T `- Published by the Ukrainian National Association inc., a fraternal non-profit association! VoUl No. 15 crainian Weekl ї THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY APRIL 10,1983 sen >P^ w > Ж :: `i' ,' ЖО о- 4 Я ОП Ж f - о oox p 25 c Hits Five-year wait Montreal symposium focuses Lidia Vashchenko arrives in Vienna on 1932-33 Great Famine after Soviets approve emigration In July 1978, Ms. Vashchenko, along with her parents, two sisters and two members of the Chmykhalov family, burst into the 41. S. Embassy and demanded help in emigrating from the Soviet Union. Early last year, Ms. Vashchenko was evacuated from the compound and taken to a Moscow hospital following a 34-day hunger strike. She subsequently returned to the family's hometown of Chernogorsk in Siberia. Her sister and parents, who remain cloistered in the embassy, said Ms. Vashchenko was summoned on March 23 to an office near Chernogorsk and was asked to choose between emigrating to West Germany or Israel. fast by her mother and two Sisters in the embassy. , The Vashchenko and Chmykhalov families-21 of whom live in Siberia and the others in the embassy-are members of the unregistered Pentecostal Church, a fundamentalist Protestant sect persecuted by the Soviets. The government has refused to accept it as a denomination because of the Church's refusal to send children to state schools or to serve in the military, despite Soviet laws making both obligatory. In the negotiations which followed the Pentecostals' entry into the U.S. Embassy, Soviet officials insisted that they would only consider applications for emigration if the Vashchenkos returned t о Chernogorsk. The Pentecostals, citing the harassment of family members in Siberia, refused to leave the embassy without a guarantee that they would be allowed to emigrate. Ms. Vashchenko's emigration could mark a break in the stalemate, although it was unclear whether the U.S. Embassy had any role in the Soviet decision to allow her to leave the country. There was speculation that Soviet authorities were trying to signal to the others that, if they follow her example and return to Siberia, they would also be allowed to emigrate. Although she chose Israel, a spokesman for Mr. Smith's committee said that her plans were not yet set. Last September, Ms. Vashchenko ended a two-month hunger strike in Chernogorsk, which coincided with a But Liuba Vashchenko, Lidia's sister and the official spokesman for the embassy group, said she and her parents would leave the compound only after all their relatives in Chernogorsk had emigrated. VIENNA, Austria -Lidia Vashchenone of a group of seven Soviet ntecostals who took refuge in the 3.S. Embassy in Moscow nearly five years ago, arrived in Vienna on April 6 after an unexpected Soviet decision to let her emigrate. Ms. Vashchenko, 32, clutching a bouquet of roses, dodged reporters at "Vienna's Schwechat Airport, and slipped out a side door with Danny Smith, the leader of a committee to free her and her family, reported United Press International. George Bush: Great Famine is "blight on civilized consciences'' WASHINGTON - Vice President George Bush, calling the Great Famine "a blight on the civilized consciences of peoples across the world," thanked UNA President John O. Flis for sending him a copy of the March 20 special issue of The Ukrainian Weekly dedicated to the 50th anniversary of that Ukrainian national tragedy. Copies of the special issue were sent also to President Ronald Reagan and all U.S. senators and representatives. The full text of Mr. Bush's letter follows. t t 0 Thank you for the special issue of The Ukrainian Weekly, so poignantly memorializing the Ukrainian famine fifty years ago. It is a great tragedy, and an exceedingly heart-breaking one. The starvation of these seven million men, women and children will remain a blight on the civilized consciences of people across the world. Let us continue to unite in the spirit of mutual concern over the integrity of every human life: let us join in a bond of faith in the dignity of m a n - and let us with free people everywhere blend our hopes into a firm resolve that mankind will never again allow such inhumane repression on the face of the earth. My prayers join yours in this our most important battle — the fight for human rights. MONTREAL - Fourteen top schol ars from North America and France met here at the University of Quebec at Montreal on March 25 for the first international symposium on the Great Famine in Ukraine (1932-33), which resulted in the death of an estimated 7 million people. In all, 17 papers were delivered at the symposium, which was the focus of a page-one article on the famine in the March 28 issue of The Globe and Mail, which is distributed nationally across Canada. The conference was sponsored by two faculties of the University of Quebec and the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies in Edmonton. Among those taking part in the conference was Dr. James Mace of the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute, who delivered two papers - a general overview "of thVfairfmle dha"S"sufvey of historical sources relevant to its study. Dr. Mace is doing research for Robert Conquest's forthcoming book on the famine. Dr. Mace, who compared the famine to the Jewish Holocaust of World War II, said that, unlike that tragedy, the famine "has disappeared from the public consciousness so completely that it represents the most successful exam ple of the denial of genocide by its perpetrators." According to Dr. Mace, it is partic ularly important to discuss a broad range of issues dealing with Soviet nationalities policy during the period in order to demonstrate that the famine did not represent simply local abuses connected with forced collectivization and compulsory deliveries of grain by the peasantry. "Only then can we see the emergence of a general pattern of genocide, an attempt to destroy the Ukrainian nation by removing its elites, suppressing its cultural heritage, and breaking its social order," he said. Other scholars taking part in the symposium, which was broken up into five sessions, were Prof. Roman Serbyn chairman of the history department at the University of Quebec, Prof. Bohdan Krawchenko of the University of Alberta, Prof. Bohdan Bociurkiw of Carleton University in Ottawa, Prof. Titus Hewryk of the University of Pennsylvania, Prof. Emeritus George Shevelov, former dissident Nina Strokata and writer Marco Carynnyk. Prof. Krawchenko explored the crisis the famine created in the Communist Party of Ukraine; Prof. Shevelov dis cussed the end Of Ukrainization and Prof. Bociurkiw talked about the de struction of Ukrainian Churches. Dr. Strokata, a microbiologist, dis cussed malnutrition as social policy, while Prof. Hewryk talked about the destruction of Ukrainian architecture and culture by the Soviets. Prof. Serbyn explored parallels between the Great Famine and a similar one in 1921. Mr. Carynnyk, who is completing a book and film on the famine, delivered three reports. He discussed the oralhistorical sources fo. the study of the famine, Ukrainian belles lettres on the tragedy and the responses of the West ern powers. Later, in an interview, Mr. Carynnyk recounted how Walter Duranty, a British journalist who wrote for The New York Times, "deliberately lied" in his dispatches. "He was one of the first reporters allowed into Ukraine, and v,iien he returned to Moscow, he wrote stories presenting conditions in a favorable light." said Mr. Carynnyk. Mr. Carynnyk recently conducted a videotaped interview with Malcolm Muggeridge, who was a correspondent in Moscow in the 1930s and who visited Ukraine during the famine. "Malcolm Muggeridge told me that Duranty was 'the greatest liar of any journalist that I have ever met in 50 years of journalism," said Mr. Carynnyk. Prof. Serbyn told The Globe and Mail that there were many reports about the famine in the West, "but at the same time, the Soviets started a cam paign of disinformation. They had a lot of reporters from the West who for all kinds of reasons supported the Com munist line." He said that in commemorating the famine, Ukrainian communities want to see that justice is rendered. 2 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY the working class. They are, in fact, an integral part of the party-state apparatus whose principal aim is to extract the utmost from the worker (i.e., socialist competition) while keeping the working class in blind obedience, checked and ensured by a system of meting out at first minor and then ever greater benefits. The dispensation of benefits depends on such factors as good behavior, success in meeting the designated quotas and loyalty to the state. Those workers who express dissatisfaction, be it outrightly or indirectly, are demoted to the leastpaying jobs, lose any privileges and are put under the "care" of Soviet penal authorities. All this is done with no objections raised by the labor unions. I discern the existence of two antagonistic classes in the Soviet Union-the exploiters and the exploited. Moreover, the resultant class struggle has a criminal nuance to it: the state robs the working class and the working class robs the state. The most oppressed segment of the working class is sinking into ever greater servitude (in the system of the so-called corrective labor institutions). Exploitation is such that the least sign of protest is stifled, with the result that men are transformed into beasts of burden, or to use a more current term— they are completely unmotivated. Dissident profile Mykola Pohyba: labor activist JERSEY CITY, N . J . - In 1979, Kiev laborer Mykola Pohyba was arrested and charged with "hooliganism" under Article 206 of the Ukrainian Criminal Code. The actual "crime,"however, had nothing to do with ruffian behavior or with rowdiness. Mr. Pohyba was seized for writing and pasting up leaflets which argued that official Soviet labor unions do not represent the rights and economic interests of the working class. He was sentenced to five years in a labor camp. Even before the formation of the Solidarity free trade union in Poland, Mr. Pohyba was part of a growing, organized but unofficial labor movement in the USSR, a movement which included 'he formation of underground unions, most notably the Free Trade Union Association of the Soviet Working People. Although Mr. Pohyba, now 47, is believed not to be a member of any unofficial trade union, he has been a labor activist for some time. In 1975, he was sentenced to three years' imprisonment for "anti-Soviet slander" under Article 187 of the Ukrainian Criminal Code. In 1980. Mr. Pohyba wrote a long and incisive letter to the Ukrainian human-rights movement and to the international labor movement. Citing events in Poland at the time, he wrote about the Soviet workers' "right., not only to talk of independent labor unions but to organize them." Excerpts of the letter, prepared by The Weekly, appear below. It is no secret that fundamental human rights have been consistently trampled in the Soviet Union. The flaunting and complete disregard of No. 15 SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 human rights is felt most acutely by the workers who are powerless to counter political and socioeconomic oppression. My life and my so-called "slanderous activities" may well serve as examples. I am presently s e r v i n g a s e c o n d t e r m of imprisonment. In 1975 1 was charged under Article 187 and sentenced to three years' imprisonment by the Kiev Oblast Court; in 1979, I was charged under Article 206 and sentenced to five years' imprison ment by the Kiev People's Court. As a worker relegated to the lowest rung of the Soviet social ladder, I personally have experienced economic, soci'o-political and national oppression. Understandab ly, I could not help but give thought to and consider the real reasons for this oppression. With time I realized that my fellow workers were also victims of exploitation and that this exploitation was greater the lower one found oneself on the social ladder. I came to the conclusion that ultimately it is the state which is the exploiter along with the state-party bourgeoisie which is in its serviceand which is the one wielding the real power in the country. The socialism and internationalism of which one so often speaks in the Soviet Union is nothing more than a smokescreen for a means of production and distribution of material goods which is not in the least socialist. In short, 1 have come to the conclusion that our country' is actually a state capitalist society with a totalitarian form of government. Soviet labor unions (i.e., stateparty o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) neither constitute a separate autonomous organization nor do they represent the rights and economic interests of In my writings and speeches I pointed out that such a form of "class struggle "exists only to the advantage of the state. We, the workers who hold differing views, have to renounce it and proceed to find new forms for the class struggle —one which would lead to a true unshackling of the working class. I believe that I am not alone in the endeavor, that the situation in the Soviet Union is rife for the lounding of independent labor unions (as opposed to party-state ones) which prove effective in solving the problems with which the working class is faced. I explained to my fellow workers that we not only have the right to talk of independent labor unions but the right to organize them. I also brought up the fact that the working class in the Soviet Union is composed of three large groupings: the privileged class (the "heroes," party toadies who are the ones who spy on the workers, etc.); the middle and most numerous class; and the exploited class, which has no rights and leads a life of impoverished existence. This is no exaggeration, but the actual state of affairs in the so-called socialist reality. These workersslaves (prisoners and former prisoners who number in the millions) who already have one foot in prison (I am in this category) ` receive low wages, suffer constant persecution on the part of the authorities, and experience moral incertitude. This, as well as other socio-economic factors drive these people to crime. Ninety-nine percent of the people found in the corrective labor institutions are from the working class. . The most promising workers are to be found in these institutions which only serve as a,n intimidating force for the working class in general. , ч - Solidarity activists go on trial WARSAW—Nine members of the Solidarity underground accused of trying to organize a factory workers' revolt against martial law went on trial on April 6 before a military court, reported United Press International. Soviet Baptist gets new term ELKHART, Ind. - A young Soviet for helping the families of religious Baptist woman who was released from a prisoners. She was arrested last April labor camp last August has been sen and held in a Lviv prison. tenced to two years in a labor camp for According to the international repre narcotics possession. sentation, there are currently l?I un Galina Vilchinskaya, 24. was tried on registered Baptists imprisoned in the February 9, according to the Interna Soviet Union for their religious beliefs. tional Representation for the Council of Twenty-one have been arrested since Evangelical Baptist Churches of the the ascent to power of Yuri Andropov, Soviet Union, Inc. the group said. A native of Brest in Byelorussia, she was taken into custody last November, just 90 days after being released from a labor camp following the completion of a three-year term for teaching children's Bible classes. Authorities in the Pacific port city of Vladivostok said they found MOSCOW - Two Leningrad men quantities of an unspecified substance in have recently been convicted of dis her luggage, which Ms. Vilchinskaya seminating "false and slanderous ma left at the airport while visiting a friend. terials" about the Soviet Union and Sources in the Soviet Union have have been sentenced to labor camps, accused the police of planting the drugs. reported the Associated Press. The two men, Rostyslav YevdokiThey said that during a house search in October, police had threatened to mov, 35, and Vyacheslav Dolinin, 37, were arrested after Soviet customs' publicly embarrass the young Baptist. While serving her previous sentence, agents had discovered their writings in Ms. Vilchinskaya was reportedly severely the luggage of a foreign citizen leaving beaten on several occasions for refusing the country, according to TASS, the to give up her ministry among fellow Soviet press agency. Mr. Yevdokimov was sentenced to prisoners. Also in February, Lydia Bodnar, a five years in a strict-regimen labor camp. and Mr. Dolinin to four years in a labor 47-year-old Baptist activist in Lviv, was `'' -'-; `.' sentenced to three years' imprisonment ' cafnp,'fhe report said. No details of the charges against the eight men and one woman were made available. The Warsaw military court where the nine members of the Solidarity InterFactory Committee were on trial were sealed off by policemen and closed to Western reporters. Court spokesmen said only that proceedings had begun and would resume on Thursday, April 7. Official Polish news organizations said the defendants were members of a larger group that tried to organize workers at 63 factories in the Warsaw Two sentenced in Leningrad area to boycott the new state-controlled unions and rise up against the military regime. Zolnierz Wolnosci, the military news paper, said the group in custody— the nine people on trial plus 12 others awaiting court action - was led by Zbigniew Bujak, the fugitive former leader of Solidarity's Warsaw chapter. "Bujak and the other leaders of the temporary leadership have come to the conclusion now that their appeal to the workers not to join the new unions was an error," a Solidarity source said. "They could have had their own people in the new unions. Now it is too late to reverse their positions," the source told UP1. Since entering into operation on January 1, the new state-organized unions have enrolled about 1.2 million workers. Ukrainian ramian WeeHV FOUNDED 1933 Ukrainian weekly newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc a fraternal non-profit associjtion. at 30`Montgomery St/Jersey City. NJ. 07302 (The Ukrainian Weetoy - USPS 570-870) Also published by the UNA: Svoboda. a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper. The Weekly and Svoboda: . (201)434-0237.434-0807 (212) 227-4125 Yearly subscription rate: S8, UNA members Postmaster.'send address changes to: THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY PO Sot 346 Jersey City. NJ. 07303 - i'lL'i',ifei i;^evi-'`: ІІ– - , ' :ti\ UNA: 55. (201) 451-2200 (212) 227 r 5250 Ш Editor Roma Sochan H a d M w y c l l e ^ ` AMociets editor George BohdanZerycky Atslsunt adttor: Martt Kolomayets ШШШ Ш^–, :Ж1 ::^'±: No. 15 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Detroit's local observance Famine committee plans programs by Stephen YVichar DETROIT - The Ukrainian Com munity Committee of Metropolitan Detroit Commemorating the 50th An niversary of Genocidal Famine in Ukraine has formally activated its yearlong program of famine-related projects. On Friday, March 18, at St. Josaphat`s Ukrainian Catholic Church, Marco Carynnyk, a young Ukrainian author from Canada, de livered an impressive lecture on the famine before an audience of more than 250 people. Mr. Carynnyk is the author of more than 70 literary originals and translator of books by Leonid Plyushch, Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky, Mykhailo Osadchy. He is currently writing two vol umes about the artificial famine of 193233. In view of the many English-speaking audience participants, the lecturer developed his talk in that language. Although Mr. Carynnyk elaborated on the atrocities connected with starvation, his theme was lack 'of reporting and official newspaper silence in America. With abundant documentation, the author focused his challenge on a wellknown New York Times journalist then stationed in Moscow, Walter Duranty. Mr. Carynnyk's thought-provoking critique was generously applauded and evoked many questions at the close of the lecture. One of the highlights following the lecture, was the presentation of a S500 stipend by Dr. Mary V. Beck on behalf of the Council of Friends of the Ukrain ian National Republic. As chairman of CFUNR, Dr. Beck offered encourage ment and luck in the research and ultimate publication of books under taken by Mr. Carynnyk. Before the speaker began his address, an informational session was convened by the master of ceremonies and execu tive vice president of the Detroit com mittee, Michael Smyk. He called on Dr. Beck, general chairwoman, who summarized the working agenda oT the planning committee and auxiliary groupings. Dr. Beck called on all organizations, community leaders, clergy and Ukrainians in the Detroit area to visibly demonstrate a close alliance so that planned objectives could become realized. Dr. Beck stated that although the existing long-range programs will be sectionally presented to the community in succeeding months, it would be fitting to announce at least two seg ment:. First, an essay contest will be initiated among Ukrainian youth through the Immaculate Conception High School, all "Ridna Shkola" groupings and youth organizations. Hopefully, the essays will be planned as class assign ments and as such provide an oppor tunity for youngsters to learn about the tragic events during 1932-33. The essays will ultimately be judged and ap propriate awards will be given, she said. The second segment, with a contin uous exhibit during 1983, would be the placement of memorial "Black Wreaths" with captioned information, in all Ukrainian halls, community businesses and social establishments. In this man ner. Dr. Beck explained, people would face a constant reminder of this terrible crime waged against humanity. O n e ' experimental wreath has already been placed in the main building of the SelfReliance Credit Union chain and has had positive results. Efforts will also be made to place such symbolic wreaths in non-Ukrainian institutions. Mr. Smyk called on Antin Kubylansky, committee treasurer, to present a financial statement. In his report, Mr. Kubylansky indicated that more than S2.500 had been collected from organi zations and individual donors. He appealed to others for financial back ing so that all contemplated projects can be realized. He added that a special bulletin listing all donors would soon be issued. A second lecture by Mr. Carynnyk, was delivered on Sunday afternoon, March 20, in the parish hall of St. Mary's Protectress Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Southfield, Mich. As Mr. Smyk officiated, Mr. Carynnyk pre sented his documentary in the Ukrainian language. Again, he charged the Moscow-oriented correspondent Walter Duranty with malfeasance-type reporting and influencing a cover-up that failed to apprise the world of a national tragedy that claimed 7 million victims. During a stimulating question-and answer period, Mr. Carynnyk con cluded his talk by underlining one cogent fact. He stated that evidence of the famine existed in rnany sources, but Ukrainians failed to muster a public outcry. He added the task ahead will be monumental, but believes the "famine holocaust" in Ukraine must be exposed and that non-Ukrain.ans must learn about Stalin's dehumanizing efforts. Dr. Beck closed the second lecture session with an appeal to all partici pants for unity and active involvement. She reminded her listeners that a highlight of Detroit's local observances of the famine's 50th anniversary will be a "Feast of Famine" on June 12, in Detroit's Veterans Memorial Building. The menu will consist only of bread and water. This will be preceded by a march in downtown Detroit and an ecumeni cal service in Kennedy Square. At a Detroit program on the Great Famine are: Marco Carynnyk, Dr. Mary V. Beck, Stephen Wichar and the Rev. Constantine Wysochansky. 3 SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 Multiculturalism funding to double EDMONTON - The federal go vernment will more than double the funding of its multiculturalism pro grams over the next two years, Multi culturalism Minister Jim Fleming an nounced here today. Mr. Fleming announced the federal Cabinet has made available an addi tional S7.5 million in fiscal 1983-84 above the existing S8.5 million multicul turalism budget for grants and contri butions. The extra funding will rise to 59.9 million in 1984-85. The increases, Mr. Fleming said, are an appropriate follow-through to enshrinement of multiculturalism in Ca nada's Charter of Rights and the expan sion of the Multiculturalism Program to fulfill all components of its mandate. Cultural retention, overcoming barriers to full participation and increasing the dialogue with all Canadians give full expression to the multiculturalism policy. The increases take account of the inroads of inflation into the programs, while allowing for greater involvement in areas of current concern - race relations, multiculturalism in education and immigrant women. As well, significantly increasing the budget for heritage language programs - it will be almost trebled from SI-5 million to S4.26 million — will make it possible to develop better teaching materials in the Canadian context, better training for teachers, and provide more adequate funding of the heritage language supplementary schools. "At present," Mr. Fleming said, "because of a shortage of materials, it has often been necessary to employ materials from the country of origin, rather than in the Canadian context. Mr. Fleming noted that the Cabinet decision reflects a Treasury Board determination that the formula system for funding heritage language classes will henceforth be protected from erosion by inflation. Mr. Fleming said the extra funding voted by the Cabinet to intergroup relations will benefit multiculturalism programs in the fields of race relations, multiculturalism in education and assistance for immigrant women. In race relations, the Cabinet decision will provide more funding for the newly established Race Relations Unit and will increase its capacity to support research in this area. The funds will make it possible to give greater support to those visible minorities communities that feel threatened. In the field of multiculturalism and education, Mr. Fleming said, the budget supplement will allow for a major follow-through to the first national conference on Multiculturalism in Education held in Winnipeg in 1981. This objective will be furthered by the production of curriculum materials, and in working with school trustees and faculties of education. The extra budget will also ensure a continuing follow-through to the first national conference on immigrant women held in Toronto in 1981. The enhanced funding will provide support for a variety of immigrant women's groups across the country that have now begun to develop as a result of the conference. The Multiculturalism Directorate will be assisting some 40 groups in activities dealing with pro blems the conference identified. A major thrust in multiculturalism funding recently has been to encourage inter-group activity. Mr. Fleming noted that one of the best methods developing in Canada to bring Canadians of diffe rent backgrounds together to work for cultural retention and better under standing is the multicultural center. There are now more than 40 in existence. The decision to provide extra funding for cross-cultural organizations means the government is responding to re quests from ethnic groups to reconsider a sunset provision that terminated funds for multicultural centers after five years. Mr. Fleming said that where such multicultural centers reflect his priori ties and are genuine reflections of community concerns, "we now have the capacity to consider continuing the funding." Shwed responds to Nazi editorial JENKINTOWN, Pa. - Alexandra Shwed, co-president of Americans Against Defamation of Ukrainians, said on a local television segment broadcast March 8 that naturalized American citizens investigated for suspected war crimes on the basis of Soviet-supplied evidence are being denied due process under the law. Ms. Shwed made her remarks on an "Answer to Editorial" spot aired on Channel 10 during the 6 o'clock news. She was commenting on an earlier station editorial, which said that апуоп– found guilty of Nazi atrocities should be brought to justice. The editorial mentioned Mykola Shuk, a 73-year-old Northampton, Pa., resident and the latest Ukrainian to be investigated by the Justice Department to determine if he got into the country illegally by concealing membership in a German-sponsored police unit. Mr. Shuk has vigorously denied the charges. Much of the evidence in the cases involving East European immigrants has been turned over to the U.S. govern ment by the Soviet Union as part of an informal agreement between the Justice Department and the Kremlin. Many East European ethnic groups in the United States, including the AADU, feel that there is a likelihood that taped eyewitness accounts sent by the Soviets have been staged and the pertinent documents forged in an effort to dis credit the emigre communities, most of which are fiercely and outspokenly antiCommunist. The full text of Ms. Shwed's remarks follows. 4 ( 4 Americans Against Defamation of Ukrainians agree that anyone guilty of Nazi atrocities should be brought to justice. However, our basic principles of law must be safeguarded. The recent cases tried by the Justice Department demonstrate that due process is lacking. In defending his citizenship, a natura lized American should not have to defend himself against suspect Sovietsupplied witnesses and documentation, especially when the Soviets have ob vious political interests. The Soviets want to discredit and silence their political enemies, namely naturalized American-Ukrainians and other East Europeans, as well as the U.S. government. We urge the American government to be more cautious, otherwise the Soviets will achieve through the Justice Depart ment what their KGB has been incap able of doing. The political silencing of naturalized Americans through false accusations cannot be tolerated. Those guilty of Nazi atrocities should be punished, but only within the frame work of our American system ofjustice. 4 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 Archives seek material Losten describes good relations on Dmytro Dontsov between Ukrainian, Latin Churches OTTAWA - The 100th anniversary of the birth of Ukrainian revolutionary leader Dmytro Dontsov will be commemorated in 1983, and several students and researchers have already expressed interest in his career and writings in view of this anniversary. To assist these researchers, the Public Archives of Canada, as part of the Ukrainian Archives Program, has collected and is preserving archival material relating to his career both in Europe and in Canada. Dontsov was born on August 28, 1883, in Melitopil, Ukraine, and studied at universities in St. Petersburg and Lviv. Active in the Ukrainian political and revolutionary organizations promoting the cause of an autonomous and later independent Ukraine, he was one of the founding members of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine in 1914. He was later head of the official news agency of the Ukrainian Hetman government. During the 1920s and 1930s he was editor of several Ukrainian journals in Lviv and also contributed to Swiss, German and Polish newspapers. His political writings inspired a generation of Ukrainian youth in the 1930s and formed the ideological basis of the Ukrainian nationalist movement of that period. At the end of World War II Dontsov lived in England. With the assistance of friends he was able to emigrate to North America, and in 1948 he was lecturing in Ukrainian literature at the University of Montreal. The Ukrainian Archives Program welcomes donations of archival material including publications and correspondence that concern the life and career of Dmytro Dontsov. Those who are interested in entrusting to the Public Archives material concerning Dontsov or any aspect of the Ukrainian Canadian heritage are encouraged to write to: Ukrainian Archives Program, National Ethnic Archives, 395 Wellington St., Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0N3; telephone (613) 996-7453. STAMFORD, Conn. - Bishop Basil Losten, eparch of Stamford, recently told Liz O'Connor of the The Long Island Catholic that there are "absolutely, positively" no points of tension now between the Ukrainian Catholic and Latin Rite Catholic Churches. The bishop's remarks appeared in an article about the Ukrainian Catholic Church in the March 3 issue of the paper. He was interviewed after his return from the third Synod of,the Ukrainian Catholic Church held in Rome. Bishop Losten said that Pope John Paul II "is very much in favor of the Ukrainian Church organizing in synod," and that the synod will be the ordinary governing body of the Church, "obviously under the aegis of the pontiff." He added that relations with the Latin Rite Church are cordial and marked by cooperation and "excellent rapport between the bishops" of different rites. He noted that although the Eastern Rite Catholics make up a tiny percentage of the Church, he was elected chairman of the New England region of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. Bishop Losten also discussed the status of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in Ukraine, where it was outlawed by Soviet authorities in 1946. "It seems as if the greater their suppression, the stronger becomes the Church," he said, adding that the underground Church "has hierarchy, priests and many nuns working." As to his own 60,000-member diocese, Bishop Losten said that of late more young men have shown an interest in the priesthood. He noted frhat there are currently 18 students at the collegelevel seminary in Stamford, an increase of 10 from a year ago. Yearlong celebrations to mark 50th anniversary of Stamford seminary STAMFORD, Conn. - The Ukrainian Catholic Seminary here will begin its yearlong golden anniversary celebration with a special program on Sunday, April 17, titled, "The Seminary: A Living Witness," at St. Basil College. which is the theme of the golden jubilee celebration: The Seminary: A Living Witness - Witness to our Faith, Rite and People." It was in 1933 - when Europe first began to feel the effects of the turmoil that would ravage its lands for the next dozen years — that the late Archbishop Constantine Bohachevsky, seeing that young American men of Ukrainian descent could no longer study for the diocesan priesthood in the seminaries of Ukraine, Austria and Rome, established a seminary in Stamford, Conn. . "The Seminary: A Living Witness" is a production of the prep and college seminarians, featuring song, dance, a multi-media presentation and guest speakers. The day will begin with a pontifical divine liturgy celebrated by Bishop Basil Losten in the college chapel at 11 a.m. A dinner of traditional Ukrainian foods will be served at 1 p.m., and the jubilee program will begin at 2:30 p.m. More than five score of Americanborn Ukrainian Catholic priests have studied at St. Basil Prep, the initial unit of the seminary; St. Basil College, founded six years later; and St. Josaphat Seminary, the residence for theologians Ukrainian Catholic faithful are invited to participate in the anniversary celebration festivities. No reservations are necessary. A donation of S5 (S3 for children under 12) is asked to cover the cost of the meal. Committee plans Youth for Christ convention Ukrainian Catholic Bishop Innocant Lotoefcy of Chicago j attended 4he Lviv gathering half a century ago,-and the meets with members of a special committee set up to . special committee la set to marfc;.tfie event evert with a IventiOfl S C b f c j ^ f yc JC UtrlCl-riA.044 No. 15 UABA to discuss repatriation of estates JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The 1983 mid-year conference of the Ukrainian American Bar Association, which traditionally is devoted to a single legal topic of concern to Ukrainian lawyers or the Ukrainian community, will focus on "Repatriation of Decedent's Estates to CommunistBloc Countries: Where Does the Buck Stop?" The UABA conference will be held in Chicago during the weekend of April 23-24. All sessions will take place at Gaian`s Restaurant in the Ukrainian Village section of the city. The special session on repatriation of estates is scheduled for Saturday, April 23, at 1:30 - 5 p.m., and the public is invited. When a U.S. citizen dies intestate (without a will), Communist-bloc countries will file a claim on his estate on behalf of relatives residing within their borders. As a result, according to Bohdan Porytko, president of the Ukrainian American Bar Association, millions of dollars go to the USSR from the U.S. relatives of Soviet citizens. He added that there is no reciprocity - the USSR does not allow money to leave its territory. "It's a one-way flow, and it's a torrent," he said. Bohdan Porytko The topic of Soviet-bloc claims on the estates of deceased Americans was briefly examined by Ukrainian American Bar Association members at their mid-year conference some five years ago. At this year's mid-year conference the examination of the topic has been expanded in scope. The moderator of the panel, Nestor Olesnycky, is a Maplewood attorney associated with the firm of Pitio, Olesnycky and Pitio. Mr. Olesnycky has represented a number of Ukrainians in estate matters. The principal speaker on the panel will be Yuri I. Luryi, a Russian emigre who is a professor of law at the University of Western Ontario and a lecturer at Case Western Reserve University. As an expert in Soviet and international law, he will present an overwiew of Soviet law in the area of repatriation of estates and bases in international law for such claims. UABA member Ivan Shandor, tax counsel for Baxter-Travenol Labs of Chicago, will address the preparation of wills (the most, effective way to circumvent Soyiet-,bloc claims), and the tax aspects of the problem. Rima Skorubskas, an attorney associated with the firm of Zumbakis and Associates in Chicago/which has as one of its clients the Free Con'su- No. 15 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY UNA district committees meet Perth Amboy PERTH AMBOY, N.J. - The an nual meeting of the Perth Amboy UNA District Committee was held here at the Ukrainian National Home on Sunday, February 27. Michael Zacharko was re-elected district chairman: other re-elected members of the board include: Kornylo Halushka. vice-chairman; Daria Огі– chowsky, secretary; Ivan Babyn. treas urer. Sophia Lonyshyn and E. Pogoda were elected members of the board. The auditing committee consists of Joseph Yarema, Yuriy Lonyshyn and Vasyl Boyko. Mr. Zacharko greeted all UNA mem bers present at the meeting, including UNA Supreme President John O. Flis and Senior Field Organizer Wasyl Orichowsky. Mrs. Orichowsky read the minutes of the last meeting and Mr. Halushka conducted the meeting. Mr. Zacharko then proceeded to give his report on the organizing work of the district, mentioning the secretaries who recruited new members. These wen: Mrs. Orichowsky, Branch 353 - 25 members; Mr. Yarema, Branch 372 — 16 members; Mr. Zacharko, Branch 349 — nine members; Melante Lawrence, Branch 155 — six members; U. Babyn, Branch 168 - two members; K. Mazeppa, Branch 322 - two members; Julia Baltimore BALTIMORE - Participants of the annual Baltimore UNA District Com mittee meeting held at the Self-Reliance hall on Sunday, February 27, unan imously re-elected district committee chairman Bohdan Yasinsky. Mr. Yasinsky, who called the meeting to order, greeted all present UNA'ers, including Supreme Organizer Stefan Hawrysz and Supreme Advisor Eugene Iwanciw. He then proceeded to conduct the meeting, which was recorded by district secretary Ostap Zyniuk. Mr. `Zyniuk gave his activities report; as district secretary he took the minutes of two meetings, wrote six-letters and received |26. In the capacity of secretary of UNA'Branch 15, he enrolled ,IO new members. He also presented monetary awards to graduates of the "Ridna Shkola" in the Washington area. District treasurer Ivan Malko re-. ported on the district's financial situ ation, adding that the district received SI40 from the UNA for meeting its quota. He also stated that some branches have not paid their membership dues. The last report was presented by the district chairman, Mr. Yasinsky. He said that the district met its quota by 112 percent. He thanked all branch mem bers responsible for this success. Mr. Yasinsky also reported on the district committee, chairmen's meeting which took place at Soyuzivka in November. Emanuel Prytula, head of the au diting committee, proposed that a vote of confidence be given to the outgoing district committee. . The newly elected executive district committee is composed of Mr. Yasin sky, chairman; Mykhailo Choma and Adam Cizdyn, vice-chairmen; Mr. Zyniuk, secretary; Mr. Malko, .treas urer. The auditing committee consists of Mr. Prytula,"Paul Fenchak and" 5 SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 Fraternally yours by Marta Korduba Sharyk, Branch 312 - one member: UNA fraternal activities coordinator Elizabeth Pogoda, Branch 342 - one member. He said that the district met its quota by 62 percent. Mr. Zacharko also reported on the New Jersey UNA Day, an annual event which brought in 5322.88 this year. For me. a child growing up in Seattle, The treasurer, Mr. Babyn, then re being Ukrainian consisted of private summer camp in Edmonton. It was here, that I realized for the first ported on the financial situation of the tutoring sessions on the gamut of district. Assets were S597.32; expend Ukrainian subjects conducted by my time, that the Ukrainian names, dates itures totaled S155.20. The current father, Maria Deychuk's primers, scratch- and places which I had dutifully com balance of the district is 52,469.70. ,^fcTLPs of the Bandurist Chorus, several mitted to memory actually meant some thing to someone other than my pa Mr. Yarema spoke for the auditing polka bands, and a Bukovinian folk rents. committee and granted the outgoing ensemble. The value of such an experience board a vote of confidence. It has a book-learned awarenesss, After the election, Supreme President nobly enforced by my parents and cannot be overstated for children living Flis spoke to the participants of the staunchly supplemented with manda outside the mainstream of the Ukrain meeting. He thanked all the secretaries tory perusals of the Svoboda daily ian community. Unfortunately, it is and organizers for their work on behalf newspaper, that shaped the first 12 these children who are the least likely to take part in the array of Ukrainian of the UNA and urged them to continue years of my cultural development. summer programs currently on the their efforts. He told them that UNA Having no Ukrainian peers other market (the majority of which take assets are close to S48 million; the organization continues to support than Roman and Iryna (the "Dick and place in the eastern or mid-western Ukrainian institutions and churches Jane" of the Ukrainian readers) 1 areas of the United States and Canada). The obvious time and travel con financially. He added that the UNA perceived Ukrainian as being old (as my organized 2,483 new members and lost parents seemed to me at the time) and straints can be overcome with effort on not too much fun (like Iryna and the part, of parents and their local 1,207, which is not unusual for both fraternal and commercial organizations. Roman, who were depicted as merrily communities. The Ukrainian National breezing through the "Kobzar" in their Association and other Ukrainian or Mr. Flis said that a special convention free time). ganizations have done their part in concerning the UNA-Ukrainian Frater Similar childhood experiences are nal Association merger is planned. probably more prevalent as career providing the capital and manpower to Mr. Orichowsky also spoke to meet opportunities in the Sunbelt region and operate summer programs at relatively ing participants, offering organizing West Coast living lure increasingly low prices, and below cost. advice. Communities might consider initiat more young professionals and their Mr. Zacharko closed the meeting and families from localities traditionally ing programs to help defray the travel invited all to partake of refreshments. populated by Ukrainian Americans. expenses involved in enabling local Consequently, more Ukrainian Ameri youths to attend Ukrainian summer can children are products of an environ programs. Antin Lukianchyk. UNA branches should investigate the ment entirely unlike the communityAmong plans for the future, the new oriented youth of their parents. Not possiblity of establishing funds in order board discussed fulfiling its member only do these children grow up being the to send their young members to take ship quota and the possibility of having only Ukrainian kid on the block - but part in the diverse program of camps a Svoboda press exhibit, including the often in the entire town or city. and courses held each summer at Svoboda Daily, The Ukrainian Weekly Undeniably, there are advantages Soyuzivka. and Veselka publications. Youths from Texas, California, Ne Supreme Advisor Iwanciw offered and drawbacks to both lifestyles. Hav vada, Oregon, Washington and North his assistance to the district committee ing been reared in a small Ukrainian Carolina and many other states, as well community, I was particularly sensitized in any UNA matters. to the importance of children having the as Canadian provinces, have partici Supreme Organizer Hawrysz was opportunity to relate to their Ukrainian pated in Soyuzivka's summer pro then asked to speak. He offered the peers—a key aspect in developing a grams. Many have noted that their committee his congratulations on jits positive self-image as a Ukrainian summer experience sparked a pride and interest in their Ukrainian heritage that fulfilled quota and summarized current American. UNA activities. He mentioned that For those children who do not have a was previously non-existent. For many, those summer weeks had a significant during the past year, 2,483 new mejn- Ukrainian school or youth center in bers insured for 56,010,000 were enrol their community, summer youth pro input determining the course that they led in the UNA; however the UNA lost grams provide an ideal vehicle through would take in future involvement in the 1,207 members. Today UNA assejts which they can share experiences that Ukrainian community. Undoubtedly, the long-term benefits total 548 million, he added. I are uniquely Ukrainian and explore as the young person as well as the - - - .:. ,– і pects of their cultural heritage with for Ukrainian community of which he is a Mr. Hawrysz also spoke about the friends their own age. crucial and integral part, is worth the Fortunately, my parents recognized UNA Building in Jersey City, which',is investment of the long-distance trek. completely rented out; rent from the the need to complement the rigid building brings in 52,056,000 yearly. domestic curriculum with social inter In two weeks: Soyuzivka's summer The UNAhas also granted 56,395,660 in action. The result was a 1,000-mile loans to Ukrainian' churches and in railroad excursion to a Ukrainian youth programs. stitutions. The scholarship fund has awarded over 900 Ukrainian students an open forum providing an oppor 5176,000 in funds in the past eight years. tunity for' Ukrainian community Mr. Hawrysz also mentioned the pro members to discuss legal concerns (Continued from page 4) posed merger between the UNA and the with UABA members. rhunity in dealing with laws that Ukrainian Fraternal Association. stipulate the parties to be notified Conference participants will stay Regarding organizing topics the upon a person's death. at the City Center Holiday Irin. supreme organizer praised the following The UABA, which has some 250 The final speaker will be Stanley J. secretaries for their enrollment of new Krzeminski, an attorney in private attorneys and law students on its members: Mr. Cizdyn, Branch 55— 16 practice and a representative of the mailing list, holds annual conven members; Mr. Malko, Branch 320-^ 13 Polish Advocates Group of Chicago, tions and mid-year conferences. Its members; Lev Blonarowych, Branch 34 who will speak about some of the current officers are: Mr. Porytko, - 11 members; Mr. Zyniuki Branch 15 cases he has handled in the field of president; Ihor Rakowsky, vice pres -jjj 10 members. Unfortunately, there ident; Bohdan Shandor, correspond -repatriation of estates. were someHranches that did not recruit Petro Stawnychy, The UABA mid-year conference ing secretary; a single member during the convention 1 bejriil on Saturday with a session recording secretafyT`alTd"Wyron ; уф;he?afid:"- `" Щ g ` | "'.\ jWilt Gonko, treasurer. I;. devotetrto business matters, includFor membership information, . trig officers' reports and a discussion Iii closing, Mr. Hawrysz stressed (be on a proposed scholarship for law attorneys and law students may write need to continue organizing work. He students. The executive committee to: Ukrainian American Bar Asso and Mr. Iwanciw then presented the and the board of governors will meet ciation, 1339 Springfield Ave., Irdistrict committee with an honorary during lunch. That evening, con vington, N.J. 07101. plaque for meeting its quota in the past ference participants will have dinner For conference information. UABA year. at Galan's. members may contact Mr. Porytko A question and answer period fol Sunday's morning session will be at (201) 956-7291. lowed. A repast was served by Alexan dra Malko. Summer programs are everywhere UABA to discuss... A^.'V.^.-iV`-0'^.V^'' k^Zil^Xtefc^^^'..vi^Jil`. ^i-S^l'k6':^^ -'" d^i`j.'-икїяЯЛ THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY No. 15 SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 Press review Ukrainian Weekl у Mstyslav's 85th Today, April 10, marks the 85th birthday of Metropolitan Mstyslav, head of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. Moreover, this month marks the 41st anniversary of his ordination and episcopacy. These important milestones highlight the metropolitan's longevity, his piety and most prominently his sedulity in serving his Church, the Ukrainian nation and the Ukrainian emigre community. Some have said that, in a sense, Metropolitan Mstyslav is the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. Of course, by this they did not mean to imply that one man can make a Church, or is indispensible to its survival. The statement was meant as a tribute to Metropolitan Mstyshv's tireless efforts, both here and in Ukraine, to make the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church the. unified, vital and distinct religious institution that it is today. The fruits of this dedication are best epitomized by the huge Center of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in scenic South Bound Brook, N.J. The center, which includes St. Andrew's Memorial Ukrainian Orthdox Church, St. Sophia Seminary, St. Andrew's Cemetery and the newly constructed Home of Ukrainian Culture, is largely the result of Metropolitan Mstyslav's vision and years of dedicated endeavor. For the Ukrainian community, the memorial church, dedicated to the martyrs of the Great Famine in Ukraine (1932-33), is more than a house of worship. Its museum-archives are an important repository of Ukrainian history and culture. It is also an important symbol. It represents the fulfillment of a promise Metropolitan Mstyslav made to himself in 1942, the first year of his episcopacy, when he traveled through eastern Ukraine and saw the ruins of Ukrainian churches and cemeteries where Ukrainian political and cultural figures were buried. Years later, at the dedication ceremonies of St. Andrew's in 1965, Metropolitan Mstyslav explained his vision: "At the time the thought was born in my heart that when 1 had the opportunity in this free and by God blessed America 1 would immediately build a monument for those heroes. That would be the first task that I would realize, and this thought, with the help of God and people, came to fruition." The martyrdom of 7 million eastern Ukrainians was also a prime concern to the Orthodox leader. In 1978, the 45th anniversary of the Great Famine, Metropolitan Mstyslav spearheaded the formation of a special committee to coordinate the observances and to set in motion preparations for the 50th anniversary, which is being marked this year. The committee, which at the time included virtually every community organization, was the first to be established with this aim, and is continuing its work this year sans several of the original member-groups. These accomplishments of Metropolitan Mstyslav Skrypnyk only touch the surface of his work and sacrifices for his Church and the Ukrainian nation. An active participant in theUkrainian liberation struggle,he was a soldier in the Ukrainian army from 1917 to the end of the Ukrainian National Republic. During World War II, he was persecuted by both the Soviets and the Nazis for his activities with the Church and the nationalist movement. The struggle was to cost the lives of virtually his entire family. His three brothers perished; Sylvester was executed by the Soviets in 1937, Andrij died in a Siberian labor camp as did his youngest brother, an artist. His father and widowed sister were killed when a train carrying them from Ukraine to Germany was bombed. His wife also died tragically during the Soviet occupation of western Ukraine in 1940. Metropolitan Mstyslav has been undaunted by these personal tragedies and the tragedy which befell his native land and his Church in Ukraine. He has worked diligently towards fostering unity among Ukrainians, preserving their heritage and, in a true spirit of ecumenicism, forging good relations between all Ukrainian Churches. For his efferts, he has been periodically reviled by the Soviet media in an attempt to undermine his strength and the respect he has earned in the community and in his adopted land. For our part, we hope that on his 85th birthday God grants him continued good health as well as the strength and the will to remain the powerful spiritual and temporal presence at the hub of our community life. Muddled scholarship, inaccuracies discredit Loftus's "Belarus" book JERSEY CITY, N.J. - In a recent review of John Loftus's controversial book, "The Belarus Secret," Alexander Motyl strongly refuted the author's thesis that virtually all East European collaborators were Nazis and war criminals, and chided his "inability to accept ambiguity and draw moral distinctions." In the review, which appeared in the April issue of The American Spectator, Mr. Motyl also voiced serious reserva tions about the author's scholarship, noting "that most of his revelations and accusations are not footnoted" and many are historically inaccurate. Mr. Loftus, a Boston attorneyand a former prosecutor for the Justice De partment's Office of Special Investi gations, first made headlines last May when he appeared on the CBS news magazine "60 Minutes" and accused the U.S. government of recruiting and shielding pro-Nazi East Europeans, particularly from Byelorussia, for intelligence work. Although Mr. Loftus's charge that some 300 Nazi collaborators were smuggled into the United States was later refuted by Allan A. Ryan Jr., head of the OS I he repeated the allegations in "The Belarus Secret," published last fall. ` In addition to the Byelorussians, Mr. Loftus also accused the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and the Ukrain ian Insurgent Army of being pro-fascist and collaborationist organizations. In a preface to the actual review, Mr. Motyl, who is the author of "A Turn to the Right," a study of Ukrainian na tionalism, explained that many national minorities in the Soviet Union did initially see the arrival of German forces during World War II as a welcome alternative to Stalinist terror, terror that included the death of some 7 million peasants during the Great Famine in Ukraine (1932-33). "Few, if any, survivors of Stalin's hetacombs expected their Nazi libera tors' to be even more inhuman than their Communist oppressors," wrote Mr. Motyl. "Even fewer suspected what fate awaited the Jews. After all, so the thinking went, nothing could be worse than Stalin." Mr. Motyl distinguished between those who saw collaboration as an opportunity to free their nations from an oppressive Communist regime and those who were genuinely pro-Nazi. He cited the case of the Ukrainian mayor of the Ukrainian city of Кгетеп– chuk who, while continuing in his post during the German occupation, refused to hand over Jews to the Nazis, choos ing instead to turn them over to a Catholic priest who baptized them and gave them Christian names. According to Mr. Motyl, the mayor, though technically a collaborator, was certainly not a Nazi sympathizer, and in fact, was executed by the Nazis for harboring Jews. Writes Mr. Motyl: "Consistent with his inability to accept ambiguity and draw moral distinctions, Loftus know ingly—and not without some mean ness— ascribes the inhumanity and venality of the actual war criminals to all Byelorussian and Ukrainians who were in any way connected with the Germans." In Mr. Loftus's interpretation of history, which Mr. Motyl refers to as "a cloak-and-dagger approach," all socalled collaborators are war criminals who attempted to avoid persecution by wrapping themselves in a cloak of anticommunism. "Although many Americans will find it hard to accept, World War II collaborationism spans an entire spec trum," wrote Mr. Motyl. "Simply put, there were both 'good' and 'bad' East European collaborators. The latter were criminals who deserve the fate of criminals. The former were often tor tured individuals trying to find a place for themselves and their nations in the interstices between the great powers." In Mr. Motyl's view, Mr. Loftus's scantily researched, cut-and-dried inter pretation of the complex realities of East European World War II history exhibit a "distaste for the ambiguity of middle positions," a place where the truth so often rests. TO THE WEEKLY CONTRIBUTORS: We greatly appreciate the materials - feature articles, news stories, press clippings, letters to.the editor, and the like - we receive from our readers. In order to facilitate preparation of The Ukrainian Weekly, we ask that the guidelines listed below be followed. " News stories should be sent in not later than 10 days after the occurrence of a given event. " Information about upcoming events must be received by noon of the Monday before the date of The Weekly edition in which the information is to be published. о All materials must be typed and double-spaced. " Newspaper and magazine clippings must be accompanied by the name of the publication and the date of the edition. " Photographs submitted for publication must be black and white (or color with good contrast). They will be returned only when so requested and accompanied by a stamped, addressed envelope. " Full names and their correct English spellings must be provided. " Persons who submit any materials must provide a phone number where they ma^ be reached during the working day if any additional information is required. ' MATERIALS MUST BE SENT DIRECTLY TO: THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY. 30 MONTGOMERY. ST., JERSEY CITY. N J . 07302. No. 15 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY 1932-34 Great Famine: ( ocumented view m by Or. Dana Dairy mple The article below was originally published in the scholarly journal Soviet Studies in January 1964. We serialize it here in The Weekly with the permission of the author, an agricultural economist employed by the U. S. Department of Agriculture. PART IV What were the longer-run reasons for the famine? ' Why did the Soviet leaders place such appalling emphasis on extracting food from the peasants, and at the same time prohibit foreign famine aid? Surely even the Bolsheviks had even a small measure of compassion - or at least had to work through those who did. The reasons for this unbelievably cruel behavior center about the desire to procure food, the need for control over agriculture, and the existence of rural overpopu lation. " A. Desire to procure food We have suggested that the main immediate cause of the famine was the severe procurement policy followed by the government in the countryside. Why did the government place so much emphasis on this? The answer seems to be that it wanted to secure food in order to (I) obtain foreign exchange, (2) provide ior a military war chest, and (3) feed urban workers. We shall examine these factors individually. 1. Foreign exchange In order to make the USSR a bastion of socialism. Stalin recognized that it was necessary to build industry. To do this in a backward country like the Soviet Union it was necessary to import machinery. But to obtain this machinery it was necessary to obtain foreign exchange. Characteristically, the export of agricultural products had earned a significant proportion of this exchange. Therefore, to continue industrialization at an accelerated pace, Stalin apparently thought it vital to continue the export of food — no matter what the c o n d i t i o n s in the countryside.1'''' It is, therefore, of interest to turn to an examination of Soviet export and import figures for the calendar years 1932 and 1933. Unfortunately the data are not available on a crop year basis — for this would more nearly coincide with the famine periods. But if it is considered that most of the food exported from the 1932 crop helped lead to the famine period during the first two-thirds of 1933, the figures become more meaningful (the same, of course, would be true for the 1933-34 periods). According to official Soviet statistics (see Table 4), exports of food accounted for 24.3 percent and 20 percent of the value of all Soviet exports in 1932 and 1933 respectively. Grain was the largest food item,, representing 9 percent and 8.1 percent of total exports. 1 4 8 Imports of food, on the other hand, accounted for 10 percent and 8.2 percent of the value of all imports in 1932 and 1933. Tea, which has no nutritive value, was one of the largest single items, representing 1 percent and 1.7 percent of total imports. 149 On balance, there was a net export of foods in the two years. In 1932, food exports were worth twice as much as imports; in 1933, they were worth three and a half times as much. The net value of these exports was 242.S million rubles in 1932, and 246.2 million rubles in 1933 (or about S60.6 million in 1932 and S61.5 million in 1933). "M In terms of weight, net grain exports totalled 1.70 million tons in 1932, and 1.84 million tons in 1933.'" In turn, gross grain exports represented about 4.9 percent and 4.2 percent of production in 1932 and 1933.' 52 These figures suggest that the exports of food, while significant, were not so large that their dimunition would have seriously crippled the Soviet export program. And had at least some of the nearly 1.9 million tons of grain been retained in the famine area, many lives would have undoubtedly been saved. Why this was not done is a matter of speculation. It may have been that the Soviets were hurt by faulty investments of capital in their own country" 3 and by declining terms of trade for their produce on the depressed world market, 154 and consequently deter mined to push exports to the maximum level/ Whether this was, in the long run, a wise move economically is unclear.' 55 . 7 SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 It was, of course, well known in the USSR that food was being exported. Belov recounts that the peasants were told that "...the industrialization of the country, then in full swing, demanded grain and sacrifices from them." 156 On Kravchenko's farm — where about half the population had died from hunger during the previous year — butter had steadily been made for export.'The manager of the collective farm store commented: "You see, starvation is one thing and foreign exchange is another." 157 Paradoxically, most of these goods were shipped out through Black Sea ports - in the immediate vicinity of some of the worst starvation. IM This loss of food also aggravated the severe shortages in the cities. "As conditions became steadily worse, the knowledge that their government was exporting food became perhaps the deepest of the silent grievances of the Soviet people." 15 ' 2. War chest A not inconsiderable proportion of the food procured by the government was placed in reserve in a military "war chest." The military threat of that period was offered by the Japanese — the tension reaching a peak in the spring of 1932 with the occupation of the northern part of Manchuria. The Soviets reacted by concentrating troops on the border, and later in the year tensions eased. 160 For this and other strategic reasons, a particularly heavy requisition of grain was levied in March 1932.' 6 ' Some of this grain, as well as that from other levies, was quietly used to establish reserve food supplies throughout the country. 162 Victor Kravchenko came across what appears to have been such a cache at a local railroad station in the autumn of 1933. It had remained untouched even though half of the popula tion on his farm had died of famine the previous winter. He noted that such reserves were later noted in many other parts of the country. 163 While these stocks were tapped on at least one occasion, 164 this was (Continued on page 12) 147. Alexander Gerschenkron, "Economic Relations With the USSR." The Committee on International Economic Policy. New York, 1945, pp. 49-50; Merle Fainsod, op. cit. (1957). pp. 100-101; Alexander Ertich, "Stalin's Views on Soviet Economic Development," in "Continuity and Change in Russian and Soviet Thought" (ed. by E. J. Simmons), Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1955, pp. 97, 98. 148. Calculated from statistics presented in "Vneshmaya torgovlia SSSR za 1918-1940 gg," Moscow, 1960, pp. 121, 144-149. 149. Ibid., pp. 334, 360-363 (tea largely made up the "unprocessed, other" category). 150. The original data were in 1950 rubles (Ibid., p. 7). They were converted to dollars on the basis of the exchange rate for that year of four rubles to the dollar (Oleg Jerschhowsky and Ferdinand Pirhalla^"Basic Data on the Economy of the USSR," U.S. Department of Commerce, World Trade Information Service, Part I, No. 62-52, p. 19) 151. "Vneshniaya Torgovlia...," op. cit., p. 144 (convert ed from metric tons). On afiscal-yearbasis, Volinreportsthe following gross figures: 1932-33, 1.5 million tons; 1933-34, 2.1 million tons (Lazar Volin, "A Survey of Soviet Russian Agriculture," U.S. Department of Agriculture, Monograph 5, 1951. p. 180). 152. Franklyn D. Holzman, "Foreign Trade," in "Economic Trends in the Soviet Union"(ed. by Bergson and Kuznets) Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1963, p. 295 (comparable figures for butter were: 47.3 percent and 30 percent; for sugar, 9.2 percent and 3.9 percent). 153. Ammende, op. cit., p. 42. 154. Walter Duranty, "Food Shortage Laid to Soviet Peasants," The New York Times, November 26, 1932, p. 9; Lyons, op. cit., p. 287. 155. Holzman, op. cit., p. 287. 156. Belov, op. cit., p. 12. 157. Kravchenko, op. cit., pp. 121, 129. 158. Ammende, op. cit., p. 46. Further, the biggest export item — wheat — is "...a marvelous food for relief. It can be stored, shipped, and prepared cheaply." (Pearson and Paarlberg, op. ch., p. 34). 159. Lyons, op. cit., p. 180. 160. Max Beloff, "The Foreign Policy of Soviet Russia, 1929-1941," Oxford University Press, London, 1947, Vol. 1 pp. 77-85; George Vemadsky, "A History of Russia," Yale University Press, New Haven, 1961, p. 370. 161. Duranty op. cit. (1944), pp. 190-192. Duranty seems to have the idea that this single requisition was directly responsible for what famine there was. This is unlikely, foras we have seen, most of the famine deaths came тої e than a year later. , 162. Duranty, loc. cit. (November 26); Williams, op. cit. (March i) pp. i, 4; Duggan, op.cit.,pp. 696, /04; Dallin, op. pit., p. 164. І . ,. 163. Kravchenko, op. cit., p. 129. 164. Berland, loc. cit. . g ввавшвшвааааавааавааявшвшвяаввваааааааявшвшай THE GREAT FAMINE This year marks the 50th anniversary of one of history's most horrifying cases of genocide — the Soviet-made Great Famine of 1932-33, in which some 7 million Ukrainians perished. Relying on news from Svoboda and, later, The Ukrainian Weekly (which began publica tion in October 1933), this column hopes tv remind and inform Americans and Canadians of this terrible crime against humanity. By bringing other events worldwide into the picture as well, the column hopes to give a perspective on the state of the world in the years of Ukraine's Great Famine. PART VIII August 16-31, 1932 The headlines in the August 16, 1932, Svoboda read: "Famine in Ukraine Drives People to Death." Reports from Bucharest reached Svoboda telling of the peasants' attempts to escape hunger. They fled to Rumania, but while trying to cross the Dnister River many were shot and killed by Soviet border guards. On August 17, news from Moscow revealed that 25,000 miners in the Donetske Oblast coal basin left their jobs. Moscow gave three reasons for the workers leaving their jobs: there was nothing for them to eat, they did not have all the working materials they needed, they received no money for their labor. The general food situation had gotten so bad that the Soviet government had even decreased the availability of food from special Soviet foodstores for its foreign workers. The only people who did not have a food allowance, but were able to obtain all the food they wanted,were foreign newspaper correspondents. On August 22, Svoboda published an article describing a conversation between a person from the Soviet wire service in Ukraine and Gregory I. Petrovsky, then chairman of the Soviet Ukrainian Communist Party. The introduction to the conversation, which was published in Svoboda, included the following: "The entire world is aware that in the Soviet Union, in Ukraine, people are dying of hunger because of the Bolshevik industrialization of farming. Because of this, there was much land that lay unsown, barren. The Bolsheviks continue to assure the world that everything is fine." The news agency conducted an interview with Petrovsky and published it in the Kharkiv newspaper, Kommunist. Petrovsky's observations follow: "On the collective farms there is a lot of machinery, but the success of the machinery depends on the continual use of this process in every aspect of farming. The main problem is that many farmers do not know how to assemble and use the machines to their fullest capacity." Petrovsky also mentioned that "after visiting several raiony, I have noticed that the collective farm workers are increasing their worr; their working atmosphere is good, all that is lacking is that they need more work and this will come with better organization." He also blamed the kulaks for the failure of the harvest, saying that they exploit the hired labor. Refugees from Soviet Ukraine continued to tell of their tragic plight. On the pages of Svoboda on August 23, a 12-year-old, Phillip, fold the story of his escape to Bessarabia. His father, who was a landowner and cantor in the church had his taxes increased yearly, until it was almost impossible for him to make payments. He was classified as a kulak and besides the high taxes he was paying, he was charged 200 rubles for being a cantor. (Continued on page 13) Я 8 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 Ukrainian pro hockey update by Ihor N. Stelmach Red Wings' Ogrodnick glad to find net "What's it like for a goal scorer when he's not scoring goals?" asked John Ogrodnick, repeating the question posed to him. "Well, he wonders if he's really a goal scorer." There's no need for that in Ogrodnick's case, really, but it's a natural tendency to doubt a little every once in a blue moon. Ukrainian John Ogrodnick is a goal scorer, a darn good goal scorer. You can take that to the bank. Consider his 35-goal season in his ` first full National Hockey League season, 1980-81. Consider his status as the Red Wings' all-star game represen tative the past two seasons. Consider that his team-high 28 goals last season represented more than 10 percent of the entire Wing total. There is other evidence to help build the case, but it was all irrelevant when Ogrodnick started the current.season without scoring in the first seven games. The Wings lost six of those, tied another, and it was about that time Ogrodnick started wondering whether he was a goal scorer. Not to worry. In the next five games, our Ukrainian Red Wing produced six goals and Detroit responded with three victories in that stretch. "It's a little frustrating to go seven games without a goal," said John, who got his first pair in the season's initial victory for his club. "I'm usually quick on the start. "When I look to see what I can contribute to this hockey club, I'm not a physical player so I can't contribute that way. lean skate, so I can forecheck and make things happen in the offensive zones. And I can contribute by scoring goals. "When I'm not scoring, I feel a little like I'm letting the team down. Per sonally, I sure do get frustrated." Upon his arrival in the Motor City midway through the 1979-80 campaign, Ogrodnick was inserted on a line-along side center Dale McCourt and right winger Mike Foligno. The line im mediately clicked and enjoyed success for the next one arid a half years until McCourt and Foligno were dealt to Buffalo two Decembers ago. McCourt was Detroit's sole righthanded centerman and best passing pivot, a natural between two highscoring wingers. With his departure, Ogrodnick found a variety of centers on his line — without much success. Without an attempt to demean his current teammates, Ogrodnick's response to McCourt's departure is straight forward. "I think it's pretty obvious," said Ogrodnick. "He always knew where I was and we just fit together well as a line. He threw it over t o m e (on left wing). It means a lot to a winger to get the puck on his stick while he's in stride. Dale was over there to give me the puck." But McCourt isn't there anymore and Ogrodnick doesn't mean to belabor the point. Besides, he's proven he can score on any line. "I'm very happy here," he admitted. "They're treating us super. Look around this dressing room, look at all the other improvements. They're really trying to make us happy." "They," of course, arc new owner Mike Hitch and the. new hockey front office of general manager Jimmy Devellano and coach Nick Polano. "They're doing what they can. I just want to do what I can to contribute," Ogrodnick said. And that, my friends, is scoring goals. Speaking once more of scoring goals, at press time Mr. Ogrodnick has amassed 37 of 'em plus a couple bushels full of assists to boot. Contributing? Yes sir and ma'am! Important to the Red Wings? Yes again! Zuke: one of Blues' few bright spots When Emile Francis removed himself as coach of the St. Louis Blues in early January, everyone figured that was only Ukrainian scoring leaders (through games of Thursday, March 31) Player Team M. Bossy, N.Y. Isles S. Smyl, Vancouver D. Hawerchuk, Winnipeg B. Federko, St. Louis J. Ogrodnick, Detroit D. Maruk, Washington D. Babych, Winnipeg M. Krushelnyski, Boston T. Lysiak, Chicago W. Poddubny, Toronto M. Lukowich, Winnipeg W. Babych, St. Louis D. Andreychuk, Buffalo S. Bozek, Los Angeles S. Ludzik, Chicago D. Semenko, Edmonton M. Zuke, St. Louis jA. Antonovich, New Jersey C. Mokosak, Calgary E. Hospodar, Hartford D. Mandich,' Minnesota G. Kluzak, Boston M. Chorney, Pittsburgh D. Sobchuk, Quebec . `. , ` G. Malarchuk, Quebec G. Stefan, Detroit GP 77 73 77 73 78 77 77 77 59 70 71 71 46 47 65 76 42 27 44 68 66 68 63 j 2 14 34 59 38 40 24 37 31 13 23 23 28 22 .16 14 12 6 11 8 7 7 1 3 1 3 1 PTS PIM 116 88 88 82 79 77 72 64 61 57 43 39 36 25 25 24 22 14 13 9 7 6 5 1 II 112 29 22 30 71 56 41 27 71 56 62 16 14 49 141 12 II 87 176 152 107 67 2 57 50 48 58 42 46 59 41 38 29 21 23 22 13 19 13 14 7 6 8 4 5 2 0 840 1787 67 131 4.78 4.40 ; No. 15 "ra u/^^X a first step — a preview of big things to come. But three weeks later, everyone was still waiting for the other shoe to fall. Indeed, by turning over the coaching reins to Barclay Plager it did not appear to be a preliminary move, but the main act itself, in Francis`attempt to straighten out the Blues' sagging fortunes. When Francis turned things over to Plager, he said it was for the purpose of viewing the games from upstairs so he could better analyze what was wrong with the team. Francis said the move would be temporary, for three games. After that time, Francis vowed he'd go the trade route to straighten the mess out, if necessary. Five games later, 10 games later, all games since then, Plager remains be hind the bench and Francis is either unwilling or unable to make any trades. The St. Louis roster was never more stable. There weren't even any game-togame adjustments until injury to winger Jack Carlson forced a line-up change. With Carlson sidelined because of a shoulder injury, Plager shifted Perry Turnbuli from center back to left wing and put Ukrainian Mike Zuke, who had been doing all of his playing from the press box, at center on a line with Turnbuli and fellow Ukrainian Wayne Babych. Zuke, who had spent the bulk of the season with the Blues' top farm team in Salt Lake City of the Central Hockey League, responded with an assist in the Blues' 6-5 victory at Pittsburgh. He then scored his first goal of the year, and the Blues' only goal of the night, in a 4-1 loss to the Philadelphia Flyers. Zuke's return to the line-up and his performance was one of the few bright spots for, as some locals have been apt to call them, the Blahs. St. Louis continued to flounder in third place in the Norris Division, barely staying ahead of the improving Detroit Red Wings. As puzzling as the Blues' problems have been this season, equally puzzling has been the reluctance by the Blues to give Zuke a chance to play regularly. "All I've asked since the first day of training camp is a chance; a chance to do what IVe done for the past three seasons," said Zuke. "IVe always felt I could play in the NHL, but you have to get the chance to play. I don't think I screwed up or played poorly to lose my job. I never got a chance." When Mike arrived at the Blues' training camp in Regina, Sask., in September, Francis had some bad news. "Mr. Francis (note the polite respect ful manner in which this classy young man speaks) told me he wanted to try Perry Turnbuli at center and that he wanted to take a look at Alain Lemieux, " said Zuke. "He never said so in so many words, but it was obvious I would be the odd man out." While Turnbuli, a left winger, and Lemieux, beginning his second pro season, were manning the center posi tion in the Blues' exhibition games, Zuke was demoted to the Salt Lake roster and was back riding the buses for exhibition matches against Junior A teams in Prince Albert and Saskatoon. "It's a little difficult at age 28 and after three good years in the NHL to find yourself playing against Junior A teams," said Zuke, who had averaged 20 goals and 42 assists over the previous three annals. "I found myself playing mind games, worrying about everyone else. Now, I'm just going to worry about myself. I don't mean 111 play my game and not worry about all the other stuff. J f they give me a chance, 111 do what I know I'm capable of doing, and that's playing in the NHL." While Zuke had to wait for an injury to get his chance, it appeared right winger Bobby Crawford might also be getting another chance with the Blues, after Wayne Babych (the second of the three Ukes on the Blues — Bernie Federko being the third) went to the sidelines with a cracked cheekbone, suffered in a fight with Philadelphia's bad bully, Behn (Sucker Punch) Wilson. With Zuke and Crawford forced into the line-up due to injuries, it appeared the Blues finally might make some changes in a bid tosalvagesomerespecta bility from the 1982-83 season. In some 40-odd games with the parent club thus far, Mike Zuke totals over 20 points. He should have been on the ice since the first day of the season. A move Emile Francis regrets today, witnessed by Zuke's regular turn on the ice for several months now. Semenko to fight Edmonton coach and GM Glen Sather has given his-blessing'to a proposed boxing match June !2between Muhammad AH (he's not Ukrainian) and Oilers' tough guy, Dave Semenko (Continued on page IS) At a recent В г в ! я ^ г а ш е ^ е е Ш я З г і В Д ВаІаЬап and Peter Segelsky, visited wWh Mike Krasbelnyski and former Brutes' star Johnny Bucyk. ЖNo. 15 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY ' 9 SUNDAY APRIL 10. 1983 Panorama of Ukrainian culture in the Big Apple by Helen Perozak Smindafc John Taras for the Tchaikovsky Fes tival in 1981. "Souvenir de Florence" will have its first performance this season on April 29, and (barring pro gram changes) will also be performed on May 1,6,12 and 14. Appearing again with the company will be Roma Sosenko, a member of the corps de ballet praised by critics for her excellent work in solo assignments. Easier eggs galore That pysanka which graces the cover of the; April issue of Games magazine (mentioned in my previous column) is a goose egg, which is a bit larger than a chicken's egg. The goose egg was chosen because it provided more room for pysanka artist Luba Perchyshyn to draw a large number of chicken images and the word "chicken" all over it even in Morse Code. The staff of Games magazine, which features puzzles, cryptograms, cross words, acrostics, mazes, and games in logic, words and numbers, is always on the alert for new ways to test its readers' powers of observation. So when man aging editor Jacqueline Damian spotted Ukrainian Easter eggs in some adver tising material that arrived at the office, she saw the possibilities for a puzzle in the intricate patterns. For an inside spread titled "The Egg Hunt" (pages 22-23), 50 pysanky were ordered from the Ukrainian Gift Shop in Minneapolis, run by sisters Luba Perchyshyn and Johanna Luciow and their daughters, Natalie Perchyshyn and Ann Laciow Kmit. The game: find the two eggs in the photo which are alike in every detail. Readers are alerted to the fact that though the jewel-like eggs may look alike at first glance, there are actually subtle difference between them. - Miss Damian reports that "we had a good time with the cover puzzle, hiding 43 chicken images and the word 'chicken' all over the place." . With the solution to the Ukrainian Easter egg hunt given on page 66 and the answer to the cover puzzle on page 72 (not to mention an egg on the index page), Ukrainian pysanky appear to be all over the whole issue. The May issue of Games,will have further mention of pysanky in the Letters Column, sjnce there has been a great deal of reader response to the Easter egg puzzles. The 50 pysanky photographed for the April issue will beexhibited in a display case in the lobby of Games magazine's office building, 515 Madison Ave. Incredibly popular As mentioned in the March 27 Pan orama, pysanky and the batik-deco rating method have received an unusual amount of interest from the media and the public this year. о The Ukrainian Museum's exhibit of pysanky received coverage in The New York Times and other publications, The decorated eggs and the decorating technique were shown on news pro grams and talk shows by several local TV stations, including Channels 5, 7,9 and 13. Among the egg decorators appearing on camera were Sofia Zielyk, Lcsia Lebed and Olenka Czerwoniak. "Continuing a tradition begun three years ago, Miss Zielyk returned to Pamela Duval's flower boutique in Carlton House for another pysankadecorating spree in the shop's mirrored window overlooking Madison Avenue , near 61st Street. Miss Zielyk, an art history major who helps out at The Ukrainian Museum, decorated pysanky as passers-by looked on, between 11 алп–. and 5 p.m. daily from March 28 to A p n l l :-`. ^oHoise ВеП, archivist at the Staten . Island Institute of Arts and Sciences, watched a'neighi)ordecorating pysanky as a child. She visited The Ukrainian Museum's Easter egg exhibit in 1977, Stronghold of culture -:Cover ptioio by Waits Wict The spring calender of the Ukrainian Institute of America at Fifth Avenue and 79th Street, a veritable stronghold of education and culture, is brimming over with courses, lectures, exhibits, workshops, and weekend events that present exciting programs and new artists. In recent weeks, visitors have taken a pilgrimage to the ancient Pochayiv Abbey in the Volhynia region of Ukra ine via a sound and light presentation prepared and narrated by Dr. Ihor Fedoriw. Thanks to actor-vocalist-composer Taras Shipowick, the public has been treated to selections from the musical "Song of Leaving," that recounts the history' of Ukrainian immigration to North America through a synthesis of Ukrainian and English language and diverse musical styles. Mr. Shipowick was backed up by the Chervona Kalyna Orchestra's Oleh Sochan, Oleh Капі– uka, and James Naglla. Singer Bohdnn Andrusyshyn nicely rounded out the program with Ukrainian and interna tional folk songs. On Sunday, March 13, bass-baritone Andrij Dobriansky, tenor Edward Evonko and soprano Marta Kokolska Musijcbuk filled the auditorium with arias and duets by Ukrainian composers Dankewych, A. Rudnytsky, Meytus, Mayboroda, Arkas, Lysenko and Hulak-Artemovsky. Adding further excite ment to the season's final program of the Ukrainian Composers Series, pia nist Juliana Osinchuk and Thomas Hrynkiw teamed up for impressive renditions of the overtures to "Taras Bulba" and "Zaporozhets za Dunayem," arranged for two pianos. "You can count your chickens before they hatch," asserts Games magazine on the cover of its April issue. "Of the 43 seen here, how many can you find?" then taught herself the batik technique concertmaster of the TSO. " Paintings and drawings by Ukrain with the aid of two books "Eggs Beau tiful" and "Ukrainian Easter Eggs" (by ian-born Irene Petrenko-Fedyshyn will Luba Perchyshyn and Johanna Lu be shown at the Ukrainian Artists ciow). Miss Beil, who says that Ukrain Association gallery, 136 Second Ave., ian pysanky are "incredibly popular" from April 17 to 30. Gallery hours are 1 with Staten Islanders, conducted four to 8 p.m. on Saturday and Sunday and 6 decorating sessions on March 26 and 27 to 8 p.m. on weekdays. A member of the at the Staten Island Children's Muse faculty of the art department at CUNY's um. She also held workshops on March John Jay College in New York, the 30 and 31 at the Arts and Sciences artist has participated in group shows in Institute, 75 Stuyvesant Place, where a New York and Chicago and has given Also held-a seminar on the impact few parishioners of Staten Island's Holy individual shows at the Niagara Falls of the Ukrainian Kozaks on`Lfkrainian Trinity Ukrainian Catholic Church Gallery, the EKO Gallery in Detroit and history, conducted by Dr. Frank Sysyn mounted an Easter season exhibit of the Ukrainian Institute in New York. of the Harvard Ukrainian Research Ukrainian pysanky, embroidery, ce She received her undergraduate and Institute, and a all-day career coun ramics, inlay-adorned wood objects, graduate training in art at Hunter seling session held for students and College and also studied at Columbia and a small icon. University and the Art Students' young professionals by the Ukrainian American Professionals and BusinessLeague of New York. persons. Noteworthy events о Toronto's popular Zahrava Drama This weekend's schedule calls for a Ensemble is billed for a return engage 'Nicholas Swyrydenko, a Kent State ment in the Big Apple on April 17, this journalistic symposium on April 9, chaired by Oiha Kuzmpwycz, and an University graduate who hit town a time with a comedy on a contemporary couple of years ago, is directing Sam theme. Zahrava will present "Viva, opera workshop performance this after Shepard's "Geography of a Horse Boyko" at 3 p.m. at Washington Irving noon at 2:30 of "The Marriage of Dreamer" this weekend for the Belltow- High School, Irving Place and East 16th Figaro." directed by Mr. Dobriansky and Miss Osinchuk. er Playhouse in Canaan, Conn. As Street. April events include another young о Andrij Dobriansky and Paul Plishsistant director is George (Koko) Kamintkyj, who holds a degree in com ka hit the road with the Metropolitan professionals' career-planning pro gram, this one stressing financial plan Opera company on April 18 for the 1983 munication arts from St. John's Univer sity. The play, starring James Moriarty, sjjring tour, stopping in Atlanta, ning (April 15), the institute's major an Timothy Hanson, John Mackay, La wry Memphis, Dallas, Detroit, Minneapo presentation in 1983, the Alexis GritSmith and John Steiner, will be pre lis, Cleveland, Boston and Washington. chenko Centennial Exhibition (opening sented in Manhattan from April 13 to Mr. Dobriansky will sing in "Adriana April 16), the New York debut of the 16, at 8 p.m., at the Theater Downstairs, Lecouvreur" and "Boris Godunov." It's School of Bandura performing en 7 E. 15th St. "Geography of a Horse rumored that Mr. Plishka, who is semble "Echo of the Steppes" (April 17), Dreamer" centers around a cowboy- scheduled to sing in "Macbeth" and and the key event of the spring calendar, type figure from.the West who is "Boris," may be called on to undertake a lecture by HURI`s Dr. James Mace on the role be's been dreaming of— the . "The Great Famine - 1 9 3 3 " (April 23). kidnapped by gangsters. The annual student concert of ` he e Violinist Steven Staryk of Toronto lead role in "Boris.Godunov.'" Ukrainian Music Institute of New will be with' the Toronto Symphony . e The New Ypdc-CSty Ballet; which York is scheduled for the 24th and ь tri Orchestra when it gives a ioncert at - ushers its spring season on April 27, has bute to poet-lyricist-composer Roman Carnegie Hall on April 16. "Mr.Staryk; scheduled several performances of the (Continued on page 16) often called "the violinist's violinist," U" ballet choreographed by ballet master 10 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Music institute's gala concert There are various types and grades of concerts. Student recitale or local artists create a family atmosphere. Much more rewarding artistically are concerts featuring performers who are nationally known. But. infinitely more thrilling are gala concerts featuring internationally famous stars. Just such a gala concert is being organized by alumni and friends of the Ukrainian Music Institute of America Inc. (UMIA) in celebration of the 30th anniversary of the institute's founding. This gala event is being dedicated to the UMIA`s chief organizer and first direc tor, pianist and educator Prof. Roman Sawycky. Noted performers international renown: concert pianist Lydia Artymiw and bass Paul Plishka. Their program will feature international music classic^ as well as Ukrainian music. The gala program is set for Sunday, April 24, at 6 p.m. inj?hiladelphia's choice "alra` newly buiffconcert hall at the Port of History Museum on Penn's Landing, which is located in the fashionable section of the city known as Society Hill, at Market and Front streets. The musician who first conceived the idea for such an event and who heads the concert committee is pianist and educator Natalie Kotowych, a teacher at the nationally famous Settlement Music School in Philadelphia who is the current president of the UMIA. Chosen to perform will be stars of Lydia Artymiw Lydia Artymiw "A very accomplished artist, who evidently gives a great deal of thought to the music she plays," wrote The New York Times, while the Philadelphia Inquirer exclaimed: "Lydia Artymiw is a wonder." The London Daily Tele graph stated that she "is a pianist who possesses the qualities we associate with the most striking international talent." Born in Philadelphia to Ukrainian parents. Miss Artymiw began piano studies at 4 with George Oransky (UMIA) and appeared with the Phila delphia Orchestraat 8. whilestudyingat the Curtis Institute. A graduate of the Philadelphia College for the Performing Arts, she studied with Gary Graffman for 10 years. Miss Artymiw has garnered top prizes in. competitions including the SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 No. 15 1972 Kosciuszko Foundation Chopin Competition and the 1976 Leventritt, both in New York, and in the 1978 Leeds International Piano Competition in England. Miss Artymiw displays an impressive list of artistic achievements, in recital, as a soloist with orchestra, and as a chamber musician. Her recordings for the Chandos label in England have won her great critical acclaim as well, and her debut recording (Variations by Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven and Men delssohn) was a Gramophone Critic's Choice and Best of the Year (1980) disc. Miss Artymiw was featured on the June 1981 cover of Gramophone Maga zine in conjunction with the release of her second album, all Schumann. Chan dos has also reached a digital Chopin album and the Tchaikovsky "Seasons." A Schubert recording will be released Paul Plishka this spring. In recent seasons, Miss Artymiw has "National Company, he was one of the appeared as soloist with many of the few singers to be accepted by Rudolf world's leading orchestras,, including Bing into the parent company. His the Boston Symphony, Cleveland Or debut in "La Gioconda` in 1967 was chestra, New York Philharmonic, and memorable, and he has since appeared the National, San Francisco, Detroit. in over 40 roles at the Met - perhaps Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Seattle and the most successful being Ramfis Cincinnati symphonies in this country ("Aida"), Pimen ( Boris Godunov"), and with the Munich Philharmonic, Procida ("Les Vepres Siciliennes")and Berlin R1AS, Scottish National^ BBC Sarastro ("Die Zauberflote"). Other American companies with Northern and Helsinki Philharmonic which he has appeared include the orchestras abroad. She has toured National Opera of Washington, and the Germany and England annually since Pittsburgh and New Orleans companies. 1977 and made her European debut in Rome and Milan in 1975. During the 1974-75 season he made his European debut at l,a Scaia (Milan) as Mephistofeles in "La Damnation de Paul Plishka Faust." The following season he made The American basso cantante Paul first appearances a: the Vienna State Plishka, who was born in Old Forge, Opera as Pimen and at the Paris Grand Pa., is of Ukrainian ancestry - a fact Opera as Padre Guardiano ("La Forza which his voice surely reflects in its del Destino"). extraordinary wide range, nobility and The year 1977 saw his triumphant richness. debut at Covent Garden. (London) in Mr. Plishka's teacher and mentor, one of his finest roles - Ramfis in Armen Boyajian — to whom he was "Aida" as conducted by Ricardo Muti. first introduced as a schoolboy of 17 — Early in 1981 he toured Europe's major has been responsible for his intense theatres again with great success per vocal training. Through the guidance of forming the part of Pimen a: La Scala. Mr. Plishka's recordings for interna Mr. Boyajian^ Mr. Plishka won` the Baltimore Opera Auditions at age 23; tional labels include major parts in this led to his engagement by the "Anna Bolena,""I Puritani.""Norma," "Turandot"" and world premiere Metropolitan Opera of New York. "Le Cid" by Mas Previously a member of the Met's recordings of senet and "Gemma di Vergy" by Doni zetti. In 1978-79 Mr. Plishka expanded his repertoire with striking renditions of Ukrainian songs by Mykola Lysenko, United States are Sweden, West Ger Vasyl Barvinsky, Lev Revutsky, My many, Norway, Switzerland, Denmark, kola Fomenko and others. His record of Italy and France. There are now thou these, "Songs of Ukraine," is a land sands of curling teams in Canada and mark in Ukrainian vocal music and has the United States, and it is extremely been called "quite imposing" and "ex difficult to win provincial and state cellent" by the journal American championships. To win a national title Record Guide. verges on the miraculous. Canadian Curling Champion Were Accomplished accompanist nich is a 35-year-old firefighter from Toronto. However, he grew up in In the Philadelphia gala concert, Mr. Benito, Man., where some of his family Plishka will be accompanied by Thomas still lives. Many curling champions have Hrynkiw, a highly accomplished con come from Manitoba. cert pianist in his own right. When contacted by this reporter on All-in-all the night of April 24 in the day after her son had won the Philadelphia promises to become the Canadian Championship, Ed's mother, artistic and social event of the highest Mrs. Mike Werenich, expressed some magnitude - a night to remember. bewilderment over the whole affair. Speaking in Ukrainian, she confessed that she had watched her son on tele vision, but would not admit to any kind of excitment. "I don't understand the WINNIPEG - Dr. Michael Ewan- t game very well," she said. chuk, a Winnipeg author, is complet That may be so, but the Werenich ing a book about Ukrainians who went? family and Ukrainians everywhere to Hawaii as sugar-cane contract should be proud of Ed Werenich. They laborers in 1898-1903. He would like to should also be proud of Lukowich, who contact and receive further information accepted second place in a gracious for his book from children and descen manner on national Canadian tele dants of those who resettled in Canada vision on March 13. Werenich was and the United States. Please write to: equally gracious, and the tears in his Dr. Ewanchuk, 828 Borebank St., eyes proved that this was an important Winnipeg, Manitoba; Canada R3N `evenr.-- `- . ' - iv.v.` cT .-.-.у 'Л -гул - 1G4. - ssitf mat,.' -..-..\;.-vv. a v.-, едда'г -v curlir All-Ukrainian final marks world curling championship by Michael Czuboka WINNIPEG - On Sunday, March 13, the Canadian Curling Champion ship was decided in Sudbury, Ont., when Alberta's Ukrainian Canadian Ed Lukowich and Ontario's Ukrainian Canadian Ed Werenich squared off in a final game. Werenich's team of four curlers won the championship by defeating Luko wich's four-man team by a score of 7 to 3. Werenich will play for the Air Ca nada Silver Broom world champion ship at Regina, Sask., on April 11-18. The last Ukrainian Canadian world curling champion was Orest Meleschuk of Winnipeg, who won in 1972. According to Ralph Bagley of the Winnipeg Free Press, in Saturday's semi-final game against British Colum bia "...Werenich was almost a one-man show. He made spectacular double kills on the fifth and seventh ends, and sandwiched around a triple kill in the sixth." His curling on Sunday was equally brilliant. Tire exciting and dramatic Canadian championship game on March 13 was preceded by a week of round-robin competition from which "skips" or captains Lukowich and .iWerenich emerged on top with identical 10-1 records. Werenich's only loss was to Lukowich. Championship teams or "rinks" from the 10 Canadian provinces and the Northwest Territories partici pated in this very popular and nationally televised Canadian event. Those unfamiliar with curling should note that the game requires a great deal of skill, athletic ability and many years of practice to achieve championship calibre, in essence, 42-pound curling stones are aimed at 12-foot bulls-eye targets painted into the ice about 126 feet away. Each of the four players oh a team delivers two rocks, and the ob jective is to come as close as possible to the "button," or bulls-eye. Opponents' rocks are also purposely knocked out. The captains usually have the most difficult shots because they shoot last. "Skips" are also the strategists and leaders. To some extent, a curling rink resembles a kind of giant shuffle board, and the objectives of both games are somewhat similar. Curling, however, is much more difficult to master. Curling probably began in Scotland and the Netherlands about 300 years ago. It is very popular in Canada and in many of the northern United States. Other modern world powers in curling besides Canada, Scotland and the Author seeks information \ No. 15 Named corporation head NEW YORK - Dr. Joseph V. Charyk, long-time president and chief executive of the Communication Satellite Corporation, was named chairman of the board effective May 20. Dr. Charyk, 62, will replace John D. Harper, who is retiring, and will continue as chief executive. Irving Goldstein, a lawyer, will become president. An expert in satellite technology who has been with the company for 20 years, Dr. Charyk was born in Alberta on September 9,1920. After completing his undergraduate work at the University of Alberta, he studied at the California Institute of Technology, receivingfirsta master's degree and then a doctorate in 1946. From 1946 to 1955 he taught at Princeton University, became a U.S. citizen and helped establish the Guggen heim Jet Propulsion Center and the Forestal Research Center. He then joined the Lockheed Air craft Corporation as director of' its aerophysics and chemisfry laboratory. A short time latet, he became the first director of the missile technology laboratory at Aeronautic Systems Inc., a division of the Ford Motor Com pany. In 1959, Dr. Charyk became chief scientist for the Air Force. Six months later he was named an assistant secre tary for research and development, and six months after that. Air Force under secretary. In 1963, he was named president and chief executive of the Communication Satellite Corporation, and chairman of the board of Comsat, a wholly owned subsidiary. Dr. Charyk is a member of several professional and scientific organiza tions. In 1945 he married Edwina Elizabeth Rhodes. The couple have four children, William, Joseph, Christopher and Diane. THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Notes on people on his own work. Both like to conduct whole programs from memory rather than with the music in front of them. The success of Mr. Kuchar`s conduct ing efforts has led the Capetown Sym phony to arrange more conducting dates for the young maestro in addition to his work as a soloist. Mr. Kuchar and his family are all members of UNA Branch 25 in Cleve land. Rudnytsky on tour YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio - Concert pianist Roman Rudnytsky recently fulfilled performing engagements in Scotland. y^ . Foremost among these was his re cording for broadcast of the SaintSaens Concerto No. 5 in F with the BBC Scottish Orchestra in Glasgow. He also played a recital for the Dollar Music Society in the town of Dollar, county of Clackmannanshire. On April 14, Mr. Rudnytsky will appear as soloist with the Asheville (North Carolina) Symphony in Shostakovich's Concerto No. 2. He will then travel to eastern Canada, whereon April 17 he will give a recital at the Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. This will mark his third engagement at the center. On May 22, Mr. Rudnytsky will perform the Brahms Concerto No. 2 in В Flat with the Cleveland Philharmonic Orchestra (a community orchestra) at the Cuyahoga County Community College Metro Campus. Accepted as AF cadet Makes good in Capetown CAPETOWN, South Africa - A 22year-old Ukrainian from Cleveland has been making quite an impression here as a principal violist and sometime conductor with the Capetown Sym phony Orchestra. Theodore (Ted) Kuchar, an honors graduate from the Cleveland Institute of Music, has been in Capetown since last August. In addition to playing and conducting, he also teaches at the University of Capetown. He made his conducting debut with the orchestra on January 16 with a program that included the works of Dvorak, Tchaikovsky and Sarasate. The concert, performed at City Hall, received favorable reviews in the local press, with one reviewer noting that the young conductor "made a tremendous impression." Mr. Kuchar attributes his love of music to strong family influences, particularly his maternal grandfather, Ukrainian violinist and composer Ro man Prydatkevytch. By no means a child prodigy, Ted began studying violin at the relatively old age of 11, but hated practicing. By the time he was 17, however, music had become an obses sion, and about this time he switched to the viola. While a student at the Cleveland Institute of Music, Mr. Kuchar received fellowships to Tanglewood`s Berkshire Music Center, where he had an op portunity while playing in the student orchestra to study under Colin Davis, Seiji Ozawa, Andre Previnand Gunther Schuller. In Cleveland, he also had the chance to study with conductor Lorin Maazel, whom he cites as an important influence Carol Ptasznik COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo\ During the annual acceptance parade, Carol Ptasznik, daughter of Chester and Irene Ptasznik of Illion, N.Y., was officially accepted into the U.S. AX Force Academy's Cadet Wing as a member of the class of 1986. The parade followed six weeks of rigorous basic cadet training at the Colorado Springs academy. Training in military, customs and courtesies, drill and physical conditioning, tactical exercises and the firing of weapons introduced the basic cadets to military life under the program. The academy is a four-year educa tional institution graduating men and women to serve as career Air Force officers. In addition to military training. 11 SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 the academy offers athletics and an academic curriculum which includes basic and engineering sciences, social sciences and the humanities. The new cadet has earned the honor of being valedictorian of the class of 1982. She was an active school leader, winner of major scholarships and academic medals. Miss Ptasznik is granddaughter of the late John and Apolonia Bobyk of Buchach, Ukraine. Named A-l engineer lion from the University of Maryland in 1972 and a master's degree in special education from Loyola College in 1974. She presently teaches special education in Harford County. He and his wife reside in Fallston, Md. Cat judge returns , WINNIPEG - John Bodner, former cat columnist for the Winnipeg Tri bune, recently returned from Japan, where he traveled to be a judge in cat shows in several cities. Mr. Bodner has judged major cat shows throughout North America. He is the grandson of Ukrainian pioneer settlers who came to Manitoba in 1898 and settled in the Stuartburn-Vita area where Mr. Bodner grew up. Skater takes gold medal Jan Kaczmarek BALTIMORE - Jan Kaczmarek of Maryland recently received the Out standing Young Engineer Award from the Baltimore Engineers' Council. Mr. Kaczmarek, the son of Spirydon and Maria Kaczmarek of Baltimore, immigrated with his parents from Germany at the age ol 15. He attended Baltimore Polytechnic Institute and graduated from the University of Mary land in 1971 with a bachelor of science degree in civil engineering. In 1976, Mr. Kaczmarek was licensed as a professional engineer in the state of Maryland. The recent award was largely based on his design and construction manage ment of a Helicopter Med-Evac Facility and Aviation Headquarters for the Maryland State Police, which opened last July at the Glenn L. Martin State Airport. He currently works for the state as an assistant capital projects administrator. Among his present duties, he manages the construction of a S28 million prison complex at Hagerstown, which is sche duled to open in the spring of 1985. His technical experience is not only limited to engineering. In 1982, the state's Department of Licensing and Regulation approved his eligibility to become a registered architect. Mr. Kaczmarek is a member of the National Society of Professional Engineers, xAmerican Society of Civil Engineers and has been involved in the American Society of Plumbing Engineers. In 1979 he was appointed by the Maryland Harford County Council to the Harford County Water and Sewer Technical Advisor Committee. He advises the council on various matters from establishing adequate water rates to the contruction of new water and sewage treatment plants. Mr. Kaczmarek has been married for 11 years. His wife Patrice Anne received a bachelor of science degree in educa- EDMONTON - A 16-year-old skater who incorporates Ukrainian dance steps into his freestyle skating program has won the first gold medal for the Alberta team at the Canada Winter Games in Chicoutimi, Que., reported Ukrainian News. Michael Slipchuk of the Royal Glenora Club in Edmonton won the medal on February 23, beating out two Que bec skaters who took the silver and the bronze. Michael began figure skating six years ago in an effort to improve his hockey skills. After three years, how ever, he decided to drop hockey and concentrate on figure skating. The Ukrainian dance steps in his program are a result of his work with the Zirka dancers of St. Andrew's Ukrainian Orthodox Church, with whom he has been dancing since the age of 4. Pysanka course offered Sandy Bakovych PHOENIX, Ariz. - Through the efforts of Sandy Bakovych, assistant professor of art and a member of the faculty senate of Northern Arizbna University, a one semester-hour credit course on pysanky has been intro duced into the regular spring schedule of visual arts courses. f Art 398, an upper-division level elective course, deals with the аії of! decorating Ukrainian Easter egj well as Ukrainian traditions, legi symbolism and music. It also incl examples of other related folk arts Sjpch as embroidery, wood inlay and cera while providing some historical geographical background. Ms. Bakovych, a practicing arjjst, teacher and juror of numerous m and university art exhibits, has demonstrating the art of decorafing Ukrainian Easter eggs in Arizona; many years as well as exhibiting unique pysanky creations. a m 12 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 not only an ideologically desirable framework, but a very useful one. 175 (Continued from page 7) The only problem was that the peasants were not interested in joining the socialized farms. Despite very apparently not done for the rural areas. intensive pressure, some stiH showed little interest in It seems that the government placed these stocks 1932. And many of those who did become collective elsewhere during the winter of 1933-34 because they farm members could hardly be described as being in felt that they "...could not possibly expect any c o favor of the system. When this recalcitrance was operation from the peasants in the event of war with a c o m b i n e d with bungling a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , loss of foreign power."165 draught power, and heavy government requisition, it can be understood why the socialized farms did not do 3. Industrial labor force well at first. Even so. Stalin was dedicated tc their expansion. Though the industrial workers did not die from The famine, it soon became apparent, provided a starvation, their rations were not abundant. If the method for driving the last of the diehards onto the foreign correspondents did not acknowledge-famine in state or collective farms, or out of existence. If the rural areas, there was an admission of a general conditions were tough on the socialized farms the and severe food shortage. 166 Eugene Lyons records S o v i e t s made sure that they were worse o n the that: independent farms. 176 The result was a certain transfer ''...the search'for food, the struggle for sheer to the socialized sector. physical subsistence monopolized men's minds and But on independent and socialized farms alike, the drained their energies. Men changed their trades, their government was confronted with a widespread passive creeds, their friends in the hope of a little more resistance. As Lyons put it, there had arisen "...a sunflower seed oil or tea or bread. A full meal became supine despair manifest in indifference, laziness, life's central preoccupation for the mass of the neglect." "None of it," he"continues, "was by design." population." 167 Rather, "It was an expression of ultimate hopeless Presumably those who worked in factories were ness, a natural catastrophe of the human spirit, a nonbetter off than the rest of the population because they 16 cooperation movement that was akin to mass suicide." were fed at the plant. " If, however, conditions at Blaming the peasants for the catastrophe would be many plants were like those at the showpiece Kharkiv like, he s a y s , blaming "...draught animals for tractor works, there was a very limited ration. Fred collapsing under the excessive load." 177 Beat, who was what we might now call the public Stalin, however, did not look at things this way. He relations director a n d contact man for the foreign considered t h e peasant's reaction as deliberate workers at the plant, records that even "The large sabotage. 17 ' Consequently, he was not prepared to colony or privileged foreign workers...subsisted on a lower the grain d e m a n d s . ' 7 9 We have seen the starvation diet"169 But even mare than this, they consequences. "...were in despair at having to work along starving^ 170 stupefied and dazed Russian workers." He also His attitude may also have been related t o the indicates that: location of the famine - which was found in areas which had proved troublesome before These included "In the spring of 1933 the Stalin government feared the fiercely independent Ukraine, the North Caucasus that a general peasant revolt might break out at any (home of the D o n Cossacks) and Kazakhstan. Not time. The collective farming system was a shambles only were the residents of these areas a thorn in the and the ruling dictatorship was afraid that the factory Soviet's side, but they were a relatively unskilled group workers would be left completely without food. 0 Orders were issued to every industrial plant in the of which Russia already had great numbers." Hence, why lower procurements when the famine would take Soviet Union for all workers to put in so much of their care of these annoyances? 151 time in planting their own gardens and raising their Or at least so it has been charged: Chamberlin own products." 171 alleges: "The government had in reserve and was The poor food conditions also led t o a turnover prepared to employ the last and sharpest weapon in problem as workers fled from plant to plant in order to the armory of class warfare: organized famine." 3 secure enough food. 172 Ammende felt that the Soviet government exploited It appears, then, that the industrial workers were the famine in order systematically t o destroy certain probably fed little more than was necessary to keep 73 categories of people. 183 them alive.' It is hard to see how the minimal amount It appears, then, that famine was effectively utilized of food directed to this use could be uniquely blamed as a means of breaking the resistance of the peasants to for famine in the country. If it were just a matter of the new s y s t e m . " 4 T h e result w a s "...the final feeding the industrial forces, the food supply probably stabilization of the collective system of agriculture and would have been sufficient. And surely food for the the breaking of the old mode of life throughout the cities could have been obtained in a more humane whole of Ukraine."" 5 manner. I On balance, this writer would suggest that it was not C. Rural overpopulation the provision of food for the industrial forces,in the cities which made famine acute in the country. Rather, It was suggested in the previous section that the the reasons seem to center around the export of food S o v i e t leaders m a y n o t have been particularly for foreign exchange and, t o a lesser extent, the concerned about the loss of life in the rural areas stockpiling of military war chests. The procurement of because of the large peasant population. food, however, was not the only factor behind the The fact that agriculture, already weakened, could famine. і, keep going at all after the loss 5 million or so people, indicates that there may have been a rural overpopula B. Control over agriculture tion. That is, there may have been a greater population in the rural areas than was necessary to produce the In order to obtain control over agriculture — existing output of food. Exact determination of this particularly of food for the purposes noted in the overpopulation for 1933 would be complicated by the previous section — the Soviets placed great emphasis lack of vital statistics, and by the fact that large on state and then collective farms. 174 When these were numbers of urban workers were sent out in the tied in with machine tractor stations, the leaders had industrial brigades. 1932-34 Great Famine... No. 15 Nevertheless, it does appear that there was - at the start of the collectivization period anyway - a ratal overpopulation. A study of the Soviet investigations on this subject suggests that the figure was at least 10 percent, and may have been considerably higher. 184 Overpopulation, however, was proportionately great outside the area hit worst by famine. 187 And it appears that rural overpopulation was greater before the collectivization drive started than from the end of 1930 onward (this could have been due in part to the extensive migration of the starving to the cities). 188 Even so, this tendency to overpopulation would explain why the 10 percent or so mortality in many villages 1 8 9 c o u l d , t o s o m e e x t e n t , be absorbed. Whether the leaders had counted on this while the famine raged is not clear, but since the issue of overpopulation had been debated by the economic planners in the late 1920s, 190 there is a possibility that it may have been considered. The longer-run attitude of the leaders towards the whole famine was perhaps well summarized in the words of Petrovsky: "We know that millions are dying. That is unfortunate, but the glorious future of the Soviet Union will justify that."191 165. Walker, op. cit. (February 27), p. 14, 166. See, for example, the articles by Walter Dummy in The New York Times in 1932; September 29 (p. 6.); October 4 (p. 11); November 13 (II, p. 4), 17 (p. 6), 25 (p. 1), 26(p. 9). 167. Lyons, op. cit., pp. 179, 180 and 241. 168. See Duranty, op. cit. (November 13, 17, 25). 169. Beal, op. cit., p. 236. 170. Ibid., p. 239. 171. Ibid., p. 262. This remark'is in interesting contrast with an earlier statement trade by Beal in his official capacity that "In the spring of 1933, the foreigners decided to have a collective farm of thetr\own." (Fred Beal, "Foreign Workers in a Soviet Tractor Plant," Moscow, 1933, p. 47). 172. Kulischer, op. cit., p. 99. 173. This point is also suggested by Williams, op. cit. (February 24), p. 28. 174. It is an interesting parallel that large estates provided most of the pre-revolutionary exports of grain as well as the food supply for cities (Fisher, op. cit., pp. 470, 481). 175. Fainsod, loc. cit.; Erlich, loc. cit.; Roy Laird, "Collective Farming in Russia," University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, 1958, pp. 56-57. 176. Ammende, op. cit., pp. 89, 179. 177. Lyons, op. cit., p. 491. 178. See his letter to Sholokhov (Khrushchev, op. cit.). 179. Chamberlin, op. cit. (April 1934), p. 504. The same attitude underlay the "Iron Broom" policy of the period of military communism. The results were about the same (Fisher, op. cit., pp. 487, 499). 180. Ammende, op. cit., p. 152. 181. There is a curious parallel here with the action of the Soviet authorities in 1921 when the government not only withheld news of famine conditions in Ukraine, but levied a food) tax and continued to ship out grain. Fisher indicated that j"One cannot escape the feeling that fear or political expediency, or both, influenced the official policy in these regions." (Fisher, op. cit., pp. 261-266). 18І Chamberlin, op. cit. (1934), p. 82. 183: Ammende, op. cit., p. 90, also see p. 146. 184. Chamberlin, op. cit. (1934), p. 88. Also see Dallin, op. cit., p. 165, and Herbert S. Dinerstein, "Communism and the Russian Peasant," The Free Press, Glencoe, 1955, p. 35, footnote. 185 Manning, op. cit, p. 102. 186, Nancy Baster, "Agrarian Overpopulation in the USSR, 1921-1940," Columbia University, Faculty of Political Science, M. S. thesis, May 1949, p. 75. 187J Ibia., p. 57. I88.J Ibid., p. 69. I89.J Schiller, op. cit., p. 79; Chamberlin. op. cit. (April 1935),ip. 435. 190.' Baster, op. cit., p. 4. J 9 | J Beal, op. cit., p. 255. A similar statement was reported to have been made by another Communist, Sklar (Andrew Smith, "Russia - a Starved Nation." New York Evening Journal. May 29. 1935, p. 6). (y^re^sa^rere^^^t^e^r^e^we^ie^^.'i'MwreX'eWrmifgifg'WHMe^Wfc UKRAINIAN MUSEUM 203 Second Avenue New York. N.Y. 10003 UKRAINIAN SITCH SPORTS SCHOOL An Unforgettable Learning Experience LEARN SOCCER. VOLLEYBALL. S W I M M I N G or T E N N I S FROM AN OUTSTANDING STAFF THAT HAS BEEN WOODCARVING WORKSHOP April 16 - June 18, 1983 a Participants mil learn techniques sod styles used in Ukrainian folk Art. a This course is open to adults and students aft t w i n and above. a All materials for workshops art covered by registration fee. Adult (40.00 Members: S3S.0O Students and Senior Citizens: S30.00 Children: Free time: 1:30 - 4:30 p,m. Advance registrationrequired- (212) 2284110 HANDPICKED TO WORK WITH ALL AGES 8. ABILITY GROUPS. Place: "Verkhovyna" Resort, Glen Spey, N. Y. When: July 24 - August 20, 1983 a Ages - 6-16 Register now - Capacity is limited - For information write to: . Ukrainian Sitch Sports School 680 Sanford Avenu m Newark, N.J. 07106 FUNDED IN PART BY NEW YORK`STATE COUNCIL ON THE ARTS. ±іщг^т^^ієящ0^^^т^ююі^юю^жтяї(шя!4!ії!ік?шк 'ifrJi^aaaeiei?isI'e^Sfc-v-5'.-; аїй^-лві ?±stii.±-\Z.-.i: `: ::--.i- ;-\?b:^rfK '-г-йі-.– J.r-ул. `S.^l': -`` JviiHlff^;.: ^ЛІІІЇ; Л ` .'..і. -. ІІ-ЯУ J.'v^ ^ ' t ^ j f e ^ . w . , . No. 15 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY August 16-31, 1932 (Continued front p a p 7) Phillip also suffered because he was kicked out of school; the father was forbidden to teach his son, and soon afterward the family was exiled to Siberia. However, Phillip was not allowed to go with his parents. He was sent to his uncle's house but he,too,was exiled to Siberia. The townspeople advised Phillip to escape to Bessarabia, which he did, alone. On August 24, the headlines in Svoboda read:"Peasants Do Not Want to Harvest Grain in the Soviet Union." The subhead said: "In the Poltava region, less ftian one-tenth of the grain has been harvested." From Moscow reports came that peasants refused to harvest wheat because they could not get any of the supplies they needed for daily existence. The report from Moscow also stated that the world economic crisis had not helped the Soviets obtain the goods they needed for their citizens. They said that if the foreign countries would give the Soviet Union new credit lines, then they would be able to obtain the goods needed for their citizens. The next day, August 25, Svoboda carried a news summary about the recently concluded AllUkrainian Conference of the Communist Party in Kharkiv, where, according to various reports, the words "hunger" and "famine" were not even mentioned. At the end of August the headlines became even more gruesomc.The August 30 headline read: "Bolsheviks Execute Starving People." Five peasants in Ukraine were shot for stealing grain from collective farms,according to the news from Moscow, According to the TASS wire service, Ukrainian peasants in Ukraine, Moldavia, the Crimean region and Caucasus area secretly ground the grain and hid it from the government. Peasants working the fields snipped off the ears from the sheaves and left the stalks of the wheat to be harvested for the government. The Moscow agency said this was peasant sabotage. On August 31, Svoboda reported on the "Horrible Scenes of Hunger in Soviet Ukraine." The newspaper received news from American Boston, Mass. and Vicinity students who were traveling from Kiev to Moscow and who spoke Russian well enough to be able to converse with the peasants. According to the students: "Peasants leave their villages and travel to towns to find at least a few crumbs of bread. Often the peasants leave their children on the streets, hoping God's will would take care of them." Around the world: In Europe, Adolf Hitler and his National Socialists continued to cause trouble for the Hindenburg government. Hitler as head of the largest party, demanded the chancellorship for himself-all or nothing. James A. Mollison, a British pilot, completed the first westbound trans-Atlantic solo flight from Portmarnock, Ireland to Pennfield, New Brunswick. Vatican City reported that the Soviet government was planning to liquidate all Orthodox churches by December 31, 1933. The Vatican paper reported that the Soviets planned to leave 20 Catholic churches standing to serve the 2 million Catholics in the country. PENNA. ANTHRACITE REGION UNA BRANCHES will hold an UNA District Committee of Massachusetts and Maine announces thai ANNUAL DISTRICT COMMITTEE MEETING ANNUAL DISTRICT COMMITTEE MEETING Sunday, April 17,1983 at 2:00 p.m. St. Michael Ukrainian Catholic Church Hall will be held Saturday, April 16, 1983 at 6:00 p.m. at the Ukrainian Catholic Church Hall West Oak tV 2nd Street, FRACKVILLE. Pa. Officers, Convention Delegates and Representatives of the following UNA Branches are invited to attend: Berwick, 164, 333 Lehighton, 389 Northumberland, 357 Centralia, 90 Mahanoy City. 305 Shenandoah, 98 Frackville, 2 4 2 . 382 McAdoo, 7 Shamokin, 1 Frtaiand, 429 Minersvllle, 7 8 , 1 2 9 , 265 S t Clalr, 9, 3 1 , 228 Hazleton, 85 M t Carmel, 2 148 Forest Hills Street. JAMAICA PLAINS, М а м . All members of the District Committee, Convention Delegates and Branch Officers of the following UNA Branches are requested to attend: 178 in Manchester, 181 in Topshan, Maine, 224 in Salem and 238. 307, 374 in Boston. M a n . PROGRAM: PROGRAM: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. fhtthw of presidium for v u Bjatrtts of prDcedubz eneetiag Reports of District Coosarttee Officers Dtscassioo onreportstad acceptance Election of District CojMRitttt Offitef a Address of ВІД Seprcee Organaer STEFAN HAWRYSZ Qatstion and answer Adoption of District Program for 1933 ОМА font "НОЯ OF DESiUff" will be shorn Opening Election of presidium for annual meeting Minutes of preceding meeting Reports of District Committee Officers Discussion onreportsand acceptance Election of District Committee Officers Address of UNA Supreme President DR. JOHN 0. FLIS Question and answer Adoption of District Program for 1983 Discussion and Resolutions Adjourment After the meeting UNA film "HELM OF DESTINr will be shown. S t e f a n H a w r y S Z , UNA Supreme Organizer Meeting will be attended by: UNA District Committee D r . J o h n O . F l i S , UNA Supremo President All UNA members and all Ukrainians of the Anthracite Area are invited to attend this meeting. ^ЬЇ^^І0^Ьі1^ЬЛЛ4Ь0Ь0Ь0Ь^^^Л^0Ь0Ь^0иЬ0Ь^й T. Butrey, Chairman m A. Slovik, Treasurer ei H. Slovik, Secretary Woonsocket, R.I. A Vicinity eoeo.oeeeeeeeoeoeeeoi UNA DISTRICT COMMITTEE announces that t 13 SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 1 Є Rochester, N.Y. ANNUAL DISTRICT COMMITTEE MEETING ANNUAL DISTRICT MEETING OF UNA BRANCHES will be held will be held Sunday, April 17,1983 at 1:00 p.m. at St. Michael Ukrainian Orthodox Church Hall Sunday, April 17,1983 at 2:30 p.m. at ma Ukrainian Civic Center, esi Joseph Avenue, Rochester, N.Y. 74 Harris Avenue m WOONSOCKET, R.I. Invited and obligated to attend, are officers of the District Committee, representatives from each Branch and convention delegates of the following Branches: invited and obligated to attend, are officers of the District Committee, representatives 7 3 , 1 7 7 in ProvHwnce, 93 in Central Falls, 122 in Taunton, 2 0 8 8. 2 4 1 in Woonsocket, R.I. 3 6 , 6 6 . 8 9 . 2 1 7 . 285. 289, 316, 343, 367 and 437 from each Branch and convention deleptes of the following Branches: PROGRAM: PROGRAM: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. . 1. Opening 2. Election of presidium for annual meeting 3. Minutes of procedrrrg meeting 4. Reports of District Committee Officers 5. Discussion onreportsand acceptance 6. Election of OtatrictCoemittM Officers 7. Address of l i H e j a w Оіаиаітаг SgfAM HAWTO IT. Quiiiliun nnJ птиці . 9.' Adoption of tJvUBl.Pjugiam foe 1983 10. OiscWion sad ieisoertteas `` -. И . Л в а а в й е м - ' ї ' ' ` - 9, Adoption of District Program for 1983 11. ; ``tfifar' `-" flfljiaimial After ttooeetinj REFRESHMENTS wiO be served. Ш^^тШ^тЛШ-^ШМОГЛШт-тіПілЛст. Prestrt t. ^e V?etiig кі!! I?' Opening Election of presidium for annual meeting Minutes of preceding meeting Reports of District Committee Officers Discussion on reports and acceptance Election of District Committee Officers Address of UNA Supreme Advisor MR. WAITER HNrtVUK I Meeting will be attended by Walter Hawrylak. UNA Supreme Adviior Aasy : djchowsKv s-пю"-r.t'. ors?J,.,.. ітт9ФФФФФФФФФФтФФ00Ф0О0тттФФ0твштитиавтФ9ФФФФ0909 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY No. 15 SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 Ukrainian National Association DECEMBER 1982 RECORDING DEPARTMENT Total A t Of Nov. 3 0 . 1 9 8 2 Juv. Adults ADO Totals 20,230 54^21 6,771 81.822 Gains In Dae 1 9 8 2 New members Reinstated Transffered in Change class in Transffered from Juv. Dept. 131 20 22 2 431 62 47 11 4 592 87 73 13 4 Investments: Bonds Matured Or Sold Mortgage Repaid Certificate Loans Repaid Printing Plant Real Estate Electronic Data Processing Equipment Copyrights SI.177,783.06 101.259.92 5,383.90 10,136.24 16,305.07 2,861.13 1,200.00 .11.314,929.32 Total Income For December 1982 .S2.209.486.28 DISBURSEMENTS FOR DECEMBER 1982 175 Totals Gains: 555 39 769 Losses in Dec. 1 9 8 2 15 19 6 Suspended Transffered out Change of class out . Transffered to adults Died Cash surrender Endowment matured Fully paid-up Reduced paid-up Extended insurance.. Cert, terminated 44 33 11 . 63 61 40 81 22 50 21 36 4 - 95 56 17 63 83 90 102 ..S50.918.84 ...71.166.66 ...65,200.00 1425 515.77 186.80 1,833.30 2.090.00 2,063.66 300.00 Total 134 Total Losses' 338 46 518 Inactive m e m b e r s h i p Paid up Extended insurance 21 42 63 Total gains; 81 65 146 - 102 107 - 209 Losses in Dec. 1 9 8 2 19 24 12 5 -14 Died Cash surrender Reinstated Lapsed 1 5 20 Total Losses: TOTAL UNA MEMBERSHIP AS OF DEC. 31. 1982 20.314 19 38 13 10 - 60 55,124 80 6.764 82,202 WALTER SOCHAN Supreme Secretary FINANCIAL DEPARTMENT INCOME DUES FROM MEMBERS Income Prom "Svoboda" Operation Investment. 'BondsC^ Real/fcstate Mortgage loans Certificate Loans Stocks Banks Loan To Ukrainian National Urban Renewal Corporation S276.090.83 99,590.20 S196.360.36 16,222.93 25.223.56 5,047.64 1.760.38 858.25 ...212,406.36 Total 1457.879.48 Refunds: Taxes-Federal. State S City On Employee Wages Taxes Canadian - Witholding Ь Pension Plan Taxes Held In Escrow Employee Hospitalizahon Plan Premiums Insurance Official Publication "Svoboda" Insurance Group Endowment matured Scholarships S13.552.80 371.91 1.912.00 1,265.02 1,611.60 ...16,945.70 23.49 1,500.00 100.00 Total Miscellaneous: Donations To Fraternal Fund Donations To Emergency Fund Profit On Bonds Sold Or Matured Sale Of "Ukrainian Encyclopaedia" Reinsurance Recovered „ Accrual Of Discount On Bonds 137,282.52 , S2.617.40 2.057.00 694.73 278.00 5,000.00 13,066.80 .523,713.93 . 5 194.289.28 Operating Expenses: Real Estate "Svoboda" Operation Official Publication - Gains in Dec. 1 9 8 2 Total Paid To Or For Members: Cash Surrenders Endowments Matured Death Benefits Interest On Death Benefits Payor Death Benefits Reinsurance Premiums Paid .... Dues From Members Returned Indigent Benefits Disbursed Trust Fund Disbursed Scholarships .26,122.82 .99,994.69 "Svoboda" 50,000.00 Organizing Expenses: Advertising Medical Inspections Reward To Special Organizers Reward To Branch Organizers Traveling Expenses-Special Organizers Supreme Medical Examiner's Fee Field Conferences S2.761.48 480.88 ...1,500.00 .12,877.00 918.35 375.00 ...1415.OO .520,227.71 Total Payroll, Insurance And Taxes: Salaries Of Executive Officers Salaries Of Office Employees Employee Hospitalization Plan Premiums Employee Pension Plan Premiums Insurance - General Taxes-Federal, State and City On Employee Wages Tax - Canadian Witholding and Pension Plan On Employee Wages '. ..S10.624.98 ...38.784.05 7,18858 ...4,970.00 ..21,590.83 .435.43 .583.594.27 Total General Expenses: Actuarial And Statistical Expenses Bank Charges For Custodian Account Books And Periodicals General Office Maintenance Insurance Department Fees Operating Expenses Of Canadian Office S3.569.00 ...1.550.00 34723 ...3.145.06 95.30 158.58 .4,864.35 ...5,85425 ...1,507.53 ...3.582.55 ...3,719.06 Printing And Stationery Rental Of Equipment And Services Telephone, Telegraph Traveling Expenses-General Total S28.392.91 Miscellaneous: Loss On Bonds Amortization Of Premiums On Bonds Amortization Of Copyrights Depreciation On Printing Plant And Equipment Depreciation Of Real Estate Accrued Interest Support Total -.-іг– Investments: Bonds Mortgages Stock Certificate Loans Real Estate E.D.P. Equipment 17,080.57 7,474.43 1,200.00 12,997.37 16,305.07 9,878.85 3,770.80 S68.707.09 SI.447,953.81 177,000.00 1,760.38 14,932.64 294.60 92.10 Total Disbnrsements For December 1982 4 .S 1.642,033.53 :... (Continued 00 pate 15) S2.213.362.30 No. 15 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Ukrainian pro hockey... ments of claim alleging misappropria tion of SI.35 million by their former agent. Peter David Spencer. (Continued from page 8) (he is Ukrainian), on one condition: the proceeds must go to charity. "It's fine with me. if it's understood as a fund-raising deal," said Sather. Larry Messier, uncle of Oiler left wing All-Star Mark Messier and a member of Ali's entourage, explained Ali's reasons for wanting to stage the "fight." "Ali's doing this, first of all, for charity," Messier said. "And second because he thinks, 'Who does Dave Semenko think he is, running around the NHL beating everyone up (now really, Muhammad)?" Messier said AH wants to find out how tough Semenko really is. To Muhammad Ali, Ukrainian pro hockey update dedicates the following rhyme: You better watch out. You beter not cry, You better be ready 'Cause you may want to die Dave Semenko's comin' to town!!! NHL'ers duped Six NHL players have filed state The players are asking for the return of their money plus damages for breach of trust, negligence, fraud and deceit. Among those who were reportedly tiling against Spencer was Dave Se menko of the Edmonton Oilers. Gee, maybe that circus fight with Ali should be for prize money after all. Semenko, by the way, is asking for SI 50,000. Cruisin' Krushelnyski ( Boston coach Gerry Cheevers says the biggest difference from last year "is the way our passing has improved." One of the key men has been Mike Kru shelnyski, a center converted to left wing in this his rookie season. He now has passed the 20-goaI mark with over 60 total points for the season. His linemates most of the time, Barry Pederson and Rick (Slick) Middleton also have great point totals and have forechecked so well they almost never have to play in the Boston end of the ice. "We rely on trying to find each other," said Middleton. "We're passing SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 the puck to each other's sticks." "Krushelnyski is teriffic," said Cheevers. "Sometimes he looks like Sleepy Hollow, but he has great speed and he can get from A to В faster than anyone." Krushelnyski is no lchabod Crane on the ice. It's that he looks so tall and gangly he deceives everyone. r . NICK 8. ELOISE POPOVICH Realtor-Associate/ Broker Salesman Hotline phone: 1-813-629-3179 TARAS BARABASH `4 WHY TAX YOURSELF Realtor-Associate Eves: 1-813-625 0011 RANDOL REALTY. INC.. REALTOR Lei experience work lor you J Contact Michael Zaplitny,Consultant ) S FIRESIDE TAX CONSULTING \ ( 909 Union Street. Brooklyn. N Y 11215 ( і (212) 622 1560 3221 Tamiami Trail Port Charlotte. Fla. 33952 і 625-4193 WANTED: NEW OWNER for this two bedroom home that is vacant and ready to mov: in to. Home has been care fully tended and can be shown at any time. Price just reduced from S45.000 to S43.0OO! Make offers RA If 3930 Call day or night 1(813) 629-3179 REAL ESTATE SHAWANGUNK MOUNTAIN Ulster County. NY. Custom built 7 yr. old home on 5 acres Mountain top with panoramic view - more property available if desired. IS mins. from Ukrainian National Assoc. 5125,000 Owner. Call (914) 647-7558 TWO BIAUTIFUL AND ' i І !/”,^– 1-І ` \ Building sites - 80 x 125 on paved streets 52.300 and up: some with terms PL - 1 UKRAINIAN UKRAINIAN EASTER TRADITIONS, FOLK CUSTOMS, AND RECIPES М^Ш/,у/. A`,,ї Monthly reports... RETIREMENT FUTURE IN S.W. FLORIDA! The growing communities near St. Andrew's Ukrainian Religious and Cultural Center. Ммлі. Chmlrm, 4 Mr. \r,, d,vhr. 4 rrcnd.I. .cludrd dtroutiom (ui llw bonw 4 ubtr 4 і Uku.r food. SCKKIJ (Continued from page 14) V per boot, o, S14 lo Quantity djKounti ці.еn. Butlnntti, churchy A tocUI cultural organization, write lo, tpetUI utet. BALANCE ASSETS LIABILITIES U k r a i n i a n C h r i s t m a s / U k r a i n i a n Easter 1717 2nd Slrrel - Corjlville, IA 51241 - 319/337-7798 Fund: Cash Bonds Stocks Mortgage Loans Certificate Loans Real Estate Printing"Plant S Е.0.Р Equipment Loan To U.N.U.R.C Copyrights Total J676.477.49 33,767.710.12 607,364.84 2,782,553.83 789,884.61 635,897.98 218,338.67 8,400,000.00 1,200.00 „S47.879.427.54 Life Insurance S47 005 837 18 Fraternal 184,875 07 Orphans 28510179 . Old Age Home 317 466 73 Emergency Total 5 4 7 , 8 7 9 , 4 2 7 . 5 4 86,146.77 SELFRELIANCE SOYUZIVKA TENNIS SEASON 1983 USCAK East Doubles USCAK Nationals UNA Invitational KLK - - July 2-4 August 6-7 September 2-5 September 17-18 October 8-9 FEDERAL CREDIT UNION in CHICAGO OFFERS YOU FULL SERVICES: PASSBOOK A C C O U N T S CHECKING, DRAFT, ACCOUNTS CERTIFICATES IRA O F DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS MARKET SHARE TRUst ACCOUNTS PERSONAL CAR iiiMiiijjL^ У К Р А Ї Н С Ь К Е Б Ю Р О ^ЇТІ^ W ' OPEN ПОДОРОЖЕЙ ( 2 0 1 ) 3 7 1 - 4 0 0 4 - 8 4 5 Sanford Avenue. Newark, N J . 0 7 1 0 6 "MAGICAL EUROPE" June 2 3 - July 1 1 , 1 9 8 3 itinerary: 17-day tour - 11,699.00 тшшііюя/ьки/шсжшт(мяип/їАитк/йШіно/чшсн/ ZAOAR/DUBROVHIK/BAHJALUKA^AGREB/GRAZ^IEHHA. with American Express escort throughout itinerary, accomodations in firstclass hotels with breakfast/dinner daily, all hotel taxes, service charges end tipping. LOANS LOANS MONEY ORDERS TRAVELER'S CHEQUES SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES NIGHT DEPOSIT BOX DIRECT DEPOSIT OF SOCIAL SECURITY CHECKS UTILITY BILLS PAYING SERVICE FIVE BRANCH LOCATIONS CONVENIENT HOURS PARKING LOT BANKING BY MAIL SELFRELIANCE Price includes: Air transportation via Smssair, f irstebss airconditioned motorcoach transportation ' CREDIT STUDENT scope tRaoeL \nc LOANS LOANS MORTGAGE Марійки Гепьбіґ ACCOUNTS ACCOUNTS CUSTODIAN Л BANKING FEDERAL CREDIT UNION 2351 West Chicago Avenue Ш Chicago, III. 60622 Ш (312) 489-9520 Tour escort MRS. UUANA BABIUK PRICE/W0 iflNERARY.SUBJECT TO CHANGE ' :Л:--ї: , ; :;^r^j4..:4^,`: ':А.-::Ш--'. ,-`Ca 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Sunday, April 19 JYEW YORK: The Heritage 'Committee ("Spadshchyna") and the Research Society for Ukrainian Terminology have scheduled" two lectures beginning at 2 p.m. at the Ukrainian Liberation Front Building, 136 Second Ave. Dr. Nicholas Chirovsky will speak on "Historical Paths of Development of Ukraine and .Russia," and Dr. lhor Jadlicky) will talk on The Ukrainian Child:The Need For Positive Identification in Adolescent Years." NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Institute of America Vocal Academy will present an opera workshop performance of the first act of the "Marriage of Figaro,"at 4 p.m. It will be directed by Andrij Dobriansky and Juliana Osinchuk. The institute is located at 2 E. 79th St. Friday, April IS NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Institute of America will present the young professionals series, "Planning for Career Success."The evening, titled "Financial PIanningNew Opportunities and Means for Taking Advantage of Them." will begin at 8:30 p.m. JENKINTOWN,Pa:'A Call to Serve," a unique vocation fair emphasizing religious orders, secular organizations and voluntary lay organizations which have a Christian philosophy will be held from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. at Manor Junior College. The public is invited to this free vocations fair sponsored by the Campus Ministry Club. It will be held in the Mother of Perpetual Hall auditorium on the college campus located at Fox Chase Road and Forrest Avenue in Jenkintown. Representatives from 37 different religious orders, secular institutions and lay voluntary organizations will be taking part in the fair and giving presentations of slides, lecturing and manning information tables. PREVIEW OF EVENTS JENKINTOWN, Pa.: Manor Junior College will hold an On-Campus Day, beginning at 10 a.m. The OnCampus Day is an opportunity for area high school students', their parentsand friends toteamabout the programs of study offered at Manor College, tour the campus, meet with faculty І and staff, and visit actual classes in session. For additional information on Manor or its programs of stud v. please call (215) 885-2360 or write. Manor College at Fox Chase Road and Forrest Avenue, m Jenkintown, Pa. 19046. Saturday, April 16 HARTFORD, Conn.: The Ukrai nian American Youth Association (SUM-A) here will present an Even ing of Ukrainian Song and Dance at 7 p.m. at the Ukrainian National Home, 961 Wethersfreld Ave. The evening will feature the Promin Vocal Ensemble from New York and the Ukrainian American Youth Dancers from Boston. Dona tion is S6 for adults and S4 for children under 16. Tickets may be obtained by calling (203) 246-6955 on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays between 6 and S p.m. Proceeds from the evening will benefit youth activi ties. CARNEGIE, Pa.: The Office of Religious Education of the Philadel phia Archeparchy is sponsoring the third and final regional catechetical workshop on "Prayer and the Catechist." It will be held today for anyone interested in his/ her spiritual development. Registration is S5 and includes lunch. For more informa tion please contact Sister Jerome Roman OSBM, 815 N. Franklin St., Philadelphia, Pa. 19123, or call (215) 627-Q143. IRVINGTON, NJ.: The Ukrainian National Women's League of Ame- Chicagoans slate concert by Alex Poszewanyk CHICAGO—The Ukrainian School of Dance and the Hromovytsia Dance Ensemble of Ss. Volodymyr and Olha Parish here are preparing for a concert of Ukrainian dance, which will take place on Sunday, April !7at4p.m. at the Lane Technical High Schoolauditorium. The concert of the Ukrainian School of Dance will be dedicated to the artistic genius and choreographic skills of Roma Pryma-Bohachevska. This concert will present a unique opportunity to see a variety of Ukrainian dances, and will include new dances, new costumes and new, young faces. "I he School of Dance was organized in 1978. Its first director was Lubo Cervnsky. but the responsibilities of teaching were soon entrusted to yoi.tiger dancers-instructors. Roxana Pyiypczak and Juri Cepynsky. Accompaniment for the lessons and arrangements of music for dances was always the responsibility of Nadia Sawyn. Membership in the Ukrainian School of Dance has always exceeded 100 students. Presently 107 dancers are enrolled, ranging in age from preschoolers to young adults. Students SUNDAY APRIL 10, 1983 are divided into groups according to age and ability, with the most advanced s t u d e n t s b e l o n g i n g to the Hromovytsia Dance Ensemble. In these few years the dancers have gained widespread popularity. They have performed before Ukrainian and nonUkrainian audiences in the Chicago area, as well as in Philadelphia, Cleveland, New York. Detroit. Pittsburgh, Louisville, in Nebraska and in Toronto. The dancers are working long hours in preparation for their upcoming concert. During a week of intensive rehearsals in September, the dancers received special instruction from Mrs. Pryma-Bohachevska, a ballerina and Ukrainian dance teacher from New York. She was invited to Chicago for this week of preparation since her choreography is the basis for the planned dances , The students practiced long, hard hours, trying their hardest not to fall behind their instructors or their guest teacher. They rehearsed for hours.stopping only when a breaker the rehearsal's end were announced. Then they would run out of the practice room, soaking wet, and fall onto chairs, or even stretch out on the floor, relaxing their taut muscles— with a broad grin of accomplishment on their faces No. 15 instrumental improvisations, The concert begins at 4 p.m. I NEW YORK:The Ukrainian I Academy of Arts and Sciences will I sponsor two lectures in its Lviv series і today at 2 p.m.: Dr. Iurii ; Starosolsky, "In the Endless І Line:Silhouettes of Defense I Attorneys in Political Trials of Pre' War Poland" and Vasyl Kachmar, : "Reminiscences of a Political 1 Prisoner." The program will be held NEW YORK: The Ukrainian і at the academy's building, 206 W. Institute of America will present the 1100th St. opening of a posthumous retrospective of the works of Alexis M A P L E W O Q D , N . J . : The Gritchenko at 5 p.m. The institute is Women's Club of Holy Ascension (ocated at 2 E. 79th St. Ukrainian Orthodox Church will sponsor, its annual Communion NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Breakfast in memory of deceased Museum will present a woodcarving pastors of the.parish immediately workshop from April 16 through following the 10 a.m. divine liturgy. June 18. The workshop will be Tickets may be purchased at the designed for both beginners and door. advanced participants and will take PREVIEW OF EVENTS, a listing place every Saturday for 10 weeks, 1:30-4:30 p.m. The fee is S40 for of Ukrainian community events open adults, S35 for museum members, to the public, is a service provided S30 for senior citizens and students free of charge by The Weekly to the and free for children from age 12-16. Ukrainian community. To have an event listed in this column, please Advanced reservations are required. Please call (212) 228-0110. The send information (type of event, workshop is funded in part by the date, time, place, admission, spon New York State Council on the sor, etc.), along with the phone Arts. The museum is located at 203 number of a person who may be reached during daytime hours for Second Ave. additional information, to: PRE VIEW OF EVENTS, The Ukrainian Sunday, April 17 Weekly, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey NEW YORK: The "Echo of the City, NJ. 67302. Steppes," performing ensemble of PLEASE NOTE: Preview items the New York School of Bandura, affiliated with the Ukrainian must be received one week before Institute, will present its annual desired date of publication. No concert at the Ukrainian Institute of information will be taken over the America. The ensemble has toured phone. Preview Hems will be publish widely, but this will represent its ed only once (please note desired da'te premiere performance in New York of publication). All items are publish City. The group consists of 17 ed at the discretion of the editorial members who will play traditional staff and in accordance with available Ukrainian music and contemporary space. rica Regional Council of New Jersey is sponsoring a Social Services Con ference for regional councils of New York, Philadelphia and New England, from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. at the Ukrai nian National Home here. For more information please contact Katherine Kuzma, 23 Norman Road, Newark, N.J. 07106; (201) 372-6636. Panorama of Young Ukrainians to be held at Soyuzivka JERSEY CITY, N.J. - A four-day UNA-sponsored event is being planned for young Ukrainians on July 7-Ю at Soyuzivka, the UNA'S Catskill Moun tain resort. Dubbed the Panorama of Young Ukrainians '83, the event will provide a forum for cultural, social and intellec tual exchange for young Ukrainian a d u l t s , s t u d e n t s and y o u n g 'professionals, from various parts of the United States and Canada. The concept of the event evolved from the previous two years' Celebra tion of Youth, which has been modified this year to include a wider spectrum of participants and topics. Featured in the Panorama of Young Ukrainians will be concerts and programs staged by per forming artists, art exhibits, a program of films with Ukrainian themes and a series ot panel discussions. Persons who are interested in per forming or exhibiting their work should contact the UNA's fraternal activities coordinator, Maria Korduba. at the Ukrainian National Association, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302; telephone: (201) 451-2200. Tentatively, the following topics are planned: "Scholarships and Career Opportunities," "Networking: Ukrai nian Career Contacts" and "The Ukrai nian Media and Communication." Each evening of the four-day event will feature concerts, informal perfor- maces, socials and dahces. Participants will be able to take advantage of special rates at Soyuzivka: food and lodging - S20 per day; meals only - SI2 per day. Those who are interested in lodging at Soyuzivka during the Panorama of Young Ukrai nians should make reservations as soon as possible, as accommodations are limited. Write to: Soyuzivka, Foordemoore Road, Kerhonkson, N.Y. 12446; telephone: (914) 626-5641. Persons who will not be lodging at Soyuzivka should register by contacting Ms. Korduba. Panorama. (Continued from page 9) Kupchynsky for April 30. (For details, check the Preview of Events column or call the UIA at 288-8660.) Add to that the institute's expanded educational program of academic courses (credit and non-credit courses in Ukrain ian language, remedial reading, citizen ship training, and research in Ukrainian language and literature), dramatic and contemporary performing arts work shops, piano and vocal studies, an opera workshop, bandura-playing classes and a bandura-building workshop, and you may have a fair idea of the education and culture that's churning out of the institute these days.
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