Why is blood red?   
Ring-shaped chemical structures with metal irons produce color. The iron in our red blood cells makes them red, while magnesium makes plant leaves green.
          Report on alleged April Idlib chemical attack based on questionable evidence – Russian OPCW rep   
Preview The latest OPCW report on the April Idlib chemical incident lacks sufficient evidence and is based on data provided mostly by only one side of the Syrian conflict without necessary verification, the Russian OPCW representative, Aleksandr Shulgin, told RT.
Read Full Article at RT.com
          US slams Damascus as chemical weapons monitor says sarin used in April Syria attack, silent on blame   
Preview The US State Department is scolding the Syrian government, as the OPCW has reportedly determined that sarin, a banned nerve gas, was what killed dozens of Syrians in northern Idlib province on April 4.
Read Full Article at RT.com
          Jeepers (It's Christmas) in July Giveaway Hop   


Welcome to Jeepers (It's Christmas) in July blog hop! Sponsored by Aroma Foundry, giving one lucky winner a $25. Gift Code. Hosted by  MamatheFox.com, and co-hosted by The Mommy Island and The Kids Did it. Brought to you by Mom To Grandma! After my entry form you will find many more bloggers with great prizes for you to win, Enjoy and Good Luck!

We received a sample in exchange for a honest an unbiased review.

We have had the opportunity to receive some essential oils from Aroma Foundry for a review.



So many people are turning to essential oils. Essential oils are liquid extracts that are distilled from plants, flowers and trees. It often takes the entire plant or more to produce a single drop of oil, making essential oils very concentrated.

I received Lavender, Tea Tree, Eucalyptus, and Peppermint Essential Oils from Aroma Foundry. I found, compared to some other places that sell Essential Oils, Aroma Foundry has very affordable prices. Other places can get costly.



Eucalyptus Essential oil is 100% pure and all-natural. This Essential Oil is sourced from the United States, hand bottled in California, and hand-inspected and boxed at their facility in Santa Barbara.

Eucalyptus Essential oil is highly effective for treating respiratory problems, such as asthma, bronchitis, COPD, pneumonia and even tuberculosis. It is good for colds and flu, hair nourishment, odor removal from air and more.

Tea Tree oil was first extracted in Australia. Aroma Foundry sticking to their native theme, sourced their 100% pure and all-natural Tea Tree oil from down under.



The Tea Tree, which has become my favorite, can do just about anything. It's Antibacterial, antiviral and anti-fungal. Can you imagine the list I could come up for the uses of Tea Tree oil. If your going to invest in essential oil, I would recommend putting Tea Tree oil on one of your first orders.

Peppermint Oil is 100% pure and all Natural as well. A hybrid of spearmint and watermint. It has a reputation for bringing calmness and serenity when inhaled. Grown in Washington in the United States, smelling it creates a sensation like a cool northwestern wind. The smell of this is amazing! Use it in a difuser.

Lavender Essential Oil is one of the most useful, unique, and popular essential oils. Aroma Foundry gets theirs in the United States; when you catch a whiff it'll recall lavender flowers you walk by in a planter or garden. Steam distilled from the violet blue flowers, its 100% pure and all natural and is also 100% made from lavender oil.

I have used these essential oils in my difuser to make the house smell amazing. I have used them to replace some of my chemical cleaners. I love them and I don't think I'll be going back to some of those cleaners. Aroma Foundry makes getting these essential oils at a cost that wont hurt our budget.

Aroma Foundry is a Santa Barbara, California company founded by a team with a goal to create quality All Natural products that let Mother Earth show off what she can do. They put the customer first, and rest assured they use all of our products ourselves before we offer them to the public.

You can connect with Aroma Foundry via Facebook , @AromaFoundry , Instagram and Aroma Foundry Website .

Must be 18, US only, sorry friends. Winner must return winning e-mail within 48 hours or forfeit. Please give the RC a moment to load. While any one entry will enter you, the more tasks you complete, the higher your chances. Good Luck Everyone!

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MamatheFox and all participating blogs are not held responsible for sponsors who fail to fulfill their prize obligations.

          Hannah Whittenly posted a blog post   
Hannah Whittenly posted a blog post

Can't Sell Your Car? What to Do with the Old Clunker Parked Outside Your House

It doesn’t take long for an old parked car to turn into an embarrassing problem. Within a short period of time, nasty critters that no one wants on their property often make these vehicles their homes. If you haven’t been able to sell your old car to a dealership or private party, then here is a look at some unique ways you can take care of the eyesore.Part It OutOne of the best ways to make money off of a car that is no longer in driving condition is to sell individual parts. Even relatively insignificant pieces can be worth quite a bit if you know where to look. Before selling any pieces, you should first spend some time researching the vehicle to better understand its value. Many older cars have interchangeable components, and some of your car’s parts might be worth a lot of money to someone who is restoring another classic vehicle.Recycle the MetalMany drivers don’t realize that nearly 100 percent of all automobiles in the United States eventually get recycled. While that statistic is quite impressive, a vehicle that sits for a long period of time can still do quite a bit of damage to the environment. Many metal recycling companies will come pick up old cars at little or no cost to their owners. After your vehicle is towed away, you can rest assured that almost every single piece will be put to good use.Donate the CarAnother great way to make the most out of your old clunker is to donate it to charity through an organization, like Action Donation Services. Not only is it going to a good cause, but you will most likely also receive a tax break. Some intermediary companies even fix up old vehicles so that the old owners can write off as much as possible. Just like metal recycling companies, most charities and intermediary organizations will come pick up your vehicle for free.Restore It YourselfThose who have the right tools and some spare time can generally make at least a little bit of money off of their old clunkers. A small percentage of classic car enthusiasts try to completely restore their vehicles, but that isn’t always necessary. If all of the major mechanical components work, then you will most likely be able to sell your old car. Cosmetic updates such as a new paint job or rims aren’t always worth the investment.No matter what you end up doing with your clunker, it is generally a good idea to take care of these types of problems sooner rather than later. In addition to being the perfect home for pest infestations, parked vehicles often end up leaking oil, coolant, and other harsh chemicals. What started off as a minor issue could end up being a serious hazard to your family and neighbors.See More

          Rachael Murphey posted a blog post   
Rachael Murphey posted a blog post

5 Health Problems Mechanics Should Be Concerned About

It is no secret that working as a mechanic is a difficult occupation that requires strenuous labor. Doing repairs on heavy vehicles and putting constant strain on their muscles and back are all things that workers face every day. However, there are some less obvious health risks associated with this type of job.  Exposure to Carbon Monoxide Running vehicles produce a gas called carbon monoxide, and in shops that are not well-ventilated, this can prove deadly to mechanics. Furthermore, the gas is both odorless and tasteless, and toxic levels of it may be impossible to detect until workers are already presenting with physical symptoms.  Eye InjuriesThose who work in body shops or are more at risk for eye injuries because they work with many small, metal parts. Parts may fly off and unexpectedly become lodged in a worker's eye if they are not wearing safety glasses. Bench grinders are well- known for launching pieces of metal with some regularity. Approximately 7% of all workplace hazards to mechanics are eye injuries. Hearing Loss Regular exposure to loud noises, especially in enclosed spaces such as a repair shop, can cause devastating effects to hearing function. Hearing loss due to car horns, power tools, grinders, and other equipment is sometimes irreversible. Like damage to vision, hearing loss does, in some cases, get worse over time. Experts say that noise levels over 90 decibels is harmful to the ears and should be avoided by wearing proper hearing protection. Asbestos ExposureMechanics often risk exposure to asbestos in the workplace. When replacing the clutch or break, sanding and grinding occurs and sometimes creates asbestos dust, which is extremely difficult to avoid breathing. There are many dangers related to being exposed to asbestos for long periods of time, and doing so can cause life-threatening pulmonary diseases and even a deadly type of cancer called mesothelioma.  Exposure to ChemicalsThere are a variety of volatile chemicals in repair shops that cause injuries to the mechanics working in them. Regular exposure to degreasers, solvents, and oil can cause skin burns, irritation to the lining of the lungs, and eye damage. A skin condition called hand dermatitis is commonly found in patients who work in auto body shops and is the result of regular exposure to various chemicals. While these problems have the potential to be quite serious, the likelihood of them occurring can be drastically decreased by using proper safety gear and adhering to all health and safety regulations. Referenceshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8580475http://emrochandkilduff.com/workers-compensation-attorneys/http://work.chron.com/bad-thing-being-mechanic-15065.htmlSee More

          Material Handler (Union) - Nexeo Solutions - Morrisville, PA   
Nexeo Solutions is the largest global chemical and plastics distributor with a centralized business model. With operations worldwide, Nexeo offers over 26,000
From Nexeo Solutions - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 14:16:21 GMT - View all Morrisville, PA jobs
          Syria rebels have motive to use chemical weapons: ex-CIA officer   
The U.S. government has accused the Syrian government of planning a chemical weapon attack and warned it would pay a heavy price for such a move.
          Trump Revoked Key Pesticide Protections. We're Fighting Back.   

Trump Revoked Key Pesticide Protections. We're Fighting Back.

The EPA has said that the protections would prevent at least a thousand acute poisonings every year.

The EPA has said that pesticide protections would prevent at least a thousand acute poisonings every year.

Wellphoto/Shutterstock

This past January, three brothers—ages 7, 9 and 11—and their 17-year-old sister, died in their home in Amarillo, Texas, because a highly toxic restricted-use pesticide was improperly applied in their home.

And just two years ago, a family on vacation in the U.S. Virgin Islands and another family in Florida were poisoned after applicators grossly misused restricted-use pesticides. The vacationing father and his children were paralyzed; in Florida, the family’s 10-year old son suffered significant brain damage.

These kinds of tragedies prompted the federal government to enact long overdue updates to the Certification of Pesticide Applicators Rule, also known as the CPA Rule. Designed to protect lives from restricted-use pesticides—some of the most hazardous chemicals that can only be used by certified professionals—the rule hadn’t been updated since Nixon was in office.

The EPA’s revised protections were supposed to go into effect in March, but Trump's new EPA chief, Scott Pruitt, delayed the CPA Rule from going into effect for at least a year. This month, Earthjustice and Farmworker Justice sued the EPA for this unlawful delay.

By delaying this rule, the Trump administration is putting workers, children and families at risk.

The CPA Rule ensures that children are not allowed to apply restricted-use pesticides and that certified applicators get updated annual trainings. It also requires applicators to have access to essential information about the products they use, so that they can wear appropriate protective gear and know what they’ve been exposed to if accidents happen.

By delaying this rule, the Trump administration is putting workers, children and families at risk. They are allowing poorly trained pesticide applicators to handle the most dangerous chemicals in the fields where we grow our food, where we work and where we live.   

Although urban dwellers sporadically face these dangerous pesticides in businesses, homes and schools; there are roughly one million farmworkers who, together with their families, face pesticide exposures on a daily basis. As a second generation Chicana who comes from a lineage of laborers, farmworkers, and in general, a population whose children are nearly twice as likely to attend schools in close proximity to use of hazardous pesticides, the EPA’s delay of the CPA Rule is unacceptable to me on a deeply personal level.

We know that in some areas, 16-year-old kids are applying restricted-use pesticides because there is no minimum age limit for the roughly one million certified applicators nationwide. Moreover, most of the farmworkers facing the gravest pesticide risks are not just migrants, they are often low-income Spanish and indigenous language speakers who need these protections the most.

The EPA estimates that as many as 20,000 farmworkers are poisoned by pesticides every year, yet the agency is still delaying action.

The EPA estimates that as many as 20,000 farmworkers are poisoned by pesticides every year, yet the agency is still delaying action. For perspective, this is like saying that we know every inhabitant in a U.S. town will suffer severe pesticide poisoning each year, but we simply prefer not to take action.

The EPA itself said that the now-delayed rule, which was developed after years of reviews, would prevent at least a thousand acute poisonings every year. While this isn’t enough to get to where we need to be, in a society that values all lives alike, this is a much-needed start. None of us should be OK with delaying life-saving rules.

The federal government may be eager to bow to industry barons who care more about profit than life, but we the people have to defend our families and the most vulnerable populations. So while it’s clear that we can’t count on the Trump administration to do the right thing, we can use the power of the law to force them into action.

In fact, that’s exactly what we’re doing.


          Clun Forest Sheep Washed Fleece by MarkreeWoolCraft   

8.00 EUR

Offering some lovely Clun Forest fleece. I have washed using the fermentation method which leaves most of the lanolin in and uses no chemicals or detergents.
The fleece is not totally clean, the tips still have a little mud but this works out really easily as you use the fleece.
These sheep are kept in Co. Carlow Ireland and the farmer asked me to take some fleece as he wanted it used for something better than insulation. He uses no wormers, insecticides, sprays or antibiotics on his sheep
Clun Forest produce very good quality fleece excellent for felting and dyes easily.
It is rarely available to hand spinners or felters.
I am selling it 100 gram lots. Please contact me if you are looking for larger quantities.


          Report Confirms That Chemical Arms Were Used on Syrian Villagers   
The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons concluded that the nerve agent sarin or a similar poison had been used in the April 4 attack.
          The Anabolic Evolution of Modern Bodybuilding   

Since the early days of physical culture, modern man has been searching for the elusive ''Fountain of Youth''. The promise of radiant health, enduring strength and a Herculean physique has drawn millions on this quest for physical perfection.

Through the early decades of bodybuilding, the forefathers of physical culture established basic guidelines for the muscle enthusiast to follow. Natural foods, resistance training, plenty of rest, and a positive outlook in life were the primary ingredients for achieving ones goals. The demand for knowledge on 'how to' reach the stars would result in millions of booklets being sold by mail order, while magazine stands and bookshelves were continually restocked with the latest 'muscle building secrets'. Tons of steel and exercise equipment would find its way into the homes of thousands of Americans all across our nation. Health clubs and iron gyms would sprout up in local neighborhoods and towns, while physique competitions were held to determine whom the best in the land was. The strong roots of physical culture were taking grip in our society, and the mighty oak of bodybuilding would soon branch out through every city in America.

A new 'way of life' became a reality for many as the 'body beautiful' movement swung into high gear. For decades the much traveled road to muscledom kept its promise, then by the mid-60's what seemed pure and natural took a wrong turn setting the course of modern bodybuilding down a dead end. The introduction of anabolic steroids into the sport of bodybuilding would usher in a new era of super sized and equally strong muscular physiques that would attract millions of young men with a desire to achieve the same naturally unattainable goals.

Along with the growth of the sport, the physiques continued to become bigger and more vascular as bodybuilders experimented with 'stacking' the latest in designer muscle enhancing pharmaceuticals. Magazine and ticket sales were at a peak and bodybuilding competitions were seen regularly on network TV. The popularity of the sport was soaring high. Then, what could have been mostly prevented by not promoting and rewarding individuals whose physiques were chemically altered became a reality as the widespread use of drugs in the sport became relevant.

Words such as steroids, cycling, and growth hormones became common place in our gyms, and juicing no longer meant enjoying your favorite health drink. Reports of bodybuilders on dialysis and with heart ailments became a frequent occurrence while the eventual death of several competitive pros hit home hard. What had been a dark cloud in a sport with such great potential turned into a storm that spread its vast shadow on a culture that once shined.

Organizations dedicated to natural bodybuilding and a healthy lifestyle would soon respond to the call for a return to the ideals set forth by the forefathers of physical culture. Physique promoters throughout the land created natural bodybuilding competitions so athletes could compete on a level playing field without running the risk of ruining their health. Publications featuring natural bodybuilders began to spread the gospel of healthy living through proper nutrition and exercise. The televised media developed new bodybuilding and fitness programs to inspire future generations of natural iron pumpers. And as the age of cyber space came upon us, the Internet became a resource of concepts and opinions for bodybuilders to learn and express their views with other physique artist throughout the World. The new millennium is here and those dedicated to physical culture have begun to prevail as the radiant beacon of light from the torch of natural living begins to shine through the storm.

By Mario Strong



          CDL Driver with HAZMAT (Upstream Chemicals) - Bakersfield CA - Baker Hughes - Bakersfield, CA   
A significant portion of this position’s duties are carried out in the field. Baker Hughes Incorporated has an opening for a Chemical/Treater Driver in...
From Baker Hughes - Tue, 27 Jun 2017 09:55:50 GMT - View all Bakersfield, CA jobs
          Hospital opening likely to push past end of year as lead problem unresolved   

The opening of the trouble-plagued Perth Children's Hospital is "more unlikely than likely" to happen this year after a much-hyped chemical treatment failed to bring the facility's water up to Australian drinking standards.


          GST लॉन्च से पहले किसानों को तोहफा, रासायनिक खाद पर 12 के बजाए 5 फीसदी टैक्स   
आधी रात से गुड्स एंड सर्विसेस टैक्स यानी जीएसटी आपकी जिंदगी का हिस्सा बनने वाला है. राष्ट्रपति प्रणब मुखर्जी और पीएम मोदी ठीक रात के 12 बजे एप्लिकेशन के जरिये जीएसटी लांच करेंगे. इसके लिए संसद भवन के सेंट्रल हॉल भव्य कार्यक्रम का आयोजन किया जाएगा...
          Global Automotive Market Is Expected to Reach over $245 Billion by 2020   

Automotive Refinish Coatings Market 2012-2020, report published by Allied Market Research at ReportsandIntelligence

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/22/2014 -- The automotive refinish coating market provides for coating of automotives. The global automotive market is expected to reach over $245 billion by 2020; therefore, the market for refinish coating can expect good revenue. The key driver for the market is increase in the number of vehicles in operation. It is expected that the number of car users in developing countries would reach around three to four billion in the next 30 years.

Get full report at:
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/Automotive-Refinish-Coatings-market

However, the North American and European market is expected to be flat due to the economic downtimes and enhanced road safety parameters. The automotive market is not expected to grow in these regions until the recession settles down; therefore, the automotive refinish market is dependent on developing economies. The major challenge for companies in the market is to overcome the refinish coating requirements of two-wheelers and heavy commercial vehicles as the market is largely dependent on car markets.

The key companies profiled in the report are DuPont Performance Coating, Axalta Coating Systems, BASF SE, Kansai Paint Co. Ltd, Akzo Nobel N.V, KCC Corp, Noroo Paint Coatings Co. Ltd., PPG Industries Inc., and Matrix System Automotive Finishes.

KEY BENEFITS:

-This report provides market intelligence with respect to solvent type, vehicle refinish type and geographies

-Deep dive of top factors impacting the market growth

-Value chain analysis, Porter's five forces, top investment pockets are analyzed and presented in detail in the report

-SWOT analysis and strategic developments are included in the report for key players

-Study of the challenges and opportunities available in the automotive refinish coatings market

-Market estimates for automotive refinish coatings market and its sub-segments

-Identification of the key strategies adopted by major market players engaged in the market

Get full access of report with 'Table of Contents' at:
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/Automotive-Refinish-Coatings-market/table-of-contents

Market Segments are:

-Global Market, By Solvent Type
-Global Market, By Vehicle Refinishing Type
-Global Market, By Geography

See similar reports at:
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/materials-and-chemicals-market-report

About Reports and Intelligence
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We have a well-known clientele lists who are master in preparing research reports. We make sure that all our clients adopt a rational and scientific approach in order to sell their reports on our webs tie. Thus, every report that we sell are well studied and based on accurate facts and figures.

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Reports and Intelligence
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          Global and China Potassium Perchlorate Market, Trend, Forecast, Research Report, Size, Share   

Report title '2014 Market Research Report on Global and China Potassium Perchlorate Industry' is published at Reports and Intelligence

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/16/2014 -- Research Report on Global and China Potassium Perchlorate Industry Market 2014 was a professional and depth research report on Global and China Potassium Perchlorate industry that you would know Global and China Potassium Perchlorate Industry market conditions. The report firstly introduced Potassium Perchlorate basic information including Potassium Perchlorate definition classification application and chain overview.

Get full report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/2014-research-report-on-global-and-china-potassium-perchlorate-industry-market

Then introduced 2009-2014 Global and China Potassium Perchlorate capacity production market share supply demand shortage import export consumption etc. It was also listed Potassium Perchlorate upstream raw materials , downstream analysis and Potassium Perchlorate marketing channels industry development trend and proposals. In the end, The report introduced Potassium Perchlorate new project SWOT analysis Investment feasibility analysis investment return analysis and also given related research conclusions and development trend analysis on China Potassium Perchlorate industry. In a word, it was a depth research report on China Potassium Perchlorate industry.

The report including five parts, the first part mainly introduced the product conception and market conditions; the second parts mainly demonstrated the market condition about the top 5 in the industry; the third part mainly analyzed the chain structure about the up and down Stream; the fourth part mainly analyzed the market entry and feasibility; the fifth part is the report conclusion chapter.

Table of Contents:

Part I 
Chapter One Potassium Perchlorate Industry Overview
1.1 Potassium Perchlorate Definition
1.2 Potassium Perchlorate Classification Analysis
Chapter Two International Potassium Perchlorate Market Analysis
2.1 Potassium Perchlorate International Market Development History
2.2 Potassium Perchlorate Product and Technology Developments
2.3 Potassium Perchlorate Competitive Landscape Analysis
Chapter Three China Potassium Perchlorate Market Analysis
3.1 Potassium Perchlorate China Market Development History
3.2 Potassium Perchlorate Product and Technology Developments
3.3 Potassium Perchlorate Competitive Landscape Analysis

Part II
Chapter Eight 2009-2014 Potassium Perchlorate Productions Supply Sales Demand Market Status and Forecast
8.1 2009-2014 Potassium Perchlorate Capacity Production Overview
8.2 2009-2014 Potassium Perchlorate Production Market Share Analysis
Chapter Nine Potassium Perchlorate Key Manufacturers Analysis
9.1 Jieguang Chemical
9.1.1 Company Profile
9.1.2 Product Picture and Specification

Part III
Chapter Eleven Up Stream Industry Analysis
11.1 Upstream Raw Materials Price Analysis 
11.2 Upstream Equipments Market Analysis 
11.3 Upstream Raw Materials Market Analysis

Part IV
Chapter Fourteen Potassium Perchlorate Industry Development Proposals
14.1 Macroeconomic Development Countermeasures
14.2 New Firms Enter Market Strategy
14.3 New Project Investment Proposals
14.4 Marketing Channel Strategy Proposals

Get full Table of Contents at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/2014-research-report-on-global-and-china-potassium-perchlorate-industry-market/table-of-contents

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          Organic Meats are Healthy to Eat   
The organic meat is made in accordance with definite production standards. Nowadays the use of non-organic insecticides, herbicides and pesticides is largely restricted. The production of organic food is becoming greatly a regulated industry. The processed organic contains only organic ingredients. People believe that organic meat is free from all the chemicals and is vital to good health. Organic meats are birthed also organically. The feed that is fed to the animals should be organic like the hay, grains and even pastures. Its approved by the naturopathic physicians that the organic meat is always better than the commercially available meat.




An organic meat is very cautiously scrutinized and it is also tested for the purpose of food safety. Animals which are organically grown are naturally healthy and do not get sick very often. The nutrient content in organic food is more than that in commercially produced meat like selenium which protects against heart diseases and also cancer is 390% more in organic meat.




Calcium along with Boron is around 63% more in organic food. Lithium which prevents depression is 188% more in organic meat. Organic meat also tastes better. When you are buying an organic meat you are not only assured that you are buying a meat which is practically free from residues but you are also getting the meat of an animal which was robust throughout its existence. Organic meats are grass-fed which will result in more content of the acid called the Conjugated Linoleic. It is said that it is a fatty acid in meats which reduces the bad less-density lipoprotein, which is cholesterol and also prevents cancers. Organic animals are provided with a stress-free environment in order to maintain their health. Though you have to pay more for an organic meat but you will be satisfied that the meat you are eating is very safe than all other meats.




The organic meats have more amount of fat content as compared to conventional meat but that definitely have lesser impurities. It is suggested that pregnant women, children and lactating women should specially have organic meats because they are more sensitive to chemical residues than others. You can also get more information about organic meat online also. You can even order the meat online. But it is recommended that customers should double check the addresses they give. So ordering organic meat online is a very convenient way of buying.


http://www.nimanranch.com/ offers great deals on organic meat. Get the tastiest natural meat from Niman Ranch. Art Gib is a freelance writer.

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Article Source: www.articlesnatch.com


          Global Synthetic Biology Market (Products, Technologies, Applications and Geography) - Reports and Intelligence   

Global Synthetic Biology Market (Products, Technologies, Applications and Geography) - Size, Share, Global Trends, Company Profiles, Demand, Insights, Analysis, Research, Report, Opportunities, Segmentation and Forecast, 2013 - 2020

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/03/2014 -- Synthetic biology is a novel field that finds its origin at the intersection of biology and engineering. It's a multidisciplinary effort made by scientists to understand the functioning of biological organisms, cells & genes and implementation of artificial genetic processes to give specific characteristics to an organism. It can even be used to develop a completely new biological system. Global synthetic biology market was valued at $3.0 billion in 2013 and it is estimated to reach $38.7 billion by 2020, growing at a CAGR of 44.2% during the forecast period.

Get full report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/synthetic-biology-market

Synthetic Biology Technology market is segmented into enabling technology and enabled technology. Synthetic Biology Enabling technologies segment is growing at a faster rate, and growing at a CAGR of 48.6% during the forecast period.

Synthetic Biology Application market is segmented into research & development, chemicals, agriculture, pharmaceuticals & diagnostics, biofuels and others (biotechnology and biomaterials). Biofuels is the fastest growing segment at a CAGR of 85.2% during the forecast period.

Request for Sample Report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/request-sample/18079

Synthetic Biology product market is segmented into enabling products, enabled products and core products. Enabling product is the fastest growing segment at a CAGR of 53.7% during the forecast period.

Assistance from government and private organizations, rising number of entities conducting research and declining cost of DNA sequencing and synthesizing are key driving factors of the market. Governments are providing funds to research organizations, assisting them to find novel applications of synthetic biology. Bio-safety & bio-security issues, ethical issues and regulations are key retraining factors of the market. The fact that synthetic biology can be misused has raised concerns all around the world. Further, there are possibilities of accidental release of pathogens or genetically modified organisms into free atmosphere.

Visit at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

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Reports and Intelligence
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          Global Silicon Carbide (SIC) Market (Product, Technology, Power Semiconductors, End-User, Geography)   

Global Silicon Carbide (SIC) Market (Product, Technology, Power Semiconductors, End-User, Geography) - Size, Share, Global Trends, Company Profiles, Demand, Insights, Analysis, Research, Report, Opportunities, Segmentation and Forecast, 2013 – 2020

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/02/2014 -- Silicon carbide (SiC) is a chemical compound of silicon and carbon and it is also known as carborundum. SiC belongs to the semiconductor market that is expected to attain revenue of $394 billion by 2017. It is projected that SiC has the potential to displace other silicon based transistors and semiconductors; therefore, it is expected to have high revenue share. The key factors driving the SiC market growth is that it can decrease the size of semiconductors and reduce the power system loss by 50%.

Get full report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/silicon-carbide-market

The cost of SiC material ranges from $800 to $2,000 per ton, which is very costly as compared to other materials used for manufacturing semiconductor. Therefore, the high cost of these semiconductors is a major restraint for the growth of the market. Material defects and packaging issues are some of the other challenges for the market growth. Researches that are being conducted to overcome these challenges have been slow-moving. However, key players are seeking collaborations to increase investments in the SiC based electronic goods.

See similar report- Global Green Building Materials Market @
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/green-buildings-materials-market

Some of the key companies profiled in this report are AGSCO Corporation, Entegris Inc., Carborundum Universal Ltd., ESK-SIC GmbH, Grindwell Norton Ltd., Saint-Gobain Ceramics Materials GmbH, The Dow Chemical Company, Xiamen Powerway Advanced Material Company Ltd., Timcal Ltd., and Snam Abrasives Pvt. Ltd.

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          The videos that tell the story of chemical weapons attacks in Syria   
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          Boris Johnson urges action against Assad after chemical watchdog concludes sarin used in Syria attack   
none
          Watchdog confirms sarin gas used in attack that prompted US to strike Syria   
An investigation by the international chemical weapons watchdog has confirmed sarin nerve gas was used in a deadly April 4 attack on a Syrian town, the latest confirmation of chemical weapons use in Syria's civil war.
          Geneva’s Charlotte Glasstetter Wins American Chemical Society Award   
Charlotte Glasstetter, a 2017 Geneva College graduate with a degree in biochemistry, was recognized as an Award Winner at the 31st American Chemical Society Student Members Annual Symposium for her senior research project.

          Crystal chemistry of Al–V–Cr oxy-tourmalines from Sludyanka complex, Lake Baikal, Russia (no replies)   
Reference:
▪ Bosi, F., Reznitskii, L., Halenius, U., Skogby, H. (2017): Crystal chemistry of Al–V–Cr oxy-tourmalines from Sludyanka complex, Lake Baikal, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 457-472.

Abstract:
Twelve Al–V–Cr oxy-tourmalines from the Sludyanka crystalline complex (Russia) were structurally and chemically characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and electron microprobe analysis. Three samples were also optically characterized by optical absorption spectroscopy and refractive index measurements. The data obtained and those of fourteen earlier studied oxy-tourmalines from the same locality show a complete substitution series due to the replacement of Al ↔ V3+ ↔ Cr3+. The cation site distribution results show that Mg has a strong preference for the Z site, whereas the trivalent cations have a preference for Y and Z controlled by their size: YV3+ > YCr >> YAl and ZAl >> ZCr > ZV3+.
In accordance with the bond-valence theory, the observed increase of F content with increasing Cr content may be interpreted by the occurrence of the local arrangements O1(F)–Y(CrCrCr) and Z[Cr(Cr,Mg)]–O3(O2−)–Y(Cr), while the incorporation of V3+ into the oxy-tourmaline structure is controlled by the local arrangement O1(O2−)–Y(VVV).
The unit-cell parameters (a and c) are strictly correlated to each other and can be expressed by a quadratic relation dependent on the mean-bond distances 〈Z–O〉 and 〈X–O〉. A strong positive correlation between (V + Cr) content and mean refractive index is proposed as a reliable guide to derive the composition of Al–V–Cr oxy-tourmalines from refractive-index measurements.
          Modularity of crystal structures: a unifying model for the biopyribole–palysepiole series (no replies)   
Reference:
▪ Nespolo, M. & Bouznari, K. (2017): Modularity of crystal structures: a unifying model for the biopyribole–palysepiole series. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 369-383.

Abstract:
Biopyriboles and palysepioles are two polysomatic series traditionally described as built by the juxtaposition of modules taken, respectively, from phyllosilicates and pyroxenes and from palygorskite and sepiolite. We show that all the minerals in these two series can be described in the framework of the tropochemical cell-twinning model as built by modules of variable width taken from phyllosilicates, stacked by different structure-building operations. We present a quantitative comparison of the modules occurring in the different minerals and show their structure is so closely similar that one can use the module taken from one mineral to model the structure of the other minerals with only minimal deformations.
          Crystal-chemical relations and classification problems belonging to the oxy-schorl – oxy-dravite – bosiite – povondraite series (no replies)   
Reference:
▪ Bosi, F., Cámara, F., Ciriotti, M.E., Hålenius, U., Reznitskii, L., Stagno, V. (2017): Crystal-chemical relations and classification problems in tourmalines belonging to the oxy-schorl – oxy-dravite – bosiite – povondraite series. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 445-455.

Abstract:
Two oxy-tourmalines showing intermediate compositions between the oxy-schorl and oxy-dravite series (sample from Sludyanka crystalline complex, Baikal, Russia) and the oxy-dravite and bosiite series (sample from the Valletta mine, Piedmont, Italy) were structurally and chemically characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, electron microprobe analysis, optical absorption and Synchrotron Mössbauer source spectroscopy. A comparative analysis of the results, along with data from literature on additional samples corresponding to the species oxy-schorl, oxy-dravite, bosiite and povondraite, show that the main structural variations within the Fe-bearing, Na-dominant oxy-tourmalines are related to variations in the content of Fe, which is incorporated into the structure via substitution mechanisms that involves Al. The results also show the occurrence of a complete substitution series from oxy-schorl via oxy-dravite and bosiite to povondraite, but no (or a limited) direct substitution series between oxy-schorl and bosiite (or povondraite). The substitution of Al by larger cations causes changes in ⟨Y–O⟩ and ⟨Z–O⟩ distances as well as in the unit-cell parameters. The effect of ⟨Y–O⟩ on the a-parameter is evident in the oxy-schorl–oxy-dravite series, but it is of marginal significance in the oxy-dravite–bosiite–povondraite series. On the other hand, a good correlation exists between ⟨Z–O⟩ and the a-parameter only in the oxy-dravite–bosiite–povondraite series. The c-parameter is strongly correlated with ⟨Z–O⟩ along the entire substitution series.
Classification problems related to the naming of Fe-bearing, Na-dominant oxy-tourmalines are discussed. Application of the nomenclature rules in force resulted in ambiguous naming of the studied samples. This makes, for example, direct comparisons of physical and chemical properties of tourmalines originating from different deposits difficult.
          Systems Specialist, Global IT Infrastructure   
NJ-Linden, - Global End User Services team - Supporting and problem solving complex issues in a dynamic enterprise desktop environment - Exploit latest Microsoft technologies for improving Windows desktop environment for reliability and end user effectiveness - Contribute effectively to projects and initiatives within and outside of the Infrastructure service teams. Client Details Chemicals industry Descript
          Manager - Bulk Manufacturing   
NJ-Ridgefield, SUMMARY DESCRIPTION Directs, supervises, and coordinates activities of Preweighers and Compounders that perform chemical processing and batch mixing for the creation of bulk material needed for production. Plans department operations to ensure production and quality of products meet deadlines and specifications. All processing is performed in compliance with Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), Qua
          So Much Freedom to Spread: I Can’t Believe It’s Not War Crimes!   
Looks like Mordor-on-the-Potomac is psyching itself up to attack Russia and Iran. All-purpose ignoramus Sean Spicer is quoted in the Washington Post as saying, “The United States has identified potential preparations for another chemical weapons attack by the Assad regime that would likely result in the mass murder of civilians, including innocent children. The activities are similar to preparations the More
          OLED電視變便宜!住友化學新技術、面板成本有望砍半   
日經新聞30日報導,住友化學(Sumitomo Chemical)已研發出可提升OLED面板發光元件形成精度的新技術,而藉由該新技術將可大幅降低OLED面板的製造成本、目標是將面板製造成本較現行砍半,而此有望壓低OLED電視價格、促進普及。

          Sarin used in Syria attack - watchdog   
The world's chemical weapons watchdog said the banned nerve agent sarin was used in an attack in northern Syria in April that killed dozens of people, a report from a fact-finding team seen by Reuters on Thursday showed. Scarlett Cvitanovich reports.

          Mattis: U.S. warning averted Syria chemical attack   
The U.S. Secretary of Defense says the Syrian military appears to have called off a chemical weapons attack, after the White House reported earlier this week that Syrian forces were preparing for one. Matthew Larotonda reports.

          Neolithic Figurine Found in Polish Village    
RZESZOW, POLAND—While while on vacation in the village of Kosina in southeastern Poland, an archaeologist stumbled upon a clay figurine that he believes dates back to around 5000 B.C. Science and Scholarship in Poland reports that Piotr Alagierski was walking in a cultivated field when he came across the nearly 3-inch-long clay figure that appears to have been made by some of the first farming communities in the region. According to Alagierski, the figurine is reminiscent of similar artifacts found in Slovakia and Romania but differs from known Polish examples in its lifelike rather than exaggerated depicition of the human form. Alagierski plans to conduct excavations at the site, where he also found fragments of ceramic vessels and obsidian, and the object will undergo chemical tests that may help to determine the origin of the clay. For more on archaeology in Poland, go to “Letter from Poland: Warsaw Remembers.”
          Chemical Lab Technician - Praxair - Morrisville, PA   
Determine pass / fail status of production samples submitted to lab and perform final cylinder inspection / application of certificates and labels....
From Praxair - Mon, 10 Apr 2017 23:17:52 GMT - View all Morrisville, PA jobs
          TEAM17’S GAMES LABEL WELCOMES SWORD LEGACY: OMEN   
TEAM17’S GAMES LABEL WELCOMES SWORD LEGACY: OMEN Brazilian developed turn-based tactical RPG joins growing global line-up UK – 30th June 2017 – Award-winning international games label and veteran games developer Team17 has today announced its first partnership in South America with Brazil-based independent developers Firecast Studio and Fableware Narrative Design to publish Sword Legacy: Omen, a challenging turn-based tactical RPG with a dark, cartoon-inspired aesthetic. Sword Legacy: Omen is set in the candlepunk realm of Broken Britannia, a once-thriving kingdom full of alchemical and technological advances now fragmented by intrigue and deceit. As the vengeful knight, Uther, and his misfit band of companions, players will embark on a thrilling journey to locate the long-lost Excalibur. In this bloody, brutal take on the Arthurian legend, players will explore rich environments, experience a riveting storyline and survive intense turn-based tactical combat to define the fate of Britannia. The partnership with Firecast and Fableware marks Team17’s first venture into the Brazilian games development scene. Debbie Bestwick, MBE, Team17’s CEO said, “Our label aims to work with the best independent creators around the world, help them build new IP and aim for sustainability. We’ve stepped up our international side significantly this year with recently announced partners in North America, Germany and Sweden. It’s a pleasure to welcome Firecast and Fableware to our ever growing family of partners as our first Brazilian team. There’s so much local talent being showcased at BIG Festival this week, we’re very excited to be working together with both teams. Sword Legacy: Omen is a high quality turn-based tactical game created by two very talented teams that brings another different angle to our diverse games label.” Bruno Lanzarotti, Executive Director, Firecast Studio added, “The partnership between Team17, Firecast Studio and Fableware is very promising and shows the world the quality of Brazilian games. We are very happy to have such an established and respected British company supporting our vision of the Arthurian legends! All this makes us very excited and gives us confidence that Sword Legacy: Omen will have the strength to stand out not only in Brazil, but also internationally. With this partnership, we believe we are doing something great, important, that brings us pride in representing Brazilian games development and showcasing the quality and creativity we can bring to gamers worldwide.” Arthur Protasio, Creative Director, Fableware Narrative Design said, “Partnering with Team17 feels like a pupil being acknowledged by the master. Not only are we long time Worms fans, but we also keep a close eye on the great games published by the label. That’s why when the Brazilian Game Developers Program and the Goethe Institut invited me to Quo Vadis in Berlin, I knew it was THE opportunity to pitch to Team17’s Debbie Bestwick. Just as Fableware teamed up with Firecast and together began a unique co-production, we believe Team17 is a most valuable addition to this endeavour. With each company excelling at their expertise, we have high hopes for the final product and can now proudly say we’ve joined this experienced indie family.” Sword Legacy: Omen will launch on PC in 2017. About Team17 Digital Ltd Founded in 1990, Team17 Digital Limited is a leading international games label that hosts the Worms franchise, Aven Colony, The Escapists, Genesis Alpha One, Overcooked, Yoku’s Island Express, Yooka-Laylee and many more from developers around the world. Visit www.team17.com for more info. About Firecast Studio Founded in 2014, Firecast Studio is an independent developer based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil About Fableware Narrative Design Founded in 2015, Fableware Narrative Design is an independent storytelling studio based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, specialized in writing and developing content for multiple platforms and transmedia projects, such as Emmy nominated TV Shows, animations, and awarded video games. Sword Legacy: Omen © 2017. Developed by Firecast Studio and Fableware Narrative Design. Published by Team17 Digital Ltd. Team17 is a trademarks or registered trademarks of Team17 Digital Limited. All other trademarks, copyrights and logos are property of their respective owners.
          Worldwide Ceramic Membrane - Market by Region, Market Analysis and Forecast To 2021   
 



(EMAILWIRE.COM, June 29, 2017 ) Publisher's Ceramic Membrane market research report provides the newest industry data and industry future trends, allowing you to identify the products and end users driving revenue growth and profitability.
The industry report lists the leading competitors and provides the insights strategic industry analysis of the key factors influencing the market.
The report includes the forecasts, analysis and discussion of important industry trends, market size, market share estimates and profiles of the leading industry players.
The market is expected to expand at 5.8% CAGR over the period between 2016 and 2021.

Global Ceramic Membrane Market: Product Segment Analysis
Microfiltration
ultrafiltration
others

Global Ceramic Membrane Market: Application Segment Analysis
Chemical industry
Metal industry / Surface engineering
Textiles / Pulp and paper industry
Food and beverages
Recycling and environment

For More Information About This Report: http://www.reportsweb.com/world-ceramic-membrane-market-research-report-2021

Global Ceramic Membrane Market: Regional Segment Analysis
USA
Europe
Japan
China
India
South East Asia

The players mentioned in our report
CTI
Meidensha
Novasep
Veolia Water Technologies
PALL
Atech
Hyflux
Induceramic
Nanostone
Jiangsu Jiuwu Hi-Tech
LennTech

Request Sample Copy At: http://www.reportsweb.com/inquiry&RW0001588664/sample

Table of Content
Chapter 1 About the Ceramic Membrane Industry
Chapter 2 World Market Competition Landscape
Chapter 3 World Ceramic Membrane Market share
Chapter 4 Supply Chain Analysis
Chapter 5 Company Profiles
Chapter 6 Globalization & Trade
Chapter 7 Distributors and Customers
Chapter 8 Import, Export, Consumption and Consumption Value by Major Countries
Chapter 9 World Ceramic Membrane Market forecast through 2021
Chapter 10 Key success factors and Market Overview

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Priya Sisodia
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           EPA says Pruitt meeting with Dow Chemical head was canceled    
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Environmental Protection Agency and Dow Chemical said Friday that a planned meeting in March between EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and...
          Buzz Honeypot Wasp Trap With Bait   
Buzz Honeypot Wasp Trap With Bait

Buzz Honeypot Wasp Trap With Bait

Stv International Ltd Buzz Honeypot Wasp Trap With Bait. Key Benefits. Redesigned of a classic favourite to allow easy baiting and safe usage. Lightweight but strong ABS plastic. Threaded base-section for easier baiting and clean up. Screw-top closure with integral wire hanger in-built. Add bait to lure wasps away from barbecue, patio and play areas. Trapping tips included for effective use. No chemicals. No sprays. Supplied in a variety of colours as illustrated. Keep wasps away from play areas,patios and the barbecue. Key Benefits. Easy to bait & clean out. No chemicals. No sprays. Attractive design and colours.  


          All about Care for an Acrylic Aquarium Kit   
The practice of keeping aquariums came about in the late 1800's. They were fairly crude. Usually these ancient aquariums only had one side that was made of glass, with the other three sides being made of metal or wood. Most aquariums consisted of fish that were native to the region of its owner simply because of availability. Also most old school fish tanks contained only fresh water fish. The reason being that salt water would corrode the metal frame that held the aquarium together.




Aquariums drastically changed in the 1960's with the invention of silicone adhesive. Metal frames became obsolete and more people started to keep salt water fish and invertebrates. More recently glass tanks have become less frequently used due to the flexibility of acrylic. Literally flexibility! Acrylic aquariums are far more for forgiving than there glass counterparts. If a heavy object strikes a glass tank, it will almost certainly break. The flexibility of an acrylic tank will prevent this catastrophe from happening. In addition, acrylic offers more flexibility in design than glass. Acrylic aquariums have been made into everything from coffee tables to gum ball machines.




That being said, there is a short downfall to owning an acrylic aquarium. They do scratch more easily than glass. When cleaning your aquarium, be careful not to use paper towels, and harsh or abrasive chemicals, as they can scratch the acrylic surface of the aquarium. Always use a cleaner specifically labeled safe for acrylic. Use plastic or rubber scrubbers, rather than metal to clean the sides of an acrylic tank. Be careful not to accidentally pick up a piece of substrate or gravel while cleaning the inside of the tank. However, if you do happen to scratch an acrylic aquarium, all is not lost. The tank can be repaired, unlike glass. There are acrylic repair kits available at specialty pet stores, your local hardware store and of course online.




When purchasing an acrylic aquarium kit, there will be many different options to choose from, at many different price points. Aquarium kits can be purchased at places such as specialty aquatic pet stores, from huge retail chains, or again online. A fish lover can choose from small cylinder shaped tanks that can double as a coffee table lamp to wall huge wall sized aquariums. While, there are some basic things that will be included in most kits, such as, a filter, some substrate or coral and sometimes lighting, the kits themselves can vary greatly. It really doesn't matter where you buy your starter kit, but keep in mind that it is extremely important to buy your fish from a reputable dealer. Don't buy fish that are hovering near the surface, or that are located in a tank with other dead fish. Fish diseases are extremely communicable. Be weary of a fish dealer that refuses to catch a specific fish out of the tank for you. After all this is going to be your fish and you have a right to choose.


Tristan Andrews is a freelance author who writes articles about pet health and pet supplies.

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Article Source: www.articlesnatch.com


          Useful information concerning the steel alloy elements   
Carbon (C):
Carbon is the foremost alloy element of steel and it has the farthest reaching influence on it. In addition to carbon every unload steel contains silicon, manganese, phosphorous and sulphur which are introduced unintentionally during the manufacture. The addition of further alloy elements to produce specific, desired effects and the intentional increase of the contents of manganese and silicon gives rise to alloy steel. As the carbon content rises, the mechanical strength and the hardening properties of the steel improve, but its elasticity, forging, welding, and cutting properties suffer. The carbon content has substantially no influence at all on the corrosion resistance to water, acids and hot gases.


Cobalt (Co) Melting Point 1492 °C:
Cobalt doesn’t form carbide. It hinders the grain growth at higher temperatures and greatly improves the resistance to tempering and the hot tensile strength; it is therefore, often an alloy element of high speed steel, hot work steels, and heat resisting raw materials. It acts favorably on the graphitic formation, and greatly increases residual magnetism, coercive force, and thermal conductivity, therefore the alloy basis for high grade permanent magnet steels and alloys. If subjected to neutron rays it forms a strong radio-active isotope Cobalt 60 for which reason it is undesirable in steels for atom reactors.


Chromium (Cr) Melting Point 1920 °C:
Chromium increases the hardness and strength and only minimally reduces the elasticity. It improves the resistance to heat and non scaling properties. With higher Chrome content the steels become corrosion resistant and with Carbon form a high wear resisting Carbide. The welding properties deteriorate in pure Chromium steels with increasing Chromium content. Chromium is a strong Carbide former. The tensile strength of the steel rises by 8----10 Kg/mm2 per 1% Chromium. The yield point is likewise increased, however not at the same rate, but the notch impact value is lowered.


Manganese (Mn) Melting Point 1244 °C:
Manganese improves the strength properties of steel, while only slightly impairing its elasticity: furthermore, manganese has a favorable influence on the forging and welding properties. Higher contents of manganese in the presence of carbon increase the wear resistance very substantially. With up to 3% Mn the tensile strength of the steels is increased by about 10 Kg/mmfor every percent of Mn with Mn contents above 3 to 8% the increase rises more slowly and at more than 8% of Mn it drops off again. The yield point behaves in a similar manner. Manganese increases substantially the depth of hardening.


Molybdenum (Mo) Melting Point 2610 °C:
Molybdenum improves the tensile strength and especially the heat resistance and also a favorable influence on the welding properties. Steel with a higher Mo content tends to be difficult to forge. Molybdenum is frequently used in conjunction with chromium. The behavior of Molybdenum resembles that of Tungsten. When used in alloy steels in combination with Chromium and Nickel, Molybdenum may produce high yield point and tensile strength values. Molybdenum has a strong tendency to form Carbide and is the alloy element of choice in high speed and hot working steels; in austenitic corrosion- resistant steels, case hardening and heat-treating steels as well as in heat resistant steels, also in view of the diminution to over-drawing brittleness.


Nickel (Ni) Melting Point 1453 °C:
Nickel raises the strength of steel less than does Silicon or Manganese with elasticity dropping only insignificantly. Ni ensures good through hardening, especially so when the steel contains also Chromium. Chrome nickel steels are stainless and resistant to scaling and also heat resistant. Nickel doesn’t impair the welding properties. Nickel increases the notch impact value of structural steels considerably, especially at low temperatures. In the sphere of steel alloying Nickel is especially suitable for use in austenitic steels, steels resistant to corrosion and scaling and in casehardening and heat treating steels to improve their toughness.


Phosphorus (P) Melting Point 44 °C:
There are various kinds of Phosphorus, viz. white (yellow0, red (purple), Black Phosphorus and others. Quite generally, Phosphorus is considered to be detrimental to steel so that it is endeavored to keep the P content in high grade steels at a maximum level of 0.03 to 0.05%.


Sulphur (S) Melting Point 118 °C:
Sulphur produces “red shortness”, makes steel brittle and is therefore harmful-Contents of 0.025% or 0.030% are permitted. Exceptions are the free-machining steels to which is added up to 0.30% so that the small distributed Sulphide inclusions disturb the metallic cohesion and therefore contribute to the formation of short turnings.   


Silicon (Si) Melting Point 1410 °C:
Like Manganese, Silicon is present in all steels since the iron ores used in their manufacture contain a varying amount of it. Further Silicon stemming from the refractory lining of the furnace is introduced into the melt during the manufacturing of steel. The term “Silicon steels” however, includes only steels having Silicon content above 0.40%. Si is not a metal but rather a so-called metalloid like, for example, Phosphorus and Sulphur. Silicon increases the mechanical strength, the resistance to scaling and the density; especially of cast steel. The elasticity is only insignificantly affected; while the tensile strength is increased by about 10 Kg/mmfor each percent of Si and the yield point is raised to a similar degree. Steel having a higher content of Silicon turns coarsely granular. A high Silicon content (about 14%) enables steel to resist chemical attacks but it can no longer be forged.




          Introduction-AISI ASTM ASME And UNS,Chemical Compositions of AISI (ASTM/ASME) and UNS austenitic stainless Steel grades,Martensitic and Precipitation hardening steel grades   
Most ASTM and ASME standards list the steel grades by their UNS (Unified Numbering System) numbers but also make reference, where appropriate to the more general AISI (American Iron And Steel Institute) grade designations.These grade numbering systems are widely used in the USA,where they originated and are recognized by most stainless steel specifiers and users.

The American Iron And Steel Institute (AISI) developed designations such as 304, 430 etc and published compositions for these in their "Steel Products Manual" (1974)

These are NOT specifications,but steel grade composition ranges only.

These grades were used by the American Society Testing And Materials (ASTM) to identify grades in a wide range of standards they published for stainless products, such as sheet and plates (ASTM A240), bars (ASTM A276) and tubes (ASTM A269).The compositions of the AISI grades were made more specific with the introduction of the "Unified Numbering System",jointly established by ASTM and SAE (Society Of Automotive Engineers).

This five digit number, preceded by the letter 'S' for most stainless steels,identified the specific variant of the grade.

e.g. 420 being UNS S42000, 630 or 17/4PH being UNS S17400

e.g. 304 being UNS S30400, 304L being UNS S30403

American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) publish design codes and standards for pressure applications.ASME standards are generally based on the appropriate ASTM standards,but the standard numbers are preceded with the letter 'SA'; rather than just the 'A' of the ASTM standards.

Where UNS grade numbers are used, these are universal, regardless of the product type or the standard in which they appear.

The AISI designations have been adopted in Japan.The aisi number is preceded with the letters SUS e.g. SUS 304.The Japanese have developed variants on some grades for certain products forms e.g. SUS 304J1 for sheet productss.

The composition ranges should always be checked in the appropriate standard.

          Metallurgical And Chemicl Aspects Ot The Surgical Instruments Made From Matensitic Stainless Steel.   
The main necessity of all types of surgical instruments from the surgeon's point of view is Resistance To Corrosion.Hence, while evaluating alloy for an instrument, it is extremely essential to consider this property.However,the other factors,pertaining to manufacturing such as Forge-ability ,Weld-ability,Machine-ability,Cost etc; are also important.

Both martensitic and austenitic stainless steel are used for the manufacturing of surgical instruments.The typical applications include:-

i- AISI-304 (For Sheet Metal Item)
ii-AISI-410 (For Homeostatic Forceps)
iii-AISI-420 (For Scissors And Ronguers)
iv-AISI-440 (For Knives And Dental Pliers)

The carbon content between 0.12 to 0.15 is sufficient for Forceps as the requirement of hardness is up to 40 HRC,but for cutting instruments like Scissors and Knives, the carbon content, must be at least between 0.30 to 0.35%.The Chromium content up to 13% is acceptable, as up to this range, corrosion can be controlled,provided  proper fabrication polishing and cleaning methods are followed.

          Thai ethane cracker developer buys FirstEnergy land in Ohio   
The Thai company considering building a massive petrochemical facility in eastern Ohio has bought property that used to house a FirstEnergy Corp. power plant. PTT Global Chemical Public Company Ltd., whose subsidiary may build a multibillion-dollar ethane cracker complex in Belmont County along the Ohio River, bought 168 acres for $13.8 million. The Akron electric utility no longer owns property at the site of the former R.E. Burger coal-fired power plant, said spokesman Jennifer Young. Hundreds…
           Weapons watchdog finds sarin used in deadly attack in Syria    
THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) - An investigation by the international chemical weapons watchdog confirmed that sarin nerve gas was used in a deadly April 4...
          Marketing Executive - Newstech (india) Pvt.Ltd - Kerala   
We are looking for a printing technologist with marketing experience to handle our offset printing chemicals throughout Kerala. Handle our customers/dealers....
From Newstech (india) Pvt.Ltd - Fri, 03 Mar 2017 19:05:51 GMT - View all Kerala jobs
           Moscow says 'questionable data' in chemical watchdog's Syria report    
Russia on Friday dismissed a report by the UN's chemical weapons watchdog that sarin was used as a chemical weapon in a April 4 attack in the Syrian town of...
           France says watchdog's report on Syria proves sarin gas used in April    
PARIS, June 30 (Reuters) - France said on Friday that a report by the world's chemical weapons watchdog that nerve agent sarin was used in an April attack...
          Enjoy the James River   
Enjoy the view of the James River along the Colonial Parkway while you can. Before too long you'll be looking at 300 foot towers and a high-voltage power line across America's River. John Smith's view will be gone forever due to Dominion Power's unwillingness to submerge the line or convert the two old coal-burning units on the York River to gas. What's good for the York River will now be good for the James River!

The approval for this mega-project now has only one more hurdle (James City County Supervisors) after Virginia Marine Resources Commission members gave it unanimous approval this week. Their only caveat was to avoid installing pilings for the towers between February 15 and June 15 in consideration of any impact on fish. The toxic chemical kepone still lurks deep in the river bottom, so this may help a bit. But recent VIMS studies of the fish in the James River showed that kepone still lingers in them.

It really isn't easy being green these days as the EPA is neutered and clean water is threatened in numerous ways.



           Russia says chemical watchdog's report on Syria attack is biased -agencies    
MOSCOW, June 30 (Reuters) - A report by the world's chemical weapons watchdog that the banned nerve agent sarin was used in an attack in northern Syria in...
          Textile Exchange Releases Globally Recognized Recycling Standards   

 Textile Exchange proudly announces the release of Recycled Claim Standard 2.0 (RCS) and Global Recycled Standard 4.0 (GRS). The newly revised versions of these #GlobalRecycled standards include updates that solidify the RCS and GRS as the leading standards for recycled materials in the apparel industry and ensure continued growth in other industries, including metal, plastics, electronics, packaging and beyond. 

Over the past year, a group of stakeholders was convened to review Textile Exchange's recycled standards. The International Working Group (IWG), led by Textile Exchange, included recyclers, manufacturers of recycled product, other recycled standard owners, brand and retail users of the standards, and certification bodies. Companies, including Unifi, Geentanjali Woolens, Hohenstein, H&M, and Global Organic Textile Standard were among the working group members.

“It was my honour being a part of the IWG for revision of the RCS & GRS Standards. The entire process was extremely democratic; everyone’s comments and suggestions were considered debated and then finalised. I thoroughly enjoyed dedicating my time to the IWG. The final standards are excellent, precise and address most of the processes and concerns involved in Recycling. We are confident that the implementation of the new RCS 2.0 and GRS 4.0 will encourage a lot more manufacturers to apply for certification making it more globally accepted."

-Deepak Goel, Geetnajali Woolens, PVT LTD.

The Recycled Claim Standard (RCS) and Global Recycled Standard (GRS) provide verification of recycled materials, and then track the material through to the final product. The GRS includes additional social, environmental and chemical processing requirements. In 2016, the number of units certified to the GRS grew from 595 to 961, a growth of over 60%. The RCS saw an almost 200% jump from 78 units in 2015 to 220 in 2016.

Key Changes to the #GlobalRecycled Standards

A key change in both standards is the introduction of the Reclaimed Materials Supplier Agreement. This document provides more visibility to the suppliers of reclaimed materials. Guidelines have been introduced for added clarity and consistency of recycling claims, including post-consumer and pre-consumer.

A key change in the Global Recycled Standard is the adoption of ZDHC's Manufacturing Restricted Substance List v1.1 (MRSL) (http://www.roadmaptozero.com/programme/manufacturing-restricted-substances-list-mrsl-conformity-guidance/). The MRSL has been developed by the industry to address intentional use of potentially hazardous substances. The MRSL will replace GRS's previous Prohibited Substance List. The Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC) Programme takes a holistic approach to tackling the issue of hazardous chemicals in the global textile, leather and footwear value chain.

Other changes and additions include new examples of accepted recycled inputs, updated wastewater limits, and clarifications. You can read more details about the changes online: www.TextileExchange.org/Integrity.

Companies currently certified to one of the standards will be required to comply with the new versions by July 1, 2018. A list of approved Certification Bodies, currently certified companies, and all related documents are available on Textile Exchange’s website: www.TextileExchange.org/Integrity.  

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New release! Recycled Claim Standard 2.0 (RCS) and #GlobalRecycled Standard 4.0 (GRS) include significant updates: https://goo.gl/w9RjtT

Follow @TextileExchange on Twitter.

 About Textile Exchange: Textile Exchange, founded in 2002, is a global nonprofit organization that works closely with all sectors of the textile supply chain to find the best ways to create positive impacts on water, soil, air, animals, and the human population created by the textile industry. Textile Exchange accomplishes this by providing the knowledge and tools the industry needs to make significant improvements in three core areas: Fiber and Materials, Integrity and Standards, and Supply Network. A truly global organization, Textile Exchange is headquartered in the U.S. with Staff and Ambassadors located around the world. To learn more about Textile Exchange, visit: www.TextileExchange.org and follow us on Twitter at @TextileExchange.


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Education: B.Sc, Diploma, Job Location: Haldia, Vacancies: 01, Last Date: 06-07-2017

Please visit https://www.fresherslive.com/govt-jobs for more details

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          California Adding Glyphosate (Active Ingredient In Roundup) To Official List Of Cancer-Causing Chemicals, Effective July 7th   

The US state of California will be adding the widely used herbicide glyphosate — the so-called "active ingredient" in Monsanto's most popular weedkiller, Roundup — to its official list of chemicals that are known to cause cancer, according to recent reports

California Adding Glyphosate (Active Ingredient In Roundup) To Official List Of Cancer-Causing Chemicals, Effective July 7th was originally published on CleanTechnica.

To read more from CleanTechnica, join over 50,000 other subscribers: Google+ | Email | Facebook | RSS | Twitter.


          Dow and DuPont Provide Update on Merger   

The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE:DOW) and DuPont (NYSE:DD) jointly provided an update on the status of the anticipated merger of the two companies. - - The Boards of Directors of both companies reiterate their support of the merger agreement. In addition, as announced, both Boards support a comprehensive portfolio review for DowDuPont, which is intended to assess current business facts and leverage the knowledge gained over the past year and a half to capture any material value-enhancing oppor...

Read the full story at http://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=210381


          Vanessa Hudgens Is the Latest Celeb to Jump on This Face Mask Trend   
ESC: Vanessa HudgensMove over, chemical peels. Celebrities like Vanessa Hudgens seem to be embracing an easier way to get a natural glow. The 28-year-old actress recently took to Snapchat to share how fun...

          Chemicals giant BASF builds out ibuprofen API production   

About $230 million will be put toward constructing a new plant in Germany and expanding an existing site in Texas.


          Have the 'Food Evolution' Filmmakers Mistreated Moms?   
The documentary negatively portrays the entire organic food movement.

The trailer of the new documentary "Food Evolution," which negatively portrays both me and the organic food movement, fails to acknowledge the reality of American mothers. Our families are sick and struggling. And yet, when we remove GMOs and related toxins from our diet, we get better. The trailer implies that the movie will focus on the so-called noble promises of GMOs, yet fails to present reality in a noble manner.

In the last paragraph of the description of the film on its website, filmmakers Trace Sheehan and Scott Kennedy say, "And as we take in the scientific process at work, let's do our best to put aside bias so we can have more productive conversations and make the most informed decisions we can."  

Yet, in the trailer—before the movie is even out—they take my words out of context, misrepresenting what I say with heavy editing and belittling the experiences of thousands of American families. That doesn't look like putting bias aside; it looks like an advertisement for GMOs.

In fact, Scott Kennedy’s crew misrepresented their intentions in order to interview food movement proponents Jeffrey Smith, Vani Hari and myself. Claiming that the film would be a balanced representation of both sides of the food movement was misleading and ignoble.

Vani Hari told me she did not grant permission for her image to be used in the film, yet it was used anyway. Jeffrey Smith and I granted permission for one interview with first right of refusal. The filmmakers failed to honor that agreement and never showed us the first cut. Marion Nestle and I have asked for our interviews to be removed from the film, with no response.

A few months after the interview with Jeffrey Smith and Vani Hari, I was surrounded by GMO proponents Kavin Senapathy and Karl Haro Von Mogel at the March Against Monsanto in Chicago. They shouted at me in order to try to antagonize me into appearing like a hysterical activist. I told them they did not have my permission to use my image, but they did anyway. The filmmakers are more interested in appeasing the chemical companies that sell GMOs and pesticides than of accurately portraying concerned Americans.

In the film they edited my interview in order to make it look like I said, “I trust social media more than scientists.” What I actually said was that I trust the mothers who are seeing their children get sick after consuming GMOs and related toxins and are courageously sharing their new reality on social media, more than the scientists who are conducting isolated experiments funded by Big Ag.

I said that when I see my child get sick after consuming GMOs and toxins, and then see him get better when he eats organic foods, I don’t need another scientific study to tell me we should avoid GMOs and toxins. Thousands of moms agree with me and they are sharing their experiences as well. I trust the moms who are sharing their truth. Apparently Scott Kennedy does not.

This film is not only blatantly pro-GMO, it is patronizing. The filmmakers are trying to make the issue look like it’s an issue of emotional moms vs. science. The fact is, GMO proponents are nervous because we have the truth and we have sound science to back us up. The filmmakers would not be trying to invalidate us if we did not have something valid to say.

The film attempts to discredit the organic food movement by belittling the power of social media, but the world knows that social media is now the dominant way to reach people with a message. (Just ask President Trump.) Social media is filled with honest stories of sick children, desperate families and skyrocketing medical costs. Unfortunately, pro-GMO proponents are pushing cherry-picked scientific data from short-term studies, while failing to disclose their funding.  

Their perspectives are limited by their lack of real-world experience and their motivations are questionable. It’s no coincidence that the point the film is trying to make aligns with huge profits for chemical companies.

In the New York Times review of the film, the reviewer writes that while it's true there is an increased use of pesticides with GMOs, "those pesticides are far less toxic."  

What degree of food toxicity is acceptable for you to give to your children? Maybe science doesn't know the answer to that question, but mothers do.

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          4 Hidden Dangers of Pork   
Pork is the most commonly consumed meat in the world, but may also be one of the most dangerous.

Among foods that inspire a cult-like following, pork often leads the pack, as evidenced by the 65% of Americans eager to name bacon the country’s national food.

Unfortunately, that popularity comes at a cost. Along with being the most commonly consumed meat in the world, pork may also be one of the most dangerous, carrying some important and under-discussed risks that any consumer should be aware of (1).

1. Hepatitis E

Thanks to the revival of nose-to-tail eating, offal has redeemed itself among health enthusiasts, especially liver, which is prized for its vitamin A content and massive mineral lineup.

But when it comes to pork, liver might be risky business.

In developed nations, pork liver is the top food-based transmitter of hepatitis E, a virus that infects 20 million people each year and can lead to acute illness (fever, fatigue, jaundice, vomiting, joint pain and stomach pain), enlarged liver and sometimes liver failure and death (23).

Most hepatitis E cases are stealthily symptom-free, but pregnant women can experience violent reactions to the virus, including fulminant hepatitis (rapid-onset liver failure) and a high risk of both maternal and fetal mortality (4). In fact, mothers who get infected during their third trimester face a death rate of up to 25% (5).

In rare cases, hepatitis E infection can lead to myocarditis (an inflammatory heart disease), acute pancreatitis (painful inflammation of the pancreas), neurological problems (including Guillain-Barré syndrome and neuralgic amyotrophy), blood disorders and musculoskeletal problems, such as elevated creatine phosphokinase, indicating muscle damage, and multi-joint pain (in the form of polyarthralgia) (678).

People with compromised immune systems, including organ transplant recipients on immunosuppressive therapy and people with HIV, are more likely to suffer from these severe hepatitis E complications (9).

So, just how alarming are pork’s contamination stats? In America, about 1 out of every 10 store-bought pig livers tests positive for hepatitis E, which is slightly higher than the 1 in 15 rate in the Netherlands and 1 in 20 rate in the Czech Republic (1011). One study in Germany found that about 1 in 5 pork sausages were contaminated (12).

France’s traditional figatellu, a pig liver sausage that’s often consumed raw, is a confirmed hepatitis E carrier (13). In fact, in regions of France where raw or rare pork is a common delicacy, over half the local population shows evidence of hepatitis E infection (14).

Japan, too, is facing rising hepatitis E concerns as pork gains popularity (15). And in the UK? Hepatitis E shows up in pork sausages, in pork liver and at pork slaughterhouses, indicating the potential for widespread exposure among pork consumers (16).

It might be tempting to blame the hepatitis E epidemic on commercial farming practices, but in the case of the pig, wilder doesn’t mean safer. Hunted boars, too, are frequent hepatitis E carriers, capable of passing on the virus to game-eating humans (1718).

Apart from total pork abstinence, the best way to slash hepatitis E risk is in the kitchen. This stubborn virus can survive the temperatures of rare-cooked meat, making high heat the best weapon against infection (19). For virus deactivation, cooking pork products for at least 20 minutes to an internal temperature of 71°C (160°F) seems to do the trick (20).

However, fat can protect hepatitis viruses from heat destruction, so fattier cuts of pork might need extra time or toastier temperatures (21).

Summary: Pork products, particularly liver, frequently carry hepatitis E, which can cause severe complications and even death in vulnerable populations. Thorough cooking is necessary to deactivate the virus.

2. Multiple Sclerosis

One of the most surprising risks associated with pork — one that’s received remarkably little airtime — is multiple sclerosis (MS), a devastating autoimmune condition involving the central nervous system.

The robust link between pork and MS has been known at least since the 1980s, when researchers analyzed the relationship between per capita pork consumption and MS across dozens of countries (22).

While pork-averse nations like Israel and India were nearly spared from MS’s degenerative grips, more liberal consumers, such as West Germany and Denmark, faced sky-high rates.

In fact, when all countries were considered, pork intake and MS showed a whopping correlation of 0.87 (p<0.001), which is much higher and more significant than the relationship between MS and fat intake (0.63, p<0.01), MS and total meat intake (0.61, p<0.01) and MS and beef consumption (no significant relationship).

For perspective, a similar study of diabetes and per capita sugar intake found a correlation of just under 0.60 (p<0.001) when analyzing 165 countries (23).

As with all epidemiological findings, the correlation between pork consumption and MS can’t prove that one causes the other (or even that, within MS-stricken countries, the most enthusiastic pork consumers were the most diseased). But as it turns out, the evidence vault goes much deeper.

Earlier, a study of inhabitants of the Orkney and Shetland Islands of Scotland, a region teeming with unusual delicacies, including seabird eggs, raw milk and undercooked meat, found only one dietary association with MS — consumption of “potted head,” a dish made from boiled pig’s brain (24).

Among Shetland residents, a significantly higher proportion of MS patients had consumed potted head in their youth, compared to healthy, age and sex-matched controls (25).

This is particularly relevant because — per other research — MS that strikes in adulthood might stem from environmental exposures during adolescence (26).

The potential for pig brain to trigger nerve-related autoimmunity isn’t just an observational hunch, either. Between 2007 and 2009, a cluster of 24 pork plant workers mysteriously fell ill with progressive inflammatory neuropathy, which is characterized by MS-like symptoms such as fatigue, numbness, tingling and pain (2728).

The source of the outbreak? So-called “pig brain mist” — tiny particles of brain tissue blasted into the air during carcass processing (29).

When workers inhaled these tissue particles, their immune systems, per standard protocol, formed antibodies against the foreign porcine antigens.

But those antigens happened to bear an uncanny resemblance to certain neural proteins in humans. And the result was a biological calamity: confused about who to fight, the workers’ immune systems launched a guns-blazing attack on their own nerve tissue (3031).

Although the resulting autoimmunity wasn’t identical to multiple sclerosis, that same process of molecular mimicry, where foreign antigens and self-antigens are similar enough to trigger an autoimmune response, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of MS (3233).

Of course, unlike pig brain mist, hot dogs and ham aren’t literally inhaled (teenage boys notwithstanding). Could pork still transmit problematic substances through ingestion?

The answer is a speculative yes. For one, certain bacteria, particularly Acinetobacter, are involved in molecular mimicry with myelin, the nerve-sheathing substance that becomes damaged in MS (3435).

Although the role of pigs as Acinetobacter carriers hasn’t been exhaustively studied, the bacteria has been found in pig feces, on pig farms and in bacon, pork salami and ham, where it serves as a spoilage organism (36373839). If pork acts as a vehicle for Acinetobacter transmission (or in any way increases the risk of human infection), a link with MS would make sense.

Two, pigs may be silent and under-studied carriers of prions, misfolded proteins that drive neurodegenerative disorders like Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (the human version of mad cow) and Kuru (found among cannibal societies) (40).

Some researchers suggest MS itself could be a prion disease, one that targets oligodendrocytes, the cells that produce myelin (41). And since prions — and their associated diseases— are transmitted by consuming infected nerve tissue, it’s possible that prion-harboring pork products could be one link in the MS chain (42).

Summary: A causative role of pork in MS is far from a closed case, but the unusually strong epidemiological patterns, biological plausibility and documented experiences make further research imperative.

3. Liver Cancer and Cirrhosis

Liver problems tend to trail closely on the heels of some predictable risk factors, namely hepatitis B and C infection, exposure to aflatoxin (a carcinogen produced by mold) and excessive alcohol intake (434445).

But buried in the scientific literature is another potential scourge of liver health — pork.

For decades, pork consumption has faithfully echoed liver cancer and cirrhosis rates around the world. In multi-country analyses, the correlation between pork and cirrhosis mortality clocked in at 0.40 (p<0.05) using 1965 data, 0.89 (p<0.01) using mid-1970s data, 0.68 (p=0.003) using 1996 data and 0.83 (p=0.000) using 2003 data (4647).

In those same analyses, among the 10 Canadian provinces, pork bore a correlation of 0.60 (p<0.01) with death from liver cirrhosis, while alcohol, perhaps due to an overall low intake, showed no significant link.

And in statistical models incorporating known perils for the liver (alcohol consumption, hepatitis B infection and hepatitis C infection), pork remained independently associated with liver disease, suggesting the association isn’t just due to pork piggybacking, as the case may be, on a different causative agent (48).

Beef, by contrast, remained liver-neutral or protective in these studies.

Liver cancer, too, tends to follow in the hoof steps of the pig. A 1985 analysis showed that pork intake correlated with hepatocellular carcinoma deaths as strongly as alcohol did (0.40, p<0.05 for both) (49). (Considering liver cirrhosis is often a prelude to cancer, this connection shouldn’t be surprising (50).)

So, what’s behind these eerie associations?

At first glance, the most likely explanations don’t pan out. Although pork-transmitted hepatitis E can lead to liver cirrhosis, this happens almost exclusively in immunosuppressed people, a subset of the population that’s too small to account for the global correlation (51).

Relative to other meat, pork tends to be high in omega-6 fatty acids, including linoleic acid and arachidonic acid, which may play a role in liver disease (525354). But vegetable oils, whose polyunsaturated fatty acid content blows pork out of the water, don’t dance the same liver disease tango that pork does, calling into question whether fat is really to blame (5556).

Heterocyclic amines, a class of carcinogens formed by cooking meat (including pork) at high temperatures, contribute to liver cancer in a variety of animals (57). But these compounds are also readily formed in beef, according to the same studies that indicated pork has no positive relationship with liver disease (5859).

With all that in mind, it’d be easy to dismiss the pork-liver disease link as an epidemiological fluke. However, some plausible mechanisms do exist.

The most likely contender involves nitrosamines, which are carcinogenic compounds created when nitrites and nitrates react with certain amines (from protein), particularly in high heat (60). These compounds have been linked to damage and cancer in a variety of organs, including the liver (61).

One of the biggest dietary sources of nitrosamines is processed pork, which, along with being a frequent visitor to the frying pan, typically contains nitrites and nitrates as curing agents. (Vegetables are also rich in naturally occurring nitrates, but their antioxidant content and dearth of protein help thwart the process of N-nitrosation, preventing them from becoming cancer-causing agents (62).)

Significant levels of nitrosamines have been found in pork liver pâté, bacon, sausage, ham and other cured meats (636465). The fatty portion of pork products, in particular, tends to accumulate much higher levels of nitrosamines than the lean bits, making bacon a particularly abundant source (66).

The presence of fat can also turn vitamin C into a nitrosamine promoter instead of a nitrosamine inhibitor, so pairing pork with veggies might not confer much protection (67).

Although much of the nitrosamine-liver cancer research has focused on rodents, where certain nitrosamines produce liver injury with remarkable ease, the effect appears in humans as well (6869). In fact, some researchers suggest humans may be even more sensitive to nitrosamines than mice and rats (70).

In Thailand, for instance, nitrosamines have been strongly linked to liver cancer in areas where other risk factors are low (71). A 2010 analysis of the NIH-AARP cohort found red meat (including pork), processed meat (including processed pork), nitrates and nitrites to be positively associated with chronic liver disease. Rubber workers, occupationally exposed to nitrosamines, have faced extremely high rates of non-alcohol-related liver disease and cancer (72).

Do nitrosamines prove a chain of causation between pork, liver-harming compounds and liver disease? The evidence is currently too patchy to make that claim, but the risk is plausible enough to justify limiting nitrosamine-containing (or nitrosamine-producing) pork products, including bacon, ham, hot dogs and sausages made with sodium nitrite or potassium nitrate.

Summary: Strong epidemiological links exist between pork consumption and liver disease. If these links reflect cause and effect, one culprit might be N-nitroso compounds, which are found abundantly in processed pork products cooked at high temperatures.

4. Yersinia

For years, pork’s precautionary motto was “well-done or bust,” a consequence of fears about trichinosis, a type of roundworm infection that ravaged pork consumers throughout much of the 20th century (73).

Thanks to changes in feeding practices, farm hygiene and quality control, pig-borne trichinosis has dropped off the radar, inviting pink pork back onto the menu.

But pork’s relaxed heat rules may have opened the doors for a different type of infection — yersiniosis, which is caused by Yersinia bacteria. In the US alone, Yersiniacauses 35 deaths and almost 117,000 cases of food poisoning each year (74). Its chief entry route for humans? Undercooked pork.

Yersiniosis’s acute symptoms are rough enough — fever, pain, bloody diarrhea — but its long-term consequences are what should really ring alarm bells. Victims of Yersiniapoisoning face a 47-times higher risk of reactive arthritis, a type of inflammatory joint disease triggered by infection (75).

Even children become post-Yersinia arthritis targets, sometimes requiring chemical synovectomy (the injection of osmic acid into a troubled joint) to relieve persistent pain (7677).

And in the less-common instances where Yersinia doesn’t bring the typical feverish, diarrheic unpleasantries? Reactive arthritis can develop even when the original infection was asymptomatic, leaving some victims unaware that their arthritis is a consequence of food-borne illness (78).

Although reactive arthritis usually subsides on its own over time, Yersinia victims remain at higher risk of chronic joint problems, including ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, tenosynovitis and rheumatoid arthritis, for years on end (798081).

Some evidence suggests that Yersinia can lead to neurological complications (82). Infected individuals with iron overload may be at higher risk of multiple liver abscesses, potentially leading to death (838485). And among people who are genetically susceptible, anterior uveitis, inflammation of the eye’s iris, is also more likely following a bout of Yersinia (8687).

Lastly, via molecular mimicry, Yersinia infection could also raise the risk of Graves’ disease, an autoimmune condition characterized by excessive thyroid hormone production (8889).

The solution? Bring on the heat. The majority of pork products (69% of tested samples, according to a Consumer Reports analysis) are contaminated with Yersiniabacteria, and the only way to safeguard against infection is through proper cooking. An internal temperature of at least 145°F for whole pork and 160°F for ground pork is necessary to decimate any lingering pathogen.

Summary: Undercooked pork can transmit Yersinia bacteria, causing short-term illness and raising the risk of reactive arthritis, chronic joint conditions, Graves’ disease and other complications.

In Conclusion

So, should health-savvy omnivores scrap pork from the menu?

The jury’s still out. For two of pork’s problems — hepatitis E and Yersinia — aggressive cooking and safe handling are enough to minimize the risk. And due to a shortage of controlled, pork-centric research capable of establishing causation, pork’s other red flags spring from epidemiology — a field rife with confounders and unjustified confidence.

Worse, many diet-and-disease studies lump pork together with other types of red meat, diluting whatever associations might exist with pork alone.

These issues make it hard to isolate the health effects of pig-derived products and determine the safety of their consumption.

That being said, caution is probably warranted. The sheer magnitude, consistency and mechanistic plausibility of pork’s connection with several serious diseases make the chances of a true risk more likely.

Until further research is available, you might want to think twice about going hog-wild on pork.

This article was originally published by Authority Nutrition.

 

 

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The market size of non-phthalate plasticizers is estimated to grow from USD 1.55 Billion in 2017 to USD 4.53 Billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 8.7% from 2017 to 2022. Eastman Chemical Company (U.S.), BASF SE (Germany), Exxon Mobil Corporation(U.S.), UPC Technology Corporation (Taiwan), Evonik Industries AG ( Germany), LG Chem Ltd. (South Korea), DIC Corporation (Japan), and Nan Ya Plastics Corporation (Taiwan) are some of the key players in the non-phthalate plasticizer market. ...
          Prenatal Nitrate Exposure and Childhood Asthma: Influence of Maternal Prenatal Stress and Fetal Sex.   

Prenatal Nitrate Exposure and Childhood Asthma: Influence of Maternal Prenatal Stress and Fetal Sex.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Jun 29;:

Authors: Bose S, Chiu YM, Hsu HL, Di Q, Rosa MJ, Lee A, Kloog I, Wilson A, Schwartz J, Wright RO, Cohen S, Coull BA, Wright RJ

Abstract
RATIONALE: Impact of ambient pollution upon children's asthma may differ by sex, and exposure dose and timing. Psychosocial stress can also modify pollutant effects. These associations have not been examined for in utero ambient nitrate exposure.
OBJECTIVES: We implemented Bayesian distributed lag interaction models (BDLIMs), to identify sensitive prenatal windows for the influence of NO3- on child asthma, accounting for effect modification by sex and stress.
METHODS: Analyses included 752 mother-child dyads. Daily ambient nitrate (NO3-) exposure during pregnancy was derived using a hybrid chemical transport (Geos-Chem)/land-use regression model and natural-log (ln) transformed. Prenatal maternal stress was indexed by a negative life events (NLEs) score [high (≥3) vs. low (<3)]. The outcome was clinician-diagnosed asthma by age 6 years.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Most mothers were Hispanic (54%) or Black (29%), had ≤high school education (66%), never smoked (80%), and reported low prenatal stress (58%); 15% of children developed asthma. BDILMs adjusted for maternal age, race, education, pre-pregnancy obesity, atopy, and smoking status identified two sensitive windows-7-19 and 33-40 weeks gestation-during which increased NO3- was associated with greater odds of asthma, specifically among boys born to mothers reporting high prenatal stress. Cumulative effects of NO3- across pregnancy were also significant in this subgroup (OR=2.64, 95%CI=1.27-5.39; per IQR increase in ln-NO3-).
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal NO3- exposure during distinct sensitive windows was associated with incident asthma in boys concurrently exposed to high prenatal stress.

PMID: 28661182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


          Updated North American trade deal could boost U.S. chemical exports   
Manufacturers urge Trump negotiators to increase market access

          The Disneyland Band, 1956 & 1957   
Today I have two very nice photos featuring the wonderful Disneyland Band! This first one is a real dazzler, circa 1957, with the Band working its way from the Hub down Main Street. They are wearing their short-lived (for some reason) blue uniforms, which look pretty great in my opinion. We get some bonus goodness with the new Monsanto house in the background, and beyond that, the Skyway tower atop Holiday Hill. For some reason the absence of the Matterhorn seems extra weird in this image.

Oh, and let's not forget the horse drawn Chemical Wagon, full of guests! I also love details such as the 1957 gate handout being held by the woman to our left.


This next one is from a different batch, and is likely from 1956, though it is undated. The red and white striped wall to our right is presumably surrounding construction of the Carnation Plaza Gardens, which opened on August 18th of 1956, so that helps. The Disneyland Band is following Vesey Walker like a bunch of baby ducklings; looks like they just marched from Frontierland (perhaps they'd performed on the deck of the Mark Twain), and are about to head toward Main Street Station.

The area just beyond Vesey looks so empty; of course this was pre-Tiki Room and pre-Swiss Family Treehouse. Not to mention that the Jungle Cruise's rain forest hadn't had much time to grow. But still! I think that's part of what I like about this angle - I don't think I've seen another picture quite like this one.



          7/1/2017: WORLD: Pesticide firms are critical of bee harm study they paid for   
EUROPE: Bees are being harmed by some of the most common pesticides, according to a study attacked by the chemical companies that paid for it. Bayer and Syngenta, which produce neonicotinoid pesticides, have accused the scientists they commissioned of...
          Tennessee Dad Who Lost Children due to Medical Cannabis that Saved his Life Continues to Fight for Children’s Return Home   
Michael Brooks is a Tennessee dad whose children were taken from him by Child Protective Services after he used medical cannabis to treat his Hepatitis C. After conventional medical treatments failed to cure his terminal Hepatitis C, he turned to medical cannabis and soon his Hepatitis C was in remission. But unfortunately, Tennessee DCS used his medical cannabis treatment as a reason to take away his children. His health deteriorated rapidly when he stopped using the treatment in the attempt to comply with requirements by Tennessee Department of Children’s Services (DCS) in order to get his children back. He was set to have his rights terminated last month, but his case was continued. Michael took to Facebook Live on June 26, 2017, to record a video for his followers, and it looks like things may be turning around for the Brooks family. His health has begun to improve and there is again hope of his getting visitation back. On Facebook Live, Michael said that he had been taking CBD oil, or cannabidiol oil and Moringa oil for the past two weeks. CBD oil is legal in all 50 states, as it contains almost no THC, the chemical that gets one "high." His body has responded so well that he has been able to throw away his other 20 medications. In the Facebook Live video, Michael Brooks said that he expects to go to court on July 19, and he is hopeful about getting visitation with his children back.

          Industrial Hygienist - Goldcorp - Red Lake, ON   
Reporting to the Safety Coordinator, the Industrial Hygienist will demonstrate a high level of expertise in the areas of Mine site testing, chemical substance...
From Goldcorp - Fri, 14 Apr 2017 06:01:24 GMT - View all Red Lake, ON jobs
          Chemical Companies’ ‘Voluntary’ Clean Ups Are Little More Than Corporate Spin    
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          Science Says: Are hot dogs healthier without added nitrites?   
NEW YORK – Backyard cooks looking to grill this summer have another option: hot dogs without "added nitrites."

Are they any healthier?

Oscar Mayer is touting its new hot dog recipe that uses nitrite derived from celery juice instead of artificial sodium nitrite, which is used to preserve the pinkish colors of processed meats and prevents botulism. Kraft Heinz, which owns Oscar Mayer, says sodium nitrite is among the artificial ingredients it has removed from the product to reflect changing consumer preferences. The change comes amid a broader trend of big food makers purging ingredients that people may feel are not natural.

But nitrites are nitrites — and the change makes little difference — according to those who advise limiting processed meat and those who defend it.

Kana Wu, a research scientist at Harvard's school of public health, said in an email that it is best to think of processed meat made with natural ingredients the same as those made with artificial nitrites.

Wu was part of a group that helped draft the World Health Organization report in 2015 that said processed meats such as hot dogs and bacon were linked to an increased risk of colon cancer. She notes WHO did not pinpoint what exactly about processed meats might be to blame for the link.

One concern about processed meats is that nitrites can combine with compounds found in meat at high temperatures to fuel the formation of nitrosamines, which are known carcinogens in animals. It's a chemical reaction that can happen regardless of the source of the nitrites, including celery juice.

But the U.S. Department of Agriculture caps the amount of artificial nitrites that can be added to meats to prevent excessive use, said Andrew Milkowski, a retired Oscar Mayer scientist who consults for the meat industry. Meat makers also add ingredients to processed meat like bacon that help block the formation of nitrosamines, he said.

Though the terms nitrates and nitrites are used interchangeably, the meat industry says it's mainly sodium nitrite that companies currently use to cure meats such as hot dogs, cold cuts and bacon.

For Oscar Mayer hot dogs, the packages now list ingredients like celery juice that has been treated with bacterial culture. That turns the naturally occurring nitrates in celery juice into nitrites that serve a similar purpose.

While the nitrites derived from celery juice are no better, the switch may nevertheless help address negative consumer perceptions, said Milkowski, who also teaches at the University of Wisconsin's department of animal sciences.

The Center for Science in the Public Interest agrees nitrites from natural sources aren't that different from artificial nitrites in processed meats. But the group has cited the WHO report in calling for a cancer warning label on processed meats, regardless of how they're made. It also says nitrite-preserved foods tend to be high in salt and should be limited or avoided anyway. The American Cancer Society also suggests limiting processed and red meat, citing a variety of reasons.

The meat industry has contested the WHO's finding, saying it is based on studies that show a possible link but don't prove a cause, and that single foods shouldn't be blamed for cancer. Many health experts also say there's no reason to worry about an occasional hot dog or bologna sandwich.

And while natural preservatives may not make hot dogs any healthier, they fit with the growing preference for ingredients like celery juice that people can easily recognize.

"I think it's a step in the right direction," said Kristen Kirkpatrick, a dietitian at the Cleveland Clinic.

An interesting wrinkle worth noting is that federal regulations require processed meats without added nitrites or nitrates to be labeled as "uncured" and to state that they have no nitrates or nitrites added — except those naturally occurring in the alternative ingredient. That's the language you'll now find on Oscar Mayer hot dog packages, though the products previously only had added nitrites.

The meat industry has contested the required language of meat being "uncured," because it says the products are still cured, albeit with nitrites derived from other ingredients.


          Weapons watchdog finds sarin used in deadly attack in Syria   
An investigation by the international chemical weapons watchdog confirmed that sarin nerve gas was used in a deadly April 4 attack on a Syrian town, ...
          Alkylating immobilization linker for immunochemical epigenetic assessment   
Chem. Commun., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
DOI: 10.1039/C7CC02883K, Communication
Takaaki Kurinomaru, Naoshi Kojima, Ryoji Kurita
A bifunctional linker molecule containing nitrogen mustard and a cyclic disulfide group has been developed for the covalent immobilization of intact DNA, which allow to quantitative analysis of epigenomic modification...
The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry

          Highly efficient chemoenzymatic synthesis and facile purification of [small alpha]-Gal pentasaccharyl ceramide Gal[small alpha]3nLc4[small beta]Cer   
Chem. Commun., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
DOI: 10.1039/C7CC04090C, Communication
Abhishek Santra, Yanhong Li, Hai Yu, Teri J. Slack, Peng George Wang, Xi Chen
A highly efficient chemoenzymatic method for synthesizing glycosphingolipids using [small alpha]-Gal pentasaccharyl ceramide as an example is reported here. Enzymatic extension of chemically synthesized lactosyl sphingosine using efficient sequential one-pot multienzyme...
The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry

          Kinetic assembly of coordination networks   
Chem. Commun., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
DOI: 10.1039/C7CC04277A, Feature Article
Hiroyoshi Ohtsu, Masaki Kawano
Kinetic assembly is an important method for obtaining desired materials in chemical synthesis and material sciences. We highlight the kinetic assembly of porous coordination networks, which promote the production of...
The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry

          Zeta leader sentenced to 7 life sentences in United States   
Translated by Otis B Fly-Wheel for Borderland Beat from a Reforma article

Subject Matter: Marciano Milan Vazquez, El Chano, Orejon
Recommendation: No prior subject matter knowledge required


Reporter: Mauro de la Fuente
Marciano Milan Vazquez alias El  Chano or Orejon, leader of Los Zetas in Piedras Negras, Coahuila, allegedly responsible for the deaths of 300 persons, was sentenced to seven life sentences.

The ruling was announced Wednesday by the Judge of the West District Court in San Antonio, Xavier Rodriguez. Between 2011 and 2012, the Los Zetas cartel ordered the death of 300 people, including women and children, said a witness identified as J. Rodriguez in the Milan Vazquez trial in June of 2016.

The desertion of one of its leaders identified as Mario Alfonso Poncho Cuellar, said, that and internal struggle was unleashed that ended with the elimination of the allies of the latter in the organization.





Cuellar was a trusted man and compadre of Omar Trevino Morales, alias El Z-42, brother of Miguel Trevino Morales, alias El Z-40, leader of Los Zetas, both arrested in Mexico. His departure from the cartel was due to the theft of 10,000,000 dollars, according to J. Rodriguez testimony before the West District Court in San Antonio.

He detailed that most of the people who were murdered were disintegrated in containers of chemicals such as acids.The orders were to go ahead and kill everyone connected in any way with Poncho Cuellar, he said.

Women, children, adults, some had nothing to do with the cartel or drugs, there were a lot of people, more than 300 people. The kidnappings were carried out in Allende, Morelos, Acuna and Piedras Negras.

"In Piedras Negras they only told me that they 40 people on the knees, and simply, bang, bang bang, they died", he said.

Poncho Cuellar who is incarcerated in Texas, testified at the trial of Jose Trevino Morales, another brother of El Z-40, who was sentenced to 20 years in prison for money laundering.



          The NASA Wallops 'artificial aurora' rocket launch finally happened. Here’s what it looked like   
Early Thursday morning, the Terrier-Improved Malemute rocket launched from Wallops Island, Va., with a payload of colorful chemicals. Scientists wanted to study the movement and reaction of the upper atmosphere by filming man-made, glowing clouds
          Russia says it found nothing suspicious at Syrian airbase   
The Russian commander in Syria sent the anti-ISIS coalition a letter saying Russians have found nothing to indicate the presence of chemical weapons at a Shayrat airfield

          COMMENTARY: White House Says It Will Fake “Chemical Weapon Attack” In Syria   

We have said this many times already, and it is happening before our own eyes, Israel and its puppets will not stop till they completely destroy Syria. Iran is next and then WWIII. Don’t believe for one minute that Russia is not involved in this Read More ...

The post COMMENTARY: White House Says It Will Fake “Chemical Weapon Attack” In Syria appeared first on ZIONIST REPORT.


          Warehouse/Shipping and Receiving Worker   
CA-Oakland, Hello, we have positions for a chemical manufacturing plant working in the shipping and receiving warehouse (you will not be working with open products but closed items)! Please read the following requirements, these are a must! I hope that's you! Requirements and duties -Must be able to lift up to 50lbs -Familiar with Microsoft Office (Excel and Word) -DOT certification 49CFR 172.704 (certified w
          Comment on Episode-2034- Listener Calls for 6-29-17 by Aaron Owen   
Use a Mr Heater weed torch for the weeds around the electric fence. Easy and no chemicals!. Burn those things!!
          Customer Service Associate - Wawa - Morrisville, PA   
Wipe down the fuel area (pumps, trash, valets) with cleaning chemicals. The Customer Service Associate (CSA) works in support of the store management team to...
From Wawa - Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:56:30 GMT - View all Morrisville, PA jobs
          General Manager - Wawa - Hudson County, NJ   
Wipe down the fuel area (pumps, trash, valets) with cleaning chemicals. An associate accepted into the General Manager Trainee Program is responsible for their...
From Wawa - Sat, 27 May 2017 09:38:07 GMT - View all Hudson County, NJ jobs
          Assistant General Manager - Wawa - Hudson County, NJ   
Wipe down the fuel area (pumps, trash, valets) with cleaning chemicals. The Assistant General Manager (AGM) is responsible for supporting the General Manager in...
From Wawa - Sat, 27 May 2017 09:38:03 GMT - View all Hudson County, NJ jobs
          Customer Service Associate - Wawa - Oaks, PA   
Wipe down the fuel area (pumps, trash, valets) with cleaning chemicals. The Customer Service Associate (CSA) works in support of the store management team to...
From Wawa - Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:56:22 GMT - View all Oaks, PA jobs
          Customer Service Associate - Wawa - Hightstown, NJ   
Wipe down the fuel area (pumps, trash, valets) with cleaning chemicals. The Customer Service Associate (CSA) works in support of the store management team to...
From Wawa - Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:53:01 GMT - View all Hightstown, NJ jobs
          Customer Service Associate - Wawa - Woodstown, NJ   
Wipe down the fuel area (pumps, trash, valets) with cleaning chemicals. The Customer Service Associate (CSA) works in support of the store management team to...
From Wawa - Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:54:53 GMT - View all Woodstown, NJ jobs
          Fuel Service Associate - Wawa - Woodstown, NJ   
Wipe down the fuel area (pumps, trash, valets) with cleaning chemicals. The Fuel Associate (FA) works in support of the Store Management Team to facilitate the...
From Wawa - Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:54:53 GMT - View all Woodstown, NJ jobs
          Customer Service Associate - Wawa - Pennsville, NJ   
Wipe down the fuel area (pumps, trash, valets) with cleaning chemicals. The Customer Service Associate (CSA) works in support of the store management team to...
From Wawa - Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:54:27 GMT - View all Pennsville, NJ jobs
          Fuel Service Associate - Wawa - Pennsville, NJ   
Wipe down the fuel area (pumps, trash, valets) with cleaning chemicals. The Fuel Associate (FA) works in support of the Store Management Team to facilitate the...
From Wawa - Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:54:07 GMT - View all Pennsville, NJ jobs
          Do Neonics Hurt Bees? Researchers and the Media Say Yes. The Data Do Not.    

This story is being co-published with the Genetic Literacy Project.

On Thursday, Science published a large-scale study on the relationship between bees and a pesticide, neonicotinoids. It got quite a bit of pickup in the press—Nature touted that the “Largest-Ever Study of Controversial Pesticides Finds Harm to Bees,” while the BBC explained that a “Large-Scale Study ‘Shows Neonic Pesticides Harm Bees.’ ” The Scientist said the same, with “Field Studies Confirm Neonicotinoids’ Harm to Bees,” and PBS followed suit with “Neonicotinoid Pesticides Are Slowly Killing Bees.”

These headlines seem to reflect a line included in the abstract of the study itself: “These findings point to neonicotinoids causing a reduced capacity of bee species to establish new populations in the year following exposure.”

Sure sounds like a bummer for the bees. One problem: The data in the paper (and hundreds of pages of supporting data not included but available in background form to reporters) do not support that bold conclusion. No, there is no consensus evidence that neonics are “slowly killing bees.” No, this study did not add to the evidence that neonics are driving bee health problems.

Unfortunately, and predictably, the overheated mainstream news headlines also generated a slew of even more exaggerated stories on activist and quack websites where undermining agricultural chemicals is a top priority (e.g., Greenpeace, End Times Headlines, and Friends of the Earth). The takeaway: The “beepocalypse” is accelerating. A few news outlets, such as Reuters (“Field Studies Fuel Dispute Over Whether Banned Pesticides Harm Bees”) and the Washington Post (“Controversial Pesticides May Threaten Queen Bees. Alternatives Could Be Worse.”), got the contradictory findings of the study and the headline right.

But based on the study’s data, the headline could just as easily have read: “Landmark Study Shows Neonic Pesticides Improve Bee Health”—and it would have been equally correct. So how did so many people get this so wrong?

This much-anticipated two year, $3.6 million study is particularly interesting because it was primarily funded by two major producers of neonicotinoids, Bayer Crop Science and Syngenta. They had no involvement with the analysis of the data. The three-country study was led by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, or CEH, in the U.K.—a group known for its skepticism of pesticides in general and neonics in particular.

The raw data—more than 1,000 pages of it (only a tiny fraction is reproduced in the study)—are solid. It’s a reservoir of important information for entomologists and ecologists trying to figure out the challenges facing bees. It’s particularly important because to date, the problem with much of the research on neonicotinoids has been the wide gulf between the findings from laboratory-based studies and field studies.

Some, but not all, results from lab research have claimed neonics cause health problems in honeybees and wild bees, endangering the world food supply. This has been widely and often breathlessly echoed in the popular media—remember the execrably reported Time cover story on “A World Without Bees.” But the doses and time of exposure have varied dramatically from lab study to lab study, so many entomologists remain skeptical of these sweeping conclusions. Field studies have consistently shown a different result—in the field, neonics seem to pose little or no harm. The overwhelming threat to bee health, entomologists now agree, is a combination of factors led by the deadly Varroa destructor mite, the miticides used to control them, and bee practices. Relative to these factors, neonics are seen as relatively inconsequential.

I’ve addressed this disparity between field and lab research in a series of articles at the Genetic Literacy Project, and specifically summarized two dozen key field studies, many of which were independently funded and executed. This study was designed in part to bridge that gulf. And the devil is in the interpretation.

According to the lead researcher Richard Pywell of the CEH:

We’ve shown for the first time negative effects of neonicotinoid-coated seed dressings on honeybees and we’ve also shown similar negative effects on wild bees. … Our findings are a cause for serious concern.

I agree that there might be cause for serious concern if the studies had shown convincing evidence of negative effects. But a review of the data—by the GLP and independent scientists—concludes differently. The European study focused on three types of bees placed in fields across three countries—Germany, Hungary, and the U.K. As Jenna Gallegos noted in her particularly nuanced analysis in the Washington Post:

[T]he results were not as clear-cut as experts had hoped. … The differences between bees in treated or untreated fields were largely insignificant, and many of the bees in both groups died before they could be counted.

Overall, the data collected from 33 different fields covered 42 analyses and 258 endpoints—a staggering number. The paper only presented a sliver of that data—a selective glimpse of what the research, in its entirety showed.

What patterns emerged when examining the entire data set? Here is a chart assembled from data supplied to the research funders by the CEH (but not released in the published study) with the findings summarized (light green indicates “no impact,” red points to “negative impact,” and dark green suggests neonics had a positive impact).

In sum, of 258 endpoints, 238—92 percent—showed no effects. (Four endpoints didn’t yield data.) Only 16 showed effects. Negative effects showed up 9 times—3.5 percent of all outcomes; 7 showed a benefit from using neonics—2.7 percent.

As one scientist pointed out, in statistics there is a widely accepted standard that random results are generated about 5 percent of the time—which means by chance alone we would expect 13 results meaninglessly showing up positive or negative.

Norman Carreck, science director of the International Bee Research Association, who was not part of either study, noted, the small number of significant effects “makes it difficult to draw any reliable conclusions.”

When pressed, even Pywell acknowledged the conflicting data.

The data were rife with other contradictions. Worker bees and drones in Britain struggled to survive the winter, but the same variety of wild bees increased in Germany. Egg production also increased in Germany but fell in Hungary.

The health problems seemed to have little to do with pesticides. A fungal infection ran roughshod over Hungary’s bees. In Britain, they were decimated by the deadly and unrelenting Varroa destructor mite—even the controls suffered losses 400 percent greater than the national average. These catastrophic loss numbers suggest the field experiments may have been poorly constructed—raising doubts about the standard of research for the entire research project.

The broader context of the bee health controversy is also important to understand; bees are not in sharp decline—not in North America nor in Europe, where neonics are under a temporary ban that shows signs of becoming permanent, nor worldwide. Earlier this week, Canada reported that its honeybee colonies grew 10 percent year over year and now stand at about 800,000. That’s a new record, and the growth tracks the increased use of neonics, which are critical to canola crops in Western Canada, where 80 percent of the nation’s honey originates.

Managed beehives in the U.S. had been in steady decline since the 1940s, as farm land disappeared to urbanization, but began stabilizing in the mid-1990s, coinciding with the introduction of neonicotinoids. They hit a 22-year high in the last count.

Global hive numbers have steadily increased since the 1960s except for two brief periods—the emergency of the Varroa mite in the late 1980s and the brief outbreak of colony collapse disorder, mostly in the U.S., in the mid-2000s.

So the bees, contrary to widespread popular belief, are actually doing all right in terms of numbers, although the Varroa mite remains a dangerous challenge. But still, a cadre of scientists well known for their vocal opposition to and lobbying against neonics have already begun trying to leverage the misinterpretation of the data. “In the light of this new study, continuing to claim that use of neonicotinoids in farming does not harm bees is no longer a tenable position,” David Goulson, a University of Sussex bee biologist, known in anti-neonic circles as a scientist-for-hire, told the U.K.’s Science Media Centre.

But other, less ideologically invested scientists were far more circumspect. “We learn again: It’s complicated,” said biologist Tjeerd Blacquière of Wageningen University in the Netherlands. The mixed findings are likely to intensify ongoing debates about restricting or banning the compounds, with both sides claiming vindication.

The study, while problematic and contradictory in its results, is not without value. It has underscored that it’s possible or even likely that exposure to miticides or insecticides—including neonics, which like all insecticides are designed to target insects—increases the vulnerability of bees to disease and other threats. But that could be said about any chemical, including organic treatments. In Europe, where neonics have been banned since 2013 (based almost entirely on disputed lab studies), farmers have turned to alternatives that are far more toxic to both bees and humans, such as Lorsban and pyrethrins. Canola production is down, and bee health has shown no appreciable change. Farmers are in open revolt, and bees are arguably the worse for it.

Within hours of the release of the study, advocacy groups opposed to intensive agricultural techniques had already begun weaponizing the misreported headlines.

“It shows that industry claims that neonicotinoids do not harm bees at field-relevant concentrations are baseless,” said a Greenpeace senior scientist, a marine biologist with no background in entomology.

“Pressure mounts for a complete ban on neonicotinoid pesticides as landmark study confirms these chemicals are harming bees,” wrote Friends of the Earth.

But viewing the date from the European study in context makes it even more obvious that sweeping statements about the continuing beepocalypse and the deadly dangers to bees from pesticides, and neonicotinoids in particular, are irresponsible. That’s on both the scientists, and the media.


          UPDATE 1-Field studies fuel dispute over whether banned pesticides harm bees   

Two major studies into how bees are affected by a group of pesticides banned in Europe gave mixed results on Thursday, fuelling a row over whether the chemicals, called neonicotinoids, are safe. The studies, one conducted across three European countries and another in Canada, found some negative effects after exposure to neonicotinoids in wild and honeybee populations, but also some positives, depending on the environmental context.


          Technician - Cylinder Fill - Air Liquide - Morrisville, PA   
1+ years of experience in cylinder filling or general manufacturing experience required (air gas, chemical, or similar hazardous material experienced preferred)...
From Air Liquide - Fri, 30 Jun 2017 13:34:12 GMT - View all Morrisville, PA jobs
          Thai ethane cracker developer buys FirstEnergy land in Ohio for $13.8M   
The Thai company considering building a massive petrochemical facility in eastern Ohio has bought property that used to house a FirstEnergy Corp. power plant. PTT Global Chemical Public Company Ltd., whose subsidiary may build a multibillion-dollar ethane cracker complex in Belmont County along the Ohio River, bought 168 acres for $13.8 million. The Akron electric utility no longer owns property at the site of the former R.E. Burger coal-fired power plant, said spokesman Jennifer Young. Hundreds…

          Asia diesel margins climb to more than 2-month high on India buying spree   

By Jessica Jaganathan

SINGAPORE (Reuters) - Asian diesel margins climbed to their highest in more than two months on Friday as a buying spree from India that began in April and more regional refinery maintenance than usual has tightened supply for the fuel, industry sources said.

If the margins hold at the elevated levels, it could lift Asian refiners' profits over the summer. Diesel margins are a major component of refining profit as the fuel typically makes up 30 to 40 percent of an oil processor's production.

Based on processing Dubai benchmark crude, diesel margins climbed to $11.86 a barrel on Friday, highest since April 25, when it was $11.94, Reuters data showed.

"(The margin) is unseasonably strong ... because maintenance in the first half was so heavy and exports were still maintained at decent levels, so refineries will need to restock in the third quarter," said analyst Nevyn Nah at consultancy Energy Aspects.

About 330,000 barrels-per-day (bpd) more refining capacity in Asia was shut over the first half of this year compared with the same period in 2016, Nah said.

Indian state-owned refineries are also undergoing heavy maintenance until the end of this year, upgrading diesel units to produce cleaner fuels to meet new Euro IV standards implemented in April.

That has prompted large-volume purchases of diesel by Indian state-owned refiners in the spot market starting from April, with the country's imports of the fuel on track to hit the highest since 2011, boosting margins for the fuel.

India does not typically import diesel and is a net exporter of the fuel.

Singapore diesel stocks dropped to a 5-1/2-month low in the week ended June 28, the latest official data showed, likely pulled down by India's imports and a fire at Singapore Refining Company's refinery in mid-June.

Also, diesel exports from Taiwan, Asia's fifth-largest exporter of the fuel, fell 10 percent January-April compared with the same period a year ago due to several refining units undergoing maintenance at Formosa Petrochemical Corp's Mailiao refinery.

The Mailiao refinery is not expected to export diesel in the spot market until the fourth quarter of 2017, which could also boost margins, traders said.

A Formosa spokesman was not available for comment.

Summer demand from the Middle East has also kicked in just as a fire-hit secondary unit in Abu Dhabi National Oil Company's (ADNOC)'s Ruwais refinery is expected to be shut until early 2019 for repairs. This is expected to pull barrels from Asia to meet demand there, traders said.

But Asia could still get bogged down by a bump in supplies once most of the refineries return from maintenance in August, Energy Aspect's Nah said.

India's diesel imports could also fall once the monsoon season there is in full swing. Monsoon rains in India typically reduce the need to use diesel for irrigation pumps.

(Reporting by Jessica Jaganathan; Editing by Tom Hogue)


          Asia diesel margins climb to more than 2-mth high on India buying spree   

* India's imports this year set to be highest since 2011

* About 330,000 bpd more capacity shut over H1 2017 fromyear ago

* Monsoon rains could dent India's imports and halt marginrise

By Jessica Jaganathan

SINGAPORE, June 30 (Reuters) - Asian diesel margins climbedto their highest in more than two months on Friday as a buyingspree from India that began in April and more regional refinerymaintenance than usual has tightened supply for the fuel,industry sources said.

If the margins hold at the elevated levels, it could liftAsian refiners' profits over the summer. Diesel margins are amajor component of refining profit as the fuel typically makesup 30 to 40 percent of an oil processor's production.

Based on processing Dubai benchmark crude, diesel marginsclimbed to $11.86 a barrel on Friday, highest sinceApril 25, when it was $11.94, Reuters data showed.

"(The margin) is unseasonably strong ... because maintenancein the first half was so heavy and exports were still maintainedat decent levels, so refineries will need to restock in thethird quarter," said analyst Nevyn Nah at consultancy EnergyAspects.

About 330,000 barrels-per-day (bpd) more refining capacityin Asia was shut over the first half of this year compared withthe same period in 2016, Nah said.

Indian state-owned refineries are also undergoing heavymaintenance until the end of this year, upgrading diesel unitsto produce cleaner fuels to meet new Euro IV standardsimplemented in April.

That has prompted large-volume purchases of diesel by Indianstate-owned refiners in the spot market starting from April,with the country's imports of the fuel on track to hit thehighest since 2011, boosting margins for the fuel.

India does not typically import diesel and is a net exporterof the fuel.

Singapore diesel stocks dropped to a 5-1/2-month low in theweek ended June 28, the latest official data showed, likelypulled down by India's imports and a fire at Singapore RefiningCompany's refinery in mid-June.

Also, diesel exports from Taiwan, Asia's fifth-largestexporter of the fuel, fell 10 percent January-April comparedwith the same period a year ago due to several refining unitsundergoing maintenance at Formosa Petrochemical Corp'sMailiao refinery.

The Mailiao refinery is not expected to export diesel in thespot market until the fourth quarter of 2017, which could alsoboost margins, traders said.

A Formosa spokesman was not available for comment.

Summer demand from the Middle East has also kicked in justas a fire-hit secondary unit in Abu Dhabi National Oil Company's(ADNOC)'s Ruwais refinery is expected to be shutuntil early 2019 for repairs. This is expected to pull barrelsfrom Asia to meet demand there, traders said.

But Asia could still get bogged down by a bump in suppliesonce most of the refineries return from maintenance in August,Energy Aspect's Nah said.

India's diesel imports could also fall once the monsoonseason there is in full swing. Monsoon rains in India typicallyreduce the need to use diesel for irrigation pumps.(Reporting by Jessica Jaganathan; Editing by Tom Hogue)


          Seymour Hersh: Trump ignored own intel before bombing Syria airfield   
In an exclusive interview, veteran investigative reporter Seymour Hersh discusses his new report that President Trump bombed a Syrian military airfield in April despite warnings that U.S. intelligence had found no evidence that the Assad regime used a chemical weapon. Full Transcript: AARON MATÉ: It's the Real News. I'm Aaron Maté. When the US bombed a Syrian military airfield in April, the White House said US intelligence had confirmed the Assad regime used chemical weapons in the town of Khan Shaykhun. Well a new report says the opposite is true. Veteran journalist Seymour Hersh reports US intelligence actually warned president Trump it had no evidence that the Syrian military had used sarin gas. Hersh writes that Russia had warned the U.S. about a Syrian military strike before Khan Shaykhun was bombed, and he says that bombing set off secondary explosions that released poisonous gases on the ground. Seymour Hersh's article, "Trump's Red Line," was published by the German newspaper [Die Welt]. Earlier he joined me to discuss it. Welcome Sy. SEYMOUR HERSH: Hello. AM: Thank you for joining us. You're reporting that Trump ordered the attack on the Syrian military airfield, despite US intelligence doubts that it was in fact Assad who had used chemical weapons in Idlib. Can you explain what that intelligence was?
          US slams Damascus as OPCW says sarin used in April Syria attack, silent on blame   
The US State Department is scolding the Syrian government, as the OPCW has reportedly determined that sarin, a banned nerve gas, was what killed dozens of Syrians in northern Idlib province on April 4. Members of the UN's chemical weapons watchdog, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), reviewed the fact-finding mission (FFM) report at The Hague, Netherlands, on Thursday, but it was not released to the public, Reuters reported. The news outlet obtained a copy of the report that relied on eyewitness interviews and samples previously collected from the site of the alleged chemical attack in the town of Khan Sheikhoun. The FFM was reportedly unable to make it to the location in question because of security issues. "A large number of people, some of whom died, were exposed to sarin or a sarin-like substance," the summary of the report said.
          FLASHBACK: Chelyabinsk meteorite may have had previous collision or near-miss with other parts of solar system   
The meteor that starred in a thousand and one tweets as it shot across the Siberian sky last February apparently had a rough history. The Chelyabinsk meteor, estimated to have been 55-65 feet in diameter before breaking up, may have had previous fiery encounters — either colliding into another body in the solar system or traveling too close to the Sun — before its spectacular crash to Earth, according to analysis of fragments from its crust and interior. Hints of Heat Presenting the new findings at a geochemical conference today in Florence, Italy, Victor Sharygin of Novosibirsk's Institute of Geology and Mineralogy said a detailed mineral analysis of fragments of the meteorite revealed some anomalies suggesting the rock had previously been melted. Dividing the pieces into different gradations of color and structure, the team identified a concentration of dark fragments composed of fine-grained material formed by extremely intense melting. The dark fragments were distinct from the meteorite's fusion crust, a thin layer that melts and then solidifies as the rock travels through Earth's atmosphere. The dark fragments' structure included what the team described as "spherical bubbles," either encrusted with oxide, silicate and metal or filled with metal and sulfide.
          PESTICIDES: Court says EPA approval of chemical violated species law   
A federal court today found that U.S. EPA violated the Endangered Species Act in its approval of a pesticide ingredient that environmentalists say is harmful to imperiled species.
          (USA-NY-Bronx) Clinical Supervisor, LMSW - Health Home   
**Job Description** **Acacia Network ,** a progressive organization servicing communities across New York State is one of the largest nonprofit organization in the country. Its mission is to partner with communities, lead change, and promote healthy and prosperous individuals and families. Acacia Network offers an array of community-based services, including Primary Care, Behavioral Health, Housing, and Education. We are seeking a **Clinical Supervisor, LMSW for our Health Home Program. ** CLICK HERE to learn more about Acacia Network. **Acacia Network seeks a Licensed Social Worker **to provide comprehensive leadership and supervision to the Health Home Team of Care Managers. Be an integral part of the Health Home leadership team to educate, provide insight, ensure quality and engage in member retention. A Health Home is a medicaid care management service model to provide patients with chronic conditions, including mental health conditions, substance abuse disorders, asthma, diabetes, heart disease, whereby all of an individual’s caregivers communicate with one another so that all of a patient’s needs are addressed in a comprehensive manner. This is done primarily through a “care manager” who oversees and provides access to all of the services an individual needs to assure that they receive everything necessary to stay healthy, out of the emergency room and out of the hospital. **Key Essential Functions Include: ** * Provide leadership and ongoing supervision to the assigned Care Management Staff * Provide ongoing oversight and ensure quality assurance regarding Care Management outreach, engagement and coordination activities * Review, approve and sign off on clinical documentation including but not limited to, Baseline Assessments, Plans of Care * Manage the overall Care Manager document submission process as it relates to monthly billing and coordination services * Educate and provide recommendation for member care coordination activities/services * Assign and manage Member enrollment and assignment to Care Management staff * Adhere to the standards, policies and procedures, and goals of Health Home * Review all Member information and Care Manager documentation entered into the billing, health information portals * Act as a liaison in coordinating member care activities with staff, internal and external service providers * Participate in staff and organizational meetings as required * Perform other appropriate duties as requested by Administrator and Deputy Administrator * Perform monthly Quality Assurance/Quality Improvement duties * Provide clinical training for Care Managers on Chronic Diseases * Work closely with Deputy Administrator on special projects, assessment of staff training needs ' Benefits: As one of the paramount not for profit corporations in the country, we offer to the chosen candidate a generous compensation package; a multitude of benefits, including comprehensive full health care package, disability, life insurance, coupled with a generous vacation and 401K plan as well as flexible schedules. Acacia network is an Equal Opportunity Employer. No employment services or agencies need respond. Job Requirements * LCSW/LMSW – NYS Licensure * Two-Three years supervisory/management experience strongly preferred * Three Years of practice experience, preferably in behavioral/mental health and chemical dependency * Bilingual (Spanish/English) strongly preferred *Location:* Bronx, NY *Posted:* 6/13/2017 *Category:* Health Home *Job Type:* Employee *Required Education:* Master (MA, MS...)
          (USA-NY-Bronx) Clinical Supervisor, LMSW - Health Home   
**Job Description** **Acacia Network ,** a progressive organization servicing communities across New York State is one of the largest nonprofit organization in the country. Its mission is to partner with communities, lead change, and promote healthy and prosperous individuals and families. Acacia Network offers an array of community-based services, including Primary Care, Behavioral Health, Housing, and Education. We are seeking a **Clinical Supervisor, LMSW for our Health Home Program. ** CLICK HERE to learn more about Acacia Network. **Acacia Network seeks a Licensed Social Worker **to provide comprehensive leadership and supervision to the Health Home Team of Care Managers. Be an integral part of the Health Home leadership team to educate, provide insight, ensure quality and engage in member retention. A Health Home is a medicaid care management service model to provide patients with chronic conditions, including mental health conditions, substance abuse disorders, asthma, diabetes, heart disease, whereby all of an individual’s caregivers communicate with one another so that all of a patient’s needs are addressed in a comprehensive manner. This is done primarily through a “care manager” who oversees and provides access to all of the services an individual needs to assure that they receive everything necessary to stay healthy, out of the emergency room and out of the hospital. **Key Essential Functions Include: ** * Provide leadership and ongoing supervision to the assigned Care Management Staff * Provide ongoing oversight and ensure quality assurance regarding Care Management outreach, engagement and coordination activities * Review, approve and sign off on clinical documentation including but not limited to, Baseline Assessments, Plans of Care * Manage the overall Care Manager document submission process as it relates to monthly billing and coordination services * Educate and provide recommendation for member care coordination activities/services * Assign and manage Member enrollment and assignment to Care Management staff * Adhere to the standards, policies and procedures, and goals of Health Home * Review all Member information and Care Manager documentation entered into the billing, health information portals * Act as a liaison in coordinating member care activities with staff, internal and external service providers * Participate in staff and organizational meetings as required * Perform other appropriate duties as requested by Administrator and Deputy Administrator * Perform monthly Quality Assurance/Quality Improvement duties * Provide clinical training for Care Managers on Chronic Diseases * Work closely with Deputy Administrator on special projects, assessment of staff training needs ' Benefits: As one of the paramount not for profit corporations in the country, we offer to the chosen candidate a generous compensation package; a multitude of benefits, including comprehensive full health care package, disability, life insurance, coupled with a generous vacation and 401K plan as well as flexible schedules. Acacia network is an Equal Opportunity Employer. No employment services or agencies need respond. Job Requirements * LCSW/LMSW – NYS Licensure * Two-Three years supervisory/management experience strongly preferred * Three Years of practice experience, preferably in behavioral/mental health and chemical dependency * Bilingual (Spanish/English) strongly preferred *Location:* Bronx, NY *Posted:* 6/13/2017 *Category:* Health Home *Job Type:* Employee *Required Education:* Master (MA, MS...)
          Controls Engineer   
MN-NEW LONDON, I have a client located in New London, MN that has an immediate need for a Project Manager. Requirement/Duties: 5+ years of Project Management experience. Industry experience in food plants with dryers and evaporator systems preferred. Bachelors in Mechanical, Industrial or Chemical degree is preferred Basic computer skills (Excel, Microsoft, Word, etc.) required. Up to 25% travel within the U.S.
          Is Trump Making Up Syria-Sarin Claims?   
The White House claimed victory after it warned Syria not to mount a chemical weapons attack and nothing happened, but some experts are questioning the quality of these U.S. claims about Syria and sarin, says Dennis J Bernstein. By Dennis…Read more →
          Green Biologics, Inc. Receives REACH Certification   
Ashland, VA and Abingdon, Oxfordshire U.K. -J une 29, 2017 - Green Biologics, Inc., the U.S. subsidiary of Green Biologics Ltd., a U.K. industrial biotechnology and renewable chemicals company, announced today that it has received REACH certification, a regulation of the European Union that promotes protection of human and environmental health from risks posed by chemicals. By registering with REACH, which stands for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation of Chemicals, Green Biologics is now able to supply Europe with larger bulk quantities of its bio-based n-butanol. The company has also obtained pre-registration for its bio-based acetone and various derivatives, allowing it to
          MCS Myths and Facts   
I copied and pasted this as it came from the site so it is in total their report.

Myths and Facts About Chemical Sensitivities


Myth: People who have negative reactions to fragrances simply have allergies. Why is it necessary to structure my life around someone's allergies?

Fact: Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, or MCS, is a progressive neurological disease that can result in death. Asthma, which often causes sensitivity to fragrance-containing products, c...
          Home made laundry detergent   
I noticed I'm not the only one with chemical sensitivities so I thought you might be interested in this. I've been using it for about a month so I can say it for sure works well. I also have a recipe for dishwasher detergent and it works better than Cascade!

I researched a lot of recipes and this seemed the easiest to do. It is for powder but there are lots of recipes online for liquid versions, they just require more work to prepare and must be shaken before use.

4lb ( ...
          EPA says Pruitt meeting with Dow Chemical head was cancelled   
WASHINGTON — The Environmental Protection Agency and Dow Chemical said Friday that a planned meeting in March between EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and the company's CEO never took place. The meeting was listed on Pruitt's schedule and reported by The Associated Press on Tuesday.
          Bacteria-coated nanofiber electrodes clean pollutants in wastewater   
Cornell University materials scientists and bioelectrochemical engineers may have created an innovative, cost-competitive electrode material for cleaning pollutants in wastewater. The researchers created electro-spun carbon nanofiber electrodes and coated them with a conductive polymer, called PEDOT...
          Yes, Petty Idiocy Still Rules Society    

Late night loud yowls, most precious Big Cat Beauties... sheesh, geez, what a long busy-overwhelming week for this Big Cat... okay, really who cares about ENEMY-MSM Mika? However, petty idiocy still rules our society...sadly! But come on, Mika looks like a programmed android, and she is STUPID ... all you have to do is look at her, listen to her for a few minutes, and it's obvious--her IQ is not impressive, let's say... and let's get a dose of reality, how obvious is it that President Trump is just fish-hooking these brainless-wonder presstitutes into reacting crazily... MEANWHILE he's doing the real business of being president of these united states. BEHIND THE SCENES.

Yeah, the Kougar couldn't resist this political cartoon. ~smiles~

Okay, according to Sorcha Faal of ~whatdoesitmean.com~ there is a plot to possibly assassinate President Trump during the G20, when The Donald and Putin are supposed to meet... thus, to blame it on the Russians and cause a world war.

MESSAGE TO THE SINISTER-FORCE GLOBALISTS: NO, YOU WILL NOT ASSASSINATE PRESIDENT DONALD J. TRUMP. NOT EVER. WHATEVER YOU ATTEMPT WILL MERELY BACKFIRE ON YOU WITH DEADLY CONSEQUENCES. AND SO IT IS!!! 

~~~~~~

PAUL JOSEPH WATSON DOES A BRILLIANT JOB EXPOSING THE IDIOCRACY HYPOCRISY OVER POOR LITTLE ATTACKED MIKA. 


Save Me The Feigned Outrage Over Trump’s Mika Brzezinski Tweet

Paul Joseph Watson | The media has spent the last 2 years viciously attacking Trump over his appearance.


IF YOU WANT ANY KIND OF FREEDOM AND PRIVACY AROUND YOUR MONEY, THIS BILL MUST BE STOPPED. IT IS MORE THAN HORRENDOUS AND VIOLATES THE CONSTITUTION SIX WAYS TO SUNDAY. 





FANNIE AND FREDDIE WERE LOOTED BLIND BY OBOZO AND CREW, AND THE CONGRESS SIMPLY IGNORES THIS MASSIVE CRIME. 

SENATE OPENS LEGISLATIVE SEASON ON FANNIE AND FREDDIE IGNORING THEFT OF SHAREHOLDER VALUE

Senate Banking Committee features Sen. Corker plan to hand mortgage market to Wall Street and big banks

THE PEDO EMPIRE IS CRUMBLING DAY BY DAY... THANK THE DIVINE ... THIS BIG CAT IS ENTIRELY GRATEFUL FOR THE INCREDIBLE EXPOSURE THAT IS HAPPENING NOW, AND FOR THE ROUND UP OF THESE PSYCHO-PERVERTS WHO RULE AND RUN AND RUIN OUR LIVES. 


BREAKING: POPE’S PEDOPHILE NETWORK IMPLODING AS HIS TOP AIDE IS INDICTED FOR CHILD RAPE

Catholic church involved in child sex once again 


JAMES O'KEEFE, WHAT A HERO REAL JOURNALIST!!! 

WATCH: CNN CEO ‘COWARDLY’ RUNS AWAY FROM JAMES O’KEEFE

Fake news ringleader hides from press 


YEAH, THANKS STUPID-BRAIN NIKKI HALEY ... WE SO NEED A BIG OLE NASTY, KILL OFF HUMANITY, *KILL OFF THE PLANET WAR* WITH RUSSIA [SNARK] BECAUSE OF A MCMASTER-ORCHESTRATED FALSE FLAG ... YOU TWIT-ZOID. 

https://www.infowars.com/russian-senator-warns-u-s-preparing-provocation-to-attack-syria 

RUSSIAN SENATOR WARNS U.S. PREPARING “PROVOCATION” TO ATTACK SYRIA

Trump admin could launch false flag blamed on Assad


Russian Senator Alexei Pushkov warns that the United States is preparing a false flag “provocation” as a pretext to launch a military assault on Syria.
Responding to a CNN report that the U.S. “has ships and aircraft in place to strike Syria,” if ordered to do so by the President, Pushkov cautioned that this could be the precursor to a staged incident.
“The United States put its Navy and Air Force on alert, and is just waiting for an excuse to strike Syria. Assad will not give them one.” This, Pushkov wrote, makes it “the perfect time for a provocation.”
США привели в готовность силы ВМФ и ВВС и ждут лишь предлога для удара по Сирии. Асад им предлога не даст. Идеальное время для провокации.
Earlier this week, the administration warned Bashar Al-Assad that the U.S. was aware of new preparations for a chemical attack and that he would pay a “heavy price” for any such action.
This was followed up by a tweet from Ambassador Nikki Haley in which she asserted, “Any further attacks done to the people of Syria will be blamed on Assad, but also on Russia & Iran who support him killing his own people.”
Any further attacks done to the people of Syria will be blamed on Assad, but also on Russia & Iran who support him killing his own people.
On Wednesday, White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders indicated that the Trump administration’s warning to Assad had been “successful,” but Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova took the move as “a warning sign of an intervention.”
“The campaign, which was started by the US and is being backed by London and Paris, on the alleged chemical attack that is claimed to be prepared by Damascus, is not original, it’s a textbook script, which has already been used in several countries in the region,” Zakharova said.
“The situation seems to be a massive provocation, both military and information-wise, a provocation which targets not only the Syrian leadership, but also Russia,” she added.
Back in April, the Trump administration launched 59 cruise missiles against a Syrian airfield claimed to be the base for government aircraft that carried out a chemical weapons attack in Khan Shaykhun.
The decision caused a split amongst Trump’s base because he specifically ran on the promise of not getting the United States entangled in more Middle Eastern conflicts that lead to the overthrow of secular leaders.
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*********************

Paul Joseph Watson is the editor at large of Infowars.com and Prison Planet.com.

THE EARTHQUAKES ARE STILL SHAKING UP THE PLANET ... THE KOUGAR CANNOT EVEN POST THEM ALL HERE

OKAY, SUPPOSEDLY, TO UPDATE THIS ARTICLE, RAND PAUL HAD A VERY GOOD MEETING WITH PRESIDENT TRUMP WHICH HE FEELS WILL YIELD POSITIVE RESULTS ... LET'S HOPE SO! 

RAND PAUL: HEALTH BILL IS NOW ‘OBAMACARE-PLUS’; IT SUBSIDIZES THE DEATH SPIRAL”

Legislation is "propping up" insurance companies

Senator Rand Paul continued to voice stern opposition to the Obamacare replacement legislation Friday, saying it isn’t even ‘Obamacare lite’ anymore, and instead is more like ‘Obamacare plus’.
Appearing on “Your World with Neil Cavuto,” last night, Paul noted that the Republican legislation may actually provide more subsidies than Obamacare.
“[W]hen we look at the bill, we actually find that with the Obamacare subsidies, not only are we keeping them, we may actually be providing more subsidies than Obamacare has.” Paul exclaimed.
“Our early estimates on the bill are that the bill may spend more in the next year or two than Obamacare does.” Paul added.
“And so, it’s hard for us to get our mind around that this is a repeal bill if we’re spending more, keeping all the subsidies, and then we’re going to start a brand new federal entitlement program where we give insurance companies money.” the Senator explained.
“I keep reading it and…it sounds like Obamacare to me. It doesn’t even sound like Obamacare-lite. In some areas, it may be Obamacare-plus, on the subsidy side.” he urged.
Paul also warned that the bill “subsidizes the death spiral of Obamacare.”
“It dumps a bunch of federal money, taxpayer money, or borrowed money into the insurance industry and says, ‘Hey, please lower the prices if we give you money.’” Paul told viewers.
In a further appearance on Morning Joe Friday, the Senator said that the so called healthcare overhaul is actually centered around “propping up” insurance companies.

“The insurance companies make all the money; all of this is predicated upon still propping up the insurance companies.” Paul said, adding that “you should be able to get insurance for $1 a day. I mean, you really should.”
The Senator argued that the legislation will amount to more “bailing out” of insurance companies.
“I want the bill to look more like a repeal bill. I promised people I was going to repeal it; I didn’t promise people that I was going to replace it with a federal program of bailing out insurance companies,” Paul asserted.
“I mean, we could do this for cars,” he added. “New cars are expensive. We could have a car stabilization fund.” he further argued.
In an interview with Breitbart, Paul noted that “The bill keeps ten of twelve Obamacare regulations that causes the prices of premiums to spiral upward.”


AT LEAST, THEY RECOGNIZE SOME LEVEL OF REALITY ... BLESS YOU WHEREVER YOU ARE, HERO SETH RICH 

  • Late night big ole yowls,dearest and summer-dancing KitKats ... so, most of the news-info below is from a week or so past ... time flies way too fast, and this Big Cat just can't keep up at all.

    WHAT SHE CAN SAY: THE TIME OF THE EVILDOER IS UP. THE TIME OF DIVINE JUDGMENT IS HERE. LIKE DOMINOS, YOU WILL FALL, YOUR DESPICABLE CRIMES ARE REVEALED TO ALL. ANY REPREHENSIBLE ACT YOU ATTEMPT AGAINST ANOTHER, AGAINST HUMANITY WILL ONLY BACKFIRE ON YOU IMMEDIATELY. 

    ~~~~~~

    END THE FED BEFORE THE ENDS OUR ECONOMY AND ENSLAVES *WE THE PEOPLE*. 


    AT LEAST, MR. PITT IS BRAVE ENOUGH TO EXPOSE PEDO-HOLLYWOOD. THANK YOU! 

    THE 1967 WARNING AGAINST THE ROTHSCHILD INFILTRATION 


    June 27, 2017

    Stunning 1967 Dissertation Warns Infiltration of Rothschild Luciferians in US Government 2


    Between 1967 and 1968 Myron Fagan recorded three LP records: The Illuminati and the Council on Foreign Relations.  The dissertations document the activities of the house of Rothschild were  produced byAnthony J. Hilder – an American activist, author, film maker, talk show host, broadcaster and former actor.
    This stunning recording from 1967 speaks to the very problems we face today, including Fake News, government corruption, the Corrupt United Nations and infiltration of a Luciferian Rothschild cult who may have gained irreversible control of the US government.
    https://chemtrailsplanet.net/2017/06/27/stunning-1967-dissertation-warns-infiltration-of-rothschild-luciferians-in-us-government

    HELL, AT LEAST THEY'RE OUTDOORS ACTUALLY EXERCISING... 

    THE BRUTAL REALITY WE FACE AS AMERICANS...DO ALL YOU CAN TO PEACEFULLY PREVENT THIS *DIVIDE AND CONQUER* HORROR SOROS AND MINIONS ARE FOMENTING AGAINST WE THE PEOPLE. 






    HEROINE, LAURA LOOMER...THE WOMEN WARRIORS RISE UP! 

    https://www.infowars.com/journalist-shuts-down-trump-assassination-play

    JOURNALIST SHUTS DOWN TRUMP ASSASSINATION PLAY

    "Stop liberal violence!" Journalist screams

    A conservative journalist interrupted the Trump assassination play in Central Park, N.Y., on Friday, only two days after the politically-motivated shooting of Republican lawmakers.
    Laura Loomer of Rebel Media was arrested after rushing the stage, yelling that the production promoted violence against President Trump and his supporters.
    The play, which is sponsored by Time Warner and the New York Times, features a Trump-lookalike who is violently assassinated in the same manner as Julius Caesar.



    THIS IS ONE VERY BRAVE WOMAN, KUDOS TO HER!!! 






    THE INCREDIBLY BRAVE HEROINE, MONIKA WESOLOWSKI ... MAY SHE BE PROTECTED IN EVERY DIVINE WAY 

    http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2017/06/17/breaking-whistleblower-says-deep-state-in-control-of-state-department-ongoing-child-trafficking-cover-up-at-st-dept

    Breaking: Whistleblower Says Deep State in Control of State Department : Ongoing Child-Trafficking Cover-Up at St. Dept.


    Did you know that at the State Department they have an exorbitantly paid employee, of Middle East background, who is in charge of the sex-trafficking brochures for the State Department? Did you know that same person refuses to cover this issue as domestic issue? This plays right into the hands of the Deep State cover-up of their child-sex-trafficking practices at the highest levels of government? This is tantamount to overtly supporting and covering up child-sex-trafficking and the State Department is the willing accomplice. Did you also know that the State Department has 3 men, led by Deep State minion and close Obama ally, Larry Palmer, who controls all information coming in and out of the State Department and they control the FOIA’s for the State Department as well.
    State Department employee, Monika Wesolowski, has been unduly harassed and has had her life threatened for trying to expose traitors and overt practices of treason and sedition by State Department employees who are aligned with the Deep State motives and objectives. The following is an interview I conducted with Monika followed by objective, hard proof of the claims made by this whistleblower.
    Unlike a lot of sources,this interview names the names of the guilty.

    Monika “Begs” for Protection and Nobody From the State Department Will Help

    Monika has begged for protection from the death threats, violent attacks and constant harassment. As recently as last Tuesday, June 13, 2017, Monika took the issue to Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s aides. As of the date of this publication, she has not heard back on this critical issue. I want to put the State Department on notice, you do not wait 5 days to investigate these kinds of allegations when someone’s life is in danger. This is an example of intentional/unintentional depraved indifference to the safety of of State Department employee, Monika Wesolowski (see the email communications at the bottom of the page).
    Previously, on The Common Sense Show,  I documented, with pictures, government vehicles that have stalked and harassed Monika. The Fairfax, VA. police have told Monika that it is not safer to go home and they cannot protect her.
    More recently, Monika has had animals poisoned to death. She, herself, has had to be treated for poisoning, some of which was uranium related. When I recently tried to interview Monika by Skype, ourcommunications were blocked for hours. Simultaneously, our cell phone communications were blocked as well. Here home has been invaded when she is not home. She was boxed in by two Muslim men, at the carwash, and stayed near until she called the police. This woman is the Deep State posterchild for political and personal harassment. In the following emails, please note the reference to CHILD-SEX-TRAFFICKING. I further want it to be known that Liz Crokin discovered a connection between the Virginia Shooter baseball practice shooter and child-sex-trafficking and that the primary shooting victim, Rep. Scalise had just sponsored a child-sex-trafficking bill eight days prior to being shot. This is no coincidence, the Deep State strikes again.
    Monika has backed out of previous interviews because she is in fear of her life. I have convinced her that if you are going to be on the list, you better be on top of the list. Because I know the fate of Breitbart and Hastings, I have shared this information with other journalistic outlets who are going to cover this case and we are going to turn up the heat significantly.
    I want to remind everyone, that in several earlier publications, I have tapped into two unnamed sources, one from the FBI and one from the State Department and was told that there is a Deep State purge underway. Monika confirms the assertion as her office is “like a morgue, people have either left or people have cleared out their desks and are awaiting their departure”.

    Crickets Chirping

    After numerous instances of being harassed and attacked, she reached out to Secretary Tillerson’s office, but to no avail. Here are the unanswered communications:
    From: Wesolowski, Monika
    Sent: Tuesday, June 13, 2017 1:39 PM
    To: Peterlin, Margaret JA
    Cc: Kenna, Lisa D
    Subject: RE: Personal and Confidential
    Ms. Peterlin and Ms. Kenna,
    The issue goes back deeper into 2013 and child trafficking. I have not seen my eight year old son in a year . I worry for his safety and mine. It is imperative I speak to you in person, I will not speak to anyone outside of Mr. Tillerson’s close administration for fear for my life and that of my son’s. Thank you for speaking to me on the phone. I have been wanting to send this email for several months but afraid to.
    Monika A. Wesolowski
    Visual Information Specialist
    United States Department of State
    Global Publishing Solutions (A/GIS/GPS)
    Phone: 202-xxx-xxxx voicemail
    Phone: 202-xxx-xxxx direct

    UNCLASSIFIED
    From: Wesolowski, Monika
    Sent: Tuesday, June 13, 2017 12:50 PM
    To: Peterlin, Margaret JA
    Cc: Kenna, Lisa D
    Subject: Personal and Confidential
    Importance: High
    Dear Ms. Peterlin,
    I proudly attended Secretary of State Tillerson’s swearing in ceremony and have faith that he will be successful at the State Department. I would like to arrange a meeting with your office with the Secretary of State Mr. Rex Tillerson. It is imperative I speak to Mr. Tillerson. I do not feel safe at my office or at home, I have been under constant attack. I have had things happen to my family, myself, and in the office that I cannot talk about in email. I feel my life and health, as well as that of my family and those close to me, is in danger because of where I work and the people I work with, and their connections. I do not know who to trust and cannot trust Diplomatic Security here at DOS, my coworkers or upper management, especially not Ambassador Palmer, who is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Global Information Services. I was informed by my HR that Ambassador Palmer pushed for the Hatch Act for my having a photograph and items of President Trump in my cubicle after the election. The situation at work has been hostile and I have been harassed. Please let me know if you could speak with me or arrange a meeting with the Secretary. Please expect a call regarding this email just to verify.
    Thank you kindly,
    Monika A. Wesolowski
    Visual Information Specialist
    United States Department of State
    Global Publishing Solutions (A/GIS/GPS)
    Phone: xxx-xxx-xxxx voicemail
    Phone: 202-xxx-xxxx direct

     Conclusion

     I believe Monika’s best protection is the light of day. On that note, I would ask that all forward this article to your contact list. Secondly, if Tillerson’s office will not respond to this grave situation, then I would ask that everyone send this article to President Trump AND Attorney General Jeff Sessions. Finally, we need to keep the heat on this issue.


    OBUMMER CARE... ONE MASSIVE CON GAME ... AND YOU'RE THE SUCKER





    WILL THIS STOP THE CLINTONISTA/DNC BODY COUNT??? SO, THE JUDGE REFUSED TO PROTECT THESE WITNESSES ... IF ANYONE IS HARMED/MURDERED, THE BLOOD WILL BE ON HER HANDS. 




    GOVERNOR MOONBEAM GOES FULL-TILT COMMIE LUNATIC ... CALIFORNIANS, YOU HAVE THREE CHOICES: RISE AND SAVE YOURSELVES, LEAVE THE GOLDEN STATE, OR BE SACRIFICED ON THE ALTAR OF SATANIC INSANITY 





    YEAH, AT LEAST, CALIFORNIA IS SAYING MONSATANO'S ROUNDUP/GLYSOPHATE IS CANCER-CAUSING
    Neil deGrasse Tyson now pushing Monsanto propaganda alongside wife abuser and convicted felon
    Mike Adams
    Why am I not surprised? Neil deGrasse Tyson, who has become a mouthpiece for the GMO and chemical agricultural industries that poison the global food supply, is narrating a new documentary called "Food Evolution."
    The film pushes the same pro-GMO propaganda as a violent wife abuser who used to write for Forbes. Another fake science front group -- the ACSH -- appears in the film and is run by a convincted medical fraud FELON who spent years in prison (and now runs biotech propaganda campaigns for a living).
    Neil deGrasse Tyson has become a shameful betrayor of humanity and nature and an insult to real science.
    THE QUAKES ARE STILL SHAKING, RATTLING, ROLLING MOTHER EARTH ... THIS IS JUST ONE RECENT EXAMPLE 


    HERE IT IS, PROOF OF HOW THE AQUARIAN CONSPIRACY [THE BOOK] WORKS. 


    AIN'T THIS GREAT, LYING AI ROBOTS, ETC. 

    POLICE STATE AMERIKA, ONE MORE NEFARIOUS FASCIST TOOL 

    CORPORATE MONOPOLY ... WHY IS THIS NOT SURPRISING? 

    GEE, HOW VERY HUMANE. AT LEAST, YOU COULD EUTHENIZE THEM ... YOU SICKO SOCIOPATHS
          (USA-MI-Battle Creek) Medical Equipment Repairer - Biomedical Equipment Technician (BMET)   
Job Overview ## Job Overview ### Summary Vacancy Identification Number (VIN):1979351 OUR MISSION: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise – "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" – by serving and honoring the men and women who are America's Veterans. How would you like to become a part of a team providing compassionate care to Veterans? **Welcome to our Midwestern Frontier** Also known as "Cereal City," Battle Creek Michigan is strategically located midway between Chicago and Detroit. Battle Creek offers the serenity of country living and the cultural and recreational amenities offered in urban settings. Numerous parks are connected to the Battle Creek and Kalamazoo rivers and lakes and provide opportunities for hiking, fishing, canoeing, picnicking and other recreation. Community sporting, cultural, ethnic, historical, and holiday festivals provide plenty for residents to see and do. As a Battle Creek VA Medical Center professional, your opportunities are endless. With many openings in the multiple functions of VA, you will have a wide range of opportunities and leadership positions at your fingertips. Not only is the Department of Veterans Affairs the largest, most technologically advanced integrated health care system in the Nation, but we also provide many other services to our nations Veterans through the Veterans Benefits Administration and the Veterans National Cemeteries. Battle Creek VA Medical Center professionals not only feel good about their careers, but their ability to balance work as well as home life. The Battle Creek VAMC offers generous paid time off, and a variety of predictable and flexible scheduling opportunities. For more information on the Department of Veterans Affairs, go to http://www.vacareers.va.gov/ **Special Employment Consideration:** VA encourages persons with disabilities to apply, including those eligible for hiring under 5 CFR 213.3102(u), Schedule A, Appointment of persons with disabilities [i.e., intellectual disabilities, severe physical disabilities, or psychiatric disabilities], and/or Disabled veterans with a compensable service-connected disability of 30% or more. Contact the Agency Contact on the last page of the JOA for information on how to apply under this appointment authority via the Selective Placement Coordinator. For more information on the "Who may apply" eligibility requirements, please refer to the OHRM Status Candidates and Other Candidate Definitionsdocument. ### Duties **The Medical Equipment Repairer provides for the safe and reliable operation of medical equipment and systems used for the diagnosis and treatment of patients at the Battle Creek Healthcare Delivery System, which includes Battle Cree VAMC, Wyoming Health Care Center, and Community Based Outpatient Clinics located in Lansing, Muskegon, and Benton Harbor.** As a Medical equipment repairer the incumbent will install, modify, troubleshoot, maintain, test, calibrate, adjust, overhaul, and repair a wide variety of medical, laboratory, and dental equipment (electronic, electrical, and mechanical). Typical examples of equipment serviced include radiographic diagnostic and treatment units, cardiac defibrillators, hemodialysis units, ultracentrifuges, spectrophotometers, ultrasonic therapy equipment, electrophoresis apparatus, gas chromatographs, electron microscopes, X-ray units, electrocardiograph machines, cardiac monitors, electrosurgical units, electroencephalographs and radiography high speed film processors. They maintain and repair chemical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, vacuum, suction and pressure systems which may include water, steam, air, gas under pressure, and piped oxygen lines associated with equipment serviced. Medical equipment repairers determine nature and extent of repairs required by checking equipment for malfunctions, requiring the tracing of wiring, broken or worn parts, leaks, feedback, and interference. They check voltage tolerances, amperage, power supplies, wave shape, frequency resonance, deflection time, decay curve, gain, balance, and signal sensitivity against prescribed tolerances and specifications. The repairers plan and carry out work assignments using blueprints, schematic drawings, technical manuals, wiring diagrams, liquid and air flow sheets, and other specifications. Medical equipment repairers test equipment after repair and also new equipment to assure proper functioning; conduct preventive maintenance inspection of equipment; perform periodic checks to insure that using personnel are following proper preventive maintenance procedures; and may conduct on-the-job training for lower graded employees in the maintenance of medical, laboratory, and dental equipment. Medical equipment repairers make standard computations using algebraic expressions and shop formulas relating to load requirements of wiring and equipment. **The incumbent in this position will not be required to file a financial disclosure report.** **Work Schedule:** Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Schedule may be changed to meet the needs of the Veterans and the Medical Center; evening and weekend coverage may be required. **Position Description Title/PD#:** Medical Equipment Repairer, WG-4805-11, PD# 10068-0 ### Travel Required * Not Required ### Relocation Authorized * No Job Requirements ## Job Requirements ### Key Requirements * You must be a U.S. citizen to apply for this job. * Subject to a background/suitability investigation. * Designated and/or random drug testing may be required. * [time in grade requirement may be added] * Selective Service Registration is required for males born after 12/31/1959. ### Qualifications To qualify for this position, applicants must meet all requirements by the closing date of this announcement **Experience**: Your background must demonstrate experience of advanced knowledge and experience in the theories, techniques, and applications of advanced analog and digital electronics, electro-mechanics, microprocessor controls, computers, and computer networks. **You must also demonstrate a general knowledge of electricity, hydraulics, pneumatics, optics, physics, mathematics, chemistry, anatomy, physiology, and medical terminology.** A specific length of training and experience is not required, but you must show evidence of training or experience of sufficient scope and quality of your ability to do the work of this position. **Evidence which demonstrates you possess the knowledge, skills, and ability to perform the duties of this position must be supported by detailed descriptions of such on your resume or OF-612.** Applicants will be rated in accordance with the OPM Federal Wage System Job Grading Standard for Medical Equipment Repairing, 4805 Experience refers to paid and unpaid experience, including volunteer work done through National Service programs (e.g., Peace Corps, AmeriCorps) and other organizations (e.g., professional; philanthropic; religions; spiritual; community; student; social). Volunteer work helps build critical competencies, knowledge, and skills and can provide valuable training and experience that translates directly to paid employment. You will receive credit for all qualifying experience, including volunteer experience. **SCREEN-OUT ELEMENT:** Your qualifications will first be evaluated against the prescribed screen out element, which usually appears as question 1 in the on-line questionnaire. Those applicants who appear to possess at least the minimal acceptable qualification requirement are considered for further rating; those who do not are rated ineligible and are eliminated. The potential eligibles are then rated against the remainder of the questions. The screen-out element for this position is Ability to repair medical equipment and devices without more than normal supervision. **Note:** Only education or degrees recognized by the U.S. Department of Education from accredited colleges, universities, schools, or institutions may be used to qualify for Federal employment. You can verify your education here: http://ope.ed.gov/accreditation/. If you are using foreign education to meet qualification requirements, you must send a Certificate of Foreign Equivalency with your transcript in order to receive credit for that education. **Physical Requirements:**Work assignments involve standing, stooping, bending, and frequently working in cramped and awkward positions for prolonged periods. Medical equipment repairers continually lift from 5 to 18 kilograms (10 to 40 pounds) and, occasionally, objects weighing in excess of 18 kilograms (40 pounds). **Working Conditions:** Repairers perform work inside, in well lighted, heated, and ventilated areas. They are exposed to the possibility of cuts, bruises, scrapes, broken bones, and serious burns caused by electrical shock. Repairers work in contaminated and contagious disease areas, and with radiation and contaminated equipment. ### Security Clearance Public Trust - Background Investigation Additional Information ## Additional Information ### What To Expect Next After we receive application packages (including all required documents) and the vacancy announcement closes, we will review applications to ensure qualification and eligibility requirements are met. During our review, if your résumé and application package do not support your questionnaire answers, we will adjust your rating accordingly. After the review is complete, a referral certificate(s) is issued and applicants will be notified of their status by email (if provided); otherwise, applicants will receive a notification letter via the U.S. Postal Service. Referred applicants will be notified as such and may be contacted directly by the hiring office for an interview. All referred applicants receive a final notification once a selection decision has been made. You may check the status of your application at any time by logging into your USAJOBS account and clicking on “Application Status.” For a more detailed update of your status, click on “more information.” Information regarding applicant notification points can be found in the USAJobs Resource Center. #### BENEFITS VA offers a comprehensive benefits package. This link provides an overview of the benefits currently offered: http://www.vacareers.va.gov/why-choose-va/benefits/index.asp. VA supports the use of telework as a way to help attract and retain talented individuals in public service, increase worker productivity, and better prepare the agency to operate during emergencies. This position may be authorized for telework. Telework eligibility will be discussed during the interview process. ### Other Information **The Interagency Career Transition Assistance Plan (ICTAP) and Career Transition Assistance Plan CTAP)**provide eligible displaced Federal competitive service employees with selection priority over other candidates for competitive service vacancies. To be qualified you must submit appropriate documentation and be found well-qualified (have a final rating of 85 or more before any Veterans preference points) for this vacancy. Information about ICTAP and CTAP eligibility is on OPM's Career Transition Resources website. **Receiving Service Credit for Earning Annual (Vacation) Leave** : Federal Employees earn annual leave at a rate (4, 6 or 8 hours per pay period) which is based on the number of years they have served as a Federal employee. VA may offer newly-appointed Federal employee's credit for their job-related non-federal experience or active duty uniformed military service. This credited service can be used in determining the rate at which they earn annual leave. Such credit must be requested and approved prior to the appointment date and is not guaranteed. **Placement Policy:** The posting of this announcement does not obligate management to fill a vacancy or vacancies by promotion. The position may be filled by reassignment, change to lower grade, transfer, appointment, or reinstatement. Management may use any one or any combination of these methods to fill the position. It is the policy of the VA to not deny employment to those that have faced financial hardships or periods of unemployment. This job opportunity announcement may be used to fill additional vacancies. This job originated on www.usajobs.gov. For the full announcement and to apply, visit www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/473034400. Only resumes submitted according to the instructions on the job announcement listed at www.usajobs.gov will be considered. *Salary Range:* $25.63 to $29.91 / Per Hour *Series & Grade:* WG-4805-11/11 *Supervisory Status:* No *Who May Apply:* Current and former federal employees with competitive status, reinstatement eligible’s, Interagency Career Transition Assistance Program (ICTAP) eligible’s, Veterans (VEOA and 30% Disabled), and special non-competitive appointment eligible’s (e.g., Persons with Disabilities, Certain Military Spouses, Peace Corps and Vista Volunteers, etc.). *Control Number:* 473034400 *Job Announcement Number:* BI-17-081-DJJ-1979351-BU
          Good riddance chemicals: microbes are farming’s hot new pesticides   
ORGANICS ARE IN. Chemicals are out. With today’s food politics, the chemical fertilizers and pesticides that fantastically increased agricultural yields in the 20th century are looking…not so hot. So instead of synthesizing new chemicals, ag companies are trying out a new strategy: They’re looking to nature for inspiration. Where in nature? Just about anywhere—in plant extracts, […]
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Quality Control Technician - Chemistry   
**Job Description** **Company Information** **About Us** Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. (NYSE: TMO) is the world leader in serving science, with revenues of $18 billion and approximately 57,000 employees in 50 countries. Our mission is to enable our customers to make the world healthier, cleaner and safer. We help our customers accelerate life sciences research, solve complex analytical challenges, improve patient diagnostics and increase laboratory productivity. Through our premier brands – Thermo Scientific, Applied Biosystems, Invitrogen, Fisher Scientific and Unity Lab Services – we offer an unmatched combination of innovative technologies, purchasing convenience and comprehensive support. All of our employees share a common set of values - Integrity, Intensity, Innovation and Involvement. Our ability to grow year after year is driven by our ability to attract, develop and retain world-class people who will thrive in our environment and share in our desire to improve mankind by enabling our customers to make the world healthier, cleaner and safer. If you share in our values and if you're looking for an employer who is strongly committed to developing talent and rewarding achievement, come grow with us at Thermo Fisher Scientific. **Division Summary:** The Anatomical Pathology Division (APD) provides laboratories with the broadest portfolio of instrument and consumable solutions, from specimen collection and grossing to advanced staining and cover slipping. The Division generates $400MM in annual revenue and has 1,500 employees in 13 countries. The anatomical pathology product line includes Richard Allan Scientific, Erie Scientific, Microm, Shandon, and Lab Vision. **Position Summary:** The Lead Quality Control Chemistry Technician will assist in laboratory work for testing of raw materials, in-process samples (bulks / batches) and finished goods. The Lead QC Chemistry Technician will test samples using gas-chromatography (GC), UV-VIS spectrophotometry (UV-VIS), pH, Karl-Fisher titration, standard titration, and other analytical methods. The QC Chemistry Technician must document results with accuracy in electronic databases and in paper records. The Lead QC Chemistry Technician should be familiar with cGLP / cGMP / cGDP. He / she will partner with colleagues in the laboratory and in manufacturing to optimize production and to troubleshoot quality concerns. **Key Responsibilities:** + Follow site Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and Work Instructions (WI) + Analyze chemical raw material samples. + Analyze chemical bulk solution and finished goods samples for product release. + Maintain laboratory records (data integrity). + Maintain laboratory instruments. + Ability to work overtime and weekends to support manufacturing + Responsible for contributing to the continual quality & reliability improvement of APD products and services. + Ensuring policies, procedures and practices are in compliance with global quality & regulatory requirements and meet the needs of our customers & Quality Policy. + Responsible for performing tasks to support the quality system and quality policy as directed by QA/RA management. **Minimum Requirements/Qualifications:** + Bachelor’s Degree in a science related field (i.e. chemistry or biology) + Experience in an analytical chemistry laboratory preferred + Excellent communication and attention to detail + Ability to work independently and as part of a team, self-motivation, adaptability and a positive attitude + Must demonstrate strong organizational skills and be able to handle multiple assignments simultaneously + Must be willing to work with and around hazardous chemicals. + Must possess strong organizational skills. + Experience of working with FDA regulated products desired (Medical Device/IVD preferred) (pharmaceutical, dietary supplement or food experience is acceptable). + Knowledge of ISO13485 / FDA QSR 21 CFR Part 820 / 803 requirements preferred, 21 CFR Part 110, 111 or 211 is acceptable. + Excellent interpersonal skills + Excellent communication skills both written & oral + Excellent computer skills, particularly spreadsheets/graphical software tools (e.g. Excel) + Less than 5% travel (US & International) **Non-Negotiable Hiring Criteria:** + Bachelor’s Degree in a science related field (i.e. chemistry or biology) + Minimum 1 year of experience working in a laboratory setting Thermo Fisher Scientific is an EEO/Affirmative Action Employer and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, protected veteran status, disability or any other legally protected status.
          (USA-MI-Battle Creek) Physician-Hospitalist   
Job Overview ## Job Overview ### Summary BCVAHDS is a Joint Commission accredited, tertiary care teaching hospital located on 206 acres with approximately 30 buildings, serving 42,000 Veterans in 22 counties of the southwestern lower peninsula of Michigan. The VA Medical Center was the 100th VA hospital built in the United States and is located adjacent to the Historic Fort Custer Military Base, now a National Guard Training Center, which trained and deployed thousands of troops during World War I and World War II. In addition to our main facility in Battle Creek, Michigan, we offer services at our Wyoming Health Care Center, Wyoming, MI and three community based outpatient clinics in Muskegon, Benton Harbor, and Lansing. Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): T1936259 **OUR MISSION**: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise – "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" – by serving and honoring the men and women who are America's Veterans. How would you like to become a part of a team providing compassionate care to Veterans? Recruitment Incentive maybe available. Household Good Moves and government Home Buy-out is not currently available. ### Duties **ASSIGNED DUTIES:** Providing acute care in areas such as intermediate care and general medicine units for adults and geriatric veterans with a wide spectrum of diagnoses. Referral management on patients that may need to be admitted to our facility, conduct history and physical on new admissions, coordinating care while hospitalist and order all appropriate testing and procedures. Assisting with patient transfers for the next higher level of care, either within the VA system or urgently into the local community. Coordinating care, resolving problems affecting patient care and providing appropriate education the patient and/or family members regarding the patient's care, patient's illness and its management. Covering medical emergencies within the facility Providing MOD duties on rotation with other providers **Work Schedule:** Monday-Friday 8:00 am to 4:30 pm With MOD hours every 8-10 days. 7am-6pm weekend MOD on call rotation. Hours may be rotated or extended based upon the needs of the Medical Center or our Veterans. **The incumbent in this position will not be required to file a financial disclosure report.** ### Travel Required * Occasional Travel * Occasional Travel to surrounding CBOCs ### Relocation Authorized * No Job Requirements ## Job Requirements ### Key Requirements * Must pass pre-employment examination. * Designated and/or Random Drug Testing required. * Background and/or Security Investigation required. * Selective Service Registration is required for males born after 12/31/1959. * Must be proficient in written and spoken English. ### Qualifications **Basic Requirements**: * Citizenship of the United States. Noncitizens may be appointed when it is not possible to recruit qualified citizens in accordance with Department of Veterans Affairs policy. * Degree of doctor of medicine or an equivalent degree resulting from a course of education in medicine or osteopathic medicine. The degree must have been obtained from one of the schools approved by the Department of Veterans Affairs for the year in which the course of study was completed. * Current, full and unrestricted license to practice medicine or surgery in a State, Territory, or Commonwealth of the United States, or in the District of Columbia. * Completion of a first-year residency, or its equivalent, approved by the Department of Veterans Affairs for the year in which it was completed. * Proficiency in spoken and written English. * Physical requirements outlined below. **Preferred Experience**: Hospitalist experience and ACLS Certification Experience refers to paid and unpaid experience, including volunteer work done through National Service programs (e.g., Peace Corps, AmeriCorps) and other organizations (e.g., professional; philanthropic; religions; spiritual; community; student; social). Volunteer work helps build critical competencies, knowledge, and skills and can provide valuable training and experience that translates directly to paid employment. You will receive credit for all qualifying experience, including volunteer experience. **Reference**: VA Regulations, specifically VA Handbook 5005, Part II, Appendix G-2 Physician Qualification Standard. This can be found in the local Human Resources Office. **Note****:** Only education or degrees recognized by the U.S. Department of Education from accredited colleges, universities, schools, or institutions may be used to qualify for Federal employment. You can verify your education here: http://ope.ed.gov/accreditation/. If you are using foreign education to meet qualification requirements, you must send a Certificate of Foreign Equivalency with your transcript in order to receive credit for that education. **Physical Requirements**: Work consists primarily of professional activities in an office environment, environmental health hazards are minimal and do not involve significant exposure to unusual chemical, radiological, bacteriological, or similar hazards. ### Security Clearance Public Trust - Background Investigation Additional Information ## Additional Information ### What To Expect Next After we receive application packages (including all required documents) and the vacancy announcement closes, we will review applications to ensure qualification and eligibility requirements are met. During our review, if your résumé and application package do not support your questionnaire answers, we will adjust your rating accordingly. After the review is complete, a referral certificate(s) is issued and applicants will be notified of their status by email (if provided); otherwise, applicants will receive a notification letter via the U.S. Postal Service. Referred applicants will be notified as such and may be contacted directly by the hiring office for an interview. All referred applicants receive a final notification once a selection decision has been made. You may check the status of your application at any time by logging into your USAJOBS account and clicking on "Application Status." For a more detailed update of your status, click on "more information." Information regarding applicant notification points can be found in the USAJobs Resource Center. #### BENEFITS VA offers a comprehensive benefits package. The VHA physician brochure provides an overview of the benefits associated with a VA practice. Annual leave shall accrue for full-time physicians at the rate of 26 days per leave year (1 day per pay period). ### Other Information It is the policy of the VA to not deny employment to those that have faced financial hardships or periods of unemployment. This job opportunity announcement may be used to fill additional vacancies. VA encourages persons with disabilities to apply. The health related positions in VA are covered by Title 38, and are not covered by the Schedule A excepted appointment authority. This job originated on www.usajobs.gov. For the full announcement and to apply, visit www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/466876100. Only resumes submitted according to the instructions on the job announcement listed at www.usajobs.gov will be considered. *Salary Range:* $100,957.00 to $264,000.00 / Per Year *Series & Grade:* VM-0602-00/00 *Supervisory Status:* No *Who May Apply:* United States Citizens *Control Number:* 466876100 *Job Announcement Number:* BI-17T553-MDM-1936259-BU
          (USA-MI-Battle Creek) Lead EVS Attendant   
**SCOPE OF POSITION:** Responsible for providing guidance and training to EVS Team Members, ensuring approved Company policies, procedures and standards are adhered to in order to maintain the highest level of cleanliness. **ESSENTIAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:** The following is a list of the main duties and responsibilities. However, other duties may be assigned as deemed necessary by management. All duties must be performed in accordance with Tribal, Federal, and other applicable requirements, organizational specific policies, procedures and practices. * Responsible for distributing keys, radios and supplies to the EVS Attendants on assigned shift. Makes sure equipment is signed out/in properly at beginning and end of shift, and ensures the proper use of supplies and equipment at all times. * Continuously monitors all EVS operations to ensure Team Members are in their assigned areas. Checks to make sure Team Members have proper supplies and equipment to complete the job. * Trains all Team Members in the proper techniques of using chemicals. Makes sure all bottles are labeled properly and ensures chemical bottles have proper chemical labels. * Maintains all work areas and ensures EVS equipmentis functioning properly in accordance with safety standards. Reports any hazardous conditions or broken equipment immediately to EVS Manager. * Responsible for employees complying with established safety standards when using equipment and supplies. * Assists in performing housekeeping duties as required. * Maintains the highest level of confidentiality. * Responsible for maintaining a consistent, regular attendance record as outlined in the FireKeepers Casino Hotel Attendance Policy. * Outstanding example of and a credit to FireKeepers Casino Hotel. * Interacts with guests and other casino departments in a professional and courteous manner. **MINIMUM REQUIRED QUALIFICATIONS** An applicant’s education, training and experience must be sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant possesses the ability to successfully perform each of the essential duties and responsibilities satisfactorily. FireKeepers reserves the right to verify the sufficiency of a candidate’s education, training and competencies through the interview process, testing and methods. The requirements listed below are generally representative of the education, experience, and skills and/or abilities required to enable one to successfully perform the essential duties and responsibilities: High School diploma or GED. One year Housekeeping or EVS Attendant experience. **GENERAL OR PREFERRED QUALIFICATIONS** One year supervisory experience. **LANGUAGE SKILLS** Ability to read and interpret documents such as safety rules, operating and maintenance instruction, and procedure manuals. Ability to write routine reportsand correspondence. Ability to speak effectively before groups of customers or employees of organization. **MATHEMATICAL SKILLS** Ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide in all units of measure, using whole numbers, common fractions and decimal, and work with mathematical such as probability and statistical inference. **REASONING ABILITY** Ability to define problems, collect data, establish facts, and draw conclusions. Ability to interpret an extensive variety of technical instructions in mathematical or diagram form and deal with several abstract and concrete variables. **PHYSICAL & ENVIRONMENTAL DEMANDS:** The physical demands described here are representative of those that must be met by a Team Member to successfully perform the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. While performing the duties of this position, a Team Member is regularly required to talk or to hear. The Team Member is also regularly required to stand, walk, sit, and use hands to handle or feel objects, tools or controls. A Team Member is occasionally required to reach with hands and arms, and to sit; climb or balance; and stoop, kneel, crouch or crawl. Specific vision abilities required by this job include close vision, distance vision, color vision, peripheral vision, depth perception and the ability to adjust focus. Work is performed throughout all areas of the facility where the noise level varies from quiet to loud depending upon business. Must be able to work in a smoke filled environment. *INDIAN PREFERENCE* *Indian preference will be applied in the selection of qualified applicants in accordance with the NHBP Indian Preference in Employment Code, which affords employment preferences to NHBP Tribal citizens, parents or spouses of NHBP citizens and other Native Americans. For purposes of this preference, NHBP law defines "Native American" as: (a) an enrolled member of any other federally-recognized Indian tribes; (b) an enrolled member of a Canadian Indian tribe or First Nation; or (c) an enrolled member of the Grand River Band of Ottawa Indians or the Burt Lake Band of Ottawa/Chippewa Indians.* FireKeepers Casino Hotel reserves the right to make changes to the above job description as necessary. *Date Posted:* 6/28/2017 *Job Code:* LeadEVSAttndt *Location:* FireKeepers Casino Hotel *Address:* 11177 Michigan Ave *City:* Battle Creek *State:* MI *Country:* United States of America
          Principal Geochemist - SRK Consulting - Vancouver, BC   
SRK has an unparalleled reputation for delivering high-quality innovative solutions to geochemical problems while interacting closely with mining engineering...
From SRK Consulting - Tue, 06 Jun 2017 01:56:09 GMT - View all Vancouver, BC jobs
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Sr EHS Specialist   
Expertise in General Industry Contractor Safety - especially in the highly technical and scientific areas.•Knowledge and experience with implementing programs that meet and exceed MIOSHA General Industry and Contractor Safety Regulations.•Solid experience in building successful safety cultures and demonstrates the ability to successfully influence and engage with multiple levels of the organizations, has the ability to lead cross functional teams. Demonstrates key leader behaviors (i.e. respect for people, collaboration, etc.)•A high degree of proficiency with common computer programs, such as Word, Powerpoint, and Excel is required along with excellent interpersonal and communication skills.•The ability to solve complex technical problems and provide expert technical support, managing projects and multi-tasking is a must. Other Principle Accountabilities:1. Provide expert health and safety support to Pfizer colleagues, contractors, and operations.2. Administer comprehensive programs to facilitate Pfizer compliance with Federal, State and Local regulations as well as Pfizer standards addressing General Industry and Construction safety.3. Analyze existing and planned products, processes, training, equipment, facilities and programs to develop and implement proactive strategies to minimize incidents and process deviation.4. Provide expert technical and policy direction to Pfizer assigned business areas relative to Safety.Evaluates Safety and Contractor Safety risks and provides key support to the Kalamazoo site for the purposes of ensuring a high standard of compliance to all relevant regulations and Pfizer standards.Successfully implements safety programs serving as a technical expert for such disciplines. Independently or in conjunction with a team, successfully uses recognized system analysis tools to perform risk assessments, incident investigations, program auditing that result in identifying value-added technically feasible improvements.Successfully manages projects, is process minded and demonstrates the ability to build and execute action plans both individually and through project teams to ensure alignment in pursuit of organizational deliverables.Works closely with other EHS professionals, Engineering, Medical Emergency personnel, and Site Operating Units (at a variety of levels), to improve the safety and health of colleagues and associated systems along with ensuring compliance with such programs. Responsible for the interpretation and application of hazard data as it pertains to assessing risk.Working with key stakeholders evaluate the technical, safety and regulatory impact of proposed equipment and process changes as it applies to Safety provide leadership in risk-based decision making. Responsible for leading comprehensive Risk Assessments including Job Hazard Analysis (JHAs) on both existing processes/facilities and capital projects. Provide technical support/review for the evaluation of machine guarding, lockout, hotwork, fall protection, confined space entry, safe work permitting practices along with critical crane lifts, excavations and demonlition projections for the site. Act as the primary technical expert in assigned subject areas such as , confined space, safe work permitting, fall protection, and the practical applications of these results to capital project reviews, emergency planning and compliance with Pfizer Global EHS standards.The successful candidate will have a Bachelor Degree in Health Safety, Engineering or closely related discipline and a minimum of 5-7 years of relevant professional experience. Board certification as a Certified Safety Professional (CSP) or a Chemical Engineer is a plus. Practical experience in Manufacturing or Engineering is not required but desirable.Experiences in effectively interpreting, implementation and execution of both external (MIOSHA Ge
           The influence of chemical additives on surface charge and hardness of hematite    
Pitchai, N and Nayak, UB and Lahiri, AK (1991) The influence of chemical additives on surface charge and hardness of hematite. In: International Journal of Mineral Processing, 31 (1-2). pp. 139-144.
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Senior Scientist/Principal Scientist   
SENIOR SCIENTIST/PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST BIOPHARMACEUTICAL ANALYTICAL DEVELOPMENT Zoetis is a global animal health company dedicated to supporting customers and their businesses . Building on 60 years of experience, we deliver quality medicines, biopharmaceuticals and vaccines, complemented by diagnostic products and genetic tests and supported by a range of services. We are working every day to better understand and address the real-world challenges faced by those who raise and care for animals in ways they find truly relevant. Zoetis discovers, develops and manufacturesa diverse portfolio of animal health medicines, biopharmaceuticals and vaccines designed to meet the real-world needs of veterinarians and the livestock farmers and companion animal owners they support. Zoetis has the first monoclonal antibody therapy for treating atopic dermatitis in dogs. We are currently seeking to fill new positions to support our growing biopharmaceutical portfolio. Zoetis Veterinary Medicine Research and Development, Analytical Sciences in Kalamazoo, MI, and Lincoln, NE, is seeking an analytical scientist at the Senior Scientist/Principal Scientist level. Responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the following: * Represent Analytical Sciences on project teams, collaborating closely with scientists from Process Development, Biologicals Research, Clinical, Regulatory, Project Management, and Manufacturing to deliver robust methods and products. * Design and conduct laboratory experiments including analytical method development, validation and transfer. Primary techniques are HPLC, capillary electrophoresis, spectroscopic, thermal, and microplate assays. * Perform analytical methods necessary for the characterization and release of process and formulation samples * Design, set up, and conduct stability and other hypothesis driven studies. * Develop and/or adopt new analytical technology, as appropriate, to advance programs with significant analytical technical and timeline challenges. * Document and communicate results in laboratory notebooks, technical reports, and oral presentations. * Collaborate with other scientists in a variety of technical disciplines including Process Development, Biological Research, Clinical, Regulatory, Project Management, Quality Control and Manufacturing. * Assist in the preparation and writing of regulatory filings. * Provide input into project plans, keep relevant sections of project plans current, and execute plans according to agreed timelines and budgets. Minimum Qualifications: * PhD in Analytical Chemistry, Biochemistry, or a related discipline with 0-4 or BS/MS with at least 8-10 years hands-on industry experience in protein characterization and methods development. * Experience developing, validating and transferring biopharmaceutical analytical methods * Pharmaceutical industry and biopharmaceutical development experience in a laboratory setting * Skills and past experience in experimental design, technical problem solving and continuous improvement * Good oral and written communication skills Preferred Qualifications: * Experience with immunological, biochemical and physico
           Kinetics of Chemical Vapor Deposition    
Subrahmanyam, J and Lahiri, AK and Abraham, KP (1980) Kinetics of Chemical Vapor Deposition. In: Journal of Electrochemical Society, 127 (6). pp. 1394-1399.
          PENCEMARAN AIR   
Nama :M Dwi Kurniyarto
No :15
Kelas :XI ips 4-2012

PENCEMARAN AIR :
SUMBER, DAMPAK DAN PENANGGULANGANNYA


PENGERTIAN PENCEMARAN AIR

1. Apa yang disebut Pencemaran Air ?
Istilah pencemaran air atau polusi air dapat dipersepsikan berbeda oleh satu orang dengan orang lainnya mengingat banyak pustaka acuan yang merumuskan definisi istilah tersebut, baik dalam kamus atau buku teks ilmiah. Pengertian pencemaran air juga didefinisikan dalam Peraturan Pemerintah, sebagai turunan dari pengertian pencemaran lingkungan hidup yang didefinisikan dalam undang-undang. Dalam praktek operasionalnya, pencemaran lingkungan hidup tidak pernah ditunjukkan secara utuh, melainkan sebagai pencemaraan dari komponen-komponen lingkungan hidup, seperti pencemaran air, pencemaran air laut, pencemaran air tanah dan pencemaran udara. Dengan demikian, definisi pencemaran air mengacu pada definisi lingkungan hidup yang ditetapkan dalam UU tentang lingkungan hidup yaitu UU No. 23/1997.
Dalam PP No. 20/1990 tentang Pengendalian Pencemaran Air, pencemaran air didefinisikan sebagai : “pencemaran air adalah masuknya atau dimasukkannya mahluk hidup, zat, energi dan atau komponen lain ke dalam air oleh kegiaan manusia sehingga kualitas air turun sampai ke tingkat tertentu yang menyebabkan air tidak berfungsi lagi sesuai dengan peruntukannya” (Pasal 1, angka 2). Definisi pencemaran air tersebut dapat diuraikan sesuai makna pokoknya menjadi 3 (tga) aspek, yaitu aspek kejadian, aspek penyebab atau pelaku dan aspek akibat (Setiawan, 2001).
Berdasarkan definisi pencemaran air, penyebab terjadinya pencemaran dapat berupa masuknya mahluk hidup, zat, energi atau komponen lain ke dalam air sehingga menyebabkan kualitas air tercemar. Masukan tersebut sering disebut dengan istilah unsur pencemar, yang pada prakteknya masukan tersebut berupa buangan yang bersifat rutin, misalnya buangan limbah cair. Aspek pelaku/penyebab dapat yang disebabkan oleh alam, atau oleh manusia. Pencemaran yang disebabkan oleh alam tidak dapat berimplikasi hukum, tetapi Pemerintah tetap harus menanggulangi pencemaran tersebut. Sedangkan aspek akibat dapat dilihat berdasarkan penurunan kualitas air sampai ke tingkat tertentu. Pengertian tingkat tertentu dalam definisi tersebut adalah tingkat kualitas air yang menjadi batas antara tingkat tak-cemar (tingkat kualitas air belum sampai batas) dan tingkat cemar (kualitas air yang telah sampai ke batas atau melewati batas). Ada standar baku mutu tertentu untuk peruntukan air. Sebagai contoh adalah pada UU Kesehatan No. 23 tahun 1992 ayat 3 terkandung makna bahwa air minum yang dikonsumsi masyarakat, harus memenuhi persyaratan kualitas maupun kuantitas, yang persyaratan kualitas tettuang dalam Peraturan Mentri Kesehatan No. 146 tahun 1990 tentang syarat-syarat dan pengawasan kualitas air. Sedangkan parameter kualitas air minum/air bersih yang terdiri dari parameter kimiawi, fisik, radioaktif dan mikrobiologi, ditetapkan dalam PERMENKES 416/1990 (Achmadi, 2001).

2.2. Indikator Pencemaran Air
Indikator atau tanda bahwa air lingkungan telah tercemar adalah adanya perubahan atau tanda yang dapat diamati yang dapat digolongkan menjadi :
- Pengamatan secara fisis, yaitu pengamatan pencemaran air berdasarkan tingkat kejernihan air (kekeruhan), perubahan suhu, warna dan adanya perubahan warna, bau dan rasa
- Pengamatan secara kimiawi, yaitu pengamatan pencemaran air berdasarkan zat kimia yang terlarut, perubahan pH
- Pengamatan secara biologis, yaitu pengamatan pencemaran air berdasarkan mikroorganisme yang ada dalam air, terutama ada tidaknya bakteri pathogen.
Indikator yang umum diketahui pada pemeriksaan pencemaran air adalah pH atau konsentrasi ion hydrogen, oksigen terlarut (Dissolved Oxygen, DO), kebutuhan oksigen biokimia (Biochemiycal Oxygen Demand, BOD) serta kebutuhan oksigen kimiawi (Chemical Oxygen Demand, COD).
Oksigen terlarut (DO)
Tanpa adanya oksegen terlarut, banyak mikroorganisme dalam air tidak dapat hidup karena oksigen terlarut digunakan untuk proses degradasi senyawa organic dalam air. Oksigen dapat dihasilkan dari atmosfir atau dari reaksi fotosintesa algae. Oksigen yang dihasilkan dari reaksi fotosintesa algae tidak efisien, karena oksigen yang terbentuk akan digunakan kembali oleh algae untuk proses metabolisme pada saat tidak ada cahaya. Kelarutan oksigen dalam air tergantung pada temperature dan tekanan atmosfir. Berdasarkan data-data temperature dan tekanan, maka kalarutan oksigen jenuh dalam air pada 25o C dan tekanan 1 atmosfir adalah 8,32 mg/L (Warlina, 1985).
Kadar oksigen terlarut yang tinggi tidak menimbulkan pengaruh fisiologis bagi manusia. Ikan dan organisme akuatik lain membutuhkan oksigen terlarut dengan jumlah cukup banyak. Kebutuhan oksigen ini bervariasi antar organisme. Keberadaan logam berta yang berlebihan di perairan akan mempengaruhi system respirasi organisme akuatik, sehingga pada saat kadar oksigen terlarut rendah dan terdapat logam berat dengan konsentrasi tinggi, organisme akuatik menjadi lebih menderita (Tebbut, 1992 dalam Effendi, 2003).
Pada siang hari, ketika matahari bersinar terang, pelepasan oksigen oleh proses fotosintesa yang berlangsung intensif pada lapisan eufotik lebih besar daripada oksigen yang dikonsumsi oleh proses respirasi. Kadar oksigen terlarut dapat melebihi kadar oksigen jenuh, sehingga perairan mengalami supersaturasi. Sedangkan pada malam hari, tidak ada fotosintesa, tetapi respirasi terus berlangsung. Pola perubahan kadar oksigen ini mengakibatkan terjadinya fluktuasi harian oksigen pada lapisan eufotik perairan. Kadar oksigen maksimum terjadi pada sore hari dan minimum pada pagi hari.
Kebutuhan Oksigen Biokimia (BOD)
Dekomposisi bahan organic terdiri atas 2 tahap, yaitu terurainya bahan organic menjadi anorganik dan bahan anorganik yang tidak stabil berubah menjadi bahan anorganik yang stabil, misalnya ammonia mengalami oksidasi menjadi nitrit atau nitrat (nitrifikasi). Pada penentuan nilai BOD, hanya dekomposisi tahap pertama ynag berperan, sedangkan oksidasi bahan anorganik (nitrifikasi) dianggap sebagai zat pengganggu.
Dengan demikian, BOD adalah banyaknya oksigen yang dibutuhkan oleh mikroorganisme dalam lingkungan air untuk memecah (mendegradasi) bahan buangan organic yang ada dalam air menjadi karbondioksida dan air. Pada dasarnya, proses oksidasi bahan organic berlangsung cukup lama. Menurut Sawyer dan McCarty, 1978 (Effendi, 2003) proses penguraian bahan buangan organic melalui proses oksidasi oleh mikroorganisme atau oleh bakteri aerobic adalah :
CnHaObNc + (n + a/4 – b/2 – 3c/4) O2 → n CO2 + (a/2 – 3c/2) H2O + c NH3
Bahan organic oksigen bakteri aerob

Untuk kepentingan praktis, proses oksidasi dianggap lengkap selama 20 hari, tetapi penentuan BOD selama 20 hari dianggap masih cukup lama. Penentuan BOD ditetapkan selam 5 hari inkubasi, maka biasa disebut BOD5. Selain memperpendek waktu yang diperlukan, hal ini juga dimaksudkan untuk meminimumkan pengaruh oksidasi ammonia yang menggunakan oksigen juga. Selama 5 hari masa inkubasi, diperkirakan 70% - 80% bahan organic telah mengalami oksidasi. (Effendi, 2003).
Jumlah mikroorganisme dalam air lingkungan tergantung pada tingkat kebersihan air. Air yang bersih relative mengandung mikroorganisme lebih sedikit dibandingkan yang tercemar. Air yang telah tercemar oleh bahan buangan yang bersifat antiseptic atau bersifat racun, seperti fenol, kreolin, detergen, asam cianida, insektisida dan sebagainya, jumlah mikroorganismenya juga relative sedikit. Sehingga makin besar kadar BOD nya, maka merupakan indikasi bahwa perairan tersebut telah tercemar, sebagai contoh adalah kadar maksimum BOD5 yang diperkenankan untuk kepentingan air minum dan menopang kehidupan organisme akuatik adalah 3,0 – 6,0 mg/L berdasarkan UNESCO/WHO/UNEP, 1992. Sedangkan berdasarkan Kep.51/MENKLH/10/1995 nilai BOD5 untuk baku mutu limbah cair bagi kegiatan industri golongan I adalah 50 mg/L dan golongan II adalah 150 mg/L.

Kebutuhan Oksigen Kimiawi (COD)
COD adalah jumlah oksigen yang diperlukan agar bahan buangan yang ada dalam air dapat teroksidasi melalui reaksi kimia baik yang dapat didegradasi secara biologis maupun yang sukar didegradasi. Bahan buangan organic tersebut akan dioksidasi oleh kalium bichromat yang digunakan sebagai sumber oksigen (oxidizing agent) menjadi gas CO2 dan gas H2O serta sejumlah ion chrom. Reaksinya sebagai berikut :
HaHbOc + Cr2O7 2- + H + → CO2 + H2O + Cr 3+
Jika pada perairan terdapat bahan organic yang resisten terhadap degradasi biologis, misalnya tannin, fenol, polisacharida dansebagainya, maka lebih cocok dilakukan pengukuran COD daripada BOD. Kenyataannya hampir semua zat organic dapat dioksidasi oleh oksidator kuat seperti kalium permanganat dalam suasana asam, diperkirakan 95% - 100% bahan organic dapat dioksidasi.
Seperti pada BOD, perairan dengan nilai COD tinggi tidak diinginkan bagi kepentingan perikanan dan pertanian. Nilai COD pada perairan yang tidak tercemar biasanya kurang dari 20 mg/L, sedangkan pada perairan tercemar dapat lebih dari 200 mg/L dan pada limbah industri dapat mencapai 60.000 mg/L (UNESCO,WHO/UNEP, 1992).

III. SUMBER PENCEMARAN AIR

Banyak penyebab sumber pencemaran air, tetapi secara umum dapat dikategorikan menjadi 2 (dua) yaitu sumber kontaminan langsung dan tidak langsung. Sumber langsung meliputi efluen yang keluar dari industri, TPA sampah, rumah tangga dan sebagainya. Sumber tak langsung adalah kontaminan yang memasuki badan air dari tanah, air tanah atau atmosfir berupa hujan (Pencemaran Ling. Online, 2003). Pada dasarnya sumber pencemaran air berasal dari industri, rumah tangga dan pertanian. Tanah dan air tanah mengandung sisa dari aktivitas pertanian misalnya pupuk dan pestisida. Kontaminan dari atmosfir juga berasal dari aktifitas manusia yaitu pencemaran udara yang menghasilkan hujan asam.
Pengaruh bahan pencemar yang berupa gas, bahan terlarut, dan partikulat terhadap lingkungan perairan dan kesehatan manusia dapat ditunjukkan secara skematik sebagai berikut :

Gambar : Bagan Pengaruh Beberapa Jenis Bahan Pencemar terhadap
Lingkungan Perairan


3.1. Komponen Pencemaran Air
Saat ini hampir 10 juta zat kimia telah dikenal manusia, dan hampir 100.000 zat kimia telah digunakan secara komersial. Kebanyakan sisa zat kimia tersebut dibuang ke badan air atau air tanah. Sebagai contoh adalah pestisida yang biasa digunakan di pertanian, industri atau rumah tangga, detergen yang biasa digunakan di rumah tangga atau PCBs yang biasa digunakan pada alat-alat elektronik.
Erat kaitannya dengan masalah indikator pencemaran air, ternyata komponen pencemaran air turut menentukan bagaimana indikator tersebut terjadi. Menurut Wardhana (1995), komponen pencemaran air dapat dikelompokkan sebagai bahan buangan:
1. padat
2. organic dan olahan bahan makanan
3. anorganik
4. cairan berminyak
5. berupa panas
6. zat kimia.

3.1.1. Bahan buangan padat
Yang dimaksud bahan buangan padat adalah adalah bahan buangan yang berbentuk padat, baik yang kasar atau yang halus, misalnya sampah. Buangan tersebut bila dibuang ke air menjadi pencemaran dan akan menimbulkan pelarutan, pengendapan ataupun pembentukan koloidal.
Apabila bahan buangan padat tersebut menimbulkan pelarutan, maka kepekatan atau berat jenis air akan naik. Kadang-kadang pelarutan ini disertai pula dengan perubahan warna air. Air yang mengandung larutan pekat dan berwarna gelap akan mengurangi penetrasi sinar matahari ke dalam air. Sehingga proses fotosintesa tanaman dalam air akan terganggu. Jumlah oksigen terlarut dalam air menjadi berkurang, kehidupan organisme dalam air juga terganggu.
Terjadinya endapan di dasar perairan akan sangat mengganggu kehidupan organisme dalam air, karena endapan akan menutup permukaan dasar air yang mungkin mengandung telur ikan sehingga tidak dapat menetas. Selain itu, endapan juga dapat menghalangi sumber makanan ikan dalam air serta menghalangi datangnya sinar matahari.
Pembentukan koloidal terjadi bila buangan tersebut berbentuk halus, sehingga sebagian ada yang larut dan sebagian lagi ada yang melayang-layang sehingga air menjadi keruh. Kekeruhan ini juga menghalangi penetrasi sinar matahari, sehingga menghambat fotosintesa dan berkurangnya kadar oksigen dalam air.

3.1.2. Bahan buangan organic dan olahan bahan makanan
Bahan buangan organic umumnya berupa limbah yang dapat membusuk atau terdegradasi oleh mikroorganisme, sehingga bila dibuang ke perairan akan menaikkan populasi mikroorganisme. Kadar BOD dalam hal ini akan naik. Tidak tertutup kemungkinan dengan berambahnya mikroorganisme dapat berkembang pula bakteri pathogen yang berbahaya bagi manusia. Demikian pula untuk buangan olahan bahan makanan yang sebenarnya adalah juga bahan buangan organic yang baunya lebih menyengat. Umumnya buangan olahan makanan mengandung protein dan gugus amin, maka bila didegradasi akan terurai menjadi senyawa yang mudah menguap dan berbau busuk (misal. NH3).

3.1.3. Bahan buangan anorganik
Bahan buangan anorganik sukar didegradasi oleh mikroorganisme, umumnya adalah logam. Apabila masuk ke perairan, maka akan terjadi peningkatan jumlah ion logam dalam air. Bahan buangan anorganik ini biasanya berasal dari limbah industri yag melibatkan penggunaan unsure-unsur logam seperti timbal (Pb), Arsen (As), Cadmium (Cd), air raksa atau merkuri (Hg), Nikel (Ni), Calsium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg) dll.
Kandungan ion Mg dan Ca dalam air akan menyebabkan air bersifat sadah. Kesadahan air yang tinggi dapat merugikan karena dapat merusak peralatan yang terbuat dari besi melalui proses pengkaratan (korosi). Juga dapat menimbulkan endapan atau kerak pada peralatan.
Apabila ion-ion logam berasal dari logam berat maupun yang bersifat racun seperti Pb, Cd ataupun Hg, maka air yang mengandung ion-ion logam tersebut sangat berbahaya bagi tubuh manusia, air tersebut tidak layak minum.

3.1.4. Bahan buangan cairan berminyak
Bahan buangan berminyak yang dibuang ke air lingkungan akan mengapung menutupi permukaan air. Jika bahan buangan minyak mengandung senyawa yang volatile, maka akan terjadi penguapan dan luas permukaan minyak yang menutupi permukaan air akan menyusut. Penyusutan minyak ini tergantung pada jenis minyak dan waktu. Lapisan minyak pada permukaan air dapat terdegradasi oleh mikroorganisme tertentu, tetapi membutuhkan waktu yang lama.
Lapisan minyak di permukaan akan mengganggu mikroorganisme dalam air. Ini disebabkan lapisan tersebut akan menghalangi diffusi oksigen dari udara ke dalam air, sehingga oksigen terlarut akan berkurang. Juga lapisan tersebut akan menghalangi masuknya sinar matahari ke dalam air, sehingga fotosintesapun terganggu. Selain itu, burungpun ikut terganggu, karena bulunya jadi lengket, tidak dapat mengembang lagi akibat kena minyak.

3.1.5. Bahan buangan berupa panas (polusi thermal)
Perubahan kecil pada temperatur air lingkungan bukan saja dapat menghalau ikan atau spesies lainnya, namun juga akan mempercepat proses biologis pada tumbuhan dan hewan bahkan akan menurunkan tingkat oksigen dalam air. Akibatnya akan terjadi kematian pada ikan atau akan terjadi kerusakan ekosistem. Untuk itu, polusi thermal inipun harus dihindari. Sebaiknya industri-industri jika akan membuang air buangan ke perairan harus memperhatikan hal ini.

3.1.6. Bahan buangan zat kimia
Bahan buangan zat kimia banyak ragamnya, tetapi dalam bahan pencemar air ini akan dikelompokkan menjadi :
a. Sabun (deterjen, sampo dan bahan pembersih lainnya),
b. Bahan pemberantas hama (insektisida),
c. Zat warna kimia,
d. Zat radioaktif
a. Sabun
Adanya bahan buangan zat kimia yang berupa sabun (deterjen, sampo dan bahan pembersih lainnya) yang berlebihan di dalam air ditandai dengan timbulnya buih-buih sabun pada permukaan air. Sebenarnya ada perbedaan antara sabun dan deterjen serta bahan pembersih lainnya. Sabun berasal dari asam lemak (stearat, palmitat atau oleat) yang direaksikan dengan basa Na(OH) atau K(OH), berdasarkan reaksi kimia berikut ini :
C17H35COOH + Na(OH) → C17H35COONa + H2O
Asam stearat basa sabun
Sabun natron (sabun keras) adalah garam natrium asam lemak seperti pada contoh reaksi di atas. Sedangkan sabun lunak adalah garam kalium asam lemak yang diperoleh dari reaksi asam lemak dengan basa K(OH). Sabun lemak diberi pewarna yang menarik dan pewangi (parfum) yang enak serta bahan antiseptic seperti pada sabun mandi. Beberapa sifat sabun antara lain adalah sebagai berikut :
a. Larutan sabun mempunyai sifat membersihkan karena dapat mengemulsikan
kotoran yang melekat pada badan atau pakaian
b. Sabun dengan air sadah tidak dapat membentuk busa, tapi akan membentuk
endapan :
2 (C17H35COONa) + CaSO4 → (C17H35COO)2Ca + Na2SO4
endapan
c. Larutan sabun bereaksi basa karena terjadi hidrolisis sebagian.
Sedangkan deterjen adalah juga bahan pembersih sepeti halnya sabun, akan tetapi dibuat dari senyawa petrokimia. Deterjen mempunyai kelebihan dibandingkan dengan sabun, karena dapat bekerja pada air sadah. Bahan deterjen yang umum digunakan adalah dedocylbenzensulfonat. Deterjen dalam air akan mengalami ionisassi membentuk komponen bipolar aktif yang akan mengikat ion Ca dan/atau ion Mg pada air sadah. Komponen bipolar aktif terbentuk pada ujung dodecylbenzen-sulfonat. Untuk dapat membersihkan kotoran dengan baik, deterjen diberi bahan pembentuk yang bersifat alkalis. Contoh bahan pembentuk yang bersifat alkalis adalah natrium tripoliposfat.
Bahan buangan berupa sabun dan deterjen di dalam air lingkungan akan mengganggu karena alasan berikut :
a. Larutan sabun akan menaikkan pH air sehingga dapat menggangg kehidupan
organisme di dalam air. Deterjen yang menggunakan bahan non-Fosfat akan
menaikkan pH air sampai sekitar 10,5-11
b. Bahan antiseptic yang ditambahkan ke dalam sabun/deterjen juga mengganggu
kehidupan mikro organisme di dalam air, bahkan dapat mematikan
c. Ada sebagian bahan sabun atau deterjen yang tidak dapat dipecah (didegradasi)
oleh mikro organisme yang ada di dalam air. Keadaan ini sudah barang tentu
akan merugikan lingkungan. Namun akhir-akhir ini mulai banyak digunakan
bahan sabun/deterjen yang dapat didegradsi oleh mikroorganisme

b. Bahan pemberantas Hama
Pemakaian bahan pemberantas hama (insektisida) pada lahan pertanian seringkali mekiputi daerah yang sangat luas, sehingga sisa insektisida pada daerah pertanian tersebut cukup banyak. Sisa bahan insektisida tersebut dapat sampai ke air lingkungan melalui pengairan sawah, melalui hujan yang jatuh pada daerah pertanian kemudian mengalir ke sungai atau danau di sekitarnya. Seperti halnya pada pencemaran udara, semua jenis bahan insektisida bersifat racun apabila sampai kedalam air lingkungan.
Bahan insektisida dalam air sulit untuk dipecah oleh mikroorganisme, kalaupun biasanya hal itu akan berlangsung dalam waktu yang lama. Waktu degradasi oleh mikroorganisme berselang antara beberapa minggu sampai dengan beberapa tahun. Bahan insektisida seringkali dicampur dengan senyawa minyak bumi sehingga air yang terkena bahan buangan pemberantas hama ini permukaannya akan tertutup lapisan minyak
c. Zat Warna Kimia
Zat warna dipakai hampir pada semua industri. Tanpa memakai zat warna, hasil atau produk industri tidak menarik. Oleh karena itu hampir semua produk memanfaatkannya agar produk itu dapat dipasarkan dengan mudah.
Pada dasarnya semua zat warna adalah racun bagi tubuh manusia. Oleh karena itu pencemaran zat warna ke air lingkungan perlu mendapat perhatian sunggh-sungguh agar tidak sampai masuk ke dalam tubuh manusia melalui air minum. Ada zat warna tertentu yang relatif aman bagi manusia, yaitu zat warna yang digunakan pada industri bahan makanan dan minuman, industri farmasi/obat-obatan.
Zat warna tersusun dari chromogen dan auxochrome. Chromogen merupakan senyawa aromatic yang berisi chromopore, yaitu zat pemberi warna yang berasal dari radikal kimia, misal kelompok nitroso (-NO), kelompok azo (-N=N-), kelompok etilen (>C=C<) dan lain lain. Macam-macam warna dapat diperoleh dari penggabungan radikal kimia tersebut di atas dengan senyawa lain. Sedangkan auxochrome adalah radikal yang memudahkan terjadinya pelarutan, sehingga zat warna dapat mudah meresap dengan baik ke dalam bahan yang akan diberi warna. Contoh auxochrome adalah –COOH atau –SO3H atau kelompok pembentuk garam –NH2 atau –OH.
Zat warna dapat pula diperoleh dari senyawa anorganik dan mineral alam yang disebut dengan pigmen. Ada pula bahan tambahan yang digunakan sesuai dengan fungsinya, misalnya bahan pembentuk lapisan film (misal, bahan vernis, emulsi lateks), bahan pengencer (misal, terpentin, naftalen), bahan pengering (missal, Co, Mn, naftalen), bahan anti mengelupas (missal, polihidroksi fenol) dan bahan pembentuk elastic (misal, minyak).
Berdasarkan bahan susunan zat warna dan bahan-bahan yang ditambahkan, dapat dimengerti bahwa hampir semua zat warna kimia adalah racun. Apabila masuk ke dalam tubuh manusia dapat bersifat cocarcinogenik, yaitu merangsang tumbuhnya kanker. Oleh sebab itu, pembuangan zat kimia ke air lingkungan sangatlah berbahaya. Selain sifatnya racun, zat warna kimia juga akan mempengaruhi kandungan oksigen dalam air mempengaruhi pH air lingkungan, yang menjadikan gangguan bagi mikroorganisme dan hewan air.
d. Zat radioaktif
Tidak tertutup kemungkanan adanya pembuangan sisa zat radioaktif ke air lingkungan secara langsung. Ini dimungkinkan karena aplikasi teknologi nuklir yang menggunakan zat radioaktif pada berbagai bidang sudah banyak dikembangkan, sebagai contoh adalah aplikasi teknologinuklir pada bidang pertanian, kedokteran, farmasi dan lain lain. Adanya zat radioaktif dalam air lingkungan jelas sangat membahayakan bagi lingkungan dan manusia. Zat radioaktif dapat menimbulkan kerusakan biologis baik melalui efek langsung atau efek tertunda.

IV. DAMPAK PENCEMARAN AIR

Pencemaran air dapat berdampak sangat luas, misalnya dapat meracuni air minum, meracuni makanan hewan, menjadi penyebab ketidak seimbangan ekosistem sungai dan danau, pengrusakan hutan akibat hujan asam dsb.
Di badan air, sungai dan danau, nitrogen dan fosfat dari kegiatan pertanian telah menyebabkan pertumbuhan tanaman air yang di luar kendali yang disebut eutrofikasi (eutrofication). Ledakan pertumbuhan tersebut menyebabkan oksigen yang seharusnya digunakan bersama oleh seluruh hewan/tumbuhan air, menjadi berkurang. Ketika tanaman air tersebut mati, dekomposisinya menyedot lebih banyak oksigen. Akibatnya ikan akan mati dan aktivitas bakteri akan menurun.
Dampak pencemaran air pada umumnya dibagi dalam 4 kategori (KLH, 2004)
- dampak terhadap kehidupan biota air
- dampak terhadap kualitas air tanah
- dampak terhadap kesehatan
- dampak terhadap estetika lingkungan


4.1. Dampak terhadap kehidupan biota air
Banyaknya zat pencemar pada air limbah akan menyebabkan menurunnya kadar oksigen terlarut dalam air tersebut. Sehingga akan mengakibatkan kehidupan dalam air yang membutuhkan oksigen terganggu serta mengurangi perkembangannya. Selain itu kematian dapat pula disebabkan adanya zat beracun yang juga menyebabkan kerusakan pada tanaman dan tumbuhan air.
Akibat matinya bakteri-bakteri, maka proses penjernihan air secara alamiah yang seharusnya terjadi pada air limbah juga terhambat. Dengan air limbah menjadi sulit terurai. Panas dari industri juaga akan membawa dampak bagi kematian organisme, apabila air limbah tidak didinginkan dahulu.
4.2. Dampak terhadap kualitas air tanah
Pencemaran air tanah oleh tinja yang biasa diukur dengan faecal coliform telah terjadi dalam skala yang luas, hal ini telah dibuktikan oleh suatu survey sumur dangkal di Jakarta. Banyak penelitian yang mengindikasikan terjadinya pencemaran tersebut.
4.3. Dampak terhadap kesehatan
Peran air sebagai pembawa penyakit menular bermacam-macam antara lain :
- air sebagai media untuk hidup mikroba pathogen
- air sebagai sarang insekta penyebar penyakit
- jumlah air yang tersedia tak cukup, sehingga manusia bersangkutan tak dapat membersihkan diri
- air sebagai media untuk hidup vector penyakit
Ada beberapa penyakit yang masuk dalam katagori water-borne diseases, atau penyakit-penyakit yang dibawa oleh air, yang masih banyak terdapat di daerah-daerah. Penyakit-penyakit ini dapat menyebar bila mikroba penyebabnya dapat masuk ke dalam sumber air yang dipakai masyarakat untuk memenuhi kebutuhan sehari-hari. Sedangkan jenis mikroba yang dapat menyebar lewat air antara lain, bakteri, protozoa dan metazoa.
4.4. Dampak terhadap estetika lingkungan
Dengan semakin banyaknya zat organic yang dibuang ke lingkungan perairan, maka perairan tersebut akan semakin tercemar yang biasanya ditandai dengan bau yang menyengat disamping tumpukan yang dapat mengurangi estetika lingkungan. Masalah limbah minyak atau lemak juga dapat mengurangi estetika. Selain bau, limbah tersebut juga menyebabkan tempat sekitarnya menjadi licin. Sedangkan limbah detergen atau sabun akan menyebabkan penumpukan busa yang sangat banyak. Inipun dapat mengurangi estetika.

V. PENANGGULANGANGAN PENCEMARAN AIR

Pengendalian/penanggulangan pencemaran air di Indonesia telah diatur melalui Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 82 tahun 2001 tentang Pengelolaan Kualitas dan Pengendalian Pencemaran Air. Secara umum hal ini meliputi pencemaran air baik oleh instansi ataupun non-instansi. Salah satu upaya serius yang telah dilakukan Pemerintah dalam pengendalian pencemaran air adalah melalui Program Kali Bersih (PROKASIH). Program ini merupakan upaya untuk menurunkan beban limbah cair khususnya yang berasal dari kegiatan usaha skala menengah dan besar, serta dilakukan secara bwertahap untuk mengendalikan beban pencemaran dari sumber-sumber lainnya. Program ini juga berusaha untuk menata pemukiman di bantaran sungai dengan melibatkan masyarakat setempat (KLH, 2004).
Pada prinsipnya ada 2 (dua) usaha untuk menanggulangi pencemaran, yaitu penanggulangan secara non-teknis dan secara teknis. Penanggulangan secara non-teknis yaitu suatu usaha untuk mengurangi pencemaran lingkungan dengan cara menciptakan peraturan perundangan yang dapat merencanakan, mengatur dan mengawasi segala macam bentuk kegiatan industri dan teknologi sehingga tidak terjadi pencemaran. Peraturan perundangan ini hendaknya dapat memberikan gambaran secara jelas tentang kegiatan industri yang akan dilaksanakan, misalnya meliputi AMDAL, pengaturan dan pengawasan kegiatan dan menanamkan perilaku disiplin. Sedangkan penanggulangan secara teknis bersumber pada perlakuan industri terhadap perlakuan buangannya, misalnya dengan mengubah proses, mengelola limbah atau menambah alat bantu yang dapat mengurangi pencemaran.
Sebenarnya penanggulangan pencemaran air dapat dimulai dari diri kita sendiri. Dalam keseharian, kita dapat mengurangi pencemaran air dengan cara mengurangi produksi sampah (minimize) yang kita hasilkan setiap hari. Selain itu, kita dapat pula mendaur ulang (recycle) dan mendaur pakai (reuse) sampah tersebut.
Kitapun perlu memperhatikan bahan kimia yang kita buang dari rumah kita. Karena saat ini kita telah menjadi masyarakat kimia, yang menggunakan ratusan jenis zat kimia dalam keseharian kita, seperti mencuci, memasak, membersihkan rumah, memupuk tanaman, dan sebagainya. Kita harus bertanggung jawab terhadap berbagai sampah seperti makanan dalam kemasan kaleng, minuman dalam botol dan sebagainya, yang memuat unsur pewarna pada kemasannya dan kemudian terserap oleh air tanah pada tempat pembuangan akhir. Bahkan pilihan kita untuk bermobil atau berjalan kaki, turut menyumbangkan emisi asam atu hidrokarbon ke dalam atmosfir yang akhirnya berdampak pada siklus air alam.
Menjadi konsumen yang bertanggung jawab merupakan tindakan yang bijaksana. Sebagai contoh, kritis terhadap barang yang dikonsumsi, apakah nantinya akan menjadi sumber bencana yang persisten, eksplosif, korosif dan beracun atau degradable (dapat didegradasi alam)? Apakah barang yang kita konsumsi nantinya dapat meracuni manusia, hewan, dan tumbuhan aman bagi makhluk hidup dan lingkungan ?
Teknologi dapat kita gunakan untuk mengatasi pencemaran air. Instalasi pengolahan air bersih, instalasi pengolahan air limbah, yang dioperasikan dan dipelihara baik, mampu menghilangkan substansi beracun dari air yang tercemar. Dari segi kebijakan atau peraturanpun mengenai pencemaran air ini telah ada. Bila kita ingin benar-benar hal tersebut dapat dilaksanakan, maka penegakan hukumnya harus dilaksanakan pula. Pada akhirnya, banyak pilihan baik secara pribadi ataupun social (kolektif) yang harus ditetapkan, secara sadar maupun tidak, yang akan mempengaruhi tingkat pencemaran dimanapun kita berada. Walaupun demikian, langkah pencegahan lebih efektif dan bijaksana.
Melalui penanggulangan pencemaran ini diharapkan bahwa pencemaran akan berkurang dan kualitas hidup manusia akan lebih ditingkatkan, sehingga akan didapat sumber air yang aman, bersih dan sehat.
          Limiting Adenosine In The Brain Expands Auditory Learning Until Adulthood   
The capacity of learning is less in adults. Researchers have restricted the chemical adenosine in the brain region to extend auditory learning till adulthood.
          (USA-MI-Battle Creek) Grounds Maintenance - Lead Worker - Navigations, I   
Navigations, Inc. is an equal opportunity employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, disability or veteran status.uEssential Job Functions/uulliDirect supervision of grounds maintenance personnel during work hours. Report performance and discipline concerns to Grounds Supervisor. /liliOperate various equipment safely and effectively such as: Pick-up truck with snow plow and Salter, tractor with front end loader, pay loader, gators, lawn mowers, weed eaters, push mowers, edger, blowers, tillers, aerators, hand tools (i.e., rakes, shovels, chemical sprayers)./liliNotify Grounds Supervisor of materials needed/required to perform tasks per GSA contract. /liliFollow all policies and procedures outlined by Navigations, Inc. including all related to safety and ensures supervised employees do the same./liliPerform and supervise grounds maintenance per GSA contract direction and specifications./liliReport vehicle and equipment maintenance concerns and requests to Grounds Supervisor./liliConduct daily preventive maintenance on all equipment prior to use./liliInspect work performance of personnel and outside contractors to ensure compliance to all GSA contract requirements and report this to Grounds Supervisor./liliImmediately notify Grounds Supervisor of any concerns regarding safety or damage to premises./liliReport to Supervisor as requested or required./li/uluAdditional Duties/uulliPeriodically monitor company cell phone and promptly respond to calls, emails and text messages from Grounds Supervisor, Project Manager, or GSA./liliPerform other related duties and assignments as required or directed by Grounds Supervisor./liliPosition may include occasional night or weekend duties./li/ul uResults Expected/uulliEnsure grounds maintenance complies with the contract requirements./liliEnsure that equipment and supplies are adequate to meet contractual commitments./liliEnsure work performance of supervised personnel./liliCommunicate daily with Grounds Supervisor on any and all pertinent information regarding any schedule changes or special projects./li/uluPosition Qualifications/uulliHigh School Diploma or GED./liliMust be able to obtain/maintain Homeland Security Clearance/liliOne year prior work experience in the grounds maintenance industry./liliOne year of recent supervisory experience./liliWorking with, and knowledge of, personnel with disabilities helpful./liliGood communication and organizational skills. Basic computer skills. /liliAbility to maintain accurate records./liliMechanical repair skills and knowledge preferred. /liliAbility to obtain certification for pest management involving various pesticides, herbicides, and live trapping./liliFamiliarity with common irrigation equipment and practices./li/ul uPhysical Environment/Working Conditions/uulliOutdoors, All Weather Conditions (Hot, Cold, Rain, Snow)./liliWork around dangerous equipment./liliLifting, twisting, bending, reaching, standing, extended walking./liliMust be able to lift 50 lb occasionally/liliUse of all equipment listed in job functions above./liliExposure to chemicals normally used
          (USA-MI-Marshall) Teller - Full Time   
Chemical Bank Auto req ID 3692BR Title Teller - Full Time Location/Division Marshall Main As a Chemical Banker, you will join other professionals who share our community banking philosophy of making a positive impact where we live, work and play. You will be a part of a growing, Michigan-based community bank that believes in the dreams of its customers and employees alike. With Chemical Bank, you will make a difference in your community while enjoying excellent benefits and top career opportunities like the one described below: State Michigan Job Description Location: Marshall, Michigan Purpose The Teller is responsible for assisting customers with various types of transactions while effectively maintaining a cash drawer and providing an exceptional customer experience, ensuring prompt, efficient, accurate and friendly service. The Teller also engages customers in dialogue to uncover needs for products and services. Work Hours Work hours are between the hours of 8 AM and 6 PM Monday - Friday and includes a Saturday rotation 8:15 AM to 12:15 PM. Position is full time with a minimum of 35 hours per week depending on the needs of the branch/department. This position may require attendance at various bank/educational functions before, during, or after normal business hours. Essential Job Functions Operations:ulliAccurately performs various customer transactions, work assignments and banking functions according to established bank policies and procedures. Customer transactions include but are not limited to deposits, withdrawal, loan payments, check cashing, issuing cashier's checks, while maintaining operational excellence and providing an exceptional customer experience./liliExamines checks deposited to determine proper funds availability based on regulation requirements and completes hold notices./liliMaintains an adequate cash drawer at all times; this includes buying and selling currency from the vault as necessary, while ensuring cash limits are not exceeded./liliBalances cash drawer in accordance with Bank procedures and regulations./liliProvides assistance in opening and closing procedures for the banking center./liliMaintains a thorough understanding of regulatory, security, operational and audit compliance./liliMaintains a general knowledge of branch operations./liliMaintains customer confidence and protects bank operations by keeping information confidential./liliAssists in audit review related activities./liliMay assist with the processing of ATM, night drop, and coin machine./li/ul Sales and Service:ulliEducate and recommend relevant products and services to customers and refer customers to the appropriate person/department (Mortgage, Commercial, Treasury or Wealth Management) when necessary./liliResolves escalated customer concerns and issues promptly and effectively/liliMaintains a concrete knowledge of products and services offered by the bank./liliUnderstands the branch/bank's business objectives and goals./liliActively participate in sales meetings and offer creative ideas. Essential Skills to Perform the Job/liliMust have proficient verbal and written communication skills./ligt
          (USA-MI-portage) Lawn Technician (Driver non-DOT)   
TruGreen is committed to providing personalized attention for our associates. We focus on developing our people by building proud, dynamic teams while helping associates reach their personal and professional goals. We continuously strive to make TruGreen an employer of choice and "a great place to work!"Position OverviewProvides service to residential or commercial customers by making timely lawn/landscape applications, diagnosing and correcting lawn/landscaping problems through service calls and other customer communications, and selling/up-selling services to new and/or existing customers, resulting in growth of the customer base. This role is limited to servicing routes located within the State lines of the branch location.Responsibilities1. Applies fertilizers and pesticides to lawns according to schedule, safety procedures, and label instructions.2. Drives company vehicle to customer location.3. Responds on a timely basis to customer requests for telephone and in-person service calls.4. Completes required production forms and customer instructions.5. Assists in sales to current customers through contact on route and telemarketing.6. Measures the lawn of potential customers to provide them with an accurate cost of TruGreen's lawn care service.7. Performs a daily three-minute, 360 degree inspection of truck and equipment before taking the vehicle out on the road and upon return.8. Completes production reports, new sales forms, customer invoice forms, daily vehicle inspection report, and cancel/skip notices as required daily.9. Maintains vehicle and equipment through cleanliness, safety, and general maintenance.10. Assists in maintaining cleanlines s of facility.Education and Experience Requirements* High school diploma/GED or 6 months to 1 year related experience and/or training in horticulture and/or customer service or equivalent combination of education and experience required* License and/or certification as required by federal, state or local government* Requires extensive local travel. Valid, permanent driver's license from state of residence and a clean driving record per company standards are required. Current liability auto insurance required. Must be 20 years of age by date of hire.Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities* Ability to read and interpret documents such as safety rules, operating and maintenance instruction, and procedure manuals. Ability to write routine reports and correspondence.* Mathematical skills to calculate figures and amounts such as discounts, interest, commissions, proportions, percentages, area, circumference, and volume.* Ability to interpret a variety of instructions furnished in written, oral, diagram, or schedule form.* Attention to detail* Verbal and written communication skills* Time management and organizational skills, including punctuality for on-time attendancePhysical Demands Working ConditionsThe physical demands described here are representative of those that must be met by an employee to successfully perform the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. An associate that is physically active, works indoors/outdoors, interacts with customers, and may be exposed to foreign substances (e.g., chemicals).Regularly required to:* Sit or stand* Walk on uneven surfaces or climb stairs for an extended period of time* Use hands and arms to handle, feel or reach* Speak and hea
          (USA-MI-portage) Lawn Technician   
TruGreen is committed to providing personalized attention for our associates. We focus on developing our people by building proud, dynamic teams while helping associates reach their personal and professional goals. We continuously strive to make TruGreen an employer of choice and "a great place to work!"Position OverviewProvides service to residential or commercial customers by making timely lawn/landscape applications, diagnosing and correcting lawn/landscaping problems through service calls and other customer communications, and selling/up-selling services to new and/or existing customers, resulting in growth of the customer base.Responsibilities1. Applies fertilizers and pesticides to lawns according to schedule, safety procedures, and label instructions.2. Drives company vehicle to customer location.3. Responds on a timely basis to customer requests for telephone and in-person service calls.4. Completes required production forms and customer instructions.5. Assists in sales to current customers through contact on route and telemarketing.6. Measures the lawn of potential customers to provide them with an accurate cost of TruGreen's lawn care service.7. Performs a daily three-minute, 360 degree inspection of truck and equipment before taking the vehicle out on the road and upon return.8. Completes production reports, new sales forms, customer invoice forms, daily vehicle inspection report, and cancel/skip notices as required daily.9. Maintains vehicle and equipment through cleanliness, safety, and general maintenance.10. Assists in maintaining cleanlines s of facility.Education and Experience Requirements* High school diploma/GED or 6 months to 1 year related experience and/or training in horticulture and/or customer service or equivalent combination of education and experience required* License and/or certification as required by federal, state or local government* Requires extensive local travel. Valid, permanent driver's license from state of residence and a clean driving record per company standards are required. Current liability auto insurance required. Must be 21 years of age by date of hire.Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities* Ability to read and interpret documents such as safety rules, operating and maintenance instruction, and procedure manuals. Ability to write routine reports and correspondence.* Mathematical skills to calculate figures and amounts such as discounts, interest, commissions, proportions, percentages, area, circumference, and volume.* Ability to interpret a variety of instructions furnished in written, oral, diagram, or schedule form.* Attention to detail* Verbal and written communication skills* Time management and organizational skills, including punctuality for on-time attendancePhysical Demands Working ConditionsThe physical demands described here are representative of those that must be met by an employee to successfully perform the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. An associate that is physically active, works indoors/outdoors, interacts with customers, and may be exposed to foreign substances (e.g., chemicals).Regularly required to:* Sit or stand* Walk on uneven surfaces or climb stairs for an extended period of time* Use hands and arms to handle, feel or reach* Speak and hear* Use vision abilities for close, distance, color, peripheral, depth and focus* Lift up to 50 lb
          EPA says Pruitt meeting with Dow Chemical head was canceled   
WASHINGTON (AP) " The Environmental Protection Agency and Dow Chemical said Friday that a planned meeting in March between EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and the company's CEO never took place. The meeting was listed on Pruitt's schedule and reported by The Associated Press on Tuesday.EPA spokeswoman Liz Bowman said in a statement that Pruitt and Dow's Andrew Liveris did have "a brief introduction in passing" during an energy conference in Houston. She said "no substantive issues" [...]
          Health official calls on neuroscience to fight mental illness    

New clues to autism, schizophrenia emerge from studies of synapses

Context
dendritic spines

Branches called dendrites extending from a nerve cell (green) receive messages from other neurons at tiny protrusions called dendritic spines. A faulty protein in the spines may be related to a wide range of mental disorders.

SAN DIEGO — Society’s record for protecting public health has been pretty good in the developed world, not so much in developing countries. That disparity has long been recognized.

But there’s another disparity in society’s approach to public health — the divide between attention to traditional diseases and the resources devoted to mental disorders.

“When it comes to mental health, all countries are developing countries,” says Shekhar Saxena, director of the World Health Organization’s department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse. Despite a breadth of scope and depth of impact exceeding that of many more highly publicized diseases, mental illness has long been regarded as a second-class medical concern. And modern medicine’s success at diagnosing, treating and curing many other diseases has not been duplicated for major mental disorders.

Saxena thinks that neuroscience research can help. He sees an opportunity for progress through increased interdisciplinary collaboration between neuroscience and mental health researchers.

“The collaboration seems to be improving, but much more is needed and not only in a few countries, but all countries,” he said November 12 at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

By almost any measure, mental health disorders impose an enormous societal burden. Worldwide, direct and indirect costs of mental disorders exceed $2.5 trillion yearly, Saxena said — projected to reach $6 trillion by 2030. Mental illnesses also disable and kill in large numbers: Global suicides per year total over 800,000. “Indeed, it is a hidden epidemic,” Saxena said. That’s more deaths than from breast cancer and probably more from malaria, according to a new comprehensive analysis of global mortality.

Mental illnesses encompass a wide range of disorders, from autism and Alzheimer’s disease to substance abuse and schizophrenia. Saxena acknowledged that there have been advances in the scientific understanding of these diseases, but not nearly enough. No easily used diagnostic test is available for most of them. And no new class of drugs for treating major mental disorders has appeared in the last 20 years, with the possible exception of dementia.

“We need increased investment in research, increased public, private and philanthropic investments,” Saxena said. “We need increased connection of research with public health gains.”

He called on the community of neuroscientists to establish a “grand challenge” to researchers to address these concerns.

“There have been many grand challenges in neurosciences — perhaps we need one for finding out mental health interventions,” he said.

Many neuroscientists are, of course, aware of the important link between their research and mental health. Some progress is being made. One promising avenue of work focuses on synapses, the junctures through which nerve cells in the brain communicate. Typically synapses form where axons, the long neuronal extensions that transmit signals, connect with dendrites, the neurons’ message-receiving branches. Most of the axon-dendrite connections occur at small growths called dendritic spines that protrude from the dendrite surface.

Several sessions at the neuroscience meeting described new work showing ways in which dendritic spines may be involved in mental disorders. One session focused on the protein actin, a prime structural component of the spines.

Actin activity depends on a complicated chain of chemical reactions inside a cell. In mice, blocking a key link in that chain reduces the number of spines in the front part of the brain, Scott Soderling of Duke University School of Medicine reported. Those mice then exhibited symptoms reminiscent of schizophrenia in people.

It seems that losing spines in the frontal cortex alters nerve cell connections there; with spine shortages, some axons link directly to the dendrite shaft. Bypassing spines, which play a filtering role, can intensify signals sent to the ventral tegmental area, which in turn may send signals that increase production of the chemical messenger dopamine in another brain region, the striatum. “We think that this is actually what is driving the elevated dopamine levels” in disorders such as schizophrenia, Soderling said.

Some antipsychotic drugs (known as neuroleptics) for treating schizophrenia work by blocking sites of dopamine action in the striatum. But such drugs do nothing about the loss of spines that initiated the problem.

“These neuroleptics largely treat these symptoms, but they’re not a cure,” Soderling said. “We think that this is good evidence … for the idea that these drugs are treating a downstream consequence of a primary insult that’s occurring elsewhere in the brain.”

This insight from neuroscience — that antipsychotics treat downstream symptoms, not the problem at its source — may help the search for better treatments.

Soderling suggests that many other mental disorders may have their roots in problems with actin in dendritic spines. Another speaker at the neuroscience meeting, Haruo Kasai of the University of Tokyo, emphasized how fluctuations in the numbers of spines, related to actin activity, could play a role in autism.

Such results from neuroscience should be of great value to fighting mental disorders. But science alone won’t enable the discovery of effective treatments without a broader scope of scientific investigation of mental illness as a global problem. Too much of research to date focuses on too small a portion of the worldwide population. As Saxena noted, more than 90 percent of scientific studies on mental illness are from — and about — high-income countries.

“We are ignoring a very large number of people living in this world,” he said. “And this can be, and is, a real impediment to science. If we don’t know what is happening in the brains of the majority of the people living in this world, can we really advance science in the best possible manner? Can we still say that we know the human brain? And at least my answer would be: No.”

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried


          Accounts Payable Manager   
NY-Brentwood, U.S. Nonwovens Corp. (USN) is a manufacturing company based in Brentwood, NY. We are a team of talented employees with an obsession towards QUALITY. Established in 1993, USN is a manufacturer of various types of OTC Care, Personal Care & Home Care Products and associated chemicals. Within the last year we have grown exponentially. We have acquired brands such as Ajax Laundry, Dynamo, Fab, Final To
          Accounts Payable Clerk   
KY-Covington, U.S. Nonwovens Corp. (USN) is a manufacturing company based in Brentwood, NY. We are a team of close to 800 talented employees with an obsession towards QUALITY. Established in 1993, USN is a manufacturer of various types of OTC Care, Personal Care & Home Care Products and associated chemicals. We are currently hiring an Accounts Payable Specialist. The ideal candidate will have full-cycle account
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          The 10 Best Chemical-Free SPF Skincare Products of Summer 2017   

          EPA Chief Did Not Meet With Dow Chemical CEO, Contrary to News Reports   

Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt did not meet privately with the Dow Chemical CEO, contrary to reporting by the Associated Press.

The post EPA Chief Did Not Meet With Dow Chemical CEO, Contrary to News Reports appeared first on Washington Free Beacon.


          Graduate student Cheng Cao studies the oxygen content of ancient oceans   
Cheng Cao is a P.hD. student studying geological sciences in UNC's College of Arts & Sciences. Her research focuses on understanding Earth’s evolution over time, as well as the chemical processes that take place on the planet’s surface.
          Gut bacteria pathway may be key to treating obesity: study   
Yet another study has found a link between obesity and gut bacteria, shedding light on a possible treatment option that excludes surgery. The findings were made by researchers with the Cleveland Clinic, which reports that a specific chemical called trimethylamine oxide — TMAO for short — is the potential key to this treatment. The chemical results from gut bacteria; mice … Continue reading
          3,000 year old textiles are earliest evidence of chemical dyeing in the Levant   
Tel Aviv University archaeologists have revealed that cloth samples found in the Israeli desert present the earliest evidence of plant-based textile dyeing in the region. They were found at a large-scale copper smelting site and a nearby temple in the copper ore district of Timna in Israel's Arava desert and are estimated to date from the 13th-10th centuries BCE. Dyed textile at Timna [Credit: Clara Amit, Israel Antiquities...

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          Brooding dinosaurs   
A new method used to perform geochemical analysis of fossilized eggs from China has shown that oviraptorosaurs incubated their eggs with their bodies within a 35-40° C range, similar to extant birds today. This finding is the result of Franco-Chinese collaboration coordinated by Romain Amiot of the Laboratoire de géologie de Lyon: Terre, planètes et environnement (CNRS/ENS de Lyon/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1). The article is...

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          Quality Control Production Technician Chemist   
OH-Cleveland, The Quality Control Production Chemist willperform chemical analysis and synthesis support of radiopharmaceuticals for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) products in a GMP environment. The individual should be capable of independent analytical and decision-making abilities and will be also called upon to troubleshoot analytical and manufacturing issues. Key Responsibilities: Operates, maintains an
          Junior Executive - Legacy Petrochemical - Tamil Nadu   
He should validate vehicle documents before commencement of loading such as RC Book, Permit, Insurance, Pollution, Tax &amp; any other relevant docs....
From Legacy Petrochemical - Tue, 20 Jun 2017 12:15:37 GMT - View all Tamil Nadu jobs
          Weapons watchdog finds sarin used in deadly attack in Syria   
THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) -- An investigation by the international chemical weapons watchdog confirmed that sarin nerve gas was used in a deadly April 4 attack on a Syrian town, but a report released Friday stopped short of saying who was responsible....
          Cedar Hill Housing Rehab OK’d   

Christopher Peak PhotoAmid concerns of chemical contamination at a abandoned building in Cedar Hill, planning commissioners gave developers the go-ahead to convert the burnt-out space into apartments   —  a necessary approval before engineers can start on a remediation plan.


          Food scientist - Groom & Associates - Coquitlam, BC   
• Creates, develops and matches new and/or existing flavors from scratch, using liquid, aromatic chemicals, extracts and any other natural flavor raw materials... $80,000 - $90,000 a year
From Groom & Associates - Wed, 26 Apr 2017 21:39:46 GMT - View all Coquitlam, BC jobs
          Pre-commissioning Account Sales Manager - AQUA DRILL INTERNATIONAL - Dickinson, TX   
Minimum of 5 years related experience in pre-commissioning sales or other work experience in the refinery and chemical industries in the Houston Gulf Coast...
From Indeed - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 13:25:26 GMT - View all Dickinson, TX jobs
          Mosquito-killing fungi engineered with spider and scorpion toxins could help fight malaria   
Malaria kills nearly half a million people every year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In some of the hardest-hit areas in sub-Saharan Africa, the mosquitoes that carry the malaria parasite have become resistant to traditional chemical insecticides, complicating efforts to...
          Popular weedkiller doesn\'t cause cancer: EU agency   
The EU\'s chemicals agency said Wednesday that glyphosate, one of the world\'s most widely used weedkillers, should not be classed as a carcinogen.  The assessment paves the way for Brussels to make a final decision on the chemical, despite deep divisions in the 28-member European Union...
          Chemical Lab Technician - Praxair - Morrisville, PA   
Perform routine analytical work on medical and specialty gases using various types of analytical equipment including gas chromatographs and process analyzers....
From Praxair - Mon, 10 Apr 2017 23:17:52 GMT - View all Morrisville, PA jobs
          US: No more chemical weapons activity observed at Syrian airbase   
The US military has seen no new activity near the chemical weapons installations at the Shayrat Airbase in Syria in the last 24 hours, two US officials told CNN.
          United States pushing propaganda to start war with both Syria and Iran   
It’s obvious Mad Dog and the war-makers take us for complete idiots. On Wednesday Trump’s Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis, otherwise fondly known as Mad Dog, said Bashar al-Assad and the Syrian government backed down on a chemical attack after a stern warning from the United States. “It appears that they took the warning seriously,” Mad …
          Comment on Threat fails to intimidate worshippers at Portland mosque by Charles Martel   
Just another non-story from the PPH. It is not uncommon for Muslims to commit fake hate crimes to gain sympathy within a community. “The mosques are our barracks, the domes our helmets, the minarets our bayonets and the faithful our soldiers...” Recep Tayyip Erdogan, PM of Turkey This is the same mosque where a teenager set off a homemade chemical bomb back in Sept., 2010. Did the Police Chief inspect this mosque for weapons?
          Skin Care and Makeup Forum :: RE: Chemical Sunscreens   
Author: ShastaGirl
Posted: Thu Jun 29, 2017 5:46 pm (GMT -7)

LondonJamie wrote:
Which spf are you using now? Those ingredients sound good


This is the one I use. Nivea sun protection plus UV Milky essence. I've reordered 4-5 times now.

https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B019IDQE9U/ref=oh_aui_search_detailpage?ie=UTF8&psc=1


          (USA-TN-Chattanooga) Utility Worker   
*Description/Job Summary* *Job Overview:* The Utility Worker is responsible for maintaining kitchen work areas, equipment and utensils. The general responsibilities of the position include those listed below, but Sodexo may identify other responsibilities of the position. These responsibilities may differ among accounts, depending on business necessities and client requirements. */General Responsibilities:/* * Washes dishes by hand or places them in a dishwashing machine. * Washes work tables, walls, refrigerators and meat blocks. * Sweeps, mops, cleans and vacuums floors. * Removes trash and garbage to designated areas. * Transfers supplies and equipment within and between storage and work areas such as pantry and dish room. * Cleans equipment using specific chemicals to ensure sanitary standards. * Polishes silver. * May wash pots. * Attends all allergy and foodborne illness in-service training. * Complies with all Sodexo HACCP policies and procedures. * Reports all accidents and injuries in a timely manner. * Complies with all company safety and risk management policies and procedures. * Participates in regular safety meetings, safety training and hazard assessments. * Attends training programs (classroom and virtual) as designated. * May perform other duties and responsibilities as assigned. * /Job Qualifications:/* */Experience/Knowledge:/* * High School diploma, GED, or equivalent experience. * No related work experience. * /Skills/Aptitude:/* * Presents self in a highly professional manner to others and understands that honesty and ethics are essential. * Ability to maintain a positive attitude. * Ability to communicate with co-workers and other departments with professionalism and respect. * Maintains a professional relationship with all coworkers, vendor representatives, supervisors, managers, customers, and client representatives. * Ability to use a computer. * /License/Qualifications/* *Certifications:* None. */General Qualifications:/* * Willingness to be open to learning and growing. * Maturity of judgment and behavior. * Maintains high standards for work areas and appearance. * Maintains a positive attitude. * Ability to work a flexible schedule helpful. * Must comply with any dress code requirements. * Must be able to work nights, weekends and some holidays. * Attends work and shows up for scheduled shift on time with satisfactory regularity. */Physical Requirements:/* * Close vision, distance vision, peripheral vision, depth perception and the ability to adjust focus, with or without corrective lenses. * Significant walking or other means of mobility. * Ability to work in a standing position for long periods of time (up to 8 hours). * Ability to reach, bend, stoop, push and/or pull, and frequently lift up to 35 pounds and occasionally lift/move 40 pounds. */Working Conditions (may add additional conditions specific to defined work location):/* * Generally in an indoor setting; however, may supervise outside activities and events. * Varying schedule to include evenings, holidays, weekends and extended hours as business dictates. * While performing the duties of this job, the employee is primarily in a controlled, temperate environment; however, may be exposed to heat/cold during support of outside activities. * The noise level in the work environment is usually moderate to loud. Sodexo is an EEO/AA/Minority/Female/Disability/Veteran employer. Sodexo is committed to upholding the spirit and principles of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the 1998 amendment to the Act. If, due to a disability, you require a reasonable accommodation to navigate this site and/or complete the on-line application process, please contact SodexoFrontlineApplicationSupport.USA@sodexo.com for assistance. For more information about our commitment to equal employment opportunity, please click here.
          Systems Specialist, Global IT Infrastructure   
NJ-Linden, - Global End User Services team - Supporting and problem solving complex issues in a dynamic enterprise desktop environment - Exploit latest Microsoft technologies for improving Windows desktop environment for reliability and end user effectiveness - Contribute effectively to projects and initiatives within and outside of the Infrastructure service teams. Client Details Chemicals industry Descript
          (USA-TN-Chattanooga) Psychiatric Nurse ( RN ) - Adult - Sign On Bonus Available   
*_RN - Adult - Full time nights _* Are you interested in working with individuals that may be struggling with behavioral or substance abuse issues? At our Parkridge Valley Adult campus, we give you the opportunity to make a difference in the lives of others in our inpatient hospital programs. *Job Summary*: The Registered Nurse provides clinical, therapeutic, and administrative support to the Adult and Senior behavioral health programs. *Responsibilities*: * Demonstrates clinical knowledge of psychiatric nursing and maintains the highest quality of comprehensive patient care. * Displays effective communication skills as evidenced by the ability to maintain therapeutic relationships with patients, families, physicians and staff. * Is able to set limits as needed by recognizing potential behavior problems and does so in a caring and consistent manner. * Utilizes knowledge of growth and development, psychopathology, and psychosocial systems. * Has an accurate knowledge of psycho-dynamics and therapeutic processes as demonstrated by effective intervention and resolution of problems as they occur, and communication of the processes to others. * Displays understanding of family dynamics by responding appropriately to family members when needed. * Participate in the initiation of master treatment plan along with other key program staff. * Attend treatment planning meetings and conferences to participate in patient’s treatment process and progress. * Participate in discharge planning and referrals. * Utilizes appropriate skills in telephone etiquette when answering the telephone, making sure to record correct messages and pass along to appropriate staff, including patient inquiries. * Demonstrates professional skills and performs the tasks needed to maintain a therapeutic milieu and optimum patient care. *Education*: Graduate of an accredited school of Nursing. Current Registered Nurse in the state of Tennessee. Behavioral Health experience preferred. */Parkridge Valley/*/, a two-campus behavioral health facility with Parkridge Health System, has served the Chattanooga area for over 40 years, providing expertise in treating a broad range of mental health and chemical dependency issues for all ages./ / / /Parkridge Valley Adult & Senior Campus/ /The Parkridge Valley Adult & Senior Campus focuses on treatment of psychiatric and addiction issues in adults. Services include inpatient, outpatient programs and partial hospitalization programs for mental health and/or substance abuse. / **Title:** *Psychiatric Nurse ( RN ) - Adult - Sign On Bonus Available* **Location:** *Tennessee-Chattanooga-Parkridge Valley Hospital* **Requisition ID:** *00584-12735*
          Jury: Mt. Pleasant man guilty of child abuse   

A Mt. Pleasant man could face life in prison after an Isabella County jury found him guilty Thursday of abusing his 2-year-old son last year.

Donald Ray Bebee II, 32, was convicted of both first- and second-degree child abuse Thursday, charges that came after his son was hospitalized in April of 2016 with bruises, chemical burns and lacerations along with symptoms of Shaken Baby Syndrome.


          Large-scale study ‘shows neonic pesticides harm bees’   
Image copyright Science Photo Library Image caption Some honeybee hives exposed to neonicotinoids were at risk of dying off over winter The most extensive study to date on neonicotinoid pesticides concludes that they harm both honeybees and wild bees. Researchers said that exposure to the chemicals left honeybee hives less likely to survive over winter,

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          Kid's Rainbow Necklace - Kid's amber necklace, Baltic amber kid's necklace, children's amber necklace, rainbow amber, rainbow baby, pride by FunkyBirdieAmber   

28.00 USD

MADE-TO-ORDER
This piece is made-to-order, with a processing time of 2 weeks before shipping. Can't wait? Check out our "Ready To Ship" jewelry sections, or purchase our RUSH PROCESSING listing: https://www.etsy.com/listing/491938747/rush-processing-please-add-to-your?ref=listing-shop-header-2

Note: This piece is available in ROUND and NUGGET shaped amber. We recommend round amber for children's pieces due to the more rounded, baby-friendly shape.

KID'S BALTIC AMBER NECKLACE. Our most popular design, "After the Rain" was inspired by rainbow babies everywhere. Brilliant lemon/honey Baltic amber shines like the sun, giving life to a brilliant rainbow after the storm, represented by specially selected genuine gemstones. Due to the natural materials used, no two pieces are alike, and your piece will differ slightly from that pictured. Available with ROUND or NUGGET shaped amber beads.

This piece is made to order. Due to the natural materials used, your piece will differ slightly than that pictured. All necklaces 16" and under will be individually knotted between each bead for safety. Amber nugget and gemstone necklaces 17" and up will NOT be individually knotted between each bead unless requested.

Please scroll down for information on choosing the correct size, clasp, and how to care for and get the most out of your Funky Birdie Amber jewelry!

NEED THIS IN A DIFFERENT SIZE?
Teething sizes: https://www.etsy.com/listing/511197115/rainbow-amber-teething-necklace-rainbow?ref=shop_home_active_18



FULLY CUSTOMIZABLE & MADE IN THE USA!
Whether you need something in a different size or style than you see in our shop, you'd like to tweak a design to make it just right for you, OR you want to custom-design a piece from scratch - we can do it all! Send us a message to get started!


HOW DOES BALTIC AMBER JEWELRY WORK?
★ Baltic amber, is a fossilized tree resin originating from the Baltic Sea Region of Lithuania, near Russia. When worn against the skin, Baltic amber warms slightly releasing it's natural oils into the system. The therapeutic compound within the oils of Baltic amber is succinic acid (succinum) which is present in the human body naturally. Succinic acid is an all natural pain analgesic, or pain reliever. So introducing Baltic amber to the body is essentially giving your body a boost of it's own natural pain-fighting agents! While all amber contains succinic acid, only Baltic amber contains enough succinic acid to be considered therapeutic in cases of pain relief.
★ As with most natural and homeopathic treatments, experiences can be different for everyone. Overwhelming anecdotal data supports using Baltic Amber for relief from pain from headaches, teething pain, neck and shoulder pain, wrist pain from carpal tunnel syndrome, arthritis, sciatica, and more.
★ For best results, wear your Baltic Amber jewelry as close to the source of the pain as possible, and as much as possible - necklace for headaches, teething pain, etc., bracelet for wrist pain, etc. Some people will notice slight differences very quickly when wearing their jewelry for the first time! For many, pain symptoms often lessen within less than 24 hours of putting on their jewelry. For most, it is a cumulative effect - with the easing of symptoms most often noted within 2-3 weeks of consistent wear.
★ For our favorite explanation of how gemstones can support you, please visit: http://www.crystal-cure.com/article-how-healing-crystals-work.html


SAFETY
All Funky Birdie Amber jewelry for children is hand-knotted in between each bead as a safe guard. In the event the jewelry were to break, only one bead will come loose, which minimizes the chance of a child swallowing beads. It is important to inspect jewelry regularly for broken beads or other issues. Children's jewelry is also made with safety break-away points at the clasps of each piece. That means, IF PULLED ON WITH FORCE YOUR JEWELRY WILL COME APART, like it's meant to do! That way if the child were to become bound, the piece will break away and pose less of a threat of injury to the child. Amber jewelry is NOT intended to be chewed! Please watch for your child putting amber jewelry in the mouth. If a necklace can reach a child's mouth, it is too long! See below for information on choosing the correct size for your child.
★Please use common sense when using jewelry on children. It is to be used under supervision only!★


SIZING
Our measurements indicate the length of the piece of jewelry, from tip of one clasp to the other. Using a soft measuring measuring tape, measure your child to determine what length will be best. Your child's necklace should fit not tightly, but also not so long they can pass the necklace over their chin and into their mouth. Amber is a soft material that will break when chewed, and gemstones are a hard material that will break teeth if chewed. The most popular size necklace for very young children is 12", which should fit from infancy until age 2 to 2 1/2. Older youth and adult sizes are personal preference.


CLASPS
★ Sterling silver clasp: Why are these sterling silver closures our favorite? Not only are they made with .925 sterling silver (great for those with sensitive skin), each piece made with a silver clasp has multiple safety breakaway points - both at the spring ring clasp itself as well as the "clamshell" findings on either side. Durable enough for every day use, when the piece is pulled on hard or yanked with force, the clasp or the clamshells will give way - just as it's intended to do. Your sterling silver clasp piece WILL require repair if break-away is used. We offer repair and re-string services on all Funky Birdie Amber jewelry. We love this type of clasp for ALL ages!
★ Screw clasp: We also offer plastic screw clasps in colors to coordinate with your amber jewelry. Screw type clasps are the most difficult to break-away, meaning it will require a LOT of force to give way in the unlikely case of an emergency situation. For this reason, we don't recommend them on necklaces for very young children. We like plastic screw clasps for child's bracelets and anklets, as well as adult jewelry.
★ Pop clasp: These clasps have the same look as screw clasps, but breakaway MUCH more easily than screw, or even sterling silver clasps. On the plus side, utilizing the break-away feature won't result in actual breakage of the piece, but does mean it's more likely to be removed by your child or lost. We like this option best for very young children.
★ Stretchy bracelets: Our premium stretchy cord is strong, but we recommend stretchy jewelry for adults only.


CARING FOR YOUR JEWELRY
To lengthen the life of (and consequently, maximize the benefits) your Baltic Amber jewelry, it's important to properly care for your pieces:
★ Do not use harsh chemicals or jewelry cleaners/solutions.
★ Do not store your amber jewelry along with metal jewelry as it may cause the amber beads to chip, crack and break.
★ Remove your jewelry and/or avoid using body care products in the areas you wear your amber jewelry that will coat the jewelry, such as: hairsprays, gels, lotions, etc. These types of personal care products can not only dull the look of your amber jewelry, but also they can affect the therapeutic effectiveness by coating the stones and inhibiting the release of the amber's natural oils.
★ It is generally ok to shower or bathe with amber jewelry on. Just keep in mind you need to avoid the jewelry coming in contact with body care products which can coat and damage the beads.
★ It is recommended that amber jewelry be removed before swimming in chlorinated pools and spas. It is a good idea to remove jewelry any time it will be wet for long periods as it can damage the thread and clasps to soak your jewelry for long periods of time.


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Fully customizable therapeutic Baltic amber & gemstone jewelry for babies, children, and adults. We focus on offering all natural, drug-free pain relief, wellness, and healing options in the form of both adult jewelry and child-safe genuine Baltic amber and gemstone jewelry.

THANK YOU for your business! When you shop with Funky Birdie Amber, you are supporting an American home-based business. All of our jewelry is genuine Baltic Amber, 100% designed and crafted by us...AMERICAN MADE!!!

ALL of our jewelry is hand-made by two mamas in Kingwood, Texas. We specialize in fully custom jewelry for children & adults. We also offer a wide variety of gemstones to further boost the healing capacity of your amber jewelry.

Outstanding customer service is our top priority!

DISCLAIMER
The information contained within Funky Birdie Amber (FBA) website and Facebook page is provided for informational and educational purposes only. FBA cannot guarantee the effectiveness of Baltic amber or gemstones in the treatment of any specific conditions. Any information provided is general information only and should not be used as medical advice for self-diagnosis. For all your health concerns, please consult an appropriately licensed healthcare practitioner. As the purchaser, you accept that you are SOLELY RESPONSIBLE for the safety of yourself and those in your care. Please use discretion when purchasing or using these products for your family. FBA assumes no responsibility if any harm should come to any person due to misuse of our products.


          Trade Unions in Segmented Labor Markets   
【作者(必填)】 Lisa Dorigatti 【文题(必填)】 Trade Unions in Segmented Labor Markets: Evidence from the German Metal and Chemical Sectors【年份(必填)】 2017 【全文链接或数据库名称(选填)】ILR Review Vol 70, Issue 4, pp. 919 - 941
           Haircare: Know which shampoo to use    
Hair is one of the sensitive parts of the body like your skin. It needs proper care and treatment. Not only internal but external factors cause severe damages to hair texture. It could be the sun, wind, heat styling tools, harsh chemicals, desiccated styling products or even the wrong choice of shampoo. Yes, a bad shampoo can worsen the quality of hair texture and cause irritation to the scalp. Shampooing is the normal process to clean the scalp along with hair. Comprising of some amount of cleanser and some amount of conditioner, different shampoos for different types of hair flood
           TGA-FTIR Investigation of the Fire Retardant Mechanism of Acrylonitrile Copolymers Containing Nanofillers    
Hull, T Richard, Stec, Anna A, Nazare, Shonali, Wang, De-Yi, Kandola, Baljinder and Price, Dennis (2008) TGA-FTIR Investigation of the Fire Retardant Mechanism of Acrylonitrile Copolymers Containing Nanofillers. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, 235 .
          Designing for the new Space Launch System   
Vanessa Aponte
SLS Launch

Vanessa AponteVanessa Aponte has rubbed shoulders with astronauts, designed equipment that has gone to space, and worked with military technology so new she is not allowed to talk about it. As a Lockheed Martin engineer and CU Aerospace PhD graduate, she has achieved great things and gone further than many would have thought possible for someone raised in rural southwest Puerto Rico speaking only Spanish.

Growing up, Aponte did well in science but was unclear what her future could hold. Thanks to encouragement from a teacher in high school, she decided to become a chemical engineer. She earned both a BS and MS in Puerto Rico, but was not fulfilled.

One summer in college, she landed an internship at CU Boulder and happened to attend an event that would change her life’s direction. It was a presentation made by astronauts who flew on STS-77, the mission with the famous space Coca-Cola dispenser, a unit designed by BioServe Space Technologies at CU Boulder.

That is when she realized aerospace was her true calling. She moved to Boulder to pursue a PhD and has been in Colorado ever since. While Aponte was born on an island, she has fallen in love with the Front Range.

“The mountains beckoned me here," Aponte says.

Designing A New Way to Space

During her time as a PhD student, she focused on microelectromechanical systems or MEMS, particularly development of technology to monitor astronaut immune response. After graduating, she was hired by Lockheed Martin Space Systems for a position at their Waterton Canyon complex working on a key NASA-funded project.

 "I interviewed there and they were working on Orion and it just blew me away. The prospect of designing the next generation space vehicle and getting to stay in Colorado was too enticing," she says.

Aponte spent six years on Orion, helping redesign the old space shuttle launch pads for the new craft and later working on environmental systems.

"It's amazing to design something that has gone to space. Even if I don’t get to go myself, it’s something explorers will fly," she says.

She is now in her 11th year at Lockheed Martin, with her current assignment in the company’s military support program. She leads a team of technical experts on evaluation of new technologies. It is a position working on the bleeding edge of science and engineering.

 "New semiconductors, special materials, software, and certain things I’m not allowed to talk about. The goal is to minimize risk with unproven technology for critical space assets,” she says.

It is a job many engineers would salivate over, and she landed it almost by accident.

"The Chief Engineer retired and I volunteered to fill-in while they hired a replacement," Aponte says.

Two years later, she is still in the role, and on a permanent basis.

"I volunteer for a lot at Lockheed Martin. Things people don't want to do. The shuttle launch pad Orion redesign I asked for and my boss discouraged me from it. It's one of the most fun projects I ever did."

Despite enjoying her work, there is one job Aponte would not hesitate to leave Lockheed Martin for: NASA astronaut. She has twice applied, and made it through NASA’s grueling process of interviews, testing, and physical fitness evaluations, but was not selected either time. It was disappointing, but has not diminished her enthusiasm.

Giving Back

In fact, the excitement she feels about aerospace extends beyond her career and into the volunteer realm, where she spends time promoting engineering to the next generation.

She has worked with Big Brothers Big Sisters, Girls Inc., and Shades of Blue, which promotes aviation and aerospace at the K-12 level. Each semester, she brings high school students to CU Boulder to talk about the industry and showcase new research.

“I grew up without a vision that I could amount to something. It took special people in my life to say, 'You can do it,' and turn my uncertainty into passion. It's my duty to do the same," Aponte says.

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          Solving a sweet problem for renewable biofuels and chemicals   
Scientists are trying to break through the innovation bottleneck for the renewable bioproduction of fuels and chemicals. They've looked into a new approach -- harnessing the trial-and-error power of evolution to coax nature into revealing the answer. By growing bacteria over generations under specially controlled conditions in fermentation tanks, they have test-tube evolved bacteria to better ferment sugars derived from biomass ----a rich, potential renewable energy source for the production of biofuels and chemicals.
          Stunning Siberian Husky Puppies ALL RESERVED!   
We have 4 gorgeous Siberian Husky puppies available.now 11 weeks old,can leave for their forever homes,We have both mum ,dad,and other siblings to view,From health tested parents,these pups are weaned,wormed and de-flead all natural,no chemicals used.Superb temperament,great with kids,other pets,will pull a sled/bike,boys and girls available,to 5 star forever homes please.I am selling each for just £600 and i am getting rid of them because i am moving to Ireland tomorrow for work purpose.will board you puppy if you need to go away.pet home only.Feel free to leave your phone number if interested and i need serious buyers only.No time wasters please. Please visit our puppies website which is { www.anoldpups.yolasite.com } and contact via our email address there
          The real transgender crisis in Arkansas: health care   
Finally, the doctor is in.

While Arkansas lawmakers were wringing their hands this past legislative session over what to do about genitalia sightings in bathroom stalls — a nonexistent problem that, had the legislation passed, would have required bearded, buff men to use the ladies' room — doctors, medical students and activists were working to address a real problem: the dearth of health care for transgender individuals.

Nonscientific ideas about gender crowded out reason, as Republican state lawmakers like Sens. Linda Collins-Smith of Pocahontas and Gary Stubblefield of Branch and Reps. Bob Ballinger of Berryville, Mickey Gates of Hot Springs and Greg Standridge of Russellville promoted bills that would have required Arkansans to wear their original birth certificates around their necks and thrown people in jail if their nudity offended. Their actions, thankfully, were stopped by a business-minded Governor Hutchinson. But Hutchinson only stanched the flow of hurt that such ignorance surely set loose, the sort of bullying that drives 45 percent of transgender teenagers to attempt suicide.

Had legislators gotten their heads out of the stalls, they could have acted to help, rather than further marginalize, their fellow Arkansans. They could have changed state Medicaid rules that disallow reimbursement for hormone therapies. They could have appropriated funds to run the Department of Health's suicide hotline. Or they could have talked to physicians who would have helped them understand that transgendered people are not freaks, no more likely to prey on people than, say, redheads or Razorback fans.

Rowan Rodgers, 27, is one of those burly, bearded guys that, had Collins-Smith's bathroom bill passed, requiring folks to show original birth certificates at the bathroom door, would have been coming to a girls' powder room near you. The Heber Springs man, born with the genital attributes of a woman but who as a toddler asked for boys' underwear on a shopping trip with his father, praised Little Rock gynecologist Dr. Janet Cathey for making his life, and that of his fiance and two kids, better. "She's a one of a kind," he said.

Cathey, along with Drs. Sara Tariq and Sam Jackson are a few of the physicians working to provide better health care for transmen and transwomen, both in clinics and the classroom, at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.

Cathey, an obstetrician/gynecologist, sees transgender patients in clinic one morning a week at UAMS. It's work she said is the most rewarding of her life. She's been treating transgender patients for most of her 30-year career, providing hormone therapy to transmen who, in the days before social media, learned of her willingness to help by word of mouth. It started shortly after she opened her practice, when a caller inquired if she'd provide testosterone to a woman, "and I thought, 'Why not?' " It grew from there.

"I get tearful thinking about it," Cathey said. Her transgender patients "are the most appreciative patient population you could ever have. When you put someone on hormones, and they come in two months later for follow-up, and they say, 'I've just had the best two months of my life ... .' "

That she feels bonded to her patients is obvious: She does tear up while she's talking about them.

In 2009, Cathey injured her spine in an automobile accident and had to sell her practice. That left her transgender patients hanging. As she recuperated, she knew she didn't want to retire. "I thought maybe I could do a gender clinic. I knew there was a need," she said. But how could she afford to set up a new practice?

Serendipitously, she ran into Dr. Curtis Lowery, chairman of UAMS' department of obstetrics and gynecology. He asked her to help oversee the medical college's residents' clinic, and she agreed.

Cathey wasn't the only doctor who saw a need for a gender clinic. A year into her work at UAMS, she was approached by mental health professionals about setting up a gender clinic. With the same determination it took to get back on her feet again — she walks now with the help of braces and a cane — she went to Lowery and told him that's what she and another OB/GYN wanted to do. "He said, 'Just don't lose a lot of money.' "

The administration allotted her two spots for gender patients. "I said, 'Y'all just wait.' "

There is now a four-month waiting list to be seen in the gender clinic: The two spots for appointments have stretched to a morning's worth of appointments. She and Dr. Mary Racher "make about 60 patient contacts" a month. "We've seen, between the two of us, probably around 300 patients," genetic females transitioning to males and genetic males transitioning to female, in the past two and a half years, Cathey said. Men get estrogen and androgen blockers. Women get testosterone. Transmen — the term for a genetically female person who is transitioning to male — can schedule hysterectomies and breast reduction surgery.

What does she think about legislative attempts to pass a bathroom bill? "I promise you have peed next to a transperson plenty of times."

Rodgers has been a patient of Cathey's since 2015. "I was very depressed when I went in there," he said. "She knew it."

But his hormone therapy lifted "a huge weight off my shoulders. When I took testosterone ... [changes in my] energy level, my voice, it was like injecting life into myself. That's the best way I can explain it. It was definitely life-changing."

Rodgers cried after his first shot in Cathey's office. After his second, he quit having periods. "I was like, 'wow.' "

The relief and happiness that Rodgers experienced after the start of hormone therapy is common, though the reasons why have not been well studied. "There is something neurochemically going on," Jackson, the Psychiatric Research Institute resident, said. It may be that the hormones resolve the emotional conflict that transpeople experience. Hormones "change the brain so it becomes correct. ... It confirms to me that biologically, there is something there, activating the brain and the right receptors, [telling the brain] yes, this is the correct hormone situation I am supposed to be in."

The hormones alter mood so much, Cathey said, that her patients can quit taking their antidepressants. "I've seen kids come in on SSRis (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) and Abilify (an antipsychotic). They come in and they won't make eye contact. In two or three months [after hormone therapy], they're animated. It's too much to think it's not biological. They're getting relief." They're getting what they need, she said.

Though some Arkansas legislators believe that men are men and women are women and never the twain shall meet, medicine knows that human gender is on a continuum.

As Arkansas Children's Hospital endocrinologist Dr. Michele Hutchison explained it, there are several kinds of gender. There is chromosomal gender: one X and one Y for males and two Xs for females. There is hormonal gender: For example, boys born with Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome are born looking and identifying as female because their bodies don't respond to testosterone. Boys with Reifenstein Syndrome —partial androgen insensitivity — may be born with either male or female genitalia and may identify as either male or female. There is something called testosterone transfer in fraternal twins, when the testosterone of the male fetus is transferred to the female fetus and makes the female masculine in genital and brain structure, etc. There is physiological gender: Whether there is a penis or a vagina. There is emotional gender: Whether you feel like a boy or a girl.

"It's a complex system that goes into creating a child," Hutchison said.

Hutchison said there is an "ever-growing body of evidence" that trans children and trans adults differ physiologically from non-trans persons, though the research "is in its infancy."

Male and female brains differ in structure, chemistry and how information is processed. One study, a small brain imaging project, showed that the brains of transgender children acted like the brains of the sex with which the children identified — transmale brains looked male, transfemale brains looked female. "Of course, behavior and experience shape brain anatomy, so it is impossible to say if these subtle differences are inborn," she said.

Arkansas Children's Hospital, which has physicians on staff who address such things as ambiguous genitalia, is looking into creating a gender clinic, Hutchison said. Health care — especially mental health care, given the high attempted suicide rate — for children who identify with a gender their bodies don't reflect would be a good thing, she believes.

"The hospital treats children with diabetes, and adrenal issues and hyperthyroidism [for example]. We're so good at it now. It's a fantastic hospital. We're so good at those things that we don't lose kids. This is an area where we could quite literally save some lives," Hutchinson said. "I have goose bumps" thinking about it, she said. She said clinics in Seattle, Los Angeles and Boston offer a model to look at.

Before she transitioned, Michelle Palumbo moved to Salem (Fulton County) with her wife and four children. She showed up with long hair, wearing earrings. Folks just attributed that to the fact that she was from New York.

But Palumbo had for a lifetime struggled with feelings of being a woman in a man's body. She was a cross-dresser, and her wife was OK with that.

In 2008, after her third heart attack and after doctors told her she could die at any time, Palumbo made up her mind to transition. Because she had been a bench chemist, she made her own estrogen, a fact that she said made Cathey's jaw drop when she finally went to her for proper medication two years ago. "If there is an angel on this earth," it's Cathey, Palumbo said.

"We are not freaks," said Palumbo, 64. She considers people who think so "religious extremists"; by contrast, the member of Pulaski Heights United Methodist Church considers herself a "religious evangelical." Palumbo also described herself as "ticked off" at the legislature, where she testified on various anti-transgender bills in the last session.

Palumbo moved to Little Rock in September after someone she'd confided in spread the word of her transition. (She'd been binding her breasts.) Her high school daughter was getting teased at school; kids were asking, "What's between your father's legs?" Palumbo said. Her wife stopped her from raising hell at the high school, and asked her to move out. The couple is now divorcing, though Palumbo said of her wife, "there's no better person on earth."

Palumbo is of the same generation as many of the legislators who don't understand that there is such a thing as transgender identification. In fact, 30 years ago, she decided to go through conversion therapy. "I wanted to be a man," she said, and her wife at the time had grown tired of Palumbo's "internal battle of identity." Palumbo said she would buy women's clothes and wear them, and then decide to "purge that, be a man, then the cycle would start all over again."

The psychiatrist Palumbo went to told her she could "cure her," and prescribed more sex. After a year and a half, Palumbo realized there was no cure. She researched transgender issues. "I'm not a freak. I'm not nuts."

Also because of her age, she believes, Palumbo is less militant than younger people about getting pronouns right. When a nurse who was looking down while Palumbo was signing in at the doctor's office and, hearing her voice, addressed Palumbo as sir, the nurse became flustered and apologetic. Palumbo told her not to worry. "I was upset because she was upset," Palumbo said, laughing. (Palumbo's voice is not generally deep, but on occasion it can change.)

Medical settings can be problematic, though not always because providers are uncomfortable with transgender people. Palumbo said her medical chart includes information that she is transgender, and at a recent appointment, the nurse who called her in for a heart procedure had a "stone cold" look on her face. Palumbo told her if she had a problem with her gender identity, she'd like to have another nurse, "but if you misgender me [use the wrong pronoun], I'm not going to be upset. Boom! Big smile."

And another thing about coming out as an older person: "You have more guilt," Palumbo said, wistfully. "You've made relationships with more people. When you're young, it's not like that."

"You can't hold people responsible for what they don't understand."

Dr. Tariq, assistant dean for undergraduate education at UAMS' College of Medicine, teaches the practice of medicine, a three-year course, to students in their second year: how to be compassionate, effective and "savvy." About seven or eight years ago, she introduced LGBT care into the course curriculum.

Not surprisingly, the LGBT community is underserved. "The patients are very vulnerable, and not just because they have to take their clothes off and let us poke around," Tariq said. They are called on to reveal information about themselves that they have never told anyone else. She teaches her students "the most irresponsible thing you can do is ignore them."

Many of UAMS' medical students have never been knowingly exposed to members of the LGBT community. As part of the curriculum, Tariq brings in a panel of LGBT folks — most recently, two transgender persons, a lesbian and a gay man.

One of the panelists told the assembled students that when he walks into a doctor's office he looks around for signs that the clinic is friendly to gay people. Even "as a brown woman in the South, that would never occur to me," Tariq said. The panelists gave examples of bad treatment: Doctors referring them to psychiatrists, not to deal with depression, but because they believe them to be mentally ill. Doctors making no eye contact. Doctors referring them to other doctors because they are uncomfortable treating them. (Palumbo recounted the experience of a transgender friend who was upbraided by a doctor for coming in: "There are children here!" he was told, as if he were a pederast.)

Many transgender people choose to keep their body phenotype, especially since surgery is both expensive and sometimes risky. That means pap smears and mammograms for transmen, prostate exams for transwomen. It also means mammograms for transwomen, since estrogen stimulates real breast tissue. "My motive," Tariq said, is to teach her students "to leave their biases at the door."

Part of Tariq's curriculum was contributed by Sam Jackson. In his fourth year of medical school, Jackson did a rotation in primary care for LGBT patients at Kaiser Permanente in Los Angeles. There, he worked with the hospital's transgender support group, which he said was the largest in Southern California.

"I am a story-driven person," Jackson said. "I really liked hearing the patients' stories. ... It just blew my mind." The experience left him with a passion for working with the trans community, and when he returned, Tariq asked him to share his experiences with her students.

"We've done an OK job of talking about LGBT health in the past," Jackson said. "We learn how to interview patients, take a sexual history and not be judgmental. It becomes a rote process ... and makes it easier for you to ask [questions] in a nonjudgmental way."

Now, Jackson is medical director for a clinic for transgender youths, the Rainbow Clinic, which meets quarterly at UAMS' student-staffed 12th Street Health and Wellness Center. Lucie's Place, a shelter for homeless LGBT youth, partners with UAMS for the Rainbow Center. Jackson also hopes to work with Cathey's clinic to provide psychiatric care.

Cathey has heard the stories, too. She recited what a transmale told her: "I remember one of my earliest memories was I got out of Pull-Ups and was going to Walmart to get real underwear, and we go in the girls' department and my mother picks out pink panties. And I said, I want boy underwear." An 18-year-old told her, "It wasn't that I wanted to be a boy. It was that I knew I was a boy." That patient's mother told Cathey that as a child, every picture he drew of himself was as a boy, never as a girl.

"One patient who was transfemale said she was coming home from first grade and her mother asked, 'How was your day?' And the patient said, 'This girl had on a pink dress and a pink bow and could I get a pink bow?' And the mother said, 'No, that's not how God made you, you're a boy."

An older patient told Cathey that in her 30s she'd learned you could buy hormones over the counter in Mexico, and, as Cathey related, "I went over and picked out the highest dose of Premarin I could. It was like magic. The second time, the border patrol started questioning me." She was too intimidated to continue. "Those were the best six months of my life," the patient told Cathey.

"It really gets you," Cathey said. Nobody would choose to be transgender. Palumbo said the same. "No guy would decide to be a woman. ... Who would give up male privilege?"

Dating also presents new issues for some transgender people, and they seek Cathey's advice. When do they tell people they're interested in about their transgender situation? "I don't talk about my genitals on a first date," Cathy said she tells them, "and you don't have to, either." She also tells them not to reveal anything at their apartment or their friend's.

One of Cathey's patients, a transwoman, told her she'd come out to her parents as gay last Christmas, and was thinking of telling them she was transgender this Christmas. "So last year, they had a gay son and this year they have a heterosexual daughter?" Cathey asked.

Rowan Rodgers, who's been with his girlfriend for seven years, first as a lesbian woman, waited a couple of years before he told her he was transgender.

"I didn't know how she'd react. We have two children, and it's just when you live in a world where you don't know how people are going to take things ... . You hear about people disowning their children. It's just bad. If I have one regret, it's not telling her sooner.

"At first, there were a lot of questions. It was a lot she had to take in. But she was very accepting. I call her 'my constant.' "

The children, boys 11 and 13, "are wonderful," Rodgers said. "They are thriving, doing wonderful in school and so smart and the most accepting of a lot of people who I thought were my friends. They said, 'You're my dad and I love you.' "

His parents, Rodgers said, "are a different story." They call him by his "dead name," which is what transgender people call the names given them at birth. "They tell me their daughter is dead." Rodgers has tried to keep the relationship going. "So when they call and want to talk, I'm there. When they tell me they hate me, I turn the other cheek."

Caring for the transgender community has also required that Cathey become a social worker of sorts. She's made her nurse a notary to help with legal documents, and helps her patients navigate the process of changing birth certificates, which requires a name change and a letter from a physician.

One of those persons she's helped changed a birth certificate was Rodgers. "I was lucky," Rodgers said. "I got a very nice lady" at the health department's vital records office. Now, Rodgers always keeps his birth certificate with him. "I'm always scared I'm going to be hassled."

Cathey and her patients have struggled with Medicaid, and Cathey is fearful the current political situation will make things harder for her transgender patients, many of whom rely on Medicaid because of the barriers to work that an anti-transgender society presents. Medicaid will cover top surgery — mastectomy — once a transman has begun to transition and the sex on his birth certificate has been corrected, because at that point, the condition is considered gynecomastia — male breasts. But it wouldn't pay for Rodgers' testosterone.

"Reassignment surgery male to female," Cathey estimated, "is about $50,000, but that's nothing compared to a total hip replacement." She hears people complain their insurance shouldn't have to pay for gender reassignment. To them she would say, "Well, you know what, I don't want to pay for your hip surgery."

Rodgers has found a pharmacy in Heber Springs that charges him a reasonable price for testosterone. He's also had top surgery and a hysterectomy. "Right now, I'm not planning to have any other surgery. I'm fine. The breasts bothered me and having a period every month."

Rodgers is looking forward to summer. "This is the first year I get to go out and swim. That's a beautiful thing."


          2017 Arkansas Times Academic All-Star Team   
Meet the best and brightest high school students in the state.

The class of 2017, our 23rd, is made up of athletes, coders, budding politicians and brain experts. There's rarely a B on the transcripts of these students — in not just this, their senior year, but in any year of their high school careers.

Back in 1995, we created the Academic All-Star Team to honor what we then called "the silent majority — the kids who go to school, do their homework (most of it, anyway), graduate and go on to be contributing members of society." Too often, we argued then, all Arkansans heard about young people was how poorly they were faring. Or, when students did get positive attention, it came for athletic achievement.

As you read profiles of this year's All-Stars, it should be abundantly clear that good things are happening in Arkansas schools and there are many academic achievers who deserve to be celebrated. You should get a good idea, as well, of how these stellar students are busy outside school, with extracurricular activities, volunteer work, mission activities and more.

They'll be honored this week at a ceremony at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock with plaques and $250 cash awards.

Many college plans listed here are not set in stone, as students await information on scholarships and acceptances.

CAROLINE COPLIN-CHUDY
Age: 17
Hometown: North Little Rock
High School: Mount St. Mary Academy
Parents: (guardian) Dennis Chudy
College plans: Duke University

Caroline Coplin-Chudy has a 4.4 grade point average — high enough to rank second in her class at Mount St. Mary Academy — and lost her mother to leukemia during her sophomore year, something she told us came to be a source of inspiration and drive during her academic development. "It was a big adjustment. After my mom passed away, it was just my stepdad. It's a weird realization coming to the idea that both of your parents are gone, and it's just you. ... I still think of her every single day. She motivates me to do well in everything, because my whole life I wanted to make her proud." Caroline is president of Mount St. Mary's Investment Club and of SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions). She's also been a regular volunteer for several years at the Little Rock Compassion Center, whose recovery branch provides meals and health resources to people suffering from addiction. Caroline said she found healing from her own grief in the friendships she forged there. As the recipient of a Questbridge scholarship, described by Caroline's guidance counselor and nominator Amy Perkins as a program where lower-income students qualify for tuition to schools with which they "match" via an early decision process, Caroline will attend Duke University on a full scholarship. "I'm going to study biology and psych, with a minor in Spanish. My plan is to work at the Duke Center for Addiction [Science and Technology] helping people with drug addictions overcome that sort of thing. It's something that I've had experience with, watching my family go through things like that."

AXEL NTAMATUNGIRO
Age: 17
Hometown: Pine Bluff
High School: Subiaco Academy
Parents: Sixte Ntamatungiro and Sylvana Niciteretse
College plans: Rice University, neuroscience

Axel Ntamatungiro grew up among books and maps dispersed throughout his home that "paint[ed] the walls with nuanced shades of knowledge." It shows. Not often can a high school senior explain, as Axel does, his love for studying the brain so easily. "Neuroscience is basically a neuron turning on and off," he said. "The fact that you have billions of these combinations that lead to consciousness, that's unbelievable." To continue learning about the mind, Axel is headed to Rice University on a full ride as a QuestBridge scholar. Maybe medical school or graduate school after that. Axel said his parents taught him a "humble intellectualism" that helped him understand "the irrationality of life." They always told him: "Work hard, but you need to realize you don't always get what you deserve." And life has been, at times, irrational and difficult for his family. Axel was the only member of his family born in the United States — in Little Rock in 1999. The rest migrated from Burundi in the early 1990s. They stayed here as the Rwandan genocide inflicted incredible damage in the area. That past was never hidden from Axel. "Instead of avoiding my questions, my parents level-headedly answered [them], telling me about Belgian colonialism, Hutu-Tutsi tension and the systematic poverty afflicting Burundi," he said. Maybe that is why Axel has never been afraid to ask big questions. He said it also helped to have a diverse group of friends who taught him new things. At his cafeteria table for lunch are kids from all over: Nigeria, Fort Smith, Japan, Bentonville and Russia. Everyone's small stories add to a global perspective, something bigger from something small, kind of like those neurons.

JADE DESPAIN
Age: 18
Hometown: Springdale
High School: Haas Hall Academy (Fayetteville)
Parents: Brenan and Tiffany DeSpain
College plans: U.S. Naval Academy, nuclear engineering

For Jade DeSpain, the question, "Where's your hometown?" isn't necessarily as straightforward as it seems. The National Merit semifinalist, swimming star and Quiz Bowler spent much of her childhood in Beijing, where her parents — both fluent in Mandarin — taught her Chinese concurrently with English (and where, she notes, she acquired an "incredible prowess with chopsticks.") "We've moved around so much that I don't really have a 'hometown,' but Springdale is the closest I've ever gotten," she said. She's made her impact there, too, tutoring students free of charge through her volunteer work with the M&N Augustine Foundation and putting in time at the Arkansas Council for the Blind and the Springdale Animal Shelter. Jade is ranked second in her class, and her high school transcript is full of aced courses in trigonometry, physics and calculus. She's also the co-founder of Haas Hall Academy's coding club, so a career in nuclear energy development — Jade's field of choice — isn't just an aspiration; it's the plan. "I have a deep appreciation for nature," she told us, citing Devil's Den State Park as a spot to which she feels closely connected, and stressing the importance of preserving natural spaces and developing more long-term options for sustainable energy. On Christmas Day 2016, Jade checked her email to find that she'd attained something she'd wanted as early as age 12: acceptance to the U.S. Naval Academy. There, she'll major in nuclear engineering and complete her five mandatory post-Academy years in the Navy, after which she hopes to acquire a Ph.D. in the field.

AVERY ELLIOTT
Age: 18
Hometown: Cabot
High school: Cabot High School
Parents: Dan and Melissa Elliott
College plans: University of Arkansas, medicine

Though many of our All-Stars seem destined from birth for academic greatness, there is the occasional inspiring All-Star who has had to overcome seemingly insurmountable odds. One of those is Cabot High School's Avery Elliott, who was born with nystagmus, a condition that causes involuntary eye movements that can make it hard for sufferers to concentrate and learn. Though it's hard to imagine it now, when she was in elementary school Avery found herself falling further and further behind her classmates in reading because of her condition. "That was difficult," she said. "I was behind schedule until about third or fourth grade. I would have to go home and really work with my parents to keep up with the rest of the class." Even though she struggled early on, Avery said that, in a way, the nystagmus contributed to her success and gave her a direction to follow. "I had to learn to really study even outside of school," she said. "I learned some very good study habits. But I think it also really affected where I wanted to go as far as my career. ... I really learned that a medical team can not only dispense medicine, but can really affect someone's life." A National Merit finalist who has volunteered extensively with Special Olympics and already completed 43 hours of college-level coursework, Avery has been awarded the University of Arkansas Fellowship. She plans to study medicine at UAMS after completing her undergrad degree, then practice in Arkansas. That goal has always pushed her to succeed academically. "I wanted to go into the medical field from an early age," she said, "so I knew starting out in high school that I needed to make very good grades in order to get where I needed to. I had to really learn the material, rather than just trying to ace a test."

JARED GILLIAM
Age: 17
Hometown: Cabot
High school: Cabot High School
Parents: Dan and LeAnne Gilliam
College plans: University of Arkansas, engineering

When most young people say they want to change the world, it's easy to believe that's just pie-in-the-sky thinking by someone who hasn't yet been through the Academy of Hard Knocks. When Jared Gilliam says he wants to change the world, however, there's a good chance he might actually pull it off. Jared even has a plan: He'll change the world through engineering. A National Merit finalist and AP scholar with a GPA of 4.18 and a perfect score of 36 on the ACT, Jared is well placed to do just that. A musician who plays percussion with the Cabot High Marching Band, Jared said his favorite subject in school is math. "I think I'm mostly interested in engineering because I've always been sort of a problem-solver," he said. "I've enjoyed math and science, working through things and finding solutions to everyday problems. This year, I've been in robotics, so we've spent time working on a robot to perform various tasks. I've enjoyed that a lot. I think engineering is where my ability would best be used." He'll attend the University of Arkansas, which has offered him the Honors College Fellowship. He said the drive to excel academically has always been a part of his life. "I've grown up being encouraged to do well, and I guess I have my parents to thank for that and all my teachers," he said. "I think knowing that I have the ability to do all of this, I feel compelled to do what I can to make a difference. I think life would be pretty boring if I didn't go out there and do all the things I do. I don't think I could settle for not being successful."

BENJAMIN KEATING
Age: 18
Hometown: Fort Smith
High School: Southside High School
Parents: Drs. Bill and Janice Keating
College plans: Undecided

If you were looking for a ringing endorsement of Ben Keating's character, you'd need to look no further than Amy Slater, the guidance counselor who nominated him for our Academic All-Stars roster and who said of Ben, "He is all the things I hope my son turns out to be. ... He really thinks about things, and he practices the trumpet and piano for hours a day. It's crazy, his dedication." Ben probably had something to prove here; he admits to some skepticism on the part of his mother when he announced he'd be pursuing a career in music. He's certainly proved his mettle; Ben is band president at Southside, was a principal trumpet for the 2017 National Youth Honor Orchestra, first chair for Southside's Wind Symphony and for the All-State Jazz Band and was ranked in the top-tier bands for All-State Band and All-State Orchestra each year from 2014-16. The accolades go on and on: Ben has received a Young Artist Award from the International Trumpet Guild, a Gold Medal from the National Piano Guild and superior ratings from the National Federation of Music Clubs competitions for over a decade. He plays for the Arkansas Symphony Youth Orchestra and as a volunteer musician for the Fort Smith Community Band. Ben is still deciding where to attend college, but wherever he goes, he hopes to continue playing with an orchestra. Eventually, he wants to teach at the university level. "Ultimately," he wrote, "I want to use my passion to unite people of all different races, backgrounds and cultures. In today's society that is politically and culturally divided, it is more important than ever to share the universal language of music."

KATHERINE HAHN
Age: 17
Hometown: Hindsville
High School: Huntsville High School
Parents: Shannon Hahn
College plans: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, biochemical engineering

Katherine Hahn is ranked first in her class at Huntsville High School, which she attends because her hometown of Hindsville is too small to support its own school system. The population of Hindsville is "about 75 people," she told us. At Huntsville High, Katherine plays bass drum in the marching band and marimba/xylophone in the concert band and runs with the Huntsville cross-country team. Her real passion, though, is science. "I think I've always wanted to go to a college that was science-based and research-based," she told us. Her high school principal, Roxanne Enix, noted her own surprise when Katherine announced that she'd take 10 credits her senior year, instead of the recommended eight. "I thought she had lost her mind," Enix stated. Those credits, over half of which are in AP classes, are what Katherine hopes have prepared her for the rigorous workload at MIT. Aiming for a career in pharmaceutical development, Katherine plans to study biochemical engineering, something she said resonated personally with her as a result of her mother's struggle with skin cancer. "Biology helps me understand why medicine does the things it does," Katherine told us. "Whenever I first started out, I wanted to do environmental stuff," she said, but turned her attention to drug delivery systems after observing so many friends and loved ones battling cancer. "I want to help stop people from being scared of losing people," she explained. Katherine, a native of Tahlequah, Okla., who moved to Arkansas around fifth grade, has served on the Madison County Health Coalition as Youth Leader and was named Student of the Year in 2017 by the Huntsville Chamber of Commerce and Huntsville High School.

GEORGIANA BURNSIDE
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High school: Little Rock Christian Academy
Parents: Bob and Ann Burnside
College plans: Stanford University, biology and public policy

When this reporter mentioned to friends at UAMS that she'd just spoken to an amazingly poised, optimistic and intelligent young woman with a spinal cord injury, they said in unison, "You mean Georgiana Burnside." Her reputation as a teenager who at 16 was paralyzed from the waist down in a snow skiing accident but who considers the event a "blessing" no doubt goes further than UAMS, all the way to Denver's Craig Hospital, where she spent "the most memorable two months in my life," she said, and where she returns to continue her rehabilitation. What is a spinal cord injury? She answers that it is a) a life changed in a split second, b) finding out that a bad attitude is the true disability, c) a time to show off wheelchair tricks, and d) spontaneous moments of unfortunate incontinence. In her essay for the Arkansas Times, Georgiana writes, "my physical brokenness has developed wholeness in my heart about the capacity life holds for individuals regardless of their disabilities." In a phone interview, Georgiana, once a figure skater, talked about her work with Easter Seals, fundraisers for Craig Hospital, and giving talks and testimony about her faith. Georgiana has regained the ability to walk with hiking sticks and leg braces, thanks to the strength in her quads. And, thanks to support from the High Fives Foundation in Truckee, Calif., which sponsors athletes with injuries and which has paid for some of her rehabilitation, Georgiana returned to the slopes over spring break, skiing upright with the aid of long forearm equipment. At Stanford, she'll study to be a doctor, with a goal to return to Craig Hospital as a physician who'll treat other injured youths who, though they may have, like Georgiana, at first believed their life was over, will learn they have "a unique role ... enabling the advancement of society."

MITCHELL HARVEY
Age: 17
Hometown: North Little Rock
High School: North Little Rock High School
Parents: David and Susan Harvey
College plans: Likely Mississippi State University, chemical engineering

Mitchell Harvey is a big fan of the periodic table. "The elements are amazing little things," he wrote in his Academic All-Star essay. "They make up everything, yet we hardly see them in their pure form in everyday life." Mitchell decided they needed more exposure, so he started collecting examples of the elements and taking them to school for his peers and teachers to see. He extracted helium from an abandoned tank on the side of the road. He found zinc in wheel weights, grew crystals of copper with electrolysis and made bromine, which he describes as "a blood-red liquid that fumes profusely," from a "crude" homemade distillation setup and pool chemicals. Though you can buy sodium readily, Mitchell made his by melting drain cleaner (sodium hydroxide) with a blowtorch and then passing a current through it, separating the mixture into sodium metal, oxygen and water. His parents were OK with the procedure, he says, because he wore a Tyvek suit, three pairs of gloves, safety goggles and a face shield. While on a college visit in California last summer, Mitchell toured Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles and was impressed by the large periodic table display exhibit there. So he decided to build one for North Little Rock High. He got money from the school's alumni group, the Wildcat Foundation, to pay for the supplies necessary to construct the 9-foot-by-6-foot display. He hopes to have it completed in the next two weeks and fill it with examples of elements he has collected, though he may need additional funding to pay for other elements. No. 1 in a class of 687, Mitchell scored a perfect 36 on the ACT. He's also an Eagle Scout, and led a project to plant 800 native hardwood seedlings at Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park. After college, Mitchell said, he might start his own waste remediation business. "The business model I would be going for would be taking some byproduct that's hazardous and turning it into something useful."

CARSON MOLDER
Age: 18
Hometown: Mabelvale
High school: Bryant High SCHOOL
Parents: Kevin and Ruby Molder
College plans: University of Arkansas

Not everybody plays the mellophone and likes to draw up better interstate exchanges, but Carson Molder does both. The University of Arkansas Honors College-bound student, No. 1 in his class, likes to create three-dimensional schemes in his head, and has been creating road designs since he was young. But as a musician who plays the French horn in his school's orchestra and the mellophone in the Legacy of Bryant marching band, and who has won a band scholarship in addition to his Honors College reward to the UA, he said that one day he may be an audio engineer. "I'm going to put things together and see what sticks," he said of his future. Meanwhile, Carson said the internet has been his Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria, taking him to new places that he otherwise could not get to. "I can count on my hands the number of times I have set foot outside Arkansas," Carson wrote in an essay for the Arkansas Times. But with the internet, "I can gaze into the redwood forests of California and the skyscrapers of New York City without leaving my desk." Without the internet, he said in a phone interview, "I would not be at the top of my class." Carson added, "It's not going to replace going out and visiting these things, but if you're a kid and don't have the money to go out, you can visit Yellowstone." Carson, who describes himself as "really ambitious," is looking forward to studying with Dr. Alan Mantooth, the director of the UA National Center for Reliable Electric Power Transmission. The UA, he said, "will provide me the tools" he'll need to succeed in graduate school, which he hopes will be Stanford University.

OLIVIA LANGER
Age: 18
Hometown: Jonesboro
High school: Brookland High School
Parents: Kelly Webb and Jonathan Langer
College plans: University of California, Santa Barbara, chemistry

You might think that a student who is No. 1 in her class and a National Merit finalist with nary a B on her high school transcript might not consider one of her greatest achievements her selection as her high school's drum major three years in a row. But here's the thing: Schoolwork comes easy to Olivia Langer. "I never had to work hard," she told us. In fact, her style of learning is "conversation-based," she said; she enjoys "debate without argument." But music was different: "I struggled at points, and had to put in extra work to be good." Her selection as drum major was "something I know I've worked for," she said, and she has enjoyed the responsibilities that come with it. "I like to take care of people. The band calls me band mom," she added. Beside numerous academic awards, Olivia also earned a 2017 state Horatio Alger scholarship for students who have overcome great obstacles. Hers, Olivia said, was financial: She's always had a place to stay and food to eat, but she hasn't been able to afford academic programs. "Honestly, I wasn't able to visit any of the colleges I applied to," she said. So she will see the UC Santa Barbara campus for the first time when she arrives this fall. She's considering a double major in chemistry and anthropology; she's interested in the evolutionary side of anthropology, and plans to seek graduate and post-graduate degrees.

REBECCA PARHAM
Age: 18
Hometown: Alma
High School: Arkansas School for Mathematics, Sciences and the Arts
Parents: Eileen and Rick Parham
College plans: University of Arkansas or Hendrix College

On a visit to Hanamaki, Japan, with her school, Rebecca Parham noticed that once a month all the citizens would clean the front of their homes and shops. Folks would give each other gifts, too. "It was clear people tended to think for the whole," she said. "I thought that was really nice." An avid chemist, Rebecca did not just improve her Japanese on the trip, she brought those lessons of helping the community back to Arkansas. Her work has been at the intersection of heady science and community impact. In her robotics club, she noticed that girls were less likely to participate. "I decided that was not OK," she said. So, she designed a day with LEGO kits to encourage women to pursue STEM education. That desire to make an impact goes beyond school, too. For her senior project, Rebecca designed a test for homebuyers to see if meth had been cooked on their property (yes, meth). Her parents, on hearing of this project choice, asked her to "please explain a little bit further ... ." Here's the gist: The method of meth production in rural areas has shifted to something called the Birch reduction; older testing kits would no longer work. But Rebecca thought she could produce one that could. She designed a flame test. It finds lithium compounds left behind. The process of invention was "definitely frustrating," Rebecca said, but you "learn things you never thought of before." Rebecca did not plan to spend senior year in her dorm late at night "searching online" how to identify meth production, but she has a driving curiosity toward science and how it "connects to the world." She hopes to work in renewable energy — to be part of the global community, from Japan to Arkansas — making the world a nice place in which to live.

GRANT ROBINSON
Age: 18
Hometown: Searcy
High school: Searcy High School
Parents: Eric and Lisa Robinson College plans: University of Arkansas

Grant Robinson's father is a cardiologist, and Grant long figured he would follow in his dad's footsteps. But now he's not so sure. Last summer, he was selected, among thousands of applicants from around the world, to participate in a Stanford University summer engineering program. He got to experience a taste of college life, to take advantage of Stanford's decked-out labs and to tour the area to see results of civil engineering. The most memorable part of the program? Grant's small group built a Rube Goldberg machine — a complicated gadget that performs a simple task in a convoluted way — that, by Grant's estimation, was "the most complex and aesthetically pleasing" in the program. It included an electromagnet the group handmade and chemical reactions triggered by the machine. Grant's academic achievements are the byproduct of a natural curiosity. He said he spends what little free time he has exploring YouTube, trying to figure out the way the world works. Another influence: His father, who pulled himself out of poverty to become a doctor, has always instilled in him the importance of hard work. The message clearly stuck. Grant is second in his class of 263, with a 4.27 GPA. He scored a 35 on the ACT. He's a Presidential Scholar. His classmates voted him most likely to receive the Nobel Prize. He also participated in Project Unify (now known as Unified Champion Schools), an effort by the Special Olympics to get young people with and without special needs to come together for activities. Grant helped plan a basketball tournament as part of the project. In the fall, he'll be rooting on the Razorbacks at the University of Arkansas.  

JOHN SNYDER
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High school: Little Rock Christian Academy
Parents: Jill and Steve Snyder
College plans: Cornell University, industrial and labor relations

Whatever you were doing by your senior year in high school, chances are you probably hadn't already authored a book, much less a book on the complicated intersection of taxation and politics. John Snyder has, though. His book, "The Politics of Fiscal Policy," explores the political aspects of economics, including the pros and cons of various governmental tax schemes and their effect on government spending. It's for sale on Amazon right now. "It's pretty concise," John said, "but I wanted a way to express all my ideas in economic terms. That was a great way to do that." A history buff who serves as vice president of his class, John has a stunning 4.49 GPA and is ranked first in his class of 129. Though he wanted to be a lawyer when he was younger, his plan now is to go into investment banking. "Ultimately I want to have my own hedge fund — this thing called an activist hedge fund — and eventually I want to be actively involved in politics, whether that's in the midst of my business career or after ... . I'd love to run for public office one day." At Cornell University, John will be studying industrial and labor relations, a field that marries his love of multiple subjects. "Basically it ties in business, law, economics and history all into sort of one degree," he said. "You can do limitless things [with the degree]. Some people go into law school, some go into banking, some go to politics. That's why I chose that degree." John said his philosophy is that we have only a limited amount of time on earth, and so we should try to make the most of our lives. "I think there are a lot of things I can do to change the way things currently are in society, whether it's related to business or in academia or public policy," he said. "If I don't play a role in that and I'm not striving to do my best, I would feel like I'm wasting my potential."

PRESTON STONE
Age: 18
Hometown: Benton
High school: Benton High School
Parents: Haley Hicks and Brec Stone
College plans: University of Arkansas, pre-med

Benton High School's Big Man on Campus — No. 1 in his class, captain of the football team, an AP Scholar, straight As — can add to his resume the fact that he helped build his home. Preston, his two brothers and his mother bounced around a bit after her divorce, from Texas to Arkansas, living with grandparents and friends, Preston said. Then the family was selected by Habitat for Humanity, and he and his brothers pitched in to build their house. "It was the first place I could truly call home and it allowed me the stability I needed to grow into the kind of student I am today," he wrote in his essay for the Arkansas Times. Preston, who also helped build a school outreach group called SERVE to help new or struggling students, also credits sports for giving him purpose. He recently volunteered to trade in the pigskin for a basketball, joining a team that played boys at the Alexander Juvenile Detention Center. "It was an awesome experience," Preston said in a phone interview. "We were a little bit nervous at first" at the detention center, he said, but the team enjoyed the game — even though they lost to the Alexander team, formed to reward inmates with good behavior. "They practice every day," Preston said. Preston has received a $70,000 Honors College scholarship at Fayetteville. He won't be playing football with the Razorbacks. Instead he is thinking of following a pre-med track that will lead him to sports medicine. He plans to go Greek, as well.

KARINA BAO
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High school: Central High School
Parents: Amy Yu and Shawn Bao
College plans: undecided

Karina Bao embraces complexity. The Central High School valedictorian (in a class of 636) is a member of the school's back-to-back state champion Ethics Bowl Team, for which she said she spent hours "researching, discussing and sometimes even arguing" case studies. Unlike debate, she said Ethics Bowl is "really about the back-and-forth and considering different caveats and nuances and considerations" in issues ranging from local food to gender identity. As president of the school's Brain Club, she leads discussions on brain diseases, disorders and anatomy. It's a role for which she's more than qualified: She placed first in the U.S. Brain Bee, a youth neuroscience competition in which contestants answer questions about anatomy and make diagnoses based on patient actors. Placing No. 1 in the U.S. competition landed Karina a trip to Copenhagen, Denmark, to the International Brain Bee, which happened to coincide with a Federation of International Neuroscientists conference, where Karina got to talk to scientists from all over the world about their groundbreaking research. She placed fifth in the international competition. A perennial outstanding delegate winner at Model United Nations competitions, Karina said Model U.N. has helped her to "not be scared of the complexity and interconnectedness of pressing issues we face today." In her spare time, Karina volunteers on the oncology wing of Baptist Hospital. "You don't get to do much," she said. "But at least we get to talk to people and help them with whatever they need and be there to listen." In her Academic All-Stars essay, Karina echoed the same drive for understanding: "The stories other people share with me become not my own when I retell them, but a part of humanity's collective spirit to understand each other. We grow from hours of listening and crying, to empathize, to have the strength and openness to pop each successive layer of the protective bubble that keeps us from seeing the very world in which we reside."

BRYCE COHEA
Age: 19
Hometown: Greenwood
High school: Greenwood High School
Parents: Mike and Robin Cohea
College plans: University of Tulsa or Vanderbilt university, biology

Though he grew up landlocked, far from the deep blue sea, Greenwood High School standout Bryce Cohea knew from an early age that he wanted to be a marine biologist. To reach that goal, Bryce had to start early. "In the ninth grade," he wrote in his Academic All-Stars essay, "I began planning out all my classes for the next four years. I wanted to graduate top of my class, and in order to do that I would need to take every advanced placement class and get an A in every class." That's exactly what he did, too, making nothing less than a perfect grade in every class for his entire high school career. With a 4.25 GPA and a rank of No. 1 in his class of 275, Bryce has volunteered extensively with the Salvation Army and collected shoes for the homeless; he helps unload trucks and stock shelves at the food bank at his church. A National Merit semifinalist, he also has the distinction of having scored the first perfect ACT score of 36 in Greenwood High School history. "I've honestly been a good test-taker," he said. "The first time I took it, I got a 34. After that, I got the test back and I worked on whatever I missed. After a few more tries, I got a 36." Bryce was still deciding on which university to attend when we spoke to him, but he definitely plans to study science. The subject has always interested him, he said. "I'm planning on majoring in biology and then specializing after that," he said.

IMANI GOSSERAND
Age: 16
Hometown: Rogers
HIGH SCHOOL: ROGERS HIGH SCHOOL
Parents: James and Hyesun Gosserand

College plans: University of Southern California, Harvey Mudd College or Columbia University, computer science or environmental science

Imani Gosserand has a journal in which she organizes the many moving parts of her life — competitive gymnastics, AP classes, computer science, Young Democrats, volunteering — into lists. Personal stuff is in there, too: bucket lists, remembrances. The journal combines the creative and the organized; it is problem-solving with an artful flare, which is how Imani operates. "I really like being able to create something of my own," she said of computer science. At a camp at Stanford University, in California, her team won the competition to program a car. Imani, not surprisingly, is good at math: She learned multiplication at age 4 and went on to skip two grades. Imani thinks schoolwork is fun. "We had a huge packet of homework problems we had to do over one of our breaks," she said. "And no one else was excited about it except for me. I was like 'Oh, I'm so excited to do all these problems!' " She brings that enthusiasm for problem-solving to bigger issues, as well. "I feel like there are so many opportunities for me because our world relies on technology, so I think I could go into any field," she said. She's excited to explore and see where she can help. "I want to meet people from around the world and hear different perspectives."

C.J. FOWLER
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High School: Central High School
Parents: Bobbi and Dustin McDaniel and Chris and Kim Fowler
College plans: Yale University

C.J. Fowler has long been around Democratic politics. His stepfather is former Arkansas Attorney General Dustin McDaniel. But C.J. said he decided to become more politically involved himself after he came out as gay. "The situation that I'm in is not great," he said. "People are not always accepting. But it's on me if I want to try to change that and make it better for the people who come after me. I have to make sure that my community and all marginalized communities have a seat at the table, because far too often a bunch of old gray white guys are making policies that hurt everyone else." The student body president of Central High, C.J. said he's tried to move the student council, a glorified dance committee, toward advocacy and activism for students throughout the district, whose future is being decided by those "people sitting in dark rooms." He said students too often get left out of the conversation about the district "because we're too young to have opinions. But we're not; we're living it every day." C.J. has been a fixture at Little Rock School District public comment periods. Though he can't point to any policy victories, he said at least LRSD Superintendent Mike Poore knows who he is and that he disagrees with him. C.J., who is also the executive director of Young Democrats of Arkansas, sees the backlash against President Trump as encouraging. "We're realizing that, if we're going to go all in for progressive values, we need to go all in." Rather than join the chorus of progressives in the Northeast after he finishes at Yale, C.J. says he wants to come back to Arkansas and possibly continue in politics. He admires state Sen. Joyce Elliott (D-Little Rock) and says he hopes if he ever holds office that he can follow her example.

SOPHIE PRICE
Age: 18
Hometown: Fort Smith
High School: Southside High
Parents: Claire Price and Scott Price
College plans: Vanderbilt University, political science

"Growing up, I would always argue with everybody," Sophie Price said. Sometimes it was just to play devil's advocate, but mostly, it was because Sophie wants to find the capital-t Truth. Some of this digging for truth is class: seven AP course just this year and 12 during her time in high school. But, some of it is also talking with people, discussing issues. "The best way to improve your argument is to hear the counters, to hear the other side," Sophie said, and often she is willing to be convinced. She wants to do the right thing; she believes in justice. Which is why after college at Vanderbilt on a full scholarship, she wants to field arguments as a judge. "My whole life I've followed this ideal that you have to do what's right," Sophie said. "I want to be a judge so I can kind of decide that." Vanderbilt was the only school to which Sophie applied. She knew it was the right one for her. She arrived in Nashville on a rainy day in January, but through the gloom, she knew. "Something about the beautiful campus and the intelligent people and these varying perspectives just sold me immediately," she said. In a few months she was back at Vanderbilt for a camp where she studied law, and it cemented the deal. "There was something so exhilarating about being able to have this case and have the facts and kind of create your own narrative and really advocate for someone that drew me in," she said. Watch out, because "everything I do, I want to give it a 120 percent," Sophie said.

MEAGAN OLSEN
Age: 17
Hometown: Fayetteville
High School: Fayetteville High School
Parents: Anjanette Olsen
College plans: University of Arkansas Honors College, chemical engineering

Fayetteville High School’s top student, with a perfect ACT score of 36, a 4.2 gradepoint average and the co-author of a paper on fractal self-assembly, is not just a bookworm. She’s a leader, her counselor Cindy Alley says, who shows “grit, motivation to succeed and a desire to help others.” She is also, Alley says, “a pure joy to be around.” In her essay for the Arkansas Times, Meagan talked about how she came to understand “ternary counters,” a base-3 method of counting in which only the digits 0, 1 and 2 are used. (Binary counters of 0 and 1 make up our computer’s “thinking,” as people with 10 fingers, we use base 10 to count.) Meagan, trying to make a “self-assembling ternary counter,” said she banged her head against “endless walls” for weeks. Then just after 1 a.m., she woke up with the answer. It’s a wise child who gives credit where credit is due: “I understood,” she wrote, “my mother’s advice about taking a break whenever I was upset.” Meagan’s paper on fractal self-assembly was published in the 22nd International Conference on DNBA Computing and Molecular Programing. She no longer lets frustration prevent her from solving a problem; sometimes, she’ll just sleep on it. Meagan told the Times she plans to attend a small conference this summer and then take some needed down time. She plans to use her degree from Fayetteville to pursue biomedical research.
          HOW TO RECHARGE ALKALINE BATTERIES   
Alkaline batteries have far different characteristics than your dry cell batteries, where a chemical reaction takes place discharging a current until not enough current can be produced as the chemicals become equalized in the unit. Compared to the older style and lower cost technology dry cells, these different characteristics make recharging alkaline batteries more difficult, […]
          Did You Know Space Weather Influences Human Health & Behaviour?   
Solar energy and cosmic radiation have electrical influences over a multitude of human activities including human health.

Mainstream science has begun to accept these effects, and to investigate the topic in a serious way, but the science itself is by no means ‘new’.

At the December 1926 annual meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Russian Professor Alexander Tchijevsky (also spelt Chizhevsky) presented the paper “Physical Factors of the Historical Process.”

The paper examined the cyclical variations in the sunspot number of the Solar Cycle in order to create a mass index of human excitability throughout history.

Did You Know Space Weather Influences Human Health & Behaviour?
He found that revolutions and periods of intense fighting seemed to occur during Solar Maxima – the period of greatest activity in the 11-year solar cycle of the Sun – while cultural flourishing and social cohesion tended to occur during Solar Minima.

It was in this paper that Tchijevsky wrote:

The Sun is an enormous generator of electric energy and emits it in the form of radiation and induction.

The Sun is surrounded by an electromagnetic field, the limits of which reach beyond the farthermost planet Neptune, and therefore the Earth with its electromagnetic field is in the Sun’s field of tremendous power.1

Tchijevsky and other observers at this time noticed that during the period of maximum solar activity, all of the Sun’s phenomena would acquire tremendous size and strength, and that:

“The Sun ejects streams of anode and cathode rays which ionize the Earth’s atmosphere (Birke, Arrhenius, Nordmann, Paulsen, Villards) and create certain effects.”

Based on previous research, Tchijevsky postulated that:

The influence of the Sun on the human organism results in chemical changes in the pigment of the skin, in the chaining of the heart-beat, in the alterations in the chemical composition of the blood and the latter results in changes in the general condition of the organism and its nervous tonicity (Lenkei, Behring, Hasselback, Nogler, Aimes, Rollier, Revillet, Marques, d’Oelsnitz, Robin, Moleshott, Loeb, I. Newton, Professor Bechtereff, Lombroso).

Given that the varying amount of the Sun’s energy received by the different climatic zones has such a great influence on humanity, Tchijevsky posed the question: do the periodical changes of the Sun’s activity resulting in the amount of the emitted innumerable streams of electrical particles and electromagnetic waves also have an influence upon humanity?

It wasn’t until 1942 that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin became aware of this paper and Tchijevsky’s research.

Tchijevsky was subsequently asked to retract his ideas and writings on the influence of Solar Cycles on human behaviour, “which contradicted Soviet theories of the reasons for the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917. He refused, was arrested and spent eight years in a forced labour gulag in the Ural mountains.”2

Nonetheless, his ideas were central to the budding field of Space Weather research.

In a paper from 2007, “Solar Activity, revolutions and cultural prime in the history of mankind,” Prof. Miroslav Mikulecký’s research is in agreement with Tchijevsky’s hypothesis that “revolutions culminated near to solar maxima while cultural flourishing usually distinctly near to solar minima.

This conclusion is based on the level of statistical significance alpha=0.05” (Mikulecký, 2007).3


Space Weather

When we talk about ‘Space Weather’ we’re discussing the conditions on the Sun and in the solar wind, which contains charged plasma that is emanating away from the Solar surface and stretching all the way out past Pluto.

In this space, charged ions are all flowing along electromagnetic currents, tethers that are connecting each planet to the Sun.

Known as the Interplanetary Magnetic Field, this dynamo of sphere magnets (planets) revolving around one central, powerful sphere magnet (the Sun) makes up the protective shell of our Solar System known as the Heliosphere.

The Earth has its own protective interface from the various effects of Space Weather, called the Magnetosphere.

According to the European Space Agency, there are concerns the “force that protects our planet is weakening and may even be on the verge of reversing polarity. Over the last 150 years, the magnetic field has lost about 15% of its strength.”4

But that’s not all. This decline in Magnetospheric strength on Earth has also been accompanied by a weakening in Solar Magnetics,5 as a Sunspot Grand Minima is quite possibly knocking at our door.

Recent research into the modes of Solar Activity have revealed there is, on average, a 400 year Sunspot Grand Minima Cycle,6 with the last one occurring about 400 years ago during what’s commonly referred to as the Maunder Minimum:

During the Maunder Minimum (MM) period extremely few auroras were recorded (Chapman, 1967) suggesting that atmospheric/magnetospheric processes were significantly affected.

Reduced solar irradiance such as during the MM and Dalton Minimum, is correlated with the negative shift of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index leading to enhance north easterly wind which results into cooling of Europe, whereas enhanced solar irradiance is correlated with positive NAO index (Singh et al. 2011).7

Whether or not a Global Warming or a Global Cooling scenario will play-out is still very much ‘up in the air’ (see our article ‘Global Warming or Global Cooling?’ in New Dawn 144), and the proposed, often exaggerated claims of warming proponents attempt to ignore the natural factors and cyclical variations that are taking place, untamed by any of the anthropogenic ‘climate forcing’ factors.

The 11-year Solar Cycle and 22-year Magnetic Cycle will continue to unfold, unhindered, into the foreseeable future; this periodicity was first discovered by H. von Schwabe in 1851.

The Heliosphere and Magnetosphere both protect the Earth from the harsh effects of Galactic Cosmic Rays, which are high-speed energetic particles capable of stripping away the Earth’s Ozone and atmosphere.

Cosmic Rays are thought to induce cloud formation in the lower atmosphere8 and charge-up lightning strikes, thereby impacting regional temperatures.

Both the Heliosphere and Earth’s Magnetosphere are stronger during Solar Maximum (offering more protection from Galactic Cosmic Rays) and weaker during Solar Minimum (offering less protection from the harmful effects of Cosmic Rays).

This inverse relationship between Solar Activity (SA) and Cosmic Ray Activity (CRA) has been well-established in scientific literature.

What this means is that whenever SA is high, CRA will be low, and vice versa, whenever SA is low, CRA will be high.

A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a massive burst of solar wind and magnetic fields rising above the Sun’s corona or being released into space.

A danger arises when these are directed towards Earth, and the term geoeffectiveness is used when determining a CME’s ability to generate geomagnetic storms on Earth.

An important aspect of geoeffective CMEs is how large of a Forbush decrease (drop in galactic cosmic radiation) they produce.

In the 2005 NASA article ‘Who’s Afraid of a Solar Flare?’, Dr. Tony Phillips wrote that

Magnetic fields deflect charged particles, so when a CME sweeps past Earth, it also sweeps away many of the electrically-charged cosmic rays that would otherwise strike our planet. This is the ‘Forbush decrease’.9

Large CMEs that become geoeffective often spark geomagnetic storms, which are marked by the appearance of the Aurora Borealis throughout the Auroral Ovals, which circle both of Earth’s polar regions and expand towards the equator during intense magnetic storms.

A geomagnetic storm induced blackout was the case in 1989, after a large Earth-directed solar flare occurred on Friday, 10 March, which reached the Earth on Monday, 13 March 1989.

The most significant damage occurred to Canada’s Hydro-Québec power utility grid, which crashed “when safety systems sensed a power overload caused by the currents pulsing through the ground.”10

These ‘ground induced currents’ knocked out electricity for nine hours to as many as six million people in northeastern Canada.

We know for a fact that extreme geomagnetic storms can induce ground currents that will affect all of sorts of sensitive electronics.



Effects on the Human Body

There are a wide variety of effects that Space Weather exerts on the electricity of the brain, heart and central nervous system inside of our own bodies.

Recent research suggests the solar wind actually modulates lightning intensity here on Earth, and that an, “increase in Galactic Cosmic Ray flux may directly trigger lightning through ‘runaway breakdown’ of electrons, leading to breakdown (Roussel-Dupré et al 2008)” (Scott et al. 2014).11

This is important given that, according to NASA, at any moment “2,000 thunderstorms roll over Earth, producing some 50 flashes of lightning every second.

Each lightning burst creates electromagnetic waves that begin to circle around Earth captured between Earth’s surface and a boundary about 60 miles up…”12 and lightning is associated with local emission of photons.

The Schumann Resonances (SR) are a set of frequencies ranging from 3 Hz to 60 Hz, increasing in 6.5 Hz intervals, with the ‘fundamental’ frequency of the Schumann Resonance standing at 7.83 Hz.

The Schumann Resonances are easily detectable on any planet on which lightning takes place, and so far the SR signals have been detected on Venus, Mars, Titan, Jupiter and Saturn.

In the paper “Schumann Resonance Frequencies Found Within Quantitative Electroencephalographic Activity: Implications for Earth-Brain Interactions,” Dr. Michael Persinger discusses the “bulk velocity of action potentials within the cerebral cortices, the approximate standing wave or resonance for a 60 cm circumference skull would be ~7.5 Hz.

This bulk velocity would require ~20 to 25 milliseconds to traverse the cerebral length and is equivalent to about 40 to 45 Hz” (Persinger 2014).13 This 40 to 45 Hz band is the classic frequency associated with ‘consciousness’, as well as other complex biological functions.

It is apparent that disruptions in the Schumann Resonances via external factors, such as natural variations in Space Weather intensity, can have a profound impact on the physiological and psychological health of an organism.

The brain is a “massive source of extremely-low-frequency (ELF) signals that get transmitted throughout the body via the nervous system, which is sensitive to magnetic fields. Brainwaves and natural biorhythms can be affected by external factors” (Babayev & Allahverdiyeva 2007).14



The late Dr. Neil Cherry wrote:

The first five Schumann Resonances coincide with the frequency range of the first four EEG bands.

The primary EEG bands are: Delta 0.5 to 4 Hz, Theta 4-8 Hz, Alpha 8-13 Hz and Beta 13 to 30 Hz (Malmivuo & Plonsey 1995). Hence resonant absorption and reaction is biophysically plausible…” (Cherry 2001).15

Dr. Cherry had collected and conducted research showing that the effects to human health via solar and geomagnetic activity (S-GMA) are biophysically possible through changes in Schumann Resonance intensity. The effects include,

altered blood pressure and melatonin, increased cancer, reproductive, cardiac and neurological disease and death.

Many occupational studies have found that exposure to ELF fields between 16.7 Hz and 50/60 Hz significantly reduces melatonin levels (Cherry 2001).

Melatonin is a potent anti-oxidant with receptors in every major organ, and it is released from the pineal gland when the natural boundary of light is missing.16

Melatonin production peaks at night, around 4 am when the temperature is at its lowest and the melatonin level is at its highest.

The variable changes in Space Weather and solar wind parameters lead to perturbations in the environmental electromagnetic fields, certain frequencies of which can “significantly alter the cellular calcium ion fluxes and Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) waves in brain tissue” (Cherry 2001).17

The collected evidence reveals that the effects can go from environmental ULF/ELF signals to directly altering our cellular calcium ion homeostasis, which is capable of altering primate and human EEG waves, thereby affecting cell-to-cell communication and impacting reaction times.

There is evidence that “at days with high neutron activity (CRA) there were more medical emergencies and more deaths… A strong trend of Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) (mostly of fatal cardiac arrhythmia, fibrillation) occurred more often on days of high CRA (neutron activity)” (Stoupel et al. 2014).

During periods of low Solar Activity and ‘zero’ geomagnetic activity, data showed that those at risk were more likely to die of SCD; this illustrates the inverse correlation between Solar Activity and Cosmic Ray Activity.

On the other hand, in the scientific paper “Geomagnetic Storms Can Trigger Stroke,” the authors purpose was to present evidence for the impact of geomagnetic activity on stroke occurrence, which has been “limited and controversial.”

They conclude that, “Geomagnetic storms are associated with increased risk of stroke and should be considered along with other established risk factors” (Feigin et al. 2014).18

Perhaps it is the balance, the middle ground, which is most prevalent compared to high Solar Activity and CRA, which are short-term events and less prevalent than active conditions.

Previous research shows that geomagnetic variations of a solar origin have been correlated with enhanced anxiety, sleep disturbances, altered moods, and greater incidences of psychiatric admissions (Persinger, 1987).19

Babayev and Allahverdiyeva’s findings indicate, “there were an indisposition, weakness and presence of indistinct localised headaches during the days with severe Geomagnetic Storms in experiment participants.”

They concluded that “geomagnetic disturbances affect mainly the emotional and vegetative sphere of human beings… changes in geomagnetic conditions mostly affect the activity of the regulating systems of the right hemisphere and the ability to adapt to changes in a physical environment.”

There have been numerous papers that explore even more connections between human health and energy from space.

Infant mortality, suicide, traffic accidents, crime rates, and numerous other significant events and human conditions have been statistically matched with fluxes in solar and cosmic energy.

Although this field of study is by no means new, it is just now becoming accepted, understood, and investigated in a serious manner.

For more information on the work of Ben Davidson and David Hyde, go to www.Suspicious0bservers.org & www.youtube.com/user/Suspicious0bservers


New Dawn Magazine
SOURCE

          Why Do Migraine Sufferers Find Relief In Darkness?   
People experiencing migraines often avoid light and find relief in darkness.

A new study led by researchers at Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has revealed a previously unknown connection between the light-sensitive nerve cells in the eye and centers in the brain that regulate mood and a host of physical parameters such as heart rate, shortness of breath, fatigue, congestion and nausea.

The findings, which explain how light can induce the negative emotions and unpleasant physical sensations that often accompany migraine, were published online in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Migraines are now recognized as a chronic disorder, not simply as a headache.

Why Do Migraine Sufferers Find Relief In Darkness?

A migraine can last for hours and is caused when arteries are inflamed due to the release of chemicals.

These chemicals are released when you have an allergic reaction, stress, sleeping pattern, menstruation, menopause, and fasting.

"While studying the effects of color on headache intensity, we found that some patients reported finding light uncomfortable even when it didn’t make their headaches worse," said lead author Rami Burstein, the HMS John Hedley-Whyte Professor of Anaesthesia and vice chair of research in the Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine at Beth Israel Deaconess.
"We found that exposure to different colors of light could make patients experiencing a migraine feel irritable, angry, nervous, depressed and anxious. 
"These patients also reported feeling physical discomfort, including tightness in the chest or throat, shortness of breath, light-headedness and nausea."
Burstein and colleagues showed different colored lights to 81 people who frequently experienced migraines and 17 people who had never had a migraine and asked them to describe what they experienced.

The effects of light and color were tested three times: once for those who never experience migraines and twice for patients with migraines -- once during an attack and once between attacks.

The researchers found that all colors of light triggered unpleasant physiological sensations in patients with migraines both during and between attacks.

Additionally, migraine sufferers reported intense emotional responses such as anger, nervousness, hopelessness, sadness, depression, anxiety and fear when exposed to all light colors except green.

Participants who did not suffer from migraines did not report a strong physiological response when exposed to any color of light, but they did report that all colors of light evoked pleasant emotions.
"These findings explained accounts from earlier work from blind migraine sufferers in a previous study," said Burstein.
"We had noticed that light exacerbated headache intensity in participants who perceive light but have no sight as a result of loss of rods and cones, but not in those who lack light perception because of optic nerve degeneration.
"This suggested the nerves relaying signals from the eye to the brain played a critical role in the discomfort associated with migraine."


In a preclinical experiment with albino rats, first author Rodrigo Noseda, HMS assistant professor of anaesthesia at Beth Israel Deaconess, identified previously unknown connections between nerve cells in the retina -- the back of the eye where light is detected -- and neurons extending into regions of the brain that regulate physiological, autonomic, endocrine and emotional responses to changes in the external environment.
"We now have a physical explanation of why migraine patients have negative reactions to light," said Burstein. 
"And now we are working on ways to use this information in hopes that soon migraine sufferers will be able to avoid not only the pain but also the negative emotions and physical discomfort that light creates for them."
These findings build on research published by Burstein and colleagues last year, which reported that migraine headache intensity increases with blue, red, amber and white lights but decreases with a specific wavelength of green light.

This green light, they discovered, activates the neurons in the retina and the brain to a lesser extent than blue, red, amber and white lights do and is therefore less likely to trigger the physiological, autonomic, endocrine and emotional responses migraine sufferers often report.

By Mae Chan, Prevent Disease
SOURCE

          16 Reasons To Eat Cantaloupe   
Cantaloupes aren’t a fruit typically associated with health, which is a shame. These sweet, succulent melons are absolutely loaded with nutrients and antioxidants, yet contain very few calories. A generous helping of cantaloupes a day is enough to fill the body with vitamins A and C, potassium, fiber, and much more.

Cantaloupes can lead to a healthier, happier you, and here’s how:

16 Reasons To Eat Cantaloupe
  1. Anti-coagulant – Cantaloupes contain adenosine, a chemical compound that acts as a blood thinner and diminishes the risk of abnormal blood clot formations.
  2. Arteriosclerosis – The great amounts of vitamin C in cantaloupes make them one of the sources of this precious vitamin. Vitamin C is typically used in the same sentence as “colds” or “flu”, but did you know that it can help the heart too? Vitamin C relaxes the blood vessels and prevents arteriosclerosis, or the hardening of arteries.
  3. Cancer – Vitamin C, along with vitamin A, are vitamins with antioxidant properties. Together, they cleanse the body of free radicals, which damage the cells and promote the growth of cancer.
  4. Cataracts – Vitamin A also maintains good eyesight and lessens the chances of developing cataracts.
  5. Cholesterol – More than just eliminating free radicals, cantaloupe antioxidants combat the oxidative stress that cause low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels to shoot up.
  6. Healthy skin – Cantaloupe are an excellent food for beautiful, glowing skin: vitamin C encourages collagen formation, vitamin A promotes skin regeneration, and the high water content hydrates the skin.
  7. High-blood pressure – Another nutrient that these melons have in abundance is potassium, the mineral that counteracts sodium and stabilizes blood pressure.
  8. Immune system – Cantaloupes are efficient in strengthening the immune system, owing to their wealth of vitamin C.
  9. Insomnia – If you’re struggling to get a good night’s sleep, go ahead and munch on some cantaloupe. It’s an excellent source of inositol, a B-vitamin that can induce sleep like sleep medication, but without any of the side effects.
  10. Menstruation issues – Women who suffer from menstrual cramps and other related problems may find relief in cantaloupes. Not only do they reduce the flow of blood, but they minimize clotting as well.
  11. Metabolic syndrome – This is the collective term for the conditions that can increase your risk of heart disease and diabetes, namely high-blood pressure and abnormal cholesterol levels. These can all be mitigated and controlled by frequently consuming the nourishing fruit that is the cantaloupe.
  12. Muscle cramps – Without potassium, you become more prone to muscular cramps and injury. Fortunately, cantaloupes are full of this essential nutrient.
  13. Nicotine withdrawal – Cantaloupes are packed with nutrients that can help smokers deal with their nicotine withdrawal symptoms in a more efficient manner. One other benefit ex-smokers can get from cantaloupes is their ability to replenish vitamin A lost from constant smoking.
  14. Pregnancy – The vitamin B9, or folic acid, in cantaloupes ensure that babies aren’t born with neural tube defects.
  15. Stress – Potassium aids the body in more ways than one: It boosts the supply of oxygen to the brain and normalizes heartbeat. These in turn can help you feel more relaxed.
  16. Water retention – Sodium causes you to retain water, but cantaloupes greatly diminish its effects. If you want to lose a bit of weight, you can’t go wrong with adding cantaloupes to your diet.
Simply put, cantaloupes are among the best fruits to have in your home. And with summer in full swing, you can transform your cantaloupes into delicious, healthful summer treats to help you beat the heat.

By Frances Bloomfield, Natural News
SOURCE

          A Third of All Cancers Could Be Prevented With These Plant Based Nutrients   
Each year, over 10 million people worldwide are diagnosed with cancer, one million of them are Americans. While there is a common misconception that whether or not you will get cancer is pretty much luck of the draw, in reality, only about 10 percent of cancers are attributable to genetic factors.

As many as 90 percent of all cancers can be blamed squarely on lifestyle and environmental factors, and are entirely avoidable. And there is even more good news: An article in the journal Nature states that a third of all cancer deaths are totally preventable “through increased consumption of natural compounds” which prevent cell duplication and induce apoptosis (cancer cell suicide).

A Third of All Cancers Could Be Prevented With These Plant Based Nutrients

These powerful phytochemicals include curcumin, ursolic acid, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, resveratrol, sulforaphane and 6-shogaol. But, how exactly do they prevent cancer?

UT News explains that one way in which these special compounds fight cancer is by preventing inflammation. Chronic inflammation caused by conditions like obesity, autoimmune diseases and chronic infections causes cell damage, which in turn leads to cancer.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), as many as 15 percent of all cancers are attributable to infections like Helicobacter pylori, human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B and C, and Epstein-Barr virus. These powerhouse compounds strengthen the immune system to fight off such diseases, another way in which they indirectly help prevent cancer.


Let’s take a closer look at some of these potent cancer-fighting compounds.


Curcumin

Curcumin, the anti-inflammatory ingredient in turmeric, has been used in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine for thousands of years. A 2011 study by the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discovered that curcumin has the amazing ability to differentiate between normal, healthy cells and cancer cells, causing apoptosis in the diseased cells, while improving the cellular health of the non-cancerous cells.

When DNA damage occurs, a chain reaction of gene activation or inactivation is triggered, which results in cells becoming cancerous. The researchers determined that curcumin halts cancer in its tracks by modulating this process.

Another study by researchers from the Zheijian Provincial People’s Hospital in China discovered that curcumin can even trigger apoptosis in triple-negative breast cancer cells, which are totally resistant to all conventional treatment.

Resveratrol

Resveratrol is a naturally-occurring polyphenol compound found in grapes, red wine and chocolate, and is a powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant.

The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center reports that in animal trials, resveratrol was found to have antitumor properties and reduce cancer-causing inflammation.

A 2012 study by the University of Missouri School of Medicine reported that resveratrol naturally boosts production of two proteins known as perforin and granzyme B, which together target harmful cancer cells throughout the body. Prostate tumor cells already contain both these proteins, but resveratrol helps to produce even more of them, greatly boosting the chances of apoptosis and recovery.


Sulforaphane

Sulforaphane is a compound found in all cruciferous veggies, and particularly in broccoli. While mature broccoli still contains sulforaphane, levels are highest in young broccoli sprouts.

A groundbreaking 1991 cancer prevention study by the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine focused on sulforaphane as a potent cancer preventer. The researchers found that this compound boosts Phase 2 enzymes in the body, which “neutralize the processes of disease.”

The Truth About Cancer reports, “[The] team fed broccoli sprout extracts to female rats for five days. They then exposed them and a control group to a carcinogen. The rats that had received the extract developed fewer tumors. Those that did have tumors developed smaller ones that took longer to grow than the control group’s did.”

It is heartening to know that some simple lifestyle changes like losing weight, incorporating daily exercise, opting for organic fruits and veggies and increasing consumption of these miracle compounds can significantly reduce our chances of getting cancer. So, drink more red wine, have some dark chocolate every day, find ways to incorporate turmeric, eat more broccoli sprouts, and give cancer the kiss of death!

By Tracey Watson, Natural News
SOURCE

          Informatore Scientifico VARIE AREE - STEWART ITALIA SRL - Milano, Lombardia   
*STEWART ITALIA srl* Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Industries partner italiano di MEDREICH LTD gruppo Meiji Seika Pharma Co Ltd Selezioniamo Agenti/I.S.F. per €25.000 all'anno
Da Indeed - Mon, 12 Jun 2017 15:08:27 GMT - Visualizza tutte le offerte di lavoro a Milano, Lombardia
             

Breakthrough WA Study Shines A Light On Global Water Contamination

The article below is very long-winded in a typical Leftist style but the essence of it is in the opening paragraphs that I have excerpted below.

I believe the article does address a real problem.  The only surprising thing is its discovery that bore water is a last resort for drinking purposes.  It often has metallic and other unpleasant tastes that should warn that it use for human consumption is risky.

Depending on the contamination it can be purified at some cost but that is rare.  People, black and white,  just take their chances, usually. So it is not surprising that the W.A. government has not funded purification for Aborigines.  Government has many calls on its funds.

Asking the government to go into a large number of black settlements with purification machinery is a big ask when it is always possible for the inhabitants to move into areas where reticulated river water is available. The W.A. government encourages that.

But the Aborigines resist that.  They have a religious attachment to their traditional locations.  So in a sense they have made their choices about what they are exposed to and have to bear the consequences.  Is it fair for them to ask those who pay taxes (they rarely do themselves) to prop up their religious beliefs? As former Prime Minister Tony Abbott declared in March 2015, “what we can’t do is endlessly subsidize lifestyle choices.”


When deep-well bore water arrived in Australian bush communities people thought the big thirst was over. Jeff McMullen reports that a decade long study shows unsafe water is now cutting lives short.

If a baby is fed unsafe water contaminated with chemical nitrates, the child turns blue.

The striking colouring occurs particularly around the eyes and mouth. Blue Baby Syndrome is the decrease of the oxygen carrying capacity of the haemoglobin. It is potentially fatal.

And yet, in scores of communities across Australia many people are still not aware of the growing evidence that nitrates – found naturally in the environment and compounded by mining – are a crucial factor in a devastating epidemic of chronic illness, particularly renal problems afflicting children and adults.

“I never dreamed that our water has such high levels of nitrate contamination,” says Dr Christine Jeffries-Stokes, paediatrician to the Goldfields region in Western Australia.

“Water flows from the Pilbara all the way south to the Great Australian Bight. The critical threat is the nitrates, combined with uranium and arsenic, to create a perfect storm.”

It is this discovery – that not only is there an immediate threat of nitrate poisoning from high levels in the water but also a long-term danger caused by prolonged exposure – that will bring Dr Jeffries-Stokes and her medical team from the Western Desert Kidney Project face to face with the WA Government this week, to present their findings and lobby the government to finally take action.

Co-Chief Investigator of the decade long research project, Annette Stokes says “people are very, very sick”.

“Some already had diabetes and did not know it. Others are progressing to end state renal illness without ever being aware of this water poison.”

“Previously unexplained levels of chronic illness, especially kidney disease afflicting black and white people in remote regions, can now be understood,” adds Dr Jeffries-Stokes. “Governments must take action urgently and it is no good talking about closing hundreds of remote communities and towns. This affects so many people Governments must clean up the water.”

One of Australia’s most respected epidemiologists, Professor Fiona Stanley, has added her voice to the call for urgent action.

“This is a really important public health and human rights issue, particularly for the Aboriginal populations of the eastern Goldfields. The neglect that we have shown these populations over the years is being added to by our reluctance to clean up the water supply,” Professor Stanley says.

More HERE


          Friday News Roundup - International   
A curious warning from the White House to Syria about further use of chemical weapons was just one of the big global news stories this week.
          Kommentar zu Kritiker im Nebel: die fehlgeleitete Debatte um den Syrien-Text von Seymour Hersh in der WamS von Timmi   
Tja, allen Vorkommentaren zum Trotz widerspricht die OPCW in ihrem Bericht von heute der Hersh Geschichte. Da ist er wohl falschen Informationen aufgesessen. Der Generaldirektor der OPCW erklärte: "Die OPCW FFM hat die Verwendung von Sarin, ein Nerven-Gas, beim Vorfall am 4. April in Khan Shaykhun in Syrien bestätigt." Quelle: https://www.opcw.org/news/article/opcw-fact-finding-mission-confirms-use-of-chemical-weapons-in-khan-shaykhun-on-4-april-2017/ Im übrigen fehlt der Hersh Geschichte ein entscheidendes Detail. Er kann den Ort des angeblichen Bombenangriffes nicht benennen, denn das wäre ja leicht zu überprüfen. Ich würde sagen - dumm gelaufen für Assad.
          Kommentar zu Kritiker im Nebel: die fehlgeleitete Debatte um den Syrien-Text von Seymour Hersh in der WamS von Klaus   
Mal ehrlich, kein Mensch glaubt, dass Assad auf der Strasse zum Sieg Giftgas einsetzen würde, das glauben weder Herr Gabriel noch die Tanten und Onkels vom GEZ "Faktenfinder". Ganz frisch übrigens folgende Meldung: "Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson says Moscow has information suggesting that fake chemical attacks are to be staged in two Syrian towns [BBC]" Langsam wird es eng für Merkel und Co., noch vor der Wahl kommt RT Interview mit Assad und dann lässt er die Bombe platzen - ich hoffe nicht nur Merkel wandert dann in den Knast.
          The Womb Is No Protection From Toxic Chemicals   

June 2017 Until a few decades ago, the popular but falsely reassuring belief was that babies in the womb were perfectly protected by the placenta and that children were just …

More...

The post The Womb Is No Protection From Toxic Chemicals appeared first on Birth Defect Research for Children.


          Bayer stock plunges on profit warning   
Shares in German chemicals and pharmaceuticals giant Bayer plummeted in Frankfurt Friday, after it issued a profit warning over weak performance at its agrochemical and over-the-counter medicines units.
          Exploring Closed-Shell Cationic Phenalenyl: From Catalysis to Spin Electronics   

TOC Graphic

Accounts of Chemical Research
DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00141

          CryoTEM as an Advanced Analytical Tool for Materials Chemists   

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Accounts of Chemical Research
DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00107

          Pathways to Structure–Property Relationships of Peptide–Materials Interfaces: Challenges in Predicting Molecular Structures   

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Accounts of Chemical Research
DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00065

          Modeling CO2–Water–Mineral Wettability and Mineralization for Carbon Geosequestration   

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Accounts of Chemical Research
DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00049

          White House Claims Assad Preparing For Another Chemical Attack: “He And His Military Will Pay A Heavy Price”   

There are forces at work, either among the rebel factions in Syria, or within the Deep State, that are trying to push our country into a full blown war with the Syrian government. From SHTFPlan: Over the past few months, the US military has slowly fallen victim to mission creep in Syria. Earlier this month, […]

The post White House Claims Assad Preparing For Another Chemical Attack: “He And His Military Will Pay A Heavy Price” appeared first on Silver Doctors.


          Production Manager - Dhanuka Agritech - Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir   
10 to 15 years in production department of paint,chemical, pesticide company. Place of posting:....
From Dhanuka Agritech - Sat, 03 Jun 2017 10:13:21 GMT - View all Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir jobs
          Sales Manager – Dielectric Fluids (Mumbai) - Cargill - Maharashtra   
Degree in Engineering (Electrical, Mechanical, Chemical). Sales Manager – Dielectric Fluids (Mumbai)....
From Cargill - Tue, 09 May 2017 14:57:53 GMT - View all Maharashtra jobs
          Canada to allocate $1.9 million to investigate Khan Shaykhun chemical incident   
On June 29, the OPCW released a report on its investigation into the purported use of chemical weapons on April 4, 2017
          Like a Snake in the Grass   
Note: I appologize for posting this with a modified time. I have to admit to being somewhat vain and wanting my blog to retain the visual appeal of the previous post.

On a hot summer's day, the garden hose becons us with the promise of cold clear refreshment. No I'm not recommending you drink from it, but many of us fill plastic pools for our children or lavish a little liquid refreshment on our garden beds. So what I'm about to tell you might upset you. Garden hoses have been found to leach high levels of lead, along with other chemicals associated with plastics. Granted the test protocol was to leave water in the hose, on a hot day, and test it after about 12 hours. Anyone who knows how to care for a hose would never leave one to nearly melt in the sun, nor would most of us chose to use that hot hose water for any prized plants or pools, but I have to wonder how much leaches with typical use. When the price of a food-grade hose (sold in marine or rv supply stores) is comparable to the price of a heavy-duty garden hose, I think the consumer has a right to know.

Instead the label on my newly purchased garden hose warns, "DO NOT DRINK FROM THIS HOSE" and follows that with an explanation that various attachments you might have, lawn chemicals you may use, or bacteria that multiplies in hot water are the main concerns. I find this misleading. Reading it gave me the impression there was more going on, but how many people read the instructions that come with a garden hose? Further my hose was made from recycled plastics, which sounds wonderful, but when you consider that contaminants are not removed during the recycling of plastic, I'm a little troubled at what all went into my new hose.

More depressing news on plastics and how there is now evidence that plastic food containers are most likely causing America's weight epidemic, along with infertility in women, can be found here.
          Factory Formed Fats   
There’s a lot of hubbub about getting rid of trans fats, but not much news about what companies are replacing those trans fats with exactly. If you thought healthy, natural fats would replace chemically hydrogenated ones, think again.
          Škodlivou látku v kosmetice dosud nikdo netestoval, říká o objevu vědec z Brna   
Odborníci z Masarykovy univerzity v Brně nedávno zveřejnili své zjištění, že jedna z látek vznikajících v opalovacích krémech může poškozovat DNA. Problém je podle Pavla Čupra z Přírodovědecké fakulty širší, genotoxické mohou být i rtěnky nebo laky na vlasy.
          OPCW Says Sarin Used In Syrian Town In April   
The international chemical weapons watchdog says its fact-finding mission has confirmed that the banned nerve agent Sarin was used in northern Syria in April.
          Strengthening IRIS: Cultivating Broad Scientific Input   
By Louis D’Amico, Ph.D. As a scientist in EPA’s Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Program, I am routinely faced with the task of evaluating evidence to determine if a chemical may cause a toxic effect. Developing chemical health assessments involves … Continue reading
          Postdoctoral Fellow - Harvard Medical School - Cambridge, MA   
However, applicants who have expertise in chemical engineering or nanotechnology are also encouraged to apply.... $47,000 - $50,000 a year
From Indeed - Sat, 22 Apr 2017 13:07:39 GMT - View all Cambridge, MA jobs
          6/30/2017: News: Swimming with sunscreen linked to cancer   
TAKING a dip while wearing sunscreen could expose swimmers to cancercausing chemicals, research suggests. Avobenzone is the most popular sun-blocking compound used in lotions and creams. But it can break down when it comes into contact with chlorine...
          Water Treatment Sales Consultant -Miami/Fort Lauderdale, Florida Job   
FL-Aventura, Water Treatment Sales Consultant -Miami/Fort Lauderdale, Florida Job Date: Jun 30, 2017 Location: Aventura, FL, US, 33009 Company: NCH Corporation Established, Entrepreneurial, Empowered…Explore the Opportunities! Chem-Aqua – Water Treatment Sales Consultant Chem-Aqua is the wholly owned water treatment subsidiary of NCH Corporation, a privately owned specialty chemicals, maintenance supplies, and
          Heat Exchanger Market Worth 20.65 Billion USD by 2022   

http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnc/20160303/792302PUNE, India, June 30, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The report "Heat Exchangers Market by Type (Shell & Tube, Plate & Frame, Air Cooled), Application (Chemical, Petrochemical and Oil & Gas, HVACR, Food & Beverage, Power Generation, Paper & pulp), and Region - Global...



          STANDARDIZATION OF CHUNTAIVATRAL CHOORANAM – A POLYHERBAL SIDDHA FORMULATION   
http://www.ejpmr.com/home/abstract_id/558


The aim of the present study is to lay down pharmacopoeial standards for an important Siddha polyherbal formulation, Chuntaivatral chooranam using parameters such as organoleptic characters, microscopical identification of the ingredients, physico-chemical analysis, preliminary phytochemical analysis, TLC photo documentation and HPTLC finger print profile. The physico-chemical parameters such as loss on drying at 105ºC, total ash, water soluble ash, acid insoluble ash, water & alcohol soluble extractives and pH of 10 % water extract and preliminary phytochemicals were analysed.

Congrats to Author  Anitha john Research Officer,SCRI,CCRS  for her contribution.

          Regional OTR HAZMAT Tanker Driver   
IN-Gary, K2 Tank Lines is looking for experienced OTR regional HAZMAT qualified drivers for positions based near I-65 and US20 in northwest Indiana. Successful applicants will have a minimum of one year tanker experience and possess a Class A CDL with X endorsement and a TWIC. Air off and pump experience required. K2 hauls petrochemicals and other bulk liquid products from producers to users. No retail del
          Offer - Phellinus Linteus Extract - CHINA   
Xi’AN LESEN BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD. specializes in the ten years of plant extracts and export trade, to provide customers with high-quality, organic, natural, good price of various plant extracts, fruit and vegetable powder, as well as cosmetics, chemical raw materials.Phellinus linteus is traditional medicine of Asians (especially China, South Korea and Japan, etc.). In non-clinical field, it is usually used to treat: stomach pain, gastrointestinal disorders, lymph node inflammation, cancer, as well as promoting physical fitness and preventing various diseases. Until recent decades, these pharmacological effects have been gradually explained by science.Prodcut name: phellinus linteus extractLatin Name: Phellinus igniarius L.Specification: Polysaccharides 10%,20%,30%          Appearance: Brown powderMesh size: 80 MeshGrade: Food & MedicalBrand Name: LS-HerbTest Method: UVFunction:1. Restrain increase and transfer of cancer cell;2. Use with anti-cancer medicine can buildup effect of anti-cancer, and lighten side effect of anti-cancer medicine;3. Relax pain, inappetence, lost weight.4. Significantly improve the patient's immune level, resist radiotherapy and chemotherapy side effects5. Can prevent and improve the infection of depress immunity.Application:1. Healthy Products(capsules or tablets).2. Pharmaceuticals. 3. Nutrition Supplements.Production Base:
          Offer - Phellinus Linteus Extract - CHINA   
Xi’AN LESEN BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD. specializes in the ten years of plant extracts and export trade, to provide customers with high-quality, organic, natural, good price of various plant extracts, fruit and vegetable powder, as well as cosmetics, chemical raw materials.Phellinus linteus is traditional medicine of Asians (especially China, South Korea and Japan, etc.). In non-clinical field, it is usually used to treat: stomach pain, gastrointestinal disorders, lymph node inflammation, cancer, as well as promoting physical fitness and preventing various diseases. Until recent decades, these pharmacological effects have been gradually explained by science.Prodcut name: phellinus linteus extractLatin Name: Phellinus igniarius L.Specification: Polysaccharides 10%,20%,30%          Appearance: Brown powderMesh size: 80 MeshGrade: Food & MedicalBrand Name: LS-HerbTest Method: UVFunction:1. Restrain increase and transfer of cancer cell;2. Use with anti-cancer medicine can buildup effect of anti-cancer, and lighten side effect of anti-cancer medicine;3. Relax pain, inappetence, lost weight.4. Significantly improve the patient's immune level, resist radiotherapy and chemotherapy side effects5. Can prevent and improve the infection of depress immunity.Application:1. Healthy Products(capsules or tablets).2. Pharmaceuticals. 3. Nutrition Supplements.Production Base:
          Offer - Ajuga Turkestanica Extract - CHINA   
Xi’AN LESEN BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD. specializes in the ten years of plant extracts and export trade, to provide customers with high-quality, organic, natural, good price of various plant extracts, fruit and vegetable powder, as well as cosmetics, chemical raw materials.Ajuga dicotyledonous herbal extracts Labiatae gross margin Ajuga the whole plant, with heat and cooling blood, antipyretic swelling effect, attending Hyperactivity hemoptysis, fever swelling and other symptoms.Hydroxyl-containing pro-ecdysterone (ecdysterone, -ecdysone), cup amaranth steroidal ketone (cyasterone), Ajuga sterone B and C (ajugasterones B, C), Ajuga lactone (ajugalactone), ajugose (kiransin) other reports contain glycosides, saponins, alkaloids, organic acids, phenolic compounds, tannins, etc., also have that contain luteolin.Prodcut name: Ajuga Turkestanica ExtractLatin Name: Herba Ajugae, Ajuga ciliata Bge   Specification:  Turkesterones 2%Appearance: Brown fine powderMesh size: 80 MeshUsed Part: Whole herbGrade: Food & MedicalBrand Name: LS-HerbTest Method: TLC, HPLCFunction:1. The hormonal effects of Hops were noticed when female gatherers of the plants got their menstrual cycles early.2. It can also help to stimulate appetite, dispel flatulence, and relieve intestinal cramps. This herb can be usefully combined with valerian for coughs and nervous spasmodic conditions.3. With the function of antibacterial, it can inhibit the growth of various bacteria. Such as bacillus anthracis, bacillus, corynebacterium diphtheriae, diplococcus pneumoniae and staphylococcus aureus;4. With the function of composure, owning composed hypnotic effects to the central nervous system;5. With a strong estrogen-like effect.Application:1. As Food and beverage ingredients.2. As Healthy Products ingredients.3. As Nutrition Supplements ingredients.4. As Pharmaceutical Industry & General Drugs ingredients.5. As a health food and cosmetic ingredients.
          Offer - Ajuga Turkestanica Extract - CHINA   
Xi’AN LESEN BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD. specializes in the ten years of plant extracts and export trade, to provide customers with high-quality, organic, natural, good price of various plant extracts, fruit and vegetable powder, as well as cosmetics, chemical raw materials.Ajuga dicotyledonous herbal extracts Labiatae gross margin Ajuga the whole plant, with heat and cooling blood, antipyretic swelling effect, attending Hyperactivity hemoptysis, fever swelling and other symptoms.Hydroxyl-containing pro-ecdysterone (ecdysterone, -ecdysone), cup amaranth steroidal ketone (cyasterone), Ajuga sterone B and C (ajugasterones B, C), Ajuga lactone (ajugalactone), ajugose (kiransin) other reports contain glycosides, saponins, alkaloids, organic acids, phenolic compounds, tannins, etc., also have that contain luteolin.Prodcut name: Ajuga Turkestanica ExtractLatin Name: Herba Ajugae, Ajuga ciliata Bge   Specification:  Turkesterones 2%Appearance: Brown fine powderMesh size: 80 MeshUsed Part: Whole herbGrade: Food & MedicalBrand Name: LS-HerbTest Method: TLC, HPLCFunction:1. The hormonal effects of Hops were noticed when female gatherers of the plants got their menstrual cycles early.2. It can also help to stimulate appetite, dispel flatulence, and relieve intestinal cramps. This herb can be usefully combined with valerian for coughs and nervous spasmodic conditions.3. With the function of antibacterial, it can inhibit the growth of various bacteria. Such as bacillus anthracis, bacillus, corynebacterium diphtheriae, diplococcus pneumoniae and staphylococcus aureus;4. With the function of composure, owning composed hypnotic effects to the central nervous system;5. With a strong estrogen-like effect.Application:1. As Food and beverage ingredients.2. As Healthy Products ingredients.3. As Nutrition Supplements ingredients.4. As Pharmaceutical Industry & General Drugs ingredients.5. As a health food and cosmetic ingredients.
          Offer - Lutein - CHINA   
Xi’AN LESEN BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD. specializes in the ten years of plant extracts and export trade, to provide customers with high quality, organic, natural, good price of various plant extracts, fruit and vegetable powder, as well as cosmetics, chemical raw materials.Marigold Flower Extract feed additive lutein is present in plants as fatty-acid esters, with one or two fatty acids bound to the two hydroxyl-groups. For this reason, saponification(de-esterfication) of lutein esters to yield free lutein may yield lutein in any ratio from 1:1 to 1:2 molar ratio with the saponifying fatty acid.feed additive lutein is isomeric with zeaxanthin, differing only in the placement of one double bond.Prodcut name: LuteinSpecification: Lutein 2%Appearance: Orange Yellow fine powderMesh size: 80 MeshUsed Part: FlowerGrade: Pharm, Medicine, Food GradeBrand Name: LS-HerbFunction:1. A major component of retinal pigment: lutein and zeaxanthin constitutes a major component of vegetables, fruits, flowers and other plant pigments, as well as the human eye macular area main pigment. The human eye contains high levels of lutein, this element can not be manufactured by the body and must be supplemented by the intake of lutein, if the lack of such elements, the eyes will be blind;   2. Protect the eyes from light damage, slow aging and prevent diseases of the eye: the sun's ultraviolet radiation and blue light entering the eye will produce a lot of free radicals, leading to cataracts, macular degeneration, and even cancer. General cornea and lens UV filter can, but they can penetrate the eye directly to Blu-ray and macular retina, macular lutein is able to filter out blue light, blue light to avoid damage to the eyes. Fat outer macular are particularly vulnerable to oxidative damage of sunlight, so this area prone to degradation; 3. Antioxidant, helps prevent aging body caused by cardiovascular sclerosis, coronary heart disease and cancer.  4. Protect vision: feed additive lutein as antioxidants and light protection, promotes retinal cells rhodopsin (Rhodopsin) re-generated, can prevent severe myopia and retinal detachment, and can improve vision, protect eyesight. Especially for students, drivers, and human consumption;  5. Relieve visual fatigue symptoms: (blurred vision, dry eyes, eye swelling, eye pain, photophobia, etc.6. Raise macular pigment density, protecting the macula, macular promote development;   7. Prevent macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa;  8. To reduce the generation of drusen, prevent the occurrence of AMD.Application:1. Applied in food field, it is mainly used as food additives for colorant and nutrient.2. Applied in pharmaceutical field, it is mainly used in vision care products to alleviate visual fatigue, reduce incidence of AMD, retinitis pigmentosa (RP), cataract, retinopathy, myopia, floaters, and glaucoma.3. Applied in cosmetics, it is mainly used to whitening, anti-wrinkle and UV protection.4. Applied in feed additive, it is mainly used in feed additive for laying hens and table poultry to improve the color of egg yolk and chicken. Make high commercial value fishes more attactive, such as salmon, trout and spectacular fish. 
          Offer - Lutein - CHINA   
Xi’AN LESEN BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD. specializes in the ten years of plant extracts and export trade, to provide customers with high quality, organic, natural, good price of various plant extracts, fruit and vegetable powder, as well as cosmetics, chemical raw materials.Marigold Flower Extract feed additive lutein is present in plants as fatty-acid esters, with one or two fatty acids bound to the two hydroxyl-groups. For this reason, saponification(de-esterfication) of lutein esters to yield free lutein may yield lutein in any ratio from 1:1 to 1:2 molar ratio with the saponifying fatty acid.feed additive lutein is isomeric with zeaxanthin, differing only in the placement of one double bond.Prodcut name: LuteinSpecification: Lutein 2%Appearance: Orange Yellow fine powderMesh size: 80 MeshUsed Part: FlowerGrade: Pharm, Medicine, Food GradeBrand Name: LS-HerbFunction:1. A major component of retinal pigment: lutein and zeaxanthin constitutes a major component of vegetables, fruits, flowers and other plant pigments, as well as the human eye macular area main pigment. The human eye contains high levels of lutein, this element can not be manufactured by the body and must be supplemented by the intake of lutein, if the lack of such elements, the eyes will be blind;   2. Protect the eyes from light damage, slow aging and prevent diseases of the eye: the sun's ultraviolet radiation and blue light entering the eye will produce a lot of free radicals, leading to cataracts, macular degeneration, and even cancer. General cornea and lens UV filter can, but they can penetrate the eye directly to Blu-ray and macular retina, macular lutein is able to filter out blue light, blue light to avoid damage to the eyes. Fat outer macular are particularly vulnerable to oxidative damage of sunlight, so this area prone to degradation; 3. Antioxidant, helps prevent aging body caused by cardiovascular sclerosis, coronary heart disease and cancer.  4. Protect vision: feed additive lutein as antioxidants and light protection, promotes retinal cells rhodopsin (Rhodopsin) re-generated, can prevent severe myopia and retinal detachment, and can improve vision, protect eyesight. Especially for students, drivers, and human consumption;  5. Relieve visual fatigue symptoms: (blurred vision, dry eyes, eye swelling, eye pain, photophobia, etc.6. Raise macular pigment density, protecting the macula, macular promote development;   7. Prevent macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa;  8. To reduce the generation of drusen, prevent the occurrence of AMD.Application:1. Applied in food field, it is mainly used as food additives for colorant and nutrient.2. Applied in pharmaceutical field, it is mainly used in vision care products to alleviate visual fatigue, reduce incidence of AMD, retinitis pigmentosa (RP), cataract, retinopathy, myopia, floaters, and glaucoma.3. Applied in cosmetics, it is mainly used to whitening, anti-wrinkle and UV protection.4. Applied in feed additive, it is mainly used in feed additive for laying hens and table poultry to improve the color of egg yolk and chicken. Make high commercial value fishes more attactive, such as salmon, trout and spectacular fish. 
          Offer - Cranberry Extract - CHINA   
Xi’AN LESEN BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD. specializes in the ten years of plant extracts and export trade, to provide customers with high-quality, organic, natural, good price of various plant extracts, fruit and vegetable powder, as well as cosmetics, chemical raw materials.Cranberry(Vaccinium Macrocarpon L.) is a kind of round,bright red fruit with elastic skin on short vine, also called red small plum. It has strong cold resistance and distributes in Changbai Mountain in DongBei and XingAnLing districts. Cranberry extract offers a host of antioxidants and nutrients that help fight infections and boost your overall health. Cranberries are already popular as juice and fruit cocktails; however, in medical terms, they are commonly used treat urinary complications. Cranberry extract might also play a role in stomach ulcer treatment. Due to the multiple vitamins and minerals present in cranberries, they can make a healthy addition to a balanced diet.Product name: Cranberry ExtractLatin name: Vaccinium Macrocarpon L.Specification: Proanthocyanidin 5%-50%Appearance: Purple-red powder                          Mesh size: 80 MeshUsed Part: FruitGrade: Food & PharmaceuticalBrand Name: LS-HerbTest Method: UVFunction: Factory price Cranberry extract Proanthocyanidin(PAC) 5%-50%1. Improving the Urinary System,preventing urinary tract infection;2. Softening blood capillary;3. Eliminating eyestrain, improving eyesight and delaying cerebral nerve;4. Aging;5. Enhancing the heart function and resisting cancer;6. It has curative effect on immunity diseases of blood capillary;7. Diabetes.Application:Since the early 21st century within the global functional food industry, raw cranberries have been marketed as a "superfruit" due to their nutrient content and antioxidant qualities. 1. Food and beverage ingredients.2. Healthy Products.3. Nutrition Supplements. 
          Offer - Cranberry Extract - CHINA   
Xi’AN LESEN BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD. specializes in the ten years of plant extracts and export trade, to provide customers with high-quality, organic, natural, good price of various plant extracts, fruit and vegetable powder, as well as cosmetics, chemical raw materials.Cranberry(Vaccinium Macrocarpon L.) is a kind of round,bright red fruit with elastic skin on short vine, also called red small plum. It has strong cold resistance and distributes in Changbai Mountain in DongBei and XingAnLing districts. Cranberry extract offers a host of antioxidants and nutrients that help fight infections and boost your overall health. Cranberries are already popular as juice and fruit cocktails; however, in medical terms, they are commonly used treat urinary complications. Cranberry extract might also play a role in stomach ulcer treatment. Due to the multiple vitamins and minerals present in cranberries, they can make a healthy addition to a balanced diet.Product name: Cranberry ExtractLatin name: Vaccinium Macrocarpon L.Specification: Proanthocyanidin 5%-50%Appearance: Purple-red powder                          Mesh size: 80 MeshUsed Part: FruitGrade: Food & PharmaceuticalBrand Name: LS-HerbTest Method: UVFunction: Factory price Cranberry extract Proanthocyanidin(PAC) 5%-50%1. Improving the Urinary System,preventing urinary tract infection;2. Softening blood capillary;3. Eliminating eyestrain, improving eyesight and delaying cerebral nerve;4. Aging;5. Enhancing the heart function and resisting cancer;6. It has curative effect on immunity diseases of blood capillary;7. Diabetes.Application:Since the early 21st century within the global functional food industry, raw cranberries have been marketed as a "superfruit" due to their nutrient content and antioxidant qualities. 1. Food and beverage ingredients.2. Healthy Products.3. Nutrition Supplements. 
          Offer - Hibiscus Extract - CHINA   
Xi’AN LESEN BIO-TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD. specializes in the ten years of plant extracts and export trade, to provide customers with high-quality, organic, natural, good price of various plant extracts, fruit and vegetable powder, as well as cosmetics, chemical raw materials.Hibiscus has been used to ease indigestion, relieve colds and respiratory trouble, and as an aid to circulation. Hibiscus is commonly made as a tea to ease stomach trouble. Hibiscus is also a natural source of Vitamin C. b). Hibiscus, also known as Red Tea, China Rose, Red Sorrell, Roselle, Jamaica Tea, and Sudanese Tea, is not just another pretty flower. Hibiscus grows in tropical areas throughout the world, and has been used not just as an ornament, but also medicinally for centuries. The part of this plant used medicinally is the flower.Prodcut name: Hibiscus ExtractLatin Name: Hibiscus sabdariffa Specification: Proanthocyanidin 5%-10%Appearance: Red to Violet-red fine powderMesh size: 80 MeshUsed Part: FlowerGrade: Food & PharmaceuticalBrand Name: LS-HerbTest Method: UVFunction:1. It was used by the Chinese to treat dandruff and stimulate hair growth. 2. Hibiscus has also been used to treat hemorrhoids and wounds. 3. The Hibiscus flower is made into a tea in numerous cultures throughout the world. 4. Hibiscus has a mild flavor and has many culinary uses. 5. Recent research has shown that Hibiscus may have antibacterial properties. 6. It is a mild laxative and it contains Vitamin C and malic acid. 7. Hibiscus has also been shown to relax the uterus and reduce blood pressure. 8. Hibiscus has also been used for indigestion and loss of appetite, as well as for colds, respiratory problems, and circulation disorders Application:1. Applied in food field, can be used as food additives to make tea and produce beverages, which rich in vitamin C;2. Applied in pharmaceutical field, contain anthocyanins can eliminate free radicals, alleviate aging;3. Applied in cosmetic field, can be made into a variety of preparation, such as antibacterial agents, digestive, laxative, stomachic4. Food colourings: food or beverage.
          $1.5 million to Alfred State for biorefinery prototype   
Posted Date: Thursday, June 29, 2017 - 11:30

The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) recently awarded $1.5 million to Alfred State for the Biorefinery Development and Commercialization Center (BDCC). The prototype facility will help private and public partners leverage wood resources to create sustainable businesses using advanced manufacturing processes. The new grant increases the total funding raised to date for the research facility to $4.5 million. 

“This is great news for Alfred State and the entire Southern Tier. This federal investment will help bring 15 new businesses and 125 good paying pay jobs to the Southern Tier and push this region’s economy into the future,” said Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y. “The work done at BDCC will help create a ‘New Forest Economy’ by working with local partners and using the region’s abundant natural resources to spur long-term economic development. I will fight tooth and nail to make sure Alfred State continues to have the resources it needs to leverage the region’s workforce and grow private enterprise.” 

sky, clouds, weeds, trees
Lumber from the Southern Tier will help fuel Alfred State’s Biorefinery Development
and Commercialization Center.

“This award is a blueprint for new jobs, fresh opportunities, and a robust economic future for New York’s Southern Tier,” said ARC Federal Co-Chairman Earl F. Gohl.  “It is part of a strategy to bring added capital into the region, and help the region prepare to globally compete in manufacturing, technology, construction, and a variety of other industry sectors.” 

“Alfred State knows the ARC funding for the BDCC project will have a high impact by supporting equipment, training, and developing a network across the ARC region. Developing the proven Hot Water Extraction process in the BDCC will allow Alfred State to lead in biorefinery development and training in the region through the partners in the network,” said Craig R. Clark, vice president for economic development at Alfred State and executive director of the Allegany County Industrial Development Agency. 

The BDCC is a prototype that will develop and commercialize the Hot Water Extraction (HWE) process that produces valuable chemical assets from wood, energy crops, and agricultural residuals. Through this technology, approximately 25 percent of the biomass is converted into value-added products such as advanced fuels and bio-based chemicals for plastics. The remaining 75 percent produces modified wood chips that have improved qualities for paper products, fuel pellets, and particleboard used in furnishings and construction. 

Alfred State’s 18,000-square-foot biorefinery center is intended to spur additional investment, including business start-ups and full-scale biorefineries. Alfred State, the State University of New York (SUNY), universities from other ARC states, and private-sector bioenergy and biochemical companies will benefit from the research facility. 

“This project has been in the works for about five years, but recent advances in funding have spurred our progress,” stated Clark. “We are conducting engineering studies right now regarding process and project costs related to implementation of the center.” 

Through the BDCC, Alfred State will also provide training and technical services to both start-up companies and companies impacted by economic changes as they seek to enter new markets, diversify their manufacturing base, and adapt their workforce. The research facility is a collaboration between Alfred State and Syracuse-based Applied Biorefinery Sciences. 

According to Clark, “The BDCC prototype facility is the first step to launch full-sized commercial plants that can cost about $200 million to build. The effect on a local economy like ours will be tremendous.” 

The award to Alfred State was made through ARC’s POWER (Partnerships for Opportunity and Workforce and Economic Revitalization) Initiative. This congressionally funded multi-agency strategy brings federal resources directly to help communities and regions affected by job losses in coal mining, coal power plant operations, and coal-related supply chain industries due to the changing economics of America’s energy production.



          Scientific Studies   
************* Scientific Studies - 1******************


Tongkat ali appears to work by increasing levels of the hormone testosterone.

The British Journal of Sports Medicine published the results of a scientific study in 2003, which showed that Eurycoma longifolia caused increased muscle strength and size because of its testosterone-boosting properties. Because of this, some athletes and body builders now use Tongkat Ali extract in the hope that it will act as a testosterone-booster, to improve muscle size, strength, and performance without drugs.


Tongkat ali is also studied for its action against lung and breast cancer as well as anti-malarial activity (the original traditional use). This could be attributed to the presence of phytochemicals called quassinoids and diterpenoids. It also contains an anti-oxidant called super-oxide dismutase.


Tongkat ali is now a very popular natural product for increasing libido, enhancing orgasm, voluntary control of sexual performance, enhanced energy and stamina; providing the natural solution to erectile dysfunction in a gradual and safe manner. Animal studies have shown that tongkat ali produces androgenic (male hormone property) effects similar to testosterone treated animals. It can also produce arousal, libido and sexual motivation in sluggish, old rats. Tongkat ali appears to stimulate the availability of endogenous testosterone (natural testosterone content of the body).


Tongkat ali is the natural supplement that has the property to effect a complete improvement in testosterone level. This improvement in testosterone is reported to be achieved in two weeks of intake; bringing back the normal level that has declined with age. (Normal testosterone levels maintain energy level, mood, fertility, and sexual desire.) These imply that Tongkat ali acts naturally in the body and achieves a level of testosterone needed for a successful male sexual performance. For the men who are infertile due to problems with the quality of their sperm, Tongkat ali can raise the amount of available testosterone that will help in improve the morphology, activity (motility) and count of sperms.



************* Scientific Studies - 2******************

The effects of Eurycoma longifolia Jack were studied on the sexual qualities of middle aged male rats after dosing them with 0.5 g/kg of various fractions of E. longifolia whilst the control group received 3 ml/kg of normal saline daily for 12 weeks. Results showed than E. longifolia Jack enhanced the sexual qualities of the middle aged male rats by decreasing their hesitation time as compared to controls with various fractions of E. longifolia Jack produced 865-916 (91-96), 860-914 (92-98), 850-904 (93-99), 854-890 (95-99), 844-880 (94-98), 840-875 (94-98), 830-870 (94-98), 825-860 (94-98), 820-850 (96-99), 800-840 (93-98), 750-795 (94-99) and 650-754 sec (82-95%) in contrast to controls which produced 950 (100), 934 (100), 910 (100), 900 (100), 895 (100), 890 (100), 885 (100), 880 (100), 855 (100), 860 (100), 800 (100) and 790 sec (100%) throughout the investigation period. Besides these, there was a transient increase in the % of the male rats responding to the right choice after chronic administration of 0.5 g/kg E. longifolia Jack, with more than 50% of the male rats scored right choice after 2 weeks post-treatment and the effect was more prominent at the dose of the observation period. However, there was no sexual enhancement of the middle aged male rats which consumed normal saline since only 45-55% of the male rats responded to right choice throughout the investigation period. Hence, this study shows that E. longifolia Jack enhanced the sexual qualities of the middle aged male rats, further supports the folkuse of E. longifolia Jack as an aphrodisiac.



http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13678248




          LCS Provider   
CA-Ontario, KRONES designs, develops, manufactures, and installs both machines and complete packaging lines. We have become one of the leading system suppliers for breweries and beverage producers as well as for the food, chemical and cosmetics industries. Our 12,000 employees worldwide strive for innovation and detail and ensure that each customer receives the best quality in product and service. We are curr
           Self-powering windows control the amount of light and heat    
The window which was developed by researchers from Princeton University, uses UV light to generate electricity, which powers chemical reactions that lighten or darken the glass.
           Single brain chemical could boost our ability to learn    
Researchers at St Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, say that if a drug is developed to block the chemical it could make it easier to master a new language or instrument.
          EHS Functional Analyst (43703)   
TX-Houston, Sasol (USA) Corporation is expanding its existing Louisiana Chemical Operations with the development of a world-scale ethane cracker that will produce 1.5 million tons of ethylene and other downstream derivatives per year. The ethane cracker will enable Sasol to expand its differentiated ethylene derivatives business, while helping to strengthen U.S. manufacturing, boost exports and spur economic
          ERP Finance/GRC Functional Analyst (43702)   
TX-Houston, Sasol (USA) Corporation is expanding its existing Louisiana Chemical Operations with the development of a world-scale ethane cracker that will produce 1.5 million tons of ethylene and other downstream derivatives per year. The ethane cracker will enable Sasol to expand its differentiated ethylene derivatives business, while helping to strengthen U.S. manufacturing, boost exports and spur economic
          SAP Outbound Supply Chain Service Owner/Lead (7645)   
TX-Houston, Sasol (USA) Corporation is expanding its existing Louisiana Chemical Operations with the development of a world-scale ethane cracker that will produce 1.5 million tons of ethylene and other downstream derivatives per year. The ethane cracker will enable Sasol to expand its differentiated ethylene derivatives business, while helping to strengthen U.S. manufacturing, boost exports and spur economic
          Technology / Production Engineer- Ethylene Unit (34661)   
LA-Westlake, Sasol (USA) Corporation is expanding its existing Louisiana Chemical Operations with the development of a world-scale ethane cracker that will produce 1.5 million tons of ethylene and other downstream derivatives per year. The ethane cracker will enable Sasol to expand its differentiated ethylene derivatives business, while helping to strengthen U.S. manufacturing, boost exports and spur economic
          re: Biodynamic Farming and the Legacy of Rudolf Steiner   

Steiner was indeed a true visionary in regard to agriculture.Much of his work was based on earlier findings of Johannes Goethe who in turn was greatly influenced by ancient learning of Ayaverda and Hindu culture. The Cosmic influences are indeed important, and the other planets in our solar system certainly do affect plant growth and the expression of genetic potential in plants. However I would point out that Steiner, when talking about cosmic influences, was talking about the Sidereal zodiac ( as used in the Indian cultures), not the Tropical zodiac that you have used above.

Using Sidereal zodiac, eg sun was in Taurus from May 15 to June 16 this year. The other signs also would be each about 25 days later than those given above. It is very important to use the correct zodiac, as used by Steiner, if you wish to tune into the cosmos for your growing plants.

    The earlier comments about Jeavons and his use of human dung, would appear to not be in accord with biodynamic teachings. It may well be possible to use human dung if you could source some from a human that had not consumed any medicines or foods containing antibiotics, preservatives, or agricultural chemicals. But where do you find such a human today, bearing in mind that the dung should also be sourced on the same property where it is being applied?  The dung from animals such as cows and sheep farmed under biodynamic principles is an essential part of biodynamics, and is free of all the human baddies.


          Football Stainless Steel Charm - Real women watch football - Exclusive Line - Quantity Options - BFS341 by BohemianFindings   

1.95 USD

Stainless steel charms with Real Women Watch Football laser engraved... from our exclusive line, specially designed for Bohemian Findings.

The charms are made from high-quality stainless steel hand polished on both sides. Stainless steel is hypoallergenic and won't tarnish. The lettering will not fade, as we don’t use any aerosol paints or chemicals in our lasering process.

We LASER, not ENGRAVE your phrase directly onto the charm. Etching or engraving only scratches the charm surface and produces a white, hard to read script. Our Laser method actually cuts deeply into the charm and brings out the dark tones of the metal. Your phrase will be clearly legible in any light... easy to read... fabulous quality! We do all the lasering right here in rural PEI!

Perfect for pendants, earrings, zipper pulls, bookmarks and key chains!

Measurements: 3/4" x 7/8" or 19mm x 22mm

Choose your quantity from the drop down box... quantity savings!

Important Notice: Although we will make every effort to ship your order within 1-2 working days, any orders including a number of laser charms may take 3-4 business days to produce, as they are custom made to order. Please convo us if you have any questions! Thank you so much for your patience and understanding.

Need more? Just drop me a convo!

Signup for our Newsletter at www.newsletter.bohemianfindings.com

All of our products are lead and cadmium free, and nickel safe. As they contain small parts, all items are for adult jewelry/craft making use only, not intended for children under the age of 15.


          Troll's use of special forces   

Dubya sent US special forces to 60 countries. Obama to 120 countries. Now the troll has extended that to 137 countries — about 2/3 of the countries in the world. They win battles, but they never win a war.

It seems the troll is looking for an excuse for war against Assad in Syria, and then against Iran.

I wouldn't put it past Assad to launch a chemical attack. But I have no reason to believe he will do so. The troll's assertion means nothing.

          Kim jest nowy prezes Grupy Azoty?   
Wojciech Wardacki, powołany na stanowisko prezesa Grupy Azoty, to osoba dobrze znana w przemyśle chemicznym. Zasiadał zarówno w zarządach, jak i radach nadzorczych spółek tej branży.
          Mariusz Bober odwołany. Nowym prezesem Grupy Azoty Wojciech Wardacki   
Rada nadzorcza Grupy Azoty odwołała na piątkowym posiedzeniu prezesa spółki Mariusza Bobera. Nowym szefem największej firmy chemicznej w Polsce został prezes wchodzącej w skład Grupy Azoty spółki z Polic.
          Współpraca Grupy Azoty i PKP Cargo   
W siedzibie Giełdy Papierów Wartościowych w Warszawie prezesi Grupy Azoty i PKP Cargo podpisali dwuletni kontrakt na przewozy produktów nawozowych i chemicznych oraz części surowców dla spółek z Grupy Azoty.
          Polska firma wśród wpływowych podmiotów globalnego rynku chemicznego   
Grupa Azoty została pierwszą środkowoeuropejską firmą, która znalazła się na liście 40. najbardziej wpływowych podmiotów światowego rynku chemicznego ICIS TOP 40 Power Players 2015.
          Natural Beauty Remedies - Easy To Follow Posted By : Jhon Napier   
Time and again, skin experts and beauty counselors have stressed on the fact that a good skin can be developed in natural ways. However, unfortunately only few people realize this. The reason behind this claim is that most of the products that we find in the market these days, are made from chemical substances, which have the potential of creating problems on one's skin with different kinds of side effects. Every person has a different kind of skin type, and not all products are suited for all skin types, which can lead to some product having some serious reaction on someone's skin, the effect of which can sometimes even stay for a lifetime.
          91J Quartermaster and Chemical Equipment Repairer - National Guard - Juana Díaz Municipio, PR   
Put that talent to work in the Army National Guard. As a Quartermaster and Chemical Equipment Repairer in the Army National Guard, you will build the skills you...
From National Guard - Fri, 16 Jun 2017 09:08:41 GMT - View all Juana Díaz Municipio, PR jobs
          74D Chemical Operations Specialist - National Guard - Juana Díaz Municipio, PR   
So by joining the Army National Guard as a Chemical Operations Specialist, you will be preparing yourself for a rewarding civilian career....
From National Guard - Fri, 16 Jun 2017 09:04:27 GMT - View all Juana Díaz Municipio, PR jobs
          Scientists have developed transparent wood to replace glass   
Scientists have developed transparent wood to replace glass

Builders may be working with a new material in the future. It's called transparent wood. Researchers in the United States and Sweden have created transparent wood. The technique needs to be perfected, but in time, transparent wood may become as common as glass.

Transparent wood stronger than glass 

What is transparent wood?

The material that gives wood its brown colour is a polymer called lignin. Researchers at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden and the University of Maryland in the United States have discovered a way to remove lignin from wood and produce a transparent "wood" that may replace window glass in the future.

The process of removing lignin is fairly easy. Researchers at the University of Maryland put blocks of wood in boiling water with sodium hydroxide and other chemicals. In about two hours, the lignin was leached out of the wood, giving them transparent wood.

In order to make the transparent wood useful, University of Maryland researchers then mixed epoxy resin into the transparent wood. They were able to make sheets up to a centimeter thick, but so far have been unable to make sheets larger than about 10cm in length or width. The transparent wood they made had about a 90 percent light transmittance rate.  

Researchers in Sweden used a slightly different process. They mixed acrylic (Plexiglass) with the lignin-free wood. The result was an almost transparent sheet that was twice as strong as ordinary Plexiglass. Although the transparent wood had a slightly hazy appearance, the researchers thought the haziness might be a benefit for the creation of solar cells.  

Uses for transparent wood 

Once the process is perfected, researchers believe transparent wood will have the benefits of window glass without the drawbacks. Transparent wood won't shatter like ordinary glass. Swedish researchers believe they will be able to laminate transparent wood to create load-bearing panels and beams.  

Ultimately, it may be possible to make semi-transparent homes out of transparent wood. While this may seem like a drawback, transparent walls would reduce the need to use lighting and can keep a house in a colder climate warmer through heat transference.  

Researchers also believe transparent wood can be used to make cheaper, more efficient solar panels. Light energy passes through the wood and may be more efficient than glass panels. Because transparent wood has the potential to be stronger than glass, some of the drawbacks of glass solar panels will be overcome.

 Uses for transparent wood

When will we be using transparent wood?

The possibilities for transparent wood are exciting, but research has just begun. More work needs to be done to find a way to make large sheets of transparent wood. While it may seem like that could take decades, we may be seeing it sooner than we realise.

 So far, only two universities have produced transparent wood. The fact that they have succeeded may compel manufacturers to donate money or do in-house experiments. With greater funding, we may see transparent wood sooner than we imagine. As the technique is perfected, we may see it used on many unexpected products:

  • Transparent beams could become a reality

  • Transparent or semi-transparent skylights may be produced

  • Transparent wood might be used as a roofing material

  • Solar panels may be produced using transparent wood

  • Transparent wall panels may replace traditional wall panels in parts of the house 

Those are just a few of the possibilities. While we may not see widespread use of transparent wood in the next few years, it's only a matter of time. The technology is here. Now it just has to be perfected.  

If it seems far-fetched, remember there was a time when no one believed we could watch moving pictures in our homes and many "experts" predicted the automobile would never replace the horse and buggy. Time will tell, but the potential for transparent wood is too great to ignore. We are almost certain to see it used in the future.  

Consult with a hipages Builder for the best building materials to use for you. 


           Obesit&#224; causa ictus ma &#232; protettiva    
ROMA - Il paradosso dell'obesit&#224;: aumenta il rischio di morte e quello di ictus, ma al tempo stesso sembra avere un effetto protettivo proprio dopo un ictus. A evidenziarlo una ricerca della Boston University School of Medicine, pubblicata su Journal of the American Heart Association, che rinforza i risultati di studi precedenti secondo i quali un aumento di peso sembrava avere proprio un effetto protettivo su dei gruppi di pazienti. Alcuni partecipanti a uno studio denominato Framingham Heart sono stati seguiti fino a oltre 10 anni, e divisi in gruppi in base all'indice di massa corporea (Bmi). Gli ictus verificatisi sono stati in totale 782, per lo pi&#249; di tipo ischemico. "Abbiamo scoperto che i partecipanti che erano in sovrappeso o lievemente obesi avevano una sopravvivenza migliore dopo l'ictus rispetto a quello di peso normale e il vantaggio in termini di sopravvivenza risultava pi&#249; forte nei maschi o in chi aveva meno di 70 anni", spiega Hugo J. Aparicio, uno degli autori della ricerca.
          Purdue research reveals plant volatiles released more deliberately than once thought    
A Purdue University team of scientists upended a long-held assumption about how plant volatile compounds, the chemicals that are responsible for scent, move to the outside of the cells to attract pollinators, defend the plant and perform other key functions.
          Glenview Capital's Larry Robbins targets Dow-Dupont merger   
Larry Robbins, Glenview Capital Management CEO, discusses his hedge fund's concerns over the merger between Dow Chemical and DuPont.
          Natural Pheromones - Understanding Human Pheromones   
pheromones superstore: Within the dog kingdom, pheromones are utilized to attract friends, defend against possible possible predators or perhaps competitors, and transmission modifications in conduct. These types of specific chemical compounds are used within the human... Natural Pheromones
          Human Pheromones - Human Attraction   
athena pheromone 10x: Human pheromones tend to be authentic chemical compounds made by your body which are idea to be able to result in the attraction among contrary genders. Even though it is considered that there are some link, the real evaluation is situated inside... Human Pheromones
          Pheromone - What Exactly Are Pheromones And Why Do People Wear Them   
Pheromones,Attractant Pheromone,Pheromone: These pheromones are chemical substances that create others in order to respond different ways Bear in mind some firms have got outrageously pricey fragrances thus buyer beware. These are normally accustomed to inspire feelings associated with... Pheromone
          Help me write something by andycarruthers   
I need you to write some content for a website. hi there. i would like an elaborate & creative 'about us' section written for a website for a petrochemical electrical contractor (Budget: $30 - $250 AUD, Jobs: Content Writing)
          Giant molecular cages with huge surface area for energy conversion and drug delivery   

Scientists from Trinity College Dublin and AMBER, the Science Foundation Ireland-funded materials science research centre hosted in Trinity College Dublin, have created ‘molecular cages’ that can maximise the efficiency of converting molecules in chemical reactions, and that may in future also be used as sensors and drug-delivery agents. The cages can be packed with different

The post Giant molecular cages with huge surface area for energy conversion and drug delivery appeared first on Innovation Toronto.


          A new way to combat cancer at the cellular level: Block it   

New findings published in Nature Chemical Biology show promise for finding new solutions to treat lung cancer and other deadly diseases. Kentucky continues to lead the nation in incidence and death rates from lung cancer, and the University of Kentucky is committed to reducing these numbers. According to the National Cancer Institute, cancer is among the leading causes

The post A new way to combat cancer at the cellular level: Block it appeared first on Innovation Toronto.


          Altering gut bacteria pathways may stimulate fat tissue to prevent obesity   
(Cleveland Clinic) Cleveland Clinic researchers have uncovered a biological link between gut bacteria metabolism and obesity. The team showed that blocking a specific intestinal microbial pathway can prevent obesity and insulin resistance, as well as cause fat tissue to become more metabolically active. The study was recently published in Cell Reports. The research team, led by J. Mark Brown, Ph.D., of Cleveland Clinic's Lerner Research Institute, studied the metabolic pathway that creates trimethylamine oxide, a chemical produced by gut bacteria during digestion of key nutrients.
           Lipogenic transcription factor ChREBP mediates fructose-induced metabolic adaptations to prevent hepatotoxicity    
Epidemiologic and animal studies implicate overconsumption of fructose in the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, but the molecular mechanisms underlying fructose-induced chronic liver diseases remain largely unknown. Here, we have presented evidence supporting the essential function of the lipogenic transcription factor carbohydrate response element–binding protein (ChREBP) in mediating adaptive responses to fructose and protecting against fructose-induced hepatotoxicity. In WT mice, a high-fructose diet (HFrD) activated hepatic lipogenesis in a ChREBP-dependent manner; however, in Chrebp-KO mice, a HFrD induced steatohepatitis. In Chrebp-KO mouse livers, a HFrD reduced levels of molecular chaperones and activated the C/EBP homologous protein–dependent (CHOP-dependent) unfolded protein response, whereas administration of a chemical chaperone or Chop shRNA rescued liver injury. Elevated expression levels of cholesterol biosynthesis genes in HFrD-fed Chrebp-KO livers were paralleled by an increased nuclear abundance of sterol regulatory element–binding protein 2 (SREBP2). Atorvastatin-mediated inhibition of hepatic cholesterol biosynthesis or depletion of hepatic Srebp2 reversed fructose-induced liver injury in Chrebp-KO mice. Mechanistically, we determined that ChREBP binds to nuclear SREBP2 to promote its ubiquitination and destabilization in cultured cells. Therefore, our findings demonstrate that ChREBP provides hepatoprotection against a HFrD by preventing overactivation of cholesterol biosynthesis and the subsequent CHOP-mediated, proapoptotic unfolded protein response. Our findings also identified a role for ChREBP in regulating SREBP2-dependent cholesterol metabolism.
          Lezz Go @ Bitefartcafe Summer Stage    
Thumb88_18446818_10155349619489207_3739150481635275547_n
Summer Stage BitefArtCafe, Beograd
Saturday 20 May 22:00

Zahvaljujući svojoj sjajnoj energiji, modernom zvuku i odličnim reakcijama publike, Lezz Go su zauzeli čvrstu poziciju kao jedan od najautentičnijih beogradskih cover bendova. Na njihovim svirkama se trenutno mogu čuti obrade EDM izvođača kao što su Avicii, Swedish House Mafia, Calvin Harris, Rudimental, Sak Noel, Example, LMFAO, Prodigy ; popularne numere modernih pop zvezda : Bruno Mars, John Newman, One Republic, Pharell Williams, Beyonce, Rihanna, Shakira, Daft Punk; kao i nešto stariji hitovi sastava poput Jamiroquai, Chemical Brothers, Bomfunk MC’s i mnogih drugih.

Mi smo vaš
Bitefartcafe
063594294 & 063594054


          Lezz Go! lezz party : Subota 24.12 Novi Bitefartcafe   
Thumb88_bitef_24
Novi Bitefartcafe, Beograd
Saturday 24 Dec 23:00

Zahvaljujući svojoj sjajnoj energiji, modernom zvuku i odličnim reakcijama publike, Lezz Go su zauzeli čvrstu poziciju kao jedan od najautentičnijih beogradskih cover bendova. Na njihovim svirkama se trenutno mogu čuti obrade EDM izvođača kao što su Avicii, Swedish House Mafia, Calvin Harris, Rudimental, Sak Noel, Example, LMFAO, Prodigy ; popularne numere modernih pop zvezda : Bruno Mars, John Newman, One Republic, Pharell Williams, Beyonce, Rihanna, Shakira, Daft Punk; kao i nešto stariji hitovi sastava poput Jamiroquai, Chemical Brothers, Bomfunk MC’s i mnogih drugih.

Mi smo vaš
Bitefartcafe
063594294 & 063594054


          Thai ethane cracker developer buys FirstEnergy land in Ohio   
The Thai company considering building a massive petrochemical facility in eastern Ohio has bought property that used to house a FirstEnergy Corp. power plant. PTT Global Chemical Public Company Ltd., whose subsidiary may build a multibillion-dollar ethane cracker complex in Belmont County along the Ohio River, bought 168 acres for $13.8 million. The Akron electric utility no longer owns property at the site of the former R.E. Burger coal-fired power plant, said spokesman Jennifer Young. Hundreds…

          Pipe Fitter / Fabricator   
Pipe Fitter / Fabricator Based in Derbyshire £23 - £24 per hour – Temp to Perm Business Overview My client is an established company within Derbyshire and are currently looking to recruit two Pipe Fitters/Fabricators. They supply equipment for the FMCG industries such as food, drink chemical and pharmaceutical. What the ...
          Kraków pod napięciem   
W najbliższy poniedziałek 3 lutego Pan Korek zaprasza na elektryzujące piąte naukowe warsztaty dla dzieci w wieku 5-12 lat pt. „Naładujmy się”. Na warsztatach Pana Korka mali studenci dowiedzą się, co to jest ładunek elektryczny. Razem sprawdzimy, jak ładunki elektryczne oddziałują na siebie i w jaki sposób można naelektryzować rożne przedmioty. Wspólnie zbudujemy ogniwa elektrochemiczne wykorzystując łatwo [...]
          রাসায়নিক হামলার প্রস্তুতি নিচ্ছেন বাশার আল আসাদ!   

দি ঢাকা টাইমস্ ডেস্ক ॥ আবারও সিরিয়ার বিষয়টি বিশ্বব্যাপী আলোচনায় উঠে এসেছে। এবার খবর বেরিয়েছে সিরিয়ার সিরিয়ার প্রেসিডেন্ট বাশার আল আসাদ রাসায়নিক হামলার প্রস্তুতি নিচ্ছেন! বিস্তারিত পড়ুন...

এই লেখাটি রাসায়নিক হামলার প্রস্তুতি নিচ্ছেন বাশার আল আসাদ! সর্ব প্রথম প্রকাশিত হয়েছে The Dhaka Times এ।


          Blog Post: Platte River Closes 4th Fund With $625M   
Denver-based middle market private equity firm Platte River Equity said Thursday that it has closed its fourth fund with $625 million, exceeding its fundraising goal in less than four months, and will look to make investments in the energy, metals and chemicals industries, among others.
          Unconstitutional, unethical, unscientific   

Dr P M Bhargava Lamblasts BRAI Bill. Says Threat to Health.

Source: Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/message/12263

PUSHPA M. BHARGAVA

The Biotechnology Regulatory Authority of India Bill, if passed, will adversely affect agriculture, health of humans and animals, and the environment, causing unparalleled harm.



It is now widely accepted that the existing procedure in India (and even elsewhere) for regulation of genetic engineering technology is faulty and insufficient. It was for this reason that Jairam Ramesh, then Minister for Environment and Forests, put an indefinite moratorium on the open release of genetically engineered Bt brinjal, which was approved by the Genetic Engineering Approval Committee of the Ministry on October 14, 2009.



The Biotechnology Regulatory Authority of India (BRAI) Bill, proposed to be put up to Parliament, claims to take care of the deficiencies in the existing system of approval of genetically modified (GM) crops. As it turns out, the Bill is unconstitutional, unethical, unscientific, self-contradictory, and not people-oriented. It suffers from greater flaws and deficiencies than the present system. If passed, it will seriously and adversely affect agriculture, health of humans and animals, and the environment, causing unparalleled harm.



BRAI will consist of three full-time and two part-time members. It will have three divisions, each headed by a Chief Regulatory Officer. It will be supported by a Risk Assessment Unit, an Enforcement Unit, a Monitoring Office, a Product Ruling Committee, an Environmental Appraisal Panel, Scientific Advisory Panels, an Inter-ministerial Governing Board, a Biotechnology Advisory Council, and State Biotechnology Regulatory Advisory Committees. These bodies would consist mostly of bureaucrats who are likely to have little knowledge of the highly complex issues that arise in today's biotechnology. No civil society participation is proposed anywhere. Even the proposed Biotechnology Regulatory Appellate Tribunal will not accept complaints from civil society, in spite of the fact that the Bill directly or indirectly affects every citizen. It is not even clear which department of the Government of India will service BRAI. The Convener of the Selection Committee for members of BRAI will be from the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), which is a vendor of genetic engineering (the technology that BRAI is supposed to regulate) in the country. The Bill says the members of BRAI will be persons of integrity. There is, however, no requirement of integrity for members of any of the other committees mentioned above!



The Bill is unconstitutional as agriculture is a State subject, and it takes away from the State government the authority to take decisions on GM plant products. In this connection, it is noteworthy that more than 10 States cutting across political affiliations formally told Mr. Ramesh in 2009-2010 that they would not permit Bt brinjal to be released in their territories.



No public consultation

Article 28 of the Bill states the information declared by BRAI “confidential commercial information” will not come under the RTI Act, and there is no way civil society can challenge its decision to declare any information confidential. In spite of the fact that BRAI encompasses activities that would virtually affect every Indian, there is no mention in the Bill of public consultation.

Articles 81, 86 and 87.2, which allow BRAI to override any existing law in the areas covered by BRAI, contradict Article 86, which says “the provisions [of BRAI] shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, any other law for the time being in force



The definition of modern biotechnology in Article 3 (r) is absurd as it excludes a large number (over 25) of areas such as peptide synthesis, immuno-technology, tissue culture, stem cells and nano-biotechnology that are an integral part of today's biotechnology. Not only that, it would make techniques that are used in everyday research in modern biology such as isolation or sequencing of DNA and the PCR technique illegal, unless approved by BRAI in every specific case. So every university in the country teaching these extremely widely used techniques will have to get BRAI permission for teaching them to undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Funnier is the inclusion in Schedule I (which lists organisms and products “which should be regulated by the Authority”) of cloned animals, DNA vaccines, and stem cell-based products. There is no mention of them in the main text of the Bill. Schedule 1 also includes “products of synthetic biology for human or animal use.” I have been in the business of modern biology for six decades and seen the modern biological evolution from very close quarters with more than 20 of my friends having won Nobel prizes but, for the life of me, I cannot make out what is meant by “products of synthetic biology.



In fact, if one strictly followed item 2(d) of Schedule 1, no organ transplantation would be possible in the country without BRAI permission!

One would also have expected that the Bill, if it was people-oriented, to state the procedure to be adopted before approval of a GM product. The first step should be to determine the need for the product through a socio-economic survey and analysis. If there is need, then one should determine if there are cheaper, better and well-established alternatives such as smart or molecular breeding, organic agriculture, or use of Integrated Pest Management or bio-pesticides in the case of GM products containing a foreign pesticidal gene. If it is concluded that there is no alternative to, say, a GM crop, one would need to state a mechanism for deciding what tests the GM crop would need to undergo, and a statement of who will do the tests to ensure public credibility. There is no provision in the Bill for an independent testing laboratory for GM crops, in which civil society would have confidence.



No mention of mandatory labelling

There is no mention of mandatory labelling of GM food products, and there is no protection provided to, say, farmers whose fields growing, for example products of organic agriculture, get contaminated with a GM product of the neighbouring farm.



Article 62 under “Offences and Penalties” is unprecedented. It implies that anyone making a statement about a GM crop which BRAI decides is false or misleading, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend up to three months and also with a fine which may extend to Rs. 5 lakh. BRAI will not be obliged to state the basis of its decision which is not challengeable by any member of civil society. The Bill thus assumes that all the wisdom of biotechnology lies with the five members of the Authority, and what thousands of leading scientists say will cut no ice with the members of BRAI.



One may justifiably ask why this Bill. The reasons are clear. Food business is the biggest in the world. Whosoever controls it will control the world. To control food production, one needs to control just seed and agrochemicals production. This is what a handful of multinational seed companies, which are also producers of agrochemicals such as pesticides and weedicides, are attempting to do through patented GM crops. These companies are located in the United States, and liaise closely with the U.S. government.



In fact, one of the biggest quarrels between the U.S. and Europe is that Europe, by and large, does not allow GM crops and requires appropriate labelling of all food products that contain more than 0.9 per cent of GM material. No such labelling is required in the U.S. where, therefore, a person today does not know if he is consuming GM food.



Till a few years ago, there was no significant opposition to GM crops in India. In fact, the mechanism set up by the Government of India, ostensibly to regulate GM products, largely worked as a vendor of GM products, serving the interests of seed and agrochemical MNCs.



But, then, people of India became wiser and better-informed. Consequently, against all odds and expectations of the MNCs, and of the U.S. government and the rulers in India, we had an indefinite moratorium on Bt brinjal, and the opposition to GM crops became a force to reckon with. Some components of the existing regulatory system have also begun to assert themselves. As of today, at least five States (Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh) have formally declared that they will not allow field trials and/or open release of any GM crop. So, the present system had to be disabled, and roadblocks to fulfilling the ambition of the U.S. and the seed MNCs removed. What better way to achieve this than by BRAI — so the government thought. But, I believe, the GoI has again underestimated the collective wisdom of the people of India!



(Pushpa M. Bhargava is former Vice-Chairman, National Knowledge Commission.)

http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/article2752711.ece?homepage=true








          Muslim Opponents of India’s 'Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act' are Enemies of Indian Muslims   
Muslim Opponents of India’s 'Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act' are Enemies of Indian Muslims

Source: http://www.newageislam.com/NewAgeIslamArticleDetail.aspx?ArticleID=6146 
By Muhammad Yunus
[Co-author (Jointly with Ashfaque Ullah Syed), Essential Message of Islam, Amana Publications, USA, 2009.  “They are no better than the oxen of the Oil Mills – They tread all their life, but stay where they are.” Altaf Hussain Hali, madd-u-jazare Islam - 235th stanza A follow up on the article captioned: An Open Reminder to the Ulema: Rejecting universal knowledge as un-Islamic is brazenly un-Islamic and kufr (denial of truth)

December 15, 2011
The caption is as harsh as the truth bitter. Here is a brief glance on historical facts that reveal the bitter truth and support the harsh caption.
As any educated Muslim should know, the first four centuries of Islam saw an effervescence of intellectual activity. This was marked by rationalism, universalism, and a spirit of enterprise that knew no geographical or religious boundary. The orthodox theologians had remained suspect of the rationalist school who advocated use of reason, universalism and material progress of civilization based on the liberating and dynamic paradigms of the Qur’an.
Following a protracted doctrinal battle with the rationalist school, the orthodoxy emerged the sole custodians of faith. This happened by the close of the fourth century of Islam (10th/11th century CE). They abolished rationalism and critical thinking (Ijtihad) and use of reason (‘aql), canonized the Hadith as a form of divine revelation (wahi), reduced the juristic notion of taqlid (Precedence) to blind conformity with whatever had already been learnt during the Prophet’s time and in the first three generations of Muslims (salaf), and declared the consensus of the ‘ulama (ijma) infallible. This brought intellectual activity in Islam to a virtual halt, and, with time, resulted in stagnancy of knowledge, abhorrence against any scientific advancement, and division of universal knowledge into Islamic and European categories. Thus, in the post Renaissance era, the Muslims, at the behest of the orthodoxy, persistently refused to acquire the so-called ‘European’ knowledge, and watched the phenomenal advancement of science and technology in Europe with silent skepticism.
In fact, the hostility of the orthodox ‘Ulama against the so-called European knowledge led them to, among other things, burn down an observatory in Turkey in 1580 - just a year after its erection, and close down the first printing press in the Islamic world in the same city in 1745 [1]. Shunning intellectual dynamism, the orthodoxy reduced the horizon of Islamic scholarship to static and speculative fields, notably, theology, literature, poetry, dialectics, historiography, eschatology, mysticism, philosophy and mannerism, and also traced detailed biographies of pious people in the transmission chain of the Hadith corpus. This took Islamic scholarship in each era to its preceding era stretching back to the ‘ideal’ era of the Prophet and the early Caliphs (salaf), thus exerting a throwback influence which did not admit of any forward march. 
The 19th century ground realities in the Muslim lands forced the Islamic scholarship to break out of its closed and retrogressive domains. Shaykh al-Tahtawi (1801-1873) set aside the doctrine of taqlid (going backwards in knowledge by repeating what was already learnt) by translating French historical, philosophical and scientific works into Arabic, thus renewing a trend of intellectual enlightenment (Ijtihad) [2]. Syed al-Afghani (1838-1897) was highly critical of the intellectual myopia of the Ulama, and compared them with the dwindling flame at the fag end of a narrow wick, “that neither lights its surroundings nor gives light to others.” [3]. Syed Ahmed (1817-1898) insisted on teaching English language and universal sciences to the Muslims in British India and advocated reinterpretation of the Qur’anic message to remove misconceptions and distortions.
Muhammad Abduh, (1849-1905), one time Mufti of Egypt and a disciple of Afghani was more vocal and incisive. He said: “Most of what goes in the name of (orthodox) Islam is not Islam at all. It may only have retained the outer shell of the Islamic ritual of prayer, fasting and pilgrimage, as well as some sayings, which have been perverted by allegorical interpretations” [4]. These statements from the pens of some of the most distinguished scholars of their era, who saw the history unfolding before their eyes, clearly point to a singularly detrimental role of the orthodoxy, both in the decline of Islamic civilization and the perversion of Islamic faith.      
The orthodoxy, however, adamantly clung to their retrogressive scholarship and hackneyed traditions. As their sermons and preaching informed the thoughts and perceptions of common Muslim masses, the warnings and exhortations of the great thinkers of Islam of their era fell on deaf ears. As Muhammad Iqbal noted almost a hundred years ago, the Muslims were so enamored by rhetoric (of their imams and preachers) that even counseling words sounded like fables to them [5]. Besides, the orthodoxy continued to resist all attempts to set Islam and the Muslims on a forward track. Thus, for example, they strongly, though unsuccessfully opposed Syed Ahmed’s efforts to establishing a modern university in British India in the late 19th century, and persistently forbade (declared Haram) the teaching of European languages and universal sciences in practically all colonized Muslim lands.     
In historical perspective, by resisting the teaching of all forms of universal knowledge and sciences post Renaissance the orthodoxy aided and abetted the Western powers to colonize their own lands, and thus spearheaded the protracted destruction of Islamic civilization.
Applying this synergy to the 21st century India, the orthodoxy/Muslim leadership opposing the extension of India’s "Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act" [RTE] curriculum to madrasas are only aiding and abetting in keeping the Indian Muslim masses ignorant and marginalized forever. It is the same old prescription and conspiracy.
The clergy transforms the simple faith of Islam into a complex and regimented religion requiring strict compliance with customs, traditions and rituals resplendent with the fear of hellfire for which the ignorant must rely on them and thus sustain them as their all purpose religious guide/mufti.
The Muslim leadership will weaken its hold on masses and find it hard to get full time maids and servants for their homes and lowly paid / under-aged children for their workplaces once the masses acquire universal education and gain full access to the mainstream employment avenues. They also stand to lose many patriarchal privileges and social status in their circles once the community wriggles out of the morass of deprivation that their ignorance has brought upon them. The enlightened Muslims of India must therefore take the matter to the highest court of justice to defend the rights of their miserable and largely ignorant masses.      
Conclusion: Given the social, cultural and economic decline of Muslims in India that hardly needs any elaboration and the fragmentation, divergence and academic stagnancy of Islamic theologically oriented institutions including the madrasas and their self-imposed and ungodly restriction on the promotion of universal education, all these institutions must be brought under the ambit of RTI as far as school level curriculum is concerned. There can be one subject on religion focusing on the inter-faith and universal dimensions of Islamic message, given that each Muslim household teaches the basics of religion to its children.
At this critical juncture in Indian history, those who oppose the proposed scheme can only be the enemies of the Muslims in India – not their friends or well wishers. In historical perspective they fit the opening imagery of the famous Indian poet as they are bent on remaining glued to their medieval moorings oblivion to the changing realities of life.    
Notes
Murad Hofmann, Islam the Alternative, UK 1993, p. 37.
Richard C. Martin and colleagues, Defender of Reason in Islam, One World, Oxford 1997, p. 129
John L. Esposito, Islam in Transition, Oxford University Press, New York 1982, p. 18
Muhammad Husayn Haykal, The Life of Muhammad, English translation by Ismail Ragi, 8th edition, Karachi 1989, p. 584.
Muhammad Iqbal, bang-e-dara, taswir-e-dard, - the rendition of the verse quoted at the opening of this discourse. 
Muhammad Yunus, a Chemical Engineering graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, and a retired corporate executive has been engaged in an in-depth study of the Qur’an since early 90’s, focusing on its core message. He has co-authored the referred exegetic work, which received the approval of al-Azhar al-Sharif, Cairo in 2002, and following restructuring and refinement was endorsed and authenticated by Dr. Khaled Abou El Fadl of UCLA, and published by Amana Publications, Maryland, USA, 2009.




          The future of 200 million Children: Right to Education   
Dear All,

India has around 230 million children currently in age group 6-16. In the next decade, all these would cross 16 years of age, and reach a stage where more formal education is practically impossible.

Of these, around 30 million would get a chance to study in reasonable to good to excellent quality schools, some in a few good Govt. schools, but mostly private fee charging schools, including those for upper income and elite groups.

Remaining 200 odd million, if ASER and other such official and non-official reports are correct, would receive very poor quality education in the bulk of average government schools or low cost private schools. With RTE provisions and criterion coming in force, it would not be legally feasible for low cost private schools to exist as recognized schools, so the bulk of responsibility of educating these 200 million children will be of Government Schools.

Most of us know, and agree, that average quality of education in most Government Schools is very bad, which means that 200 million of today's children will become adult without receiving a minimum quality school education, which will not only keep them poor and under-developed, but also lead to poor development of the country.

The only solution is to significantly improve the quality of Government schools, with 3-5 years.

I request and invite forum readers to give no more than 5 suggestions that would improve the quality of education in a time bound 3-5 years, so the improvements in learning levels of children can be measured in concrete manner, by ASER or NCERT studies.

I hope this exercise of sifting through various actionable ideas would not only show a way to move forward, it will also make "Improvements in Govt. Schools within 3-5 years', a declared and formal policy agenda of the Government.

Pankaj Jain
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/message/8163

Response to this mail (Right To Education):
1. All kids in a particular locality must attend the public school in that locality [Like you collect your ration from a PDS outlet in your area].

2. This will ensure children of MLA, MP, Collector and every other influential person enroll in the neighbourhood school only.

3. Standard of this school will improve overnight.

4. Last but not least.

What type of education we are imparting in the so called best schools?

Glorified Macaulay's clerks and herd to work as coolies and slaves to monied masters in alien lands and in Indian cities.

The whole system of education is irrelevent to the people at large.

Can a civil engg graduate from the IIT lay a single brick?

Can the agri graduate from any best agri college produce one grain of paddy?

Proof of the pudding is in the eating.

Sankara Narayanan

Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/message/8167

Sir,

none of your suggestions/ ideas is implementable in 3-5 years time.

it may be an ideal worth pursuing, but does not outline an agenda for action that will produce results in 3-5 years time, so the life of 200 million children of today will not be affected by this.

kindly address the specific problem of CURRENT CHILDREN.
Pankaj Jain
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

i view that we should think more seriously about the education our children
==================

Compulsory Character Building- Right To Education (RTE)

Right To Education (RTE) ensures compulsory and free education? Does it also ensure quality education? If yes does quality would mean to give first importance to bookish knowledge or first priority to character development?

In Hind Swaraj, Mahatma Gandhi categorically prescribed that character building is of utmost importance for a meaningful process of education. He quotes Professor Huxley who asserts that a man is an educated man whose body is the ready servant of his will and does with ease and pleasure all the work that as a mechanism it is capable of; whose intellect is a clear, cold, logic engine with all its parts of equal strength and in smooth working order...whose mind is stored with a knowledge of the fundamental truths of nature . . . whose passions are trained to come to heel by a vigorous will, the servant of a tender conscience, who has learnt to hate all vileness and to respect others as himself. Such a one and no other, I conceive, has had a liberal education, for he is in harmony with nature.

From the above we do infer that body, mind and character building are the primary goals of education. Bookish knowledge could be a mere tool. In a further deterioration some of us are satisfied by mere literacy. Some others say that the development of 3Rs is enough. Some parents get satisfaction from the achievement of admission of their children into desired courses. Some teachers are just contented with the achieving of required criterion of pass percentages of their students. Some managements are proud of the academic results of their students in their schools in the Board examinations. Many employers look for those candidates who are skilled in their work areas. It is all painful. In this neo-liberal environment, some of these stakeholders give token importance to character building of their students. To put it strongly our nation is being cheated by these so-called well wishers.

There is no need to tell you the current stories of malpractices, cheating, deceptions, and frauds played by these so-called educated employees. We must create a new kind of man by seeking directions from our cultural roots where character building was given the most important component of life and hence, that of education too. Accordingly, we need not give importance to mere knowledge scores aiming for a knowledge society but rather we must give importance to the development of character aiming to develop a humane society. We must be careful to recognise that mere literacy skills and pure knowledge marks are harmful for the development of a humane society.

For the process of building a humane society, give importance to all the four pillars of education as enunciated by the Education Reform Commission chaired by Jacques Delors. The four pillars are: learning to know, learning to do, learning to live together and learning to be. We wish to reiterate that all four pillars are important otherwise the structure will surely fall. It is like taking a jump with full set of needed requirements to cross a stream; half-step jump over the stream is surely going to be disastrous. Let us understand the message from a letter[1] sent by an American Principal to his teaching staff on the first day of every academic year which illustrates this point.
Dear Teachers, “I am a survivor of a concentration camp. My eyes saw what no man should witness: Gas chambers built by learned engineers. Children poisoned by educated physicians. Infants killed by trained nurses. Women and babies shot and burned by high school and college graduates. So, I am suspicious of education. My request is that teachers help students become human. Your efforts must never produce learned monsters, skilled psychopaths, educated Eichmanns. Reading, writing, arithmetic are important only if they serve to make our children more humane”.


The RTE 2010 has ensured Right to Education, but we must ensure that it is real quality education with full emphasis on character development. The often lop-sided available left brain education must become whole brain education.
Let us look what is happening around us in a majority of cases. Inside schools parents need not push their children. They must stop solo-development of learning of academic subjects. Teachers must go beyond book oriented environments.
School employers should support their teachers on the basis of the requirements of National Curriculum Framework 2005. Higher education institutions like universities, IITs, IIMs, etc., must look into their admission criterion. Employers must give importance to character development.
Let us take care of our education system in a systemic manner.

Prof. B.K.Passi
Former UNESCO Chair
139 Indrapuri Colony, Indore, INDIA 452 001
Mobile+919893280007
Patron AIAER: http://www.geocities.com/aiaer15/


Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

The most cost effective solution is at Rs 10 per child per day we can help them all become members of what we may call the moedrn times and explore their own potential.

The leadership in India has no track record of thinking beyond a 5 year plan. This requires thinking for the nation in at least 15 to 20 year cycle.

Try the One Laptop per Child approach and you would transformed a nation and all its children for the most affordable amount.
Satish Jha
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

So, what should Govt. do with Rs. 3650/- (365* 10) earmarked for each child.

Give the money to each parent to be spent on (?) food, health, education??? How do you ensure that it will be spent on child, and not on the drinking habit of father?

Give it as payment to any agency that guarantees assured quality education up to high school? (Practical examples exist, but you will be shouted down since this would be seen as privatization of education.)

You might have noted that Mumbai Municipal Corporation spends more than Rs. 40000/- on each child that is enrolled in its school, Ahmedabad Corporation spends around Rs. 20000/.

Pankaj
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Mr Jain,

My suggestions are as follows:

For the past 63 years we have tried several remedies to make India literate- universally. And have the success that we see. Nearly 96% are not "educated". They are merely literate. They do not contribute to the level of thinking this group engages in. They do not have the skills to be able to "office work" at any given level of benchmark. They live life differently. They have little skills that are valued by others beyond simply using their physical skills.

To change that requires a transformational change.
To be able to "learn how to learn" or "learning learning".
To be able to acquire skills as needed.
To be able to think about the world they live in.

The literacy campaign is about giving them one skill: an ability to read the alphabets, add a few simple numbers and may be put a signature that we cannot read.

The education campaign may be about going through a curriculum, as dated as CBSE or what have you.

But learning is a little different. Its an ability to undersatnd and know how to find out what is to be learnt and know how to reach there.

Today, technologies have made it possible to do so cheaply, a bit like cell phone. Just like 15 years ago it was incomprehensible to think that India could take the phones to villages and cell phones changed all that, today its not possible to think of "educating" everyone but OLPC has changed all that.

Now, if we use the OLPC approach, Rs 10 helps a child have a laptop, 230 applications, 100 digital books, a laptop they can maintain, that is connected even if there is no internet, can become the foundation on which education and learning can be built and the teachers begin to learn with the children at a pace they never did before.

Of course there will be individual variations that is natural no matter where one goes.

But this approach allows a child in a village with no electricity and usually no quality teachers to start learning a bit like they would in a privileged environment, of course without the benefit of sociology that privileges and affluence with bring them.

However, in acquiring skills, understating the world around them, in being curious and learning in a way that excites rather than as a regimented activity, OLPC has raised the bar and is making a couple million children explore the world like was unthinkable before its advent.

You may want to take a look at www.olpcindia.net and let us discuss on this forum how we can improve things.

Thanks so much
Satish Jha
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

dear satish ji

i fully agree with you u and want to add that along with literacy skills, thinking skills, work skills .. we must give not only equal but a much more importance to character building [it is difficult to define but important to do this work]

B.K.Passi

Somehow our NRI's have arrogated to themselves the power to rundown everyone in India as "leadership in India has no track record of thinking". With sone humility I submit that simplistic solutions are not the answer. We are dealing with 120 million children (more than the population of many countries).

Those seriously interested in the subject may write and request for some analysis. Also pl. visit the site of Right to Food campaign.

Ashok Rao
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear friends

i find it difficult to find right answers ---- some random thoughts in favor of plurality and decentralization

1= i hope and believe that Sarvodya Model for identifying management issues and for creating local solutions [not finding solutions] to the locally identified problems will work-- solutions should evolve through acceptable group dynamics
2= withdraw all the current uniform rules of bureaucracy
3= must introduce diversity / flexibility in management by and from parents
4= flexible procedures may be tried out but these must be based on local unanimity of decision making
5= on-going inclusive involvement of all parents alone is a must in all matters of schools [private or govt]
6= bring back autonomy like that of gurukul system, and have in teachers let our must country mature toward that goal
7= give reasonable financial advances to parents body [gram sabhahs, mohalla sabhahs]

Dr. B.K.Passi
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear Pankaj
let all goernment schools be developed to the comparable level of central schools.

ramesh patnaik
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear Naaz,

The effective and decentralized decision making at the level of even Taluka Panchayat, leave alone any lower level, is incompatibe with our current Government School system, which is designed as an integrated State level monopoly. Teachers are currently recruited by State system, and only posted at local body level. State level bodies take all critical decisions about the curriculum and resource-budget use.

Transferring effective control over education to Panchayat body would require major restructuring that would be fierecely opposed by teachers' unions, and frankly, it would end up promoting PPP school model, which is easy to control by a local body. I am not sure, many forum members really want that.

The brass-track of performance linked budget can vary, but in essence the budget would be approved for agencies with track record of qualiy performance, and renewal of budget over years, would be conditional to children attaining specified learning norms.

pankaj

Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
My suggestions are:

1. All teachers' vacancies should be filled as soon as possible. All contract teachers should be replaced by permanent teachers.

2. In schools where the student-teacher ratio is good, naturally the quality is better. Instead of having a school in every km, the rule should be a classroom for every 30 underprivileged children in the locality.

3. The government should set up a department in each panchayat/municipality that would do quarter-yearly door-to-door surveys to determine the status of children in the society. This department will identify out-of-school children and dropouts.

4. Class 1 should be dedicated to teaching children their mother tongue.

5. The syllabus in all schools - CBSE, ICSE or state - should be unified. If members of all these boards participate in the making of the syllabus, the resultant syllabus will be good. Teachers may be used to rot learning techniques. They should be trained to do their jobs without rot learning.


There are more things that need to be done. Hygiene, for example, is invariably terrible in all schools. Then the training of teachers - the SET exam syllabus. I have no idea how to change anything here. But they should consult experts in education and train teachers for their job.

I do not have the mail id to forward this to anyone. Can you do it for me? Also, should i ask others to participate?

Regards
archana
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

this is the most importatn and fundamental suggestion [ i agree with it totally]
Class 1 should be dedicated to teaching children their mother tongue.[through mother tongue]
B.K.Passi
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Yes I would add that this must be done apto atleast 7th class. Other langauages can be taught but Hindi should not be imposed on children at the expense of their mother tongue.

The problem of India is language and caste

KSRao


Kalluri Subba Rao., Ph.D., D.Sc.(IISc),FAS-AP, FAMS., FNASc.,FNA.Hon.Professor & INSA-Senior Scientist,Center for Biotechnology, Institute of Science and Technology (IST) , Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kukatpally, Hyderabad-500085. Email:ksrsl@yahoo.com
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear All,

I have just returned from a long travel and eversince I have been mulling over this. I have read all the suggestions made so far. They are good.

Yes, high time we worked with a sense of purpose and met a deadline of minimum good quality education for 200 million children by 2020. As Pankaj says this is all the time we have before these children today in the age-group of 6-16 years reach a stage where more formal education is practically impossible.

If we fail to meet this deadline, we violate the fundamental right to education of as many as 200 million children and counting. Add to it the far reaching consequences the Country will have to face on the development front!

And, I hope, once a set of solutions is in sight, the media will play its part and prove itself for the children of India by actively tracking government pace and efforts to meet the dealine, just as it did for Delhi in case of the Common Wealth Games.

Now getting to the point, I humbly submit the following as the way to go in the next 3-5 years:

1. Put a cap on teacher transfers- a minimum of so many per state and no more. Transfers to be approved by the Chief Minister. The CMO to monitor teacher absenteeism and teacher punctuality, empowering SMC and Panchayat sub-committee on education for the purpose.

2. Give the same management autonomy as Kendriya Vidyalaya to the regular government schools.

3. Prestigious awards for best teacher in a cluster (CRC), best school, best SMC, best Panchayat, best block, best district and best state!

4. Plumbers (like electricity linesmen) to ensure proper working of drinking water facility in schools at all times. A sweeper per school to keep school premises and toilets clean. SMC to ensure consumables needed for maintenance and use are provided in case of both drinking water and toilets.

5. A children's group (a group for children that is their own i.e. one which is not formed and led by teachers but facilitated by them) in each school to discuss and share a range of issues affecting them within and outside the school. Regular formal opportunities for children through this group to present proposals to SMC and the government for implementation.

6. Education and related departments to ensure school facilities as mandated by the RTE is in place immediately - school library, computer room, playground etc.

Thank you and regards,

Naaz
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Sir/ Madam,

Most suggestions made for improving quality are good and in the right direction, but I am afraid that most of these may/ will not produce results in a time bound manner, so we shall keep loosing the future of those who keep crossing schooling threshold.

May be, a policy that links, say 5-10%, of budget to 'learning outcome', will have higher chance of success. When faced with the choice of not having money in the absence of success, mind and body will really concentrate to get the results. It simply means that a section will have to be set up in each State Government's education department to handle 5-10% of education budget that can be spent only when assured gains in children's learning takes place, assessed by an independent agency appointed by the Government.

Pankaj Jain
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Quote: "Assessed by an independent agency appointed by the Government".

Unquote: Sure way to kill the issue. Why the govt and its independent [?] agency?
We know how the govt selects the agencies.

PRI and civil society are not competent to verify the performance of schools in their locality!

British were telling us that we were incompetent to rule ourselves. Now educated pundits tell us
that the centralised govt, its corrupt bureaucracy and the 'independent' agencies [all the three are sucking aliens]
only know what is good for the people.

Lesser the govt and bureaucracy and least of the alien parasitical experts will ensure better life for the people.

Sankaran
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear Pankaj,

Let me also try delving into your suggestion and in the process also seek a few clarifications. Do you mean linking 5-10% of the teacher and education officials 'Salary' budget to 'learning outcome'? Are you pointing towards a policy of performance based salaries? If this is the case, may be raise the percentage higher? Going by your understanding that money is short and results are poor, the need is to apply more pressure to get everyone on their feet.

And, I should think, the 'Assessment' can be done by an independent agency appointed by an all party parliamentary committee advised by non-governmental education experts/practitioners of the Country. NGO partners of the government would also like to stay out of this to make the whole enquiry impartial.

I agree with all the issues raised by members following your response to my mail.

Thank you and regards,

Naaz

Dear Naaz,

My suggestion has some nuances, though broadly, you get the drift of thinking.

I mean performance linked budget. It is difficult to link salary to performance, because the performance is produced by too many interacting people, some of whom perform well and some do not. Further, it is possible to show that apparently each has performed minimally well, still the minimum desired results are not produced. Knowing a bit about the way system function, I feel that accountability has to be pitched at the level of head of a system-group of people, who will take responsibility to deliver agreed results for a given budget.

My feeling is that linking more than 5-10% budget to outcome will not be politically feasible, so let us keep it realistic.

Regarding assessment, your way of thinking is absolutely right.

Pankaj

Education is a state subject. What is the role of a Parliamentary Committee here?

It is a great injustice that education has been included in the concurrent list.
It must be set right at once.

Even state ministers and secys do not understand the dist-wise educational needs.
How can a Kapil Sibal and a few ivory tower secys in Delhi understand what type of education is
needed by my village, taluk and dist?

India is a sub-continent. You can't have a uniform syllabus from Kashmir to Kanyakumari.

Education is for creative living. Definitely not to create rank slaves and cyber coolies to serve
alien banias within and without.

Our educational system only can produce a Vice Chancellor [Anna University] who has the audacity
to defend the donation collected from Dow Chemicals.

You need such education?

Sankaran

Dear All,

I would rather that Education is a Panchayat/Local bodies subject, which it actually is, under the 73rd/74th Amendment of the Constitution of India, but is not (in implementation), because States and the Centre oppose the idea tooth and nail. States reverse any effort aimed at panchayat meaningfully assuming charge of primary education. In the process the educational needs of economically and socially marginalised communities remain un-addressed. Just now we have Centre, State and Local Bodies run schools and they are all at different levels, in my experience the Centre run schools in high priority compared to the State and Local Bodies run schools.

But on the issue of performance linked budget, Pankaj, please explain the brass-tacks of the whole thing. How do you visualise it could happen? What would it involve?

Regards,

Naaz


Dear Naaz,

The effective and decentralized decision making at the level of even Taluka Panchayat, leave alone any lower level, is incompatibe with our current Government School system, which is designed as an integrated State level monopoly. Teachers are currently recruited by State system, and only posted at local body level. State level bodies take all critical decisions about the curriculum and resource-budget use.

Transferring effective control over education to Panchayat body would require major restructuring that would be fierecely opposed by teachers' unions, and frankly, it would end up promoting PPP school model, which is easy to control by a local body. I am not sure, many forum members really want that.

The brass-track of performance linked budget can vary, but in essence the budget would be approved for agencies with track record of qualiy performance, and renewal of budget over years, would be conditional to children attaining specified learning norms.

pankaj

Dear Prof Rao,

I beg to disagree with your statement. Our languages are not problems. They are our proud heritage.

Caste is our worst curse. Imposing English and Hindi is equally a curse.

A Polish scholar who extensively toured our countryside decalared, "English is a Cross on Indian children". Definitely not our languages.

Sankara Narayanan

Dear Sir,

I agree in toto with Mr. Sankara Narayanan that caste is our worst curse - a virus for which there is no medicine and prescription. In the morning when you switch on the TV you find great Pandits teaching: feed a dog, give milk to a cat and to a snake, throw oil somewhere, wear this or that color outside and a different inside .... are the ones responsible for such a mess in this country.

You may soon see some articles written by me on this subject in some news papers. We are sick minded people and are breeding sickness of the highest order in the minds of our generations and we call them as future of this country. Today,Bharat Mata is in tears when she is seeing the phenomenon of 'Honor Killings' which is solely driven by casteism and communalisation of the socieities. Who is responsible for all this? A question to be answered by over 1 Billion people of this country.

My regards

P.S.NAROTRA

Dear Pankaj,

I am unable to understand the rationale of asking others for suggestions, when you proceed to ignore everything others suggest. However, since you seem to have an idea of investing a tenth of the budget on “learning outcomes” measured by “standardized testing”, it would be useful to understand what sort of activities would you intend those to be- that is apart from the hiring of trained teachers, strengthening teacher training, strengthening decentralization and accountability mechanisms and ensuring availability of learning materials (and overall school infrastructure) in the classroom. All of these have been suggested by multiple posters on this forum and have been rejected by you as inadequate and/or impractical.

However, while you go on to describe your agenda, a quick comment on the use of standardized testing to measure quality. It is arguably the most highly opposed policy in the west (googling for costs of high stakes testing gives 120,000 hits in 0.17 seconds). These include, discrimination against schools with minority (read dalit) populations (which would start with lower test scores), discrimination against minority (read dalit and adivasi) pupils who potentially may pull the school result down, promotion of cheating and corruption (to ensure that the result is maintained), pulling precious resources from teaching (which improves performance) to testing (which only measures it), and has negative impact on the child’s morale (having low performance drilled into you every time), impacting the ability of teachers to innovate (since they have to teach for the “test”) and has converted the process of education into merely achieving marketable basic competencies (in contrast to holistic child development). Thing is, apart from all this- it is also questionable if the learning levels are actually improving across the board. Consequently, it would be essential to take the current enthusiasm about “testing”, “outcomes” and other related issues with a pinch of salt learning from the countries where this practice was started first.
Anjela R V Taneja
Program Officer, Education Theme,
ActionAid India Country Office
Mobile: 09958087043

Dear Anjela and All,

I do not have a solution to this big problem, I only have a concern which, I think, is shared by large many.

I tried to initiate the discussion to stimulate each other's thinking, and some of us might also act on these thoughts.

Regarding the specific idea of outcome assessment, it is only one systemic way to hold people accountable for their claims, whatever these are. If you have a better way to ensure accountability, which goes beyound unverifiable claims, please do share that with us all. Otherwise, the exercise would just remain empty slogans and claims. It alsoi brings into operation the concern to achieve the goal in a time-bound fashion.

Pankaj
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
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(Ruhr-University Bochum) Chemists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum have developed a new method to tightly fix catalyst powders on electrode surfaces. Currently, the high physical stress induced on catalyst films by gas evolving reactions hampers the application of powder based catalysts. The developed technique is potentially interesting for hydrogen production by water electrolysis. A team from the Center for Electrochemical Sciences reports on this in the international edition of Angewandte Chemie.
          Comment on Czech Election Favourite on Mass Migration: ‘We Have to Fight for What Our Ancestors Built Here’ – #MigrantCrisis, #Islam, #Muslims by P.A.Semi   
<b>Andrej Babis</b> is a gangster oligarch, and a terrible populist: he will promise anything, that will help him elected... In reality, he supports immigration of cheap work-force for his industries and agricultures... He bought for his huge money a perfect PR agency, his team is really professional... One of most rich men in our country, started his bussiness career by stealing Agrofert bussiness from his former Slovak employee by ante-dating stockholders meeting and increasing stock amount, thus forcing previous owner into minority, continued by renting money from state bank for buying a large petrochemical industry with pledge of the stocks, but managed to get the stocks into different company and empty eggshell company with astronomic debt went to bankruptcy, leaving him with large petro-chemical bussiness... Then managed to evade huge taxes by trading untaxed stocks between his companies in recent years. A career leading to being one of richest oligarchs in our small country, full of fiddles and frauds... Meanwhile as a minister of finances aiming at better tax collection from middle-class by electronic tax evidence (every shop must send online information about the trade and print government-server response code on the bill)... All this over-taxation of middle class while blocking taxation of banks and stock companies, which wanted the other part of the current government coalition, thus protecting the richest... ----- The other man - <b>Milos Zeman</b>, is Czech Trump. He was elected by country people against huge media war, against Academy and "Prague cafe" artist clique. Against screaming of all Liberasts, he has good relations with both the West and the East, meeting Putin and Xi Jinping and also British queen, spending a lot of time travelling abroad with a good diplomacy and inland top regions to meeting with people, and is overwhelmingly popular. Zeman is really a wise old man. Formerly a Prognostic institute employee, then prime minister arround 2000. (But in our country, the President is just a honorary position, the executive power is on government supported by the parliament. President is just "talking"... Sometimes, the Right to Talk is a great achievement in a society, that blocks all dissenter's voices in mass media...) ----- Living on Czech countryside, I remember last year or even the previous I've seen a pair of niggers, probably tourists. There are <b>no muslims</b> here (probably some are at large cities? There also is one spa city near northern border where is a large community of rich muslims). There are some gypsies drinking and smoking out their brains in pubs, there are Vietnamese diligent retailers (probably some 5-10 families in the town), and 97% white people... And it's overwhelmingly <b>safe and calm</b> place. There are no places 40 km arround me where I would not dare to go alone on midnight. Even the capital Prague is a pretty safe place, overall we are among 10 most safe countries in the world... About arms - there is 3% people with gun permits. In our village, the Hunter (woodman) has a long gun. It's not much problem to get the permit, if you are sane and somehow healthy person, it requires doctor inspection and police permit... All men above 30 have been serving 2 (later 1) years in millitary service, unless they worked a civil service instead of it (as I did)... Only recently the mandatory 2 or 1 year millitary service has been abandoned, just when entering NATO...
          Weapons watchdog finds sarin used in deadly attack in Syria   
Syria_36924An investigation by the international chemical weapons watchdog confirmed that sarin nerve gas was used in a deadly April 4 attack on a Syrian town, but a report released Friday stopped short of saying who was responsible.
          Legal Coordinator   
DC-Washington, The American Chemistry Council (ACC), a national trade association representing the world’s leading chemical and plastics manufacturers, currently has an opportunity for Coordinator/ Paralegal in its Legal Services Department. ACC represents its members on public policy issues; coordinates the industry’s research and testing programs; and administers Responsible Care®, the industry’s environment,
          Why Haven't Weapons Inspectors Gone to Syria's Shayrat Air Base?   
Aron Lund, TCF
On Monday evening, the White House released a statement saying U.S. intelligence had identified potential preparations for another chemical weapons attack
          Correction: EPA-Dow Chemical story   

Correction: EPA-Dow Chemical story

The post Correction: EPA-Dow Chemical story appeared first on FederalNewsRadio.com.


          Assay Lab Technician - New Gold - Fort Frances, ON   
Disposing of MR samples and chemical wastes from the lab that cannot be disposed within the lab. Working at the onsite laboratory and reporting to the Assay...
From New Gold - Thu, 22 Jun 2017 19:16:18 GMT - View all Fort Frances, ON jobs
          Offer - Pit Gas Carburizing Furnace - CHINA   
Smelting categories: noProduction: noPower consumption: noDetailed description:Application: Well type gas carburizing furnace is a kind of cyclical furnace. It is suitable for the gas carburizing of low carbon steel parts,  carbonitriding, also can be used for protecting the mechanical parts in the heating process and surface chemical heat treatment.Complete range: Furnace, electric control cabinet, microcomputer carbon type control device.Features:1.Unique muff and air duct structure, free hanging wind guide cover, oil sealing furnace bottom and strong convective circulation fan, is the core of the internal structure of well type carburizing furnace and also the design concept and reliable guarantee of uniformity of furnace temperature and carbon potential.2.Muff furnace, with all fiber in lining, is the trend of energy saving and environmental protection currently.3.The design of furnace body is streamlined shape to make the equipment appearance generous.4.Adopting the advanced integrated controller produced and developed by professional research of heat treatment in Germany(PE or STANGE) can have advanced control, reliable operation, friendly interface, and easy to use.5.Meet the needs of different customers.The basic parameters:1.The uniformity of furnace temperature: ±5℃2.The temperature control precision: ±1℃3.The plus or minus of carbon potential control precision: 0.02CP%
          Chemist (Precious Metals) - SGS - Red Lake, ON   
SGS offers market leading geochemical, metallurgical, oil sands, coal and trade services, from 15 locations across the country....
From SGS - Fri, 02 Jun 2017 14:48:10 GMT - View all Red Lake, ON jobs
          Hot Dog: 4 Ways To Help Your Pets Cool Off Safely This Summer   

Hot Dog: 4 Ways To Help Your Pets Cool Off Safely This Summer

It is going to be a scorcher this summer, and the family dog is itching to get out in the sun and play. Before you subject your best friend to the outdoor heat, you will want to be sure you have thought out how to keep your dog cool. Remember, dogs do not have sweat glands all over their body like humans do, so when they pant, this is their primary method of cooling down. Consequently, it helps to have a plan for helping your dog remain cool during the hot summer days. Here are a few tips to help you make sure your dog does not get overheated.

If Your Dog Shows Signs of Heat Stroke

When your dog has been running around in the hot summer sun, they may start panting extremely hard, vomit, have diarrhea, or exhibit an overly increased heart rate while showing signs of disorientation. Chances are your dog is experiencing a mild to serious case of heat stroke. It is vital that you help your dog to cool down fast, but not too fast. Providing your dog cool water to drink and covering their coat with a towel soaked in cool water can help to bring their overall temperature down. Just make sure not to use ice cold water. The goal is to reduce their temperature slowly to not create further problems for your dog. Helping your dog find a hard, cool tile floor to lay on in front of a fan will also help matters along.

Bring the Dog Inside

It only stands to reason that your dog is not going to tolerate the extreme summer heat quite as well as you might. For this reason, it is generally best to bring your dog inside during the hottest summer days. The action of the inside AC will help to keep your dog as comfortable on a hot day as it keeps the rest of the family. Additionally, this will prevent your dog from being bothered by insects that are more active when it is hot outside.

Try the Pool

Swimming is a fun activity for most dogs who are not afraid of water. When introducing your dog to the idea of swimming in a pool, it may help to start them out in a kid's pool or the shallow end of the family pool. Once you are sure they are a capable swimmer, you will want to be aware of other safety concerns around the pool that will help to keep your dog safe and cool this summer.

Outfitting your dog with a life vest when swimming is one way to prevent your dog from accidentally drowning in the pool. It is important to also provide your dog with easy access out of the pool. The last thing you want is for your dog to become exhausted while swimming and be stuck with no way to get to dry ground for a much needed rest. This may require calling a professional to evaluate your pool and make adjustments. If you’re not sure who to choose, a simple google search for your area like “pool Portsmouth nh” can show you a bunch of options for pool builders and servicers.

It is also important to give your dog alternative sources of fresh water to prevent them from drinking chlorinated water. Rinsing your dog off after swimming is another good idea to remove any chlorine or other pool chemicals from their coat. Finally, it is a good idea to clean your dog’s ears out after a swim to prevent any sort of ear infection from occurring.

Proper Shade and Water

If your dog needs to be outside on a hot day, then you will want to make absolutely certain that your dog has adequate water and proper shade available. If the dog will be in the yard, then it is best to make sure that part of the dog's roaming space is covered with shade from large trees or a covering of some type like an outdoor dog tent. Alternatively, your dog may appreciate the comfort of a covered porch and a few pieces of ice in their water bowl for good measure. At the very least, this will help their water stay cooler longer.

 

With the summer heating up, you will want to be concerned with your dog's need to remain cool and free from heat-related health problems. Fortunately, there are numerous ways to help your dog remain cool when hot temperatures are an issue. From proper shading to bringing your dog inside to enjoy the air conditioning at your feet, know that your dog will appreciate any reasonable steps you take to ensure the heat does not get too much for them to bear.


          Is the US Really Ready for 'Unprecedented Actions' in Syria?   

Commenting on the above report, Alexander Gusev, a political analyst and director of the Institute for Strategic Planning noted to Sputnik Radio that the US broadcaster has previously discredited itself more than once, however this time the information might be truthful.

He pointed out that CNN reported on the aircraft carrier USS George H.W. Bush, along with two destroyers and two cruisers being deployed in the eastern Mediterranean Sea for routine patrol positions.

"The destroyers and cruisers could fire Tomahawk missiles without putting pilots in manned aircraft at risk. In addition, dozens of aircraft already in the Middle East for operations against ISIS (Daesh) in Syria and Iraq could be used in a potential strike," the broadcaster said.

In this connection, Alexander Gusev recalled the US missile attack on April 7, when it fired Tomahawk missiles at Shayrat airbase following claims that President Assad allegedly launched a chemical attack at Syria's Khan Sheikhoun. Damascus rejected all the accusations.


          Ron Paul: Trump is Just Like CNN, Putting Out His Own False News to Start War in Syria   

In a peculiar move, the White House announced Monday evening a chemical weapons attack in Syria will be carried out soon by the regime of Bashar al-Assad against civilians — the second government-launched attack on his own people in the past few months — and that the U.S. would pulverize Syrian forces as retribution.

If, that is, gargantuan holes in logic suit your fancy — because nearly every facet of the above ‘facts’ touted by the corporate press and White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer depart so far from the truth as to be farcically unrecognizable.

Spicer tweeted.......,


          US FALSE FLAG THREATS AGAINST SYRIA DESIGNED TO PREVENT TRUMP/PUTIN MEETING   

In just over a week, the G20 summit of nations is to convene in Germany.

This will be the first time that Donald Trump and President Putin will have been in the same room and many are suggesting that the two will meet on the sidelines of the main summit as world-leaders often do at such events.

Many in the generally unreliable western mainstream media are suggesting that Donald Trump is keen to meet Vladimir Putin at the G20 but that some US advisers to POTUS do not want the meeting to happen. It must be made clear that such reports are totally uncorroborated and are coming from sources such as Britain’s notoriously inaccurate and dishonest Independent.

But beyond the Trump-baiting innuendo of the western mainstream media, it is not difficult to imagine that the anti-Russian elements in Washington are telling Trump to stay clear of President Putin. It is equally conceivable that many who are still afraid of the Russiagate scandal which has been exposed by under-cover CNN employees as fake news, might equally want Trump to avoid being seen having a bilateral meeting with the Russian President.

And this brings us to US threats of aggression against Syria to allegedly avenge a chemical weapons attack that America admits has not happened, although they seem suspiciously sure that it will.

Russia has in no uncertain terms, warned America not to commit an illegal act of military aggression against Syria. This has not stopped Nikki Haley from alluding to regime change in Syria, although James Mad Dog Mattis has said the opposite.


          Mura Masa - Blu ft. Damon Albarn   
Mura Masa - Blu ft. Damon Albarn

You don't seem to understand me when I say I'm feeling blu love
Blu love
When you touch me in that way, I just don't know what to do, love
I'm so in love

I can't get you out my mind
You send me pictures
I ain't calling crisis
You send the pictures

You don't seem to understand me when I say I'm feeling blu love
Blu love
When you touch me in that way, I just don't know what to do, love
I'm so in love

If your harp is [?]
Wait for time to go
It might take you to Rome
It's all about religion
It's all about constructing the chemical [?]

You don't seem to understand me when I say I'm feeling blu love
Blu love
When you touch me in that way, I just don't know what to do, love
I'm so in love


          Sarin used in April Syria attack, chemical weapons watchdog confirms   

Report into attack on Khan Sheikhun says it is likely nerve agent spread from hole in road where projectile hit

The nerve agent sarin was used in an attack in April on the Syrian town of Khan Sheikhun and was likely to have spread from a crater in a road where a projectile had hit, the global chemical weapons watchdog has confirmed.

A report by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) also found that hexamine – a known component of the Syrian regime’s stockpiles – was contained in samples taken from the scene and from the blood and urine of victims.

Continue reading...
          Solving a sweet problem for renewable biofuels and chemicals   
Scientists are trying to break through the innovation bottleneck for the renewable bioproduction of fuels and chemicals. They've looked into a new approach -- harnessing the trial-and-error power of e ... - Source: www.sciencedaily.com
          Banned chemicals pass through umbilical cord from mother to baby, research finds   
Trace amounts of flame retardants, banned in the US for more than a decade, are still being passed through umbilical cord blood from mothers to their babies, according to new research. The chemicals a ... - Source: www.sciencedaily.com
          Development Associate - Centre for Commercialization of Regenerative Medicine (CCRM) - Canada   
In bioengineering, chemical engineering, bioprocess, biotechnology, cell biology, or a related field; As a Development Associate at CCRM, you will be part of a...
From Centre for Commercialization of Regenerative Medicine (CCRM) - Thu, 22 Jun 2017 21:38:46 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Faculty Member, Chemical and Biological Engineering - University of Saskatchewan - Canada   
Biotechnology and Biomaterial processing, Energy and Renewable Resources, Environment, and Mineral Processing. Faculty Position in Energy and Environment....
From University of Saskatchewan - Wed, 21 Jun 2017 10:43:39 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Director of Operations - Centre for Commercialization of Regenerative Medicine (CCRM) - Canada   
PhD or Master’s degree in science (bioengineering, chemical engineering, bioprocess, biotechnology, cell biology, microbiology, chemistry etc.)....
From Centre for Commercialization of Regenerative Medicine (CCRM) - Wed, 07 Jun 2017 00:25:06 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Bioprocess Development Engineer/Scientist - Centre for Commercialization of Regenerative Medicine (CCRM) - Canada   
PhD in bioprocess engineering, chemical engineering, biotechnology, or similar (two or more years relevant post-doctoral or industry experience preferred)....
From Centre for Commercialization of Regenerative Medicine (CCRM) - Fri, 19 May 2017 00:06:03 GMT - View all Canada jobs
          Development Associate - General Electric - Toronto, ON   
In bioengineering, chemical engineering, bioprocess, biotechnology, cell biology, or a related field; GE is an Equal Opportunity Employer ....
From GE Careers - Wed, 21 Jun 2017 13:37:42 GMT - View all Toronto, ON jobs
          Pilot Chemical Company Names New EHS Manager   
none
          Brenntag Acquires Chinese Specialty Chemicals Distributor Wellstar Group   
none
          Nydge - Won't You Call Me (Ft. Kim Vi)   

Sounds like: Beat Connection, Louis Futon, Mayer Hawthorne

Song: Nydge - Won't You Call Me (Ft. Kim Vi)

What's so good?

I've got your new favorite summer track. It's blissful as beach pop, but with a touch of Motown soul -- Motown as in the genre, as well as the place. "Won't You Call Me" is another rare gem from Detroit, some wonderful collision of atoms, aka vocalist Kim Vi and producer Nydge. The reaction is straight chemical; the perfect high. You might remember the last time they had you buzzing with their Indie Shuffle debut "El Segundo." Dem boys are back at it, breaking hearts and making love with your eardrums. Follow Nydge on SoundCloud and enjoy!

1. Original post: Nydge - Won't You Call Me (Ft. Kim Vi)

2. Find more music on Indie Shuffle's Indie Music Blog.


          Help me write something by andycarruthers   
I need you to write some content for a website. hi there. i would like an elaborate & creative 'about us' section written for a website for a petrochemical electrical contractor (Budget: $30 - $250 AUD, Jobs: Content Writing)
          Comment on Eunisell Chemicals Graduate Trainee Recruitment 2017 | Application Guide and Requirements by Ibrahimovic10   
Please,Am expecting an interview invite with eunisell's MD, What should I expect? Secondly, How can I get to reach the HR to respond to my mails. Thank you. I anticipate your response either here or preferably on my e-mail
          scientist   
One more for the set. A scientist observes a chemical reaction.
          Customer Acquisition Specialist - State Chemical Solutions - Mayfield Heights, OH   
The ideal candidate will perform necessary sales and prospective customer assistance functions to market and sell Neutron products via the telephone and over...
From State Chemical Solutions - Wed, 28 Jun 2017 23:50:52 GMT - View all Mayfield Heights, OH jobs
          The Laura Longley Show: A Healing Conversation with Candace Pert, PhD. Changing Neuroreceptor Mapping from Pain to Pleasure   
GuestDid you know that every time we have an emotional reaction, a chemical reaction is taking place in our brains that creates that emotion? Tune in to my conversation with Dr. Candace Pert to learn about the body/mind/spirit connection and how science and spirituality are two sides of the same coin. We'll be discussing ways that you can move from pain emotional and physical to pleasure through changing your neuroreceptor mapping those chemical reactions in your brain.
          Director, Operations - WET Labs - Oregon   
WET Labs is dedicated to developing and manufacturing underwater instrumentation to detect vital biological, chemical and geological parameters and processes of...
From Danaher - Fri, 26 May 2017 01:11:54 GMT - View all Oregon jobs
          Industrial Hygienist - Goldcorp - Red Lake, ON   
Reporting to the Safety Coordinator, the Industrial Hygienist will demonstrate a high level of expertise in the areas of Mine site testing, chemical substance
From Goldcorp - Fri, 14 Apr 2017 06:01:24 GMT - View all Red Lake, ON jobs
          Material Handler (Union) - Nexeo Solutions - Morrisville, PA   
Strong work history a must. Nexeo Solutions is the largest global chemical and plastics distributor with a centralized business model....
From Nexeo Solutions - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 14:16:21 GMT - View all Morrisville, PA jobs
          [$$$] Construction Job Board - Concrete Carpenter (6041935) - Aerotek   
Southern California based civil construction firm specializing in the petrochemical and power industry is seeking a Concrete Carpenter. The carpenters will be support a projects in the the Phillips 66 and Tesoro refineries in Wilmington CA. The carpenters...(click link to see full post)
          High Wycombe 'chemical attack': Teenager charged   
Mother-of-three Joanne Rand died 11 days after she was sprayed by an unknown alkaline substance.
          Chemical Lab Technician - Praxair - Morrisville, PA   
Determine pass / fail status of production samples submitted to lab and perform final cylinder inspection / application of certificates and labels....
From Praxair - Mon, 10 Apr 2017 23:17:52 GMT - View all Morrisville, PA jobs
          Power Plant Lab Technician - Nalco Water, An Ecolab Company - Newburgh, IN   
Seeking a qualified person to work in a power plant lab. Maintaining boiler chemistry levels, lab instrument maintenance, chemical ordering and boiler... $40,000 - $60,000 a year
From Indeed - Thu, 29 Jun 2017 14:02:24 GMT - View all Newburgh, IN jobs
          E1306 Standard Practice for Preparation of Metal and Alloy Samples for Chemical Analysis by Electric Arc Remelting has been revised to E1306-17    

          Chemical Lab Technician - Praxair - Morrisville, PA   
Perform routine analytical work on medical and specialty gases using various types of analytical equipment including gas chromatographs and process analyzers....
From Praxair - Mon, 10 Apr 2017 23:17:52 GMT - View all Morrisville, PA jobs
          US Defense Minister claims warning to Syria's Assad worked   
A White House warning that the Assad government was making potential preparations for a chemical attack in Syria had worked to stop a chemical attack according to US national security officials.
          Technical Account Manager Upstream Chemicals - Bonnyville AB - Baker Hughes - Alberta   
Baker Hughes is an Equal Employment Affirmative Action Employer. Baker Hughes Incorporated has an opening for a Technical Account Manager – Upstream Chemicals...
From Baker Hughes - Thu, 25 May 2017 12:32:52 GMT - View all Alberta jobs
          Just Organik Kashmiri Kahwa Tea 25 Tea Bags 100% Organic Non GMO Chemical or Pesticide Free   
Product Image
Just Organik Kashmiri Kahwa Tea 25 Tea Bags 100% Organic Non GMO Chemical or Pesticide Free
Expires Jul 16, 2017

          Global Sorbitol Market 2017 Key Players - Gulshan Polyols, Ueno Fine Chemicals, Caixin Sugar, Cargill, Roquette   
Global Sorbitol Market 2017 Key Players - Gulshan Polyols, Ueno Fine Chemicals, Caixin Sugar, Cargill, Roquette Global Sorbitol Market Professional Survey Report 2017 The report’s analysis is based on technical data and industry figures sourced from the most reputable databases. Other aspects that will prove especially beneficial to readers of the report are: investment feasibility analysis, recommendations

          Unstoppable You – How To Tap Into Your Awesome Learning Power   

You're reading Unstoppable You – How To Tap Into Your Awesome Learning Power, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles.

Learning is like breathing.

Something we do because we are alive. Something we usually take for granted. But should we?

We were primed for learning in the womb – every hour our brains added 250,000 neurons so that we could process the world when we arrived.

Then, as a child, our default programming (let’s call it Learning 1.0) shaped the basic structure and wiring of our brains as we learned through trial and error and imitation.

We upgraded our learning capability again when, through experiences in school we upgraded to Learning 2.0 – internalizing society’s knowledge and more structured learning approaches (e.g., how to study). Once on our own, we cobbled together our own way of dealing with life’s challenges at work, at home, as a citizen.

We crafted a personalized approach – enter the next version of our internal learning software -- Learning 3.0.

But Learning 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 are not good enough today.

This world is changing very rapidly and presenting us with many complex conditions and challenges that require a new learning paradigm.Of course, there is an increasing array of support we can access – in apps, online courses, blogs, or by cruising Google, Cable TV, social media (caveat: beware of biases!), and more.

We truly live in an accelerating and often confusing knowledge era. And it will only get more complex and diverse as information expands and technology provides new tools for learning, outsourcing our memories, and connecting with others in novel ways.

It’s a new learning landscape, and we need a new way of thinking about and approaching learning. I call this new way, Learning 4.0.

It’s 21st Century learning that you do on your own and with others. It’s a framework to use when you help others learn – your children, people you lead, people who want you to share your expertise for any reason.

And, Learning 4.0 is a framework to guide your learning in the moment (out of curiosity or opportunism), extracting learning from past experience (think of the learning locked up in those experiences you regret or remember with pride), and when you have a learning goal that may take some time to reach.

Learning 4.0 builds on the strengths of 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0. But there is a lot more. Think about yourself as a 4.0 Learner. For example, with Learning 4.0 you use and expand your imaginative capabilities – your ability to dream, create a virtual reality future, and then to draw on the energy of that imagined reality to help you move into a desirable future (Here’s a simple tip: before you dive into any learning experience do a 3-minute trip into your future. See and feel yourself with a new competency in a situation that matters to you. Make this vision as visceral – physical and mental – as you can. It will then act like a magnet, pulling you toward the future you desire).

Learning 4.0 also engages your whole brain/body – reflecting new insights from neuroscience, enlisting your conscious and unconscious learning processes, and tuning your body to support you with positive learning chemicals, brain waves, and optimal neural activity as you learn.

A third way Learning 4.0 works is by equipping you for the increasingly manipulative information world. Everybody wants your attention, information and money. But with Learning 4.0, you approach information in a smart way – detecting bias and manipulation and deciding what to accept and reject or ignore.

Another quality that defines you as a 4.0 learner is resource versatility.

As a 4.0 learner, you aren’t fazed by the variety of resource and learning formats out there. You know how to get the information you need from reading, listening, online apps and courses, meetings and conversations, even games and simulations… and more.

There are other important qualities in 4.0 Learning. And learners can tap into these super-learning qualities by developing skills in seven important 4.0 Learning practice areas:

  1. Hear the Call. 4.0 learners detect learning opportunities long before others. They are tuned to learn, so they hear calls to learn from the world around and inside them before these calls become crises and problems.
  2. Create Future Pull. 4.0 learners imagine compelling futures that then pull them in the direction of their goals. Think about it: when you have an image of where you want to be, it seems the world is filled with help to get there. Some call this the law of attraction, others call it serendipity. It is actually imagination and your unconscious learning processes at work.
  3. Search Far and Wide. You can’t deal with the crowded information world alone. You need help in the form of search engines and other scanners to find what you need. 4.0 learners know how to access services and people who can help find what they need.
  4. Connect the Dots. It may not be possible to develop fixed learning plans, but 4.0 learners know how to chart a learning path and equip themselves for the journey -- balancing a commitment to the vision with new insights that might alter the course.
  5. Mine for Gold. 4.0 learners find the gold in any learning resource – knowing that learning is a partnership with the learning tools they use and that, as the learner in charge, they determine what to pay attention to and ultimately use.\
  6. Learn to Last. 4.0 learners know how to turn ideas and short term memories into lasting knowledge, skills, new ways of thinking, and even creative ideas.
  7. Transfer to Life. 4.0 learners take powerful steps to change their own habits (i.e., they go beyond New Year’s resolutions) and to influence the environment around them so that they can bring learning to life at home and at work.

It’s time for a new consciousness about learning – for a new mindset and practices. 21st Century challenges demand and invite us into a new learning framework. Fortunately, new knowledge about how we learn -- plus a plethora of new tools to help us learn – make it possible to launch a new version of our internal learning software: to upgrade to Learning 4.0.

Learning is no longer a process to take for granted.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Pat McLagan
is a global leader in the learning and development field with top awards from major adult learning associations. Her new book, Unstoppable You: Adopt the New Learning 4.0 Mindset and Change Your Life is available on Amazon. You can test your 4.0 capabilities at www.learning40.com/assess. And you can build your 4.0 capabilities little by little every day with the iTunes app, Brighter Every Day. 

You've read Unstoppable You – How To Tap Into Your Awesome Learning Power, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you've enjoyed this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles.


          Senior Solution Architect - VENDAVO - Mountain View, CA   
Vendavo is seeking an engineering lead to help create our next-generation, cloud-based solution. Leading companies across chemicals, high-tech, industrial...
From Vendavo - Sat, 24 Jun 2017 17:19:35 GMT - View all Mountain View, CA jobs
          Water Treatment Sales Consultant -Miami/Fort Lauderdale, Florida Job   
FL-Aventura, Water Treatment Sales Consultant -Miami/Fort Lauderdale, Florida Job Date: Jun 30, 2017 Location: Aventura, FL, US, 33009 Company: NCH Corporation Established, Entrepreneurial, Empowered…Explore the Opportunities! Chem-Aqua – Water Treatment Sales Consultant Chem-Aqua is the wholly owned water treatment subsidiary of NCH Corporation, a privately owned specialty chemicals, maintenance supplies, and
          Industrial Hygienist - Goldcorp - Red Lake, ON   
Reporting to the Safety Coordinator, the Industrial Hygienist will demonstrate a high level of expertise in the areas of Mine site testing, chemical substance
From Goldcorp - Fri, 14 Apr 2017 06:01:24 GMT - View all Red Lake, ON jobs
          Toxic Chemical Leak Ends at NC Plant   
Chemours captured the wastewater leaking the toxic chemical GenX from its Fayetteville, North Carolina, plant into a nearby river. The
Read More.
          Syria: US Chemical Weapons Accusations Are Baseless Plot to Justify a New Attack   
Syria: US Chemical Weapons Accusations Are Baseless Plot to Justify a New Attack | Allegations 'not based on any facts'
          19” Chic Urban Black Metro Style Woven Rattan Versatile Indoor Stool - 32603848   
https://d34q2r40idt1c3.cloudfront.net/media/KFhfia7HCQDZw4SjZhArvkY7VssTQgXQ-35.jpg

This stool would be wonderful in a loft or industrial style setting
Black lacquer color open weave stool is perfect for extra seating
For indoor use
Wipe with damp cloth, avoid harsh chemicals
Each piece is unique and may vary in size and color

Dimensions: 18.5”W x 18.5..

Price: $238.99


          Bartec Technology for heating of piping for Russian Refinery   
Title: Bartec Technology for heating of piping for Russian Refinery Authors: Alexander Schulgowski Abstract: Item published in Chemical Engineering World 2010 Sept Vol.45 No 9. The print journal is available in SOE Library CUSAT
          10 good reasons to invest on robots   
Title: 10 good reasons to invest on robots Authors: CEW Abstract: Item published in Chemical Engineering World 2010 Sept Vol.45 No 9. The print journal is available in SOE Library CUSAT
          A.Vogel Milk Thistle Tablets 60   
This liver is so important. It stores vitamins, minerals, produces bile (essential for the breakdown of fat), and is the main organ for the metabolism of food, drugs and hormones. If the liver's performance is impaired, it can cause gall bladder complaints and digestive discomfort e.g. nausea/indigestion after consuming fatty food. Other problems can be high cholesterol, weight gain and skin complains e.g. Acne or Eczema. How does it work? Artichoke, Dandelion, Boldo and Peppermint: These all have a cholaogogic and choleretic action on the liver (Induces the production and flow of bile). Also, they help to remove toxins and help to restore liver function. Dandelion also a mild laxative and also has been traditionally used in gall bladder treatment. Peppermint and Boldo have an additional function in relaxing the smooth muscle, helping to relieve colic, dyspesia and can help with flatulence. Milk Thistle: Its main constituent is Simymarin. It directly effects the cell membranes of the liver, preventing further damage and encourages repair. Simymarin also helps to prevent excess cell production - as seen in psoriasis. To ensure a successful cleanse of your system, it is really important to cut out fatty, sugary and chemically enhanced foods and drink. This includes caffeine and alcohol and be sure to replace them with pleanty of water. Directions for use: Directions for use : Adults: 1 tablet twice daily. Maintenance: 1 tablet daily. Children: This product is not recommended for children. Please seek medical advice if pregnant. If you are recovering from hepatitis, alcoholism, drugs or gall bladder disease, check with a health care professional first. Do not take if breast feeding. Ingredients: Fresh Cynara Scolymus* (Artichoke) leaves 46% • fresh Silybum Marianum (Milk Thistle) dried fruit 32% • fresh Taraxacum Officinalis* (Dandelion) herb and root 12% • Peumus Boldus (Boldo) dried leaf 7% • fresh Mentha Piperita* (Peppermin) leaves 3% • Also contains: Microcrystalline Cellulose & Cottonseed oil. *Organically grown.

Price: £10.25 Special Price: £8.75


          A.Vogel Stress Relief Daytime Valeriana Fresh Herb Tincture 50ml   

The tranquillising action of Valerian has been attributed to a number of components, including a group of compounds known as valepotriates,
which have been shown to possess an ability to calm the nerves. Valerenic acid found in Valerian, inhibits the break down of GABA,
which is a chemical transmitter that decreases nervous system activity.
Increasing GABA levels in this way helps people who find it hard to switch off, and promotes good sleeping patterns. In addition, a number of other constituents in valerian have been shown to possess antispasmodic activity in muscles.
Ingredients: Tincture of organically grown fresh Valerina officinalis (Valerian) roots.
Directions for use: Adults: 10 drops 3 times a day or 30 drops before bedtime, in a little water.
Children: This Product is not recommended for children. Please seek medical advice if pregnant.
No restrictions to use are known.

Price: £9.15 Special Price: £8.25


          A.Vogel Uva Ursi Complex Drops 50ml   

Uva-Ursi Complex, extract of Uv-ursi (Bearberry) and Echinacea purpurea (Purple Cone Flower)Uva-Ursi Complex is a fresh herb preparation containing Uva-ursi and Echinacea.

- Bioforce herbal products are prepared from organically cultivated or wild herbs in Switzerland.

- Fresh herbs, harvested at their prime, are used to prepare the tinctures.

- No pesticides, insecticides, fungicides or chemical fertilizers used.

- Alcohol extraction ensures a good balance of the important elements present in each herb

Price: £9.15 Special Price: £8.25


          Things to Do Saturday!   
13 things to do for July 1 by Mercury Staff

The Day Fade
Some Saturdays, you ignore the creeping growth of your dandelion lawn and put any thoughts of self-betterment out of mind. Some Saturdays, you get out of bed late and head to the bar, where there will be drinks, and dancing, and DJs spinning really, really good tunes. The soul needs such Saturdays, and lucky for you this is one of them. DIRK VANDERHART
2 pm, White Owl Social Club, $5


Gaytheist, Nasalrod, Drunk Dad
Gaytheist plays the kind of rock music that’ll pummel your eardrums with the force of a thousand fiery asteroids (in a good way). Tonight the Portland band celebrates the release of their new album, Let’s Jam Again Soon—14 furiously fast tracks that bring new meaning to the word “heavy.” CIARA DOLAN
8 pm, The Know, $10

Bombay Beach, Wave Action, Craig Brown Band
After more than a decade spent fronting various garage punk bands (Terrible Twos, the Mahonies, Liquor Store), Craig Brown is a legitimate Detroit city personality. For instance, the trailer for Drunk History’s Detroit episode features Brown’s ruminations about the city’s lawlessness, punctuated as he yells, “Judas Priest is better than Iron Maiden!” into the cold night. Brown is a funny and memorable character, and that likability translates onto his debut album, The Lucky Ones Forget, from his Third Man Records-backed country project, the Craig Brown Band. It’s a love letter from a punk rocker to Creedence Clearwater Revival, and a surprisingly smooth marriage of Brown’s cut-the-shit songwriting, nasally punk vocal tricks, and honky-tonk slide guitar—all filled out by the warm backing vocal harmonies of the band’s Drinkard sisters. SUZETTE SMITH
8 pm, Turn! Turn! Turn!, $5

Mark Battles, King Kap, Young Tom, Ty Spacely, Kid Jone$, Falling Atmosphere
The fast-rising Indianapolis-hailing rapper, songwriter, producer, and founder of independent record label, Fly America, swings back through Peter's Room at the Roseland for another all ages show supporting his 2016 studio album, Before The Deal.
8 pm, Peter's Room at the Roseland, $20-35, all ages

Gran Ritmos
Portland’s favorite Pan-American dance party Gran Ritmos is kicking off summer’s dog days by inviting Riobamba to headline their next showcase. One of Brooklyn’s most fire DJ acts, Riobamba is a multitalented artist with Ecuadorian and Lithuanian roots who delivers energetic sounds from around the world. In addition to producing her own mixes, she founded the label and creative agency APOCALIPSIS in 2016 to empower the voices of other Latinx artists. Riobamba spent a year in Bogota studying the connections between politics, identity, and digital music production through a Fulbright Scholarship. Her sets integrate a wide variety of audio sources ranging from YouTube clips to underground Panamanian bass to urban field recordings as a means of intentional disruption. Lace up your dancing shoes and get ready for a night of the unexpected. EMILLY PRADO
9 pm, Holocene, $10

Teen Daze, Sam OB
If in some bizarro parallel universe Grouper and Leon met while playing Minecraft, Teen Daze would most likely be the outcome. With EPs like 2010’s Four More Years and Beach Dreams, British Columbia recording artist Jamison Isaak’s building a body of work similar to other young but prolific artists like Alex G or Frankie Cosmos. Since Isaak’s early slow-mo drum-and-bass EDM, Teen Daze has truly developed into mellower but more expansive take on dance music. All of the releases are paired with naturalist album art that could decorate a sleek minimalist coffee shop or the default screensavers for the next generation of Windows. The music itself doesn’t try to stray from this aesthetic, and instead embodies a postmodern simplicity. Though Teen Daze’s fifth LP, Themes for Dying Earth, has a pretty fatalistic name, it moves at a snail’s pace. All of the vocals are awash in reverb, and the keyboard riffs sound like springtime walks through city gardens—secluded enough, but surrounded by the bustle of metropolitan life. CAMERON CROWELL
8 pm, Hawthorne Theatre Lounge, $10-12

Skull Diver, The Dead Ships, Pacific Latitudes
Last month Portland rock trio Skull Diver released Chemical Tomb, an unapologetically dark sophomore album that wanders with a zombie's sinister drive between proggy riffage, pop swagger, and stoner metal haze, exploring shadowy corners while never quite settling into a groove. The record is united not just by this densely curated sense of disquiet, all fuzzy guitars and cavernous organs, but by a gripping melodicism and singer Mandy Payne's nimble voice floating over the darkness—less ethereal and more a foreboding siren's call. Two covers round out the second half, Nick Drake’s “Parasite” and the Violent Femmes’ “Good Feeling,” both evidence of Skull Diver’s flexible mastery over their expansive sound. It’s not the most cohesive album, but anyone who likes their music on the heavy side will find something to enjoy. NATHAN TUCKER
9 pm, Bunk Bar, $7

Reds, Whites & Brews
Breakside’s new Slabtown brewpub hosts a Fourth of July weekend kick-off party with help from some of their buddies in the beverage industry. Enjoy live music from the Kinky Brothers, wine from Archery Summit, A-Z Winery, Cooper Mountain Vineyards, Clay Pigeon, Patton Valley, Chehalem, Elk Cove, and Ponzi Winery, and brew from the likes of pFriem, Culmination, Commons, Deschutes, Double Mountain, Great Notion, Upright, Migration, Occidental, Gigantic, Ninkasi, Widmer, and Portland Cider Company, all while supporting the Children’s Cancer Association & New Avenues for Youth.
2 pm, Breakside Brewery, $15, all ages

Pink Martini
Pianist Thomas Lauderdale and his legendary Portland-based jazz and classical pop ensemble, featuring co-lead vocalists China Forbes and Storm Large, return to the Edgefield lawn for a picturesque evening show in the setting Summer sun.
7 pm, Edgefield, $35, all ages

Avenue Q
Triangle Productions brings back their staging (tonight's the last night!) of the Tony Award-winning comedy/musical about racism, homophobia, homelessness, unemployment, and finding the purpose to life, but with puppets. No children under 17 admitted unless accompanied by adult due to all of the puppet fucking.
7:30 pm, The Sanctuary at Sandy Plaza, $15-35

Fit for an Autopsy, Moon Tooth, Tombs
Read reviews of Moon Tooth’s 2016 album Chromaparagon and you’ll find lots of references to prog-minded metal (or hard rock) bands like Rush, Mastodon, the Dillinger Escape Plan, Meshuggah, and Tool. Far less often do critics cite the New York band’s irrepressible interest in funk- and jazz-metal, which is on full display on Chromaparagon’s eye-popping opening track, “Queen Wolf.” Here, Moon Tooth sounds like Living Colour and (gulp) the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Add in the quartet’s interest in whiplash rhythms and highly technical playing, and you’ve got quite a concoction of influences widely considered “uncool” in the 21st century. But Moon Tooth makes it work by playing its showy, shifty jazz-funk-prog-thrash-metal with such absolute power and awe-inspiring precision, you just can’t help but be impressed. (The band’s knack for finding a melody in its maelstrom doesn’t hurt, either.) BEN SALMON
6 pm, The Analog Cafe & Little Theater, $13, all ages

Timbaland + Pharrell: A Tribute
A DJ night dedicated to two of the most unique hip-hop producers of the late '90s and early 2000s, featuring Duncan Gerow, B Hammer'd, and Anechoic touching on all the best beats that both Timbaland and Pharrell turned out in their heyday.
9 pm, O'Malley's Saloon & Grill, $3

Death of Glitter: Island of the Misfits!
This month, the "Genderf#ck Cabaret for a Cause" benefits Brave Space with misfit-themed performances from Anastasia Euthanasia, Darcy Blows, Draven, Marla Darling, Prince Peanut-Butter, Lioness, Miss Pamela Voorhees, Mars, Clare Apparently, Poly-Amithyst, The Glam King, BeElzzaBub Doll, and more. Featuring dance music from DJ Cat Lady.
9 pm, Paris Theater, $7-10

Don't forget to check out our Things To Do calendar for even more things to do!

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          Lockhart Chemical Appoints Sea-Land as Distributor   

Sea-Land Chemical Co. recently announced that, effective July 17, it will be an authorized distributor for Lockhart Chemical Co.


          10 for $10: The Best Bang for Your Buck Shows, June 30-July 2   
by Mercury Staff

Gran Ritmos
Portland’s favorite Pan-American dance party Gran Ritmos is kicking off summer’s dog days by inviting Riobamba to headline their next showcase. One of Brooklyn’s most fire DJ acts, Riobamba is a multitalented artist with Ecuadorian and Lithuanian roots who delivers energetic sounds from around the world. In addition to producing her own mixes, she founded the label and creative agency APOCALIPSIS in 2016 to empower the voices of other Latinx artists. Riobamba spent a year in Bogota studying the connections between politics, identity, and digital music production through a Fulbright Scholarship. Her sets integrate a wide variety of audio sources ranging from YouTube clips to underground Panamanian bass to urban field recordings as a means of intentional disruption. Lace up your dancing shoes and get ready for a night of the unexpected. EMILLY PRADO
Jul 1, 9 pm, Holocene, $10


Gaytheist, Nasalrod, Drunk Dad
Gaytheist plays the kind of rock music that’ll pummel your eardrums with the force of a thousand fiery asteroids (in a good way). Tonight the Portland band celebrates the release of their new album, Let’s Jam Again Soon—14 furiously fast tracks that bring new meaning to the word “heavy.” CIARA DOLAN
Jul 1, 8 pm, The Know, $10

Ralph Lawson, Tripwire
With a career spanning two decades and an influential off-kilter style that stays ahead of the curve, Jay Tripwire never fails to impress. He’s one of the most prolific house and techno producers around, with over 200 vinyl releases to date. His versatile mixes reveal keen sensibilities that can make a believer out of even the harshest of dance music critics. Ralph Lawson is a legend in his own right, and widely regarded as one of the best house music DJs in the world. His record label, 2020Vision, showcases a well-rounded catalog that gives interesting insights into electronic music’s ever-changing landscape over the last 20 years. These two heavyweights will perform an outdoor daytime concert at the White Owl Social Club to allow for maximum sunshine fun time. CHRISTINA BROUSSARD
Jul 2, 2 pm, White Owl Social club, $10

Gardener, On Drugs, Monsterwatch, FLRT
The Chicago-based Gardener trucks in equally hazy and often beautiful melodies that take cues from early electronic pioneers like Charles Wuorinen and Tangerine Dream, while giving some of his work an extra layer of distance between the listener and the heartfelt creator by recording onto hissy cassettes and using noisy, shortwave-radio-frequency tones. ROBERT HAM
Jul 2, 9 pm, Twilight Cafe & Bar, $8

Lithics, Tender Age, Mattress, Media Jeweler
Lithics minimalist post-punk pulses and chirps, manically pushing forward and pulling back, while building insistent loops before pretending to fall apart, as vocalist Aubrey Hornor brings an understated, bordering-on-spoken-word nonchalance. This restraint, at least on record, keeps the tension high, while also keeping something bubbling below the surface, waiting. JOSHUA JAMES AMBERSON
Jun 30, 9 pm, The Fixin' To, $7

Skull Diver, The Dead Ships, Pacific Latitudes
Last month Portland rock trio Skull Diver released Chemical Tomb, an unapologetically dark sophomore album that wanders with a zombie's sinister drive between proggy riffage, pop swagger, and stoner metal haze, exploring shadowy corners while never quite settling into a groove. The record is united not just by this densely curated sense of disquiet, all fuzzy guitars and cavernous organs, but by a gripping melodicism and singer Mandy Payne's nimble voice floating over the darkness—less ethereal and more a foreboding siren's call. Two covers round out the second half, Nick Drake’s “Parasite” and the Violent Femmes’ “Good Feeling,” both evidence of Skull Diver’s flexible mastery over their expansive sound. It’s not the most cohesive album, but anyone who likes their music on the heavy side will find something to enjoy. NATHAN TUCKER
Jul 1, 9 pm, Bunk Bar, $7

The Day Fade
Some Saturdays, you ignore the creeping growth of your dandelion lawn and put any thoughts of self-betterment out of mind. Some Saturdays, you get out of bed late and head to the bar, where there will be drinks, and dancing, and DJs spinning really, really good tunes. The soul needs such Saturdays, and lucky for you this is one of them. DIRK VANDERHART
Jul 1, 2 pm, White Owl Social Club, $5

The Thermals
Portland pop-punk stalwarts the Thermals aim to spice up your Fourth of July weekend on the cheap with a 5-dollar show at the Doug Fir Lounge. Deathlist and Loveboys provide support.
Jul 2, 9 pm, Doug Fir, $5

Bombay Beach, Wave Action, Craig Brown Band
After more than a decade spent fronting various garage punk bands (Terrible Twos, the Mahonies, Liquor Store), Craig Brown is a legitimate Detroit city personality. For instance, the trailer for Drunk History’s Detroit episode features Brown’s ruminations about the city’s lawlessness, punctuated as he yells, “Judas Priest is better than Iron Maiden!” into the cold night. Brown is a funny and memorable character, and that likability translates onto his debut album, The Lucky Ones Forget, from his Third Man Records-backed country project, the Craig Brown Band. It’s a love letter from a punk rocker to Creedence Clearwater Revival, and a surprisingly smooth marriage of Brown’s cut-the-shit songwriting, nasally punk vocal tricks, and honky-tonk slide guitar—all filled out by the warm backing vocal harmonies of the band’s Drinkard sisters. SUZETTE SMITH
Jul 1, 8 pm, Turn! Turn! Turn!, $5

Ice Queens, And And And, Ah God
Local indie rock shredders Ice Queens return to Rontoms for their second Sunday Session of the year, this time in celebration of the release of their self-titled debut album.
Jul 2, 8:30 pm, Rontoms, free

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          Syrian Civilians Exposed To Sarin In April Attack, International Watchdog Says   
The finding is consistent with experts' suspicions. The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons stopped short of saying who was responsible. The U.S. blames the Syrian regime.
          Burt's Bees Mama Bee Belly Butter With Shea Butter & Vitamin E 185g   

Wellbeing: The Mama Bee line of pregnancy skin care products help deliver relief for tired, stressed skin. Perfect for mothers goiong through a nine-month stretch

  • NO parabens                          
  • NO silicones
  • NO chemical sunscreens
  • NO phthalates
  • NO artificial colours
  • NO petrochemicals
  • NO ethnoxylated sulfates

Price: £13.99 Special Price: £12.99


          Hubner Silicea Gastro Intestinal 200ml   
Silica contained in Silicea Gastrointestinal Gel is present in high concentration. As a result, it forms large molecular complexes. The great advantage of these complexes is their ability to unfold a tremendous binding potential. This works much in the same way as a sponge: the pathogens and the associated toxins are absorbed and subsequently excreted by natural means. The gastrointestinal tract is thus allowed to recuperate and not subjected to additional strain, for the composition of the gel is of a purely mineral nature and does not contain any chemical preservatives. It is therefore also suitable for children! Ingredients: Water, Colloidal dispersion with 2.8g silicic acid anhydride (silicon dioxide) in each 100ml. Directions for use (Internally): As a food supplement take one tablespoonful (20ml) Original Silicea daily, diluted in a glass of mineral water or fruit juice 30 minutes before a meal. To control severe symptoms take 2x 15ml 3-5 times a day and if required just before bed. Shake well before use. Keep in refrigerator after opening. Use within 4 weeks of opening. Please note: If you have any form of kidney disease, please consult your practitioner before taking this product.

Price: £9.95 Special Price: £9.75


          "Pesticides Damage Survival Of Bee Colonies, Landmark Study Shows"   

"The world’s largest ever field trial demonstrates widely used insecticides harm both honeybees and wild bees, increasing calls for a ban".

Source: ,

          Learn About The Minerals and Vitamins - Basics 1 BORON   
Understanding about vitamins and minerals and what they can do for the body (yours and your equine friend) is an important part of being a horse owner.  In this group of articles, we will discuss what vitamins and minerals are and what they do to the body.  We know from scientific studying that increased farming and the use of chemical additives to the ground has created a situation where the soils are constantly coming up deficient in a range of minerals.  This emerged as far back as 1937 in
          PAN in the News: EPA Chief Did Not Meet With Dow Chemical CEO, Contrary to News Reports - Washington Free Beacon   

The Hill

EPA Chief Did Not Meet With Dow Chemical CEO, Contrary to News Reports
Washington Free Beacon
A petition to ban chlorpyrifos brought forth by Pesticide Action Network (PAN) North America, a group that fights against "corporate greed," and the environmentalist group Natural Resources Defense Council was denied by the EPA on March 29. In denying ...
EPA chief met with Dow Chemical CEO before deciding not to ban toxic pesticideLos Angeles Times
Trump's EPA chief met with chemical CEO before dropping pesticide ban: reportThe Hill
EPA Head Met With CEO of Dow Before Rejecting Ban on Dow's Toxic PesticideGizmodo
The National Law Review -Common Dreams -E&E News -AP News
all 137 news articles »

          PAN in the News: EPA Chief met with DOW CEO before canceling pesticide ban - The South Florida Times   

The South Florida Times

EPA Chief met with DOW CEO before canceling pesticide ban
The South Florida Times
In October 2015, the Obama administration proposed revoking the pesticide's use in response to a petition from the Natural Resources Defense Council and Pesticide Action Network North America. A risk assessment memo issued in November by nine EPA ...
Trump's EPA chief met with chemical CEO before dropping pesticide ban: reportThe Hill
EPA Head Met With CEO of Dow Before Rejecting Ban on Dow's Toxic PesticideGizmodo
EPA Chief Scott Pruitt Met With Dow CEO Just Before Killing Effort to Ban Toxic PesticideCommon Dreams
HuffPost -United States Environmental Protection Agency
all 88 news articles »

          PAN in the News: New guide presents positive impacts of organic cotton - Knitting Industry   

Knitting Industry

New guide presents positive impacts of organic cotton
Knitting Industry
Organic cotton is grown without the use of toxic and persistent pesticides or fertilizers while chemical cotton is dependent on both. According to the Pesticide Action Network UK, cotton crops cover 2.4% of the world's cultivated land but use 6% of the ...

and more »
Google News
          O'Keeffe's Working Hands 96g   

O’Keefe’s Working Hands is designed to effectively relieve dry hands that crack and split. The concentrated formula of Glycerine  stimulates the skin’s natural repair process by hydrating the skin, adjusting pH balance and retaining moisture. It is chemically different than other hand care products. A difference you will feel in days.

Directions: Apply to dry skin as needed throughout the day, particularly after washing hands and bathing. Apply sparingly. Discontinue use if  irritation persists. Not to be used for children under 3 years of age.

Price: £7.99 Special Price: £6.99


          Optibac Probiotic Food Supplements Daily Immunity Capsules 30   

Contains Lactobacillus, Acidophilus and super antioxidants. What's it for?
Supports the body's resistance to infection and promotes a healthy immune system. Who's it for? For those with active, demanding lifestyles.
Keeping you at your best. This OptiBac Probiotics formula is an advanced multi-strain probiotic and antioxidant blend developed to support the bodys resistance to infection and promote a healthy immune system. For daily immunity is recommended for people who lead active, demanding lifestyles and for those with weaker immune responses (e.g. people who catch every cold going round, the elderly etc.)
The varied types (strains) of friendly bacteria in OptiBac Probiotics For daily immunity ensure the intestinal lining throughout the gut is well colonised with a healthy coating of friendly bacteria.
A strong intestinal lining bars contaminants and harmful bacteria from entering into the bloodstream.
A rich probiotic balance also supports immune cells in the intestinal walls to help limit the growth of pathogenic organisms.
The antioxidants in for daily immunity are a unique and balanced combination of essential antioxidants as well as other potent natural extracts with very powerful regenerating and free radical neutralising properties.
A unique synergy exists between the advanced antioxidants and probiotic blend in this OptiBac Probiotics formula.
A healthy probiotic balance enhances nutrient and mineral absorption in the intestines, thereby ensuring that the antioxidants are more efficiently absorbed into the bloodstream and can make their way to the cells and organs where they are needed most.
The effect of this synergy makes for daily immunity the best antioxidant formulation available.
Ingredients: Antioxidants: Extracts of Grape Seed, Pine Bark, and Green Tea in OptiBac Probiotics For daily immunity contain powerful, natural and hypoallergenic free radical scavengers and bioflavonoid complexes which are rapidly absorbed and distributed throughout the body.
These antioxidants seek out the free radicals (chemicals produced from the breakdown of foods that can cause cell damage in the body) and neutralise them.
Grape Seed extract contains oligomeric procyanidins (or OPCs) known for their properties in performing regenerative functions such as maintaining the structural strength of blood vessels and assisting in the healthy development of capillary walls.
Probiotics: Lactobacillus acidophilus among the most well researched and documented species of friendly bacteria naturally resident in the human gut.
An ability to survive the gastric acids and bile salts expected at mealtimes and to reach the intestines without damage ensures that these health promoting bacteria colonise well in the gut where they support immune cells and create a healthy lactic acid environment that limits survival of harmful bacteria (e.g. Staphylococcus aureus or Bacillus cereus). Bifidobacteria strains: Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium breve and Bifidobacterium infantis colonise primarily in the large intestine (or colon) where they play important roles in maintaining immunity.
In this region they promote the production of antibodies and maintain resistance to infection from undesirable bacteria by competitively excluding their attachment to the intestinal walls.
In addition, a healthy balance of bifidobacteria supports the intestines to assist transit and optimise a healthy frequency and regularity of bowel movements.

Price: £10.20 Special Price: £9.99


          Perspi-Rock Natural Deodorant 60g   

Perspi-Rock Natural Deodorant is made from natural mineral salts and will provide the body with a chemical free sweat and odour reduction.

Price: £5.80 Special Price: £5.50


          Mineral Depositions of Calcifying Skin Disorders are Predominantly Composed of Carbonate Apatite.   
Related Articles

Mineral Depositions of Calcifying Skin Disorders are Predominantly Composed of Carbonate Apatite.

Acta Derm Venereol. 2017 Jun 29;:

Authors: Franzen M, Müller-More E, Cadamuro J, Koller J, Salmhofer W, Wohlmuth-Wieser I, Kronberger C, Salmhofer H

Abstract
Subcutaneous calcifications can lead to complications, including pain, inflammation, ulceration and immobilization. Studies on the pathophysiology of mineral compositions and effective treatment modalities are limited. We therefore studied 14 patients with subcutaneous calcifications. Mineral material was collected and analysed by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. Blood analyses were run to evaluate systemic alterations of mineral metabolism. Carbonate apatite (CAP) was found to be the single constituent in the majority of patients (n = 9, 64.3%), 3 cases (21.4%) had a composition of CAP and calcium oxalate dihydrate and one case had a combination of CAP and magnesium ammonium phosphate, whereas CAP was the major component in all 4 cases. Only one case showed predominantly calcium oxalate. CAP was found to be the only or predominant component in subcutaneous calcifications. Chemical analyses of the mineral compositions may aid in the development of new treatment regimes to improve the solubility of mineral components and to decrease extraosseous calcifications.

PMID: 28660279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


          Phytodefrisant Botanical Straightening Balm For Unruly, Frizzy and Rebellious Hair 100ml    

Phyto Phytodefrisant Botanical Straightening Balm with a unique, non-chemical formula combines plant extracts to aid in straightening frizzy, wavy or curly hair, while protecting it from heat-styling damage. Lightweight and non-greasy, the alcohol-free formula hydrates and strengthens hair, prepping it for a smooth and sleek style. Straightening effect is cumulative with continued use.

Price: £16.50 Special Price: £14.30


          Comment on Don’t use plastic water bottles by Zalman Saperstein   
And plastic is just the tip of the chemical cesspool that is poisoning water. Read my book: "A Drinker's Guide to Pure Water-Is Your Water Safe" to get more facts.
          Puressentiel Anti-Lice Complete Treatment Lotion+ Comb 100ml   
Puressentiel Anti-Lice Complete Treatment Lotion+ Comb 100ml Puressentiel Anti-Lice Lotion kills lice, larvae and nits in complete safety. Its 100% natural formula, free from chemical agent, combines: • Plant oils of coconut, calophyllum, jojoba, sunflower, sweet almond, castor, which act mechanically by obstructing the respiratory openings of the lice, larvae and nits. The lice are unable to develop resistance due to the asphyxiation mechanism. • Essential oils of lavender, clove, tea tree, geranium, which are soothing and antiseptic, ideal for relieving scalp itching. Proven efficacy from the first application Effective in 10 minutes* *Puressentiel studies: independent parasitology laboratory. Its formula is gentle on hair and the environment, and leaves hair silky and shiny. Its applicator bottle is easy and practical to use. It has a fresh and pleasant fragrance. For use by adults and children over 3 years. No chemical agent - No silicone - No dimethicone - Preservative-free - Synthetic perfume-free - No propellant gas.

Price: £11.99 Special Price: £8.99


          Puressentiel purifying Air Spray 200ml   
Puressentiel purifying Air Spray This product destroys germs, (bacteria, viruses, microscopic fungi), unpleasant odours, etc. It purifies air, limits sources of contamination (child and adult bedrooms, damp rooms, bathrooms, kitchens, etc.) polluted or smoke-filled air, odours from bedding, animals, offices, workshops, public areas, cars, etc. essential oils Dill, Anise, Sweet Basil, Bay St Thomas, Rosewood, Cajuput, Cassia Cinnamon, Atlas Cedarwood, Lemon, Lemon Verbena, Cumin Seed, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Fennel, Juniper, Geranium, Ginger, Clove, English Lavender, Lavandin Grosso, Mace, Mandarin, Wild Marjoram, Melissa, Curled Leaf Mint, Peppermint, Myrrh, Niaouli, Orange, Oregano, Parsley, Petitgrain, Scotch Pine, Rosemary, Savory, Sage, Wild Thyme, Tea Tree, Thyme, Vervain and Wintergreen. EOBBD essential oils (Essential Oils Botanically and Biochemically Defined). Essential oils and bioalcohol: 100% natural origin

Price: £13.50 Special Price: £12.99


          Salt of the Earth Totally Natural Deodorant Spray 100ml   

Salt of The Earth Totally Natural Deodorant Spray is not made using any dangerous man made chemicals.

No Aluminium Chlorohydrate Parabens.

Not only are A Vogel totally natural deodorants the healthy option there are many other great reasons to buy them:   they will not leave deodorant stains on your favourite clothes. stop you smelling of body odour. fragrance free so they will not compete with your favourite aftershave/perfume.   do not include, alcohol, petroleum, propellants, emulsifiers, perfumes, aluminium Chlorhydrate.

Natural deodorants are great for people that are allergic to synthetic chemicals, and normal deodorants.

Salt of the Earth Totally Natural Deodorant Spray is simple to use: Spray on underarms or feet.

Tip: Hold 10 inches away from skin before spraying.

Caution! Do not use on broken or damaged skin. If irritation occurs, discontinue use.

Price: £3.70 Special Price: £3.15


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          Vitabiotics Immunace for your Immune System Tablets x30   

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          Friday News Roundup - International   
A curious warning from the White House to Syria about further use of chemical weapons was just one of the big global news stories this week.
          OPCW: V Sýrii zabíjel sarin, pachatelé musí být potrestáni   
Haag - Dubnový útok v syrském Chán Šajchúnu byl spáchán smrtícím nervovým plynem sarinem. Potvrdila to ve své závěrečné vyšetřovací zprávě Organizace pro zákaz chemických zbraní...
          What Is Your Mission Statement?   
Dear Readers, A mission statement is a clear declaration of the aims and values of a company, organization or individual. Every successful business has one. Some mission statements are inspiring. They declare the company’s social consciousness to create products that are pure, free of chemicals and don’t harm the environment. Others emphasize the company’s exceptional customer service, value and quality. By articulating the company’s purpose, mission statements serve to guide the decision-making process and provide paths towards reaching an overall goal. Which makes me wonder . . . what is my mission statement as a wife, mother, writer and Jewish woman? And, if I would focus more on it, would it keep me better on track? In this week’s Torah portion, G‑d introduces the concept of shemittah, a Sabbatical year: “When you come to the land that I am giving you, the land shall rest a Shabbat to G‑d. For six years, you m
          News Wrap: Human rights group says Syrian rebels killed, kidnapped civilians   

This video is not currently available. | Listen to the Audio

JUDY WOODRUFF: In other news, Wall Street racked up a second day of big gains on hopes for a settlement in Washington. The Dow Jones industrial average added 111 points to close at 152,37. The Nasdaq rose 31 points to close near 3,792. For the week, the Dow gained 1 percent; the Nasdaq fell about half-a-percent.

The agency working to destroy chemical weapons in Syria won the Nobel Peace Prize today. The Norwegian Nobel Committee honored the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. It had been widely speculated the prize might go to Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani girl shot by the Taliban for advocating education for girls. We will have more on the Peace Prize right after the news summary.

Human Rights Watch charged today that rebels in Syria killed at least 190 civilians and kidnapped more than 200 others in attacks on August 4. It happened during a rebel offensive in the coastal province of Latakia. Witnesses told of entire families being executed. Human Rights Watch says Islamist groups, including two linked to al-Qaida, led the offensive.

LAMA FAKIH, Human Rights Watch: The coordinated nature and advance planning that went into this operation shows that this is not just the work of some rogue fighters within these rebel groups, but, rather, this was a planned attack against a civilian population. For that reason, we do believe that the abuses amount to — or may amount to crimes against humanity. They certainly amount to war crimes.

JUDY WOODRUFF: The rebels are mainly Sunni Muslims. The victims of the attack belonged to the minority Alawite sect, which supports President Bashar al-Assad.

Secretary of State John Kerry made an unannounced trip to Afghanistan today to help revive security talks. He met with President Hamid Karzai to discuss keeping some U.S. troops in the country beyond 2014. Talks have stalled over how to preserve Afghan sovereignty. Also today, an Afghan official said U.S. troops have captured a senior Pakistani Taliban commander in Afghanistan.

A massive tropical cyclone barreled toward Eastern India today. The powerful storm had grown so large, 1,000 miles across, it almost filled the Bay of Bengal. The storm is also — is already whipping up seas, and could have winds of 135 miles an hour when it hits India tomorrow night. Tens of thousands of residents along the coast have been ordered to flee to safety.

The U.S. Air Force has fired the commander of its nuclear missile force. Major General Michael Carey was responsible for the Air Force’s 450 intercontinental ballistic missiles. He’s been reassigned over alleged personal misconduct. Earlier this week, the Navy fired a vice admiral who oversaw nuclear weapons. He’s being investigated over gambling issues.

The post News Wrap: Human rights group says Syrian rebels killed, kidnapped civilians appeared first on PBS NewsHour.


          Is Western Intervention Warranted if UN Confirms Syria Used Chemical Weapons?   

Watch Video | Listen to the Audio

MARGARET WARNER: To debate that, I’m joined by Robert Zarate, policy director of the Foreign Policy Initiative, and Joshua Landis, director of the Center for Middle East Studies at the University of Oklahoma.

Welcome.

Robert Zarate, let’s start with, given the scale of the human suffering in Syria, whoever is proven to be behind yesterday’s attack, does the West have an obligation to intervene militarily?

ROBERT ZARATE, The Foreign Policy Initiative: Yes, I think the West has an obligation — the United States in particular has an obligation to intervene militarily, and not just because of what happened in the suburbs of Damascus, but because of what has happened over the last two-and-a-half years, since the Assad regime began its conflict with the Syrian people.

Over 100,000 people have died. Upwards near — approaching a million people are now displaced internally, and it’s destabilizing the entire region.

MARGARET WARNER: Joshua Landis, how do you see it? Is there a — almost a moral duty to intervene at this point?

JOSHUA LANDIS, University of Oklahoma: The international community has a responsibility in this situation to do something to alleviate human suffering.

A third of Syrians are displaced, two million outside the country, five million inside the country. It’s a country of about 22 million to 24 million people. The problem, as Dempsey has outlined, is that we don’t have a partner in this. The Syrian opposition is dominated by Islamists.

And that makes it very difficult for us to jump in, because the last response that was given to this situation was to arm and to send lethal weapons to the opposition. If we send more lethal weapons, we’re going to destroy what remains of the Syrian state. And there are 1,000-some-odd militias running around Syria.

This situation could become a lot worse.

MARGARET WARNER: Let me ask you this.

ROBERT ZARATE: So, now an occupation force of over 100,000 people in order to freeze the situation and begin to supply food and aid to people, we’re only going to make the situation worse.

MARGARET WARNER: What I’m asking is, is there a sort of moral dimension to this, that at some point — I think that’s what you’re saying — maybe come back to you, Mr. Zarate.

You’re saying, at some point, the West has to sort of stand up and do something militarily for moral reasons.

ROBERT ZARATE: Not — both for moral and — reasons and for reasons of national security interests.

Look, what we’re seeing right now in Syria is a rogue regime that has used weapons of mass destruction. We’re seeing the creation of safe havens within Syria for terrorists. And, last, we’re seeing terrorists within grasp of getting chemical weapons. It’s quite possible that the Assad regime could lose control of these things.

This is the very sort of thing that the United States for decades has fought to prevent. And in that argument for further action is both an argument that stands on national security interests and on moral humanitarian leadership.

MARGARET WARNER: And, Joshua Landis, we’re having a little trouble with your audio, but weigh in here.

What do you think just in general — at what point do moral considerations or the duty to sort of stand up against atrocities counterbalance or even outweigh the practical obstacles, which, of course, we heard General Dempsey and many others have laid out? Or does that never — is that never the case?

JOSHUA LANDIS: Of course it’s the case.

I mean, you have to be able to make the situation better. And in order to do that — Syria is a failed nation. We have two sectarian groups who are fighting each other, the Sunni Arabs and the Alawites and other minorities, along with the many rich Sunnis who are still clinging to this regime.

And if America goes in and helps one side conquer the other, things could become — it’s not going to solve the problem. We did that in Iraq. We gave the Shiites a total win against the Sunnis, and now the Sunnis are all radicalized and they’re joining al-Qaida.

We cannot rebuild — if we go in, we have to either rebuild Syria or we have to divide it up into three states, like we did in Yugoslavia. And America doesn’t have — the problem is, today, Americans don’t want to do it. They don’t want to spend the money. This would be an extremely expensive endeavor.

Should the world do it? Yes, absolutely. The suffering is enormous in Syria, and it’s going to get a lot worse. Agriculture has collapsed, and this winter, we’re going to see many, many more refugees and people starving.

MARGARET WARNER: And that raises an important point about public opinion, Mr. Zarate. Where is the outrage when you see the kind of things we have seen for two-and-a-half years, yet the public has consistently — it’s a 2-1, 60 percent, 65 percent say shouldn’t intervene militarily. What do you think explains that?

ROBERT ZARATE: Well, I think one of the biggest factors that explains public indifference is the absence of the commander in chief taking his — the stage to explain what’s going on.

You know, over the last few months, we have seen the White House issue statements after the use of chemical weapons, but these statements have not come from the president himself. They come from his advisers. And the fact is, if the president prioritizes this issue, if he believes it’s important, he needs to go out there and explain it to the American people. And that’s just something we haven’t seen him do.

MARGARET WARNER: And you think that presidential — the president taking the lead can overcome this antipathy that we’re now seeing to really any kind of involvement overseas militarily?

ROBERT ZARATE: Absolutely.

This is what — this is the essence of presidential leadership. And there are times when the president must persuade the American people, explain to them what’s at stake. And make no mistake, there’s a lot at stake in Syria right now.

MARGARET WARNER: Joshua Landis, what do you think…

JOSHUA LANDIS: I think that’s wrong.

MARGARET WARNER: Go.

JOSHUA LANDIS: I think that’s wrong.

We had strong presidential leadership when we invaded Iraq, and it turned out disastrously. And we spent $1 trillion. And we have gained very little in terms of our national interests, if anything at all.

It’s not clear that strong leadership by America is going to solve the Syrian problem. We have a country that is falling apart. And in many ways, the Syrians are going to have to come to a new balance of power within their country. Trying to figure out what that balance of power is between Shiites, Sunni Arabs, and Kurds is something that nobody has an answer to today.

In the United States, in our civil war, 750,000 people were killed, and, in 1860, we had a census of 30,000 people. Syria is about 24,000 — 100,000 and a little bit more having killed so far. Syria is nowhere near up to the American Civil War.

Now, should any international force through the British or the French have intervened and stopped Americans from killing each other? Probably, they should have. But would it have made America a better place? I’m not sure it would have.

MARGARET WARNER: On that note, we will leave it there.

Joshua Landis and Robert Zarate, thank you.

 

 

The post Is Western Intervention Warranted if UN Confirms Syria Used Chemical Weapons? appeared first on PBS NewsHour.


          Syrian Regime Denies Using Poisonous Gas in Deadly Attack Outside Damascus   

This video is not currently available. | Listen to the Audio

RAY SUAREZ: The Syrian government pounded rebel areas outside the capital, Damascus, early today, and anti-government activists said some rockets included chemical weapons that killed hundreds of people.

A warning: There are disturbing images in this report.

Women and children shielded their faces with handkerchiefs, while victims, writhing in pain, gasped for air, some foaming at the mouth. These amateur videos all posted on social media Web sites that cannot be independently verified showed scores of bodies filling clinic floors and hallways. All showed little signs of visible injuries.

In one local doctor’s account:

MAN (through interpreter): It is a huge crisis. The number of victims is very high. I have carried in my own hands around 50 dead children. The gas was losing its effect after half-an-hour, but unfortunately people went down to the basements, and because the gas is heavy, it reached the basements, and, as a result, the number of wounded increased.

RAY SUAREZ: It’s all evidence, Syrian opposition leaders in Turkey say, of the government’s gassing of its own civilians, in what could be one of the deadliest incidents in the two-year-long Syrian conflict.

KHALED SALEH, Syrian National Coalition: These are the faces of terrorists that Bashar al-Assad is targeting. This massacre puts the world on attention. It really sends a message to all of the international organizations to the — the number of crimes this regime is willing to commit.

RAY SUAREZ: But, back in Damascus, a military spokesman denied the allegations.

MAN (through interpreter): The media channels have lied, as usual, that the Syrian Arab army used chemical weapons in the suburbs of Damascus today. The general leadership of the army confirms these allegations are completely false and are a part of the dirty media war that is led by some countries against Syria.

RAY SUAREZ: The purported attack comes amid reports that Assad forces have regained major swathes of territory in the country in recent weeks and just days after a 20-member United Nations inspection team arrived in Syria to investigate three other possible chemical weapon incidents.

In Washington, the Obama administration expressed alarm at news of the attack, but White House Deputy Press Secretary Josh Earnest stopped short of confirming details, instead calling for a U.N.-backed investigation.

JOSH EARNEST, White House Deputy Press Secretary: There is an investigation team that is on the ground in Syria right. And we are hopeful that the Assad regime will follow through on what they have claimed previously and give the investigators access to the sites, the opportunity to interview witnesses, the opportunity to collect physical samples, and other things that would help them reach a credible determination about what exactly occurred there.

RAY SUAREZ: World leaders, including the foreign ministers of Britain and Germany and U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, expressed shock at the chemical weapons allegations and called for a thorough investigation, as did Russia, which has protected the Assad regime by vetoing U.N. sanctions aimed at ending the violence.

In a statement, Russia’s Foreign Ministry spokesman suggested the incident could be a provocation by the opposition, saying: “This is supported by the fact that the criminal act was committed near Damascus at the very moment when a mission of U.N. experts had successfully started their work of investigating allegations of the possible use of chemical weapons there.”

The U.N. Security Council did meet in emergency session late today to discuss the day’s events, all this as thousands of Syrians continue to stream over the borders everyday to neighboring countries Iraq and Jordan, trying to escape the ongoing violence.

 

 

The post Syrian Regime Denies Using Poisonous Gas in Deadly Attack Outside Damascus appeared first on PBS NewsHour.


          One arrested, investigation of meth lab in Granbury apartment ongoing, DPS says   
DPS troopers investigated a meth lab in the apartments at 920 E. Pearl St. Sunday night. Frank Logan Fluitt, 35, of Granbury, was arrested for possession of a chemical with intent to manufacture a controlled substance penalty group one or one A at the apartment complex on Sunday, said Texas Highway Patrol Staff Sergeant Dub Gillum. […]
          Peter Perrett: How the West Was Won review – punk's singular talent returns   

The Only Ones frontman is back – against all odds – with a polished album of defiant rock’n’roll, withering putdowns and odes to Kim Kardashian

Ten years ago, the Only Ones announced they were reforming. Even in a world in which legendary bands are hardly ever allowed to rest in peace without being cajoled back to the stage for a final encore, this seemed a startling turn of events. It wasn’t just the acrimony with which the Only Ones had split up, fuelled by drugs and the failure of even their most famous single, 1978’s transcendent Another Girl, Another Planet, to make much commercial impact. (Now an unimpeachable rock classic, covered by everyone from The Replacements to the Ukulele Orchestra of Great Britain, it didn’t even make the charts on release.) It was that frontman Peter Perrett had subsequently vanished into a twilight world of heroin and crack addiction, barricaded in a crumbling gothic house, the doors fortified against police raids. When the Guardian met him in 2007, he had been in a state of chemically-assisted wakefulness for 48 hours. There were flashes of the mordant humour that ran through the Only Ones’ lyrics (“Junkies nowadays are really disgusting,” he huffed, when talk turned to Pete Doherty. “In my day, being a drug dealer was a respectable fuckin’ profession. Nowadays, it’s something you really feel ashamed to be associated with, the way most junkies behave”). But mostly the conversation turned on how unwell Perrett was, his lungs so ruined by crack that he claimed he could barely finish a song without an oxygen mask.

It was a story that most people would have bet on having only one, miserable ending. Without wishing to sound ghoulish, the idea that Perrett would be alive a decade later seemed pretty fanciful; the idea that he would be five years clean and in possession of a new album was nuts. It’s astonishing that How the West Was Won exists at all. The fact that Perrett seems not just to have emerged from the abyss but emerged with his musical faculties completely intact suggests there is something superhuman about him.

Continue reading...
          Global High Performance Polymers Market 2017 – BASF, DuPont, Solvay Chemicals International LANXESS, Lonza Group, HP Polymer   

High Performance Polymers Market analyzed the Industry region, including the product price, profit, capacity, production, capacity utilization, supply, demand and industry growth rate etc. In the end, the report introduced new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investment return analysis to 2022 The recent report on High Performance Polymers market throws light on the various factors governing the market across the globe. The report, titled High Performance Polymers assesses the growth of the High Performance Polymers market and estimates the valuation of the overall market by the end of the forecast period. The report provides an overview of the…

The post Global High Performance Polymers Market 2017 – BASF, DuPont, Solvay Chemicals International LANXESS, Lonza Group, HP Polymer appeared first on Albanian Times.


          Chemical plant visit sparks pupils' interest in science   
A CROSS Hills chemical company has inspired young scientists of the future.
          In Syria, Trump's Red Line May Be Holding   

Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis claimed Wednesday that the Syrian regime has drawn back from plans to conduct another chemical attack, following a warning by the Trump administration of serious consequences if Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s forces followed through with their plans. 

U.S. intelligence detected “active preparations for chemical weapons use” at the same air base from which the regime allegedly had launched its prior chemical attack last April that caused mass casualties. President Trump had responded to the April chemical attack with a barrage of cruise missiles targeting that air base. The White House issued its public warning to the Assad regime on Monday in unambiguous terms, declaring that Assad and his military would pay a "heavy price" if his regime conducted another chemical attack.

"It appears that they took the warning seriously. They didn’t do it,” Mattis told reporters.

Nikki Haley, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, went even further in crediting the Trump administration for stopping Assad at least for now. “I can tell you that due to the President's actions, we did not see an incident," Ambassador Haley claimed at a House of Representatives foreign affairs committee hearing. "I would like to think that the President saved many innocent men, women and children."

It is difficult to prove what may have actually motivated Assad. In any case, whether Assad holds back for good remains to be seen. But we do know the Trump administration is watching constantly for any moves by the Assad regime that could signal an imminent chemical attack and has military assets in place to swiftly respond to such an attack, if not prevent one in the first place.

President Trump not only demonstrated last April that he would follow through on his threats if certain red lines of his were crossed, unlike our previous president. In addition to its warning, the Trump administration may have sent some concrete signals to the Assad regime that it means business this time as well. According to Debkafile, “Signs were gathering in Washington and the Middle East Tuesday, June 26 that the Trump administration was preparing a substantial military operation against the Syrian army and Bashar Assad’s allies, such as the foreign pro-Iranian Shiite militias and Hizballah. Some US military sources suggested that an American preemptive strike was in store in the coming hours to prevent Assad’s army from again resorting to chemical warfare against his people.”

Assad may still decide to launch another chemical attack, figuring that his key allies, particularly Russia, will continue to back him. No doubt, he took note of Russia’s stern response to the U.S.’s downing of a Syrian warplane earlier this month, including a warning from the Russian Defense Ministry that “All kinds of airborne vehicles, including aircraft and UAVs of the international coalition detected to the west of the Euphrates River will be tracked by the Russian SAM systems as air targets." The Syrian regime had also already taken some precautions by moving most of its operational aircraft to a Russian airbase in Syria after the April missile strike. The Russian airbase is protected by fairly advanced air defense systems. An American missile strike on Syrian aircraft located at a Russian air base would in all likelihood be seen as a major escalation of the war by the Russian government, risking a direct military confrontation between U.S. and Russia that the Trump administration may be loath to risk. As if to thumb his nose at the Trump administration’s latest threats by demonstrating the strength of his military alliance with Russia, Assad was seen strutting around a Russian air baseinspecting its aircraft and defense systems. He was even photographed sitting in the cockpit of a Russian fighter jet.

Indeed, Russia appears ready to raise the stakes to bolster the Syrian dictator’s regime. Debkafile reports that Russia is “building a new base in southeastern Syria,” which would “provide Russia with a lever of control over the volatile Syrian southeast and its borders, where US-backed and Iranian-backed forces are fighting for dominance.”

As Russia raises the stakes, the U.S. must be clearer than ever as to its strategic objectives in Syria, which it is willing to back up with military force even in the face of Russian threats.  We must do all we can to prevent getting sucked into Syria’s civil war, including by undertaking any military efforts at regime change. That said, we must repel any military action by the Syrian regime or its allies that would prevent us from prosecuting the war against ISIS, which remains our number one objective until the ISIS sanctuaries, infrastructure and leadership are for all intents and purposes destroyed.  

However, we also cannot ignore the threat that Assad’s chemical weapons program continues to pose. The Obama administration had thought that it had largely eliminated the threat “diplomatically,” when it reached a phony deal with Russia to oversee the removal and destruction of the Syrian regime’s declared chemical weapons. The opportunity for cheating was all too plain to see, except by Obama and his clueless Secretary of State John Kerry. We are now seeing the consequences. According to Secretary of Defense Mattis, Syria’s chemical program remains intact.

It is not only what Assad has been doing in unleashing his ghastly chemical weapons on his own people, causing horrible suffering in their wake, which demands our attention. After all, Assad has been causing such suffering with conventional weapons as well, including his use of barrel bombs, which we have repeatedly condemned but have not taken specific military action to stop. To do so would almost inevitably draw us into a wider war. What makes chemical and other weapons of mass destruction different is their potential proliferation to the very Islamic terrorists we are trying to defeat. The transfer of chemical or biological weapons to terrorist hands would represent the most dangerous outcome of the Syrian conflict to the rest of the world, including to the United States. That is why we must monitor where we believe Assad’s remaining chemical weapons and production facilities are located, prevent them from being used or even moved from known locations, do all that we can to keep them out of the hands of the terrorists and destroy the chemical weapons and production facilities when the opportunity presents itself.


          Scientists find 3,000-year-old cloth, earliest evidence of chemical dyeing   
Washington (UPI) Jun 29, 2017
Archaeologists have recovered the earliest evidence of plant-based textile dyeing. The evidence is a 3,000-year-old piece of cloth found in Israel's Arava desert. Researchers say the record-setting wool and linen fragments offer insights into the textile industry that supported a highly hierarchical society in Israel's Timna Valley during between the 13th and 10th centuries BC. "
          TEORI IKATAN KIMIA   

Ikatan kimia adalah sebuah proses fisika yang bertanggung jawab dalam interaksi gaya tarik menarik antara dua atom atau molekul yang menyebabkan suatu senyawa diatomik atau poliatomik menjadi stabil. Penjelasan mengenai gaya tarik menarik ini sangatlah rumit dan dijelaskan oleh elektrodinamika kuantum. Dalam prakteknya, para kimiawan biasanya bergantung pada teori kuantum atau penjelasan kualitatif yang kurang kaku (namun lebih mudah untuk dijelaskan) dalam menjelaskan ikatan kimia. Secara umum, ikatan kimia yang kuat diasosiasikan dengan transfer elektron antara dua atom yang berpartisipasi. Ikatan kimia menjaga molekul-molekul, kristal, dan gas-gas diatomik untuk tetap bersama. Selain itu ikatan kimia juga menentukan struktur suatu zat.
Kekuatan ikatan-ikatan kimia sangatlah bervariasi. Pada umumnya, ikatan kovalen dan ikatan ion dianggap sebagai ikatan "kuat", sedangkan ikatan hidrogen dan ikatan van der Waals dianggap sebagai ikatan "lemah". Hal yang perlu diperhatikan adalah bahwa ikatan "lemah" yang paling kuat dapat lebih kuat daripada ikatan "kuat" yang paling lemah.
Contoh model titik Lewis yang menggambarkan ikatan kimia anatara karbon C, hidrogen H, dan oksigen O. Penggambaran titik lewis adalah salah satu dari usaha awal kimiawan dalam menjelaskan ikatan kimia dan masih digunakan secara luas sampai sekarang.

Tinjauan

Elektron yang mengelilingi inti atom bermuatan negatif dan proton yang terdapat dalam inti atom bermuatan positif, mengingat muatan yang berlawanan akan saling tarik menarik, maka dua atom yang berdekatan satu sama lainnya akan membentuk ikatan.
Dalam gambaran yang paling sederhana dari ikatan non-polar atau ikatan kovalen, satu atau lebih elektron, biasanya berpasangan, ditarik menuju sebuah wilayah di antara dua inti atom. Gaya ini dapat mengatasi gaya tolak menolak antara dua inti atom yang positif, sehingga atraksi ini menjaga kedua atom untuk tetap bersama, walaupun keduanya masih akan tetap bergetar dalam keadaan kesetimbangan. Ringkasnya, ikatan kovalen melibatkan elektron-elektron yang dikongsi dan dua atau lebih inti atom yang bermuatan positif secara bersamaan menarik elektron-elektron bermuatan negatif yang dikongsi.
Dalam gambaran ikatan ion yang disederhanakan, inti atom yang bermuatan positif secara dominan melebihi muatan positif inti atom lainnya, sehingga secara efektif menyebabkan satu atom mentransfer elektronnya ke atom yang lain. Hal ini menyebabkan satu atom bermuatan positif dan yang lainnya bermuatan negatif secara keseluruhan. Ikatan ini dihasilkan dari atraksi elektrostatik di antara atom-atom dan atom-atom tersebut menjadi ion-ion yang bermuatan.
Semua bentuk ikatan dapat dijelaskan dengan teori kuantum, namun dalam prakteknya, kaidah-kaidah yang disederhanakan mengijinkan para kimiawan untuk memprediksikan kekuatan, arah, dan polaritas sebuah ikatan. Kaidah oktet (Bahasa Inggris: octet rule) dan teori VSEPR adalah dua contoh kaidah yang disederhanakan tersebut. Ada pula teori-teori yang lebih canggih, yaitu teori ikatan valens yang meliputi hibridisasi orbital dan resonans, dan metode orbital molekul kombinasi linear orbital atom (Bahasa Inggris: Linear combination of atomic orbitals molecular orbital method) yang meliputi teori medan ligan. Elektrostatika digunakan untuk menjelaskan polaritas ikatan dan efek-efeknya terhadap zat-zat kimia.

Sejarah

Spekulasi awal dari sifat-sifat ikatan kimia yang berawal dari abad ke-12 mengganggap spesi kimia tertentu disatukan oleh sejenis afinitas kimia. Pada tahun 1704, Isaac Newton menggarisbesarkan teori ikatan atomnya pada "Query 31" buku Opticksnya dengan mengatakan atom-atom disatukan satu sama lain oleh "gaya" tertentu.
Pada tahun 1819, setelah penemuan tumpukan volta, Jöns Jakob Berzelius mengembangkan sebuah teori kombinasi kimia yang menekankan sifat-sifat elektrogenativitas dan elektropositif dari atom-atom yang bergabung. Pada pertengahan abad ke-19 Edward Frankland, F.A. Kekule, A.S. Couper, A.M. Butlerov, dan Hermann Kolbe, beranjak pada teori radikal, mengembangkan teori valensi yang pada awalnya disebut "kekuatan penggabung". Teori ini mengatakan sebuah senyawa tergabung berdasarkan atraksi kutub positif dan kutub negatif. Pada tahun 1916, kimiawan Gilbert N. Lewis mengembangkan konsep ikatan elektron berpasangan. Konsep ini mengatakan dua atom dapat berkongsi satu sampai enam elektron, membentuk ikatan elektron tunggal, ikatan tunggal, ikatan rangkap dua, atau ikatan rangkap tiga.
Lewis-bond.jpg
Dalam kata-kata Lewis sendiri:
An electron may form a part of the shell of two different atoms and cannot be said to belong to either one exclusively.
Pada tahun yang sama, Walther Kossel juga mengajukan sebuah teori yang mirip dengan teori Lewis, namun model teorinya mengasumsikan transfer elektron yang penuh antara atom-atom. Teori ini merupakan model ikatan polar. Baik Lewis dan Kossel membangun model ikatan mereka berdasarkan kaidah Abegg (1904).
Pada tahun 1927, untuk pertama kalinya penjelasan matematika kuantum yang penuh atas ikatan kimia yang sederhana berhasil diturunkan oleh fisikawan Denmark Oyvind Burrau.[1] Hasil kerja ini menunjukkan bahwa pendekatan kuantum terhadap ikatan kimia dapat secara mendasar dan kuantitatif tepat. Namun metode ini tidak mampu dikembangkan lebih jauh untuk menjelaskan molekul yang memiliki lebih dari satu elektron. Pendekatan yang lebih praktis namun kurang kuantitatif dikembangkan pada tahun yang sama oleh Walter Heitler and Fritz London. Metode Heitler-London menjadi dasar dari teori ikatan valensi. Pada tahun 1929, metode orbital molekul kombinasi linear orbital atom (Bahasa Inggris: linear combination of atomic orbitals molecular orbital method), disingkat LCAO, diperkenalkan oleh Sir John Lennard-Jones yang bertujuan menurunkan struktur elektronik dari molekul F2 (fluorin) dan O2 (oksigen) berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip dasar kuantum. Teori orbital molekul ini mewakilkan ikatan kovalen sebagai orbital yang dibentuk oleh orbital-orbital atom mekanika kuantum Schrödinger yang telah dihipotesiskan untuk atom berelektron tunggal. Persamaan ikatan elektron pada multielektron tidak dapat diselesaikan secara analitik, namun dapat dilakukan pendekatan yang memberikan hasil dan prediksi yang secara kualitatif cukup baik. Kebanyakan perhitungan kuantitatif pada kimia kuantum modern menggunakan baik teori ikatan valensi maupun teori orbital molekul sebagai titik awal, walaupun pendekatan ketiga,