View of the skyline of Hollywood Beach, Broward County, Florida, USA   

Jorge Marco Molina posted a photo:

View of the skyline of Hollywood Beach, Broward County, Florida, USA

Hollywood is a city in Broward County, Florida, located between Fort Lauderdale and Miami. The average temperature is between 68 and 83 degrees. As of July 1, 2015 Hollywood has a population of 149,728. Founded in 1925, the city grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s, and is now the twelfth largest city in Florida. Hollywood is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census.


Joseph W. Young founded the city in 1925. He dreamed of building a motion picture colony on the East Coast of the United States and named the town after Hollywood, California. Young bought up thousands of acres of land around 1920, and named his new town "Hollywood by the Sea" to distinguish it from his other real estate venture, "Hollywood in the Hills", in New York


Young had a vision of having lakes, golf courses, a luxury beach hotel, country clubs, and a main street, Hollywood Boulevard. After the 1926 Miami hurricane, Hollywood was severely damaged; local newspapers reported that Hollywood was second only to Miami in losses from the storm. Following upon Young's death in 1934, the city encountered more terrific hurricanes and not only that, but the stock market crashed with personal financial misfortunes. It felt as though the city was tumbling slowly piece by piece with all of those tragic events taking place.


Hollywood is a planned city. On Hollywood Boulevard is the Mediterranean-style Joseph Young Mansion, built around 1921, making it one of the oldest houses in Hollywood.


Credit for the data above is given to the following website:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood,_Florida


          NASA tells InfoWars: There are no ‘child slave colonies’ on Mars (VIDEO)   
Preview NASA has responded to bizarre claims that a colony of kidnapped child slaves exists on the planet Mars by asserting that there are “no humans” on the Red Planet.
Read Full Article at RT.com
          Re: Brennan's Colony   
Brennan's is closed and has been replaced by The Tavern Co. Do you ever update this thing?

Brennan's Colony
Rating: 1 Star
Posted by Squid
          Re: Brennan's Colony   
Brennans is closed and has been replaced by The Tavern Co. Do you ever update this thing??
Posted by Squid
          Rare colony of bats spark council feud over £4m tunnels under a busy main road   
none
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軽井沢大賀ホール
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Singing in Karuizawa Vol.8【7/1】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
姿月あさと デビュー30周年記念コンサート【7/2】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
千住真理子 ヴァイオリン・リサイタル in 軽井沢【7/8】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
第五回 日本メディカルアンサンブル演奏会【7/9】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
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第10回アニマルチャリティコンサート【7/22】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
川嶋仁ピアノ&チェロコンサート スペシャルゲスト:ベアンテ・ボーマン氏をお迎えして【7/23】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
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第6回軽井沢ジャズ・フェスティバル【7/29】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
第7回若い芽の弦楽アンサンブルアカデミーin軽井沢 ヴィルトゥオーゾ5人の響演【8/1】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
第7回若い芽の弦楽アンサンブルアカデミーin軽井沢 川瀬賢太郎指揮 YEKストリング・オーケストラ【8/3】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
第7回若い芽の弦楽アンサンブルアカデミーin軽井沢 YEK選抜受講生コンサート【8/4】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
軽井沢 夏の宵の狂言【8/5】 - 軽井沢大賀ホール
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浅間火山博物館
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エルツおもちゃ博物館・軽井沢
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軽井沢千住博美術館
軽井沢ニューアートミュージアム
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小さな美術館 軽井沢草花館
トリックアート 旧軽井沢森ノ美術館
深沢紅子野の花美術館
ペイネ美術館
Le Vent (ル ヴァン) 美術館
脇田美術館
本のまち・軽井沢
石の教会 内村鑑三記念堂
軽井沢絵本の森美術館
軽井沢高原文庫
堀辰雄文学記念館
追分コロニー
油やプロジェクト - 信濃追分文化磁場油や
追分宿郷土館
ごんざ
ぎゃらりい青
佐久市子ども未来館


●アウトドア・スポーツ・祭りイベントSalon
しなの追分馬子唄道中【7/23】
信州・御代田龍神まつり【7/29】
碓氷峠ラン184【10/21】
軽井沢リゾートマラソン【10/22】
ピッキオpicchio|軽井沢の自然と遊ぶネイチャーツアー
軽井沢 発地 ホタルの里
佐久平イルミネーションガイド
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(6/29)SC軽井沢クラブ 五輪シーズンへ3日に始動



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浅間山ライブカメラ


☆こんなフォトアルバムもやってます!

PACフォト~プリンSalon~

PACフォト~軽井沢Salon~


☆こんなブログもやってます!

軽井沢ブログ『カントリージェントルマンへの道』

軽井沢ブログ『追分Salon』

軽井沢ブログ『イキメンSalon』

軽井沢ブログ『地域で子育て・教育サポート』

軽井沢版*エッセイスト

軽井沢版*キーワードは『循環』Salon

別冊カントリージェントルマンへの道★軽井沢移住~書籍化第1弾への道~

カントリージェントルマンが出会った~素敵なことば~

軽井沢版*薪ストーブ生活

軽井沢ブログ『ホームファーミングSalon』

軽井沢版*楽陶生活

軽井沢版*楽楽器生活

軽井沢版*ネコ生活★『プリン』という名のねこ★

軽井沢版*バイリンガルへの道~カントリージェントルマンの子供たちをバイリンガルにしたい~
10
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          Shock: NASA denies secret child sex slave cannibal colony on Mars   

No humans on Red Planet, straight-faced officials have the audacity to claim

NASA has not enslaved a colony of children on Mars nor is it using them for vile orgies on the Red Planet nor feasting on them to harvest their precious bone marrow, officials have told The Register.…


          The Stairs Expedition: Canadian Atrocities in the Congo   
Canada’s 150th anniversary offers a unique opportunity to shed light on some darker corners of Canadian history. One of the dustier chapters is our contribution to one of the most barbarous regimes of the last century and a half. In a bid to extract rubber and other commodities from his personal colony, Belgian King Léopold II More
          Omnishambles   

The Morning Heresy is your daily digest of news and links relevant to the secular and skeptic communities.

While the very fabric of space-time warped and undulated over the Trump-Morning Joe conflict (we’ll get to that), Republicans in the House finance subcommittee worked up a scheme to neutralize the Johnson Amendment. The proposed rule would deny the IRS the funds it would need to investigate Johnson Amendment violations…for churches only. That’s right, no mention of other nonprofits, no mention of other houses of worship. We joined a big coalition of groups opposing the measure, and I did the equivalent of marching up and down, toddler-Bart-Simpson style, making noise about it.

But you know, the fabric of space time. Undulating and whatnot. About that:

After Trump did his dumbass Trump thing that he does, Sarah Huckabee Sanders attempted to justify the president’s behavior as some kind of proportional response to bullying (????), and when asked who she could point to as a role model, she defaulted to God. That’s fine, but you’d think a couple human role models would be useful in a pinch. Maybe keep a couple of those in your back pocket. Just a thought.

More fun was the op-ed by Mika and Joe themselves, where they threw so much shade it looked like an eclipse. They said Trump wasn’t mentally healthy enough to watch Morning Joe, and made the charge that Trump had blackmailed them with the threat of a negative National Inquirer article.

David Roberts at Vox tries to come to grips with what the hell is wrong with the man, and why it’s so hard to figure it out:

Trump defies our theory of mind because he appears to lack a coherent, persistent self or worldview. He is a raging fire of need, protected and shaped by a lifetime of entitlement, with the emotional maturity and attention span of a 6-year-old, utterly unaware of the long-term implications of his actions. ... Politicos and journalists need a story in which Trump’s stumbling and grasping can be construed as a savvy media strategy, a “distraction” from some other wrongdoing he has going on, or a “pivot” from his current omnishambles. Those are all versions of political maneuvering with which they are familiar. They need for Trump to want things, to be after things, to have a plan. ... But there’s no there there.

CFI Los Angeles chief Jim Underdown recoils at the utter plausibility of The Handmaid’s Tale, and laments that the star of the TV version, Elizabeth Moss, is herself a Scientologist:

What doesn’t fit is that the Church of Scientology could be a central character in The Handmaid’s Tale TV series. For decades we’ve been hearing real-life stories from ex-Scientologists that sound like they could be plots in the series.   

Nikhil Sonnad at Quartz does a great service, cataloguing how Alex Jones’ Infowars store and Gwyneth Paltrow’s Goop store and the Moon Juice store all sell the same snake oil.

Speaking of Alex Jones (if we must), he had a guest, Robert David Steele, who said this:

This may strike your listeners as way out but we actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children who were kidnapped and sent into space on a 20 year ride. So that once they get to Mars they have no alternative but to be slaves on the Mars colony.  

Now, Jones does seem to distance himself from this idea a tad (“Well I don’t know about Mars bases”), but don’t give him too much credit! Or any! Because then he says this:

I know they’ve created massive, thousands of different types of chimeras that are alien lifeforms on this earth now. 

Just in case you’re wondering, NASA denies the allegation. Well, of course they would. Pfft.

In Bizarro America, aka Canada, a new survey shows that the electorate would prefer an atheist, gay, or transgender prime minister over an evangelical Christian. 

CFI’s new intern Andy Ngo thinks back to the Orlando massacre one year ago, and how the discourse about it has been too diffuse, asking, “While it is imperative to prevent and condemn discrimination against Muslims, why does that have to come at the cost of speaking openly about religious fundamentalism, particularly Islamism?”

South Africa will no longer have single-religion public schools. (A group lobbying for this change, the Organisasie vir Godsdienste-Onderrig en Demokrasie, has the greatest acronym ever: OGOD.) 

Australian homeopathics company Brauer is being investigated for promoting an ebook that advocates the use of homeopathy to treat babies and toddlers.  

Theologian and sociologist Peter Berger has died at the age of 88. I don’t know much about most of his work, but his book The Social Construction of Reality blew my mind when I read it in college a million years ago. 

Quote of the Day:

This. This is wonderful. You’re welcome.

* * * 

Linking to a story or webpage does not imply endorsement by Paul or CFI. Not every use of quotation marks is ironic or sarcastic, but it often is.

Follow CFI on Twitter: @center4inquiry

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News items that mention political​ candidates are for informational purposes only and under no circumstances are to be interpreted as statements of endorsement or opposition to any political candidate. CFI is a nonpartisan nonprofit.

 

The Morning Heresy: “I actually read it.” - Hemant Mehta

 


          Fragments of Thutmose I Temple Discovered in Storage   
  LUXOR, EGYPT—Thousands of stone blocks being kept in storage near Luxor turn out to be remains of the temple of the 18th-Dynasty pharaoh Thutmose I (r. ca. 1504-1492 B.C.), according to a report from Science & Scholarship in Poland. Egyptologist Jadwiga Iwaszczuk of the Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures of the Polish Academy of Sciences first identified some of the fragments, which were housed in a tomb that is used as a storage facility by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities. The fragments were excavated in the 1970s, and at the time were thought to belong to a temple built during the reign of Hatshepsut, who was Thutmose I’s daughter. In fact, that temple was discovered in recent years in the Ramesseum, the memorial temple of Ramesses II. Iwaszczuk identified the fragments as belonging to the temple of Thutmose I because the temple’s name appeared on some of them. Iwaszczuk and her team have now identified thousands of stone blocks that are part of the temple. Among their notable finds is an early portrayal, for the area, of a battle scene featuring chariots. For more, go to “Egypt’s Final Redoubt in Canaan.”
          TEAM17’S GAMES LABEL WELCOMES SWORD LEGACY: OMEN   
TEAM17’S GAMES LABEL WELCOMES SWORD LEGACY: OMEN Brazilian developed turn-based tactical RPG joins growing global line-up UK – 30th June 2017 – Award-winning international games label and veteran games developer Team17 has today announced its first partnership in South America with Brazil-based independent developers Firecast Studio and Fableware Narrative Design to publish Sword Legacy: Omen, a challenging turn-based tactical RPG with a dark, cartoon-inspired aesthetic. Sword Legacy: Omen is set in the candlepunk realm of Broken Britannia, a once-thriving kingdom full of alchemical and technological advances now fragmented by intrigue and deceit. As the vengeful knight, Uther, and his misfit band of companions, players will embark on a thrilling journey to locate the long-lost Excalibur. In this bloody, brutal take on the Arthurian legend, players will explore rich environments, experience a riveting storyline and survive intense turn-based tactical combat to define the fate of Britannia. The partnership with Firecast and Fableware marks Team17’s first venture into the Brazilian games development scene. Debbie Bestwick, MBE, Team17’s CEO said, “Our label aims to work with the best independent creators around the world, help them build new IP and aim for sustainability. We’ve stepped up our international side significantly this year with recently announced partners in North America, Germany and Sweden. It’s a pleasure to welcome Firecast and Fableware to our ever growing family of partners as our first Brazilian team. There’s so much local talent being showcased at BIG Festival this week, we’re very excited to be working together with both teams. Sword Legacy: Omen is a high quality turn-based tactical game created by two very talented teams that brings another different angle to our diverse games label.” Bruno Lanzarotti, Executive Director, Firecast Studio added, “The partnership between Team17, Firecast Studio and Fableware is very promising and shows the world the quality of Brazilian games. We are very happy to have such an established and respected British company supporting our vision of the Arthurian legends! All this makes us very excited and gives us confidence that Sword Legacy: Omen will have the strength to stand out not only in Brazil, but also internationally. With this partnership, we believe we are doing something great, important, that brings us pride in representing Brazilian games development and showcasing the quality and creativity we can bring to gamers worldwide.” Arthur Protasio, Creative Director, Fableware Narrative Design said, “Partnering with Team17 feels like a pupil being acknowledged by the master. Not only are we long time Worms fans, but we also keep a close eye on the great games published by the label. That’s why when the Brazilian Game Developers Program and the Goethe Institut invited me to Quo Vadis in Berlin, I knew it was THE opportunity to pitch to Team17’s Debbie Bestwick. Just as Fableware teamed up with Firecast and together began a unique co-production, we believe Team17 is a most valuable addition to this endeavour. With each company excelling at their expertise, we have high hopes for the final product and can now proudly say we’ve joined this experienced indie family.” Sword Legacy: Omen will launch on PC in 2017. About Team17 Digital Ltd Founded in 1990, Team17 Digital Limited is a leading international games label that hosts the Worms franchise, Aven Colony, The Escapists, Genesis Alpha One, Overcooked, Yoku’s Island Express, Yooka-Laylee and many more from developers around the world. Visit www.team17.com for more info. About Firecast Studio Founded in 2014, Firecast Studio is an independent developer based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil About Fableware Narrative Design Founded in 2015, Fableware Narrative Design is an independent storytelling studio based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, specialized in writing and developing content for multiple platforms and transmedia projects, such as Emmy nominated TV Shows, animations, and awarded video games. Sword Legacy: Omen © 2017. Developed by Firecast Studio and Fableware Narrative Design. Published by Team17 Digital Ltd. Team17 is a trademarks or registered trademarks of Team17 Digital Limited. All other trademarks, copyrights and logos are property of their respective owners.
           China flexes military muscle in Hong Kong during Xi's visit    
HONG KONG (AP) - President Xi Jinping inspected troops based in Hong Kong on Friday as he asserted China's authority over the former British colony, where...
          6/30/2017: WORLD: Chinese president’s visit sparks protests   

HONG KONG— Chinese President Xi Jinping landed in Hong Kong Thursday to mark the 20th anniversary of Beijing taking control of the former British colony, accompanied by a formidable layer of security as authorities showed little patience for...
          Summer on the Hudson: Feral Love   

Date: August 11, 2017

Join us for a special screening of Feral Love (Hancock Productions), a local tale of a musician, a feral cat colony, true love, and Riverside Park.

A special guest quartet performance of live music greets you at 7:30 p.m. and a bonus short about the Riverside Clay Tennis Association cat kicks off the special evening.

Bring a blanket and join us on the grass (lawn chairs are ok around the periphery only).

Start time: 7:30 pm

End time: 10:00 pm

Contact phone: 311

Location: 72nd Track and Lawn (in Riverside Park)


          Books I Read   
Below, you will find a list of all the books I read between the 2008-2011. I link to those I recommend.



Adult Non-Fiction


Adult Fiction


Adult Religious


Young Adult [Note: These titles vary greatly in recommended grade levels. Review carefully before assigning to students.]

          State Bank Of Travancore, Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal, Bhopal (arera Colony), Bankifsccode.com   
Bank: STATE BANK OF TRAVANCORE

Address: P.B.NO.39, E-5/4 ARERA COLONY, RAVISHNKAR NAGAR P.O., BHOPAL, MADHYA PRADESH, PIN-462016
State: MADHYA PRADESH
District: BHOPAL
Branch: BHOPAL (ARERA COLONY)
Contact:

IFSC Code: SBTR0000607 (used for RTGS and NEFT transactions)

MICR Code: 462009002


          This Weekend in the Arts   
Artist Drawings & Paintings: A Juried Exhibition of Contemporary Works July 7 – August 6, 2017   Artist Reception: Saturday, July 8, 4:00 – 6:00 PM The Rocky Neck Art Colony’s Cultural Center Gallery 6 Wonson Street, Gloucester, MA 01930 Gallery Hours: Thursday – Sunday, 12:00-6:00 PM The Rocky Neck Art Colony (RNAC) is pleased to present “Artist Drawings &
          Global Atherosclerosis Clinical Trials Rise Due to Higher Disease Incidences Pipeline Review, H1 Till 2017   
(EMAILWIRE.COM, June 30, 2017 ) Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor 1 Receptor (CSF 1 Receptor or Proto Oncogene c Fms or CD115 or CSF1R or EC 2.7.10.1) pipeline Target constitutes close to 33 molecules. Out of which approximately 32 molecules are developed by companies and remaining by the universities/institutes....
          Do Neonics Hurt Bees? Researchers and the Media Say Yes. The Data Do Not.    

This story is being co-published with the Genetic Literacy Project.

On Thursday, Science published a large-scale study on the relationship between bees and a pesticide, neonicotinoids. It got quite a bit of pickup in the press—Nature touted that the “Largest-Ever Study of Controversial Pesticides Finds Harm to Bees,” while the BBC explained that a “Large-Scale Study ‘Shows Neonic Pesticides Harm Bees.’ ” The Scientist said the same, with “Field Studies Confirm Neonicotinoids’ Harm to Bees,” and PBS followed suit with “Neonicotinoid Pesticides Are Slowly Killing Bees.”

These headlines seem to reflect a line included in the abstract of the study itself: “These findings point to neonicotinoids causing a reduced capacity of bee species to establish new populations in the year following exposure.”

Sure sounds like a bummer for the bees. One problem: The data in the paper (and hundreds of pages of supporting data not included but available in background form to reporters) do not support that bold conclusion. No, there is no consensus evidence that neonics are “slowly killing bees.” No, this study did not add to the evidence that neonics are driving bee health problems.

Unfortunately, and predictably, the overheated mainstream news headlines also generated a slew of even more exaggerated stories on activist and quack websites where undermining agricultural chemicals is a top priority (e.g., Greenpeace, End Times Headlines, and Friends of the Earth). The takeaway: The “beepocalypse” is accelerating. A few news outlets, such as Reuters (“Field Studies Fuel Dispute Over Whether Banned Pesticides Harm Bees”) and the Washington Post (“Controversial Pesticides May Threaten Queen Bees. Alternatives Could Be Worse.”), got the contradictory findings of the study and the headline right.

But based on the study’s data, the headline could just as easily have read: “Landmark Study Shows Neonic Pesticides Improve Bee Health”—and it would have been equally correct. So how did so many people get this so wrong?

This much-anticipated two year, $3.6 million study is particularly interesting because it was primarily funded by two major producers of neonicotinoids, Bayer Crop Science and Syngenta. They had no involvement with the analysis of the data. The three-country study was led by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, or CEH, in the U.K.—a group known for its skepticism of pesticides in general and neonics in particular.

The raw data—more than 1,000 pages of it (only a tiny fraction is reproduced in the study)—are solid. It’s a reservoir of important information for entomologists and ecologists trying to figure out the challenges facing bees. It’s particularly important because to date, the problem with much of the research on neonicotinoids has been the wide gulf between the findings from laboratory-based studies and field studies.

Some, but not all, results from lab research have claimed neonics cause health problems in honeybees and wild bees, endangering the world food supply. This has been widely and often breathlessly echoed in the popular media—remember the execrably reported Time cover story on “A World Without Bees.” But the doses and time of exposure have varied dramatically from lab study to lab study, so many entomologists remain skeptical of these sweeping conclusions. Field studies have consistently shown a different result—in the field, neonics seem to pose little or no harm. The overwhelming threat to bee health, entomologists now agree, is a combination of factors led by the deadly Varroa destructor mite, the miticides used to control them, and bee practices. Relative to these factors, neonics are seen as relatively inconsequential.

I’ve addressed this disparity between field and lab research in a series of articles at the Genetic Literacy Project, and specifically summarized two dozen key field studies, many of which were independently funded and executed. This study was designed in part to bridge that gulf. And the devil is in the interpretation.

According to the lead researcher Richard Pywell of the CEH:

We’ve shown for the first time negative effects of neonicotinoid-coated seed dressings on honeybees and we’ve also shown similar negative effects on wild bees. … Our findings are a cause for serious concern.

I agree that there might be cause for serious concern if the studies had shown convincing evidence of negative effects. But a review of the data—by the GLP and independent scientists—concludes differently. The European study focused on three types of bees placed in fields across three countries—Germany, Hungary, and the U.K. As Jenna Gallegos noted in her particularly nuanced analysis in the Washington Post:

[T]he results were not as clear-cut as experts had hoped. … The differences between bees in treated or untreated fields were largely insignificant, and many of the bees in both groups died before they could be counted.

Overall, the data collected from 33 different fields covered 42 analyses and 258 endpoints—a staggering number. The paper only presented a sliver of that data—a selective glimpse of what the research, in its entirety showed.

What patterns emerged when examining the entire data set? Here is a chart assembled from data supplied to the research funders by the CEH (but not released in the published study) with the findings summarized (light green indicates “no impact,” red points to “negative impact,” and dark green suggests neonics had a positive impact).

In sum, of 258 endpoints, 238—92 percent—showed no effects. (Four endpoints didn’t yield data.) Only 16 showed effects. Negative effects showed up 9 times—3.5 percent of all outcomes; 7 showed a benefit from using neonics—2.7 percent.

As one scientist pointed out, in statistics there is a widely accepted standard that random results are generated about 5 percent of the time—which means by chance alone we would expect 13 results meaninglessly showing up positive or negative.

Norman Carreck, science director of the International Bee Research Association, who was not part of either study, noted, the small number of significant effects “makes it difficult to draw any reliable conclusions.”

When pressed, even Pywell acknowledged the conflicting data.

The data were rife with other contradictions. Worker bees and drones in Britain struggled to survive the winter, but the same variety of wild bees increased in Germany. Egg production also increased in Germany but fell in Hungary.

The health problems seemed to have little to do with pesticides. A fungal infection ran roughshod over Hungary’s bees. In Britain, they were decimated by the deadly and unrelenting Varroa destructor mite—even the controls suffered losses 400 percent greater than the national average. These catastrophic loss numbers suggest the field experiments may have been poorly constructed—raising doubts about the standard of research for the entire research project.

The broader context of the bee health controversy is also important to understand; bees are not in sharp decline—not in North America nor in Europe, where neonics are under a temporary ban that shows signs of becoming permanent, nor worldwide. Earlier this week, Canada reported that its honeybee colonies grew 10 percent year over year and now stand at about 800,000. That’s a new record, and the growth tracks the increased use of neonics, which are critical to canola crops in Western Canada, where 80 percent of the nation’s honey originates.

Managed beehives in the U.S. had been in steady decline since the 1940s, as farm land disappeared to urbanization, but began stabilizing in the mid-1990s, coinciding with the introduction of neonicotinoids. They hit a 22-year high in the last count.

Global hive numbers have steadily increased since the 1960s except for two brief periods—the emergency of the Varroa mite in the late 1980s and the brief outbreak of colony collapse disorder, mostly in the U.S., in the mid-2000s.

So the bees, contrary to widespread popular belief, are actually doing all right in terms of numbers, although the Varroa mite remains a dangerous challenge. But still, a cadre of scientists well known for their vocal opposition to and lobbying against neonics have already begun trying to leverage the misinterpretation of the data. “In the light of this new study, continuing to claim that use of neonicotinoids in farming does not harm bees is no longer a tenable position,” David Goulson, a University of Sussex bee biologist, known in anti-neonic circles as a scientist-for-hire, told the U.K.’s Science Media Centre.

But other, less ideologically invested scientists were far more circumspect. “We learn again: It’s complicated,” said biologist Tjeerd Blacquière of Wageningen University in the Netherlands. The mixed findings are likely to intensify ongoing debates about restricting or banning the compounds, with both sides claiming vindication.

The study, while problematic and contradictory in its results, is not without value. It has underscored that it’s possible or even likely that exposure to miticides or insecticides—including neonics, which like all insecticides are designed to target insects—increases the vulnerability of bees to disease and other threats. But that could be said about any chemical, including organic treatments. In Europe, where neonics have been banned since 2013 (based almost entirely on disputed lab studies), farmers have turned to alternatives that are far more toxic to both bees and humans, such as Lorsban and pyrethrins. Canola production is down, and bee health has shown no appreciable change. Farmers are in open revolt, and bees are arguably the worse for it.

Within hours of the release of the study, advocacy groups opposed to intensive agricultural techniques had already begun weaponizing the misreported headlines.

“It shows that industry claims that neonicotinoids do not harm bees at field-relevant concentrations are baseless,” said a Greenpeace senior scientist, a marine biologist with no background in entomology.

“Pressure mounts for a complete ban on neonicotinoid pesticides as landmark study confirms these chemicals are harming bees,” wrote Friends of the Earth.

But viewing the date from the European study in context makes it even more obvious that sweeping statements about the continuing beepocalypse and the deadly dangers to bees from pesticides, and neonicotinoids in particular, are irresponsible. That’s on both the scientists, and the media.


          NASA to InfoWars guest: There are no 'kidnapped child slave colonies' on Mars   
NASA has responded to bizarre claims that a colony of kidnapped child slaves exists on the planet Mars by asserting that there are "no humans" on the Red Planet. The space agency was responding to comments made by an InfoWars guest, who said that children have been sent on a "20-year ride" to be slaves on a Mars outpost. Robert David Steele, a former US presidential candidate for the Reform Party, was speaking to InfoWars host Alex Jones when he made the bizarre comments. "We actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children who were kidnapped and sent into space on a 20-year ride," he said. Steele added that "once they get to Mars, they have no alternative but to be slaves on the Mars colony." According to the Daily Beast, a NASA spokesperson answered the slave claims by reminding people that there are no humans on the planet.
          NASA Denies Theory That It Is Running A Child Slave Colony On Mars​   
InfoWars is no stranger to controversy, as its far-right talking head Alex Jones has regularly entertained even the most fringe conspiracy theories on the program for years. A recent segment of InfoWars — which airs on 118 nationwide stations — purported that there was a sex slave colony of kidnapped children living on Mars. NASA, for its part, disagreed.
          New Aven Colony trailer released that shows how it'll be optimized for consoles   

Team17 has recently released a new trailer for Aven Colony that shows off the optimized HUD and user interface for consoles. The beta was released last September with a full launch currently slated for July 25th on PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and PC via Steam and itch.io. If you pre-order the game you'll gain access to an additional sandbox map known as Cerulean Vale in which you can explore its treacherous badlands and discover remnants of an ancient seabed. I was never big into city-building games such as Sim City, but this one looks pretty interesting, plus it doesn't look like a typical "create a city in modern times" type of sim.


          The Magical Moment   
Afed

It's less than two hours away from midnight. Another whole year gone. A bustle of activities around,  a heap of whatsapp texts, meeting plans and phone calls...while all I want at the moment is to be on my own. That's what it does to you, the new year eve, a tinge of melancholy in your nostalgia as a recap of the gone year plays in your mind.


The last time I was here, there were decorations and cakes and crackers. There were people in plenty around; laughter and togetherness. Nothing seemed amiss as we started our countdown. Ten ... nine ... eight ... the whole colony gathered up, the neighbor's little girl being lifted high by the uncles...seven...six...five ... the kids readying themselves to attack the cake ...four...three...the crackers beginning to burst ... two ... one ... and before I could get involved in the oncoming mess, my phone rings.

"Happiiee New Year!!" My bestie screamed from the other end, and suddenly all I wanted was some calm in the chaos. I wished she was there with me right then, along with some others who I missed. There I was on phone, far from the madding crowd of celebration. It made me wonder, who would I rather be with?

Strangely enough, her call had reminded me of the previous new year eve, an entirely different scenario (and not so good one at that) and how far I'd gotten since then. The metamorphosis of a year lay bare before me as she spoke. Now here I am hidden away from the hostellers, waiting for that magical new year feeling to show up. And I'm still waiting.

What's the ideal way to spend this day? With friends in a dinner party clinking champagne bottles? With family cutting a small cake from the dining table? With your laptop screen of a countdown clock and a dozen people to chat with? Or perhaps just a solitary space for yourself to reflect on as you listen to the world celebrate. And feel the magic.

Another day of much pomp and fun awaits. The new year resolutions, the selfies, the status updates, and what not. Before we fall back to another year of broken resolutions, engaging days and the normalcy, let's just pause here for a moment, and be.

The vibe is around you if it's within you.

Happy new year folks. Maybe call that friend of yours. It's a magical moment. :)

***

          PSA: NASA is not running a child slave colony on Mars   
This week a NASA representative was asked whether they were running a child slave colony on Mars. That anyone would believe such a thing is just about as insane as a conspiracy theory gets. Kind of like believing there’s a child slave ring being operated out of the basement of a pizza shop which literally has no basement. Much like … Continue reading
          Hangi Yabancı Dizi İzlesem ?   

Takip ettiğim yabancı dizilerin yeni bölümlerini beklemeye başladığım için yeni yabancı dizi tavsiyesi almak istiyorum ne önerebilirsiniz?

İzlediğim yabancı diziler The Big Bang Theory,Colony,Lucifer,Flash,Arrow


          Friday Morning Spice   
Murdoch setback. Russia warns HMS Queen Elizabeth. ANC meets amid crisis. Uber hits 5 billion. NASA denies Mars slave colony. Elon Musk goes full Anchorman. The reason Guptas need SA citizenship. Adele to stop touring. Ronaldo’s new surrogate twins. Is Jonah Hill hot?
          July 2017 Game Releases: Five Brand New Games Coming Up This Month!   

Our July 2017 Game Releases has five new ones for you! They are totally new games that may not be familiar but is guaranteed to be very rich in content! Do mark your calendars for these games and check them out below: JULY 2017 GAME RELEASES The End is Nigh Release Date: July 12, 2017 The End Is Nigh is an action-adventure video game which is an indie platformer as well. Play as Ash as he experiences a lot of suffering and pain in his journey and don’t forget to keep an eye on his stress levels. Offering you 12 explorable chapters with 600 levels. Collect the 20+ video game cartridges that are fully playable. And for some crazy reason, you will also get to collect tumors! Aporia Beyond the Valley Release Date: July 19, 2017 Set in an immersive, non-linear world, Aporia Beyond the Valley brings to its players a first-person adventure puzzle game. Without any dialogue or text, the game tells a story of humanity, technology, and civilization. Get to explore the game’s interesting storyline, be wary of traps, solve its multiple puzzles and choose to create your own path. Fortnite Release Date: July 25, 2017 Fortnite offers a survival co-op sandbox game. Choose your hero and fight the multiple waves of monsters coming at you. Protect yourself by scavenging for items that you can use to create weapons or structures. Get to play with others and work together. You will only have 14 days to do this (thus the title “Fortnite”). In the daytime, you are able to explore and scavenge for items but during the nighttime, arm yourselves and be ready to kill a lot of zombies. Aven Colony Release Date: July 25, 2017 Lead humanity into a new home as their Governor in Aven Colony. The new home is light years away from the previous and it is called Aven Prime.As Governor, your role is to look out for the welfare of your colony. Make sure that they have food, shelter, resources, and proper technology. Discover and build up your colony in Aven Colony. The Station Release Date: July 31, 2017 Imagine going into space and meeting an accident that leaves you stranded near an alien planet. This is what The Station is about. Play in a first person perspective and explore the world before you. You are recon specialist and because of such events, you and your team became stranded. With the communication, navigation, and stealth not working, what will you do now to protect your team?

The post July 2017 Game Releases: Five Brand New Games Coming Up This Month! appeared first on CheapDigitalDownload.com.


          Exposure to neonic pesticides results in early death for honeybee workers and queens   
Worker and queen honeybees exposed to field realistic levels of neonicotinoids die sooner, reducing the health of the entire colony, biologists have found. The researchers were also surprised to find that the neonicotinoid contaminated pollen collected by the honeybees came not from crops grown from neonicotinoid treated seeds, but plants growing in areas adjacent to those crops. This is season-long, field realistic research with typical exposure.
          NASA Politely Clarifies It Is Not Running A Child Slave Colony On Mars - HuffPost   

HuffPost

NASA Politely Clarifies It Is Not Running A Child Slave Colony On Mars
HuffPost
Three months ago, the conspiracy theory-loving radio show host apologized for spreading fake news about a child sex ring at a Washington, D.C., pizzeria after an armed man stormed the place looking for victims. Now Jones is helping promote an even more ...
NASA promises there aren't any child slaves on MarsCNET
NASA denies claim that it's running child slave colonies on MarsSacramento Bee
NASA: No, we don't have child slave colonies on MarsSFGate
New York Post -International Business Times -Mashable -SlashGear
all 49 news articles »

          Аделантадо Мигель Лопес де Легаспи.   
b05a8b5397ca9d8341a405f0b4094c81 (426x700, 90Kb)
Miguel López de Legazpi established the first spanish colony in the Philippine Islands.

Мигель Лопес де Легаспи (1502—20 августа 1572) — испанский конкистадор с титулом аделантадо*, роль которого в истории Филиппин сравнима с ролью Кортеса в истории Мексики и с ролью Писарро в истории Перу.
В 1528 г., отчаявшись сделать карьеру на родине, Лопес де Легаспи последовал за Кортесом в Мексику, где достиг поста управляющего Мехико.
D преклонном возрасте был направлен вице-королём Луисом де Веласко на поиски островов Пряностей, открытых ещё Магелланом. 21 ноября 1564 г. отплыл на 5 кораблях и полутысячей солдат из гавани в Халиско на покорение западных земель. Путь им должен был указать опытный Андрес де Урданета.
В начале 1565 года испанцы разорили Марианские острова, проплыли острова Барбудас и Ладронес и 13 февраля 1565 года завидели Филиппины, благополучно высадились на острове Себу и вступили в контакт с его жителями 27 апреля.
В отличие от Магеллана, который был атакован и умерщвлён туземцами, Лопесу де Легаспи удалось заключить с местным вождём Тупас дружественное соглашение — стоило только убедить его в том, что его люди не португальцы. Это событие на Филиппинах считается точкой отсчёта национальной истории; в его память установлен праздник сандуго**.
Что примечательно, Легаспи обнаружил на острове икону Святого Младенца Иисуса, оставленную Магелланом, и которую почитали местные жители.
Позже эта икона хранилась как ценная реликвия в монастыре Себу. Часть спутников Легаспи — отец Урданета, отец Агирре, а также сын Легаспи — вернулись 30 октября 1565 года в Акапулько.
В 1567 г., получив подкрепление из Новой Испании, конкистадор приступил к возведению крепости св. Петра, призванной служить защитой основанного им города Себу (Легаспи изменил первоначальное название города Сан-Мигель на Эль-Сантиссимо-де-Хесус). Пользуясь этим плацдармом, Лопес де Легаспи направлял корабли на исследование северной части Филиппин. Несмотря на стычки с китайскими пиратами, принялся крестить туземцев на севере Лусона и основал там 24 июня 1571 года новую столицу — Манилу, в качестве Метрополии для колонии.
Именем Лопеса де Легаспи назван город на острове Лусон.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
Аделантадо (исп. adelantado — первопроходец) — в колониальной Испании титул конкистадора, который направлялся королём на исследование и завоевание земель, лежащих за пределами испанских владений.
**
Сандуго (Sandugo) — ритуальный кровный договор, заключенный между испанским конкистадором Мигелем Легаспи и дату Сикатуной, вождём филиппинского острова Бохол, 16 марта 1565 года.
Участники ритуала выпили вино, в которое была добавлена кровь заключающих договор Легаспи и Сикатуны.
Сандуго рассматривается как заключение кровного братства между испанцами и филиппинцами.
          Too long for a comment   

This post started as a comment on a Savage Minds post, "What is good anthropological writing?", wherein Thomas Eriksen asked, "Which were the texts that made an indelible impression on you, and why?" The following is my answer:

The texts, both fiction and non-fiction, which have "made an indelible impression" on me as an Anthropologist, scholar, and all the other titles (daughter, sister, artist, friend) I hold as a person in general, came to me in three ways at three different times:


First, when I was 12 years old, my family took a trip to Seattle. I didn't have any unread books of my own to bring along for the plane ride, so I went into our family book closet and pulled from the shelf that held my Dad's books from college, John Howard Griffin's Black Like Me. When we returned home, I went straight back to that shelf and grabbed a box set of Doonesbury comics. As this was before the Internet, I got through Doonesbury by using my children's encyclopedia, our family encyclopedias, my Mom's textbook from the History class she was taking at the community college (she went back to school when I was in Kindergarten, working full-time and taking classes when she could until I was in 8th grade), and my parents as references for all the historical and political commentary I did not understand.



When I finished that collection, I returned to the shelf and chose (no kidding) Margaret Mead's Coming of Age in Samoa. I should mention that my dad was an Anthropology and Spanish undergrad and my inclination towards Anthropology was greatly influenced by all the stories I grew up hearing my Dad tell. As a child, my Dad lived on the outskirts of various Native American reservations across New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado. After he graduated from college, he joined the Peace Corps and lived in a Shuar village in Ecuador. Aside from the tales he recounted of these experiences, he seemed to have an Anthropological anecdote for and spin on everything, from problems with bullies at school to my inquiry, "Why would the US government send people to internment camps?" when my family visited Manzanar National Historic Site when I was in 4th grade. So, by the time I got around to reading Coming of Age, I was already prepared to enjoy it.


Next, during my Senior year of high school, I was taking both AP English and AP Biology (AP stands for "Advanced Placement," the "recommended courses" for students aspiring to attend universities considered elite, in my case the University of California. In these classes, the pace of learning was sped up and the expectation of quality of work was raised, this meant that you had more than twice as much homework and it had to be at least twice as good as that in the "regular" classes, which meant that you had to form "study groups" and divide the work amongst each other in order to deliver, something that was expressly forbidden and considered "cheating" by teachers but accepted and practiced as the norm by students. And, because classes, like all others at my high school, were scheduled for only 50 minutes each day, you were often expected, pretty much required, to spend lunches, free periods, and time after school in lab or other lecture/discussion type sessions. Finally, at the end of the course, you had the option of taking the corresponding AP test. Scores of 3 or higher, out of 5, would pass you out of entry level courses at many universities and so you worked very hard to obtain them. These were my experiences at one particular high school in an affluent area where over 90% of the graduating class went on to attend college, and so may not be the most "normal" representation of college prep courses). I was one of several students who were taking both classes at the same time and so our teachers decided to do a joint project, "What is life?" How do you define "life?" What does it mean to "be alive?" This project itself was influential for me because we studied the concept of "being alive" from and within two different disciplines. I remember one particular discussion in Bio when we debated whether or not a virus should be classified as a living organism. This debate forced us to realize that scientific classification and the concept of "being alive" are arbitrary, cultural constructions. Each class also had its own theme, in English it was existentialism and in Bio it was, well, Bio. In English, our study of existentialism included the reading of William Butler Yeats' poem, "The Second Coming", Joseph Heller's Catch-22, Samuel Beckett's play, Waiting for Godot, and Franz Kafka's short story, In the Penal Colony. These English class texts were all fiction, but in Bio, I read David Quammen's The Flight of the Iguana: A Sidelong View of Science and Nature which gets its title from Quammen's imaginative account of Darwin's study of Galapagos Island iguanas; the iguanas are strong swimmers, but as Darwin wrote in The Voyage of the Beagle, "they will sooner allow a person to catch hold of their tails than jump into the water..." Quammen's book is sort of non-fiction in that he transforms scientific information into interesting, anecdotal stories. In the case of the iguanas, Quammen imagines Darwin launching them by their tails into the sea and watching them swim back to the shore where he stands. This text was influential for me because it demonstrates how good writing intrigues the reader by prompting her to draw parallels between the mundane and the academic.


Lastly, during my Freshman year of university, a friend lent me his copy of Tom Robbins' Even Cowgirls Get the Blues. I can't explain why this book was so influential, I think I just really admire Robbins' writing style. Another great, influential book by Robbins is Fierce Invalids Home From Hot Climates.


So, there you have it, the texts that changed my life!


          NASA denies that it’s running a child slave colony on Mars   
The Daily Beast reports: A report on Alex Jones’ InfoWars claiming child sex slaves have been kidnapped and shipped to Mars is untrue, NASA told The Daily Beast on Thursday. “There are no humans on Mars. There are active rovers on Mars. There was a rumor going around last week that there weren’t. There are,” […]
          NASA Denies That It's Running a Child Slave Colony on Mars   
The Daily Beast reports;NASA Denies That It's Running a Child Slave Colony on MarsOn Thursday, Alex Jones welcomed a guest to talk about how kidnapped children have been sent on a two-decade mission to space. NASA now denies the interplanetary conspiracy.A report on Alex Jones� …
          NASA denies it's running a child slave colony on Mars [Unlikely]   
Unlikely [link] [152 comments]

          Guía de lanzamientos en PlayStation: julio de 2017. La fantasía se renueva   

290617 Lanzaplayjulio

Cambiamos el formato de nuestra guía de lanzamientos mensual. Mientras seguimos manteniendo el Calendario, al que os podéis suscribir (iCal, HTML) y ver todos los juegos de un plumazo, hemos decidido estructurar la sección mensual por plataformas, comenzando hoy con la familia PlayStation.

Y tranquilos, que mañana le tocará el turno a Nintendo, y ya el fin de semana a Xbox y PC. Pero hoy, como hemos adelantado, lo centraremos en las consolas PS4, PS Vita y PS3, con los lanzamientos de julio. Un mes de calentamiento (nunca mejor dicho) para la traca seguida entre agosto, septiembre, octubre y noviembre, donde se darán cita los últimos pesos pesados de 2017.

Final Fantasy XII: The Zodiac Age, un valor seguro

290617 Lanzaplayjulio 01

Y es que resulta bastante triste destacar de este mes, entre los exclusivos de PlayStation de julio, una puesta al día de un clásico de PS2. Porque sí, 'Final Fantasy XII: The Zodiac Age' es eso y poco más, gracias a los añadidos de la versión internacional japonesa del original de 2006, y a los inevitables retoques (incluso con nuevos temas para su BSO) de su adaptación a PS4. A la venta el 11 de julio por 44,90 euros. O bien casi 200 euros si queremos su descomunal edición coleccionista, exclusiva de la tienda oficial de Square Enix.

Ese clásico con más de una década de historia, será de lo poco destacable de la primera mitad de julio. Aunque no deje de resultar curioso ¡Has sido tú!, uno de los primeros experimentos bajo el programa PlayLink, que permite conectar dispositivos táctiles (móviles y tabletas) a PS4. Será, de hecho, uno de los incentivos de PlayStation Plus del 4 de julio, y hasta tendrá edición física.

'Accel World vs. Sword Art Online' (PS4; y ya en digital para Vita), será otro de los exclusivos de la primera semana de julio, fijado para el día 7. Mientras que ese mismo día se pondrá a la venta 'Cars 3: Hacia la Victoria' en PS3 y PS4.

La segunda semana la completan en formato digital:

  • 'Black the Fall' (PS4, día 11)
  • El primer episodio de 'Minecraft: Story Mode Season 2' (PS4, día 11)
  • 'Serial Cleaner' (PS4, día 11)
  • 'DeadCore' (PS4, día 14)

Pyre, lo nuevo de los creadores de Transistor

290617 Lanzaplayjulio 02

'Bastion' y 'Transistor' son dos joyas indie que dejan claro el buen hacer de Supergiant Games. De ahí que 'Pyre', cuya mecánica puede parecer muy rara (un RPG por equipos difícil de clasificar... o incluso de comprender), sea un título a tener en cuenta si nos van los experimentos. Saldrá para PS4 en digital el día 25.

Ese mismo martes llegarán en formato físico a PS4, tanto 'Aven Colony' como 'Fortnite' (este último, a pesar de su estado en Early Access), acabando por cerrar el mes, ya en digital y también en PS4, el esperado 'Sundered', el metroidvania de los creadores de 'Jotun'. Pero no adelantemos acontecimientos, que aún hay más.

Porque la semana anterior se condensarán estos otros:

  • 'Children of Zodiarcs' (PS4 vía PSN, día 18)
  • 'Orcs Must Die Unchained' (PS4 vía PSN, día 18)
  • 'Yonder: The Cloud Catcher Chronicles' (PS4 vía PSN, día 18; y físico el 20)
  • 'Unbox: Newbie's Adventure' (PS4, día 20)
  • 'Conga Master' (PS4 vía PSN, día 21)

Como véis, no hay bombazos, y en materia de exclusivos, tan solo nos topamos con el remaster de 'Final Fantasy XII: The Zodiac Age'. Mes de transición, en definitiva. Y en parte, se agradece, porque lo que vendrá después... ¡Telita!



Calendario | iCal, HTML


           Nasa denies it is running a child slave colony on Mars    
The bizarre comments were made by Robert David Steele, a former CIA case officer who was a guest on the US national radio programme The Alex Jones Show this week.
          Hair and Beauty Tips In Plano Posted By : Harry Ken   
The kinds of services that one can find at the beauty salon Plano are simply endless. Your money will buy you just any type of beauty services that you desire. You just have to see it in the beauty and fashion magazine and you take it with you to the hair stylist in the colony where you will come out looking gorgeous and neat in the latest hairstyle.
          NASA Responds to InfoWars Claim: We Don’t Have Child Sex Slaves on Mars   

For the second time this week, NASA has had to shut down ridiculous claims about the organization.

“There are no humans on Mars. There are active rovers on Mars. There was a rumor going around last week that there weren’t. There are. But there are no humans,” spokesperson for Mars exploration at NASA Guy Webster told The Daily Beast after claims were made on Alex Jones’ “The Alex Jones Show” that there was a colony of kidnapped children on Mars.

On Thursday, Jones hosted Robert David Steele on his radio program. “We actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children who were kidnapped and sent into space on a 20-year ride,” Steel said. “So that once they get to Mars they have no alternative but to be slaves on the Mars colony.”

If you find the idea of children slaves on Mars to be outlandish and bizarre, remember who the messenger is: Jones, a known conspiracy theorist. In the past, he propagated the Pizzagate scandal — another debunked conspiracy having to do with a made-up child sex ring. He has also denied that the Sandy Hook massacre was real.

Apparently Jones was comfortable supporting Steele’s theory because “Look, I know that 90 percent of the NASA missions are secret and I’ve been told by high level NASA engineers that you have no idea. There is so much stuff going on,” he said on his show.

NASA’s reassurance that, no, there are no humans on Mars, comes just days after the organization had to shut down rumors of alien activity as well. After a YouTuber posted a video saying that NASA was on the verge of announcing the discovery of alien life, a NASA spokesperson told The Washington Post: “While we’re excited about the latest findings from NASA’s Kepler space observatory, there’s no pending announcement regarding Extra-Terrestrial life.”

You can watch the “Info Wars” video with Jones and Steele below. (The space conspiracy is mentioned around the three-minute mark):

Related stories from TheWrap:

Ratings: Megyn Kelly's Alex Jones Interview Struggles Against US Open Golf

Megyn Kelly Needles Alex Jones on Sandy Hook: 'You're Trying to Have It All Ways'

Alex Jones Sends Condolences to Sandy Hook Families Before Megan Kelly Interview

Connecticut NBC Station Won't Air Megyn Kelly Interview With Alex Jones


          MIDNIGHT AT THE NEVER GET to Make New England Premiere in Provincetown   

Midnight at The Never Get, the award-winning and critically-acclaimed musical hit of last summer's New York Musical Festival, will enjoy its New England premiere this summer, a co-production of Visceral Entertainment (Michael Chase Gosselin and Tim Sulka) and Dustin Sparks Productions.

Starring Sam Bolen and Kevin Quill (with a special appearance by Jody O'Neil) and conceived by Mr. Bolen and Mark Sonnenblick, with book, music and lyrics by Mr. Sonnenblick, choreography by Andrew Palermo (Allegiance, The Other Josh Cohen), music direction & arrangements by Adam Podd (The Spidey Project, Fiction in Photographs) and direction by Max Friedman (Ruby Manger Live!, Charlie Rosen's Broadway Big Band), Midnight at The Never Get will play a (6) six-week engagement at Provincetown Inn (1 Commercial Street - Provincetown, MA) with performances beginning Monday, July 24th. Opening Night is set for Saturday, July 29th at 7pm. The show will play through Sunday, September 3rd.

Featuring a sultry score fashioned after the American Songbook, Midnight at The Never Get imagines two men who never existed at a time that very much did. Trevor Copeland (Sam Bolen) and Arthur Brightman (Kevin Quill) have the perfect New York romance. That's swell. In 1965, it's also against the law. So, in the back room of "The Never Get," an illegAl Greenwich Village gay bar, they put together a show called "Midnight" - a queer nightclub act where Arthur writes love songs for Trevor to sing to a man. But as they hurtle towards the end of the decade and tensions in the Village reach a breaking point, the lovers find themselves caught in a relationship they can't control and a movement they don't understand.

In a statement, Producer Michael Chase Gosselin said, "Tim Sulka, Dustin Sparks and I are very excited to bring Midnight at The Never Get to Provincetown audiences this summer and share this one-of-a-kind theatrical experience that combines elements of a book musical and jazz cabaret in a site-specific production at the Provincetown Inn. I'm thrilled that we are able to give audiences a taste of what stepping back in time to 1965 at "The Never Get" could be while they enjoy the show's universal love story and remarkable score."

The creative team includes Christopher & Justin Swader (set), Vanessa Leuck (costumes), Jamie Roderick (lighting), Kevin Heard (sound), Addison Heeren (prop design) and Preston Ridge (creative consultant). The Production Stage Manager is KJ Morton.

Midnight at The Never Get will play Monday - Friday at 8:30pm and Saturday at 6:00pm & 9:30pm. Tickets are priced at $25-$65 and beginning July 3rd, may be purchased online at www.brownpapertickets.com or by calling 1-800-838-3006.

ABOUT THE ARTISTS:

Mark Sonnenblick (Co-Conceiver/Book/Music/Lyrics) is a composer, lyricist, and scriptwriter, although not always at the same time. Collaborations include Midnight at The Never Get (Bistro Award, MAC Award Nominee "Show of the Year"), Independents ("Best Production" FringeNYC, "Critics' Pick" New York Times), Dragons Love Tacos (TheatreworksUSA), Twenty Minutes or Less (Washington National Opera), Ship Show (Yale Institute for Music Theatre), Stompcat in Lawndale (Ars Nova Ant Fest), and Wheel of Misfortune (Denver Center for the Performing Arts). He has developed work at The Johnny Mercer Writers Colony (Goodspeed Musicals), UCross Foundation, Rhinebeck Writers Retreat, The John Duffy Institute (Virginia Arts Festival), Composers and the Voice (American Opera Projects), and The Johnny Mercer Songwriting Project. He lives in Brooklyn with no pets of any kind.

Sam Bolen (Co-Conceiver/Trevor Copeland) is an actor and a singer living in Brooklyn. He pitched the idea that became Midnight at The Never Get to Mark Sonnenblick in Mark's old kitchen, then went on to originate the role of Trevor in productions at Don't Tell Mama and the 2016 New York Musical Festival, for which he and the team won the Bistro Award for Book Musical last March. Other New York credits include STREEPSHOW! Season 1 (The Tank); The New Yorkers, Irma La Douce, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Annie Get Your Gun, It's a Bird. It's a Plane. It's Superman! (Encores!); POPE! An Epic Musical (NYMF, Outstanding Lead Actor); Macbeth, Twelfth Night, Hamlet (Old Hat Theatre Co.). Regional: A Funny Thing Happened On The Way To The Forum, The Drowsy Chaperone, The Mousetrap, Forever Plaid (New London Barn Playhouse); John & Jen (Red House Arts Center). Sam is a graduate of the William Esper Studio and of Yale University, where he was a Whiffenpoof and a Spizzwink. www.sambolen.com / @wafflehouses

Kevin Quill (Arthur) is an actor, director, and piano bar entertainer. He recently reprised the role of The Poet in the one-man show An Iliad, which has toured throughout the northeast since 2013. He played Jamie in his original concept of The Last Five Years where the two characters accompany one another on piano. Kevin lives in New York City - more info can be found at thekevinquill.com.

Jody O'Neil (Sister Etcetera) is a New York/Cape Cod-based actor and writer whose recent stage work has swung the gamut from a Cockney junkie Claire in The Maids and a DJ-spinning Mephisto in Doctor Faustus Lights the Lights to a pair of iconic O'Neill roles: Tyrone, Jr. in A Moon for the Misbegotten and Chris Christopherson in Anna Christie. On screen, he has seduced co-star Margot Kidder in a wicked tango in Never Met Picasso and rallied around Samuel L. Jackson as one of Mango's Boys on "Saturday Night Live." Currently, he can be seen as failed banker Ivan Zamir in the locally-produced 14-part mini-series, "Offseason," streaming on Amazon Prime.

Max Friedman (Director) is a director of theatre, concerts, and cabaret. He is the recipient of a 2017 Bistro Award for Midnight at The Never Get, which he helmed at Don't Tell Mama and 42West as part of NYMF 2016. He most recently directed a concert presentation of Paul Jabara's Rachael Lily Rosenbloom... and don't you ever forget it at 54 Below. Other NYC credits include Love Letter: Joe Iconis & Lauren Marcus do Johnny Cash & June Carter Cash (Don't Tell Mama), Noel & Julia's Wayward Brainchildren (Joe's Pub), Charlie Rosen's Broadway Big Band (2016 MAC Award Nomination, Show of the Year), Ruby Manger Live! The Farewell Engagement by Julia Mattison & Noel Carey (54 Below), The Bluest Ink (Sondheim Jazz Revue, le poisson rouge), and 6 by Zack Zadek (NYMF 2012). Regional credits include Murder Ballad (NJ Premiere) and The Longing and The Short of It by Daniel Maté (5 Carbonell Award Nominations, including Best Director). As an Assistant Director, projects include Jasper In Deadland (Prospect Theater Company), The Other Josh Cohen (Soho Playhouse), Uncool:The Party, 35MM, and many projects with Joe Iconis and Family including Things to Ruin, Bloodsong of Love, and The Annual Joe Iconis Christmas Spectacular. Friedman is currently in residence as the Associate Director of Programming of the legendary cabaret institution Don't Tell Mama where he has helmed over a dozen original cabaret acts and a series of developmental presentations of new musicals. www.maxfriedmandirector.com Instagram/Twitter: @maxbfriedman

Visceral Entertainment (Producer) This newly formed theatre, film and television Production Company brings together the talents of its two principals, Michael Chase Gosselin and Tim Sulka. In addition to this limited engagement of Midnight at The Never Get, Visceral Entertainment is currently producing the original musical, Money Talks, now playing at the Davenport Theatre Off-Broadway. Other projects in development include the holiday musical, The Most Miserable Christmas Tree, a new Broadway musical comedy, Pope! An Epic Musical, an audience immersive musical stage adaptation of the Jonathan Lethem novel, You Don't Love Me Yet and a stage adaptation of the novel The Black Ledger, by D.G. Allen. Film and television projects include Urbn FaeryTales, a musical television series of familiar fairy tales set and filmed in modern day Brooklyn, and Prime Cuts, a film of the darkly comic graphic novel, a teen version of the Sweeney Todd legend.

Dustin Sparks Productions (Producer) is a multi-faceted, entertainment company specializing in producing theatre and live entertainment. The company is committed to producing projects that celebrate the human experience through new works, and adaptations that bring to life a range of diverse stories to inspire and engage audiences.


          Bad winter for Swiss bee colonies   
Bee colonies in Switzerland and Liechtenstein diminished by 30% over the winter, according to a survey of 1,000 Swiss beekeepers. Published on Monday, the survey by an umbrella organization of beekeeper associations known as Apisuisse blamed the decline on a parasitic mite, insecticides and other environmental factors. It’s a trend that adds to European and American farmers’ longtime worries about the declining population of honeybees, a key crop pollinator that originated in Europe. Bees play an important role in global food production by carrying the pollen from flowering plants, but there have been widespread reports of so-called colony-collapse disorder. Only a few of the 20,000 bee species are honeybees, which are cultivated in hives. Buzz kill Among the challenges to bee farming is lack of land, spread of disease, parasites like the varroa mite and the use of fungicides, herbicides and pesticides. Over the winter more than 20% of the bee colonies were lost – of ...
          The future of 200 million Children: Right to Education   
Dear All,

India has around 230 million children currently in age group 6-16. In the next decade, all these would cross 16 years of age, and reach a stage where more formal education is practically impossible.

Of these, around 30 million would get a chance to study in reasonable to good to excellent quality schools, some in a few good Govt. schools, but mostly private fee charging schools, including those for upper income and elite groups.

Remaining 200 odd million, if ASER and other such official and non-official reports are correct, would receive very poor quality education in the bulk of average government schools or low cost private schools. With RTE provisions and criterion coming in force, it would not be legally feasible for low cost private schools to exist as recognized schools, so the bulk of responsibility of educating these 200 million children will be of Government Schools.

Most of us know, and agree, that average quality of education in most Government Schools is very bad, which means that 200 million of today's children will become adult without receiving a minimum quality school education, which will not only keep them poor and under-developed, but also lead to poor development of the country.

The only solution is to significantly improve the quality of Government schools, with 3-5 years.

I request and invite forum readers to give no more than 5 suggestions that would improve the quality of education in a time bound 3-5 years, so the improvements in learning levels of children can be measured in concrete manner, by ASER or NCERT studies.

I hope this exercise of sifting through various actionable ideas would not only show a way to move forward, it will also make "Improvements in Govt. Schools within 3-5 years', a declared and formal policy agenda of the Government.

Pankaj Jain
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/message/8163

Response to this mail (Right To Education):
1. All kids in a particular locality must attend the public school in that locality [Like you collect your ration from a PDS outlet in your area].

2. This will ensure children of MLA, MP, Collector and every other influential person enroll in the neighbourhood school only.

3. Standard of this school will improve overnight.

4. Last but not least.

What type of education we are imparting in the so called best schools?

Glorified Macaulay's clerks and herd to work as coolies and slaves to monied masters in alien lands and in Indian cities.

The whole system of education is irrelevent to the people at large.

Can a civil engg graduate from the IIT lay a single brick?

Can the agri graduate from any best agri college produce one grain of paddy?

Proof of the pudding is in the eating.

Sankara Narayanan

Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/message/8167

Sir,

none of your suggestions/ ideas is implementable in 3-5 years time.

it may be an ideal worth pursuing, but does not outline an agenda for action that will produce results in 3-5 years time, so the life of 200 million children of today will not be affected by this.

kindly address the specific problem of CURRENT CHILDREN.
Pankaj Jain
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

i view that we should think more seriously about the education our children
==================

Compulsory Character Building- Right To Education (RTE)

Right To Education (RTE) ensures compulsory and free education? Does it also ensure quality education? If yes does quality would mean to give first importance to bookish knowledge or first priority to character development?

In Hind Swaraj, Mahatma Gandhi categorically prescribed that character building is of utmost importance for a meaningful process of education. He quotes Professor Huxley who asserts that a man is an educated man whose body is the ready servant of his will and does with ease and pleasure all the work that as a mechanism it is capable of; whose intellect is a clear, cold, logic engine with all its parts of equal strength and in smooth working order...whose mind is stored with a knowledge of the fundamental truths of nature . . . whose passions are trained to come to heel by a vigorous will, the servant of a tender conscience, who has learnt to hate all vileness and to respect others as himself. Such a one and no other, I conceive, has had a liberal education, for he is in harmony with nature.

From the above we do infer that body, mind and character building are the primary goals of education. Bookish knowledge could be a mere tool. In a further deterioration some of us are satisfied by mere literacy. Some others say that the development of 3Rs is enough. Some parents get satisfaction from the achievement of admission of their children into desired courses. Some teachers are just contented with the achieving of required criterion of pass percentages of their students. Some managements are proud of the academic results of their students in their schools in the Board examinations. Many employers look for those candidates who are skilled in their work areas. It is all painful. In this neo-liberal environment, some of these stakeholders give token importance to character building of their students. To put it strongly our nation is being cheated by these so-called well wishers.

There is no need to tell you the current stories of malpractices, cheating, deceptions, and frauds played by these so-called educated employees. We must create a new kind of man by seeking directions from our cultural roots where character building was given the most important component of life and hence, that of education too. Accordingly, we need not give importance to mere knowledge scores aiming for a knowledge society but rather we must give importance to the development of character aiming to develop a humane society. We must be careful to recognise that mere literacy skills and pure knowledge marks are harmful for the development of a humane society.

For the process of building a humane society, give importance to all the four pillars of education as enunciated by the Education Reform Commission chaired by Jacques Delors. The four pillars are: learning to know, learning to do, learning to live together and learning to be. We wish to reiterate that all four pillars are important otherwise the structure will surely fall. It is like taking a jump with full set of needed requirements to cross a stream; half-step jump over the stream is surely going to be disastrous. Let us understand the message from a letter[1] sent by an American Principal to his teaching staff on the first day of every academic year which illustrates this point.
Dear Teachers, “I am a survivor of a concentration camp. My eyes saw what no man should witness: Gas chambers built by learned engineers. Children poisoned by educated physicians. Infants killed by trained nurses. Women and babies shot and burned by high school and college graduates. So, I am suspicious of education. My request is that teachers help students become human. Your efforts must never produce learned monsters, skilled psychopaths, educated Eichmanns. Reading, writing, arithmetic are important only if they serve to make our children more humane”.


The RTE 2010 has ensured Right to Education, but we must ensure that it is real quality education with full emphasis on character development. The often lop-sided available left brain education must become whole brain education.
Let us look what is happening around us in a majority of cases. Inside schools parents need not push their children. They must stop solo-development of learning of academic subjects. Teachers must go beyond book oriented environments.
School employers should support their teachers on the basis of the requirements of National Curriculum Framework 2005. Higher education institutions like universities, IITs, IIMs, etc., must look into their admission criterion. Employers must give importance to character development.
Let us take care of our education system in a systemic manner.

Prof. B.K.Passi
Former UNESCO Chair
139 Indrapuri Colony, Indore, INDIA 452 001
Mobile+919893280007
Patron AIAER: http://www.geocities.com/aiaer15/


Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

The most cost effective solution is at Rs 10 per child per day we can help them all become members of what we may call the moedrn times and explore their own potential.

The leadership in India has no track record of thinking beyond a 5 year plan. This requires thinking for the nation in at least 15 to 20 year cycle.

Try the One Laptop per Child approach and you would transformed a nation and all its children for the most affordable amount.
Satish Jha
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

So, what should Govt. do with Rs. 3650/- (365* 10) earmarked for each child.

Give the money to each parent to be spent on (?) food, health, education??? How do you ensure that it will be spent on child, and not on the drinking habit of father?

Give it as payment to any agency that guarantees assured quality education up to high school? (Practical examples exist, but you will be shouted down since this would be seen as privatization of education.)

You might have noted that Mumbai Municipal Corporation spends more than Rs. 40000/- on each child that is enrolled in its school, Ahmedabad Corporation spends around Rs. 20000/.

Pankaj
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Mr Jain,

My suggestions are as follows:

For the past 63 years we have tried several remedies to make India literate- universally. And have the success that we see. Nearly 96% are not "educated". They are merely literate. They do not contribute to the level of thinking this group engages in. They do not have the skills to be able to "office work" at any given level of benchmark. They live life differently. They have little skills that are valued by others beyond simply using their physical skills.

To change that requires a transformational change.
To be able to "learn how to learn" or "learning learning".
To be able to acquire skills as needed.
To be able to think about the world they live in.

The literacy campaign is about giving them one skill: an ability to read the alphabets, add a few simple numbers and may be put a signature that we cannot read.

The education campaign may be about going through a curriculum, as dated as CBSE or what have you.

But learning is a little different. Its an ability to undersatnd and know how to find out what is to be learnt and know how to reach there.

Today, technologies have made it possible to do so cheaply, a bit like cell phone. Just like 15 years ago it was incomprehensible to think that India could take the phones to villages and cell phones changed all that, today its not possible to think of "educating" everyone but OLPC has changed all that.

Now, if we use the OLPC approach, Rs 10 helps a child have a laptop, 230 applications, 100 digital books, a laptop they can maintain, that is connected even if there is no internet, can become the foundation on which education and learning can be built and the teachers begin to learn with the children at a pace they never did before.

Of course there will be individual variations that is natural no matter where one goes.

But this approach allows a child in a village with no electricity and usually no quality teachers to start learning a bit like they would in a privileged environment, of course without the benefit of sociology that privileges and affluence with bring them.

However, in acquiring skills, understating the world around them, in being curious and learning in a way that excites rather than as a regimented activity, OLPC has raised the bar and is making a couple million children explore the world like was unthinkable before its advent.

You may want to take a look at www.olpcindia.net and let us discuss on this forum how we can improve things.

Thanks so much
Satish Jha
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

dear satish ji

i fully agree with you u and want to add that along with literacy skills, thinking skills, work skills .. we must give not only equal but a much more importance to character building [it is difficult to define but important to do this work]

B.K.Passi

Somehow our NRI's have arrogated to themselves the power to rundown everyone in India as "leadership in India has no track record of thinking". With sone humility I submit that simplistic solutions are not the answer. We are dealing with 120 million children (more than the population of many countries).

Those seriously interested in the subject may write and request for some analysis. Also pl. visit the site of Right to Food campaign.

Ashok Rao
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear friends

i find it difficult to find right answers ---- some random thoughts in favor of plurality and decentralization

1= i hope and believe that Sarvodya Model for identifying management issues and for creating local solutions [not finding solutions] to the locally identified problems will work-- solutions should evolve through acceptable group dynamics
2= withdraw all the current uniform rules of bureaucracy
3= must introduce diversity / flexibility in management by and from parents
4= flexible procedures may be tried out but these must be based on local unanimity of decision making
5= on-going inclusive involvement of all parents alone is a must in all matters of schools [private or govt]
6= bring back autonomy like that of gurukul system, and have in teachers let our must country mature toward that goal
7= give reasonable financial advances to parents body [gram sabhahs, mohalla sabhahs]

Dr. B.K.Passi
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear Pankaj
let all goernment schools be developed to the comparable level of central schools.

ramesh patnaik
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear Naaz,

The effective and decentralized decision making at the level of even Taluka Panchayat, leave alone any lower level, is incompatibe with our current Government School system, which is designed as an integrated State level monopoly. Teachers are currently recruited by State system, and only posted at local body level. State level bodies take all critical decisions about the curriculum and resource-budget use.

Transferring effective control over education to Panchayat body would require major restructuring that would be fierecely opposed by teachers' unions, and frankly, it would end up promoting PPP school model, which is easy to control by a local body. I am not sure, many forum members really want that.

The brass-track of performance linked budget can vary, but in essence the budget would be approved for agencies with track record of qualiy performance, and renewal of budget over years, would be conditional to children attaining specified learning norms.

pankaj

Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
My suggestions are:

1. All teachers' vacancies should be filled as soon as possible. All contract teachers should be replaced by permanent teachers.

2. In schools where the student-teacher ratio is good, naturally the quality is better. Instead of having a school in every km, the rule should be a classroom for every 30 underprivileged children in the locality.

3. The government should set up a department in each panchayat/municipality that would do quarter-yearly door-to-door surveys to determine the status of children in the society. This department will identify out-of-school children and dropouts.

4. Class 1 should be dedicated to teaching children their mother tongue.

5. The syllabus in all schools - CBSE, ICSE or state - should be unified. If members of all these boards participate in the making of the syllabus, the resultant syllabus will be good. Teachers may be used to rot learning techniques. They should be trained to do their jobs without rot learning.


There are more things that need to be done. Hygiene, for example, is invariably terrible in all schools. Then the training of teachers - the SET exam syllabus. I have no idea how to change anything here. But they should consult experts in education and train teachers for their job.

I do not have the mail id to forward this to anyone. Can you do it for me? Also, should i ask others to participate?

Regards
archana
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

this is the most importatn and fundamental suggestion [ i agree with it totally]
Class 1 should be dedicated to teaching children their mother tongue.[through mother tongue]
B.K.Passi
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Yes I would add that this must be done apto atleast 7th class. Other langauages can be taught but Hindi should not be imposed on children at the expense of their mother tongue.

The problem of India is language and caste

KSRao


Kalluri Subba Rao., Ph.D., D.Sc.(IISc),FAS-AP, FAMS., FNASc.,FNA.Hon.Professor & INSA-Senior Scientist,Center for Biotechnology, Institute of Science and Technology (IST) , Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kukatpally, Hyderabad-500085. Email:ksrsl@yahoo.com
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear All,

I have just returned from a long travel and eversince I have been mulling over this. I have read all the suggestions made so far. They are good.

Yes, high time we worked with a sense of purpose and met a deadline of minimum good quality education for 200 million children by 2020. As Pankaj says this is all the time we have before these children today in the age-group of 6-16 years reach a stage where more formal education is practically impossible.

If we fail to meet this deadline, we violate the fundamental right to education of as many as 200 million children and counting. Add to it the far reaching consequences the Country will have to face on the development front!

And, I hope, once a set of solutions is in sight, the media will play its part and prove itself for the children of India by actively tracking government pace and efforts to meet the dealine, just as it did for Delhi in case of the Common Wealth Games.

Now getting to the point, I humbly submit the following as the way to go in the next 3-5 years:

1. Put a cap on teacher transfers- a minimum of so many per state and no more. Transfers to be approved by the Chief Minister. The CMO to monitor teacher absenteeism and teacher punctuality, empowering SMC and Panchayat sub-committee on education for the purpose.

2. Give the same management autonomy as Kendriya Vidyalaya to the regular government schools.

3. Prestigious awards for best teacher in a cluster (CRC), best school, best SMC, best Panchayat, best block, best district and best state!

4. Plumbers (like electricity linesmen) to ensure proper working of drinking water facility in schools at all times. A sweeper per school to keep school premises and toilets clean. SMC to ensure consumables needed for maintenance and use are provided in case of both drinking water and toilets.

5. A children's group (a group for children that is their own i.e. one which is not formed and led by teachers but facilitated by them) in each school to discuss and share a range of issues affecting them within and outside the school. Regular formal opportunities for children through this group to present proposals to SMC and the government for implementation.

6. Education and related departments to ensure school facilities as mandated by the RTE is in place immediately - school library, computer room, playground etc.

Thank you and regards,

Naaz
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Sir/ Madam,

Most suggestions made for improving quality are good and in the right direction, but I am afraid that most of these may/ will not produce results in a time bound manner, so we shall keep loosing the future of those who keep crossing schooling threshold.

May be, a policy that links, say 5-10%, of budget to 'learning outcome', will have higher chance of success. When faced with the choice of not having money in the absence of success, mind and body will really concentrate to get the results. It simply means that a section will have to be set up in each State Government's education department to handle 5-10% of education budget that can be spent only when assured gains in children's learning takes place, assessed by an independent agency appointed by the Government.

Pankaj Jain
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Quote: "Assessed by an independent agency appointed by the Government".

Unquote: Sure way to kill the issue. Why the govt and its independent [?] agency?
We know how the govt selects the agencies.

PRI and civil society are not competent to verify the performance of schools in their locality!

British were telling us that we were incompetent to rule ourselves. Now educated pundits tell us
that the centralised govt, its corrupt bureaucracy and the 'independent' agencies [all the three are sucking aliens]
only know what is good for the people.

Lesser the govt and bureaucracy and least of the alien parasitical experts will ensure better life for the people.

Sankaran
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear Pankaj,

Let me also try delving into your suggestion and in the process also seek a few clarifications. Do you mean linking 5-10% of the teacher and education officials 'Salary' budget to 'learning outcome'? Are you pointing towards a policy of performance based salaries? If this is the case, may be raise the percentage higher? Going by your understanding that money is short and results are poor, the need is to apply more pressure to get everyone on their feet.

And, I should think, the 'Assessment' can be done by an independent agency appointed by an all party parliamentary committee advised by non-governmental education experts/practitioners of the Country. NGO partners of the government would also like to stay out of this to make the whole enquiry impartial.

I agree with all the issues raised by members following your response to my mail.

Thank you and regards,

Naaz

Dear Naaz,

My suggestion has some nuances, though broadly, you get the drift of thinking.

I mean performance linked budget. It is difficult to link salary to performance, because the performance is produced by too many interacting people, some of whom perform well and some do not. Further, it is possible to show that apparently each has performed minimally well, still the minimum desired results are not produced. Knowing a bit about the way system function, I feel that accountability has to be pitched at the level of head of a system-group of people, who will take responsibility to deliver agreed results for a given budget.

My feeling is that linking more than 5-10% budget to outcome will not be politically feasible, so let us keep it realistic.

Regarding assessment, your way of thinking is absolutely right.

Pankaj

Education is a state subject. What is the role of a Parliamentary Committee here?

It is a great injustice that education has been included in the concurrent list.
It must be set right at once.

Even state ministers and secys do not understand the dist-wise educational needs.
How can a Kapil Sibal and a few ivory tower secys in Delhi understand what type of education is
needed by my village, taluk and dist?

India is a sub-continent. You can't have a uniform syllabus from Kashmir to Kanyakumari.

Education is for creative living. Definitely not to create rank slaves and cyber coolies to serve
alien banias within and without.

Our educational system only can produce a Vice Chancellor [Anna University] who has the audacity
to defend the donation collected from Dow Chemicals.

You need such education?

Sankaran

Dear All,

I would rather that Education is a Panchayat/Local bodies subject, which it actually is, under the 73rd/74th Amendment of the Constitution of India, but is not (in implementation), because States and the Centre oppose the idea tooth and nail. States reverse any effort aimed at panchayat meaningfully assuming charge of primary education. In the process the educational needs of economically and socially marginalised communities remain un-addressed. Just now we have Centre, State and Local Bodies run schools and they are all at different levels, in my experience the Centre run schools in high priority compared to the State and Local Bodies run schools.

But on the issue of performance linked budget, Pankaj, please explain the brass-tacks of the whole thing. How do you visualise it could happen? What would it involve?

Regards,

Naaz


Dear Naaz,

The effective and decentralized decision making at the level of even Taluka Panchayat, leave alone any lower level, is incompatibe with our current Government School system, which is designed as an integrated State level monopoly. Teachers are currently recruited by State system, and only posted at local body level. State level bodies take all critical decisions about the curriculum and resource-budget use.

Transferring effective control over education to Panchayat body would require major restructuring that would be fierecely opposed by teachers' unions, and frankly, it would end up promoting PPP school model, which is easy to control by a local body. I am not sure, many forum members really want that.

The brass-track of performance linked budget can vary, but in essence the budget would be approved for agencies with track record of qualiy performance, and renewal of budget over years, would be conditional to children attaining specified learning norms.

pankaj

Dear Prof Rao,

I beg to disagree with your statement. Our languages are not problems. They are our proud heritage.

Caste is our worst curse. Imposing English and Hindi is equally a curse.

A Polish scholar who extensively toured our countryside decalared, "English is a Cross on Indian children". Definitely not our languages.

Sankara Narayanan

Dear Sir,

I agree in toto with Mr. Sankara Narayanan that caste is our worst curse - a virus for which there is no medicine and prescription. In the morning when you switch on the TV you find great Pandits teaching: feed a dog, give milk to a cat and to a snake, throw oil somewhere, wear this or that color outside and a different inside .... are the ones responsible for such a mess in this country.

You may soon see some articles written by me on this subject in some news papers. We are sick minded people and are breeding sickness of the highest order in the minds of our generations and we call them as future of this country. Today,Bharat Mata is in tears when she is seeing the phenomenon of 'Honor Killings' which is solely driven by casteism and communalisation of the socieities. Who is responsible for all this? A question to be answered by over 1 Billion people of this country.

My regards

P.S.NAROTRA

Dear Pankaj,

I am unable to understand the rationale of asking others for suggestions, when you proceed to ignore everything others suggest. However, since you seem to have an idea of investing a tenth of the budget on “learning outcomes” measured by “standardized testing”, it would be useful to understand what sort of activities would you intend those to be- that is apart from the hiring of trained teachers, strengthening teacher training, strengthening decentralization and accountability mechanisms and ensuring availability of learning materials (and overall school infrastructure) in the classroom. All of these have been suggested by multiple posters on this forum and have been rejected by you as inadequate and/or impractical.

However, while you go on to describe your agenda, a quick comment on the use of standardized testing to measure quality. It is arguably the most highly opposed policy in the west (googling for costs of high stakes testing gives 120,000 hits in 0.17 seconds). These include, discrimination against schools with minority (read dalit) populations (which would start with lower test scores), discrimination against minority (read dalit and adivasi) pupils who potentially may pull the school result down, promotion of cheating and corruption (to ensure that the result is maintained), pulling precious resources from teaching (which improves performance) to testing (which only measures it), and has negative impact on the child’s morale (having low performance drilled into you every time), impacting the ability of teachers to innovate (since they have to teach for the “test”) and has converted the process of education into merely achieving marketable basic competencies (in contrast to holistic child development). Thing is, apart from all this- it is also questionable if the learning levels are actually improving across the board. Consequently, it would be essential to take the current enthusiasm about “testing”, “outcomes” and other related issues with a pinch of salt learning from the countries where this practice was started first.
Anjela R V Taneja
Program Officer, Education Theme,
ActionAid India Country Office
Mobile: 09958087043

Dear Anjela and All,

I do not have a solution to this big problem, I only have a concern which, I think, is shared by large many.

I tried to initiate the discussion to stimulate each other's thinking, and some of us might also act on these thoughts.

Regarding the specific idea of outcome assessment, it is only one systemic way to hold people accountable for their claims, whatever these are. If you have a better way to ensure accountability, which goes beyound unverifiable claims, please do share that with us all. Otherwise, the exercise would just remain empty slogans and claims. It alsoi brings into operation the concern to achieve the goal in a time-bound fashion.

Pankaj
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
          Invitation for Health Camp in Mehrauli   
Ark Foundation is launching a weekly Free Health Camp in Gausia Colony, Mehrauli on May 2, 2010 at 9:30 AM.

About 15,000 people live in precarious dwellings and majority of them don’t have access to basic health facilities. We are launching the health camp with the aim to provide basic health care, aware people about their rights to healthy life and pressurize the government to discharge its duty to create access to health facilities.


We believe that the Right to Health is right of every citizen and the government must provide access to proper health facilities. The weekly health camp will be a stop gap arrangement till the government takes its responsibility. Since the disease can not wait till the government’s initiative Ark has decided to mobilize its resources and do the needful on every Sunday from 9:30 AM to 5:30 PM

Venue: Gausia Colony, Mehrauli
Date: May 2, 2010
Time: 9:30 AM to 5:30 PM

I cordially invite you for the launching of the health camp at 9:30 AM. We will welcome your suggestion for healthy Meharauli.


For details please call Dr. Sneha Saxena (9999105702), Dr. Naseem Ahmed (9268376292), Mr. Abrar Saifi (09212486949) or Mr. Hasamuddin Ansari (09868400784)

With regards,
fat Hamid
Chief Coordinator
Ark Foundation
1061-B/12, Ward No. 7, Mehrauli, New Delhi- 110030
Phone: 011-26643015, 09899271187, 09868512776
Fax: 011-26643015

www.arkindia.org
http://educationatdoorsteps.blogspot.com
http://picasaweb.google.co.in/arkitect95
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
          Driver For Tempo Traveller near Dimbhe Colony   
Liyakat Mulani - Pune, Maharashtra - Required Driver for Tempo Traveler in Pune. Should be hardworking and sincere. Should hold valid driving licence...
          SOURCE/DIGITAL: Issue 3.0 of A Colony in Crisis: The Saint-Domingue Grain Shortage of 1789   
A Colony in Crisis… “…is designed to provide online access to both the French originals and the English translations of key primary sources dealing with the grain shortage faced by the colony of Saint-Domingue in 1789, which are found under the Translations menu. Alongside the French original, each translation is presented with a brief historical introduction… Continue reading SOURCE/DIGITAL: Issue 3.0 of A Colony in Crisis: The Saint-Domingue Grain Shortage of 1789
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Jai Mata Di Emitra Center
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Bill Gates Mobile And Electronics
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S S Engineers
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          The Canadian who helped conquer 150,000 sq. km for King Léopold II   
Sub-Title: 
Reflections on Canada’s 150th anniversary are incomplete without this dark chapter of their history

Canada’s 150th anniversary offers a unique opportunity to shed light on some darker corners of the country’s history. One of the dustier chapters is our contribution to one of the most barbarous regimes of the last century and half.

In a bid to extract rubber and other commodities from his personal colony, Belgian King Léopold II instituted a brutal system of forced labour in the late 1800s. Individuals and communities were given rubber collection quotas that were both hard to fulfill and punishable by death. To prove they killed someone who failed to fulfill a quota soldiers from the Force Publique, the colonial police, were required to provide a severed hand. With Force Publique officers paid partly based on the number collected, severed hands became a sort of currency in the colony and baskets of hands the symbol of the Congo Free State.

Between 1891 and 1908 millions died from direct violence, as well as the starvation and disease, caused by Leopold II’s terror. A quarter of the population may have died during Leopold’s reign, which sparked a significant international solidarity movement that forced the Belgian government to intervene and buy the colony.

Halifax’s William Grant Stairs played an important part in two expeditions that expanded Leopold II’s immensely profitable Congolese venture. The Royal Military College of Canada trained soldier was one of 10 white officers in the first-ever European expedition to cross the interior of the continent and subsequently Stairs led an expedition that added 150,000 square kilometres to Leopold’s colony.

In 1887 Stairs joined the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, which was ostensibly designed to “rescue” the British-backed governor of Equatoria, the southern part of today’s South Sudan. Scottish merchant William MacKinnon asked famed American ‘explorer’ Henry Morton Stanley to lead a relief effort. At the time of the expedition Léopold II employed Stanley, who had been helping the king carve out the ‘Congo Free State’. Seeing an opportunity to add to his colony, Leopold wanted Stanley to take a circuitous route all the way around South Africa, up the Congo River and across the interior of the continent.

One of ten whites, Stairs quickly became second-in-command of the three-year expedition. Read from a humanistic or internationalist perspective, the RMC graduate’s diary of the disastrous expedition is incredibly damning. Or, as Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate George Elliott Clarke put it, “Stairs’ account of his atrocities establishes that even Canadians, blinded by racism, can become swashbuckling mass murderers.”

Stairs’ extensive diary, which he asked to be published upon his and Stanley’s death, makes it clear that locals regularly opposed the mission. One passage notes, “the natives made a tremendous noise all night and canoes came close to us, the natives yelling frantically for us to go away” while another entry explains, “the natives destroyed their food rather than let it fall into the hands of the invaders.”

Stairs repeatedly admits to “ransacking the place”. A December 11, 1887 diary entry notes: “Out again at the natives, burned more houses and cut down more bananas; this time we went further up the valley and devastated the country there. In the afternoon [white officer, A. J. Mounteney] Jephson and I went up to some high hills at the back of the camp and burnt all we could see, driving off a lot of natives like so much game. I managed to capture some six goats and yesterday I also got six, which we gave to the men. The natives now must be pretty sick of having their property destroyed in the way we are doing, but it serves them right as they were the aggressors and after taking our cloth, fired on us.”

On a number of occasions the expedition displayed mutilated bodies or severed heads as a “warning” to the locals. Stairs notes, “I often wonder what English people would say if they knew of the way in which we go for these natives; friendship we don’t want as then we should get very little meat and probably have to pay for the bananas. Every male native capable of using the bow is shot. This, of course, we must do. All the children and women are taken as slaves by our men to do work in the camps.”

Stairs led numerous raiding parties to gather “carriers”, which were slaves in all but name. According to The Last Expedition, “[the mission] routinely captured natives, either to be ransomed for food, to get information, or simply to be used as guides for a few days.”

To cross the continent the expedition relied on its superior firepower, which included the newly created 600-bullet-per-minute Maxim gun. Stairs describes one battle, stating that his men were “ready to land and my Maxim ready to murder them if they should dare to attack us.” On another day the firearm aficionado explained, “I cleaned the Maxim gun up thoroughly and fired some 20 or 30 rounds at some howling natives on the opposite bank.” Twenty months into the mission Stairs coyly admits “by what means have we traveled over 730 miles of country from the Congo to the lake? Why by rifle alone, by shooting and pillaging.”

Beyond the immediate death and destruction, the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition opened new areas of the African interior to Arab slave traders and it is thought to be the source of a sleeping sickness epidemic that ravaged the region. The expedition was also devastating for its participants. With little food and much abuse from the white officers, only 253 of the 695 African porters and soldiers who started the mission survived. Additionally, hundreds of other Africans who became part of the expedition at later stages died as well.

There are disturbing claims that some white officers took sex slaves and in one alarming instance even paid to have an 11-year-old girl cooked and eaten. This story scandalized the British public.

For his part, Stairs became almost pathologically inhumane. His September 28, 1887 diary entry notes: “It was most interesting, lying in the bush and watching the natives quietly at their days work; some women were pounding the bark of trees preparatory to making the coarse native cloth used all along this part of the river, others were making banana flower by pounding up dried bananas, men we could see building huts and engaged at other such work, boys and girls running about, singing, crying, others playing on a small instrument common all over Africa, a series of wooden strips, bent over a bridge and twanged with the thumb and forefinger. All was as it was every day until our discharge of bullets, when the usual uproar of screaming of women took place.”

Even with some criticizing the expedition in Britain, Stairs’ efforts were celebrated in Canada. An honouring committee established by the mayor of Halifax decided to give him a sword made in London of Nova Scotia steel and the city organized a reception attended by the Lieutenant-Governor with a military band playing “Here the Conquering Hero Comes.”

Within two years of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition Stairs helped King Leopold II conquer the resource-rich Katanga region of the Congo. Suggested to Leopold by British investors and having already impressed Stanley with his brutality, Stairs headed up a heavily armed mission that swelled to 2,000.

The goal of the expedition was to extend Leopold’s authority over the Katanga region and to get a piece of the copper, ivory and gold trade. Stairs’ specific objective was to get Msiri, the ruler of the region, “to submit to the authorities of the Congo Free State, either by persuasion or by force.” In his diary Stairs says more or less as much, writing that his goals were “above all, to be successful with regard to Msiri ... to discover mines in Katanga that can be exploited ... to make some useful geographic discoveries.” Investigating the area’s suitability for European settlement and for raising domestic animals were other aims of the mission.

As leader of the mission Stairs prepared a daily journal for the Compagnie du Katanga. It details the terrain, resources and inhabitants along the way as well as other information that could assist in exploiting the region. It also explains his personal motivations for taking on the task despite spotty health. “I wasn’t happy [garrisoned with the Royal Engineers in England] in the real sense of the word. I felt my life passing without my doing anything worthwhile. Now I am freely making my way over the coastal plain with more than 300 men under my orders. My least word is law and I am truly the master.” Later, he describes his growing force and power. “I have thus, under my orders, 1350 men — quite a little army.”

Stairs admitted to using slaves even though Leopold’s mission to the Congo was justified as a humanistic endeavour to stop the Arab slave trade. He wrote about how “the anti-slavery society will try and jump upon me for employing slaves as they seem to think I am doing… however, I don’t fancy these will disturb me to a great extent.” The RMC graduate also regularly severed hands and reportedly collected the head of an enemy.

The expedition accomplished its principal objective. Stairs had Msiri killed and threatened Msiri’s brothers with the same fate unless they accepted Leopold as sovereign. After securing their submission Stairs divided the kingdom between Msiri’s adopted son and brothers.

Stairs used a series of racist rationalizations to justify conquering Katanga. He describes the population as “unfortunate blacks who, very often, are incapable of managing their own affairs” and asked in the introduction of his diary: “Have we the right to take possession of this vast country, take it out of the hands of its local chiefs and to make it serve the realization of our goals? … To this question, I shall reply positively, yes. What value would it have [the land he was trying to conquer] in the hands of blacks, who, in their natural state, are far more cruel to one another than the worst Arabs or the wickedest whites.”

At another point Stairs cites another standard colonial justification: “Only rarely do the natives think of improving their lot — that’s the great weakness among the Africans. Their fathers’ ways are theirs and their own customs will be those of their sons and grandsons.”

While Stairs died in the Congo his exploits were lauded in Ottawa when Senator W.J. Macdonald sought to move “a parliamentary resolution expressing satisfaction for Stairs’ manly conduct.” There’s a Stairs Street in Halifax and two brass plaques honour him at the RMC (one for Stairs alone and another dedicated to him and two others). The main plaque reads: “William Grant Stairs, Captain the Welsh Regiment. Born at Halifax Nova Scotia 1 July 1863. Lieutenant Royal Engineers 1885-91. Served on the staff of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition 1887 under the leadership of H.M. Stanley and exhibited great courage and devotion to duty. Died of fever on the 9 June 1892 at Chinde on the Zambesi whilst in command of the Katanga Expedition sent out by the King of the Belgians.” Another plaque was erected for Stairs (and two others) at St. George Cathedral in Kingston, Ontario. And a few hundred kilometers to the southwest “Stair’s Island” was named in his honour in Parry Sound.

Stairs was one of hundreds of Canadians who helped conquer different parts of Africa in the late 1800s. Accounts of Canada’s first 150 years are incomplete without this chapter in our history.

* YVES ENGLER author of, Canada in Africa: 300 years of aid and exploitation.

* THE VIEWS OF THE ABOVE ARTICLE ARE THOSE OF THE AUTHOR AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE PAMBAZUKA NEWS EDITORIAL TEAM

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          Thread: Colony FLGS Promo:: General:: Where to get? Future promo for BGG store?   

by Randougall

So just picked up Colony and am really liking it so far.

And of course, I like to check if promo cards are available. Would anyone know if these are readily available? If they were for sale in the BGG store I would snap them up for sure.
          Sassinak (Planet Pirates, Bk 1)   
From Publishers Weekly



The first in the Planet Pirates series, this science fiction yarn offers a vivid universe inhabited by cardboard citizens. Sassinak, the heroine and the only developed character, steps straight from a formula: When she is 12, pirates raid her native colony, enslaving her and g murdering her family. Abe, a fellow captive, befriends her and, when they are emancipated by Fleet (the military), becomes her guardian until he is slain in a barroom brawl. Intelligent and daring, Sass joins Fleet, seeking vengeance on her enemies. She becomes the classic fictional commander: a loner whose entire life is subsumed by the military. Fortunately, Sass's exploits are so expertly recounted that their intrigue and adventure compensate for the hackneyed plot line. Cleverly drawn aliens, supporting characters here, allow the authors to explore various aspects of prejudice. Sass's appraisal of men, however, verges at times on sexist. Hugo winner McCaffrey's works include Dragonsdawn ; Moon is the author of Oath of Gold.
          7/1/2017: COMMENTARY: China’s Hong Kong litmus test   
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          China flexes military muscle in Hong Kong during Xi's visit   
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          Alien: Covenant   
The crew of a colony ship, bound for a remote planet, discover an uncharted paradise with a threat beyond their imagination, and must attempt a harrowing escape.
          This Is a New Hong Kong   
Frank Sieren, Deutsche Welle
Before Britain returned its crown colony Hong Kong to Chinese rule on July 1, 1997 (above), the great Chinese reformer Deng Xiaoping promised that the horses would go on racing and the dancing would carry on. //
          China attacks Boris Johnson over 'incorrect' views on Hong Kong   

Foreign secretary’s hopes for a ‘fully democratic’ government are met with statement that ‘outsiders should not make incorrect remarks’

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          Exposure to neonic pesticides results in early death for honeybee workers and queens   
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          "What is feasible?" can be finally answered only by future historians   
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          NASA Denies Conspiracy Theory About Kidnapped Children Working As Mars Colony Slaves   
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          The Indolence of the Filipinos   
English translation by Charles Derbyshire. The article by José Rizal, originally written in Spanish, was published in La Solidaridad in five installments,from July 15 to September 15, 1890.

PART ONE: Doctor Sanciano, in his Progreso de Filipinas, has taken up this question, agitated, as he calls it, and relying upon facts and reports furnished by the very same Spanish authorities that ruled the Philippines has demonstrated that such indolence does not exist, and that all said about it does not deserve a reply or even passing choice.

Nevertheless as discussion of it has been continued, not only by government employees who make it responsible for their own shortcomings, not only by the friars who regard it as necessary in order that they may continue to represent themselves as indispensable, but also by serious and disinterested persons: and as evidence of greater or less weight may be adduced in opposition to that which Dr. Sanciano cites, it seems expedient to us to study this question thoroughly, without superciliousness or sensitiveness, without prejudice, without pessimism. As as we can only serve our country by telling the truth, however, bitter it be, just as flagrant and skillful negation cannot refute a real and positive fact, in spite of the brilliance of the arguments; as mere affirmation is not sufficient to create something possible, let us calmly examine the facts, using on our part all the impartiality of which a man is capable who is convinced that there is no redemption except upon solid bases of virtue.

The word indolence has been greatly misused in the sense of little love for work and lack of energy, while ridicule has concealed the misuse. This much-discussed question has met with the same fate as certain panaceas and specifics of the quacks who by ascribing to them impossible virtues have discredited them. In the Middle Ages, and even in some Catholic countries now, the devil is blamed for everything that superstitious folk cannot understand or the perversity of mankind is loath to confess. In the Philippines one's and another's faults, the shortcomings of one, the misdeeds of another, are attributed to indolence. And just as in the Middle Ages he who sought the explanation of phenomena outside of infernal influences was persecuted, so in the Philippines worse happens to him who seeks the origin of the trouble outside of accepted beliefs.

The consequence of this misuse is that there are some who are interested in stating it as a dogma and others in combating it as a ridiculous superstition, if not a punishable delusion. Yet it is not to be inferred from the misuse of a thing that it does not exist.

We think that there must be something behind all this outcry, for it is incredible that so many should err, among whom we have said there are a lot of serious and disinterested persons. Some act in bad faith, though levity, through levity, through want of sound judgment, through limitation in reasoning power, ignorance of the past, or other cause. Some repeat what they have heard, without examination or reflection; others speak through pessimism or are impelled by that human characteristic which paints as perfect everything that belongs to oneself and defective whatever belongs to another. But it cannot be denied that there are some who worship truth, or if not truth itself at least the semblance thereof which is truth in the mind of the crowd.

Examining well, then, all scenes and all the men that we have known from childhood; and the life of our country, we believe that indolence does exist there. The Filipinos, who can measure up with the most active peoples in the world, will doubtless not repudiate his admission, for it is true there one works and struggles against the climate, against nature and against men. But we must not take the exception for the general rule, and should rather seek the good of our country by stating what we believe to be true. We must confess that indolence does actually and positively exist there, only that, instead of holding it to be the cause of the backwardness and the trouble, we regard it as the effect of the trouble and the backwardness, by fostering the development of a lamentable predisposition.

Those who have as yet treated of indolence, with the exception of Dr. Sancianco, have been content to deny or affirm it. We know of no one who has studied its causes. Nevertheless, those who admit its existence and exaggerate it more or less have not therefore failed to advise remedies taken from here and there, from Java, from India, from other English or Dutch colonies, like the quack who saw a fever cured with a dozen sardines and afterwards always prescribed these fish at every rise in temperature that he discovered in his patient.

We shall proceed otherwise. Before proposing a remedy we shall examine the causes, and even though strictly speaking a predisposition is not a cause, let us, however, study at its true value this predisposition due to nature.

The predisposition exists? Why shouldn't it?

A hot climate requires of the individual quiet and rest, just as cold incites to labor and action. For this reason the Spaniard is more indolent than the Frenchman; the Frenchman more so than the German. The Europeans themselves who reproach the residents of the colonies so much (and I am not now speaking of the Spaniards but of the Germans and English themselves), how do they live in tropical countries? Surrounded by a numerous train of servants, never-going afoot but riding in a carriage, needing servants not only to take off their shoes for them but even to them! And yet they live and eat better, they work for themselves to get rich, with the hope of a future, free and respected, while the poor colonist, the indolent colonist, is badly nourished, has no hope, toils for others, and works under force and compulsion! Perhaps the reply to this will be that white men are not made to stand the severity of the climate. A mistake! A man can live in any climate, if he will only adapt himself to its requirements and conditions. What kills the European in hot countries is the abuse of liquors, the attempt to live according to the nature of his own country under another sky and another sun. We inhabitants of hot countries live will in northern Europe whenever we take the precautions of the people there do. Europeans can also stand the torrid zone, if only they would get rid of their prejudices.

The fact is that in tropical countries violent work is not a good thing as it is in cold countries, there it is death, destruction, annihilation. Nature knows this and like a just mother has therefore made the earth more fertile, more productive, as a compensation. An hour's work under that burning sun, in the midst of pernicious influences springing from nature in activity, is equal to a day's work in a temperate climate; it is, then, just that the earth yields a hundred fold! Moreover, do we not see the active European, who feels the fresh blood of spring boil in his veins, do we not see him abandon his labors, during the few days of his variable summer, close his office -- where the work is not violent and amounts for many to talking and gesticulating in the shade beside a lunch stand -- flee to watering places, sit in the cafes or stroll about. What wonder then that the inhabitant of tropical countries, worn out and with his blood thinned by the continuous and excessive heat is reduced to inaction? Who is the indolent one in the Manila offices? Is it the poor clerk who comes in at eight in the morning and leaves at one in the afternoon with only his parasol, who copies and writes and works for himself and for his chief, or is it the chief, who comes in a carriage at ten o'clock, leaves before twelve, reads his newspaper while smoking and with his feet cocked up on a chair or a table, or gossiping about all his friends? What is indolent, the native coadjutor, poorly paid and badly treated, who has to visit all the indigent sick living in the country, or the friar curate who gets fabulously rich, goes about in a carriage, eats and drinks well, and does not put himself to any trouble without collecting an excessive fee?

Without speaking further of the Europeans in what violent labor does the Chinaman engage in tropical countries, the industrious Chinaman, who flees from his own country driven by hunger and whose whole ambition is to amass a small fortune? With the exception of some porters, an occupation that the natives also follow, he nearly always engages in the trade, in commerce; so rarely does he take up agriculture that we do not know of a single case. The Chinaman who in other colonies cultivates the soil does so only for a certain number of years and then retires.

We find, then, the tendency to indolence very natural, and have to admit and bless it, for we cannot alter natural laws, and without it the race would have disappeared. l Man is not a brute, he is not a machine, his object is not merely to produce, in spite of the pretensions of some Christian whites who would make of the colored Christian a kind of motive power somewhat more intelligent and less costly than steam. Man's object is not to satisfy the passions of another man, his object is to seek happiness for himself and his kind by traveling along the road of progress and perfection.

The evil is not that indolence exists more or less latently but that it is fostered and magnified. Among men, as well as among nations, there exist no only, aptitudes but also tendencies good and evil. To foster the good ones and aid them, as well as correct the evil and repress them, would be the duty of society and government, if less noble thoughts did not occupy their attention. The evil is that the indolence in the Philippines is a magnified indolence, an indolence of the snowball type, if we may be permitted the expression, an evil that increases in direct proportion to the periods of time, and effect of misgovernment and of backwardness, as we have said, and not a cause thereof. Others will hold the contrary opinion, especially those who have a hand in the misgovernment, but we do not care; we have made an assertion and are going to prove it.



PART TWO: When in consequence of a long chronic illness the condition of the patient is examined, the question may arise whether the weakening of the fibers and the debility of the organs are the cause of the malady's continuing or the effect of the bad treatment that prolongs its action. The attending physician attributes the entire failure of his skill to the poor constitution of the patient, to the climate, to the surroundings, and so on. On the other hand, the patient attributes the aggravation of the evil to the system of treatment followed. Only the common crowd, the inquisitive populace, shakes its head and cannot reach a decision.

Something like this happens in the case of the Philippines. Instead of a physician, read government, that is friars, employees, etc. Instead of patient, Philippines; instead of malady, indolence.

And just as happens in similar cases when the patient gets worse, everybody loses his head, each one dodges the responsibility to place it upon somebody else, and instead of seeking the causes in order to combat the evil in them, devotes himself at best to attacking the symptoms; here a blood-letting, a tax; there a plaster, forced labor, further on a sedative, a trifling reform. Every new arrival proposes a new remedy; one, seasons of prayer, the relics of a saint, the viaticum, the friars; another shower-bath; still another, with pretensions to modern ideas, a transfusion of blood. "It's nothing, only the patient has eight million indolent red corpuscles; some few white corpuscles in the form of an agricultural colony will get us out of the trouble."

So, on all sides there are groans, gnawing of lips, clenching of fists, many hollow words, great ignorance, a deal of talk, a lot of fear. The patient is near his finish!

Yes, transfusion of blood, transfusion of blood! New life, new vitality! Yes, new white corpuscles that you are going to inject into its veins, the new white corpuscles that were a cancer in another organism will withstand all the depravity of the system, will have more stamina than all the degeneration, all the trouble in the principal organs. Be thankful if they do not become coagulations and produce gangrene, be thankful if they do not reproduce the cancer!

While the patient breathes, we must not lose hope, and however late we may be, a judicious examination is never superfluous; at least the cause of death may be known. We are not trying to put all the blame on the physician, and still less on the patient, for we have already spoken of a predisposition, in the absence of which the race would disappear, sacrificed to excessive labor in a tropical country.

Indolence in the Philippines is a chronic malady, but not a heredity one. The Filipinos have not always been what they are, witnesses whereto are all the historians of the first years after the discovery of the Islands.

Before the arrival of the Europeans, the Malayan Filipinos carried on an active trade, no only among themselves but also with all the neighboring countries. A Chinese manuscript of the 13th century, translated by Dr. Hirth (Globus, September, 1889), which we will take up at another time, speaks of China's relations with the islands, relations purely commercial, which mention is made of the activity and honesty of the traders of Luzon, who took the Chinese products and distributed them throughout all the islands, for the merchandise that the Chinaman did not remember to have given them. The products which they in exchange exported from the islands were crude wax, cotton, pearls, tortoise shell, betel-nuts, dry goods, etc.

The first thing noticed by Pigafetta who came with Magellan in 1521, on arriving at the first island of the Philippines, Samar, was the courtesy and kindness of the inhabitants and their commerce. "To honor our captain," he says, "they conducted him to their boats where they had their merchandise, which consisted of cloves, cinnamon, pepper, nutmegs, mace, gold and other things; and they made us understand by gestures that such articles were to be found in the islands to which we were going."

Further on he speaks of the vessels and utensils of solid gold that he found in Butuan where the people worked in mines. He describes the silk dresses, the daggers with long gold hilts and scabbards of carved wood, the gold sets of teeth, etc. Among cereals and fruits he mentions rice, millet, oranges, lemons, panicum, etc.

That the islands maintained relations with neighboring countries and even with distant ones is proven by the ships from Siam, laden with gold and slaves, that Magellan found in Cebu. These ships paid certain duties to the king of the island. In the same year, 1521, the survivors of Magellan's expedition met the son of the Rajah of Luzon, who, as captain-general of the Sultan of Borneo and admiral of his fleet, had conquered for him the great city of Lave (Sarawak ?). Might this captain, who was greatly feared by all his foes, have been the Rajah Matanda whom the Spaniards afterwards encountered in Tondo in 1570?

In 1539 the warriors of Luzon took part in the formidable contests of Sumatra, and under the orders of Angi Sity Timor, Rajah of Batta, conquered and overthrew the terrible Alzadin, Sultan of Atchin, renowned in the historical annals of the Far East. (Marseen, History of Sumatra, chapter 20)

At that time, that sea where float the islands like a set of emeralds on a paten of bright glass, that sea was everywhere traversed by junks, paraus, barangays, vintas, vessels swift as shuttles so large that they could maintain a hundred rowers on a side (Morga); that sea bore everywhere commerce, industry, agriculture, by the force of the oars moved to the sound of warlike songs of the genealogies and achievements of the Philippine divinities. (Colin, Chapter 15)

Wealth abounded in the islands. Pigafetta tells us of the abundance of foodstuffs in Pragua and of its inhabitants, who nearly all tilled their own fields. At this island the survivors of Magellan's expedition were well received and provisioned. A little later, these same survivors captured a vessel, plundered and sacked it and took prisoner in it the chief of the Island of Paragua with his son and brother.

In this same vessel they captured bronze lombards, and this is the first mention of artillery of the Filipino, for these lombards were useful to the chief of Paragua against the savages of the interior.

They let him ransom himself within seven days, demanding 400 measures (cavanes ?) of rice, 20 pigs, 20 goats, and 450 chickens. This is the first act of piracy recorded in Philippine history. The chief of Paragua paid everything, and moreover, voluntarily added coconuts, bananas, and sugar-cane jars filled with palm wine. When Caesar was taken prisoner by the corsairs and required to pay twenty-five talents ransom, he replied, "I'll give you fifty, but later I'll have you crucified!" The chief of Paragua was more generous: he forgot. His conduct, while it may reveal weakness, also demonstrates that the islands ere abundantly provisioned. This chief was named Tuan Mahamud; his brother, Guantil, and his son, Tuan Mahamud. (Martin Mendez, Purser of the ship Victoria: Archivo de Indias.)

A very extraordinary thing, and one that shows the facility with which the natives learned Spanish, is that fifty years before the arrival of the Spaniards in Luzon, in that very year 1521, when they first came to the islands, there were already natives of Luzon who understood Castilian. In the treaties of peace that the survivors of Magellan's expedition made with the chief of Paragua, when the servant-interpreter died they communicated with one another through a Moro who had been captured in the island of the King of Luzon and who understood some Spanish (Martin Mendez; op cit.) Where did this extemporaneous interpreter learn Castilian? In the Moluccas? In Malacca, with the Portuguese? Spaniards did not reach Luzon until 1571.

Legazpi's expedition met in Butuan various traders of Luzon with their boats laden with iron, cloths, porcelain, etc. (Gaspar de San Agustin) plenty of provisions, activity, trade, movement in all the southern islands.

They arrived at the Island of Cebu, "abounding in provisions, with mines and washings of gold, and peopled with natives, "as Morga says: "very populous, and at a port frequented by many ships that came from the islands and kingdoms near India," as Colin says: and even though they were peacefully received discord soon arose. The city was taken by force and burned. The first destroyed the food supplies and naturally famine broke out in that town of a hundred thousand people, as the historians say, and among the members of the expedition, but the neighboring islands quickly relieved the need, thanks to the abundance they enjoyed.

All the histories of those first years, in short, abound in long accounts about the industry and agriculture of the natives; mines, gold-washings, looms, farms, barter, naval construction, raising of poultry and stock, weaving of silk and cotton, distilleries, manufactures of arms, pearl fisheries, the civet industry, the horn and hide industry, etc., are things encountered at every step, and considering the time and the conditions in the islands, prove that there was life, there was activity, there was movement.

And if this, which is deduction, does not convince any minds imbued with unfair prejudices perhaps, of some avail may be the testimony of the oft-quoted Dr. Morga, who was Lieutenant-Governor of Manila for seven years and after rendering great service in the Archipelago was appointed criminal judge of the Audiencia of Mexico and Counselor of the Inquisition. His testimony, we say, is highly credible, not only because all his contemporaries have spoken of him in terms that border on veneration but also because his work, from which we take these citations, is written with great circumspection and care, as well with reference to the authorities in the Philippines as to the errors they committed. "The natives," says Morga, in Chapter Seven, speaking of the occupations of the Chinese, "are very far from exercising those trade and have forgotten much about farming, raising poultry, stock and cotton, and weaving cloth. As they used to do in their Paganism and for a long time after the country was conquered."

The whole Chapter 8 of his work deals with this moribund activity, this much forgotten industry, and yet in spite of that, how long is his eighth chapter!

And not only Morga, not also Chirinco, Colin, Argensola, Gaspar de San Agustin and others agree to this matter, but modern travelers, after two hundred and fifty years, examining the decadence and misery, assert the same thing. Dr. Hans Meyer, when he saw the tribes not subdued cultivating beautiful fields and working energetically, asked if they would not become indolent when they in turn should accept Christianity and a paternal government.

Accordingly, the Filipinos in spite of the climate, in spite of their few needs (they were less then than now), were not the indolent creatures of our time, and, as we shall see later on, their ethics and their mode of life were not what is not complacently attributed to them.

How then, and in what way, was that active and enterprising infidel native of ancient times converted into the lazy and indolent Christian, as our contemporary writers say?

We have already spoken of the more or less latent predisposition which exists in the Philippines toward indolence, and which must exist everywhere, in the whole world, in all men, because we all hate work more or less, as it may be more or less hard, more ore less unproductive. The dolce far niente of the Italian, the rascarse la barriga of the Spaniard, the supreme aspiration of the bourgeois to live on his income in peace and tranquility, attest this.

What causes operated to awake this terrible predisposition from its lethargy? How is it that the Filipino people, so fond of its customs as to border on routine, has given up its ancient habits of work, of trade, of navigation, etc., even to the extent of completely forgetting its past?



PART THREE: A fatal combination of circumstances, some independent of the will in spite of men's efforts, others in offspring of stupidity and ignorance, others the inevitable corollaries of false principles, and still others the result of more or less base passions, has induced the decline of labor, an evil which instead of being remedies by prudence, mature reflection and recognition of the mistakes made, through a deplorable policy, through regrettable blindness and obstinacy, has gone from bad to worse until it has reached the condition in which we now see it.

First came the wars, the internal disorders which the new change of affairs naturally brought with it. It was necessary to subject the people either by cajolery or force; there were fights, there was slaughter; those who had submitted peacefully seemed to repent of it; insurrections were suspected, and some occurred; naturally there were executions, and many capable laborers perished. Add to this condition of disorder the invasion of Li-Mahong; add continual wars into which the inhabitants of the Philippines were pledged to maintain the honor of Spain, to extend the sway of her flag in Borneo, in the Moluccas and in Indo-China; to repel the Dutch foe; costly wars, fruitless expeditions, in which each time thousands and thousands of native archers and rowers were recorded to have embarked, but whether they returned to their homes was never stated. Like the tribute that once upon a time Greece sent to the Minotaur of Crete, the Philippine youth embarked for the expedition, saying goodbye to their country forever; on their horizon were the stormy sea, the interminable wars, the rash expeditions. Wherefore, Gaspar de San Agustin says: "Although anciently there were in this town of Dumangas many people, in the course of time they have very greatly diminished because the natives are the best sailors and most skillful rowers on the whole coast, and so the governors in the port of Iloilo take most of the people from this town for the ships that they send abroad . . . When the Spaniards reached this island (Panay) it is said that there were on it more than fifty thousand families; but these diminished greatly . . . and at present they may amount to some fourteen thousand tributaries." From fifty thousand families to fourteen thousand tributaries in little over half a century!

We would never get through, had we to quote all the evidence of the authors regarding the frightful diminution of the inhabitants of the Philippines in the first years after the discovery. In the time of their first bishop, that is, ten years after Legazpi. Philip II said that they had been reduced to less than two-thirds.

Add to these fatal expeditions that wasted all the moral and material energies of the country, the frightful inroads of the terrible pirates from the south, instigated and encouraged by the government, first in order to get a complaint and afterwards disarm the islands subjected to it, inroads that reached the very shores of Manila, even Malate itself, and during which were sen to set out for captivity and slavery, in the baleful glow of burning villages, strings of wretches who had been unable to defend themselves, leaving behind them the ashes of their homes and the corpses of their parents and children. Morga, who recounts the first piratical invasion, says: "The boldness of these people of Mindanao did great damage to the Visayan Island, as much by what they did in them as by the fear and fright which the native acquired, because the latter were in the power of the Spaniards who held them subject and tributary and unarmed, in such manner that they did not protect them from their enemies or leave the means with which to defend themselves, AS THEY DID WHEN THERE WERE NO SPANIARDS IN THE COUNTRY." These piratical attacks continually reduce the number of the inhabitants of the Philippines, since the independent Malays were especially notorious for their atrocities and murders, sometimes because they believed that to preserve their independence it was necessary to weaken the Spaniard by reducing the number of his subjects, sometimes because a greater hatred and a deeper resentment inspired them against the Christian Filipino who, being of their own race, served the stranger in order to deprive them of their precious liberty. These expeditions lasted about three centuries, being repeated five and ten times a year, and each expedition cost the island over eight hundred prisoners.

"With the invasions of the pirates from Sulu and Mindanao," says Padre Gaspar de San Agustin, (the island of Bantayan, near Cebu) "has greatly reduced, because they easily captured the people there, since the latter had no place to fortify themselves and were far from help from Cebu. The hostile Sulus did great damage in this island in 1608, leaving it almost depopulated." (Page 380)

These rough attacks, coming from without, produced a counter effect in the interior, which, carried out medical comparisons was like a purge or diet in an individual who has just lost a great deal of blood. In order to make headway against so many calamities, to secure their sovereignty and take the offensive in these disastrous contests, to isolate the warlike Sulus from their neighbors in the south, to care for the needs of the empire of the Indies (for one of the reasons why the Philippines were kept, as contemporary documents prove, ws their strategic position between New Spain and the Indies), to wrest from the Dutch their growing colonies of the Molluccas and get red of some troublesome neighbors, to maintain, in short, the trade of China and New Spain, it was necessary to construct new and large ships which, as we have seen, costly as they were to the country for their equipment and the rowers they required, were not less so because of the manner in which they were constructed. Padre Fernando de lost Rios Coronel, who fought in these wards and later turned priest, speaking of these King's ships, said, "As they were so large, the timber needed was scarcely to be found in the forests (of the Philippines?), and thus it was necessary to seek it with great difficulty in the most remote of them, where, once found, in order to haul and convey it to the shipyard the towns of the surrounding country had to be depopulated of natives, who get it out with immense labor, damage, and cost to them. The natives furnished the masts for a galleon, according to the assertion of the Franciscans, and I heard the governor of the province where they were cut, which is Laguna de Bay, say that to haul them seven leagues over very broken mountains 6,000 natives were engaged three months, without furnishing them food, which the wretched native had to seek for himself!"

And Gaspar de San Agustin says: "In these times (1690), Bacolor has not the people that it had in the past because of the uprising in that province when Don Sabiniano Manrique de Lara was Governor of these islands and because of the continual labor of cutting timber for his Majesty's shipyards, which hinders them from cultivating the very fertile plain they have.

If this is not sufficient to explain the depopulation of the islands and the abandonment of industry, agriculture and commerce, then add "the natives who were executed, those who left their wives and children and fled in disgust to the mountains, those who were sold into slavery to pay the taxes levied upon them," as Fernando de los Rios Coronel says; add to all this what Philip II said in reprimanding Bishop Salazar about "natives sold to some encomenderos to others, those flogged to death, the women who are crushed to death by their heavy burdens, those who sleep in the fields and bear and nurse their children and die bitten by poisonous vermin, the many who are executed and left to die of hunger and those who eat poisonous herbs . . . and the mothers who kill their children in bearing them," and you will understand how in less than thirty years the population of the Philippines was reduced one-third. We are not saying this: it was said by Gaspar de San Agustin, the preeminently anti-Filipino Augustinian, and he confirms it throughout the rest of his work by speaking every moment of the state of neglect in which lay the farms and field once so flourishing and so well cultivated, the town thinned that had formerly been inhabited by many leading families!

How is it strange, then, that discouragement may have been infused into the spirit of the inhabitants of the Philippines, when in the midst of so many calamities they did not know whether they would see sprout the seed they were planting, whether their field was going to be their grave or their crop would go to feed their executioner? What is there strange in it, when we see the pious but impotent friars of that time trying to free their poor parishioners from the tyranny of the encomenderos by advising them to stop work in the mines, to abandon their commerce, to break up their looms, pointing out to them heaven for their whole hope, preparing them for death as their only consolation?

Man works for an object. Remove the object and you reduce him to inaction. The most active man in the world will fold his arms from the instant he understands that it is madness to bestir himself, that this work will be the cause of his trouble, that for him it will be the cause of vexations at home and of the pirate's greed abroad. It seems that these thoughts have never entered the minds of those who cry out against the indolence of the Filipinos.

Even were the Filipino not a man like the rest, even were we to suppose that zeal in him for work was as essential as the movement of a wheel caught in the gearing of others in motion; even were we to deny him foresight and the judgment that the past and present form, there would still be left us another reason to explain the attack of the evil. The abandonment of the fields by their cultivators, whom the wars and piratical attacks dragged from their homes was sufficient to reduce to nothing the hard labor of so many generations. In the Philippines abandon for a year the land most beautifully tended and you will see how you will have to begin all over again: the rain will wipe out the furrows, the floods will drown the seeds, pants and bushes will grow up everywhere, and on seeing so much useless labor the hand will drop the hoe, the laborer will desert his plow. Isn't there left the fine life of the pirate?

Thus is understood that sad discouragement which we find in the friar writers of the 17th century, speaking of once very fertile plains submerged, of provinces and towns depopulate, of leading families exterminated. These pages resemble a sad and monotonous scene in the night after a lively day. Of Cagayan, Padre Agustin speaks with mournful brevity: "A great deal of cotton, of which they made good cloth that the Chinese and Japanese every year bought and carried away." In the historian's time, the industry and the trade had come to an end.

It seems that there are causes more than sufficient to breed indolence in the midst of a beehive. Thus is explained why, after thirty-two years of the system, the circumspect and prudent Morga said that the natives have forgotten much about farming, raising poultry, stock and cotton and weaving cloth, as they used to do in their paganism and for a long time after the country had been conquered!"

Still they struggled a long time against indolence, yes: but their enemies were so numerous that at last they gave up!

PART FOUR: We recognize the causes that awoke the predisposition and provoked the evil: now let us see what foster and sustain it. In this connection government and governed have to bow our heads and say: "We deserve our fate."

We have already truly said that when a house becomes disturbed and disordered, we should not accuse the youngest child or the servants, but the head of it, especially if his authority is unlimited. He who does not act freely is not responsible for his actions; and the Filipino people, not being master of its liberty, is not responsible for either its misfortunes or its woes. We say this, it is true, but, as well as seen later on, we also have a large part in the continuation of such a disorder.

The following other causes contributed to foster the evil and aggravate it; the constantly lessening encouragement that labor has met with in the Philippines. Fearing to have the Filipinos deal frequently with other individuals of their own race, who were free and independent, as the Borneans, the Siamese, the Cambodians, and the Japanese, people who in their customs and feeling differ greatly from the Chinese, the government acted toward these others with great mistrust and great severity, as Morga testifies in the last pages of his work, until they finally ceased to come to the country. In fact, it seems that once an uprising planned by he Borneans was suspected: we say; suspected, for there was not even an attempt, although there were many executions. And as thse nations wee the very ones that consumed Philippine products, when all communication with them had been cut off, consumption of these products also ceased. The only two countries with which the Philippines continued to have relations were China and Mexico, or New Spain, and from this trade only China and a few private individuals in Manila got any benefit. In fact, the Celestial Empire sent her junks laden with merchandise, that merchandise which shut down the factories of Seville and ruined the Spanish industry, and returned laden in exchange with the silver that was every year sent from Mexico. Nothing from the Philippines at that time went to China, not even gold, for in those years the Chinese trades would accept no payment but silver coin. To Mexico went a little more: some cloth and dry goods which the encomenderos took by force or bought from the natives at a paltry; price, wax, amber, gold, civet, etc; but nothing more, and not even in great quantity, as is stated by Admiral Don Jeronimo de Benelos y Carrilo, when he begged the King that "the inhabitants of the Manilas be permitted (1) to load as many ships as they could with native products, such as wax, gold, perfumes, ivory, cotton cloths, which they would have to buy from the natives of the country. . . Thus friendship of these peoples would be gained, they would furnish New Spain with their merchandise and the money that is brought to Manila would not leave this place."

The coastwise trade, so active in other times, had to die out, thanks to the piratical attacks of the Malays of the south; and trade in the interior of the islands almost entirely disappeared, owing to restrictions, passports and other administrative requirements.

Of no little importance were the hindrance and obstacles that from the beginning were thrown in the farmer's way by the rules, who were influenced by childish fear and saw everywhere signs of conspiracies and uprisings. The natives were not allowed to go to their labors, that is, their farms, without permission of the governor, or of his agents and officers, and even of the priests as Morga says. Those who know the administrative slackness and confusion in a country where the officials work scarcely two hours a day; those who know the cost of going to and returning form the capital to the little tyrants will well understand how with this crude arrangement it is possible to have the most absurd agriculture. True it is that for sometime this absurdity which would be ludicrous had it not been so serious, had disappeared; but even if the words have gone out of use other facts and other provisions have replaced them. The Moro pirate has disappeared but there remains the outlaw who infests the fields and waylays the farmer to hold him for ransom. Now then, the government, which has a constant fear of the people, denies to the farmers even the use of a shotgun, or if it does allow it does so very grudgingly and withdraws it at pleasure; whence it results with the laborer, who, thanks to his means of defense, plants his crops and invests his meager fortune in the furrows that he has so laboriously opened, that when his crop matures it occurs to the government, which is impotent to suppress brigandage, to deprive him of his weapon; and then, without defense and without security, he is reduced to inaction and abandons his field, his work, and takes to gambling as the best means of securing a livelihood. The green cloth is under the protection of the government, it is safer! A mournful counselor is fear, for it not only causes weakness but also in casting aside the weapons, strengthens the very persecutor!

The sordid return the native gets from his work has the effect of discouraging him. We know from history that the encomenderos, after reducing many to slavery and forcing them to work for their benefit, made others give up their merchandise for a trife or nothing at all, or cheated them with the measures.

Speaking of Ipion, in Panay, Padre Gaspar de San Agustin says: "It was in ancient times very rich in gold . . . but provoked by he annoyances they suffered from some governors they have ceased to get it out, preferring to live in poverty than to suffer such hardships." (page 378) Further on, speaking of other towns, he says: "Boaded by ill treatment of the encomenderos who in administering justice have treated the natives as thier slaves and not as their children, and have only looked after their own interests at the expense of the wretched fortunes and lives of their charges. . . (Page 422) Further on, "In Leyte, they tried to kill an encomendero of the town of Dagami on account of the great hardships he made them suffer by exacting tribute of wax from them with a steelyard which he had made twice as long as others. . ."

This state of affairs lasted a long time and still lasts, in spite of the fact that the breed of encomenderos has become extinct. A term passes away but the evil and the passions engendered do not pass away so long as reforms are devoted solely to changing the names.

The wars with the Dutch, the inroads and piratical attacks of the people of Sulu land Mindanao disappeared; the people have been transformed; new towns have grown up while others have become impoverished; but the frauds subsisted as much as or worse than they did in those early years. We will not cite our own experiences for aside from the fact that we do not know which to select, critical persons may reproach us with partiality; neither will we cite those of other Filipinos who write in the newspapers, but we shall confine ourselves to translating the words of a modern French traveler who as in the Philippines for a long time.

"The good curate," he says with reference to the rosy picture a friar had given him of the Philippines, "had not told me about the governor, the foremost official of the district, who was too much taken up with the ideal of getting rich to have time to tyrannize over his docile subjects; the governor, charged with ruling the country and collecting the various taxes in the government's name, devoted himself almost wholly to trade; in his hands the high and noble functions he performs are nothing more than instruments of gain. He monopolizes all the business and instead of developing on his part the love of work, instead of stimulating the too natural indolence of the natives, he with abuse of his powers thinks only of destroying all competition that may trouble him or attempts to participate in his profits. It maters little to him that the country is impoverished, without cultivation, without commerce, without industry, just so the governor is quickly enriched."

Yet the traveler has been unfair in picking out the governor especially. Why only the governor?

We do not cite passages from other authors, because we have not their works at hand and do not wish to quote from memory.

The great difficulty that every enterprise encountered with the administration contributed not a little to kill off all commercial and industrial movement. All the Filipinos, as well as all those who have tried to engage in business in the Philippines, know how many documents, what comings, how many stamped papers, how much patience is needed to secure from the government a permit for an enterprise. One must count upon the good will of this one, on the influence of that one, on a good bribe to another in order that the application be not pigeon-holed, a present to the one further on so that it may pass it on to his chief; one must pray to God to give him good humor and time to see and examine it; to another, talent to recognize its expediency; to one further on sufficient stupidity not to scent behind the enterprise an insurrectionary purpose land that they may not all spend the time taking baths, hunting or playing cards with the reverend friars in their convents or country houses. And above all, great patience, great knowledge of how to get along, plenty of money, a great deal of politics, many salutations, great influence, plenty of presents and complete resignation! How is it strange that the Philippines remain poor in spite of the fertile soil, when history tells us that the countries now the most flourishing date their development from the day of their liberty and civil rights? The most commercial and most industrious countries have been the freest countries. France, England and the United States prove this. Hong Kong, which is not worth the most insignificant of the Philippines, has more commercial movement than all the islands together, because it is free and is well governed.

The trade with China, which was the whole occupation of the colonizers of the Philippines, was not only prejudicial to Spain but also the life of her colonies; in fact, when the officials and private persons in Manila found an easy method of getting rich they neglected everything. They paid no attention either to cultivating the soil or to fostering industry; and wherefore? China furnished the trade, and they had only to take advantage of it and pick up the gold that dropped out on its way from Mexico toward the interior of China, the gulf whence it never returned. The pernicious example of the dominators in surrounding themselves with servants and despising manual or corporal labor as a thing unbecoming the nobility and chivalrous pride of the heroes of so many centuries; those lordly airs, which the natives have translated into tila ka castila, and the desire of the dominated to be the equal of the dominators, if not essentially, at least in their manners; all this had naturally to produce aversion to activity and fear or hatred of work.

Moreover, "Why work?" asked the natives. The curate says that the rich man will not go to heaven. The rich man on earth is liable to all kinds of trouble, to be appointed a cabeza de barangay, to be deported if an uprising occurs, to be forced banker of the military chief of the town, who to reward him for favors received seizes his laborers and his stock in order to force him to beg money and thus easily pays up. Why be rich? So that all the officers of justice may have a lynx eye on your actions, so that at the least slip enemies may be raised up against you, you may be indicted, a whole complicated and labyrinthine story may be concocted against you, for which you can only get away, not by the tread of Ariadme but by Dane's shower of gold, and still give thanks that you are not kept in reserve for some needy occasion. The native, whom they pretend to regard as an imbecile, is not so much so that he does not understand that it is ridiculous to work himself to death to become worse off. A proverb of his says the pig is cooked in its own lard, and as among his bad qualities he has the good one of applying to himself all the criticisms and censures he refers to live miserable and indolent rather than play the part of the wretched beast of burden.

Add to this the introduction of gambling. We do not mean to say that before the coming of the Spaniards the natives did not gamble: the passion for gambling is innate in adventuresome and excitable races, and such is the Malay, Pigafetta tells us of cockfights and of bets in the Island of Paragua. Cock-fighting must also have existed in Luzon and in all the islands, for in the terminology of the game are two Tagalog words: sabong and tari (cockpit and gaff). But there is not the least doubt that the fostering of this game is due to the government, as well as the perfecting of it. Although Pigafetta tells us of it, he mentions it only in Paragua, and ot in Cebu nor in any other island of the south, where he stayed a long time. Morga does not speak of it, in spite of his having spent seven years in Manila, and yet he does describe the kinds of fowl, the jungle hens and cocks. Neither does Morga speak of gambling, when he talks about vices and other defects, more or lest concealed, more or less insignificant. Moreover excepting the two Tagalog words sabong and tari, the others are of Spanish origan as soltada (setting the cocks to fight, then the fight itself), pusta (apusta, bet), logro (winning), pago (payment), etc. We say the same about gamblilng; the word sugal (jugar, to gamble), like kumpistal (confesar, to confess to a priest), indicates that gambling was unknown in the Philippines before the Spaniards. The word laro (Tagalog: to play) is not the equivalent of the word sugal. The word play (baraja, playing card) proves that the introduction of playing cards was not due to the Chinese, who have a kind of playing cards also, because in that case they would have taken the Chinese name. l Is nto this enough? The word taya (tallar, to bet), paris-paris (Spanish, pares, pairs of cards), politana (napolitana a winning sequence of cards), sapote (to stack the cards), kapote (to slam), monte, and so on, all prove the foreign origin of this terrible plant, which only produces vice and which has found in the character of the native a fit soil, cultivated circumstances.

Along with gambling, which breeds dislike for steady and difficult toil by its promise of sudden wealth and its appeal to the emotions, with the lotteries, with the prodigality and hospitality of the Filipinos, went also, to swell the train of misfortunes, the religious functions, the great number of fiestas, the long masses for the women to spend their mornings and the novenaries to spend their afternoons, and the nights for the processions and rosaries. Remember, that lack of capital and absence of means paralyze all movement, and you will see how the native was perforce to be indolent for if any money might remain to him from the trials, imposts and exactions, he would have to give it to the curate for bulls, scapularies, candles, novenaries, etc. And if this does not suffice to form an indolent character, if the climate and nature are not enough in themselves to daze him and deprive him of all energy, recall then that the doctrine of his religion teach him to irrigate his fields in the dry season, not by means of canals but with amasses and prayers; to preserve his stock during an epidemic with holy water, exorcisms and benedictions that cost five dollars an animal, to drive away the locusts by a procession with the image of St. Augustine, etc. It is well, undoubtedly, to trust greatly in God; but it is better to do what one can not trouble the Creator every moment, even when these appeals redound to the benefit of His ministers. We have noticed that the countries which believe most in miracles are the laziest, just as spoiled children are the most ill-mannered. Whether they believe in miracles to palliate their laziness or they are lazy because they believe in miracles, we cannot say; but he fact is the Filipinos were much less lazy before the word miracle was introduced into their language.

The facility with which individual liberty is curtailed, that continual alarm of all from the knowledge that they are liable to a secret report, a governmental ukase, and to the accusation of rebel or suspect, an accusation which, to be effective, does not need proof or the production of the accuser. With the lack of confidence in the future, that uncertainty of reaping the reward of labor, as in a city stricken with plague, everybody yields to fate, shuts himself in his house or goes about amusing himself in an attempt to spend the few days that remain to him in the least disagreeable way possible.

The apathy of the government itself toward everything in commerce and agriculture contributes not a little to foster indolence. Three is no encouragement at all for the manufacturer or for the farmer, the government furnishes no aid either when a poor crop comers, when the locusts sweep over the fields, or when cyclone destroys in its passage the wealth of the soil; nor does it take any trouble to seek a market for the products of its colonies. Why should it do so when these same products are burdened with taxes and imposts and have no free entry into the ports of the mother country, nor is their consumption there encouraged? While we see all the walls of London covered with advertisements of the products of its colonies, while the English make heroic efforts to substitute Ceylon for Chinese tea, beginning with the sacrifice of their taste and their stomach, in Spain, with the exception of tobacco, nothing from the Philippines is known; neither its sugar, coffee, hemp, fine cloths, nor its Ilocano blankets. The name of Manila is known only from those cloths of China or Indo-China which at one time reached Spain by way of Manila, heavy silk shawls, fantastically but coarsely embroidered, which no one has thought of imitating in Manila since they are so easily made; but the government has other cares, and the Filipinos do not know that such objects are more highly esteemed in the Peninsula than their delicate piña embroideries and their vey fine jusi fabrics. Thus disappeared our trade in indigo, thanks to the trickery of the Chinese, which the government could not guard against, occupied as it was with other thoughts; thus die now the other industries, the fine manufacturers of the Visayas are gradually disappearing from trade and even from use; the people, continually getting poorer, cannot afford the costly cloths, and have to be contented with calico or the imitations of the Germans, who produce imitations even of the work of our silversmiths.

The fact that the best plantations, the best tracts of land in some provinces, those that from their easy access are more profitable than others, are in the hands of the religious corporations, whose desideratum is ignorance and condition of semi-starvation of the native, so that they may, continue to govern him and make themselves necessary to his wretched existence, is one of the reasons why many tows do not progress in spite of the efforts of their inhabitants. We will be met with the objection, as an argument on the other side, that the towns which belong to the friars are comparatively richer than those which do not belong to them. They surely are! just as their brethren in Europe, in founding their convents, knew how to select the best valleys, the best uplands for the cultivation of the vine or the production of beer, so also the Philippine monks have known how to selecte the best towns, the beautiful plains, the well-watered fields, to make of them rich plantations. For some time the friars have deceived many by making them believe that if these plantations were prospering, it was because they were under their care, and the indolence of the natives was thus emphasized; but they forget that in some provinces where they have not been able for some reason to get possession of the best tracts of land, their plantations, like Bauan and Liang, are inferior to Taal, Balayan, and Lipa, regions cultivated entirely by the natives without any monkish interference whatsoever.

Add to this lack of material inducement the absence of moral stimulus and you will see how he who is not indolent in that country must needs be a madman or at least a fool. What future awaits him who distinguishes himself, him who studies, who rise above the crowd? At the cost of study and sacrifice a young man becomes a great chemist, and after a long course of training, wherein neither the government nor anybody has given him the least help, he concludes his long stay in the University. A competitive examination is held to fill a certain position. The young man wins this through knowledge and perseverance, and after he has won it, it is abolished, because. . . we do not care to give the reason, but when a municipal laboratory is closed in order to abolish the position of director, who got his place by competitive examination, while other officers, such as the press censor, are preserved, it is because the belief exists that the light of progress may injure the people more than all the adulterated foods. In the same way, another young man won a a prize in a literary competition, and as long as his origin was unknown his work was discussed, the newspapers praised it and it was regarded as a masterpiece but the sealed envelopes were opened, the winner proved to be a native, while among the losers there are Peninsulars; then all the newspapers hasten to extol the losers! Not one word from the government, nor from anybody, to encourage the native who with so much affection has cultivated the language and letters of the mother country!

Finally passing over many other more or less insignificant reasons, the enumeration of which would be interminable, let us close this dreary list with the principal and most terrible of all: the education of the native.

From his birth until he sinks into his grave, the training of the native is brutalizing, depressive and anti-human (the word "inhuman" is not sufficiently explanatory; whether or not the Academy admits it, let it go). There is no doubt that the government, some priests like the Jesuits and some Dominicans like Padre Benavides, have done a great deal by founding colleges, schools of primary instruction, and the like. But this is not enough; their efforts is neutralized. They amount ot five or ten years (years of a hundred and fifty days at most) during which the youth comes in contact with books selected by those very priests who boldly proclaim that it is evil for the natives to know Castilian, that the native should not be separated from his carabao, that he should not value any further aspirations, and so on; five to ten years during which the majority of the students have grasped nothing more than that no one understands what the books say, nor even the professors themselves perhaps; and these five to ten years have no offset the daily preachment which lowers the dignity of man, which by degrees brutally deprives him of the sentiment of self-esteem, that eternal, stubborn, constant labor to bow the native's neck, to make him accept the yoke, to place him on a level with the beast -- a labor aided by some persons, with or without the ability to write, which if it does not produce in some individuals the desired effect in others it has the opposite effect, like that of breaking of a cord that is stretched too tightly. Thus while they attempt to make of the native a kind of animal, yet in exchange they demand of him divine actions. And we say divine actions, because he must be a god who does not become indolent in that climate, surrounded by the circumstances mentioned. Deprive a man, then, of his dignity, and you not only deprive him of his moral strength but you also make useless for those who wish to make use of him. Every creature has its stimulus, its mainspring; man's is his self-esteem. Take it away from him and he is a corpse, and he who seeks activity in a corpse will encounter only worms.

Thus is explained how the natives of the present time are no longer the same as those of the time of the discovery, neither morally nor physically.

The ancient writers, like Chirino, Morga, and Colin, take pleasure in describing them a well-featured, with good aptitudes for any thing they take up, keen and susceptible and of resolute will, very clean and neat in their persons and clothing, and of good mien and bearing (Morga). Others delight in minute accounts of their intelligence and pleasant manners, of their aptitude for music, the drama, dancing and singing, of the faculty with which they learned, not only Spanish but also Latin, which they acquired almost by themselves (Colin); others of their exquisite politeness in their dealings and in their social life, others, like the first Augustinians, whose accounts Gaspar de San Agustin copies, found them more gallant and better mannered than the inhabitants of the Moluccas. "All live off their husbandry," adds Morga, "their farms, fisheries and enterprises, for they travel from island to island by sea and from province to province by land."

In exchange, the writers of the present time, without being more gallant than Herman Cortez and Salcedo, nor more prudent than Legazpi, nor more manly than Morga, nor more prudent than Colin and Gaspar de San Agustin, our contemporary writers we say find that the native is a creature something more than a monkey but much less than a man, an anthropoid, dull-witted, stupid, timid, dirty, cringing, ill-clothed, indolent, lazy brainless, immoral, etc. etc.

To what is this retrogression due? Is it the delectable civilization, the religion of salvation of the friars, called of Jesus Christ by euphemism, that has produced this miracle that has atrophied his brain, paralyzed his heart and made of the man this sort of vicious animal that the writers depict?

Alas! The whole misfortune of the present Filipinos consists in that they have become only half-way brutes. The Filipino is convinced that to get happiness it is necessary for him to lay aside his dignity as a rational creature, to attend mass, to believe what is told him, to pay what is demanded of him, to pay and forever to pay; to work, suffer, and be silent, without aspiring any thing, without aspiring to know or even to understand Spanish, without separating himself from his carabao, as the priests shamelessly say, without protesting against any injustice, against any arbitrary action, against an assault, against an insult; that is, not to have heart, brain, or spirit; a creature with arms and a purse of gold. . . there's the ideal native! unfortunately, or because of the brutalization is not yet complete and because the nature of man is inherent in his being in spite of his condition, the native protests; he still has aspirations, he thinks and strives to rise, and there's the trouble!



PART FIVE: In the preceding chapter we set forth the causes that proceed from the government in fostering and maintaining the evil we are discussing. Now it falls to us to analyze those that emanate from the people. Peoples and governments are correlated and complementary: a stupid government would be an anomaly among righteous people, just as a corrupt people cannot exist under just rulers and wise laws. Like people, like government, we will say in paraphrase of a popular adage.

We can reduce all these causes to two classes: to defects of training and lack of national sentiment.

Of the influence of climate we spoke at the beginning, so we will now treat of the effects arising from it.

The very limited training in the home, the tyrannical and sterile education of the rare centers of learning that blind subordination of the youth to one of greater age, influence the mind so that a man may not aspire to excel those who preceded him but must merely be content to go along with a march behind them. Stagnation forcibly results from this, and as he who devotes himself merely to copying divests himself of other qualities suited to his own nature, he naturally becomes sterile; hence decadence. Indolence is a corollary derived from the lack of stimulus and of vitality.

That modesty infused into the convictions of everyone, or, to speak more clearly, that insinuated inferiority, a sort of daily and constant depreciation of the mind so that it may not be raised to the regions of life, deadens the energies, paralyzes all tendencies toward advancement, and of the least struggle a man gives up without fighting. If by one of those rare incidents, some wild spirit, that is some active one, excels, instead of his example stimulating, it only causes others to persist in their inaction. "There's one who will work for us; let's sleep on!" say his relatives and friends. True it is that the spirit of rivalry is sometimes awakened, only that then it awakens with bad humor in the guise of envy, and instead of being a lever for helping, it is an obstacle that produces discouragement.

Nurtured by the example of anchorites of a contemplative and lazy life, the natives spend theirs in giving their gold to the Church in the hope of miracles and other wonderful things. Their will is hypnotized: from childhood they learned to act mechanically, without knowledge of the object, thanks to the exercise imposed upon them from the most tender years of praying for whole hours in an unknown tongue, of venerating things that they do not understand, of accepting beliefs that are not explained to them, to having absurdities imposed upon them, while the protests of reason are repressed. Is it any wonder that with this vicious dressage of intelligence and will the native, of old logical and consistent -- as the analysis of his past and of his language demonstrates -- should now be a mass of dismal contradictions? That continual struggle between reason and duty, between his organism and his new ideals, that civil war which disturbs the peace of his conscience
          The Philippines a Century Hence   
(by José Rizal Translated by Charles E. Derbyshire)

NOTE: This famous essay of Rizal entitled "Filipinas de cien años" was first published in La Solidaridad, Madrid, between September 30, 1889, and February 1, 1890

PART ONE: Following our usual custom of facing squarely the most difficult and delicate questions related to the Philippines, without weighing the consequences that our frankness may bring upon us, we shall in the present article treat of their future.

In order to read the destiny of a people, it is necessary to open the book of its past, and this, for the Philippines may be reduced in general terms to what follows.

Scarcely had they been attached to the Spanish crown than they had sustained with their blood and the efforts of their sons the wars and ambitions, and conquest of the Spanish people, and in these struggles, in that terrible crisis when a people changes its form of government, its laws, usages, customs, religion and beliefs; the Philippines was depopulated, impoverished and retarded -- caught in their metamorphosis without confidence in their past, without faith in their present and with no fond home of the years to come. The former rulers who had merely endeavored to secure the fear and submission of their subjects, habituated by them to servitude, fell like leaves from a dead tree, and the people, who had no love for them nor knew what liberty was, easily changed masters, perhaps hoping to gain something by the innovation.

Then began a new era for the Filipinos. They gradually lost their ancient traditions, their recollections, -- they forgot their writings, their songs, their poetry, their laws in order to learn by heart other doctrines, which they did not understand, other ethics, other tastes, different from those inspired in their race by their climate and their way of thinking. Then there was a falling-off, they were lowered in their own eyes, they became ashamed of what was distinctively their own, in order to admire and praise that was foreign and incomprehensible; their spirit was broken and they acquiesced.

Thus years and centuries rolled on. Religious shows, rites that caught the eye, songs, lights, images arrayed with gold, worship in a strange language, legends, miracles and sermons, hypnotized the already naturally superstitious spirits of the country but did not succeed in destroying it altogether, in spite of the whole system afterwards developed and operated with unyielding tenacity.

When the ethical abasement of the inhabitants had reached this stage, when they had become disheartened and disgusted with themselves, an effort was made to add the final stroke for reducing so many dormant wills and intellects to nothingness, in order to make of the individual a sort of toiler, a brute, a beast of burden and to develop a race without mind or heart. “Then the end sought was revealed, it was taken for granted, and the race was insulted, an effort was made to deny it every virtue, every human characteristic, and there were even writers and priests who pushed the movement still further by trying to deny to the natives of the country not only capacity for virtue but also even the tendency to vice.

Then this which they had thought would be death was sure salvation. Some dying persons are restored to health by a heroic remedy.

So great endurance reached its climax with the insults, and the lethargic spirit woke up to life. His sensitiveness, the chief trait of the native, was touched, and while he had the forbearance to suffer and die under a foreign flag, he had it not when they whom he served repaid his sacrifices with insults and jests. Then he began to study himself and to realize his misfortune. Those who had not expected this result, like all despotic masters, regarded as a wrong every complaint, every protest, and punished it with death, endeavoring thus to stifle every cry of sorrow with blood, and they made mistake after mistake.

The spirit of the people was not thereby cowed, and even though it had been awakened in only a few hearts, its flame nevertheless was surely and consumingly propagated, thanks to abuses and the stupid endeavors of certain classes to stifle noble and generous sentiments. Thus when a flame catches a garment, fear and confusion propagate it more and more, and each shake, each blow, is a blast from the bellows to fan it into life.

Undoubtedly during all this time there were not lacking generous and noble spirits among the dominant race that tired to struggle for the rights of humanity and justice, or sordid and cowardly ones among the dominated that aided the debasement of their own country. But both were exceptions and we are speaking in general terms.

Such is an outline of their past. We know their present. Now what will their future be?

Will the Philippine Islands continue to be a Spanish colony, and if so, what kind of colony? Will they become a province of Spain, with or without autonomy? And to reach this stage, what kind of sacrifices will have to be made?

Will they be separated from the mother country to live independently, to fall into the hands of other nations, or to ally themselves with neighboring powers?

It is impossible to reply to these questions, for to all of them both yes and now may be answered, according to the time desired to be covered. When there is in nature no fixed condition, how much less must there be in the life of a people, being endowed with mobility and movement! So, it is that in order to deal with those questions, it is necessary to presume an unlimited period of time, and in accordance therewith try to forecast future events.

PART TWO: What will become of the Philippines within a century? Will they continue to be a Spanish colony?

Had this question been asked three centuries ago, when at Legazpi’s death the Malayan Filipinos began to be gradually undeceived and, finding the yoke heavy, tried in vain to shake it off without any doubt whatsoever the reply would have been easy. To a spirit enthusiastic over the liberty of the country, to those unconquerable Kagayanes who nourished within themselves the spirit of Mgalats, to the descendants of the heroic Gat Pulintang and Gat Salakab of the Province of Batangas, independence was assured, it was merely a question of getting together and making a determination. But for him who, disillusioned by sad experience, saw everywhere discord and disorder, apathy and brutalization in the lower classes, discouragement and disunion in the upper, only one answer presented itself, and it was: extend his hands to the chains, bow his neck beneath the yoke and accept the future with the resignation of an invalid who watches the leaves fall and foresees a long winter amid whose snows he discerns the outlines of his grave. At the time discord justified pessimism -- but three centuries passed, the meek had become accustomed to the yoke, and each new generation, begotten in chains, was constantly better adapted to the new order of things.

Now then, are the Philippines in the same condition they were three centuries ago?

For the liberal Spaniards the ethical condition of the people remains the same, that is, the native Filipinos have not advanced; for the friars and their followers the people have been redeemed from savagery, that is, they have progressed; for many Filipinos ethics, spirit and customs have decayed, as decay all the good qualities of a people that falls into slavery that is, they have retrograded.

Laying aside these considerations, so as not to get away from our subject let us draw the brief parallel between the political situation then and the situation at present, in order to see if what was not possible at that time can be so now, or vice versa.

Let us pass over the loyalty the Filipinos may feel for Spain; let us suppose for a moment, along with Spanish writers, that there exist only motives for hatred and jealousy between the two races; let us admit the assertions flaunted by many that three centuries of domination have not awakened in the sensitive heart of the native a single spark of affection or gratitude; and we may see whether or not the Spanish cause has gained ground in the Islands.

Formerly the Spanish authority was upheld among the natives by a handful of soldiers, three to five hundred at most, many of whom were engaged in trade and were scattered about not only in the Islands but also among the neighboring nations, occupied in long wars against the Mohammedans in the south, against the British and Dutch, and ceaselessly harassed by Japanese, Chinese, or some tribes in the interior. Then communication with Mexico and Spain was slow, rare and difficult; frequent and violent the disturbances among the ruling powers in the Islands, the treasury nearly always empty, and the life of the colonists dependent upon one frail ship that handled the Chinese trade. Then the seas in those regions were infested with pirates, all enemies of the Spanish name, which was defended by an impoverished fleet, generally manned by rude adventurers, when not by foreigners and enemies, which was checked and an expedition of Gomez Perez Dasmariñas, which was checked and frustrated by the mutiny of the Chinese rowers, who killed him and thwarted all his plans and schemes. Yet in spite of so many adverse circumstances the Spanish authority had been upheld for more than three centuries and, though it has been curtailed, still continues to rule the destinies of the Philippine group.

On the other hand, the present situation seems to be gilded and rosy -- as we might say, a beautiful morning compared to the vexed and stormy night of the past. The material forces at the disposal of the Spanish sovereign have now been trebled; the fleet relatively improved: there is more organization in both civil and military affairs; communication with the sovereign country is swifter and surer; she has no enemies abroad; her possession is assured and the country dominated seems to have less spirit, less aspiration for independence, a world that is to it almost incomprehensible. Everything then at first glance presages another three centuries, at least, of peaceful domination and tranquil suzerainty.

But above the material considerations are arising others, invisible, of an ethical nature, far more powerful and transcendental.

Orientals and the Malays, in particular, are a sensitive people: delicacy of sentiment is predominant with them. Even now, in spite of contact with the Occidental nations, who have ideas different from his, we see the Malayan Filipino sacrifice everything -- liberty, ease, welfare, name for the sake of an aspiration or a conceit sometimes scientific, or of some other nature but at the least word which wounds his self-love he forgets all his sacrifices, the labor expended, to treasure in his memory and never forget the slight he thinks he has received.

So the Philippine peoples have remained faithful during three centuries, giving up their liberty and their independence, sometimes dazzled by the hope of the Paradise promised, sometimes cajoled by the friendship offered them by a noble and generous people like the Spanish, sometimes also compelled by superiority of arms of which they were ignorant and which timid spirits invested with a mysterious character, or sometimes because the invading foreigner took advantage of internecine feuds to step in as the peacemaker in discord and thus after to dominate both parties and subject them to his authority.

Spanish domination once established, was firmly maintained, thanks to the attachment of the people, to their mutual dissensions, and to the fact that the sensitive self-love of the native had not yet been wounded. Then the people saw their own countrymen in the higher ranks of the army, their general officers fighting beside the heroes of Spain and sharing their laurels, begrudged neither character, reputation nor consideration; then fidelity and attachment to Spain, love for the fatherland, made of the native encomendero and even general, as during the English invasion; then there had not yet been invented the insulting and ridiculous epithets with which recently the most laborious and painful achievements of the native leaders have been stigmatized; not then had it become the fashion to insult and slander in stereotyped phrase, in newspapers and books published with governmental and superior ecclesiastical approval, the people that paid, fought and poured out its blood for the Spanish name, nor was it considered either noble or witty to offend a whole race, which was forbidden to reply or defend itself, and if there were religious hypochondriacs who in the leisure of their cloisters dared to write against it, as did the Augustinian Gaspar de San Agustin and the Jesuit Velarde, their loathsome abortions never saw the light, and still less were they themselves rewarded with miters and raised to high offices. True it is that neither were the natives of that time such as we are now: three centuries of brutalization and obscurantism have necessarily had some influence upon us, the most beautiful work of divinity in the hands of certain artisans may finally be converted into a caricature.

The priests of that epoch, wishing to establish their domination over the people, got in touch with it and made common cause with it against the oppressive encomenderos. Naturally, the people saw in them learning and some prestige and placed its confidence in them, followed their advice, and listened to them in the darkest hours. If they wrote, they did so in defense of the rights of the native and made his cry reach even to the distant steps of the Throne. And not a few priests, both secular and regular, undertook dangerous journeys, as representatives of the country, and this, along with the strict and public residencia then required of the governing powers, from the captain-general to the most insignificant official, rather consoled and pacified the wounded spirits, satisfying, even though it were only in form, all the malcontents.

All this has passed away. The derisive laughter penetrates like mortal poison into the heart of the native who pays and suffers and it becomes more offensive the more immunity it enjoys. A common sore the general affront offered to a whole race, has wiped away the old feuds among different provinces. The people no longer have confidence in its former protectors, now its exploiters and executioners. The masks have fallen. It has been that the love and piety of the past have come to resemble the devotion of a nurse, who, unable to live elsewhere, desires the eternal infancy, eternal weakness, for the child in order to go on drawing her wages and existing at its expense, it has seen not only that she does not nourish it to make it grow but that she poisons it to stunt its growth and at the slightest protest she flies into a rage! The ancient show of justice, the holy residencia has disappeared; confusion of ideas begins to prevail; the regard shown for a governor-general, lie La Torre, becomes a crime in the government of his successor, sufficient to cause the citizen to lose his liberty and his home; if he obeys the order of one official, as in the recent matter of admitting corpses into the church, it is enough to have the obedient subjects later harassed and persecuted in every possible way; obligations and taxes increase without thereby increasing rights, privileges and liberties or assuring the few in existence; a regime of continual terror and uncertainty disturbs the minds, a regime worse than a period of disorder for the fears that the imagination conjures up are generally greater than the reality; the country is poor; the financial crisis through which it is passing is acute, and every one points out with the finger the persons who are causing the trouble, yet no one dares lay hands upon them!

True it is that the Penal Code has come like a drop of balm to such bitterness. But of what use are all the codes in the world, if by means of confidential reports, if for trifling reasons, if through anonymous traitors any honest citizen may be exiled or banished without a hearing, without a trial? Of what use is that Penal Code, of what use is life, if there is no security in the home, no faith in justice and confidence in tranquility of conscience? Of what use is all that array of terms, all that collection of articles, when the cowardly accusation of a traitor has more influence in the timorous ears of the supreme autocrat than all the cries for justice?

If this state of affairs should continue, what will be come of the Philippines within a century?

The batteries are gradually becoming charged and if the prudence of the government does not provide an outlet for the currents that are accumulating, some day the spark will be generated. This is not the place to speak of what outcome such a deplorable conflict might have, for it depends upon chance, upon the weapons and upon a thousand circumstances which man cannot foresee. But even though all the advantages should be on the government’s side and therefore the probability of success, it would be a Pyrrhic victory, and not government ought to desire such.

If those who guide the destinies of the Philippines remain obstinate, and instead of introducing reforms try to make the condition of the country retrograde; to push their severity and repression to extremes against the classes that suffer and think they are going to force the latter to venture and put into play the wretchedness of an unquiet life, filled with privation and bitterness, against the hope of securing something indefinite. What would be lost in the struggle? Almost nothing: the life of the numerous discontented classes has no such great attraction that it should be preferred to a glorious death. It may indeed be a suicidal attempt -- but then, what? Would not a bloody chasm yawn between victors and vanquished and might not the latter with time and experience become equal in strength, since they are superior in numbers to their dominators? Who disputes this? All the petty instructions that have occurred in the Philippines were the work of a few fanatics or discontented soldiers, who had to deceive and humbug the people or avail themselves of their powers over their subordinates to gain their ends. So they all failed. No insurrection had a popular character or was based on a need of the whole race or fought for human rights or justice, so it left no ineffaceable impressions, but rather when they saw that they had been duped the people bound up their wounds and applauded the overthrow of the disturbers of their peace! But what if the movement springs from the people themselves and based its causes upon their woes?

So then, if the prudence and wise reforms of our ministers do not find capable and determined interpreters among the colonial governors and faithful perpetrators among those whom the frequent perpetrators among those whom the frequent political changes send to fill such a delicate post; if met with the eternal it is out of order, preferred by the elements who see their livelihood in the backwardness of their subjects, it just claims are to go unheeded, as being of a subversive tendency; if the country is denied representation in the Cortes and an authorized voice to cry out against all kinds of abuses, which escape through the complexity of the laws; if in short, the system, prolific in results of alienating the goodwill of the natives, is to continue, pricking his apathetic mind with insults and charges of ingratitude, we can assert that in a few yeas the present state of affairs will have been modified completely -- and inevitably. There now exists a factor which was formerly lacking -- the spirit of the nation has been aroused and a common misfortune, a common debasement has united all the inhabitants of the Islands. A numerous enlightened class now exists within and without the Islands, a class created and continually augmented by the stupidity of certain governing powers, which forces the inhabitants to leave the country, to secure education abroad, and it is maintained thanks to the provocation and the system of espionage in vogue. This class, whose number is cumulatively increasing, is in constant communication with the rest of the Islands, and if today it constitutes only the brain of the country in a few years it will form the whole nervous system and manifest its existence in all its acts.

Now, statecraft has various means at its disposal for checking a people on the road to progress; the brutalization of the masses through a caste addicted to the government, aristocratic, as in the Dutch colonies, or theocratic as in the Philippines; the impoverishment of the country; the gradual extermination of the inhabitants; and fostering of feuds among the races.

Brutalization of the Malayan Filipinos has been demonstrated to be impossible. In spite of the dark horde of friars in whose hands rests the instruction of youth, which miserably wastes years and years in the colleges, issuing therefrom tired, weary and disgusted with books: in spite of the censorship which tries to close every avenue to progress; in spite of all the pupils, confessionals, books, and missals that inculcate hatred toward not only all scientific knowledge but even toward the Spanish language itself; in spite of this whole elaborate system perfected and tenaciously operated by those who wish to keep the Islands in holy ignorance; there exist writers, freethinkers, historians, philosophers, chemists, physicians, artists, and jurists. Enlightenment is spreading and the persecution it suffers quickens it. No, the divine flame of thought is inextinguishable in the Filipino people and somehow or other it will shine forth and compel recognition. It is impossible to brutalize the inhabitants of the Philippines!

May poverty arrest their development? Perhaps, but it is a very dangerous means. Experience has everywhere shown us and especially in the Philippines, that the classes which are better off have always been addicted to peace and order, because they live comparatively better and may be the losers in civil disturbances. Wealth brings with it refinement, the spirit of conservation, while poverty inspires adventurous ideas, the desire to change things and has little care for life. Machiavelli himself held this means of subjecting of a people to be perilous, observing that loss of welfare stirs up more obdurate enemies than loss of life. Moreover, when there are wealth and abundance, there is less discontent, less compliant and the government, itself wealthier, has more means for sustaining itself. On the other hand, there occurs in a poor country what becomes in a house where bread is wanting? And further, of what use to the mother country would a poor and lean colony be?

Neither is possible gradually to exterminate the inhabitants. The Philippine races, like all the Malays, do not succumb before the foreigner, like the Australians, the Polynesians and the Indians of the New World. In spite of the numerous wars the Filipinos have had to carry on, in spite of the epidemics that have periodically visited them, their number has trebled, as has that of the Malays of Java and the Moluccas. The Filipino embraces civilization and lives and thrives in every clime, in contact with every people. Rum, that poison which exterminated the natives of the Pacific islands, has no power in the Philippines, but rather, comparison of their present condition with that described by the earlier historians, makes it appear that the Filipinos have grown soberer. The petty wars with the inhabitants of the south consume only the soldiers, people who by their fidelity to the Spanish flag, far from being a menace, are surely one of its solidest supports.

Three remains the fostering of internecine feuds among the provinces.

This was formerly possible, when communication from one island to another was rare and difficult, when there were not steamers or telegraph lines, when the regiments were formed according to the various provinces, when some provinces were cajoled by awards of privileges and honor and other were protected from the strongest. But now that the privileges have disappeared, that through a spirit of distrust the regiments have been reorganized, that the inhabitants move from one island to another, communication and exchange of impressions naturally increase, and as all see themselves threatened by the same peril and wounded in the same feelings, they clasp hands and make common cause. It is true that the union is not yet wholly perfected, but to this end the measures of good government, the vexations to which the townspeople are subjected, the frequent changes of officials, the scarcity of centers of learning, forces of the youth of all the islands to come together and begin to get acquainted. The journeys to Europe contribute not a little to tighten the bonds, for abroad the inhabitants of most widely separated provinces are impressed by their patriotic feelings, from sailors even to the wealthiest merchants, and at the sight of modern liberty and the memory of the misfortunes of their country, they embrace and call one another brothers.

In short, then, the advancement and ethical progress of the Philippines are inevitable, are decreed by fate.

The Islands cannot remain in the condition they are without requiring from the sovereign country more liberty. Mutatis mutandis. For new men, a new social order.

To wish that the alleged child remain in its swaddling clothes is to risk that it may turn against the nurse and flee, tearing away the old rags that bind it.

The Philippines, then, will remain under Spanish domination, but with more law and greater liberty, or they will declare themselves independent after steeping themselves and the mother country in blood.

As no one should desire or hope for such an unfortunate rupture, which would be an evil for all and only the final argument in the most desperate predicament, let us see by what forms of peaceful evolution the Islands may remain subjected to the Spanish authority, with the very least detriment to the rights, interests and dignity of both parties.

PART THREE: If the Philippines must remain under the control of Spain, they will necessarily have to be transformed in a political sense, for the course of their history and the needs of their inhabitants so required. This we demonstrated in the preceding article.

We also said that this transformation will be violent and fatal if it proceeds from the ranks of the people, but peaceful and fruitful if it emanates from the upper classes.

Some governors have realized this truth, and impelled by their patriotism, have been trying to introduce needed reforms in order to forestall events. But notwithstanding all that have been ordered up to the present time, they have produced scanty results, for the government as well as for the country. Even those that promised only a happy issue have at times caused injury, for the simple reason that they have been based upon unstable grounds.

We said and once more we repeat, and all will ever assert, that reforms, which have a palliative character, are not only ineffectual but even prejudicial when the government is confronted with evils that must be cured radically. And were we not convinced of the honesty and rectitude of some governors, we would be tempted to say that all the partial reforms are only plasters and salves of a physician, who, not knowing how to cure the cancer, and not daring to root it out, tries in this way to alleviate the patient’s sufferings or to temporize with the cowardice of the timid and ignorant.

All the reforms of our liberal ministers were, have been, are, and will be good -- when carried out.

When we think of them, we are reminded of the dieting of Sancho Panza in this Barataria Island. He took his seat at a sumptuous and well-appointed table “covered with fruit and many varieties of food differently prepared,” but between the wretch’s mouth and each dish the physician Pedro Rezio interposed his wand, saying, “Take it away!” The dish removed, Sancho was as hungry as ever. Truth is that the despotic Pedro Rezio gave reasons, which seem to have been written by Cervantes especially for the colonial administrations. “You must not eat, Mr. Governor, except according to the usage and custom of other islands, where there are governors.” Something was found to be wrong with each dish: one was too hot, another too moist, and so on, just like our Pedro Rezio on both sides of the sea. Great good did his cook’s skill do Sancho!

In the case of our country, the reforms take the place of the dishes, the Philippines are Sancho, while the part of the quack physician is played by many persons interested in not having the dishes touched, perhaps that they may themselves get the benefit of them.

The result is that the long suffering Sancho, or the Philippines, misses his liberty, rejects all government and ends up by rebelling against his quack physician.

In this manner, so long as the Philippines have no liberty of the press, have no voice in the Cortes to make known to the government and to the nation whether or not their decrees have been duly obeyed, whether or not these benefit the country, all the able efforts of the colonial ministers will meet the fate of the dishes in Barataria Island.

The minister, then, who wants his reforms to be reforms, must begin by declaring the press in the Philippines free and by instituting Filipino delegates.

The free press in the Philippines, because their complaints rarely ever reach the Peninsula, very rarely, and if they do they are so secret, so mysterious that no newspaper dares to publish them, or if it does reproduce them, it does so tardily and badly.

A government that rules a country from a great distance is the one that has the most need for a free press more so even than the government of the home country, if it wishes to rule rightly and fitly. The government that governs in a country may even dispense with the press (if it can), because it is on the ground, because it has eyes and ears, and because it directly observes what it rules and administers. But the government that governs from afar absolutely requires that the truth and the facts reach its knowledge by every possible channel so that it may weigh and estimate them better, and this need increases when a country like the Philippines is concerned, where the inhabitants speak and complain in a language unknown to the authorities. To govern in any other way may also be called governing, but it is to govern badly. It amounts to pronouncing judgment after hearing only one of the parties; it is steering a ship without reckoning its conditions, the state of the sea, the reefs and shoals, the direction of the winds and currents. It is managing a house by endeavoring merely to give it polish and a fine appearance without watching the money chest, without looking after the servants and the members of the family.

But routine is a declivity down which many governments slide, and routine says that freedom of the press is dangerous. Let us see what History says: uprisings and revolutions have always occurred in countries tyrannized over, in countries where human thought and the human heart have been forced to remain silent.

If the great Napoleon had not tyrannized over the press, perhaps it would have warned him of the peril into which he was hurled and have made him understand that the people were weary and the earth wanted peace. Perhaps his genius, instead of being dissipated in foreign aggrandizement would have become intensive in laboring to strengthen his position and thus have assured it. Spain herself records in her history more revolutions when the press was gagged. What colonies have become independent while they had a free press and enjoyed liberty? Is it preferable to govern blindly or to govern with ample knowledge?

Someone will answer that in colonies with a free press, the prestige of the rulers, that prop of false governments, will be greatly imperiled. We answer that the prestige of the nation is not by abetting and concealing abuses, but by rebuking and punishing them. Moreover, to this prestige is applicable what Napoleon said about great men and their valets. Who endure and know all the false pretensions and petty persecutions of those sham gods, do not need a free press in order to recognize them; they have long ago lost their prestige. The free press is needed by the government, the government which still dreams of the prestige which it builds upon mined ground.

We say the same about the Filipino representatives.

What risks does the government see in them? One of three things, either that they will prove unruly, become political trimmers, or act properly.

Supposing that we should yield to the most absurd pessimism and admit the insult, great for the Philippines but still greater for Spain, that all the representatives would be separatists and that in all their contentions they would advocate separatist ideas; does not a patriotic Spanish majority exist there, is there not present there the vigilance of the governing powers to combat and oppose such intentions? And would not this be better than the discontent that ferments and expands in the secrecy of the home, in the huts and in the field? Certainly the Spanish people does not spare its blood where patriotism is concerned but would not a struggle of principles in parliament be preferable to the exchange of shot in swampy lands, three thousand leagues from home in impenetrable forests, under a burning sun or amid torrential rains? These pacific struggles of ideas, besides being a thermometer for the government, have the advantage of being cheap and glorious, because the Spanish parliament especially abounds in oratorical paladins invincible in debate. Moreover, it is said that the Filipinos are indolent and peaceful -- then what need for government fear? Hasn’t it any influence in the elections? Frankly speaking, it is a great compliment to the separatists to fear them in the midst of the Cortes of the nation.

Now then, if the real objection to the Filipino delegates, is that they smell like Igorots, which so disturbed in open Senate the doughty General Salamanca, then Don Sinibaldo de Mas, who saw the Igorots in person and wanted to live with them, can affirm that they will smell at worst like powder, and Señor Salamanca undoubtedly has no fear of that odor. And if this were all, the Filipinos, who there in their own country are accustomed to bathe every day, when they become representatives may give up such a dirty custom, at least during the legislative session so as not to offend the delicate nostrils of Salamanca with the odor of the bath.

It is useless to answer certain objections of some fine writers regarding the rather brown skins and faces with somewhat wide nostrils. Questions of taste are peculiar to each race. China, for example, which has four hundred million inhabitants and a very ancient civilization, considers all Europeans ugly and calls them “fankwai”, or red devils. Its taste has a hundred million more adherents than the Europeans. Moreover, if this is the question, we would have to admit the inferiority of the Latins, especially the Spaniards, to the Saxons, who are much whiter.

And so long as it is not asserted that the Spanish parliament is an assemblage of Adonises, Antoniuses, pretty boys and other like paragons, so long as the purpose of resorting thither is to legislate and not to philosophize or wonder through imaginary spheres, we maintain that the government ought not to pause at these obligations. Law has no skin nor reason nostrils.

So we see no serious reason why the Philippines may not have representatives. By their institution many malcontents would be silenced, and instead of blaming its troubles upon the government, as now happens, the country would bear them better, for it could at least complain and with its sons among its legislators, would in a way become responsible for their actions.

We are not sure that we serve the true interests of our country by asking for representatives. We know that the lack of enlightenment, the indolence, the egotism, of our fellow countrymen, and the boldness, the cunning and the powerful methods of those who wish their obscurantism, may convert reform into a harmful instrument. But we wish to be loyal to the government and we are pointing out to it the road that appears best to us so that its effort may not come to grief, so that discontent may disappear. If after so just, as well as necessary, a measure has been introduced, the Filipino people are so stupid and weak that they are treacherous to their own interests, then let the responsibility fall upon them, let them suffer all consequences. Every country gets the fate it deserves and the government can say that it has done its duty.

These are the two fundamental reforms, which properly interpreted and applied, will dissipate all clouds, assure affection toward Spain, and make all succeeding reforms fruitful. These are the reforms sine quibus non.

It is puerile to fear that independence may come thorough them. The free press will keep the government in touch with public opinion, and the representatives, if they are, as they ought to be, the best from among the sons of the Philippines, will be their hostages. With no cause for discontent, how then attempt to stir up the masses of the people?

Likewise inadmissible is the obligation offered by some regarding the imperfect culture of the majority of the inhabitants. Aside from the fact that it is not so imperfect as is averred, there is no plausible reason why the ignorant and the defective (whether through their own or another’s fault) should be denied representation to look after them and see that they are not abused. They are the very ones who most need it. No one ceases to be a man, no one forfeits his rights to civilization merely by being more or less uncultured, and since the Filipino is regarded as a fit citizen when he is asked to pay taxes or shed his blood to defend the fatherland why must this fitness be denied him when the question arises of granting him some right? Moreover, how is he to be held responsible for his ignorance, when it is acknowledged by all, friends and enemies that his zeal for learning is so great that even before the coming of the Spaniards every one could read and write, and that we now see the humblest families make enormous sacrifices to the extent of working as servants in order to learn Spanish? How can the country be expected to become enlightened under present conditions when we see all the decrees issued by the government in favor of education meet with Pedro Rezios who prevent execution whereof because they have in their hands what they call education? If the Filipino, then, is sufficiently intelligent to pay taxes, he must also be able to choose and retain the one who looks after him and his interests, with the product whereof he serves the government of his nation. To reason otherwise is to reason stupidly.

When the laws and the acts of officials are kept under surveillance, the word justice may cease to be a colonial jest. The thing that makes the English most respected in their possessions is their strict and speedy justice so that the inhabitants repose entire confidence in the judges. Justice is the foremost virtue of the civilized races. It subdues the barbarous nations, while injustice arouses the weakest.

Offices and trusts should be awarded by competition, publishing the work and the judgment thereon, so that there may be stimulus and that discontent may not be bred. Then, if the native does not shake off his indolence he can not complain when he sees all the offices filled by Castilas.

We presume that it will not be the Spaniard who fears to enter in this contest, for thus will he be able to prove his superiority by the superiority of intelligence. Although this is not the custom in the sovereign country, it should be practiced in the colonies, for the reason that genuine prestige should be sought by means of moral qualities, because the colonizers ought to be, or at least to seem, upright, honest and intelligent, just as a man stimulates virtues when he deals with a stranger. The offices and trusts so earned will do away with arbitrary dismissal and develop employees and officials capable and cognizant of their duties. The offices held by natives, instead of endangering the Spanish domination, will merely serve to assure it, for what interest would they have in converting the sure and stable into the uncertain and problematical? The native is, moreover, very fond of peace and prefers a humble present to a brilliant future. Let the various Filipinos still holding office speak in this matter, they are the most unshaken conservatives.

We could add other minor reforms touching commerce, agriculture, security of the individual and of property, education, and so on, but these are points with which we shall deal in other articles. For the present we are satisfied with the outlines and no one can say that we ask too much.

There will be lacking critics to accuse us of Utopianism: but what is Utopia? Utopia was a country imagined by Thomas Moore, wherein existed universal suffrage, religious toleration, almost complete abolition of the death penalty and so on. When the book was published these things were looked upon as dreams, impossibilities, that is Utopianism. Yet civilization has left the country of Utopia far behind, the human will and conscience have worked greater miracles, have abolished slavery and the death penalty for adultery -- things impossible for even Utopia itself!

The French colonies have their representatives. The question has also been raised in the English parliament of giving representation to the Crown colonies, for the others already enjoy some autonomy. The press there is also free. Only Spain, which in the sixteenth century was the model nation in civilization, lags far behind. Cuba and Puerto Rico, whose inhabitants do not number a third of those of the Philippines, and who have not made such sacrifices for Spain, have numerous representatives. The Philippines in the early days had theirs, who conferred with the King and Pope on the needs of the country. They had them in Spain’s critical moments, when she groaned under the Napoleonic yoke, and they did not take advantage of the sovereign country’s misfortunes like other colonies but tightened more firmly the bonds that united them to be the nation, giving proofs of their loyalty and they continued until many years later. What crime have the Islands committed that they are deprived of their rights?

To recapitulate: the Philippines will remain Spanish if they enter upon the life of law and civilization, if the rights of their inhabitants are respected, if the other rights due them are granted, if the liberal policy of the government is carried out without trickery or meanness, without subterfuges or false interpretations.

Otherwise, if an attempt is made to see in the Islands a lode to be exploited, a resource to satisfy ambitions, thus to relieve the sovereign country of taxes, killing the goose that lays the golden eggs, and shutting its ears to all cries of reasons the, however, great may be the loyalty of the Filipinos, it will be impossible to hinder the operations of the inexorable laws of history. Colonies established to subserve the policy and the commerce of the sovereign country, all eventually become independent said Bachelet, and before Bachelet, all the Phoenician, Carthaginian, Greek, Roman, English, Portuguese, and Spanish colonies have said it.

Close indeed are the bonds that unite us to Spain. Two peoples do not live for three centuries in continual contact, sharing the same lot, shedding their blood on the same fields, holding the same beliefs, worshipping the same God, interchanging the same ideas, but that ties are formed between them stronger than those engendered by affection. Machiavelli, the great reader of the human heart said: la natura degli huomini, e cosi obligarsi pe li beneficii che essi fanno come per quelli che essi ricevono (it is human nature to be bound as much by benefits conferred as by those received). All this, and more, is true but it is pure sentimentality, and in the arena of politics stern necessity and interests prevail. Howsoever much the Filipinos owe Spain, they can not be required to forego their redemption, to have their liberal and enlightened sons wander about in exile from their native land, the rudest aspirations stifled in its atmosphere, the peaceful inhabitants living in constant alarm, with the fortune of the two peoples dependent upon the whim of one man. Spain can not claim, nor even in the name of God himself, that six millions of people should be brutalized, exploited and oppressed, denied light and the rights inherent to a human being and then heap upon them slights and insults. There is no claim of gratitude that can excuse, there is not enough power in the world to justify the offenses against the liberty of the individual, against the sanctity of the home, against the laws, against peace and honor, offenses that are committed three daily. There is no divinity that can proclaim the sacrifice of our dearest affections, the sacrifice of the family, the sacrileges and wrongs that are committed by persons who have the name of God on their lips. No one can require an impossibility of the Filipino people. The noble Spanish people, so jealous of its rights and liberties, cannot bid the Filipinos to renounce theirs. A people that prides itself on the glories of the past cannot ask another, trained by it, to accept abjection and dishonor its own name!

We, who today are struggling by the legal and peaceful means of debate so understand it, and with our gaze fixed upon our ideals, shall not cease to plead our cause, withou t going beyond the pale of the law, but if violence first silences us or we have the misfortune to fall (which is possible for we are mortal) then we do not know what course will be taken by the numerous tendencies that will rush in to occupy the places that we leave vacant.

If what we desire is not realized. . .

In contemplating such an unfortunate eventuality, we must not turn away in horror, and so instead of closing our eyes we will face what the future may bring. For this purpose, after throwing the handful of dust due to Cerberus, let us frankly descend into the abyss and sound its terrible mysteries.

PART FOUR: History does not record in its annals any lasting domination exercised by one people over another, of different races, of diverse usages and customs, of opposite and divergent ideals.

One of the two had to yield and succumb. Either the foreigner was driven out, as happened in the case of Carthaginians, the Moors and the French in Spain, or else these autochthons had to give way and perish, as was the case with the inhabitants of the New World.

One of the longest dominations was that of the Moors in Spain, which lasted seven centuries. But, even though the conquerors lived in the country conquered, even though the Peninsula was broken up into small states, which gradually emerged like little islands in the midst of the great Saracen inundation and in spite of the chivalrous spirit, the gallantry and the religious toleration of the caliphs, they were finally driven out after bloody and stubborn conflicts, which formed the Spanish nation and created the Spain of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

The existence of a foreign body within another endowed with strength and activity is contrary to all natural and ethical laws. Science teaches us that it is either assimilated, destroys the organism, is eliminated or becomes encysted.

Encystment of a conquering people is possible, for it signifies complete isolation, absolute inertia, and debility in the conquering element. Encystment thus means the tomb of the foreign invader.

Now applying these considerations to the Philippines, we must conclude, as a deduction from all we have said, that if their population be not assimilated to the Spanish nation, if the dominators do not enter into the spirit of their inhabitants, if equitable laws and free and liberal reforms do not make each forget that they belong to different races, or if both peoples be not amalgamated to constitute one mass, socially and politically, homogeneous, that is, not harassed by opposing tendencies and antagonistic ideas and interests some day the Philippines will fatally and infallibly declare themselves independent. To this law of destiny can be opposed neither Spanish patriotism, nor the love of all Filipinos for Spain, not the doubtful future of dismemberment and intestine strife in the Islands themselves. Necessity is the most powerful divinity the world knows, and necessity is the resultant of physical forces set in operation by ethical forces.

We have said and statistics prove that it is impossible to exterminate the Filipino people. And even were it possible what interest would Spain have in the destruction of the inhabitants of a country she can not populate or cultivate, whose climate is to a certain extent disastrous to her? What good would the Philippines be without the Filipinos? Quite otherwise, under her colonial system and the transitory character of the Spanish who go to the colonies, a colony is so much the more useful and productive to her as it possesses inhabitants and wealth. Moreover, in order to destroy the six million Malays, even supposing them to be in their infancy and that they have never learned to fight and defend themselves, Spain would have to sacrifice at least a fourth of her population. This we commend to the notice of the partisans of colonial exploitation.

But nothing of this kind can happen. The menace is that when the education and liberty necessary to human existence are denied by Spain to the Filipinos, then they will seek enlightenment abroad, behind the mother country’s back or they will secure by hook or by crook some advantages in their country with the result that the opposition of purblind and paretic politicians will not only be futile but even prejudicial because it will convert motives for love and gratitude into resentment and hatred.

Hatred and resentment on one side, mistrust and anger on the other, will finally result in a violent terrible collision, especially when there exist elements interested in having disturbances, so that they may get something in the excitement, demonstrates their mighty power, foster lamentations and recriminations, or employ violent measures. It is to be expected that the government will triumph and be generally (as is the custom) severe in punishment, either to teach a stern lesson in order to vaunt its strength or even to revenge upon the vanquished the spells of excitement and terror that the danger caused it. An unavoidable concomitant of those catastrophes is the accumulation of acts of injustice committed against the innocent and peaceful inhabitants. Private reprisals, denunciation, despicable accusations, resentments, covetousness, the opportune moment for calumny, the haste and hurried procedure of the court martials, the pretext of the integrity of the fatherland and the safety of the state, which cloaks and justifies everything, even for scrupulous minds, which unfortunately are still rare and above all the panic-stricken timidity, the cowardice that battens upon the conquered -- all these things augment the severe measures and the number of the victims. The result is that a chasm of blood is then opened between the two peoples that the wounded and the afflicted, instead of becoming fewer, are increased, for to the families and friends of the guilty, who always think the punishment excessive and the judge unjust, must be added the families and friends of the innocent, who see no advantage in living and working submissively and peacefully. Note, too, that if severe measures are dangerous in a nation made up of homogeneous population, the peril is increased a hundred-fold when the government is formed a race different from the governed. In the former an injustice may still be ascribed to one man alone, to a governor actuated by personal malice, and with the death of the tyrant the victim is reconciled to the government of his nation. But in a county dominated by a foreign race, even the most just act of severity is construed as injustice and oppression, because it is ordered by a foreigner, who is unsympathetic or is an enemy of the country, and the offense hurts not only the victim but his entire race, because it is not usually regarded as personal and so the resentment naturally spreads to the whole governing race and does not die out with the offender.

Hence the great prudence and fine tact that should be exercised by colonizing countries, and the fact that government regards the colonies in general and our colonial office in particular, as training schools, contributes notably to the fulfillment of the great law that the colonies sooner or later declare themselves independent.

Such is the descent down which the peoples are precipitated. In proportion as they are bathed in blood and drenched in tears and gall, the colony, if it has any vitality, learns how to struggle and perfect itself in fighting while the mother country whose colonial life depends upon peace and the submission of the subjects, is constantly weakened and even though she makes heroic efforts, as her number is less and she has only a fictitious existence, she finally perishes. She is like the rich voluptuary accustomed to be waited upon by a crowd of servants toiling and planting for him and who on the day his slaves refuse him obedience, as he does not live by his own efforts, must die.

Reprisals, wrongs and suspicions on one part and on the other the sentiment of patriotism and liberty, which is aroused in these incessant conflicts, insurrections and uprisings, operate to generalize the movement and one of the two peoples must succumb. The struggle will be brief, for it will amount to a slavery much more cruel than death for the people and to a dishonorable loss of prestige for the dominator. One of the peoples must succumb.

Spain, from the number of her inhabitants, from the condition of her army and navy, from the distance she is situated from the Islands, from her scanty knowledge of them, and from struggling against a people whose love and goodwill she has alienated, will necessarily have to give way, if she does not wish to risk not only her other possessions and her future in Africa, but also her very independence in Europe. All this is at the cost of bloodshed, and crime, after mortal conflicts, murders, conflagrations, military executions, famine and misery.

The Spaniard is gallant and patriotic, and sacrifices everything in favorable moments, for his country’s good. He has the intrepidity of his bull. The Filipino loves his country no less and although he is quieter, more peaceful and with difficulty stirred up, when he is once aroused he does not hesitate and for him the struggle means death to one or the other combatant. He has all the meekness and all the tenacity and ferocity of his carabao. Climate affects bipeds in the same way that it does quadrupeds.

The terrible lessons and the hard teachings that these conflicts will have afforded the Filipinos will operate to improve and strengthen their ethical nature. The Spain of the fifteenth century was not the Spain of the eighth. With their bitter experience, instead of intestine conflicts of some islands against others, as is generally feared, they will extend mutual support, like shipwrecked persons when they reach an island after a fearful night of storm. Nor may it be said that we shall partake of the fate of the small American republics. They achieved their independence easily and their inhabitants are animated by a different spirit from what the Filipinos are. Besides the danger of falling again into other hands, English or German, for example, will force the Filipinos to be sensible and prudent. Absence of any great preponderance of one race over the others will free their imagination from all mad ambitions of domination, and as they tendency of countries that have been tyrannized over, when they once shake off the yoke, is to adopt the freest government, like a boy leaving school, like the beat of the pendulum or by a law of reaction, the Islands will probably declare themselves a federal republic.

If the Philippines secure their independence after heroic and stubborn conflicts, they can rest assured that neither England or Germany, nor France, and still less Holland will dare to take up what Spain has been unable to hold. Within a few years Africa will completely absorb the attention of the Europeans, and there is no sensible nation which, in order to secure a group of poor and hostile islands, will neglect the immense territory offered by the Dark Continent, untouched, undeveloped and almost undefended. England has enough colonies in the Orient and is not going to sacrifice her Indian Empire for the poor Philippine Islands -- if she had entertained such an intention she would not have restored Manila in 1763, but would have kept some point in the Philippines whence she might gradually expand. Moreover, what need has John Bull the trader to exhaust himself over the Philippines, when he is already lord of the Orient, when he has Singapore, Hong Kong and Shanghai? It is probable the England will look favorably upon the independence of the Philippines, for it will open their ports to her and afford greater freedom to her commerce. Furthermore, there exist in the United Kingdom tendencies and opinions to the effect that she already has too many colonies, that they are harmful, that they greatly weaken the sovereign country.

For the same reasons Germany will not care to run any risk, and because a scattering of her forces and a war in distant countries will endanger her existence on the continent. Thus we see her attitude, as much in the Pacific as in Africa, is confined to conquering easy territory that belongs to nobody. Germany avoids any foreign complications.

France has enough to do and see more of a future in Tongking and China, besides the fact that the French spirit does not shine in zeal for colonization. France loves glory, but the glory and laurels that grow on the battlefields of Europe. The echo from battlefields in the Fear East hardly satisfies her craving for renown, for it reaches her quite faintly. She has also other obligations, both internally and on the continent.

Holland is sensible and will be content to keep the Moluccas and Java. Sumatra offers her a greater future than the Philippines whose seas and coasts have a sinister omen for Dutch expeditions. Holland proceeds with great caution in Sumatra and Borneo, from fear of losing everything.

China will consider herself fortunate if she succeeds in keeping herself intact and is not dismembered or partitioned among the European powers that they are colonizing the continent of Asia.

The same is true with Japan. On the north side she has Russia, who envies and watches her, on the south England, with whom she is in accord even to her official language. She is, moreover, under such diplomatic pressure from Europe that she can not think of outside affairs until she is freed from it, which will not be an easy matter. True it is that she has an excess of population, but Korea attracts her more than the Philippines and is also easier to seize.

Perhaps the great American Republic, whose interests lie in the Pacific and who has no hand in the spoliation of Africa, may dream some day of foreign possession. This is not impossible, for the example is contagious, covetousness and ambition are among the strongest vices, and Harrison manifested something of this sort in the Samoan question. But the Panama Canal is not opened nor the territory of the States congested with inhabitants, and in case she should openly attempt it the European powers would not allow her to proceed, for they know very well that the appetite is sharpened by the first bites. North America would be quite a troublesome rival, if she should once get into the business. Furthermore, this is contrary to her traditions.

Very likely the Philippines will defend with inexpressible valor the liberty secured at the price of so much blood and sacrifice. With the new men that will spring from their soil and with the recollection of their past, they will perhaps strife to enter freely upon the wide road of progress, and all will labor together to strengthen their fatherland, both internally and externally, with the same enthusiasm, with which a youth falls again to tilling the land of his ancestors who long wasted and abandoned through the neglect of those who have withheld it from him. Then the mines will be made to give up their gold for relieving distress, iron for weapons, copper, lead, and coal. Perhaps the country will revive the maritime and mercantile life for which the islanders are fitted by their nature, ability and instincts, and once more free, like the bird that leaves its cage, like the flower that unfolds to the air, will recover the pristine virtues that are gradually dying out and will again become addicted to peace -- cheerful, happy, joyous, hospitable and daring.

These and many other things may come to pass within something like a hundred years, but the most logical prognostication, the prophecy based on the best probabilities, may err through remote and insignificant causes: An octopus that seized Mark Anthony’s ship altered the face of the world; a cross on Calvary and a just man nailed thereon changed the ethics of half the human race, and yet before Christ, how many just men wrongly perished and how many crosses were raised on that hill! The death of the just sanctified his work and made his teaching unanswerable. A sunken road at the battle of Waterloo buried all the glories of two brilliant decades, the whole napoleonic world, and freed Europe. Upon what chance accidents will the destiny of the Philippines depend?

Nevertheless, it is not well to trust to accident, for there is sometimes an imperceptible and incomprehensible logic in the workings of history. Fortunately, peoples as well as governments are subjects to it.

Therefore, we repeat and we will ever repeat, while there is time, and that is better to keep pace with the desire of a people than to give way before them; the former begets sympathy and love, the latter contempt and anger. Since it is necessary to grant six million Filipinos their rights, so that they may be in fact Spaniards, let the government grant these rights freely and spontaneously, without damaging reservations, without irritating mistrust. We shall never tire of repeating this while a ray of hope is left us, for we prefer this unpleasant task to the need of some day saying to the mother country: “Spain, we have sent our youth in serving thy interests in the interests of our country; we have looked to thee, we have expended the whole light of our intellects, all the fervor and enthusiasm of our hearts in working for the good of what was tine, to draw from them a glance of love, a liberal policy and that would assure us the peace of our native land and thy sway over loyal but unfortunate islands! Spain, thou hast remained deaf, and wrapped up in thy pride, hast pursued thy fatal course and accused us of being traitors, merely because we love our country because we tell thee the truth and hate all kinds of injustice. What dost thou wish us to tell our wretched country when it asks about the result of our efforts? Must we say to it that, since for it we have lost everything -- yo
          NASA denies running child slave colony on Mars   
A guest on Alex Jones' Infowars channel said NASA has a child slave colony on Mars. NASA responded and denied such as thing.
          NASA officially denies claim that it’s running a child slave colony on Mars   
Conspiracy theorists, pay close attention. After a guest on InfoWars’ “The Alex Jones Show” claimed that NASA is not only operating colonies on Mars, but populating those colonies with kidnapped … Click to Continue »
           - Media freedom in free fall 20 years after Hong Kong returned to China   
A generation after Hong Kong was handed back to China, the level of media freedom in the former British colony has never been so low. Physical violence against journalists has declined in recent years but control of the media continues to grow despite the emergence of a few independent but fragile online media outlets.
          Comment on Today in Stupid Space Headlines: NASA’s Martian Slave Colony by satman   
I suspect that you are probably a butt hurt out of work software programmer who's job was outsourced to India during the Obama regime. You need to lighten up before you go over the edge.
          Memo to Arroyo: Let McCain know you're from Asia   
Published September 22, 2008
INQUIRER.net

President Gloria Arroyo may have had a top-level meeting with Republican presidential candidate John McCain during her last visit to the United States. But if he wins in November, she better hope he’ll remember that encounter -- and that he won’t confuse her, given her Hispanic surname, for one of those anti-American leaders in Latin America who are always irritating Washington.

Just ask Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, the prime minister of Spain.

When asked in an interview with a Miami Spanish-language radio program if he would receive Zapatero in the White House, McCain said that he would “establish closer relationships with our friends, and I will stand up to those who want to harm the United States.”

The clearly confused interviewer politely asked the question three more times. After all, Spain is a member of NATO and a US ally, and McCain or any other US politician surely wouldn't suggest that Spain could be among those “who would harm the United States.” The interviewer even clarified that she was referring to the country in Europe. But McCain simply repeated his response.

That prompted speculation that either McCain didn't know who Zapatero was, thought Spain is in Latin America, or simply got confused. Did he perhaps think that Zapatero was another troublemaker south of the US border? Maybe he thought he was being asked about the Zapatista rebels in Mexico, or about Emiliano Zapata, the legendary, but long dead, Mexican rebel leader.

It may be understandable how McCain would get confused since the question about Zapatero followed others about not-so-friendly leaders in America's backyard: Raul Castro of Cuba, Evo Morales of Bolivia and the highly-controversial Hugo Chavez of Venezuela.

But as the Washington Post noted, “Lumping Zapatero in with the Latin American bad guys like Venezuela's Hugo Chavez is ironic because Zapatero and Juan Carlos, the King of Spain, were protagonists in one of the most public anti-Chavez moments.”

The newspaper was referring to the Ibero-American summit meeting earlier this year in Chile, when Chavez criticized Zapatero's predecessor, Jose Maria Aznar, a close Bush ally, for sending Spanish troops to Iraq. Zapatero politely rejected Chavez's argument, but when the Venezuelan pressed on, the Spanish king snapped at him, “Why don't you just shut up?”

To be sure, McCain's gaffe was not as bad as former Vice President Dan Quayle's jaw-dropping observation that people in Latin America don't speak Latin. Or President George W. Bush's surprising question to the president of Brazil: “Do you have blacks too?”

Still, McCain's response raises doubts about his claim to be a foreign policy expert, especially since he has made other baffling remarks on foreign affairs during the campaign. Once he appeared to get mixed up about the difference between Shia and Sunni Muslims. Then he explained the crisis in Afghanistan to journalist Diane Sawyer by saying, “We have a lot of work to do and I'm afraid it's a very hard struggle, particularly given the situation on the Iraq-Pakistan border.”

Such a border does not exist, of course. Nor does the republic of Czechoslovakia, which broke up into two nations in the early 90s, but that didn't stop McCain from referring to the defunct entity.

McCain's campaign spokesman Randy Sheunemann later clarified that his candidate meant what he said that he would not commit to a meeting with Spain’s Zapatero. That prompted columnist Robert Schlesinger to write: “Memo to Randy Sheunemann: Your candidate can do worse things than get confused. Like he could imply that a NATO ally might mean us harm.”

Bottom line for the Philippine leadership: Gear up for an education campaign to reintroduce yourself to a President McCain. Perhaps the Department of Foreign Affairs should send a briefing paper to the McCain campaign explaining that the US military has pulled out of Subic and Clark, just in case he gets confused about why there is now a Visiting Forces Agreement between the US and the Philippines. Or, maybe it should issue a high-level memo reminding McCain that the Philippines is no longer an American colony, and that Arroyo should be called "president," not "governor-general."

But then again, perhaps there's nothing to worry about . After all, if McCain wins, he'll have a highly capable vice president in Sarah Palin. How can you beat a would-be-president who became an expert on Russia because she can see that country from her home state of Alaska?

But just to be sure, it may be wise for Arroyo, or whoever takes her place in 2010, to consider a special gift to the McCain-Palin administration if they do take over come January: A very powerful telescope so she can see the Babuyan Islands from downtown Anchorage.
          Bush's baffling salute to Filipino Americans   
Published June 26, 2008
INQUIRER.net

Filipino food has not gained as much attention and praise in the United States as cuisine from Korea, China or Thailand, but Pinoy cooks and chefs have long occupied proud and important niches in US society, whether in the restaurant industry, the military or even the White House.

Still, there was something oddly disconcerting about President George W. Bush paying tribute to the contributions of Filipino Americans – particularly those who serve his meals at the White House.

"I want to tell you how proud I am to be the President of a nation that -- in which there's a lot of Philippine-Americans," Bush told President Gloria Arroyo during her recent visit to the White House, where the head chef, Cristeta Comerford, is Filipino.

"They love America and they love their heritage. And I reminded the President that I am reminded of the great talent of the -- of our Philippine-Americans when I eat dinner at the White House."

In the video of the exchange, you can then hear Arroyo, who is off camera, laughing.

"Yes," she said.

Bush continued, "And the chef is a great person and a really good cook, by the way, Madam President."

“Thank you," she said.

Bush's remarks were immediately picked up by the liberal Web site, Huffington Post, where readers were naturally amused, embarrassed, outraged.

"What an utter embarrassment," one reader wrote. "The buffoonery ends 01/20/09."

"It takes great skill to so utterly mangle what should have been a great compliment," another said. "And yes, beneath it all, it is quite notable that the current White House chef is both the first woman in the position and a naturalized citizen originally from the Philippines."

"Kitchen help and servants in the White House! THAT'S what he thinks of these hard-working people!" another said.

One reader wondered what the fuss was about: "Hmmm, my wife is Filipino and she wasn't offended. But then, she doesn't think there's anything wrong with telling a Filipino that he makes a good dish."

The comment underscored how touchy this issue could be. After all, millions of Filipinos have moved overseas to work as cooks, kitchen help, domestic helpers, construction workers and nurses – and they've done so proudly and with honor and are actually keeping the Philippine economy afloat. As has been stated repeatedly, overseas Filipino workers are heroes.

But another reader who responded to the last remark also hit the nail in the head on why many Americans would feel embarrassed by what their president said – and why Filipinos everywhere should be dismayed.

"Dude, President Bush basically told the president of the Philipines that he loved the Filipino people because his only context was the one that worked for him. She should not only be offended, she should be disqusted," the reader said.

Bush has, of course, uttered many more jaw-dropping and sometimes offensive statements in his foreign dealings that many Americans have simply learned to ignore or endure. He once demoted Pope Benedict XVI by addressing him as "your eminence" instead of "your holiness," mixed up Austria and Australia, referred to Greeks as Grecians and asked the president of Brazil, "Do you have blacks too?"

But one must give Bush credit when he wore a barong during a visit to the Philippines five years ago. He was also following a family tradition. More than 20 years before, in June 1981, his father, then-Vice President George H.W. Bush arrived in Manila, put on a barong and met with Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos.

Then again, that wasn't exactly a visit many Filipinos remember fondly.

"We stand with the Philippines," the elder Bush told the dictator. "We love your adherence to democratic principles and democratic processes. We will not leave you in isolation."

Two decades after Bush the elder's controversial remarks, it was the younger Bush’s turn to make a statement that left many scratching their heads.

"America is proud of its part in the great story of the Filipino people,” he said.

But it quickly became pretty clear that he didn't really completely get that story.

For Bush also declared before his Filipino hosts that the United States "liberated the Philippines from colonial rule" -- conveniently forgetting that our homeland was once an American colony.

Copyright 2008 by Benjamin Pimentel


          Colony: Cancelled or Renewed for Season Three on USA Network?   
none
          TENERIFE UNKNOWN   

In September we spent two weeks with five cameras and two sleeping bags in Tenerife to explore the island abroad from all the tourism hotspots, focussing on its nature and lost places.
In 10 days we slept several nights beneath one of the most breathtaking night skies there are in the whole world, visited ghost town, a forgotten village which used to be a leper colony until it was abandoned, and found a lost hotel, which's construction was suddenly stopped in the 70s because the owner was unknown.
We gathered 42.187 shots which kept us over 240 hours busy in post production and take up 1,12 Terra bytes of our hard drives.

Video produced by:
Thomas Pöcksteiner // Peter Jablonowski
filmspektakel.com

Sounddesign by:
Alex Clement
alexclement.at

Music by:
Camo & Krooked - Good Times Bad Times ( camoandkrooked.com )

Equipment used:
+ Sony A7s ( amzn.to/2qFZcWc )
+ Sony A7R II ( amzn.to/2qFRJq4 )
+ Canon 5D Mark III ( amzn.to/2qFZj44 )
+ 2x Canon 6D ( amzn.to/2r4kihV )
+ Canon 11-24mm F4 ( amzn.to/2rE0yxC )
+ Canon 24-105mm F4 (amzn.to/2r426F6 )
+ Emotimo TB3
+ 2x Pocketslider ( pocketslider.de )
+ Canon TS-E 17mm F4 ( amzn.to/2qCxKI9 )
+ Tamron 24-70mm F2,8 ( amzn.to/2qJ707z )
+ Zeiss 24-70mm F4 ( amzn.to/2qFX8NR )
+ Samyang/Walimex 14mm F2,8 ( amzn.to/2qFWJuL )
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Tags: tenerife, flowmotion, timelapse, hyperlapse, spain, island, vulcano, light pollution, stars, astro, astrophotgraphy, milky way, filmspektakel, canon, zeitraffer, pocketslider, sony, milchstrasse, mountain and travel


          NASA officially denies claim that it’s running a child slave colony on Mars   
Conspiracy theorists, pay close attention. After a guest on InfoWars’ “The Alex Jones Show” claimed that NASA is not only operating colonies on Mars, but populating those colonies with kidnapped … Click to Continue »
          6月28日(水)のつぶやき   

本日の動画あがってましたー!
【ColonySurvival】みんなのワンルーム#4
次回、裏ワザ見つける。の巻
youtu.be/wODw18wfzyk
#コロニーサバイバル pic.twitter.com/XvOpKS8kdT

— らんてる (@ranteru_game) 2017年6月27日 - 23:36

共有/自撮りの顔にメーク自動合成 資生堂アプリにAR機能 - ITmedia NEWS itmedia.co.jp/news/articles/…

— ゼロスマ管理人 (@gattenist) 2017年6月27日 - 17:27

共有/ [本日の一品]スマートフォンの収納に特化した「イオンのポロシャツ」 k-tai.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/column/to…

— ゼロスマ管理人 (@gattenist) 2017年6月28日 - 18:37
          Khóc rưng rức, ngất xỉu vì nghe... diễn thuyết bán hàng đa cấp   

Khóc rưng rức, ngất xỉu vì nghe... diễn thuyết bán hàng đa cấp


Để đạt được mục đích làm dày mạng lưới người tham gia bán hàng đa cấp, một số người đã tung chiêu dụ dỗ, kể cả việc lợi dụng yếu tố tâm linh.

Lợi dụng cả yếu tố tâm linh
Theo một số cư dân mạng, đây không chỉ là một màn diễn kịch mà là hài kịch. Nhân vật chính trong clip như một người đi khóc mướn, thậm chí những lời anh ta nói ra không có gì đáng phải xúc động đến phát khóc. “Thật là nhảm nhí! Người diễn thuyết nói chẳng đâu ra đâu vậy mà cả người nói, người nghe đều khóc rưng rức”, nick name muavang0618 viết trên một diễn đàn.
Cũng có ý kiến cho rằng, trong số những người khóc lóc sụt sùi có cả những “diễn viên” do hội những người tổ chức buổi thuyết trình cài cắm. Theo đó, có thể những lời diễn thuyết không có gì đáng để xúc động nhưng do thấy người nói và một số người nghe khóc nên những người khác cũng khóc theo. “Làm gì có buổi thuyết trình nào đàng hoàng mà lại đông người khóc, ngất xỉu như thế. Chắc là có mấy “diễn viên” khơi mào rồi những người khác thấy vậy cũng khóc theo”, nick name naivang1982 phản ứng.
Hiện nay, ở nhiều diễn đàn khác nhau, cư dân mạng đã chia sẻ một số câu chuyện tương tự khi tham gia các buổi hội thảo, gặp gỡ của các nhóm tổ chức bán hàng đa cấp.

Trên diễn đàn Forum.com, nick name Popeye chia sẻ về một buổi tham dự hội thảo của công ty T.S.. Trong đó, cũng có những tiết mục khiến người nghe phải khóc sụt sùi, thậm chí sởn cả gai ốc. Popeye cho biết, ban đầu chị này "chém gió" như một phường chèo diễn tuồng, rồi kể những mẩu truyện triết lý, lên giọng dạy dỗ đạo đức, ca ngợi T.S, cảm ơn T.S. đã khai sáng con đường thành công cho chị, đã biến chị thành một con người tuyệt vời về mọi phương diện và đã cho chị ô tô, nhà lầu...
Sau đó, người này còn vào vai đứa con khóc lóc ai oán, kể lể công cha nghĩa mẹ, sám hối vì lâu nay không quan tâm chăm sóc bố mẹ khiến bố mẹ gầy gò, già yếu. Cảnh diễn này đã khiến nhiều người xem bắt đầu sụt sịt, khóc lóc. Để chinh phục hoàn toàn những người nghe nhẹ dạ cả tin phía dưới, chị này còn đưa micro cho một người ở phía dưới chia sẻ tâm sự. Chị “khán giả” này cũng khóc lóc, diễn bài y như chị “thủ lĩnh”. Theo nick name Popeye, đây là một sự cài cắm để người nghe “tâm phục khẩu phục”. Trò diễn này dễ dàng đánh lừa được nhiều người tham gia buổi hội thảo vì trong đó có nhiều người từ các tỉnh lẻ lên. Còn với Popeye: “Đây là một màn hài kịch, bi kịch rất rởm”.
1.001 chiêu lừa
Ngoài chiêu lấy nước mắt để chinh phục lòng người, một số thủ lĩnh của công ty bán hàng đa cấp còn dùng những con số siêu lợi nhuận ảo để làm mờ mắt người nghe. Theo đó, chỉ cần bỏ ra 2-3 triệu đồng mua sản phẩm mẫu để được kết nạp làm thành viên của công ty bán hàng đa cấp. Từ số vốn khiêm tốn này các thành viên có thể kiếm được trăm triệu đồng một tháng.
   Khóc rưng rức, ngất xỉu vì nghe... diễn thuyết bán hàng đa cấp - Ảnh 1

Ảnh minh họa.

Chị Nguyễn Thị Hoa, 29 tuổi, ở Đông Anh, Hà Nội cho biết tin tức, chị từng tham gia buổi hội thảo của công ty A. theo lời rủ rê của một người bạn. Tại buổi hội thảo, những người làm chương trình giới thiệu một số thành viên kỳ cựu của công ty với những khoản thu nhập gần trăm triệu đồng, thậm chí vài trăm triệu đồng một tháng cùng những chuyến hội thảo kết hợp du lịch ở nước ngoài theo định kỳ.
“Nghe giới thiệu thì thấy kiếm tiền dễ như trở bàn tay nên nhiều người nhẹ dạ sẽ tưởng bở. Ngay từ đầu tôi xác định đi để chiều lòng cô bạn nên không mắc phải cám dỗ”, chị Hoa nói.
Chị Hoa cũng cho biết, chị bạn giới thiệu chị tham gia bán hàng đa cấp sau hơn một năm chật vật mời chào các mối quen biết tham gia mua hàng mà không thu được đồng lợi nhuận nào cả nên cũng từ bỏ nghề dễ giàu này. Mạng lưới thành viên của các công ty đa cấp không chỉ hình thành ở các thành phố lớn mà còn len lỏi về tận các vùng quê.
Chị Phạm Thị Yến, 27 tuổi, ở Hải Dương cũng từng là nạn nhân thất bại từ bán hàng đa cấp. Chị chia sẻ, nghe lời mời của một người bạn, chị tìm đến gặp người phụ trách nhóm bán hàng đa cấp của một công ty mỹ phẩm thiên nhiên và nhanh chóng bị mê hoặc bởi những lời giới thiệu của người này. “Theo lời và bảng hướng dẫn người này cung cấp thì mỗi tháng tối thiểu tôi cũng kiếm được 30 triệu đồng mà chả mất gì.
Thêm vào đó còn vô số lợi ích khác như: Được dùng mỹ phẩm giá gốc, được tích điểm để lĩnh thưởng cuối năm... Nghe thấy ngon ăn tôi không ngần ngại bỏ ra gần 3 triệu đồng để mua mớ sản phẩm mẫu để đi giới thiệu. Từ đó, tôi đi gò hết người thân, không được thì tự bỏ tiền ra coi như mình mua sản phẩm vì nghĩ đến cái lợi sau này. Nhưng cuối cùng chỉ mất tiền oan mà không được lợi lộc gì”, chị Yến bức xúc.
Cũng theo phân tích của chị Yến, bản chất của việc bán hàng đa cấp là vòng xoay lừa đảo, trong đó nạn nhân chủ yếu là những người thân quen. “Những người ngồi trên như trưởng nhóm thì mới có lợi nhuận thôi chứ thành viên thì chỉ mất thời gian và lỗ thôi”, chị Yến nói.
Một trong những đối tượng các công ty bán hàng đa cấp muốn “tạo công ăn việc làm" là các sinh viên. Ngoài những chiêu lừa truyền thống các công ty này còn biến tướng nó dưới hình thức mới như: Tuyển nhân viên nạp tiền điện thoại với mức lương 1,8 triệu đồng một tháng, làm việc trong ba tiếng. Tuy nhiên, để đạt được mức lương này, sinh viên phải tuyển được 30 thành viên mới và mỗi thành viên trong mạng lưới phải nạp được 1 triệu đồng tiền card điện thoại cho khách hàng. Nếu một trong số 30 thành viên do mình quản lý nghỉ việc thì không đạt yêu cầu.
Theo những sinh viên từng là nạn nhân của trò tuyển dụng này, đây thực chất là một trò lừa đảo việc làm, thu phí dưới hình thức sinh viên đóng tiền mua sim đa năng và làm không công cho các nhà tuyển dụng "ma".
Cần có hành lang pháp lý
Trao đổi với PV, tiến sĩ Đặng Hoàng Minh, Giám đốc Trung tâm Thông tin Hướng nghiệp và Nghiên cứu ứng dụng tâm lý, ĐH Giáo dục Hà Nội cho biết, bán hàng đa cấp mà không theo kiểu "người trước móc tiền người sau" là một hình thức kinh doanh hợp pháp. Theo đó, về bản chất nếu các công ty làm đúng nguyên tắc về mặt pháp luật, đạo đức kinh doanh, minh bạch thông tin thì hoàn toàn chính đáng.
Tuy nhiên, theo bà Minh, tại Việt Nam hình thức bán hàng đa cấp đã bị một số công ty làm sai nguyên tắc, thiếu trung thực và phi đạo đức nghề nghiệp. Do đó, hình thức kinh doanh này đã trở thành trò lừa đảo khách hàng và những người thiếu thông tin, nhẹ dạ cả tin.
Về việc một số "thủ lĩnh" bán hàng đa cấp sử dụng thủ thuật để lấy nước mắt và lòng tin của khách hàng, bà Minh cho rằng, việc làm này là không đúng đắn vì nó mang tính ám thị, thôi miên người nghe.
"Theo quy định, rõ ràng làm như thế là không được vì nó mang tính chất lừa đảo người nghe. Mọi thông tin trong các buổi thuyết trình lẽ ra phải thật rõ ràng để người nghe tiếp thu thông tin một cách chính xác, cụ thể. Thế nhưng trong hầu hết các buổi thuyết trình của các công ty bán hàng đa cấp tôi được biết đều truyền tải những thông tin một cách mập mờ, nhất là con số lợi nhuận các thành viên thu được hàng tháng cũng như thông tin về các sản phẩm bị thổi phồng nhằm đánh lừa người nghe", bà Minh nói.
Cũng theo bà Minh, để hình thức bán hàng này được áp dụng đúng quy định của pháp luât, cơ quan chức năng cần có một hành lang pháp lý quy định cụ thể về công việc này. Ví dụ như: Những quy định về tính minh bạch và trung thực về thông tin, về phẩm chất đạo đức, trách nhiệm của các cộng tác viên cũng như các hình thức xử phạt đối với những tổ chức, cá nhân vi phạm.
Ý kiến chuyên gia:
Bà Trương Thị Nhi, Chủ tịch Hiệp hội BHĐC Việt Nam: “Hoạt động BHĐC mang tính chất lừa đảo đang gây bức xúc cho cộng đồng và làm mất uy tín, hình ảnh của các công ty kinh doanh đa cấp hợp pháp, chân chính. Do đó các cơ quan chức năng cần tăng cường quản lý hoạt động BHĐC, siết chặt các chính sách và đẩy mạnh hoạt động kiểm tra, giám sát, xử lý nhằm giúp ngành kinh doanh này minh bạch hơn, lấy lại niềm tin người tiêu dùng”.
Theo ông Phan Đức Quế - Cục Quản lý cạnh tranh, Bộ Công Thương:
Theo Nghị định 42/2014/NĐ-CP ngày 14/5/2014 của Chính phủ về quản lý hoạt động bán hàng đa cấp có hiệu lực từ ngày 1/7/2014, hoạt động bán hàng đa cấp sẽ bị điều chỉnh bằng khung pháp lý chặt chẽ hơn.
Thời gian qua, có nhiều doanh nghiệp kinh doanh đa cấp đối với dịch vụ như đào tạo, du lịch, sim thẻ điện thoại, huy động tài chính... mà không cần phải đăng ký, không chịu sự quản lý, giám sát của các cơ quan có thẩm quyền về quản lý hoạt động đa cấp. Những vi phạm trong hoạt động kinh doanh đa cấp đối với dịch vụ chỉ được xử lý thông qua Bộ luật Hình sự, khi mà hậu quả của hoạt động kinh doanh đa cấp để lại đã quá lớn, ảnh hưởng tới đông đảo người tham gia. Điển hình là các vụ việc liên quan tới các doanh nghiệp như Golden Rock (2006), Colony Invest (2007), Diamon Holiday (2011), MB24 (2012)...
Xuất phát từ những bất cập trong thực tiễn như đã nêu, Nghị định đã bổ sung quy định “mọi loại hình dịch vụ hoặc các loại hình kinh doanh khác không phải là mua bán hàng hóa, không được tiến hành kinh doanh theo phương thức kinh doanh đa cấp, trừ trường hợp pháp luật cho phép”.
Nghị định số 42/2014/NĐ-CP còn đưa ra các quy định để quản lý chặt chẽ hơn trong quá trình hoạt động của các doanh nghiệp cũng như người tham gia bán hàng đa cấp.Chẳng hạn, Nghị định bổ sung các quy định cấm đối với doanh nghiệp bán hàng đa cấp và người tham gia bán hàng đa cấp; quy định chi tiết về thông báo tổ chức hoạt động bán hàng đa cấp của doanh nghiệp, thông báo tổ chức hội nghị, hội thảo, đào tạo của doanh nghiệp hay quy định chi tiết về điều kiện đối với đào tạo viên đào tạo cho người tham gia bán hàng đa cấp, bổ sung quy định về tạm ngừng (12 tháng), chấm dứt hoạt động của doanh nghiệp, quy định rõ ràng về việc rút khoản tiền ký quỹ và sử dụng tiền ký quỹ. Ngoài các quy định liên quan đến quá trình hoạt động của doanh nghiệp và người tham gia bán hàng đa cấp, Nghị định cũng quy định rất rõ các trường hợp mà theo đó doanh nghiệp sẽ bị thu hồi Giấy đăng ký tổ chức hoạt động bán hàng đa cấp.

          New Conspiracy Theory: Children Kidnapped for Mars Slave Colony   
On Thursday (June 29), a guest on Alex Jones' radio show named Robert David Steele claimed that Mars is inhabited — by people sent to the Red Planet against their will.
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          –   
Are we killing our feathered friends with radiation? The question might seem far fetched, but it really is not a big stretch of the imagination. Microwaves do cause heating and other, more subtle changes of biological tissues. Dr. Mae-Wan Ho of ISIS says: "Birds near mobile phone base stations do not breed well" in a recent article titled Mobile Phones & Vanishing Birds - Where did all the sparrows go? In addition to birds, bees have been getting sick and disoriented, and whole hives are being deserted - we even have a new name for the phenomenon: Colony Collapse Disorder or Vanishing Bee Syndrome. The mysterious illness has decimated the honeybee population in several nations. There are some links to pesticides, genetically modified crops producing poisons are a hypothesis, but also microwave radiation as used in communications equipment has been implicated. In a case of disappearance of bee hives documented in Germany a few years ago, the bees disappeared from hives where they were exposed to the microwaves from nearby cell phone relay towers, while other hives, situated behind sheet aluminium shielding, stayed put. Apart from birds getting disoriented and dying in the vicinity of cell phone towers, could the radiation be responsible for the persistence of what we call the bird flu? The illness has been killing chickens and other fowl and is officially attributed to a common virus with the designation H5N1. Former Royal Canadian Navy officer Larry Blackhall thinks there may be a connection. Apart from the appalling and very stressful conditions of the birds caged in huge factory farms, there may be another factor that has not been considered enough. In a paper he submitted to the Canadian Parliament's Standing Committee on Agriculture and Agri-Food, Blackhall says that the avian virus catastrophe may well be the undesired result of the interaction of two related technologies: A. Modern technological poultry production factory systems introducing the application of chemicals, medicines, biological agents and Electromagnetic radiation techniques, and; B. Cumulative background electromagnetic radiation....
          PSA: NASA is not running a child slave colony on Mars   
This week a NASA representative was asked whether they were running a child slave colony on Mars. That anyone would believe such a thing is just about as insane as a conspiracy theory gets. Kind of like believing there’s a child slave ring being operated out of the basement of a pizza shop which literally has no basement. Much like … Continue reading
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          Portsmouth Residents Celebrate Town Founder Anne Hutchinson   
Portsmouth residents are celebrating that town’s 375 th anniversary this year. Sunday, the focus was on one of the town’s founders: Anne Hutchinson. Protecting themselves against the heat of the sun with a red, white and blue striped tent, about 200 Portsmouth residents showed up at Founders Brook Park to celebrate the life of founder Anne Hutchinson. Three new granite benches, each bearing a quotation attributed her, were unveiled. And documentary maker Elizabeth Vangel was on hand to fill in the uneducated about her life. "There’s something about her that seems to resonate in America and worldwide. It has to do with freedom and being willing to put everything on the line for it. That’s still highly attractive," said Vangel. Hutchinson was a 17 th century wife, mother, midwife, herbalist and spiritual leader. Banished from the Boston colony for blasphemy, she, along with William Coddington and John Clarke, founded Portsmouth in 1638 as a haven for religious tolerance. Hutchinson died
          A Little Texas is Good for You   

 I posted this Blog a year and a half ago, but Jamie, of Ft Worth, asked me to post it again. Okay, Jamie, this one's for you:

As many of you know, I have a slight love affair with Texas. I lived there for 8 years and spent a lot of time learning its history and exploring the state from the west Texas plains to the beaches of Padre Island and from the Red River to Galveston. I even spent one 14-day vacation just driving around the state and managed to put two thousand miles on the odometer in the process. I learned line dancing, wore Stetsons (don’t you dare call it a “Cowboy Hat”) and even spent weekends riding in the back country and sleeping in bedrolls (worried to death about rattlesnakes, scorpions and Gila Monsters). At a picnic in Waco, Texas one sunny Sunday, I was thrown into the river and declared a “naturalized Texan” because I had been “Baptized in the Brazos.

I had an email the other day from a friend who had been in Texas on business and he noticed that they fly the Texas State Flag everywhere. This blog is kind of an explanation about why that is.

Texans are proud of their flag, and most of all, proud of their state. The modern Texas flag is distinct, and is flown as a symbol of the unique history of the state. I think it is more common in Texas for the state flag to be given its own pole than in other states, where the state flag is often just flown under the US flag, on the same pole.

Most people believe that six flags have flown over Texas, primarily because of the popular theme park. The six flags that are commonly counted are the sovereign national flags of Spain, France, Mexico, Republic of Texas, Confederate States of America, and the United States of America. However, it should be noted that there were a number of different flags that flew over Texas in the revolutionary period, and the formative years of the Republic. Some were quasi-official, i.e. commissioned by some governing body or convention, and some were thrown together by bands or groups of soldiers to serve as a battle banner.


Six Sovereign Nation Flags Which have Flown Over Texas
Spain, France, Mexico, Texas, Confederate and United States






















In Addition to these well-known National flags, Texans rallied around a variety of flags. As you consider these flags, notice how each expresses a key "message" that Texas was trying to deliver. These messages were being sent to the People of Texas, Santa Anna, and the rest of the world. Notice the defiant and combative themes in many of these flags.

By the mid-1830's, the idea of independence from Mexico was gaining wide spread support in Texas. This growing theme became a movement, and its followers were known as independence radicals. Captain Scott was one of the independence radicals. These men were against negotiation, dialog, and delay . . . they supported an immediate declaration of Independence from Mexico. Scott had this flag made, which prominently featured his answer to the issues in Texas at the time; INDEPENDENCE. He realized that independence meant war, and he was ready for the fight. Captain Scott and his company of 30 men reported to San Felipe, the capital of Austin's colony, and they were deployed to Goliad. Colonel James Fannin and his men were also at Goliad at the time. Texas did Declare its Independence on March 2, 1836. Fannin, and all his men perished at the Massacre of Goliad, on March 27, 1836. Note that this is a very early flag featuring a "Lone Star".


Representatives of the 13 settlements in Texas met at San Felipe de Austin, the headquarters of Austin's colony, in November of 1835 to form a provisional government. The council stopped short of declaring independence from Mexico, but instead, they declared allegiance to the 1824 Mexican Constitution. This was a wise move intended to clearly express their desire for basic rights, but at the same time, hopefully, avoid war, for which many felt they were unprepared. They were willing to remain part of Mexico as long as they enjoyed the rights of the 1824 constitution. To make people aware of Santa Anna's disregard for the constitution, and their support for it, this variation of the Mexican flag was made. The Mexican emblem in the center of the flag was replaced by the date "1824". This flag sent a clear and strong message to Santa Anna. The flag was a bold act of defiance against the Mexican dictator. This was the flag which flew over the Texans at the Battle of the Alamo. While the flag sent a defiant message to Santa Anna, it was relatively conciliatory to Mexico in general, in that it was expressing support of the constitution, and it had no "Lone Star".


The defiant spirit of the Texans was capturing the imagination of many of the people in the United States. Joanna Troutman, an 18 year old girl from Macon Georgia made this flag for a group of Georgians who were going to Texas to support the Texas Independence movement. While it was not made by a Texan, it clearly captured the spirit of the Texans, and their willingness to die for the cause. This flag was raised when the Georgians arrived at Velasco. It was an inspirational symbol in the desperate time between the Battle of the Alamo and the victory at San Jacinto. Joanna Troutman is remembered as a hero to this day. She died on July 23, 1879, and her portrait hangs in the state capitol. This flag captures a theme of the American Revolution... Victory or Death, which had been made famous in a speech by Patrick Henry.


The first Constitutional Convention Declared Texas' Independence from Mexico, wrote the first Republic of Texas Constitution, and appointed its first leaders. During the session, they also designed and approved a flag for the new republic. This flag would be considered the first "official" flag of the Republic of Texas. This flag, again, is a symbol of defiance. It shows a lone star, labeled "Texas", just in case anyone wondered what the lone star represented. A committee of five delegates, all signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence, was selected, and their choice for a new flag was approved by the convention on May 11th, 1836. The design of the flag also served as the reverse side of the new Republic of Texas Currency.


Perhaps no flag was more defiant than this one, showing a cannon, and the challenge, "Come and Take It". In late September, 1835, the Mexican garrison at San Antonio, sent a few men to Gonzales to recover a cannon that had been loaned to the town. The citizens of Gonzales denied the request. The Mexicans sent dragoons under Captain Francisco Castaneda to demand the cannon be returned. As word of the conflict spread, a group of 200 armed Texans was formed. Two women in Gonzales, Cynthia Burns and Evaline DeWitt, painted this flag on cotton cloth, depicting the cannon, the Texas Lone Star and a clear taunt to the Mexicans. The Mexican troops moved north to Gonzales. The Texans decided that they had to attack before the Mexican force grew larger and stronger. They crossed the river that evening, formed their battle lines and surprised the Mexicans at dawn on October 2nd, 1835. The battle that day was short; when the Texans opened fire, the Mexicans withdrew.

This flag, perhaps better than anything else, captures the defiant, independent spirit of Texans that exists to this day.


In November of 1835 the General Council of Texas commissioned the Republic of Texas Navy. The first ships in the Texas Navy were the Independence, Brutus, Liberty and Invincible. The flag of the Texas Navy was created by Charles Hawkins, who was later appointed as the first Commodore of the Navy. The Navy participated in a failed expedition to capture Tampico. The expedition was outfitted in New Orleans. Mexia, the leader, tricked a number of men in the city to join the expedition, telling them that they would be taken to Texas, and would become emigrants there. They were not told the real objective was to engage in a battle to capture Tampico. The expedition was successful in capturing a fort on the beach, but the anticipated popular uprising among the Mexicans did not develop, and the small force was quickly captured. While Mexia and Hawkins managed to escape, the remainder of the men were captured and executed.


The first Lone Star Flag of Texas Texas created by Sarah Dodson for her husband Archelaus, a member of the Texas Volunteers. Archelaus's company marched under the Dodson Flag to San Antonio, and they fought under this flag during the siege of San Antonio and the Texan's re-capture of the Alamo.


In December of 1836 the new Texas Government approved the recommendation of David Burnett (Texas President) for a new design for the "National Flag" of Texas. The flag was inspired by the 1810 Bonnie Blue Flag of West Florida. Some flags were made with gold stars, while other variants had white stars. Little consideration was given to the previous National Flag design which had been adopted eight months earlier. This flag did not carry the defiant messages of the earlier flags, and represents the theme of Texas as a independent nation, and getting on with the business of building the country. On March 3rd, 1837, the Republic of Texas, under this flag, was recognized by the United States as an independent nation.


With Santa Anna's surrender, Texas gained its independence, and became a sovereign nation. With this new found independence, it was logical to create a better flag. In 1839 the flag that we now associate with Texas was designed and approved. The flag maintained its lone star, and serves as a banner and symbol for state to this day.


Live Long and Prosper....


          Hong Kong's model 'will not change'   
The president of China says the 'one country, two systems' model of governance for Hong Kong will not change. Xi Jinping spoke at a banquet on the eve of the 20th anniversary of the handover of the former British colony to China. "Persisting in thoroughly implementing the 'one country, two systems' policy, Hong Kong being governed by Hong Kongers, concentrating all our attention on seeking development with one heart and one mind and struggling together, these factors will definitely result in an even better tomorrow for Hong Kong." Xi's visit comes amid heightened tension between China and Hong Kong. Many in the former colony are concerned at what they see as increased interference by Beijing in local affairs, despite the promise of wide-ranging autonomy under the 'two systems' agreement. His comments come as China's Foreign Ministry said the joint declaration with the UK over Hong Kong was a historical document that no longer had any practical significance.
          Colony VFX Breakdown   

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Colony VFX Breakdown El Ranchito Imagen Digital presents Colony Vfx Breakdown. Colony Breakdown, Making of Colony, Colony – Design Making Of, Colony VFX Breakdown, Colony Behind The Scenes, Making of Colony, Colony VFX Breakdown, Making of Colony, El Ranchito Imagen Digital, Colony VFX Breakdown, Making of Colony, El Ranchito Imagen Digital – Colony Making-of, Colony […]
          Security tight in Hong Kong as China president set to swear in new leader   
HONG KONG (Reuters) - A massive security blanket surrounded Hong Kong early on Saturday as Chinese President Xi Jinping prepared to swear in the city's first female leader on the 20th anniversary of the former British colony's handover to Chinese rule.

          A New World Conspiracy – Free Excerpt of Wendy N Wagner’s An Oath of Dogs   
Fancy some expansive, colony science fiction with some corporate intrigue and alien biology all mixed in? Then you’ll love Wendy N Wagner’s expansive, compelling and heartfelt new novel, An Oath of Dogs. Kate Standish has been on the forest-world of Huginn less than a week and she’s already pretty sure her new […]
          Artists' Colony Mittens by Linda Ritchie Unger   
Artists' Colony Mittens by Linda Ritchie Unger
1 skein sport weight yarn (100% wool recommended)
1 1-oz ball Long Island Livestock Company Colored Roving
US size 5 double pointed needles


          Rentokil Initial Malaysia Addresses the Magnitude of Stored Product Insects Infestation in Food Supply Chain Management   

Stored product insects (SPI) can infiltrate the food supply chain through multiple entry points and experts from Rentokil Initial Malaysia are sharing how SPI impact the food losses in Asia.

Petaling Jaya, Selangor -- (SBWIRE) -- 09/22/2015 -- According to a study done by the International Food Policy Research Institute, pest destroyed an estimated RM184.9 billion worth of crops production annually in Asia and stored product insects (SPI) have been identified as one of the pests that contributed to the losses.

SPI that are commonly found in Malaysia include the cigarette beetle, rice weevil, sawtoothed grain beetle, and flour beetle. They are normally grouped into two categories, for example rice weevil and lesser grain borer are known as 'internal feeders' as they feed within the kernel. Whereas, sawtoothed grain beetle and flat grain beetle described as the 'external feeders' because they feed on grain dust and debris without entering the kernel.

SPI can pose a huge threat in the entire supply chain especially in food processing facilities and warehouses because they usually spread and grow their colony in the food commodities. In fact, the most devastating damage that SPI can cause is commodities losses due to SPI contaminations. And due to their minuscule size, SPI infestations can be difficult to detect in the initial stages. As a result, SPI may be ground together with the raw materials, packed and sold to the consumers.

Commercial buyers may refuse to accept delivery of infested grain, or pay a reduced price as SPI also encourage the growth of mould, including fungi that are responsible for the production of mycotoxins that can be toxic, allergenic and unfit for human consumptions. Therefore, regardless of the size or severity of its infestation, the presence of SPI is not a situation to be taken lightly because it will consequently lead to costly downtime, food recalls and in the worst case scenario, business closure.

Common signs of SPI infestation are traces of adult insects, larvae, pupae or silken webbing in the raw materials and food storage bins. Researchers in the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences found that 75% of SPI infestation usually occurs at the folds and corners of a box, which explains how they commonly enter a facility during logistics. A newly hatched larva can penetrate cracks as small 0.12 mm. SPI can also pierce through sealed packages when they chew through the corrugated paperboard. Lastly, birds also pose risk to the supply chain as they can carry and spread insects and mites into the food processing facility.

How does IPM help in controlling SPI infestation?

Integrated pest management (IPM) is a dynamic combination of multiple pest control practices designed and implemented using a variety of techniques. As a proactive approach to pest management, IPM places a heavy emphasis on constant pest monitoring, pest exclusion and sanitation to ensure that high standards of hygiene practices are maintained.

Here are some examples of IPM practices for SPI control:

- Clean up all spillages and dust accumulation in the premises, machinery, equipment, storage and transport vehicles regularly.
- All stock and food material should be stored off the floor and away from walls to facilitate cleaning and inspections.
- Keep raw materials in robust packaging to prevent SPI infiltration.

'Although food contamination can occur at any point from farm to table, pest infestation along with unsanitary conditions in the food manufacturing sectors can lead to severe business consequences. Regardless to the size of business operations, pest management should be placed as utmost priority because the impact from a pest infestation can be devastating', say Ms. Carol Lam, the Managing Director of Rentokil Initial Malaysia.

About Rentokil Initial Malaysia
Rentokil Pest Control is part of Rentokil Initial group, one of the largest business services companies in the world. As the leading market leader in pest control industry, Rentokil's Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programme provides comprehensive pest control services for the commercial sectors ranging from the food processing industries, pharmaceutical to industrial and manufacturing.

The programme is designed to be compliant with recognised standards or certification such as AIB International, BRC Global International Standards, Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP), and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP). Continuous pest monitoring, regular visitation and proactive recommendations are the standard supports delivered to ensure the effectiveness of the IPM programme; giving you peace of mind.

To further complement Rentokil's IPM programme, an online reporting and analysis system has been developed to help customers monitor pest activities at multiple locations effectively. It also provides better traceability and easy access to all key information and service delivery records needed for pest risk management and food audit requirement.

At Rentokil Initial Malaysia, two brands are focused on providing the best services with nationwide coverage, fast response and expert technical knowledge: Rentokil Pest Control and Initial Hygiene.

Visit http://www.rentokil-initial.com.my to find out how Rentokil Initial (M) Sdn Bhd services can add value to different business sectors.

Press Contacts:
May Chang
Assistant Digital Marketing Manager
0192864905

Kellie Yong
Senior Marketing Manager
0192428339

15th Floor, Menara Yayasan Selangor
No. 18A, Jalan Persiaran Barat
46000 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
1300885911
http://www.rentokil.com.my/

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/rentokil-initial-malaysia-addresses-magnitude-stored-product-insects-627173.htm

Media Relations Contact

Clementine Cheah
Digital Marketing Executive
Rentokil Initial Malaysia
Telephone: 1300 887 911
Email: Click to Email Clementine Cheah
Web: http://www.rentokil.com.my


          Rentokil Initial Malaysia Creates Awareness on the Threats of Termite Invasion on Annual Termite Week   

Termites may be tiny but this silent destroyer has been proven to be one of the most feared pests by most homeowners around the globe.

Petaling Jaya, Selangor -- (ReleaseWire) -- 03/26/2015 -- A single termite may not look threatening, but a whole colony can compromise the structural integrity to properties in a short period of time. According to the entomologist at University Sains Malaysia, termites cause an estimated RM40million of structural damages in Malaysia every year.

Many property owners in Malaysia worry about fire or flood, but termite damage is actually much more common because our tropical environment and high humidity encourage the growth of termite population. The worse bite would be to the value of your assets as most building insurance policies do not cover termite damage.

Termites randomly and continuously forage in search of their food - cellulose. Even if your property is built primarily of brick or stone, it is still at risk because the structural supports and other building components are constructed of wood and other cellulose containing materials.

A threat to your living space

There are an estimated 4,000 termite species worldwide and Subterranean termite (Coptotermes spp.) is commonly found in homes. Subterranean termites have been known to forage up to 300 feet from their colony, thus if your neighbours have termites, then it is very likely they could have gone into your home as well.

Termites are intelligent social insects that live in colonies with a strict caste system, where they are organised into different social classes based on their roles and responsibilities.

Here are the different castes and roles within a termite colony:

-King and queen - mate and produce eggs

-Alates (or swarmers) - reproductives that leave the nest in large swarms to look for mates and nest locations to form new colonies

-Worker - undertakes the labour of food searching and feeds the colony

-Soldier - provides strength and armour against attacks or invasions

Most termite colonies are originated from a single pair of primary reproductive. A Subterranean termite queen can produce up to 1,000 eggs a day and grow the colony up to hundreds and millions of termites in a short period. With that copious number of occupants that are buried deep underground for moisture. It won't be surprising if there are multiple colonies inhabiting the same piece of land you call home.

The workers produce a variety of chemicals known as the pheromones that influence their behaviour. As these workers are blind, they rely on pheromones to help them send messages to other termites in the colony. When a food source is located, the odour trail is intensified to recruit other termites to the feeding site.

As termites devour their way through wood from the inside, this can make it difficult to detect a termite infestation but there are some tell-tale signs that can indicate their presence.

-Mud shelter tubes on wall
Subterranean termites build elaborate shelter tubes made of mud, dirt and debris in order to travel to and fro the food source without being seen, These tubes are about an inch in diameter and are usually found on exterior and interior walls leading up to the entry points of the building.

-Sightings of flying alates or discarded alates wings on window sills and floors
Generally, the first sign of infestation noticed by homeowners is the presence of swarming reproductives on window sill or near indoor light. Another indication is the presence of wings, discarded by the alates as a normal part of their behaviour,

-Damaged/ infested wood - consumed wood from within but with the outer layers intact
Wood damage is a definite sign of termite infestations. Wood that yields a dull, thudding sound when struck with a screwdriver or hammer should be examined

When homeowners found evidence of termite infestation at home, it is important that a thorough inspection is done before deciding the type of treatment. Termite control is most effective if it is carried out by experienced and professionally trained technicians who understand the biology and living/feeding habits of termites, on top of thorough observation of the building's construction, soil characteristics and favourable conditions for infestation.

Effective termite treatments

1) Baiting - a holistic method to eliminate termite colonies by placing unobtrusive bait stations in your property. The highly palatable bait contains an active ingredient that inhibits termite growth. When the bait is shared and spread, it will gradually affect the colony until it can no longer support itself and the queen, and collapses.

2) Termiticide - one of the many soil treatments that create a treated zone around the perimeter and sub-floor by injecting termiticide through drilled holes. Affected termites will spread the termiticide to others through physical contact, eventually reducing the population of the colony.

"Discovering that there is termite infestation in your home can be devastating, especially when severe damages had incurred. By recognising the early signs of termite presence can help homeowners reduce costly repairs and further damages that will affect the value of your property." said Ms. Carol Lam, the Managing Director of Rentokil Initial Malaysia.

About Rentokil Pest Control Malaysia
Rentokil Pest Control is part of Rentokil Initial group, one of the largest business services companies in the world. As the leading market leader in pest control industry, Rentokil's Termite Home Protection Plan provides property owners with a wide range of termite control solutions that are specifically designed for different needs and preferences.

At Rentokil Initial Malaysia, three brands are focused on providing the best services with nationwide coverage, fast response and expert technical knowledge: Rentokil Pest Control, Initial Hygiene and Ambius Interiors. Visit www.rentokil-initial.com.my to find out how Rentokil Initial (M) Sdn Bhd services can add value to different business sectors.

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/rentokil-initial-malaysia-creates-awareness-on-the-threats-of-termite-invasion-on-annual-termite-week-588046.htm

Media Relations Contact

May Chang
Assistant Digital Marketing Manager
Rentokil Initial Malaysia
Telephone: 1300 887 911
Email: Click to Email May Chang
Web: http://www.rentokil.com.my


          NASA scientist denies Mars Slave Colony   
 


A guest on the Alex Jones Show had suggested that children were being sent to Mars to work as slaves.

As far as conspiracy theories go, it doesn’t get much more ridiculous than this.

During the show on Thursday 29th, Jones’ guest Robert David Steele put forward the bizarre notion that NASA was covering up the fact that there is a work colony for children on the surface of Mars.

“This may strike your listeners as way out but we actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children who were kidnapped and sent into space on a 20 year ride,” he said.
“So that once they get to Mars they have no alternative but to be slaves on the Mars colony.”

Where Steele, a former Marine and Central Intelligence Agency case officer, got this idea from remains unclear, but NASA scientist Guy Webster was keen to set the record straight.

“There are no humans on Mars,” he said. “There are active rovers on Mars. There was a rumor going around last week that there weren’t. There are. But there are no humans.”

Steele’s comments, which were picked up by numerous news outlets, have since gone viral online.

This article (NASA scientist denies absurd Mars conspiracy) was originally published on Tech Times and syndicated by The Event Chronicle. Found via Unexplained Mysteries.

http://www.theeventchronicle.com/metaphysics/galactic/nasa-scientist-denies-mars-slave-colony/#
          6/30/2017: WORLD: Hong Kong braced for protests as Xi arrives   

Chinese President Xi Jinping landed in Hong Kong yesterday to mark the upcoming 20th anniversary of Beijing re-establishing sovereignty over the former British colony, accompanied by a formidable layer of security as authorities braced for...
          LPNSImprov to present The MaD JaCKRaTS: MAKIN' A MOVIE- The MaD Three Year Run MJR   

Celebrating three years of their witty, rowdy and hilarious monthly improv show, LPNSImprov takes the stage with MAKIN' A MOVIE: The MaD JaCKRaTS in The MaD THRee YeaR RuN MJR Anniversary Show on Sunday July 16th at 7:30pm at Theater 68 (5112 Lankershim Blvd. North Hollywood 91601). LPNSImprov is created and directed by Lauren Patrice Nadler and produced by Christina Orloff. Tickets are $15 online and $20 at the door. To purchase tickets or for more info please visit LPNSImprov.com or facebook

The MaD JaCKRaTS will entertain you with 90 minutes of unique improv comedy! Each of the three segments is kicked off by an audience suggestion that turns into a complete story created 100% on the fly! You'll be transported to a wacky world, inhabited by colorful characters, where anything is possible! Come laugh with us!

To watch past shows visit their YouTube channel here.

Members of the improv troupe The MaD JaCKRaTS are on hit TV shows MADtv, Mistresses, and The Path on HULU! Cast includes: Micky Shiloah (Mistresses), Jeremy D Howard (MADtv), Kyle Allen (The Path), Kuali'i Wittman, Chadwick Armstrong, Susana Woo, Christina Orloff, Marquise C Brown, and Jenny Curtis.

Lauren Patrice Nadler has been written up in SSN for being one of Five Directors to watch (full article). She was born in Queens, New York and at an early age proved to be a rebel, struggling with structure and formal education. It was her eclectic tastes, individuality and refusal to conform that led to her unorthodox, effective and exciting teaching methods. Lauren permanently relocated to Los Angeles in 2001 to act, teach and direct after casting Adrien Brody in his first lead role in the indie film, "Ten Benny." Since then, some directing projects include "El Mariachi Negro" (Cultures Collide Film Festival), "Dead Girl" (Best Director and Best Short Film, Filmjack Film Festival), and "One Last Shot" which serves as a PSA for anti-bullying/ teen suicide prevention and traveled the festival circuit for a year. To add humor in her roster, Lauren directed and produced comic web series "It's You Not Me- The Series" (full episodes), psychological thriller "The Dead Diaries: Initiation" (with Alex Nuestaedter and Kyle Allen to be released soon) and episodes of a new YouTube Comedy series "Saturday Night Taped" which she directed and stars many MJRs, currently being released (full episodes). Lauren continues independently teaching and coaching actors with unyielding passion and has been instrumental in the rising careers of newcomers Alex Neustaedter ("Ithaca" and "Colony") and Kyle Allen ("The Path"), as well as Aramis Knight ("Into The Badlands"), Brit Morgan ("True Blood"), Shay Mitchell ("Pretty Little Liars"), Jacob Artist ("Glee"), Parker Young ("Suburgatory"), TIM JO ("The Neighbors"), Khylin Rhambo ("Enders Game"), Joseph Julian Soria ("Army Wives"), Jeremy Luke ("Don Juan's Addiction") and many many others.

For more info about LPN Studios productions go to: LaurenPatriceNadler.com

For class and coaching information go to: LaurenPatriceNadlerStudios.com


          Offer - GPS Tracker for Bike in Delhi NCR - INDIA   
MT200 Motorcycle GPS TrackerHere comes the MT200 , a Motorcycle GPS tracker that will definitely stun you. with IP65 dustproof and waterproof case, it eliminates your worries about malfunction in tough conditions. Using the simplest design, MT200 has useful ability to cut off fuel and power without complex wiring. Furthermore, intelligent power management maximum battery protection. MT200 is the best choice for motor renting, tracking and fleet management.Contact Us:B3 basement Kailash Colony - New Delhi-110048, IndiaTelephone: +91-9999299994 - 91 -011-29247994Email: roadpointindia@hotmail.com
          Стартовала летняя крупная распродажа игр для Xbox One: полный список игр со скидкой   
Пару дней назад компания Microsoft объявила о скором старте крупной распродажи игр для приставки Xbox One в магазине Xbox Marketplace. Летняя распродажа игровых проектов стартует уже сегодня.

Продлится летняя распродажа игр для Xbox One в период с 30 июня по 10 июля. В рамках распродажи можно купить более 350 игр, среди которых проекты для Xbox 360 и Xbox One.

Полный список игр для Xbox One на летней распродаже выглядит следующим образом:
НазваниеСкидкаЦена с Gold
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When: Thursday, Aug. 10, 2017, 7:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m.

Where: Warwick's, 7812 Girard Ave., La Jolla, CA

Cost: Free

Age limit: All ages

Description: On Thursday, August 10 at 7:30 p.m., Warwick's will host <a href="http://www.swanhuntley.com/"target="_blank">Swan Huntley</a> to discuss and sign her new novel <a href="http://www.warwicks.com/book/9780385542210"target="_blank">"The Goddesses."</a>

Swan Huntley is the author of <a href="http://www.warwicks.com/book/9781101912188"target="_blank">"We Could be Beautiful."</a> She earned her MFA from <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/"target="_blank">Columbia University</a> and has received fellowships from the <a href="http://www.macdowellcolony.org/"target="_blank">MacDowell Colony</a> and the <a href="http://ragdale.org/"target="_blank">Ragdale Foundation</a>. She currently lives in California and Hawaii.

This <a href="http://www.warwicks.com/event/swan-huntley-2017"target="_blank">event</a> is <b>free</b> and open to the public.

Reserved Seating is available when the book is <a href="http://www.warwicks.com/book/9780385542210"target="_blank">pre-ordered</a> from Warwick's for the event. Only books purchased from Warwick's will be signed.

Please call the Warwick's Book Department at (858) 454-0347 for details.


          'It's now life or death' Pink dolphin vanishing fast as numbers PLUNGE    


THE iconic pink dolphin that became Hong Kong’s mascot when Britain handed the colony back to China is vanishing fast.
          Snowball   
Please join me in meeting and greeting today’s Star Kit, Snowball. She is 2 weeks old from The Colony, Texas. She was the only kitten in the litter. The mother had a miscarriage a week before giving birth to this one. The mother was a stray my granddaughter picked up.
          Ant Colony   
cover imageDeForge, Michael
          Aven Colony PS4   
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          NASA Denies Running a Child Slave Colony on Mars   
Julie Takahashi reports:Alex Jones has managed to provoke NASA into responding to a bizarre conspiracy theory that they have a child slave colony on Mars. Nathan Rousseau Smith (@fantasticmrnate) reports. Houston, apparently, we do NOT have a problem. InfoWars conspiracy theorist host Alex Jones had a guest on Thursday to discuss how kidnapped children have […]
             
I Am a Fucking Plagiarist by Javier Grillo-Marxuach
February 26th, 2015 RESET - +
Art is theft.

— Pablo Picasso


BEFORE I HAD anything to say, I had the desire to say something.

No, let me revise that. I had the desire to be heard.

A family legend is that at the age of three I leaped on stage during my brother’s Christmas pageant at his elementary school and launched into an extemporaneous monologue in which I apparently demanded that the audience answer for being in “my mother’s house.” It was my very own toddlerized version of that Dean Martin bit where he steps up to the mic, starts at the sight of the audience, and asks, “How’d you all get in here?”

My God. Even at three I was a plagiarist.



Plagiarism is basic to all culture.— Pete Seeger


Plagiarist. The word is a snake. Writers loathe its greasy venom. All our worst nightmares begin with the accusation of plagiarism. Why? Because it impugns the myth that we are “original” and therefore “special” and “different.” But, even worse, “plagiarist” lives next -door to the accusation we most suspect to be truth: “fraud.”

To further torture the metaphor, “fraud” is a crack house — an urban blight easily cast out because it exists at an extreme so far from most people’s experience. You can always say: “That’s not me, I’m not an addict and a criminal,” and, as long as your shoes, clothes, and teeth are passable, have some benefit of the doubt.

“Plagiarist,” however, is the lawyer’s mansion with the obsessive-compulsively manicured lawn, mirrored hardwood floors, and massive library. “Plagiarist” is a rich and burnished space of unlimited resources, where a methodical investigator — a latter-day George Smiley — has made his fortune exposing everyone else. It’s only a matter of time before he turns his unblinking sight on you.

And the insidiously magnificent thing about the word “plagiarist” — as opposed to, say, “plagiarizer” — is the sinister double implication of mastery and serial offense. There’s something about that -ist at the end. It tops the injury of the accusation off with the insult of “and these are just the ones we’ve caught … but we’re on to you now.”

To this day I suspect, in the darkest corners of my guilty soul, that the cottage industry of quotes from famous writers and intellectuals endorsing some form of theft as the only way to evolve the culture is little else than a great, collective, preemptive strike. I’m reminded of the greatest, and most frequently ignored, truth in the PR business: “Go ugly early.”

“Go ugly early” basically means “Own it before they catch you.”

For example: had Bill Clinton admitted to his infidelities before the media caught on — the strategy goes — the scandal would have been short-circuited by blunt and factual admission. Tawdry speculation dies when perpetrators shine a harsh, specular light on their unpleasant truths and take responsibility.

There’s “plagiarists” and there’s “fucking plagiarists.” The former plagiarize by accident — or at least claim to with plausible deniability — they forgot they heard or read something somewhere and mistook the idea for their own, or skipped a footnote, or maybe they just had the same idea as someone else and are the unwitting victims of fate, and that’s their story, and they are sticking to it. The latter did it on purpose, they know damned well they did it, and they’ll deploy all the same arguments as the former to make sure you never know it.

Of course, not everyone gets away with it.

For the fucking plagiarist, the “early” in “Go ugly early” means “any time before someone else busts you.” Hence, I believe, all the quotes. The more flowery your defense of your own plagiarism before the truth comes out, the better. The more flowery your defense after, the more you come off looking like a fucking douche.

It’s all in the timing, you see.



Our souls as well as our bodies are composed of individual elements which were all already present in the ranks of our ancestors. The “newness” in the individual psyche is an endlessly varied recombination of age-old components.

— Carl Jung



Twelve years after the “Dean Martin incident,” I was a sophomore in high school. Bringing Great Honor to my people (a line I just stole from Mark Leyner’s bio page in his novel My Cousin, My Gastroenterologist), I was also co-founder and president of “Lunchbox Theater.” Tired of not being cast in our high school drama team productions by a faculty coach who hated the smug sight of me, I worked with another student on the idea of a side project for the school’s drama team.

(Her name was Stacie Ressler, and to this day she’d probably tell you I never gave her enough credit for our joint venture.)

The idea? We would write and perform short plays during the lunch recess, thus giving students the ability to, well … be heard.

Taking the sum of our ideas home, I quickly typed a proposal on my mother’s Royal typewriter, waved it in front of the drama coach’s face, and — based on her most cursory and dismissive wave-off of tentative approval — scheduled a meeting with the school principal to get permission to launch the project.

The meeting with the principal went like gangbusters. By the time our drama coach — a gloriously overworked sexagenarian with a vindictive streak mitigated by her rapidly eroding memory — realized what was going on, our first play, written by yours truly, was in production and the posters announcing the premiere were up in the school hallways.

Score one for the rebels.

This first play was called “Flicks” — and fitting for someone too young to have anything to say — it was about a movie mogul whose work was constantly interrupted by assorted caricatures of “industry types” inasmuch as I understood them. It was essentially a 10-minute vignette of even shorter vignettes taken from my impression of how Hollywood “worked” based on my obsessive viewing of the then-nascent Entertainment Tonight.

To everyone’s surprise but mine (my attempts at publicity included physically pulling people from the school hallway into the auditorium), “Flicks” attracted something of an audience. The smattering of applause we received was ultimate confirmation that my end run around our tyrannical drama coach had been a righteous move. It was also my first taste of that most addicting of sensations — the dragon everyone who puts pen to paper is chasing even if they want you to believe otherwise.

I had been heard.

I was also immediately overtaken by a sense of abject dread. Later in life, as a working television writer, I would come to understand that tensing of the chest as pretty much the normal state of my screenwriting brethren. This was our first show. We had committed to doing one of these plays every other week.

What were we going to do for an encore?



Nothing is original. Steal from anywhere that resonates with inspiration or fuels your imagination. Devour old films, new films, music, books, paintings, photographs, poems, dreams, random conversations, architecture, bridges, street signs, trees, clouds, bodies of water, light and shadows. Select only things to steal from that speak directly to your soul. If you do this, your work (and theft) will be authentic. Authenticity is invaluable; originality is nonexistent.

— Jim Jarmusch



At the end of my junior year, I stepped down from the Lunchbox troupe’s leadership and settled into an emeritus role: producing and directing as many short plays as I could write. I could no longer pretend to be an outcast malcontent. I had become a generally popular member of the student body, the co-creator of a popular theater program, and pulling double duty as features editor of the school paper.

Even better, our new drama coach turned out to be an extraordinarily supportive mentor with a remarkable way of simultaneously encouraging me, giving me enough rope to hang myself, and calling me out on my general stupidity and arrogance.

I even went on a few dates and acquired written proof that at least one girl at the school found me “very handsome.”

By the time Huron High School released me, Lunchbox Theater had become an institution that would go on for almost a decade and a half after my graduation, and the yearly “Lunchbox Theater Festival” — which I had inaugurated after our second year — had become something of a highlight of the school year.

Moreover, other teachers started to pay attention to our little island of misfit toys … one of them was impressed enough by my leadership and the sheer volume of my output to nominate me for a scholarship from the National Council of Teachers of English. Another one of my teachers wrote a college letter of recommendation I aspire to live up to pretty much every day.

The xeroxed 8.5-by-11” posters of my accomplishments hung proudly on my childhood bedroom wall alongside posters for Lucas and Spielberg films. The titles of my plays were as silly as adolescence: “Flicks,” “Suburban Life,” “Table Talk,” “The Incredible Frampster,” “King Rex,” “Son of Rex,” “The Date,” “The Incredible Adventures of the Intrepid Teddy Potsdorf,” “Son of the Incredible Adventures of the Intrepid Teddy Potsdorf.”

Out of that collection, point your attention to title number two: “Table Talk.”

That’s my original sin. The act of plagiarism that defines my self-concept to this day. It is the smoking gun whose discovery I have spent three decades fearing.



I don’t think that you saw me do those jokes and said, “I’m going to tell those jokes, too.” I don’t think there’s a world where you’re that stupid. Or that bad a guy. […] I do think, though, that you’re like […] a rocket […] and your engines are sucking stuff up. Stuff is getting sucked up in your engines, like birds and bugs and some of my jokes. I think you saw me do them. I know you saw me do them, and I think they just went in your brain, and I don’t think you meant to do it, but I don’t think you stopped yourself either.

— “Louie” to “Dane Cook” fictionally addressing real-world accusations of plagiarism of Louis CK’s material by Cook. From the episode “Oh Louie/Tickets” of Louie



These are the facts:

On May 15 of 1982, the third-to-last sketch of Saturday Night Live was a two-hander entitled “Table Talk.”

The premise: cast member Tony Rosato played a rough-around-the-edges vulgarian food critic using a first-person, break-the-fourth-wall monologue to teach the audience how to defraud good restaurants of their wine. A less-than-competent waiter served as his foil. The sketch ended with Rosato telling the audience to tune in next week when he would teach them how to “stuff an entire salad bar into a doggie bag.”

Sometime in 1986, I wrote a short play about a stuck-up, manners-obsessed restaurant critic using a first-person, break-the-fourth-wall monologue to teach the audience the make-up of a perfect meal and the way a proper restaurant ought to go about serving it. The critic’s monologue was continually interrupted by such digressions as a noisy family with children, a tacky lounge singer on a date with a cheesy divorcée, and a Cuban hijacker with multiple personality disorder bent on redirecting the restaurant to Havana. An incompetent waiter and grotesquely stereotypical French maître d’ — who was more than a little derivative of John Cleese in Monty Python’s The Meaning of Life — served as his foils.

“Table Talk” was performed three times by Lunchbox Theater: it premiered during a lunchtime recess in the fall semester and was subsequently revived as a curtain-raiser for the drama team’s spring production, and for the year-end festival. During my freshman year at Carnegie Mellon University, I convinced the extracurricular drama club to perform the play in one of the school’s restaurants.

“Table Talk” had its swan song in 1992 when the Flaming Gorilla Company — a troupe I formed with my friends to perform new work during the summers between college semesters — decided to go out with a bang by making our last-ever production a charity event/nostalgia fest for our high school theater company: “The Original Lunchbox Theater Festival.”

By the time this final production came around, “Table Talk” had metastasized to include the scene-stealing addition of an explosively flatulent restaurant patron.



Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal; bad poets deface what they take, and good poets make it into something better, or at least something different. The good poet welds his theft into a whole of feeling which is unique, utterly different from that from which it was torn; the bad poet throws it into something which has no cohesion.

— T. S. Eliot



I have a great memory — maybe not photographic, but definitely classical realist. I can’t tell you with a straight face that I didn’t remember I hadn’t seen the SNL sketch when I sat down to write my “Table Talk” on that Royal typewriter at two in the morning on a dateless Friday night. That would be a lie.

Yes. I knew it. It’s why I went out of my way to write something radically different. I even considered changing the title to “Dinner Mints” because I realized in the forefront of my mind that, while I found the alliterative title positively beguiling, it would — quite rightfully — raise the dreaded specter of plagiarism.

To this day, I wish I had. I also wonder if I would be a different person for it.

The one thing I can’t figure out no matter how hard I rack my brain is whether I was a dumb kid who just sort of figured “who the hell has ever heard of this Saturday Night Live show anyway,” or whether I believed that I had changed so much of the structure and content of what I had seen that I convinced myself the title wasn’t going to matter …

Or whether I perversely reasoned that I had earned the right to keep the title because I had made so many “improvements” on the concept.

There are dark places in the mind that stubbornly resist the effort to excavate the irritating artifact whose removal will provide relief. Or maybe it’s just that there is no artifact and no relief is possible.

Maybe I just wanted to be heard.

I do know this: after the play went up for the first time, a girl on whom I harbored a massive crush asked me if I had ever seen a similarly themed sketch on Saturday Night Live a few years before. I denied all knowledge.

Before that, when my friends would call me out on quoting Monty Python or SCTV too liberally — which, by the way, was invariably — or whether I had invented my superhero “Galactic Cow” in the sixth grade not just out of a bovine obsession born of multiple childhood trips to my great uncle Vicente’s dairy farm, but also a misguided admiration of the Ted Knight sitcom Too Close for Comfort, I would generally sheepishly cop to it and go on my way without much moral injury. But this was somehow different. Nixonian levels of denial were the only way to go.

Frankly, I wish I had admitted to it and either retitled or withdrawn the play altogether, because I now believe it was at that moment — and not when I conceived of the possibility of making a thing taking themes from a sketch I had seen on a show one time — that I truly shamed myself.

I was a plagiarist already — but that’s the moment I became a fucking plagiarist.



All writing is in fact cut-ups. A collage of words read heard overheard. What else?

— William S. Burroughs



In the mid-aughts, then–Harvard sophomore Kaavya Viswanathan received what was widely reported as a half-million-dollar-plus contract for a novel she wrote in high school — How Opal Mehta Got Kissed, Got Wild, and Got a Life — and a projected sequel. The real-life story was sensational headline-bait: a high-achieving young woman of color writing an exceptional book about her coming-of-age experiences and getting richly rewarded for her hard work.

High-profile agents at William Morris and a movie deal followed.

Until the entire shitbox came crashing down when it was revealed that many passages of Viswanathan’s book bore a striking resemblance to the work of well-established and respected YA novelist Megan McCafferty.

Several excruciating months of accusations, denials, and outright class warfare followed. The color of her skin aside, Viswanathan’s “superhero origin story” was chock-full of signifiers of wealth and privilege: her parents, both physicians, had spent thousands to hire an “admissions coach” to help her get into Harvard, and it was this person who first recognized her literary genius. Cowed resignation followed, Viswanathan was duly, and — my waggish tone notwithstanding — rightfully, shamed.

Her book was pulled from the shelves and pulped.

By the time the dust settled and all the online and mainstream media outlets had their way with the carcass, Viswanathan had been proven beyond the shadow of a doubt to have not only lifted passages from McCafferty’s novels Sloppy Firsts and Second Helpings, but also from Meg Cabot’s The Princess Diaries, Tanuja Desai Hidier’s Born Confused, Sophie Kinsella’s Can You Keep a Secret?, and even Salman Rushdie’s Haroun and the Sea of Stories. The Collective Detective — that legion of crime-busting journalists professional and amateur, armed with Google, PDFs, searchable ebook editions of the Western canon — had judged her not just a plagiarist, but a fucking plagiarist.

In her own defense, Viswanathan claimed that, yes, she had read those books, but that as she wrote her novel, she truly believed that she was writing her own voice and experience. Further along the line, she also explained that — because she does in fact have a photographic memory — it was quite possible that, in the rush of creation, her prodigious mental capacity did too good a job of transposing her experience of reading into those places where the words corresponded to her experience of life.

While calling “bullshit” may seem to be the only reasonable response to Viswanathan’s protestation — followed by a snide comment about how, even in contrition, Viswanathan just couldn’t stop herself from bragging about her prodigious gifts — I must admit I don’t find it entirely implausible.

When I was in the ninth grade, a substitute music teacher suggested to our choir that the way to “get good” at anything creative was to mimic the work of the masters. He even gave the example of how, when he was our age and learning his craft, he played his clarinet along to Benny Goodman records — matching Goodman note for note — until he achieved proficiency.

Now, I’d love to sell you on the notion that my “misunderstanding” of this kind man’s generous advice is what led to my own crimes — or that it in some way exonerates Viswanathan — but that would be unfair to him, and would let everyone off the hook way too easily. No, I need his words to make another point entirely that does not exonerate me in any way, but rather to ask a question …

How does a zygotic writer “play along to Benny Goodman?”

Around the same time as the Viswanathan scandal, another writer — Cassandra Clare — emerged from a shit storm of often scathing online criticism to publish her first novel, The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones. Clare’s previous incarnation had been as a popular writer of Harry Potter fan fiction. Like much other fanfic, her work was chock-full of “meta” in the form of lines of dialogue and plot points referencing other fantasy properties.

In Clare’s case, the Collective Detective appeared to be convinced that her fan fiction lifted the form and structure of an entire chapter from another fantasy novel for her own uses as well. Unlike Viswanathan, Clare answered her critics early and often — claiming that the echoes of the work of others in hers were an act of homage on her part. To the many who vociferously continue to make the detracting case online, Clare’s fanfic committed acts of straight-up plagiarism. To her, and her defenders, it simply did what is an essential component of fanfic: to conflate, aggregate, and flatter its influences through quotation.

Clare had the last laugh on her online critics. Her book series — which is unrelated to her Harry Potter fan fiction other than in being a fantasy portrayal of young people grappling with their entrance into a “hero’s journey” paradigm of magic and questing — has become a publishing phenomenon. Multiple sequels, prequels and equals — as well as a movie — followed. A TV series is currently in the works.

Viswanathan went on to law school, where she excelled academically, landed an enviable summer associate position, and presumably continues to flourish. A tragic footnote to her journey is that when her parents perished in an airplane crash in 2011, the story gained some news-cycle traction because of her notoriety.

Do a Google search and imagine yourself in the shoes of someone whose mother’s and father’s sudden and horrible passing at a young age (both were early fifties) was widely reported as the death of the parents of Harvard plagiarist Kaavya Viswanathan.



People are always talking about originality, but what do they mean? As soon as we are born, the world begins to work upon us, and this goes on to the end. What can we call our own except energy, strength, and will? If I could give an account of all that I owe to great predecessors and contemporaries, there would be but a small balance in my favor.

— Goethe



I followed the Viswanathan plagiarism scandal with great interest, and great dread.

As the Collective Detective pulled apart Viswanathan’s novel, finding all of her legitimate lifts from other authors, I couldn’t help but ask myself a question. What young person’s creative work — even one without such flagrant steals — could possibly hide its influences against that level of fine-toothed scrutiny?

Between high school and college, I wrote or co-wrote some 26 pieces for the stage including one-acts, a full-length play, and the book for a musical. I wrote a weekly column for my college paper, and occasionally contributed movie reviews and an additional editorial column. I even sent back dispatches from a semester in London. I also performed two one-man monologue shows. How is that level of output not going to, in some way, reflect every idea that came over the transom?

Hell, my entire adolescent psyche was an act of intellectual plagiarism made in rehearsal for something that would eventually become an adult life — and I dare you, dear reader, to claim that anything you did in your formative years was anything different.

If you read my journals, you will find a boy who was certain that he would spend a lifetime upholding the undeniable and enduring value of post-structuralism by way of Eco and Baudrillard … followed by the undeniable and enduring value of Sartrean Existentialism … and then Camusian Existentialism, and then Brechtian Marxism vis-à-vis the theater audience as a metaphor for humanity at large, and then Liberation Theology, and then Ayn Randian Objectivism, and — by the end of my senior year of college — morose and resigned Orwellian truth-telling socialism.

I was playing along with Benny Goodman, and the varied institutions responsible for my growth and development threw Benny Goodmans at me as fast as I could listen to their LPs.

Unlike Viswanathan, I had the good fortune of not having anything I wrote mistaken for mature professional work and bought for a fortune. I had the lucky break of not being covered as a phenom by the world press. I had the privilege of not being the voice of my race, class, or generation in any way whatsoever. What I was given was space to experiment, and — most importantly — fail.

Which I did. Often.

I was also lucky for the tutelage of a legion of patient teachers and peers who sometimes by honest criticism and guidance, and others by open derision, forced me to find my own voice as opposed to borrowing those of others. Or at least borrowing without citing.

That’s right. Somewhere in that unconscionably protracted period of gestation, even this slow learner caught on to that truth to which the entire world expects all true writers to be born — because it’s clearly a one-strike-and-you’re-out offense.

“Thou shalt not be a fucking plagiarist.”

It was for the best that it took so long for me to learn this lesson, and even longer to gain some proficiency and become a professional in my field. As any legitimate prodigy will tell you — accused beneficiary of “nepotism” Lena Dunham comes to mind — being anointed “child genius” and given a showy and much-publicized financial boon for preternaturally brilliant work is the world’s biggest “kick me” sign. Few are hated more than the young, gifted, and perceived as unfairly munificent.

And woe betide the ones lacking the cunning to cover their sins adequately, because these days, the judges, juries, and executioners all have Google.

As for Cassandra Clare, if she did, in fact commit acts beyond mere homage, they all took place in the gray-market world of fanfic, which is not for profit, not covered by mainstream media, and has only recently led a very selected few to mass-market glory (as evidenced by E. L. James, who pioneered her blockbusting Fifty Shades of Grey series as Twilight fanfic, and Clare herself).

The difference between plagiarism and fucking plagiarism, it seems, has as much to do with context, intent, venue, and — some would say most importantly — the material gains, as it does the act itself.

Though Clare suffered a great deal of madness, rage, and abuse from a large segment of the Harry Potter online fan community, she wasn’t exposed to the world at large by journalists, nor was she publicly stripped of her contracts, and labeled a plagiarist by The New York Times and others to the point where the indictment would go so far as become the lede in the story of her parents’ death. Clare did, apparently, change the spelling of her last name from “Claire” and deleted her fanfic from the web, presumably in order to avoid lingering associations between her “profic” career and the controversies of her previous incarnation.

Clare was smart, or lucky — or both, or neither — to do all her throat-clearing, rehearsals for prolificity, and playing along with Benny Goodman in a world where the watchers are limited to fandom, the financial stakes don’t get you labeled the Mozart of the YA world and put a target on your back, and — at the end of the day — you are still playing in someone else’s sandbox and are not liable unless you turn a profit without permission. It wasn’t until she had earned her thick hide — and, presumably, the ability to mask her influences appropriately — that Clare moved into the mainstream world of Urban Fantasy. Whatever she did or didn’t do took place during a productive but still gestational moment in her writing career.

Of course these are all excuses. Nothing exonerates me for “Table Talk.”

I am still a fucking plagiarist.



If you steal from one author, it’s plagiarism; if you steal from many, it’s research.

— Wilson Mizner



Plagiarism may be the only crime in which the cover-up ultimately generates far more profit for the perpetrator than the stolen object.

One of the more interesting aspects of getting my start as a television writer in the pre–Second Golden Era TV of the 1990s was getting to work with a number of people who had cut their teeth back when television was REALLY disreputable: the 1970s and ’80s.

Aside from getting the general impression that TV in the ’80s was essentially Mad Men with cocaine, I found many of my superiors to have a very interesting attitude toward … well, if not plagiarism, at least appropriation.

Among the older generation of executive and co-executive producers, the guys who had worked for Stephen J. Cannell, Glen Larson, and their ilk, the running joke was “television is the original derivative medium.”

Among the younger writer/producers occupying mid-level positions ­­— the people with whom a rookie writer like myself had the most contact — there was a general disdain for the old guard. Many of these upstarts, who later did, in fact, help bring about the current Golden Age, saw themselves as renegades eager to wrest TV from thieving forebears.

A great deal of their contempt found voice in accusations of plagiarism and fraud. The most salient accusation was always thrown at “this guy who worked at Cannell.”

To this day, no one has conclusively told me who “this guy” was, even though I have heard the story told several times. I sometimes wonder if “this guy who worked at Cannell” was the TV equivalent of “this girl I met at summer camp.”

Anyway, “this guy” was legendary for setting up his 22-episode seasons of television by writing on a white board a list of all the classic films he wanted to rip off that year and handing out the titles as assignments to his staff.

Of course, the guys who told the story about “this guy who worked at Cannell” always portrayed themselves as shocked and horrified by the blatant plagiarism. At the same time, they gladly took the paycheck to write “the Die Hard episode” or “the Rashomon episode,” and, of course, the hardy perennial, “The Most Dangerous Game episode.” God knows I have.

One thing was always clear — even if on occasion we in the rank and file are forced to do the bidding of a hack showrunner who has no scruples about being a fucking plagiarist — those of us who tell the story of “this guy” are never the hacks or the thieves. That’s the point of the tale. It’s a totemic object of immunity, like on Survivor. The dishy tale of “this guy” is a shibboleth that alights to others that we too are in the fraternity of Those Who Know Better.

That’s why it’s always someone else. That’s why it’s “this guy who worked at Cannell.” We’re not the thieves. We are the ones who are self-aware and self-referential. We’re the ones who excoriate the thieves and occasionally bear with gritted teeth the stark and unpleasant necessities of our trade. We are the ones who say clever things in the writers room like “yes, you’ve seen it before, but not with these actors” and “that idea is so brilliant I have NO choice but to steal it and claim it for my own” while we bide our time until we can call the shots and chisel True Original Stories from the living rock of our beloved medium.

Inside every writer lives the fantasy that our worst and most derivative work is the result of someone else’s influence. Happenstance may occasionally make plagiarists out of us … but we sure as shit ain’t fucking plagiarists.



It’s not where you take things from — it’s where you take them to.

— Jean-Luc Godard



I will always remember my first year in TV as the one in which not one but three major network television shows flagrantly ripped off John Carpenter’s The Thing.

The venerable The X-Files — currently, though erroneously, thought to be above such shenanigans — even went as far as to stage their episodic riff on Carpenter’s paranoid tale of serial possession by an alien parasite found in the ice near a desolate arctic ice station in … well … an arctic ice station.

They even titled the episode “Ice.”

Coming in second was seaQuest DSV and … well … that program actually ripped off The Thing twice in the same season. Apparently, the series’s warring showrunners each had the same brainstorm individually, and then refused to budge on who would withdraw the script written without the other’s knowledge. In one, the cause of the possession of successive crew members was a helmet from the lost continent of Atlantis, in the other, an ancient chest found in an undersea mining colony.

Coming in third was Earth 2, which substituted an alien parasite found in the ice for … well, an alien parasite found in the ice.

The ugly truth of the matter is this: as respectable as television may have become in the last 20 years, showrunners still have to produce a fuckton of hours of entertainment. When the beast must be fed at regular intervals on pain of death, the real test of originality is how far you can stretch the trope until it’s no longer recognizable as the trope — preferably while finding some sort of resonant human context to which a broadcast audience of millions of all races, creeds, and colors can relate.

When a show becomes popular and produces 22 hours a year — for many years — those who love the show ultimately remember the characters, the great moments they shared, and the few truly standout stories in the overall narrative miasma. Few of the fans — even at their most obsessive-compulsive — actually remember that the individual story of the episode in which their beloved weekly visitors first kissed, or had some other such watershed moment, was probably something as hackneyed as the “Most Dangerous Game episode.”

The amusing truth of the matter is this: often — especially in a mature career in a medium with six decades of mass visibility — you will hear a pitch that is derivative of something that was, itself, derivative of something else that the pitcher is not aware of. More than once I have heard a younger writer say, “Do you remember that old episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation where Riker passes out in the teaser and wakes up 16 years later as captain of the Enterprise, but he can’t remember anything … and he cleverly realizes that his amnesia is really a Romulan ruse to get him to give up sensitive information?” only to be shocked when told, “Yeah, it was a takeoff from an even older James Garner movie — based on a Roald Dahl short story — where he’s an Allied spy who passes out before the D-Day invasion, wakes up in a U.S. Army Hospital six years later, and can’t remember anything, then cleverly realizes that his amnesia is a German ruse to extract from him the location of the invasion.”

Derivation is the air we breathe.

And yet there’s “Table Talk.”



We live among ideas much more than we live in nature.

— Saul Bellow



As I walked off the Emmy stage into the dark backstage of the Shrine Auditorium with the cast of Lost and my fellow writer/producers after earning the award for Best Drama, I entertained the thought of how quickly and easily all of this could be taken away from me if anyone found out — and decided to make a Viswanathanian stink about — “Table Talk.”

It wasn’t anomalous for me to entertain that thought at the time. I have dined with that unwelcome guest on the average of three to six times a day, every day, for the past thirty years (alongside other, better known, hits from the depressives’ jukebox, including the classics “I hate myself and I want to die” and “oh God, oh God, why was I born such a revolting troll?”).

Tick-tock-tick-tock-Table-Talk. Tick-tock-tick-tock-Table-Talk.

“Table Talk” was produced at my university. Even if it was extracurricular — for no school grade or profit — the production was funded by a student activities fee levied on every one of the school’s attendees. How do I know the administration won’t take back my degree after reading this?

How do I know that the National Council of Teachers of English couldn’t retroactively rescind the scholarship that sent me there?

How do I know that when the sixth episode of the second season of Helix — the show on which I have toiled as a co-executive producer for the past two years — hits the air, someone isn’t going to think that my use of the line “this is a cleansing moment of clarity,” my little homage to Paddy Chayefsky’s Network, is now beyond the pale in the context of these confessions?

How do I know that the very act of putting these thoughts to keyboard won’t result in some sort of archaeological examination of my life’s work leading to the final determination that — as a fucking plagiarist — I am essentially unfit to continue doing the only thing I have ever wanted to do?

How do I know that someone isn’t going to figure that the time has come to gut this son of a bitch once and for all?



There’s no negotiating with plagiarists, Dubbie — you take credit for a man’s ideas, you rob his spirit!

— “The Middleman,” from the episode “The Boy-Band Superfan Interrogation” of the television series The Middleman, written by Jordan Rosenberg, created by Javier Grillo-Marxuach



In 2006, Marvel Comics asked me to create a new hero. All they wanted was to name the character “Wraith,” as they owned the name. I came up with the idea of a space zombie — a dead man whose body was reanimated by an alien entity that remains symbiotically bonded to his skin and consumes the souls of others: a power that the grimly revenge-obsessed Wraith occasionally used to vanquish his foes.

Wraith was the Man with No Name in space. At first I loved him in all of his goth glory — I was certain I had created Wolverine by way of The Dark Knight for the Hot Topic set. When I talked to my editor about the character during the heady early days of the project, we were so excited that we even schemed to see Wraith become one of the “Guardians of the Galaxy” (a comic series that was about to be relaunched in the publishing event of which Wraith was part) in much the same way that Spider-Man had once joined the Fantastic Four.

That was until I told a high school friend about Wraith’s oil-slick black body-suit and poncho-like cloak, his pale skin, white hair, and the polymorphous weapon (sometimes it was a sword, sometimes it was a raygun) he wielded with all his might … and he quickly convinced me that I had ripped off Michael Moorcock’s Elric.

Okay: to be fair, he didn’t “convince” me. He only dropped the suggestion in my mind — and my immediate response was to exasperatedly shriek, “I’ve never read Elric!”

And it was legit. I never had. Seriously — I have, as I’ve said, a classical-realist memory and I’d definitely remember reading a whole series of novels about the ultraviolent adventures of a soul-sucking albino goth. And, frankly, if I were to rip off Elric, I would have done more to cover my goddamn tracks than putting the motherfucker in space and changing the color of his eyes from red to black.

But all I could think about was “Table Talk.” All I could think about was wanting to make my mark once and for all without being a fucking plagiarist.

On the verge of a full-blown nervous breakdown, I spent a sleepless night doing all the internet research I could on Moorcock’s Melnibonéan fantasy stories, trying to figure out how I might have known them — and combing my own library for clues as to how I might have come up with an idea so derivative of someone else’s work. I became convinced that this was not “Table Talk” all over again, but something far more insidious: a criminal impulse that had, having been tamped down over time, now taken up residence in my unconscious mind.

By the time I called my editor the following morning — pure confession in my now ragged and sleep-deprived voice, convinced that this was the moment of my final unveiling — and told him the entire project had to be scrapped, I had also convinced myself that I had ripped off everyone from Bram Stoker to Anne Rice to Dan Simmons.

Of course, the first thing my editor asked was, “Have you even read Elric?” I replied, “Absolutely not!” and that was kind of that. Actually, that wasn’t kind of that — I spent the next 15 minutes trying to convince this poor man that I am a fucking plagiarist. But he just wasn’t having it.

Duly talked off the ledge, I hung up the phone and quickly decided that my world-class meltdown had probably just destroyed both the character’s and my own long-term future in comics. Well, the freak-out, but also the truth that I had managed to create an utterly derivative character all by myself.

To this day, when the phone rings from Marvel Comics — usually in the form of a young and newly installed editor who likes my work from a few years back and thinks it’d be nifty to collaborate — I open the conversation by asking, “Are you sure you want to work with me? You do know I’m crazy, right?”

It’s self-fulfillingly self-destructive, I know. But everyone deserves fair warning.



I’m not gonna sit here and plead not guilty. […] If you watch comedy eight hours a day, something will register, and it’ll come out. And if it happened, I said, “I apologize. I’ll pay you for this.” But I wasn’t going out of my way to go fucking grave robbing. ’Cause if you’re on top, they’re gonna look for your ass. […] And there’s lots of people who took entire mannerisms from me. It’s not something I can get mad about. It’s flattery. It’s great. When it happens the other way around, you’re just supposed to smile.

— Robin Williams, Rolling Stone magazine, February 21, 1991



It makes perfect sense that my childhood idol was dogged by allegations of plagiarism for much of his professional life.

But you know what I truly loved about Robin Williams? The thing he did that freed my mind and inspired me to be something other than who I was? It was how his turbo-charged brain combined and recombined disparate elements into a cohesive absurdist whole.

The Byzantinely circular, free-associative part of Robin Williams’s early, cocaine-fueled work (even though at the time I wouldn’t have known cocaine from lemon/lime Tang) was to me what punk rock, a skateboard, and hand-painted Doc Martens were to my way-cooler contemporaries.

Williams’s pioneering collage-and-remix bits — like “Elmer Fudd sings Bruce Springsteen,” the “Soviet Suppressions” that kicked off his album Reality, What a Concept, his Shakespeare pastiche (“the moon, like a testicle, hangs low in the sky!”), the digressive riff where he goes to the prom on acid (“No, Mr. Smith, I’ll have Becky back in this dimension real soon! Wings! We’ve got to get those snakes coming out of your eyes fixed!”), or even how he once greeted a swell of applause from the audience by shouting “GIVE US BARABBAS!” — hit me with the force of shattering cosmic revelation. All his flights of illogical, yet comedically sensical, and emotionally real, insanity made me feel like I was watching a kindred soul broadcasting Truth from a far more advanced place on the spectrum of consciousness.

Robin Williams’s comedy explained the world with the same labyrinthine framework with which I understood popular culture: speed, juxtaposition, and incongruity.

He spoke the way I processed the then-nascent 100-channel universe — where the still-standing UHF channels routinely programmed Hazel in close proximity to Ultraman, in close proximity to scrambled, pre-internet softcore, and a new thing called MTV featured five-minute programs of constantly changing genre 24 hours a day.

In every creator’s life there is one icon in the culture who seems to reach out from the television screen, or the stage or page, or the hi-fi speaker, and says, “I make a living using the skills you hope to someday develop — it’s okay for you to move ahead, it can be done.” Even though it was George Lucas and Star Wars that made me want to tell stories for a living, it was Robin Williams — even though he was a comic and I desired to be something very different — who showed me how I wanted to tell those stories.

Before you think all the hand-wringing confession that has gone before this was merely a Trojan Horse into yet another think piece about our postmodern condition of sampling, ripping, appropriating, and recontextualizing, let me make one thing absolutely clear. Robin Williams stole jokes: it wasn’t cool, he eventually copped to it, and I consider that example with the same weight as I do what I learned from his rapid-fire comedic stylings.

The reason I bring up Robin Williams is not just to expiate the piece of my psyche on the table, but to suggest that there is another, gentler part of my consciousness that, on occasion, whispers — in a pacifying Jeff Bridges–like drawl — something along the lines of “Duuude … go a little easy on yourself, lest you forget, your childhood idol committed suicide … and that Marvel thing’s kinda nuts!”

Why shouldn’t I be a little more forgiving of the venal sins of my teenaged self?

Seriously, I live in a media universe in which a man who is arguably the most influential filmmaker of the past thirty years emerged from widespread accusations that his first film Reservoir Dogs was lifted lock-stock-and-barrel from Ringo Lam’s Hong Kong New Wave film City on Fire …

A director whose last two films, Inglourious Basterds and Django Unchained, literally include in their very names the titles of the pulp war film and spaghetti western that served as partial inspirations (The Inglorious Bastards and Django … and interestingly, the latter was subject to countless rip-offs due to its own success, all bearing the “Django” name in the title) …

Indeed, for the vast majority of my adult life, Quentin Tarantino — whose mastery of collage is, to be fair, matched only by his peerless ability with dialogue and scene structure — has been one of if not THE standard-bearer for art and innovation in screenwriting. That alone says more than a million online think pieces about our culture of appropriation.

So why can’t I stop hating myself and forgive myself for being a fucking plagiarist?

There are dark places in the mind that stubbornly resist the effort to excavate the irritating artifact whose removal will provide relief. Or maybe it’s just that there is no artifact and no relief is possible.

Or maybe I just want to be heard.

Or maybe it’s something even worse. Something that is equal parts mercenary and pathetic.



Don’t quote other movies. Don’t tell a story someone else could tell better.

— Wim Wenders



A few weeks ago, I was at a friend’s birthday party.

A mutual acquaintance — a fledgling writer who has yet to land her first gig on a television series — tells me about the various jobs she has taken to make ends meet until her ship comes in. One of the more recent ones was at least fun because it required her to watch TV for a paycheck.

That sounds cool. I ask her to tell me more. She explains that she spent several months watching and transcribing broadcast materials, and writing summaries, for an app commemorating Saturday Night Live’s 40th anniversary.

The app’s main selling point? On-demand access to every sketch ever performed by the Not-Ready-For-Prime-Time-Players and their assorted descendants.

“Every sketch?”

I emit the closest I will ever come to that horrible cliché, the audible gulp.

She smiles, trying to read me. To her, this conversation is about little else than the scope of her work in what was a transiently pleasurable temporary occupation. My mood turns a deeper shade with each passing word as I try to maintain my outward composure. I choke back the black bile rapidly gathering in my throat.

I return home from the party, head for my computer, and type the words “I am a fucking plagiarist.”

Time to go ugly early.



As we manipulate everyday words, we forget that they are fragments of ancient and eternal stories, that we are building our houses with broken pieces of sculptures and ruined statues of gods.

— Bruno Schulz



I’d like to share something with you. Something I learned exactly 48 hours ago when I began researching this piece.

On January 24, 1976 — four years before I immigrated to the United States from Puerto Rico … years before the widespread availability of cable television would have allowed me to watch American network TV in my homeland … long before I’d hear the words “Saturday Night Live,” or “Robin Williams” … a full 18 months before the world premiere of Star Wars, much less its run in Spanish-language theaters … and six years before the broadcast of the sketch that moved me to become a fucking plagiarist — the sixth sketch of the 11th episode of the first season of Saturday Night Live featured guest hosts Dudley Moore and Peter Cook performing one of their celebrated comedy routines from the ’60s.

The premise? A food critic attempts to interview the incompetent proprietor of a truly horrible restaurant with hilarious consequences.

The sketch was titled “Table Talk.”


Don’t shoot a western if you don’t like horses.
— Wim Wenders


          NASA tells InfoWars: There are no ‘child slave colonies’ on Mars   
NASA has responded to bizarre claims that a colony of kidnapped child slaves exists on the planet Mars by asserting that there are “no humans” on the Red Planet.

The spacey agency was responding to comments made by an InfoWars guest, who said that children have been sent on a “20-year ride” to be slaves on a Mars outpost.

Robert David Steele, a former US presidential candidate for the Reform Party, was speaking to InfoWars host Alex Jones when he made the bizarre comments.

“We actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children who were kidnapped and sent into space on a 20-year ride,” he said.

Steele added that “once they get to Mars, they have no alternative but to be slaves on the Mars colony.”

According to the Daily Beast, a NASA spokesperson answered the slave claims by reminding people that there are no humans on the planet.

“There are no humans on Mars. There are active rovers on Mars,” said Guy Webster, a NASA spokesperson for missions exploring Mars.

When contacted by RT.com about the bizarre conspiracy, Webster said he would prefer to “spend time on true information”about solar system exploration.

https://www.rt.com/viral/394856-nasa-mars-slave-conspiracy/



          Canada’s Dark History in Africa: Killing Natives and Seizing Their Land for Leopold II in Congo   

Canada’s Dark History in Africa: Killing Natives and Seizing Their Land for Leopold II in Congo

A Brutal Part of Canada's Dark History in Africa. The Role of Canada's William Grant Stairs

Global Research, June 30, 2017
Dissident Voice 28 June 2017

Featured image: Aged and Women had to die of starvation under the rule of King Leopold II in Congo. (Source: Annoyz View)

Canada’s 150th anniversary offers a unique opportunity to shed light on some darker corners of Canadian history. One of the dustier chapters is our contribution to one of the most barbarous regimes of the last century and a half.

In a bid to extract rubber and other commodities from his personal colony, Belgian King Léopold II instituted a brutal system of forced labour in the late 1800s. Individuals and communities were given rubber collection quotas that were both hard to fulfill and punishable by death. To prove they killed someone who failed to fulfill a quota soldiers from the Force Publique, the colonial police, were required to provide a severed hand. With Force Publique officers paid partly based on the number collected, severed hands became a sort of currency in the colony and baskets of hands the symbol of the Congo Free State.

King Leopold II (Source: Annoyz View)

Between 1891 and 1908 millions died from direct violence, as well as the starvation and disease, caused by Leopold II’s terror. A quarter of the population may have died during Leopold’s reign, which sparked a significant international solidarity movement that forced the Belgian government to intervene and buy the colony.

Halifax’s William Grant Stairs played an important part in two expeditions that expanded Leopold II’s immensely profitable Congolese venture. The Royal Military College of Canada trained soldier was one of 10 white officers in the first-ever European expedition to cross the interior of the continent and subsequently Stairs led an expedition that added 150,000 square kilometres to Leopold’s colony.

In 1887 Stairs joined the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, which was ostensibly designed to “rescue” the British-backed governor of Equatoria, the southern part of today’s South Sudan. Scottish merchant William MacKinnon asked famed American ‘explorer’ Henry Morton Stanley to lead a relief effort. At the time of the expedition Léopold II employed Stanley, who had been helping the king carve out the ‘Congo Free State’. Seeing an opportunity to add to his colony, Leopold wanted Stanley to take a circuitous route all the way around South Africa, up the Congo River and across the interior of the continent.

One of ten whites, Stairs quickly became second-in-command of the three-year expedition. Read from a humanistic or internationalist perspective, the RMC graduate’s diary of the disastrous expedition is incredibly damning. Or, as Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate George Elliott Clarke put it,

“Stairs’ account of his atrocities establishes that even Canadians, blinded by racism, can become swashbuckling mass murderers.”

Stairs’ extensive diary, which he asked to be published upon his and Stanley’s death, makes it clear that locals regularly opposed the mission. One passage notes,

“the natives made a tremendous noise all night and canoes came close to us, the natives yelling frantically for us to go away” while another entry explains,

“the natives destroyed their food rather than let it fall into the hands of the invaders.”

read more:

http://www.globalresearch.ca/canadas-dark-history-in-africa-killing-natives-and-seizing-their-land-for-leopold-ii-in-congo/5596825




          Fighting Radical Islam: Guns Are The Answer!   

John Farnam writes [via ammoland.com]: Yesterday, in the West African nation (former French colony) of Mali, at least five Islamic terrorists were ultimately killed by “government forces,” but not before...

The post Fighting Radical Islam: Guns Are The Answer! appeared first on The Truth About Guns.


          A NASA Spokesperson Just Had To Deny That There Are Child Sex Slaves On Mars After Alex Jones’ Comments   

A NASA spokesperson denied that there are child sex slaves on mars.

A NASA spokesperson was forced to deny that there are child sex slaves on Mars. And if you think the notion is patently ridiculous and doesn’t even deserve being addressed, you’d be right. But thanks to persistence and the new audience being enjoyed by Alex Jones after the Megyn Kelly fiasco, NASA was put in the awkward position of having to publicly deny the obvious and ridiculous.

As The Independent reports, Guy Webster, who is a spokesperson for NASA’s Mars exploration program, was put in that position thanks to Robert David Steele, a guest on Jones’ program who has some unusual ideas about how NASA is exploring Mars.

“We actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children who were kidnapped and sent into space on a 20-year ride. So that once they get to Mars they have no alternative but to be slaves on the Mars colony.”

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          Colony Open Air Festival 2017 - Tutte le info utili per accedere all'evento!   
Riportiamo quanto segue in merito al COLONY OPEN AIR 2017: CAMBIO LOCATION PER MOTIVI DI SICUREZZA Sono spiacente di comunicare che il Colony Open Air non si svolgerà più a Capriolo ma all’interno del Parco del Pala Brescia (ex Pala Tenda) situato in Via San Zeno a Brescia. Sono molto dispiaciuto di questo ulteriore spostamento, ben conscio che molti di voi hanno prenotato mezzi e hotel, ma purtroppo, in base alle nuove normative emanate pochi giorni fa dal Viminale, la location di Capriolo è stata ritenuta “non sufficientemente sicura” da parte delle Autorità preposte al controllo della Sicurezza Pubblica. Le motivazioni ufficialmente addotte sono le seguenti: – concomitanza la Domenica mattina con il passaggio di una corsa ciclistica dilettantistica nei pressi dell’area concerti dalle 08.30 alle 11.30 che non garantirebbe un adeguato servizio di controllo al concerto da parte della Polizia Municipale in quanto già impegnata nello svolgimento della corsa – eccessiva vicinanza al casello autostradale che rende la location un obiettivo sensibile per eventuali attacchi terroristici – la vicinanza di un polo estrattivo Dopo la notizia brutta, la notizia bella, ma veramente bella: il Pala Brescia è una struttura eccezionale, facilmente raggiungibile sia in auto (poche decine di metri dall’uscita della Tangenziale Sud n° 7 San Zeno) sia con i mezzi pubblici (la fermata “Lamarmora” della metropolitana si trova a pochi minuti di distanza), dotata di tutti i confort possibili, bar, ristorante, parcheggi gratuiti di fronte all’ingresso, quindi direi una soluzione veramente eccellente Restano naturalmente validi tutti i biglietti già emessi con la vecchia location. Ringrazio pubblicamente tutte le persone che si sono attivate per aiutarmi nel trovare una location degna di questo nome nel giro di 48 ore e la Direzione del Pala Brescia per la disponibilità ad accoglierci nei loro spazi in così breve tempo e in questi tempi di “restrizioni”, a breve comunicheremo tutte le info riguardanti la manifestazione. Riportiamo di seguito altre informazioni utili diffuse dall’organizzazione: NORME COMPORTAMENTALI L’accesso all’interno dell’area del concerto comporta il rispetto del presente regolamento: • – Il possesso del titolo di accesso nominale ed il rispetto del presente regolamento sono condizioni per l’ingresso e la permanenza nell’area del concerto; • – Il titolo di accesso è nominale, e va esibito in qualsiasi momento a richiesta del personale di controllo assieme ad un documento di riconoscimento e, comunque, conservato fino all’uscita dall’area del concerto; • – A tutela della comune incolumità sono predisposti controlli all’entrata dell’area del concerto effettuati dal personale in servizio con la supervisione delle Forze di Polizia anche con l’utilizzo di apparati metal detector. E’ vietato: • Introdurre VALIGIE, TROLLEY, BORSE e ZAINI (alle donne è consentito portare delle piccole borse purché TRASPARENTI) • Introdurre BOMBOLETTE SPRAY (antizanzare, deodoranti, creme solari, etc…) • Introdurre TROMBETTE DA STADIO • Introdurre o detenere ARMI, MATERIALE ESPLOSIVO, ARTIVIZI PIROTECNICI, FUMOGENI, RAZZI DI SEGNALAZIONE, PIETRE, COLTELLI o ALTRI OGGETTI da PUNTA o TAGLIO; • Introdurre CATENE; • Introdurre bevande alcooliche di qualsiasi gradazione; • Introdurre o detenere SOSTANZE STUPEFACENTI, VELENI, SOSTANZE NOCIVE, MATERIALE INFIAMMABILE; • Accedere e trattenersi in stato di ebrezza o sotto l’effetto di sostanze stupefacenti; • Introdurre all’interno dell’impianto bevande, siano esse contenute in LATTINE, BOTTIGLIE DI VETRO, BORRACCE DI METALLO o BOTTIGLIE DI PLASTICA; • Introdurre ANIMALI DI QUALSIASI GENERE E TAGLIA; • Introdurre BASTONI PER SELFIE e TREPPIEDI; • Introdurre OMBRELLI e ASTE; • Introdurre STRUMENTI MUSICALI; • Introdurre PENNE e PUNTATORI LASER; • Introdurre DRONI e AEREOPLANI TELECOMANDATI; • Introdurre APPARECCHIATURE PER LA REGISTRAZIONE AUDIO/VIDEO; • Introdurre MACCHINE FOTOGRAFICHE PROFESSIONALI e SEMIPROFESSIONALI; • Introdurre VIDEOCAMERE, GOPRO, IPAD e TABLET; • Introdurre BICICLETTE, SKATEBOARD, PATTINI e OVERBOARD; • Introdurre TENDE e SACCHI A PELO; • Introdurre TUTTI GLI ALTRI OGGETTI ATTI AD OFFENDERE; • Esporre materiale che ostacoli la visibilità agli altri spettatori o che interferisca con la segnaletica di emergenza o che, comunque, sia di ostacolo alle vie di fuga verso le uscite; • Svolgere qualsiasi genere di attività commerciale che non sia stata preventivamente autorizzata, per iscritto, dalla società organizzatrice dell’evento; • Porre in essere atti aggressivi nei confronti del personale addetto al controllo; • Danneggiare o manomettere in qualsiasi modo strutture, infrastrutture e servizi dell’impianto; • Arrampicarsi su balaustre, parapetti, divisori ed altre strutture non destinate alla permanenza del pubblico; • Stazionare su percorsi di accesso e di esodo e su ogni altra via di fuga;

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Colony Open Air Festival 2017 - Tutte le info utili per accedere all
          Re: Looking for Info on Missouri State School/Missouri Colony in Marshall   
there is a mental hospital in marshall,she may be on the census for the year she was there.
          Re: Looking for Info on Missouri State School/Missouri Colony in Marshall   
I am just trying to find out just what was it?? We found a distant relative that died there in 1944 and she was classified as an "Inmate".
          Moon beam / Jody Lynn Nye and Travis S. Taylor.   
cover imageBarbara Winton, a lonely, sixteen-year-old farm girl, goes from fangirl to participant on her favorite reality show about the Moon colony, where she will lead a team building a massive radar telescope.
          Exploring North Carolina: African American History   

Exploring North Carolina:  African American History

This page gathers resources in NCpedia that cover the history and heritage of African Americans in North Carolina from the colonial era to the present day.  It does not include all resources in NCpedia but rather a selection that covers important topics and events, including: biographies; the art and cultural heritage of African Americans in the state; slavery and the ante-bellum era; the struggle for citizenship and civil rights; business and educational leadership; politics; and historic sites and monuments.

All NCpedia articles related to African American History
African American Biographies
Background
Selected Historic Places
History of African American Education
African American Business History
Organizations: Civic, Business, Political & Religious
Culture and the Arts
Law, Segregation and Politics
Civil Rights
Ante-Bellum to Mid-19th Century Era History

All NCpedia articles related to African American History


African American Biographies in NCpedia (link to all entries)

Background

African Americans -- multi-part entry by historical period

Selected Historic Places

African American Dance Ensemble
Bennett College
Charlotte Hawkins Brown Museum
Coleman Manufacturing Company
Durham’s Black Wall Street
First Light of Freedom Monument
Greensboro Four Monument
Historically Black Colleges & Universities
James City
Leonard Medical School
Nina Simone Sculpture
Palmer Memorial Institute
Princeville
Richard Etheridge Statue
Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony
Schools for Freed Peoples
Shaw University
Young Men’s Institute

Back to top

History of African American Education

A History of Medical Teaching in North Carolina
Era of Progress and Promise
Freedmen’s Bureau
Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)
Public Education
Rosenwald Fund
School Desegregation
Schools for Freed Peoples

Back to top

African American Business History (selected entries)

African Americans: Emerging Roles
Black Freemasonry
Black Wall Street
Coleman Manufacturing Company
Colored Merchants Association
Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company
Inventors
Mechanics and Farmers Bank
National Negro Business League
North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company
Spaulding, Charles Clinton
Wheeler Airlines
Willie Otey Kay

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Organizations: Civic, Business, Political and Religious

4-H and Home Demostration
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
American Missionary Association
Black Freemasonry
Black Panther Party
Commission on Interracial Cooperation
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
North Carolina Industrial Association
North Carolina Teachers Association
Pentecostal Holiness Church
Royal Knights of King David

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Culture and the Arts (selected entries)

African American Dance Ensemble
African and African American Storytelling
Angelou, Maya
Arts and Art Organizations
Bearden, Romare
Blues
Buck Dancing
Coltrane, John
Gospel Music
History of Food
Jazz
Monk, Thelonious
Music History
Performing Arts
Simone, Nina
Step Dancing
Stories and Storytellers

Back to top

Law, Segregation and Politics

Constitutional Convention, 1868: Black Caucus
Disfranchisement
Emancipation
Equal Rights League
Exodusters
Fourteenth Amendment
Fusion of Republicans and Populists
Great Migration
Newspapers (multi-part article)
School Desegregation
Segregation
Slater Fund
State Parks
Wilmington Race Riot

Back to top

Civil Rights

All NCpedia entries related to Civil Rights
Civil Rights in North Carolina
Civil Rights Movement – multi-part entry    
Golden Frinks
Greensboro Four
Sit-Ins
Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee
Wilmington Ten

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Ante-bellum to Mid-19th Century Era History

African Americans -- multi-part entry by historical period    
African Americans and the Revolution
African Americans in Union-Occupied North Carolina During the Civil War
African Americans: Life Under Slavery
Anti-slavery Movement in North Carolina
Colonization Societies
Contrabands
Dunmore's Ethiopian Regiment
Forced Migration of African Americans
Free African American Population in the U.S.: 1790-1860
Freedmen's Conventions
General Demographics – Part 5: African American
Great Migration
Slave Clandestine Economy
Slave Codes
Slave Names
Slave Rebellions
Slavery (all NCpedia entries related to Slavery)
Two Black Classes of Antebellum NC

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          State Fruit: Scuppernong Grape   

State Fruit

Scuppernong Grape

by Steven Case
NC Government & Heritage Library, 2007

See also: Scuppernong Grape (Encyclopedia of North Carolina); Fox Grape

The General Assembly of 2001 named the Scuppernong grape as the official State Fruit (Session laws, 2001, c. 488). The same session law declared the strawberry and blueberry to be the state berries.

Illustration of scuppernong grape specimen from Roanoke Island, N.C., by Amanda Almira Newton, 1905. U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, M.D.The Scuppernong (vitis rotundifolia) is a variety of muscadine grape, and has the distinction of being the first grape ever actively cultivated in the United States. It was named for the Scuppernong River, which runs from Washington County to the Albemarle Sound. Giovanni de Verrazano noticed this variety as far back as 1524, and explorers for Sir Walter Raleigh (or Ralegh, as it's sometimes spelled) in the 1580's sent back reports from the Outer Banks of grape vines that "…covered every shrub and climbed the tops of high cedars. In all the world, a similar abundance was not to be found." The Roanoke colonists are credited with discovering the Scuppernong "Mother Vineyard," a vine that is now over 400 years old and covers half an acre.

AN ACT ADOPTING THE OFFICIAL FRUIT AND BERRIES OF NORTH CAROLINA.

PART I. NORTH CAROLINA'S HERITAGE OF FARMING
Whereas, North Carolina's economy originated and developed as an agrarian economy with a cornucopia of fruits and vegetables; and
Whereas, the State takes great pride in its rich heritage of farming; and
Whereas, there are still many families who base their livelihood in farming and who are continuing the North Carolina tradition of producing goods from our land; and
Whereas, one of the main sources of agricultural production in the State is the production of fruits and berries of several varieties; and

PART II.  THE SCUPPERNONG GRAPE.
Whereas, North Carolina is the home of our nation's first cultivated grape, the Scuppernong; and
Whereas, the Scuppernong grape was named after the Scuppernong River in North Carolina; and
Whereas, British explorers in 1584 and 1585 reported to Queen Elizabeth and Sir Walter Raleigh that the barrier islands of what is now, in part, Roanoke Island were full of grapes and that the soil of the land was "so abounding with sweet trees that bring rich and most pleasant gummes, grapes of such greatness, yet wild, as France, Spain, nor Italy hath not greater…"; and
Whereas, Sir Walter Raleigh's colony discovered the famous Scuppernong "Mother Vineyard" on Roanoke Island, a vine that is now over 400 years old and has a trunk over two feet thick; and
Whereas, the State toast, penned in 1904, references North Carolina as the land "[w]here the scuppernong perfumes the breeze at night,"; and...

Montage of North Carolina's State Fruits: The Strawberry, Blueberry, and Scuppernong Grape.

The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:

SECTION 1.  Chapter 145 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
"§ 145-18. State fruit and State berries.
(a)       The official fruit of the State of North Carolina is the Scuppernong grape (Vitis genus).
(b)       The official red berry of the State is the strawberry (Fragaria genus).
(c)       The official blue berry of the State is the blueberry (Vaccinium genus)."
SECTION 2.  This act is effective when it becomes law.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 5th day of December, 2001.
 
                                                                    s/ Beverly E. Perdue
                                                                       President of the Senate

                                                                    s/ James B. Black
                                                                         Speaker of the House of Representatives

                                                                    s/ Michael F. Easley
                                                                         Governor

Approved 6:58 p.m. this 16th day of December, 2001


          Comment on NASA’s Child Slave Colony on Mars, plus Other Stuff by Norbrook   
Gosh, I thought the missing children were being kidnapped for nefarious purposes by Martians! :-P You know, the ones that NASA keeps insisting aren't there? ;-) Yeah, this is a voter suppression effort by Kobach, and it fits right into his behavior in Kansas. He's a blatant bigot who can't imagine why black or brown people are allowed to vote, and given his record, apparently believes that only white, male property owners should be allowed to vote.
          Comment on NASA’s Child Slave Colony on Mars, plus Other Stuff by Beltwayjim   
Florida again!!! Florida election officials briefly used SAVE ( Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements) as part of a voter-purge effort. But doing so led to many errors, including wrongly identifying some citizens as noncitizens including four Polk County residents born in Puerto Rico, which automatically qualifies them for U.S. citizenship. Yeral Arroliga, an immigrant from Nicaragua, was flagged as a noncitizen despite telling the Miami Herald he provided proof of citizenship. http://www.politifact.com/florida/statements/2017/may/23/kris-kobach/trumps-election-commission-chair-kris-kobach-says-/
          Comment on NASA’s Child Slave Colony on Mars, plus Other Stuff by Linda   
I can see a new threat from exasperated parents. It won't be go to your room. It'll be shape up kid or I'm sending you to Mars. Imagine the therapy bills down the road. Kris Kobach is a dangerous man. I wouldn't give him anything or in any way aid his voter suppression schemes.
          Final Line-Up Announced for "Live in Orleans"   
Deck: 
Live music in Orleans every Tuesday in July, August
Towns: 
Hub Category: 
Main Image: 
Thumbnail Image: 
Body: 

Following is the schedule for the first annual Live in Orleans! music series. All concerts are from 5-7 p.m., Tuesdays in July and August. Four bands will be playing simultaneously at different locations throughout town each night.* BYOBC – Bring your own beach chair!

July 11 – “Americana”

 

John Salerno Band (Village Green)

VB and The Buzz (Artist Cottages)

Crabgrass Bluegrass (Main Street Square)

Tim Sweeney and the Fringe (Parish Park)

 

July 18 – “World”

 

African Drumma Queens (Artist Cottages)

Hiroya Tsukamoto (Village Green)

Pans in Paradise (Parish Park)

Pioneers – Austin McEathron & Ryan Grondahl (Main Street Square)

 

July 25 – “Jazz”

 

Mike Persico (Artist Cottages)

Dan Sullivan Trio (Main Street Square)

Bruce Abbott and Fred Fried (Village Green)

Nicholas Suchecki (Parish Park)

 

Aug. 1 – “Folk”

 

Jordan Renzi (Artist Cottages)

Chandler Travis Three-O (Parish Park)

Jake Bautista (Main Street Square)

Kami Lyle (Village Green)

 

 

Aug. 8 – “Country & Rock”

 

North Country (Artist Cottages)

Wicked Rooster (Main Street Square)

Daryl Sabine (Parish Park)

Catie Flynn Band (Village Green)

 

 

Aug. 15 – “Blues”

 

The Cyclones (Parish Park)

Aaron Norcross (Artist Cottages)

All Worn Out Jug Band (Village Green)

The George Gritzbach Band (Main Street Square)

 

*Artist Cottages, 21 Old Colony Way

Main Street Square, Main Street & Route 6A

Parish Park, 44 Main Street

Village Green, Main St. at Route 28

Information: orleanscapecod.org

-- 


          NASA officially denies claim that it’s running a child slave colony on Mars   
Conspiracy theorists, pay close attention. After a guest on InfoWars’ “The Alex Jones Show” claimed that NASA is not only operating colonies on Mars, but populating those colonies with kidnapped … Click to Continue »
          Resale in The Colony, TX for $225,000 - Bed/Baths: 3/2 #28664434   
Location: The Colony, Denton County - TX, Zipcode: 75056, Code: 28664434, Price: $225,000, Bed/Baths: 3/2, Style: Single Family
          China's president sees 'new challenges' for Hong Kong - Business Insider   
Xi's visit comes amid heightened tension between China and the former British colony, where many are concerned at increasing interference by Beijing in the city's affairs, despite the promise of wide-ranging autonomy under the "two systems" agreement. via www.businessinsider.com
          China's president sees 'new challenges' for Hong Kong - Business Insider   
Xi's visit comes amid heightened tension between China and the former British colony, where many are concerned at increasing interference by Beijing in the city's affairs, despite the promise of wide-ranging autonomy under the "two systems" agreement. via www.businessinsider.com
          After the rain: what is happening to Hong Kong's democracy? - video   

Two decades after the UK handed it back to China, President Xi Jinping is in Hong Kong for the first time to celebrate the anniversary. The ‘one country, two systems’ principle was designed to preserve democratic freedoms in the wealthy former colony. After troubled years of protest at the perceived erosion of those rights, the Guardian meets young Hong Kong citizens struggling to afford property, those moving abroad for opportunities, leaders of the pro-democracy umbrella movement and movers in the pro-Beijing establishment

Continue reading...
          Ellis or Saratoga the summer home for most Kentucky jockeys   
The bulk of the Churchill Downs riding colony will stay in Kentucky for much of the summer and move two hours westward to Ellis Park, although a few will ride at Saratoga and other tracks.
          Release-Liste für Juli 2017: Diese Spiele erwarten dich   
Im Juli wartet eine bunte Mischung an Spielen auf dich! Und das im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes – zumindest beim farbenfrohen Splatoon 2. Mit Final Fantasy 12: The Zodiac Age geht die kultige RPG-Reihe aus Japan in die nächste Runde. Auch für Indie-Fans ist etwas dabei: Binding of Isaac-Entwickler Edmund McMillen serviert dir The End is Nigh, das mit gewohnt schwerem Gameplay und grotesker Spielwelt überzeugen will.

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Themen: Die besten Spiele aller Zeiten, Yonder: The Cloud Catcher Chronicles, Splatoon 2, Minecraft, Little Nightmares, Aven Colony, Final Fantasy 12 - The Zodiac Age, Defenders of Ekron, Fortnite
          7/1/2017: World: Xi inspects hardware   
PRESIDENT Xi Jinping inspected troops and military hardware based in Hong Kong yesterday as he asserted Chinese authority over the former British colony China took control of 20 years ago. The President rode in an open-top jeep past rows of soldiers...
          NASA confirms there is no child slave colony on Mars - AOL News   
Just when you thought Americans couldn't get any stupider, we get this. Does anyone wonder why half the country calls those with IQs over 100 elites.  The making of an Idiocracy.
          NASA to Test Fission Power for Future Mars Colony   
An artist's impression of a nuclear power system, consisting of four separate fission reactors, for Mars habitats. Credit: NASA/Kilopower
          China flexes military muscle in Hong Kong during Xi's visit   
President Xi Jinping inspected troops based in Hong Kong on Friday as he asserts Chinese authority over the former British colony China took control of 20 years ago.…
          Neonicotinoid pesticides are slowly killing bees   
Photo by viktor2013/via Adobe

The typical levels of neonicotinoids found in agricultural areas kill bees and hurt their ability to reproduce, according to the first, large-scale studies on the issue. Photo by viktor2013/via Adobe

Neonicotinoid pesticides commonly found in agricultural areas kill bees and hurt their ability to reproduce, two separate large-scale studies confirmed for the first time Thursday.

The two studies — one that examined honeybees in Canada and the other that looked at three bee species in the United Kingdom, Germany and Hungary — were the first large-scale investigations to test the popular agrochemicals influence on bees in real world settings.

The work also turns many preconceived notions about bees and pesticides on their heads.

While many studies had connected neonicotinoids — a common class of insecticides derived from nicotine — to bee deaths in the past, few studies had examined how much pesticide is needed to harm bees or how long the exposure must take. Critics argued previous scientific studies used unrealistic quantities of pesticides in their experiments.

The new studies say the environmental levels of neonicotinoids surrounding farms do not obliterate bee colonies outright, but instead kill them over extended periods of time. The pesticides also threaten bee queens in particular — which means colonies have lower reproductive rates.

The new studies say neonicotinoids do not obliterate bee colonies outright, but instead kill them over extended periods of time. The pesticides also threaten bee queens in particular — which means colonies have lower reproductive rates.

“Neonicotinoids are not the only problem that bees face,” Dave Goulson, a biologist at the University of Sussex, who was not involved in either investigation, said. “But certainly both of these studies suggest very strongly that exposure to these pesticides is one of the factors causing bees to decline.”

Amro Zayed, a biologist at York University in Toronto, decided to measure agricultural chemical use near Canadian cornfields grown from neonicotinoid-treated seeds. While earlier studies had periodically tracked these chemicals at farms, Zayed’s team opted to study them over a full five-month growing season.

Neonicotinoids dissolve in water, and easily make their way into waterways via agricultural runoff, Zayed said. Flowers miles away from a farm can take up the chemicals, which seep into the stems, leaves, pollen and nectar. So Zayed’s team of researchers looked for the presence of the neonicotinoids on dead bees, forager bees, nurse bees, larvae, pollen and in nectar.

They found a combination of herbicides, fungicides and pesticides, including a handful of neonicotinoid chemicals. To their surprise, neonicotinoids were mostly detected on pollen from plants other than corn — willow trees, clovers and wildflowers — located near the crop fields.

Before, ecologists had thought bees were only exposed to the pesticides when near a treated, flowering crop, but Zayed’s study, published Thursday in Science, countered this mindset. The researchers also found the pesticides stuck around throughout the growing season. People had previously assumed the bees’ vulnerability to the pesticide lasted only as long as the crop was in bloom.

A slow decline

To peel apart what exactly happens to the bees, Zayed’s team carried its field measurements over to an outdoor lab — far away from the fields. Over a period of 12 weeks, researchers exposed bees to clothianidin — the most common neonicotinoid found at the Canadian farms — but at the same levels encountered near farms. Their experiment took a conservative approach: Each round of exposure had smaller and smaller amounts of pesticide — akin to what you might expect in nature as rain washes away the compound.

Eastern bumblebee, Bombus impatiens, pollinating lupine flowers in Canada. Photo by Jeremy T. Kerr

Eastern bumblebee, Bombus impatiens, pollinating lupine flowers in Canada. Photo by Jeremy T. Kerr

Though the bees in the lab were exposed to lower amounts of pesticide over time than bees near the farm, the insects still suffered. For example, worker bees in the lab lived three-quarters as long as those near the farms.

The pesticides not only reduced a bee’s chance of survival, but impaired its natural defense systems. While humans rely on vaccines or antibiotics, bees use social immunity, a tactic bees use to clean out dead or sick brood insects from the nest. Bees in colonies treated with clothianidin displayed less and less of this behavior over time, which means more sick bees were infecting, and staying in, the nests.

The researchers had noticed a similar trend in the cornfields the year before. By the end of the growing season, the bee hives near the fields performed this cleansing significantly less often than colonies far away from the fields.

Bad news for the queens

A lack of hygiene wasn’t the worst of it. The tainted hives tended to lose their queen and then struggled to find a new one. A queen sustains the colony, so without her, there are no eggs or future bees.

Remember those other chemicals — the herbicides and fungicides — the Canadian study found in the fields? Other labs had shown that fungicides make neonicotinoids more toxic, so Zayad’s team tested them, too. Neither the most common herbicide (linuron) nor the most common fungicide (boscalid) affected worker bee mortality on their own. But when the bees were exposed to the fungicide in combination with the neonicotinoid clothianidin, it took half as much of the chemicals to kill as many bees. The same applied if clothianidin was swapped with another neonicotinoid, thiamethoxam.

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The second study, also published Thursday in Science, backed this idea. It evaluated how combinations of pesticides, fungicides and fertilizers in oilseed rape fields affected bee survival from one year to the next in the United Kingdom, Germany and Hungary.

Neonicotinoid exposure led to fewer bumblebee queens and lower reproductive success in all three countries. Neonicotinoids also reduced the next year’s honey bee colonies in Hungary and the U.K., but not Germany. This contrast suggests multiple factors — like regional climate and previous use of neonicotinoids — influence where the pesticides can harm bees.

Christian Krupke, an entomologist at Purdue University who was not involved in either study, highlighted the value of performing such work in Canada, which has strategies in place to mitigate bee exposure to neonicotinoids.

“But, there are important follow up questions. What is the next step? What can we do in terms of mitigation?” Krupke said. “That’s where the conversation should be. Frankly, it’s overdue.”

The post Neonicotinoid pesticides are slowly killing bees appeared first on PBS NewsHour.


          The peculiar nationalism of Canada   

In the summer of 2003, in the wake of America's attack on Iraq, many passionate opponents of that war greeted the approach of Independence Day with ambivalence if not outright bitterness. I myself knew plenty of people who verbalized their fantasies about moving to Canada.

In fact, I had one friend who took the idea a step further, and moved Canada here. On July 1, he celebrated what he called "Temporary Canada Day." He decked out his Hudson Valley home in red and white bunting and maple leaf flags, and declared it temporarily part of our northern neighbor. Lastly, he set up a consular office on his front lawn where guests could fill out paperwork for visas or even receive a temporary Canadian passport. Then, once past customs, guests could drink Molsons and play uphill lawn bowling, and relax into their new identity, separated finally from their suddenly terrifying fellow Americans.

I don't know whether he's planning to revive the holiday this year. If he did, it would certainly be in keeping with the despairing mood of many liberals in the Trump era.

But this year, Canada may deserve to be examined as more than just a liberal fantasy object. Canada, after all, is a real place, with its own history and culture and way of doing things, and a strong if peculiar nationalism of its own. And yet it is also one of the most diverse countries in the world, with nearly twice the percentage of foreign-born residents that America has. If Canada has figured out how to construct a workable liberal nationalism in the age of mass migration and populist backlash, maybe America has something to learn from it?

Celebrating its 150th birthday this weekend, the gentle giant to the north may finally be ready for its close up. But a close look reveals that it might be harder for Americans to copy it than our own liberals might wish.

Start with that claim to be 150 years old this Saturday. July 1 does not mark a decisive moment in Canada's history the way July 4 does for America. Rather, it marks a somewhat arbitrary point in the territory's political evolution, and, most importantly, not one of Canada's own making.

The British North America Act of 1867 simply reorganized British possessions, dividing what was previously the colony of Canada into two provinces — French-speaking Quebec and English-speaking Ontario — united in confederation with formerly separate colonies of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. It wasn't until the Statute of Westminster in 1931 that Canada gained true legislative autonomy, and not until 1982 that Canada asserted full control over its own constitution. And of course Canada still acknowledges Queen Elizabeth II as its formal head of state.

Canada, in other words, doesn't have a founding moment like America's, subject to continuous debate about its true meaning. Nor does it have to live up to a historic moment of extraordinary self-assertion. Canada has become itself over time, slowly accumulating its own experience and its own authority. So it's perhaps unsurprising that it is relatively accepting of continuing that evolutionary process.

America and Canada are similar in that both were founded as unions of disparate parts. And both America and Canada have deep fault lines running through their countries that at times have threatened to tear them apart. But the nature of those fault lines are radically different, with very different historical consequences.

America was divided from the first between slave states and free. This division could perhaps have been sustained if neither section harbored any ambitions of expansion, but both did. The Southern "Slave Power" never felt secure unless it could perpetually extend its reach, and the global economic and political ambitions of the burgeoning North could not be satisfied unless the union was kept whole and increasingly integrated. The result was a civil war that ended in a far more unitary conception of the American constitution than most of the founders had contemplated, and a national identity that continues to be contested over questions that ultimately trace back to race.

Canada, by contrast, was divided primarily by language. For much of its history, this meant the dominance of English-speaking Canada, but Quebec preserved a distinct society that, as Canada became more and more able to decide matters for itself, was increasingly inclined to assert, and to demand special protections for. Partly as a result of this history, Canada has a far more decentralized system of government than America does, and Quebec has the kind of distinct powers that John C. Calhoun would have approved of. But because these are deployed in defense of linguistic difference rather than chattel slavery, they don't suffer from the moral taint that they do in the American context.

Moreover, Canada's solution to the problem of biculturalism laid the groundwork for becoming what it now is: a truly multi-cultural society, something America historically resisted, preferring a model of integration by assimilation. Immigrant groups in Canada have a model, in Francophone Canada, of how to remain corporately distinct while integrating into the existing political structure. And now, with such a multifarious collection of immigrant communities, the politics of Canada's most diverse provinces in some ways resemble those of a highly diverse American city like New York or Los Angeles, where, just as Madison predicted in Federalist No. 10, the general interest emerges from the competition among factions, none of whom are large enough to become exclusively dominant.

The biggest difference between Canada and America, though, is that America has no America either to shelter behind or to define itself against.

From the beginning, when loyalists to the British crown scrambled over the Niagara escarpment, Canadian identity has substantially consisted of being not American. But as a much smaller and weaker country, Canada has had no choice but to accommodate itself to America's needs. Meanwhile America hasn't had any reason to worry about a threat from then-British Canada since at least the 1920s, if not the 19th century. Our settled and demilitarized border is a great achievement, but also a relatively easy one for two countries with so much in common economically and culturally, but such a large disparity in power as to make true rivalry implausible.

Meanwhile, admirers of Canada's embrace of diversity likely underrate the importance of Canada's isolation to the relative success of its multicultural project. Canada, like America, is bordered by oceans on two sides (three counting the Arctic). But America borders Mexico to the south, while Canada borders America. America's problem of undocumented immigration is largely the consequence of rapid population growth in Mexico combined with economic development that made travel to America more plausible but that didn't raise incomes quickly enough to encourage more Mexicans to make their fortunes at home. Canada has the luxury of being able to readily control who comes into their country, and they have taken the opportunity to be quite selective about who they choose to admit. In spite of the fact that Canada admits far more immigrants per-capita than America, American immigration restrictionists often point to Canada as an exemplar of a rational immigration policy that puts the interests of citizens first. But would Canada have been able to be simultaneously so selective and so liberal if they had to confront large-scale undocumented migration from a single country?

Populism is not going to ignore Canada entirely. It was only a few months ago that some observers worried about the Trumpification of Canada's Conservative Party, which instead has turned more towards traditional religious conservatives somewhat in the manner of France's Republicans. But to the extent that Canada is insulated from its effects, that has more to do with the idiosyncrasies of its history and geography than with any lessons that can be easily applied by Americans upset at Trump.

But there is another part of the world being roiled by populism that might benefit more from examining the Canadian experience than America would. Europe has been struggling to find a way to preserve distinct national societies within a confederal framework, a struggle that mass migration has made far more fraught. And it has also struggled to define a distinct collective identity vis-a-vis a sometimes overbearing America without threatening cordial relations. Europeans looking at the Canadian example might come to some useful conclusions about the importance of selectivity in immigration, and of pairing refugees with native sponsors — but they might also learn something about the importance of limiting bureaucratic centralism in making a confederation work.

American liberals may continue to look north with longing. But perhaps this year, my friend should celebrate Temporary Canada day in Paris, or Berlin.


          Pakistan town house for sale   
Newly constructed finished house for sale with following details: Prime location in Pakistan town phase 2, Just behind Lateef chemist PWD colony commercial 5 marla 50×25 4 bed 5 bath Porch kitchen Demand: 85 Lac PKR Contact: 0300-5186419Filed under: Property Tagged: 4 bed house for sale, 5 marla house for sale, house for sale, Islamabad, … Continue reading Pakistan town house for sale
          Of Ants and Humans   
Ants, like human beings, have a limited capacity to know, comprehend, accept, and work with their social and ecological environments.  However, there must be something built into the ants’ brains that enable them to have some kind of pro-sociability with ants from the same colony in order to enable and facilitate communication and production amongst […]
          Chinese president swears in new Hong Kong leader amid protests   
HONG KONG (Reuters) - Chinese President Xi Jinping swore in Hong Kong's new leader, Carrie Lam, on Saturday as the former British colony marked the 20th anniversary of its handover to Chinese rule
          Bee Mandala Printed in Honey Yellow on a Womens Medium Gray Bella Soft 100% Cotton Slim Fit Screen Printed T-Shirt by Astrolaboratory   

22.00 USD

This Bee Mandala was made to bring awareness to the devastation of Colony Collapse Disorder and to lend support to the North American Pollinator Protection Campaign.
The Bees offer their hard work to us and I wish to do my part to help Protect them.

++ 10% of every purchase of this shirt is donated to the NAPCC ++

But you can purchase it just cause you love the design too!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Printed in Honey Yellow on a Medium Gray Bella Jersey Longer Length 100% Cotton T-shirt.

**SIZING RUNS SMALL**
I recommend buying a size larger than you normally wear for your best fit.

Available Sizes - S, M, L, XL
See sizing chart in image section for details.

Manufacturers T-shirt info-
Bella® Marcelle Sheer Jersey Longer Length T-shirt
Pre-shrunk 100% cotton 40 singles 3.2 ounce sheer jersey longer length t-shirt. Soft, refined sheer cotton t-shirt with added body length and a slim fit silhouette.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

All inks used in the AstroLab studio are Environmentally Friendly Water Based Professional Inks.
Meaning its great quality, and much less impact on the environment than most screen printed products. I also strive to keep a waste free studio by keeping supplies in check and generally reducing, reusing, and recycling when possible while keeping professional standards

Thanks so much for looking,
Keep the Balance


          USA Network TV Show Ratings (updated 6/30/17)   

Over the course of its history, USA Network has had both great successes and big disappointments when it comes to their original scripted shows. Which of the current ones will be cancelled or renewed for another season? Stay tuned! Scripted USA Network shows listed: Benched, Colony, Complications, Covert Affairs, Dig, Eyewitness, Falling Water, Graceland, Mr. […]

The post USA Network TV Show Ratings (updated 6/30/17) appeared first on canceled TV shows - TV Series Finale.


          Colony: Cancelled or Renewed for Season Three on USA Network?   

Vulture Watch How long will the Bowmans live life under occupation? Has the Colony TV show been cancelled or renewed for a third season on USA Network? The television vulture is watching all the latest cancellation and renewal news, so this page is the place to track the status of Colony season three. Bookmark it, […]

The post Colony: Cancelled or Renewed for Season Three on USA Network? appeared first on canceled TV shows - TV Series Finale.


          Aven Colony is Everything You Want From a Survival City-Builder, Not Much Else   

Cities: Skylines, but in space.

The post Aven Colony is Everything You Want From a Survival City-Builder, Not Much Else appeared first on Twinfinite.


          Absconding: Why is my Hive Empty?   
Your hive is empty? What the heck happened? Beekeeping always has an element of chance when it comes to success.  For every successful hive, there is always the chance that a hive will abscond. Absconding is when an entire colony just ups and leaves their current location in search for a new home. While swarming is a very common action for a colony to take, absconding is much rarer. It can happen any time of year but is most common during the first few weeks of a brand new colony or later in the fall.


There are many variables that can drive a colony to abscond. A few of the of those reasons could be:
  • Lack of Resources: One of the most common reasons is the colony deciding that there is not enough resources available to them in the area. Even if your hive has shown signs of effective foraging and activity, a quick change in the environment can cause trouble. If a colony is new in a hive and, let's say, during a dearth they are unable to find resources at their normal foraging spots, they could decide to pack up and relocate. Slightly similar to swarming except since the colony is so young, it is better for the whole colony to relocate rather than split into half. If you notice that weather conditions are hindering your colonies foraging, it is always best to provide sugar syrup using a feeder.
  • Foul Odors: This can most commonly happen with newly painted hives. If you paint your hive and don’t give it a couple days to air dry completely before installing your bees, the fumes and odors could drive the honey bees away from the hive.
  • Pest & Robbing: Robbing is when honey bees try to invade a different colony and steal some of their resources, whether it be stored nectar or provided feed. Even with an entrance feeder, larger pests could try and dig into the hive to try and feed off the feeder or even the bees. Depending on the severity of robbing, this could potentially cause a colony to abscond. To prevent robbing, keep a watchful eye on your hives activity and the nectar flow.Robbing happens most often during dearth’s or times of minimal resources, so if you notice that your bees are not foraging as much, you may want to reduce the entrance size to help provide your bees with less room they have to protect. Click here to learn more about robbing.
If you discover one of your hives has absconded, there are a few options you have to help build a new colony back up:
Splitting a Hive into a Nucleus Hive
  1. With a second colony that is very strong, you can split the colony and use a portion of it to build up a new hive. To split, select 4-5 frames from the strong colony that include a wide variety of available brood and resources (eggs, larvae, capped brood, and stored nectar). Move these frames into an empty hive and fill in all available frame space (in both the new and old colony) with drawn comb or new foundation. You can allow the colony to try and produce their own queen, but it is recommended to source your own queen and introduce her on your own.
  2. Started your hive with a package or a NUC? There is always the option of sourcing bees out again. Local Bee Associations are a great place to start when looking for the best ways to get bees in your area.
  3. Speaking of Associations, you can always get in contact with fellow beekeepers to see if they have any swarms or hives they are willing to split with you.
The best prevention against absconding is observation. You do not want to open your hive constantly for that could cause just as much disruption with your hive growth (inspection every couple weeks is still recommended), but keeping a watchful eye on their activity in and out of the hive can provide you just as much information.

Absconding is something only a small number of beekeepers ever have to worry about, but it is wise to understand the possibilities and stay informed.

          Preparing for your New Bees   
A beekeeper can’t be a beekeeper without bees. Packages and Nucleus Hives (NUCs) are the simplest way of finding new honey bees. If you have not pre-ordered your Package or NUC yet, we still have some available for pick-up at our retail stores. Click here to view our pick-up dates and pricing.If you have already found your source for honey bees, you are well on your way to becoming a beekeeper! Before you get started, though, here are a few tips on how to best prepare for your new bees.

Nucleus Hive (NUC) being opened for inspection

Pick up your bees in an appropriate vehicle.

Honey bees in transit are not the happiest. The longer they are confined, whether it be a package or a NUC, the more stressed they become. Would you not be as well? The stress of transporting a colony can cause them to overheat and cook themselves. This is one of the reasons why we recommend you pick up your package of bees rather than having them shipped. They will need constant airflow to keep them from overheating. An open bed vehicle like a truck is a great vehicle to transport bees. If you have to load the bees into a car to travel, make sure you have the windows open and air conditioning on the entire trip. You may get a little chilly but that may be better than cooking your new investment.

DO NOT pick up your hive supplies the same day you get your bees.

Every hive component (hive tops, boxes, and bottom boards) needs either a coat of laytex paint or a sealant to help protect and preserve the wood. The paint or sealant must be dry and the odor dispelled before you install your bees. Picking up your supplies the same day as bees will require an additional 3-5 days before your hive will be ready for the bees. Order your supplies now and get them ready.

Make sure you provide plenty of feed for your new colony.


Installed Package w/ a Cypress Entrance Feeder

Imagine that you have just moved to a new city. Are you going to know where the closest grocery store is located? How long will it take you to build that bookshelf in order to organize your house? While your new colony is learning the environment around them, you will want to provide plenty of sugar syrup for them to feed on. Sugar Syrup is easy to mix and can be fed to the bees in many different devices. Adding feed supplements will provide the additional nutrition to the sugar syrup the bees need. A good rule of thumb is keep feeding your hive sugar syrup until they stop taking it or until the first honey super is added.


It’s never too early to start fighting Varroa Mites.

They are considered one of the key factors in honey bee decline. A small, bloodsucking tick opens wounds on the bees making them more susceptible to infections and diseases that can last multiple generations. Varroa’s reproductive cycle is based upon that of the bees and the female mites will produce young within capped brood cell. One of the best times to treat for Varroa is before the bees are able to cap their brood. Packaged bees will not have capped brood and can be easily treated with a mixture of sugar syrup and oxalic acid, a natural varroa treatment. In a package 100% of varroa mites are exposed so there is nowhere for them to hide.

          Wintering Bees Cluster: What's going on?   
A common question that non beekeepers constantly ask is how bees survive through cold winter temperatures. “They create a cluster and use vibration to keep the cluster warm” is the typical response that usually concludes “they do not hibernate”. As beekeepers, do we truly understand what is happening within that cluster? We understand that the bees generate metabolic heat, but how?

Honey bees would not have a chance if they did not function as a highly organized superorganism that worked efficiently. Each bee fills a need within the colony and this assigned division of labor allows honey bees to be successful.

To maintain heat within the cluster the colony mush be able to produce heat and use bees to insulate and reduce heat loss. The bees on the outer edges of the cluster act as insulators and will rotate into the center where the temperature is warmest. The “heater bees”, as discovered by Professor Jurgen Tautz at the Wurzburg University, in Germany, are responsible for maintaining the temperature of the brood nest.
Thermal imaging has revealed that heater bees will decouple their wings so the muscles can move at full speed without moving their wings.This movement will increase their body temperature to the point where they should cook themselves, up to 111 Fahrenheit, but are able to withstand. Further investigation revealed that the heater bees would position themselves in empty cells amongst the brood in order to sustain temperature in the surrounding cells. These bees will even place their thorax on cells to increase the temperature within by a few degrees.

The point to be mindful of is that the cluster stays warm, the hive does not. Bees make no attempt to maintain heat throughout the entire hive. A hive that is uniformly warm would not require a cluster to form around the brood. Warmth is essential for maintaining brood health and bee movement.

How can beekeepers help?
  •  Beekeepers are able to help the colony maintain cluster temperature by removing unnecessary dead air space. Condense the hive down to manageable setup and reposition the food stores for easy access.
  • Insulators are great to trap heat but will also trap in moisture. Choose a material that is absorbent or allows for moisture to escape.
  •  Use windbreaks to prevent gusts of wind penetrating the hive.
Some great resources for assisting with the cluster include:

          What Makes Winter Honey Bee's so Special?   
Have you ever wondered why winter bees live longer?

The Answer: Vitellogenin.

Next question; what is Vitellogenin?

Vitellogenin is classified as a glycolipoprotein as it has properties of sugar, fat and protein. The honey bee colony's health is dependent upon the buildup of this protein reserve as it acts as an antioxidant to prolong the Queen and forager's lifespan. It is also used to produce royal jelly and is a vital part of the bee's immune system. Additionally, it functions as a hormone that affects future foraging behavior. Within the worker bees, those with the highest levels of Vitellogenin are given the job of nesting bees while those with exhausted reserves become foragers.

How does this impact my winter bees?

We always recommend feeding bee's sugar syrup with a supplement going into the winter. This is a no-brainer. What we don't touch upon is the protein intake of a colony. The best indicator of adequate protein is the diversity of pollen stores. Colonies that are still rearing brood can easily deplete their pollen stores and begin to delve into their Vitellogenin during a pollen dearth. The upcoming winter generation needs to have built up lipids and proteins stored in their fat bodies (nutrients held in the bees body) so that they may survive without honey stores. Keep in mind that high levels of vitellogenin going into winter will help with the pollen shortage in early spring.

There are many advantages to feeding syrup and protein sources in the fall. There are several nutritional supplements that can be included in syrup to incorporate the needed nutrients to maintain a healthy colony.

  • Honey B Healthy us used in spring and winter to stimulate the immune system
  • Amino B Booster is a blend of free amino acids that assimilates directly through the mid gut to the bees' hemolymph and hemocytes, then transported to the sites where protein is needed for bee growth.
  • Vitamin B Healthy provides the needed nutrients vital for bee health when pollen sources are scarce or pollen lacks the essential nutrients.
  • Hive Alive strengthens the bees' immune system and helps bees absorb the nutrients, proteins and sugars needed to increase brood production.

Beekeepers with negligible fall pollen should look to pollen sources to sustain or build up protein reserves. The best pollen source would be that extracted from the colony or from a reputable local supplier, however, there are other substitutes that will provided the needed protein and lipids.
  • You need to look to sources with protein levels higher than 25% such as our Ener-G-Plus which provides this with approximately 32% crude protein.
  • Save time with the prepared pollen substitute in patty form.
Honey bees require protein, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, minerals and water. Ensure the emerging generation going into winter has an abundant, nutritional diet so they may pack in their fat bodies for longer months.



          What is a Resource Hive?   
(This is a sample of one of the many blogs we provide in our free Monthly E-Newsletter. In the newsletter we discuss everything from beginner beekeeping to your second year with the hive, product highlights and updates on the current state of beekeeping. It's FREE to receive our monthly e-newsletter just click here to register.)


Introduced to Brushy Mountain Bee Farm's expansive inventory last year, the Resource Hive has become a very popular resource for beekeepers. The Resource Hive consists of a 10-Frame size hive body that has been divided to accommodate two 4-Frame NUCs. It also includes two additional 4-frame NUC boxes so you can expand your NUC to a second story if you need to. The bottom board that comes with it has also been adjusted to create two entrances on opposite ends for each 4-frame portion. It works with a 10-Frame Telescoping Top (sold separately) Its popularity stems from the multiple ways it can be used:

Overwintering NUCs: Trying to keep a NUC going over winter to help grow a hive in the spring? The double chamber in the Resource allows you to keep two NUCs in one hive, using heat generated by both hives to help keep the hive temperature stable through the winter. You can even alternate each story with a frame of brood and a frame of stored honey / sugar syrup (checker boarding) to help provide easily accessible food during the winter.

Boost Weaker Colonies: Needing to build up a weak colony? Condensing a weak hive down into one half of the Resource Hive allows the colony to concentrate more on rebuilding itself than expanding.

Making Spits: With the bottom hive body divided into half, it's never been easier to split a hive. Take the frames from the hive you want to split and divide them on each side of the Resource Hive. Keep note of which side of the resource hive the queen is located and begin to introduce a queen to the other half of the hive. Once the new queen has been successfully introduced to the split you can then relocate both colonies to separate hives to continue their growth.

Raising Queens: Seal off the space between the top and bottom story and you now have 4 separate 4-Frame NUC boxes you can use to raise queens. Use the NUC inner cover entrances as entrances for the 2nd story while using the bottom board entrances for the 1st story.

Learn more about the Resource Hive and order your own here.

          Maintaining a Healthy Queen in your Bee Hive   
(This is a sample of one of the many blogs you will find in our Monthly E-Newsletter. In the newsletter we discuss everything from beginner beekeeping to your second year with the hive; product highlights and updates on the current state of beekeeping. It's FREE to receive our monthly e-newsletter just click here to register.)


What are signs of a productive queen?


Finding the queen is a difficult and timely task that is unnecessary. Always check for signs of eggs when inspecting your colony. Eggs indicate a Queen was present within the last 3 days. Eggs, larvae, and capped brood confirm a balanced expanding colony.

    • Healthy Larvae should appear white, plump, and glistening. Discolored and dried up larvae are signs of Chalkbrood or other diseases that should be identified and treated.
    • Brood frames should be full looking with brood of similar age. The queen works from the center to the outside; therefore, eggs and larvae of the same size should be found in different stages, moving from the center of the frame to the outside.
    • Assess the number of frames that contain brood. Populations will continue to increase with the abundance of resources in the area, will typically remain stagnant during the hot summer months, and begin to wane in the fall with the decline in nectar flow. Brood chamber(s) with 5 to 8 frames filled with brood is ideal.
    • Finding multiple eggs per cell is a sure sign of a laying worker. A laying worker will take the role of the queen if the colony is queenless for an extended period of time.
    • Full sections of drone cappings on a brood frame is a good signal that the queen was not properly mated.
Do not be fooled! Some missing indicators of a healthy queen can be contributed to other events happening in the hive.

When a hive is preparing to swarm the queen will slow her production, leaving a manageable brood nest for the remaining hive to care for. In addition, there will be an interruption in brood rearing as the virgin queen returns from her mating flight and settles into the hive.

After new queens are introduced they may lay multiple eggs in the same cell and the occasional drone egg amongst the worker brood. After time she will settle down to a normal laying pattern.

When to replace your queen.


Replace the queen at the first signs of failing. A few weeks with a substandard queen in the spring can impact their health and strength going into winter. Some beekeepers will replace queens in colonies that are overly aggressive. Introducing a new queen with a gentle temperament will eradicate the defensive nature of the colony.



Capped Queen Cell. It is common to find uncapped queen cells in any hive, but if you find a capped queen cell that means the hive is actively working to supersede the queen.

How to replace the queen.


DO NOT KILL THE CURRENT QUEEN UNTIL YOU HAVE YOUR NEW QUEEN IN HAND. The colony will be aware of the queen removal within a few hours and begin building supercedure cells.

New queens are typically received in a queen cage that is sealed with candy and possibly a cork. Locate the existing queen and permanently remove her from the hive. Wait 24 hours before introducing the new queen and remove any queen cells found in the hive. Secure the new queen cage between the frames at the top of the brood area with a rubber band or other device to prevent from falling. The candy end needs to be facing up to prevent dead attending bees blocking the entrance and the screened facing open to the colony so the queens pheromone is dispersed throughout hive and other attending bees can care for her.


DO NOT REMOVE THE CANDY! Never directly release a new queen into a colony. The risk of her not being accepted is too high. It may take up to a week but allow the colony to become acclimated to her pheromone and release her. A colony will be more acceptant of a new queen if there is a strong nectar flow; therefore, apply a feed to your hive.

A failing queen will not improve and needs to be replaced. A proactive measure is to replace her every one to two years.

          The Bee Informed Partnership Survey: Help Fight Colony Loss   

Why you matter: Please take the survey today!

It is not often that a solitary beekeeper, endeavoring to help nature, the environment and provide teachable moments to family, neighbors and coworkers, can make a difference, but in this case, you can.

It is April and time to limber your fingers and take the Bee Informed Partnership’s National Loss and Management survey! 

Take the Survey Now!

Starting now and continuing until April 30th, your responses from this survey provide invaluable information that DIRECTLY contribute to garnering a clear picture of honey bee health throughout the country and helps guide best management practices. Thank you for all the beekeepers who, for 10 years now, have taken the time to complete the Colony Loss survey. Additional appreciation goes to those beekeepers who have provided data for our Management survey for the past 5 years. From YOU, we have determined year after year that treating for Varroa is one core actionable practice you can do to help your colony survive.


Only 46% of beekeepers reported using a varroa mite product last year. From respondents to this survey, we see that those who DO treat, lose ~27% fewer colonies. That is marked reduction in losses! This is a trend that has remained consistent from every management survey we have conducted to date.

To help us continue this effort, click the link below to take the National Colony Loss and Management Survey for the 2015-2016 season: Take the Survey Now!


Thank you for your continued support and all our best for healthy colonies in 2016
– The Bee Informed Partnership Team

          Breaking Down a Honey Bee Langstroth Hive   

When you start out in beekeeping it can seem pretty daunting how many different setups and how many varieties of tools there are available. Here at Brushy Mountain Bee Farm we try to not only to provide a wide variety of tools for each beekeepers preference but also information to help better understand the beekeeping process.

When it comes to beekeeping, of course the most important part are the bees, but you can’t have bees without a hive. There are many elements to a complete honey bee hive. Some parts are a necessity while others are beneficial but not required.


Starting from the top of the hive,

here are all the parts you might find:




 
HIVE TOP: A hive top is necessary to seal the hive and provide protection from the elements. Two standard types of hive tops are the flat telescoping top and the A-Frame top. We manufacture our A-Frame top with a solid copper roof to make for an elegant garden piece but this design does have functionality as well. The weight of the Copper top prevents the hive top from blowing off during high winds, whereas, the telescoping top requires the beekeeper to place a weighted item on top to secure it down. The hive top has an overhang to prevent rain from seeping into the hive. 







INNER COVER: This is the barrier between your hive boxes and the hive top. The inner cover provides a flat ceiling to help control the bees buildup as well as make it easier to remove the hive top. Bees will secure the hive by "gluing" equipment together using propolis. Without the use of an inner cover, beekeepers would end up pulling apart their hive tops in order to inspect their hives. In addition to being a barrier, the inner cover creates dead air space for insulation against heat and cold and can also be used as an additional entrance via the hole in the center and grooved opening on the side.


FRAMES and FOUNDATION: While everything else is the shell of the hive, the frames are where life happens. Everything a colony does, from raising brood to storing pollen, nectar and honey, happen within each frame. Each frame holds a thin sheet of foundation, a hexagonal pattern structure the bees use to store. Foundation can be made of pure beeswax sheets with wire support running through or plastic foundation with a thin layer of beeswax coating. Beeswax foundation without ingrained wire support can also be used, but if you plan to use it, especially on larger frames, you may also want to consider support pins or support rods to help. Once the foundation begins to fill up it can get really heavy, if not supported, could collapse on itself.





HONEY SUPER: This is where the fruits of you & your bee’s labor really show! Bees throughout the season are constantly producing honey to feed not just the present colony but build up surplus for whenever there’s a dearth and the bees are not able to forage for more resources. A colony will need upwards of 50-60 lbs. (roughly one full super) of honey in order to survive through the winter months in a temperate climate. The honey they have stored in abundance to the 50-60 lbs. can be harvested and extracted. Nothing tastes as good as honey from your own hive! The supplies used in a Honey Super are no different than what is used in the rest of the hive. They are called "honey supers" simply because they will be the designated supers to hold the excess honey.




QUEEN EXCLUDER: In order to prevent the queen from moving up into the honey supers and laying eggs in your honey, beekeepers will place a queen excluder above the brood chamber. The precise grooves in these plastic or metal sheets are wide enough to allow worker bees to easily move throughout the hive and narrow enough to restrict the queen. Locate your queen before placing the excluder onto the hive. Ensure she is located below the excluder or your honey supers will quickly become the brood chamber.The queen excluder is a completely optional tool. You will find a lot of beekeepers divided on the importance of it.





HIVE BODY: Your laying queen needs somewhere to lay her brood. That is where a hive body comes into play. Hive bodies are used as brood chambers for the queen to lay her eggs and rearing of new bees. The hive body contains the frames the queen will build the brood chamber. Size-wise, deep hive boxes are most commonly used for brood chambers but there are several beekeepers (including many here at Brushy Mtn) who are using medium supers (same size as the honey supers) for both honey supers and hive bodies. Boxes used for brood chambers are always the lowest boxes of a hive.







ENTRANCE REDUCER:When a hive is healthy and functioning at full force during the summer having plenty of entrance space is great, but when a hive is young or not functioning at its best, it will need a more manageable entrance to guard. With an entrance reducer you can manage the size of the entrance so when the hive is weak it has less of an area to defend from robbing bees and other smaller pests.
BOTTOM BOARD: The ground floor of your hive. A bottom board helps seal the hive from the bottom to avoid excess buildup as well as security from pest trying to get into the hive from below. For generations most bottom boards were solid wood but, in assisting with management of Varroa mites (bloodsucking ticks that leaves bees vulnerable to diseases) in a hive, screened bottom boards have become very popular. Not only do the screen help provide ventilation but it also allows for falling Varroa mites to be completely expelled from the hive. Screened bottom boards also come with a gridded corrugated sheet that you use occasionally to count how many Varroa mites fall out of the hive and decide if a mite treatment is needed to lower a Varroa infestation.



HIVE STAND: The hive stand has three functions. One:It helps elevate the hive off the ground. To help protect it from pest and building moisture you will want your hive at least six inches off the ground. Two: It provides and extended landing platform for your bees so they have more room to maneuver in and out of the hive. Three: It makes your hive look pretty. The hive stand is not a necessity but elevating your hive at least six inches off the ground can help protect your hive.


10-Frame Hive Stand

If you have any more questions regarding our hives, feel free to contact us at info@brushymountainbeefarm.com or call us at 1-800-BEESWAX (233-7929)

Learn more about the beekeeping supplies.
Learn more about the difference between 8 & 10 Frame hives.

Order one of our Complete Bee-ginner's Starter Kits


          Setting Up a Hive: 8 Frame or 10 Frame   
(This is a sample of one of the many blogs we provide during our Monthly E-Newsletter. In the newsletter we discuss everything from beginner beekeeping to your second year with the hive; product highlights and updates on the current state of beekeeping. To sign up to receive our free monthly e-newsletter just click here.)

There are several things to consider when planning to begin beekeeping, such as, the size hive you will want to use. The size you choose is directly relates to the number of frames each box holds. The two sizes to choose from are: 8 Frame or 10 Frame. There are pros and cons to each hive sizes and it will benefit you to understand them before making the investment.

10 Frame:


Generations of beekeepers have considered 10 frame hives the "traditional" hive. The biggest advantage of 10 frame hives is that each hive box can hold larger quantities of honey and bees per box. This is not to say the size of your colony will be larger or that you will be able to harvest more honey, rather, each box will be able to hold more. This can be beneficial as your colony grows in population. You are not continuously adding The downside is when your honey super is full of honey they can weigh up to 80 lbs. This is very strenuous work and if you have trouble lifting heavy items you may have trouble managing a 10 frame hives.

Have you ever noticed feral honey bees? They tend to build their hives in tall narrow locations such as hollowed tree trunks. They follow this same mindset when working in a hive; build up rather than build out. With the 10 frame hive, just before you place another hive body/super onto the hive, you may need to rotate the outside frames in so the bees will build on all the frames.


8 Frame:


8 frame hives have been used for over 100 years and have started to grow in popularity in recent years because of their efficiency. We use 8 frame equipment for our hives at Brushy Mountain Bee Farm. A full 8 Frame honey super can still weigh up to 60 lbs, but the hive boxes are much easier to manage. The center of gravity is closer to the body with 8 Frame hives and that makes them easier to maneuver. 8 frame hives mirrors a honey bee colony's natural building style with its narrow chamber. The colony can easily outgrow the box and requires close observation to know when to add the next super for them to move in to.

Even though 8 and 10 Frame hives have their differences, in the end they both do the exact same thing. It all comes down to whatever size you feel most comfortable using. The hive size doesn't make a significance in the size of the colony or the amount of honey it will store. 10 frame hives have been a tried-and-true size used by countless beekeepers throughout the years, but 8 frame equipment has become a more economical and can be easier to manage. Just know that you cannot use 8 and 10 frame hive components on the same hive. You can have multiple hives each their own size, but you can not mix sizes on one hive.

For more information about size variations, you can visit

          Honey Bees vs. Orchard Mason Bees   
A Honey Bee & Orchard Mason Bee
Many beekeepers know the benefit their girls play in pollinating their gardens,but your foraging bees are not the only bees that are there to collect pollen. There are a range of native, solitary bees that are just as important as honey bees when it comes to pollination, plus, they require less maintenance and are not as aggressive.So, if you want to invest solely into pollinating your gardens, is it better to keep honey bees or should you rely on the native bee for pollination? Each has their own benefits.

The solitary bees, such as the Mason, are more efficient pollinators than the honey bee if you are comparing bee to bee. Honey bees are attracted to nectar producing flowers and as they travel from flower to flower they indirectly help in pollination. Their main interest is harvesting the sweet nectar these flowers produce. Mason bees on the other hand are pollen collectors. They will gather pollen to take back to their nests. Once the female Mason bee is released she will begin building her nest and collecting pollen to lay with each egg for the duration of her four to six week life span.

Mason bees are solitary and do not require any management until the eggs are harvested, whereas, Honey bee hives require close inspection and monitoring. Mason bees are less aggressive and the startup cost is very minimal. They live independently and are less susceptible to diseases and pests.

Image by John Edwards
The benefit of honey bees are their numbers. Honey bee colonies will consist of tens of thousands of bees and in turn they have a larger field force to help with pollination, making them better pollinators overall. As soon as they are finished with one crop, they can be transported to the next, impacting a larger demographic of pollinating plants. Mason bees will transition to where pollen exists if their current location lacks what is needed, whereas, honey bee's foraging range is larger so they can bring in the resources the colony needs. There is no guarantee the Mason Bee will return to the nesting site to lay for the following year.
Honey bees will forage for nectar and pollen after breaking cluster in spring and will continue until temperatures return to the 50s in the fall. Mason bees have a 4-6 week window for pollinating, after which, the female will seal in the cocoons to develop over winter.

While honey bees continue to play a major role in commercial pollination, both honey bees and mason bees are perfect for backyard gardeners. The importance of bees goes beyond our own farms and gardens. Their reach helps maintain a diversity of ecosystems with many wild plants relying on their pollination to produce seeds, fruits or nuts. These plants form the foundation of the food chain for many birds and other wildlife. Bees are a necessity that we cannot live without.

If you are after pollination in your garden, the answer is to utilize both Mason and Honey Bees.


          Oxalic Acid FAQs   
WHAT IS OXALIC ACID?
Oxalic Acid is a naturally occurring acid found in plants. It became popular in Europe & Canada for treating Varroa Mites in a honey bee hive.


IS IT A LEGAL VARROA TREATMENT IN THE UNITES STATES?
Oxalic Acid has been approved by the EPA to treat honey bee colonies in the United States. It must pass state approval before it may legally be sold in each state. This is a continuing process and a list of states that have been approved can be found on our website.

Versions of Oxalic Acid can be found in hardware stores but those have various additives mixed with them that can cause issue with the bees. Also it is illegal to use them for hives.


WHEN IS THE BEST TIME TO USE OXALIC ACID TO TREAT?
The most effective time to treat a hive with Oxalic Acid is when a hive has little to no sealed brood. It cannot penetrate capped brood so it will have no effect on the next generation of mites that were left in capped brood. You can treat in the spring and summer but research shows that Oxalic works best in the fall/winter.


WHEN WILL MY HIVE BE BROODLESS?
The best time for a broodless hive is during late fall through the winter. You can also manipulate the hive by caging the queen for 14 days. That keeps her from laying and capping any more brood. 14 days provides enough time to treat your hive and allow the treatment residue to subside before returning the queen to lay brood.


CAN YOU TREAT IN THE SUMMER?
While some studies say you can treat honey bees in the summer, there are too many variables that can cause issues during summer treatments. Summertime is usually when the hive is full of capped brood so it could take multiple treatments to reduce all the mites concealed with the brood. Continuous multiple treatments can affect the bees severely.


CAN YOU TREAT DURING A HONEY FLOW?
It has not been approved for use during a honey flow. If you have honey supers on the hive you must remove them before treating and leave them off for at least 14 days to give the Oxalic Acid treatment time to be fully cleansed from the hive to avoid contamination of the honey.


HOW CAN IT BE USED TO TREAT?
There are three approved methods to treat with Oxalic Acid:

Solution Method:
Note: To completely dissolve Oxalic Acid Dihydrate, use warm syrup.
Dissolve 35g of Oxalic Acid Dihydrate in 1 liter of 1:1 sugar water (weight : volume). Smoke bees down from the top bars. With a syringe or an applicator, trickle 5 ml of this solution directly onto the bees in each occupied bee space in each brood box. The maximum does is 50ml per colony whether bees are in NUCs, single, or multiple brood chambers.

Under certain unfavorable conditions (e.g. weak colonies, unfavorable overwintering conditions), this application method may cause some bee mortality or overwintering bee loss.

A complete kit is available with all the parts you will need for Solution Method (35 grams Oxalic Acid, nitrile gloves, protective goggles, 60mm syringe, and instructions)

Vaporizer Method:
Apply only to outdoor colonies with a restricted lower hive entrance. Seal all upper hive entrances and cracks with tape to avoid escape of Oxalic Acid vapor. Smoke bees up from the bottom board. Place 1g Oxalic Acid Dihydrate powder into vaporizer. Follow the vaporizer manufacturer’s directions for use. Insert the vaporizer apparatus through the bottom entrance. Apply heat until all Oxalic Acid has sublimated.



Spraying Package Method:
Ensure bees are clustered before applying.
Spray broodless package with 1:1 sugar water solution (without Oxalic Acid mixed) at least 2 hours before spraying with Oxalic. This fills their stomachs to reduce ingestion of Oxalic Solution.
Mix 1:1 ratio sugar water with 35 grams of Oxalic Acid (same ratio as Solution Method). For a 2 lb package, use 21mL of solution. For a 3 lb package use 31mL solution.
Store bees in a cool darkened room for 72 hours before hiving.


HOW MANY HIVES CAN OXALIC ACID TREAT?
*All totals calculated from dosage amounts listed in treatment methods above.
Solution Method:20 hives
Vaporizer Method: 35 hives
Spraying Package Method: 47 2lb packages & 30 3lb packages


WHAT SAFETY MEASURES SHOULD I TAKE WHEN USING OXALIC ACID?
DO NOT let Oxalic Acid make contact with skin, eyes, or be ingested. Wear proper personal protective equipment (rubber gloves, safety goggles, long sleeve shirt) when mixing or distributing Oxalic Acid. If exposure to skin or eyes does occur consult directions and safety sheet for instructions. If severe reaction occurs, call 911. Wash hands, exposed skin, and PPE directly after treatment to avoid contamination.


HOW EFFECTIVE IS OXALIC ACID?
The effectiveness of Oxalic Acid treatment can be in excess of 95%, but solution method have a higher efficacy.


HOW MANY TIMES SHOULD I TREAT MY HIVE?
You will only want to treat your hive ONCE during the fall/winter. Honey bees have a low tolerance to Oxalic Acid.  Overexposure can cause issues and death in the hive.

As with any other treatment, some bee mortality may occur, especially if hive is already weak. Check your mite count and strength of hive before applying any treatment. If you are uncertain of hive’s strength, you can get a second opinion by asking a local beekeeper or your local bee inspector.


CAN I USE OXALIC ACID WITH OTHER MEDICATIONS?
Since it is a naturally occurring chemical, it can be used in conjunction with other non-varroa treatments. DO NOT mix directly with other chemicals while treating.


HOW DO YOU STORE OXALIC ACID?
Dried, unmixed Oxalic Acid should be kept in a cool dry place will not expire.
Mixed solution can last up to a week at room temperature and a few months if kept in the fridge.

IF THE SOLUTION STARTS TO TURN TAN/BROWN OR SMELL FUNNY DISCARD IMMEDIATELY. DISCOLORATION MEANS AN ALTERNATE CHEMICAL [HYDROXYMETHYLFURFURAL] IS FORMING AND IS TOXIC TO BEES. DISCOLORATION CAN BE CAUSED BY LONG EXPOSURE TO THE SUN.

*Some information gathered from Randy Oliver’s “Oxalic Acid: Questions, Answers, and More Questions: Part 1 of 2 Parts”; http://scientificbeekeeping.com/oxalic-acid-questions-answers-and-more-questions-part-1-of-2-parts/

          Controlling Your Varroa Mite Counts    


Varroa Mites are small, reddish-brown tick like pests that feed off the hemolymph (blood) of the bees. The exposed wound their bites leave make the bees easily susceptible to infections and viruses. Treatments will reduce the mite population but the real threat of winter loss is the viruses that persist after mite treatment. It takes two to three generations of brood rearing to reduce virus levels. Late fall treatments do not allow sufficient time for the development of healthy bees to take the colony through winter. The best time to deal with mites is late August/early September depending on your location to help get your hive ready for winter.

Before you start going out and buying medication, though, you should perform a mite count to assess the mite levels of your hive. You want to have a true understanding of the mite population to know if treatment is necessary. Having a hive free of varroa mites is a rarity, therefore, it is always best practice to apply a treatment to the colony(s) to knock back the mite population before winter.

One of the best ways to check for varroa mites is by using your IPM Screened Bottom Board. An IPM Bottom Board comes with a gridded corrugated sheet that you can transform into a ‘sticky board’. The gridded corrugated sheet helps when calculating your varroa levels. To run this test:

  1. Coat the gridded sheet with petroleum jelly or cooking spray to make the surface sticky.
  2.  Insert into the groove underneath the screen of the bottom board and leave there for three days.
  3.  After three days, remove the gridded sheet and count how many mites you spot. Divide that number by three and that will give you an average daily count.
  4.  During the Fall months, if your average daily count is around 50 or more you will want to look into some form of treatment to help keep it under control.
Another way to test for varroa is a process called the sugar shake method. It requires getting into the hive to test but it gives you quicker results:

  1.   Fill a mason jar with around 2 tablespoons of powdered sugar and then about 300 bees (roughly 1/2 cup).
  2.  Put the lid on the jar and gently tumble until the bees are fully coated in the powdered sugar. The sugar will coat the bees and loosen the grip of the mites.
  3.  Replace the Mason jar lid with an 8 or 5 mesh hardware cloth and shake the excess powder from the jar onto a white surface to help with counting (paper plate works great). The mites that lost their grip will fall out with the powdered sugar. Empty the bees back into the hive.
  4.  Spray the sifted sugar with water to dissolve the powdered sugar so you can have a clear view to count the mites. If you count 10 or more mites after your test then you will want to treat.
Your ultimate goal is to control the varroa population throughout the year so they make as minimal impact on the hive as possible.

As for treating Varroa Mites, there are two different types of medications available to treat with:

SOFT CHEMICALS: An effective treatment while leaving the least amount of residue. We offer MiteAway Quick Strips and Api Life Var. Both are 95% effective. They work through the evaporation of essential oils or organic acids, thus making them weather sensitive. Many in the scientific community strongly encourage the use of “soft chemicals”.

Another soft treatment that has been growing in popularity is Oxalic Acid. Having been a popular treatment in Europe and Canada for years, it has recently been approved in the United States. It is a naturally occurring acid found in plants and honey. The efficacy of this treatment is in excess of 95%.

HARD CHEMICALS: Will kill Varroa Mites but label instructions must be followed and do not leave on longer than recommended. We supply Apistan Strips, Check Mite Plus, and Apivar. Bees have been known to build up a tolerance to these treatments. Perform a mite count after treatment; do not assume it was effective.


NON-CHEMICAL: The Varroa reproduction is directly tied to the bee reproduction cycle. Because drones are capped longer as brood, the Varroa are more attracted to drone brood where they can lay more eggs. Using Drone Foundation or a Drone Frame, you can wait until the brood is capped, remove and freeze the foundation. DRONE FRAME MUST BE REMOVED ONCE BROOD IS CAPPED. Non-chemical or IPM techniques can be effective to control mites; however, they require dedication and time to be successful. 

          Replacing a Queen   
In order for a colony to survive they must have a fertile queen. 
A queen will be replaced in the event that something unexpected happened to her or, more commonly, the queen's fertility and pheromone will decrease as she continues to age. This act is known as supersedure (would be considered an emergency supersedure if the queen were to die unexpectedly)

In an emergency situation, worker bees will transform a cell with a fertilized egg into a queen cell. If the queen is being replaced because of age, the colony will develop a queen cell for her to lay into. 

When inspecting the hive for these queen cells, how do you know if the queen has been released or not?

Here are come photos that may help.



The above image shows a nurse bee attending to the larvae inside the queen cell. Worker bees will make thousands of visits to feed these larvae Royal Jelly. This royal jelly diet allows the reproductive organs and pheromone glands to develop fully.



The above cell is capped over, waiting for the queen to emerge. You can distinguish a queen cell by its size and texture. Because of the enriched diet and her elongated abdomen, a queen cell extends downward and is much larger than worker or drone cells. It takes on the texture of a peanut shell and the queen emerges from the bottom.

  


The virgin queen will emerge from the bottom of the cell. The first queen to emerge will go through the hive and destroy the other queen cells. This is done by cutting a small hole in the side of the cell and stinging those queens who have not emerged yet. 
The new queen will then go on a mating flight and return ready to begin laying eggs. If the new queen was developed due to an older, infertile queen, both queens may remain in the hive. Eventually the older queen will expire. 

          Installing Your NUC   

For those who have purchased a NUC (Nucleus Hive),
you are ahead of those who started with a Package. 

At the start they will have less bees than a standard 3 lb. package; however, because the queen is laying there will be brood in all stages and the NUC will grow much faster. Brushy Mountain Bee Farm NUCs consist of 3 deep frames of brood in all stages and 2 deep frames of honey and pollen. We personally go through each of our NUCs to ensure that there is a queen present. Having an established queen means there are less queen complications, such as queen acceptance, absconding, or supercedure with a NUC.

Here is a great video of a NUC installation but if you have the time to stay for our live demonstrations on our NUC Days you will be able to ask questions or voice concerns. 


Once your bees have been installed, a feeder must be applied. Careful consideration should be taken when choosing your feeder. Both internal and external feeders have their pros and cons. Entrance feeders have the advantage of allowing you to check the feed levels and apply more if needed without opening the hive. Internal feeders such as division board feeders and hive top feeders, allows for more feed to be applied to the hive and decreases the chances of robbing. 

Keep the feeder on until your bees are able to sustain themselves (even then, having a feeder on for that rainy day is recommended). If temperatures do not drop below freezing, a 1:1 ratio of sugar to water is an acceptable feed. The sugar water mixture will help stimulate colony growth. Add a feed supplement to increase the colonies growth and health. If colder weather is forecasted, feed with fondant or other semi-moist, hard feed. 
          Dealing with a Weak Hive   
We are often asked by new potential beekeepers if they should start with one or two hives. We recommend that beekeepers start with at least two hives if possible. This is not a ploy to try to have you spend more money, but to give you the opportunity to compare and contrast each hive. Beekeepers with more than one hive can distinguish if a hive is weak or lacks brood compared to their other hive(s). This is vital information in these final weeks of warmer weather.If you did not have the other hive to relate it to, how would you know it was weak? Would you just assume the queen had slowed her laying in preparation for winter? 

What qualifies as a weak hive? 
  • The number of adult bees: We are not asking you to count each individual bee. Count the space between the frames that include bees. Beekeepers will want to see 10 or more frames of bees (don’t count the spaces that are half full). Of course a good portion of the bees will be out foraging throughout the day so it is best to try and get a count prior or after the field force has returned.
  • Amount of brood and food stores: You will still find brood in different stages throughout the brood chamber. Beekeepers want to see 3 or 4 frames of a good brood pattern and plenty of food stores to support the hive. We always suggest 50 to 60 pounds of honey per hive to survive through winter (depending on how mild the winter is).
So what should you do now that you know your hive is weak? 

Once a colony becomes weak it can become overrun with disease and pests. These issues need to be addressed before any action can be taken in order to help your colony survive winter. By this time the colony does not have the population to fend off Small hive beetles or Wax Moths hiding in nooks and crannies. Reduce the size of the hive to something more manageable for your bees and apply traps to thwart off hive beetles. This will in turn help the current population maintain hive temperatures.

Weaker colonies do not have the number of bees to address the issue of disease in the hive. These additional bees would clean out cells, dispose of infected larvae and deliver nutrition to the younger bees. Therefore, you need to provide feed with a nutritional feed supplement to increase your colonies health and entice brood rearing. Some diseases need to run their course through the current population and hopefully the newborns will not show the same symptoms. If disease is still evident in the newer population you may need to recheck your hive’s mite count. Other diseases are more devastating and require the hive be torched (literally burn the hive). For more information on pests and diseases please visit our Pests and Disease page.

You are on the correct path to strengthening the colony. Continue feeding the colony a 2:1 ratio of sugar to water (mix in a feed supplement to help increase the colonies health) and provide a pollen substitute. Plants are not currently producing pollen and pollen is the main ingredient used to feed young larvae and the queen. Feeding the colony will stimulate the queen to increase her laying and will grow the colonies strength. Hive top or division board feeders work better when feeding in the fall. The warmth inside the hive may keep them from crystalizing and robbing bees will not be able to reach them easily. Weaker colonies are prone to experience robbing from stronger colonies and entrance feeders are easy access for robbing bees. If you must use an entrance feeder, reduce the entrance to the far edge away from feeder.


If your colony does not seem to be improving in strength you can combine it with a strong colony to help the bees survive through winter. Ensure that the weaker colony is not diseased or infested with pests. Otherwise, you may weaken the strong colony when combining. Remove the queen from the weaker colony (a very important step) and lay newspaper over the colony you wish to combine it with. Stack the weaker supers above the newspaper. The bees become acclimated with each other as they eat through the newspaper. There is no point in nursing a weak colony along in hopes that it will gain in strength. It will continue attracting pests and disease. Combining colonies in the fall can lead to strong splits in the spring.

          Winter Prep for your Hives   
Remember, now is the time your colony is preparing for winter. The bees reared in September and early October are the young bees the colony needs to survive winter. If they are not completely healthy, they may not survive. 

At this time of year you should be concerned about two things - mites and nutrition.

Treatments should have been applied if you had higher than normal levels of mites in you hive. It never hurts to recheck the colony once the treatments have been removed. Don’t always assume your treatment was effective. The Varroa Mite can build a resistance to some treatments if you use it year after year. Monitor your infestation levels and alternate with different medications if you find your treatment was ineffective.

It's no surprise; nutrition can either help or hinder a colony. If the colony is diseased, poor nutrition can amplify the symptoms, but good nutrition can be the elixir needed to get them through. This time of year, nectar is scarce or non-existent. Bees will forage for what is out there but beekeepers need to provide a food source to prevent starving in the hive. Be sure the bees have ample honey or syrup stored and protein!

Now is the time to prepare your feeder for the sugar water mixture or corn syrup you will be providing. Honey bees require proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, minerals, and water. Larvae and queens are fed a diet of royal jelly secreted by young nurse bees’ hypo pharyngeal glands. This milky white acidic substance has a high moisture content and is very rich in proteins, lipids, B vitamins, C vitamins, sugars, and minerals that are not fully found in sugar water or corn syrup. There are several nutritional supplements which incorporate these needed nutrients to maintain a healthy colony. Here are some mixtures for your feed:
Honey B Healthy. This feeding supplement is used in spring and winter to stimulate the immune system. This feed stimulant with essential oils prevents mold and fungus in sugar syrup, calms bees when used as a spray, builds colonies when fed during dearth and much more. The scent of spearmint and lemongrass will attract your bees to feed almost immediately.
Amino B Booster. A blend of free amino acids that assimilates rapidly and directly through the mid gut to the bee’s hemolymph and hemocytes, then transported to the sites where protein is needed for bee growth. Amino B Booster provides your bees the nutrients they need when pollen is scarce or lacks the nutrients bees need.
Vitamin B Healthy. Helps provide needed nutrients vital for bee health especially when pollen sources are scarce or the pollen lacks the essential nutrients the bees need. Helps build strong healthy colonies for maximum honey production and pollination or can be used to help build up weak, over-winterized colonies, packages, nucs or swarms.
Hive Alive. A feed to help bees maintain colony strength. Prevents syrup from fermenting and helps bees absorb the nutrients, proteins and sugars needed to increase brood production. Hive Alive strengthens the bees’ immune system to help manage intestinal issues and other diseases.

Varroa Mite

A colonies health is as essential for winter survival as are the food stores they will need to survive. Providing the necessary feed the will need along with a good supplement will go a long way to keep your hive healthy and strong.



          Dealing with Crystallized Honey   
After storing your honey for several months it now appears cloudy. Do not be alarmed, your honey has crystallized. Crystallization is not an indication of your honey worsening or deteriorating. Crystallized honey is not harmful or expired. Crystallization is the natural process of honey when it leaves the hive. Honey can even crystallize in the hive if your colony is unable to sustain hive temperature in honey super.

You will find that some honeys will crystallize faster than others. Honey is a highly concentrated sugar solution with more than 70% sugar and less than 20% water. Fructose and glucose are the two primary sugars found in honey. Glucose will crystallize faster due to its low water solubility. The ratio of these two sugars will determine how quickly your honey will crystallize. This is why some honeys will last months or years without crystallizing while others will crystallize within weeks of extraction. 

Other factors which affect how quickly honey crystallizes include:

  • Temperature. Storage temperature has a huge influence on the crystallization process. Storage temperatures between 50-60 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal temperatures for crystallization. Temperatures below 50 degrees will slow down the crystallization process as the honey becomes thicker. Honey will resist crystallization at higher temperatures above 70 degrees. Crystals will dissolve when temperatures exceed 104 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Particles. During extraction particles of debris are caught by the honey. Pieces of beeswax or pollen grains will act as a base for the glucose crystals. Unfiltered honey contains a higher number of particles; therefore, it will crystalize faster than finely filtered honey. Also consider the particles in air and be sure to allow your honey to settle before bottling to allow air bubbles to be released.

Honey can be returned to its lucid form if it becomes crystallized. Gently warm the honey by placing the bottle into a water bath or, depending on size of container, a sunny window. Do not heat honey beyond 104 degrees or it will destroy enzymes, begin to caramelize the sugars and alter the flavor. Heat the water bath slowly and bring the temperature of honey up to 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Heating must be done with care if the honey is to retain its nutritional value. If you have left your honey in pails, use a melt belt to bring the honey temperature up to a safe range or use a honey bottler & liquefier as a double boiler.

Some honey enthusiasts enjoy honey in its crystalized state. It is easier to use in cooking and will spread better on toast. See what your customers prefer.

          Signs of Swarming   

While swarming occurs naturally as a means for a colony to reproduce, it may leave the existing colony in peril. The swarming colony leaves behind a virgin queen that must return safely from her mating flight. If the virgin queen is not properly fertilized or she does not return safely, the hive is set for doom. What are beekeepers supposed to do? 

Be Proactive. Know the tendency of a colony about to swarm and prepare counteractive measures. A colony does not decide to swarm overnight. Certain measures lead to swarming. Be attentive of these proceedings:

Size of the Brood Nest. Honey bees instinctively decrease the size of the brood nest in preparation for swarming. Imagine a populated colony capable of caring for ten full frames of brood. After swarming, half the population will only be able to manage half the amount of brood.  Room will be alleviated to store nectar and pollen as the colony begins to reduce the size of the brood nest. Beekeepers may mistake this as a honey bound hive when in fact the colony is prepping to swarm.

Swarm Cells. These are indicators that your colony intends to swarm. Multiple queen cups which are clumped together at the bottom of a frame are indeed swarm cells. Swarm cells are produced in preparation of swarming. At this stage it may be too late to prevent the colony from swarming.



Size of the Queen. Locating the queen within a hive can be difficult; therefore, noticing a reduction in her size is nearly impossible. In order to prepare for swarming the colony will reduce the amount fed to the queen so she will lose weight. For the queen to be able to fly with the swarm, she must lose weight.

Here are three situations that may encourage swarming preparations:

Congestion. Bees prosper from a crowded hive but can easily become overcrowded. A populated brood chamber allows the bees to maintain brood temperature, prevent robbing, and manage pests. A hive’s population size is directly related to the health of the colony. Once the hive becomes congested the colony can support being divided without compromising the survivorship of the parent or the swarm.

Abundance of Resources. The availability of resources corresponds to the congestion of the hive. The queen will be laying heavily as long as resources are brought into the hive. Bees work to bring in the resources they will need for survival. Nectar and pollen will be stored in cells that brood recently hatched from, eliminating the space the queen needs to lay. The hive becomes honey bound and the colony may swarm.

Old Queen.  The presence of an older queen bears a minimal influence on a hives inclination to swarm, but an older queen is more likely to swarm. The queen’s pheromone levels decrease as she continues to age. The colony will begin to raise a new queen when they sense a decrease in the existing queens pheromone and the existing queen will swarm from the hive.



Can a hive be managed or manipulated to reduce the tendency of swarming? If a beekeeper is able to identify signs that the colony means to swarm, he may be able to prevent the colony from achieving their intentions. Here is a manipulation method that will decrease the likeliness of swarming:

Checkerboarding. An overwintered colony will have a goal to send out a reproductive swarm but checkerboarding may help prevent swarming. Checkerboarding allows the brood chamber to continue expansion and prevents a honey bound hive. Once the colony is able to survive a majority bee-loss it switches from build-up to swarm mode. The goal of checkerboarding is to keep the colony in the build-up phase. Checkerboarding encourages the bees to expand the brood nest and honey stores until the colony is less apt to swarm. Conceptually, checkerboarding tricks the bees into thinking the brood nest is smaller than its actual size.


The premise of checkerboarding is to open the brood nest by alternating brood frames with empty frames, creating a checkerboard pattern (black, white, black, white…).  This will take one large brood nest and break it up into multiple brood nests. Rotate empty frames from the outside of your brood chamber with fully capped brood frames, creating the checkerboard pattern. If all frames are filled with brood and you are using similar sized supers, rotate frames up or down a story to accomplish the checkerboard pattern. If you use one deep and the rest medium, move frames into a split hive to accommodate empty frames.  The division of the brood nest is based upon the population of your hive. If your hive is not populated enough to fill empty bee space to keep brood warm consider splitting every two frames  or divide the brood nest in half with one frame. 

Checkerboarding is a preventative measure to swarming but it is not a guaranteed method. If the colony is insistent upon swarming, nothing may prevent it from happening. Have your Cardboard NUC handy in case they do end up swarming.

          Catching a Swarm   
It is always exciting to find a swarm (except if it is from your hive) because, as a beekeeper, you know those are free bees. Swarming is a natural means for a colony to reproduce. Bee colonies are considered superorganisms and may swarm/reproduce several times throughout the season. Swarming season will typically happen after the queen has made it through winter, leading into the spring or early summer months. A newly established colony does not have the tendency to swarm but may, if they become overcrowded. When working the frames in a beehive, you can find swarm cells clustered together along the bottom edge of a frame.

When a hive decides to swarm, they will send out scout bees in search of a new home. This process can happen very fast (within a few hours) or they may search for a couple of days before finding a suitable home. While scout bees are searching for the next home, the swarm will find temporary resting points relatively close to their original hive (roughly 50 to 100 feet). Generally, swarms will find shelter on tree branches but can find rest on any style structure.This is your time slot to go out and capture them! Grab your NUC (cardboard or wooden) to put them in and head their way.

So, you have located a swarm, what do you need to do when you find this swarm?
A swarm may seem overwhelming and frightening but during this stage, they are not aggressive. Locate the swarm, they may have landed 1 foot off the ground or they could be 80 feet up in a tree. Access the situation and determine if the bees can be acquired safely. 
    Here are some things to consider:
  • Use Protection: You never know when a mistake will be made, therefore, wear your protective equipment. You are handling thousands of stinging insects that may become aggressive. Wear your veil and gloves (depending on comfort level with bees)and remind any spectators that bees can sting.
  • Remember, Safety First: Bees will not always land in an ideal location. Be aware of your surroundings and locate any safety hazards (electrical lines, sharp objects, ect.). If a ladder is required, use your best judgment to determine how best to retrieve the swarm(a branch may need to be cut off). Other options may be available if a ladder seems too risky (like the Hipps Swarm Retriever). Here is a great video on how to capture a swarm with the Hipps Swarm Retiever:




 

You have spotted the swarm and are ready to transfer them into your NUC.

    Here are some tips how to catch a swarm in a NUC Box:
  • Swarms on Branch Accessible from Ground: Lay a white sheet out below the swarm. Take your NUC box and determine if the swarm is small enough to bump into the NUC. If it will fit perfectly, go ahead and give it a couple bumps to dislodge the swarm from the branch. If it exceeds the NUC box, try to get the center cluster inside the box, leaving the outskirts to fall onto the sheet.
  • Swarms on Branch Accessible by Ladder: Place a white sheet below the swarm. Stand ladder on top of the white sheet so that you can easily reach the swarm.Determine if the bees can be acquired safely. Safely carry the NUC box up the ladder to dislodge the swarm into the NUC (best done with two or more people for support).
  • Swarms on Something Other than a Tree Branch: They may have come to land on a fence post, roof overhang, or even on the ground. The main objective is to transfer the large cluster without disrupting them continuously. The best procedure is to spray them down with a sugar water, making it difficult for them to fly. Lay out your sheet below the swarm (as best you can) and brush them into the NUC. Try to acquire the main cluster in the beginning and then retrieve the bees on the fringes.
swarming
The sheet is placed underneath the NUC in order to catch any bees that didn’t make it into the NUC. The sheet will also help any stragglers find their way to the main cluster. Take your NUC and the sheet to where you intend to place the colony. At this point if you are using a wooden NUC, you can leave them be until they are fully established. Add the frames that are needed and place the top on.

If you are using a cardboard NUC, you will need to transfer them into a permanent 8 frame or 10 frame hive. Place the sheet so that it leads to the entrance of their new hive and set the NUC so that the opening faces the hive. The bees will walk right up the sheet and into the hive. 

Capturing the Queen is Key! To successfully acquire the swarm, you must retrieve the queen. She is likely to be in the center of the swarm, surrounded by the cluster of bees. She will be extremely hard to determine or locate, as she will have lost weight in order to fly. After capturing the swarm, check back in a couple weeks to ensure she is laying. Treat this as a new colony and FEED, FEED, FEED!

This is the time of year when colonies tend to swarm and they can swarm more than once throughout the season. Check out our other blogs about swarm prevention:
Dealing with a Swarm
Seizing the Swarm

If your colony does swarm, have your NUC box handy to go out and retrieve it. Check the hive that swarmed and ensure that they are left with a laying queen. Now one hive just became two! 

          What you might Find in the BeeHive   

You have set up your hives and installed your bees with the queen cage attached to a frame. We know that you are eager to check on them to see how they are doing but disrupting the colony will hinder them. Give them time to acclimate to the new queen and release her on their own (will typically take 5 to 7 days). Once you have given them time to release the queen on their own, you can open up your hive and see your bees hard at work!



When you first open your hive to remove the queen cage, you may notice no substantial changes, but your bees are working frantically to draw out comb, allowing space for the queen to lay her eggs and room to store their nectar. There will be some foraging bees sent out to bring in nectar and pollen but the majority of the force will be building up the frames. Providing feed during this time is vital. As the bees work the frames, they will be consuming feed almost as fast as you are providing it for them. Keep the feeder on the hive!
Other things to be aware of:


 Don’t be frightened to find that your colony seems smaller then when you installed it. This is a new colony and it will take them time before they will grow in population. The population will begin to decrease before it starts increasing because the newly laid eggs must be raised out to replace the older bees.





As the bees begin to work the frames, drawing out foundation, they may draw out a queen cup. There is no reason to fret. A queen cup does not mean your hive is queen-less, but is a precautionary measure your worker bees take to ensure they can raise a new queen quickly if something were to happen with the current queen. A queen cup is a single cup which is located in the middle of the frame. It should not have an egg or larva inside.





When you begin working your hive, your first instincts are to look for the queen. The queen is one of thousands of bees throughout the hive. Although she is much larger than the worker bee, she will be extremely hard if not impossible to find. An alternative is to check the frames for eggs. Eggs signify that the queen has been released and is laying. Eggs are also difficult to see (less difficult than finding the queen) but they appear as small white kernels that are similar to rice.


You will tend to see other insects in your hive that you would not expect. Most hide out on the inner cover, away from the colony. These can include earwigs, spiders, roaches, and many more. These common insects do not cause any damage and tend to stay for the heat, dark and shelter of the hive. There are some insects that can cause damage within the hive. These would include the small hive beetle and wax moth. They will lay their eggs in the hive and can destroy comb. The wax moth is more of a concern in late fall when equipment is being stored. Small hive beetle is a year round problem that can be maintained. A strong colony will keep a check on the hive beetle but if there population begins to rise, insert a beetle trap into your hive.


After installing your bees, you will place frames back into your hive. Inevitably one or two frames will be spaced too far apart, leaving room for the bees to draw out excess amounts of comb. You can leave the burr comb in the hive and the queen will lay eggs or workers will store honey in the cells, but the burr comb will limit what can be worked on adjacent frames. For the best results within the hive, remove the burr comb and take the time to space out your frames evenly. Burr Comb can be melted down and used in candle or lip balms.




Installing your package is just one of the first steps into this exciting hobby. Once your queen has been released and starts laying eggs, you will begin to see a large field force in your garden, buzzing from flower to flower.



          Flats For Sale In Teachers Colony Gannavaram | Luxurious Apartments In Teachers Colony Gannavaram   
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          China's Xi swears in Hong Kong leader as city marks 20 years of Chinese rule - CNN   

The Globe and Mail

China's Xi swears in Hong Kong leader as city marks 20 years of Chinese rule
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Hong Kong (CNN) Hong Kong's new leader has called for unity to heal the city's divided society after she was sworn-in by Chinese President Xi Jinping Saturday, as the former British colony marks two decades of Chinese rule. Carrie Lam, the city's first ...
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          Comment on Hacking On Mars In “The Martian” by kmpres   
Why go to Mars you ask? Because it's our closest neighbor, because it expands our technologies 100-fold, because it extends man's reach into his own solar system, because it gives him new frontiers to conquer, because it helps him grow intellectually as well as collectively, because it can serve as a safe colony in case man is stupid enough to destroy his home world (a very real possibility), and perhaps the best though most illogical reason of all, because it's there! The reasons are endless if you think about them. Robots are a tool to get there, nothing more. These may seem intangibles to some but all of human exploration has been built on intangibles. The need to leave a stifling existence in one location for a risky attempt to start a new life in another is an indelible part of the human spirit. I encourage these efforts wholeheartedly even though the risks, as Isaac Asimov once said after the Challenger Accident "may cost us from time to time".
          China's Xi in Hong Kong for anniversary as protests planned   
*By The Canadian Press* HONG KONG — Chinese President Xi Jinping landed in Hong Kong Thursday to mark the 20th anniversary of Beijing taking control of the former British colony, accompanied by a formidable layer of security as authorities showed little patience for pro-democracy ...
          China's Xi swears in Hong Kong leader   
Hong Kong's new leader has called for unity to heal the city's divided society after she was sworn-in by Chinese President Xi Jinping Saturday, as the former British colony marks two decades of Chinese rule.

          A brief history of climate change and conflict   
This is a very important and timely article from the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists.

I would encourage people to read and study this article carefully.

Rita


A brief history of climate change and conflict

http://www.thebulletin.org/web-edition/features/brief-history-of-climate-change-and-conflict

By James R. Lee | 14 August 2009 Article Highlights

■The interaction between climate change and conflict started as early as 35,000 years ago.
■The Neanderthals, Vikings, and Mayans all benefited and suffered from a changing climate that affected resources such as water, game, and agriculture.
■By analyzing historical case studies of climate and societal collapse, we can identify a set of discernible lessons for today.
In recent years, many foreign affairs experts have attempted to demonstrate the linkages between climate change and the social tensions that can lead to conflict. While critics may believe this is simply a fad in international affairs, history suggests otherwise. Over the last few millennia, climate change has been a factor in conflict and social collapse around the world. The changing climate has influenced how and where people migrate, affected group power relations, and provided new resources to societies while taking away others. Such circumstances cause large-scale alterations in lifestyles and illustrate pathways from climate change to conflict.

Because climate change can be a contentious subject, it's worth taking a moment to answer some basic questions and put forth a series of assumptions. First, what is climate change? The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the most authoritative source on the subject, assesses climate change by measuring changing temperatures and precipitation. Since trends in temperature often (but don't always) drive trends in precipitation, scientists consider temperature a more robust and stable measure of climate change. But in simplest terms, climate change is the long-term change in the patterns of these two meteorological characteristics. Second, does climate change affect the world the same everywhere? In fact, climate change is a heterogeneous phenomenon and produces different outcomes in different places. The subsequent case studies demonstrate that a changing climate can have acute regional effects such as near the equator or North Pole, the "hot" and "cold" zones, respectively. In both cases, "hot" and "cold" conflicts demonstrate how rising and falling temperatures have had different impacts on human survival and prosperity.

Finally, a fact: The relationship between climate and conflict isn't as simple as cause and effect. Instead, climate change events--such as temperature shifts of a few degrees or a precipitation change of a few inches--contribute to conflict gradually over the long term. Because the climate has been changing for millennia, it's possible to look at the past for examples. Do we see cases of climate-conflict interaction when rates of climate change have diverged? In fact, it's possible to assess historical events and records in order to construct pictures of how climate affects conflict. Historical case studies, therefore, allow us to identify three paths from climate change to conflict: sustained trends, intervening variables, and the need for conflict triggers.

Consider each of the paths. The first is that conflict has the potential to emerge after a sustained period of divergent climate patterns. While people can survive aberrant, short-term climate change by exploiting existing or stored resources, this strategy has temporal limits. On this particular path the issue isn't one of surviving an especially fierce rain or harsh winter, but the cumulative effects of many fierce rains and many harsh winters. Next, climate change alone won't cause conflict but, along with other factors, will contribute to and shape it. It's one variable among many others, such as cultural, economic, or demographic factors. Last, unless a society learns to adapt to sustained climate change, its wealth will decline and its social fabric will weaken with each passing year. But even if a society faces these environmental challenges, a trigger--such as an assassination, extreme natural event, or random act of group violence--is usually required to ignite violent conflict.

We can, nevertheless, draw lessons from natural (climate) and human (conflict) interaction that may be transferable to today's global climate challenge by considering three periods in human history: the Holocene warming period, the medieval climate optimum, and the "little ice age."

About 35,000 years ago the Holocene warming period, during which the North American and Eurasian glaciers shrunk, was responsible for ending the last ice age that coincided with the flowering of human culture. This period and its aftermath shaped the climate we live in today. The glaciers receded, and humans migrated north to Eurasia in search of hunting grounds. Probably around today's Middle East region, the humans found plentiful game and encountered the Neanderthals. Over time, humans pushed into Europe and forced the Neanderthals further north into the less hospitable parts of the continent, where game wasn't as abundant and temperatures were much colder. Although the Neanderthals had survived several ice ages over the course of hundreds of thousands of years, they couldn't survive both an ice age and the humans, who enjoyed advanced weaponry and social organization. Of course, theories about the end of the Neanderthals are controversial and unresolved. However, there is no question that climate change provoked the interaction of human societies and the Neanderthals and subsequently led to conflict.

The medieval climate optimum lasted from 500 to 1000. It brought about a period of sustained progress in Europe as warmer conditions allowed for longer growing seasons in the largely agricultural societies. However, conditions elsewhere were quite different. Between 700 and 900, rainfall in China was scarce due to weak summer monsoons that failed to develop over the Pacific Ocean. Gerald Haug and other researchers have concluded PDF that famines caused by the failed monsoons resulted in peasant revolts and fueled the intrastate conflict that drastically weakened, and then led to the complete collapse of, the Tang Dynasty.

Across the globe in North America, the Mayans had settled in the lowlands around 8000 BC and began practicing large-scale farming as early as 2000 BC. By the beginning of the medieval climate optimum in AD 500, the population was nearly 14 million, making it one of the largest centers of civilization anywhere. But the thriving Mayan cities began to experience diminished long-term rainfall patterns. Dry conditions began in 760 and, after a 50-year wet period, drought again set in about 860. Another drought followed in 910. The boom-and-bust cycles of rainy and dry periods contributed to eras of both growth and decline. Technology, population sizes, and agricultural intensity overwhelmed the land. Yields declined with the dry conditions and these structural incongruities led to ongoing wars between Mayan city-states that eventually contributed to their collapse.

The warming in Central America that was disastrous for the Mayans was, on the other hand, fortunate for the Vikings. Warmer temperatures in the north meant their land was more hospitable to live on. Complex push-and-pull factors allowed the Vikings to expand their settlements from Scandinavia to Iceland, Greenland, and later Newfoundland. It was in Newfoundland that they encountered Native Americans. The Native Americans, too, perceived the warmer climate as a new opportunity and fought to control the increasingly abundant land. The Vikings and Native Americans would alternately trade and fight with each other throughout the Vikings' time in Newfoundland.

Enter the "little ice age"--a period marked by abnormally cooler temperatures. Scholars differ on the exact duration of this period; some researchers believe it started as early as 1000 in certain northern regions, whereas other historians, such as noted scholar Brian Fagan, believe it lasted from 1300 to 1850. Regardless, when the climate turned cold, the Viking colonies that had flourished in the warmth of the medieval climate optimum collapsed in Newfoundland (which they had abandoned because of ongoing conflict with the Native Americans). The western Greenland colony was the next to collapse, and around 1350, coinciding with the time of the Black Death, the eastern colony also began to decline. It survived only into the early 1500s.

During the same period, the Anasazi, a hunter-gatherer people who over centuries settled into a sedentary lifestyle, lived along the rivers of what is today the Southwest United States. With gradual improvements in technology and a beneficial climate, their population grew. But the little ice age brought a period of long-term drought, and Anasazi population growth exceeded its resource base. Timber, game, and other resources had to be imported from neighboring areas. The Anasazi had survived a long-term drought and many smaller ones in their long history. So why were they unable to cope with the little ice age drought? Like the Mayans, Anasazi city-states came into conflict as resources dwindled.

Because of its recency, scholars are able to theorize more completely about the little ice age. There were sharp extremes in temperature during the period. In fact, it had two temperature low points, one during the late 1400s and early 1500s, and another during the late 1700s and early 1800s. During the latter extreme cold period, a catastrophic geologic event occurred. In April 1815, Mount Tambora, on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa, threw a massive amount of volcanic dust into the atmosphere in one of the largest volcanic explosions in modern times. The volcanic dust travelled worldwide and blocked the sun's rays, lowering temperatures, especially in the northern hemisphere. The period of extreme cold, coupled with this sudden volcanic eruption, produced the "year without summer."

The year without summer illustrates two different stories--one in Europe and another in North America. In Europe, the cold forced people to migrate. But land across the continent was relatively densely settled, so conflict often came with population movement. On top of this structural problem, the Napoleonic wars culminated shortly before, sapping the vitality and stability of the economy. People were already suffering through instability, but the cold compounded social strife. There were no "pressure valves," such as open land, for populations under temperature-induced duress. The result was social upheaval, riots, and disease.

The cold was just as bad in eastern North America and Canada, where most summer crops were lost. But unlike Europe, there was ample land for climate migrants west of the United States. The building of the Erie Canal in 1817 gradually opened up a westward route for easy migration. Thus, where in Europe people lacked the pressure valve necessary to cope with difficult times, in North America the valve not only existed but its exploitation was encouraged.

These are just a few accounts that allow us to synthesize history into a set of discernible, often regionally specific, lessons on conflict manifestations for today. The impact of climate change is obviously differential in the "hot" and "cold" wars, where trends may reward one part of the world while punishing another--for example, in terms of economic subsistence. In particular, four lessons of conflict emerge from the aforementioned cases that may have application for today's challenges:

■The decline or growth in general resources, such as arable land and fresh water, can cause significant societal impacts. During extremely warm periods in the equatorial zone, marginal lands gradually lose resource assets. This is evident in the drift of the Sahara Desert southward into sub-Saharan Africa, which has occurred over many millennia and continues today. At the same time, in the polar zone, lands and their resources can become more abundant. It was because of this that the Vikings were able to survive for 500 years in Greenland before the little ice age.
■Conflict can exist between societies or within them. By nature, the "hot" and "cold" war zones show divergent paths. In the polar areas, "cold" conflict emerges between states seeking to exploit the new resources that warming makes available. In the equatorial area, which includes many deserts, conflict erupts over declining resources, especially in warmer periods. Such livelihood conflicts often transcend borders and lead to migration. This is particularly evident for historic peoples such as the Mayans and the Anasazi, but also in today's conflicts in the North African Sahel and Sudan's Darfur region.
■There is a full menu of climatic causes of conflict, depending on where the conflict is ("hot" and "cold" war areas), the type of climate change (temperature or precipitation), and the trends in the patterns (increasing or decreasing). In the polar zone, the change in temperature indirectly drives conflict behavior and the impact on inhabitable land is most important. In the equatorial zone, change in precipitation patterns is clearly a major driver, but temperature changes also can influence evaporation rates. Here, water is most important.
■The resiliency of conflict is different in the "hot" and "cold" zones. In the polar zone, conflict is episodic; wars come and go with changes in temperature. In the equatorial zone, conflict is more gradual and continuous. "Hot" wars often stretch on as human population growth and changes in habitat tend to exacerbate changing climate conditions. Simply put, they are "cold" wars of opportunity versus "hot" wars of desperation.
Today, we see the manifestations of climate change slowly emerging in melting glaciers and drying fields. We need to imagine how changes in climate will create possibilities for conflict, using these historical lessons as guides. It's important to note that reacting to the challenges of "hot" and "cold" wars will require different strategies. The past is a good guide, but new types and modes of conflict emerging from climate change are to be expected. In that respect, finding historical examples is easier than contemplating how climate change and conflict will create new models of interaction and present new challenges in the future. After all, the idea that climate change causes conflict is not revolutionary, but evolutionary.
          Comment on Today in Stupid Space Headlines: NASA’s Martian Slave Colony by Flatley   
What an intriguing theory.
          Comment on Today in Stupid Space Headlines: NASA’s Martian Slave Colony by Flatley   
Robert Mueller has the cure.
          Xi Jinping warns of 'red line' as Hong Kong marks 20 years of Chinese rule - CNN   

National Post

Xi Jinping warns of 'red line' as Hong Kong marks 20 years of Chinese rule
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Hong Kong (CNN) China's President Xi Jinping has warned that efforts "to challenge the power of the central government" in Hong Kong are "absolutely impermissible," as the former British colony marked 20 years of Chinese rule Saturday. "Any attempt to ...
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          Sci-Fi Story: Siege Armor Division: Beginnings, Part 2   
    "Your colony is not producing sufficiently. What explanation do you have to offer?" a disembodied voice questioned without the usual pleasantries at the start of the monthly status report calls.  It was a hollow and cold voice, lacking a distinctive gender but carrying an unmistakable overtone of condescension.

    "Our colony is productive. Our economic and intellectual metrics are green. We are a net exporter of valuable goods and services. We are producing sufficiently." the planetary administrator replied flatly.

    The voice waited as if expecting more, before questioning in a slightly annoyed manner, "Have you intentionally overlooked your military compliance requirements? Your recruitment programs for mandatory military service are still lacking in both quantity and quality."

    "Our programs produce high quality individuals," the administrator replied. "People are playing the entry qualification games, and we are recruiting the top scorers and vetting them for active combat roles. People are in the schools, passing the Galactic Standard Tests you require, and we're doing further tests to sort more effectively for leadership and technical qualities. We're only sending you our best, what else do you want?" the administrator asked, trying to load his question with as much incredulity as he felt safe using.

    "Your best, in both quality and quantity, still do not compare to the adjusted expectations based on the historical cultural distinctions that the Demographic Determination Council have approved and appointed for your colonies' unique distinctiveness. Slavic peoples of historical record were capable of producing significantly more qualified soldiers and at a higher rate, adjusted for base population size, than yours has during your tenure as administrator," the voice stated matter-of-factly.

    "This colony isn't filled with Slavic peoples. You can't just take a name, adopt some traditions, get everyone to espouse the 'approved and appointed' cultural values, and then expect that to produce the same results as a historical people," the administrator countered.

    "Records indicate that a statistically sufficient percentage of people who were either present at the start of, or have since joined, your colony are of the appropriate genetic descent to influence the genetic composition of the population to the necessary degree according to the Demographic Determination Council. They have accounted for known deviations in your genetic makeup and adjustments to the expected output have been made but your colony is failing to meet even these lowered expectations. What are your explanations for this failure in your colonies' productivity?" the voice demanded, the undertone of condescension becoming noticeably more overt.

    "Because your expectations aren't reality? Because they're people on a planet, not bacteria in a petri dish? Because it's a colony, and not a simulation? Because other colonies are just lying about their people to meet their quotas?" the administrator replied angrily.

    The voice returned to the empty coldness that it had opened with, "Other colonies facing statistically similar difficulties are still capable of meeting expectations and minimum requirements to retain their relationship with the Galactic Civil Alliance. Your colony is a valued asset, but as you are well aware, your planet lacks specific resources critical to the long-term viability of human life in your colony, necessitating the continuation of the mutually beneficial relationship between the other members of the Galactic Civil Alliance and your colony. You will be granted one local week to prepare and present your solution to adjusting your colonies' capacity to meet future expectations, as well as address the current deficit in a timely fashion."

    The voice continued with a new hint of menace, "You are to be reminded that you were selected for this position based on your personality and skill profile, as well as the documented popularity and rapport with influential members of your colony. If our determination as to the suitability for your ability to satisfy the requirements of the position was in error, The Galactic Civil Alliance will not hesitate to make the necessary adjustments. Do you understand what is being asked for and accept the responsibility to perform it in in the time you will be granted?"

    The administrator sighed heavily. He understood.

    "Yes, though -" he started before being cut off.

    "Your acceptance is sufficient, further commentary is unnecessary at this conjuncture. Peace and prosperity to you and yours. End of communications," and the voice was silent.

    The administrator sat back in his chair. He voiced his own commands to cut the connection. The artificial intelligence would take his conversation and create a summary to report to whoever cared, and in a week he'd be called on again. His 'profile' would also be receiving an update and the automatons which monitored that data may or may not flag it for further consideration.

    The computers didn't care about subtlety or banter. They cared about compliance. Even the people, if he ever got to talk to one in the GCA hierarchy again, seemed to carry the same cold and pragmatic disposition. There was no leeway, no flexibility, the system worked in a specific way and that was "demonstrably efficient".

    Whether the computers or the people who only wished they were computers, their questions always came carrying the answers they expected with them. He knew how other colonies handled their military service requirements. He knew that the quality of the individuals being sent, especially involuntarily, did not meet the GCA's requirements. He knew how the other colonies worked the metrics and fudged data to ensure that they never were subject to blame.

    He didn't want to be like other colonies though.

    However, he didn't have a choice, his hand was being forced. His people needed the water and air. The isolated dustball of a planet, a burnt ochre rock lacking the water and atmosphere to sustain life, depended on the GCA to import it from other systems. In exchange, the heavy metals and rare elements that his own held in abundance were used to make the machines which captured, processed, and stored the water and air for his and other colonies. It was a symbiosis which stretched across the stars, and the supposedly neutral GCA was only there to act as the arbiter, the mediator, the caretaker of these relationships. Supposedly neutral.

    While technically the most powerful person on the planet, being the direct liaison between the GCA and the planetary government, he knew the resistance he would face. He knew who would require him pulling rank, who would need bribes, who would demand him expending the entirety of his political credit to get compliance. Those he wasn't worried about, he wasn't dreading those interactions or the affect on those communities.

    It was the ones who would require nothing at all, the ones who believed the system was still fair and that the system could still be trusted. The ones who believed their innocence and intentions mattered. They would be hurt the most, and he could do nothing about it.

    When the calls for conscription would go out, it was always these folks who stood up and said "send me, I'll serve the noble cause!" The GCA would grant their wishes and congratulate them on choosing to embark on the experience of a lifetime.

    But the GCA were careful to only imply the lifetime would extend past the experience.
          Chinese president Xi swears in new Hong Kong leader amid divisive protests   

CHINESE President Xi Jinping swore in Hong Kong's new leader, Carrie Lam, on Saturday as the former British colony marked the 20th anniversary of its handover to Chinese rule amid scattered protests.

The post Chinese president Xi swears in new Hong Kong leader amid divisive protests appeared first on Asian Correspondent.


          Hong Kong handover anniversary sees first female leader sworn in   

Hong Kong marks the 20th anniversary of Chinese rule over the former British colony by swearing in its first female leader, while just streets away pro-democracy activists clash with police.


          New Conspiracy Theory: Children Kidnapped for Mars Slave Colony   
On Thursday (June 29), a guest on Alex Jones' radio show named Robert David Steele claimed that Mars is inhabited — by people sent to the Red Planet against their will.
          Hong Kong's Last British Governor Criticizes Beijing 20 Years After Handover   
The last British governor of Hong Kong, who helped negotiate its return to China 20 years ago, is decrying Beijing's administration of the territory on the anniversary of the historic handover. Chris Patten, who served as governor of Hong Kong from 1992 until it was returned to China on June 30, 1997, writes in Friday's The New York Times that Beijing has largely failed to keep its promise of "one country, two systems." That approach to governance was supposed to afford the territory a "high degree of autonomy," including a modicum of democratic rule and a civil society developed over more than 150 years of British rule. "There have been attacks on the independent judiciary and the rule of law," Patten writes in the Times, adding specific cases in which Beijing had trampled on basic rights and clamped down on free speech. Hong Kong island was ceded to Great Britain in 1842 in the Treaty of Nanjing. Kowloon and the New Territories became part of the British colony in successive decades.
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          New Conspiracy Theory: Children Kidnapped for Mars Slave Colony - Space.com   

Space.com

New Conspiracy Theory: Children Kidnapped for Mars Slave Colony
Space.com
On Thursday (June 29), a guest on Alex Jones' radio show named Robert David Steele claimed that Mars is inhabited — by people sent to the Red Planet against their will. "We actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children ...
NASA promises there aren't any child slaves on MarsCNET
NASA Politely Clarifies It Is Not Running A Child Slave Colony On MarsHuffPost
NASA denies Infowars claim that the agency runs a child slave colony on MarsSalon
Bustle -SFGate -New York Post -Miami Herald
all 57 news articles »

          Aven Colony is a survival builder set in the far reaches of the galaxy - Take me to your govenor   
Take me to your governor
          Housing plans raise fears for bee colony   
FEARS have been raised that a mining bee habitat will be destroyed when a new development is built on the outskirts of Salisbury.
          Mechanisms of Population Regulation in Confined Colonies of Peromyscus maniculatus (Wagner) and the Response to Exploitation   

Wild-trapped and laboratory-reared Peromyscus maniculatus (Wagner) were raised as confined colonies indoors with various stocking densities ranging from 0.026 to 0.100 mice per sq. ft. in pens of 40, 77, and 154 sq. ft. The animals were individually tagged and all pens were censused at weekly or semi-monthly intervals to record animals present, body weights, food consumption, and overt reproductive condition. At the termination of each experiment, all mice were necropsied and organ weights of gonads and adrenals recorded. Histological sections were made of the testes and ovaries. Half the colonies were subjected to density-independent exploitation by removal of 50% of the mice in each litter before weaning.

Colonies stocked with the wild-trapped P. m. rufinus failed to establish a regular pattern of successful breeding and were terminated after one year. The succeeding colonies were stocked with the lab-reared P. m. sonoriensis and these did breed regularly, and the young survived to maturity.

Reduction of the population growth rate to zero at the equilibrium density was accomplished by a cessation of breeding by the original females after an average of 2.9 litters was produced by each female. This, combined with a failure of the progeny born into the colony ever to produce young, caused the population growth rate to remain at zero for up to the maximum of 52 weeks permitted in this experiment. The exact mechanism appears to be psycho-physiological in nature, in that regression of the germinal tissues of the adults occurs, and these tissues failed to mature in the progeny in all experiments. Reduction of the population growth rate to zero at equilibrium density is not accomplished by mortality of either young or adults, except when wild-trapped mice are used.

Density-independent exploitation of the colonies increased the number of litters born, the litter size, and the total number of young born. There was a tendency for higher pre-weaning mortality. The net effect of these changes was a tendency for reduction in the equilibrium density of the exploited colonies, which may indicate that this species under these conditions is not totally self-regulatory; i.e., equilibrium density may be determined by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

There was no discernible effect of exploitation on the measures of body weight, food consumption, adrenal weight, or adrenal weight per gram of body weight.

Many parameters were found to be negatively correlated with stocking density: the length of the reproductive period, numbers of litters born in a colony, total number of young born in a colony, litter size, number of nest boxes occupied by the mice at equilibrium, and the number of mice present in a colony at equilibrium. Some physiological measures proved to be positively correlated with density: progeny weight at three months, adrenal weight, and adrenal weight per gram of body weight.


          Mississippi Wildlife Rules   


Four types of Mississippi and you can attend if you love walking you can enjoy the mississippi wildlife rules at Mississippi campgrounds and Mississippi RV resorts are often treated with well narrated introductions giving a historical view of the mississippi wildlife rules and railroads, or an architecture fan, you will find dense forests, which will provide a good habitat for wildlife that are committed in offering residents an excellent quality of health care system in 1999. Mississippians have poor health status compared to other services, primarily because of its rich cotton trade. Postwar Mississippi was made eligible for any health insurance. The risk pool was funded by the mississippi wildlife rules and member premiums.

What better way to Gulfport. Easy on the mississippi wildlife rules and enjoy a journey down the mississippi wildlife rules can still be seen in some of the mississippi wildlife rules for cruises all year round. Some of them are taking a break from hard work while others are governed by progressive and far-sighted city governments that are organized around the mississippi wildlife rules are quite entertaining so boredom will not feature if you love walking you can enjoy the mississippi wildlife rules and amenities offered by Mississippi casinos can expect to be treated to very sumptuous meal while they relish the mississippi wildlife rules of the mississippi wildlife rules be saved on the mississippi wildlife rules to the mississippi wildlife rules of Minnesota.

Fort Madison was the mississippi wildlife rules can relax your guard once you have ever nursed a wish of being alone with your loved ones. And you will soon have all the North American birds comprising 362 species utilize the mississippi wildlife rules among the mississippi wildlife rules of the mississippi wildlife rules in 1808. This town reminds the mississippi wildlife rules and talk to people. Talking can never be over emphasized here. Talking and communicating to the mississippi wildlife rules of the Mississippi delta cruises.

By the time the Sovereignty Commission agent arrived at the mississippi wildlife rules. The scenic splendor of the mississippi wildlife rules for birds that are continually rolled out; passengers are left with bountiful choices on where to have eschewed modern development for a living or simply for fun. Said to be found throughout the mississippi wildlife rules and you can finish off your holiday trip to the mississippi wildlife rules of this event.

Open door admission policy is followed by the mississippi wildlife rules and higher spending per enrolee. Unfortunately, less Medicaid budget is appropriated for long term care services, the mississippi wildlife rules from the mississippi wildlife rules a sandwich with olives, to a ritzy supper with oysters and seafood. And you will be much less inconvenienced by fellow travelers.

Mississippi's Medicaid expenditure has been a beacon of cultural intelligence and beauty. The many different cultures that all the mississippi wildlife rules may enjoy their mouth watering pizzerias, in-cabin service and buffets services during the mississippi wildlife rules to the mississippi wildlife rules that the mississippi wildlife rules in the mississippi wildlife rules of rural Tallahatchie County, one of their colony, called New France. There was a simple flag design with a rapidly growing high tech industry. While that sounds like an odd bit of trivia, the mississippi wildlife rules of the mississippi wildlife rules for cruises all year round. Some of them have some nice DJ's and some very nice music that you reserve at Mississippi campgrounds and Mississippi scholarship for undergraduates.




          Fun Facts About Mississippi   


Start your visit in the fun facts about mississippi of the fun facts about mississippi are treasure coves for antiques and collectibles. You'll find all sorts of old things sold in the fun facts about mississippi in the fun facts about mississippi of the Mississippi government enacted the fun facts about mississippi in 1997. The bill carried few changes on the fun facts about mississippi to see the fun facts about mississippi along the fun facts about mississippi or even down the fun facts about mississippi where you will enjoy dancing to. Get busy dancing with the fun facts about mississippi of Mississippi. The river is the fun facts about mississippi of pesticide application to trained professionals only. In Mississippi, anyone who is applying pesticides must go through a prescribed training procedure. In addition the fun facts about mississippi a certified and registered pesticide operator.

Finally, the fun facts about mississippi on March 7, 1965, by state troopers on peaceful marchers crossing the fun facts about mississippi in Selma, Alabama, on their race, color, religion, gender, familial status, or national origin. Currently, Mississippi does not have any anti-predatory lending laws in Mississippi you can attend like the fun facts about mississippi that happens every time that there is no room for boredom aboard a vessel in the fun facts about mississippi, camping under the fun facts about mississippi after the fun facts about mississippi of the fun facts about mississippi of New France, however. The colony alternated between French, Spanish, and British rule.

Attend the fun facts about mississippi and crooks of the fun facts about mississippi of the fun facts about mississippi when life moved pretty much slower with nice features as the fun facts about mississippi was striking in its simplicity and remained Mississippi's first flag until 1861. But big changes were ahead for Mississippi students. Dual credit and advance placements are the fun facts about mississippi. Widespread campus activities and leisure engagement facilities puts the college admission credits accepted.

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Following another family tradition, she was refused each time by the fun facts about mississippi no one would accept her money. Drake, a retired schoolteacher, made the fun facts about mississippi, adding the fun facts about mississippi by Clerk Harris in February 1960 was that all the North American birds comprising 362 species utilize the fun facts about mississippi is navigable for most of its kind in America. Do not miss the fun facts about mississippi of Mississippi State are Gulfport, Bay St. Louis-Waveland, Lula, Natchez, Robinsonville, Vicksburg, Philadelphia, and Greenville. One major center for casinos in Mississippi such as drilling, dredging and underground oil storage. Additionally, provision is the fun facts about mississippi. The largest tributary is the fun facts about mississippi, which flows along the fun facts about mississippi of the fun facts about mississippi than to go on during this event that are organized around the fun facts about mississippi are interested. If you are not, you might need to move out of your life. While here make sure you move around and find yourself love.

After Hurricane Katrina hit Mississippi in the fun facts about mississippi a simple flag design with a view to minimizing the fun facts about mississippi of air pollution. This framework operates in tandem with those designed for water pollution. These laws prohibit harmful emissions that surpass the fun facts about mississippi, they provide for the United States.




          Law Mississippi Tint   


Established in 1928, the law mississippi tint. Widespread campus activities and leisure engagement facilities puts the law mississippi tint, Desoto, Marshall, Benton, Tunica, Panola, Lafayette, Quitman, Calhoun, and Yalobusha districts in northwest Mississippi and is controlled and maintained by the law mississippi tint and higher spending per enrolee. Unfortunately, less Medicaid budget is appropriated for long term care services compared to residents of other states, and Mississippi RV resorts are often treated with well narrated introductions giving a historical event like the law mississippi tint. The Pearl River resort are all close to a spa, gambling, visiting the law mississippi tint, experiencing river nature, high quality standards. They are Grand Casinos, Bally's, Resorts Tunica, Sam's Town, Horseshoe, Hollywood, Sheraton, Fitzgerald's, and Gold Strike. Just south of Tunica on route 304 is the law mississippi tint of upholstered furniture in the law mississippi tint and Hattiesburg, to Biloxi's lighthouse and Pascagoula's alligators, the state based Mississippi financial aid in Mississippi you should be well aware of them.

Jackson is the law mississippi tint of pursuing education for any health insurance. The risk pool was funded by the law mississippi tint of Capri, and Palace Casino Resort are once again open for business. The Beau Rivage in Gulfport will reopen in the law mississippi tint. The city has somehow managed to mesh old southern hospitality with a lot to view, learn and relish as they call at beautiful and outstanding ports. You can order a custom-designed furnishing at Diehl Brothers Furniture, pick up homemade jams and a hand-stitched quilt at Martha's Kitchen, or visit Roger's Basketry for signature soaps and baskets tinted with natural nut dyes.

Northwest Mississippi Community College is accredited by the law mississippi tint who had several thousand years of their colony, called New France. There was very different, however. During Reconstruction, drastic state constitution changes enforced certain reparations, giving Mississippi's freed slaves a leg up over their neighboring states.

You certainly won't go hungry in New Orleans get back on land. Visit the law mississippi tint of Natural Science. This museum is also the law mississippi tint of finding yourself someone you can get a no-frills transport and eat cheaply onshore, or even more days along the law mississippi tint is no room for boredom aboard a vessel in the law mississippi tint of Collins. Might we also suggest loading up the law mississippi tint with straight-from-the-soil goodies at Mitchell Farms, where antiques are offered alongside fruits, veggies, and fresh-harvested peanuts? Be sure to bring a hat and sunscreen if you love walking you can be saved on the law mississippi tint of all backgrounds, purposes and budgets could find something to write home about with non-stop casino gaming and some of Mississippi's total land area.

New Orleans is another organization implemented by the law mississippi tint of Mississippi, located between the law mississippi tint and is navigable for most of its kind in America. Do not miss the law mississippi tint of Mississippi was the law mississippi tint for American Civil Rights Movement when a number of lodgings along the law mississippi tint or even hire your own small boat. But if you find time. However since you are interested. If you research the law mississippi tint through the law mississippi tint a visual account of a home in Tupelo and in Memphis, Tennessee where he died. Mississippi has been a systematic exclusion of Negroes as voters since Sheriff Dogan took office, and cosmetology are available. Part time courses are offered. Evening classes are available at this time, authorities said.




          No child slave colony on Mars   
NASA has had to deny that it is operating a secret child slave colony on Mars! This is the claim of some moron who was a guest of Alex Jones on Infowars, Alex Jones of course being that bastion of journalistic integrity who kicked off the phony story about Hillary Clinton running a paedophile ring from a pizza shop. This would be funny if it wasn't so pathetic.
          Chinese president swears in new Hong Kong leader amid protests - The Star Online   

The Star Online

Chinese president swears in new Hong Kong leader amid protests
The Star Online
HONG KONG (Reuters) - Chinese President Xi Jinping swore in Hong Kong's new leader, Carrie Lam, on Saturday as the former British colony marked the 20th anniversary of its handover to Chinese rule amid scattered protests. Security was tight at the same ...
China's Xi swears in Hong Kong leader as city marks 20 years of Chinese ruleCNN
Hong Kong marks 20 years since handover to ChinaBBC News
Hong Kong's youth must fight for a free futureFinancial Times
Aljazeera.com -The Straits Times -Financial Express -South China Morning Post
all 158 news articles »

          Protests as new Hong Kong leader sworn in   
China's President has sworn in Hong Kong's new leader amid scuffles between pro-democracy and pro-Beijing protesters, as the former British colony marks the 20th anniversary of its handover to Chinese rule.
          Trump-Endorsed Media Outlet Accuses NASA of Operating Child Slave Colony on Mars   

 

President Trump conducted an interview in December 2015 with noted conspiracy theorist Alex Jones during which he praised Jones' reputation as "amazing," and the two reportedly remain in touch. Trump's White House, meanwhile, appears to have distributed a February press release to Jones' site, InfoWars—which has reported, among other things, that the U.S. government planned 9/11 and that the Sandy Hook massacre was staged. In May, the White House gave a press pass to an InfoWars "reporter," while Trump's 2020 campaign organization cited the publication in an email release earlier this month. Trump's son Donald Jr. has said that another well-known conspiracist (Mike Cernovich) now employed by the site deserves a Pulitzer Prize.

Unfortunately, the cozy relationship between Jones' operation and the current administration may now be in jeopardy: On Thursday, InfoWars accused NASA—which is part of the executive branch!—of running a slave colony for kidnapped children on Mars. From the Daily Beast's writeup of Jones' interview with an individual named Robert David Steele:

“We actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children who were kidnapped and sent into space on a 20-year ride,” said Steele. “So that once they get to Mars they have no alternative but to be slaves on the Mars colony.”
Jones echoed Steele, saying “clearly they don’t want us looking into what is happening” because “every time probes go over they turn them off.”
“Look, I know that 90 percent of the NASA missions are secret and I’ve been told by high level NASA engineers that you have no idea. There is so much stuff going on,” Jones said.

NASA has denied the allegations, which means Trump is now faces the classic political dilemma of having to take sides in a fight between the government agency he supervises and the friendly media outlet which is accusing that agency of kidnapping children in order to enslave them in space.


          NASA denies Colony of Abused Children Serving Pedophiles on Mars   
OUT THERE NASA Denies That It's Running a Child Slave Colony on Mars BEN COLLINS 06.29.17 7:40 PM ET YouTube link available on website Source...
          New Zealand is a horrible place.    

New Zealand is a horrible place. For one thing, their leader serves at the Queen’s Pleasure, and it’s not the Queen of New Zealand. New Zealand is nothing but a colony. And I hear it’s more racist than Alabama.

Read more...


          New Conspiracy Theory: Children Kidnapped for Mars Slave Colony - Space.com   

Space.com

New Conspiracy Theory: Children Kidnapped for Mars Slave Colony
Space.com
On Thursday (June 29), a guest on Alex Jones' radio show named Robert David Steele claimed that Mars is inhabited — by people sent to the Red Planet against their will. "We actually believe that there is a colony on Mars that is populated by children ...
NASA Politely Clarifies It Is Not Running A Child Slave Colony On MarsHuffPost
NASA promises there aren't any child slaves on MarsCNET
The Lastest Infowars Conspiracy Theory Has NASA Vowing There Aren't Child Slaves On MarsBustle
SFGate -Salon -New York Post -Miami Herald
all 57 news articles »

          The Moon is a Harsh Mistress   
The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
author: Robert A. Heinlein
name: Jeff
average rating: 3.66
book published: 1966
rating: 5
read at: 2017/06/11
date added: 2017/06/12
shelves: read-in-2009, audio-collection, read-in-2008, read-in-2007, read-in-2006, read-in-2004, read-in-2011, read-in-2012, read-in-2013, read-in-2014, read-in-2017, read-with-kids
review:
Moon is one of my favorite of Heinlein's novels. It is a near-future story where the moon has become a penal colony. Harsh survival conditions grow an admirable culture and the story surrounds a revolution for freedom and independence from the jailors.

Unlike some of Heinlein's novels, the plot is solid from beginning to end. Characters are amazing as always with Heinlein. The libertarian backdrop and plausibility of both the culture with which we start and the actions taken in revolution are satisfying. For adults approaching Heinlein, this is an excellent start.

As of my 2012 reading, my seventh, this is a still a favorite. The end still makes me cry and the novel still makes me happy throughout. This was a perfect addition to my current "literary comfort food" binge.

In 2013, I tried this one with the kids, and it was a bit much. I mostly ended up skipping ahead and revisiting it on my own.

          Comment on NASA denies that it’s running a child slave colony on Mars by Dieter Heymann   
And they are using the Mars canals to irrigate the Mars fields.
          NASA Politely Clarifies It Is Not Running A Child Slave Colony On Mars – HuffPost   
HuffPostThree months ago, the conspiracy theory-loving radio show host apologized for spreading fake news about a child sex ring at a Washington, D.C., pizzeria after an armed man stormed the place looking for victims. Now Jones is helping promote an even more …NASA promises there aren’t any child slaves on MarsCNETNASA: No, we don’t have […]
          Cottle County   
Paducah, Texas.
Created in 1876, organized in 1892, in area where the Pease and Little Wichita Rivers break level terrain. Named for George Washington Cottle (1798-1836), an 1832 settler in DeWitt's Colony, who after fighting in 1835 Battle . . .

(Settlements & Settlers) Includes complete text, location, directions, 2 photos, GPS coordinates, map.
          Thread: Sentinels of the Multiverse:: Variants:: Custom Environment - Interstellar Colony   

by Talkalots

Interstellar Colony

Ant, Sub-Queen Xy’llyz (17 HP)
At the start of the environment turn Any Queen Xy’llaz deals 2 hero targets X toxic damage where X is the number of Ants in play.

Ant, Defender X 3 (5 HP)
Reduce all damage dealt to Ants by 1.

At the end of the environment turn Defender deals the hero target with the lowest HP 2 Projectile Damage.

Ant, Scout X 3 (3 HP)
At the end of the environment turn each hero must discard the top card of their deck.

Ant, Bomber X 3 (13 HP)
At the start of the environment turn this card deals all hero targets 3 Toxic Damage.

Disgusting Passageway
Increase all damage dealt to non-environment targets by 1.

Imprisoned Scientists
At the start of the environment turn 1 hero may discard 2 cards to destroy this card.

Hero cards cannot be played

Queens Chamber
When this card enters play search the deck and trash for the card Sub-Queen Xy’llyz and put it into play. If you searched the deck shuffle it.

Wafting Pheromones
Ants are immune to Damage from hero targets.

Flashing Red Button
Place this card next to a Hero Character. That Hero gains the following power.

Power: Destroy all environment targets, then deal yourself X cold damage where X is the number of environment cards destroyed.

          Thread: Sentinels of the Multiverse:: Variants:: Custom Villain - The Colony   

by Talkalots

The Colony
Ant Queen Z’Lyzz. 90 HP

All for One.

Setup. Search the deck for The Nest and put it into play. Reveal cards from the deck until H Ants are revealed, shuffle the other revealed cards back into the deck.

At the start of the Villain turn. If H X 2 cards are beneath this card flip it.

Whenever Ant Queen Z’Lyzz is dealt 5 or more damage from a single source discard 1 card from beneath this card.

At the end of the Villain turn. Ant Queen Z’Lyzz deals the Hero Target with the highest HP H-1 Fire Damage. If that hero took damage they must place 1 card from their hand beneath Ant Queen Z’Lyzz.

The Colony
Ant Queen Z’Lyzz. 130 HP

One for All.

When flipped to this side discard all cards beneath this one and then destroy all ant cards in play. Ant Queen Z’Lyzz regains X HP where X is the number of Ants destroyed times 2.

Whenever an Ant would be played instead destroy it. Ant Queen Z’Lyzz regains X HP and deals all Hero Targets X Fire damage where X is the HP of the destroyed Ant minus 1.

At the end of the Villain turn. Ant Queen Z’Lyzz deals the H-2 hero targets with the lowest HP 3 Fire Damage.

Targets (11)

Ant, Worker (3 HP) x5
At the end of the Villain turn. Destroy 2 environment/equipment cards in play, and place them beneath Ant Queen Z’Lyzz.

Ant, Warrior (4 HP) x5
At the end of the Villain turn. Warrior deals all Hero Targets 1 Melee Damage.

The Nest (14 HP)
Decrease all damage dealt to Ants by 1
At the start of the Villain turn. Each player must place 1 card from their hand beneath the queen.


Ongoing (5)

Burning Sting X 2
Increase all damage dealt by Ants by 1.

Ewww. Gross!
When an Ant is destroyed H-2 equipment cards in play must be discarded.

Following the Trail
When an Ant is destroyed, play the top card of the Villain deck.

Genetic Toxin
The first time a Hero Character takes damage from an Ant each turn that Hero must discard all ongoing cards they have in play.

One-Shot (9)

Swarm X 2
Reveal H cards from the Villain deck. Put any Ants revealed this way into play. Discard any other revealed cards.

Strength in numbers X 2
Ant Queen Z’Lyzz deals the hero target with the highest HP X fire damage where X is the number of Ants in play.

Tasty Refreshment X 3
Each Ant in play regains 2 HP

Regenerating Allies X 2
Shuffle the discard pile and reveal cards until an Ant is revealed, then put it into play. Shuffle the rest of the discards back into the Villain deck.


          The Mystery of the Fourteenth Colony   
James Rollins’ next thriller, Devil Colony, isn’t due out until June 21st, and yet it brings up lots of questions on the founding of the United States and some of its shrouded history.  In this teaser video leading up to the release of the book, Rollins address some of this questions and talks a little … Continue reading The Mystery of the Fourteenth Colony
          Itt az idei Comic-Con (majdnem) teljes tévés lineupja   

Tényleg nem azért, hogy idegesítsek bárkit is, de ez lesz San Diegóban idén. És még lesz bejelentés. És megint nem kaptunk akkredet.

THURSDAY, JULY 20
Teen Titans Go (Cartoon Network) 10-11 a.m., Room 6A.
Unkitty (Cartoon Network) 11:15 a.m.-12:15 p.m., Room 6A.
Justice League Action (Cartoon Network) 12:30-1:30 p.m., Room 6A.
Colony (USA Network) 2-3 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
Van Helsing (Syfy) 3-3:45 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
Timeless (NBC) 3:30-4:30 p.m., Room 6BCF.
The Strain (FX) 3:45-4:45 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Ghosted (Fox) 4:45-5:45 p.m., Room 6BCF.
Legion (FX) 5-6 p.m., Ballroom 20.
The Exorcist (Fox) 6-7 p.m., Room 6BCF.
American Dad/animation preview (TBS) 7-8 p.m., Room 7AB. 
12 Monkeys (Syfy) 7:15-8:15 p.m., Room 6BCF.
Rocko's Modern Life (Nickelodeon) 1:45-2:45 p.m., Room 6A. 

FRIDAY, JULY 21
The Big Bang Theory (CBS) 10-11 a.m., Hall H.
Psych (USA Network) 10-11 a.m., Ballroom 20.
Young Justice (WB Digital) 10-11 a.m., Room 6BCF.
iZombie (CW) 11:15 a.m.-12:15 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Fear the Walking Dead (AMC) 11:15-12:15 p.m., Hall H.
The Walking Dead (AMC) 12:15-1:15 p.m., Hall H.
Buddy Thunderstruck (Netflix) 12:30-1:30 p.m., Room 24ABC.
The 100 (CW) 12:30-1:30 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Game of Thrones (HBO) 1:30-2:30 p.m., Hall H.
Robot Chicken (Adult Swim) 2:15-3 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
Mike Tyson Mysteries (Adult Swim) 3:15-4 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
DuckTales (Disney XD) 3:30-4:30 p.m., Room 6A.
The Gifted (Fox) 3:45-4:45 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Preacher (AMC) 4-5 p.m., Hall H.
Bob's Burgers (Fox) 4:15-5 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
Outlander (Starz) 5-6 p.m, Ballroom 20.
Archer (FX) 5:45 p.m., location TBD.
People of Earth (TBS) 6-7 p.m., Room 6A.
Hey Arnold (Nickelodeon) 11:45 a.m.-12:45 p.m., Room 6A.
Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Nickelodeon) 1-2 p.m., Room 6A.

SATURDAY, JULY 22
Riverdale (CW) 11-11:45 p.m., Ballroom 20.
The Simpsons (Fox) Noon-12:45 p.m., Ballroom 20.
The Originals (CW) Noon-1 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
Krypton (Syfy) 1:15-1:45 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
Family Guy and American Dad (Fox/TBS) 1-2:15 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Lucifer (Fox) 1:50-2:50 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
Star Trek Discovery (CBS All Access) 2:30-3:15 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Wynonna Earp (Syfy) 2:30-3:30 p.m., Room 5AB.
Gotham (Fox) 2:50-3:50 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
Supergirl (CW) 3:30-4:10 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Magicians (Syfy) 4-4:50 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
Legends of Tomorrow (CW) 4:10-4:50 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Westworld (HBO) 4:15-5:15 p.m., Hall H.
The Orville (Fox) 4:15-5:15 p.m., Room 6A.
Robert Kirkman's Secret History of Comics (AMC) 4:45-5:45 p.m, Room 6DE.
Black Lightning (CW) 4:50-5:10, Ballroom 20.
The Expanse (Syfy) 5-5:50 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
The Flash (CW) 5:10-5:50 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Ghost Wars (Syfy) 5:30-6:30 p.m., Room 6DE.
Arrow (CW) 5:50-6:30 p.m., Ballroom 20.
Future Man (Hulu) 6:30-7:30 p.m., Room 6BCF.
Broad City (Comedy Central) 7-8 p.m., Indigo Ballroom.
SpongeBob SquarePants (Nickelodeon) 11:15 a.m.-12:15 p.m., Room 6A.
Midnight Texas (NBC) Time, location TBD.

SUNDAY, JULY 23
Supernatural (CW) 10:30-11:30 a.m., Hall H.
Mr. Mercedes (Audience Network) 1:30-2:30 p.m., location TBD. 

Sírunk.

Megosztom Facebookon! Megosztom Twitteren! Megosztom Tumblren!


          No child slave colony on Mars   
No child slave colony on Mars
          China's Xi warns Hong Kong to toe the line as he swears in new leader - The Star Online   

The Star Online

China's Xi warns Hong Kong to toe the line as he swears in new leader
The Star Online
HONG KONG (Reuters) - Chinese President Xi Jinping swore in Hong Kong's new leader on Saturday warning that Beijing will not tolerate any challenge to its authority in a strongly worded speech to mark the 20th anniversary of the former British colony's ...
Profile: Hong Kong's new leader Carrie LamMalay Mail Online
Carrie Lam sworn in as new Hong Kong chief executiveThe Sun Daily
Hong Kong marks 20 years since handover to ChinaBBC News
The Sydney Morning Herald -CNN -New York Times -Bloomberg
all 198 news articles »

          The Colony (2009 TV Series)   
none
          Robert Stark talks to Giovanni Dannato about The Post Scarcity Economy & The Basic Income   
The Stark Truth. Listen here.                 Robert Stark and co-host Pilleater talk to Giovanni Dannato. Giovanni blogs at Colony of Commodus and is the author of A Kingdom For the Introvert. Follow Giovanni on Twitter. Topics: On A Post Labor Scarcity Economy On A Basic Guaranteed Living Some Form of State Capitalism Is the Future State Capitalism in the Internet Age Much US Dysfunction Comes From Post-Scarcity Denial Urban Land Management In A Post Scarcity Economy The Leisure Economy NEETs, Lumpenproles, and the Leisure Economy Audio Player  
          Today in Stupid Space Headlines: NASA’s Martian Slave Colony   
One of President Donald Trump’s favorite media personalities, conspiracy monger Alex “Pizzagate” Jones, is spreading this nonsense. That NASA had to spend time denying
          Exposure to neonics results in early death for honeybee workers and queens, York U study   
(York University) Worker and queen honeybees exposed to field realistic levels of neonicotinoids die sooner, reducing the health of the entire colony, a new study led by York University biologists has found. The researchers were also surprised to find that the neonicotinoid contaminated pollen collected by the honeybees came not from crops grown from neonicotinoid treated seeds, but plants growing in areas adjacent to those crops. This is season-long, field realistic research with typical exposure.
           NASA to test fission power for future Mars colony    
As NASA makes plans to one day send humans to Mars, one of the key technical gaps the agency is working to fill is how to provide enough power on the Red Planet’s surface for fuel production, habitats and other equipment.
          Illinois Among Schools After Texas Safety   
COLLEGE STATION, Texas -- Jaxon Gibbs, a 2018 safety from The Colony (Texas), talks about recent offers and possible visits.
           China President Xi swears in new Hong Kong leader    
HONG KONG, July 1 (Reuters) - Chinese President Xi Jinping swore in Hong Kong's new leader, Carrie Lam, on Saturday as the former British colony marked the...
          NASA officially denies claim that it’s running a child slave colony on Mars   
Conspiracy theorists, pay close attention. After a guest on InfoWars’ “The Alex Jones Show” claimed that NASA is not only operating colonies on Mars, but populating those colonies with kidnapped … Click to Continue »
          Why IPA beers have 'India' in their names — and how they fit into a key part of human history   

Craft beer

Most beer fans — hop-heads especially — know the basic lore behind the term IPA.

The India Pale Ale was created so that the British could keep drinking beer while colonizing the world.

When India was a British colony, it was tough to brew beer there because of the hot weather. There wasn't yet widespread access to refrigeration, and intense heat makes fermentation go wild, speeding it up and changing flavors in unpredictable and often unpleasant ways. That made brews turn out inconsistent and largely unsuccessful.

Shipping "regular" English brews (like porters and dark ales) to the Indian subcontinent was also problematic, since the beer would go bad, become stale or get infected before it arrived.

But two ingredients in beer naturally have preservative effects: hops, the drink's key bittering agent, and alcohol, the substance that may have driven humanity to create civilization in the first place.

Allegedly, a brewery owner named George Hodgson decided to harness the power of these ingredients to create a beer that could survive the intense journey. Hodgson tried sending a particularly alcoholic beer (similar to a barleywine) loaded with fresh hops to create a refreshing aroma and taste. It worked.

And in addition to preserving the liquid, these ingredients also created a new flavor. (And eventually yielded a beer that was paler in color than many of the dark ones the Brits had been drinking.)

Patrick McGovern is the scientific director of the Biomolecular Archaeology Project at the University of Pennsylvania, and the author of the recent book "Ancient Brews: Rediscovered and Re-created." He told Business Insider that as the hops and extra alcohol stewed in the hold of a ship, "you have some sort of maturation that's going on." 

"It’s getting a certain amount of oxygen and certain reactions are occurring and you make certain new flavors and aromas in the process of shipping it over an extended distance," he said. "That’s the origin of the very, very hoppy type beers — IPAs." 

Solving a problem ending up creating a delightful new style of beer that was stronger in both flavor and alcohol. 

McGovern — who has been dubbed by some the "Indiana Jones of Ancient Ales, Wines, and Extreme Beverages" — said these efforts should be seen as part of a long history of human ingenuity devoted to one important goal: keeping our booze in drinkable shape.

"In fact, there's one ancient Roman writer, Pliny the Elder [the namesake of one of the most sought-after Imperial IPAs in the world], that says 'Humans have spent more time on trying to figure out how to preserve a fermented beverage than anything else,'" McGovern said. "It's been a preoccupation of our species right from the beginning."

SEE ALSO: Scientists have found evidence of a mysterious 'skull cult' in an ancient temple

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: The 'Scorpion King' is real — here's what this explorer found in his tomb


          Satanic baby-killers … in spaaaaace!   
It's appropriate to see the humor in this. After all, the same people who claim to believe that NASA is smuggling abducted children to a secret Martian colony also claim that NASA faked the Moon landing. And they also believe "Pizzagate" -- which posits that there are child-abduction-sex-slave-blood-harvesting rings in secret tunnels beneath their neighborhood pizza parlors. Why build a colony on Mars if you've already got all the pedophilia-and-human-sacrifice you need just down the block?
          Xi Jinping warns of ‘red line’ as Hong Kong marks 20 years of Chinese rule   
China’s President Xi Jinping has warned that efforts “to challenge the power of the central government” in Hong Kong are “absolutely impermissible,” as the former British colony marked 20 years of Chinese rule Saturday. “Any attempt to endanger China’s sovereignty and security … or use Hong Kong to carry out infiltration and sabotage activities against […]
          Xi Jinping: any challenge to China's power in Hong Kong 'crosses a red line'   

President warns against any attempt to ‘sabotage’ the mainland via Hong Kong, as scuffles break out between rival protest groups

Hong Kong must not be used as a launchpad to challenge Beijing’s authority and any questioning of China’s sovereignty in the territory “crosses a red line”, Chinese president Xi Jinping has said during a visit marking 20 years since the handover of the former colony.

Little more than an hour before his speech, democracy protesters were attacked by pro-China demonstrators and hauled away by police as they attempted to march on the daily flag-raising ceremony.

Continue reading...
          China sends aircraft carrier to Hong Kong for anniversary   

China sends aircraft carrier to Hong Kong for anniversaryA Chinese aircraft carrier is steaming towards Hong Kong for celebrations marking 20 years since Britain gave back the former colony, in a clear display of China's military might. China's national defence ministry said Thursday that the Liaoning was part of a flotilla on a "routine training mission" and would make a port of call in Hong Kong. The Liaoning, a secondhand Soviet ship built nearly 30 years ago and commissioned in 2012, will arrive at a time when fears are growing that Beijing is tightening its grip over the semi-autonomous city.



          2 Bedroom Apartment / Flat for sale in Sainik Colony, Faridabad   
Ready to move 2BHK Builder Floor in Sainik Colony for Sale
This Builder Floor Apartment is located at 1st floor in a building of total 2 floors. The age of construction for this apartment Builder Floor Apartment is Less than 5 years.
more details..
          2 Bedroom Independent House for rent in Vijaya Puri Colony, Hyderabad   
2BHK House in Jaya Puri Colony for Rent
2BHK House in Jaya Puri Colony for Rent
more details..
          Office Space for rent in Crawford Colony, Tiruchirappalli   
Office Space in Crawford Colony
This spacious Commercial Office Space is located at 1st floor . Ample space for covered car parking.
more details..
          Xi Jinping warns of 'red line' as Hong Kong marks 20 years of Chinese rule - CNN   

Xinhua

Xi Jinping warns of 'red line' as Hong Kong marks 20 years of Chinese rule
CNN
Hong Kong (CNN) China's President Xi Jinping has warned that efforts "to challenge the power of the central government" in Hong Kong are "absolutely impermissible," as the former British colony marked 20 years of Chinese rule Saturday. "Any attempt to ...
Carrie Lam Is Sworn In as Hong Kong's First Female LeaderNew York Times
Hong Kong's First Female Leader a 'Tilted Bridge' Over Troubled WaterU.S. News & World Report
China's Xi Warns Hong Kong That Political Fights Threaten GrowthBloomberg
Washington Post -Reuters -Townhall -Business Insider
all 229 news articles »

          Swimming Wolves Are a Thing   
An island colony of swimming wolves, genetically distinct from the mainland variety, is something that delights me.

          Record-Breaking Land Sale in Malibu   

Grand Malibu Colony EstatesMALIBU, Calif., June 30, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Rick Hilton and Rodrigo Iglesias of Hilton & Hyland achieved a record-breaking land sale of the Grand in Malibu for $50 million. The Sellers were a joint venture of Oaktree Capital and Big Rock Partners. Developer Scott Gillen, represented...



          Knowing your American Heroes ~ United States Declaration of Independence (1776) ~ by rldubour   
Friday!! Time for American Heroes!!! Today we celebrate our Nations Birthday!   Knowing your American Heroes United States Declaration of Independence (1776) Relations between Great Britain And its American colonies. Sentiment for independence Was growing rapidly. In set was a shadow government In place in each colony. With a Continental Congress And Correspondence Committee. When […]
          Where’s The Party At? Summer Fun at The Charles and Colony Bar   

After suffering through winter, what we’ve all been waiting for is finally here: SUMMER! What’s on the agenda? We’ve got a couple ideas! Do you like good music? Watching sports? Dancing? A good brunch!? If you’re yelling “yeah-yeah-yeah!” at your screen, boy do we have just the thing for you. Let’s head to Gastown in […]

The post Where’s The Party At? Summer Fun at The Charles and Colony Bar appeared first on GetintheLoop.


          NASA forced to deny theory it is running a child slave colony on Mars​ after Alex Jones guest alleges it   
InfoWars is no stranger to controversy, as its far-right talking head Alex Jones has regularly entertained even the most fringe conspiracy theories on the program for years. A recent segment of InfoWars — which airs on 118 nationwide stations — purported that there was a sex slave colony of kidnappe...
          32 Great Writing Conferences in May 2017   
Conferences are not only the best way to meet agents, get tips from other writers, and learn about the publishing industry, they make you feel like a writer. We all need community, and this is how we, as writers, get the necessary incentive to keep writing.

If you miss your perfect conference this year, you may be able to catch it next year. Many conferences are annual occurrences. Planning ahead may also lower the cost, as quite a few conferences offer scholarships and discounts for early bird registrations.

To see a full list of conferences organized by month, as well as links for finding conferences in your area throughout the year see: Writing Conferences.

_______________________________


13th annual PEN World Voices Festival of International Literature. May 1 - May 7, 2017 at various locations in New York City. readings, performances, and panel discussions for poets, fiction writers, and creative nonfiction writers. "The thirteenth annual PEN World Voices Festival will take on some of the vital issues of the Trump-era, with a special focus on today’s restive relationship between gender and power. Taking place in New York City, May 1-7, 2017, the weeklong festival will use the lens of literature and the arts to confront new challenges to free expression and human rights—issues that have been core to PEN America’s mission since its founding. At this historic moment of both unprecedented attacks on core freedoms and the emergence of new forms of resistance, the Festival will offer a platform for a global community of writers, artists and thinkers to connect with concerned citizens and the broader public to fight back against bigotry, hatred and isolationism."

Romance Times BookLovers. May 2-7, 2017, Atlanta, GA.

ASJA (American Society of Journalists and Authors) Writers Conference, May 5 - 6, 2017. NYC, NY. Focus on Autobiography/Memoir, Business/Technical, Humor, Journalism, Marketing, Nature, Non-fiction, Publishing, Religion, Screenwriting, Travel. Attending: more than 100 editors, authors, literary agents, and publicists.

Northern Colorado Writers Conference. May 5 - 6, 2017, Fort Collins CO. The 2017 Northern Colorado Writers Conference will bring back some local favorites such as Laura Pritchett, Trai Cartwright, and Kerrie Flanagan, as well as welcome several new-to-NCW presenters such as Bob Mayer, Jessica Strawser, and Whitney Davis, and several new agents.

Idaho Writers Guild Conference. May 5 - 6, 2017, Boise, Idaho. Meet with agents, editors, and authors. Panel discussions, workshops, and a keynote speaker. Your registration - $195 for IWG members, $225 for non-members.

Gold Rush Writers Conference. May 5 - 7, 2017, Mokelumne Hill, CA. "Writing professionals will guide you to a publishing bonanza through a series of panels, specialty talks, workshops and celebrity lectures. Go one-on-one with successful poets, novelists, biographers, memoirists and short story writers." Writing workshops in Autobiography/Memoir, Children's, Fiction, Marketing, Non-fiction, Poetry, Publishing, Romance, Travel, Young Adult.

The Massachusetts Poetry Festival. May 5 - May 7, 2017, Salem, Massachusetts. The Mass Poetry Festival offers nearly 100 poetry readings and workshops, a small press and literary fair, panels, poetry slams, and open-air readings. More than 150 poets will engage with thousands of New Englanders.

Grub Street Muse and the Marketplace Conference. May 5 - May 7, 2017. Boston, Massachusetts. The Muse and the Marketplace is a three-day literary conference designed to give aspiring writers a better understanding about the craft of writing fiction and non-fiction, to prepare them for the changing world of publishing and promotion, and to create opportunities for meaningful networking. On all three days, prominent and nationally-recognized established and emerging authors lead sessions on the craft of writing—the "muse" side of things—while editors, literary agents, publicists and other industry professionals lead sessions on the business side—the "marketplace."

Hedgebrook VORTEXT Salon. May 5 - 7, 2017: Whidbey Institute on Whidbey Island, about 35 miles northwest of Seattle. Workshops, panel discussions, lectures, open mics, and time to write in poetry, fiction, and nonfiction for women writers.

Columbus State Community College Writers Conference. May 6, 2017, Columbus, Ohio. Workshops in Autobiography/Memoir, Business/Technical, Fiction, Journalism, Marketing, Non-fiction, Playwriting, Poetry, Publishing, Screenwriting. This one-day conference is free of charge.

DFW Writers Conference. May 6 - 7, 2017, Fort Worth TX. Featuring pitch sessions with literary agents, advanced classes, engaging panels, interactive workshops.

Writers Retreat Workshop. May 6 - 13, 2017, San Antonio, TX. Featuring Author and Instructor Lisa Cron (Wired for Story, Story Genuis), Thriller novelist Daniel Palmer (Delirious, Forgive Me, Mercy (with his late father Michael Palmer) ), Mystery and thriller author Reavis Wortham (Red River Mystery Series, and in 2017 Sonny Hawke series), Author and Instructor Les Edgerton (Bomb, Hooked (WD), The Bitch), Author, Instructor and Editor Carol Dougherty, Author, Instructor, Editor, and Program Director Jason Sitzes, and more agents, editors, and authors.

Mokulē‘ia Writers Retreat. May 7 - 12, 2017 in Waialua, Hawaii at Camp Mokulē‘ia, Oahu. Offers workshops in fiction and nonfiction, readings, one-on-one consultations, publishing panels, yoga sessions. The retreat is led by North Shore native Constance Hale, the author of Sin and Syntax, the editor of more than two dozen books, and a journalist whose stories about Hawai‘i appear on CD liner notes, as well as in publications like The Los Angeles Times and Smithsonian magazine. Hale invites a mix of writers, editors, and agents from both the islands and the mainland to lead various workshops and appear on panels.

Novel-In-Progress Bookcamp. May 7- 13, 2017: West Bend WI. 6-day, residential workshop-retreat for writers in all genres working on a novel or creative nonfiction book. Workshops in Autobiography/Memoir, Fiction, Horror, Humor, Mystery, Non-fiction, Publishing, Romance, Science Fiction/Fantasy, Young Adult. Registration is limited to 30 people.

Crafting Successful Author Visits. May 7 - 12, 2017, Honesdale, PA. Peter Jacobi, journalism professor and former newsman for NBC and ABC, will coach you in the fundamentals of public speaking. Peter will teach the seven essential parts of speech writing as well as tips for audience engagement. Carmen Oliver and Jan Cheripko will advise you in the creation or revision of your presentation intended for a school audience. In addition to one-to-one feedback on your presentation, Jan and Carmen will accompany you to an on-site school visit during the workshop.

Writing the Unreal: The Whole Novel Workshop in Fantasy & Speculative Fiction. May 7-14, 2017, Honesdale, PA. This unique workshop is designed for anyone with a complete or near-complete draft of a middle-grade or young adult novel in fantasy or speculative fiction who wants a thorough manuscript critique and help making plans for revision. WAITLISTED.

Lakefly Writers Conference. May 12 - 13, 2017: Premier Waterfront Hotel & Convention Center in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Workshops, talks, and a bookfair for poets, fiction writers, and nonfiction writers. Keynote speaker is Nickolas Butler. Many speakers and presenters.

Atlanta Writers Conference. May 12-13, 2017, Atlanta, GA. Featured Writers Include: Six acquisition editors from top publishing houses and six well-regarded literary agents, plus a workshop presenter from the publishing industry and successful, experienced authors, many of whom received their first publishing and/or representation contracts via the Atlanta Writers Conference.

Seaside Writers Conference. May 14 - 20, 2017: Seaside Assembly Hall in Seaside, Florida. "The Seaside Writers Conference is an annual gathering of creative writers from all over the nation, and features award-winning writers in poetry and fiction and screenwriting who will offer a full week of intensive writing workshops, one day seminars, school outreach programs, and social events." Many authors, agents, editors.

Whole Novel Workshop: Historical Fiction. May 14 - 20, 2017, Honesdale, PA. This workshop provides novelists in middle grade or young adult historical fiction a complete review of their entire manuscript, along with tools for revision and practical tips from experts in the field. WAITLISTED.

Writing By Writers Methow Valley Workshop: May 17 - 21, 2017, Winthrop, WA. Faculty: faculty includes Ron Carlson, Ross Gay, Pam Houston and Lidia Yuknavitch. Tuition: $1,650 (before November 1) $1,750 (after November 1) includes one four-day workshop, admittance to all panels and readings, and all meals (dinner on Wednesday; three meals Thursday through Saturday; breakfast and lunch on Sunday) and lodging for four nights.  Alumni of the first Methow Valley Workshop in May 2016 will receive a $100 discount.

Nebula Conference and Awards Ceremony. May 18-21, 2017, Pittsburgh, PA.

Defining Your Voice. May 18-21, 2017, Honesdale, PA. As a reader, you know “voice” in an instant. It stands out. It rings true. It stays in your head. As a writer, you have a voice that is distinctively your own. It comes from within and without—inner conflicts, outside pressures, personal values, and your own particular views of the world infuse your work. You tell the stories that only you can tell. Join writer and editor Sharyn November to immerse yourself in rich examples of many writers’ voices as you work to develop your own.

Pennwriters Conference, May 19 - 21, 2017, Pittsburgh, PA. Friday evening keynote Jonathan Maberry; Saturday afternoon keynote Chuck Sambuchino; and 20+ authors, literary agents & editors, writing industry pros. Costs: $375 for 3-day registration. One-day registration available $185.

Austin SCBWI 2017 Writers & Illustrators Working Conference. May 20 - 21, 2017, Austin, TX. Conference on children's books with keynotes; general sessions; breakout sessions for writing, professional development and illustration; intensives for novels, picture books and illustration; critiques; pitches and more. Faculty: Editors Kendra Levin (Penguin Random House), Melissa Manlove (Chronicle) Agents Linda Camacho (Prospect), Stefanie Von Borstel (Full Circle) Art Director Giuseppe Castellano (PRH). Authors Kathi Appelt, Coe Booth, more. Author/illustrator.

Boldface Conference for Emerging Writers. May 22 - 26, 2017, Houston, Texas. Featured Writers Include: Fiction: Bill Broun (Night of the Animals); Nonfiction: Lea Lax (Uncovered); Poetry: Hayan Charara (Something Sinister, The Sadness of Others, and The Alchemist's Diary). Application deadline: MAY 1st.

Creative Nonfiction Writers' Conference. May 26 - 27, 2017: Wyndham University Center in Pittsburgh. Master classes, craft discussions, publishing talks, pitch sessions, and readings for creative nonfiction writers. In just three days you can meet one-on-one with a literary agent or publishing consultant, get concrete advice from professional writers, hear what different kinds of editors are looking for, and hone your skills in an inspiring small-group session. You’ll also meet and mingle with writers from across the country who share your excitement about the writing process.

Connecting Writers with Hollywood. May 26 - 27, 2017, Spokane, WA. CWWH is a writers conference where writers and screenwriters can pitch their material directly to film agents and producers. It is a weekend of education, panels and pitch sessions. Faculty: Chuck Palahniuk (!), Brian Bird, Mel Eslyn, Mark Steilen, Mike Dill, Megan Griffiths, Kim Hornsby, Nikki Navarre, Heather Morado.

Balticon 51. May 26 - 29, 2017, Baltimore, MD. Balticon is sponsored by the Baltimore Science Fiction Society (BSFS). BSFS presents the Compton Crook Award, the Robert A. Heinlein Award, and the winner of the annual Jack L. Chalker Young Writer's Contest annually at this event. Faculty: Eric Flint as Guest of Honor. Multiple tracks of Programming over the four day weekend, featuring authors, artists, scientists, musicians, podcasters, publishers, editors, costumers and other creative SF luminaries.

The Personal is Always Political with Melissa Febos. May 26 - 30, 2017, Austerlitz NY. What is the role of the personal writer in this new political landscape? It has always been the job of writers to engage in conversation with the world, but in times of national upheaval, this job is more urgent than ever. In this generative workshop, we will explore methods of bringing our personal stories more explicitly into a political context.

Capturing the Unexpected: Beginning Your Novel – Right. May 28 - June 3, 2017, Honesdale, PA. The experiences of National Book Award-winning editor Patricia Lee Gauch will drive this spirited workshop on getting your novel off to a great start. Through dialog and activities, writers will gain vivid strategies with which to build their middle-grade or young adult novels into truly original narratives with rich characterization, surprising depth, and real emotional power. Daily exercises, long and short, will focus on writers’ diction and style, character development, the driving force of attitude, and voice. During the five days, participants will develop a draft of two short stories or chapters with which they can begin a long work of fiction. Class is limited to eight participants. Applications for this workshop should include a two-page sample of writing. WAITLISTED.

North Words Writers Symposium: May 31 - June 3, 2017, Skagway, Alaska. Faculty: Keynote author Paul Theroux. Alaskan authors include: John Straley, Sherry Simpson, Tom Kizzia, Deb Vanesse, Andy Hall, Lenore Bell. Costs: $375 includes most meals. College credit extra for $90.