,” he said. 
One doctor, who asked not to be named,  said he had seen increased rates of self-harm and that at least a quarter of those abusing substances were under the age of 18.
“They are frustrated, and sometimes this manifests in impulsive or destructive behaviour,” he said. “And many are worried about their futures, of course.”
Manny Maung/IRIN
Aita Singh Rai, 21, says he wants to leave for the United States to join his brothers
While many turn to drugs or alcohol for escape, 21-year-old Aita Sing Rai (no relation to Karna Rai) is going to try for a last-minute resettlement.
He was born in the camp, and his brothers have now all gone to the United States. As the youngest child, he stayed behind to care for his aging parents, who want to return to Bhutan.
“Every time someone leaves, I feel a knot in my stomach,” said Rai. “My parents talk about Bhutan and dream about Bhutan. But I have my own dreams. I am fed up of being a refugee. I want my own identity.”
(TOP PHOTO: Bhutanese refugees in Nepal practice the Hindu ritual of Chinta to bid farewell a deceased family member in October 2016. The Guru who performs the ritual is said to be able to speak to the souls of the dead. CREDIT: Manny Maung)
nepal_1.jpg News Migration Conflict Human Rights No way home: time runs out for Bhutanese refugees in Nepal Manny Maung IRIN BELDANGI nepal Asia Bhutan Nepal
          Comment on Indian army chief tours border state with China amid tensions by Anon   
As President Putin said, 'If a war is unavoidable, it is better to strike first". Beijing should cut off India from Sikkim, Bhutan and the North East Territories including Southern Tibet. New Delhi had NO business annexing these territories in the first place. What is India doing in Bhutan, stationing its troops there anyway? India is NOT imperial Britain. Beijing SHOULD teach India a lesson and take back its land originally grabbed by the former British imperialist. It IS time. Let justice be done.
          Comment on India warns China over road construction near border amid stand-off by Fre Okin   
"Bhutan said on Thursday that the road was being built inside its territory." China, PLEASE use your Head. TELL the world India is a Human Rights abuser, parking hundreds, thousands of Indian troops in Bhutan as a buffer zone for fear of Chinese entrance via this Disputed Area China have with Bhutan towards Arunachal Pradesh/S Tibet which India stole from China. China is VERY VERY BAD in Public Relations and the world is Misled by this Indian misbehavior. Bring this matter to UN to embarrass Indian mischief in Bhutan! The fact of the matter is China and Bhutan have many rounds of negotiation but failed to settle them so far BUT with So Many Indians Parked On Bhutan Soil as a Colonizer, China MUST tell the world India is Abusing the Human Rights of the Bhutanese, under pretext of protecting them. China will Never get sympathy from the West and other Asians if she continue to be so very very poor in Explaining why she do certain things. This goes the same for her disputes with others in the Spratlys etc. Get somebody who can do the job for you. I can only do so much to help people understand China!
          Bhutan Fragrance and Cosmetics Market by rahulbahety   
I need to to know more about Bhutan Fragrance market. -Demographics about country and users Existing fragrance market set up ( Retail/ wholesale) And more about the market and anything related to perfumes... (Budget: $30 - $250 SGD, Jobs: Report Writing)
          Daftar Mata Uang Negara-negara Di Seluruh Dunia (A-Z)   

Daftar Mata Uang Negara-negara Di Seluruh Dunia (A-Z)

Country / Negara
Currency / Mata Uang
American Samoa
see United States
see Spain and France
Antigua and Barbuda
British Indian Ocean Territory
see United Kingdom
Burkina Faso
see Myanmar

Mata Uang Dunia

China warned India on Thursday that it will escalate the current border row if Indian troops did not withdraw from "Chinese territory" and told New Delhi not to "clamour for war".

Jaitley's comment comes amid a stand-off between Indian and Chinese troops in Dokala area close to the Siliguri corridor that connects the rest of India to its north-east.

He said the Bhutan government had made it clear that China was trying to claim Bhutanese land and said this was "absolutely wrong".

"After the statement of the government of Bhutan, I think the situation is absolutely clear. It is Bhutan's land, close to the Indian border, and Bhutan and India have an arrangement to provide security.

"Bhutan itself clarified ... China is trying to alter the present status-quo. After this, I think the issue is absolutely clear. To say we will come there and grab the land of some other country is what China is doing and it is absolutely wrong," the minister said.

          Construction Of Road Will Have Serious Implications: India Warns China Amid Face-Off   

NEW DELHI/BEIJING -- India warned China on Friday that construction of a road near their common border would have serious security implications, as China's Foreign Ministry denied its troops had violated the territory of India's ally, Bhutan.

The stand-off on a plateau next to the mountainous Indian state of Sikkim, which borders China, has ratcheted up tension between the two neighbouring giants, who share a 3,500 km (2175 miles) frontier, parts of which are disputed.

According to the Chinese interpretation of events, Indian guards crossed into China's Donglang region early in June and obstructed work on a road on a plateau.

Troops from the two sides then confronted each other close to a strategic valley controlled by China that separates India from Bhutan and gives China access to the so-called Chicken's Neck, a thin strip of land that connects India to its remote northeastern regions.

Bhutan said on Thursday that the road was being built inside its territory.

Indian media have reported that the dispute began when China removed an old Indian bunker.

"India is deeply concerned at the recent Chinese actions and has conveyed to the Chinese Government that such construction would represent a significant change of status quo with serious security implications for India," India's ministry of external affairs said in a statement.

"It is essential that all parties concerned display utmost restraint and abide by their respective bilateral understandings not to change the status quo unilaterally," the ministry said.

Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said the road work was going on in an area that was on the Chinese not Bhutanese side.

China and Bhutan have yet to reach a final agreement on demarking their border.

Reporting by Tommy Wilkes in NEW DELHI and Ben Blanchard in BEIJING

Also on HuffPost India

          After Army Chief Says India Ready For War, China Says 'Learn Historical Lessons'    

BEIJING -- China on Thursday asked India to withdraw its troops from the Donglong area in Sikkim sector as a precondition for a "meaningful dialogue" to settle the boundary issue, warning that the Indian Army should learn "historical lessons", in an oblique reference to the 1962 war.

In an unprecedented action, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang displayed a photograph of Indian "incursion" into Donglong area and said the dispute which is becoming a confrontation of sorts between the troops on the ground can only be settled by the withdrawal of Indian soldiers from the area.

"Since the illegal trespass happened we have lodged solemn representations with the Indian side in both New Delhi and Beijing," Lu said, showing the photograph from the podium.

He said the photographs will be displayed on the Foreign Ministry's website later.

"The diplomatic channel for communication remains unimpeded. We urged the Indian side to withdraw troops back to the Indian side of the boundary immediately. This is the precondition for the settlement of this incident and also the basis for us to conduct any meaningful dialogue," he said.

Addressing the media around the same time, China's Defence spokesman Col Wu Qian rejected Bhutan's allegation that PLA soldiers violated its territory in Donglong area, saying its troops operated on "Chinese territory" and also asked India to "correct" its "wrong doing".

"I have to correct when you say Chinese personnel entered Bhutan's territory. Chinese troops operated on Chinese territory," a Chinese defence ministry spokesman told media here.

The People's Liberation Army spokesman also accused Indian troops of entering the Chinese side in Donglong area in Sikkim sector.

"They tried to stop the normal activities. The Chinese carried out appropriate responses to these activities to safeguard sovereignty and territorial integrity," the spokesman said.

"We have made it clear to the Indian side to correct their wrong doing and withdraw all personnel from Chinese territory," he said.

Bhutan yesterday said it had issued a demarche to China over the construction of a road towards its Army camp in Zomplri area of Doklam and asked Beijing to restore status quo by stopping the work immediately.

The Donglong (Doklam) is a tri-junction area near the Chumbi Valley. It is under China's control. However, Bhutan claims sovereignty over the area.

Asked about the protest lodged by Bhutan that the PLA has transgressed its territory in Donglong area as well as reports that Chinese military has destroyed bunkers of Indian army in the area, Col Wu said the PLA troops carried out "appropriate response to incursion" by Indian border guards into Chinese territory.

"The Indian border troupe personnel have entered the Chinese territory in the Sikkim sector of the India-China borders. They tried to stop the normal activities of the Chinese border defence forces in the Donglong region. We carried out appropriate responses to halt these actives to safeguard our national sovereignty and territorial integrity," he said.

The Chinese military rejected as "extremely irresponsible" Army chief General Bipin Rawat's remarks that India is ready for a two-and-a-half front war, asking him to "stop clamouring for war". Rawat had said that India is prepared for security threats posed by China, Pakistan as well as by internal threats.

Responding to Rawat's remarks, Col Wu Qian said: "Such rhetoric is extremely irresponsible". "We hope that the particular person in the Indian Army could learn from historical lessons and stop such clamouring for war," he told the media.

"Indian Army is fully ready for a two and a half front war," Rawat had said recently.

Also on HuffPost India:

          The Morning Wrap: Hundreds Gather For #NotInMyName; Byculla Prison Horrors   

The Morning Wrap is HuffPost India's selection of interesting news and opinion from the day's newspapers. Subscribe here to receive it in your inbox each weekday morning.

Essential HuffPost

People in several cities across India and the world spoke against the recent spate of atrocities perpetrated by lunch mobs in India in protests marked #NotInMyName. A report also verified a significant rise in acts of violence related to 'cow protection', since the Narendra Modi government came to power in 2014.

A Khasi woman wearing her traditional dress was asked the leave the lunch area of the Delhi Golf Club as the staff felt her attire made her "look like a maid". The episode spoke volumes of our internalised bigotry as well as institutional prejudices.

Over the decades a favourite gift item for Indian leaders to give to international heads of state has been the Kashmiri shawl. Narendra Modi's recent visit to Donald Trump saw the same tradition replicated, but this time, the irony was ever so painful for this reason.


8 Smart Financial Habits You Should Cultivate Before You Turn 30

When we are in our 20s, money is a means to have fun. However, the sooner we learn to manage our money responsibly, the easier our journey to financial security becomes. Here are eight smart financial habits that we should cultivate before we turn 30.

Main News

Why is China's aggressive road-building exercise in Chumbi Valley, at a strategic tri-junction with India and Bhutan, causing ripples of tension in New Delhi? Experts weigh in with their comments.

The Central government has approved the privatisation of the national carrier Air India, as well as five of its subsidiaries, with Finance Minister Arun Jaitley forming a team under him to work out the details of the sale of stakes.

The Union cabinet approved a new allowance structure for 34 lakh central government and 14 lakh defence staffers, giving their pay cheques a significant bump from next month, as part of the 7th Pay Commission.

Off The Front Page

Following the partial revival of President Donald J Trump's travel ban, the US administration has set new criteria for visa applicants from six Muslim nations and all refugees, requiring them to have close families or business ties in the country in order to be able to travel there.

Following the death of an inmate at the Byculla prison in Mumbai, women who left the place after doing time have come up with horrific stories of beating, intimidation, torture and mental harassment.

India's latest communication satellite GSAT-17 was successfully launched today by a heavy duty rocket of Arianespace from the spaceport of Kourou in French Guiana. Read more.


In The Indian Express PS Krishnan, former secretary with the government of India, says West Bengal could learn to live with the idea of a separate Gorkhaland without dividing the state into two, if a constitutional amendment is carried out.

In Mint, Sachin Menon outlines the top transition challenges to be faced by the newly imposed Goods and Services Tax (GST) by the government of India from 1 July.

PM Modi has created "a new moral economy centred on the projection of indigenous values and a complete rejection of the entitlement culture that defined the earlier Congress governments," says Swapan Dasgupta in his column in The Telegraph.

Also on HuffPost

           Tiny Bhutan protests to China over border road    
The tiny Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan has protested to its mighty neighbour China over road building in disputed territory that set off new frictions between...
          India army General Bipin Rawat visits site of tensions at border with China   
A file photo of Indian army soldiers at the India-China trade route at Nathu-La, near Sikkim (by Reuters)
India's army chief visited the mountainous state of Sikkim bordering China on Thursday, where tensions have flared after Beijing accused New Delhi of sending troops into its territory and obstructing the construction of a road.
Small incursions and troop stand-offs are common along other parts of China and India's contested 3,500-kilometer frontier, but a flare-up near strategically positioned Sikkim is rare.
General Bipin Rawat arrived in Gangtok, the capital of the tiny Himalayan state, before heading off to visit troop formations. A spokesman for the Indian army said the one-day trip was "routine" and planned before the recent tensions.
Reports of the incursion and a confrontation between troops emerged as Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in Washington to meet US President Donald Trump on Monday, the latest in a line of stand-offs reported during diplomatic initiatives.
India has deepened its military ties with the United States in recent years, worrying China, which is also unhappy with India's refusal to participate in Beijing's multi-billion-dollar Belt and Road infrastructure initiative. India is concerned the project could cement China's dominance over Asia.
According to the Chinese interpretation of events, Indian guards crossed into the Donglang region earlier in June and obstructed work on a road on a plateau.
The two sets of troops then confronted each other close to a highly strategic valley controlled by China that separates India from Bhutan — a close Indian ally — and gives China access to the so-called Chicken's Neck, a slither of land that connects India to its remote northeastern regions.
Indian media have reported that the dispute began when China removed an old Indian bunker.
China says that unlike other parts of their shared border, the delineation of the frontier with Sikkim is settled, and it has the right to develop the area.
"Donglang Region is part of China's territory," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said on Thursday. "China's road-building activities in Donglang on its own territory are totally reasonable and understandable."
The Nathu La Pass, which lies on the frontier between Sikkim and Tibet, was the site of a fierce border clash between Chinese and Indian troops in 1967.

          For sale - grape motif ceramic heavy vase--- inspirado... - $9   

Posting to: Worldwide Excludes: Africa, Oman, Lebanon, Iraq, Turkey, Jordan, Yemen, Bhutan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan Republic, Tajikistan, Georgia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Maldives, Armenia, Bangladesh, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Western Samoa, Tuvalu, Guam, Fiji, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Niue, Marshall Islands, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Kiribati, Micronesia, Nauru, American Samoa, French Polynesia, Cook Islands ...

          Kingdom Come   
A heavenly place of vast green valleys, gilded stupas, dramatic mountain passes and a code of happiness, the small landlocked country of Bhutan may well be one of the world’s last true travel frontiers
          China Seeks Dialogue with India over Border row in Sikkim Sector   

China today looked for a “meaningful dialogue” with India over the border row in the Sikkim sector and requesting it to withdraw its troops from Doklam, claiming that Beijing has “indisputable sovereignty” over the area.

“Diplomatic channels are unimpeded amongst India and China for chats on the standoff in Sikkim,” Chinese Foreign Ministry representative Lu Kang said.

“The pressing problem is to have a meaningful dialogue for the withdrawal of Indian troops from the Doklam area in Sikkim sector,” he said.

A standoff erupted between the two militaries after the Indian Army blocked construction of the road by China in Doklam, a disputed territory between China and Bhutan otherwise called Donglong.

Of the 3,488-km-long India-China border from Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh, a 220-km section falls in Sikkim.

Mr Lu additionally refuted Bhutan’s allegation that China violated agreements by constructing a road inside its territory.

In a strongly worded statement, Bhutan had likewise requested China to stop constructing the motorable road from Dokola in the Doklam zone towards the Bhutan Army camp at Zompelri which it says affects the process of demarcating the boundary between the two nations.

But Mr Lu guaranteed that China had “indisputable sovereignty over the Donklam region.”

The post China Seeks Dialogue with India over Border row in Sikkim Sector appeared first on NewsCrab.

           Trung - Ấn gấp rút điều 3000 quân áp sát biên giới sau hàng loạt xô xát nghiêm trọng    
Đây được xem là vụ đối đầu nghiêm trọng nhất giữa Trung Quốc và Ấn Độ trong nhiều thập kỷ qua.Tình trạng xô xát giữa quân đội Trung Quốc - Ấn Độ ở khu vực biên giới Sikkim - Bhutan - Tây Tạng đã diễn tiến thành vụ đối đầu lớn nhất khu vực trong nhiều thập kỷ, khi cả hai bên tiếp tục tăng cường lực lượng tới vùng biên hẻo lánh này.Nguồn tin của Times of India (TOI - Ấn Độ) cho biết, quân đội hai nước đã củng cố vị trí của mình ở khu vực biên giới căng thẳng bằng cách triển khai khoảng 3.000 quân mỗi bên. Tướng lục quân Ấn Độ Bipin Rawat đã...
          India warns China over road construction near border   
New Delhi -  India warned China on Friday that construction of a road near their common border would have serious security implications, as China's Foreign Ministry denied its troops had violated the territory of India's ally, Bhutan. The stand-off on a plateau next to the mountainous Indian state of Sikkim, which borders China, has ratcheted up tension between the two neighboring giants, ...
          Royal Bhutan Helicopter Services Limited takes delivery of its second H130   
The Kingdom of Bhutan, (July 13, 2016)- Royal Bhutan Helicopter Services Limited (rbhsl) has received its second H130 on 21 June, after the first has entered the Kingdom end of October last year. The new helicopter will join the first ...
          Bali Sightseeing City Tour Package,Bali City Tours    
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          China Tells India to 'Stop Clamoring for War' and 'Learn Lessons' of 1962 Defeat   

China has warned India to stop 'clamoring for war' and has reminded them of the thrashing they received from the People’s Liberation Army in 1962. The Indian Army has opened new helicopter bases in Sikkim, where tensions are rising.

Chinese troops reportedly crossed the Line of Actual Control at Doka La in Sikkim earlier this week and destroyed Indian Army bunkers.

The entire border is disputed, with a salient of Chinese territory — the Donglang region — jutted out between Sikkim and Bhutan.

"Donglang Region is part of China's territory. China's road-building activities in Donglang on its own territory are totally reasonable and understandable," said Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang on Thursday (June 29).

           Bhutan accuses China of constructing road in its territory    
While the government of India is yet to make any comment on the stand-off with Chinese troops along the border in Sikkim, the External Affairs Ministry on 29 June circulated a statement from the Bhutan government that accused China of not respecting border agreements and constructing a road on the Bhutanese territory. The statement issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bhutan on 29 June said the Chinese army started construction of a road from Dokola in the Doklam area towards the Bhutan army camp in Zompelri. Bhutan has conveyed to the Chinese side, both on the ground and
          Circular Breathing for Sacred Tibetan Musical Instruments   
How do we do the breathing for the Conches and the Gyalings? Here is an easy way to link to this video: What you will hear about in this 10 minute video: · The Eastern Oboe/Trumpet/Bagpipe — the Gyaling from Tibet and Bhutan · Our Gyaling Playing Lineage (How We Learn to Play Gyaling […]
          Comment on India warns China over road construction near border amid stand-off by Simon   
Just bomb Indian troops, China should just occupy Sikkim and Bhutan and drive those Hindus out. India need to be taught a lesson.
          Comment on Indian army chief tours border state with China amid tensions by Steve   
This is a territorial dispute between Bhutan India China especialy Bhutan and China. India is just concerned of its security link around chicken neck. India is very jealous and concerned about China's marvelous ability to draw in neighbouring countries for its B&R initiatives. Bhutan is also an ally of India but may concede to China of its territorial claims. If it does its goodbye India. No big deal for China.
          China warns India about 1962 Military Defeat, asks to Withdraw troops from “Chinese territory”   

This is the only part of over 4,000-km India-China border which is largely settled. The two fought a war in 1962 The latest stand-off occurred in Donglong or Doklam, a disputed territory between Bhutan and China New Delhi has so far not responded to the charges of Beijing, which on Thursday released two photos of Indian troops […]

The post China warns India about 1962 Military Defeat, asks to Withdraw troops from “Chinese territory” appeared first on NewsGram.

          Bhutan Art by Robert Alejandro   
Robert Alejandro makes every journey beautiful.  Every swirl and swish of his brush produces something amazing.

Since his Bhutan trip last April, he's been bringing out some treasured pieces of the workshop bit by bit.  We wanted you to see our favorites.

This is one trip you don't have to buy tickets for.  Just sit back and relax and scroll over Robert's creations.

Robert's art materials are usually ones he can bring with him anywhere.  Whether it's a meeting in Manila or abroad, he never leaves home without his set of pens and brushes.

          Hoa hậu Thu Thảo du lịch Bhutan, Huyền My tung ảnh khoe 3 vòng nóng bỏng   

          India of 2017 different from India of 1962: Jaitley   
Defence Minister Arun Jaitley on Friday brushed aside Chinese threats on the ongoing face-off near the India-China-Bhutan border in Sikkim.

"The India of 2017 is different from the India of 1962. Those were different situations," Jaitley said in a television interview, countering the veiled warning from China.

On Thursday, a spokesperson of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) described Indian Army Chief Gen Bipin Rawat's comment that "India was ready for a two-and-a-half-front war" as "extremely irresponsible".

"Such a rhetoric is extremely irresponsible. We hope that the particular person in the Indian Army could learn from historical lessons and stop such clamouring for war," PLA spokesperson Col Wu Qian had said in Beijing.

The Chinese foreign and defence ministry launched a media blitzkrieg accusing India of trespassing into what they claim is their territory. Bhutan, however, strongly denied the claim. "The Bhutan government, in a statement issued on Thursday, made it clear that the land in question belonged to it.

The said land is located near India's border. There is an arrangement between India and Bhutan for giving security," Jaitley said.

The defence minister said Bhutan had made its stance clear and China was trying to alter the status quo in the area.

"I think after this (Bhutan's statement), the issue has become very clear," he said.
China has been staking a claim on the contentious area in Bhutan to gain a strategic edge over India.

          India-China face-off on 15th day   
Indian Army personnel stopped China's People's Liberation Army soldiers from building a road in western Bhutan because it would have "serious security implications" for India, New Delhi said on Friday.

India also said that its soldiers had approached the PLA's construction personnel and "urged them" to stop building the road at Doklam Plateau in western Bhutan only after consultations with the Royal Government of Bhutan.

Earlier this week, Beijing had said that Indian Army personnel had trespassed into Chinese territory and stopped the PLA from constructing the road.

New Delhi on Friday ended its silence on the 15-day-long face-off between the army and the PLA at the tri-junction point at the boundary of India, China and Bhutan. India said that China's move to build the road and thus to unilaterally change the status quo in the area was in violation of a 2012 bilateral understanding.

"India is deeply concerned with the recent Chinese actions and has conveyed to the Chinese government that such construction would represent a significant change of status quo, with serious security implications for India," the Ministry of External Affairs said in a statement issued in New Delhi.

The face-off started on June 16 when the PLA entered the Doklam Plateau with heavy-construction equipment to build a motorable road. The Royal Bhutan Army had some soldiers posted at a camp at the nearby Zompelri.

They first sought to dissuade the PLA personnel, arguing that the area was a subject of dispute between China and Bhutan and that the status quo should not be changed.

The PLA personnel, who were much more in number, brushed off the Bhutanese Army soldiers and sought to continue the construction works.

It was then that the Indian Army soldiers from nearby Doka La camp went to the scene and stopped the PLA from constructing the road.

          July image for the Gyalsey released   
The desktop calendar for July has been released by Yellow Bhutan. This month features one-year-old Crown Prince Jigme Namgyel (also just referred to as The Gyalsey) by himself dressed as a doctor. In the Yellow Bhutan post revealing the new image and monthly calendar, they said, “As always, we are overjoyed to bring you this incredibly adorable Kupar of our […]
           Bhutan King and Queen visit holy Buddhist shrine in Varanasi   
Varanasi, Oct. 9 (ANI): Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and his wife Jetsun Pema visited the holy Buddhist site in Varanasi. Wangchuck and his wife Pema planted a Bodhi sapling in the Sarnath Temple of Varanasi and subsequently held prayers along with the Buddhist monks. “Bhutan king came here and visited the holy dome...
          Indian firm takes over construction of Hindu temple in Bhutan   
Thimphu, July 1 (IANS) Indian infrastructure major Jaiprakash Associates Ltd. (JAL) has taken over construction of a Hindu temple in Thimphu and will ...
          European human rights activists criticise China's bullying of Bhutan   
*Geneva [Switzerland], June 29 (ANI): China's threat to the sovereignty of Bhutan and its unilateral action to alter the status quo on bilateral boundary issues related to the Doklam Plateau has been strongly criticized by human rights activists in Europe and in other parts of the world.* Reported by ANI News 1 hour ago.
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          India warns China over border road 'security' threat   

India condemned a new road that China is building on the rivals' Himalayan border on Friday, saying it raises “serious security” concerns.

The two sides are trading increasingly stern diplomatic warnings over the new hotspot, a remote scrap of territory where the frontiers of China, India and Bhutan meet.

Beijing made a formal protest this week, accusing Indian border guards of crossing from the northeastern state of Sikkim into its Tibetan territory to stop the road building.

India's foreign ministry said Friday that China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) troops entered the area to “unilaterally” construct the road.

“India is deeply concerned at the recent Chinese actions and has conveyed to the Chinese government that such construction would represent a significant change of status quo with serious security implications for India,” a ministry statement said.

“India cherishes peace and tranquillity in the India-China border areas. It has not come easily,” it said, urging Beijing to resolve the skirmish through dialogue.

India and China have long disputed parts of their Himalayan border, and regularly accuse each other of making illegal troop encroachments.

Bhutan has also lodged a formal protest to China, saying the road violated a bilateral agreement.

Bhutan, which does not have diplomatic relations with China, still disputes sovereignty of the land. And the showdown is part of a wider friction between India and China over the 4,057 kilometre border.

China has insisted several times this week that India withdraw troops who are “trespassing” on its side of the frontier.

It insists that it has every right to build the road and that it controls the territory under an 1890 accord made with Britain when it was colonial power in the region.

“We can tell you that the Chinese people hold a friendly and goodwill relations to the Bhutan people but our determination to uphold our territorial integrity and sovereignty is unwavering,” a Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said Friday.

“The nature of this standoff is quite clear, it's a trespass by the Indian side to the Chinese border. So the obvious thing is their withdrawal from the Chinese side.”

'Chicken neck'

India and China's ties have been dogged by mistrust stemming from a brief war in 1962 over the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh which has a large ethnic Tibetan population.

Flare-ups around Sikkim are rare. It is the least populous and second smallest of India's states, but its location gives it strategic importance.

India's seven remote northeastern states are connected to the rest of the country by a narrow sliver of land known as the “chicken's neck”. Sikkim is wedged between Nepal, Bhutan and China.

“The Chinese have realised that India is vulnerable at the 'chicken neck' so it could be a way to test the reaction of the Indian establishment,” said Sameer Patil, a defence and security analyst at the Mumbai-based Gateway House think-tank.

Tensions along the frontier rose in 2014 when Chinese soldiers moved into territory on the Sikkim-Tibet border claimed by India, sparking a two-week stand-off.

Hundreds of Indian and Chinese troops faced off on the de facto border, overshadowing a visit by China's President Xi Jinping.

The latest border “scuffle” was triggered after PLA soldiers damaged two old Indian bunkers, according to Indian media.

China has reportedly since stopped pilgrims crossing into Tibet to visit a mountain shrine to the revered Hindu god Shiva because of the showdown.

India has a number of disputes with China. It is angry at China for proposing to finance Pakistan infrastructure in disputed Kashmir, which India also claims.

It also blames China for blocking its efforts to become a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the international club that controls the global nuclear trade.

          Now China releases 'map' to prove its claim over Donglong in Sikkim   
Now China releases 'map' to prove its claim over Donglong in SikkimDonglong is at a tri-junction border of Bhutan, China, and India, where People's Liberation Army troops and the Indian Army faced off.
           Trung - Ấn gấp rút điều 3000 quân áp sát biên giới sau hàng loạt xô xát nghiêm trọng    
Đây được xem là vụ đối đầu nghiêm trọng nhất giữa Trung Quốc và Ấn Độ trong nhiều thập kỷ qua.Tình trạng xô xát giữa quân đội Trung Quốc - Ấn Độ ở khu vực biên giới Sikkim - Bhutan - Tây Tạng đã diễn tiến thành vụ đối đầu lớn nhất khu vực trong nhiều thập kỷ, khi cả hai bên tiếp tục tăng cường lực lượng tới vùng biên hẻo lánh này.Nguồn tin của Times of India (TOI - Ấn Độ) cho biết, quân đội hai nước đã củng cố vị trí của mình ở khu vực biên giới căng thẳng bằng cách triển khai khoảng 3.000 quân mỗi bên. Tướng lục quân Ấn Độ Bipin Rawat đã...
          For sale - Heroclix Marvel Web of Spiderman sandman #055 sr - $9   

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          Why Bhutan is special to India   
The Doka La standoff highlights New Delhi’s defence commitment to Thimphu
          Now China Releases ‘Map’ to Prove Its Claim over Donglong in Sikkim   


China has released a map showing the Donglong region in the Sikkim sector as its territory and to back its claims of Indian troops "trespassing" the Chinese boundary.

The map, released by the Chinese Foreign Ministry late on Friday evening, shows the Chinese territory far south of the Donglong region, the ownership of which is yet to be agreed between Bhutan and China. The blue arrow shows Doka La pass where Indian troops "crossed the border". China alleges Indian troops crossed the border on June 18.

The map shows Doka La - called Donglong by China - as part of Chinese territory. Donglong is at a tri-junction border of Bhutan, China, and India, where People's Liberation Army troops and the Indian Army faced off. Bhutan has accused China of building a road in Donglong, which Thimphu says is part of its area. China has rejected the claims and asked New Delhi to withdraw troops from the region.

India has said Beijing's action to "unilaterally determine tri-junction points" is in violation of a 2012 India-China agreement. According to the agreement, the boundary will be decided by consulting all the concerned parties. The release of the map comes as China has maintained that locals have been traditionally herding cattle in Donglong area, which it said is fact enough to prove that the region belongs to Beijing.

China was responding to the Bhutanese government's accusations against China of not respecting border agreements and constructing a road on the disputed territory located between the two countries. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said here on Friday: "We are exercising complete and comprehensive administration over the Doklam (Donglong) region and our border troops and the residents around the border are herding their cattle along this."

"This evidence is recognised by the Bhutan side," Lu added. "From historical evidence, we can see that Doklam has been a traditional pasture for the Tibetan residents and we have exercised good administration over the area.

"Before the 1960s, if Bhutan residents around the border wanted to put their cattle they had to get the approval from China," Lu said citing Chinese history. Beijing has asked New Delhi to withdraw troops, reiterating it as a precondition to settle an ongoing stand-off in India's Sikkim sector, where the two countries share a little over 200 km of border.

Following the face-off, China has suspended the pilgrimage to Kailash Mansarovar in Tibet where Indians travel via Nathu La Pass, which is shut now. In response, India on Friday said it has told China that the building of a road by Chinese troops in the Donglong region will have "serious security implications for India" and urged Beijing "not to change the status quo unilaterally".

"India is deeply concerned at the recent Chinese actions and has conveyed to the Chinese government that such construction would represent a significant change of status quo with serious security implications for India," an External Affairs Ministry statement said in New Delhi.


The post Now China Releases ‘Map’ to Prove Its Claim over Donglong in Sikkim appeared first on Northeast Today.

          Explainer: Why India and China are facing-off again (and what a road in Bhutan has to do with it)   
Both countries have deployed around 3,000 troops each in the tri-junction between the three nations.
          CRNA in Bhutan   
Global Goals was created in 2000 for 3rd world countries who desire to decrease poverty, hunger and increase economic growth and health by 2030. Many organizations, governments & NHO's are ...
          Comment on Bhutan Celebrates The Birth Of Their Crowned Prince By Planting 108,000 Trees! by Best meta tag plugin for Wordpress in 2017   
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          Indian Army Repels Chinese Army From Bhutan   
The face-off started on June 16 when the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) entered the Doklam Plateau in Bhutan with heavy-construction equipment to build a road. The Royal Bhutan Army (RBA) had some soldiers posted at a camp at the nearby Zompelri. The PLA personnel, who were much more in number, brushed off the RBA soldiers and sought to continue the construction works. It was then that Indian Army soldiers entered Bhutan from nearby Doka La Camp and went to the scene and stopped the PLA from constructing the road and expelled their soldiers. In the video, you can see soldiers from the Indian Army grab and restrain the PLA soldiers while both groups are unarmed as to not escalate the situation.
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          Inside Fargo, America's Most Undervalued Tech Hub   
By Fortune
Editor's Note: Congratulations to the many Fargo-area businesses mentioned in this article. Many of them have participate in ND Commerce programs such as Innovate ND, Centers of Excellence and Centers of Research Excellence, Research ND and the North Dakota Development Fund.

It gets 50 inches of snow a year and is so cold that its bikeshare moves inside for the winter. But its homegrown tech community is on fire.

The morning of Nov. 12, 2014 was well below freezing in Fargo, the largest city in North Dakota. By the time Shawn Muehler took the stage before an audience of 150, the theater, located just a few blocks west of the Red River, had warmed up. Entrepreneurs, students, professors and business leaders shuffled down the aisles with free cups of coffee. For the audience, it was time for Fargo’s 1 Million Cups, a robust startup community-building initiative from the Kaufman Foundation that’s a kind of church for entrepreneurs. For Muehler, it was time to talk about drones.

Standing on stage with one of his drones, Muehler—a Fargo native, Air Force officer, and seasoned pilot—had six minutes to present his business idea, the result of several months of white-board calculating, late-night brainstorming, and endless code tinkering. He described the collision risks found in an airspace that is increasingly crowded with aircraft and drones. The software that he and his small team of pilots, developers, and engineers wanted to build, he explained, would create a safety net for drone pilots, enabling them to track their unmanned vehicles in real time using existing cellular networks.

Muehler’s presentation was followed by vigorous applause and a round of questions. As is tradition at 1 Million Cups, the entrepreneur was asked one final query: “How can we as a community help you succeed?” And so he answered. Within five days, Muehler tells Fortune, he had five funding opportunities from people in the community. The ensuing $500,000 seed investment allowed him to double his workforce and move to a larger office downtown.

Last spring the company, now called Botlink, launched the beta version of its drone-tracking application, which it says is the world’s first commercially available drone safety and control platform. In June, Botlink announced a joint venture with Fargo’s power management company, Packet Digital, to raise $15 million on the same day that it co-hosted Fargo’s inaugural Drone Focus Conference. By this fall, the company had launched its first product: a piece of data-processing hardware that’s compatible with every drone on the market.

When I visited the Botlink office in September, the staff had just returned from a drone conference in Las Vegas where they’d run out of brochures the first day and flummoxed some West Coast startups who didn’t realize they had competitors in Fargo. Half-empty containers of drones now littered the floor around the reception desk, making the office look like the home of a robot family unpacking from a long trip. In the workshop down the hall, a plane with a 14-foot wingspan sat on a desk, and Muehler, wearing a Batman t-shirt, was one of the first to tell me what makes Fargo special.

Well before I arrived in Fargo, I’d heard about Silicon Prairie—the Heartland’s version of Silicon Valley—with noteworthy startup activity in larger cities like Omaha, Des Moines, and Kansas City. I knew Fargo was on the eastern border of the state, far from the oil activity in the Bakken region. I’d read that it’s home to the country’s third-largest Microsoft  MSFT 0.65% campus and nearly 30,000 college students. The average age of Fargo residents is 31. Its unemployment rate is among the lowest in the nation. I had already grasped enough about this city of 105,000 to easily dismiss the Siberia-esque picture painted in the 1996 Coen brothers film of the same name. I envisioned a burst of Technicolor popping from a vast expanse of plains.

The tech scene that I visited in September was markedly different from the one I had first heard about in 2013. Two years ago Emerging Prairie, a startup news and events organization, was beginning to establish itself; today it co-organizes wildly popular events such as 1 Million Cups, TEDxFargo, and a monthly gathering called Startup Drinks. Thanks to local startup Myriad Mobile, which spun out of a student-run incubator, Fargo has begun hosting the annual Midwest Mobile Summit. A nonprofit has started offering coding classes for women. Meetups have launched for hackers, gamers, developers, geeks, and even bitcoin enthusiasts.

Fargo companies are also beginning to appear in the national spotlight. Intelligent InSites, which provides tracking real-time operational intelligence for the healthcare industry, is experiencing explosive growth. So is Appareo Systems, a leader in electronic and computer products for the aerospace and defense industries. A handful of gaming companies have surfaced in the area; one is developing a virtual reality horror game and another is building a woodland survival adventure game called On My Ownfor Xbox One. A team from North Dakota State University has engineered an affordable, 3D-printed prosthetic arm. Two locals have started a funeral webcasting service. Another startup has developed an autonomous tractor.

With all of this activity, how does a place like Fargo end up as one of the most undervalued, overlooked tech communities in the United States? That’s why I wanted to meet Greg Tehven, the executive director and co-founder of Emerging Prairie and affectionately known as Fargo’s ambassador, when I visited the city this fall. On a warm Sunday afternoon, I found him at a community lunch for new Americans, set up for several hundred on a basketball court on the west side of town. Characteristic of the region, the wind blew like it was trying to prove something; strong guests sent naan cartwheeling across curry vegetables and off paper plates. Young Bhutanese girls danced barefoot on the asphalt in sequined dresses the color of Gerber daisies.

Tehven is a soft-spoken, dyed-in-the-wool millennial, a fifth-generation Fargoian who grew up on a farm and came of age during the Buffalo Commons era, when people debated a proposal to let buffalo take over the Great Plains. Tehven left Fargo for college, wandered around, felt unfulfilled and returned, determined to build the type of community he wanted to call home. Today, he travels around the country speaking about community-building and teaches social entrepreneurship in India.

“Barriers are being eliminated to contribute to the community here,” he told me. “People who have moved away know they can come back here and do things quickly.” He talked about a radically inclusive culture that has an extraordinary speed of trust. In economic terms, what’s happening in Fargo is that a magnetic downtown is attracting and retaining talent. But Tehven contends that it’s really about love.

“It’s about increasing the amount of love in our community,” he said, noting that it’s hard to be successful on your own. “There’s a co-dependence here.” He said people need each other, whether it’s for harvesting crops or recovering from a flood. If emotional support is absent, innovation will falter.

The next morning, I met Tehven at Prairie Den, a new coworking space in the center of town, above a Chinese restaurant called King House Buffet. Until this summer, it was run by Minneapolis-based CoCo, but they didn’t last a year, Tehven said, because they didn’t embrace the philosophy of giving before getting. Shortly after they left, the space was resurrected as the Den, a funky, art-filled workspace that’s home to Emerging Prairie and a couple start-ups. Hearing the story of this rebirth made me think of the new growth that quickly emerges in forests after controlled burns.

One of the reasons Emerging Prairie was created was to act as a publicity machine for locals who think it’s uncouth to celebrate one’s own achievements. The organization, which is in the process of becoming a nonprofit, now has a staff of four, including a writer, Marisa Jackels, who produces daily stories about the startup scene. She never runs out of content. Tehven has each new staff member read Startup Communities: Building an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem in Your City by Foundry Group co-founder Brad Feld.

If Fargo had to limit itself to a single story, it would be that of Great Plains Software, a fledgling startup built by North Dakotan Doug Burgum over nearly two decades and acquired by Microsoft in 2001 for $1.1 billion. Today, Microsoft is located on the south side of town and has grown to four buildings with more than 1,500 employees—the company’s third-largest campus in North America.

Burgum went on to found Kilbourne Group, a downtown redevelopment company, and co-found Arthur Ventures, a venture capital group that’s investing in software companies out of a $45 million fund raised in 2013. He’s as close to a godfather as the humble Fargo community will allow. Incidentally, it wasn’t until well after a conversation with a community leader named Joe—who started a downtown farmer’s market, worked on Uber-friendly legislation and is now building a giant mobile sauna—that I found out he was Burgum’s son.

Burgum said Great Plains employees focused on service and had a lot of humility and gratitude; he sees that today in the dozens of startups that employ Great Plains alumni. Like others, he told me that the region’s land and history play a role in today’s technology growth.

“Every farmer and rancher is an entrepreneur and tinkerer and inventor,” he said, “and there’s some of that DNA here. You wouldn’t have ended up here if you weren’t a risk-taker—moving your family from Sweden to a new land with no electricity and very little infrastructure.”

Shane Waslaski, president and CEO of Intelligent InSites, also grew up in the state and said the strong tech community in Fargo can be attributed to a pioneering spirit and an “altruistic desire to nourish each other.” Tenaciousness and perseverance are rooted in the heritage, he said.

From Prairie Den, Tehven and I walked around downtown, popping into offices and meetings unannounced and intercepting folks on Broadway and Roberts Street—as was his plan. I was reminded of the familiarity and ease with which students can have impromptu and rich conversations while walking across a college quad. Time and again, talking to Muehler and other entrepreneurs, I heard stories that made it easy to root for the underdog that is Fargo. I found a level of enthusiasm typically reserved for young political candidates offering hope and promising change. More than once, I saw someone get choked up talking about the place they call home.

We ran into Drew Spooner, a baby-faced serial entrepreneur who started the Hammock Initiative and speaks deadpan about the health benefits of swaying. He now has sponsors and a national following. Then we ran into the woman behind Unglued, a shop selling locally made crafts; and one of the brewers behind Fargo Brewing Company, which makes Wood Chipper India Pale Ale. Much of the day, Tehven, wearing jeans and flannel, walked around with a cup of coffee in his hand. He told me there’s a sense in Fargo that if you talk about something enough, it will become real—whether it’s a hammocking craze or a spontaneous tailgate party.

Among the challenges in a town with so much startup activity is making sure the entrepreneurs have enough support to get over the first-generation hump and maintain momentum even when the initial spotlight fades.

“In cities like San Francisco, Boston, New York, there’s a lot of experience and expertise,” said Miguel Danielson, another Emerging Prairie co-founder. “That’s great for entrepreneurs because it’s scary to do alone. So a lot of what we do at Emerging Prairie is try to bring these folks together.” He lovingly describes Fargo—remote, hundreds of miles from Minneapolis and Winnipeg—as a Gilligan’s Island of sorts. “You’re stuck with the folks you’ve got in the immediate vicinity, so you better be nice to them,” he said, adding that in a small place, he feels especially blessed when he finds others with common interests.

Danielson grew up in Fargo and left for college and Harvard Law School. If it weren’t for the startup culture—which is helping Midwestern communities fight brain drain–he may never have returned. After practicing in Cambridge for several years, he opened Danielson Legal in Fargo, specializing in technology law, and he created Fargo Startup House, where entrepreneurs can live for free.

In the next five years, Danielson predicts a more robust Fargo tech scene, with a few wild successes and some wild failures. When the city sees its first exit success story of this new era—someone who starts with nothing and ends up with hundreds of millions of dollars—he said that will be “one that looms in the minds of people forever.”

At the end of my day in Fargo, I returned to Prairie Den. Spooner was setting up hammocks for an evening event. An Emerging Prairie Tweet read, “We sway while we work.”

That night, I watched a video of Tehven’s TEDxFargo talk. He was speaking at the Fargo Civic Center in 2014, outside of which sits a stone slab with the Ten Commandments.

“The Coen brothers were wrong,” he told the audience. “It isn’t a place of barrenness. It isn’t a place of cold. It’s a place of the most amazing people in the world.”

The following week I had dinner back home with a friend who works in the technology industry, and I told him I thought he should move to Fargo. Yes, it’s a place that gets an average of 50 inches of snow a year, and it’s so cold that the bikeshare moves inside for the winter. But there’s a lot going on there, I told him. Shortly thereafter, I woke up from a dream in which I was on my way back to Fargo. In it, I was with someone—perhaps my tech friend—and felt a sense of urgency. Eager to find housing, I sped westward, not wanting to miss out.

Inside Fargo, America's Most Undervalued Tech Hub -

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          The lowdown on the border standoff with China   
What is it?Along a mountainous disputed region of the tri-junction between India, China and Bhutan, two small units of the Indian Army and the People’s Liberation Army are in a standoff since June 16,...
          Fwd: Occupy Chumbi Valley a cable from Hareshwar Dayal+Asian nations need to put China on notice+Vietnam Russia Joint Statement   

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Sanjeev Nayyar

1. Human rights in Pakistan-Occupied Gilgit Baltistan 30.6.17 by Sajjad Hussain
2. China's T-Junction stand-off with Bhutan: Flexing muscle to annex land is nothing new for Beijing 30.6.17 by lt gen prakash katoch
China's annexation of Tibet, Manchuria, Xinjiang and parts of Mongolia are all well-documented. It also wants to capture the Doklam plateau because it overlooks Chinese posts in Chumbi valley of China-Occupied Tibet (CoT).
SN – Strategic thinkers and columnists must always refer to Tibet and Chinese Occupied Tibet as Lt Gen Prakash Katoch has done in the above article.
3. Occupy Chumbi Valley a cable from Harishwar Dayal – Nehru said NO by Claude Arpi 2015
The two presidents underscored the importance of cooperation in defence and military technology, as well as coordination of actions in defence-security without harming any third party.'
6. Asian nations need to put China on notice – an Indian viewpoint by N S Venkataraman 30.6.17
7. China: Breach of Agreement of Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage confirms Chinese Cussedness 30.6.17 by lt gen prakash katoch
Chinese citizens watching Salman Khan's 'Tubelight' may feel happy the PLA can overrun Indian posts anywhere, but they would not know that: even in 1962, it took the sacrifice of 5-6000 PLA troops to overrun Rezang La held by mere 3-400 Indian soldiers; the Nathu La incident of 1967 where PLA troops were forced to vacate their posts for three days, scurrying like rats abandoning the sinking ship; the Indian response to Chinese intrusion in Sumdorog Chu in 1986 where they had also built a helipad ..
In 1979, China under Den Xiaoping attacked Vietnam to "teach them a lesson" but learnt a lesson instead and the PLA returned with their tails tucked between their legs. Interestingly, during the invasion of Vietnam, Xi Jinping was a secretary in the Chinese Ministry of Defence.
Warm Regards
sanjeev nayyar
to unsubscribe write back

sent from samsung galaxy note3 neo, so please excuse brevity

          GK Questions asked in SSC CPO 2017 Exam Shift-1 (01-07-2017)   
GK Questions asked in SSC CPO 2017 Exam Shift-1 (01-07-2017)

GK /GA Questions asked in SSC CPO 2017 Exam (01 July 2017) Shift-1
  • Sculpture in Indus Valley Civilization was found from which site ? - Mohenjodaro 
  • Who founded Vikramshila University? - Dharamapala
  • Montreal protocol is re-lated to- depletion of Qzone layer
  • Which Amendment reduced voting age 18 years from 21 years - 61st
  • Gas released from Supersonic Jet - CO, NO2 etc.
  • App launched by Power Ministry - Garv, Urja
  • Seat of president can remain vacant upto (Qmaths)
  • One question on KB-MB-GB conversion.
  • Nitin Thimmaiha is related to which sport ?
  • Inexhaustible energy in stars is due to? (Qmaths)
  • Transformative Cheif Minister Award 2017 ?
  • Who was the president of england in 1947 ?
  • Who invented portland Cement ? 
  • Max. Period of members of rajyasabha ?
  • Chlorine gas found in.? -
  • Which country is not an initial member of SAARC Afganistan nepal bhutanbangladesh
  • Suez canal connect which two sea
  • Which mountain divide Asia from Europe
  • State without international border : UP MP Bihar Punjab

          62 war: China can reminisce all it wants, India won’t be bullied   
Even as China invoked the 1962 war in a bid to tell India to learn from history both sides have pumped up reinforcements Sikkim-Bhutan tri-junction region. Both sides on Thursday strengthened positions by deploying 3,000 troops each in the region. While there have been many stand-offs in the same region in the past, this one […]
          China hardens its position over border stand-off   
China has hardened its position over the border stand-off by releasing a map to support its claims over the disputed area in the trijunction between Bhutan, Sikkim and its Tibet region. The map release is a contradiction of Beijing's call for "meaningful dialogue".
          muhtuya: Бутан - страна сюрпризов   

Это цитата сообщения Gesiona Оригинальное сообщениеБутан - страна сюрпризов

Бутан это затерявшаяся в Гималайских горах удивительная страна, едва затронутая течением времени, без голода и преступности, где люди живут  в радости, не зная войн и нищеты.


  1 (700x451, 86Kb)

Многие поклонники восточной мудрости уверены, что Бутан это и есть сказочная страна Шангри-ла (Шамбала), то самое  место, где «в горном отшельничестве благоухают цветы духовности, где можно обрести  Истину и испить из источника бессмертия».

Не знаю, возможно, они и  правы. Ведь логотип Бутана


 1а (282x205, 32Kb)

голубой мак (символ счастья, гармонии, мира и любви),бутон которого «прорастает» насквозь и «распускается» над изречением  «Бутан — место счастья»,  пусть и косвенное но тому подтверждение.

Не знаю. Возможно. Но лично мне страна Бутан или как её упорно называют местные жители  Друк - Юл — «Страна драконов грома». страна, о существовании которой до 1974 года мир не ведал вообще, напоминает Италию


 Вероятно потому, что жители Бутана так же как и жители Италии не выходя из дома развешивают  белье на натянутых  у окон веревках


 77 (580x401, 97Kb)


Вероятно потому, что как и в Италии здесь проходят карнавалы


 255444 (600x494, 106Kb)


А может быть потому что здесь как и в Помпеях немало фаллических изображений, которые встречаются повсеместно.

 Всевозможными вариациями пенисов, которые, по поверьям, спасают от сглаза, расписаны стены домов, магазинчиков и даже госучреждений. 


 98391487_51988933_20 (450x699, 146Kb)


 3323 (700x413, 117Kb)


 В таком же стиле сделаны элементы деревянного декора: 

Балки на крышах ,


 3 (600x438, 120Kb)

 3а (700x430, 152Kb)

Обереги над входом в жилище  


 5а (473x630, 193Kb)

 7 (675x439, 80Kb)

 7а (500x333, 80Kb)

Дверные ручки 


 5 (451x700, 323Kb)

 Даже водосток и тот сделан в форме фаллоса 


 4а (700x466, 117Kb)

 4 (682x448, 291Kb)

Про сувениры для туристов в сувенирных лавках я молчу.


 9 (484x700, 442Kb)

 И про  сюрпризы в ванной комнате гостинницы тоже :))).


 8 (692x466, 154Kb)


 Самая легендарная фигура в Бутане – буддийский лама Друкпа Кюнле, живший в 15-16 веках и вошедший в историю как «сумашедший святой».


 33 (290x450, 48Kb)

 Он протестовал против условностей общества, ведя развратную жизнь: спал со многими женщинами, упивался вином, рисовал фаллосы на стенах домов, уверяя людей, что они будут отгонять злых духов, устраивал дичайшие выходки и полжизни проходил голый. Так он пытался восставать против ханжества и до конца обнажить человеческую природу, освободившись от ее изнанки. По поверьям, безумный святой отгонял злых духов с помощью фаллоса. Он мог бить им, как кувалдой, извергал из него огонь, а одного злого духа Друкпа победил, засунув фаллос ему в рот, после чего тот задохнулся.

Встречавшие его люди удивлялись — они не верили, что такой человек мог быть святым, но Друкпа невзначай демонстрировал чудеса. Однажды он потребовал принести себе козу и корову. Съев  их, он приставил козий череп к коровьему остову  и по прочтении мантр явил миру необычное животное получившее название  Донг Гьем Цей (Такин).


 11 (700x456, 147Kb)


Его можно увидеть высоко в горах Королевства Бутан. Из-за уникальности Тахина и невозможности  связать его с любым другим животным, для него определили особую категорию budorcas taxicolor.

В честь Друкпа Кюнле «святого 50000 женщин» был построен храм плодородия Чими - лхаканг.


 20 (640x426, 120Kb)

Название храма переводится  с бутанского как: "Собак не пускают". Откуда пошло такое необычное название, сейчас уже узнать сложно . 

Меня впечатлил весьма необычный выступ  навеса крыши храма.  Его венчает голова дракона,  

 10 (517x384, 72Kb)

 вероятно потому, что  местные жители верят, что гром испускает дракон, мчащийся по небесам.

А еще вот эти соты, пчелы которых не проявляют агрессии к посетителям храма.


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И календарь:


 12а (678x609, 152Kb)


Как пользуются служители храма этим календарем для меня так и осталось загадкой .

В храме хранятся несколько деревянных фаллосов.


 23 (499x374, 57Kb)


Самый длинный, из коричневого дерева, с серебряной ручкой считается религиозной реликвией, привезенною самим ламой из Тибета.


 24 (319x550, 43Kb)


Его используют для  благословения набожных, но бездетных пар, посещающих храм.  

Настоятель , благословляя их на зачатие, бьёт этим  фаллосом по их голове.    

А еще в Бутане обалденные виды.


 4 (699x437, 147Kb)

 1 (565x700, 642Kb)


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И теперь я понимаю почему Маша Распутина просила отпустить ее  в Гималаи


 Ах, да. Для тех кто захочет посетить эту удивительную страну :))) несколько слов на местном языке :))

Здравствуйте – Кузу Цампо

До свидания – Тата

Спасибо – Катинче

Пошли, поехали – чоге

Чай – Джа

Дождливо – Чаб Чобде 

 65658 (500x593, 73Kb)

автор: Gesiona     






Серия сообщений "Бутан":
Часть 1 - Бутан — страна, где есть министерство счастья
Часть 2 - Бутан первым в мире перейдет на 100% органическое земледелие
Часть 3 - Бутан - страна сюрпризов

          India's remote north-east: The road to Tawang   
DRIVE from the Brahmaputra river, in the plains of north-eastern India, and towards the Himalayas to the north, and hefty obstacles lie in your path. The road up to Tawang, a Buddhist monastery-town near the border with China, takes two long days of travel. From the start you traverse a narrow and muddy track, often single-lane and scattered with rocks. Along this way plod army lorries, petrol tankers, jeeps crammed with passengers. Teams of labourers toil by the thousand along the length of the road. Some chip at stones, others lug rocks aside from the slow-moving traffic.In time—supposedly another five years—this broken, narrow and vulnerable road will be upgraded to become a “national highway”. But even tarred and smooth, it will offer hazards aplenty. Heavy fog rolls in as the road climbs higher: shortly after a sign gives warning that you are entering a fog zone, the mist closes in and rain begins to patter. With visibility at just a few metres, and with the sound of a huge river rushing in the steep valley below, progress is reduced to a crawl. There are excuses for the poor condition of the road. A century ago this territory—a stretch of remote land parallel to Bhutan and stretching up to the borders of Tibet—was hardly considered a part of India. The British, before a treaty in 1914 in Shimla, had broadly decided to leave the hill tribes of land now called ...
          Daily GK Update 25th & 26th June 2017, Important Current Affairs   
1. By resolution 42/112 of 7 December 1987, the General Assembly decided to observe 26 June as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit.

2. India and Portugal have signed eleven MOUs for cooperation in areas including double taxation avoidance, science and technology, trade and investment, nanotechnology, space research, administrative reforms and culture.

3. The 54th Femina Miss India World 2017 winner is Manushi Chhillar from Haryana, while the first runner-up is Sana Dua from Jammu and Kashmir and the second runner-up is Priyanka Kumari from Bihar.

4. Bhumika Sharma, another Indian has become Miss World in bodybuilding championship.

5. Aadhaar is not a valid identification document for Indians traveling to Nepal and Bhutan, according to the Union home ministry. Indians can travel to Nepal and Bhutan- both countries for which they don't need visas - if they possess a valid national passport or election ID card issued by the Election Commission.

6. IDFC Ltd announced the elevation of its CFO Sunil Kakar as the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of the companywith effect from July 16 for three years.

7. India became the team to score the most 300-plus totals in One Day International (ODI) Cricket. India did so when they scored a total of 310 for the loss of five wickets in the second ODI against West Indies.It was the 96th time that India crossed the 300-run mark, surpassing Australia’s 95.

8. The fast-rising Ankush Dahiya (60kg) clinched a goldwhile the experienced L Devendro Singh (52kg) settled for a silver medal on the final day of the Ulaanbaatar Cup boxing tournament in Mongolia.

9. Haryana's Anish Bhanwala gave a robust start for the Indian challenge by clinching the 25-metre standard pistol gold with a world junior record in the Junior World Shooting Championship in Suhl, Germany.

10. n Badminton, ace Indian shuttler Kidambi Srikanth has lifted the Australian Open Superseries trophy in Sydney. In the summit clash, 11th world ranked Srikanth stunned former world number one and Rio Olympics Gold medalist Chen Long of Chinain straight games, 22-20, 21-16.

11. Venkaiah Naidu has launched the book which titled 'The Emergency - Indian Democracy’s Darkest Hour'. A book is written by Surya Prakash who is a chairman of Prasar Bharati.

Also Read:
Get More GK Updates

          Frenchi vs Beretta   
Franchi dan Beretta adalah dua jenama terkenal senjata api ringan buatan dari Europe. Kedua-duanya mempunyai keistimewaan masing-masing. Kedua-dua shotgun jenama ini biasa aku guna. Cuma sejak kebelakangan ini apabila kampong dah semakin moden musuh tanaman tak sebanyak dulu, penggunaannya banyak kepada aktiviti riadah.

Untuk mendapatkan lesen bagi memiliki shotgun di negara kita agak sukar. Lesen hanya dikeluarkan atas tujuan mencegah musuh tanaman, keselamatan, memburu dan bersukan. Bagi tujuan mencegah musuh tanaman dokumen-dokumen yang diperlukan bagi tujuan permohonan lese ialah dokumen pemilikan tanah, pemberian kuasa penjagaan tanah, maklumat kerosakan terhadap tanaman, program penanaman semula, kepelbagaian dan jenis tanaman. Selain dari itu pemohon mestilah bersih dari sebarang rekod jenayah, lepas tapisan keselamatan dan sihat tubuh badan. Bagi tujuan menjaga keselamatan diri dan harta benda pula, pemohon perlu mengemukakan dokumen penyata kewangan syarikat dan peribadi yang terkini dan salinan aduan kepada polis mengenai ancaman. Manakala bagi tujuan bersukan perlu mengemukakan sijil penyertaan di mana-mana kejohanan di peringkat tempatan atau antarabangsa mewakili kelab, negeri atau negara. Kelulusan hanya dikeluarkan oleh Ketua Polis Negara setelah melihat dari berbagai aspek.
Dua jenama yang mempunyai ciri-ciri keistimewaannya tersendiri

Ukiran pada body Frenchi ini menjadikan ianya agak unik, semi-auto ini boleh diisi 5 peluru sekali gus menjadikan mangsa tidak akan terlepas dari sasaran

Beretta terkenal dengan rekabentuknya yang tegap dan hentakan yang padu memberi kepuasan pengguna, amat sesuai untuk aktiviti sukan

Muncung saiz 12 bore ini perlu dibersih setiap kali diguna

Peluru untuk size 12 bore ini mudah dibeli tapi perlu kelulusan PDRM setiap pembelian

Sambil-sambil tenguk kebun kadang-kadang ada rezeki ayam hutan lalu

Saiz ayam hutan ni agak kecil tapi dagingnya padat, kalau buat rendang memang mengancam
          Samvad 1 November 2014   

Samvad Kartik Shukla 9, Vik. Samvat 2071. Yugabda 5116: November 1, 2014

1. FESTIVALS: Dhanu Sankranti 



















20.  SHRI VISHWA NIKETAN: Pravas; Visitors



1. FESTIVALS: Dhanu Sankranti is the sankranti (transmigration of sun from one rashi – constellation to another) related to Dhanu rashi and occurs on 16th December.

It is celebrated as Dhanu Yatra - a colourful festival related to Bhagwan Krishna's visit to Mathura,  at Bargarh, Odisha. Different acts of puranic descriptions are performed at specific locations and the spectators move from place to place with the action to follow the performance. During this festival the Bhagwan Krishna is offered sweetened rice flakes which are specially prepared in a Conical shape.

Dhanu is also name of the month in the Malayalam Calendar. Women celebrate Thiruvathira in this month. Thiruvathira is supposed to be the birthday of Bhagwan Shiva. Married women and girls do 'upavasa' (fasting) on that day, and sing and dance. Girls pray to Lord Shiva to get a good husband while married women pray for the longevity of their husbands. -- Go Top


2.  1.6 LAKH SEVA PROJECTS RUN BY RSS: "Seva – Service is an integral part of sangh work and it was natural that sangh workers came forward to help fllod affected people in Jammu and Kasmir" said RSS sarkaryavaha Bhayya ji Joshi at the press meet on 20th October at Lucknow where a 3-day meeting of its Akhil Bharatiya Karyakari mandal was held. He added that over 1.6 lakh service projects are being run by swayamsevaks all over the country in rural, tribal and urban slum areas. Replying to a question on the issue of Ram mandir, he said, "Ram Temple exists in Ayodhya and people worship there daily. The only issue is to make it a grand temple. As the matter is in the Supreme Court, hence, the Centre should try to remove the hurdle and fulfil the promise made to the people during the elections," He claimed that more than 1.25 lakh youth have joined the organisation last year.  -- Go Top


3. BHARAT LAUNCHES THIRD NAVIGATION SATELLITE: Bharat's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C26) lifted off with aplomb from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota at 1.32 a.m. on 16th October and precisely put the Bharatiya navigation satellite, IRNSS-1C into its perfect, pre-designated orbit. This was the 28th successful launch of the Indian Space Research Organisation.

The IRNSS-1C, the third of the seven navigation satellites in the Indian Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), has wide-ranging applications in terrestrial, aerial and marine navigation. From vehicle tracking to fleet management and from disaster management to mapping, the satellite extends services to its clients.

The IRNSS-C1 carried two types of payloads, one for transmitting navigation service signals to the users and another consisting of a C-band transponder to facilitate Cube Retro Reflectors for laser ranging.

The first two satellites in the series, IRNSS 1A and IRNSS 1B were launched from Sriharikota on July 1 2013 and April 4 this year respectively.  -- Go Top


4. NANAJI BROUGHT INTEGRAL HUMANISM IN ACTION:  "Nanaji's thinking was out of box, he always tried to do something extra, beyond his given responsibility. Whatever he did he did with some value addition. He always insisted on 'self-sufficiency' approach. Optimum utilisation of local resources was the basis of his vision. He perfectly blended universal science with local technologies," said Prime Minister Narendra Modi while releasing a book on Nanaji Deshmukh in New Delhi on October 11, the 98th birth anniversary of Nanaji.

RSS Sahsarkaryavah Shri Dattatreya Hosabale, veteran Sangh Pracharak Shri Madan Das, DRI president Shri Virendrajeet Singh and general secretary of DRI Shri Bharat Pathak also shared the dais. Many distinguished personalities including RSS Sarkaryavah Shri Bhaiyaji Joshi, former deputy Prime Minister Shri LK Advani, Governor of Guajrat Prof. Omprakash Kohli, etc were present at the jam-packed Vigyan Bhavan.

Speaking on the occasion Dattatreya Hosabale said, Nanaji brought 'Integral Humanism' propounded by Deendayalji in action. "When people are looking for models of development on Bharatiya values the one created by Nanaji are the living examples.   -- Go Top


5. BHARATIYAS CELEBRATE DESI FESTIVALS IN DENMARK: Vijayadashmi was celebrated by Bharatiyas in Copenhagen on September 28 in a traditional way, thanks to the efforts put in by members of Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh (HSS)-Denmark. The most interesting part of these celebrations was the play: Ramleela. Done with very few props, the characters were able to convey Lord Rama's story to the audience.

"The programme was designed for all age groups and involved a drawing contest based on Ramayana characters and a discussion on the main characters of Ramayana. There were 15 people in the play and we spent more than four weekends preparing for it," said Hemant Dubey, one of the active members of HSS-Denmark.

Dattatreya Hosabale, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh's joint general secretary, had travelled to Copenhagen from Bharat to attend the Vijayadashmi celebrations. "He spoke on the significance of Vijayadashmi as well as key learnings from Ramayana for an hour, before ending it with a moral for the children. 

Apart from this event, many other events were also organized by different Bharatiya communities. Bharatiya Mandir in Copenhagen organised Ravana Dahan, where a small effigy of Ravana was burnt to ashes. The Gujarati community played Garba at another event on September 27. The Bengalis organised Durga Puja on a grand scale. On October 4, the newly formed Telangana Association of Denmark also celebrated Dasara and Telangana state's biggest festival, Bathukamma.   -- Go Top 



The 1000th year of coronation of renowned King Rajendra I of the famous Chola Dynasty of Bharat is a matter of great pride and inspiration to all of us. Crowned in 10I4 CE, King Rajendra I had his rule extending not only from the banks of river Ganga to the whole of Southern Bharat but also up-to Sri Lanka, Lakshadweep, Maldives, Myanmar, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. By virtue of his well managed administration and a well organized military, trade, commerce, art, culture, architecture and sculpture flourished under his reign in this entire region.

Literature and pursuit of knowledge also flourished in his times and several books and volumes were written, both in Sanskrit and Tamil. During his rule, several grand temples and Stupas were constructed in Bharat, Sri Lanka and South East Asia which stand testimony to our living cultural heritage. It is testified from his Charter comprising 21 Copper Inscriptions with his royal insignia written in both Sanskrit and Tamil and paying obeisance at the very beginning to Lord Vishnu which are kept by Leiden University of Netherlands.

At the time of Mahmud Ghazni's attack on our north-western frontier and the turmoil of Euro-Arab conflict, King Rajendra I provided stable rule to ensure peace, prosperity and unhindered trade in the entire South East Asian Region to Bharatiyas, especially Tamil traders and their trade associations. He also established diplomatic Mission in China to promote trade.

He also set up a University for study of Vedas and other disciplines at Ennayirum. Besides ensuring political stability, in order to promote cultural unity and emotional integrity he sent his General Aryan Rajrajan to bring holy water of Ganga, ceremonially received it, mixed it with Kaveri waters and built a grand lake due to which he came to be known as  Gangai Konda Cholan  [i.e. Chola who brought Ganga].

Remembering such glorious period of our history will be inspirational to the people in the work for national resurgence. All the people of Bharat including Swyamasevaks are called upon to remind Bharat and the world about the achievement of the Chola king Rajendra for providing benign rule with all round progress in such a vast area and to ensure their support as well as participation in all the events related to this incidence.

(Statement by RSS sarkaryavaha Bhayya ji Joshi on the eve of meeting of  ABKM at Lucknow )  -- Go Top


7. DUBAI-BASED BHARATIYA-ORIGIN EYE SURGEON HONOURED IN LONDON: Dr. Vinod Gauba, Dubai-based Bharatiya-origin doctor has been conferred the prestigious Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Samman for his contributions to healthcare. Dr. Gauba, 36, who has worked with the less fortunate and visually impaired, was presented with the award earlier this month by Baroness Verma at the House of Lords in London. He was awarded for his pioneering role in the field of ophthalmology.

 'Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Samman' is presented to 20 recipients selected from over 30 million Non-Resident Indians or people of Indian origin for exceptional achievements in various fields.

"With Dubai fast becoming the Middle Eastern healthcare hub, we are proud to possess a premier level of expertise and technology in the UAE, attracting patients not only from the region but from all across the globe," Gauba said. He is based at Dubai Healthcare City, a multi-specialty surgery centre for providing specialized eye care.  -- Go Top


8. STATE DEPARTMENT CELEBRATES DIWALI AS GLOBAL AFFAIR: Bharatiya tapestries, silver lamps, and traditional delicacies adorned the Benjamin Franklin State Dining Room as Secretary John Kerry inaugurated the U.S. Department of State's annual Diwali celebration. He lit a diya while a Hindu priest from the Sri Shiva Vishnu Temple (SSVT) of Maryland sang Vedic hymns amidst hundreds of well-wishers, including senior administration officials, Ambassadors, and community leaders. "As we celebrate Diwali this evening, we also hail the accomplishments of the many hundreds of thousands of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, and Jain Americans who live now all across our country in every community," said Secretary Kerry. "And we honor their faith and their traditions, and the indispensable contributions that they make every single day to our prosperity, to our freedom, and to our culture - to this new chapter of American history that they are helping to write." Kerry was joined on stage by Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, Ambassador of Bharat, who highlighted the joyous festivities taking place around the world.

On 20th October 2014, Prime Minister David Cameron warmly welcomed British Hindu community leaders and sevaks to his residence at 10 Downing Street, with the blessing "Shubh Diwali".  At the annual Downing Street Diwali celebration, he spoke of the valuable contribution of the British Hindu community to British life, in terms of the four purusharthas (human purposes) and he spoke of the vital contribution that the Hindu philosophy of reverence for Light, encapsulated in the Diwali celebrations, had for all people of all faiths and he wished the British Hindu community prosperity and happiness.  -- Go Top


9.  BHARAT TO BUILD 1800-KM HIGHWAY ALONG CHINA BORDER IN ARUNACHAL: To counter China, Bharat is all set to embark on an ambitious road project along the McMahon Line in Arunachal Pradesh. The proposed Indo-China frontier highway  will run parallel along the China border and will be 1,800 km long.

The proposed highway will pass through Tawang, East Kameng, Upper Subansiri, West Siang, Upper Siang, Dibang Valley, Hawai and Vijaynagar in the bordering areas. The Government has already relaxed environmental clearances for border area projects. " The construction of the road will be a huge challenge considering the rough and hostile terrain, mostly snow-fed, through which it would pass, and will be the biggest single infrastructure project in the history of Bharat with an estimated cost of over Rs 40,000 crore," Rijiju said in Itanagar.  -- Go Top


10.  BHARAT IGNORES CHINA'S FROWN, OFFERS DEFENCE BOOST TO VIETNAM: Bharat took a decisive step towards countering China's assertive poweron 28th October by committing to help Vietnam's defence modernization, a move that will resonate unpleasantly in Beijing.

After his meeting with visiting Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, Bharatiya PM Narendra Modi said , "Our defence cooperation with Vietnam is among our most important ones. India  remains committed to the modernization of Vietnam's defence and security forces. This will include expansion of our training programme, which is already very substantial, joint-exercises and cooperation in defence equipment. We will quickly operationalise the $100 million line of credit that will enable Vietnam acquire new naval vessels from India."

For the first time, Bharat sent clear signals that it may be willing to sell the Brahmos short range cruise missiles to Vietnam, a long-standing demand by Hanoi. The previous Bharatiya government was a little hesitant, citing reservations by Russia (which is a co-developer).  -- Go Top


11. MASSIVE RELIEF AND RESCUE OPERATION BY SWAYAMSEVAKS IN CYCLONE HIT AP: The cyclone Hudhud severely hit three districts of Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam. Although, the north-east monsoon affects every year the coastal areas of Bay of Bengal during October-November, this year the devastation is huge. Visakhapatnam is the worst hit city.

RSS swayamsevaks started relief and rescue operation on October 12 itself by cutting the trees fallen across the streets and clearing the garbage to facilitate the movement of people and the vehicles. RSS with its several associated organisations like Jana Samkshema Samithi, Sewa Bharati, ABVP, Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Bharatiya Vidya Kendram Educational institutions, etc, plunged into service activities from the moment they could came out of their houses.

BVK College became the centre of activity for receiving the material and disbursing to several destinations. Nearly 1,000 volunteers were engaged in the 24 hours run activity. More than one lakh water packets, 25,000 milk packets, several packets of food, bread and biscuits had been distributed in nearly 50 localities far and near in the city. Similar supplies were sent to villages of the district including the coastal fishermen villages. Several dignitaries like Minister Shri Ravella Kishore Babu, Shri Manikyala Rao, Sri Vishnu Kumar Raju MLA, Dr K Hari Babu MP, RDO and others visited the affected areas.   -- Go Top     


12.  RSS VOLUNTEERS CLEAN MOSQUE IN CYCLONE AFFECTED VISAKHAPATNAM: Volunteers of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) cleaned mosques in Visakhapatnam, after cyclone Hudhud left behind a trail of destruction when it hit the region last week.

Coordinator of Visakhapatnam region of RSS, Ram Bahadur, said that the political leaders in the country had created a wrong perception that RSS is against Muslims and Christians.

The volunteers were seen using electric saws to cut trees that were fallen inside the mosque complex. They were also cleaning the floors and removing broken glasses that were scattered everywhere. A volunteer of RSS, Kurmit Kaur, said they were merely being human.  -- Go Top


13.  WIDOWS PERFORM LAKSHMI PUJA AT KUDROLI TEMPLE: A large number of widows were allowed on 22nd October to perform Lakshmi Pooja (workship) on the occasion of Deepavali in the Kudroli Sri Gokarnanatheshwara Temple – established in the city by social reformer Narayana Guru and renovated by Senior Congress Leader B. Janardhana Poojary. Allowing widows to do the pooja is among a string of measures taken by the temple aimed at social reformation. The temple has, earlier appointed widows, a couple of them from Dalit communities, as priests.

Around 2,000 widows from Mangalore and other parts of the state participated in the programme. They were brought into the temple in a procession accompanied by beating of drums and other musical instruments.

Indira, Lakshmi and Chandravati, the three priests at the temple, performed Lakshmi Pooja that was witnessed by the large number of widows gathered in the temple. After the pooja, widows were allowed to perform 'Aarati'. The women priests sat along with idols of presiding deity on the silver chariot that was taken around sanctum sactorum by these women three times.

This is not the first time widows have been involved in the rituals. The temple believes in "One caste one religion one god" philosophy advocated by Narayana Guru. Three years ago a large number of widows performed Chandika Homa and poojas of Nava Durga idols during the Navaratri.  -- Go Top


14. BHAGINI NIVEDITA SEWA NYAS DONATES RICKSHAWS TO PAK HINDUS: Bhagini Nivedita Sewa Nyas Delhi, on 11th October provided cycle rickshaws and other basic necessary things to the Hindus who came from Pakistan. Apart from it, 25 families who came recently from Pakistan were provided with various household things like clothes, mattress, etc. Speaking on the occasion, general secretary of the Nyas Shri Mahavir Prasad Gupta assured the Hindus coming from Pakistan every possible help till they are granted citizenship in Bharat. He also applauded the support of Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Bharat Vikas Parishad and many other organisations which have been helping the Nyas in this endeavour.  -- Go Top


15.   MALAYSIAN HINDUS CALL TO SAVE CENTURY-OLD VIVEKANANDA ASHRAM: An organization of Hindus in Malaysia Hindraf recently urged the National Heritage Department of Malaysian Government to take immediate steps to protect the Swami Vivekananda Ashram at Jalan Tun Sambanthan, in Brickfields.

The century-old ashram has been earmarked for major redevelopment that will see a 23-storey residential tower with 264 units and an eight-storey car park built at the site. "Hindraf strongly urge the National Heritage Department steps in to object on the proposed development to protect and preserve this cultural heritage as part of the rich Malaysian heritage," said its chief P. Waytha Moorthy.

The statue and the ashram were built by the Jaffna Tamil immigrants in 1904 in honour of Swami Vivekananda, who visited Malaya in 1893.  -- Go Top


16. BHARATIYA ARMY'S EASTERN COMMAND TURNS 94: Army's biggest operational command - the Eastern Command - responsible for military operations along the international borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar and Nepal, turned 94 on 31st Oct.

The Eastern Command will continue to strive for "unparalleled professional competence to ensure the highest standards of operational readiness", Lt. Gen. M.M.S. Rai, general officer commanding-in-chief, said on the occasion at its headquarters at Fort William Kolkata.

The Eastern Command was formed Nov 1, 1920, with its summer headquarters in Nainital and winter headquarters in Lucknow. The command was designated as Eastern Army in April 1942, and its headquarters moved to Barrackpore. The Eastern Command theatre consists of three distinct geographical regions - the mountainous sectors of Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh in the north, the jungle-clad hill tracts of Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya in the east and the south, and the plains of Assam and Bengal.

Field Marshal S.H.F.J. Manekshaw, who led the Bharatiya Army to victory in 1971 was one of Eastern Command's illustrious commanders. Besides the current army chief, Gen. Dalbir Singh and his predecessors Gen. Bikram Singh and Gen. V.K. Singh, others who have headed the Eastern Command are Gen. P.P. Kumaramanglam, Gen. A.S. Vaidya Gen. V.N. Sharma, all of whom rose to army chief.  -- Go Top


17. NATIONWIDE BLOOD DONATION CAMP OF VHP: 1 LAKH UNITS COLLECTED: In an overwhelming response to nationwide blood donation camp of VHP on 2nd November , thousands of youth donated blood across Bharat, crossing a collection of a total of 100,000 units of blood across the nation. The blood donation drive was organised by VHP and its youth wing Bajarangadal to commemorate the Golden Jubilee year of Vishwa Hindu Parishad.

VHP Chief Dr Pravin Togadia inaugurated VHP blood donation drive at Karolbagh of New Delhi. 'In Karnataka 62 blood donation camps were held in which nearly 6000 units of blood collected', said VHP leader Gopal Nagarakatte.  -- Go Top


18. BHARATIYA COP WINS UN'S   FEMALE PEACEKEEPER AWARD: A Bharatiya police inspector has been named recipient of a prestigious international female peacekeeper award by the UN's police division for her "exceptional achievements" in her duty with the UN mission in Afghanistan.  

Inspector Shakti Devi of the Jammu & Kashmir Police, currently deployed in the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), has been awarded the International Female Police Peacekeeper Award 2014. 

Devi has been honoured for her "exceptional achievements" in leading the establishment of Women Police Councils in several parts of Afghanistan. She has also contributed to the improvement of the status of female police and has effectively helped the police of Afghanistan move towards achieving their goals of fully adopting democratic principles of policing. 

The award was delivered during the International Association of Women Police (IAWP) conference held earlier this month in Winnipeg, Canada.  -- Go Top


19.  BHARAT - BORN SCIENTIST AWARDED WORLD FOOD PRIZE:  Bharat -born Mexican scientist Sanjaya Rajaram has been presented with the prestigious World Food Prize 2014 for his agricultural research that led to a remarkable increase in world wheat production building on the successes of the Green Revolution. "It is a collective achievement, rather than that of a single person," Rajaram told while accepting the award at the Iowa State University in USA. The award "honours the innovative spirit of farmers", he said adding that "without their contributions, my research wouldn't have been possible".

By crossing winter and spring wheat varieties -- which were distinct gene pools that had been isolated from one another for hundreds of years -- he created wheat varieties that are disease- and stress-resistant and adaptable to diverse geographical regions and climates. In 2007, Norman Borlaug called Rajaram "the greatest present-day wheat scientist in the world". Borlaug is known as the father of the Green Revolution.  -- Go Top


20.  SHRI VISHWA NIKETAN: Pravas: Shri Ravikumar, sah samyojak Vishwa Vibhag, is on a tour to Australia. Shyam Parande, secretary Sewa International is on a short tour to Mauritius. Shri Saumitra Gokhale, samyojak Vishwa Vibhag, Dr. Ram Vaidya, sah samyojak & Ravikumar would reach Bharat on the occasion of World Hindu Congress in November. Visitors: Vikram Sharma – USANicola Brown – UK  -- Go Top


FOOD FOR THOUGHT: Sandalwood perfumes even the axe that hurls it down! The more we rub sandalwood against a stone, the more its fragrance spreads. Burn it, and it wafts its glory through the entire neighbourhood. Such is the enchanting beauty of forgiveness in life. – Swami Chinmayananda  -- Go Top




Asim Kumar Mitra

I just cannot remember the day. But I can definitely recall that on that day Eknathji (Shri Eknath Ranade) was coming to Kolkata from Chennai by a morning flight. I went to the airport to receive him. We were heading towards Vivekananda Kendra Karyalaya. All of a sudden Eknathji asked me, "What do you think? What should I do now?"

So sudden was the question, I was taken aback. If a giant personality like Eknathji asks such a question to a most junior worker like me what should I say? I had no answer for a moment. Then I thought when Eknathji was assigned the work of Vivekananda Memorial, he was Sarkaryavah of RSS and as a Sangh swayamsevak we have been missing him. So much so, the time before the country (1971 or 1972) was also bad so I said we hardly can afford to miss you any more from the Sangh work.

It was my honest and spontaneous reply. As a seasoned 'karyakarta', Eknathji immediately read my mind and started explaining the situation. By that time the first phase of the work of Vivekananda Memorial work was over and the then President of India VV Giri had inaugurated the grand memorial of Swami Vivekananda. In a way, the job assigned by Shri Guruji to Eknathi was successfully done. Now, puting forward a question to one and all of his acquaintances was obvious. What is the purpose of setting up of a temple? Should it not become a centre of activities to fulfill the ideal of 'Serve people, serve God'?

Answer was there in the question itself. But a junior person like me failed to understand that. Because my mind was swayed by the idea that RSS is doing this job. The idea of comprehensive upliftment of the society is

          Despite Democracy, Christians in Bhutan Remain Underground   
Open practice of faith could lead to more persecution, they fear. THIMPHU, Bhutan, January 25 (CDN) — In this distant and isolated nation in the eastern Himalayas, known as the “Land of the Thunder Dragon,” almost everything looks uniformly Buddhist. Most men and women in the landlocked country between India and China wear their national […]
          El odio al turista empieza a extenderse: siete lugares donde no son del todo bienvenidos   


Seguimos a vueltas con el rechazo que empiezan a provocar las llegadas de masas a lugares, a lo loco y que no aportan nada a la ciudad. La eterna disyuntiva entre turismo sí porque aporta ganancia y turismo no porque desvirtúa la vida normal de una ciudad que se convierte en una especie de parque temático perdiendo su esencia. Y en estas luchas estamos mientras el odio al turista empieza a extenderse y ya hay al menos siete lugares donde no son del todo bienvenidos.

Es lo que decimos, durante mucho tiempo se potenció su llegada, se facilitaron las cosas y se hizo publicidad para vender el producto, por lo menos en muchos de los casos, y llegado este momento, se está muriendo de éxito porque se deja de ser uno mismo para ser lo que el turista de masas quiere.


Barna Haschelsax

Todo esto no es que nos lo estemos inventando, sino que la semana pasada The Independent metía el dedo en la llaga con las ciudades donde casi se cuelga el cartel de "Tourists go home". Empezamos al lado de casa, en Barcelona, donde el exceso de turismo, y sobre todo la manera de comportarse de ciertos individuos se está volviendo un problema. Desde la llegada de Ada Colau al consistorio de la Ciudad Condal se está intentando poner freno a ese turismo descontrolado y no se conceden nuevas licencias de hoteles, además de ponerle precio a las cabezas de AirBnb con multas de hasta 30.000€, y esa nueva tasa turística en proyecto.


Amsterdam Faunggs

De los problemas de Amsterdam con el turismo ya hemos hablado también en alguna ocasión: se está convirtiendo en imposible vivir en el centro de la ciudad porque los apartamentos se dedican a los turistas. Las autoridades quieren atraer turismo (reducido) de calidad que se interese por el arte y la ciudad en sí y no por las juergas baratas y también le echan la culpa a las aerolíneas de bajo coste. Ay, lo que ha internacionalizado las despedidas de soltero/a Ryanair.



Imaginad que sois unos griegos mayores que lleváis tranquilos en vuestra islita un montón de décadas y de repente, año tras año os invaden en los meses de verano algo así como 10.000 turistas que se bajan de barcos gigantes al día. Sí, turista arriba, turista abajo todos esos llegan en un día, y aunque este año se está limitando a 8.000€ está claro que Santorini ha pasado a ser una especie de Disneylandia para gente que llega, pasea y se va, sin aportar casi nada. Lamento confesar que mi visita a Santorini fue en un crucero con 3000 pasajeros y que me dio todo el dolor de corazón no poder visitarlo tranquila y entender mejor sus vidas y su manera de ser.

Cinque Terre

Cinque Terre

Cinco pueblos costeros italianos con la etiqueta de Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la UNESCO, Cinque Terre también van en camino a morir de éxito a este paso aunque ya desde el año pasado tienen planes para introducir limitaciones a la llegada de turistas. De nuevo los grandes cruceros y las masivas excursiones hacen que lleguen en temporada alta casi dos millones y medio de visitas. La idea es cortar la entrada en cuanto se llegue a millón y medio, que aún así es una cantidad que asusta.

Onsen en Japón


En este caso no es que sea una ubicación en concreto si no más bien la entrada a unos lugares muy respetados para los japoneses: los onsen y los sento, para que nos entendamos: termas y baños públicos. No es que veten a los turistas en sí pero sí a aquellos que lleven tatuajes y ya sabemos que últimamente en las culturas occidentales eso es algo que se nos está yendo de las manos, mientras que en Japón no están bien vistos, puesto que para ellos están unidos con las mafias Yakuza. Así que si tienes tatuajes grandes y visibles ten por seguro que no entrarás.



Lo de Venecia tampoco es nuevo; los megacruceros dañan más que allá que sus "descargas" de turistas, y la entrada por el Gran Canal y sus movimientos de agua están resultando problemáticos para una ciudad que amenaza con hundirse poco a poco. Pocos venecianos de verdad quedan ya en el centro con casi todos los pisos dedicados al alquiler, las tiendas atienden antes al turista con poco tiempo que al vecino que hace sus comandas y los locales se dedican al "timo" de turistas (se tienen que aprovechar por lo menos). Leyes y normas intentan modificar todo esto, y ya están prohibiendo los locales de comida rápida y no tradicional.



Terminamos con un caso en el que no es que sea odio al turismo masivo sino que lo que hay es un control antes de que se desmadre. Bhutan no admitía extranjeros hasta 1974 y no empezó a despegar como destino turístico hasta 1991, y ya de manera muy muy controlada: el que quiera ir tendrá que hacerlo por medio de alguna de las agencias autorizadas y pagar algo así como 220€ diarios en visados y tasas y deberás siempre ir acompañado de un guía autorizado.

Imágenes | Dimitris Kamaras, haschelsax, faungg's photo, Trans World productions, quiquefepe, u don, Göran Höglund (Kartläsarn)
En Diario del Viajero | ¿Suben los alquileres por culpa de Airbnb? Pues en Amsterdan dicen que sí
En Diario del Viajero | Venecia y su lucha contra el turismo y los grandes cruceros

          Comment on Indian army chief tours border state with China amid tensions by Assassin   
It is no "dispute". It is New Delhi's greed in wanting to grab more territories. It has marched it's troops into Sikkim and now Bhutan and using Bhutan as an excuse to claim Chinese territories. Beijing should be cleared-eyed that this IS an invasion and NOT a "dispute". And what do you do in an invasion? You send your troops to evict these interlopers and into their territories to annex it in order to protect your own, teaching the losing thuggish invaders a lesson at the same time that greed does not pay.
          India Infringing Bhutan’s Sovereignty, Should Mend Its Mistakes: China   

Chandigarh: After a shoving incidence involving Indian and Chinese troops at Dong la (Donglang),  a region consisting a tri-junction border of India, China and Bhutan, is  subsequently followed by a warning from China in which it has stated that the future visits of its pilgrims to Kailash Mansarovar through the Nathu La pass will depend on whether […]

The News India Infringing Bhutan’s Sovereignty, Should Mend Its Mistakes: China appeared first on Sikh Siyasat News.

          Regina’s Bhutanese-Nepali community celebrates culture on Canada 150   
The Bhutanese-Nepali Community of Regina says Canada Day is a chance to celebrate their culture in their new home.
          Electoral reforms: Lessons from Indonesia and South Africa   
Electoral reforms: Lessons from Indonesia and South Africa

The Constitutional Assembly in the Parliament of Sri Lanka hosted Dikgang Moseneke, the former Deputy Chief Justice of South Africa and an architect of the South African Constitution, to deliver a lecture on ‘Reaching a consensus on the Constitution: The South African Experience’


In his introduction, our Prime Minister, Ranil Wickremesinghe, briefed the gathering about the progress at the Constitutional Assembly. Modalities of devolution are mostly agreed upon he said, but issues about the nature of the executive, centre-periphery relations and electoral reforms are yet to be ironed out. He further said that the present constitutional reform process is very different from the ones in 1972 or 1978 because this Assembly will not be debating a cut and dried document, but a document with options from which to choose for some of the key issues.

It would not be an exaggeration to say that the nature of the electoral systems to be adopted by the three levels of government is a key determinant of the other two key issues – i.e. the nature of the presidency and centre-periphery relations. In fact, the executive presidency, the current proportional representation system of elections and the centre-periphery power relations currently exercised through a governor appointed by the President are interdependent components of the present constitution and those should not been dismantled heedlessly.

Proportional Representation and Executive Presidency are linked for a reason
PR systems do not typically allow majority governments. The only time Sri Lanka had a governing party with a majority in Parliament was in 1988 and 2005, both being special circumstances. The Parliamentary election of 1988 was held during terrorism in the south led by the JVP. The Parliamentary election of 2015 was held during the euphoria that followed the defeat of terrorism led by the LTTE. In all other elections since the PR system was introduced in 1978, governments secured less than the 113 seats required for a majority in the Parliament.

The provision for awarding a bonus seat for the winning party in each of the 22 districts is in place to give an edge to a party which is close to getting a majority in Parliament, but in practice, the bonus seats have been distributed between the two major parties and a regional Tamil party, making the bonus an ineffective policy instrument.

The Executive Presidency has provided stability to governments in the past, but its excessive powers has led to abuse of that power. Powers of the President have been curtailed through the 19th Amendment to the Constitution but a total abolition is also on the table.

Idealists are looking to Germany for inspiration
Idealists want us to borrow ideas wholesale from Germany or New Zealand and argue for the wholesale adoption of those methods without considering the cultural or historical differences between our countries. In that regard it is heartening to see that the government has reached out to South Africa for good practices.

Another country to which we should pay attention is Indonesia, I believe. That country and Cambodia along with Sri Lanka are other three countries in Asia with a PR system of elections. Indonesia and Sri Lanka elect an executive president by popular vote and Cambodia has a monarchy (Table 1).

Bhutan and countries with British Commonwealth heritage (i.e. Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Malaysia, Pakistan and Singapore) continue to follow the FPP method while countries in East Asia have adopted “Mixed-Member Parallel” systems. However the PR component in such systems is nominal at ~20% in some cases. Nepal recently adopted a method where 55% of the seats are awarded on a PR basis and the other 45% returned by FPP contests at constituencies.

Indonesia – An example closer to home
The author’s inquiry to IFES Chief of Party for Indonesia and Sri Lanka at the International Foundation for Electoral Systems elicited the following response regarding the electoral system in Indonesia:

“Thank you for your email to David Ennis and Beverly Hagerdon, IFES’ Chiefs of Party for Indonesia and Sri Lanka, regarding information on electoral system reform in Asia. 1

As you might know, Indonesia switched to an open list system (with districts of roughly the same size as Sri Lanka) with the expectation that it would foster greater control by voters. However, for various reasons, the open list system seems to have contributed to vote buying and a weakening of party discipline. The Indonesian parliament is currently debating alternatives to the open list system, but has not yet adopted changes. One of the key issues it is debating is the size of electoral districts. Indonesia has both national and regional parliaments and the national parliament has already been reduced from 3-12 to 3-10 seats per district, but regional parliaments still have 3-12 seats per district. A proposal is being considered to reduce the size from 3-10 to 3-8 seats per district for national parliament. The range is obtained through an empirical study based on the representation of the political diversity of Indonesia.”

As can be seen, Indonesia, a neighbouring country, too is struggling to replace the PR with open lists or PR with preferential voting as we call it in Sri Lanka.

According to the election guide of IFES, in the House of Representatives (DPR or Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) in Indonesia, 560 members are elected by open list proportional representation in 77 multi-member constituencies to serve five-year terms. Parties must receive at least 3.5% of the vote to win seats in the DPR. Each voter receives one DPR ballot listing all political parties and candidates running in their electoral district. The voter then punches one or two holes to vote for one candidate or one political party or both. Parties must clear a threshold of 3.5% nationwide, increased in 2012 from 2.5%. Each party list must include at least 33% female candidates.

Interestingly, the electoral system used for regional councils is the same PR-open lists but the local councils seem to elect members on a FPP basis.

Electoral system in South Africa
In South African elections the political parties reign supreme. Voters have one vote each at the elections to the National Assembly. Seats are allocated in 10 multi-member constituencies via party lists. One constituency is a national or ‘at large’ constituency and nine others represent each of the nine provinces.

If Sri Lanka used a similar system, voters in each province in Sri Lanka will be presented with a closed list of candidates from each political party contesting in the province and the all the voter has to do is to vote for a party. For example if three parties contest in a province and the seats are distributed proportionately as. say, 35, 30 and 3, among the three parties, the highest ranked such number of candidates from each party list are returned as MPs. Presently under discussion is such closed list system but for constituencies returning three to five MPs such that the MPs are closer to the voters.

Of the 400 members of the National Assembly in South Africa, half are selected from national lists and the remaining half are selected from regional lists. The regional elections too are held according to a ‘PR-closed list’ method, but local council elections are held according to an MMP system.

Electoral systems vary widely across level of government
As we can see, electoral systems vary across countries and within countries they vary across different levels of government, In Germany national and provincial elections are conducted under MMP systems but local elections under the PR-closed-list method.

Implications for Sri Lanka
It is unfortunate that our Parliament has been discussing electoral systems since 2003 without seeking adequate outside expertise. Electoral reforms considerations in Sri Lanka are driven by formulas and ways of optimising formulas without a deep understanding of the concepts behind those numbers or good practices across the world.

Currently we have legal provisions for an MM-Parallel system enacted for local councils and the old PR system is still in play for Provincial Councils and Parliament. An MMP system for the Parliament is on the agenda, but the document put forward by the steering committee is just another set of numbers without an in-depth analysis situating such numbers in a larger electoral reforms framework.

To my knowledge only a Norwegian consultant secured by the Center for Policy Analysis was invited to make presentations to the committee. He advocated an MMP system having already decided it is the best method for Sri Lanka. I too have been discussing MMP method as an option since January 2015, but our Parliament and the public deserve the services of a technical committee bringing wider range of experiences and outlooks.

Following up on the visit by Moseneke of South Africa, the Constitutional Assembly should convene a team of technical experts with international experience to present to Parliament the options for electoral reforms not just for Parliament but for all three levels of government. Such reforms should take into consideration the issues that are already on the agenda for the devolution of power and the nature of the executive presidency. Such a team could include experts from Indonesia and South Africa, the consultant from Norway who has already done much work and personnel from the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, for example.
Better late than never.

Dr.Sujatha Gamage

          UPSC NDA & Naval Academy II Examination 2017   
Union Public Service Commission ( UPSC ) invites application form for the post of National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (II) 2017. NDA Recruitment 2017 Vacancy & Salary Details NDA Recruitment 2017 Eligibility Nationality A candidate must either be : (i) a citizen of India, or (ii) a subject of Bhutan, or (iii) a subject
          UPSC NDA & Naval Academy II Examination 2017   
Union Public Service Commission ( UPSC ) invites application form for the post of National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (II) 2017. NDA Recruitment 2017 Vacancy & Salary Details NDA Recruitment 2017 Eligibility Nationality A candidate must either be : (i) a citizen of India, or (ii) a subject of Bhutan, or (iii) a subject
          Dit zijn de minst bezochte toeristische plekken ter wereld   
Terwijl binnenkort de mooiste stranden, populairste badplaatsen en meest pittoreske dorpjes opnieuw overspoeld zullen worden door toeristen, zijn er voldoende plekjes in de wereld waar bijna nooit een kat - of toerist - komt. Van Bhutan in Azië tot San Marino in Europa, dit zijn de minst bezochte plekken ter wereld.
          India and China, eyeball to eyeball   
Indian and Chinese troops were today locked in a tense standoff at a plateau that sits at the tri-junction of their border with Bhutan, each publicly demanding that the other withdraw first, leaving their relations at their most militarily taut in recent
          An Overview Prediction of Global Economic Scenario With Specific Reference To South Asian Regions   

Growth in South Asia region is forecast to pick up to 6.8 percent in 2017 and accelerate to 7.1 percent in 2018, reflecting an expansion of domestic demand and exports. Excluding India, regional growth is anticipated to hold steady at 5.7 percent, rising to 5.8 percent, with growth accelerating in Bhutan, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka but easing in Bangladesh and Nepal. India is expected to accelerate to 7.2 percent in fiscal 2017 (April 1, 2017 – March 31, 2018) and 7.5 percent in next fiscal year. Pakistan is expected to pick up to a 5.2 percent rate in fiscal 2017 (July 1, 2016 – June 30, 2017) and to 5.5 percent in the next fiscal year, reflecting an upturn in private investment, increased energy supply, and improved security. Sri Lanka’s growth is forecast to accelerate to a 4.7 percent rate in 2017 and 5 percent in 2018, as international financial institution programs support economic reforms and boost private sector competitiveness.
          For sale - minichamps 1.43 F1 panasonic toyota racing... - $89   

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          For sale - 1:22 champion racing motor bikes moto gp honda nsr... - $30   

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          For sale - 1.24 racing champions nhra funny car von smith... - $39   

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          În apropierea capitalei statului Bhutan există mai multe statui ale lui Buddha decât cetățenii din capitală. Cu toate acestea… 125.000 dintre statui nu sunt vizibile pentru nimeni. Care este explicația?   
În vârful unui deal aflat aproape de orașul Thimphu, capitala și cel mai mare oraș din statul Bhutan – țara care în care se măsoară succesul prin Fericire, se află o statuie masivă a lui Buddha, al cărei fundament îl constituie o sală de meditație. Acest monument impozant, numit Buddha Dordenma, are un secret deloc ușor de descoperit de către privirile curioase ale turistului venit de departe. Deși nimic nu lasă să fie bănuit acest lucru – la prima vedere (și nici la următoarele), în interiorul giganticei statui aurite a lui Buddha se află alți… 125.000 de Buddha. Statuia de bronz a lui Buddha din preajma orașului Thimphu are o înălțime de peste 51 de metri, fiind suficient de voluminoasă pentru ca în interiorul pieptului său colosal să încapă 125.000 de reprezentări miniaturale ale lui Siddartha Gautama, fondatorul religiei budiste. Aceste statuete confecționate pentru a sta mereu ascunse de ochii vizitatorilor nu sunt, toate, identice, având înălțimi de 20 și de 30 de centimetri. 100.000 dintre statuete au înălțimea de 20 de centimetri, restul de 25.000 au 30 de centimetri. Statuia situată în apropiere de Thimphu este una dintre cele mai mari reprezentări ale lui Buddha din lume. Orașul Thimphu are [...]