Theoretical Scientists Gather For 35th Annual Symposium To Try To Determine How Gas Nozzle Knows When Tank Is Full   

PASADENA, CA—In hopes of better understanding a phenomenon that has vexed researchers for decades, hundreds of theoretical scientists have assembled at the California Institute of Technology for the 35th annual symposium on how gas nozzles know when a car’s tank is full, sources said Thursday.

The weeklong academic conference, which draws top experts in quantum physics, pure mathematics, systems theory, and numerous other scientific fields, will feature a variety of interdisciplinary panel discussions and collaborative workshop sessions, as well as dozens of presentations from theorists sharing their ideas about what kind of mechanism could possibly enable a gasoline pump to turn itself off at just the right moment and avoid spilling fuel all over the place.

“All we know for certain is that you leave the nozzle in there for a while, it makes this little popping sound, and then your tank is full. Maybe this is the ...


          Comment on Are Aliens Behind These Mystery Radio Signals Coming from Distant Galaxy? by Kradek   
I question our expectations that aliens will use radio waves. We have made the first steps in quantum entanglement communications. Surely advanced aliens will be using this method. Question; how do we look for it?
          Comment on Google On The Verge Of A Major Quantum Computing Breakthrough (GOOG) by John   
Many of the problems this article is claiming quantum computing can solve are problems of will, of the body politic. We can solve them now. People just have to *want* to. Regular computers were going to make life Jim dandy half a century ago too, remember?
          AI End Game: The Automation of All Work   

Last week we reported from ISC on an emerging type of high performance system architecture that integrates HPC and HPA (High Performance Analytics) and incorporates, at its center, exabyte-scale memory capacity, surrounded by a variety of accelerated processors. Until the arrival of quantum computing or other new computing paradigm, this is the architecture that could […]

The post AI End Game: The Automation of All Work appeared first on HPCwire.


          Exclusive: India presses Microsoft for Windows discount in wake of cyber attacks   

By Euan Rocha

MUMBAI (Reuters) - India is pressing Microsoft Corp to offer a sharply discounted one-time deal to the more than 50 million Windows users in the country so that they can upgrade to the latest Windows 10 operating system in the wake of ransomware attacks.

Microsoft officials in India have "in principle agreed" to the request, Gulshan Rai, India's cyber security coordinator, told Reuters over the phone on Friday.

A spokeswoman for Microsoft in India declined to comment on the matter. Officials at the company's headquarters in the United States and regional headquarters in Asia also declined to comment.

If Microsoft agreed to such a discount, it could open up the global software giant to similar requests from around the world. Rai said the government was in talks with Microsoft management in India. It is not immediately clear whether any other countries were seeking similar deals.

Rai said India began talks with Microsoft after the WannaCry ransomware attack last month, noting that both WannaCry and this week's attack, dubbed by some cyberexperts "NotPetya", exploited vulnerabilities in older iterations of the Windows OS.

"The quantum of the price cut, we expect some detail on in a couple of days," Rai said, adding the Indian government expected the company to offer the software at "throw-away prices."

"It will be a one-time upgrade offer to Windows 10 and it will be a discounted price for the entire country," said Rai, who was hand-picked by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to be the country's first cyber security chief.

Rai declined to be more specific, but said he was confident that it would be "less than a quarter of the current price."

Rai, who has over two decades of experience in different IT areas including cyber security, said his team began coordinating with government agencies and regulators to push for OS upgrades soon after the WannaCry attack began on May 12.

The government's quick action helped minimize the impact of the NotPetya attack, which affected two of India's container port terminals, he said.

The government has also worked with banks to ensure that some 200,000 of the more than 240,000 ATMs in the country, most of which run on older Windows XP systems, have been upgraded with security patches released by Microsoft following the WannaCry attack, Rai said.

This is just an interim solution, however, said Rai, because although the patches fix vulnerabilities in older OS versions, they retain the limitations of those versions.

"New OS versions have different architecture, much improved architecture and much more resiliency," said Rai.

PRICE-SENSITIVE

Windows 10 Home currently retails for 7,999 rupees ($124) in India, while the Pro version of the software typically used by large companies and institutions costs 14,999 rupees ($232).

Roughly 96 percent of an estimated 57 million computers in India currently run on Windows, according to Counterpoint Research. Apple- and Linux-based systems account for the rest.

Given that only a small minority of Windows users in India already have Windows 10, Microsoft could be forgoing several billion dollars of potential revenue if they agreed to sell just the more widely used Home version of Windows 10 at a quarter of its current Indian retail price.

In the price-sensitive Indian market, people using computers in households or small businesses often do not upgrade their OS given the steep costs. The wide use of pirated Windows OS versions, which would not automatically receive security patches, exacerbate the vulnerabilities.

In light of the attacks, Rai said, the government "wants to incentivise the common man to upgrade their systems".

The WannaCry attack in May affected a state-run power firm in western India, while the NotPetya attack this week crippled operations at two port terminals in India operated by shipping giant AP Moller Maersk, which was affected globally.

($1 = 64.5175 Indian rupees)

(Additional reporting by Sankalp Phartiyal in Mumbai, Salvador Rodriguez in San Francisco and Jeremy Wagstaff in Singapore; Editing by Sonya Hepinstall)


           Lossless quantum prefix compression for communication channels that are always open    
Müller, Markus, Rogers, C. (Caroline) and Nagarajan, Rajagopal. (2009) Lossless quantum prefix compression for communication channels that are always open. Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics) , Volume 79 (Number 1). Article number 012302. ISSN 1050-2947
          Quantum Sound Light Healing Domes: The Future of Vibrational Medicine   
“Our Sound Light Healing Domes are a Holistic Approach to Quantum Healing” — Pacific Domes Inc. The future of vibrational medicine is here with Quantum Sound Light Healing Domes.  But did you know that sound and light healing have been used by ancient cultures and Vedic traditions for many thousands ...Read More
          Comment on A Conversation With Paul Travers of Vuzix by bzerk   
That's fair. You're entitled to your opinion. I obviously felt led on, too, but Paul apologized, and I think it was an honest mistake. They weren't ready to show their new design, and they didn't take the original down. As for the so-called "quantum optics," I never took that name for anything other than a branding gimick. All that said, Paul showed me something at ISMAR that, while not unique, proved to me that they are working in the right direction with their optical see-through display development, and that they aren't dawdling about it. Lastly, in the interest of full disclosure, I should add that Vuzix has since sent me a CamAR unit to evaluate and use in my own experiments with the VR920s that I purchased some time ago. This won't stop me from voicing any criticisms of their products though, and judging from the Wrap unit that I tried on briefly at ISMAR, I will have criticisms. Still, it's a step in the right direction, and I know first-hand that Vuzix has some promising tech in the works, and is working harder than any of the other firms to get great head-worn display units into the hands of consumers. For that, I give them a lot of credit. They want to give us what we want, and they are working hard to be able to do so. I'm not out to crucify the best prospect we've got for the time being, especially after they've honestly acknowledged their mistake, and I think learned something from being called out on it. In the meantime, when the Wrap 920 ships, I will buy or borrow a pair, and I'll tell you honestly what I think of it.
          Comment on A Conversation With Paul Travers of Vuzix by ron   
I think you are being especially nice to Travers having led on the augmented reality about quantum optics for soo long.. I'm actually quite annoyed.
          Peer-Reviewed Research: Penises Cause Warming   


By Professor Doom

     Advanced mathematics is not for the uninitiated. Even with years of training, it’s easy enough to go to a research seminar and have at best merely a basic idea of what the latest findings are about. Experts in the field usually understand completely of course, but even if what’s being said seems incomprehensible to the layman there’s no way you can “fake it” well enough to fool an expert. In short: while both an expert mathematician and a lunatic can spew what looks like mathematical gibberish, only the former can do it in a way that’s still comprehensible to mathematicians. You just can’t fake it well enough to fool an expert.

      I’ve looked at research in other fields, with the belief that I’d only understand only the basics. Thus, I was surprised to find “advanced topics” in Education and Administration are incredibly basic and accessible to anyone, even if other fields (hi Physics!) definitely made me feel quite limited in my understanding of advanced topics.

     I know full well if I tried to imitate writing and research in advanced physics, an expert would casually shred my gibberish. And I’ve demonstrate that with no effort I can emulate “advanced” Education and Administration writing.

      Gender studies and gender related studies are big on campus anymore. Casual inspection on my part led me to believe it was meaningless at best, and ideological indoctrination at worst. I’m hardly the only scholar to make such conjectures, but scholars know that “conjecture” is just a fancy way to say “guess.” A couple of scholars decided to prove this stuff is just plain ol’ crap:


-- Sokal1 refers to a previous hoax played on these guys, years ago.

     The two “researchers” made a point of generating a 3,000 word paper packed with jargon and devoid of any meaning. A sample paragraph will give the gist of it:
Destructive, unsustainable hegemonically male approaches to pressing environmental policy and action are the predictable results of a raping of nature by a male-dominated mindset. This mindset is best captured by recognizing the role of [sic] the conceptual penis holds over masculine psychology. When it is applied to our natural environment, especially virgin environments that can be cheaply despoiled for their material resources and left dilapidated and diminished when our patriarchal approaches to economic gain have stolen their inherent worth, the extrapolation of the rape culture inherent in the conceptual penis becomes clear….

     The whole paper of fake research is much like the above, with the key conclusion:
The conceptual penis presents significant problems for gender identity and reproductive identity within social and family dynamics, is exclusionary to disenfranchised communities based upon gender or reproductive identity, is an enduring source of abuse for women and other gender-marginalized groups and individuals, is the universal performative source of rape, and is the conceptual driver behind much of climate change.

      The entire above paragraph is actually just one sentence, but the reader could be forgiven for not reading it through. Allow me to edit it down to at least a minimal level of comprehensibility (keeping in mind the authors were deliberately trying not to be understood):
The conceptual penis…is the conceptual driver behind much of climate change.

      The paper is pure gibberish, little different than simply stringing along a bunch of mathematical symbols and believing it to mean something. The researchers even used a well-known (in the right circles) piece of software to generate the “research.” Yes, this field is so ridiculous (despite the regularly growing departments on campus) that somebody actually wrote a research paper generator for it:
Some references cite the Postmodern Generator, a website coded in the 1990s by Andrew Bulhak featuring an algorithm…that returns a different fake postmodern “paper” every time the page is reloaded. We cited and quoted from the Postmodern Generator liberally;   

      Keep that in mind: not only did they use a gibberish generator for the paper, they used it as a reference, not that anyone noticed—the experts in this field do not even know when they are being mocked! Other references in the paper were likewise questionable (to be generous):

Not only is the text ridiculous, so are the references. Most of our references are quotations from papers and figures in the field that barely make sense in the context of the text. Others were obtained by searching keywords and grabbing papers that sounded plausibly connected to words we cited. We read exactly zero of the sources we cited, by intention, as part of the hoax.


     Of course, the researchers wrote it all under pseudonyms. They then sent it out to peer reviewed journals for publication. I really want to emphasize this: peer review is considered the gold standard of publication, even though time and again it’s been revealed as flawed at best and highly corrupt at worst. Mostly the corruption is by coordinating with the reviewers but in this case the researchers decided to have legitimate experts in the field legitimately review the paper. Why did they even hope that their hoax would possibly work?

That is, we assumed we could publish outright nonsense provided it looked the part and portrayed a moralizing attitude that comported with the editors’ moral convictions. Like any impostor, ours had to dress the part, though we made our disguise as ridiculous and caricatured as possible...


     Identity politics and political correctness is destroying our campuses (and some would say, the country). The researchers are quite justified in wondering if these things are also destroying what we now inaccurately call “science.”

     So, they wrote a gibberish paper with bogus references. That’s the easy part. Next, they sent their paper to journals, and did receive rejections—none of the rejections noted that the paper was pure hokum. But one journal suggested another which might be amenable:

We feel that your manuscript would be well-suited to our Cogent Series, a multidisciplinary, open journal platform for the rapid dissemination of peer-reviewed research across all disciplines.


     Cogent sent it to reviewers:

We took them up on the transfer, and Cogent Social Sciences eventually accepted “The Conceptual Penis as a Social Construct.” The reviewers were amazingly encouraging, giving us very high marks in nearly every category. For example, one reviewer graded our thesis statement “sound” and praised it thusly, “It capturs [sic] the issue of hypermasculinity through a multi-dimensional and nonlinear process” (which we take to mean that it wanders aimlessly through many layers of jargon and nonsense). The other reviewer marked the thesis, along with the entire paper, “outstanding” in every applicable category.


      So, a paper that is unarguably complete gibberish can pass the peer review process in this field. Granted the reviewers did have a few issues even with a paper they loved:

They didn’t accept the paper outright, however. Cogent Social Sciences’ Reviewer #2 offered us a few relatively easy fixes to make our paper “better.” We effortlessly completed them in about two hours, putting in a little more nonsense about “manspreading” (which we alleged to be a cause of climate change) and “dick-measuring contests.”


     Now, the gentle reader might well believe that the journal is just a sham. Not true! Journals have their own accreditation system:

First, Cogent Social Sciences operates with the legitimizing imprimatur of Taylor and Francis, with which it is clearly closely partnered. Second, it’s held out as a high-quality open-access journal by the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), which is intended to be a reliable list of such journals. In fact, it carries several more affiliations with similar credentialing organizations...


      Much as higher education has serious, grave problems with a bogus accreditation system, so too do journals, apparently. The researchers’ conclusion regarding the field of gender studies is valid:

”…there are significant reasons to believe that much of the problem lies within the very concept of any journal being a “rigorous academic journal in gender studies.”


     I have two conclusions based on this wildly successful hoax:

1)              I often have global warming believers tell me of the hundreds of peer reviewed studies supporting the notion that Earth will boil over any minute now because of humanity’s technology. I have my doubts, and knowing that a complete hoax article supporting such ideas can easily be peer reviewed and published only increases my doubts further. This paper comes as close as possible to literally saying man is responsible for global warming…and is rubbish.

2)              When I was at a community college, I often encountered faculty and administrators who, after even a brief conversation, I simply could not fathom how they made it through a graduate level program. I gave them the benefit of the doubt, but after longer conversations, the question kept reverberating in my mind: how? They got their degrees and positions through writing papers much like this hoax paper, and it’s clear we have a whole industry of hoax “science” publishing, doing much to explain the surplus of advanced degrees in these strange fields.


     The two authors set out to create a hoax paper, and succeeded brilliantly. Yes, it was done before nearly 20 years ago by Sokal, but that only serves to demonstrate nothing has changed. At this point, as I’ve told many friends, when it comes to “the latest scientific research,” you may as well flip a coin when it comes to deciding whether it’s true or not.




 1)     In 1996, Alan Sokal, a Professor of Physics at NYU, published the bogus paper, “Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity,” in the preeminent cultural studies journal Social Text which is in turn published by Duke University Press. The publication of this nonsense paper, in a prestigious journal with a strong postmodernist orientation, delivered a devastating blow to postmodernism’s intellectual legitimacy.

          Collected from the moorish    
2000 BCThe allegory of its assembly is that in 2000 BC Hercules, the mythical Greek hero, set piece of cloth from Africa in nine boats. During the voyage, one of the ships is wasted to a violent storm by the Catalan beach. Searching for the ninth boat, Hercules and his men in due course breakthrough it, marooned on a new land, bounded by a stunning hill. The men survived, and so affected by the good looks of the place, named it Barca Nona, 'Ninth Ship'.First Century BCPost ads:Little Mermaid Backpack - Ariel School Bag / Skyway Luggage Sigma 3 Expandable Vertical Packing Case / Nautica Luggage Spinnaker Messenger Bag / Mountainsmith Modular Hauler System / CaseCrown Tidal Sleeve Case (Purple) for 15 Inch Apple / Dakine 6-Litre GO GO Pack / Tumi Luggage T-tech Forge Steel City Slim Backpack / Dakine Girls Overhead Travel Bag / CaseCrown Memory Foam Pocket Case (Checkered) for HP / High Sierra Access Daypack / Planet Wise Hanging Diaper Wet/Dry Bag - Meadow Tweets / Travelon Bag Bungee, Zebra / Delsey Luggage Helium Quantum Trolley / Café in Paris Silver Gray 15.4 inch Laptop Padded / CCM Figure Skate Tote Bag / TopCase Macbook Pro 15-Inch A1398 with Retina Display / 14.1 inch Brown Power of Love Flower Pattern Laptop / Eagle Creek Travel Gear Hovercraft 30 Duffel / TopCase 3 in 1 Rubberized BLACK Hard Case Cover andTowards the end of the primary century BC, the Romans brought about a city titled Barcino nigh on what was then called the Taber mountain. The Romans used the self stigma as their ambassadorial and body stub as they do today; Plaza Sant Jaume.However, the Romans showed undersized excitement in what is now the assets of Catalunya. Instead they determined on Barcelona's neighbor, Tarragona.
          Rainbow Photons Pack More Computing Power   
Quantum bits, aka qubits, can simultaneously encode 0 and 1. But multicolored photons could enable even more states to exist at the same time, ramping up computing power. Christopher Intagliata...

-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

          Highland Copper Announces Extension of White Pine Acquisition Closing   

LONGUEUIL, QUEBEC--(Marketwired - June 30, 2017) - Highland Copper Company Inc. (TSX VENTURE:HI) (the "Company") announces that Copper Range Company ("CRC"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of First Quantum Minerals Ltd., and the Company have agreed to extend the period to complete the acquisition of the White Pine project to September 30, 2017. The final closing of the acquisition is subject to releasing CRC from certain environmental obligations associated with the remediation and closure plan of the historical White Pine mine site in a manner that is acceptable to all parties involved, including applicable governmental authorities, and replacing the related environmental bond posted by CRC.

          Televisor Hisense H32n2100c LED 32" HD TDT HDMI   





Resolución HD, acerca tu televisión a la realidad Una nueva forma de entender y ver la televisión. La resolución HD mejora sustancialmente la experiencia del espectador a la hora de disfrutar de la programación televisiva. Acerca la realidad a tu televisión, vive en alta definición. Modo hotel, sintonizador satélite El modelo N2100 viene especialmente preparado para ser utilizado en hoteles. Un modo más eficiente para la configuración de canales y características específicas del televisor Diseño compacto, el compañero ideal Un televisor todoterreno, estable, de líneas clásicas de las que nunca se equivocan. El compañero ideal para cualquier estancia de tu casa, ya sea el salón, la cocina o un dormitorio Tu televisor como centro multimedia Equipado con tres puertos hdmi y un puerto USB 2.0, pensados para que conectes tus gadgets y disfrutes de tu contenido favorito en una pantalla de alta definición Tipo: H32N2100C Material / Color frontal: Plástico / Negro Material / Color trasera: Plástico / Negro Características: HD Feature TV Relación de aspecto: 16:9 Tamaño pantalla diagonal: 32 pulgadas Resolución: HD 1366x768 Ratio curvatura: 0 Ángulo de visión: 178º Colores pantalla: 8bits TCON Profundidad color: 8bits Rango de colores: 45% (BT. 2020) Frecuencia Vsync: 60Hz Contraste: 3000:1 (Tpy.) Brillo (nits): 180 (Tpy.) TV Peak brillo y duración: 200 Tecnología de retroiluminación: DLED Tecnología Quantum Dot: No Local Dimming: No Local Dimming Zones: No FRC: No Tecnología 3D: No 2D a 3D: 2D Ratio de refresco PCI: - Tecnología HDR: No Clasificación HDR: No Procesador: SIS 9203B Escalado Ultra HD: No MEMC: No Decodificador: H.264, MPEG4, MPEG2, VC1 Input Lag: <50ms 3D Digital CoMB Filter: Sí Potencia de Salida: 2 x 6W Tecnología de sonido: - NICAM / A2 Stereo: NICAM Stereo Ecualizador: No Especial: AC-3 Media Player: Sí (Vídeo, Audio, Imagen) Multi-Language OSD: 15 Idiomas Hotel TV: Sí Interfaz del usuario: Sí APPS: No Buscador web: No HbbTV: No Soporte MHEG: No Anyview Cast: No Anyview Stream: No Recepción digital (DVB): DVB-T / C Soporte LCN: Sí Soporte Teletexto: Sí Control Parental: Sí PVR: Sí Time Shift: Sí Lista de canales favoritos: Sí Common Interface (CI+): v1.3 HDMI1: HDMI 1.4, CEC HDMI2: HDMI 1.4, CEC HDMI3 y HDMI4: HDMI 1.4, CEC USB (2.0): 1 USB (3.0): 0 Salida S / PDIF: 1 (optical) Salida Auriculares: 1 Sintonizador RF: 1 Entrada Composite (AV): 1 Entrada Component YPb(Cb) / Pr(Cr): 1 SCART: 1 (sólo SCART) Entrada VGA: 1 Entrada PC Audio (3.5mm): 1 Subwoofer: No Ethernet RJ45 port: No Wireless LAN adapter Support: No Fuente de alimentación: 100V-240V 50 / 60Hz Clase Energética: A Consumo en espera: =0.5w Power off: No Power Consumption (placa): 50W Consumo anual en (placa) (Kwh): - Power Consumption (ERL): - Consumo anual (ERL): - Ratio de luminancia (%): >65% Contenido de mercurio (mg): 0 Contenido de plomo: Sí -Este televisor contiene plomo sólo en algunas partes o componentes, de conformdad con las cláusulas de exención de la Directiva RoHS. WiFi Technology: No Peso neto / Peso Bruto (Kg): 5.8Kg Peso neto con base: 4.4Kg Peso neto sin base: 4.3Kg Peso Package: 1.1Kg Peso Polispam de la caja: 0.24Kg (EPE) Package (Horizontal / Vertical): Vertical Tamaño Package (Anx×Alt×Prof): 816×137×520mm Tamaño neto con base (Anx×Alt×Prof): 734×171×474mm Tamaño neto sin base (Anx×Alt×Prof): 734×93×434mm Distancia máxima entre 2 bases (Anx): 632mm EAN: 6942147434352 Material / Color base: Plástico / Negro Base (AnxxAlt): 187x20mm VESA Mount: 200x200 Mando a distancia: ER-22601A Pilas: AAAx2 Quick start page: Sí Cable: Sí Carga contenedora (40HQC) : 1230 Formato contenedor: .AVI, .ASF, .MKV, .TS, .RM, .FLV Video: .AVI, .MPEG, .MPG, .DAT, .VOB, .TS, .TRP, .TP, .MKV, .FLV, .WMV, .ASF, .RM, .RMVB Audio: .MP3, .AAC, .MP4, .WAV Imagen: .JPG, .JPEG

Precio: 186,99 € (Iva incluído)




          [wanabidii] News Digest: Here's how GST will affect your dating game   
THE TIMES OF INDIA
Thursday, June 29, 2017
Today's Headlines

Here's how GST will affect your dating game
As India prepares for its midnight tryst with GST on Friday, your dating game may see a change come July, with pretty much everything you indulge in during your romantic rendezvous coming under the new tax regime.

GST will be India's 'economic freedom': Anil Ambani
Ambani said the world has seen nothing like this before and in less than 48 hours, India will emerge as the biggest free and democratic market in the history of humankind. He also said there are moments in the life of a nation when history is made not in small steps of incremental gain but in giant leaps of ambition.

Only the brave will take on Air India: Anand Mahindra
Media reports have speculated that Tata Group could buy a stake in Air India, which it owned before the carrier was nationalised nearly 70 years ago. Tata is yet to comment. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley is to head a committee to decide the quantum of Air India disinvestment

More Business News»

Ice-free areas of Antarctica to increase by 2100: Study
Ice-free areas may increase in Antarctica by 25 per cent due to climate change, leading to drastic changes in the continent's biodiversity, a study warns. They found the melting ice could create up to 17,000 square kilometre of new ice-free area across Antarctica.

Rare Siamese crocodile eggs found in Cambodia
Conservationists have found a nest with 19 eggs from one of the world's most endangered crocodiles. It is boosting hopes for species threatened by poachers and habitat loss. Researchers believe only 400 adults still exist in the wild, the baby crocodiles will be raised at a conservation centre

Iraqi zoo gives rare glimpse of white lion
An Iraqi zoo showed off a rare white lion cub to mark the animal's first birthday this week, as officials revealed that they hoped to welcome another of the rare big cats in the coming weeks.

More Environment News»

Iraq military says it has retaken iconic Mosul mosque

China 'highly alarmed' after reports of Australian spying

Donald Trump: Different strokes

More World News»

In rural Kentucky, solar eclipse preparation keeps town busy

NASA's quieter supersonic jet closer to reality
The US space agency completed the preliminary design review (PDR) of its Quiet Supersonic Transport (QueSST) aircraft design. QueSST is the initial design stage of NASA's planned Low Boom Flight Demonstration (LBFD) experimental airplane, otherwise known as an X-plane.

Yoga not as safe as thought: Study
Yoga may not be as safe as popularly believed, say scientists who have found that the ancient Indian meditative practice may causes muscle and bone pain and even exacerbate existing injuries.

More Science News»

Moto Z2 smartphone with 64GB internal storage, 4GB RAM spotted online
Lenovo-owned Motorola recently launched its Moto Z2 Play modular smartphone. It seems that the company is now gearing up for the launch of its flagship sibling – Moto Z2. The alleged handset has been spotted on GFXBench benchmarking website, hinting at some of its specifications.

Sony Xperia Z5, Xperia Z4 and Xperia Z3+ to get Android 7.1.1 update
Sony has started rolling out Android 7.1.1 Nougat update for some of its smartphones. The company has started rolling out Android N update for Xperia Z5, Xperia Z5 Compact and Xperia Z5 Premium, Xperia Z3+ and Xperia Z4 tablet.

It's been 10 years since the iPhone was launched, here's how it came about
Apple Inc's iPhone turns 10 this week, evoking memories of a rocky start for the device that ended up doing most to start the smartphone revolution and stirring interest in where it will go from here.

More Technology News»

Plus III admissions 2017: DHE Odisha declares first selection list
The Department of Higher Education (DHE) has declared the first selection list for +3 admissions on their official website today.

TS EAMCET seat allotment 2017 result declared

TN govt's new policy of reserving 85% quota for state board students challenged in High Court

More Education News»

60,000 officers trained, 6.5 million tax payers migrated to GST: Centre to Bombay HC

Without sentencing, verdict not complete; case against Dossa abates
The death of Mustafa Dossa before the pronouncement of sentence has resulted in abatement of his trial. His trial thus cannot be said to culminate into a judgment. Though the fact will remain that the court had found him guilty, however the further process of convicting and sentencing him having remained incomplete, no appeal can lie against an incomplete judgment, said retired high court judge Justice P D Kode.

Indrani Mukerjea's claim of being beaten up in Byculla jail true: Doctor
​Indrani Mukerjea has received some blunt injuries and other (injuries) as well, said a medical officer of JJ Hospital. "Her medical report will be submitted in court, as the medical check-up was ordered by the court," the officer said.

More Mumbai News»

Admission chaos in DU as cut-offs set to drop by 3% in second list

Mob attacks: MEA's different rules for different governments?

Protesters disrupt Delhi Assembly, allegedly beaten up by MLAs
The first day of Delhi Assembly's special session was abruptly suspended for close to an hour after two AAP volunteers dropped pamphlets into the House from the visitors' gallery and shouted slogans against PWD minister Satyendar Jain.

More Delhi News»

Government may table diluted anti-superstition bill

Sandalwood land short of quality saplings

UK architect: Kolar set to get biggest Hoysala-style temple in modern era

More Bangalore News»

2011 attack on Akbaruddin Owaisi: 4 convicted, Mohammed Pahelwan acquitted
The prime accused in the 2011 case of murderous attack on (AIMIM) MLA Akbaruddin Owaisi, Mohammed Bin Omar Yafai alias Mohammed Pahelwan, was sensationally acquitted on Thursday by Nampally court. However, 4 out of the 14 who faced trial were convicted by the court.

Telangana-Fiber to be turned into private firm
The Telangana government has decided to establish T-Fiber as a private limited company under the Companies Act 2013.

'Taakis' razed, turned into swanky commercial bldgs
Popularly known as taakis, single screen theatres of the Old City are fast becoming a rarity in the area south of Musi river. With several being either demolished, largely abandoned or turned into swanky commercial complexes, residents, who are film aficionados, have few options left in the Old City.

More Hyderabad News»

250 wigs distributed to patients in Cancer Institute in Chennai
When chairperson of Cancer Institute Dr V Shanta spoke at an event on Wednesday for distributing natural hair wigs to cancer patients, she tried to clear various misconceptions about the disease.

CM announces Rs 1,800cr power transmission upgradation for Chennai
Tamil Nadu chief minister Edappadi K Palaniswami on Thursday announced a slew of programmes for various departments, including Rs 1,800 crore worth transmission upgradation programme for Chennai city, with an installation of new substations and feeders.

DVAC is probing gutka scam, Tamil Nadu CM says
Tamil Nadu chief minister Edappadi K Palaniswami on Thursday informed the assembly that the Directorate of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption is conducting a probe based on a communique sent by the Chennai city police commissioner to the home secretary on the sale of banned gutka by anti-socials, in connivance with a minister and some police officials.

More Chennai News»

Narmada project will take Gujarat to new heights: Modi

Completion of Narmada dam will take Gujarat's development to great heights: Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi who arrived at Ahmedabad Airport for his two day visit to state addressed the huge gathering of BJP workers. Modi in his brief address said that the recent completion of the Narmada dam work will take Gujarat development to greater heights in the upcoming decade.

Gujarat Congress demanded roll back of high level of GST on life and health insurance premium

More Ahmedabad News»

Allahabad Development Authority to help city build on strengths
Authority Identifies Five-Pillar Approach

Cheoki to turn into satellite station
As the city prepares for Ardh Kumbh 2019, the facilities at Cheoki station of NCR would also be upgraded.An amount of Rs 50 crore has been earmarked for the purpose.

Household herb Chandrashoor fights diabetes

More Allahabad News»

Kangaroo mother care helps Odisha in sharp decline IMR

GST: Fishing nets, ropes to get costlier
Thousands of fishermen are now worried about their livelihood as they have to invest more in fishing net and rope when the Goods and Service Tax (GST) comes into being on July 1.

Panel recommends sale of Mahaprasad by administration
At present, the Mahaprasad is sold in Ananda Bazaar by a section of priests of Suar Nijog of the temple, leading to discrepancy in prices of the holy food.

More Bhubaneswar News»

          Echoes of the Fey: The Fox's Trail PS4 Version Dated, Teaser Trailer   
Visual novel following the fantasy/romance Serafina's Crown and the experimental sci-fi VN, Quantum Conscience
          QAM Quantum Noise Stream Cipher Transmission Over 100 km With Continuous Variable Quantum Key Distribution   
We report the first on-line high-speed and large-capacity secure optical communication system. This was realized by combining a quadrature amplitude modulation/quantum noise stream cipher technology w ... - Source: ieeexplore.ieee.org
          Valiant Comics at Denver Comic Con   

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Valiant will be rolling deep into Denver Comic Con and they have a lot to check out!

Books: Will be selling specail variant cover of Secret Weapons with art by Katie Cook.

Special Guests at the Valiant Booth to include:
Jodie Houser (Faith)
Fred Van Lente (War Mother, Archer and Armstrong)
Bart Sears (Bloodshot & Hard Corps Unity)

Valiant 101 Panel:  There will be a panel on Friday called Valiant 101 which is meant to be a primer for new readers of the publisher to know where to start.  Toylab Bloggers should be there!


Official Message from Valiant for Denver Comic Con!
From Friday, June 30th to Sunday, July 2nd, Valiant is bringing its cross-country road show to Denver, CO for Denver Comic Con 2017 – and we’re bringing a star-studded line-up of exclusives, programming, and panels for a can’t-miss comics celebration!
All weekend long, join Valiant inside the Colorado Convention Center at booth #1546 to see why Valiant is the award-winning, chart-topping superhero universe to beat with a selection of paperbacks and deluxe hardcovers for critically renowned and award-winning titles including BLOODSHOT REBORNBRITANNIADIVINITY III: STALINVERSEFAITHNINJAKQUANTUM & WOODYSAVAGEX-O MANOWAR (2017) and many more!
And don’t miss the mountains of Valiant merchandise rolling into Denver, including the SECRET WEAPONS #1 DENVER COMIC CON VARIANT, featuring the art of fan-favorite artist Katie Cook (My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic)! THE MUST-READ NEW SERIES of the summer from Academy Award-nominated writer Eric Heisserer(Arrival) and visionary artist Raul Allen (WRATH OF THE ETERNAL WARRIOR) with Patricia Martin (BLOODSHOT REBORN) begins here as the technopathic hero Livewire steps into the fore to lead an extraordinary new team of Harbinger Foundation escapees…and reveals a hidden, high-stakes corner of the Valiant Universe never before explored…
Plus: Be sure to visit the all-star Valiant talent that’s charging into Denver Comic Con 2017 all weekend long, including:
  • Jody Houser (Writer, FAITH, FAITH AND THE FUTURE FORCE)
  • Bart Sears (Artist, BLOODSHOT & H.A.R.D. CORPS, UNITY)
  • Fred Van Lente (Writer, WAR MOTHER, ARCHER & ARMSTRONG)
Then: Your official introduction to Valiant’s award-winning pantheon of heroes begins on Friday, June 30th at 2:30 p.m. MST in room #501 for the VALIANT 101: THE STORY STARTS HERE panel presentation! New to the Valiant Universe? Jump on board right here with a concise and fun-filled introduction to the origins and adventures of Valiant’s greatest and most iconic heroes – from BLOODSHOT and DIVINITY to FAITH and HARBINGER RENEGADE to NINJAK and X-O MANOWAR! From The A.V. Club to Buzzfeed and Entertainment Weekly and dozens more, Valiant has been hailed as the premier superhero publisher in comics today… Now, look no further than this panel of Valiant all-stars to find out where to start!
Finally: Get the inside intel on the most devastating conflict to ever disrupt the Valiant Universe on Saturday, July 1st at 2:30 p.m. MST in room #501 for theVALIANT: THE ROAD TO HARBINGER WARS 2 panel presentation! The road to Valiant’s biggest, most ambitious and impactful comic book event of all time starts right here! Jump on board to find out what the future holds for HARBINGER RENEGADE, X-O MANOWAR, BLOODSHOT, FAITH, DIVINITY, NINJAK, and the rest of Valiant’s most powerful heroes… and how the coming of HARBINGER WARS 2 will soon be felt across the entire Valiant Universe!
We’ll see you in Denver! And don’t miss a moment of the incredible action as Valiant’s cross-country convention road show charges on through Hartford,WantaghSan Diego and more throughout the summer!

Comic Con News

          EastWest QL Spaces Impulse Response Library | 381 MB   
EastWest QL Spaces Impulse Response Library P2P | 09 May 2017 | 381 MB QUANTUM LEAP SPACES from EASTWEST is a 24-bit, true stereo. convolution reverb that sets a new standard by utilizing new impulse recording techniques developed over the past seven years. An arsenal of the best gear that Fairchild, Manley, Meitner, Neumann, Neve, Sennheiser, Sony, Telefunken, TG (to name a few) have produced over the past 60 years was used to create QUANTUM LEAP SPACES. ATC monitors were positioned in the room/hall to emulate the real world sound projection properties of various instruments. So an impulse taken for a French horn was created by firing the sweep tones from the middle to left rear of the stage, backwards and slightly towards the floor. 1st violin section impulses were taken by firing a series of speakers at an angle towards the ceiling, just like a real section. A fifth speaker with the high end reduced was fired towards the floor to emulate the body of the violins. This same methodology was used to record reverbs for rock instruments in various LA studios. Because of this, the reverbs in QUANTUM LEAP SPACES have a fantastic balance of early reflections and room sound that really draws a dry instrument into the space, rather than the usual "sound plus reverb" result. QUANTUM LEAP SPACES includes a very hi-resolution, true stereo engine that focuses on delivering the very best sound at a very low CPU load. Most impulses are in 8 channel format, so surround mixes can be created. In the end, what makes QUANTUM LEAP SPACES unique is that every impulse is special. There is no wading through endless folders of cryptically labelled identical sounding impulses. In fact, QUANTUM LEAP SPACES takes the mystery out of choosing reverbs by suppling suitable recommendations for every instrument and style. QUANTUM LEAP SPACES has custom impulses taken over the past seven years from around the globe, with a focus on the Western United States. QUANTUM LEAP SPACES includes concert halls (including the EWQLSO Hall), churches, cathedrals, caverns, rock studios (including EastWest Studios), soundstages, forests, a swimming hall, parking garages, water tanks, a tunnel, vintage plates and custom digital reverb preset impulses. To take it all a step further, additional impulses were supplied by Ralph Kessler of masterpinguin. Ralph is responsible for the best impulses in the now discontinued Wizoo W2 and W5 reverbs. Remember the HDIR Cathedral? This impulse and dozens of others from the same venue are included in QUANTUM LEAP SPACES, along with other fantastic European venues. Ralph shares the same passion for reverb impulses that we do. His methods are slightly different, but the results are stunning and state of the art. Features *Produced and Engineered By Nick Phoenix *Highest resolution, most useful, reverbs available *24-bit True Stereo, with True Surround capability *ATC, Neumann, Telefunken, Neve, Meitner Signal Path *Film Score, Rock, Pop, Jazz, Classical, Esoteric and Dreamy Reverbs *Low CPU usage, with cleanest signal path possible This IR library was ripped from EASTWEST QUANTUM LEAP SPACES and can be used with any true stereo convolution reverb. No more buggy plugin, no more trashy PACE/iLok, yes more performance, yes more tweaking. SPACES is particularly known for containing EWQLSO Hall / Northwest Orchestral Hall true stereo preset, the hall that was used for recording EWQL Symphonic Orchestra. The preset can be used to blend with that library seamlessly. SPACES plugin may be a clumsy DRM makeweight but the library itself is brilliant, so if you make money with it or use it a lot, consider buying the original product and putting it on a shelf. All impulse responses are stereo/24-bit/48kHz WAV files. Technical details and preset information are included in EWQL Spaces - IR Library.html DOWNLOAD http://nitroflare.com/view/CD96435D7ED59F1/chors.EastWest.QL.Spaces.Impulse.Response.Library.rar
          QuantumClean® and ChemTrace® to Exhibit at SEMICON West 2017   

Quantum Global Technologies, LLC LogoQUAKERTOWN, Pa., June 30, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- QuantumClean and ChemTrace will exhibit at SEMICON West 2017 at the Moscone Center, San Francisco from July 11 – 13 (booth 5534). QuantumClean operates on the frontier of the sub-10nm high-purity semiconductor part cleaning market...



          Top 10 discoveries about waves    

Gravitational radiation reminds science of its debts to the physics of waves

Context
surfer on a wave

CATCH A WAVE Physicists are the surfers of science, with a long history of fascination with waves.

Physics fans are a lot like surfers. Both think waves are really fun.

For surfers, it’s all about having a good time. For physicists, it’s about understanding some of nature’s most important physical phenomena. Yet another detection of gravitational waves, announced June 1, further reinvigorates the world’s science fans’ excitement over waves.

Waves have naturally always been a topic of scientific and mathematical interest. They play a part in an enormous range of physical processes, from heat and light to radio and TV, sonograms and music, earthquakes and holograms. (Waves used to even be a common sight in baseball stadiums, but fans got tired of standing up and down and it was really annoying anyway.)

Many of science’s greatest achievements have been discoveries of new kinds of waves or new insights into wave motion. Identifying just the Top 10 such discoveries (or ideas) is therefore difficult and bound to elicit critical comments from cult members of particular secret wave societies. So remember, if your favorite wave isn’t on this list, it would have been No. 11.

10.  Thomas Young: Light is a wave.

In the opening years of the 19th century, the English physician Young tackled a long-running controversy about the nature of light. A century earlier, Isaac Newton had argued forcibly for the view that light consisted of (very small) particles. Newton’s contemporary Christiaan Huygens strongly disagreed, insisting that light traveled through space as a wave.

Through a series of clever experiments, Young demonstrated strong evidence for waves. Poking two tiny holes in a thick sheet of paper, Young saw that light passing through created alternating bands of light and darkness on a surface placed on the other side of the paper. That was just as expected if light passing through the two holes interfered just as water waves do, canceling out when crest met trough or enhancing when crests met “in phase.” Young did not work out his wave theory with mathematical rigor and so Newton’s defenders resisted, attempting to explain away Young’s results.

But soon Augustin Jean Fresnel in France worked out the math of light waves in detail. And in 1850, when Jean-Bernard-Léon Foucault showed that light travels faster in air than water, the staunchest Newton fans had to capitulate. Newton himself would have acknowledged that light must therefore consist of waves. (Much later, though, Einstein found a way that light could in fact consist of particles, which came to be called photons.)

9. Michelson and Morley: Light waves don’t vibrate anything.

Waves are vibrations, implying the need for something to vibrate. Sound vibrated molecules in the air, for instance, and ocean waves vibrated molecules of water. Light, supposedly, vibrated an invisible substance called the ether.

In 1887, Albert A. Michelson and his collaborator Edward Morley devised an experiment to detect that ether. Earth’s motion through the ether should have meant that light’s velocity would depend on its direction. (Traveling with the Earth’s motion, light’s speed wouldn’t be the same as traveling at right angles to the direction of motion.) Michelson and Morley figured they could detect that difference by exploiting the interference phenomena discovered by Young. But their apparatus failed to find any ether effect. They thought their experiment was flawed. But later Einstein figured out there actually wasn’t any ether.

8. James Clerk Maxwell: Light is an electromagnetic wave.

Maxwell died in 1879, the year Einstein was born, and so did not know there wasn’t an ether. He did figure out, though, that both electricity and magnetism could be explained by stresses in some such medium.

Electric and magnetic charges in the ether ought to generate disturbances in the form of waves, Maxwell realized. Based on the strengths of those forces he calculated that the waves would travel at the fantastic speed of 310 million meters per second, suspiciously close to the best recent measurements of the speed of light (those measurements ranged from 298 million to 315 million meters per second). So Maxwell, without the benefit of ever having watched NCIS on TV, then invoked Gibbs’ Rule 39 (there’s no such thing as a coincidence) and concluded that light was an example of an electromagnetic wave.

“It seems we have strong reason to conclude that light itself (including radiant heat, and other radiations if any) is an electromagnetic disturbance in the form of waves propagated through the electromagnetic field,” he wrote in 1864. His “other radiations, if any” turned out to be an entire spectrum of all sorts of cool waves, from gamma radiation to radio signals.

7. Heinrich Hertz: Radio waves.

Not very many people took Maxwell seriously at first. A few, though, known as the Maxwellians, promoted his ideas. One physicist who had faith in Maxwell, or at least in his equations, was Hertz, who performed experiments in his lab in Karlsruhe, Germany, that successfully produced and detected radio waves, eventually to be exploited by propagandists to spread a lot of illogical nonsense on talk radio.

His success inspired much more respect for the equations in Maxwell’s theory, which Hertz found almost magical: “It is impossible to study this wonderful theory without feeling as if the mathematical equations had an independent life and an intelligence of their own, as if they were wiser than ourselves,” Hertz said. His prime experimental success came in 1887, the same year that Michelson and Morley failed to detect the ether. Hertz died in 1894, long before his discovery was put to widespread use.

6. John Michell: Seismic waves.

Michell, an English geologist and astronomer, was motivated by the great Lisbon earthquake of 1755 to investigate the cause of earthquakes. In 1760 he concluded that “subterraneous fires” should be blamed, noting that volcanoes — “burning mountains” — commonly occur in the same neighborhood as frequent earthquakes.

Michell noted that “the motion of the earth in earthquakes is … partly propagated by waves, which succeed one another sometimes at larger and sometimes at smaller distances.” He cited witness accounts of quakes in which the ground rose “like the sea in a wave.” Much later seismologists developed a more precise understanding of the seismic waves that shake the Earth, using them as probes to infer the planet’s inner structure.

5. Wilhelm Röntgen: X-rays.

Roentgen's first x-ray of his wife's handWhen Hertz discovered radio waves, he knew he was looking for the long-wavelength radiation foreshadowed in Maxwell’s equations. But a few years later, in 1895, Röntgen found the radio wave counterpart of the opposite end of the electromagnetic spectrum — by accident.

Mysterious short-wavelength rays of an unknown type (therefore designated X) emerged when Röntgen shot cathode rays (beams of electrons) through a glass tube. Röntgen suspected that his creation might be a new kind of wave among the many Maxwell had anticipated: “There seems to exist some kind of relationship between the new rays and light rays; at least this is indicated by the formation of shadows,” Röntgen wrote. Those shadows, of course, became the basis for a revolutionary medical technology.

Besides providing a major new tool for observing shattered bones and other structures inside the body, X-rays eventually became essential tools for scientific investigation in astronomy, biology and other fields. And they shattered the late 19th century complacency of physicists who thought they’d basically figured everything out about nature. Weirdly, though, X-rays later turned out to be particles sometimes, validating Einstein’s ideas that light had an alter ego particle identity. (By the way, it turned out that X-rays aren’t the electromagnetic waves with the shortest wavelengths — gamma rays can be even shorter. Maybe they would be No. 11.)

4. Epicurus: The swerve.

Not exactly a wave in the ordinary sense, the swerve was a deviation from straight line motion postulated by the Greek philosopher Epicurus around 300 B.C. Unlike Aristotle, Epicurus believed in atoms, and argued that reality was built entirely from the random collisions of an infinite number of those tiny particles. Supposedly, he thought, atoms would all just fall straight down to the center of the universe unless some unpredictable “swerve” occasionally caused them to deviate from their paths so they would bounce off each other and congregate into complex structures.

It has not escaped the attention of modern philosophers that the Epicurean unpredictable swerve is a bit like the uncertainty in particle motions introduced by quantum mechanics. Which has its own waves. 

3. Louis de Broglie: Matter waves.

In the early 1920s, de Broglie noticed a peculiar connection between relativity and quantum physics. Max Planck’s famous quantum formula related energy to frequency of a wave motion. Einstein’s special relativity related energy to the mass of a particle. De Broglie thought it would make a fine doctoral dissertation to work out the implications of two seemingly separate things both related to energy. If energy equals mass (times the speed of light squared) and energy equals frequency (time Planck’s constant), then voilà, mass equals frequency (times some combination of the constants). Therefore, de Broglie reasoned, particles (of mass) ought to also exist as waves (with a frequency).

That might have seemed wacky, but Einstein read de Broglie’s thesis and thought it made sense. Soon Walter Elsasser in Germany reported experiments that supported de Broglie, and in America Clinton Davisson and coworkers demonstrated conclusively that electrons did in fact exhibit wave properties.

De Broglie won the physics Nobel Prize in 1929; Davisson shared the 1937 Nobel with George Thomson, who had conducted similar experiments showing electrons are waves. Which was ironic, because George’s father, J.J. Thomson, won the 1906 Nobel for the work that revealed the existence of the electron as a particle. Eight decades later Ernst Ruska won a Nobel for his design of a powerful microscope that exploited the electron’s wave behavior.

2. Max Born: Probability waves.

De Broglie’s idea ignited a flurry of activity among physicists trying to figure out how waves fit into quantum theory. Niels Bohr, for instance, spent considerable effort attempting to reconcile the dual wave-particle nature of both electrons and light. Erwin Schrödinger, meanwhile, developed a full-fledged “wave mechanics” to describe the behavior of electrons in atoms solely from the wave perspective. Schrödinger’s math incorporated a “wave function” that was great for calculating the expected results of experiments, even though some experiments clearly showed electrons to be particles.

Born, a German physicist and good friend of Einstein’s, deduced the key to clarifying the wave function: It was an indicator of the probability of finding the particle in a given location. Combined with Werner Heisenberg’s brand-new uncertainty principle, Born’s realization led to the modern view that an electron is wavelike in the sense that it does not possess a definite location until it is observed. That approach works fine for all practical purposes, but physicists and philosophers still engage in vigorous debates today about the true physical status of the wave function.

1. LIGO: Gravitational waves.

graph of gravitational wave detectionSoon after he completed his general theory of relativity, Einstein realized that it implied the possibility of gravitational radiation — vibrations of spacetime itself.  He had no idea, though, that by spending a billion dollars, physicists a century later could actually detect those spacetime ripples. But thanks to lasers (which maybe would have been No. 11), the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory — two huge labs in Louisiana and Washington state — captured the spacetime shudders emitted from a pair of colliding black holes in September 2015.

That detection is certainly one of the most phenomenal experimental achievements in the history of science. It signaled a new era in astronomy, providing astronomers a tool for probing the depths of the universe that are obscured from view with Maxwell’s “other radiations, if any.” For astronomy, gravitational radiation is the wave of the future. 

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried


          Top 10 science anniversaries of 2017    

It’s time to celebrate pulsars, planets, Einstein, more Einstein and the laws of robotics

Context
Jocelyn Bell Burnell

This year marks the semicentennial of the discovery of pulsars, first observed by Jocelyn Bell Burnell, shown here in 1968 at the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory in Cambridge, England.

Second of two parts

Every year science offers a diverse menu of anniversaries to celebrate. Births (or deaths) of famous scientists, landmark discoveries or scientific papers — significant events of all sorts qualify for celebratory consideration, as long as the number of years gone by is some worthy number, like 25, 50, 75 or 100. Or simple multiples thereof with polysyllabic names.

2017 has more than enough such anniversaries for a Top 10 list, so some worthwhile events don’t even make the cut, such as the births of Stephen Hawking (1942) and Arthur C. Clarke (1917). The sesquicentennial of Michael Faraday’s death (1867) almost made the list, but was bumped at the last minute by a book. Namely:

10. On Growth and Form, centennial (1917)

A true magnum opus, by the Scottish biologist D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson, On Growth and Form has inspired many biologists with its mathematical analysis of physical and structural forces underlying the diversity of shapes and forms in the biological world. Nobel laureate biologist Sir Peter Medawar praised Thompson’s book as “beyond comparison the finest work of literature in all the annals of science that have been recorded in the English tongue.”

9. Birth of Abraham de Moivre, semiseptcentennial (1667).

Born in France on May 26, 1667, de Moivre moved as a young man to London where he did his best work, earning election to the Royal Society. Despite exceptional mathematical skill, though, he attained no academic position and earned a meager living as a tutor. He is most famous for his book The Doctrine of Chances, which was in essence an 18th century version of Gambling for Dummies. It contained major advances in probability theory and in later editions introduced the concept of the famous bell curve. Isaac Newton was impressed; the legend goes that when anyone asked him about probability, Newton said to go talk to de Moivre.

8. Exoplanets, quadranscentennial (1992)

It seems like exoplanets have been around almost forever (and probably actually were), but the first confirmed by Earthbound astronomers were reported just a quarter century ago. Three planets showed up orbiting not an ordinary star, but a pulsar, a rapidly spinning neutron star left behind by a supernova.

Astrophysicists Aleksander Wolszczan and Dale Frail found a sign of the planets, first detected with the Arecibo radio telescope, in irregularities in the radio pulses from the millisecond pulsar PSR1257+12. Some luck was involved. In 1990, the Arecibo telescope was being repaired and couldn’t pivot to point at a specific target; instead it constantly watched just one region of the sky. PSR1257+12 just happened to float by.

7. Birth of Marie Curie, sesquicentennial (1867)

No doubt the most famous Polish-born scientist since Copernicus, Curie was born in Warsaw on November 7, 1867, as Maria Sklodowska. Challenged by poverty, family tragedies and poor health, she nevertheless excelled as a high school student. But she then worked as a governess, while continuing as much science education as possible, until her married sister invited her to Paris. There she completed her physics education with honors and met and married another young physicist, Pierre Curie.

Together they tackled the mystery of the newly discovered radioactivity, winning the physics Nobel in 1903 along with radioactivity’s discoverer, Henri Becquerel. Marie continued the work after her husband’s tragic death in 1906; she became the first person to win a second Nobel, awarded in chemistry in 1911 for her discovery of the new radioactive elements polonium and radium.

6. Laws of Robotics, semisesquicentennial (1942)

One of science fiction’s greatest contributions to modern technological philosophy was Isaac Asimov’s Laws of Robotics, which first appeared in a short story in the March 1942 issue of Astounding Science Fiction. Later, those laws formed the motif of his many robot novels and appeared in his famous Foundation Trilogy (and subsequent sequels and prequels). They were:

  1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
  2. A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
  3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

Much later Asimov added a “zeroth law,” requiring robots to protect all of humankind even if that meant violating the other three laws. Artificial intelligence researchers all know about Asimov’s laws, but somehow have not managed to enforce them on social media. Incidentally, this year is also the quadranscentennial of Asimov’s death in 1992.

5. First sustained nuclear fission chain reaction, semisesquicentennial (1942)

Enrico Fermi, the Italian Nobel laureate, escaped fascist Italy to come to the United States shortly after nuclear fission’s discovery in Germany. Fermi directed construction of the “atomic pile,” or nuclear reactor, on a squash court under the stands of the University of Chicago’s football stadium. Fermi and his collaborators showed that neutrons emitted from fissioning uranium nuclei could induce more fission, creating a chain reaction capable of releasing enormous amounts of energy. Which it later did.

4. Discovery of pulsars, semicentennial (1967)

Science’s awareness of the existence of pulsars turns 50 this year, thanks to the diligence of Irish astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell. She spent many late-night hours examining the data recordings from the radio telescope she helped to build that first spotted a signal from a pulsar. She recognized that the signal was something special even though others thought it was just a glitch in the apparatus. But she was a graduate student so her supervisor got the Nobel Prize instead of her

3. Einstein’s theory of lasers, centennial (1917)

Albert Einstein did not actually invent the laser, but he developed the mathematical understanding that made lasers possible. By 1917, physicists knew that quantum physics played a part in the working of atoms, but the details were fuzzy. Niels Bohr had shown in 1913 that an atom’s electrons occupy different energy levels, and that falling from a high energy level to a lower one emits radiation.

Einstein worked out the math describing this process when many atoms have electrons in high-energy states and emit radiation. His analysis of matter-radiation interaction indicated that it would be possible to prepare many atoms in the same high-energy state and then stimulate them to emit radiation all at once. Properly done, all the atoms would emit radiation of identical wavelength with the waves in phase. A few decades later other physicists figured out how to build such a device for use as a powerful weapon or to read bar codes at grocery stores.

2. Qubits, quadranscentennial (1992)

An even better quantum anniversary than lasers is the presentation to the world of the concept of quantum bits of information. Physicist Ben Schumacher of Kenyon College in Ohio unveiled the idea at a conference in Dallas in 1992 (I was there). A “quantum bit” of information, or qubit, represents the information contained in a quantum particle, which can exist in multiple states at once. A photon, for instance, might simultaneously be in a state of horizontal or vertical polarization. Or an electron’s spin could be up and down at the same time.

Such states differ from classical bits of information in a computer, recorded as either a 0 or 1; a quantum bit is both 0 and 1 at the same time. It becomes one or the other only when observed, much like a flipped coin is nether heads nor tails until somebody catches it, or it lands on the 50 yard line. Schumacher’s idea did not get a lot of attention at first, but it eventually became the foundational idea for quantum information theory, a field now booming with efforts to construct a quantum computer based on the manipulation of qubits.

1. Birth of modern cosmology, centennial (1917)

It might seem unfair that Einstein gets two Top 10 anniversaries in 2017, but 1917 was a good year for him. Before publishing his laser paper, Einstein tweaked the equations of his brand-new general theory of relativity in order to better explain the universe (details in Part 1). Weirdly, Einstein didn’t understand the universe, and he later thought the term he added to his equations was a mistake. But it turns out that today’s understanding of the universe’s behavior — expanding at an accelerating rate — seems to require the term that Einstein thought he had added erroneously. But you can’t expect Einstein to have foreseen everything. He probably had no idea that lasers would revolutionize grocery shopping either.

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried


          Why quantum mechanics might need an overhaul   

Nobel laureate Steven Weinberg says current debates suggest need for new approach to comprehend reality

Context
Steven Weinberg

Nobel laureate Steven Weinberg, a physicist at the University of Texas at Austin, was once happy with quantum mechanics. But now he thinks that some more general theory may be needed to resolve long-standing disputes about the meaning of quantum mechanical math.

SAN ANTONIO — Quantum mechanics is science’s equivalent of political polarization.

Voters either take sides and argue with each other endlessly, or stay home and accept politics as it is. Physicists either just accept quantum mechanics and do their calculations, or take sides in the never-ending debate over what quantum mechanics is actually saying about reality.

Steven Weinberg used to be happy with quantum mechanics as it is and didn’t worry about the debates. But as he has thought about it over the years, the 83-year-old Nobel laureate has reassessed.

“Now I’m not so sure,” he declared October 30 in San Antonio at a session for science writers organized by the Council for the Advancement of Science Writing. (Disclosure: I am a member of the CASW board.) “I’m not as happy about quantum mechanics as I used to be, and not as dismissive of its critics.”

One reason Weinberg thinks there’s a need for a new chapter in the quantum story is that those who think everything is fine with quantum mechanics take different sides in the debates about it.

“It’s a bad sign in particular that those physicists who are happy about quantum mechanics, and see nothing wrong with it, don’t agree with each other about what it means,” Weinberg says.

Quantum mechanics stirred up consternation from its beginnings. More than a century ago, physicists such as Max Planck, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr showed that standard 19th century physics was inadequate for explaining various features of heat, light and atoms. By the 1920s, other physicists, including Werner Heisenberg, Erwin Schrödinger, Paul Dirac and Max Born, developed those early realizations into the full-fledged quantum mechanical math that today lies at the foundation of physical understanding of just about everything. Quantum mechanics, Weinberg noted, is the “basis of our understanding of not only atoms, but also atomic nuclei, electrical conduction, magnetism, electromagnetic radiation, semiconductors, superconductors, white dwarf stars, neutron stars, nuclear forces and elementary particles.”

But quantum theory’s explanatory power has come at a substantial price: the need to accept counterintuitive weirdness about reality that many physicists, including such pioneers as Einstein and Schrödinger, refused to accept.

One such objectionable aspect was the quantum rejection of Newtonian determinism, the belief that all events are fully determined by preceding circumstances. You can calculate exactly where a baseball will land, for instance, if you know its velocity and direction when it gets hit by a bat. Quantum mechanics, to the contrary, imposes a probabilistic element into the description of natural processes. When an electron bounces off an atom, no one can predict exactly which direction the electron will go; quantum mechanics just permits you to calculate the odds that it will go one direction or another. A mathematical formula called the wave function provides the instructions for calculating where an electron is likely to be — when you make a measurement of the electron, you are most likely to find it where its probability wave is most intense. Repeated measurements would find a range of results corresponding to the probabilities that the quantum math specifies.

Einstein objected, saying God does not play dice. He further objected to another weird aspect of quantum mechanics, involving its description of pairs of particles separated at birth. Two photons emerging from a single atom, for instance, could fly very far apart yet share a single quantum description; making a measurement on one can reveal something about the other, no matter how far away it is.

Attempts to explain these conundrums fall into two broad categories, Weinberg said: “instrumentalist” and “realist.” Instrumentalists contend that the wave function is merely a tool for calculating the results of experiments — there’s no way to know anything more about reality. Devotees of the realist approach contend that the wave function is a real thing out in the world, evolving over time, and at a fundamental level it is responsible for what’s really happening.

Weinberg finds the instrumentalist view unattractive. It’s “so ugly to imagine that we have no knowledge of anything out there — we can only say what happens when we make a measurement,” he says. “The instrumentalist approach takes the attitude that we just don’t know what’s going on out there.”

On the other hand, the realist view does say what’s going on “out there,” but at the cost of enormous complexity, in the form of a countless number of independent streams of reality. “What’s going on out there is a wave function that is progressing with time in a perfectly deterministic but incredibly complicated way,” Weinberg says. In this view, all possible outcomes of quantum processes (that is, everything) come to pass in one stream or another (even though nobody is aware of any of the other streams, or “histories”).

Weinberg would prefer a reality with one history. But apart from that preference, the realist approach does not explain why measurement results observe the rules of quantum probabilities. If everything actually does happen in the various histories, there seems to be no reason why the quantum rules for probability would apply inside any one stream.

So Weinberg thinks there might be something beyond quantum mechanics, a deeper theory that introduces probabilities at a fundamental level, rather than requiring a human to make measurements to get the probabilities to show up. And there is a line of research attempting to generalize quantum mechanics along those lines. But so far a compelling theory that succeeds in generalizing quantum mechanics does not exist.

Perhaps a replacement for today’s quantum theory will come together any time now. Or perhaps not. “Maybe it’s just the way we express the theory is bad,” Weinberg says, “and the theory itself is right.”

Or possibly a surprise is in store.

“There’s always a third possibility,” Weinberg said, “that’s there’s something else entirely, that we’re going to have a revolution in science which is as much of a break with the past as quantum mechanics is a break from classical physics. That’s a possibility. It may be that a paper from a graduate student tomorrow morning will lay it out. By definition I don’t know what that would be.”

In any case, Weinberg observed, there’s a danger in evaluating any theory in terms of contemporary philosophical prejudices. Newtonian gravity, Weinberg noted, was itself regarded as unacceptable by many scientists of his era.

“Newton’s theory … seemed unpalatable to his contemporaries,” Weinberg said. Newtonian gravity was action at a distance, with no tangible pushing or pulling guiding the planets in their orbits. That “seemed like the introduction of an occult element into science, and was rejected for that reason by the followers of Descartes,” Weinberg said. Furthermore, “the force of gravitation was something that couldn’t be deduced from fundamental philosophical considerations and was rejected in part for that reason by the followers of Leibniz.” And Newton also did away with the dreams of Kepler and others to deduce the size of planetary orbits from fundamental principles.

Yet over time, Newton’s theory compiled an impressive list of successes (much like quantum mechanics has).

“By the end of the 18th century, it was perfectly clear to everyone that Newton’s theory was correct, or at least a spectacularly successful approximation,” Weinberg said. “We can take the lesson that it’s not really a good idea to hold new physical theories too strictly up to some preexisting philosophical standard. We have to go with it and see where it takes us — and see whether or not perhaps we have to change our philosophical standards.”

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried


          A new ‘Einstein’ equation suggests wormholes hold key to quantum gravity   

ER=EPR summarizes new clues to understanding entanglement and spacetime

Context
illustration of a wormhole

Wormholes, tunnels through the fabric of spacetime that connect widely separated locations, are predicted by Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Some physicists think that wormholes could connect black holes in space, possibly providing a clue to the mysteries of quantum entanglement and how to merge general relativity with quantum mechanics.

There’s a new equation floating around the world of physics these days that would make Einstein proud.

It’s pretty easy to remember: ER=EPR.

You might suspect that to make this equation work, P must be equal to 1. But the symbols in this equation stand not for numbers, but for names. E, you probably guessed, stands for Einstein. R and P are initials — for collaborators on two of Einstein’s most intriguing papers. Combined in this equation, these letters express a possible path to reconciling Einstein’s general relativity with quantum mechanics.

Quantum mechanics and general relativity are both spectacularly successful theories. Both predict bizarre phenomena that defy traditional conceptions of reality. Yet when put to the test, nature always complies with each theory’s requirements. Since both theories describe nature so well, it’s hard to explain why they’ve resisted all efforts to mathematically merge them. Somehow, everybody believes, they must fit together in the end. But so far nature has kept the form of their connection a secret.

ER=EPR, however, suggests that the key to their connection can be found in the spacetime tunnels known as wormholes. These tunnels, implied by Einstein’s general relativity, would be like subspace shortcuts physically linking distant locations. It seems that such tunnels may be the alter ego of the mysterious link between subatomic particles known as quantum entanglement.

For the last 90 years or so, physicists have pursued two main quantum issues separately: one, how to interpret the quantum math to make sense of its weirdness (such as entanglement), and two, how to marry quantum mechanics to gravity. It turns out, if ER=EPR is right, that both questions have the same answer: Quantum weirdness can be understood only if you understand its connection to gravity. Wormholes may forge that link.

Wormholes are technically known as Einstein-Rosen bridges (the “ER” part of the equation). Nathan Rosen collaborated with Einstein on a paper describing them in 1935. EPR refers to another paper Einstein published with Rosen in 1935, along with Boris Podolsky. That one articulated quantum entanglement’s paradoxical puzzles about the nature of reality. For decades nobody seriously considered the possibility that the two papers had anything to do with one another. But in 2013, physicists Juan Maldacena and Leonard Susskind proposed that in some sense, wormholes and entanglement describe the same thing.

In a recent paper, Susskind has spelled out some of the implications of this realization. Among them: understanding the wormhole-entanglement equality could be the key to merging quantum mechanics and general relativity, that details of the merger would explain the mystery of entanglement, that spacetime itself could emerge from quantum entanglement, and that the controversies over how to interpret quantum mechanics could be resolved in the process.

“ER=EPR tells us that the immensely complicated network of entangled subsystems that comprises the universe is also an immensely complicated (and technically complex) network of Einstein-Rosen bridges,” Susskind writes. “To me it seems obvious that if ER=EPR is true it is a very big deal, and it must affect the foundations and interpretation of quantum mechanics.”

Entanglement poses one of the biggest impediments to understanding quantum physics. It happens, for instance, when two particles are emitted from a common source. A quantum description of such a particle pair tells you the odds that a measurement of one of the particles (say, its spin) will give a particular result (say, counterclockwise). But once one member of the pair has been measured, you instantly know what the result will be when you make the same measurement on the other, no matter how far away it is. Einstein balked at this realization, insisting that a measurement at one place could not affect a distant experiment (invoking his famous condemnation of “spooky action at a distance”). But many actual experiments have confirmed entanglement’s power to defy Einstein’s preference. Even though (as Einstein insisted) no information can be sent instantaneously from one particle to another, one of them nevertheless seems to “know” what happened to its entangled partner.

Ordinarily, physicists speak of entanglement between two particles. But that’s just the simplest example. Susskind points out that quantum fields — the stuff that particles are made from — can also be entangled. “In the vacuum of a quantum field theory the quantum fields in disjoint regions of space are entangled,” he writes. It has to do with the well-known (if bizarre) appearance of “virtual” particles that constantly pop in and out of existence in the vacuum. These particles appear in pairs literally out of nowhere; their common origin ensures that they are entangled. In their brief lifetimes they sometimes collide with real particles, which then become entangled themselves.

Now suppose Alice and Bob, universally acknowledged to be the most capable quantum experimenters ever imagined, start collecting these real entangled particles in the vacuum. Alice takes one member of each pair and Bob takes the other. They fly away separately to distant realms of space and then each smushes their particles so densely that they become a black hole. Because of the entanglement these particles started with, Alice and Bob have now created two entangled black holes. If ER=EPR is right, a wormhole will link those black holes; entanglement, therefore, can be described using the geometry of wormholes. “This is a remarkable claim whose impact has yet to be appreciated,” Susskind writes.

Even more remarkable, he suggests, is the possibility that two entangled subatomic particles alone are themselves somehow connected by a sort of quantum wormhole. Since wormholes are contortions of spacetime geometry — described by Einstein’s gravitational equations — identifying them with quantum entanglement would forge a link between gravity and quantum mechanics.

In any event, these developments certainly emphasize the importance of entanglement for understanding reality. In particular, ER=EPR illuminates the contentious debates about how quantum mechanics should be interpreted. Standard quantum wisdom (the Copenhagen interpretation) emphasizes the role of an observer, who when making a measurement “collapses” multiple quantum possibilities into one definite result. But the competing Everett (or “many worlds”) interpretation says that the multiple possibilities all occur — any observer just happens to experience only one consistent branching chain of the multiple possible events.

In the Everett picture, collapse of the cloud of possibilities (the wave function) never happens. Interactions (that is, measurements) just cause the interacting entities to become entangled. Reality, then, becomes “a complicated network of entanglements.” In principle, all those entangling events could be reversed, so nothing ever actually collapses — or at least it would be misleading to say that the collapse is irreversible. Still, the standard view of irreversible collapse works pretty well in practice. It’s never feasible to undo the multitude of complex interactions that occur in real life. In other words, Susskind says, ER=EPR suggests that the two views of quantum reality are “complementary.”

Susskind goes on to explore in technical detail how entanglement functions with multiple participants and describes the implications for considering entanglement to be equivalent to a wormhole. It remains certain, for instance, that wormholes cannot be used to send a signal through space faster than light. Alice and Bob cannot, for instance, send messages to each other through the wormhole connecting their black holes. If they really want to talk, though, they could each jump into their black hole and meet in the middle of the wormhole. Such a meeting would provide strong confirmation for the ER=EPR idea, although Alice and Bob would have trouble getting their paper about it published.

In the meantime, a great many papers are appearing about ER=EPR and other work relating gravity — the geometry of spacetime — to quantum entanglement. In one recent paper, Caltech physicists ChunJun Cao, Sean M. Carroll and Spyridon Michalakis attempt to show how spacetime can be “built” from the vast network of quantum entanglement in the vacuum. “In this paper we take steps toward deriving the existence and properties of space itself from an intrinsically quantum description using entanglement,” they write. They show how changes in “quantum states” — the purely quantum descriptions of reality — can be linked to changes in spacetime geometry. “In this sense,” they say, “gravity appears to arise from quantum mechanics in a natural way.”

Cao, Carroll and Michalakis acknowledge that their approach remains incomplete, containing assumptions that will need to be verified later. “What we’ve done here is extremely preliminary and conjectural,” Carroll writes in a recent blog post. “We don’t have a full theory of anything, and even what we do have involves a great deal of speculating and not yet enough rigorous calculating.”

Nevertheless there is a clear sense among many physicists that a path to unifying quantum mechanics and gravity has apparently opened. If it’s the right path, Carroll notes, then it turns out not at all to be hard to get gravity from quantum mechanics — it’s “automatic.” And Susskind believes that the path to quantum gravity — through the wormhole — demonstrates that the unity of the two theories is deeper than scientists suspected. The implication of ER=EPR, he says, is that “quantum mechanics and gravity are far more tightly related than we (or at least I) had ever imagined.”

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried


          Quantum Stochastic Processes and Noncommutative Geometry   

          Enabling more stable and scalable quantum computing   
Researchers have discovered a new topological material which may enable fault-tolerant quantum computing.
          Marmot Megawatt Insulated Jacket   
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          Marmot Isotherm Insulated Jacket   
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          Quantum Vibe for Friday, Jun 30, 2017   
That damn pento-matrix slicer again
          Quantum Vibe for Thursday, Jun 29, 2017   
Programmed reality
          Quantum Vibe for Wednesday, Jun 28, 2017   
Humanoid forms
          28 year old Burmese blogger, Nay Phone Latt, sentenced to 20 years in prison   
Two reports about Nay Phone Latt,

Young Burmese Blogger Sentenced to more than 20 Years in Jail
By SAW YAN NAING, The Irrawaddy, Monday, November 10, 2008


A young Burmese blogger who was a major source of information for the outside world on the brutal regime crackdown on the September 2007 uprising was sentenced to 20 years and six months imprisonment on Monday.

Nay Phone Latt, 28, was sentenced by a court in Rangoon’s Insein Prison, according to his mother, Aye Than. He was convicted of contravening Public Offense Act 505 B by posting a cartoon depicting junta leader Snr-Gen Than Shwe on his blog site.

Nay Phone Latt’s colleague Thin July Kyaw was sentenced to two years imprisonment, Aye Than reported.

Another dissident who ridiculed the regime, Saw Wai, was sentenced to two years imprisonment for publishing a poem mocking Than Shwe in the weekly Love Journal, according to Rangoon sources. The first words of each line of the Burmese language poem spelled out the message “Senior General Than Shwe is foolish with power.”

Nay Phone Latt’s blogs during the September 2007 uprising provided invaluable information about events within the locked-down country.

Two Rangoon journalists, Htun Htun Thein and Khin Maung Aye, of the privately-owned weekly News Watch, were arrested on November 5 and are being detained in Insein Prison. The media rights organizations Reporters without Borders and Burma Media Association have demanded their immediate release.

The current regime crackdown is also aimed at silencing legal attempts to ensure fair trials for dissidents now appearing before judges in closed court sessions.

Two weeks ago, three defense lawyers, Nyi Nyi Htwe, Aung Thein and Khin Maung Shein were imprisoned for between four and six months for contempt of court after complaining of unfair treatment.

Four other defense lawyers, Kyaw Hoe, Maung Maung Latt, Myint Thaung and Khin Htay Kyew have been barred from representing their clients since November 5, according to Kyaw Hoe. The lawyers are representing several dissidents, including members of the 88 Generation Students group.

“I asked a prison authority why I was not allowed to appear in court,” said Kyaw Hoe. “He said there was no reason and that the order had come from higher officials.”

Members of the 88 Generation Students group were now appearing daily in court without their defense lawyers, Kyaw Hoe said.

Two lawyers, Myint Thaung and Khin Htay Kyi, who represent the prominent labor activist Su Su Nway, withdrew from court proceedings at the weekend, citing unfair treatment, according to the accused’s sister, Htay Htay Kyi.

Htay Htay Kyi said Su Su Nway would be sentenced on Tuesday. The winner of the 2006 John Humphrey Freedom Award was originally charged with “threatening the stability of the government,” under articles 124, 130 and 505 of the penal code, but new charges have now been added.

In a statement in Washington, the US State Department criticized the imprisonment of the four defense lawyers and urged the Burmese regime to drop all charges and release them.

Deputy Spokesman Robert Wood called on the junta to stop harassing and arresting citizens for peacefully practicing their internationally recognized human rights, to release all political prisoners, and to start a genuine dialogue with democratic forces and ethnic minority groups for democratic reform in Burma.

Court sentenced blogger for over 20 years, poet for two years
by Than Htike Oo, Mizzima News, Monday, 10 November 2008


Chiang Mai – A court in Rangoon's notorious Insein prison on Monday has sentenced a popular Blogger Nay Phone Latt to over 20 years in prison.

Nay Phone Latt, who was arrested on 29 January, on Monday was sentenced by the Insein prison court on three counts including charges under section 505 (b) of the Penal Code - crime against public tranquillity.

The Blogger's mother Aye Aye Than, told Mizzima that her son was sentenced to two years under section 505(b) of the Penal Code, three and half years under sections 32(b)/36 of the Video Law and 15 years under section 33(a)/38 of the Electronic Law.

"We were waiting outside during the court proceedings and after the court session we asked the judge about the quantum of punishment. The judge and prosecutor informed us regarding the judgement," she said.

The 28-years-old, Nay Phone Latt, a famous blogger, is also a youth member of Burma's main opposition party - National League for Democracy. He runs internet cafés in several townships in Rangoon including "The Explorer" in Pabedan Township, and "Heaven" in Thingangyun Township.

His mother Aye Aye Than said that she had no idea why they had sentenced her son to such a long term in prison.

"He is the first ever blogger to be arrested in Burma. I have no idea why they punished my son with such a harsh judgement. Blogging is perhaps a very serious crime in the opinion of the authorities," his mother said.

Meanwhile, Nay Phone Latt's defense counsel, Aung Thein, was also sentenced to four months prison-term in absentia on November 7, for a charge of contempt of the court.

Similarly, poet Saw Wei was also sentenced to two years in prison on Monday with charges of 'inducing crime against public tranquillity'.

He was arrested in February, after his poem entitled 'February 14' was published in the Weekly 'Ah Chit' (love) Journal. In his Burmese poem, putting together of the first words of all the lines spells out 'Power Crazy Snr. Gen.Than Shwe', which provokes the authorities and he was immediately arrested.

"I am worried about his health. I want to arrange proper medical treatment outside the prison for him, where X-ray facility would be available in order to diagnose his back and waist pain. Currently, he cannot get these treatments inside the prison. He has to cover his body with a towel all the time. This morning too at the court, he could not sit for a long time and had to stand up frequently to ease his pain when speaking," Saw Wai's wife told Mizzima.

Soe Maung, the defense counsel of Saw Wai said, despite of the court's verdict, he will continue filing appeals for revision, as he thinks the trial were not free and fair enough.

"We will file an appeal against this judgment at all levels of the courts including an appeal for a revision case. We intend to do as much as the law and judicial proceedings permit us to, within the legal framework, until we reach the last stage. I am preparing for an appeal on my client's instruction," Soe Maung said.

Meanwhile, media watchdogs the Reporters Without Frontiers (RSF) and Burma Media Association (BMA) has slam the junta for its unfair trials on the two writers – Nay Phone Latt and Saw Wai – and the verdict to sentenced them.

The two organisations said, they are appalled by the combined sentence of 20 years and six months in prison that a special court in Insein prison passed on Nay Phone Latt and two years to poet Saw Wai.

"This shocking sentence is meant to terrify those who go online in an attempt to elude the dictatorship's ubiquitous control of news and information, and we call for his immediate release. Saw Wai, for his part, is being made to pay for his impertinence and courage as a committed poet," the two organisations said in a press statement.

The two media watchdogs also call on all bloggers and poets around the world to show their solidarity towards Nay Phone Latt and Saw Wai.

"There is an urgent need now for bloggers all over the world to demonstrate their solidarity with Nay Phone Latt by posing his photo on their blogs and by writing to Burmese embassies worldwide to request his release. Similarly, we call on poets to defend their fellow-poet, Saw Wai, who has been jailed just because of one poem," said the two organisations.
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From Quantum Management Services - Fri, 30 Jun 2017 22:13:12 GMT - View all Sainte-Catherine, QC jobs
          Mike Quinsey (Channeling) Update - June 30, 2017   

http://www.treeofthegoldenlight.com/images/New%20Images/MikeQuinsey.jpg30th June 2017. Mike Quinsey.

Time marches on and continues to increase in such a way that you cannot fail to recognise the changes it is bringing about. You really do not seem to have time to do as much as you used to do previously, yet you find that time as you read it from your timepieces seems absolutely the same. In reality you are doing as much as usual but there is a sense of urgency that gives the impression that time is short. It is along with other signs a clear indication that time is speeding up, as it takes you into the New Age.

So much is changing and very little will revert to what it was beforehand. The changes are well under way, although in general terms you would find it difficult to pinpoint where they are occurring. Much has to be cleared away of the old before the new can be introduced, but nevertheless those who carry the responsibility for moving things forward are very active and wait for the right time to introduce what they have prepared.

Although the new cycle commenced in 2012 a number of sources were already prepared to bring out their contribution to the New Age. They remain on hold and as time passes more people join them with theirs, ensuring that once the safe time arrives for their introduction much will be revealed in a very short space of time.

Meanwhile a degree of chaos is inevitable, as people are normally reluctant to change their habits and accept new ways that “upset” their usual way of life. One thing is certain that it will be impossible to hold back progress, as so many advances have already been made. All will be very acceptable as it will uplift your quality of life and leave you with ample time to follow your own desires. Peace will be achieved at a level not experienced previously, and you will truly know that you have moved into the New Age.


The message for everyone is to keep raising your vibrations, and regardless of what happens to you in the future you will reap the benefits. I mention your Guides often because at such a time they have an important role to play. Without infringing your freewill, they will do all things possible to ensure that you gain the maximum success. Hopefully that will mean Ascension for you, and it will be worth every bit of effort you put in to be successful. Even if you are not ready to ascend what you would call failure is nothing to be concerned about, as you will have learnt much that will serve you well whatever path you take. It will also mean that because of what you have gained you have less to learn in the future, as nothing is lost or taken away from you.

Bear in mind that you are the sum total of all the experience you have gained and put it to good use. If there is karma to clear your Guides will ensure that it is part of your life plan, and also help you deal with it. You cannot take uncleared karma with you into the higher realms so the sooner you deal with it the better it will be.

You have probably had a great number of lives during the last cycle, and if you now feel ready and confident to make a quantum leap forward you will most likely succeed. A sure sign that you are ready is when you can look at every other soul and know they are One with You. That you can accept them as they are and regardless of their beliefs, and remember that Universal Love is the key to release yourself from the lower vibrations. No one can ask more of you than if you are doing your best to rise up, and by doing so you must eventually be successful. You will have already travelled far along the path of evolution and gained much through your experiences of your many lives upon Earth.

Now is the time that many revelations are being prepared for release as although you have been given new advances and technologies over many years, you are nowhere near where you should have been by now. However, that is all about to change because you and the Earth are crying out for change so that Humanity can advance to a point that eases the burdens of life. Equally important is the promotion of people that are best suited to lead you into a New Age, and they are already known and wait their opportunity to show what they can do. Their vision is to do the best for all people and put right the wrongs that have been perpetrated by those with a different agenda.

You must surely realise by now that you are effectively prisoners in an open jail created by the dark Ones, who have ensured that you have little or no say in your future. However, there are those who are working for improvements that will change your way of life and release you from bondage. The plans are advanced and as always it is the “right time” that is being awaited to ensure that when the Light Beings step forward it is safe to do so.

In times of such far reaching changes it is helpful if those with knowledge of the situation that now exists help those who have been kept in the dark, so that they are aware that there are soon to be great and welcome changes. People in general do not understand what is going on and why there is so much chaos, and see no future for themselves. Too much information may be difficult for some to comprehend, but a few words indicating the positive changes ahead will uplift many people. They are weary after so many years of disruption and political turmoil, and need help to understand that there is hope and that peace will come in due course. Perhaps the biggest upliftment will be in knowing that a world war will not be allowed, and the road to permanent and lasting peace has already been mapped out. There will be many positive changes very soon leading you into the New Age, with all of the advantages that will promise a wonderful and happy life.

From time to time it is necessary to remind you that all souls are loved by God and even those who are presently carrying out negative actions. They are experiencing exactly what they need to eventually learn the lessons of life. Karma can be complex and looking at it from the outside it is difficult for you to accept that all concerned are simply “playing” their part to give them the experiences they need to evolve. In so doing all parties involved will make progress by learning from the result of their actions. Be assured that at some stage you have all experienced both sides of life, and as you lift up your vibrations so the need for such lessons becomes less. Those of the negative actions will learn from their mistakes, but will need much love and help to overcome their extreme feelings of anger and hatred.

Love is the most powerful energy in the Universe, and ascended Beings are those souls who have reached a level where they can fully express it in all circumstances. It is also the ultimate goal of all souls as they make their way back to the Godhead. You have an innate drive that propels you ever onwards into the higher dimensions of Light, and the longing to return “home” is a powerful urge that grows stronger and stronger all of the time.

This message comes through my Higher Self and carries the energies of Light and Love.

Mike Quinsey

www.treeofthegoldenlight.com
          Carrizo to acquire Delaware basin properties for $648 millio   
E&P News
Carrizo to acquire Delaware basin properties for $648 millio OGJ Production News

Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc., Houston, has agreed to buy 16,488 net acres in Reeves and Ward counties of West Texas from Midland-based ExL Petroleum Management LLC, a portfolio company of Houston private equity firm Quantum Energy Partners, ... more ... Statistics : 1 Post || 14 Views Post by NewsPoster

          En la jungla vas a esperar hasta un 5 o un 8 sacar. Cazando Gangas 109   

300617 Gangas

Toca despedirse de junio a lo grande, con un Cazando Gangas que engloba las mejores ofertas de los principales servicios. ¡Menuda semanita se ha juntado!

Ofertas de videojuegos para PC

Empezamos seleccionando (otra vez) las mejores ofertas de Steam.

  • 'Half-Life 2' por 0,99 euros.
  • 'Hyper Light Drifter' por 9,99 euros
  • 'Firewatch' por 8,99 euros
  • Edición GOTY de 'La Tierra-Media: Sombras de Mordor' por 3,99 euros.
  • 'Metro Redux' por 7,49 euros.
  • 'Ori and the Blind Forest: Definitive Edition' por 9,99 euros.
  • 'SUPERHOT' por 13,79 euros.
  • 'Tyranny' por 22,49 euros.
  • 'Dishonored 2' por 19,99 euros.
  • 'DOOM' por 14,49 euros.
  • 'Left 4 Dead 2' por 1,99 euros.
  • 'Burnout Paradise: The Ultimate Box' por 2,49 euros.
  • 'Age of Empires II HD' por 4,99 euros.
  • 'Cities: Skylines' por 7,49 euros.
  • 'XCOM 2' por 16,49 euros.
  • 'Fallout 4' por 14,99 euros.
  • Edición GOTY de 'The Witcher 3' por 24,99 euros.
  • Cambiamos de tercio hasta GOG, donde también tienen la edición GOTY de la última aventura de Geralt de Rivia al mismo precio, 24,99 euros, pero con 2,80 euros de regalo para futuras compras. Además, si compramos éste u otro de la promoción de esta semana, nos regalan una copia de 'Double Dragon Trilogy'.
  • Da igual el que sea, con tal de que paguemos por un juego dentro de esa promo. Como por ejemplo, el 'Baldur's Gate: Enhanced Edition' por 5,89 euros, o su secuela, por otros 5,89 euros. Aunque si vamos a lo barato, nada supera al 'Commmandos 2+3', por 0,89 euros, y con el 'Double Dragon Trilogy' de regalo.

Ofertas de videojuegos para consolas

Xbox 360 y Xbox One

Iniciada la Ultimate Game Sale de verano, seleccionamos las mejores ofertas:

PS3, PS4 y PS Vita

En PlayStation Store aún siguen activos los Descuentos Dobles. Aquí los mejores:

  • 'Destiny: The Collection' por 23,99 euros.
  • 'Grand Theft Auto: The Trilogy' por 13,99 euros.
  • 'Metro Redux' por 8,99 euros.
  • Edición Deluxe de 'Plants vs. Zombies: Garden Warfare 2' por 14,99 euros.
  • La edición GOTY de 'The Witcher 3' por 24,99 euros.
  • Y ya entre la promo "Descuentos Digitales", algunos tan destacables como 'Shadow Complex Remastered' por 5,99 euros, 'Firewatch' por 6,99 euros, 'Hard Reset Redux' por 8,99 euros, o 'Jotun: Valhalla Edition' por 5,99 euros.

Novedades y reservas

  • Con todo el revuelo que ha levantado la SNES Mini, explicando cómo se podía reservar, no extraña que a estas alturas esté agotada en todas las tiendas. Os recomendamos, en cualquier caso, revisar de manera periódica cada día.
  • De lo que acaba de debutar en tiendas, tenemos 'Crash Bandicoot N.Sane Trilogy' por 34,90 euros, y ya 'Micro Machines World Series' por 24,95 euros.
  • Hoy también sale 'Valkyria Revolution' (en edición limitada) por 34,90 euros.
  • 'Cars 3: Hacia la Victoria', a la venta la próxima semana, llega hasta los 54,90 euros en sistemas actuales, siendo 'Splatoon 2', exclusivo de Switch, otro recomendable para los niños (y adultos, ojo) por 49,90 euros. Sin olvidar ese 'Hey! Pikmin' para Nintendo 3DS, por 34,90 euros, de finales de mes.
  • 'Final Fantasy XII: The Zodiac Age', por su parte, saldrá por 44,90 euros.

Como siempre, tenéis los comentarios para reflejar cualquier otro tipo de oferta o ganga. También tenéis otras alternativas sobre tecnología y sobre Apple.

Nota: algunos de los enlaces aquí publicados son de afiliados. A pesar de ello, ninguno de los productos mencionados han sido propuestos ni por las marcas ni por las tiendas, siendo su introducción una decisión única del equipo de editores.

          Michael Tellinger on Ubuntu philosophy   
Zaradi Aktualnosti vsebine in bližnjega dogodka tokrat objavljamo gostujoči intervju v angleškem jeziku. Bil je narejen za Aktualno 2.0 s strani naše kolegice Andreje Cepuš. Predstavljamo vam izjemen koncept nove dobe, ki se kot virtualni virus širi iz Afrike na vse kontinente in je v mnogih državah že dobil tudi oprijemljive strukture. V razmislek in vpogled v nove možnosti!

Pozdrav, Violeta



Michael Tellinger is a scientist, explorer and internationally acclaimed author of numerous books, who has become an authority on the vanished civilisations of southern Africa and the origins of humankind. His research and discoveries of an advanced vanished civilisation in South Africa includes a diverse field of research and touches on human origins, spirituality, science & consciousness.

Michael’s work touches critical issues around the subject of Unity Consciousness. “The more we push the boundaries of science, the more we come to understand the universal mind – the creative source of all things in the multiverse and beyond. It seems that the knowledge we gain from quantum physics and space-time studies, brings us closer to understanding the true nature of reality, the meaning of the universe and our place in it as conscious beings.” He believes that quantum physics is a gift from the divine creator to allow humanity to find its way back to source – back to unity – from a deeply divided and manipulated species – not only on Earth but in the entire universe.

Photo: Michael Tellinger
Source: personal archive

Tellinger presents a model for a new social structure called CONTRIBUTIONISM – A World Without Money – based on the African philosophy of UBUNTU and proposes how we should move from a money-driven society to a society driven by people, their talents and their passion for life. Where everyone contributes their natural talents or acquired skills to the greatest benefit of all in their community – and money has no meaning.

He is also the founder of the UBUNTU LIBERATION MOVEMENT and the political party called UBUNTU Party, in South Africa – which contested the national elections in SA on the 7th May 2014.
 
You can find more about Michael Tellinger and his work here: http://michaeltellinger.com/
Since Michael is coming to Slovenia, Ljubljana on September (having the lecture in Cankarjev dom on September, 9th titled Megalithic Sites and Free Energy) is seemed like a nice opportunity to ask him a few questions before his arrival.
Povezava do celotnega intervjuja.

Kako lahko sodelujemo
Kje se lahko srečamo
  • Predstavitev knjige Sintropija, 12. september 2014, ob 18h, Atrij ZRC, Ljubljana
  • Naslednji BIN dogodek: BIN@SHEFFIELD, Velika Britanija, 3. - 5. november 2014

          Trajnostni razvoj, kot ga vidi Agni Vlavianos-Arvanitis   
Gospo Agni sem srečala na Evroazijskem ekonomskem forumu v Istanbulu februarja 2014. V množici sem takoj opazila njeno ponosno držo, čvrst korak in ko sva stopili druga mimo druge, njen neposreden pogled. Le nekaj ur pozneje sva sedeli za isto mizo in se pogovarjali. Del najinega plodnega pogovora lahko preberete v tokratnem novem Aktualno 2.0. Dovolite prof. Agni, da vstopi v vaš svet, vas izzove v mislih in vas popelje onstran vaših trenutnih spoznanj. Uživajte v potovanju.

Slika: Prof. Agni Vlavianos Arvanitis in Violeta Bulc na
Evroazijskem ekonomskem vrhu v Istanbulu 2014
Vir: Vibacom
V: Kdo ste, gospa Agni?
Ga. Agni:
Sem biologinja, izobraževalka in pesnica, ki je biologijo spremenila v izvir veselja in navdiha. Delala sem kot učiteljica in raziskovalka, toda moja razmišljanja o „bios“ - življenju – so me navdihnila, da sem jih predstavila pred Evropskim filozofskim združenjem in WFUNA. Odziv je bil  ohrabrujoč, najprej sem pomislila, da bi napisala knjigo, a to bi predolgo trajalo, zato sem se odločila, da poiščem hitrejši način širjenja svojih vizij in vzpodbujanja prijateljev po svetu. To je leta 1985 pripeljalo do ustanovitve Mednarodne biopolitične organizacije (Biopolitics International Organisation (B.I.O.): http://www.greenaccord.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/2005_3%C2%B0IMF_A.Arvanitis_CV.pdf
Kot razloži Vlavianos-Arvanitis, "je biopolitika beseda ki naj bi vnašala optimizem in moč, saj vključuje v sebi besedo BIOS – življenje". Želja biopolitike je, "da prikliče višjo stopnjo zavedanja med ljudi, o občutljivosti bios-a”, a se hkrati osreotoča tudi na oblikovanje potrebnih politik, ki bi na ustrezen način prioritizirale pomen ohrnjanja življenja in okolja.”
V: Ko govorite o trajnostnem razvoju je vsa vaša energija osredotočena na moč in zagon. Zakaj?
Ga. Agni:
O biopolitiki sem začela govoriti, ker je bilo uveljavljeno razmišljanje o trajnostnem razvoju in usihajočih virih preveč omejeno. Odgovori na vprašanja, ki se postavljajo, se ne skrivajo v napakah trajnostnega razvoja v preteklosti, temveč zahtevajo njegovo razširitev. Zato sem vso svojo energijo  vložila v promocijo biopolitike in širitev pojmovanja trajnostnega razvoja. Če želimo uspeti v uresničitvi razvoja, ki bo povezal njegove dolgoročne cilje in planetarno delovanje, bomo morali vprašanja o njem načeti v okviru nove vizije o biopolitiki.
In February 2014 was organized by MCI (Management Center Innsbruck) the
PRME Conference & Signatory Act DACH
20th - 22nd February, 2014
Responsible Management – Global Challenge for the Corporate and Academic World http://www.prme.mci.edu/program
 The key messages:
-Topics such as sustainability, social corporate responsibility, social entrepreneurship, and social innovation need to be included, urgently, in the business school programs.
- It is corporate, political, and individual responsibility to act in favour of the world and a better welfare for all.
- There are some serious global challenges that we   have to address collectively. (ecological footprint, population, urbanisation, weather)
- There are UN frameworks in place that can serve as the backbone for local implementations of responsible behaviour (Global Compact, PRME).
- We have to critically evaluate the “agent theory” and move more towards the “integrity theory”.
- Only when there are  strong local initiatives can we hope for a better world overall.
FB: https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=735540986479818&id=105450756155514
V: Kaj vam pomeni trajnostni razvoj?
Ga. Agni:
Trajnostni razvoj je globalni skupnosti pomagal spoznati, da so naši viri omejeni, okrepil je zavest, da so ekonomska in ekološka vprašanja neločljivo povezani del človeškega razvoja. Od same ustanovitve B.I.O. smo opozarjali na celoviti in povezovalni pristop k razumevanju naše etične odgovornosti in ponovnega upoštevanja socialnih vrednot. Poskušali smo združiti tako tehnološke kakor umetniške potenciale in na ta način mobilizirati vsakega posameznika na planetu, da naj prispeva svoj delež v tekmi reševanja okolja.
Pojem „Biopolitika“ sem oblikovala, da bi razširila domet bioetike, ki je bila do takrat omejena samo na medicino. 
V: Globalna skupnost vas neposredno povezuje z besedo BIOPOLITIKA. Kako je prišlo do tega?
Ga. Agni:
Začetne raziskave, ki sem jih opravila, niso razkrile zgodnejše uporabe tega pojma, čeprav se od nedavnega pojavlja tudi v povsem drugačnih kontekstih. Biopolitika združuje biologijo in politiko, v Platonovem pomenu besede, ter raziskave navdihuje v smeri, kako zgraditi novo družbo.

V: Kaj so v zadnjih 10 letih ključne spremembe v odnosu globalne družbe do trajnostnega razvoja?
Ga. Agni:
Leta 1988, ko sem svojo na novo izdano publikacijo predstavila na plenarnem srečanju na Akademiji v Atenah, je predsednik navdušeno izjavil, da bodo že samo v nekaj letih vse akademske ustanove privzele biopolitična načela. Štiri leta pozneje smo na vrhu v Riu poskušali vplivati na tiste, ki odločajo, da naj kot pomemben element v svojo globalno politiko vključijo tudi zaščito življenja. V zadnjih 10 letih se je globalna skupnost začela poudarjeno zavedati pomena ekoloških vprašanj, čeprav se svetovni voditelji še vedno niso v celoti zavedali, da je treba in kako naj bi v svoje programe vključili tudi ukrepe za nujno potrebne spremembe.

Slika: Prof. Agni sprejme nagrado Biopolitika za
leto 2004 iz rok generalnega sekretarja Švedske akademije za znanost
Vir:  Švedska akademija za znanost

V: Kaj bi radi dosegli? Kakšen je vaš poslovni model, da bi dosegli učinek?
Ga. Agni:
Rada bi videla, da bi tehnologijo uporabili kot orodje za mednarodno izobraževanje. Rada bi videla, da bi univerze tudi v resnici postale „univerzalne“ in segle do vsakega posameznika na planetu. To sta bila zasnova in cilj pri oblikovanju Mednarodne univerze za bio-okolje leta 1991.

Rada bi videla, da bi svetovna diplomacija poudarila medsebojno odvisnost vseh oblik življenja. Razlike v barvi kože, v jezikih in kulturah ter razlike v biološki raznolikosti so bogastvo našega planeta. Dajmo, delajmo skupaj, ljudje iz vseh družbenih krogov združimo sile tako na vodoravni kakor na navpični osi, da bomo razumeli, da moramo napovedati vojno klimatskim spremembam, saj uničevanje okolja napreduje s strah vzbujajočo hitrostjo.

Izobraževanje, diplomacijo, tehnologijo, umetnosti, medije, komunikacije, elektronsko vodenje (e-governance) in elektronske sisteme (e-services) je treba nujno povezati in oblikovati sveženj ciljev za omejevanje klimatskih sprememb. Treba je ustanoviti genetske banke, da rešimo biološko raznovrstnost, in novo tehnologijo uporabiti, da okrepimo javno zdravstvo, učinkovito politiko,  zmanjšamo revščino in izboljšamo kvaliteto življenja.

Slika: Prof. Agni Vlavianos Arvanitis z Jacquesom Cousteaujem na
prvi podelitvi Nagrade Bios Prize leta 1996
Vir:  Prof. Agni Vlavianos Arvanitis
V: Kaj bi radi spremenili?
Ga. Agni:
Najpomembneje je prisluhniti tiktakanju ure in upoštevati zibanje nihala. V eni smeri nihanje nihala prinaša veselo sporočilo o bios, življenju, najdragocenejši zadevi na našem planetu. V obratni smeri pa kaže na vedno večje število izumirajočih življenjskih oblik, na nezaposlenost, onesnaževanje, pomanjkanje vode, negotovost hrane, revščino, lakoto in bolezni. Cilji tisočletnega razvoja imajo roke, ki bi jih morali že včeraj izpolniti. Danes je že prepozno. Niti trenutka ne smemo več izgubiti. Oceani ne bodo več mogli uravnavati naraščajoče zemeljske temperature. Doseči moramo urbane sredine z ničelno stopnjo onesnaževanja, povečati zmožnost oceanov, da vsrkajo emisije ogljikovega dioksida v ozračje, prepričati državne in mnenjske voditelje, da nehajo razmišljati o stopnjevanju spopadov med sosedi in da združijo moči ter se s pomočjo tehnologije svoj nedvomen in konstruktiven glas dajo za ustrezno globalno politiko. Rabimo jasno razmišljanje, vse državljane na planetu je treba vzpodbuditi, da skupaj oblikujemo bodočo družbo pozitivnih vizij in upanja.
“Morda nismo izzvani le ekonomsko, politično in etično. Morda se soočamo z resno krizo vodenja. Človeštvo je v pomanjkanju prosvetljenih voditeljev”, pravi prof. Vlavianos-Arvanitis
V: Ali menite, da obstaja zveza med obetavnima načinoma razmišljanja, kot sta na primer trajnostni razvoj in človeška raven razvoja zavesti? Z drugimi besedami, ali je svetovno prebivalstvo duhovno dovolj zrelo za odprte, horizontalne koncepte o vzajemni odgovornosti in so-ustvarjalnosti?
Ga. Agni: Izobrazba je še vedno privilegij samo nekaterih. V B.I.O. imamo tečaje iz biopolitike v 129 državah, ne da bi jih bilo treba plačati. Če bi zaračunavali prispevke, bi to zavrlo in omejilo udeležbo. Ne pričakujemo, da bomo vsi imeli isto stopnjo zavesti in enako vrsto so-ustvarjalnosti. Včasih se ljudje, ki nikoli niso imeli priložnosti, bolj odprto, čisto in ustvarjalno odzovejo. Sev nove skupnosti ustvarja nova delovna mesta. Ustvarja iskanje novih virov energije in oblikuje nove vzorce in vrednote za razumevanje tega, kaj pomeni dobiček. Sreča, dobro zdravje, mirno sodelovanje s sosedi, izobraževanje, drevesa, voda, sončna svetloba, opazovanje zvezd in zaznavanje različnih barv valov lahko za posameznika pomenijo večje bogastvo kot denar v banki. Odločimo se lahko, da bomo nehali sovražiti, ubijati in si bolj zaupali. Zakoračimo lahko na novo pot, izberemo nove možnosti, da bo vsak posameznik posebej lahko spoznal, kako dragocen je. Dokler bomo ponavljali napake iz preteklosti, ne bomo sposobni dojeti niti lastnega mišljenja. In vendar lahko skupaj soustvarimo novo družbo. Da, začeti moramo takoj in voditeljem vcepiti zavest o nujnosti tega, da se zbudimo.
"Če predstavimo tezo in antitezo, lahko oblikujemo tudi sintezo in ustvarimo nekaj res novega in uporabnega za svet", pravi prof.Vlavianos-Arvanitis.
V: Ali dejstvo, da ste bili že petkrat predlagani za Nobelovo nagrado za mir, pa je do sedaj še niste dobili, tudi kaže na odnos globalnih sil do trajnostnega razvoja?
Ga. Agni: Postavili ste mi občutljivo vprašanje.

Rada bi verjela, da Nobelova nagrada ima vlogo svetilnika za človeštvo. Ni na meni, da presojam, ali sem vredna take časti. Vse kar vem, je, da tudi delo 24 ur na dan in 7 dni na teden ni dovolj, da bi dosegli cilje B.I.O.

Slika: Prof. Agni Vlavianos Arvanitis
Vir:  Prof. Agni Vlavianos Arvanitis

V: Kako gledate na prihodnost: 1) v luči tega, kar vidite v današnjem času; 2) ali na temelju svojega upanja?
Ga. Agni:
Če ne bomo takoj ukrepali, bo prepozno. Veliko smo govorili o nevarnostih dviga zemeljske temperature že samo za 1 stopinjo. Zdaj pričakujemo, da se bo dvignila za 2 ali celo 3 stopinje, kar bo ustvarilo posledice, ki si jih niti zamisliti ne moremo. Če se bodo ledene gore stalile in se bo gladina oceanov dvignila za več metrov, kako bodo o nas presojale naslednje generacije. Prepoznati moramo stvarna, neposredna vprašanja. Ali smo uporabili vse svoje moči, da bi odpravili težave?

Ni prisilnih omejitev

Zavežite mi oči
oklenite me z železnimi verigami
dokler se ne bom mogla premakniti
vzemite vse

Kljub temu ni prisilnih omejitev
ko so moje misli svobodne


A. Vlavianos Arvanitis, Nihanja – zbirka pesmi, 1983


Hvala za te globoke misli, za globino srca, za moč vaših besed. Za konec naj povem, da še kako dobro prepoznam sporočilo za vašimi besedami. Ne moremo se več skrivati za sistemsko odgovornostjo. Nastopil je čas individualne odgovornosti, da začnemo ukrepati. „Nobenih ONIH ni“, to je bilo tudi sporočilo mladih na Challenge:Future 2013. Sva samo, jaz in ti. Smo sposobni obrniti krmilo? Se zavedamo, da ga lahko?

Osti jarej, Violeta

Kako lahko sodelujemo
Kje se lahko srečamo
Zanimive povezave

          Disruptive breakthrough for photonic quantum information science   

With leading corporations now investing in highly expensive and complex infrastructures to unleash the power of quantum technologies, INRS researchers have achieved a breakthrough in a light-weight photonic system created using on-chip devices and off-the-shelf telecommunications components. In their paper published in Nature, the team demonstrates that photons can become an accessible and powerful quantum resource when generated

The post Disruptive breakthrough for photonic quantum information science appeared first on Innovation Toronto.


          NBA Free Agency Shopping Lists: Northwest Division   

Free agency is a complicated time full of misdirection, brief opportunities and a whole lot of persuasion. We’ve put together these shopping lists to ensure every team stays on track.

Utah Jazz

2016-17 record: 51-31, eliminated in the Western Conference semifinals

Unrestricted free agents: Gordon Hayward, George Hill, Shelvin Mack, Jeff Withey

Restricted free agents: Joe Ingles

It feels downright mean that this is where the Jazz find themselves. For a handful of years, a front office led by Kevin O’Connor and Dennis Lindsey has done so many things right: drafting and developing a homegrown All-Star in Hayward, taking Rudy Gobert at No. 27 overall and building him into an All-NBA Second Teamer and Defensive Player of the Year runner-up, making enough savvy trades and signings to build a roster deep enough to win 51 games despite coach Quin Snyder only having his expected starting five together for 14 games last season and winning the franchise’s first playoff series since 2010 by beating the Los Angeles Clippers in a Game 7 in their own gym.

And then you run into the Warriors, and four games later, you’re left staring up at the lights, and into the possibility of watching your foundation crumble.

[Fantasy Football is open! Sign up now]

Billboards and paeans aside, Hayward’s taking meetings with the Miami Heat and Boston Celtics. There is a very real chance that he decides the extra coin he can make by staying in Salt Lake City — a five-year, $180 million deal that would be about $44 million more than he could make elsewhere, per Bobby Marks of The Vertical — isn’t as attractive as the opportunity to play in an environment that might provide a more attractive path to continued contention than the one in Utah.

The free-agent fates of George Hill and Gordon Hayward seem to be intertwined. (Getty Images)
The free-agent fates of George Hill and Gordon Hayward seem to be intertwined. (Getty Images)

After spending a season watching virtually every non-Gobert player expected to help him turn the Jazz into a legitimate contender battle myriad injuries — shooting guard Rodney Hood, power forward Derrick Favors, swingman Alec Burks and unrestricted-free-agent-to-be point guard George Hill — maybe Hayward worries the Jazz are less an ascendant power than one whose past potential might outstrip its future projection. A Hayward exit wouldn’t necessarily cripple a Jazz team that has Gobert locked up for several more years, but it would leave Utah reeling, needing to completely reorient its offense and facing serious questions about the proper price points for their other free agents.

Despite missing 33 games last season battling a persistent toe injury, Hill’s likely to draw significant interest on the open market as a ball-handler capable of defending both backcourt positions and spotting up off the ball. When he was on the floor, the Jazz were excellent, and he made so much sense next to Hayward. But if Hayward’s on the way out, will Lindsey and company feel comfortable spending $20 million or so per year on someone who’s played fewer than 50 games twice in the last three seasons and who seems much more suited for a complementary role than a starring one — especially with 2014 first-round pick Dante Exum waiting in the wings? Then again, that decision-making calculus might be backward; Hill and Hayward are very tight, and a pledge to retain the former might be a prerequisite in getting a commitment from the latter.

Ingles was a valuable contributor to the Jazz, serving as a sharpshooting swingman, savvy ball-mover and tough defender. But if the 30-year-old Aussie’s market goes past midlevel-exception money and reaches eight figures per season, the Jazz might be better served trying to find higher-upside ways to spend that money, as much as they’d like to retain his services.

Bringing back all three would vault the Jazz over the $99 million salary cap and within hailing distance of the $119 million luxury tax, and that’s before factoring in potential rookie-scale extensions for eligible class of 2014 draftees Hood and Exum. It’s exceedingly unlikely Utah will pay that tab, meaning their best-case scenario is probably bringing back two of the three — a decision that could prove awfully tricky, considering the competing interests at work here:

Potentially complicating matters: the Jazz are still about $16 million under the 2016-17 salary cap, giving them financial flexibility to take on a big contract for a player that might help … so long as they do it before midnight Eastern time, when the league calendar flips to 2017-18. They’ve reportedly been eyeing trades for a veteran point guard, most notably Ricky Rubio … which might complicate things juuuuust a tad on the Hill front and could wreak havoc on the possibility of retaining Hayward.

Utah’s got a lot at stake and a lot of balls in the air as the clock winds down. Lindsey, for his part, is projecting calm.

“Many times, what happens is, you capitulate to pressure and then you overreach,” the Jazz GM recently told reporters. “We want to stick to our fundamentals of team building — mindset, culture, skills, fits, value adds, contract, production. We’re quite confident.”

Whether that confidence is founded could be one of the biggest storylines of the summer of 2017.

Andre Roberson and Taj Gibson were key pieces of the Thunder's defense. (AP)
Andre Roberson and Taj Gibson were key pieces of the Thunder’s defense. (AP)

Oklahoma City Thunder

2016-17 record: 47-35, eliminated in the first round

Unrestricted free agents: Taj Gibson, Norris Cole, Nick Collison

Restricted free agents: Andre Roberson

The Thunder enter the summer with just under $113 million in guaranteed salary on the books — meaning they’re about $14 million over the cap, and about $6 million under the luxury tax line — so they don’t have very much financial flexibility. In a perfect world, they’d bring back both Gibson (a stalwart veteran four who helped on both ends of the floor after his trade-deadline acquisition) and Roberson (an All-Defensive Team perimeter stopper who makes life miserable for opposing scorers every night). But doing so means going very deep into the luxury tax, which could be a non-starter for a team that’s already paid the tax twice in the last three years and doesn’t want to fall prey to the dreaded repeater tax incurred when you’re a taxpayer four times in five seasons.

Vaulting into the tax would be especially damaging because going more than $6 million over the tax line (the so-called “apron”) would cost the Thunder the right to use the biannual exception of $3.3 million per year and would limit the amount of their midlevel exception to just under $5.2 million per year for up to three years, as opposed to the $8.4 million over four that non-taxpayers can offer. When you’re capped out, retaining the ability to use those exceptions to add talent is really important, and that could mean the Thunder are in for some restructuring.

The most preferable path to creating a little bit of breathing room is probably finding a taker for the two years and $36.5 million owed to reserve scorer Enes Kanter. Given the Turkish big man’s defensive struggles, though, that price tag might be a bit rich without additional sweeteners. The Thunder might struggle providing those, as they already owe a lottery-protected 2018 first-round pick to the Jazz (as part of the deal that sent Kanter to OKC) and a top-20-protected 2020 No. 1 to the Orlando Magic (who acquired it from the Philadelphia 76ers, who took it in exchange for forward Jerami Grant).

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If general manager Sam Presti can’t offload Kanter (or, less likely, about-to-become-$22-million-man Victor Oladipo) or find another ingenious path to cap flexibility, the Thunder might be forced to bid farewell to Gibson — and maybe even Roberson, if some suitor comes calling with a front-loaded restricted free agent offer sheet — and try to find defensive replacements with the midlevel exception.

The market might push players like Toronto’s Patrick Patterson and Memphis’ JaMychal Green out of MLE range; if not, OKC could do worse in replacing Gibson. Similarly, Tony Allen, Luc Richard Mbah a Moute and Thabo Sefolosha represent longer-in-the-tooth, lower-grade options for life after Roberson, but they might offer some of the flavor the Thunder want at the price they need.

At some point, it’d also be nice for the Thunder to find a backup for Russell Westbrook who can keep OKC from cratering when he needs to rest. (Which he does sometimes, with the Thunder very much unable to stay afloat when he did so.) The Shelvin Macks and Langston Galloways of the world might not be available for the biannual exception, and Oklahoma City might need to target bigger fish with the MLE, which could leave Presti once again scraping the minimum market in search of a lottery ticket.

And speaking of the just-crowned MVP …

Russell Westbrook accepted his NBA MVP award on Monday. Now what? (AP)
Russell Westbrook accepted his NBA MVP award on Monday. Now what? (AP)

Presti reportedly plans to offer him a monster five-year, $200-plus million super-max Designated Veteran Player Extension as soon as free agency opens. If Westbrook takes it, the Thunder have their centerpiece locked in through 2022. If he doesn’t, for the second time in three years, Presti will have to decide whether or not to put a beloved franchise player on the trade market to avoid potentially losing him for nothing the following summer. Things could soon get very, very interesting in Oklahoma.

Portland Trail Blazers

2016-17 record: 41-41, eliminated in the first round

Unrestricted free agents: None

Restricted free agents: None

Like the Thunder, Portland’s got zero financial flexibility. Negative wiggle room, in fact. After paying C.J. McCollum $106 million, signing Evan Turner, matching Brooklyn’s offer sheet for Allen Crabbe, and bringing back restricted free agents Meyers Leonard and Maurice Harkless last summer, the Blazers enter July with $142.5 million in guaranteed salary committed for next season, according to Mark Deeks of ShamSports.com. And they’re in line to pay nine figures’ worth of salary that keeps them capped out and luxury-tax-adjacent in each of the next two seasons, as well.

Footing gigantic tax bills for a team that can contend is one thing. But the Blazers finished .500, got blasted in the first round by Golden State and seem to have a couple of quantum leaps to make before they can claim with a straight face they’re within sniffing distance of the West’s upper echelon. Something’s got to give, right?

Blazers star Damian Lillard and general manager Neil Olshey try to figure out how to make a splash. (Getty Images)
Blazers star Damian Lillard and general manager Neil Olshey try to figure out how to make a splash. (Getty Images)

It’s possible that one of those leaps will come with a full season of pairing the high-octane backcourt of McCollum and Damian Lillard with a healthy Jusuf Nurkic, who became a folk hero after joining the team before the trade deadline. In Nurkic’s minutes, Portland outscored the opposition by a whopping 9.3 points per 100 possessions during the regular season before he went down with a fractured right fibula.

Other avenues toward a leap, though? Those are harder to figure. The Blazers paid through the nose to ensure they had depth on the wing, knowing how hard it is for NBA teams to come by quality swingmen these days, but now might find themselves unable to offload either Crabbe or Turner. They’re also unwilling to move the more cost-effective and defensively useful Harkless and Al-Farouq Aminu. And with 2017 first-rounders Zach Collins and Caleb Swanigan joining Nurkic, Leonard, Noah Vonleh and Ed Davis on the roster, the frontcourt’s now awfully crowded without too much in the way of a clearly defined pecking order. (That Nurkic and Vonleh are both eligible for extensions of their rookie deals, and will enter restricted free agency next summer if Portland doesn’t re-up, only complicates matters.)

Neil Olshey has done well to compile a pretty interesting collection of players capable of producing a top-10 offense; if Nurkic’s late-season surge is the real deal and Aminu’s healthy, the Blazers’ defense might not be as hopeless as it often seemed last season. But he spent plenty of Paul Allen’s money to do it, and barring major internal improvement from multiple pieces, it’s tough to see a way for Portland to reach the next level without a significant shake-up via trade.

After seven seasons, Danilo Gallinari might be about to fly out of Denver (Getty Images)
After seven seasons, Danilo Gallinari might be about to fly out of Denver. (Getty Images)

Denver Nuggets

2016-17 record: 40-42

Unrestricted free agents: Danilo Gallinari, Roy Hibbert

Restricted free agents: Mason Plumlee

In the middle of December, coach Mike Malone reinserted Nikola Jokic into Denver’s starting lineup. From that point on, nobody — not the Warriors, not the Rockets, not the Cavs: nobody — scored more points per possession than the Nuggets, who sliced and diced opposing defenses behind the brilliant playmaking and efficient scoring of their 6-foot-11 Serbian center.

There was just one problem. Over that same stretch, nobody — not the Lakers, not the Suns, not the Kings: nobody — allowed more points per possession than the Nuggets, who saw their late-season push for the West’s eighth and final playoff spot scuttled by a buzzer-beating 3-pointer to cap off a 50-point triple-double by Westbrook. Denver’s got some tantalizing young passers, shooters and finishers on board, but the Nuggets need some defensive steel if they’re to make a serious push into the Western playoff picture.

So, naturally, they’ve been linked to Kevin Love.

Denver emerged ahead of last week’s draft as the wheel-greasing third team in prospective deals that would land Paul George in Cleveland, Love in Denver, and a slew of future draft picks, young players and expiring contracts in Indiana. A Love-Jokic frontcourt would allow Denver to play a brand of five-out ball that could be damn near un-guardable. It wouldn’t, however, seem to address that nettlesome issue of not being able to freaking stop anybody — especially if one of the pieces moving to Indiana is shooting guard Gary Harris, a legitimate two-way contributor who took major steps forward last season as a perimeter defender, shooter and cutter.

Harris helps, and does so at a position that’s super-thin around the league, which is why Denver doesn’t really want to move him. He’s also eligible for an extension of his rookie deal, and might soon cost nearly as much as Love, which is why the Nuggets would probably have to at least entertain the notion, even if a lineup of something like Love, Jokic, Wilson Chandler, Jamal Murray and Emmanuel Mudiay doesn’t seem particularly likely to strike fear into the hearts of the Warriors, Spurs or Rockets.

Love’s a name that sticks because Denver needs to figure out what it’s doing at power forward. Jokic firmly established himself as the Nuggets’ center of the future — this is why Nurkic is now in Portland, instead of being unhappy next to Malone on the bench — but Denver hasn’t yet found the right sort of fit at the four next to their super-skilled but somewhat slow-footed and ground-bound playmaker. A defensively versatile type who doesn’t demand No. 1 option touches would be wonderful.

Is Denver willing to shell out max or near-max money for 32-year-old Paul Millsap while knowing they’ll soon need to shell out big paydays for Harris and Jokic (a second-round pick in 2014 who didn’t come over until 2015, signing a four-year deal with a team option for 2018-19, but who could look to tear that up next summer to lock him up long-term as soon as possible)? If the Raptors decide to move on from Serge Ibaka, the soon-to-be-28-year-old could be a dynamite fit. (Kentucky product and former Jazz reserve Trey Lyles, imported on draft night, could factor into the solution here, too, though he shouldn’t be counted on to provide the whole answer himself.)

If the Nuggets do decide to look elsewhere at the four, it probably means they’re moving on from Gallinari, who bounced back in a big way last season and has proven when healthy — two heavy words — to be a valuable shooter and face-up playmaker for teams seeking stretch fours who already have defensively viable fives.

With Mudiay struggling in his second season and rising sophomore Murray perhaps not ready for full-time point guard duty, Denver also figures to be in the market for a veteran point guard. How high-caliber an option they’ll be able to pull on the open market remains to be seen. Chris Paul’s already in Houston; Utah and San Antonio will probably fight over Hill; and the Pelicans pretty much have to keep Jrue Holiday. If Toronto balks at offering five years or max money, Kyle Lowry might be an interesting name to keep an eye on as a hard-nosed defender who can shoot, share, score and cut to wind up on the other end of some of those sweet, sweet Jokic dimes.

After trading for Jimmy Butler, the Wolves are on the hunt for more big-time talent. (AP)
After trading for Jimmy Butler, the Wolves are on the hunt for more big-time talent. (AP)

Minnesota Timberwolves

2016-17 record: 31-51

Unrestricted free agents: Omri Casspi, Adreian Payne, Brandon Rush

Restricted free agents: Shabazz Muhammad

The Wolves already made one big splash, pulling off a draft-night blockbuster fleecing of the Chicago Bulls to import All-NBA swingman Jimmy Butler and give Minnesota a core that rising superstar Karl-Anthony Towns calls “what dynasties are made of.” There’s a lot of space, though, between the destination of a dynasty and the starting point of a 31-win roster. Getting there will require even more bold moves.

Like, say, trading incumbent point guard Ricky Rubio to a team with cap space (hello, Utah) to create even more cap space to pursue a potential upgrade at the point who can space the floor to a degree the Spaniard’s never been able to? Like, say, Lowry, whom Butler may or may not be trying to recruit to join him in Tom Thibodeau’s backcourt? Or Hill, who might see Minnesota as a viable new home if the Jazz and Spurs look elsewhere?

With sweet-shooting guard Zach LaVine shipped to Chicago in the Butler deal, a Wolves team already lacking enough capable marksmen needs more shooters. Lowry or Hill would certainly help there. If Hill rejoins the Spurs, San Antonio’s Patty Mills, who shot 41.3 percent from deep last season, might be available at a lower price point, too, though I’d be leery of considering him an upgrade over Rubio’s playmaking and defensive excellence.

They’ve long been rumored to be interested in Millsap — who, for what it’s worth, is less a “stretch” four than a playmaking power forward, having shot better than league-average from 3-point range just once in his career (and less than 32 percent in the last two seasons) — as a smart, defensive-minded veteran complement to Towns. But shelling out a big-money four-year deal for him ahead of forthcoming max extensions for Wiggins (next summer) and Towns (in 2019) might make owner Glen Taylor a little green around the gills.

But that’s the price of trying to level up in the NBA. The Wolves showed on draft night that they’re serious about becoming a rising force. Now it’s up to them to put some money behind that mission.

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Dan Devine is an editor for Ball Don’t Lie on Yahoo Sports. Have a tip? Email him at devine@yahoo-inc.com or follow him on Twitter!


          OBSERVATIONS, SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON “SOME INPUTS FOR DRAFT NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2016”*   
OBSERVATIONS, SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON “SOME INPUTS FOR
 DRAFT NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2016”*

By Niranjanaradhya.V.P., Ph.D-Education Fellow and Programme Head
Universalisation of Equitable Quality Education Programme 
Centre for Child and the Law 
National Law School of India University 
Nagarbhavi,Bengaluru-560 242


 The Government of India has initiated the process of formulating a New National Education Policy. Initially, discussions were held at the Panchayat, block/cluster, district and state levels on the proposed New Education Policy by the Centre. However, these discussions were all stereotypical based on superficial questions that did not address the core and systemic issues in the education system. A lapse was seen throughout the process in effectively following a bottom-up approach and constructively collecting the public opinion by restricting the discussions to defined thematics. Subsequently, a committee under the able chairmanship of Mr. T.S.R. Subramaniam was constituted to come up with its recommendations and formulate a draft policy on education. Again, the Government of India lapsed in the democratic process by not sharing the report of the T.S.R.Subramaniam Committee in the public domain. Instead, the Ministry of Human Resources Development has released a document titled “Some Inputs for Draft National Education Policy 2016” and has sought observations, suggestions and recommendations from the public on the same latest by 31st July, 2016. 

In this background, the Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University, which has been continuously working for universalisation of equitable quality school education for all children up to 18 years of age for the past two decades, has come up with the following observations regarding the document released by the Ministry.

ABOUT THE DOCUMENT “SOME INPUTS FOR DRAFT NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2016” The inputs given by the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India clearly indicate that the Government accepts that complete revamping of the existing education system is the need of the hour. While this is a much needed step, the direction in which this revamping process is to proceed and what should be the basis of the newly built system of education has been completely misplaced. The inputs not only aim to but also * By Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University – Drafted by Ms. Krithika. B. S., Ms. Shruthi Raman, Research Assistants, Centre for Child and the Law, NLSIU under the guidance of Dr. Niranjanaradhya. V. P., Fellow and Programme Head, Universalisation of Equitable Quality Education Programme, Centre for Child and the Law, NLSIU. confine the entire educational goal to the development of human resource and the holistic approach to education is not made. Though there exist certain major flaws in the inputs, few measures like the implementation of ICT, revamping of teacher education, making teacher education accountable for the quality of education, inclusive education etc., are to be acclaimed. However, in the fervour to build a modernised education system accessible to all, the Ministry has unfortunately favoured privatisation, commercialisation and commodification of education to a large extent. Education as a fundamental right of all is not emphasised upon. Instead education is made a privilege by handing over the onus to private sector. The proposed inputs also deviate from the recommendations of the Education Commission of building a National Education System based on the principle of Neighbourhood School which was later reiterated in the previous National Education Policies of 1968 and 1986/92 and further re-emphasised in the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. Neither the international commitment nor the Indian Constitutional values are seen to be adhered to in the present provisions given in the form of inputs. Hence, much needs to be changed in essence with respect to the current inputs and the proposed provisions of the National Education Policy. In this direction, the Centre for Child and the Law, would like to put forth the following observations and recommendations with respect to the Ministry‟s document “Some Inputs for Draft National Education Policy 2016”.
    
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS CHAPTER 1 - PREAMBLE Preamble is the introductory part of a document which explains the purpose and the underlying philosophy of the document. When it comes to an Educational Policy, the preamble to the policy should ideally state the essence of education by explaining what is education and why education is of significance with a holistic view. Later a brief account of the previous efforts made in the direction of building an education system by the Government and the challenges faced in implementing them and the gaps in those efforts which lead to the need for formulating a new policy are to be provided. The present document gravely falls short in this aspect. The Preamble to the document while gives a very good account of the past efforts of the Government in building a strong education system in the country, misleads that the present education is almost close to perfect with not much issues and problems. One may say that the issues and challenges in the current education system are dealt with in a separate chapter altogether and hence, an account of the same has been provided. Though this might be said to be true, the Preamble lacks the explanation as to what necessitated the formulation of a new education policy to replace the already existing policy, which is the very purpose of writing a preamble. All the more, the Preamble nowhere makes even a mention of the essence of education, its meaning and necessity. The need to build a system of education based on egalitarian values and in conformation to the Constitutional values is not given due importance. Instead, the Preamble misplaces facts by depicting that education has throughout been equally accessible to all strata of the society. Since the ancient era, education in India has been the privilege of elite classes, which is why the demand for a fundamental right to education for all was made an important component of freedom struggle. It is saddening that even to this day, the struggle continues as education has still not become a right of the masses in reality. In the words of Mr. J. P. Naik, “Children and youth learnt by living and participating in the activities of the home and society. It was not education for living but education through living; and there was no difference between the process of socialization and education. Gradually, as quantum of available knowledge and the need for specialized skills began to grow, some persons began to specialize. This led to apprenticeship and later on to some regular forms of non-formal education. Even today, this is the only form of education received by numerous children who never enter schools.” [Naik, JP, „Some perspectives on non-formal education‟ (Allied publishers, New Delhi, 1977) at pg 6] Issues like stratification of education system, privatisation, commercialisation and commodification of education hamper the very notion of education being a social good. Instead education is perceived as a profit-making business. Hence, to understand education in its true essence and build a system of education based on Constitutional principles to achieve the formation of an egalitarian society is exceedingly significant. This needs to be effectively reflected in the Preamble of the National Education Policy as the Preamble forms the foundation for the implementation of any policy or legislation.

CHAPTER 2 – KEY CHALLENGES IN EDUCATION SECTOR While the chapter recognises considerable number of challenges in the present education sector, few aspects seem to be either misplaced or missed out. The observations in this regard include the following: The issue of access and participation in education system does not give an account of the inequalities and discriminatory practices leading to reduced access to education system by the masses. Education still remains a privilege and has not yet become the right of the masses. While reduced GER is one aspect of the issue, retention of students is another major challenge. The document fails to identify this issue. The document assumes the existence of a full-equipped pre-school education system provided by government and wrongly states that it is not helping students to be ready for formal schooling. The Anganawadi Centres are centres of care and cannot be considered as a pre-school. The document fails to account for the failure of the Government in raising the standards of all the Government schools to that of the Schools run by the Central Government like that of Kendriya Vidyalayas etc. Various researches assert the fact that the Central Government run Schools in India are among the best educational institutions. Though the document recognises commercialisation as a major challenge persisting in the present education system, it has ignored that increasing privatisation in the sector is adversely affecting the quality of education. The document not only ignores but to a certain extent favours privatisation of education to a certain extent. The recognition of privatisation of education sector as a dangerous development and one of the key challenges is very crucial. Effort to identify and discuss the causes leading to the failure of Government flagship programmes like Operation Blackboard, SSA etc., in achieving universalisation of quality education is not made. It is imperative to identify these ensuing challenges and deal with the same. While the failure to allot the recommended budget to educational sector is recognised, the reasons behind the same are not identified and discussed. It is pertinent to recognise these challenges and make efforts to allot the necessary budget for education. In the process of recognising the failure in the fulfilment of the global commitments with respect to education, the target of universalisation of quality education is pushed further to 2030 much to the transgression of the initial Constitutional mandate of 1960 and the subsequent national as well as global commitments.

CHAPTER 3 – VISION, MISSION, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Vision A clear cut vision is essential for the effective implementation of any policy document. The vision of the proposed National Education Policy confines education for the development of human resources and the holistic approach is mislaid. Thus, following suggestions are made: The Vision of the National Education Policy should be drawn from the core values of the Constitution of India. The Vision should be in consonance with Article 39 of the Constitution which emphasises upon the healthy development of children and their protection from exploitation. Education is the ideal way of ensuring holistic and healthy development of children under the conditions of freedom and dignity. The Vision should be in the lines of building a national education system based on the Common School System and the neighbourhood school principle as recommended by the Education Commission (1964 – 1966) and reiterated by the earlier educational policies to build an egalitarian society based on the core values enshrined in the Constitution of India and the Preamble. The vision should be such as to ensure inclusive quality education and lifelong learning to all and not limit to ensuring opportunities for the same. Mission The mission of the Policy, just like the vision, lays emphasis on acquisition of skills for improvement in employability by completely ignoring the holistic approach and the broader implications of education. It is of much significance that the mission of the National Education Policy should be to achieve the broader goals of education of building an egalitarian society based on the core principles of the Constitution. In this bearing, the Mission of the National Education Policy should be directed towards: Achieving the larger purpose of education as connoted by the UN in its 1966 report submitted under the chairmanship of Mr. Jacques Delors. According to the United Nations, the following four pillars of learning are the fundamental principles for reshaping education: i. Learning to know: to provide the cognitive tools required to better comprehend the world and its complexities, and to provide an appropriate and adequate foundation for future learning. ii. Learning to do: to provide the skills that would enable individuals to effectively participate in the global economy and society. iii. Learning to be: to provide self-analytical and social skills to enable individuals to develop to their fullest potential psycho-socially, affectively (emotionally) as well as physically, for an all-round complete person. iv. Learning to live together: to expose individuals to the values implicit within human rights, democratic principles, inter-cultural understanding and respect and peace at all levels of society and human relationships to enable individuals and societies to live in peace and harmony. Fulfilling the international commitments of India with regard to the Sustainable Development Goals, Education for All etc., and paving way for global citizenships. Building an education system that is beyond the mere development of human resources for the gain of financial benefits. Goals and Objectives The goals and objectives are set based on the vision and mission of the Policy. Just like the Vision and Mission of the National Education Policy should focus upon the holistic development of individuals, the objectives of the Policy should also be set in this direction. Accordingly, following recommendations are being put forth: The overall goal of education should be to achieve holistic development of individuals and should not be confined to the improvement of employability. Learning has to be seen as a process as opposed to defining minimum levels of learning in the form of learning outcomes. Pre-school education is to be seen as a continuum of early childhood care and education. Emphasis is to be laid on early childhood education based on the mandate of the Constitution of India under Article 45 and in lieu with the ECCE Policy, 2013. Non-formal learning modalities are to be a mere support system to the formal education and should not be a parallel system of education. It is an unhealthy practice to engage in non-formal learning by totally discounting the formal education system. Thus, cessation of the non-formal education system is to be carried out and the provision of non-formal learning to enable the avoiding of formal education is to be discouraged.

CHAPTER 4 – POLICY FRAMEWORK Pre-School Education While the prioritisation of pre-school education is a welcome measure, the reduction of age to 4 to 5 years is a contested provision. As envisaged by the ECCE Policy, 2013, the first six years of life are fundamental to the development of an individual and early childhood care and education encompasses the inseparable elements of care, health, nutrition, play and early learning within a protective and enabling environment. 0 to 6 years needs to be seen in a continuum. As recommended in the 259th Law Commission Report, with a view to prepare children above the age of three years for elementary education and to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years, it is necessary to mandate the provision of free pre-school education to all children in the age group of 3 to 6 years. The pre-school education is to be integrated with the primary education and the component of care, nutrition and protection as provided by Anganawadi Centres. For this, these centres are to be located within the school premises. The option of situating them near schools should not be given. The Anganawadi Centres are to be converted into community crèches to assist the working parents in lines with the recommendations of the 259th Law Commission Report which provides that “every child under six should have an unconditional right to crèche and day care, which is provided, regulated and operated by the State”. (Point 6.19) The components of pre-school education should be in accordance with the Early Childhood Care and Education Policy, 2013 and pre-school education shall be managed in coordination with the Ministry of Women and Child Development. A time period is to be specified for the transition from Anganawadis to pre-primary school. Providing the discretion of determining the same by the State Governments will lead to confusion and ultimately result in ineffective implementation. Protection of Rights of the Child and Adolescent Education Protection of Rights of the Child A Child Protection Policy shall be formulated by all schools based on the framework and guidelines for ensuring school safety and the same is to be implemented by all schools. This shall be made a mandate for recognition and registration of schools. If subsequently any norms are flouted, stringent action shall be taken against the school authorities. A Child Rights and Security Cell is to be constituted in each school to deal with the issues within the school pertaining to protection and other rights of the children. Such Cells are also to be constituted at the District level as subsequent level. Rules and provisions relating to these Cells shall be determined. The awareness of Child Rights related laws, Acts, Rules, Regulations, etc., should be made a component in the teacher education curriculum to enable teachers to gain knowledge regarding the same in an effective manner. Adolescent Education The classification between children and adolescents is highly inappropriate and in violation to the principles of UNCRC which defines, everyone below the age of 18 years as a child. The classification corroborates the latest amendment to the CLPR Act which is facing wide-spread staunch criticism from the public. 0 to 18 years is to be seen in a continuum and the entire period is childhood as elucidated by the UNCRC. Learning Outcomes in School Education The provision for “alternate schools” is strongly contested. The concept of alternate schools not only leads to increased discrimination but is in violation of the fundamental right of all children to quality education. Instead mainstreaming of migrant children and other out of school children through additional training is to be carried out. The “No Detention Policy” is to be extended up to X standard. In other words, provision is to be made so that no child can be detained in the same class until he/she reaches X standard. The rationale behind such a provision is best explained in the document “Clarification of Provisions of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act” which states as follows: “The ‘no detention’ provision is made because examinations are often used for eliminating children who obtain poor marks. Once declared ‘fail’, children either repeat grade or leave the school altogether. Compelling a child to repeat a class is demotivating and discouraging. Repeating a class does not give the child any special resources to deal with the same syllabus requirements for yet another year. Parents and friends of such children also tend to view them as being ‘fit for failure’, thereby reinforcing the perception which the school has already used for declaring a child ‘fail’. The ‘no detention’ provision in the RTE Act does not imply abandoning procedures that assess children’s learning. The RTE Act provides for putting in place a continuous and comprehensive evaluation procedure – a procedure that will be non-threatening, releases the child from fear and trauma of failure and enables the teacher to pay individual attention to the child’s learning and performance. Such a system has the best potential to improve quality, rather than punishment, fear of failure and detention. Consistent with the arguments provided under section 13 that each child has the same potential for learning, a ‘slow’, ‘weak’ learner or a ‘failed’ child is not because of any inherent drawback in the child, but most often the inadequacy of the learning environment and the delivery system to help the child, realise his/her potential, meaning thereby that the failure is of the system, rather than of the child. This requires addressing the improvement of the quality of the system rather than punishing the child through detention. There is no study of research that suggests that the quality of the learning of the child improves if the child is failed. In fact, more often than not the child abandons school/ learning altogether.” Hence, the amendment to the RTE Act should be in the direction of extending the “No Detention Policy” up to X standard. Learning is a continuous process and connoting education to achieve desired outcomes by defining minimum levels of learning in the form of learning outcomes is in contradiction of the very notion of education. As time and again emphasised by the UNCRC and other international and national documents, education and learning are directed towards the development of an individual's personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential. Thus, confining education to achievement of defined learning outcomes is pitiful. School Education By making provision for merger of schools, the proposed inputs support the closure of Government schools thereby paving way for privatisation. Instead of taking a drastic step of shutting down government schools for lack of facilities, measures are to be taken for attending to the fundamental issue of infrastructure and provision of funds allotment and necessary support is to be made to improve infrastructure and other facilities in these schools. It is strongly recommended that the Policy should in no way legitimise the closure of Government schools. The amendment of RTE Act to extend Clause 12(1)(c) to government-aided minority institutions is a welcome measure. While the amendment of RTE Act to extend up to secondary education is a desired modification, it seems to be premature at this point of time owing to the poor implementation of the existing RTE Act. Thus, it is necessary to identify and address the relevant issues and cautiously implement the same. However, to make education up to secondary level a fundamental right and the mandate of the State is much needed. Proper definition of the term appropriate age in the provision to amend RTE Act to cover secondary education is to be given. Open schooling facilities to provide for non-formal education is extremely contested. Such a provision tends to increase child labour wherein more and more children get engaged in labour as they have the option of obtaining non-formal education without having to attend full-time formal schools. This defeats the very notion of universal education to all and violates the fundamental right to education of children. The provision also infringes the Constitutional values and principles of protecting children from exploitation and ensuring their overall development under the conditions of freedom and dignity. Curriculum Renewal and Examination Reforms Curriculum should be so as to achieve holistic development of children and not to attain skills and knowledge for employment. The curriculum should be designed in conformation to the National Curriculum Framework, 2005. More emphasis needs to be given to sports and games, physical education and development of life skills and moral and ethical values. The assessment of students needs to be made based on their overall development and not based on only their academic achievements. Inclusive Education and Student Support Equity and inclusiveness should be based on constitutional values. Issues like providing equal access, subsiding OoSC and improving retention cannot be achieved until the standards of government schools are improved by providing the necessary facilities. For this, the required funds are to be allotted in time. The Policy should not confine itself to quantifying the measures. Quantification of supportive measures like that provided in the document (National Fellowship Fund for 10 lakh students) can be set as a short-term goal but those are not to be made a part of the Policy document. Inclusion of children in the formal education system is to be realised in such a way that these children are not subjected to labelling either in the schools or in the society. Precautions should be taken in these directions. Skills in Education and Employability Confining education to be a mere means of securing employment is the most disastrous connotation that can be made. While employment can be said to be one of the fruits of education, it cannot be made the one and only objective. The purpose of education is to attain self-development in a holistic manner. As emphasised by the UNCRC and other international documents, education should be directed towards the development of an individual's personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential along with the preparation of the individual for a responsible life in a free society, in the spirit of understanding, peace, tolerance, equality of sexes, and friendship among all people, ethnic, national and religious groups and persons of indigenous origin with utmost respect to human rights and fundamental freedoms. As stated in the document Education for International Understanding, Peace, Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, General Recommendation, adopted on 19 November 1974 by the UNESCO General Conference, “The word „education‟ implies the entire process of social life by means of which individuals and social groups learn to develop consciously within, and for the benefit of the national and international communities, the whole of their personal capacities, attitudes, aptitudes and knowledge. The process is not limited to any specific activity.” The National Education Policy should be formulated in consonance with these principles and lay emphasis on attainment of life skills, moral and ethical values along with vocational skills in order to facilitate the overall development of the individual. Use of ICT in Education Use of ICT in education as a supportive tool for aiding and assisting teachers is a progressive measure and is supported. However, it cannot be taken as the only means for providing education and ICT alone is not the solution to all problems. Teacher Development and Management Measures like attractive salaries and benefits are to be implemented to attract the meritorious populace to the teaching profession in lieu with the system followed in Finland. Four-years integrated Teacher Education Programmes based on the Delhi model are to be developed and conducted all over the nation. Child rights and child development related concepts and the related laws and policies are to be made a component of the teacher education curriculum to enable teachers to gain knowledge regarding the same in an effective manner. More and more educational experts are to be inducted in institutes like SCERT, DSERT, DIET etc. The teacher education and training programmes are to be oriented in the direction as to achieve the goals of an ideal education system. Teacher Education Programme is to be made accountable for the success of the education system. Language and Culture in Education Mother-tongue is to be made the medium of education for primary school as reiterated by UNESCO time and again. Educationally, the child learns more quickly through it than through an unfamiliar linguistic medium. (International Opinion on Language Issues by Dr. Joga Singh, 2013) A child‟s mother tongue provides facilities for the acquisition of early cognitive skills and provides a foundation for learning. The mother tongue is the first language of the child that helps him/her formulate thoughts and give direction to action. (Amy Tsui & J. W. Tollefson, Language Policy and the Construction of National Cultural Identity Language Policy, Culture, and Identity in Asian Contexts, 2007) Learning the mother tongue properly enhances learning of other languages. Studies have shown that reading and writing in the mother tongue is beneficial to the student in acquiring other subjects and there is no bar on acquiring another language by the same student. ("Techniques for functional literacy in indigenous languages and the national language” by Sarah. C., 1967) In the modern world, education is not always in the mother tongue and this is claimed to be detrimental to the cognitive abilities of a child by various researches as this amounts to an imposition of an alien language whilst subverting the naturally acquired language. (Mother Tongue and the Right to Choose the Medium of Instruction in Primary Education: A Constitutional Basis by Suprotik Das) As opposed to the three-language formula, multi-lingual education shall be introduced by removing the barriers between different languages. NOTE – Refer Chapter 9 of the Annexure for further information on mother tongue as medium of education and multi-lingual education and the proposed policy provisions. Self-Development through Comprehensive Education Emphasis on co-scholastic activities in school education is a much desired provision. However, in this notion, encouraging public-private partnerships is strongly objected to. Co-scholastic activities are to be made part of the curriculum and should be directed towards the holistic development of children as opposed to a means of maintaining good health. School Assessment and Governance More responsibilities and powers are to be given to the School Management Committees in ensuring good quality education in the school and overseeing availability and efficient maintenance of all facilities in the school. School Management Committees should be extended to Private Schools also (both aided and unaided). Training on right to education, child rights and related topics are to be provided not only to the elected members of the SMCs but to the parents of all children studying in the school. The funds for the school are to be allocated on the basis of the School Development Plan as mandated in the RTE Act. At present however, the School Development Plan is being designed based on the funds allocated. This practice needs to be discontinued immediately. Additional school grants are to be allocated to the SMCs in order to promote more decentralised decisions with respect to finance pertaining to the school and enable intime fulfilment of needs. Financing Education The measure to allot at least 6% of GDP to education is a progressive step. However, the 6% of GDP measure was as calculated in the late 1960s and recommended by the Education Commission (1964 – 1966). This measure does not hold good for the current period. Hence, this needs to be reviewed and the allocation of funds for education needs to be drastically increased and should be way more than 6% of GDP. Inviting private sectors to invest in education leads to more and more privatisation of education. Education is the responsibility of the State and should be state-funded. It is essential that the Policy refrains from legitimising privatisation of education. Private funding of educational institutions adversely affects their accessibility. CHAPTER 5 – IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING Community participation in education is to be emphasised upon. More emphasis needs to be laid on the coordination and convergence of various Government departments for the effective implementation of child rights within a human rights-based framework.

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Privatisation, commercialisation and commodification of education is to be strictly forbidden through the National Education Policy. The Policy should provide for building a national education system based on the common school system and neighbourhood school principle. Inappropriate language like referring students as products of education, using terms like handling of cases of children with disabilities are to be avoided in the Policy document. Children are to be treated with dignity. The National Policy of Education is to provide for a system of education within a human rights based framework that enables the overall development of individuals.

CONCLUSION The National Education Policy is the fundamental document that forms the founding stone of the education system of the country. Therefore, it is of extreme significance that the Policy is based on constitutional values and aimed at building an egalitarian society within the framework of fundamental human rights. It is with this perception that the Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University has put forth the above suggestions and recommendations in relation to the Policy. Also, the Centre has come up with a draft referral policy document on school education which is hereby annexed to this document. We hope that the MHRD takes into consideration the holistic development of the child and not just promote development of skills and vocations aiming to increase the GDP of the nation. We have not come to a situation where we need to increase our economic status by making our children work and by stealing their childhood. Let us be that society and Government who realise and cherish children and their childhoods in our country.

          File: Magic Realm:: Magic Realm Player Area   

by Quantum_Jack

New File: Magic Realm Player Area for Board Game: Magic Realm
          Thread: DC Universe Miniature Game: Batman V Superman Trinity Starter Set:: Rules:: Suicide Squad Stat Cards for DCUMG   

by quantumsheep

Knight models just posted stat cards for the Suicide Squad Set

Here's the direct pdf download link from their site:

https://www.knightmodels.com/app/download/26508491/SUICIDE+S...

Hope that helps!

QS =D
          New method could enable more stable and scalable quantum computing, Penn physicists report   
(University of Pennsylvania) Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University and Goucher College, have discovered a new topological material which may enable fault-tolerant quantum computing.
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          Cumming v Quantum Automotive Group Inc., 2017 ONSC 4070 (CanLII)   
substantial indemnity — pre-trial conference held — fixing costs — promote access to justice — claimed
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          Better Living Through Chemistry   
I have always loved the subject of physics, but I am definitely a macro-gal instead of a quantum one. A Newton over Hamilton kind of thing. As a result, chemistry was one of my least favorite subjects in school. Having said this, I recently found that chemistry might actually be helpful in explaining the complexities surrounding the movement of [...]
          Quantum computing initiative advances drug discovery   
Quantum computing holds the answer for treating several serious neurological diseases, as well as offering solutions to the personalized medicine initiative. New research from Accenture, 1QBit and Biogen has delivered promising results.
          Who cares what wine bottle you post on Instagram?   
PTI – ME!

"It’s all about your brand!"

"Why be a follower, when you can be an influencer?"

"Make your mark (BIG!) for enhanced career opportunities!"

As a visual junky, I have a confession to make – I love looking at pictures on Instagram. Call it an introvert’s tendency to stand in the corner and observe. Or the realization, that at a certain age, you (ALL OF YOU!) will become invisible to the ascending generation that is full of energy and spunk – they want the world and they want it NOW! Whatever. There are millions of images flooding the site and young professionals are now being told that being active on social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and, yes, even LinkedIn, is a strategy to strengthen your professional career! Funny, I was suggesting this to the executives (where I work) almost ten (10!) years ago. The teenagers (then) are now in the work force, and they are a force (ASK THEM! Ask their media coach!). And it is now de rigueur to lather up one’s bandwidth with a plethora of visual droppings to mark one’s fire hydrant in the race for influence and relevance. After all, you’re BUILDING YOUR BRAND!

Wow, all those exclamation points (AND UPPERCASE WORDS!) are so exhausting! But we live, now, in a world where so many people are clamoring for attention. And unless you climb over that HUGE wall and get your advanced certification (and maybe even become some kind of MASTER!) how can one differentiate who they are, and how influential they can be, in the short term? Hey, how about posting AWESOME pictures of unobtainable (to the rest of us) bottles of AWESOME wines? Sounds like a plan!


[At this point, most of those in the ascendant generation have scanned through the above 300 words and have surfed on. Which makes breathing in this padded cell much easier, although the experience might seem less like a party and more like undue exposure to (SAD!) mutterings?]

PTII – YOU!

Look, you can find any number of souls looking to “build their brand” on Instagram, posting pictures of cats, dogs, young lovers in various stages of undress and foreplay, eggplant, exotic cars, faraway places, impossible mountain climbs and whatever anyone thinks will get them to the top of their mountain of influence. So why all these pictures of AMAZING bottles of wine?

For one, to someone, it’s something NEW. And sometimes it’s NEW & OLD at the same time. It might be something IMPOSSIBLE to find unless one has friends who are COLLECTORS. At which time, all of that implies STATUS, getting past the rope line into their very own Studio 54 of wine. WOW!

It could be you are a visual person, not one who takes notes. There are those who can look at a bottle of wine that they posted on their S/M site and can tell you all about it. I’ve been around masters who have waxed, authoritatively, about a bottle of, you name it, from the heralded vintage of, insert here, and wasn’t it so much better than listening to a sexist (or racist) joke? Oh, count me in.

But those little pictures sit there, wordless, save for the emoticons friends and followers leave in appreciation of you having just bestowed their feeds with that EPIC picture of Paleokeristo. I can see it now, sitting in the back of an Uber (or now, JUNO!) going from midtown to the LES and seeing a snap of Derthona, wondering if The Ten Bells might still have it in stock when you get there. Hey, that’s informative, and it also suggests a sense of urgency. Get there before it’s all gone, you never know when you’ll get to taste that wine, EVER AGAIN!

And what about the elephant in the room? You know the desire to be like @jaymcinerney, or @nathankunzman, and revel in all the great wines that come across their tables? Sure, why not? Who wouldn’t want to taste those wines once (or in the case of Jay, regularly) in their life? And we can wish to emulate their experiences, or even want to be like them. Or even be BETTER, more INFLUENTIAL, with more FOLLOWERS. Yes we can!

Look, @kat_in_nyc has a MILLION followers, armchair scopophiliacs, who are enraptured by her sensual posts (now in VIDEO format, as well!). Hey, if a BIRD! (@birdbee0705) can muster up 38.7k followers (200 more than when I first started writing this post a few hours ago!), or a Japanese CAT! (@rinne172) dressed up in front of all manner of prepared food dishes at a tableside setting can have 104k followers, why shouldn’t the everyday, garden-variety wine professional in search of their BRAND? Why not INDEED?

Seeing as we also know some “surprising connection between cosmology and quantum mechanics could unveil the secrets of space and time,” and all things being RELATIVE, insert this greater reality outside our own personal universe that is active and dynamic and ongoing. I’m just saying – all things in perspective.


PTIII – WE!

We are still creatures of free will. If you want to follow a cat or a bird or a sexy voyeur photographer, that’s a personal decision. And if you want to photograph every iteration of your wine drinking (or eggplant growing) life, who’s going to stop you? If I get something from your many pictures of DRC wines that you have been so LUCKY to have experienced, even if it makes me just a tiny, little bit JEALOUS, is that your problem? No, it’s MINE!

But there is a WE to this meandering, and we have arrived to it. We are social creatures, even the most introverted of us (some of which are MOST INFLUENTIAL, by the way). Some of us struggle with expression, with identity, with just plain BEING! And if these are little 400 grit sandpaper measures to smooth out rough patches in the tabletop of our life, so be it. If it helps you explain yourself to me, who is hurt in the process? And if you say, “My feelings, he didn’t open that ICONIC bottle of wine around me!” or “She’s just a showboat, a grandstander!” don’t we have bigger fish to fry, HUGE! examples of people acting in ways which we disagree, but live in our world and we must find ways to co-exist?

So, go ahead and post your twin vintages of ’28 and ’29 Haut Brion (or your BOOBS! Or your PORN ‘STACHE!) at sunrise in some fabulous place with all your BFF’s! And if we don’t like them, well, we can turn the phone off (or MUTE!) and read a damn book!

Move along now – there's nothing more to see here.








wine blog +  Italian wine blog + Italy W

          Кто такой анонимный рецензент?   


В конце мая во дворе Института образования Высшей школы экономики открыли памятник анонимному рецензенту. Корреспондент «Чердака» побывал на церемонии и задумался о том, откуда взялся peer review, как вышло, что первый памятник тому, кто рецензирует научные статьи перед публикацией, появился только сейчас — и почему он выглядит, как огромная игральная кость.

Как рецензент Эйнштейна обидел

1 июня 1936 года в книге регистрации рукописей журнала The Physical Review появилась запись о том, что на рассмотрение в редакцию поступила статья под названием «Существуют ли гравитационные волны?» за авторством Альберта Эйнштейн и Натана Розена.

Полтора месяца спустя Джон Тейт, главный редактор журнала, отправил именитому физику рукопись статьи, сопроводив ее отзывом рецензента и просьбой отреагировать на высказанные им замечания. Эйнштейн в ответ написал:


Сэр,

Мы (мистер Розен и я) выслали вам рукопись для того, чтобы ее опубликовали, и не давали вам права на то, чтобы вы показывали ее кому-либо до публикации. Я не вижу причин как-либо реагировать на комментарии — кстати, совершенно ошибочные — вашего анонимного эксперта. На основании произошедшего я предпочту опубликовать эту статью в другом журнале.


Тейт в ответном письме сожалел о решении Эйнштейна, отмечая, однако, что никогда не стал бы публиковать статьи в своем журнале, авторы которых не согласны на то, чтобы их текст был сперва проверен.

Статья в итоге увидела свет на страницах другого журнала, филадельфийского Journal of the Franklin Institute, уже в 1937 году. Правда, под немного другим названием — «О гравитационных волнах». Да и вывод, к которому приходят авторы в этом историческом тексте, на 180 градусов отличается от вывода рукописи, присланной в The Physical Review: изначальный ответ, который давали Эйнштейн с Розеном на вопрос о существовании гравитационных волн, был отрицательным. Через полгода после того, как Тейт отправил физикам критические замечания анонимного рецензента, дуэт ученых успел передумать — и вот уже 80 лет прошло с момента того, как они заявили о том, что гравитационные волны существуют.

Дальнейшая история гравитационных волн многим из наших читателей, полагаем, известна: год с лишним назад экспериментаторам проекта LIGO таки удалось зарегистрировать гравитационные волны, поднятые слиянием двух черных дыр в 50 миллионах световых лет от Земли. Статья была опубликована — что примечательно — в том же The Physical Review, когда-то отказавшем Эйнштейну в том, чтобы отказать на своих страницах гравитационным волнам в существовании.

Этим анекдотом предварял открытие памятника анонимному рецензенту Игорь Чириков, директор Центра социологии высшего образования, которому, собственно, и принадлежала первоначальная идея «переплавки» безликого бетонного блока во дворе Института образования Высшей школы экономики — по слухам, он там стоял еще со времен Великой Отечественной — в объект культурного наследия: шестигранную игральную кость, на каждой из граней которой значится один из стандартных вердиктов, которые выносят рецензенты рукописям.
Промо-видео кампании по сбору средств на памятник анонимному рецензенту

На формулировке идеи Чириков не остановился — памятник, с которого в полдень 26 мая было сорвано покрывало, создан на деньги, собранные на сайте kickstarter. Те из спонсоров, кто пожертвовал на создание монумента «невоспетым героям науки» в виде шестигранной игральной кости, получили право войти в историю, нанеся название своей статьи на одну из граней памятника. Подобной опцией, по словам Чирикова, воспользовались двадцать человек, названия их статей заняли свои места — а двадцать первой стала та самая не принятая к публикации статья Эйнштейна с Розеном. На грани «Reject», естественно.

Что было до того, как это стало модным

«Чего мы хотим? Доказательно обоснованной науки! Когда? После рецензирования!» — скандировали участники апрельских «Маршей за науку». Кричалка быстро стала популярным рефреном в околонаучных и симпатизирующих им кругах (впрочем, эта фраза была популярна и до того, как стать кричалкой). Рецензирование публикаций сегодня воспринимается, как неотъемлемый элемент научного процесса: собственно наличие рецензирования отличает научные журналы от всех прочих.

Саму практику отдавать на проверку рукописи, судя по всему, наука переняла у медицины — по крайней мере, в качестве первого примера рецензируемого журнала часто упоминается сборник медицинских статей Философского общества Эдинбурга, вышедший в 1731 году. То, что первыми тут оказались медики, не удивительно — за нечто подобное еще в Средние века ратовал Исхак ибн Али аль-Рухави: по мнению арабского медика, врач обязан вести историю болезни, дабы после исцеления (либо смерти) пациента передать свои записи на суд группе коллег, чтобы те, в свою очередь, постановили, корректен ли был избранный курс лечения и не заслуживает ли их собрат штрафа за непрофессионализм. Идея понятна: количество выживших само по себе — не самая удачная метрика, чтобы определять высоту искусства врачевания.

Вслед за Эдинбургом подтянулся и Лондон. В 1752 году Королевское Общество взяло на себя фискальную ответственность за издание журнала Philosophical Transactions — до этого существовавшего уже почти век сугубо на деньги секретаря Общества. Вместе с этим был учреждён специальный Комитет бумаг (Committee of Papers), который оценивал обсуждаемые на заседаниях Общества статьи на их пригодность к публикации в журнале. В обязанности комитету вменялось призывать для консультаций наиболее компетентных в той или иной науке членов Общества — что можно считать первым в истории учреждением практики научного рецензирования рукописей на официальном уровне.

Несмотря на столь ранний старт, повсеместная институционализация этой практики приходится даже не на начало, а вторую половину прошлого века. Зачастую в силу чисто прозаических причин — например, один из флагманов научных изданий, журнал Nature, не привязанный ни к каким обществам, вводит рецензирование в 1967-м: в немалой степени только из-за того, что новому главреду журнала пришлось разгребать долгие ящики своего почившего предшественника. Просматривать все рукописи ему точно было некогда, и он попросил помощи учёных.


Что будет, если обходиться без этого

Об осечках издательской системы научной периодики написано уже немало и не меньше наверняка еще будет написано. Чуть ли не каждый год приносит очередную порцию скандалов и конфузов. Проблемам рецензирования и публикациям, выходящим с ошибками, посвящен отдельный проект — Retraction Watch. Периодически очевидные проблемы издательской системы используются в качестве инструмента до сих пор модных (к сожалению или счастью, решает пусть каждый сам за себя) «научных войн» — травли «физиками» «лириков». Или, если угодно, тех, кто называет себя реалистами, против тех, кого они называют постмодернистами.

А было это так: в 1996 году в достаточно авторитетном журнале того времени Social Text (в составе редколлегии — сам Джеймисон!) вышла статья «Преступая границы: к вопросу о трансформативной герменевтике квантовой гравитации» (Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity), в которой профессор физики из Нью-Йоркского университета, Алан Сокал, рассуждал о морфогенетических полях, упоминал, что психоаналитические модели Жака Лакана подтверждаются последними работами в области квантовой теории поля и заканчивал тем, что усматривал параллели между определением эквивалентности в теории множеств и гендерной эгалитарностью в понимании феминистической политической теории. Статью опубликовали — и вслед за этим Сокал выступил в прессе, где сообщил, что статья его — полный вздор, и тот факт, что эти бестолковые постмодернисты пропустили подобный текст в свой журнал, служит нагляднейшим доказательством того, что занимаются они чепухой, учеными называться не заслуживают и публикуют только то, что льстит их левацким душам.

В этом году мишенью борцов со скверной стали гендерные исследования. Дуэт авторов состряпал текст под заглавием «Концептуальный пенис как социальный конструкт», в котором предложил рассматривать пенис, как концептуальную сущность, являющуюся «универсальным перформативным источником сексуального насилия и основной концептуальной движущей силой изменения климата». Авторы ссылались на статьи, сгенерированные при помощи скрипта Postmodern Generator, цитировали книги несуществующих авторов, несли полную бессмыслицу — а потом отправили рукопись в один из журналов, специализирующихся на гендерных исследованиях. Там, после некоторого раздумья, предложили отправить ее в другой журнал. Авторы дали добро, и во втором чтении рукопись прошла рецензирование, получила высокие оценку, а после — авторам было предложено заплатить 625 долларов за ее публикацию. На что те с радостью согласились.


Второй журнал относился к «открытым» — таким, что существуют не на деньги, зарабатываемые на подписке, а на деньги тех, кто хочет опубликоваться в рецензируемом журнале. Фактически, его издатель просто инсценировал научный процесс, взял деньги за публикацию и был таков. Так что, строго говоря — как бы не пытались скептики сфокусироваться на негодяях постмодернистах — их пенис все-таки бьет по тем, кто пытается зарабатывать на открытой науке и тщеславии (либо нечистой совести) «исследователей», пренебрегая процедурой рецензирования рукописей. Этот сюжет не так свеж: тем же самым зарабатывали на жизнь герои «Маятника Фуко», с той разницей, что их «фабрика грез» обслуживала конспирологов.

Неповторимый процесс

Фигурой, символически изображающей процедуру рецензирования, стала игральная кость. Что примечательно — монумент одному из столпов научного процесса выглядит, будто памятник случайности. Форма одновременно подчеркивает наличие стандарта — граней не бесконечное число, и все возможные варианты ответа известны — но и в то же время явно иронизирует над процедурой выбора между этими ответами. Этому тоже есть объяснение.

13 октября прошлого года в Nature вышла статья о верхнем пределе длительности человеческой жизни, поднявшая большой шум в области демографических исследователей. Как выяснилось, авторы вообще не были специалистами в данном вопросе, а просто решили удовлетворить свое любопытство и не постеснялись после отправить результаты в редакцию журнала, скорее надеясь на обратную связь, чем публикацию. Журнал отдал рукопись рецензентам. Те, во-первых, разгромили авторскую методологию в пух и прах (знаете, где генетики брали данные о долгожителях? В Книге рекордов Гиннеса), но в том, что касается интерпретации результатов, разошлись. Авторы учли все замечания, вновь отправили текст, и в итоге опубликовались: один рецензент высказался строго против, другой за, а третий, хоть и был не согласен с авторской интерпретацией, так и не нашел в себе сил сказать строгое «нет», ведь авторы учли все его технические замечания — за что генетики даже отдельно поблагодарили его в итоговой публикации.

Спустя некоторое время последовала реакция: специалисты завалили авторов и редакцию журнала критическими отзывами (хотя были и те, кто приветствовал статью — один из них был так впечатлен работой, что выписал ученым чек на 60 000 долларов). Что именно и когда пошло не так? Когда один из рецензентов не смог сказать «нет»? Когда редакторы Nature решили печатать текст, несмотря на то, что результирующая мнений рецензентов не позволяла дать однозначную оценку тексту? Внятного ответа нет. Статья не была отозвана — но в «Натуре» размышляли о том, не опубликовать ли какой-нибудь из критических отзывов. Научный журналист Эстер ван Сантен, который разбирался в том, что вообще тогда произошло, заканчивает свой текст комментарием одного из авторов злополучной работы по поводу возможной публикации отзыва: «Надеюсь, что это произойдет. Ведь тогда мы сможем написать ответ, и у нас появится еще одна публикация в Nature». Занавес.


Иногда научный процесс выглядит так. Все ли верно на этой картинке? И такие истории не единичны. Другим примером может служить публикация в Science статьи о «мышьяковых бактериях» — GFAJ-1, экстремофилах, которые якобы способны в условиях нехватки фосфора замещать его мышьяком — хотя специалисты сразу же, что называется, громко рассмеялись, а два года спустя опровергли (раз и два) оригинальные результаты, приговаривая, что статья вообще не должна была быть опубликована — а теперь уж точно должна быть отозвана, дабы не сбивать никого с толку (работы отзывают ведь в первую очередь для того, чтобы на них нельзя было сослаться). Но этого не произошло. Ответа на вопрос, что же тут пошло не так, ван Сантен не находит, вопрос так и остается висеть в воздухе. Кажется, случайность. Кубик иногда говорит «Accept».

Это, конечно, многих будоражит. Ведь процедура рецензирования — тот самый барьер, отделяющий частные домыслы от реальной картины того, как здесь и сейчас для нас выглядит устройство мира. И это только во-первых. Во-вторых — от того, проходят ли тексты статей или нет в журнал, зависит очень многое в карьере ученых. И да — этот инструмент имеет социальную природу: решение о научной значимости той или иной рукописи принимается людьми и предполагает обсуждение, коммуникацию. И им не всегда удается договориться.

Этот аспект уже не первое десятилетие вызывает огромный исследовательский интерес. Результаты пока, правда, неутешительные: многие открыто жалуются на то, что как объект исследования, рецензирование сопротивляется всяческим попыткам в нем разобраться. Более того, когда ученые начинают экспериментировать, выясняется, что процедура даже не то что далека от идеала — она, кажется, совершенно произвольно принимает решение. Например, вероятность согласия между рецензентами в том, следует ли статью принять, переписать или отвергнуть, близка к случайности, а единства мнений по поводу научной значимости текста добиться от них попросту невозможно. А абстракт, отправленный на конференцию, может получить оценку рецензентов от 1 до 6 (максимальной). И так далее. В общем, будучи стандартом для правильного научного процесса, содержательная сторона рецензирования действительно напоминает лотерею. И работа научных издательств, в каждом отдельном случае, с каждой отдельной статьей — индивидуальна. Как и работа рецензентов.

Как приручить рецензента

Работа рецензента не так уж и проста. Во-первых, она затратна: за рецензирование обычно не платят денег, а кроме того, тот, кто проверяет чужую работу, в это самое время не занимается своей. Во-вторых, неблагодарна: обычно рецензент полностью скрыт за кулисами процесса публикации. В Nature утверждают, что за год они просят выступить рецензентом около тридцати тысяч ученых, и только треть отвечает согласием. Не так уж легко согласиться на то, чтобы терпеливо править чужие ошибки, в то время, как мог бы совершать свои. В некотором смысле, взявшись читать чужую статью, ты всегда рискуешь увидеть в ней то, что ты отложил на пару дней, дабы помочь издателям. И эти риски ничем не компенсируются, кроме разве что чувства причастности Большому Делу.

В 2012 году издательство Elsevier пообещало 5000 долларов тому, кто предложит лучший способ сделать рецензирование более привлекательным для ученых. В результате возник проект Reviewer Recognition Platform, позволяющий рецензентам получать скидки на продукцию издательства и меряться рейтингом с коллегами, а редакторам журналов — выделять самых выдающихся рецензентов. В 2013-м стартует проект Publons, который работает примерно так же — только раздает скидки на пользование Mendeley, GitHub и сервисами «Амазона». И — футболки (ну куда же без футболок!). Впрочем, «Паблоны» в начале июня купила компания, уже владеющая Web of Science, так что возможно награды за рецензирование могут стать более весомыми.

Но пока что рецензентов продолжают мотивировать в основном убеждения и желание соучаствовать научному процессу, желание играть по неформальным правилам того сообщества, к которому ты хочешь принадлежать. Иными словами, причины скорее социальной природы. Не стоит недооценивать силу «так уж повелось».

Как рецензент Эйнштейну помог

У анекдота об обиженном Эйнштейне, рассказанного Чириковым, есть продолжение. Оно стало известно много лет спустя, благодаря физику Дэниэлю Кеннефику, который, начав свое сотрудничество с LIGO в нулевых, так увлекся историей охоты на гравитационные волны, что даже целую книгу про это написал. Вот что он рассказывает в своей статье 2005 года.

Итак, лето 1936 года. Джон Тейт эпистолярно соболезнует о том, что не сможет опубликовать на страницах своего журнала возможно революционную статью Эйнштейна и Розена, Эйнштейн готовит свой текст к отправке в Филадельфию. В середине августа в Принстон возвращается из Пасадены физик-релятивист Говард Робертсон. Общительный ученый быстро знакомится с Леопольдом Инфельдом, буквально только что прибывшим в США из Польши. Тот с первых дней в Принстоне начал тесно сотрудничать с Эйнштейном (как пишет сам Инфельд, этому немало способствовало его владение немецким языком). В первом же разговоре с коллегой Робертсон замечает, что не верит в правоту Эйнштейна, и гравитационные волны в действительности существуют. Несколько дней спустя физики встречаются вновь, чтобы разобрать аргументацию Инфельда, и Робертсон указывает тому на банальнейшую ошибку в расчетах, которую допустил его коллега. Инфельд немедленно сообщает об этом Эйнштейну, а тот отвечает — да, он тоже нашел в своей аргументации ошибку — причем как раз этой ночью.

Еще несколько месяцев спустя статью Эйнштейна и Розена публикует журнал Института Франклина. Она называется «О гравитационных волнах» и приводит теоретическое доказательство их существования. Статья заканчивается примечанием, гласящим:


Вторая часть этой статьи была существенно переработана мной уже после отъезда мистера Розена в Россию, потому как наша изначальная интерпретация результатов была ложной. Я хочу поблагодарить моего коллегу, профессора Робертсона за помощь в обнаружении ошибки. Я благодарен также мистеру Хоффманну за его помощь с переводом.



Казалось бы, что тут удивительного? Интересной эта история стала, когда, — полвека спустя, в конце 90-х — Кеннефик получил доступ к архиву Робертсона, где нашел письмо физика к главному редактору The Physical Review, датированное 18 февраля 1937 года:


Вы не стали утруждать себя тем, чтобы держать меня в курсе дальнейшей судьбы статьи, которую прислал вам прошлым летом ваш наиболее выдающийся автор. Тем не менее, расскажу вам о том, чем эта история закончилась. Рукопись была отправлена в другой журнал (оставив в ней даже опечатки, которые обнаружил ваш рецензент), но когда она вернулась уже в гранках, доказательство было полностью пересмотрено, поскольку мне удалось за это время убедить его в том, что он на самом деле доказывает нечто совершенно противоположное.

Возможно, вам будет любопытно взглянуть на статью в январском выпуске журнала Института Франклина за 1937 год, страница 43, и сравнить ее выводы с отзывом вашего рецензента.


Вдохновленный открытием, Кеннефик продолжил изучать письма Робертсона, и нашел второе письмо, адресованное Тейту, в котором физик писал, что несмотря на его восхищение работой Эйнштейна, он не может признать того, что утверждаемое в ней действительно можно назвать установленным. И предлагает Тейту либо переслать его ремарки авторам, либо опубликовать работу, «как есть», исправив лишь орфографические и типографические ошибки — потому как после подобной публикации гравитационными волнами уже точно займутся всерьез, что в любом случае ничего, кроме блага, не принесет — разве что завалит Тейта работой.

А в 2005-м главред The Physical Review, Мартин Блюм, обнаружил пачку старых бумаг своего далекого предшественника, среди которых оказалась книга учета рукописей с записями о материалах, присланных Тейту летом 36-го. В ней напротив статьи Эйнштейна и Розена, в графе рецензентов значилась фамилия «Робертсон».

Ну, а остальное — уже история.

«Для рецензента, пожалуй, самое важное, это соответствовать материалу», — после некоторого раздумья говорит на церемонии открытия памятника во дворе Института образования ВШЭ химик Анатолий Сафронихин, один из наиболее активных российских участников Publons.

И позирует для фотографов с врученной ему копией памятника, держа его гранью «Accept» в камеру. Потому что именно эту грань надеется выкинуть каждый рецензент, начиная проверять очередную статью. Даже если для этого каждый раз нужны совершенно нестандартные техники броска.

взято тут

             
Cabinet Decision on 7th CPC Transport Allowance
Cabinet Committee has decided to implement the recommendations of 7th CPC on Transport Allowance without any change.

In its official report, “For most of the allowances that were retained, the 7th CPC recommended a raise commensurate with inflation as reflected in the rates of Dearness Allowance (DA). Accordingly, fully DA-indexed allowances such as Transport Allowance were not given any raise. Allowances not indexed to DA were raised by a factor of 2.25 and the partially indexed ones by a factor of 1.5. The quantum of allowances paid as a percentage of pay was rationalised by a factor of 0.8.”

The existing rates are as under:
Employees Drawing
A-1/A Class cities
Others places (Rs. PM)
GP 5400 and above
3200+DA
1600+DA
GP 4200 to GP 4800 and other employees drawing
GP<4200 but pay in the pay band to equivalent to Rs. 7440 and above  
1600+DA
800+DA
GP<4200 and pay in the pay band below 7440
600+DA
300+DA
 7th CPC recommended as follows:
Pay Level
Higher TPTA Cities
Others places
9 and above
7200+DA
3600+DA
3 to 8
3600+DA
1800+DA
1 and 2
1300+DA
900+DA

   
Recommendations in respect of some important allowances paid to all employees:
(i)                  Rate of Children Education Allowance (CEA) has been increased from 1500 per month / child (max. 2) to 2250 per month / child (max.2). Hostel Subsidy will also go up from 4500 per month to 6750 per month.
(ii)                Existing rates of Special Allowance for Child Care for Women with Disabilities has been doubled from 1500 per month to 3000 per month.
(iii)          Higher Qualification Incentive for Civilians has been increased from 2000 - 10000 (Grant) to 10000 - 30000 (Grant).
7th CPC Allowances for Pensioners : Fixed Medical Allowances increased to Rs.1000 PM
Rate of Fixed Medical Allowance (FMA) for Pensioners has been increased from Rs.500 per month to Rs.1000 per month. This will benefit more than 5 lakh central government pensioners not availing CGHS facilities.

i.The rate of Constant Attendance Allowance granted on 100% disablement has been increased from Rs.4500 per month to Rs.6750 per month.

             

7th Pay Commission allowances approved by Cabinet – Official press release of Govt

7th Pay Commission allowances approved by Cabinet – Official press release of Govt – 7th Pay Commission HRA at 30% 20% and 10% for pay level 1 to 3 – For remaining level HRA @ 24% 16% and 8% – After DA crosses 25% HRA will be at 27%, 18% and 9% for X, Y and Z Cites respectively

Cabinet approves recommendations of the 7th CPC on allowances

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the recommendations of the 7th CPC on allowances with some modifications. The revised rates of the allowances shall come into effect from 1st July, 2017 and shall affect more than 48 lakh central government employees.

While approving the recommendations of the 7th CPC on 29th June, 2016, the Cabinet had decided to set up the Committee on Allowances (CoA) in view of substantial changes in the existing provisions and a number of representations received. The modifications are based on suggestions made by the CoA in its Report submitted to Finance Minister on 27thApril, 2017 and the Empowered Committee of Secretaries set up to screen the recommendations of 7th CPC.

7th CPC recommendations on Allowances
The 7th CPC had adopted a three-pronged approach in examining a total of 197 allowances which involved an assessment of the need for continuation of each allowance, appropriateness of the set of people covered by the allowance and rationalisation which involved clubbing of allowances with similar objectives. Based on the examination on these lines, the 7th CPC recommended that 53 allowances be abolished and 37 be subsumed in an existing or a newly proposed allowance.
For most of the allowances that were retained, the 7th CPC recommended a raise commensurate with inflation as reflected in the rates of Dearness Allowance (DA). Accordingly, fully DA-indexed allowances such as Transport Allowance were not given any raise. Allowances not indexed to DA were raised by a factor of 2.25 and the partially indexed ones by a factor of 1.5. The quantum of allowances paid as a percentage of pay was rationalised by a factor of 0.8.
A new paradigm has been evolved to administer the allowances linked to risk and hardship. The myriad allowances, their categories and sub–categories pertaining to  civilians employees, CAPF and defence personnel have been fitted into a table called the Risk and Hardship Matrix (R&H Matrix). The Matrix has nine cells denoting varying degrees of risk and hardship with one extra cell at the top named as RH – Max to include Siachen Allowance. Multiple rates applicable to individual allowances will be replaced by two slab rates for every cell of the R&H Matrix.
Modifications approved by the Cabinet
The modifications approved today were finalised by the E-CoS based on the recommendations of the CoA. The CoA had undertaken extensive stakeholder consultations before finalising its recommendations. It had interacted with Joint Consultative Machinery (Staff side) and representatives from various staff associations. Most of the modifications are on account of continuing requirement of some of the existing arrangements, administrative exigencies and to further the rationalization of the allowances structure.
Financial Implications
The modifications approved by the Government in the recommendations of the 7th CPC on allowances will lead to a modest increase of ₹1448.23 crore per annum over the projections made by the 7th CPC. The 7th CPC, in its Report, had projected the additional financial implication on allowances at ₹29,300 crore per annum. The combined additional financial implication on account of the 7th CPC recommendations along with the modifications approved by the Cabinet is estimated at ₹30748.23 crore per annum.
Highlights of Cabinet approval on Allowances
1.        Number of allowances recommended to be abolished and subsumed:
Government has decided not to abolish 12 of the 53 allowances which were recommended to be abolished by the 7th CPC. The decision to retain these allowances has been taken keeping in view the specific functional requirements of Railways, Posts and Scientific Departments such as Space and Atomic Energy. It has also been decided that 3 of the 37 allowances recommended to be subsumed by the 7th CPC will continue as separate identities. This has been done on account of the unique nature of these allowances. The rates of these allowances have also been enhanced as per the formula adopted by the 7th CPC. This will benefit over one lakh employees belonging to specific categories in Railways, Posts, Defence and Scientific Departments.
2.        House Rent Allowance
HRA is currently paid @ 30% for X (population of 50 lakh & above), 20% for Y (5 to 50 lakh) and 10% for Z (below 5 lakh) category of cities. 7th CPC has recommended reduction in the existing rates to 24% for X, 16% for Y and 8% for Z category of cities. As the HRA at the reduced rates may not be sufficient for employees falling in lower pay bracket, it has been decided that HRA shall not be less than ₹5400, ₹3600 and ₹1800 for X, Y and Z category of cities respectively. This floor rate has been calculated @ 30%, 20% and 10% of the minimum pay of ₹18000. This will benefit more than 7.5 lakh employees belonging to Levels 1 to 3.
7th CPC had also recommended that HRA rates will be revised upwards in two phases to 27%, 18% and 9% when DA crosses 50% and to 30%, 20% and 10% when DA crosses 100%. Keeping in view the current inflation trends, the Government has decided that these rates will be revised upwards when DA crosses 25% and 50% respectively. This will benefit all employees who do not reside in government accommodation and get HRA.
3.        Siachen Allowance
7th CPC had placed Siachen Allowance in the RH-Max cell of the R&H Matrix with two slabs of ₹21,000 and ₹31,500. Recognizing the extreme nature of risk and hardship faced by officers / PBORs on continuous basis in Siachen, the Government has decided to further enhance the rates of Siachen Allowance which will now go up from the existing rate from ₹14,000 to ₹30,000 per month for Jawans & JCOs (Level 8 and below) and from ₹21,000 to ₹42,500 per month for Officers (Level 9 and above). With this enhancement, Siachen Allowance will become more than twice the existing rates. It will benefit all the soldiers and officers of Indian Army who are posted in Siachen.
4.        Dress Allowance
At present, various types of allowances are paid for provisioning and maintenance of uniforms/outfits such as Washing Allowance, Uniform Allowance, Kit Maintenance Allowance, Outfit Allowance etc. These have been rationalised and subsumed in newly proposed Dress Allowance to be paid annually in four slabs @ ₹5000, ₹10,000, ₹15,000 and ₹20,000 per annum for various category of employees. This allowance will continue to be paid to Nurses on a monthly basis in view of high maintenance and hygiene requirements. Government has decided to pay higher rate of Dress Allowance to SPG personnel keeping in view the existing rates of Uniform Allowance paid to them (which is higher than the rates recommended by the 7th CPC) as also their specific requirements. The rates for specific clothing for different categories of employees will be governed separately.
5.        Tough Location Allowance
Some allowances based on geographical location such as Special Compensatory (Remote Locality) Allowance (SCRLA), Sunderban Allowance & Tribal Area Allowance have been subsumed in Tough Location Allowance. The areas under TLA have been classified into three categories and the rates will be governed as per different cells of R&H Matrix and will be in the range of ₹1000 – ₹5300 per month. The 7th CPC had recommended that TLA will not be admissible with Special Duty Allowance (SDA) payable in North-East, Ladakh and the Islands. Government has decided that employees will be given the option to avail of the benefit of SCRLA at pre-revised rates along with SDA at revised rates.
6.    Recommendations in respect of some important allowances paid to all employees:
(i)    Rate of Children Education Allowance (CEA) has been increased from ₹1500 per month / child (max. 2) to ₹2250 per month / child (max.2). Hostel Subsidy will also go up from ₹4500 per month to ₹6750 per month.
(ii)   Existing rates of Special Allowance for Child Care for Women with Disabilities has been doubled from ₹1500 per month to ₹3000 per month.
(iii)   Higher Qualification Incentive for Civilians has been increased from ₹2000 – ₹10000 (Grant) to ₹10000 – ₹30000 (Grant).
7.   Recommendations in respect of some important allowances paid to         Uniformed Services: Defence, CAPFs, Police, Indian Coast Guard and    Security Agencies
i.    The 7th CPC has recommended abolition of Ration Money Allowance (RMA) and free ration to Defence officers posted in peace areas. It has been decided that Ration Money Allowance will continue to be paid to them and directly credited to their account. It will benefit 43000 Defence officers.
ii.   Technical Allowance (Tier – I & II) are paid to Defence officers belonging to technical branches @₹3000 per month and ₹4500 per month. 7th CPC has recommended that Technical Allowance (Tier – II) be merged with Higher Qualification Incentive for Defence personnel. In view of the specific requirements of Defence Forces for the Defence personnel to keep pace with changing Defence requirements and technologies, the  Government has decided not to discontinue Technical Allowance. The list of courses for these allowances will be reviewed to remain in sync with the latest technical advancements in Defence.
iii The facility of one additional free railway warrant (Leave Travel Concession) presently granted to personnel of Defence Forces serving in  field/high altitude/CI Ops shall also be extended to all personnels of CAPFs and the Indian Coast Guard.
iv.                        Rates of High Altitude Allowance granted to Defence Forces and CAPF personnel will be governed by the R&H Matrix. The rates will go up from  ₹810 – ₹16800 per month to ₹2700 – ₹25000 per month.
v.  Field Area Allowances are granted to Indian Army, Air Force & CAPF personnel. The rates of Field Area Allowances (Modified Field, Field & Highly Active)  will be governed by the R&H Matrix. The rates will go up from ₹1200 – ₹12600 per month to ₹6000 – ₹16900 per month. Classification of field areas for this allowance will be done by Ministry of Defence for Defence personnel and by Ministry of Home Affairs for CAPFs.
vi.  The rates of Counter Insurgency Ops (CI Ops) Allowance, granted to Defence and CAPFs while deployed in counter – insurgency operations will be governed by the R&H Matrix. The rates will go up from  ₹3000 – ₹11700 per month to ₹6000 – ₹16900 per month.
vii.   Rates of MARCOS and Chariot Allowance granted to marine commandos of Indian Navy will be governed by the R&H Matrix. The rates will go up from ₹10500 – ₹15750 per month to ₹17300 – ₹25000 per month.
viii.                        Rates of Sea Going Allowance granted to personnel of Indian Navy will be governed by the R&H Matrix. The twelve hour conditionality for determining the eligibility of Sea Going Allowance has been reduced to four hours. The rates will go up from ₹3000 – ₹7800 per month to ₹6000 – ₹10500 per month.
ix.  Rates of Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA) Allowance granted to CRPF personnel deployed in Naxal hit areas will be governed by the R&H Matrix. The rates will go up from ₹8400 – ₹16800 per month to ₹17300 – ₹25000 per month.
x.  Rates of Flying Allowance granted to flying branch and technical officers of Defence Forces will be governed by the R&H Matrix. The rates will go up from ₹10500 – ₹15750 per month to ₹17300 – ₹25000 per month. It has been extended mutatis mutandis to BSF Air Wing also.
xi.   Rates of Higher Qualification Incentive for Defence Personnel have been increased from ₹9000 – ₹30000 (Grant) to ₹10000 – ₹30000 (Grant).
xii.                        Aeronautical Allowance, presently paid to personnel of Indian Navy, has been extended to Indian Coast Guard. The rate of this allowance has been increased from ₹300 per month to ₹450 per month.
xiii.  Rates of Test Pilot and Flight Test Engineer Allowance will be governed by the R&H Matrix. The rates will go up from  ₹1500 / ₹3000 per month to ₹4100 / ₹5300 per month.
xiv.  Rates of Territorial Army Allowance have been increased from ₹175 – ₹450 per month to ₹1000 – ₹2000 per month.
xv.    Ceilings of Deputation (Duty) Allowance for Defence Personnel have been increased from ₹2000 – ₹4500 per month to ₹4500 – ₹9000 per month.
xvi.    Rates of Detachment Allowance have been increased ₹165 – ₹780 per day to ₹405 – ₹1170 per day.
xvii.    Rates of Para Jump Instructor Allowance have been increased from ₹2700/3600 per month to ₹6000 / 10500 per month.
xviii.    Special Incident / Investigation / Security Allowance has been rationalized. Rates for Special Protection Group (SPG) have been revised to 55% and 27.5% of Basic Pay for operational and non – operational duties respectively.
8.         Recommendations in respect of some important allowances paid to Indian Railways
i.    Rates of Additional Allowance have been increased from ₹500 / 1000 per month to ₹1125 / 2250 per month. This has also been extended to Loco Pilot Goods and Senior Passenger Guards also @₹750 per month.
ii.    In view of strenuous nature of the job, new Allowance namely Special Train Controller’s Allowance @5000 per month for Train Controllers of Railways has been introduced.
9.   Recommendations in respect of some important allowances paid to Nurses & Ministerial Staffs of Hospital
i. Existing rate of Nursing Allowance has been increased from ₹4800 per month to ₹7200 per month.
ii. Rate of Operation Theatre Allowance has been increased from ₹360 per month to ₹540 per month.
iii.  Rates of Hospital Patient Care Allowance / Patient Care Allowance have been increased from ₹2070 – ₹2100 per month to ₹4100 – ₹5300 per month. 7th CPC recommendations modified to the extent that it will be granted to Ministerial staff also.
10.       Recommendations in respect of some important allowances paid to        Pensioners
Rate of Fixed Medical Allowance (FMA) for Pensioners has been increased from ₹500 per month to ₹1000 per month. This will benefit more than 5 lakh central government pensioners not availing CGHS facilities.
i.   The rate of Constant Attendance Allowance granted on 100% disablement has been increased from ₹4500 per month to ₹6750 per month.
11.       Allowances to Scientific Departments
i.     The recommendations of 7th CPC to abolish Launch Campaign Allowance and Space Technology Allowance has not been accepted. In order to incentivize the supporting employees in Space and Atomic Energy sector, the rate of Launch Campaign and Space Technology Allowance has been increased from ₹7500 per annum to ₹11250 per annum. Professional Update Allowance for non-gazetted employees of Department of Atomic Energy will also continue to be paid at the enhanced rate of ₹11250 per annum.
ii.   The 7th CPC had placed Antarctica Allowance, paid to the Scientists and other members undertaking the expedition to Antarctica under the Indian Antarctic programme, in the RH-Max Cell of the R&H Matrix. The rates of the RH-Max Cell recommended by the 7th CPC were less than the existing rates of Antarctica Allowance which is currently paid on per day basis. Considering the specific nature of these expeditions and to provide appropriate increase in rates, Government has decided to keep Antarctica Allowance out of the R&H Matrix and the allowance will continue to be paid on per day basis as per existing practice. The Rates of Antarctica Allowance will go up from ₹1125 per day (Summers) and ₹1688 per day (Winters) to ₹1500 per day (Summers) and ₹2000 per day (Winters).
12.     Allowances paid to D/o Posts
i.      The recommendations of 7th CPC to abolish Cycle Allowance, granted     mainly to Postmen and trackmen in Railways, has not been accepted.           Keeping in view the specific requirement of this allowance for postmen                       in Department of Posts and trackmen in Railways, the cycle allowance       is retained and the rates have been doubled from ₹90 per month to ₹180 per month. This will benefit more than 22,200 employees.
Conclusion
While increasing the rate of allowances affecting the central government employees, especially the Defence, CAPF and Coast Guard personnel, the staff of Railways, Postal department and nursing staff, the total number of allowances have been rationalized from 197 to 128. Thus, the Government has shown a great deal of fiscal prudence and at the same time addressed the genuine concerns of the employees and responded to some of the administrative exigencies necessitating the modifications.
Source: PIB

          Clearance Duresta Chair - Tate in Quantum Charcoal   

Available Now

This clearance Duresta Tate Chair is in excellent condition, previously used either for a photoshoot, an ex-display model or a cancelled order.This chair is upholstered in Quantum Charcoal. Range D5 fabric. On it’s own it is a fabulous statement piece for your living room, but also works well with pieces from the Duresta range.

Handmade Sofas
Duresta sofas and chairs are handmade and hand sewn in the UK by skilled craftsman. Constructed from two types of hardwood; beech and tulipwood, the triple dowelled sofa frame is incredibly strong and rigid yet lightweight, with the tulipwood kiln dried to prevent it from bowing and twisting – perfect for using in different climates. There are two types of springs used in Duresta sofas and chairs. The seat is coil sprung which provides a durable base for the seat cushions and serpentine springs are used on the back for the ultimate in comfort and support. All fabrics are individually hand cut and pattern matched. To request a sample of the fabric to be sent to your home please call us on 01386 711512 or email our Duresta specialists: sales@pavilionbroadway.co.uk.

Arrange a Viewing
This sofa is located in our warehouse in Ashchruch, Tewkesbury. If you would like to arrange a viewing, please contact us using the details above. We also make Duresta sofas and chairs to order with your choice of upholstery, trimmings, castors and seat fillings. For more information please visit the Duresta Made to Order pages or speak to one of our Duresta specialists who will be happy to tailor a quote to your personal specifications.

Price: £1,288.83 Special Price: £773.30


          Quantum of Solace Fandango Fan Meter   
Quantum of Solace has received an average rating of 3.9 out of 5 from 17018 Fandango fans that have seen this movie.

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          Quantum of Solace Fandango Buzz   
52% of 5791 Fandango fans have indicated that they "Can't Wait" to see Quantum of Solace and 48% "Don't Care" about this movie.

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          Yet Another Awesome Bond!   
I thought the acting and directing to be above average. This movie would be great for Bond fans and action aficionados alike.

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          Quantum of Solace Movie Review   
83 out of 100 Too much or not enough? The exhilarating popcorn fun will return in the action-packed 007 legend.

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          Quantum of Solace review   
Pretty much standard James Bond movie, action sequences were great, but its just an okay flick. Acting wasn't really anything to write home about,...Read More

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          @%#@&^(   
Are you f&*)@ kidding me???? This movie can go grow teeth from its butt hole and stick stuff up it and chew it. It sucked beginning to end. Ill stick...Read More

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          Quantum Of Solace Movie Review   
83 out of 100 The difference between the first one the sequel has more action, action and more action.

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          Scientists Assert That Hidden Dimensions Might Exist in Gravitational Waves – Futurism   

Futurism

Scientists Assert That Hidden Dimensions Might Exist in Gravitational Waves
Futurism
Scientists have been pursuing a theory of quantum gravity because it would unify general relativity and quantum mechanics — a goal which continues to eluded physicists. That theory would be integral to our understanding of what happens inside black ...


          SHIRTLESS BEAR-FIGHTER #1 battles to a 2nd printing   

Media Release -- Writers Jody LeHeup (former editor of Uncanny X-Force, Deadpool, Quantum and Woody) and Sebastian Girner (editor of SOUTHERN BASTARDS, DEADLY CLASS, BLACK SCIENCE), newcomer artist Nil Vendrell, colorist Mike Spicer (HEAD LOPPER, MYTHIC), and letterer Dave Lanphear launched the #WarOnBearror to overwhelming critical acclaim, and Image Comics is pleased to announce that SHIRTLESS BEAR-FIGHTER #1 will be fast-tracked to a second printing. The second printing cover will feature a re-colored version of the Andy Suriano artwork.

Full story »
           L-Soft Introduces Next Generation of Classic LISTSERV&#174; Software   

Release of LISTSERV 15.0 marks quantum leap for 20-year email list industry trailblazer.

(PRWeb November 20, 2006)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2006/11/prweb481286.htm


          Días de cine (II)   
Continuo, a buen ritmo, aligerando la estantería de películas por ver. A continuación las que han tocado este fin de semana:

007 Quantum of Solace
Ciertamente poco puedo decir de esta cinta. Las malas críticas recibidas me pusieron en sobre aviso sobre este nuevo Bond, lo cual no ayudó precisamente al disfrute. Como siempre, cuantas menos expectativas se tengan sobre algo, sean positivas o negativas, más limpia será nuestra mirada. Tras el más que digno e interesante debut de Daniel Craig en su anterior aventura, dirigida en esa ocasión por , esta continuación encargada a Marc Foster parece no llegar a la altura.
De Foster sin embargo si que recomiendo toda su filmografía anterior (a excepción de Tránsito que aún no he visto): Monster's ball, Descubriendo Nunca Jamás, Más extraño que la ficción y Cometas en el cielo
Más info: Filmaffinity


Madagascar 2
Salvando a mi adorado Wall-E, película que ha provocado tantas pasiones como indiferencia en el público, esta secuela de Madagascar es lo más divertido de la pasada temporada de animación USA. Los comentarios que recordaba (es lo que tiene ver cine en casa, que uno ya se ha olvidado de lo que se hablaba en su estreno) alababan la primera parte de la historia, mientras que acusaban al resto de falta de ritmo. Todo lo contrario: divertida de principio a fin, técnica y visualmente muy bien resuelta y con un guión que quizás de para una tercera película de la que apenas hay rumores.
Más info: Filmaffinity


Ghost Town (Me ha c
aído el muerto)
Aparte del curioso título español, que hace creer al espectador que se va a encontrar con una comedia, apenas hay una escena que remita a este género: la propia muerte del hombre que acudirá al protagonista de forma acorpórea. A partir de ahí nos encontramos con una sátira sobre el hombre moderno, los fantasmas, los asuntos pendientes, las relaciones sentimentales y los problemas de cuernos. Demasiados matices para una historia con aspecto romántico que fluye hacia los pantanosos terrenos de lo melancólico, la decepción y el agrio carácter de aquellas personas a las que en realidad les cuesta abrirse al mundo y se esconden tras un caparazón de antipatia.
Estamos pues ante un tipo de historia que resulta mucho más interesante como drama que como la comedia que nos han intentado vender. Los incondicionales de Ricky Gervais, provengan de The Office de Extras, disfrutarán nuevamente con un tipo de personaje al que ya nos tiene acostumbrado. Aquellos que busquen en "Me ha caído el muerto" la comedia que nos haga recordar las escenas de Whoopie Golberg en "Ghost" más vale que huyan hacia otra película.
Más info: Filmaffinity

Elizabeth, la edad de oro
Nada mejor para finalizar el fin de semana que una nueva dosis del más o menos reciente cine histórico. En este caso la segunda película sobre la reina Isabel I interpretada por Cate Blanchett. Los numerosos errores históricos que se le achacan, así como el desarrollo de personajes más imaginativos que reales, han lastrado las críticas recibidas por esta película. Sin embargo su impecable realización, decorados, música e interpretaciones hacen de ella un interesante retrato de la Inglaterra contra la que se enfrentó España a manos de Felipe II.
Más info: Wikipedia
          Press release: New method could enable more stable and scalable quantum computing, Penn physicists report   

          Stochastic webs and quantum transport in superlattices: an introductory review   
Soskin, S. M. and McClintock, P. V. E. and Fromhold, T. M. and Khovanov, I. A. and Mannella, R. (2009) Stochastic webs and quantum transport in superlattices: an introductory review. arXiv . (Submitted)
          Quantum Break gameplay and TV episodes show the blending of interactivity and live action video   

We’ve tried to write this with a minimum amount of spoilers. Quantum Break is a big new video game from Microsoft for the PC and Xbox One. Remedy worked on this time-travel shooter game for five years. It is perhaps the biggest new original game that Microsoft has coming for the Xbox One, and its […]


          Support & Implementation Engineer   
Job Purpose An opportunity has arisen within an organisation that is focused on technology solutions and services which meet the specific needs of customer operations around the world. You will provide customer and internal teams with high quality and efficient technical support, for all deployments. You will maintain a proactive approach towards the correct implementation of process, ensuring the stability and effectiveness of Quantum's deliverables. Key Tasks You will be expected to carry out a range of tasks associated with the provision of technical support to colleagues, customers and the delivery of services. These will include but not be limited to the following tasks: Troubleshooting and resolving customer reported IT problems Technical support services to Customers (3rd Line) Occasional International travel and onsite installation activities Monitor and maintain various remote installations Liaison with 3rd party software and hardware providers Use helpdesk management tool to create and update incidents/problems as they occur Occasional in-house IT support for UK and international offices Participation in 24/7 on-call roster Support installation projects Perform system upgrades and patches Desired skills and experience Strong customer service focus and mentality Strong oral and written communication skills Proficient in MS Word, Excel TCP/IP Networks experience - basic design, configuration, troubleshooting. Experience in working with and installing Windows Servers and PC's Exposure to SQL Good problem solving skills Should be resourceful and proactive in performing activities requested to ensure the required quality and timely delivery Be able to pass a criminal record check to obtain airport passes
          Some studies of the theory and application of continuous groups in atomic spectroscopy   
Some studies of the theory and application of continuous groups in atomic spectroscopy Cunningham, M.J. This thesis is concerned with the representation theory of continuous groups both compact and non-compact and its application to atomic spectroscopy. In Chapter I some atomic wavefunctions for equivalent electrons in the group scheme SU2 x (U2l+1 R2l+1 R3) are constructed in terms of electron fermion creation and annihilation operators. The concept of semiconjugacy is defined and shown to reduce the number of states that must be explicitly calculated. The states of the d shell are calculated and tabulated. In Chapter II it is shown how to extract n-body cfp's associated with arbitrary auxiliary quantum numbers from the n-body generalisation of Redmond's formula. The method is applied to give explicit formulae for the squares of one body cfp's of the atomic d-shell. Group theory is applied in Chapter III to extend the quasiparticle formalism developed by Armstrong and Judd to expose the complete group structure of the eigenfunctions of the equivalent electron l shell. A simple method for relating quasiparticle states to determinantal states and for calculating quasiparticle matrix elements is developed. The need for fractional parentage coefficients in calculating these matrix elements is eliminated. In Chapter IV the technique and formalism is extended to describe general mixed configurations. The hydrogen atom is factorised according to the scheme 0(4,2) 0(2,1) x 0(3) in Chapter V and the radial group 0(2,1) studied. It is shown that rkD n/(n+q) , where Da is a dilatation operator, is proportional to a tensor operator in this scheme, allowing a group theoretical study of the radial matrix element rk, including an explanation of the Pasternack and Sternheimer selection rule. The technique is extended in Chapter VI to solve a differential equation directly related to the generalised Kepler equation of Infeld and Hull in an 0(2,1) x 0(3) group scheme. This equation contains as special cases the Schrodinger, Klein-Gordan, and Dirac (two forms) hydrogen atoms. A generalised Pasternack and Sternheimer selection rule exists and some matrix elements can be evaluated group theoretically.
          Black Arts Toneworks Quantum Mystic   

Black Arts Toneworks Quantum Mystic

Developed as a joint effort between Black Arts Toneworks and Mike Scheidt of the band YOB, from right here in Portland, Oregon. One of Mike's go-to pedals was an old grey two-knob guy from decades past, and it's all over YOB records. However, its two-knob design doesn't lend itself to a whole lot of flexibility, and its status as the crux of such a distinct guitar tone means that a more versatile model is needed.

Enter: The Quantum Mystic. The old grey distortion has been significantly upgraded with more modern parts, road-ready construction and most importantly, an active three-band equalizer. No longer held back by a single tone knob, the Quantum Mystic delivers all the classic, thick tone of the original old grey mare with some welcome additions that make the Quantum Mystic adaptable to myriad more genres than the crushing doom of YOB.

The equalizer is a Baxandall type which means the three bands are very interactive and even with one or more bands scooped, the sound is still very musical. The classic grey distortion is an oft-utilized sound, and its time is now. This is the upgrade you've been waiting for. The Quantum Mystic is true bypass, runs on a standard "Boss" style plug, 2.1mm center negative and is stout enough to withstand the rigors of a YOB tour.


$162.99

          KingFisher White Metal Stair Gate Quantum 72-79cm   

Kingfisher Quantum Baby Stair Safety Gate comes in a durable, clean white finish and is constructed of light weight, strong aluminium. Quantum Safety Gate provide baby safety protection for openings 72 -79cm and is suitable for doorways, stairs and corridors.

Regular Price: £34.00

£29.81


          Las mejores ofertas de Amazon (30 de junio al 3 de Junio)   
Bienvenido una vez más a nuestra guía semanal de las mejores ofertas de Amazon. En Qore entendemos que eres amante de la tecnología, de los gadgets y, probablemente, de los videojuegos, por lo que buscamos las mejores ofertas con las mejores calificaciones y a los mejores precios. De esta manera, podrás disfrutar productos de gran calidad y sin gastar mucho dinero. Comencemos.

Tecnología y gadgets

Disco duro externo Seagate 3 TB - ahorras 40%

Un disco duro externo nunca está de más, sobre todo si eres un usuario que maneja archivos muy grandes. El disco duro externo de Seagate tiene 3 TB de almacenamiento, los suficientes para almacenar decenas de juegos y miles de canciones o fotografías. ¡Incluso puedes conectarlo a tu consola! Además, este modelo es compatible con USB 3.0, por lo que las velocidades de transferencia son mucho más rápidas.

Audífonos in-ear Skullcandy INKD - ahorras 50%

Skullcandy es una marca de audífonos siempre confiable y su modelo intraular INKD mantiene la línea. Los audífonos son alámbricos o inalámbricos, tienen un 'collar' que te permite colgarlos del cuello cuando no los estás utilizando, incluyen un centro de control fácil de usar, tienen drivers pequeños pero poderosos y una autonomía de 8 horas.

Smartwatch Garmin Vivoactive - ahorras 40%

¿Quién dijo que un smartwatch tenía que ser tan caro como el Apple Watch? A pesar de no ser una marca tan reconocida, el Vivoactive de Garmin ha recibido buenas críticas por parte de los usuarios por ser barato y tener mucha funcionalidad. Tiene GPS, varios medidores de estadísticas sobre tu actividad física, se conecta con tu smartphone para mostrar alertas de llamadas entrantes, mensajes de textos, correos electrónicos, elementos del calendario y notificaciones de aplicaciones de redes sociales y también puedes cambiar las caras o añadir widgets.

Samsung Smart TV 55" SUltra HD Flat - ahorra 52%

¿Qué mejor manera de disfrutar el 4K que con un televisor de 55''? El nuevo televisor SUHD de Samsung es capaz de mostrar una paleta de colores 64 veces superior a la de nuestros modelos convencionales. La tecnología HDR 1000 muestra con más exactitud el extenso rango de niveles de luz y oscuridad de una imagen para que sea más parecida a la realidad. La tecnología Quantum Dot de Samsung ofrece colores más nítidos y realistas. La tecnología Ultra Black reduce los reflejos en la pantalla y aumenta la absorción de luz del panel. Por último, con la SUHD Remastering Engine, todos tus contenidos se verán con la mejor calidad posible.

Videojuegos

Digimon Story: Cyber Sleuth (PS4) - ahorras 55%

Celebrando su 15.° aniversario, la franquicia Digimon regresa a los sistemas de PlayStation® en forma de RPG en Digimon Story Cyber Sleuth. ¡Escanea, cría y entrena a tus fieles acompañantes Digimon para que peleen a tu lado en clásicas batallas por turnos! Conviértete en el mejor detective y reúne pistas para resolver un extraño fenómeno que ha infectado al mundo real y al digital.

Mirror's Edge Catalyst (PS4) - ahorras 75%

Sigue a Faith, una valiente corredora libre, en su lucha por la libertad en la ciudad de Cristal, una ciudad aparentemente elegante y de alta tecnología, que esconde un terrible secreto en su interior. Explora cada rincón, desde las bellas azoteas iluminadas hasta los túneles oscuros y tenebrosos. La ciudad es inmensa, eres libre para pasear y Faith es el centro de todo. A través de la perspectiva en primera persona, en Mirror's Edge Catalyst combina fluidos movimientos y combate avanzado con todo lo que te rodea en la ciudad para dominar el entorno y destapar la conspiración. El Mirror's Edge para esta generación sube el listón de la inmersión en los juegos de acción y aventura.

Kit de Mario para Nintendo Switch - ahorras 48%

Cuida tu nuevo Nintendo Switch de la mejor manera. Este Starter Kit de Mario incluye un estuche de viaje rígido con bolsa interior que almacena la consola y hasta 12 juegos, 2 protectores para los controles Joy-Con, unos audífonos intraurales, 2 protectores para los joysticks y un protector para la pantalla. Con este paquete de gran diseño, tu consola te durará muchísimo tiempo.

FIFA 17 (Xbox One y PS4) - ahorras 44%

Con el poder de Frostbite, FIFA 17 transforma la manera en que juegas, compites y te conectas emocionalmente con el juego. FIFA 17 te sumerge en experiencias auténticas del futbol aprovechando la sofisticación de un nuevo motor de juego, te presenta futbolistas llenos de profundidad y emoción, y te lleva a nuevos mundos accesibles solo en el juego. La innovación completa de la forma en que piensan y se mueven los jugadores, la interacción con los rivales y la ejecución en el ataque te permiten poseer cada momento en la cancha.

Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Wildlands (Xbox One) - ahorras 45%

Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Wildlands es el primer shooter militar en un masivo, peligroso y sensorial mundo abierto con el que puedes jugar solo o con hasta cuatro jugadores en modo cooperativo. Acaba con el Cartel de Santa Blanca, conviértete en un Ghost y explora Bolivia en el mundo abierto de aventura más grande que ha creado Ubisoft.

Halo Wars 2 (Xbox One) - ahorras 64%

La estrategia en tiempo real tiene un regreso explosivo en el universo Halo en Halo Wars 2. Lidera a los Spartans, Warthogs y a otras fuerzas de lucha clásicas de Halo en una guerra brutal contra un terrible nuevo enemigo, en el campo de batalla más grande de la franquicia hasta ahora.


qore

          Jeroen De Dauw: Review of Ayreon: The Source   

In this post I review the source code of the Ayreon software. Well, actually not. This is a review of The Source, a progressive rock/metal album from the band Ayreon. Yes really. Much wow omg.

Overall rating

This album is awesome.

Like every Ayreon album, The Source features a crapton of singers each portraying a character in the albums story, with songs always featuring multiple of them, often with interleaving lines. The mastermind behind Ayreon is Arjen Anthony Lucassen, who for each album borrows some of the most OP singers and instrumentalists from bands all over the place. Hence if you are a metal or rock fan, you are bound to know some of the lineup.

What if you are not into those genres? I’ve seen Arjen described as a modern day Mozart and some of his albums as works of art. Art that can be appreciated even if you otherwise are not a fan of the genre.

Some nitpicks

The lyrics, while nice, are to me not quite as epic as those in the earlier Ayreon album 01011001. A high bar to set, since 01 is my favorite Ayreon album. (At least when removing 2 tracks from it that I really do not like. Which is what I did years ago so I don’t remember what they are called. Which is bonus points for The Source, which has no tracks I dislike.) One of the things I really like about it is that some of the lyrics have characters with opposite moral or emotional stances debate which course of action to take.

These are some of the lyrics of The Fifth Extinction (a song from 01011001), with one singers lines in green italics and the other in red normal font:

I see a planet, perfect for our needs
behold our target, a world to plant our seeds
There must be life
first remove any trace of doubt!
they may all die
Don’t you think we should check it out?
We have no choice, we waited far too long
this is our planet, this is where they belong.
We may regret this,
is this the way it’s supposed to be?
A cold execution, a mindless act of cruelty!

I see mainly reptiles
A lower form or intelligence
mere brainless creatures
with no demonstrable sentience
What makes us superior
We did not do so great ourselves!
A dying race, imprisoned in restricted shells

<3

The only other nitpick I have is that the background tone in Star of Sirrah is kinda annoying when paying attention to the song.

Given my potato sophistication when it comes to music, I can’t say much more about the album. Go get a copy, it’s well worth the moneys.

The story

Now we get to the real reason I’m writing this review, or more honestly, this rant. If you’re not a Ayreon fanboy like me, this won’t be interesting for you (unless you like rants). Spoilers on the story in The Source ahead.

In summary, the story in The Source is as follows: There is a human civilization on a planet called Alpha and they struggle with several ecological challenges. To fix the problems they give control to Skynet (yes I will call it that). Skynet shuts everything down so everyone dies. Except a bunch of people who get onto a spaceship and find a home on a new planet to start over again. The story focuses on these people, how they deal with Skynet shutting everything down, their coming together, their journey to the new planet and how they begin new lives there.

Originality

It’s an OK story. A bit cheesy and not very original. Arjen clearly likes the “relying on machines is bad” topic, as evidenced by 01011001 and Victims of the Modern Age (Star One). When it comes to originally in similar concept albums I think 01011001 does a way better job. Same goes for Cybion (Kalisia), which although focuses on different themes and is not created by Arjen (it does feature him very briefly), has a story with similar structure. (Perhaps comparing with Cybion is a bit mean, since that bar is so high it’s hidden by the clouds.)

Consistency

Then there are some serious WTFs in the story. For instance planet Alpha blows up after some time because of the quantum powercore melting down due to the cooling systems being deactivated. Why would Skynet let that happen? If it can take on an entire human civilization surely it knows what such deactivation will result into? Why would it commit suicide, and fail its mission to deal with the ecological issues? Of course, this is again a bit nitpicky. Logic and consistency in the story are not the most important thing on such an album of course. Still, it bugs me.

Specificness

Another difference with 01011001 is that story in The Source is more specific about things. If it was not, a lot of the WTFs would presumably be avoided, and you’d be more free to use your imagination. 01011001 tells the story of an Aquatic race called the Forever and how they create human kind to solve their wee bit of an apathy problem. There are no descriptions of what the Forever look like, beyond them being an Aquatic race, and no description of what their world and technology looks like beyond the very abstract.

Take this line from Age of Shadows, the opening song of 01011001:

Giant machines blot out the sun

When I first heard this song this line gave me the chills, as I was imagining giant machines in orbit around the systems star (kinda like a Dyson swarm) or perhaps just passing in between the planet and the star, still at significant distance from the planet. It took some months for me to realize that the lyrics author probably was thinking of surface based machines, which makes them significantly less giant and cool. The lyrics don’t specify that though.

The Ayreon story

Everything I described so far are minor points to me. What really gets me is what The Source does to the overall Ayreon story. Let’s recap what it looked like before The Source:

The Forever lose their emotions and create the human race to fix themselves. Humanity goes WW3 and blows itself up, despite the Forever helping them to avoid this fate, and perhaps due to the Forevers meddling to accelerate human evolution. Still, the Forever are able to awaken their race though the memories of the humans.

Of course this is just a very high level description, and there is much more to it then that. The Source changes this. It’s a prequel to 01011001 and reveals that the Forever are human, namely the humans that fled Alpha… Which turns the high level story into:

Humans on Alpha fuck their environment though the use of technology and then build Skynet. Some of them run away to a new planet (the water world they call Y) and re-engineer themselves to live there. They manage to fuck themselves with technology again and decide to create a new human race on earth. Those new humans also fuck themselves with technology.

So to me The Source ruins a lot of the story from the other Ayreon albums. Instead of having this alien race and the humans, each with their own problems, we now have just humans, who manage to fuck themselves over 3 times in a row and win the universes biggest tards award. Great. #GrumpyJeroenIsGrumpy

Conclusion

Even with all the grump, I think this is an awesome album. Just don’t expect too much from the story, which is OK, but definitely not as great as the rest of the package. Go buy a copy.


          Lionel Dricot: L’humanité a-t-elle trouvé le sens de la vie ?   

Quel est le sens de la vie ? Pourquoi y’a-t-il des êtres vivants dans l’univers plutôt que de la matière inerte ? Pour ceux d’entre vous qui se sont déjà posé ces questions, j’ai une bonne et une mauvaise nouvelle.

La bonne, c’est que la science a peut-être trouvé une réponse.

La mauvaise, c’est que cette réponse ne va pas vous plaire.

Les imperfections du big bang

Si le big bang avait été un événement parfait, l’univers serait aujourd’hui uniforme et lisse. Or, des imperfections se sont créées.

À cause des forces fondamentales, ces imperfections se sont agglomérées jusqu’à former des étoiles et des planètes faites de matière.

Si nous ne sommes pas aujourd’hui une simple soupe d’atomes parfaitement lisse mais bien des êtres solides sur une planète entourée de vide, c’est grâce à ces imperfections !

La loi de l’entropie

Grâce à la thermodynamique, nous avons compris que rien ne se perd et rien ne se crée. L’énergie d’un système est constante. Pour refroidir son intérieur, un frigo devra forcément chauffer à l’extérieur. L’énergie de l’univers est et restera donc constante.

Il n’en va pas de même de l’entropie !

Pour faire simple, l’entropie peut être vue comme une « qualité d’énergie ». Au plus l’entropie est haute, au moins l’énergie est utilisable.

Par exemple, si vous placez une tasse de thé bouillante dans une pièce très froide, l’entropie du système est faible. Au fil du temps, la tasse de thé va se refroidir, la pièce se réchauffer et l’entropie va augmenter pour devenir maximale lorsque la tasse et la pièce seront à même température. Ce phénomène très intuitif serait dû à l’intrication quantique et serait à la base de notre perception de l’écoulement du temps.

Pour un observateur extérieur, la quantité d’énergie dans la pièce n’a pas changé. La température moyenne de l’ensemble est toujours la même. Par contre, il y’a quand même eu une perte : l’énergie n’est plus exploitable.

Il aurait été possible, par exemple, d’utiliser le fait que la tasse dé thé réchauffe l’air ambiant pour actionner une turbine et générer de l’électricité. Ce n’est plus possible une fois que la tasse et la pièce sont à la même température.

Sans apport d’énergie externe, tout système va voir son entropie augmenter. Il en va donc de même pour l’univers : si l’univers ne se contracte pas sous son propre poids, les étoiles vont inéluctablement se refroidir et s’éteindre comme la tasse de thé. L’univers deviendra, inexorablement, un continuum parfait de température constante. En anglais, on parle de “Heat Death”, la mort de la chaleur.

L’apparition de la vie

La vie semble être une exception. Après tout, ne sommes-nous pas des organismes complexes et très ordonnés, ce qui suppose une entropie très faible ? Comment expliquer l’apparition de la vie, et donc d’éléments à entropie plus faible que leur environnement, dans un univers dont l’entropie est croissante ?

Jeremy England, un physicien du MIT, apporte une solution nouvelle et particulièrement originale : la vie serait la manière la plus efficace de dissiper la chaleur et donc d’augmenter l’entropie.

Sur une planète comme la terre, les atomes et les molécules sont bombardés en permanence par une énergie forte et utilisable : le soleil. Ceci engendre une situation d’entropie très faible.

Naturellement, les atomes vont alors s’organiser pour dissiper l’énergie. Physiquement, la manière la plus efficace de dissiper l’énergie reçue est de se reproduire. En se reproduisant, la matière crée de l’entropie.

La première molécule capable d’une telle prouesse, l’ARN, fut la première étape de la vie. Les mécanismes de sélection naturelle favorisant la reproduction ont alors fait le reste.

Selon Jeremy England, la vie serait mécaniquement inéluctable pour peu qu’il y aie suffisamment d’énergie.

L’humanité au service de l’entropie

Si la théorie d’England se confirme, cela serait une très mauvaise nouvelle pour l’humanité.

Car si le but de la vie est de maximiser l’entropie, alors ce que nous faisons avec la terre, la consommation à outrance, les guerres, les bombes nucléaires sont parfaitement logiques. Détruire l’univers le plus vite possible pour en faire une soupe d’atomes est le sens même de la vie !

Le seul dilemme auquel nous pourrions faire face serait alors : devons-nous détruire la terre immédiatement ou arriver à nous développer pour apporter la destruction dans le reste de l’univers ?

Quoi qu’il en soit, l’objectif ultime de la vie serait de rentre l’univers parfait, insipide, uniforme. De se détruire elle-même.

Ce qui est particulièrement angoissant c’est que, vu sous cet angle, l’humanité semble y arriver incroyablement bien ! Beaucoup trop bien

 

Photo par Bardia Photography.

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Ce texte est publié sous la licence CC-By BE.


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          Quantum Many-Body Systems Far from Equilibrium: Quench Dynamics, Thermalisation, and Many-Body Localisation   
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Пару дней назад компания Microsoft объявила о скором старте крупной распродажи игр для приставки Xbox One в магазине Xbox Marketplace. Летняя распродажа игровых проектов стартует уже сегодня.

Продлится летняя распродажа игр для Xbox One в период с 30 июня по 10 июля. В рамках распродажи можно купить более 350 игр, среди которых проекты для Xbox 360 и Xbox One.

Полный список игр для Xbox One на летней распродаже выглядит следующим образом:
НазваниеСкидкаЦена с Gold
Injustice 2 15% / 25%2399 руб.
Tom Clancy’s Ghost Recon Wildlands – Standard Edition 25% / 35%2599 руб.
Tom Clancy’s Ghost Recon Wildlands – Deluxe Edition 25% / 35%2989 руб.
Tom Clancy’s Ghost ReconWildlands – Gold Edition 20% / 30%4199 руб.
Mass Effect: Andromeda 40% / 50%1999 руб.
Mass Effect: Andromeda Deluxe Edition 40% / 50%2249 руб.
Prey 10% / 17%3319 руб.
The Elder Scrolls Online: Morrowind 25% / 33%2679 руб.
The Elder Scrolls Online: Morrowind Upgrade 17% / 25%1049 руб.
The Elder Scrolls Online: Morrowind Collector’s Edition 25% / 33%3349 руб.
The Elder Scrolls Online: Morrowind Collector’s Edition Upgrade 17% / 25%2999 руб.
FOR HONOR Standard Edition 30% / 40%2199 руб.
FOR HONOR Deluxe Edition 30% / 40%2759 руб.
FOR HONOR Gold Edition 25% / 35%3899 руб.
Battlefield 1 50% / 60%1599 руб.
Battlefield 1 Deluxe Edition 50% / 60%1999 руб.
Battlefield 1 Ultimate Edition 40% / 50%3999 руб.
Battlefield 1 Premium Pass 10% / 20%2399 руб.
Tom Clancy’s Rainbow Six Siege 40% / 50%1319 руб.
Tom Clancy’s Rainbow Six Siege Complete Edition 30% / 40%3179 руб.
Tom Clancy’s Rainbow Six Siege Year 2 Gold Edition 30% / 40%2399 руб.
Rocket League 30% / 40%419 руб.
Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare – Launch Edition 25% / 35%1999 руб.
Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare – Digital Legacy Edition 20% / 30%2749 руб.
Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare – Digital Deluxe Edition 17% / 25%4094 руб.
Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare – Season Pass 10% / 20%2559 руб.
EA SPORTS FIFA 17 50% / 60%1199 руб.
EA SPORTS FIFA 17 Deluxe Edition 40% / 50%1649 руб.
EA SPORTS FIFA 17 Super Deluxe Edition 25% / 35%3299 руб.
Killer Instinct: Definitive Edition 30% / 40%1019 руб.
Ori and the Blind Forest: Definitive Edition 40% / 50%209 руб.
Quantum Break 60% / 67%1319 руб.
ReCore 50% / 50%1499 руб.
Ryse: Legendary Edition 67% / 75%699 руб.
ScreamRide 67% / 75%649 руб.
State of Decay: Year-One Survival Edition 60% / 67%659 руб.
Sunset Overdrive 60% / 67%1088 руб.
Dead Rising 3: Apocalypse Edition 50% / 60%999 руб.
Super Ultra Dead Rising 3 Arcade Remix 70% / 80%99 руб.
Dead Rising 4 40% / 50%1999 руб.
Dead Rising 4 Deluxe Edition 40% / 50%2999 руб.
Dead Rising 4 Season Pass 50% / 60%279 руб.
Halo Wars 2: Standard Edition 50% / 50%999
Halo Wars 2: Ultimate Edition 50% / 50%1299 руб.
Halo Wars 2: 3 Blitz Packs 15% / 15%288 руб.
Halo Wars 2: 9 Blitz Packs + 1 Free 15% / 15%849 руб.
Halo Wars 2: 20 Blitz Packs + 3 Free 20% / 20%1599 руб.
Halo Wars 2: 40 Blitz Packs + 7 Free 30% / 30%2799 руб.
Halo Wars 2: 100 Blitz Packs + 35 Free 45% / 45%4399 руб.
Gears of War 4 Ultimate Edition 40% / 40%4199 руб.
Gears of War 4 50% / 50%1999 руб.
Gears of War: Ultimate Edition – Day One Version 40% / 50%1559 руб.
Gears of War Ultimate Edition Deluxe Version 50% / 60%1899 руб.
Gears of War 4 – Run The Jewels Airdrop 40% / 50%662 руб.
Halo 5: Guardians 40% / 50%1799 руб.
Halo 5: Guardians – Digital Deluxe Edition 50% / 60%2339 руб.
Halo 5: Guardians – 10 Gold REQ Packs + 3 Free 17% / 25%899 руб.
Halo 5: Guardians – 15 Gold REQ Packs + 5 Free 25% / 33%1272 руб.
Halo 5: Guardians – 34 Gold REQ Packs + 13 Free 35% / 45%2254 руб.
Forza Motorsport 6 Platinum Edition Bundle 67% / 75%1584 руб.
Forza Horizon 3 Porsche Car Pack 60% / 60%187 руб.
Forza Horizon 2: Storm Island 67% / 75%174 руб.
Forza Horizon 2 and Forza Motorsport 5 Bundle 50% / 60%1999 руб.
The Walking Dead: The Complete First Season 70% / 80%199 руб.
The Walking Dead: Season Two 70% / 80%199 руб.
The Walking Dead: A New Frontier – The Complete Season (Episodes 1-5) 30% / 40%719 руб.
The Walking Dead: Michonne – A Telltale Miniseries 60% / 70%167 руб.
The Wolf Among Us 60% / 70%299 руб.
Game of Thrones – The Complete First Season (Episodes 1-6) 60% / 70%209 руб.
Tales from the Borderlands Complete Season (Episodes 1-5) 60% / 70%179 руб.
Minecraft: Story Mode – Season Pass (Episodes 2-5) 50% / 60%375 руб.
Minecraft: Story Mode – Adventure Pass (Additional Episodes 6-8) 50% / 60%199 руб.
Minecraft: Story Mode – The Complete Season (Episodes 1-5) 50% / 60%375 руб.
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Rating: 0 Posted By: ragingwookiee
Views: 620 Replies: 0


          Quantum Algorithms via Linear Algebra   

          Quantum Physicist Explains How One Thing Can be in Two Places Simultaneously   


Source: Truth Theory | by Luke Miller

Physicists are used to the idea that subatomic particles behave according to the bizarre rules of quantum mechanics, completely different to human-scale objects. A good example of this is the double slit experiment. In a new breakthrough experiment, Aaron O'Connell has blurred that distinction and created an object that is visible to the unaided eye, but provably in two places at the same time. In this talk he suggests an intriguing way of thinking about the result.



What do you think about this groundbreaking experiment? Get involved in the conversation in the comments section and please share this article.

THIS ARTICLE IS OFFERED UNDER CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE. IT'S OKAY TO REPUBLISH IT ANYWHERE AS LONG AS ATTRIBUTION BIO IS INCLUDED AND ALL LINKS REMAIN INTACT.
          Продам планшет Prestigio Multipad 4 2016-08-22 (Минск)   
Продам планшет Prestigio Multipad 4 Quantum 10.1\"3G.PMP5101C3G_QUAD.Планшет 4-х ядерный процессор.Долго держит батарея.Сим карта для выхода в интерне...
          The Dinosaw June Edition   
Welcome to the June 2017 edition of the Dinosaw… a selection of the most innovative, most interesting and most useful things we’ve seen this month. Yep, it’s monthly, so don’t forget to swing by next month too. In this edition you’ll see: Quantum satellites that keep data super-secure Binky, the social network for people who don’t like people […]
          Todd Kmiec posted a blog post   
Todd Kmiec posted a blog post

Consistency

Great results come from doing good work consistently over a long period of time.  It’s easy to fall into the trap of believing that a heroic effort will generate a quantum leap to greater success.In recruiting or any other business it takes a build up to break through to generate truly great results and a sustainable high level of success.todd@toddkmiec.comhttps://toddkmiec.wordpress.com/https://www.linkedin.com/in/toddkmiec/See More

          Simplifying Community Registered Design litigation in the UK - Spin Master v PMS   
Designs can leave some people
spinning around
Although it is a case management decision, there are so many hints in the recent decision Spin Master v PMS [2017] EWHC 1477 (Pat) that Mr Justice Carr wants the judgment to get wider circulation.  As he puts it, the CMC raised the issue of "how to achieve short, cost-effective hearings where one or perhaps both parties are preparing for a much longer trial."

Background to the dispute

This dispute concerns alleged infringement of a Community registered design (002614669-0002) due to sales of PMS' "Clingabeez" products in UK stores and online. PMS counterclaimed for groundless threats.  As the judge noted, both issues are interconnected and the second cannot succeed if infringement is found.

Legal principles for registered designs

Mr Justice Carr reminded everyone of the guidance from Procter & Gamble Co v Reckitt Benckiser (UK) Limited [2007] EWCA Civ 936; [2008] Bus LR 801 and repeated and expanded by the Court of Appeal in Dyson Ltd v Vax Ltd [2011] EWCA Civ 1206; [2013] Bus LR 328.

In particular:
(i) Registered design cases are concerned with the overall impression of the registered design, the alleged infringement and the design corpus. It is easier to see this than to describe it in words.
(ii) Admissible evidence in such cases is very limited, and is most likely to comprise technical evidence about design constraints. Such evidence is unlikely to require substantial cross-examination. It should be possible to decide a registered design case in a few hours.
(iii) If permission for expert evidence is to be given, then the precise ambit of that evidence should be defined. The expert should be told what question to address and the evidence should be confined to those questions.
(iv) It is clear law that whether the defendant has copied is irrelevant. It is equally irrelevant for the defendant to prove or to give disclosure about how their design was arrived at.
Clingabeez - PMS
Mr Justice Carr added a few further observations, namely:
A. Each party understandably wants to have their say but the length of the hearing needs to be balances against the interests of other users of the court.
B.   Copying is not relevant to the question of design freedom (which is an objective, technical question).  Indeed, an advantage of a registered design is that copying does not have to be proved.  Proof of copying may be considered to be useful prejudice but it is no more than that.  
Applying these principles at the CMC, the judge noted that:
  1. Both costs budgets (£776k and £360k respectively) were "far too much given the simplicity of the issues". 
  2. As registered design cases turn on the overall impression, the images of the design and products are far more important than the verbal description of the design.
  3. The only admissible evidence is likely to concern technical evidence re design constraints. 
  4. many of the requests for further information were not relevant until considering financial relief and should be left until that stage (if relevant). 
  5. He was not going to order mediation - but would ask serious questions at trial if there were no attempts at ADR after exchange of evidence. 
  6. Only limited disclosure was necessary, particularly where quantity was not relevant to establishing liability.  E.g. the number of Amazon sellers that the Claimant allegedly wrote to would be relevant to quantum but not liability.  
  7. Only limited expert evidence was necessary on the features identified by the Claimant in the Particulars of Claim i.e. (i) whether they were solely dictated by its technical function; and (ii) the scope of design freedom which was limited by the functional nature (if any) of the features. 
  8. Evidence of the design corpus could be dealt with either by an expert witness or as evidence of fact - both approaches are admissible. 

Bunchems - Spin Master
Lessons for the future

Another hint at the judgment's desired impact on the English IP community comes from the concluding paragraphs on "lessons for the future".  This is a handy guide on how to to achieve shorter trials in registered design cases in the future (with emphasis added):

(i) The parties should, in appropriate cases, produce images at an early stage to show the differences or similarities upon which they rely, and in the case of the defendant, those features which are wholly functional or in which design freedom is said to be limited. Requests for further information are unlikely to be helpful.

(ii) Claimants should not try to introduce or seek disclosure in relation to copying. The parties should carefully consider why, if at all, disclosure is necessary, rather than agreeing to standard or even issue based disclosure.

(iii) Expert evidence as to whether the alleged infringement produces on the informed user the same or a different overall impression as the registered design should not be included in cases concerning consumer products.

(iv) The parties should try to limit the length of expert evidence to an agreed number of pages.

(v) If any evidence of fact is to be introduced, the court will need to be satisfied of its relevance.

(vi) The parties should be prepared at the pre-trial review to identify issues on which cross-examination is necessary, and to explain why.

(vii) Where multiple designs, or multiple infringements, are alleged, the parties should each select a limited number of samples on which the issues can be tested.

(viii) The parties should give careful thought to those issues which can be postponed to a damages inquiry, which will only need to be considered if liability is established.

You have been warned.

By Rosie Burbidge

          Both/And   
click to see a larger version of the comic

105 years ago, Albert Einstein wrote a scientific paper that changed the world of physics. Among other things, Einstein proclaimed that light was both a particle and a wave. This notion was so radical that it took 20 years to really be acknowledged and even longer to be adequately validated by research to become part of a scholarly consensus.

Einstein's work was at the forefront of what we now call Quantum Physics. As physicists dove under the layers of the visible world to explore subatomic particles, they found in their mathematic equations an interconnectedness that surprised and sometimes frightened them.

The problem with light had been described in either-or terms. Light was either disconnected particles or an interconnected wave. But Einstein theorized and others proved that light is both particle and wave. Neither particle theory nor wave theory can describe light. This understanding of light has now become scientific dogma. In fact, this discovery has been part of the push in Quantum Physics to understand the interconnectedness of all things.

In the Quantum universe, relationships are more important to study than the particles themselves. We once saw the world as filled with more than 90% dark matter, or the absence of stuff. But now scientists can find and show connections between particles where no matter connects the two. There is an essential connectedness among all things.

I write this as tomorrow is Trinity Sunday, the only day of the church year devoted to a doctrone of the church. The readings for tomorrow from the New Testament are ones in which references to Father, Son and Holy Spirit are named in one passage. The word Trinity itself does not appear in scripture, but the idea of the one God being Father, Son and Holy Spirit does. And so I look to scientific understandings which show both/and as possible as I prepare to speak of God as both three and one.

These understandings from Quantum physics would not surprise St. Patrick, or early Christians for that matter, who understood God to be both three persons and one God. Neither the idea that God is three, nor the idea that God is one, could work alone to describe the attributes of God. God is three persons so completely interconnected as to be one. And we, who are made in the image of God, long to be part of that interconnectedness, that koinonia (the New Testament Greek word for communion). This is why St. Augustine wrote, that our hearts are restless until they find rest in God. We who are created in the image of God’s communion long for communion with God and with others.

We act out this Christian belief in koinonia each time we celebrate a communion service. Each of us comes as an individual (particle). We bring our own uniqueness. Through the words and actions of the service we are drawn together (wave). We say the same words, in order to commune with God. Through that communion with God, we realize that as children of God, we are brothers and sisters to all the other people on earth. Our connection to God allows for a deeper connection to other people. This is how we in our imperfect ways participate in the very life of the Trinity.

peace,
Frank+
The Rev. Frank Logue, Pastor
          Physicist (level 3/4) - Super-classical Quantum Annealing - Northrop Grumman - Burlington, MA   
€¢ Traveling to Northrop Grumman sites, program meetings, and conferences. Northrop Grumman is committed to hiring and retaining a diverse workforce....
From Northrop Grumman - Fri, 30 Jun 2017 10:26:03 GMT - View all Burlington, MA jobs
          Quantum Cosmology   
The Big Bang singularity is not the very origin of our universe. Developments in quantum cosmology have shown us that the Big Bang singularity does not actually exist, and the universe continues on prior to what classically appears as the beginning of the universe. This podcast analyzes quantum cosmology.

Quantum Cosmology
          Comment on Money hard to get to build hydro-power stations- Finance Minister by rudeo   
What is the expected "flow" of oil money?......quantum bro......beware of "resource curse" and "Dutch disease"
          Paygard, Inc., Quantum Companies, Inc. and Reidco Acquisition I, Inc.   
Notice That Initial Decision Has Become Final
          Paygard, Inc., Quantum Companies, Inc. and Reidco Acquisition I, Inc.   
Order Instituting Administrative Proceedings and Notice of Hearing Pursuant to Section 12(j) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
          Kudo's for an outstanding member (1 reply)   
I recently purchased an O.D. transmission and upon inspection I found several parts missing. While trolling this site over the years I noticed Dick Moritz posts concerning his knowledge of said trans. So I posted a request for parts. Received several replies and then Dick chimed in. So in the background (i.e. thru PM's) he and I conversed. It was immediately apparent that he knew what he was talking about. The particular parts I was in need of could be purchased from Moss as an assembly but the costs was more than I was willing to pay. He suggested I contact John Esposito @ Quantum Mechanics Ltd. to see if he could help. As far as I'm concerned he went out of his way to help me, not once but twice and never ask for recompense and mailed me parts (I did in fact remunerate him in hopes that what I paid was sufficient). Dick is a business owner and I'm sure he stays busy, however he always took time from his day to offer advice and assistance.
So fellow MGE participants we should support those who support us. Dick Moritz and John Esposito are to be commended for their service and sacrifice to keep our LBC's, our passion alive and well.
So publicly I give a great big heartfelt thanks to both of them, our fellow gear heads !
          Games und so #199 (Die klassische Acht)   
Anki Overdrive / Enter the Gungeon / 8Bit-Grafik / EVE-Fanfest / Battleborn / Overwatch / Quantum Break / Need for Speed
          Word of the day   

The word for today is… degenerate (adj) – 1. Having declined, as in function or nature, from a former or original state. 2. Morally corrupt or given to vice. 3. (Physics) Relating to two or more quantum states that share the same quantum numbers. 4. (Physics) Characterised by great density and consisting of atoms stripped […]

The post Word of the day appeared first on Whale Oil Beef Hooked | Whaleoil Media.


          Hunter Contingent [Tau] - Part 2 (The Best of the New Formations)   


Well after looking at the basics of the Hunter Contingent, and the change to our pre-existing formation (here) it's time to look at the owww ahhhh part of the codex, with a look at what I think are the best of the remaining formations in the new Tau Codex


Optimised Stealth Cadre


This is my favorite formation, it includes the stunning new Ghostkeel model, the formation is so good that it gets my XV15 Stealth suits that haven't seen a battlefield in years out of the case, it helps with anti-tank, and is very very markerlight efficient.

For this formation you will need a unit of Ghostkeels and two units of Stealth Suits.  There is no restrictions on size of the formation so it can be as cheap as 310pts (however I think you should always upgrade the Ghostkeel's secondary weapon to at least a twin-linked burst cannon, making the minimum cost 315pts).  What makes this formation so good is the Wall of Mirrors special rule:


Basically at the start of the game you should just tell your opponent that this formation will be activating the Wall of Mirrors every turn (as there is no downsides).  It's interesting to note that the units in the formation do not have to fire at the same target to get the benefits, so you could fire at three different targets all with +1 BS, Ignore Cover and hitting rear armour.  However if you do decide to all fire at the same unit then they can benefit from the Hunter Contingent's Co-ordinated Firepower rule to gain a further +1 BS to mean all the shots will be hitting on 2+.  Hitting on 2's with Ignore Cover is like having 4 free markerlight tokens against any of the formations target - that is just a brilliant bonus.

Since the previous codex when broadside railguns were reduced from strength 10 to 8, Tau have struggled a bit with high value armour.  A hammerhead is a bit expensive for 1 shot a turn that misses a third of the time.  We were almost forced to take fusion guns and try to get within 9" to get the melta effect with either Piranhas or Crisis Suits.  However most vehicles have low value rear armour, perfect examples being Predators, Necron vehicles with Quantum Shielding, Leman Russ tanks.  For most of the these vehicles the rear armour is 2 to 3 points less than the front armour, meaning that the strength 5, 7 or 8 (all three units can get fusion weapons) guns in this formation could really do a number on them.

Lastly be aware that the Ghostkeel is the lynchpin of this formation.  If the Ghostkeel's are dead the Wall of Mirrors does nothing, so if you opponent snipes your Ghostkeels you'll just be left with subpar Stealth Suits.  Keep your Ghostkeel(s) safe (well as much as possible given the short range on the Ghostkeel's weapons).  For this reason I think the formation really starts to shine when you put a 2nd Ghostkeel to the Ghostkeel unit, making it much harder to take out the Ghostkeel unit.


Burst Cannon or Fusion ??

This is more of a personal choice and will depend on the type of vehicles you normally encounter and how much anti-heavy tank firepower your army already has.  With fusion to get the most of it you have to get within 9" for the melta ability to take effect, which may be dangerous.

Outside of 9" you may think that with ignore cover you'd want the AP1 of the fusion gun, however with four times the shots and a good strength of five, the burst cannon will kill as many marines as the fusion gun.  Going against rear armour, in terms of stripping hull points the burst cannon does just as well as the fusion gun against anything it can hurt (AV10 & 11).

The fusion also has the chance of causing instant death to T3 and T4 models, but to start with I'm going to try saving points and just using the burst cannons.  This will give my 315 point formation 6 str 7 shots and 30 str5 shots.  I can't wait to assemble and paint my Ghostkeel so I can try it out.


Retaliation Cadre


The biggest issue with this formation is that it is quite a large formation, which may make it hard to fit into a Hunter Contingent along side a Hunter Cadre*.  The formation consists of a Commander, 3 units of Crisis Suits, a Broadside unit and a Riptide unit; taking the crisis suits as units of one, but giving them weapons will see the formation cost roughly 500-550points, and this will rise sharply if you add more crisis suits and additional wargear.  Personally I also don't like spending too much on HQ characters and this formation forces you to bring a second commander* (after the one in the Hunter Cadre).

The whole formation gains Relentless (only really a factor for the Broadside, but a very nice buff).  If the whole formation is kept in reserve then they all deepstrike on turn 2 automatically (even the Broadside) and get +1 BS on the turn they deepstrike.

Again nice benefits, and will cause absolute havoc the turn they deepstrike (with a guarantee that they will come in early).  To make the most of this I would try to put a few homing beacons in your army.  Ethereals, Tetras & Stealth Suits & Pathfinders (one of their special drones) can buy them.  Also remember that a unit does not need to be on the table at the start of the turn for it's homing beacon to be used (unlike the Imperial equivalent) so you could deepstrike a Stealth unit with a Homing Beacon and then deepstrike Crisis Suits with 6" with no scatter (you just have the risk that the Stealth Suits arrive after turn 2).

Also be wary that deepstriking the formation will mean a large amount of points are off the board for what could be 2 enemy shooting phases, so you will have to build the rest of your army with this in mind.


* Both of these issues can be removed by playing the Dawn Blade Contingent from the Montka Campaign, for which the core formation can be the Retaliation Cadre.


I think the top 3 picks for formations to add to a Hunter Cadre to make a Hunter Contingent are the three already discussed (Firebase Support, Optimised Stealth & Retaliation), and along with the cheap Drone Network auxiliary choice, are the main ones you should choose between.  There is however one more formation that I think is good, it's just very expensive to field:


Heavy Retribution Cadre

This formation is expensive.  It contains a unit of Ghostkeels and 2 units of Stormsurges, making the minimum points 850, and you will want to spend more on weapon and wargear upgrades (eg. replacing the flamer secondary weapons, giving the Stormsurges an invulnerable save etc.).  To field the formation as pictured above (from the GW website) the unit would cost a minimum of 1110, and more importantly cost you £315 to buy.

Although the formation is (in my mind) impractical to field apart from in the largest of battles the formation rules are nice.  The Stormsurges can reroll to hit against targets within 12" of any of the formation's Ghostkeels, plus if an enemy unit is fired on by 2 or more of the units in the formation then they can not Run or move Flat Our, plus must halve the results of charges range in their next turn (helpful to reduce their mobility and keep the Ghostkeels from being charged).

If you have big pockets and regularly play big games this formation may be worth it for you.  However in smaller games I would rather have a Ghostkeel unit as part of the Optimised Stealth Cadre and not be forced to bring at least two Stormsurges.


Well that's it for the formations from the new Tau Codex that I believe are going to be used regularly.  However that's not all the new formations that will be used in Tau armies.  The Montka Campaign supplement gave us other formations, such as the Riptide Wing, Drone-Net VX1-0, Etheral Council & Ranged Support Cadre among others.

Next post I will go over the Co-ordinated Firepower rule and it's implications and then look at the additional formations in the Montka Campaign supplement.



What do you think of the formations I've dicussed ?  Will you be using them ?  Did I miss out a formation that you think is great ?  Let me know in the comments.

Until next time, happy gaming :)

Rathstar
           Fotônica    
  • Figura Natureza de Jonathan C. F. Matthews
  • Mark G. Thompson

por Ademilson G. Barbosa

A Fotônica é a ciência da geração, controle e detecção de fótons. A fotônica surge como resultado dos primeiros semicondutores emissores de luz inventados a princípios de 1960 em General Electric, MIT Lincoln Laboratory, IBM, e RCA e viabilizados na prática por Zhores Alferov e Dmitri Z. Garbuzov e colaboradores que trabalhavam no Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute e quase simultâneamente PorIzuo Hayashi e Mort Panish que trabalhavam nos Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Da mesma maneira que as aplicações da eletrônica ampliaram-se de maneira forte desde que o primeiro transistor fora inventado em 1948, as novas aplicações particulares da fotônica seguem aparecendo. Aquelas das quais se consideram aplicações consolidadas e economicamente importantes dos dispositivos fotônicos de semicondutores que incluem: armazenamento óptico de dados, telecomunicações por fibra óptica, impressora a laser (baseada em xerografia), visualizadores e bombeamento óptico a lasers de alta potência. As aplicações potenciais da fotônica são virtualmente ilimitadas e incluem: síntese química, diagnóstico médico, comunicação de dados on-chip, defesa com armas a laser e obtenção de energia através da fusão, entre outras aplicações interessantes.

Aplicações da fotônica são inúmeras. Incluem-se todas as áreas da vida quotidiana com a ciência mais avançada, por exemplo, detecção de luz, telecomunicações, processamento de informações, iluminação, metrologia, holografia de espectroscopia, medicina (cirurgia, correção da visão, endoscopia, vigilância da saúde), tecnologia militar, processamento de materiais a laser, arte visual, biofotônica, a agricultura, e robótica.

Assim como as aplicações da eletrônica se expandiram drasticamente desde o primeiro transistor que foi inventado em 1948, as aplicações de fotônica continuam a surgir.

Veja abaixo algumas aplicações:

Equipamentos: scanner de código de barra, impressoras, CD / DVD / dispositivos Blu-ray, dispositivos de controle remoto; Telecomunicações: comunicações ópticas, fibra óptica para baixo conversor de microondas;

Medicina: correção de deficiência visual, cirurgia a laser, endoscopia cirúrgica, remoção de tatuagem;

Industrial de fabricação: o uso de lasers para soldagem, perfuração, corte, e vários métodos de modificação de superfícies; Construção: O laser de nivelamento, telêmetro laser, estruturas inteligentes;

Aviação: giroscópios fotônicos sem partes móveis;

Militar: sensores infravermelhos, comando e controle, pesquisa, navegação e salvamento, colocação de minas e detecção; Entretenimento: shows de laser, efeitos de raio, a arte holográfica;

Metrologia: medidas de tempo e frequência, telêmetro;

Computação Fotônica: distribuição de relógio e de comunicação entre computadores, placas de circuito impresso, ou dentro de circuitos integrados optoeletrônicos; No futuro: a computação quântica.


por: Ademilson G. Barbosa

Arquivado no curso de Engenharia de Telecomunicações na FACIT




Fonte: http://www.ebah.com.br

          Constraints on Cosmology and Quantum Gravity from Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory   

by: Pollack, Jason Aaron (Caltech)

Abstract:
Typical cosmological states have structure, obey to very good approximation the laws of classical physics on large scales, and are far from equilibrium. Typical quantum-mechanical states have none of these properties. If the universe is described by a state in a Hilbert space, the state and its Hilbert space must therefore obey a number of constraints to describe realistic cosmological spacetimes. In particular, they must admit a quantum-to-classical transition via decoherence that allows for the emergence of classical spacetimes, and such spacetimes must obey gravitational constraints, in particular on the entanglement entropy of subsystems within them. The papers collected in this thesis are concerned with these constraints. We investigate two holographic correspondences inspired by AdS/CFT, the AdS-MERA correspondence, which suggests that anti-de~Sitter space may be given a discretized description as a tensor network, and the ER=EPR duality, which identified entangled qubits with wormholes connecting them. In the former case, we use holographic entropy bounds to severely constrain the properties of any such tensor network; in the latter case we prove a new general-relativistic area theorem which states that an area corresponding to the entanglement entropy in wormhole geometries is exactly conserved. We use information-theoretic constraints to show that under mild assumptions about the black hole interior an observer falling beyond the horizon is unable to verify the claimed cloning of information in the firewall paradox before reaching the singularity. Finally, we analyze the decoherence structures of late-time de~Sitter space and early-time slow-roll eternal inflation. We show that in the former case a universe with an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space and a positive cosmological constant inevitably reaches a maximum-entropy state from which no further branching or decoherence is possible, forbidding the existence of dynamical quantum fluctuations at late time. In the latter case, gravitational-strength interaction among inflaton modes leads to decoherence of sufficiently super-Hubble modes, which we argue backreacts to cause different histories of cosmological evolution on different branches and hence creates the conditions necessary for eternal inflation.
          Primordial Quantum Cosmology and Effective Spacetimes   

by: Dapor, Andrea
Abstract:
In this thesis, we propose a quantization of cosmological perturbations on quantum cosmological background. For this, we introduce a new classical framework for cosmological perturbation theory. The main difference from the standard framework (not acceptable from a quantum gravity point of view, since it relies on a classical background) is that the homogeneous isotropic degrees of freedom and the (scalar and tensor) perturbations are dynamical, and their evolution is determined by a (non-vanishing) physical Hamiltonian. We apply this construction to the physically important case of a scalar field (i.e., the inflaton) minimally coupled to gravity. The model is then quantized, based on the so-called “test field approximation": this consists in the assumption that the “heavy" degrees of freedom representing the homogeneous quantum geometry are disentangled from the “light" degrees of freedom representing the perturbations. We show that, under this approximation, we can trace away the geometric part, and obtain a Schroedingerlike equation for the wavefunction of perturbations. The quantum Hamiltonian in this equation is a collection of non-interacting harmonic oscillators (one per every Fourier mode), whose frequencies depend on expectation values of certain time-dependent geometric operators. This realizes what we call “quantum field theory on quantum spacetime". This theory can then be compared with an effective one, which describes the dynamics of the same field on a classical background. We show that, if the original inflaton field has no potential, then this comparison leads to a specific effective spacetime, whose effective metric is given in terms of expectation values of geometric operators on the state of quantum geometry. We generalize this result to the massive case, and show that this leads to a mode-dependent effective spacetime: each mode of the field probes the underlying quantum geometry in a slightly different way, “interpreting" it in terms of its own effective metric. While this might seem an exotic behavior, it is exactly what happens to photons propagating in crystals: photons of different energy interact differently with the quantum structure of the medium, and consequently their path is deviated in different ways; at the effective level, we can think of such photons as moving in an energy-dependent metric, so that the path followed by each particle coincides with a geodesic in the particle’s own metric. We then study the modification to the dispersion relation for this mode-dependent metric, and show that it is controlled by a single parameter (which can be thought of as the “refractive index" of the quantum state of geometry). This parameter is sensitive to quantum fluctuations of the geometry, and it vanishes if the state is semi-classical. While this explains why today we do not see any Lorentz-violation, it is expected that in the far past the state of the Universe was far from semiclassical: we thus investigate primordial effects and present the most recent bounds (based on Cerenkov radiation of photons into gravitons). We also estimate the parameter in Loop Quantum Cosmology and confirm agreement with observations. We finally consider another effect of this effective metric, which amounts to a correction to the CMB power spectra in the large-angle temperature correlation function, which could in principle be observed in the near future.
          Applications of the spin networks and spin foam models in quantum gravity   

by: Jacek Puchta
Abstract:
The Spin Foam models are a path integral picture of Loop Quantum Gravity approach to quantisation of gravitational field. This PhD thesis presents a study of four issues of Spin Foam models. The first problem addressed is the question of the class of 2-complexes, that ensure that Spin Foam models are compatible with the kinematic sector of Loop Quantum Gravity. A framework of diagrammatic representation of spin foams was developed while researching this issue. This diagramatic representation is called Operator Spin-network Diagrams (OSDs). The OSDs allow to express a spin foam as a collection of graphs, connected by certain relations. Each graph captures the local structure of one of spin foam vertices, i.e. nodes of a graph correspond to edges and links of a graph correspond to faces incident to a spin foam vertex. The relations between graphs in OSDs represent the way, in which edges and faces connect vertices. It is proven, that for each OSD there is an unambiguous way to construct a 2-complex with cells labelled by a spin foam coloring, so that one can calculate the spin foam transition amplitude. A clear procedure to glue OSDs along their boundaries was developed. Such gluing is an equivalent of composing quantum processes. All possible OSDs are characterised in terms of gluing of basic diagrams representing zero or one interaction vertex each. The proposition of the answer to the first question is that the appropriate class of 2-complexes for Spin Foam models is given by all the 2-complexes that can be obtained out of OSDs. The OSDs was applied to find a solution of so called boundary problem: to find all spin foams which have boundary given by certain initial and final states of Loop Quantum Gravity. An algorithm finding a series of all OSDs with a given fixed boundary is presented. The series is ordered by the number of internal edges of the corresponding spin foam. The algorithm is tested by applying it to Dipole Cosmology model (introduced in 2010 by E. Bianchi, C. Rovelli and F. Vidotto). All the diagrams contributing to Dipole Cosmology amplitude, which have the minimal number of internal edges, are found. The contribution to transition amplitude coming from these diagrams is studied. It appears that in this order of expansion all the diagrams except from one gives amplitudes that are exponentially suppressed in the semiclassical limit, thus their presence does not spoil the result of authors of Dipole Cosmology model. The third issue addressed in this thesis were the divergent amplitudes in Spin Foam models caused by bubbles in spin foam 2-complexes (i.e. subcomplexes forming closed surfaces). Within the framework of 2-complexes it is relatively hard to find the bubble part of a spin foam, whereas the framework of OSDs provides a simple procedure that unambiguously identifies the bubble subdiagram. A notion of the rank of a bubble is introduced. The rank counts the number of elementary bubbles that the considered bubble consist of. A method to calculate the rank for each given OSD is presented. Several simple cases of diagrams containing bubbles, that illustrate the algorithms, are presented and studied. The fourth question posed and answered within this thesis is related to detailed study of one particular case of a spin foam bubble, called melonic bubble. The melonic bubble is a spin foam analogue of self-energy renormalization in Quantum Field Theory. Recent research led to a conclusion, that in the first order the self-energy correction is proportional to some operator T, however the operator T was not known. In the thesis this operator is studied in semiclassical limit. After some elaborate calculations the exact form of the leading order of T is found: for fixed eigenvalues of the area operators it is proportional to the identity operator, with the proportionality constant dependent on the eigenvalues.
          Quantum chaos in an electron-phonon bad metal   
arXiv:1705.07895

by: Werman, Yochai
Abstract:
We calculate the scrambling rate $\lambda_L$ and the butterfly velocity $v_B$ associated with the growth of quantum chaos for a solvable large-$N$ electron-phonon system. We study a temperature regime in which the electrical resistivity of this system exceeds the Mott-Ioffe-Regel limit and increases linearly with temperature - a sign that there are no long-lived charged quasiparticles - although the phonons remain well-defined quasiparticles. The long-lived phonons determine $\lambda_L$, rendering it parametrically smaller than the theoretical upper-bound $\lambda_L \ll \lambda_{max}=2\pi T/\hbar$. Significantly, the chaos properties seem to be intrinsic - $\lambda_L$ and $v_B$ are the same for electronic and phononic operators. We consider two models - one in which the phonons are dispersive, and one in which they are dispersionless. In either case, we find that $\lambda_L$ is proportional to the inverse phonon lifetime, and $v_B$ is proportional to the effective phonon velocity. The thermal and chaos diffusion constants, $D_E$ and $D_L\equiv v_B^2/\lambda_L$, are always comparable, $D_E \sim D_L$. In the dispersive phonon case, the charge diffusion constant $D_C$ satisfies $D_L\gg D_C$, while in the dispersionless case $D_L \ll D_C$.
          Derivation of a generalized Schrödinger equation from the theory of scale relativity   
Eur.Phys.J.Plus 132 (2017) 286

by: Chavanis, Pierre-Henri
Abstract:
Using Nottale’s theory of scale relativity relying on a fractal space-time, we derive a generalized Schrödinger equation taking into account the interaction of the system with the external environment. This equation describes the irreversible evolution of the system towards a static quantum state. We first interpret the scale-covariant equation of dynamics stemming from Nottale’s theory as a hydrodynamic viscous Burgers equation for a potential flow involving a complex velocity field and an imaginary viscosity. We show that the Schrödinger equation can be directly obtained from this equation by performing a Cole-Hopf transformation equivalent to the WKB transformation. We then introduce a friction force proportional and opposite to the complex velocity in the scale-covariant equation of dynamics in a way that preserves the local conservation of the normalization condition. We find that the resulting generalized Schrödinger equation, or the corresponding fluid equations obtained from the Madelung transformation, involve not only a damping term but also an effective thermal term. The friction coefficient and the temperature are related to the real and imaginary parts of the complex friction coefficient in the scale-covariant equation of dynamics. This may be viewed as a form of fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We show that our generalized Schrödinger equation satisfies an H-theorem for the quantum Boltzmann free energy. As a result, the probability distribution relaxes towards an equilibrium state which can be viewed as a Boltzmann distribution including a quantum potential. We propose to apply this generalized Schrödinger equation to dark matter halos in the Universe, possibly made of self-gravitating Bose-Einstein condensates.
          Disorder-Free Localization   
Phys.Rev.Lett. 118 (2017) 266601

by: Smith, A.
Abstract:
The venerable phenomena of Anderson localization, along with the much more recent many-body localization, both depend crucially on the presence of disorder. The latter enters either in the form of quenched disorder in the parameters of the Hamiltonian, or through a special choice of a disordered initial state. Here, we present a model with localization arising in a very simple, completely translationally invariant quantum model, with only local interactions between spins and fermions. By identifying an extensive set of conserved quantities, we show that the system generates purely dynamically its own disorder, which gives rise to localization of fermionic degrees of freedom. Our work gives an answer to a decades old question whether quenched disorder is a necessary condition for localization. It also offers new insights into the physics of many-body localization, lattice gauge theories, and quantum disentangled liquids.
          SHIRTLESS BEAR-FIGHTER #1 battles to a 2nd printing   

Media Release -- Writers Jody LeHeup (former editor of Uncanny X-Force, Deadpool, Quantum and Woody) and Sebastian Girner (editor of SOUTHERN BASTARDS, DEADLY CLASS, BLACK SCIENCE), newcomer artist Nil Vendrell, colorist Mike Spicer (HEAD LOPPER, MYTHIC), and letterer Dave Lanphear launched the #WarOnBearror to overwhelming critical acclaim, and Image Comics is pleased to announce that SHIRTLESS BEAR-FIGHTER #1 will be fast-tracked to a second printing. The second printing cover will feature a re-colored version of the Andy Suriano artwork.

Full story »
          Effective Tips And Techniques In Direct Email Marketing   
It is safe to say that you are a software engineer with a better code decoding than offer? Or, on the other hand would you say you are a storyteller with loads of imaginative and brief stories to distribute? On the off chance that you are, then you hit the ground to be an awesome online business person. The issue is, you don't comprehend what showcasing strategies to be utilized. What about this dentist email list.

Coordinate Email Marketing!

Is it true that you know about this term? Coordinate email advertising is an imperative branch of viral showcasing campaign that helps you in spreading your words, aptitudes and thoughts with the utilization of messages.

On account of the force of Internet!

You can now say farewell to those snail sends you send to different individuals. Nowadays, you solely require an email address and your on your approach to pay creating efforts.

Like what I stated, on the off chance that you are an essayist and you have a gathering of short stories, never be dubious to distribute your works on the web. Simply figure out how you can make an expert eBook and you offer it for $5-$10 a piece.

Simply ensure your contacts can bear to purchase your digital book or else your endeavors are completely squandered. Yet, in the event that you are doing this for enthusiasm, that is great. Coordinate email showcasing has helped you satisfy your fantasies as a refined essayist yet trust me, it's immensely worthwhile on the off chance that you make benefits due to your ability.

The Truth About Direct Email Marketing

How about we begin with the insights first....

One study uncovers that in United States, 86% of your messages are ensured to come to your inbox while the conveyance rate in Europe is 94%.

This measurements discloses to us that very nearly 12% of email records get blocked. All things considered, that implies that no less than five percent of messages sent to ISP additionally gets blocked.

Whatever this overview says, email promoting is as yet prevalent and this is certainly the most savvy structure in viral advertising effort.

That is the reason;

As prior as now, you ought to figure out how to adequately deal with your mailing list supervisor. At that point, you'll require an email versifier programming which lets you know whether the email addresses removed from buy email rundown is substantial or not.

Discussing buy email show, you can now put for as low as $30 in some promoting sites that offers advertising records. This structure may sound straightforward and brisk and it can help you begin and the achievement rate of your pay might be great.

Simply ensure you followed the laws as expressed in email showcasing manual or the consequences will be severe, you'll simply transform yourself into a spammer.

On the off chance that you have no cash to purchase programming, peruse your MySpace people group, there are a considerable measure of potential customers you can discover there.

You can likewise go to classes and symposiums where you can meet many group who runs a circle mission same as you. Meeting the specialists is improve than doubtlessly datum "email showcasing" articles utilizing the Internet.

Email Marketing Companies

Different email advertising organizations can be found in the Internet. In the event that you need to be a fruitful business person on the web, get yourself a media transmission promoting bundle that offers transponders, email formats, pick in/out structures and top quality email database for investigation.

Five of the most celebrated email promoting organizations are Weber Communications (perfect for the starters), Vertical Response (self-benefit internet showcasing), Quantum Digital, Elite E-Marketing and Constant Contact.

Another essential tip to recollect:

When utilizing a third party, always remember to send intense promoting recordings to your prospects. Watching recordings can soar your email promoting effort in a blow.
          Ostatnie badania wskazują na to, że podróże w czasie są możliwe   

Zgodnie z nowym badaniem podróże w czasie są możliwe, przynajmniej z naukowego punktu widzenia. Badacz zajmujący się tym zagadnieniem, stwierdził, że przestrzeń nie powinna być dzielona na trzy wymiary, gdzie czas jest rozdzielony od pozostałych. Jego zdaniem czas jest poprostu kolejnym wymiarem, który przy odpowiednich środkach może być przez nas eksplorowany

 

Chociaż koncept podróży w czasie był wielokrotnie rozpatrywany w popularnych filmach i książkach, nowy, rewolucyjny model udowadnia, że matematycznie rzecz biorąc podróż w czasie jest możliwa. Chociaż na razie możemy mówić jedynie teoretycznie, samo uznanie że istnieje możliwość odbycia takiej podróży jest już wielkim krokiem naprzód. Wspomniane badanie zostało opublikowane niedawno w czasopiśmie naukowym IOPscience Journal Classical and Quantum Gravity.

Ben Tippett, doktor matematyki i fizyki twierdzi, że ​​przestrzeń nie powinna być podzielona na trzy wymiary. Zamiast tego należy wyznaczyć cztery wymiary jako kontinuum czasoprzestrzeni, w którym różne kierunki są ze sobą połączone. Opierając się na teorii Einsteina, naukowcy przypominają, że krzywizna przestrzeni kosmicznej jest odpowiedzialna za zakrzywione orbity planet we wszechświecie. Naukowiec twierdzi, że jeśli czas kosmiczny nie byłby "zakrzywiony" planety we wszechświecie poruszałby się w prostej linii.

W badaniu Tippett wymyślił model matematyczny zwany Traversable Acausal Retrograde Domain in Space-time lub bardziej skrótowo nazywany TARDIS. Tippett opisuje to jako pęcherzyk czasoprzestrzenny, który może przenosić masę przez przestrzeń. Taka "bańka" przemieszczałaby się w przestrzeni czasowej z prędkością większą niż 8 prędkości światła, co umożliwiałoby jej podróż wstecz strumienia czasu.

Jednak mimo że naukowiec twierdzi, iż matematycznie rzecz biorąc podróże w czasie są możliwe, istnieje bardzo mała szansa aby ktoś w najbliższym czasie był w stanie zbudować taki wehikuł czasu. Zdaniem badaczy, wymagałoby to wytworzenia specjalnego materiału zwanego narazie "egzotyczną materią", która byłaby w stanie naginać czasoprzestrzeń. Niestety, tego typu materia nie została jeszcze odkryta, a w związku z tym nasze plany podróży w czasie trzeba odłożyć na później.

 


           An architecture for efficient gravitational wave parameter estimation with multimodal linear surrogate models    
O’Shaughnessy, Richard and Blackman, Jonathan and Field, Scott E. (2017) An architecture for efficient gravitational wave parameter estimation with multimodal linear surrogate models. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 34 (14). Art. No. 144002. ISSN 0264-9381. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170630-093341874
          Satellite Rush free Download crack by Skidrow   

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          Everyday Miracles with Candace McLean: Do You Quantum Think? New Thinking That Will Rock Your World   
GuestWhen you master your mind, you master your life. QuantumThink a groundbreaking new system of thinking, introducing 21 principles for effective living in a changing world. Take a Quantum Leap from the archaic industrial age thinking of our recent past, to a new era of quantum age thinking that is holistically attuned to modern developments in quantum physics, technology, and spirituality.
          Street Fighter   
UNDER-CONTROL






Probably only but a few would believe that the Street Fighter franchise had an actual first episode before its second, an implausible time-warp occurrence to start this phenomena of rampant arcade dominance off.

Though Capcom's 1987 effort possesses significant chance of being interpreted as a massively coarse fighting experience when examined today, - and sorry, we missed the chance of examining it yesterday, or, did we? - it actually defines trademark focal solutions that do solidify further in consecutive games. Little if any doubt is present though that future 2D Fighters are more subtle, more sophisticated and more sane than this prime originator is. I tend to think that sane is a proper word in this case indeed, as, though Street Fighter starts the fray off, rudimentary controls and limited playability make this classic both an essential retro output AND a mild pain in every sitorgan.

Enjoy and Read on!




Street Fighter gives you two characters to play as: Ryu, or Ken. Though, by default, only Ryu seems to be selectable. If you would like to play as Ken, then you need to challenge and defeat the Ryu Player. In case she/he exhibits no interest to insert coin again, then you can go on to demonstrate your Street Fighter skill set against the CPU. And a skill set, you WILL need, Young Padawan.

Street Fighter dictates a quite furious pace that forces players to develop universal defense- and attack strategies. This might include inserting keyboard/control pad into monitor for bonus fireworks and related smoke effect. Once these "specials" are properly sought out and mastered, then the game reveals its coarse charm to you. Distance from the enemy is everything in Street Fighter, the mere factor that determines which one of the furiously paced attacks will connect. It seems same 'nuff of a bet to back off from the CPU, which has a tendency to attack rampantly and constantly, so there is quite immense potential in countering.

As you will see, three, tops four attacks easily do weight a KO herein, especially if you score these hits by introducing one of the Specials the game is aware of and offers. We will see into those later. Considering the speed of the game which desperately tries to conceal the rudimentary animation, the pace of the rounds is furious. Also fast. Though rigorous distancing from the enemy is your best friend herein, that particular factor changes dramatically with all the intense jump-around the game usually exhibits. That is: either you or the enemy will jump. Ducking and relying on Specials are always better solutions then forwarding up to your opponent to deliver basic ground attacks, as speed is so senselessly swift that even Terence "Super Snooper" Hill would need TWO coins to kick the CPU's butt in pure standup. And, let me tell you that this circumstance suggest a difficulty level that requires skill levels well beyond Godlike proportions.

Worths a try though, nevertheless: check how long you can last against the CPU on the ground, if you do play a game of - khm, khm - concept and - khm, khm - strategy. As a result of the supercoarse animation and pairing speed, you won't have the chance to block upper and lower level attacks consciously. This is not what the creators anticipate from you, either. You can usually get away from those situations via attacking the lower section of your rival quite cheaply yet systematically, but, if you stand up with him - no precious creatures in this here game - then sooner or later he will bash your blob in, trust me. Let alone that there are characters in the game you do not want spend a moment against with your head kept in normal, standup-height position.



Street Fighter invites participants to jump around like crazy to soften the rival up by airborne attacks, and/or to duck and unleash low level attacks towards incoming or approaching opposition. Yet, organizing yourself to defense on the ground is a ritual to commit risk free suicide - HAH! - in this game.

Since animation is rather far from being extremely fluent, the game conceals this particular deficit with the well developed speed we already hinted at. Amazingly, Street Fighter's system is both ruthless and rudimentary enough to punish you with pretty much instant KO in case you made two mistakes in a row. Third mistake? Forget about it, as those who make a third mistake in this game, won't have much to worry about anymore. All in all, it is totally possible to be flattened out in the blink of an eye, which I think is OK and funny, yet, especially when you first play the game without prior experience of it, then the CPU can be very effective at cornering you into a rather dire situation where it spanks a Win on your butt with ease. Those are the moments you should start inventing your countering methods in, though.



As you may have guessed already via the image above, the game has bonus sequences and there is an impressive amount of enemies to batter up or to be battered by, too. If you are a Street Fighter II fan, then you will see very familiar faces apart from Ryu and Ken. If you are a HUGE Street Fighter II fan, then you surely do lie to me now as you should play SF2 this very moment.

What I find rather unfortunate about Street Fighter is the implementation of the Specials. These maneuvers are extremely circumstantial to invoke. They may seem to demonstrate a truly rhapsodic behavior, yet, in reality, it is more about the exact precision of the timing they do require. The timing of the proper directions and button push, that is. I could perform the three Street Fighter Specials of Ryu: the Dragon Punch, the Hurricane Kick, and this trademark projectile attack. I don't think he has more, though I am keen and ready to be pleasantly disappointed. In case I am wrong, please educate me and benefit other visitors, too.

Though Guides to Street Fighter seem to be as rare as pink elephants with quantum dissolving capabilities - that means: I could not find one - the Street Fighter II commands for Ryu do seem to work herein. DO SEEM, I sorrowfully cite. Remember that the required precision is truly unnecessary, so you will probably end up doing those Specials by your particular way. You know, the way it seems to work for you, for most of the time. Yet the SF2 Ryu moves are useful guides, no doubt. As for Street Fighter Ken: his capabilities and related Specials are an amazing treasury of ancient puzzles and enigmatic mysteries, eager to be thoroughly explored and subtly solved by the dear mamereview.blogspot.com visitor. Hey, ever saw a useful link before?



At the end of the day, one must admit and conclude that Street Fighter has a certain humorless, grouchy charm to it, though it is rather improbable that the game will digest your unconditioned devotion to it with keen appreciation. Which is a shame, because the game could have been - I truly do not worship "could have been"s - a rather stable, though vicious game if it would have exhibited a responsive, user friendly control method to invoke Specials, let alone the absence of a full, playable character roster. I sure do realize that the game comes from 1987, a time in which a full character roster was an implausible mental invention. Now, was it? No, it was not. As, in fact, Street Fighter delivers you a full character roster. Yet, it delivers you a character roster only to bash apart, and not as to play as its components.

With its exceptionally intense and semi-coarse flow, the game delivers massive early deficits, as balance was not yet a major consideration of a genre that just been born with this effort. Thus, as mentioned previously: sometimes it is but a blink of an eye, and someone flattens out. In a terrible world without mistakes, you would certainly say that Street Fighter manages to offer its deficits as charms, but this is not exactly the case this time around. It remains good fun to combat the CPU, but the incapacity to play as included characters is always a hurtful condition to die with. Let alone live with.



If you enjoyed this here article, check out my comic: Planetseed
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          Comment on Movie Request by Ali Saleem   
hi. plz plz plz plz upload this movie in hindi…. Quantum of solace (2008) http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0830515/ thanx
          New method could enable more stable and scalable quantum computing   
Scientists have discovered a new topological material which may enable fault-tolerant quantum computing.


          Self-assembled quantum dot drives a plasmonic nanocircuit   
Researchers demonstrated a simple model quantum plasmonic nanocircuit with a narrow-band self-assembled GaAs quantum dot as a source for single plasmon excitation.


          Grateful Web Interview with Jamtown   

One of the biggest new-music buzzes of the June 2017 edition of the Monterey International Pop Festival was a pioneering performance by Jamtown, a burgeoning venture from three separately renowned musicians – Cisco Adler (from Malibu), G. Love (from Philadelphia), and Donavon Frankenreiter (from Hawaii). Cisco also happens to be the son of Lou Adler, who helped produce the original Monterey Pop in 1967 and was on-site in 2017 as well.

Each Jamtown member sings and each plays guitar. Evocative of The Traveling Wilburys and The Highwaymen in their organic coming-togetherness, these accomplished songwriters/producers/players and longtime friends gathered in Cisco's Malibu studio in late 2016 and hatched some compelling and infectious alt-folk and Americana songs. Appearing at Monterey Pop 2017 in support of good music and their newly released EP, Jamtown sat down with Grateful Web in the band’s trailer. Upon entry, all three were strumming guitars in anticipation of their Saturday afternoon performance, which included five supporting band members, three of whom, Duane Betts, Cody Dickenson, and Khari  Mateen, have been part of Cisco’s studio band, the Sunset Boys. Donavon didn’t speak but continued to provide background acoustic fretwork throughout.

GW: All three of you independently have awesome credentials and pedigrees, so how did the music convergence happen?

Cisco Adler: Just like this. (They all continued to noodle on their guitars)

GW: When did this special trio get started and the ideas begin to generate?

G. Love: Pretty recently.

CA: We’ve written a few tunes together, one for my project and one for a project he did. Oh, this is Cisco, talking about G. Love, as I point in audioland. And then I’ve worked with Donnie <Frankenreiter> forever, and I think each little duo of us, y’know, of the triangle, has history separately and then together.

GW: It’s like a math thing.

CA: Actually, I was just going to produce a record for these two dudes that I know is a long time coming in those guy’s world. And once we got in, at first they wanted to do some new versions of their older tunes, and I just was absolutely all against it.

G. Love: And he was going to quit unless we went all originals.

GW: Like that would be OK and stuff, but let’s make some new music?

CA: Let’s make some new music.

G. Love: And we thought that was a horrible idea (laughs).

CA: For me as a producer, it was, “What do I feel like all of your collective longtime fans want to hear from you?” But then I started singing on it with them. One time we sang a three-part harmony, and we just clicked. This is a band; this is a project! It’s not me producing them. It’s not anything other than three guys getting together and collaborating on music in the purist form.

GW: I feel this troubadour, feel-good folk stuff from what I’ve heard so far.

CA: Yeh, that kind of just took shape. The beauty is that we ended up making music that is maybe reminiscent of each of our collective vibes but doesn’t sound like any of our vibes, so it almost makes you have to visit this island while you’re visiting our other island.

GW: That’s awesome – and that’s not easy.

G. Love:  The first time I walked into Cisco’s studio, well, I have a punctuality problem. I’ll admit it. So I showed up in the studio and I came in. I was 45 minutes late. Cisco had already made this really cool track, which ended up being called “Strawberry Moon,” and the sound, Cisco had a pallet in mind, which was basically this yellow nylon-string guitar, a cajon, and vocals. But like Cisco said, it was like the sound was something that was completely new. It was unexpected to me but it’s a sound like you also feel like you’ve known your whole life, but I never really heard this sound. It was even this thing that this one song is really simple, just three chords. But I was, “Man, what are those chords that we’re playing?”

CA: That’s ‘cause I also tuned the guitar down a half step or up a half, so everything’s in F-sharp and weird chords, which is kind of amazing.

GW: We’ve got to touch on the fact that you’re appearing here at Monterey for the 50th anniversary. This is more than just another concert event. You like the vibe here?

CA: They weren’t here yesterday. I was here yesterday and got to experience it as an onlooker. The fairgrounds is an amazing place to watch a show, an amazing sounding venue and everyone here is here to watch and listen to the music that is playing at that moment. And that’s a special thing, and you feel it.

GW: Your dad was a part of the original Monterey Pop.

CA: Yeh I have deeper, like fucking quantum levels of this thing. But it’s funny ‘because I was semi-retired, or if not completely retired from playing live.

G. Love: Yeh I think I see one gray whisker on your chin.

CA: There’s a couple (laughs). No, I just was producing and songwriting, and if this record didn’t happen, I wouldn’t be playing there ‘cause it would’ve made no sense to perform. It was very serendipitous in that, oh wow, this gets to be one of our first shows. So it’s special, man; it feels great.

GW: What do you hope the audience comes away with?

G. Love: A buzz and a new favorite band (laughs). I know that I’ve been waiting to be a part of this situation for my whole life and it feels so great. The three of us, we all are front men in different projects and now we get to come here and lean on each other, and the whole band is unbelievable. Like Duane Betts, who is Dickey Betts’ son, on guitar; Cody Dickenson on the drums; Khari Mateen on the cello and bass – he’s done a lot of work with the Roots in Philadelphia. “Beardo” <Jeramy Gritter> was in Whitestarr with Cisco, and in Julian Casablancas + The Voidz. And Mark Rudin, who is in a Philly band called Town Hall.

GW: It’s an all-star collaborative

CA: It’s just all fuckin’ players. For me, it’s my studio band on every record I make. So it’s funny, when the discussion of what are we gonna be when we play live it was like, The Sunset Boys. They’re already ready; they already played on six records together. They know each other. It’s almost like we got up there and it just works.

GW: Awesome ingredients.

CA: Yes, we make an awesome dish.

Topics: 
Artists
G. Love
Interviews

          Quantum Medical Transport Announces United Ambulance Acquisition Closing   

HOUSTON, TX / ACCESSWIRE / June 30, 2017 / Quantum Medical Transport, Inc., (the "Company") formally known as A Clean Slate, Inc., announces the closing of the acquisition of United Ambulance, LLC, a Texas emergency and non-emergency medical transportation company. We now have 26 full-time employees, operating since 2006, with revenue of $1.2 Million annually. We have retained existing management and the employees, as the Company has a very experienced team. The Company will continue to operate under the name of United Ambulance, LLC as a wholly owned subsidiary of Quantum Medical Transport, Inc.

The Company is still in the process of completing its consolidated audit report for the public company. The process has taken longer for the audit than originally anticipated by our audit firm, MaloneBailey, LLP. We have tried to manage shareholder expectations and provide some guidance regarding the process and timeline. We expect to have the audit completed by July 10, 2017, according to the audit firm.

The Company is moving forward with its business plan and will continue to update shareholders as developments take place. We are currently planning to expand our ambulance operations and increase our fleet and staff to increase earnings. We are still seeking other acquisition targets to grow market share. We wanted to share our CEO interview with The Stock Radio show. To listen, click the link here: http://thestockradio.com/quantum-medical-transport-inc-3638.html.

"We are a growth Company in a high demand industry that is ripe for consolidation. We are excited about the opportunity for growth and expansion of our Company and would like our shareholders to enjoy the ride with us," says Ricky Bernard.

About Quantum Medical Transport

QUANTUM MEDICAL TRANSPORT, INC. is an emergency and non-emergency medical services transportation company that operates in the State of Texas. The Company provides basic and advanced life support ground transport in an emergency and non-emergency setting, 24 hours a day, and seven days a week. The Company makes both local and regional out-of-town services available on a daily dispatch basis.

Management remains focused on providing prompt, high-quality patient care at the Advanced and Basic Life Support levels. Employees will work diligently to achieve goals while maintaining the highest standards of care.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as "believes," "expects," "may," "will," "intends, "plans," "should," "seeks," "pro forma," "anticipates," "estimates," "continues," or other variations thereof (including their use in the negative), or by discussions of strategies, plans or intentions. A number of factors could cause results to differ materially from those anticipated by such forward-looking statements, including those discussed under "Risk Factors" and "Our Business." Forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and are based on potentially inaccurate assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected or implied by the forward-looking statements. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements for many reasons.

Investor Relations:

Ricky Bernard
832-436-1831 x100
info@quantummedicaltransport.com
www.quantummedicaltransport.com

SOURCE: Quantum Medical Transport, Inc.

ReleaseID: 467222


          Noncommutative Geometry, Quantum Fields and Motives   

          Towards the Mathematics of Quantum Field Theory   

          (NLD-Schiphol) MBE Engineer - Quantum   
Are you looking for an exciting role as part of a global team of physicists, engineers and software developers defining the new field of Quantum Computing? Microsoft is researching the future of Quantum Computing, including theory, hardware, and software. Since starting with Station Q in Santa Barbara, California, Microsoft’s Quantum Computing effort has expanded to include Redmond, Washington with the quantum architecture and algorithms group (QuarC), and also Station Q Delft among other worldwide locations. We are on the cusp of an accelerated effort in quantum computing and this position is an opportunity to get in at the start of this new intense phase. We are seeking a Molecular Beam Epitaxy Operations Engineer at Station Q Delft, in TU Delft, Netherlands. Station Q Delft is focused on the research and development of topological superconductor-semiconductor devices forming the basis of a quantum computer. The successful candidate will operate, maintain, and develop new growth heterostructures and processes in a multi-chamber molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) system that combines arsenide- and antimonide-based III-V semiconductor growth with in-situ superconductor deposition. This system was specifically designed to develop new physical platforms for topological quantum computation. The successful candidate must have: *A minimum experience of 3 years of MBE growth of III-V semiconductor materials *Familiarity and experience with structural characterization techniques including atomic force microscopy, high resolution x-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy *Familiarity with electron transport characterization techniques *An advanced degree (MS, MEng, or PhD) in materials science, physics, electrical engineering or allied discipline *Background in semiconductor physics *Successful candidates must demonstrate meticulous attention to detail combined with creativity, and a willingness to work in a dynamic team environment The ideal candidate will additionally have: *5 years experience with MBE growth of arsenide and antimonide semiconductor materials *Extensive experience with structural characterization techniques, including TEM *Extensive experience with cryogenic transport characterization techniques *A PhD degree in materials science, physics or electrical engineering specializing in semiconductors *Background in superconductor physics *Industry MBE growth experience Successful candidates will be contacted within 2 weeks of applying to the posting. Hardware engineering
          Low-Temperature Photoluminescence Studies of CsPbBr3 Quantum Dots   

TOC Graphic

The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b02982

          First 4 Official MMFF 2017 Entries Revealed   

Wazzup Pilipinas!

The 2016 Metro Manila Film Festival (MMFF) was commendable for being bold enough to take risks - for understanding the true essence of quality filmmaking.

Last year's MMFF, even though there were some issues, was finally a time where films with good substance were being shown nationwide.

But are we back to mainstream and nonsense movies? If so, please rename the Metro Manila Film Festival (MMFF) to Money-Making Film Festival.

After a wonderful festival last year, looks like MMFF's on its way to major regression.
I'd rather have the 2016 MMFF entries again than this year. Pieces of shit again basically.

I thought that last year was the start of change in the cinema industry - ika nga bringing everyone's A game. Now, back to the usual na naman tayo. Money talks, money moves!

MMFF - you shouldn't have succumbed to the producers' threats. They can make quality films. Profits are their priority that's why they don't make it. Supplying low-class entertainment for mediocre minds.

The 4 mentioned movie entries are Ang Panday, Almost is Not Enough, Love Traps, and The Revengers



Ang Panday naturally stars Coco Martin



Almost is Not Enough stars Jennylyn Mercado and Jerico Rosales

Love Traps stars Vic Sotto and Dawn Zulueta



The Revengers stars Daniel Padilla, Vice Ganda & Pia Wurtzbach


Anyare na? Bakit we're back to dati? Do we start vomiting again? Where's the quality?

Can you blame them? The MMFF took a risk last year, but sad to say many Filipinos did not care to watch.

Last year, half of the MMFF entries ang napanood ko. Pero this year mukha yatang wala akong mapapanood. Hays!

I agree naman na many mainstream movies are trashy pero don't generalize them kasi may mga movies din naman sa MMFF na worth watching.

Shameful that Pia Wurtzbach agreed to be part of a trashy film like "The Revengers." She definitely made a mistake here. Not to bash or ridicule, but being opposite the likes of Vice Ganda, though she or he is a blockbuster star among the masses, made her a class below her reigning status as a beauty queen of the Universe.

It's just like she degraded herself from being a confidently beautiful with a heart Miss Universe to a stupidly clueless without a brain Mis-take Universe.

So ginoogle ko sino si Rodel Nacianceno na direktor ng Panday na kasali sa MMFF. Lo and behold, si Coco Martin pala. Totoo ba to?

Si MMFF ung jowang mong nangakong magbabago patawarin mo lang pero dirin nag tagal bumalik na ulit sa dati. Change is Coming kuno! Pwe!

Many now think Pista ng Pelikulang Pilipino (PPP) is the real and legit Film Festival.



Just take a look at the MMFF criteria: 


40% artistic excellence 
40% COMMERCIAL APPEAL - WTF!
10% promotion of Filipino cultural and historical values 
10% global appeal.

How much did the MMFF council get from the lobbyists of commercial movies?

Rolando Tolentino the chair of Rules Committee and member of 2017 MMFF Execomm just resigned this morning.

Mic drop.


" I love how the current cover photo/banner of theMMFF Facebook fan page reminds us of the joy and hope that was last year's lineup. "Maraming Magandang Filipino Films." Truly, you showed us that last year, MMFF. Thank you for proving all of us wrong when we thought of the festival as a mere commercial grab, and inspiring us to seek out these films, to discuss them, and to look forward to the future. True, not all of the films in last year's lineup were great films, but I daresay they were all important films, because they showed us the potential and capability of our filmmakers, our storytellers, and yes, even our government and decision-makers when it comes to selecting the quality we show at such an important time of the movie-going year. Last year wasn't perfect - but it was a great and heartening step forward for the local industry.

Right below that banner--this announcement. It seems we're back to the old ways again. Try as I might I can't muster any excitement for the same retread of the same themes, stories, stars. Maybe one, or two, or all of these films are actually great. But at an opportunity for originality, for change, to inspire again and to push the envelope, this is unfortunately feels like a wasted one. This is not to belittle the efforts and accomplishments of those who've worked/who are working on these projects--it's just, there are many times for these to shine during the year. They are almost assured of success.

Thanks again, certain lawmakers and lobbyists. Thanks again for the vote of confidence for the moviegoing public. Thanks again for choosing to fill your coffers for this Christmas, with little regard for the future of our industry and generations of MMFFs to come." - Wacky Narciso


Below is the official press release:

The Metro Manila Film Festival Executive Committee (MMFF Execom) , upon the recommendation of its Selection Committee, hereby announces the first 4 official entries to the MMFF 2017 based on the script submission.
The MMFF Execom said the following entries have been thoroughly evaluated by the body's selection panel.

ANG PANDAY
Director: Rodel Nacianceno
Producer:CCM CREATIVE PRODUCTIONS,Inc.
Lead Actor: Coco Martin

ALMOST IS NOT ENOUGH
Director: Dan Villegas
Producers: QUANTUM & MJM PRODUCTIONS
Lead Actors: Jennylyn Mercado & Jericho Rosales

THE REVENGERS
Director: Joyce A. Bernal
Producers: STAR CINEMA & VIVA FILMS
Lead Actors: Vice Ganda, Daniel Padilla & Pia Alonzo Wurtzbach

LOVE TRAPS #Family Goals
Director: Antonio Y. Reyes
Producer: OCTO ARTS FILMS
Lead Actors: Vic Sotto & Dawn Zulueta

With the push for artistic excellence that began in 2016, the MMFF this year under the helm of the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) Chairman Danilo Lim received a very encouraging and diverse roster of 26 film-entries that already crossed the so-called commercial-indie divide.

"Our selection committee had a difficult time choosing given the quality of films. We have to thank them for their exhaustive and thorough deliberations," MMFF Executive Committee Chairman Tim Orbos said.

"We also have to give credit to this year's Rules Committee which devised the two-part selection process that gave a greater latitude to interested participants for this year," Orbos said, referring to the new vetting scheme that was initially applied this year to assure that no discrimination will arise amongst commercial and the so-called "indie" films.

The film entries this year were evaluated based on the following criteria: 40% artistic excellence; 40% commercial appeal; 10% promotion of Filipino cultural and historical values & 10% global appeal.

The next phase for the FULL LENGTH FEATURE category will be the finished film submission. The films with the duly accomplished application forms and complete requirements can be submitted to the MMFF Secretariat until October 2 for early birds, and until October 30 for the regular submission.

The remaining 4 slots as official entries shall be selected from all the submitted finished films to complete the eight (8) official entries to the 2017 MMFF which will be announced on November 17.

The deadline for the SHORT FILM category, on the other hand, will be on September 1, while the announcement for the eight official Short Film entries is on September 29.

          fanof2012 wrote a new post, Chris Kehler With Holistic Things To Educate About & Sell   

fanof2012 wrote a new post, Chris Kehler With Holistic Things To Educate About & Sell Chris Kehler offers services, sessions, and products to help people heal and clear negativity at a quantum and holistic level. He pitches his products and explains the metaphysical science behind how they work and […]

Comments: 0


          [Microsoft Store Russland] Rise of the Tomb Raider (PC Digital)   
Im russischen Microsoft Store ist Rise of the Tomb Raider im Rahmen des Ultimate Sales auf 519,60 Rubel reduziert. Das entspricht in etwa 8,14 Euro, je nachdem wieviel man für Guthaben bezahlt.

Wenn man Guthaben auf seinem Konto hat kann man damit einkaufen indem man in Windows in den Einstellungen unter Zeit und Sprache bei Region und Sprache die Region auf Russland umstellt und dann den Store startet. Ein Reboot ist nicht notwendig.

Für die Installation möchte das System 33,7GB freien Speicher.

Es sind noch weitere Spiele im Angebot, z.B. Quantum Break für 349,50 Rubel, dass sind umgerechnet ca. 5,48 Euro. Einfach mal im Store stöbern.

          Quantum Break (inkl. Alan Wake) Xbox One für 13,99 inkl. Versand [redcoon.de]   
Liebe Meeresbewohner,

wer das Mediamarkt Angebot am Dienstag verpasst hat (so wie ich), kann aktuell bei redcoon zuschlagen. Zahlung z.B. per Paypal möglich. Nächster Preis liegt bei 22,23€ inkl. Versand.

Auch auf eBay für ~12,60€ inkl. Versand verfügbar mit Gutschein PREDCOON172, aber nur 2 auf Lager.

Metacritic: 77%
Preisvergleich: 22,23€

Mit Quantum Break erscheint der nächste Blockbuster der Macher von Max Payne und Alan Wake.Ein fehlgeschlagenes Zeitreise-Experiment ändert das Leben von Jack Joyce und Beth Miller für immer. Plötzlich können die beiden die Zeit manipulieren, was sie ins Visier der Auftragskiller einer geheimnisvollen Organisation rückt. In Quantum Break verschwimmen die Grenzen zwischen Spiel und TV-Serie. Mit beeindruckender Next-Gen Grafik und filmreifen Spielszenen kreirt Quantum Break ein ganzheitliches Entertainment-Erlebnis auf Xbox One.

1017371.jpg

Neben dem eigentlichen Spiel gehört auch eine TV-Serie zum Erlebnis von Quantum Break. Während das Spiel ein actionreicher 3rd-Person-Shooter mit den beiden Protagonisten Jack und Beth ist, zeigt die TV-Serie das Geschehen aus der Sicht des Bösewichts Paul Serene. Die Serie liefert wichtige Hinweise und Strategien für das Spiel und hilft dem Spieler, einzigartige Inhalte im Spiel zu entdecken.

Durch besondere Fähigkeiten und geschickte Manipulation der Zeit können Gegner entweder überlistet oder ausgeschaltet werden. Dabei richtet der Spieler ein ungeahntes Ausmaß an Zerstörung an und kann Gegenstände in der Umgebung geschickt zu seinem Vorteil nutzen. Während Gegner im Chaos versinken, nutzen Jack und Beth ihre Fähigkeiten, um der Situation Herr zu werden.

An sogenannten Junction-Points kann der Spieler die Rolle von Paul Serene übernehmen. Durch Pauls Fähigkeit in die Zukunft zu schauen kann der Spieler sehen, welche Auswirkungen eine bestimmte Handlung auf die Zukunft hat und somit sein ganz eigenes Spieleerlebnis gestalten.

Features:
  • Mehr als nur ein Spiel: Neben dem eigentlichen Spiel gehört auch eine TV-Serie zum Erlebnis von Quantum Break
  • Durch besondere Fähigkeiten und geschickte Manipulation der Zeit können Gegner entweder überlistet oder ausgeschaltet werden
  • Bestimme den Spielverlauf selbst: An sogenannten Junction-Points kann der Spieler die Rolle von Paul Serene übernehmen
  • Tiefgründige und packende Geschichte von Remedy Entertainment, dem Erfolgsstudio von Max Payne und Alan Wake
  • Nutze deine Fähigkeiten um an monumentalen Schaupätzen die Gefahren der Zeitmanipulation zu überleben
  • Intensives, filmreifes Gameplay in Kombination mit einer packenden Live-Action-Serie, die sich an deine Entscheidungen anpassen
  • Mit beeindruckender Next-Gen Grafik und filmreifen Spielszenen

          Klein Quantum Pro MUST SEE LIKE NEW AUBURN   
Weight: 17.2 Colors: Plum Crazy Purple Components Brakeset: Shimano Dura-Ace Dual Pivot brakes, Shimano Dura-Ace STI Dual Control levers Shift Levers: Shimano Dura-Ace STI Dual Control Crankset: Shimano Dura-Ace, 39/53 teeth Pedals: Not include

          Global Quantum Computing Market Growth at a CAGR of 35.12%, 2017-2021 - Latest Challenges, Drivers & Trends   
...Quantum computing will have potential applications in a variety of sectors such as aerospace and defense, civil aviation, cybersecurity, finance, healthcare, and logistics. The potential applications have compelled governments and companies to focus on developing quantum computers and related technologies. The ...

          CoasterRadio.com #530 - Time Machine Show - Part 2   

After an unplanned two-week hiatus, the Original Theme Park Podcast is back and ready to continue our travels through time.

This week, we're combining the time travel rules from Back to the Future, Bill and Ted, Time Cop, The Time Traveler's Wife and Quantum Leap to listen in on one of our favorite shows from the past.

We'll head back to January of 2006 to hear the "Joint Chiefs ™" talk about the pros and cons of paying to get to the front of the line.

And since we have a Time Machine, we just might try to head into the future to see if the parks have taken the idea of "Pay for Play" too far!

We'll also hear a Live Trip Report from two of our newest listeners who just got to check out the updated version of "Star Tours."  Plus, we'll have news about how EB's son Mark is a bona fide television star in the theme park universe! And, we'll have an update on the NPH Project!


          Customer Service Assistant (6 months fixed-term) - Quantum - Burnopfield   
To liaise with the courier services and suppliers regarding deliveries. To deal with customer enquiries. To follow and promote relevant Standard Operating...
From Quantum - Fri, 24 Mar 2017 09:45:08 GMT - View all Burnopfield jobs
          Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Seminar   

07/25/2017

Brendan McLaughlin, Centre for Theoretical Atomic and Molecular Physics, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen’s University Belfast Quantum Chemistry and its role in dynamical studies and ultra-cold collisions The structure and properties of molecules and their cations plays a fundamental role in a range of dynamical studies such as; ultra-cold collisions [1,2,3], laser cooling and trapping, dissociative electron attachment, dissociative recombination, electron scattering, photoionization [4] and ultrafast dynamics [5]. Ultra-cold hybrid ion-atom traps offer the possibility of microscopic manipulation of quantum coherence in the gas using the ion as a probe. Inelastic processes, particularly charge transfer can be a significant process of ion loss and is of current interest experimentally. The study of ultra-cold molecules tightly trapped in an optical lattice can expand the frontier of precision measurements and spectroscopy and lead to a deeper insight into molecular and fundamental physics. The interpretation of experimental results requires detailed information on the structure, properties and dynamics and is a prime example where quantum chemistry plays a fundamental role. Electron-density distributions, transition dipole moments and potential-energy surfaces are important for predicting the physical properties and chemical reactivity of molecular systems. I will briefly review the methods used to obtain the structure and dynamics of molecular systems and show how such information can be used in various theoretical studies for a variety of molecular complexes. I will highlight the fundamental role played by quantum chemistry in all of these present investigations and present recent dynamical results for cross sections and rate coefficients for radiative loss, association and charge transfer for a variety of diatomic complexes, namely; NaCa+, HeC+. CH+, CH, SiO and CS [5-8]. Many of these systems are of current interest to the theoretical and experimental efforts of the University of Connecticut, Storrs group. References [1] H D L Lamb, J F McCann, B M McLaughlin, J Goold, N Wells and I C Lane, Phys. Rev A 86, 022719 (2012) [2] B M McLaughlin, H D L Lamb, I C Lane and J F McCann, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47, 145201 (2014) [3] P C Stancil, G Shen, J F McCann and B M McLaughlin, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 59, 46 (2014) [4] G Shen, P C Stancil, J G Wang, J F McCann and B M McLaughlin, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Phys. 48, 105203 (2015) [5] J. F. Babb and B M McLaughlin, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50, 044003 (2017) [6] J. F. Babb and B. M. McLaughlin, MNRAS 468, 2052(2017) [7] J. F. Babb, H. Merryman and B. M. McLaughlin, MNRAS, in press (2017). [7] M. Cairnie, R. C. Forrey, J. F. Babb, P. C. Stancil and B. M. McLaughlin, MNRAS, in press (2017) [8]R. Patillo, R. Cieszewski, P. C. Stancil, R. C. Forrey, J. F. Babb, J. F. McCann and B. M. McLaughlin, Astrophys. J, in press (2017).


          Don't Underestimate India's Cunning Narendra Modi   
Narendra Modi is a more cunning reformer than many in India and around the world—including President Trump—realize. Don’t underestimate his ability to help India make a quantum leap forward.
          Spooky action at a (short) distance   
Entanglement in physics is about action that seems to transfer some sort of 'information' across distances at speeds faster than that of light.  Roughly speaking (I'm not a physicist!), it is about objects with states that are not fixed in advance, and could take various forms but must differ between them, and that are separated from each other.  When measurement is made on one of them, whatever the result, the corresponding object takes on its opposite state.  That means the states are not entirely due to local factors, and somehow the second object 'knows' what state the first was observed in and takes on a different state.

You can read about this in many places and understand it better than I do or than I've explained it here.  Albert Einstein was skeptical that this could occur, if the speed of light were the fastest possible speed.  So he famously called the findings as they stood at that time "Spooky action at a distance." But the findings have stood many specific tests, and seem to be real, however it happens.

Does life, too, have spooky action? 
I think the answer is: maybe so.  But it is at a very short distance, that within the nuclei of individual cells.  Organisms have multiple chromosomes and many species, like humans, have 2 instances of each (are 'diploid'), one inherited from each parent.  I say 'instances' rather than 'copies', because they are not identical to each other nor to those of the parent that transmitted each of them.  They are perhaps near copies, but mutation always occurs, even among the cells within each of us, so each cell differs from their contemporary somatic fellows and from what we inherited in our single-cell beginnings as a fertilized egg.

Many clever studies over many years have been documenting the 3-dimensional, context-specific conformation, or detailed physical arrangement of chromosomes within cells.  The work is variously known, but one catch-term is chromosome conformation capture, or 3C, and I'll use that here.  Unless or until this approach is shown to be too laden with laboratory artifact (it's quite sophisticated), we'll assume it's more or less right.

The gist of the phenomenon is that (1) a given cell type, under a given set of conditions, is using only a subset of its genes (for my  purposes here this generally means protein-coding genes proper); (2) these active genes are scattered along and between the chromosomes, with intervening inactive regions (genes not being used at the moment); (3) the cell's gene expression pattern can change quickly when its circumstances change, as it responds to environmental conditions, during cell division, etc.; (4) at least to some extent the active regions seem to be clustered physically together in expression-centers in the nucleus; (5) this all implies that there is extensive trans communication, coordinating, and physically juxtaposing, parts within and among each chromosome--there is action at a very short distance.

Even more remarkably, I think, this phenomenon seems somehow robust to speciation because related species have similar functions and similar sets of genes, but often their chromosomes have been extensively rearranged during their evolutionary separation. More than this: each person has different DNA sequences due to mutation, and different numbers of genes due to copy number changes (duplications, deletions); yet the complex local juxtapositions seem to work anyway.  At present this is so complicated, so regular, and so changeable and thus so poorly understood, that I think we can reasonably parrot Einstein and call it 'spooky'.

What this means is that chromosomes are not just randomly floating around like a bowl of spaghetti.   Gene expression (including transcribed non-coding RNAs) is thought to be based on the sequence-specific binding of tens of transcription factors in an expression complex that is (usually) just upstream of the transcribed part.  Since a given cell under given conditions is expressing thousands of condition-specific genes, there must be very extensive interaction or 'communication' in trans, that is, across all the chromosomes. That's because the cell can change its expression set very quickly.

The 3C results show that in a given type of cell under given conditions, the chromosomes are physically very non-randomly arranged, with active centers physically very near or perhaps touching each other.  How this massive plate of apparent-spaghetti even physically rearranges to get these areas together, without getting totally tangled up, yet to be quickly rearrangeable is, to me, spooky if anything in Nature is.  The entanglement, disentanglement, and re-entanglement happens genome wide, which is implicitly what the classical term  'polygenic' essentially recognized related to genetic causation, but is now being documented.

The usual approach of genetics these days is to sequence and enumerate various short functional bits as being coding, regulatory, enhancing, inhibiting, transcribing etc. other parts nearby.  We have long been able to analyze cDNA and decide which parts are being used for protein coding, at least. Locally, we can see why or how this happens, in the sense that we can identify the transcription factors and their binding sites, called promoters, enhancers and the like, and the actual protein or functional RNA codes.  We can find expression correlates by extracting them from cells and enumerating them.  3C analysis appears to show that these coding elements are, at least to some extent, found juxtaposed in various transcription hot-spots.

Is gene expression 'entangled'?
What if the molecular aspects of the 3C research were shown to be technical artifacts, relative to what is really going on?  I have read some skepticism about that, concerning what is found in single cells vs aggregates of 'identical' cells.  If 3C stumbles, will our idea of polygenic condition-specific gene usage change?   I think not.  We needn't have 3C data to show the functional results since they are already there to see (e.g., in cell-specific expression studies--cDNA and what ENCODE has found). If 3C has been misleading for technical or other reasons, it would just mean that something else just as spooky but different from the 3D arrangement that 3C detects, is responsible for correlating the genomewide trans gene usage.  And it's of course 4-dimensional since it's time-dependent, too.  So what I've said here still will apply, even if for some other, unknown or even unsuspected reason.

The existing observations on context-specific gene expression show that something 'entangles' different parts of the genome for coordinated use, and that can change very rapidly.  The same genome, among the different types of cells of an individual, can behave very differently in this sense. Somehow, its various chromosomal regions 'know' how to be, or, better put, are coordinated.  This seems at least plausibly to be more than just that a specific context-specific set of transcription factors (TFs) binds selectively near regions to be transcribed and changes in its thousands of details almost instantly.  What TFs?  and how does a given TF know which binding sites to grab or to release, moment by moment, since they typically bind enhancers or promoters of many different genes, not all of them expression-related.  And if you want to dismiss that, by saying for example that this has to do with which TFs are themselves being produced, or which parts of DNA are unwrapped at each particular time, then you're just bumping the same question about trans control up, or over, to a different level of what's involved.  That's no answer!

And there is even another, seemingly simpler example to show that we really don't understand what's going on: the alignment of homologues in the first stage of meiosis.  We've been taught that empirical and necessary fact about meiosis for many decades. But how do the two homologues find each other to align?  This is essentially just not mentioned, if anyone even was asking, in textbooks.  I've seen some speculative ideas, again involving what I'll call 'electromagnetic' properties of each chromosome but even their authors didn't really claim it was sufficient or definitive.  Just for examples, homologous chromosomes in a diploid individual have different rearrangements, deletions, duplications, and all sorts of heterozygous sequence details, yet by and large they still seem to find each other in meiosis.  Something's going on!

How might this be tested?
I don't have any answers, but I wonder if, on the hypothesis that these thoughts are on target, how we might set up some critical experiments to test this.  I don't know if we can push the analogy with tests for quantum entanglement or not, but probably not.

One might hope that 'all' we have to do is enumerate sequence bits to account for this action-at-a-distance, this very detailed trans phenomenon.  But I wonder......I wonder if there may be something entirely unanticipated or even unknown that could be responsible.  Maybe there are 'electromagnetic' properties or something akin to that, that are involved in such detailed 4D contextually relativistic phenomena.

Suppose that what happens at one chromosomal location (let's just call it the binding of a TF), directly affects whether that or a different TF binds somewhere else at the same time.  Whatever causes the first event, if that's how it works, the distance effect would be a very non-local phenomenon, one so central to organized life in complex organisms that, causally, is not just a set of local gene expressions.  Somehow, some sort of 'information' is at work very fast and over very short distances. It is the worst sort of arrogance to assume it is all just encoded in DNA as a code we can read off along the strand and that will succumb to enumerative local informatic sequence analysis.

The current kind of purely local hypothetical sequence enumeration-based account seems too ordinary--it's not spooky enough!
          The (bad) luck of the draw; more evidence   
A while back, Vogelstein and Tomasetti (V-T) published a paper in Science in which it was argued that most cancers cannot be attributed to known environmental factors, but instead were due simply to the errors in DNA replication that occur throughout life when cells divide.  See our earlier 2-part series on this.

Essentially the argument is that knowledge of the approximate number of at-risk cell divisions per unit of age could account for the age-related pattern of increase in cancers of different organs, if one ignored some obviously environmental causes like smoking.  Cigarette smoke is a mutagen and if cancer is a mutagenic disease, as it certainly largely is, then that will account for the dose-related pattern of lung and oral cancers.

This got enraged responses from environmental epidemiologists whose careers are vested in the idea that if people would avoid carcinogens they'd reduce their cancer risk.  Of course, this is partly just the environmental epidemiologists' natural reaction to their ox being gored--threats to their grant largesse and so on.  But it is also true that environmental factors of various kinds, in addition to smoking, have been associated with cancer; some dietary components, viruses, sunlight, even diagnostic x-rays if done early and often enough, and other factors.

Most associated risks from agents like these are small, compared to smoking, but not zero and an at least legitimate objection to V-T's paper might be that the suggestion that environmental pollution, dietary excess, and so on don't matter when it comes to cancer is wrong.  I think V-T are saying no such thing.  Clearly some environmental exposures are mutagens and it would be a really hard-core reactionary to deny that mutations are unrelated to cancer.  Other external or lifestyle agents are mitogens; they stimulate cell division, and it would be silly not to think they could have a role in cancer.  If and when they do, it is not by causing mutations per se.  Instead mitogenic exposures in themselves just stimulate cell division, which is dangerous if the cell is already transformed into a cancer cell.  But it is also a way to increase cancer by just what V-T stress: the natural occurrence of mutations when cells divide.

There are a few who argue that cancer is due to transposable elements moving around and/or inserting into the genome where they can cause cells to misbehave, or other perhaps unknown factors such as of tissue organization, which can lead cells to 'misbehave', rather than mutations.

These alternatives are, currently, a rather minor cause of cancer.  In response to their critics, V-T have just published a new multi-national analysis that they suggest supports their theory.  They attempted to correct for the number of at-risk cells and so on, and found a convincing pattern that supports the intrinsic-mutation viewpoint.  They did this to rebut their critics.

This is at least in part an unnecessary food-fight.  When cells divide, DNA replication errors occur.  This seems well-documented (indeed, Vogelstein did some work years ago that showed evidence for somatic mutation--that is, DNA changes that are not inherited--and genomes of cancer cells compared to normal cells of the same individual.  Indeed, for decades this has been known in various levels of detail.  Of course, showing that this is causal rather than coincidental is a separate problem, because the fact of mutations occurring during cell division doesn't necessarily mean that the mutations are causal. However, for several cancers the repeated involvement of specific genes, and the demonstration of mutations in the same gene or genes in many different individuals, or of the same effect in experimental mice and so on, is persuasive evidence that mutational change is important in cancer.

The specifics of that importance are in a sense somewhat separate from the assertion that environmental epidemiologists are complaining about.  Unfortunately, to a great extent this is a silly debate. In essence, besides professional pride and careerism, the debate should not be about whether mutations are involved in cancer causation but whether specific environmental sources of mutation are identifiable and individually strong enough, as x-rays and tobacco smoke are, to be identified and avoided.  Smoking targets particular cells in the oral cavity and lungs.  But exposures that are more generic, but individually rare or not associated with a specific item like smoking, and can't be avoided, might raise the rate of somatic mutation generally.  Just having a body temperature may be one such factor, for example.

I would say that we are inevitably exposed to chemicals and so on that will potentially damage cells, mutation being one such effect.  V-T are substantially correct, from what the data look like, in saying that (in our words) namable, specific, and avoidable environmental mutations are not the major systematic, organ-targeting cause of cancer.  Vague and/or generic exposure to mutagens will lead to mutations more or less randomly among our cells (maybe, depending on the agent, differently depending on how deep in our bodies the cells are relative to the outside world or other means of exposure).  The more at-risk cells, the longer they're at risk, and so on, the greater the chance that some cell will experience a transforming set of changes.

Most of us probably inherit mutations in some of these genes from conception, and have to await other events to occur (whether these are mutational or of another nature as mentioned above).  The age patterns of cancers seem very convincingly to show that.  The real key factor here is the degree to which specific, identifiable, avoidable mutational agents can be identified.  It seems silly or, perhaps as likely, mere professional jealousy, to resist that idea.

These statements apply even if cancers are not all, or not entirely, due to mutational effects.  And, remember, not all of the mutations required to transform a cell need be of somatic origin.  Since cancer is mostly, and obviously, a multi-factor disease genetically (not a single mutation as a rule), we should not have our hackles raised if we find what seems obvious, that mutations are part of cell division, part of life.

There are curious things about cancer, such as our large body size but delayed onset ages relative to the occurrence of cancer in smaller, and younger animals like mice.  And different animals of different lifespans and body sizes, even different rodents, have different lifetime cancer risks (some may be the result of details of their inbreeding history or of inbreeding itself).  Mouse cancer rates increase with age and hence the number of at-risk cell divisions, but the overall risk at very young ages despite many fewer cell divisions (yet similar genome sizes) shows that even the spontaneous mutation idea of V-T has problems.  After all, elephants are huge and live very long lives; why don't they get cancer much earlier?

Overall, if if correct, V-T's view should not give too much comfort to our 'Precision' genomic medicine sloganeers, another aspect of budget protection, because the bad luck mutations are generally somatic, not germline, and hence not susceptible to Big Data epidemiology, genetic or otherwise, that depends on germ-line variation as the predictor.

Related to this are the numerous reports of changes in life expectancy among various segments of society and how they are changing based on behaviors, most recently, for example, the opiod epidemic among whites in depressed areas of the US.  Such environmental changes are not predictable specifically, not even in principle, and can't be built into genome-based Big Data, or the budget-promoting promises coming out of NIH about such 'precision'.  Even estimated lifetime cancer risks associated with mutations in clear-cut risk-affecting genes like BRCA1 mutations and breast cancer, vary greatly from population to population and study to study.  The V-T debate, and their obviously valid point, regardless of the details, is only part of the lifetime cancer risk story.

ADDENDUM 1
Just after posting this, I learned of a new story on this 'controversy' in The Atlantic.  It is really a silly debate, as noted in my original version.  It tacitly makes many different assumptions about whether this or that tinkering with our lifestyles will add to or reduce the risk of cancer and hence support the anti-V-T lobby.  If we're going to get into the nitty-gritty and typically very minor details about, for example, whether the statistical colon-cancer-protective effect of aspirin shows that V-T were wrong, then this really does smell of academic territory defense.

Why do I say that?  Because if we go down that road, we'll have to say that statins are cancer-causing, and so is exercise, and kidney transplants and who knows what else.  They cause cancer by allowing people to live longer, and accumulate more mutational damage to their cells.  And the supposedly serious opioid epidemic among Trump supporters actually is protective, because those people are dying earlier and not getting cancer!

The main point is that mutations are clearly involved in carcinogenesis, cell division life-history is clearly involved in carcinogenesis, environmental mutagens are clearly involved in carcinogenesis, and inherited mutations are clearly contributory to the additional effects of life-history events.  The silly extremism to which the objectors to V-T would take us would be to say that, obviously, if we avoided any interaction whatsoever with our environment, we'd never get cancer.  Of course, we'd all be so demented and immobilized with diverse organ-system failures that we wouldn't realize our good fortune in not getting cancer.

The story and much of the discussion on all sides is also rather naive even about the nature of cancer (and how many or of which mutations etc it takes to get cancer); but that's for another post sometime.

ADDENDUM 2
I'll add another new bit to my post, that I hadn't thought of when I wrote the original.  We have many ways to estimate mutation rates, in nature and in the laboratory.  They include parent-offspring comparison in genomewide sequencing samples, and there have been sperm-to-sperm comparisons.  I'm sure there are many other sets of data (see Michael Lynch in Trends in Genetics 2010 Aug; 26(8): 345–352.  These give a consistent picture and one can say, if one wants to, that the inherent mutation rate is due to identifiable environmental factors, but given the breadth of the data that's not much different than saying that mutations are 'in the air'.  There are even sex-specific differences.

The numerous mutation detection and repair mechanisms, built into genomes, adds to the idea that mutations are part of life, for example that they are not related to modern human lifestyles.  Of course, evolution depends on mutation, so it cannot and never has been reduced to zero--a species that couldn't change doesn't last.  Mutations occur in plants and animals and prokaryotes, in all environments and I believe, generally at rather similar species-specific rates.

If you want to argue that every mutation has an external (environmental) cause rather than an internal molecular one, that is merely saying there's no randomness in life or imperfection in molecular processes.  That is as much a philosophical as an empirical assertion (as perhaps any quantum physicist can tell you!).  The key, as  asserted in the post here, is that for the environmentalists' claim to make sense, to be a mutational cause in the meaningful sense, the force or factor must be systematic and identifiable and tissue-specific, and it must be shown how it gets to the internal tissue in question and not to other tissues on the way in, etc.

Given how difficult it has been to chase down most environmental carcinogenic factors, to which exposure is more than very rare, and that the search has been going on for a very long time, and only a few have been found that are, in themselves, clearly causal (ultraviolet radiation, Human Papilloma Virus, ionizing radiation, the ones mentioned in the post), whatever is left over must be very weak, non tissue-specific, rare, and the like.  Even radiation-induced lung cancer in uranium minors has been challenging to prove (for example, because miners also largely were smokers).

It is not much of a stretch to simply say that even if, in principle, all mutations in our body's lifetime were due to external exposures, and the relevant mutagens could be identified and shown in some convincing way to be specifically carcinogenic in specific tissues, in practice if not ultra-reality, then the aggregate exposures to such mutations are unavoidable and epistemically random with respect to tissue and gene.  That I would say is the essence of the V-T finding.

Quibbling about that aspect of carcinogenesis is for those who have already determined how many angels dance on the head of a pin.
          Is genetics still metaphysical? Part VI. What might lead to a transformative insight in biology today--if we need one   
It's easy to complain about the state of the world, in this case, of the life sciences, and much harder to provide the Big New Insights one argues might be due.  Senioritis makes it even easier: when my career in genetics began, not very much was known.  Genes figuratively had 2 alleles, with measurable rates of recurrence by mutation.  Genetically tractable traits were caused by the proteins in these genes; quantitative traits were too complex to be considered seriously to be due to individual genes, so were tacitly assumed to be the additive result of an essentially infinite number of them.

How many genes there were was essentially unknowable, but using identified proteins as a gauge, widely thought to be around 100,000. The 'modern evolutionary synthesis' solved the problem, conceptually, by treating these largely metaphorical causal items as largely equivalent, if distinct, entities whose identities were essentially unknowable.  That is, at least, we didn't have to think about them as specific entities, only their collective actions.  Mendelian causal genes, evolving by natural selection was, even if metaphorical or even in a serious way metaphysical, a highly viable worldview in which to operate.  A whole science enterprise grew around this worldview.  But things have changed.

Over the course of my career, we've learned a lot about these metaphysical units.  Whether or not they are now more physical than metaphysical is the question I've tried to address in this series of posts, and I think there's not an easy answer--but what we have, or should have, understood is that they are not units!  If we have to have a word for them, perhaps it should be interactants.  But even that is misleading because the referents are not in fact unitary.  For example, many if not  most 'genes' are only active in context-dependent circumstances, are multiply spliced, may be post-trascriptionally edited, are chemically modified, and have function only when combined with other units (e.g., don't code for discretely functioning proteins), etc.

Because interaction is largely a trans phenomenon--between factors here and there, rather than just everything here, the current gene concept, and the panselectionistic view in which every trait has an adaptive purpose, whether tacit or explicit, is a serious or even fundamental impediment to a more synthetic understanding. I feel it's worth piling on at this point, and adding that the current science is also pan-statistical in ways that in my view are just as damaging.  The reason, to me, is that these methods are almost entirely generic, based on internal comparison among samples, using subjective decision-criteria (e.g., p-values) rather than testing data against a serious-level theory.

If this be so, then perhaps if the gene-centered view of life, or even the gene concept itself as life's fundamental 'atomic' unit, needs to be abandoned as a crude if once important approximation to the nature of life. I have no brilliant ideas, but will try here to present the sorts of known facts that might stimulate some original thinker's synthesizing insight--or, alternatively, might lead us to believe that no such thing is even needed, because we already understand the relevant nature of life: that as an evolutionary product it is inherently not 'regular' the way physics and chemistry are.  But if our understanding is already correct, then our public promises of precision medicine are culpably misleading slogans.

In part V of this series I mentioned several examples of deep science insight, that seemed to have shared at least one thing in common:  they were based on a synthesis that unified many seemingly disparate facts.  We have many facts confronting us.  How would or might we try to think differently about them?  One way might be to ask the following questions: What if biological causation is about difference, not replication?  What if 'the gene' is misleading, and we were to view life in terms of interactions rather than genes-as-things?  How would that change our view?

Here are some well-established facts that might be relevant to a new, synthetic rather than particulate view of life:

1. Evolution works by difference, not replication Since Newton or perhaps back to the Greek geometers, what we now call 'science' largely was about understanding the regularities of existence.  What became known as 'laws' of Nature were, initially for theological reasons, assumed to be the basis of existence.  The same conditions led to the same outcomes anywhere.  Two colliding billiard balls here on Earth or in any other galaxy, would react in identical ways (yes, I know, that one can never have exactly the same conditions--or billiard balls--but the idea is that the parts of the cosmos were exchangeable.)  But one aspect of life is that it is an evolved chemical phenomenon whose evolution occurred because elements were different rather than exchangeable.  Evolution and hence life, is about interactions or context-specific relative effects (e.g., genetic drift, natural selection). 
2.  Life is a phenomenon of nested (cladistic) tree-like relationships Life is not about separated, independent entities, but about entities that from the biosphere down (at least) to individual organisms are made of sets of variations of higher-level components.  Observation at one level, at least from cells up to organs to systems to individuals, populations, species and ecosystems, are reflections of the nested level(s) the observational level contains. 
3.  Much genetic variation works before birth or on a population level Change may arise by genetic mutation, but function is about interactions, and success--which in life means reproduction--depends on the nature of the interactions at all levels.  That is, Darwinian competition among individuals of different species is only one, and perhaps one of the weakest, kinds of such interaction.  Embryonic development is a much more direct, and stronger arena for filtering interactions, than competition (natural selection) among adults for limited resources.  In a similar way, some biological and even genetic factors work only in a population way (bees and ants are an obvious instance, as are bacterial microfilm and the life cycles of sponges or slime molds). 
4.  Homeostasis is one of the fundamental and essential ways that organisms interact Homeostasis as an obvious example of a trans phenomenon.  It's complexly trans because not only do gene-expression combinations change, but they are induced to change by extra-cellular and even extra-organismal factors both intra and inter-species.  The idea of a balance or stasis, as with organized and orchestrated combinatorial reaction surely cannot be read of in cis.  We have known about interactions and reactions and so on, so this is not to invoke some vague Gaia notions, but to point out the deep level of interactions, and these depend on many factors that themselves vary, etc. 
5. Environments include non-living factors as well as social/interaction ones No gene is an island, even if we could identify what a 'gene' was, and indeed that no gene stands alone is partly why we can't.  Environments are like the celestial spheres: from each point of view everything else is the 'environment', including the rest of a cell, organ, system, organism, population, ecosystem.  In humans and many other species, we must include behavioral or social kinds of interactions as 'environment'.  There is no absolute reference frame in life any more than in the cosmos.  Things may appear linear from one point of view, but not another.  The 'causal' effects of a protein code (a classical 'gene') depend on its context--and vice versa
6. The complexity of factors often implies weak or equivalent causation--and that's evolutionarily fundamental. Factors or 'forces' that are too strong on their own--that is, that appear as individually identifiable 'units'--are often lethal to evolutionary survival.  Most outcomes we (or evolution) care about are causally complex, and they are always simultaneously multiple: a species isn't adapting to just one selective factor at a time, for example.  Polygenic causation (using the term loosely to refer to complex multi-factoral causation) is the rule.  These facts mean that individually identified factors usually have weak effects and/or that there are alternative ways to achieve the same end, within or among individuals.  Selection, even of the classical kind, must be typically weak relative to any given involved factor. 
7. The definition of traits is often subjective and affects their 'cause' Who decides what 'obesity', 'intelligence', or 'diabetes' is?  In general, we might say that 'Nature' decides what is a 'trait', but in practice it is often we, via our language and our scientific framework, who try to divide up the living world into discrete categories and hence to search for discrete causal factors.  It is no surprise that what we find is rather arbitrary, and gives the impression of biological causation as packaged into separate items rather than being fundamentally about a 'fabric' of interactions.  But the shoehorn is often a major instrument in our causal explanations. 
8. The 'quantum mechanics' effect: interaction affects the interactors In many aspects of life, obviously but not exclusively applied to humans, when scientists ask a question or publicize a result, it affects the population in question.  This is much like the measurement effect in quantum mechanics.  Studying something affects it in ways relevant to the causal landscape we are studying.  Even in non-human life, the 'studying' of rabbits by foxes, or of forests by sunlight, affects what is being studied.  This is another way of pointing out the pervasive centrality of interaction.  Just like political polls, the science 'news' in our media, affect our behavior and it is almost impossible to measure the breadth and impact of this phenomenon.

All of these phenomena can be shoe-horned into the 'gene' concept or a gene-centered view of life or of biomedical 'precision'.  But it's forced: each case has to be treated differently, by statistical tests rather than a rigorous theory, and with all sorts of exceptions, involving things like those listed here, that have to be given post hoc explanations (if any). In this sense, the gene concept is outmoded and an overly particulate and atomized view of a phenomenon--life--whose basic nature is that it is not so particularized.

Take all of these facts, and many others like them, and try to view them as a whole, and as a whole that, nonetheless can evolve.  Yesterday's post on how I make doggerel was intended to suggest a similar kind of mental exercise.  There can be wholes, and they can evolve, but they do it as wholes. If there is a new synthesis to be found, my own hunch it would be in these sorts of thoughts.  As with the examples I discussed a few days ago (plate techtonics, evolution itself, and relativity), there was a wealth of facts that were not secret or special, and were well-known. But they hadn't been put together until someone thinking hard about them, who was also smart and lucky, managed it. Whether we have this in the offing for biology, or whether we even need it, is what I've tried to write about in this series of posts.

Of course, one shouldn't romanticize scientific 'revolutions'.  As I've also tried to say, these sorts of facts, which are ones I happen to have thought of to list, do not in any way prove that there is a grand new synthesis out there waiting to be discovered. It is perfectly plausible that this kind of ad hoc, chaotic view of life is what life is like.  But if that's the case, we should shed the particulate, gene-centered view we have and openly acknowledge the ad hoc, complex, fundamentally trans nature of life--and, therefore, of what we can promise in terms of health miracles.
          Is genetics still metaphysical? Part V. Examples of conditions that lead to transformative insights   
A commenter on this series asked what I thought that "a theory of biology should (realistically) aspire to predict?" The series (part 1 here) has discussed aspects of life sciences in which we don't currently seem to have the kind of unifying underlying theory found in other physical sciences. I'm not convinced that many people even recognize the problem.

I couched the issues in the context of asking whether the 'gene' concept was metaphysical or was more demonstrably or rigorously concrete.  I don't think it is concrete, and I do think many areas of the life sciences are based on internal generic statistical or sampling comparison of one sort of data against another (e.g., genetic variants found in cases vs controls in a search for genetic causes of disease), rather than comparing data against some prior specific theory of causation other than vacuously true assertions like 'genes may contribute to risk of disease'.  I don't think there's an obvious current answer to my view that we need a better theory of biology, nor of course that I have that answer.   

I did suggest in this series that perhaps we should not expect biology to have the same kind of theory found in physics, because our current understanding doesn't (or at least shouldn't) lead us to expect the same kind of cause-effect replicability.  Evolution--which was one of the sort of basic revolutionary insights in the history of science, and is about life, specifically asserts that life got the way it is by not being replicable (e.g., in one process, by natural selection among different--non-replicate--individuals).  But that's also a very vanilla comment.

I'll try to answer the commenter's question in this and the next post.  I'll do it in a kind of 'meta' or very generic way, through the device of presenting examples of the kind of knowledge landscape that has stimulated new, deeply synthesizing insight in various areas of science.

1.  Relativity
History generally credits Galileo for the first modern understanding that some aspects of motion appear differently from different points of view.  A classic case was of a ship gliding into the port of Genoa: if someone inside the ship dropped a ball it would land at his feet, just as it would for someone on land.  But someone on land watching the sailor through a window would see the ball move not just down but also along an angled path toward the port, the hypotenuse of a right triangle, which is longer than the straight-down distance.  But if the two observations of the same event were quantitatively different, which was 'true'?  Eventually, Einstein extended this question using images such as trains and railroad stations: a passenger who switched on two lightbulbs, one each at opposite ends of a train, would see both flashes at the same time.  But a person at a station the train was passing through would see the rearmost flash before the frontward one.  So what does this say about simultaneity?

These and many other examples showed that, unlike Isaac Newton's view of space and time as existing in an absolute sense, they depend on one's point of view, in the sense that if you adjust for that, all observers will see the same laws of Nature at work.  Einstein was working in the Swiss patent office and at the time there were problems inventors were trying to solve in keeping coordinated time--this affected European railroads, but also telecommunication, marine transport and so on. Thinking synthetically about various aspects of the problem led Einstein later to show that a similar answer applied to acceleration and a fundamentally different, viewpoint-dependent, understanding of gravity as curvature in space and time itself, a deeply powerfully deeper understanding of the inherent structure of the universe.  A relativisitic viewpoint helped account for the nature and speed of light, aspects of both motion and momentum, of electromagnetism, the relationship between matter and energy, the composition of 'space', the nature of gravity, of time and space as a unified matrix of existence, the dynamics of the cosmos, and so on, all essentially in one go.

The mathematics is very complex (and beyond my understanding!).   But the idea itself was mainly based on rather simple observations (or thought experiments), and did not require extensive data or exotically remote theory, though it has been shown to fit very diverse phenomena better than former non-relativisitc views, and are required for aspects of modern life, as well as our wish to understand the cosmos and our place in it.  That's how we should think of a unifying synthesis. 

The insight that led to relativity as a modern concept, and that there is no one 'true' viewpoint ('reference frame'), is a logically simple one, but that united many different well-known facts and observations that had not been accounted for by the same underlying aspect of Nature.

2.  Geology and Plate Techtonics (Continental Drift)
Physics is very precise from a mathematical point of view, but transformative synthesis in human thinking does not require that sort of precision.  Two evolutionary examples will show this, and that principles or 'laws' of Nature can take various forms.  

The prevailing western view until the last couple of centuries, even among scientists, was that the cosmos had a point Creation, basically in its present form, a few thousand years ago.  But the age of exploration occasioned by better seagoing technology and a spirit of global investigation, found oddities, such as sea shells at high elevations, and fossils.  The orderly geographical nature of coral atolls, Pacific island chains, volcanic and earthquake-prone regions was discovered.  Remnants of very different climates than present ones in some locations were found.  Similarly looking biological species (and fossils) were found in disjoint parts of the world, such as South Africa, South America, and eventually Antarctica.  These were given various local, ad hoc one-off explanations.  There were hints in previous work, but an influential author was Alfred Wegener who wrote (e.g., from 1912--see Wikipedia: Alfred Wegener) about the global map, showing evidence of continental drift, the continents being remnants of a separating jigsaw puzzle, as shown in the first image here; the second shows additional evidence of what were strange similarities in distantly separated lands.  This knowledge had accumulated by the many world collectors and travelers during the Age of Exploration. Better maps showed that continents seemed sometimes to be 'fitted' to each other like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle.  



Geological ages and continental movement (from Hallam, A Revolution in the Earth Sciences, 1973; see text)


Evidence for the continental jigsaw puzzle (source Wikipedia: Alfred Wegener, see text)

Also, if the world were young and static since some 'creation' event, these individual findings were hard to account for. This complemented ideas by early geologists like Hutton and Lyell around the turn of the 19th century. They noticed that deep time also was consistent with the idea of (pardon the pun) glacially slow observable changes in glaciers, river banks, and coastlines that had been documented since by geologists  Their idea of 'uniformitarianism' was that processes observable today occurred as well during the deep past, meaning that extrapolation was a valid way to make inferences.  Ad hoc isolated and unrelated explanations had generally been offered piecemeal for these sorts of facts.  Similar plants or animals on oceanically separated continents must have gotten there by rafting on detritus from rivers that had been borne to the sea.

Many very different kinds of evidence were then assembled and a profound insight was the result, which we today refer to by terms such as 'plate techtonics' or 'continental drift'.   There are now countless sources for the details, but one that I think is interesting is A Revolution in the Earth Sciences, by A. Hallam, published by Oxford Press in 1973, only a few years after what is basically the modern view had been convincingly accepted.  His account is interesting because we now know so much more that reinforces the idea, but it was as stunning a thought-change as was biological evolution in Darwin's time.  I was a graduate student at the time, and we experienced the Aha! realization that was taking place was that, before our very observational eyes so to speak, diverse facts were being fit under the same synthesizing explanation (even some of our faculty were still teaching old, forced, stable-earth explanations).

Among much else, magnetic orientation of geological formations, including symmetric stripes of magnetic reversals flanking the Mid-Atlantic Trench documented the sea-floor spreading that separated the broken-off continental fragments--the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle.  Mountain height and sea depth patterns gained new explanations on a geologic (and very deep time) scale, because the earth was accepted as being older than biblical accounts).  Atolls and the volcanic ring of fire are accounted for by continental motions.  

This was not a sudden one-factor brilliant finding, but rather the accumulation of centuries of slowly collected global data from the age of sail (corresponding to today's fervor for 'Big Data'?).  A key is that the local facts were not really accounted for by locally specific explanations, but were globally united as instances of the same general, globally underlying processes.  Coastlines, river gorges, mountain building, fossil-site locations, current evidence of very different past climates and so on were brought under the umbrella of one powerful, unifying theory.  It was the recognition of very disparate facts that could be synthesized that led to the general acceptance of the theory.  Indeed, subsequent and extensive global data, continue to this day to make the hypothesis of early advocates like Wegener pay off.

3.  Evolution itself
It is a 100% irrefutable explanation for life's diversity to say that God created all the species on Earth. But that is of no use in understanding the world, especially if we believe, as is quite obvious, that the world and the cosmos more broadly follows regular patterns or 'laws'.  Creationist views of life's diversity, of fossils, and so on, are all post hoc, special explanations for each instance. Each living species can be credited to a separate divine reason or event of creation.  But when world traveling became more common and practicable, many facts and patterns were observed that seemed to make such explanations lame and tautological at best.  For example, fossils resembled crude forms of species present today in the same area.  Groups of similar species are found living in a given region, with clusters of somewhat less similar species elsewhere. The structures of species, such as of vertebrates, or insects, showed similar organization, and one could extend this to deeper if more different patterns in other groups (e.g., that we now would call genera, phyla, and so on).  Basic aspects of inheritance seemed to apply to species, plant and animal alike.  If all species had been, say, on the same Ark, why were similar species so geographically clustered?

It dawned on investigators scanning the Victorian Age's global collections, and in particular Darwin and Wallace, that because offspring resemble their parents, though are not identical to them, and individuals and species have to feed on each other or compete for resources, that those that did better would proliferate more.  If they became isolated, they could diverge in form, and not only that but the traits of each species were suited to its circumstances, even if species fed off each other.  Over time this would also produce different, but related species in a given area.  New species were not seen directly to arise, but precedents from breeders' history showed the effects of selective reproduction, and geologists like Lyell had made biologists aware of the slow but steady nature of geological change.  If one accepted the idea that rather than the short history implied by biblical reading, life on earth instead had been here for a very long time, these otherwise very disparate facts about the nature of life and the reasons for its diversity might have a common 'uniformitarian' explanation--a real scientific explanation in terms of a shared causative process, rather than a series of unrelated creations: the synthesis of a world's worth of very diverse facts made the global pattern of life make causal and explanatory sense, in a way that it had never had before.

Of course the fact of evolution does not directly inform us about genetic causation, which has been the motivating topic of this series of posts.  We'll deal with this in our next post in the series.

Insight comes from facing a problem by synthesis related to pattern recognition
The common feature of these examples of scientific insight is that they involve synthesis derived from pattern recognition. There is a problem to be solved or something to be explained, and multiple facts that may not have seemed related and have been given local, ad hoc, one-off 'explanations'. Often the latter are forced or far-fetched, or 'lazy' (as in Creationism, because it required no understanding of the birds and the beasts). Or because the explanations are not based on any sort of real-world process, they cannot be tested and tempered, and improved.  And, unlike Creationist accounts, scientific accounts can be shown to be wrong, and hence our understanding improved.

In our examples of the conditions in which major scientific insights have occurred, someone or some few, looking at a wealth of disparate facts, or perhaps finding some new fact that is relevant to them, saw through the thicket of 'data', and found meaning.  The more a truly new idea strikes home, in each case, the more facts it incorporates, even facts not considered to be relevant.

Well!  If we don't have diverse, often seemingly disparate facts in genetics then nobody does!  But the situation now seems somewhat different from the above examples: indeed, with the precedents like those above, and several others including historic advances in chemistry, quantum physics, and astronomy, we seem to hasten to generalize, and claim our own synthesizing 'laws'.  But how well are we actually doing, and have we identified the right primary units of causation on which to do the same sort of synthesizing?  Or do we need to?

 I'll do my feeble best to offer some thoughts on this in the final part of this series.
          Quantum Break (Xbox One) -60.0%   
none
          IBM Q Universal Quantum Computer (Herstellervideo)   
IBM will einen Cloud-basierten Dienst für Quantencomputing anbieten.
          Google and Nasas Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab   
Google und Nasa kooperieren bei Quantentechnologie und künstlicher Intelligenz.
          Quantum Annealing Explained (DWave)   
D:Wave erklärt das Quantenglühen.
          Initiative IBM Q - IBM   
Die IBM Quantum Experience ist eine Initiative von IBM, um Forschern die Möglichkeit zu geben, auf Quantencomputern zu rechnen. Das Video stellt die Initiative vor.
          Grab Promo Code RM8 OFF 5 GrabPay Rides 3 - 31 July 2017 (New GrabPay Users)   

@durian wrote:




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          Blueprint for a microwave trapped ion quantum computer   
Quelle: Lekitsch et al "Blueprint for a microwave trapped ion quantum computer" Science Advances, 3 (2). e1601540. ISSN 2375-2548
          "God does not play dice" :   
"God does not play dice": The mathematical-probabilistic model of quantum mechanics and the microscopic physical phenomenon DINO GRUPPUSO·WEDNESDAY, JUNE 22, 20163 Reads In the experiment of double slit the states of the particles coming from the two slits are and remain in state of overlapping up to the time when something does not disturb this situation. The wave function is a model of this phenomenon based on probability but the phenomenon that the model is meant to represent can not be probabilistic. Chances are abstract objects, a mental construction, that can never interact with the physical world. If physical objects and abstract objects could interact with, then you should have, for example, a number that can interact with a solid body causing a collision. The particles instead are objects of the physical world and interacting with other physical objects such as the screen, generating stains, and between them, generating interference. When you run the experiment "a particle at a time" can't be that the wave of probability direct the particles because an abstract object, as the probability wave is, can't interact with the particles physical objects. it is inconceivable to continue those interpretations that are between the magical and metaphysical "consciousness cause of the collapse" or the "human eye" effect or other similar assumptions. Consciousness can cause the collapse of abstract objects indeterminacy, as probabilities are, but it can't interact with physical objects. The only thing that can change the path of the particles up to build the interference pattern, must be a physical object, identifiable because it has to interact with other physical objects. I believe Quantum Mechanics has, from its beginnings, made the mistake of confusing the indeterminacy of abstract objects as the probabilities are with the alleged uncertainty of the particles that are physical objects. Schroedinger's cat experiment is, in my view, a demonstration of the confusion that has taken place, in the quantum world, between the abstract logical problems related to isolated systems and the alleged metaphysical behavior of quantum objects. When the behavior of a particle in the "double slit" regime deviates from the behavior "single slit" this can only be caused by a "physical object" able to interact with other physical objects. That this "physical object" could be a field, a space-time distortion, or any other physical object but remains the fact that the requirement of being a physical object is final. The Schroedinger equation does not explain what generates the particle's behavior and as it does not just explain what happens. Each physical particle isn't a "possible" particle but is a physical one, to make his "trajectory" deviates from that expected one there must be a physical object as well, there must be something like a force and energy and more but nothing that comes from the mind or from the pen of the observer.
          Quantum Theatre’s “Madagascar”   
At its best, art makes us take a step back from our lives and examine ourselves, giving us the space to confront ourselves and grow in meaningful ways.  “Madagascar,” in an hour and a half, does just that, in a way that snuck up on me, but left me more than satisfied, if not a […]
          Stephen Colbert Gets a Lesson on Quantum Physics from Brian Greene   
Physicist Brian Greene appeared on The Late Show the other night to discuss the famous double-slit experiment -- which just celebrated its 90th anniversary.He also helped Stephen Colbert conduct a lesson on quantum physics that involves liquid nitrogen, levitation, and magnets.
LevitationGreene


          Hollywood Choirs: il nuovo coro virtuale annunciato da East/West Quantum Leap   
“Questo è il terzo strumento corale che EastWest/Quantum Leap ha realizzato”, dice Doug Rogers (produttore EastWest) , “abbiamo imparato molto dalle produzioni precedenti e Hollywood Choir è il culmine di questa esperienza. In particolare, la capacità dei cori di cantare qualsiasi parola; le frasi sono state notevolmente migliorate ottenendo un migliore realismo; ci sono, inoltre, molte più opzioni audio per consentire all’utente di scolpire il suono secondo le proprie esigenze”.

FONTE  »  hollywood choirs coro virtuale
Hollywood Choirs: il nuovo coro virtuale annunciato da East/West Quantum Leap
          NBA Free Agency Shopping Lists: Northwest Division   

Free agency is a complicated time full of misdirection, brief opportunities and a whole lot of persuasion. We’ve put together these shopping lists to ensure every team stays on track.

Utah Jazz

2016-17 record: 51-31, eliminated in the Western Conference semifinals

Unrestricted free agents: Gordon Hayward, George Hill, Shelvin Mack, Jeff Withey

Restricted free agents: Joe Ingles

It feels downright mean that this is where the Jazz find themselves. For a handful of years, a front office led by Kevin O’Connor and Dennis Lindsey has done so many things right: drafting and developing a homegrown All-Star in Hayward, taking Rudy Gobert at No. 27 overall and building him into an All-NBA Second Teamer and Defensive Player of the Year runner-up, making enough savvy trades and signings to build a roster deep enough to win 51 games despite coach Quin Snyder only having his expected starting five together for 14 games last season and winning the franchise’s first playoff series since 2010 by beating the Los Angeles Clippers in a Game 7 in their own gym.

And then you run into the Warriors, and four games later, you’re left staring up at the lights, and into the possibility of watching your foundation crumble.

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Billboards and paeans aside, Hayward’s taking meetings with the Miami Heat and Boston Celtics. There is a very real chance that he decides the extra coin he can make by staying in Salt Lake City — a five-year, $180 million deal that would be about $44 million more than he could make elsewhere, per Bobby Marks of The Vertical — isn’t as attractive as the opportunity to play in an environment that might provide a more attractive path to continued contention than the one in Utah.

The free-agent fates of George Hill and Gordon Hayward seem to be intertwined. (Getty Images)
The free-agent fates of George Hill and Gordon Hayward seem to be intertwined. (Getty Images)

After spending a season watching virtually every non-Gobert player expected to help him turn the Jazz into a legitimate contender battle myriad injuries — shooting guard Rodney Hood, power forward Derrick Favors, swingman Alec Burks and unrestricted-free-agent-to-be point guard George Hill — maybe Hayward worries the Jazz are less an ascendant power than one whose past potential might outstrip its future projection. A Hayward exit wouldn’t necessarily cripple a Jazz team that has Gobert locked up for several more years, but it would leave Utah reeling, needing to completely reorient its offense and facing serious questions about the proper price points for their other free agents.

Despite missing 33 games last season battling a persistent toe injury, Hill’s likely to draw significant interest on the open market as a ball-handler capable of defending both backcourt positions and spotting up off the ball. When he was on the floor, the Jazz were excellent, and he made so much sense next to Hayward. But if Hayward’s on the way out, will Lindsey and company feel comfortable spending $20 million or so per year on someone who’s played fewer than 50 games twice in the last three seasons and who seems much more suited for a complementary role than a starring one — especially with 2014 first-round pick Dante Exum waiting in the wings? Then again, that decision-making calculus might be backward; Hill and Hayward are very tight, and a pledge to retain the former might be a prerequisite in getting a commitment from the latter.

Ingles was a valuable contributor to the Jazz, serving as a sharpshooting swingman, savvy ball-mover and tough defender. But if the 30-year-old Aussie’s market goes past midlevel-exception money and reaches eight figures per season, the Jazz might be better served trying to find higher-upside ways to spend that money, as much as they’d like to retain his services.

Bringing back all three would vault the Jazz over the $99 million salary cap and within hailing distance of the $119 million luxury tax, and that’s before factoring in potential rookie-scale extensions for eligible class of 2014 draftees Hood and Exum. It’s exceedingly unlikely Utah will pay that tab, meaning their best-case scenario is probably bringing back two of the three — a decision that could prove awfully tricky, considering the competing interests at work here:

Potentially complicating matters: the Jazz are still about $16 million under the 2016-17 salary cap, giving them financial flexibility to take on a big contract for a player that might help … so long as they do it before midnight Eastern time, when the league calendar flips to 2017-18. They’ve reportedly been eyeing trades for a veteran point guard, most notably Ricky Rubio … which might complicate things juuuuust a tad on the Hill front and could wreak havoc on the possibility of retaining Hayward.

Utah’s got a lot at stake and a lot of balls in the air as the clock winds down. Lindsey, for his part, is projecting calm.

“Many times, what happens is, you capitulate to pressure and then you overreach,” the Jazz GM recently told reporters. “We want to stick to our fundamentals of team building — mindset, culture, skills, fits, value adds, contract, production. We’re quite confident.”

Whether that confidence is founded could be one of the biggest storylines of the summer of 2017.

Andre Roberson and Taj Gibson were key pieces of the Thunder's defense. (AP)
Andre Roberson and Taj Gibson were key pieces of the Thunder’s defense. (AP)

Oklahoma City Thunder

2016-17 record: 47-35, eliminated in the first round

Unrestricted free agents: Taj Gibson, Norris Cole, Nick Collison

Restricted free agents: Andre Roberson

The Thunder enter the summer with just under $113 million in guaranteed salary on the books — meaning they’re about $14 million over the cap, and about $6 million under the luxury tax line — so they don’t have very much financial flexibility. In a perfect world, they’d bring back both Gibson (a stalwart veteran four who helped on both ends of the floor after his trade-deadline acquisition) and Roberson (an All-Defensive Team perimeter stopper who makes life miserable for opposing scorers every night). But doing so means going very deep into the luxury tax, which could be a non-starter for a team that’s already paid the tax twice in the last three years and doesn’t want to fall prey to the dreaded repeater tax incurred when you’re a taxpayer four times in five seasons.

Vaulting into the tax would be especially damaging because going more than $6 million over the tax line (the so-called “apron”) would cost the Thunder the right to use the biannual exception of $3.3 million per year and would limit the amount of their midlevel exception to just under $5.2 million per year for up to three years, as opposed to the $8.4 million over four that non-taxpayers can offer. When you’re capped out, retaining the ability to use those exceptions to add talent is really important, and that could mean the Thunder are in for some restructuring.

The most preferable path to creating a little bit of breathing room is probably finding a taker for the two years and $36.5 million owed to reserve scorer Enes Kanter. Given the Turkish big man’s defensive struggles, though, that price tag might be a bit rich without additional sweeteners. The Thunder might struggle providing those, as they already owe a lottery-protected 2018 first-round pick to the Jazz (as part of the deal that sent Kanter to OKC) and a top-20-protected 2020 No. 1 to the Orlando Magic (who acquired it from the Philadelphia 76ers, who took it in exchange for forward Jerami Grant).

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If general manager Sam Presti can’t offload Kanter (or, less likely, about-to-become-$21-million-man Victor Oladipo) or find another ingenious path to cap flexibility, the Thunder might be forced to bid farewell to Gibson — and maybe even Roberson, if some suitor comes calling with a front-loaded restricted free agent offer sheet — and try to find defensive replacements with the midlevel exception.

The market might push players like Toronto’s Patrick Patterson and Memphis’ JaMychal Green out of MLE range; if not, OKC could do worse in replacing Gibson. Similarly, Tony Allen, Luc Richard Mbah a Moute and Thabo Sefolosha represent longer-in-the-tooth, lower-grade options for life after Roberson, but they might offer some of the flavor the Thunder want at the price they need.

At some point, it’d also be nice for the Thunder to find a backup for Russell Westbrook who can keep OKC from cratering when he needs to rest. (Which he does sometimes, with the Thunder very much unable to stay afloat when he did so.) The Shelvin Macks and Langston Galloways of the world might not be available for the biannual exception, and Oklahoma City might need to target bigger fish with the MLE, which could leave Presti once again scraping the minimum market in search of a lottery ticket.

And speaking of the just-crowned MVP …

Russell Westbrook accepted his NBA MVP award on Monday. Now what? (AP)
Russell Westbrook accepted his NBA MVP award on Monday. Now what? (AP)

Presti reportedly plans to offer him a monster five-year, $200-plus million super-max Designated Veteran Player Extension as soon as free agency opens. If Westbrook takes it, the Thunder have their centerpiece locked in through 2022. If he doesn’t, for the second time in three years, Presti will have to decide whether or not to put a beloved franchise player on the trade market to avoid potentially losing him for nothing the following summer. Things could soon get very, very interesting in Oklahoma.

Portland Trail Blazers

2016-17 record: 41-41, eliminated in the first round

Unrestricted free agents: None

Restricted free agents: None

Like the Thunder, Portland’s got zero financial flexibility. Negative wiggle room, in fact. After paying C.J. McCollum $106 million, signing Evan Turner, matching Brooklyn’s offer sheet for Allen Crabbe, and bringing back restricted free agents Meyers Leonard and Maurice Harkless last summer, the Blazers enter July with $142.5 million in guaranteed salary committed for next season, according to Mark Deeks of ShamSports.com. And they’re in line to pay nine figures’ worth of salary that keeps them capped out and luxury-tax-adjacent in each of the next two seasons, as well.

Footing gigantic tax bills for a team that can contend is one thing. But the Blazers finished .500, got blasted in the first round by Golden State and seem to have a couple of quantum leaps to make before they can claim with a straight face they’re within sniffing distance of the West’s upper echelon. Something’s got to give, right?

Blazers star Damian Lillard and general manager Neil Olshey try to figure out how to make a splash. (Getty Images)
Blazers star Damian Lillard and general manager Neil Olshey try to figure out how to make a splash. (Getty Images)

It’s possible that one of those leaps will come with a full season of pairing the high-octane backcourt of McCollum and Damian Lillard with a healthy Jusuf Nurkic, who became a folk hero after joining the team before the trade deadline. In Nurkic’s minutes, Portland outscored the opposition by a whopping 9.3 points per 100 possessions during the regular season before he went down with a fractured right fibula.

Other avenues toward a leap, though? Those are harder to figure. The Blazers paid through the nose to ensure they had depth on the wing, knowing how hard it is for NBA teams to come by quality swingmen these days, but now might find themselves unable to offload either Crabbe or Turner. They’re also unwilling to move the more cost-effective and defensively useful Harkless and Al-Farouq Aminu. And with 2017 first-rounders Zach Collins and Caleb Swanigan joining Nurkic, Leonard, Noah Vonleh and Ed Davis on the roster, the frontcourt’s now awfully crowded without too much in the way of a clearly defined pecking order. (That Nurkic and Vonleh are both eligible for extensions of their rookie deals, and will enter restricted free agency next summer if Portland doesn’t re-up, only complicates matters.)

Neil Olshey has done well to compile a pretty interesting collection of players capable of producing a top-10 offense; if Nurkic’s late-season surge is the real deal and Aminu’s healthy, the Blazers’ defense might not be as hopeless as it often seemed last season. But he spent plenty of Paul Allen’s money to do it, and barring major internal improvement from multiple pieces, it’s tough to see a way for Portland to reach the next level without a significant shake-up via trade.

After seven seasons, Danilo Gallinari might be about to fly out of Denver (Getty Images)
After seven seasons, Danilo Gallinari might be about to fly out of Denver. (Getty Images)

Denver Nuggets

2016-17 record: 40-42

Unrestricted free agents: Danilo Gallinari, Roy Hibbert

Restricted free agents: Mason Plumlee

In the middle of December, coach Mike Malone reinserted Nikola Jokic into Denver’s starting lineup. From that point on, nobody — not the Warriors, not the Rockets, not the Cavs: nobody — scored more points per possession than the Nuggets, who sliced and diced opposing defenses behind the brilliant playmaking and efficient scoring of their 6-foot-11 Serbian center.

There was just one problem. Over that same stretch, nobody — not the Lakers, not the Suns, not the Kings: nobody — allowed more points per possession than the Nuggets, who saw their late-season push for the West’s eighth and final playoff spot scuttled by a buzzer-beating 3-pointer to cap off a 50-point triple-double by Westbrook. Denver’s got some tantalizing young passers, shooters and finishers on board, but the Nuggets need some defensive steel if they’re to make a serious push into the Western playoff picture.

So, naturally, they’ve been linked to Kevin Love.

Denver emerged ahead of last week’s draft as the wheel-greasing third team in prospective deals that would land Paul George in Cleveland, Love in Denver, and a slew of future draft picks, young players and expiring contracts in Indiana. A Love-Jokic frontcourt would allow Denver to play a brand of five-out ball that could be damn near un-guardable. It wouldn’t, however, seem to address that nettlesome issue of not being able to freaking stop anybody — especially if one of the pieces moving to Indiana is shooting guard Gary Harris, a legitimate two-way contributor who took major steps forward last season as a perimeter defender, shooter and cutter.

Harris helps, and does so at a position that’s super-thin around the league, which is why Denver doesn’t really want to move him. He’s also eligible for an extension of his rookie deal, and might soon cost nearly as much as Love, which is why the Nuggets would probably have to at least entertain the notion, even if a lineup of something like Love, Jokic, Wilson Chandler, Jamal Murray and Emmanuel Mudiay doesn’t seem particularly likely to strike fear into the hearts of the Warriors, Spurs or Rockets.

Love’s a name that sticks because Denver needs to figure out what it’s doing at power forward. Jokic firmly established himself as the Nuggets’ center of the future — this is why Nurkic is now in Portland, instead of being unhappy next to Malone on the bench — but Denver hasn’t yet found the right sort of fit at the four next to their super-skilled but somewhat slow-footed and ground-bound playmaker. A defensively versatile type who doesn’t demand No. 1 option touches would be wonderful.

Is Denver willing to shell out max or near-max money for 32-year-old Paul Millsap while knowing they’ll soon need to shell out big paydays for Harris and Jokic (a second-round pick in 2014 who didn’t come over until 2015, signing a four-year deal with a team option for 2018-19, but who could look to tear that up next summer to lock him up long-term as soon as possible)? If the Raptors decide to move on from Serge Ibaka, the soon-to-be-28-year-old could be a dynamite fit. (Kentucky product and former Jazz reserve Trey Lyles, imported on draft night, could factor into the solution here, too, though he shouldn’t be counted on to provide the whole answer himself.)

If the Nuggets do decide to look elsewhere at the four, it probably means they’re moving on from Gallinari, who bounced back in a big way last season and has proven when healthy — two heavy words — to be a valuable shooter and face-up playmaker for teams seeking stretch fours who already have defensively viable fives.

With Mudiay struggling in his second season and rising sophomore Murray perhaps not ready for full-time point guard duty, Denver also figures to be in the market for a veteran point guard. How high-caliber an option they’ll be able to pull on the open market remains to be seen. Chris Paul’s already in Houston; Utah and San Antonio will probably fight over Hill; and the Pelicans pretty much have to keep Jrue Holiday. If Toronto balks at offering five years or max money, Kyle Lowry might be an interesting name to keep an eye on as a hard-nosed defender who can shoot, share, score and cut to wind up on the other end of some of those sweet, sweet Jokic dimes.

After trading for Jimmy Butler, the Wolves are on the hunt for more big-time talent. (AP)
After trading for Jimmy Butler, the Wolves are on the hunt for more big-time talent. (AP)

Minnesota Timberwolves

2016-17 record: 31-51

Unrestricted free agents: Omri Casspi, Adreian Payne, Brandon Rush

Restricted free agents: Shabazz Muhammad

The Wolves already made one big splash, pulling off a draft-night blockbuster fleecing of the Chicago Bulls to import All-NBA swingman Jimmy Butler and give Minnesota a core that rising superstar Karl-Anthony Towns calls “what dynasties are made of.” There’s a lot of space, though, between the destination of a dynasty and the starting point of a 31-win roster. Getting there will require even more bold moves.

Like, say, trading incumbent point guard Ricky Rubio to a team with cap space (hello, Utah) to create even more cap space to pursue a potential upgrade at the point who can space the floor to a degree the Spaniard’s never been able to? Like, say, Lowry, whom Butler may or may not be trying to recruit to join him in Tom Thibodeau’s backcourt? Or Hill, who might see Minnesota as a viable new home if the Jazz and Spurs look elsewhere?

With sweet-shooting guard Zach LaVine shipped to Chicago in the Butler deal, a Wolves team already lacking enough capable marksmen needs more shooters. Lowry or Hill would certainly help there. If Hill rejoins the Spurs, San Antonio’s Patty Mills, who shot 41.3 percent from deep last season, might be available at a lower price point, too, though I’d be leery of considering him an upgrade over Rubio’s playmaking and defensive excellence.

They’ve long been rumored to be interested in Millsap — who, for what it’s worth, is less a “stretch” four than a playmaking power forward, having shot better than league-average from 3-point range just once in his career (and less than 32 percent in the last two seasons) — as a smart, defensive-minded veteran complement to Towns. But shelling out a big-money four-year deal for him ahead of forthcoming max extensions for Wiggins (next summer) and Towns (in 2019) might make owner Glen Taylor a little green around the gills.

But that’s the price of trying to level up in the NBA. The Wolves showed on draft night that they’re serious about becoming a rising force. Now it’s up to them to put some money behind that mission.

More NBA Free Agency Shopping Lists:

Northwest DivisionPacific DivisionSouthwest Division

Atlantic DivisionCentral DivisionSoutheast Division

More NBA coverage:

– – – – – – –

Dan Devine is an editor for Ball Don’t Lie on Yahoo Sports. Have a tip? Email him at devine@yahoo-inc.com or follow him on Twitter!


          Aquí tienes las mejores ofertas de verano en Xbox One y Xbox 360   

1

Tal y como se anunciase a comienzos de semana, la Ultimate Game Sale 2017 arranca muy fuerte rebajando el precio de más de 350 juegos para Xbox One y Xbox 360, pudiendo encontrar propuestas de todos los géneros -y precios para todos los bolsillos-. De hecho, en VidaExtra hemos hecho una generosa selección de lo que no puede faltar en tu sobremesa.

Estas ofertas comienzan hoy mismo y estarán vigentes hasta el 10 de julio, ofreciendo descuentos de hasta el 90% en juegos y complementos con una rebaja extra del 10% para los usuarios de Xbox Live Gold. ¿Cómo resistirse a juegos como 'Grand Theft Auto V', 'The Witcher III' o 'Halo 5: Guardians' cuando están a la mitad de su precio habitual?

A la hora de ofrecer la selección hemos separado por géneros cada juego y los hemos ordenado alfabéticamente. Además, hemos aplicado el 10% de descuento extra para los usuarios de GOLD, aunque simplemente pinchando en el precio de cada título podrás ver su coste real en el caso de que u cuenta sea Silver.

Parece que a Microsoft le da igual que estemos a finales de mes para soltar estas ofertas, aunque desde luego se trata de una estupenda selección de planes alternativos para pasar estas vacaciones si tienes una Xbox

Xbox One

1

Los juegos que no te pueden faltar en Xbox One rebajados -en su mayoría- a mitad de precio salvo contadas excepciones, y es que es muy complicado encontrar títulos tan recientes como 'Tokio 42', 'Thimbleweed Park' o 'Injustice 2' a mejor precio para la sobremesa de Microsoft.

Ofertas Imprescindibles

1

Una selección de juegos y precios a la que es complicado resistirse

  • Batman: Arkham Knight Premium Edition - 20,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Grand Theft Auto V - 35,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Just Cause 3 XL Edition - 23,62 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 94,49 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Sunset Overdrive - 16,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 67%)
  • Rocket League - 11,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • Deus Ex: Mankind Divided - Edición digital de lujo - 25,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 99,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt – Game of the Year Edition - 25,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Thief - 5,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Terraria - 3,80 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 18,99 euros, descuento del 80%)
  • Grand Theft Auto IV - 11,24 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 55%)
  • Lost Odyssey - 5,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 76%)
  • Red Dead Redemption - 9,89 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 67%)
  • Skate 3 - 4,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 75%)
  • XCOM: Enemy Within - 9,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 75%)

FPS

Original 4

¡Los mejores juegos para repartir plomo a manos cambiadas!

  • Battlefield 1 - 28,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Pack Battlefield 1 - Titanfall 2 Deluxe - 49,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 149,99 euros, descuento del 67%)
  • BioShock: The Collection - 25,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Borderlands: The Handsome Collection - 19,80 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 59,99 euros, descuento del 67%)
  • Call of Duty: Black Ops III - Gold Edition - 28,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare + Destiny: La Colección - 60,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 119,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare - 35,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Dead Island Definitive Collection - 16,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Destiny - La Colección - 30,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 59,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • DOOM - 20,09 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 29,99 euros, descuento del 33%)
  • Far Cry 4 - 12,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 29,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • PAQUETE FAR CRY 4 + FAR CRY PRIMAL - 24,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 79,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Far Cry Primal - 16,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Halo 5: Guardians - 34,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Prey - 58,09 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 17%)
  • RESIDENT EVIL 7 biohazard - 41,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • Titanfall 2 - 20,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege - 20,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Tom Clancy's The Division - 20,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Wolfenstein: The New Order - 10,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 50%)

Acción y aventuras

Maxresdefault 5

Historias llenas de acción, saltos y piruetas, disparos... ¿romance? ¡Claro que sí!

  • Assassin's Creed Syndicate - 16,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Assassin's Creed The Ezio Collection - 25,00 € con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Pack triple Assassin's Creed: Black Flag, Unity, Syndicate - 33,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 99,99 euros, descuento del 67%)
  • Batman: Arkham Knight Premium Edition - 20,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Dead Rising 4 - 35,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Deadpool - 16,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 67%)
  • Gears of War 4 - 32,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 64,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Versión Deluxe de Gears of War Ultimate Edition - 24,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 59,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Grand Theft Auto V - 35,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Just Cause 3 XL Edition - 23,62 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 94,49 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • LEGO Marvel's Vengadores - 25,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • METAL GEAR SOLID V: THE DEFINITIVE EXPERIENCE - 22,49 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 29,99 euros, descuento del 25%)
  • Outlast 2 - 23,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 29,99 euros, descuento del 20%)
  • Paquete EL GRAN GOLPE de PAYDAY 2 - CRIMEWAVE EDITION - 16,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 67%)
  • Quantum Break - 21,45 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 64,99 euros, descuento del 67%)
  • ReCore - 20,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Ryse: edición Legendario - 11,25 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 44,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Saints Row IV: Re-Elected & Gat out of Hell - 7,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 29,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Sleeping Dogs Definitive Edition - 7,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 29,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Sunset Overdrive - 16,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 67%)
  • Tom Clancy’s Ghost Recon Wildlands - Standard Edition - 45,49 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 35%)
  • Tomb Raider: Definitive Edition - 7,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 29,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Watch Dogs 2 - Edición Deluxe - 40,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 79,99 euros, descuento del 50%)

Deporte, conducción y lucha

Original 3

Es hora de demostrar nuestros reflejos con el Xbox One Controller y sacar nuestro lado más competitivo.

  • Assetto Corsa - 20,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • FIFA 17 - 21,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • FOR HONOR - 38,49 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • Forza Motorsport 6 edición Platino - 36,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 143,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Injustice 2 - 55,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 25%)
  • Killer Instinct: Definitive Edition - 23,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • Pro Evolution Soccer 2017 - Digital Exclusive - 20,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Project CARS - Game of the Year Edition - 25,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Rocket League - 11,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • STEEP - 35,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • The Crew - 10,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 24,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3 - 14,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 24,99 euros, descuento del 40%)

RPG

The Witcher 3 Geralt1

Un toque de fantasía, una espada bien afilada o una aventura que nos lleve más allá de nuestro planeta. Los monstruos gigantescos son opcionales.

  • DARK SOULS II: Scholar of the First Sin - 16,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • DARK SOULS III - Deluxe Edition - 38,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 94,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • DARK SOULS III - 28,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Deus Ex: Mankind Divided - 17,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Deus Ex: Mankind Divided - Edición digital de lujo - 25,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 99,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Dishonored 2 - 29,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 25%)
  • Dragon Age: Inquisition - Edición Juego del año - 9,90 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 29,99 euros, descuento del 67%)
  • Fallout 4 - 20,09 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 29,99 euros, descuento del 33%)
  • FINAL FANTASY XV - 29,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • Mass Effect: Andromeda - 35,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 69,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • The Elder Scrolls Online: Morrowind Collector's Edition - 53,59 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 79,99 euros, descuento del 33%)
  • The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim Special Edition - 30,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 59,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt – Game of the Year Edition - 25,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Thief - 5,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 75%)

Estrategia, Indie y otros géneros

Maxresdefault 6

Obras inclasificables, únicas en mayor o menor medida... y, para más de uno, imprescindibles.

  • ABZU - 11,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • Air Guitar Warrior para Kinect - 8,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 14,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • Back to the Future: The Game - 30th Anniversary Edition - 7,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 24,99 euros, descuento del 70%)
  • Bastion - 8,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 14,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • Deadlight: Director's Cut - 3,75 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 14,99 euros, descuento del 75%)
  • Game of Thrones - The Complete First Season (Episodes 1-6) - 6,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 70%)
  • Halo Wars 2: Standard Editionn - 32,49 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 64,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Little Nightmares - 13,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 30%)
  • Ori and the Blind Forest: Definitive Edition - 10,00 € con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Overcooked: Gourmet Edition - 9,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 18,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Oxenfree - 8,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Slain: Back from Hell - 6,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 14,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Snake Pass - 8,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 40%)
  • SUPERHOT - 12,50 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 24,99 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Terraria - 3,80 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 18,99 euros, descuento del 80%)
  • The Disney Afternoon Collection - 13,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 30%)
  • The Telltale Games Collection - 33,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 109,99 euros, descuento del 70%)
  • The Telltale Undead Survival Bundle - 15,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 49,99 euros, descuento del 70%)
  • The Witness (El testigo) - 16,00 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 60%)
  • Thimbleweed Park - 12,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 35%)
  • Tokyo 42 - 13,39 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 19,99 euros, descuento del 33%)
  • Trials of the Blood Dragon - 7,25 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 14,49 euros, descuento del 50%)
  • Yooka-Laylee - 29,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (antes 39,99 euros, descuento del 25%)

Xbox 360

1

A la hora de buscar lo mejor de la last gen de Microsoft, además de buscar una propuesta de juego interesante y un precio acorde con lo que se supone que es la Super Sale de verano, hemos apostado por centrarnos en los mejores juegos retrocompatibles. Cada juego es un acierto asegurado para las dos consolas.

Selección de retrocompatibles esenciales

Original 5

  • Alan Wake's American Nightmare - 2,37 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 75%)
  • Assassin's Creed - 2,49 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 75%)
  • Battlefield Bad Company 2 - 4,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 75%)
  • Bioshock - 7,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 60%)
  • BioShock 2 - 7,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 60%)
  • BioShock Infinite - 8,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 70%)
  • Blue Dragon - 6,59 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 67%)
  • Borderlands - 7,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 60%)
  • Borderlands 2 - 11,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 60%)
  • Bully Scholarship Ed. - 7,49 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 50%)
  • Call of Duty: Black Ops - 14,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 50%)
  • Call of Duty: Black Ops II - 19,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 60%)
  • Castlevania: Symphony of the Night - 4,74 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 50%)
  • DEUS EX: HUMAN REVOLUTION - 2,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 80%)
  • Fable III - 6,59 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 67%)
  • Fallout: New Vegas - 7,49 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 50%)
  • Grand Theft Auto IV - 11,24 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 55%)
  • Lost Odyssey - 5,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 76%)
  • Mass Effect - 6,59 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 67%)
  • Rayman 3 HD - 3,13 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 67%)
  • Rayman Legends - 6,59 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 67%)
  • Red Dead Redemption - 9,89 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 67%)
  • Saints Row IV - 9,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 75%)
  • Skate 3 - 4,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 75%)
  • South Park La Vara de la Verdad - 7,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 60%)
  • XCOM: Enemy Within - 9,99 euros con Xbox Live Gold (descuento del 75%)

          Quantum Eraser - Obergman   
brokntoys, 2017-06-30
          Awards will fund quantum sensor technology for dark matter searches   

Scientists at Fermilab and the University of Chicago are planning to search for hypothesized invisible particles using cutting-edge quantum sensor technology.

The post Awards will fund quantum sensor technology for dark matter searches appeared first on News.


          Zebco / Quantum Stinger Spin Ssp80/102mh Combo SSP80102MH,30,NS3   

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          Trump Doesn’t Seem to Know Anything About Health Care: A Closer Look   
The 20th century is going to be known for death camps, the Theory of Relativity, and quantum mechanics. The 21st century is going to be known for the weaponization of comedy. As I’ve mentioned on this blog and on the Naked Diner podcast Donald Trump is an insult comic. He blew through his primary challengers [Read More...]
          Comment on How to Loop Sounds by Quantum vision system Review   
<strong>Quantum vision system Review...</strong> How to Loop Sounds Using Audacity | SoundBible.com Blog...
          Melatih ‘Otot’ Ikhlas   

Sumber: http://www.pesona.co.id Selama ini kita rajin berolah raga untuk melatih otot tubuh agar lebih sehat dan kuat. Begitu pula untuk bisa bersikap ikhlas, kita pun perlu melatih ‘otot’ ikhlas agar lebih siap menghadapi cobaan hidup. Banyak orang bilang, untuk bersikap ikhlas itu sulit. Padahal kalau kita...

The post Melatih ‘Otot’ Ikhlas appeared first on Quantum Ikhlas.


          Atasi Stress dengan Ikhlas   

news.detik.com Ikhlas ternyata bisa jadi obat mujarab dalam mengatasi stress. Dengan ikhlas akan membuat diri rileks sekaligus membantu mengatasi emosi atau nafsu yang datang ketika stress terjadi. Demikian disampaikan Founder Katahati Institute RB Sentanu dalam pelatihan Quantum Ikhlas di Hotel Grand Seriti Jalan Hegarmanah, Sabtu...

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          Terapi Ikhlas Melalui Pikiran   

gaya.tempo.co TEMPO Interaktif, Jakarta: Tak ada lagi kegalauan di hati Siska, 30 tahun. Ketenangan malahan menjadi teman setianya sepanjang hari setelah ia menjalani latihan mindfocus. Inilah langkah yang mengajarkan cara meraih keikhlasan melalui otak dan pikiran yang diasah dengan mempertajam perasaan atau hati. Memang bukan...

The post Terapi Ikhlas Melalui Pikiran appeared first on Quantum Ikhlas.


          Kumpulan Pejuang Ikhlas   

hatipejuangikhlas.blogspot.co.id – Pejuang ikhlas menurut saya adalah orang yang sedang belajar/memahami ikhlas dan mempertahankan keikhlasannya dimanapun dan kapanpun. Menjadi pejuang ikhlas tidaklah mudah apalagi hidup dikota megapolitan seperti jakarta banyak sekali godaan dari media media baik itu media cetak maupun elektronik seperti televisi dan internet. Para...

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          Perjalanan “Si Doel Anak Sekolahan”   

  Siapa yang gak kenal dengan aktor utama dalam film “Si Doel Anak Sekolahan” yang sekarang menjabat sebagai Gubernur Banten. Dalam film yang diperankannya, Si Doel berhasil menjadi “tukang insinyur”. Padahal semula dia hanya orang kampung. Siapa dia ? Ya, beliau adalah Rano Karno. Sejak...

The post Perjalanan “Si Doel Anak Sekolahan” appeared first on Quantum Ikhlas.


          Season Passes Expand the Games Industry   

Over the past year, many triple-A titles such as Assassin’s Creed III, Black-Ops II, Borderlands II, and Quantum Conundrum have released with a DLC Season Pass included. These ‘season passes’ allow for the download of multiple pieces of DLC after the initial release of the game without forcing the consumer to buy the extra DLC if they want it. There are several different issues surrounding the season pass concept—it shouldn’t be surprising, since it encourages developers to create DLC, after all—but in the end, and despite their downsides, season passes allow for the growth of the games industry and they

The post Season Passes Expand the Games Industry appeared first on Explosion.


          Chicago Quantum Exchange to create technologically transformative ecosystem   
Jun 20, 2017
Argonne National Laboratory

          An Invitation to Quantum Cohomology: Kontsevich's Formula for Rational Plane Curves   

          Quantum Field Theory, Supersymmetry, and Enumerative Geometry   

          The whole universe fits in one image with a special trick of math   

The universe is enormous — so vast that it's almost impossible to picture what it might look like in one image.

But musician Pablo Carlos Budassi managed to do it by combining logarithmic maps of the universe from Princeton and images from NASA.

He created the image below that shows the observable universe in one disc:

observable universe logarithmic illustration paul carlos budassi

Our sun and solar system are at the very center of the image, followed by the outer ring of our Milky Way galaxy, the Perseus arm of the Milky Way, a ring of other nearby galaxies like Andromeda, the rest of the cosmic web, cosmic microwave background radiation leftover from the big bang, and finally a ring of plasma also generated by the big bang.

Logarithms help us make sense of huge numbers, and in this case, huge distances. For example, when we zoom out from 1 centimeter to 1 decimeter, then 1 decimeter to 1 meter, we've changed scales by two orders of magnitude, or 102.

Rather than showing all parts of the universe on a linear scale, Budassi made each chunk of the circle represent a field of view several orders of magnitude larger than the one before it. That's why the entire observable universe is able to fit inside a circle.

Budassi got the idea after making hexaflexagons for his son's birthday one year. (If you haven't seen a hexaflexagon in action, get ready to have your mind blown.)

"Then when I was drawing hexaflexagons for my sons birthday souvenirs I started drawing central views of the cosmos and the solar system," Budassi previously told Tech Insider in an email. "That day the idea of a logarithmic view came and in the next days I was able to [assemble] it with [P]hotoshop using images from NASA and some textures created by my own."

Budassi first uploaded the image to Wikipedia on June 21, 2013. Since then he's improved the image and created a few new log scales.

One newer and equally impressive illustration shows the universe's scale in a vertical image, below. It logarithmically zooms out from infinitesimal "quantum foam" of the fabric of space (a bewildering 10-32 meters in scale) all the way up to the edges of the observable universe (which is about 1058 larger).

Cosmologists now think the edge of the observable universe is 45.34 billion years in any direction — or, if you prefer a sphere roughly 90.72 billion light-years wide.

However, the real size of the cosmos that is beyond what we can observe may very well be infinite.

observable universe logarithmic illustration vertical paul carlos budassi wikipedia ccbysa3

SEE ALSO: Gravitational waves hint that invisible 'cities' of black holes may lurk in space

DON'T MISS: The edge of the universe is closer than scientists previously thought

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: These size comparisons show the true scale of enormous things


          Approximate Quantum Error Correction Revisited: Introducing the Alphabit. (arXiv:1706.09434v1 [quant-ph])   

Authors: Patrick Hayden, Geoffrey Penington

We establish that, in an appropriate limit, qubits of communication should be regarded as composite resources, decomposing cleanly into independent correlation and transmission components. Because qubits of communication can establish ebits of entanglement, qubits are more powerful resources than ebits. We identify a new communications resource, the zero-bit, which is precisely half the gap between them; replacing classical bits by zero-bits makes teleportation asymptotically reversible. The decomposition of a qubit into an ebit and two zero-bits has wide-ranging consequences including applications to state merging, the quantum channel capacity, entanglement distillation, quantum identification and remote state preparation. The source of these results is the theory of approximate quantum error correction. The action of a quantum channel is reversible if and only if no information is leaked to the environment, a characterization that is useful even in approximate form. However, different notions of approximation lead to qualitatively different forms of quantum error correction in the limit of large dimension. We study the effect of a constraint on the dimension of the reference system when considering information leakage. While the resulting condition fails to ensure that the entire input can be corrected, it does ensure that all subspaces of dimension matching that of the reference are correctable. The size of the reference can be characterized by a parameter $\alpha$; we call the associated resource an $\alpha$-bit. Changing $\alpha$ interpolates between standard quantum error correction and quantum identification, a form of equality testing for quantum states. We develop the theory of $\alpha$-bits, including the applications above, and determine the $\alpha$-bit capacity of general quantum channels, finding single-letter formulas for the entanglement-assisted and amortised variants.


          Drowning by numbers: topology and physics in fluid dynamics. (arXiv:1706.09454v1 [physics.hist-ph])   

Authors: Amaury Mouchet (LMPT)

Since its very beginnings, topology has forged strong links with physics and the last Nobel prize in physics, awarded in 2016 to Thouless, Haldane and Kosterlitz " for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter", confirmed that these connections have been maintained up to contemporary physics. To give some (very) selected illustrations of what is, and still will be, a cross fertilization between topology and physics, hydrodynamics provides a natural domain through the common theme offered by the notion of vortex, relevant both in classical (\S 2) and in quantum fluids (\S 3). Before getting into the details, I will sketch in \S 1 a general perspective from which this intertwining between topology and physics can be appreciated: the old dichotomy between discreteness and continuity, first dealing with antithetic thesis, eventually appears to be made of two complementary sides of a single coin.


          Extension and Applications of a Variational Approach with Deformed Derivatives. (arXiv:1706.09504v1 [math-ph])   

Authors: J. Weberszpil, J. A. Helayël-Neto

We have recently presented an extension of the standard variational calculus to include the presence of deformed derivatives in the Lagrangian of a system of particles and in the Lagrangian density of field-theoretic models. Classical Euler-Lagrange equations and the Hamiltonian formalism have been re-assessed in this approach. Whenever applied to a number of physical systems, the resulting dynamical equations come out to be the correct ones found in the literature, specially with mass-dependent and with non-linear equations for classical and quantum-mechanical systems. In the present contribution, we extend the variational approach with the intervalar form of deformed derivatives to study higher-order dissipative systems, with application to concrete situations, such as an accelerated point charge - this is the problem of the Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac force - to stochastic dynamics like the Langevin, the advection-convection-reaction and Fokker-Planck equations, Korteweg-de Vries equation, Landau-Lifshits-Gilbert equation and the Caldirola-Kanai Hamiltonian. By considering these different applications, we show that the formulation investigated in this paper may be a simple and promising path for dealing with dissipative, non-linear and stochastic systems through the variational approach.


          Absence of replica symmetry breaking in the transverse and longitudinal random field Ising model. (arXiv:1706.09543v1 [math-ph])   

Authors: C. Itoi

It is proved that replica symmetry is not broken in the transverse and longitudinal random field Ising model. In this model, the variance of spin overlap of any component vanishes in any dimension almost everywhere in the coupling constant space in the infinite volume limit. The weak Fortuin-Kasteleyn-Ginibre property in this model and the Ghirlanda-Guerra identities in artificial equivalent models in a path integral representation based on the Lie-Trotter formula enable us to extend Chatterjee's proof for the random field Ising model to the quantum model.


          Quantum Bernstein's Theorem and the Hyperoctahedral Quantum Group. (arXiv:1706.09629v1 [math.OA])   

Authors: Paweł Józiak, Kamil Szpojankowski

We study an extension of Bernstein's theorem to the setting of quantum groups. For a d-tuple of free, identically distributed random variables we consider a problem of preservation of freeness under the action of a quantum subset of the free orthogonal quantum group. For a subset not contained in the hyperoctahedral quantum group we prove that preservation of freeness characterizes Wigner's semicircle law. We show that freeness is always preserved if the quantum subset is contained in the hyperoctahedral quantum group. We provide examples of quantum subsets which show that our result is an extension of results known in the literature.


          Hadamard States From Light-like Hypersurfaces. (arXiv:1706.09666v1 [math-ph])   

Authors: Claudio Dappiaggi, Valter Moretti, Nicola Pinamonti

This book provides a rather self-contained survey of the construction of Hadamard states for scalar field theories in a large class of notable spacetimes, possessing a (conformal) light-like boundary. The first two sections focus on explaining a few introductory aspects of this topic and on providing the relevant geometric background material. The notions of asymptotically flat spacetimes and of expanding universes with a cosmological horizon are analysed in detail, devoting special attention to the characterization of asymptotic symmetries. In the central part of the book, the quantization of a real scalar field theory on such class of backgrounds is discussed within the framework of algebraic quantum field theory. Subsequently it is explained how it is possible to encode the information of the observables of the theory in a second, ancillary counterpart, which is built directly on the conformal (null) boundary. This procedure, dubbed bulk-to-boundary correspondence, has the net advantage of allowing the identification of a distinguished state for the theory on the boundary, which admits a counterpart in the bulk spacetime which is automatically of Hadamard form. In the last part of the book, some applications of these states are discussed, in particular the construction of the algebra of Wick polynomials. This book is aimed mainly, but not exclusively, at a readership with interest in the mathematical formulation of quantum field theory on curved backgrounds.


          Al via gli sconti estivi di Microsoft su PC e Xbox One   
Come promesso nella giornata di ieri, oggi sono partiti gli sconti estivi di Microsoft sugli store digitali della casa di Redmond presenti su PC (Windows 10) e Xbox One. Tra gli oltre trecento prodotti in promozione spiccano alcuni dei titoli più importanti del catalogo di Microsoft, come Gears of War 4 al 50%, Quantum Break al 60%, e Halo Wars 2 a metà prezzo. Non mancano offerte sui titoli indie, tra questi segnaliamo SUPERHOT al 50%, The Escapists al 75% e The Witness al 60%. L’elenco completo dei giochi e dei DLC in saldo è consultabile seguendo questo indirizzo, mentre vi ricordiamo che gli sconti saranno attivi fino al 10 luglio.
          Bounds on Information Combining With Quantum Side Information. (arXiv:1706.09752v1 [quant-ph])   

Authors: Christoph Hirche, David Reeb

"Bounds on information combining" are entropic inequalities that determine how the information (entropy) of a set of random variables can change when these are combined in certain prescribed ways. Such bounds play an important role in classical information theory, particularly in coding and Shannon theory; entropy power inequalities are special instances of them. The arguably most elementary kind of information combining is the addition of two binary random variables (a CNOT gate), and the resulting quantities play an important role in Belief propagation and Polar coding. We investigate this problem in the setting where quantum side information is available, which has been recognized as a hard setting for entropy power inequalities.

Our main technical result is a non-trivial, and close to optimal, lower bound on the combined entropy, which can be seen as an almost optimal "quantum Mrs. Gerber's Lemma". Our proof uses three main ingredients: (1) a new bound on the concavity of von Neumann entropy, which is tight in the regime of low pairwise state fidelities; (2) the quantitative improvement of strong subadditivity due to Fawzi-Renner, in which we manage to handle the minimization over recovery maps; (3) recent duality results on classical-quantum-channels due to Renes et al. We furthermore present conjectures on the optimal lower and upper bounds under quantum side information, supported by interesting analytical observations and strong numerical evidence.

We finally apply our bounds to Polar coding for binary-input classical-quantum channels, and show the following three results: (A) Even non-stationary channels polarize under the polar transform. (B) The blocklength required to approach the symmetric capacity scales at most sub-exponentially in the gap to capacity. (C) Under the aforementioned lower bound conjecture, a blocklength polynomial in the gap suffices.


          From effective Hamiltonian to anomaly inflow in topological orders with boundaries. (arXiv:1706.09782v1 [cond-mat.str-el])   

Authors: Yuting Hu, Yidun Wan, Yong-Shi Wu

Whether two boundary conditions of a two-dimensional topological order can be continuously connected without a phase transition in between remains a challenging question. We tackle this challenge by constructing an effective Hamiltonian, describing anyon interaction, that realizes such a continuous deformation. At any point along the deformation, the model remains a fixed point model describing a gapped topological order with gapped boundaries. That the deformation retains the gap is due to the anomaly cancelation between the boundary and bulk. Such anomaly inflow is quantitatively studied using our effective Hamiltonian. We apply our method of effective Hamiltonian to the extended twisted quantum double model with boundaries (constructed by two of us in Ref.[1]). We show that for a given gauge group $G$ and a three-cocycle in $H^3[G,U(1)]$ in the bulk, any two gapped boundaries for a fixed subgroup $K\subseteq G$ on the boundary can be continuously connected via an effective Hamiltonian. Our results can be straightforwardly generalized to the extended Levin-Wen model with boundaries (constructed by two of us in Ref.[2].


          Convergent Iteration in Sobolev Space for Time Dependent Closed Quantum Systems. (arXiv:1706.09788v1 [math.AP])   

Authors: Joseph W. Jerome

Time dependent quantum systems have become indispensable in science and its applications, particularly at the atomic and molecular levels. Here, we discuss the approximation of closed time dependent quantum systems on bounded domains, via iterative methods in Sobolev space based upon evolution operators. Recently, existence and uniqueness of weak solutions were demonstrated by a contractive fixed point mapping defined by the evolution operators. Convergent successive approximation is then guaranteed. This article uses the same mapping to define quadratically convergent Newton and approximate Newton methods. Estimates for the constants used in the convergence estimates are provided. The evolution operators are ideally suited to serve as the framework for this operator approximation theory, since the Hamiltonian is time dependent. In addition, the hypotheses required to guarantee quadratic convergence of the Newton iteration build naturally upon the hypotheses used for the existence/uniqueness theory.


          A universal completion of the ZX-calculus. (arXiv:1706.09877v1 [quant-ph])   

Authors: Kang Feng Ng, Quanlong Wang

In this paper, we give a universal completion of the ZX-calculus for the whole of pure qubit quantum mechanics. This proof is based on the completeness of another graphical language: the ZW-calculus, with direct translations between these two graphical systems.


          Renyi relative entropies of quantum Gaussian states. (arXiv:1706.09885v1 [quant-ph])   

Authors: Kaushik P. Seshadreesan, Ludovico Lami, Mark M. Wilde

The quantum Renyi relative entropies play a prominent role in quantum information theory, finding applications in characterizing error exponents and strong converse exponents for quantum hypothesis testing and quantum communication theory. On a different thread, quantum Gaussian states have been intensely investigated theoretically, motivated by the fact that they are more readily accessible in the laboratory than are other, more exotic quantum states. In this paper, we derive formulas for the quantum Renyi relative entropies of quantum Gaussian states. We consider both the traditional (Petz) Renyi relative entropy as well as the more recent sandwiched Renyi relative entropy, finding formulas that are expressed solely in terms of the mean vectors and covariance matrices of the underlying quantum Gaussian states. Our development handles the hitherto elusive case for the Petz--Renyi relative entropy when the Renyi parameter is larger than one. Finally, we also derive a formula for the max-relative entropy of two quantum Gaussian states, and we discuss some applications of the formulas derived here.


          Poisson boundaries of monoidal categories. (arXiv:1405.6572v2 [math.OA] UPDATED)   

Authors: Sergey Neshveyev, Makoto Yamashita

Given a rigid C*-tensor category C with simple unit and a probability measure $\mu$ on the set of isomorphism classes of its simple objects, we define the Poisson boundary of $(C,\mu)$. This is a new C*-tensor category P, generally with nonsimple unit, together with a unitary tensor functor $\Pi: C \to P$. Our main result is that if P has simple unit (which is a condition on some classical random walk), then $\Pi$ is a universal unitary tensor functor defining the amenable dimension function on C. Corollaries of this theorem unify various results in the literature on amenability of C*-tensor categories, quantum groups, and subfactors.


          Quantum graphs as quantum relations. (arXiv:1506.03892v3 [math.OA] UPDATED)   

Authors: Nik Weaver

The "noncommutative graphs" which arise in quantum error correction are a special case of the quantum relations introduced in [N. Weaver, Quantum relations, Mem. Amer. Math. Soc. 215 (2012), v-vi, 81-140]. We use this perspective to interpret the Knill-Laflamme error-correction conditions [E. Knill and R. Laflamme, Theory of quantum error-correcting codes, Phys. Rev. A 55 (1997), 900-911] in terms of graph-theoretic independence, to give intrinsic characterizations of Stahlke's noncommutative graph homomorphisms [D. Stahlke, Quantum source-channel coding and non-commutative graph theory, arXiv:1405.5254] and Duan, Severini, and Winter's noncommutative bipartite graphs [R. Duan, S. Severini, and A. Winter, Zero-error communication via quantum channels, noncommutative graphs, and a quantum Lovasz number, IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory 59 (2013), 1164-1174], and to realize the noncommutative confusability graph associated to a quantum channel as the pullback of a diagonal relation.

Our framework includes as special cases not only purely classical and purely quantum information theory, but also the "mixed" setting which arises in quantum systems obeying superselection rules. Thus we are able to define noncommutative confusability graphs, give error correction conditions, and so on, for such systems. This could have practical value, as superselection constraints on information encoding can be physically realistic.


          Isotropic submanifolds and coadjoint orbits of the Hamiltonian group. (arXiv:1606.07994v2 [math.SG] UPDATED)   

Authors: François Gay-Balmaz, Cornelia Vizman

We describe a class of coadjoint orbits of the group of Hamiltonian diffeomorphisms of a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ by implementing symplectic reduction for the dual pair associated to the Hamiltonian description of ideal fluids. The description is given in terms of nonlinear Grassmannians (manifolds of submanifolds) with additional geometric structures. Reduction at zero momentum yields the identification of coadjoint orbits with Grassmannians of isotropic volume submanifolds, slightly generalizing the results in Weinstein [1990] and Lee [2009]. At the other extreme, the case of a nondegenerate momentum recovers the identification of connected components of the nonlinear symplectic Grassmannian with coadjoint orbits, thereby recovering the result of Haller and Vizman [2004]. We also comment on the intermediate cases which correspond to new classes of coadjoint orbits. The description of these coadjoint orbits as well as their orbit symplectic form is obtained in a systematic way by exploiting the general properties of dual pairs of momentum maps. We also show that whenever the symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ is prequantizable, the coadjoint orbits that consist of isotropic submanifolds with total volume $a\in\mathbb{Z}$ are prequantizable. The prequantum bundle is constructed explicitly and, in the Lagrangian case, recovers the Berry bundle constructed in Weinstein [1990].


          Comultiplication for shifted Yangians and quantum open Toda lattice. (arXiv:1608.03331v4 [math.RT] UPDATED)   

Authors: Michael Finkelberg, Joel Kamnitzer, Khoa Pham, Leonid Rybnikov, Alex Weekes

We study a coproduct in type A quantum open Toda lattice in terms of a coproduct in the shifted Yangian of sl_2. At the classical level this corresponds to the multiplication of scattering matrices of euclidean SU(2) monopoles. We also study coproducts for shifted Yangians for any simply-laced Lie algebra.


          Quantum groups, Verma modules and $q$-oscillators: General linear case. (arXiv:1610.02901v2 [math-ph] UPDATED)   

Authors: Kh. S. Nirov, A. V. Razumov

The Verma modules over the quantum groups $\mathrm U_q(\mathfrak{gl}_{l + 1})$ for arbitrary values of $l$ are analysed. The explicit expressions for the action of the generators on the elements of the natural basis are obtained. The corresponding representations of the quantum loop algebras $\mathrm U_q(\mathcal L(\mathfrak{sl}_{l + 1}))$ are constructed via Jimbo's homomorphism. This allows us to find certain representations of the positive Borel subalgebras of $\mathrm U_q(\mathcal L(\mathfrak{sl}_{l + 1}))$ as degenerations of the shifted representations. The latter are the representations used in the construction of the so-called $Q$-operators in the theory of quantum integrable systems. The interpretation of the corresponding simple quotient modules in terms of representations of the $q$-deformed oscillator algebra is given.


          Distribution of zeros of the S-matrix of chaotic cavities with localized losses and Coherent Perfect Absorption: non-perturbative results. (arXiv:1701.02016v2 [cond-mat.dis-nn] UPDATED)   

Authors: Yan V. Fyodorov, Suwun Suwunarat, Tsampikos Kottos

We employ the Random Matrix Theory framework to calculate the density of zeroes of an $M$-channel scattering matrix describing a chaotic cavity with a single localized absorber embedded in it. Our approach extends beyond the weak-coupling limit of the cavity with the channels and applies for any absorption strength. Importantly it provides an insight for the optimal amount of loss needed to realize a chaotic coherent perfect absorbing (CPA) trap. Our predictions are tested against simulations for two types of traps: a complex network of resonators and quantum graphs.


          Fast Reconstruction of High-qubit Quantum States via Low Rate Measurements. (arXiv:1701.03695v6 [cs.IT] UPDATED)   

Authors: K. Li, J. Zhang, S. Cong

Due to the exponential complexity of the resources required by quantum state tomography (QST), people are interested in approaches towards identifying quantum states which require less effort and time. In this paper, we provide a tailored and efficient method for reconstructing mixed quantum states up to $12$ (or even more) qubits from an incomplete set of observables subject to noises. Our method is applicable to any pure or nearly pure state $\rho$, and can be extended to many states of interest in quantum information processing, such as multi-particle entangled $W$ state, GHZ state and cluster states that are matrix product operators of low dimensions. The method applies the quantum density matrix constraints to a quantum compressive sensing optimization problem, and exploits a modified Quantum Alternating Direction Multiplier Method (Quantum-ADMM) to accelerate the convergence. Our algorithm takes $8,35$ and $226$ seconds respectively to reconstruct superposition state density matrices of $10,11,12$ qubits with acceptable fidelity, using less than $1 \%$ of measurements of expectation. To our knowledge it is the fastest realization that people can achieve using a normal desktop. We further discuss applications of this method using experimental data of mixed states obtained in an ion trap experiment of up to $8$ qubits.


          The set of quantum correlations is not closed. (arXiv:1703.08618v2 [quant-ph] UPDATED)   

Authors: William Slofstra

We construct a linear system non-local game which can be played perfectly using a limit of finite-dimensional quantum strategies, but which cannot be played perfectly on any finite-dimensional Hilbert space, or even with any tensor-product strategy. In particular, this shows that the set of (tensor-product) quantum correlations is not closed. The constructed non-local game provides another counterexample to the "middle" Tsirelson problem, with a shorter proof than our previous paper (though at the loss of the universal embedding theorem). We also show that it is undecidable to determine if a linear system game can be played perfectly with a finite-dimensional strategy, or a limit of finite-dimensional quantum strategies.


          Drude Weight for the Lieb-Liniger Bose Gas. (arXiv:1705.08141v2 [cond-mat.stat-mech] UPDATED)   

Authors: Benjamin Doyon, Herbert Spohn

Based on the method of hydrodynamic projections we derive a concise formula for the Drude weight of the repulsive Lieb-Liniger $\delta$-Bose gas. Our formula contains only quantities which are obtainable from the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz. The Drude weight is an infinite-dimensional matrix, or bilinear functional: it is bilinear in the currents, and each current may refer to a general linear combination of the conserved charges of the model. As a by-product we obtain the dynamical two-point correlation functions involving charge and current densities at small wavelengths and long times, and in addition the scaled covariance matrix of charge transfer. We expect that our formulas extend to other integrable quantum models.


          A spectral gap for POVMs. (arXiv:1706.04151v2 [math-ph] UPDATED)   

Authors: Victoria Kaminker, Leonid Polterovich, Dor Shmoish

For a class of positive operator valued measures, we introduce the spectral gap, an invariant which shows up in a number of contexts: the quantum noise operator responsible for the unsharpness of quantum measurements, the Markov chain describing the state reduction for repeated quantum measurements, and the Berezin transform on compact Kahler manifolds. The spectral gap admits a transparent description in terms of geometry of certain metric measure spaces, is related to the diffusion distance, and exhibits a robust behaviour under perturbations in the Wasserstein metric.


          QuantumClean® And ChemTrace® To Exhibit At SEMICON West 2017   


          We Carry the Light with Host Dr. Susan Allison: We Carry the Light with Dr. Susan: Quantum Angel Healing with Eva-Maria Mora   
GuestEncore Presentation - On today's show, the first for Dr. Susan Allison at Transformation Talk Radio, she will introduce herself and say a bit about the themes of "We Carry the Light." Dr. Susan wants to inspire you to find your gifts and share them in the world. She hopes to help you discover your soul's purpose this lifetime and then accomplish your mission To help inspire you, today's guest, Eva-Maria Mora, will share about her own journey, from a terminal diagnosis to a miraculous new lif ...
          We Carry the Light with Host Dr. Susan Allison: We Carry the Light with Dr. Susan: Quantum Angel Healing with Eva-Maria Mora   
GuestOn today's show, the first for Dr. Susan Allison at Transformation Talk Radio, she will introduce herself and say a bit about the themes of "We Carry the Light." Dr. Susan wants to inspire you to find your gifts and share them in the world. She hopes to help you discover your soul's purpose this lifetime and then accomplish your mission To help inspire you, today's guest, Eva-Maria Mora, will share about her own journey, from a terminal diagnosis to a miraculous new life and career. She will ...
          Deepwater Aquatics Has A Killer New Controller For The BLDC Pump   
Deepwater Distribution has just announced a very substantial overhaul to their popular BLDC pump. The BLDC pumps just a big bump in features and performance mostly through a swanky new controller that is a quantum leap from their old one.  The power supply for the new BLDC pump is now a trusted Meanwell Driver which […]
          Single photon can encode quantum information in 10 dimensions   
Flash Physics: need-to-know updates from the world of physics
          Quantum Many-Body Systems Far from Equilibrium: Quench Dynamics, Thermalisation, and Many-Body Localisation   
Conference: 12 Mar 2018 - 16 Mar 2018, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
          Delivering on a quantum promise   
Karl Svozil warns against overselling the long-term goals of quantum technology programmes
          Delivering on a quantum promise   
Karl Svozil warns against overselling the long-term goals of quantum technology programmes
          Rhinwedd y Cyffredin yw Taclusrwydd   


Rydw i'n berson sy'n hoffi nod trefnus a thaclus fel rhestr siopa manwl a rysait i'w ddilyn; neu Post-it Note o dasgau i'w cyflawni at fy nesg yn y gwaith.


Fel rhan o hynny, dwi'n hoffi dilyn cyfresi teledu a ffilm o'r naill ben i'r llall. Ar hyn o bryd, dwi'n gwylio'r gampwaith The West Wing am y pumed tro, The Sopranos am yr eildro a phumed cyfres Mad Men. Fe dreuliais i benwythnos cyfan yn y gwanwyn yn gwylio holl ffilmiau James Bond yn eu trefn, o Dr. No Quantum of Solace.


Ond ar ôl teimlo mod i'n bod braidd yn ddigyfeiriad gyda darllen a gwylio ffilmiau'n ddiweddar, dwi wedi penderfynu mynd ati o ddifri i osod strwythur i'r hyn dwi'n ei ddarllen a'i wylio, fel bod gen i nod taclus i'w gyrraedd a chyfres i'w dilyn o un pen i'r llall.

Y nod llenyddol yw darllen holl (ish) weithiau Mihangel Morgan yn nhrefn eu cyhoeddi (ish). Yr eironi yw mai 'rhinwedd y cyffredin yw taclusrwydd' yn ôl Mr Cadwalader, prif gymeriad Dirgel Ddyn, reit ar ddechrau'r nofel gyntaf ar y rhestr gan gyfeirio at A Special Day (aka Una giornata particolare), hen ffilm Eidalaidd gyda Sophia Loren.

Sy'n ein harwain at hen ffilmiau tramor: dwi wedi penderfynu gwylio'r hanner cant o ffilmiau gorau erioed yn ôl rhestr 'Sight and Sound' y BFI, i ledaenu fy ngorwelion ac i ddysgu dipyn bach mwy am sinema'r byd. Dyma'r rhestr: http://www.bfi.org.uk/news/50-greatest-films-all-time

Fe benderfynais i bod rhaid i mi wylio'r ffilmiau i gyd, dim ots pa mor gyfarwydd oedd y ffilm na phryd oedd y tro diwethaf i mi ei gweld - rhaid gwylio eto.

Erbyn hyn, dwi wedi gwylio pedair ffilm ar ddeg o'r rhestr - hen ffilmiau'n bennaf a'r rhan fwyaf yn rhai tramor. Dwi wedi gwylio ffilmiau doeddwn i 'rioed wedi clywed amdanyn nhw, ffilmiau mud, ffilmiau arbrofiol, ffilmiau trist a llawen.

Dwi heb fwynhau bob ffilm hyd yn hyn (Pierrot le Fou yr isafbwynt hyd yma) a dwi ddim yn siwr pam bod ambell ffilm mor uchel ar y rhestr (La Regle de Jeu yn y pump uchaf?!) ond dwi'n mwynhau'r profiad.

Y thema gyffredinol ymysg y ffilmiau yw bod llawer ohnyn nhw'n torri tir newydd, fel un o'r rhai diwethaf i mi ei gwylio - Man with a Movie Camera, ffilm sy'n dangos bywyd bob dydd y 20au yn Rwsia trwy dorri cyflym sy'n troi'n hypnotaidd o rythmig erbyn y diwedd.

Heb os, y ffilm dwi wedi ei mwynhau fwyaf hyd yn hyn yw City Lights, ffilm Charlie Chaplin o 1931 sy'n gydradd olaf ar y rhestr o hanner cant ond ffilm wnaeth i mi chwerthin yn uchel yng nghanol pathos chwerwfelys stori garu'r ffilm.

Nesaf ar y rhestr mae Gertrud, ffilm o Ddenmarc o'r 60au doeddwn ni 'rioed di clywed amdani tan i'r DVD gyrraedd o Lovefilm.

Dwi'n dal i ddysgu (er, dwi ddim am droi'n snob dros nos - dwi di gwylio'r Amazing Spiderman a Ratatouille yn weddol ddiweddar... ac mae rheiny'n ffilmiau gwych hefyd!)
          LG G4   

How to take a screenshot on LG G4 LG has wrapped a 5.5-inch Quad HD IPS Quantum Display, 3000mAh battery, 16MP rear camera with OIS and 8MP front camera, and a microSD card slot around Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 808 processor with 3GB of RAM.   Navigate to the screen which you want to take screenshot. Press […]

The post LG G4 appeared first on How To Take A Screenshot.


          Episode 184: Eggs and Quantum Keys   
Chelsea, Emily, and new host Marina discuss how eggs get their shape, quantum encryption keys, and a new development in genetics.
          Jeff's April Staff Pick   
What tHe βLЄЄP DӨ wS (k)pow!?

PN1995.9.D7 W52 2004




Amanda, brilliantly played by Marlee Matlin, is a photographer who begins to question her perceptions.  The film details her quest to understand alternate reality theories and different ways to observe the universe around us. 
Interspersed throughout Amanda’s adventures are interviews with quantum physics experts and New Age authors.
This is a fascinating mental journey through various realms of thought.




          Why is the universe expanding? And accelerating?   

What causes the accelerating expansion of our universe?

Solve that mystery and you reconcile two successful, yet incompatible, theories that explain how our universe works: quantum mechanics and Einstein’s theory of general relativity. But it isn't that simple. It may be that space-time itself is relative and if we zoomed in – way in – on the universe, we would realize it’s made up of constantly fluctuating space and time.

read more


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CADE - Where We Left
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Casari - Take Control (Original Mix)
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Charles B & VCTRY - Universal Funk
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Che Armstrong Pres. Charlie Alpha - Waiting For You (Midge Remix)
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Cheat Codes and Cade - Stay With You (Instrumental Mix)
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Christian Smith & Drunken Kong - Shiki (Original Mix)
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Clean Bandit - Symphony feat Zara Larsson (Charming Horses Extended Remix)
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Conny Wolf - Marjam
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Da Rave - 90's Beat
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Dan Thompson - Vivid (Extended Mix)
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Daniele Baldelli & DJ Rocca - Dodo
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DARVO - Kyokushin (Extended Mix)
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David Forbes - Nudge (Extended Mix)
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Davz - Graffiti
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Deepswing - In The Music (Jerome Price Remix)
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Deepswing - In The Music (Spada Remix)
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DEKON - Feel Me
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Delgado - Bad Sound Boy (Original Mix)
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Delgado - Got Shit to Do
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Demut - Balla In Discoteca
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Denis Kenzo & Angel Falls - Whisper (Extended Mix)
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Dennis Kruissen feat Axel Ehnström - South America (Sebastien Extended Remix)
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Deophonik, GKD - Yeah!
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DI - Warped Desires (Curtis Gabriel Dub)
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Diego Rey - I Know (Original Mix)
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Dip In the Pool - On Retinae (East)
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Dirty Disco Stars - When It Comes To You (Original Mix)
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Disk Nation - New Year (Original Mix)
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DJ Jace vs Dr. Ruth - From the Beach to Berlin (Charles Dunbar Remix)
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DJ Jace vs Dr. Ruth - From the Beach to Berlin (Oliver Osborne Remix)
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DJ Max Freeze - Charly (Original Mix)
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DJ Simi - Goin Down (Original Mix)
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DJ Simi - Report The Weather (Original Mix)
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Dmitry Molosh - Expression (Jonnas B Remix)
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Dominic Manns - Himalaya (Original Mix)
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Don Diablo - Save A Little Love (Extended Mix)
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Driftmoon - Avalon (Club Mix)
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DubVision - Hope to See You Soon (Original)
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Dusky - Cold Heart (Original Mix)
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Dynamic Illusion - Clear Blue Sky
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Dynamic Illusion - Gravity
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Dynamic Illusion - Love Story
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Dzeko, Brynn Elliott - California (Extended Mix)
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Eimear - Shining
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Electric Rescue - Melancholic Enchantment
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Electric Rescue - Padvo
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Electronic Youth - Raw Step (Original Mix)
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Eli Nissan - Circle Of Fifth
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Elisbert - Atlas
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Elisbert - Rebirth (feat Maggy)
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Emma Shapplin - Casta Diva (DASCO Remix)
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Enrique Iglesias - Subeme La Radio (Dave Aude Remix)
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Eric De La Vega - Your Eyes (Original Mix)
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Estiva - Dada (Extended Mix)
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F-Man - We Are Controlling Transmission
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Fairtone - Mist (Tim Hanmann Remix)
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Fairtone - You Can Do (Original Mix)
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Flow & Zeo - Density (Anturage Remix)
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Flow & Zeo - Density (Original Mix)
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Flow & Zeo - Density (Th Moy Remix)
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Frank Nitty feat Charmaine - Sanity (Original Mix)
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Franky - I Cried For You (Ed Marquis Dub Mix)
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Franky - I Cried For You (Ed Marquis Remix)
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Fred Pellichero - Dirty Wobble (Extended Mix)
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Fuga Ronto - L'Uomo Invisibile
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Futureheads - Monkey (Original Mix)
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Gang Signs - Mate (The Soul Side Remix)
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Gareth Emery feat Christina Novelli - Concrete Angel (Dash Berlin Extended Remix)
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Gili & Craig - Lollyhood
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Gino Caporale - Love Somebody (Extended Mix)
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Green Velvet - La La Land (Prok & Fitch Sweet Sixteen Remix)
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Groove Phenomenon & Salomon B. - Este Ritmo
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Hannah Wants - I Want U (Original Mix)
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Hannah Wants - Stutter (Original Mix)
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HARR$ & Anakyn feat Jytte - One More Time (Extended Mix)
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Harry Styles - Sign Of The Times (Dave Aude 157 Mix)
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Haxxy - When Can I Breathe Again (Original Mix)
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Heatbeat - Section 9 (Extended Mix)
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Herr Spiegelhauer - Light It Up (Dubby Version)
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Herr Spiegelhauer - Light It Up
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Herr Spiegelhauer - Out Of Balance
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Hookie Mousse - La Mano De D10S
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House Of Virus & LoVance - Freak (9Bar Remix)
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House Of Virus & LoVance - Freak (Ardalan Remix)
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House Of Virus & LoVance - Freak (Vibe Killers Remix)
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I Am Lucas - Set My Body Free (Original Mix)
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Ian Max Mauch - Cruising Through My Comfort Zone
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Ian Max Mauch - Distance Within (Ambient Rework)
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Ian Max Mauch - Distance Within (Max Dahlhaus Remix)
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Ian Max Mauch - Distance Within (Rauschhaus 'Detox' Version)
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Ian Max Mauch - Distance Within
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Ian Max Mauch - Do You Even Know How (Ambient Rework)
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Ian Max Mauch - Do You Even Know How (FAC3OFF Remix)
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Ian Max Mauch - Do You Even Know How (sine sleeper Remix)
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Ian Max Mauch - Do You Even Know How (Vlokken Remix)
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Ian Max Mauch - Do You Even Know How
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ID - Klobber (Original Mix)
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Ilyus & Barientos - Takin' Over
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Integral Bread - Brain Mousse (Barry Jamieson Remix)
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Integral Bread - Dehesa (Juan Pablo Torrez Remix)
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Integral Bread - Fractalized (Dmitry Molosh Remix)
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Integral Bread - Meliflua (Manu Riga Remix)
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Integral Bread - Phobia (Soulwerk Remix)
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Integral Bread - Quantum Groove (Margari's Kid Remix)
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Integral Bread - Sell Your Faith (Lunar Plane Remix)
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Integral Bread - The Cave (1Sight Remix)
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Integral Bread - The Cave (Anton Kurt Remix)
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Integral Bread - The Scar (Di Rugerio Remix)
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Integral Bread - Timanfaya (Erdi Irmak Remix)
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Integral Bread - We Die To Live (Fábel Remix)
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Integral Bread - Yerevan (Erich Lesovsky Remix)
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Ishi Vu - Tema Perr Malva
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Ivan Kay - Slap (Original Mix)
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Jack Lack - Baseclap (Original)
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Jack Wins - Soulshaking (Original Mix)
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James Treherne, Andy Nelson - The Sound
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James Treherne, Andy Nelson - Work It
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Jamie L Ward - I Am Free
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Jay De Lys - Sexual Healing
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JD feat Philip Manning - Cold Hands (Extended Mix)
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Jef Miles - Up Down Center Inside
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Jegers X Louders - The Beat (Extended Mix)
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Jeremy Vancaulart feat Holly Drummond - Let Go (Assaf Extended Remix)
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Jeremy Vancaulart feat Holly Drummond - Let Go (Xhanto Extended Remix)
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JFR - Cloud Sektcher (Original Mix)
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JFR - Lips of Wine (Original Mix)
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Joe Stone - Make Love (Original Mix)
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Joey Negro - Must Be The Music (Disco Boogie Dub Xtravangza)
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John Barry - Midnight Cowboy
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John Modena feat Paolo Mezzini - Is This A Lie (Extended Mix)
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Jonatan Ramonda & Ivan Svara - Background Noises
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Jonatan Ramonda & Ivan Svara - Lost in the Sky
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Jonatan Ramonda & Ivan Svara - Uncreated Love
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Joshua Puerta - Hey Girl
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Juloboy - Dreamer (Original Mix)
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K & K - Together (Original Mix)
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Kadebostany - Joy Sorrow (Slider & Magnit Extended Mix)
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Kav Verhouzer & Cooperated Souls - Like A Beast (feat Jay Smirks) (Extended Mix)
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Keanu Silva - Close 2 You (Original Mix)
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Kenny Rise - Aguada (Original Mix)
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Koehne, Kruegel, Jasmiina - Go Solo (Extended Mix)
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Koehne, Kruegel, Jasmiina - Go Solo (Monoloop Future Bass Extended Mix)
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Kolonie - December (Original Mix)
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Kolonie - Invictus (Original Mix)
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KPD - Extasy (Dub Mix)
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KPD - Extasy (Original Mix)
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Krosses & HEART FX - Waterfall (Original Mix)
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Kryder - MTV (Extended Mix)
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KTRL - Reign
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Lafayette - Better Late Than Never (Kerri's Kaoz 6_23 Mix)
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Lahox - Children (Extended Mix)
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Lando von Herzog - Digital Life (Sven & Olav Remix)
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Lanvary - Akyoomen (Original Mix)
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Lanvary - Leviathan (Original Mix)
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Lex & Wood - Hawk (Extended Mix)
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Lexlay - Soon
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Lightform - Oasis (Extended Mix)
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Linda Axelsson, Accurate - Secrets (Original Mix)
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LJ Hawk feat Quails - Heart Still Beats (Dave Mayer Dub)
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LJ Hawk feat Quails - Heart Still Beats (Husky's Breathing Lies Dub)
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LJ Hawk feat Quails - Heart Still Beats
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Lord of the Isles - Expansions
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LOThief - Tootski
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LOUD ABOUT US! - Drums (Extended Mix)
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LTN & Julie Thompson - Devil & Deep (Extended Mix)
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Luca Debonaire, Kiki Doll - Ridiculousness (Club Mix)
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Lucas & Steve - Up Till Dawn (On The Move) (Club Mix)
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Lucas Romero - Espacial (Original Mix)
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Lucas Romero - Inercia (Original Mix)
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Luke Black - Chord Spinning Top (Original Mix)
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Luke Wheeler - Free Your Mind feat Lez (Darren Fletcher Ministry Of Sound Mix)
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Luke Wheeler - Free Your Mind feat Lez (Original Mix)
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M.I.T.A. - Sunset on a cruise (Anna V. Remix)
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M.I.T.A. - Sunset on a cruise (Original Mix)
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M.I.T.A. - Synchronize (Original Mix)
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M.I.T.A. - Synchronize (Tom Hades Remix)
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Marcus Santoro - Flashpoint (Extended Mix)
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Mark & Lukas - Colours of Life (Axxound Remix)
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Mark & Lukas - The Echo of the Mountains (Lumidelic Remix)
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Mark Barrott - What About Now (Storm Clouds over Cap Negret)
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Mark Lovett - Moments
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Mark Lovett - Sentiments
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Mark Lovett - Show Me What I Know
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Marko Ruberto - Keep Smiling (Gianmarco Fabbretti Remix)
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Marko Ruberto - Keep Smiling (Original Mix)
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Marko Ruberto - Keep Smiling (Will Canas Remix)
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Marko Ruberto - Keep Smiling (Youssef Chen Remix)
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Martijn Ten Velden - Octagon (Extended Mix)
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Martin Hellfritzsch & Killed Kassette - At The Party (Original Mix)
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Martin Hellfritzsch & Killed Kassette - Nothing Hurts More (Original Mix)
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Martin's Effect - Limitless (Extended Mix)
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Marton Szabo - Bonus Life (Ape Sapiens Remix)
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Marton Szabo - Bonus Life (Kenny Tynan Remix)
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Marton Szabo - Bonus Life
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Marvin Franklin - Kona Winds (with Kimo and the Guys)
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Matt Tolfrey - Beyond The Truth (Original Mix)
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Matt Tolfrey - Jazz Hands (Original Mix)
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Matt Tolfrey - No Hands (Original Mix)
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MAWI - CO2 (Extended Mix)
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Maxi Vega - Cassian (Drop 2 Jump Remix)
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Maxi Vega - Cassian (Original Mix)
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Maxi Vega - Without Fear (Original Mix)
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Shakecraft feat Elektra - Patchy (Denis First Remix)

I'd like to start talking about scientific explanation here. This is the particular problem I have been working on recently:

A plausible hypothesis is that scientific explanations are answers to "why" questions about phenomena. If I hear a "cawing" noise and I ask my friend why I hear this cawing. This is a familiar enough situation that most of us would have our curiosity satisfied by an answer as simple as "there is a crow". But say the situation was unfamiliar (perhaps the question is asked by a child). In that case "there is a crow" is unsatisfactory. It is unsatisfactory even if "Sometimes, crows caw" is a universal regularity of nature. All we've done is conjoined a noise (cawing) to an object (the crow). One reason we might not find this to be a good explanation is that it is a "curiosity stopper", like answering "electricity!" to the question of "Why does flipping a switch turn a light bulb on?". But the problem is worse than that because "Sometimes, crows caw" actually does allow you to make predictions in the way "electricity!" does not. We could even posit as true the law that "Crows always caw and only crows caw" and get extremely firm predictions-- but because we are still just conjoining objects and events we aren't really understanding anything.

Of course we can say more about crows and cawing. We can talk about the crow's voice box and vibrations in the air which vibrate hair fibers which we process as sound. But of course this explanation is just like the first one. We are conjoining objects and events (lungs, blowing air, voice box shape structuring vibrations, vibrations moving throw the air, air vibrating in the cochleae). For almost everyone this explanation (written out less haphazardly than I have) would appear to be a fairly complete explanation. But it has exactly the same problems as the first explanation (though it is longer and perhaps includes more generally applicable laws).

Now obviously this explanation can be extended further, right down to quantum theory. But even this explanation (if it could ever be written out) would include unreduced terms that are just conjoined to each other through natural laws. And we can still ask why questions about fundamental particles and their behavior. Yet we want to say that a quantum based explanation of crow cawing would be complete (or at least that there is some theory sufficiently fundamental that it could be used to give a complete explanation of the cawing noise).

Yet it looks to me like even the most fundamental explanation will still be just a list of conjoined events and that we will still be able to ask why questions about these events and their relations. We either need to be able to point to a special class of "complete" explanations and say why they qualify for this class OR we need to give an account of non-complete explanations that tells us why we really are understanding events better when we get them.


          Eliezer_Yudkowsky on Open Thread: November 2009   

I'll go ahead and predict here that the Higgs boson will not be showing up. As best I can put the reason into words: I don't think the modern field of physics has its act sufficiently together to predict that a hitherto undetected quantum field is responsible for mass. They are welcome to prove me wrong.

(I'll also predict that the LHC will never actually run, but that prediction is (almost entirely) a joke, whereas the first prediction is not.)

Anyone challenging me to bet on the above is welcome to offer odds.


          army1987 on Open Thread: November 2009   

“A physicist answers all questions with ‘I don't know, but I'll find out.’”

-- Nicola Cabibbo (IIRC), as quoted by a professor of mine.

(As for “experimental evidence”, in the past couple of years people have managed to put bigger and bigger systems -- some visible with the naked eye -- into quantum superpositions, which is evidence against objective collapse theories.)


          Mitchell_Porter on Open Thread: November 2009   

MWI as slam-dunk

What exactly is it that you claim to know here? It's not a particular quantitative many-worlds theory that makes predictions, or you wouldn't be asking where the Born probabilities come from. It's not a particular qualitative model of many worlds, or else you wouldn't talk about Robin's mangled worlds in one post, and Barbour's timeless physics in another. What does it boil down to? "I know that quantum mechanics has something to do with parallel worlds"?


          shminux on Open Thread: November 2009   

Every genius is entitled to some eccentricity, and the MWI is EY's. It might be important to remind the regulars why MWI is not required for rationality, but it is pointless to argue about it with EY.

For all the dilettantes out there who learned about quantum physics from Eliezer's posts and think that they understand it, despite the clear evidence that understanding a serious scientific topic in depth requires years of study, you know where the karma sink is.


          Mark_Friedenbach on Open Thread: November 2009   

Speaking as someone with an academic background in physics, I don't think the group as a whole as anti-MWI as you seem to imply. It was taught at my university as part of the standard quantum sequence, and many of my professors were many-worlders... What isn't taught and what should be taught is how MWI is in fact the simpler theory, requiring fewer assumptions, and not just an interesting-to-consider alternative interpretation. But yes, as others have mentioned physicists as a whole are waiting until we have the technology to test which theory is correct. We're a very empirical bunch.


          Mitchell_Porter on Open Thread: November 2009   

I've just learned that Stephen Hawking has bet against the Higgs showing up.

Here's my argument against Higgs boson(s) showing up:

The Higgs boson was just the first good idea we had about how to generate mass. Theory does not say anything about how massive the Higgs itself it is, just that there is an upper bound. The years have passed, it hasn't shown up, and the LHC will finally take us into the last remaining region of parameter space. So Higgs believers say "hallelujah, the Higgs will finally show up". But a Higgs skeptic just says this is the end of the line. It's just one idea, it hasn't been confirmed so far, why would we expect it to be confirmed at the last possible chance?

Two years ago:

Nima Arkani-Hamed of Harvard said he would bet a year's salary on the Higgs. “If the Higgs or something like it doesn't exist,” he said, “then some very basic things like quantum mechanics are wrong.”

I wrote to him at the time expressing interest in the bet, but asking for more details. (No reply.) The rather bold statement that QM itself implies a Higgs "or something like it" I think must be a reference to the breakdown in unitarity of the Standard Model that should occur at 1 TeV - which implies that the Standard Model is incomplete, so something will show up. But does it have to be a new scalar boson? There are Higgsless models of mass generation in string theory.

This all leads me to think anew about what's going to happen. The LHC will collide protons and detectors will pick up some of the shrapnel. I think no-one expects new types of particle to be detected directly. They are expected to be heavy and to decay quickly into known particles; the evidence of their existence will be in the shrapnel.

The Standard Model makes predictions about the distribution of shrapnel, but breaks down at 1 TeV. So one may predict that what will be observed is a deviation in shrapnel distributions from SM predictions and that is all. Can we infer from this, and from the existing range of physics models, what the likely developments in theory are going to be, even before the experiment is performed?

Although I said that totally new particles will not be observed directly, my understanding is that the next best thing is certainly possible, namely a very sharp and unanticipated change in the distribution of decay products at a specific energy. That would mean that you had a new particle at that energy.

The alternative would seem to be a sort of gentle deviation of decay statistics away from SM predictions. Unfortunately I don't know enough about the theoretical options to really predict how this might be interpreted. However, the Higgsless models involve extra dimensions. So if we have the dull outcome, it will probably be interpreted by some as our first evidence of extra dimensions.

Also, particle physics is very complex and there are many possible mechanisms of interaction. I think that, if no Higgs shows up, many theorists will go back to their theorems and question the assumptions which tell us that this is the last chance for a Higgs to show up.

My prediction, then, is that if we get the dull outcome - no unambiguous signal of a new particle - we will see both even more interest in extra dimensions, and a new generation of "heavy Higgs" models which explain why we can, after all, have a heavier-than-1-TeV Higgs without screwing up observed low-energy physics.


          Single photon can encode quantum information in 10 dimensions   
Flash Physics: need-to-know updates from the world of physics
          Adil Öksüz'ün sır saati   
Yaklaşık 1 yıldır yakalanamayan Adil Öksüz’den geriye Hava Kuvvetleri amblemi taşıyan Quantum marka bir saat ve kemeri ...
          Researchers refute textbook knowledge in molecular interactions   

For a long time, it was considered that these interactions between molecules are always attractive. Now, for the first time, Mainak Sadhukhan and Alexandre Tkatchenko from the Physics and Materials Science Research Unit at the University of Luxembourg found that in many rather common situations in nature the van der Waals force between two molecules becomes repulsive. This might lead to a paradigm shift in molecular interactions.

“The textbooks so far assumed that the forces are solely attractive. For us, the interesting question is whether you can also make them repulsive,” Prof. Tkatchenko explains. “Until recently, there was no evidence in scientific literature that van der Waals forces could also be repelling.” Now, the researchers have shown in their paper Long-Range Repulsion Between Spatially Confined van der Waals Dimers, published in the renowned scientific journal "Physical Review Letters", that the forces are, in fact, repulsive when they take place under confinement.

Ubiquitous van der Waals forces explained for the first time

The ubiquitous van der Waals force was first explained by the German-American physicist Fritz London in 1930. Using quantum mechanics, he proved the purely attractive nature of the van der Waals force for any two molecules interacting in free space. “However, in nature molecules in most cases interact in confined spaces, such as cells, membranes, nanotubes, etc. In is this particular situation, van der Waals forces become repulsive at large distances between molecules,” says Prof. Tkatchenko.

Mainak Sadhukhan, the co-author of the study, developed a novel quantum-mechanical method that enabled them to model van der Waals forces in confinement. “We could rationalise many previous experimental results that remained unexplained until now. Our new theory allows, for the first time, for an interpretation of many interesting phenomena observed for molecules under confinement,” Mainak Sadhukhan says.

The discovery could have many potential implications for the delivery of pharmaceutical molecules in cells, water desalination and transport, and self-assembly of molecular layers in photovoltaic devices.

Prof. Tkatchenko’s research group is working on methods that model the properties of a wide range of intermolecular interactions. Only in 2016, they found that the true nature of these van der Waals forces differs from conventional wisdom in chemistry and biology, as they have to be treated as coupling between waves rather than as mutual attraction (or repulsion) between particles.

- - -
Read more: Alexandre Tkatchenko wins prestigious ERC Grant

© Michel Brumat / University of Luxembourg 2017

          World - Don't Underestimate India's Cunning Narendra Modi   
Narendra Modi is a more cunning reformer than many in India and around the world-including President Trump-realize. Don't underestimate his ability to help India make a quantum...
          Approximate Quantum Error Correction Revisited: Introducing the Alphabit. (arXiv:1706.09434v1 [quant-ph])   

Authors: Patrick Hayden, Geoffrey Penington

We establish that, in an appropriate limit, qubits of communication should be regarded as composite resources, decomposing cleanly into independent correlation and transmission components. Because qubits of communication can establish ebits of entanglement, qubits are more powerful resources than ebits. We identify a new communications resource, the zero-bit, which is precisely half the gap between them; replacing classical bits by zero-bits makes teleportation asymptotically reversible. The decomposition of a qubit into an ebit and two zero-bits has wide-ranging consequences including applications to state merging, the quantum channel capacity, entanglement distillation, quantum identification and remote state preparation. The source of these results is the theory of approximate quantum error correction. The action of a quantum channel is reversible if and only if no information is leaked to the environment, a characterization that is useful even in approximate form. However, different notions of approximation lead to qualitatively different forms of quantum error correction in the limit of large dimension. We study the effect of a constraint on the dimension of the reference system when considering information leakage. While the resulting condition fails to ensure that the entire input can be corrected, it does ensure that all subspaces of dimension matching that of the reference are correctable. The size of the reference can be characterized by a parameter $\alpha$; we call the associated resource an $\alpha$-bit. Changing $\alpha$ interpolates between standard quantum error correction and quantum identification, a form of equality testing for quantum states. We develop the theory of $\alpha$-bits, including the applications above, and determine the $\alpha$-bit capacity of general quantum channels, finding single-letter formulas for the entanglement-assisted and amortised variants.


          Bounds on Information Combining With Quantum Side Information. (arXiv:1706.09752v1 [quant-ph])   

Authors: Christoph Hirche, David Reeb

"Bounds on information combining" are entropic inequalities that determine how the information (entropy) of a set of random variables can change when these are combined in certain prescribed ways. Such bounds play an important role in classical information theory, particularly in coding and Shannon theory; entropy power inequalities are special instances of them. The arguably most elementary kind of information combining is the addition of two binary random variables (a CNOT gate), and the resulting quantities play an important role in Belief propagation and Polar coding. We investigate this problem in the setting where quantum side information is available, which has been recognized as a hard setting for entropy power inequalities.

Our main technical result is a non-trivial, and close to optimal, lower bound on the combined entropy, which can be seen as an almost optimal "quantum Mrs. Gerber's